This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
This separator performance curve plots oil droplet size on the horizontal axis and percentage removal on the vertical axis. The curve plots the actual percentage of oil of a certain size removed. A more powerful separator will be able to remove a higher percentage of smaller oil droplets. The most accurate curves are produced using the actual oily water feed conditions. See also FAQ for more information.
Why are Performance Curves important?
More powerful separators separate a higher percentage of smaller oil droplets. This will result in cleaner water. Performance curves enable companies who purchase oil water separators test vendor performance claims objectively. Many oily water equipment vendors claim to be able to achieve, say 10 mg/l oil and grease in the treated water. Without specifying the conditions and performance curves such claims can lack credibility.
The Spinifex Separator is extremely efficient. The performance curves show that it has the capability to efficiently remove oil droplets from 10 µ m and greater. Types of Separator
Plate Pack also known as:
• • • •
Coalescing plate separator (CPS) Coalescing plate interceptor (CPI) Tilted plate separator Vertical gravity separator (VGS)
In the absence of client specific data the following data and conditions are typically used to compare separators. so generally the curve is plotted under actual clients conditions or a typical set of conditions. Separator Design Factors: • • • Certain factors are well known to affect the ease of oil droplet separation. data shown for plate pack • • • • 2. What data is needed for a Performance Curve? To ensure that the curves can be compared and are meaningful the minimum set of data that must be specified and produced with performance curves includes: • 1. Fluid Properties: Water density Water viscosity Oil density Oil viscosity Feed water flow rate Inlet oil concentration Data depends on type of separator Nominal plate spacing Total horizontal projected wetted plate area Operating oil depth Design retention time Depends on type of separator. Method of Operation: • • • • 3. . These devices typically remove only some of the oil that may already be separated at the surface of water via some other means such as from a gravity vessel.Settling Tanks also known as: • • • • API separators Triple Interceptors Above ground tanks Collection pits Belt and rope skimmers are often used as part of an oily water treatment system however they are not included as they are not water treatment devices.
turbulence. In an OWS. The basic principle of difference in gravity between the phases (liquid – liquid or solid – liquid) is employed in an OWS in separation of the two phases. dirty condition) (ie Paramount supplied Advanced CPI/ TPI separators for Oily water treatment Systems Introduction API and CPI (Corrugated plate interceptor) or TPI (Tilted plate interceptor) separators are predominantly used in separation of free oil from effluent water or suspended solids for oily water treatment in an OWS (oily Water System). viscosity. factors of the medium. In some cases chemical coagulation and flocculation is needed for removal of the impurity by making them heavier or lighter. It is therefore apparent that the phase with high density will settle and with lower density float to the surface of fluid. the effectiveness of this technique is subjected to various factors such as difference in the density. . and also the nature of impurity etc. This phenomenon is defined as “Gravity Separation”.Water Temperature Oil density Water density Oil/Water interfacial tension Water Viscosity Rated Flow Separator Condition 25°C 850 kg/m3 1000 kg/m3 < 30 dyne/cm2 1 cP 1500 l/hr Just prior to routine service used. temperature.
The Tilted plate pack (CPI) separator offered by Paramount with technology acquired from M/s. which affects the separation of impurities. In Oily water treatment. The existing API type units . However. Principle of a TPI/ CPI separator in Oil – water separation (Oily water treatment) Highly efficient oil removal systems are required to recover maximum quantity of hydrocarbons for oily water treatment as well as to make effluent amicable for further treatment & also to meet the pollution control requirements. an overflow rate (m3/m2/day) or settling velocity (m/hr) is arrived at. or more and thus the separated material can be collected and removed by gravity. This factor determines the surface area required for the gravity separation in an OWS. PWT. This is possible because of considerable increase in the surface area of the unit. a TPI (Tilted plate interceptor) may use a corrugated type plate pack or simply plain parallel plate pack.In separation technique while considering the above referred factors. The separator when used in separation of liquid – liquid phases (predominantly removal of free oil in oily water treatment) are called a TPI (Tilted plate interceptor) or a CPI separator. It is feasible to achieve almost complete removal of all the particles which would not have normally be achieved by a single large surface separator. tilted (placed in predetermined angles) plate packs are used in CPI/ TPI separators to improve the size and economy of the separator system. within the same depth. Incidentally it proves the fact that it is independent of the depth of basin. Hence. Any separation of suspended solids in oily water treatment by use of CPI (Corrugated plate interceptor)/ TPI (Tilted plate interceptor) separator is incidental due to difference in gravity between the effluent’s liquid phase and the solid phase. In most of the cases the plates are installed at an angle of 45°deg. TPI separator is a generic terminology used in such type of separators. As corrugated plate pack are predominantly used. Holland provides an extensive reduction in surface area requirement of a separator by introducing multi layer separation wherein area required is reduced considerably depending upon number of such layers. the tilted plate pack type separators are widely known as Corrugated plate interceptor or simply as CPI separators.
the oil droplets are intercepted and coalesce into large droplets. as discussed earlier can be achieved by placing various smaller planes on the top of each other in a tank. They leave the plate pack rapidly countercurrent upwards against the liquid flow to the surface. This principle has been realized in the counter current TPI (tilted plate interceptor) or CPI (Corrugated plate interceptor) separator unit. The oily water flows into the interceptor through various components and oil gets separated as described below: A double slotted baffle located at the inlet of the CPI/ TPI separator evenly distributes incoming oily effluent water at the entrance of CPI/TPI separator. However. PWT was the first manufacturer to succeed in launching the CPI (corrugated plate interceptor)/ TPI (Tilted plate interceptor) separator in a commercial and technically . The objective is not to disturb the particle size distribution of the separated phase. In the plate pack of the CPI/ TPI separator. This system is preferably fed by gravity. if present in the aqueous phase is similarly separated in the plate pack of CPI/ TPI separator and then slides down to the sludge compartment. the oil/solids separated between the plates can be removed by gravity. Suspended solids having settling properties. An enlarged separating surface in a CPI/ TPI separator. If these planes are subsequently inclined in a fitted position.need vast extensions of the surface area to take care of oil globules of smaller size so as to meet these requirements. separators are also successful in operation where in the influent flow is pumped from other locations by locating a buffer tank before the influent pass through the separator. The treated clear water or treated effluent (free oil removal in Oily water treatment) from the CPI/ TPI separator leaves the plate pack at the bottom and gets discharged over a weir arrangement and to the outlet nozzle.
The Corrugated Plates as well as the casing of the Plate Pack of TPI/ CPI separator are made from glass fiber reinforced polyester resin. Much attention is also being given on the profile of the corrugated plates in the Paramount (PL) designed TPI/ CPI separator. time and economy criteria envisaged in the Oily water treatment process installed. particular attention is paid to the smoothness and hardness of the plate surface. is the heart of our various purification systems consisting of number of parallel corrugated plates. The number of Plate packs per TPI/ CPI separator is calculated based on the effluent flow and its characteristics to the unit The liquid to be treated flows through the spaces between the Corrugated Plates in each Plate pack. This material is resistant to the most frequently used chemical additives and temperature. The selection of the basin of the TPI/ CPI separator is advised to client based on the basic requirement. Hundreds of complete advanced wastewater treatment plants have since been put into operation throughout the world.attractive construction. adaptability. The number of plates in a Plate pack is determined by in-house developed calculations. ADVANTAGES OF PARAMOUNT DESIGNED TPI/ CPI SEPARATORS IN OILY WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM Low space requirement Very low maintenance cost since there are no moving parts . A Plate pack is a housing of flat plastic plates (strengthened by resins) and stiffened by a frame made from plastic material (strengthened by resins) and/or stainless steel. The specific profile has been chosen by Paramount (PL) so that a smooth transfer and compaction of the separated particles is effected in the TPI/ CPI separator. Principle of a TPI/ CPI separator in Oil – water separation (Oily water treatment) The corrugated plate pack in a TPI/ CPI separator. Ideal condition for separation is achieved in the TPI (Tilted plate interceptor)/ CPI (Corrugated plate interceptor) separator by simulating a laminar flow condition through the plate pack. The compact design and the high separating efficiency (of the TPI/ CPI separator) which are so characteristic. The number of plates per Plate pack is also factored to a certain extent on economy of size of the separator. used in Oily water treatment for removal of free oil. In order to reduce the frictional resistance between the separated material and the corrugated plates to a minimum. Paramount has specialized in design of TPI/ CPI separator installation in both RCC (Reinforced cement concrete) and steel basins. based on the long experience acquired by supply of the separators to various industrial applications. for this gravitational system have unmistakably proven their value in practice in the course of the time.
Oil Removal Globule size Susceptibility to Shock Oil Loads TPI Unit Low (~20 % of API Unit) Nil Nil Nil Nil Very High 50 Micron No API Unit High Yes Yes Yes High High 150 Micron Yes . 7. Stainless steel) for plate packs in TPI/ CPI separator In house capability in design and detailed engineering of civil basin or steel structure and skid mounted steel structural basins for TPI/CPI separator. 4.High efficiency and capacity combined with compact volume. variation in temperature and composition of incoming liquid Selection of type of basins (RCC. 8. Insensitive to weather condition. 6. Mild steel. 3. 1. Handles shock loads of flow without affecting effluent quality. Continuous operation without major down time. 2. Feature Space Requirement Power Consumption Moving Parts Wear & Tear Maintenance Oil Removal Efficiency Min. Low installation cost since units are mostly prefabricated. Comparison of TPI vs API Oil Separator Sr. No. 5.
9. Requirement of Spares 14. Future Expansion 13. Down Time due to Maintenance . Susceptibility to Shock Hydraulics Loads Marginal Yes as Prefabricated Construction Yes Very Easy by Adding plate pack modules No Low No High No No Not Possible As New Unit has to be Installed Yes High Yes 10. Ease of Installation 12. Ease of Construction 11. Cost of Unit 15.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.