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Just in case you missed it, the web now has version numbers. Nearly three years ago, amid continued hand-wringing over the dot-com crash, a man named Dale Dougherty dreamed up something called Web 2.0, and the idea soon took on a life of its own. In the beginning, it was little more than a rallying cry, a belief that the Internet would rise again. But as Dougherty's O'Reilly Media put together the first Web 2.0 Conference in late 2005, the term seemed to trumpet a particular kind of online revolution, a World Wide Web of the people. Web 2.0 came to describe almost any site, service, or technology that promoted sharing and collaboration right down to the Net's grass roots. That includes blogs and wikis, tags and RSS feeds, del.icio.us and Flickr, MySpace and YouTube. Because the concept blankets so many disparate ideas, some have questioned how meaningful— and how useful—it really is, but there's little doubt it owns a spot in our collective consciousness. Whether or not it makes sense, we now break the history of the Web into two distinct stages: Today we have Web 2.0, and before that there was Web 1.0.
Fig.1. Web 2.0
Which raises the question: What will Web 3.0 look like? Yes, it's too early to say for sure. In many ways, even Web 2.0 is a work in progress. But it goes without saying that new Net technologies are always under development—inside universities, think tanks, and big corporations, as much as Silicon Valley start-ups—and blogs are already abuzz with talk of the Web's next generation. To many, Web 3.0 is something called the Semantic Web, a term coined by Tim Berners-Lee, the man who invented the (first) World Wide Web. In essence, the Semantic Web is a place where machines can read Web pages much as we humans read them, a place where search engines and software agents can better troll the Net and find what we're looking for. "It's a set of standards that turns the Web into one big database," says Nova Spivack, CEO of Radar Networks, one of the leading voices of this new-age Internet.
0 based applications more towards focused groups. thanks to the development of faster processors and hispeed broadband access that keep on coming our way nowadays. And recently there’s a discussion of the possibilty of the third wave to hit the web in near future.0 and associated technologies such as Ajax. blogging is also included in the web 2. What exactly is web 3.0? It basically means web browsing with 3D experience.0. it allows readers to share their views by commenting on it. the web 3. Although it have existed for quite some time now.0 based are Flickr. This is possible.0 is built towards the social side of the online world. And not forgetting. and Wikipedia. Web 3.0 is a term coined to describe the phletora of websites that exists nowadays catering to Internet users to have a place where they can network and participate in a more interactive way. Compared to the conventional fashion of publishing. a place where users can help to contribute to an article’s content either by editing or adding to it. I can’t wait to try out my new shirt virtually! . If Web 2. An example would be the Second Life. where users can share photos. web 3. but the exposure is for web 3.0 based applications are expected to be a virtual reality location where consumers can try anything.0 is expected to be where the money will be made by the corporations. including offline merchants participate.0 family. where more than 1 million players. Web 2.0 first appeared prominently in early 2006 in a blog article by Jeffrey Zeldman critical of Web 2. Examples of web 2. Just in case you aren’t aware.HISTORY The term Web 3.
0 and Web 3. 2. In an effort to create discreet "versions" of the web that can be compared. However. since talk about the Web 3.0. which is often used as a way of explaining what Web 2. this is exactly what most website owners wanted: Their goal for a website was to establish an online presence and make their information available to anyone at any time.0 and Web 3. There was very little in the way of user interaction or content contribution. think of this as an attempt to provide a bird's-eye view of the ever-changing lay of the land on the web. which." In other words. The first implementation of the web represents the Web 1. Since these are buzzwords and not clearly defined terms. I will borrow from the W3C Director Tim Berners-Lee's notion of the read-write web. a whole new level of confusion seems to have set in." and the web as a whole hasn't moved much beyond this stage yet.0 has surfaced in the last year or so. AND 3.WHAT IS WEB 1. I like to call this "brick-and-mortar thinking applied to the web.0. let's go through what exactly these terms mean (if anything). A broad definition I want to make it clear at the start that this article is meant to be a broad definition of the challenges that cause people to think in terms of Web 2.0.0. In an effort to help people understand the ideas behind buzzwords like Web 2. and how they apply to your ecommerce business.0?" is a query we receive repeatedly.0. . the early web allowed us to search for information and read it. and probably has as many answers as the number of people out there using the term.0 means. could be considered the "read-only web. However. according to Berners-Lee.0 What do people mean when they talk about the Web 2.
this is not the case. with a website. The newly-introduced ability to contribute content and interact with other web users has dramatically changed the landscape of the web in a short time. For example. our definition simply requires that users be able to interact with one another or contribute content. it's important to realize that there are a staggering number of definitions of what constitutes a "Web 2.0 application. it is a Web 2. Currently.0 appears to be a welcome response to a demand by web users that they be more involved in what information is available to them. just look at YouTube and MySpace. have a much more rigid definition of Web 2.0. for example. and this can lead to confusion. or because it employs Ajax in its interface. bird's-eye view we are taking. you can also provide a method for anyone in the world to purchase products. and removed the geographical restrictions associated with a brick-and-mortar business. which rely on user submissions. . or the "read-write" web if we stick to Berners-Lee's method of describing it.0.0 application. It has even more potential that we have yet to see. the perception exists that just because a website is built using a certain technology (like Ruby on Rails). Developers." For example.0 Shopping cart applications. which most ecommerce website owners employ in some shape or form. and the potenital becomes more clear. we are seeing the infancy of the Web 2.Shopping carts are Web 1. The web provided a vector for exposure. From the general.0 than average web users. The overall goal is to present products to potential customers.0 Now. The Web 2. basically fall under the category of Web 1. much as a catalog or a brochure does — only. Many views of Web 2.
Currently.0 — semantic markup and web services. Web services are not new and usually take the form of an Application Programming Interface (API). therefore. or data interchange formats. Semantic markup refers to the communication gap between human web users and computerized applications. Through the use of some sort of semantic markup. thousands of web services are available.0.0 A web service is a software system designed to support computer-tocomputer interaction over the Internet. they take center stage.0 promises the potential for applications that can speak to each other directly. and provides a way to discuss web services. The popular photography-sharing website Flickr provides a web service whereby developers can programmatically interface with Flickr to search for images.0 would be something akin to a "read-write-execute" web.0. By extending Tim Berners-Lee's explanations. However. but able to be understood and interpreted by software applications as well. can't really understand what is relevant and what is not. However. and for broader searches for information through simpler interfaces. and. By combining a semantic markup and web services. in the context of Web 3. so let's take a look at two things I predict will form the basis of the Web 3. Web 3. . this notion — formatting data to be understood by software agents — leads to the "execute" portion of our definition. the Web 3. While it is still evolving. the Web 3. data could be put in a form not only accessible to humans via natural language.This in turn leads us to the rumblings and mumblings we have begun to hear about Web 3. which seems to provide us with a guarantee that vague web-versioning nomenclature is here to stay. One of the largest organizational challenges of presenting information on the web is that web applications aren't able to provide context to data. this is difficult to envision in its abstract form.
I think.What's important to understand. After all. a small ecommerce website trying to sell niche products may not have any business need for users to submit content or to be able to interact with each other. . These are abstract ideas used to contemplate the challenges developers face on the web in addition to theories about how to address them. you don't need to upgrade anything. is that the nomenclature with which we describe these differing philosophies should not be taken too seriously. Most importantly. get new software or anything like that.0 features does not make it obsolete. Just because a website does not employ Web 2.
• • • The Beatles was a popular band from Liverpool.SEMANTIC WEB The word semantic stands for the meaning of. But how can they be understood by computers? Statements are built with syntax rules. John Lennon was a member of the Beatles. "Hey Jude" was recorded by the Beatles. The Semantic Web describes the relationships between things (like A is a part of B and Y is a member of Z) and the properties of things (like size. The Semantic Web = a Web with a meaning. and price) . The syntax of a language defines the rules for building the language statements. But how can syntax become semantic? This is what the Semantic Web is all about. The Semantic Web is not about links between web pages. Sentences like the ones above can be understood by people. The semantic of something is the meaning of something. Describing things in a way that computers applications can understand it. age. weight. The Semantic Web is a web that is able to describe things in a way that computers can understand.
That’s web 3. People build applications that other people can interact with. thus permitting them to find. let me know if any of their employees have published contacts within 2 degrees of separation from me. “Find me all bilingual Porsche dealers within 200 miles that are open on Sunday. Using the semantic web will be similar to asking a personal assistant to help you accomplish something. companies build platforms that let people publish services by leveraging the associations between people or special content (e. FaceBook.0" . but also in a form that can be read and used by software agents. contact information. My Yahoo!) . this information will be easily processed and manipulated by any semantically-aware software agent. location. language proficiencies.The semantic web is an evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which web content can be expressed not only in natural language.” This will be possible because all that information (business type. Also. share and integrate information more easily. You might say.g.) will be available through the company’s Internet presence. INNOVATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH "WEB 3. And most importantly.  Google Maps .0. etc. and add their sales staff contacts information to my address book.
0 A. such as intelligent software that utilize semantic data. In recent years. WEB-BASED APPLICATIONS AND DESKTOPS Web 3.0 technologies. have been implemented and used on a small scale by multiple companies for the purpose of more efficient data manipulation.0 to 3. The Changing Intraweb-From 1.Fig. B. TRANSFORMING THE WEB INTO A DATABASE .2. there has been an increasing focus on bringing semantic web technologies to the general public. however.
companies such as IBM and Google are implementing new technologies that are yielding surprising information such as making predictions of hit songs from mining information on college music Web sites. Flickr and Digg that extract meaning and order from the existing Web and how people interact with it. The recent growth of SPARQL technology provides a standardized query language and API for searching across distributed RDF databases on the Web. documents. the focus is principally on making structured data available using RDF.The first step towards a "Web 3.0 will be intelligent systems. etc. making data as openly accessible and linkable as Web pages. The Data Web enables a new level of data integration and application interoperability.) will be widely available in RDF and OWL semantic formats. There is also debate over whether the driving force behind Web 3. D. RDF and microformats. In the Data Web phase.icio. C. such as via collaborative filtering services like del. or whether intelligence will emerge in a more organic fashion. AN EVOLUTIONARY PATH TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Web 3.0" is the emergence of "The Data Web" as structured data records are published to the Web in reusable and remotely queryable formats. THE REALIZATION OF THE SEMANTIC WEB .0 has also been used to describe an evolutionary path for the Web that leads to artificial intelligence that can reason about the Web in a quasi-human fashion.us. from systems of intelligent people. The Data Web is the first step on the path towards the full Semantic Web. such as XML.However. The full Semantic Web stage will widen the scope such that both structured data and even what is traditionally thought of as unstructured or semistructured content (such as Web pages.
This would involve the Web transforming into a series of 3D spaces. Such applications can perform logical reasoning operations using sets of rules that express logical relationships between concepts and data on the Web.0 could extend this one step further by allowing people to modify the site itself. E. With the still exponential growth of computer power.0 as an "Executable" Web Abstraction Layer Where Web 1. taking the concept realized by Second Life further. EVOLUTION TOWARDS 3D Another possible path for Web 3. Web 3. with content being produced by in large by the organizations backing any given site.0 is towards the 3 dimensional vision championed by the Web3D Consortium.0. and Web 2.0 was a "read-only" web. Academic research is being conducted to develop software for reasoning. Web 3.0 was an extension into the "read-write" web that engaged users in an active role. based on description logic and intelligent agents. it is not inconceivable that the next generation of sites will be equipped with the resources to .0 could be the realization and extension of the Semantic web concept. Web 3. This could open up new ways to connect and collaborate using 3D shared spaces. Sramana Mitra differs on the viewpoint that Semantic Web would be the essence of the next generation of the Internet and proposes a formula to encapsulate Web 3.Related to the artificial intelligence direction. Web 3.0 has also been linked to a possible convergence of Service-oriented architecture and the Semantic web.
Network computing.0 as the third decade of the Web (2010–2020) during which he suggests several major complementary technology trends will reach new levels of maturity simultaneously including: 1. Ubiquitous connectivity. Transformation of the Web from a network of separately soiled applications and content repositories to a more seamless and interoperable whole. Web services interoperability. 3. 2. software-as-a-service business models. mobile Internet access and mobile devices.Fig. broadband adoption. The Semantic Web run user-contributed code on them.4. PROPOSED EXPANDED DEFINITION Nova Spivack defines Web 3. distributed computing. grid computing and cloud computing. E. .
Distributed databases. 7. the "World Wide Database" (enabled by Semantic Web technologies). 6. SPARQL. machine learning. Open Data License). and autonomous agents. GRDDL. Open identity. roaming portable identity and personal data. Open technologies. OWL. and statementbased datastores. 5. open data formats. . SWRL.g. OpenID. The intelligent web. and Intelligent applications. machine reasoning. semantic application platforms. open reputation. natural language processing. Semantic Web technologies such as RDF. opensource software platforms and open data (e.4. Creative Commons. open APIs and protocols.
these ideas have roots in current trends. Many companies. Fig. But one thing's for sure: It'll happen. Polar Rose and Ojos are improving image search. are adopting official Semantic Web standards. TODAY In some respects. Ideas tossed out here and there.0 will look like. But at the very least. Web 3.6. Second Life . from HP and Yahoo! to Radar Networks.0 is nothing more than a parlor game. No one can predict what Web 3.TOMORROW'S WEB. Google and Microsoft are moving toward 3D.
The 3D Web A Web you can walk through. D. surfing for data and interacting with others in 3D.FUTURE INVASION OF WEB 3. The Pervasive Web . C. a photo of your favorite painting and your search engines turn up hundreds of similar paintings. Or you can walk through a Second Life–style virtual world. Without leaving your desk. A.0 What will Web 3. B. The Semantic Web A Web where machines can read sites as easily as humans read them (almost). say. You ask your machine to check your schedule against the schedules of all the dentists and doctors within a 10-mile radius—and it obeys. You supply. The Media-Centric Web A Web where you can find media using other media—not just keywords.0 look like? Who knows? But here are a few possibilities. you can go house hunting across town or take a tour of Europe.
dragging tiles to create mosaic-like artworks with other users in the room. It fulfills the paradigm described in this article. On your cell phone. WHAT IF. forum.0 . so much so that in the web 3.0 generation. by means of evolution and the pressure to adapt. Rather. One can only hope. active rooms page. namely web 2.0 meets massively multiplayer online gaming”. user generated content.  . chat.x . The Global Mosaic. I don’t like the word gaming here as it suggests something that is only for entertainment. this would be like “Web 2. scientific. and ultimately. Our own contribution to the growing number of new web 2. checking the weather. In a way. I believe that true value and immediate person-to-person interaction will be possible. only quality sites that really are user-centric and user-friendly will prevail. respectively). entertainment.or shall we dare call it web 3. Spread throughout your home and office.A Web that's everywhere.applications is TheBroth. you name it but it adds another dimension by being LIVE (as seen )on the live player map. so they know when to open and close. rating. This is a web site where you can collaborate in real time with other users from around the world. inconsequential. On your PC. sharing. Even your bedroom windows are online. web sites began to do amazing things to break through the limitations of their underlying protocol and markup language (http and HTML. commenting. a social networking system. or personal level. blogs.0 era. site map . IN THE FUTURE In the web 2.0 with all the trimmings. be it on a commercial. On your clothes and jewelry. thing of the past.
and adds in weather reports. from transportation to dinner dates. Tripit. But. Gatt describes it as a kind of wiki of special interest maps.’ It compiles itineraries.com offers an alternative to the travel paper trail by being a ‘personal. Openstreetmap. particularly on business. full-service travel assistant. other innovative mappers also are emerging.org is about people mapping everything worldwide from great hiking routes to ski runs or and wine tours.EXAMPLES OF WEB3 Maps: Google street map made news early this year with its controversial drive-by views of people’s front doors and people themselves. But however digital their way of living. It’s worth a glance if you travel and have a busy agenda and useful for personal travel too . a lot of consumers still print out paper when they travel. Personal organizers: There’s no shortage of web services aimed at helping consumers organize their lives. suggested local attractions and more.
label web 2. uninterrupted. error free. in hindsight. and above all. and with ADSL2+ and cable more and more users have high speed internet access that is now fast enough to make online video a serious threat to TV ratings. What we do know is that more and more users come to the internet. expect services to be timely. .CONCLUSION We don’t know yet whether there will be another noticeable paradigm shift that yet again will give a new moniker to a new type of web site. intuitive to use.0. with a friendly and inviting look that makes the term “user friendly website” a pleonasm. uninfluenced by the web-that-was. Maybe from now on the web will continue to develop in a rather fluid manner and we may not see another discrete change as seen with what we now. New internet users that are now coming to the web.
information-nline.References  http://www.1759.00.com/blog/194/web-20-massively-multiplayer-web-30  http://www.com/blog/2007/08/25/define-web-30-web-20-web-10/  http://dmiessler.com/ article2/0.com/Web+3.node  http://www.asp  http://www.127.thebroth.com/blog/the-difference-between-web-10-20-and-30 .2102852.pcmag.awadallah.0.
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