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Face Recognition Using Laplacianfaces

Project Work By
J.Thiru kumaran.

Guide By
Miss.N.Vasuki, M.E.,

 We propose an appearance-based face

recognition method called the
Laplacianface approach.

 Using Locality Preserving Projections

(LPP), the face images are mapped into a
face subspace for analysis.
Existing System

 Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Linear

Discriminant Analysis (LDA).

 PCA is to reduce the large dimensionality of the

data space to the smaller intrinsic dimensionality
of feature space.

 The jobs of PCA are prediction, redundancy

removal, feature extraction, data compression,

 Less accurate.

 Does not deal with manifold structure.

 It doest not deal with biometric characteristics.

Proposed System
 Locality Preserving Projection (LPP), a new algorithm
for learning a locality preserving subspace.

 LPP is a general method for manifold learning.

 The difficulty that the matrix XDXT is Sometimes


 To overcome the complication of a singular XDXT ,

we first project the image set to a PCA subspace so
that the resulting matrix XDXT is nonsingular.
The Algorithm

1)PCA projection.

2)Constructing the nearest-neighbor graph.

3)Choosing the weights.

if node i and j are connected then

To compute eigenvector
Gives: w0;w1; . . . ;wk_1

5)Calculate Laplacianface:
W=Wpca Wlpp;
Wlpp=[w0;w1; . . . ;wk_1] ;
Wpca=Transformation matrix of PCA;
W=Transformation matrix of Laplacianface.
Project Modules

 Read/Write Module.
The image files are read, processed and new
images are written into the output images.

 Resizing Module.
In this module large images or smaller images are
converted into standard sizing.
 Image Manipulation.
The face recognition algorithm using
Locality Preserving Projections (LPP) is developed for
various enrolled into the database.

 Testing Module.
The Intermediate image and find the tested
image then again compared with the laplacian faces
Design Flow Diagram
Experimental Results

 Yale Database.

 PIE Database.

 MSRA Database.
Yale Database
 Constructed at the Yale Center for Computational
Vision and Control.

 It contains 165 grayscale images of 15


 The images demonstrate variations in lighting

condition,facial expression, and with/without
Performance Comparison on the Yale Database
PIE Database
 In PIE Database, the error rate of our
Laplacianfaces method decreases fast as the
dimensionality of the face subspace.

 Table shows the recognition results.

Performance Comparison on the PIE Database
MSRA Database
 This database was collected at Microsoft Research

 Sixty-four to eighty face images were collected

for each individual in each session.

 Table shows the Laplacian faces method has

lower error rate than those of Eigen faces and
fisher faces.
Performance Comparison on the MSRA Database
Form Design
Entering New Image
Identifying Images
Image Not Found
 It could benefit the visually impaired person.

 A computer vision-based authentication system

could be put in place to allow computer access.

 Access to a specific room using face recognition.

 Our system is proposed to use Locality Preserving
Projection in Face Recognition which eliminates
the flaws in the existing system.

 This system makes the faces to reduce into lower

dimensions and algorithm for LPP is performed for