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Science

Intuition
Hypothesis an assumption, not proved
Physiological effects effects on the body
Neuro-endocrine interactions interactions between nerves and hormones
Placebo effect inactive substance given during studies
Somatic effects body/mind-energy, movement, or manipulative therapies
Reflexive methods
Mechanical methods
Biofield or Energetic Methods
General Adaptation Syndrome

denotes physical & psychological forces that occur to


individuals; biological organisms require a certain amount
of stress to maintain their well being, although too much
Stress stress can be harmful
state of equilibrium of the internal environment of the body,
Homeostasis balance
Stages of Lifecycle
internal system in organisms that regulates behavior/function,
Biological Rhythms - Biorhythm that appears to be set by environmental conditions
Circadian Rhythms pertains to events that occur at 24 hour intervals
Ultradian Rhythms
Seasonal Rhythms
Entrainment
Pathology study of the nature and cause of disease
Etiology study of the causes of disease
Acute sharp, severe, having sudden onset
Ambulatory able to walk
Anomaly deviation from normal
Anaplasia loss of differentiation of cells, characteristic of malignancies
Atrophy a wasting or decrease in size of an organ or tissue
Benign not recurrent or progressive, opposite of malignant
Chronic long drawn out, of long duration
Clinical founded on actual observation and treatment of patients
term used denoting name of the disease a person has or is
Diagnosis believed to have
Malignant growing worse, resisting treatment
movement of bacteria or cells (cancer) from one part of the
Metastatic body to another part
Hyperplasia excessive proliferation of normal cells
Inflammation swelling, redness, heat, & pain
Neoplasm new and abnormal formation of tissue, as in a tumor
sensation in which a person experiences discomfort, distress,
Pain or suffering due to sensory nerves, subjective
pain that seems to be in a certain area, but is not there, such
Phantom Pain as a limb that was amputated
Somatic pertaining to the body
Visceral pertaining to the internal organs
Prognosis prediction of course and end of disease
any objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or
Sign disordered function of the body
any perceptible change in the body or its functions that
Symptom indicate disease
a group of signs or symptoms that collectively characterize a
Syndrome disease or abnormal condition
Systemic pertaining to the whole body
Bacterial any microorganism of the Schizomycetes (rod shaped)
Cancer a malignant tumor
Congenital present at birth
Degenerative
infectious disease or condition that attacks many people at
Epidemic the same time in the same geographical area
aggravation of symptoms or increase in the severity of a
Exacerbation disease or injury
Fungal caused by fungus
Idiopathic pertaining to a disease or condition without recognizable cause
Infectious capable of being transmitted with or without contact
Trauma a physical injury or wound caused by external forces
Viral caused by a virus (parasitic microorganism)
Anatomical Position
Erect Position
Supine Position face up, lying on one’s back
Prone Position face down, lying on one’s stomach
Laterally Recumbent Position lying on one’s side
Anterior front of the body
Cephalad toward the head
Caudad toward the tail
Deep below the surface
Distal farthest from the center or medial line
Dorsal pertaining to the back
External exterior, on the outside
Inferior beneath, below
Internal interior, on the inside
Lateral pertaining to the side
Medial pertaining to the middle
Peripheral away from the center
Plantar sole of the foot
Posterior pertaining to the back
nearest the point of attachment, center of the body, or point
Proximal of reference
Superior above, higher than
Superficial confined to the surface
Valgus a term denoting position, meaning bent outward or twisted
turned inward, clubfooted person walks on the outside edge
Varus of the foot
Volar term used for the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
Anatomy the structure of on organism
a science of the functions of living organism, it’s
Physiology components & the chemical and physical processes involved
Tissue organized group of cells
Organ complex structure comprised of groups of tissue
System (body) groups of organs
Anabolism building larger molecules from smaller ones, requires energy
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) energy molecule
Atom subatomic particles
Atrophy a decrease in size of an organ or tissue, a wasting
Cardiac Muscle Fibers muscle fibers found only in the heart
breaking down larger molecules into smaller ones, releasing
Catabolism energy
Cell most basic functional unit
a fibrous protein found in connective tissue, including skin,
Collagen bone, ligaments, & cartilage
Connective Tissue serves as framework, fascia
Elastic Fibers fibers that are pliable & return to shape after stretching
thin protective layer that allows absorption, excretion,
Epithelial Tissue secretion, & protection
study of organs & parts seen without the use of a
Gross Anatomy microscope
increase in size of a structure (muscle) due to increase in
Hypertrophy numbers of cells or tissues, usually as a result of activity
Interphase the resting stage of a cell between divisions
basic substance from which a thing is made; intercellular
Matrix material of a tissue; the womb
cell division of germ cells (sperm or ova) in which cells are
Meiosis produced with half the number of chromosomes present
Membrane wall of cell, allows entry & exit
chemical & physical process of nourishment & other cellular
Metabolism functions
Mitosis cell division, producing new cells
Molecule group of atoms
Muscle Tissue tissue to cause movement
membranes that perform functions necessary for cellular
Organelles survival
Reticular Fibers fine fibers, forms framework for liver & lymph
Skeletal Muscle Fibers attaches to bone, moves with thought
Smooth Muscle Fibers lines hollow organs, cannot be controlled by thought
Histology study of the microscopic structures of tissue
Musculoskeletal System bones, ligaments, skeletal muscles, tendons, joints
Nervous System brain, spinal cord, nerves, special sense organs
Cardiovascular System heart, arteries, veins, capillaries
lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, thymus
Lymphatic System gland
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach,
Digestive System small & large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, diaphragm,
Respiratory System pharynx
Urinary System kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, thymus, parathyroid,
Endocrine System pineal, adrenals, pancreas, gonads [all of these are glands]
[female] ovaries, uterine tubes (oviducts), uterus, vagina;
[male] testes, penis, prostrate gland, seminal vesicles,
Reproductive System spermatic ducts
Integumentary System skin, hair, nails, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, breasts
bone cells, blood vessels, connective tissue, marrow, &
Bone Structure mineral matter
Compact Bone hard bone
Spongy Bone inner bone, marrow
fibrous cord of connective tissue that forms a septum that
Trabeculae extends into an organ from its wall or capsule
Endosteum membrane lining the medullary cavity of a bone
Endoskeleton internal bony framework of the body
Periosteum outer covering of bone
production of an electric current when pressure is applied to
Piezoelectric certain crystals

Classification of Bones
Flat
Irregular
Long
Short
Cube-Shaped
Sesamoid

Bone Growth & Repair

Divisions of Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton extremities
Axial Skeleton skull, thorax, spine, hyoid bone
Arch anatomical structure of a curved or bow-like outline
Canal a narrow tube, channel, or passageway
Condyle rounded knuckle-like prominence
Epicondyle eminence at the articular end of a bone above a condyle
a groove or natural division, cleft, or slit; ex. deep furrows in
Fissure the brain, liver, etc.
Foramen hole
Fossa depression or hollow
Groove a long narrow channel, depression, or furrow
Meatus a passage or opening
a rather deep indentation or narrow gap in the edge of a
Notch structure
Sinus a cavity within a bone
Sulcus a furrow, groove, slight depression, or fissure; esp. on the brain
Head rounded articulating process at the end of a bone
Facet a small smooth area on a bone
Process a projection or outgrowth of a bone or tissue
a structure having the function of a pulley; the articular smooth
Trochlea surface of a bone upon which another bone glides
Crest a ridge or elongated prominence, esp. on a bone
Line less prominent ridge on a bone
Spinous Process prominence at the posterior part of each vertebra
Trochanter large process on a bone for muscle attachment
Tubercle small rounded process
Tuberosity large rounded process
gristle; firm, tough, elastic substance similar to bone without
Cartilage mineral content
true cartilage; smooth & pearly, it covers the articular
Hyaline Cartilage surfaces of bone
type of cartilage in which the matrix contains thick bundles
White Fibrocartilage of white or collagenous fibers; found in intervertebral disks
increased porosity of bone, generally found in older people;
Osteoporosis due in part to lack of calcium
Ankylosing spondylitis
Spina Bifida
Cleft palate
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Clubfoot or talipes
Scoliosis
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Paget’s disease
Osteitis fibrosa cystica
Radiation Therapy
Osteonecrosis or ischemic necrosis
Legg-Calve’-Perthes disease
Scheuermann’s disease
Osteochondritis dissecans
Osgood-Schlatter disease
General growing pains
Osteomyelitis
Tuberculosis
Tumors
Osteoma
Oseosarcomas
Osteochondroma
Rickets
Scurvy
Whiplash
Dislocation
Subluxation
Osteochondritis
Osteochondrosis
Fractures
Compound or open fractures
Simple or closed fractures
Greenstick fractures
Impacted fractures
Comminuted fractures
Complete fracture
Incomplete fracture
Compression fracture
Depressed fracture
Stress fracture
Articulations
Connectective tissue and joint structure
Srticular cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Hyaline
Ligaments
Bursa
Amphirathroses
Diarthroses
Synarthroses
Synarthroses
Synchrondrosis
Syndesmosis
Arthrokinematics
Joint play
Osteokinematics
Anatomic range of motions (ROM)
Physiologic range of motion
Pathologic range of motion
Hard and soft end-feel
Closed kinematic chain
Open kinematic chain
Loose packed position
Close packed position
Hypermobility
Hypomobility
Joint capsule
Joint play
Suture
Symphysis
Synovial fluid
Synovial joint
Hinge joint
Pivot joint
Condyloid *condylar( joint
Saddle joint
Ball and socket joint
Gliding joints
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Pronation
Supination
Eversion
Inversion
Plantar flexion
Dorsiflexion
Rotation
Circumduction
Protraction
Retraction
Elevation
Depression
Opposition
Injury
Immobilization
Repeptitive overuse
Spondylolisthesis
Spondylitis
Ankylosing pondylitis
Spondylosis
Abnormal spinal curvatures
Flattening of the lumbar curve
Lumbar lordosis
Kyphosis
Gibbus
List
Scoliosis
Dislocations
Sparing 1st-2nd-3rd degrees
Arthritis
Osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Gout
Infectious arthritis
Bursitis
Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
Medial epicondylitis (golfer’s or pitcher’s elbow)
Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
Tendintis
Tenosynovitis
Genu valgum
Genu varum
Hallux malleus
Backache
Herniated disc
Compressed disc
Subluxation
Adductor
Abductor
Flexor
Extensor
Levator
Depressor
Tensor
All or none response
Contraction
Relaxation
Agonists
Antagonists
Fixator
Synergists
Coordination
Actin
Myosin
Sarcolemma
Fascia
Endomysium
Perimysium
Epimysium
Aponeurosis
Atrophy
Belly
Clonnus
Contractility
Deep fascia
Distal attachment
Dynamic force
Elasticity
Excitability
Extensibility
Fast twitch fibers
Hypertrophy
Insertion
Maximal stimulus
Musculotendinous junctions
Motor unit
Neuromuscular unction
Origin
Oxygen debt
Proximal attachment
Slow twitch fibers
Static force
Synergist
Threshold stimulus
Tone
Trigger points
Poliomyelitis
Post polio syndrome
Mysitis ossificans
Tendinitis and tenosynovitis
Crapms/spasms
Flaccidity
Spasticity
Contracture
Muscular dystrophy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
Fascio-scapulo-humeral dystrophy limb-girdle dystrophy
Myasthenia gravis
Hernias
Torticollis
Whiplash or Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD)
Dupuytren’s contracture
Rotator cuff tears
Shin splints
Anterior compartment syndrome
Plantar faciitis
Fibromyalagia
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Acquired metabolic and toxic myopathies
Levels 1, 2, and 3 strain
Biomechanics
Osteokinematic movements
Arthrokenematic movements
Anatomic barriers
Physiologic barriers
Pahtologic barrier
Joint end - feel
Postural muscles
Phasic muscles
Concentric contraction
Eccentric contraction
Isometric contraction
Isotonic contraction
Center of gravity
Balance
Equilibrium
Stability
Levers
1st class lever
2nd class lever
3rd class lever
Fulcrum
Effort
Force
Gait
Gait cycle
Stance phase
Swing phase
Neuromuscular related dysfunction
Myofascial related dysfunction
Joint related dysfuncion
Nerve cell structure
Nerve functions
Neurotransmitters
Acetycholine
Serotonin
Histamine
Epinephrine/adrenaline
Norepinephrine/noradrenaline
Dopamine
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
Neuropetides
Endorphines/enkephalins
Substance P
Brain Cerebum
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Temporal lobe
Occipital lobe
Primary motor cortex
Primary somesthetic sensory cortex
Cerebellum
Braintstem
Limbic system
Hypothalamus
Cerebrospinal
Meninges and ventricles
Spinal cord
Ganglion
Neurons
Neuroglia
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin
Neurilemma
White matter
Grey matter
Synapse
Tracts
Nerves
Afferent or sensory division
Efferent or motor division
Cranial nerves
Spinal nerves
Nerve plexuses
Ansa cervicalis
Lesser occipital
Greater Auricular
Transverse cervical
Phrenic
Supraclavicular
Dorsoscapular
Long thoracic
Subclavius
Suprascapular
Musculo-cutaneous
Subscapular
Median
Thoracodosal
Pectorals
Axillary
Radial
Ulnar
Iliohypogastric
Ilioinguinal
Genitofemoral
Lateral femoral cutaneous
Femoral
Obturator
Sciatic
Gluteal
Posterior femoral cutaneous
Pudendal
Dermatomes
Myotomes
Reflex mechanisms
Sensory receptors
Reflex arc
Somatic
Five senses
Plexus
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Nociceptors
Proprioceptors
Muscle spindle cells
Golgi tendon organ
Joint kinesthetic receptors
Mechanoreceptors’ Types I and II
Thermal receptors
Reflex
Reflex arc
Crossed reflex
Extensor thrust reflex
Flexor withdrawal reflex
Intersemental reflex
Monosynpatic reflex
Nociceptive reflex
Optical righting reflex
Pilomotor, reflex
Pshychogalvanic reflex
Postural reflex
Proprioceptive reflex
Righting reflex
Startle reflex
Stretch reflex
Tendon reflex
Vasomotor reflex
Visceromotor reflex
Sympathetic division
Parasympathetic division
Alarm
Resistance
Exhaustion
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
Aneurysm
Blood cloths/hemorrhages
Stroke or brain attack
Stroke types
A transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Reversible neurologic deficit,
Residual ischemic neurologic deficit (RIND)
Hemiparesis
Quadriplegia
Paraplegia
Intracerebral hemorrhage
Epidural hematoma
Central nervous system trauma
Spinal cord injury
Concussion
Brain contusion
Cerebral palsy
Seizure
Petit mal
Grand mal
Tumors
Degenerative disorders
Dementia
Alzheimer’s
Schizophrenia
Depression
Anxiety states
Endogenous anxiety
Paic disorder
Exogenous anxiety
Parkinson’s disease
Chorea
St. Vitus dance
Huntington’s chorea
Infections disease
Encephalitis
Meningitis
Myelitis
Headache
Migraine headache
Cluster headaches
Nerve root compression
Disc herniation
Bell’s palsy
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Herpes
Herpes zoster
Herpes, Type I and II
Demyelination disease
Multiple sclerosis (ms)
Entrapment
Compression
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrom
Neuropathy
Neuralgia
Neuritis
Diabetic neuropathy
Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)
Headache
Tension or muscle contraction headache
Vertigo
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BVVP
Ménière’s Disease
Heart
Mediastinum
Pericardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Epicardium
Atria or right and left atrium
Right and left ventricles
Atrioventricular valves (AV)
Bicuspid or mitral valve
Tricuspid valve
Semilunar valves
Aortic valve
Pulmonary valve
Vessels
Great vessels
Pulmonary trunk
Aorta
Superior vena cava
Inferior vena cava
Pulmonary vein
Blood circulation in the heart
Heart sounds
Cardiac output
Cardiac sycle
Diastole
Atrial systole
Ventricular systole (or systole)
Heart rate
Sinoatrial (SA) node
Atrioventricular (AV) node
Atrioventricular (AV) bundle (also called the bundle of his)
Entrainment
Thre vascular system
Vasoconstriction
Vasodilation
Arteries
Arterioles
Veins
Venules
Venous return
Valves
Capillaries
Lumen
Venous pump
Blood pressure
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
Pulse rate
Tachycardia
Bradycardia
Hypotension
Hypertension
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
Hepatic protal system
Baroreceptors
Vasconctrictor (pressor) area
Vasodilator (depressor) area
Cardioinhibitory center
Brachiocephalic
Left and right common carotid
Left and right subclavian
External and internal carotid arteries
Suberficial temporal artery
Basilar artery
Axillary artery
Brachial artery
Radial artery
Ulnar artery
Thoracic aorta
Right and left intercostal arteries
Left and rigth internal thoracic arteries
Abdominal aorta
Celiac trunk
Gastric artery
Splenic artery
Hepatic artery
Superior mesenteric artery
Renal artery
Tesicular or ovarian arteries
Inferior mesenteric artery
Left and right common iliac arteries
Internal iliac artery
External iliac artery
Femoral artery
Popliteal artery
Anterior and posterior tibial arteries
Dorsalis pedis artery
Right and left external jugular
Subclavian vein
Internal jugular veins
Brachiocephalic vein
Dorsal venous plexus
Cephalic vein
Basilic vein
Medial cubital vein
Axillary vein
Brachiocephalic veins
Azygous system
Intercostal veins
Superior vena cava
Inferior vena
Portal vena
Inferior vena cava
Hepatic veins
Right and left renal veins
Right and left testicular or ovarian veins
Common iliac veins
Femoral veins
Dorsal venous arch
Greather saphenous vein
Femoral vein
Anterior and posterior tibial veins
Popliteal vein
Blood
Plasma
Thrombocytes, platelets
clotting
Fibrin
Red blood cells
White blood cells
Hemopoieses
Stem cell
Blast cells
Red blood cells
Erythrocytes
Hemoglobin
Erythropoiesis
Polycythemia
Anemia
Factors
ABO
Rh groups
White blood cells
Leukocytes
Neutrophils
Monocytes
Lymphocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils
Phagocytosis
Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
Aneurysm
Embolus
Ischemia
Occulusion
Hemorrhage
Coronary artery disease (CAD)
Arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis
Angina pectoris
Congestive heart failure (CHF)
Hypertension
Rheumatic heart disease
Mitral valve prolapse
Cyanosis
Shock
Hypovolemic - caused by loss of blood
Cardiogenic - from defective heart function
Septic - caused from bacteria
Anaphylactic - caused by an allergy or over reaction of the immune system
Bradycardia
Tachycardia
Paricarditis
Varicose veins
Thrombophlebitis
Superficial thrombophlebitis
Deep vein thrombosis
Raynaud’s phenomenon
Anemia
Sickle-cell anemia
Nutritional anemia
Iron deficiency
Pernicious anemia
Bone marrow suppression
Edema
Polycythemia
Thrombocytopenia
Hemophilia
Lymph
Lymphatic grainage
Interstitial fluid
Lymph trunks
Lymph vessels
Lymph capillaries
The right lymphatic duct
Thoracic duct (left lymphatic duct)
Lacteals
Cisterna chyli
Lymph nodes
Spleen
Thymus
Tonsils
Intestinal tonsils or Peyer’s patches
Vermiform appendix
Lymph nodes
Parotid
Submandibular
Occipital
Superficial cervical
Subclavicular
Hypogastric
Facial
Deep cervical
Axillary
Mediastinal
Cubital
Supratrochlear
Para-aortic
Deep inguinal
Superficial inguinal
Femoral
Popliteal
Tibial
Plexuses
Mammary plexus
Palmar plexus
Plantar plexus
Lymphatic pump
Edema
Lymphomas
Hodgkin’s disease
Epstein-Barr virus
Burkitt’s lymphoma
Leukemia
Acute lymphoblastic (actue lymphocytic) leukemia
Acute myeloblastic (myelocytic) leukemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Chronic myelocytic leukemia
Infectious mononucleosis
Lymphedema
Immunity
Innate immunity
Non-specific immunity
Specific immunity
Immune deficiency
Immuno-suppressed
Hypersensitivity or allergy
Acquired immunity
Acquired immunodeficiency
Active immunity
B-cell
T-cell
Allergen
Antigen
Susceptible
Antibody molecules
Nonspecific defenses
Interferon
Specific immunity
Lymphocytes
Vaccine
Natural killer cells
Allergy
Anaphylactic shock
Autoimmun diseases
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDs)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis D
Hepatitis E
Respiration
External respiration
Internal respiration
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
Nose
Nasal cavity
Nares
Nostrils
Cilia
Turbinates or conchae
Meatuses
Nasolacrimal
Olfactory nerve
Swell bodies
Nasal reflex responses
Sinuses
Nasopharynx
Larynx
Glottis
Epiglottis (epiglottitis)
Trachea
Bronchi
Right and left primary bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveoli
Bronchoconstriction
Bronchodilation
Lungs
Lobes
Diaphragm
Thorax
Mediastinum
Pleural cavities
Pleural space
Tidal volume
Vital capacity (VC)
Quiet inspiration
Deep inspiration
Forced inspiration
Quiet expiration
Forced expiration
Oxyhemoglobin
Respiratory center
Chemoreceptors
Respiratory rate
Yawn
Sneeze
Cough
Hyperpnea
Tachypnea
Bradypnea
Acute and chronic bronchitis
Apnea
Asthma
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Choking
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Common cold
Croup
Cystic fibrosis
Crowning
Emphysema
Hayfever
Hiccups (singultis)
Hyperventilation syndrome
Hyperventilation
Influenza
Influenza (flu)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Pleurisy
Pneumonia
Pneumothorax
Pulmonary edema
Sinusitis
Sore throat or pharyngitis
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Tuberculosis
Alimentary canal
Gastrointestinal tract (GI)
Abdomen or abdominal cavity
Peritoneum
Parietal peritoneum
Visceral peritoneum
Mesentery
Mesocolon
Greater omentum
Lesser omentum
Mouth
Lips
Cheeks
Tongue
Gustatory organs (taste buds)
Palate
Teeth
Salivary glands
Saliva
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Chyme
Rugae
Gastric juice
Pylorus
Pyloric sphincter
Small intestine
Duodenum
Jejenum
Ileum
Villi
Ileocecal valve or sphincter
Pancreas
Liver
Gallbladder
Large intestine or colon
Haustra
Cecum
Appendix or vermiform appendix
Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon
Sigmoid colon
Rectum
Anus
Feces
Colostomy
Digestion
Mastication
Ingestion
Peristalsis
Absorption
elimination (egestion)
Nutrition
Proteins
Amino acids
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Fats or triglycerides
Enzymes
Vitamins and minerals
Neausea
Vomiting
Heartburn
Hepatitis
Cirrhosis
Gallbladder disease
Pancreatitis
Cystic fibrosis
Stomach cancer
Peptic ulcer disease
Reflux esophagitis
Gastroenteritis
Enteritis
Dysentery
Diarrhea
Obstructions
Hernia
Adhesion
Vovulus
Malabsorption and intolerance syndromes
Colon cancer
Diverticular disease
Hemorrhoids
Inflammatory bowel disease
Ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis or Crohn’s
Irritable bowel syndrome
Constipation
Appendicitis
Endocrine gland
Exocrine gland
Endocrine tissues
Hormones
Half-life
Megative feedback system
Hypersecretion
Hyposecretion
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Hypophysis
Anterior pituitary hormones
Growth hormone or somatotrophin (GH)
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ATCH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Prolactin
Posterior pituitary hormones
Oxytocin
Anitdiuretic hormone (AHD)
Giantism and acromegaly
Cushing’s disease
Dwarfism
Diabetes insipidus
Thyroxine (t4) and triiodothyronine (t3)
Calcitonin)
Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
Hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis
Goiter
Grave’s disease
Exophthalmos
Hypothyroidism
Cretinism
Hashimoto’s disease
Parathormone (PTH)
Hypoparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism
Islets of Langerhans
Insulin
Glucagon
Somatostatin
Amylin
Hypoglycemia
Reactive hypoglycemia
Diabetes mellitus
Hyperglycemia
Type I, or insulin-dependent diabetes
Type II, or non-insulin dependent diabetes
Adrenal medulla
Catecholamines
Epinephrine or adrenaline
Norepinephrine or noradrenaline
Adrenal cortex
Corticosteroid hormones
Cortisol
Aldosterone
Glucocortisone
Gonadocorticords
Estrogen
Progesterone
Androgens
Cushing’s syndrome
Conn’s syndrome
Addison’s disease
Estrogen
Progesterone
Testosterone
Relaxin
Inhibin
Melatonin
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Thymopoietin
Thymic humoral factor (THF)
Thymic factor (TF)
Thymosin
Endorphins
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF)
Erythropoietin
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I)
Gastrointestinal hormones
Gastrin
Secretion
Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Tissue hormones
Prostaglandins (PGs)
Histamines
Touch
Integument
Skin
Sensory receptors
Meissner's corpuscles
Pacinian or laminated corpuscles
Free nerve endings
Merkel's disks
Hair-follicle receptors
Kraese's end bulbs
Ruffini's end organs
Epidermis
Epidermal layers (strata)
Dermis
Hypodermis or subcutaneous layer or superficial fascia
Melanocytes
Keratinocytes
Keratin
Melanin
Carotene
Hemoglobin
Appendages of the skin
Hair
Nails
Sebaceous glands
Sudoriferous glands or sweat glands
Eccrine sweat glands
Apocrine sweat glands
Cercuminous glands
Mammary glands
Areola
Nipple
Cyanosis
Erythema
Pallor or blancing
Jaundice
Bronzing
Black and blue marks
Corn
Callus
Ulcer
Neurotrophic ulcer
Impetigo
Acne
Dermatophytosis: tinea (ring worm)
Tinea corporis
Tinea pedis
Tinea cruris
Candidiasis
Warts
Human papilloma virus (HPV)
Common wart (verruca vulgaris)
Filiform warts
Periungual
Flat warts
Plantar warts
Cold sores-herpes simplex virus (HSV)
Scabies
Lice
Head lice (pediculosis capitis)
Body lice (pediculosis corporis)
Genital lice (pediculosis pubis; crab lice)
Alopecia
Burns
First degree burn
Second degree burn
Thrid degree burn
Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis
Contact dermatitis
Psoriasis
Rosacea
Scleroderma
Urticaria or hives
Vitiligo
Mole
Skin tag
Lipoma
Seborrheic keratosis
Angioma
Sebaceous cyst
Basal cell carcinoma
Malignant melanoma
Pruritis
Papule
Pustule
Furuncle
Kidney
Nephrons
Glomerulus
Renal
Ureters
Bladder
Urethra
Urine
Micturition
Filtration
Blood pressure regulation
Urinary tract infection
Cystitis
Incontinence
Kidney stones
Glomerulonephritis
Pyelonephritis
Renal failure
Puberty
Libido
Contraception
Fertility
Testicles
Epididymides
Vas deferens
Ejaculatory duct
Urethra
Penis
Scrotum
Sperm
Seminal vesicles
Prostate
Ejaculation
Overies
Fallopian tubes
Uterus
Endomertrium
Vagina
Cervix
Vulva
Labia majora
Labia minor
Clitoris
Mons pubis
Vaginal orifice
Bartholin's (vestibular) glands
Mammary glands (breasts)
Lacatation
Perineum
Ovum
Ovulation
Menarche
Menstruation
Menstrual cycle
Menopause
Hysterectomy
Pregnancy
Fertilization
X or y chormosome
Gestation
Trimesters
Birth (parturition)
Three stages to labor
Dilation
Expulsion
Placental stage
Parental bonding
Breast cancer
Breast lumps
Bartholin cyst
Chornic cervicitis
Cervical cancer
Ectopic pregnancy
Endometriosis
Infertility
Fibrocystic disease
Prostate disorders
Prostatitis
Begign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
Sexually trasmitted diseases
Vaginal infections
Hepatitis b infection
Non-gonoccocal urtheritis or chlamydiea
Genital warts
Herpes geitalis
Aids
Gonorrhea
Syphilis
Body lice
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Uterine disorders
Fibroid
Vaginitis
Yeast vaginitis (candidiasis, moniliasis)
Trichomonas vaginitis (trichomoniasis
Gardnerella (hemophilus) vaginitis
Sanitation
Pathogen
Contagious
Contagion
Pathogenic organisms
Viruses
Bacteriea
Rickettsia
Gungi
Metazoa
Protozoa
Pathogenic animals
Evironmental contract
Trasmission by inhalation
Opportunistic invasion
Person-to-person contact
Invasion by ingestion
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDs)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Hepatitis
Tuberculosis
Contamination
Cross contamination
Aseptic technique or protocol
Hand washing
Disinfection
Sterilization
universal precautions
Premise safety
Facility safety
Heat and ventilation
Housekeeping and cleaing procedure
Equipment safety
Fire safety
Accident prevention
Accident reporting
First aid and CPR
Ergonomics
Biomechanics or body mechanics
Office setting
The public environment
Sports events
Demonstrations
on-site or coporate
Slient's reisdence on-site
Outdoors
Room temperature
Fresh air and ventilation
Prifacy
Accessibility
Lighting
Scents, incese, flowers, and plants
Music
Pain
Acute pain
Chronic pain
Intractable pain
Phantom pain
Referred pain
Impingement syndromes
Entrapment syndroms
Compression syndromes
Psychological dysfunctions
Stress
Anxiety
Depression
Post traumatic stress
Contraindications
Development of pathology
Risk factors
Palliative care
Pathology
Healthy
Dysfunction
Symptoms
Syndrome
Acute
Chornic
Communicable diseases
Homeostasis
Compensation
General adaptation syndrome
Inflammatory response
Pain-spasm-pain cycle
Referred pain
Impingement syndromes
Trauma
Benign
Malignant
Metatasis
Medications
Synergistic
Antagonistic
Endangerment sites
Referral