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Key joint :
A key joint is a pre-manufactured device used to create control joints in concrete structures. As freshlypoured concrete begins to dry, it tends to shrink or contract. This contraction can lead to cracks or breaks in the surface of the concrete, or in tiles and other floor finishes installed over the slab. To minimize cracks associated with concrete shrinkage, builders place control joints at specific intervals along the concrete. These control joints represent a planned break in the concrete, eliminating the need for unplanned cracks at other locations. Taper pinned joint To form a traditional control joint, installers must form and pour the concrete in a checkerboard pattern. Different sections are poured and allowed to dry before other adjacent sections can be poured. This process is time-consuming, and involves extensive form work and planning.
For body piercing, see Taper insertion pin.
An example of tapered pin application. A tapered pin is a fastener used in mechanical engineering. They are steel rods with one end having a slightly larger diameter than the other. Standard inch-sized tapered pins have a taper on diameter of 1:48 while metric ones have a taper of 1:50. A 1:48 taper means that one end of a 4-foot-long bar (48 inches) will be 1 inch smaller in diameter than the other end, or a 1/4-inch taper over a 1-foot length. Some tapered pins have a male screw thread on the small end that holds the pin in place with a washer and a nut. Other pins are threaded on both ends, on the thick end to pull the pin out with the same nut that holds the pin in place.
such as in tongue and groove construction. Typically. A groove may be through. For more structural construction. which runs across the grain. grooves are created along the sides and/or ends of panels. a groove is used to house the panels in frame and panel construction and the bottoms of drawers. A groove is thus differentiated from a dado. Grooves are used for a range of purposes in cabinet making and other woodworking fields. a groove is a slot or trench cut into a member which runs parallel to the grain. meaning that one or both of the ends finish before the groove meets edge of the surface . Applications include roofing. or stopped. meaning that it passes all the way through the surface and its ends are open. siding and flooring.parallel joint A through groove (left) and a stopped groove In joinery.
(January 2009) A dowel is a solid cylindrical rod. diverse applications. Dowel rod is often cut into short lengths called dowel pins.1 Manufacturing process o 1. as structural reinforcement in cabinet making and support for tiered wedding cakes.2 Application 2 Metal dowel . dowel is called dowel rod. as detents on gymnastics grips. toilet roll dispensers and picture frames. As supports for hanging items such as key rings. As moveable pieces (i.. To wind textiles around To bear the weight of tiers on stacked cakes. It is used to form axles in toys. Contents [hide] y y 1 Wood dowel o 1. To secure two objects together with precise alignment in a dowel joint: a hole is bored in both objects and the dowel pin is inserted into the aligned holes. as knitting needles. which are used in various ways: y y y y y y As shelf supports in furniture. plastic or metal. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.e. tools. usually made of wood. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Dowel rod is employed in numerous. pegs) in games. In its original manufactured form.Methods A groove can be cut by the following methods: y y y y y y electric router using a straight or rebate bit circular saw with multiple passes (depending on width and depth) dado set in a single pass spindle moulder (wood shaper) hand saw and chisel router plane This article does not cite any references or sources.
2 In machinery 2.y y 2.g.). resulting in a group of dowel rods emerging in parallel at the machine's output. Some dowel machines have powered feed devices that automatically feed material into the machine.. side-by-side "half dowels.1 In stone masonry 2. .e. wood dowel is typically manufactured on industrial dowel machines.3 In woodworking 3 See also 4 References o o o edit] Wood dowel Fluted wood dowel pin Dowel joint  Manufacturing process For modest manufacturing volumes. rotating cutting heads. Each head consists of a hollow chuck with cutting knives protruding inward. The mechanism is open-ended. These machines employ two wide. with material guides at the machine's entry and exit to enable fabrication of continuous dowel rod of unlimited length. etc.. while others require hand feeding. thus enabling the machines to be quickly retooled to manufacture different diameters of dowel (e. High volume dowel manufacturing is done on a wood shaper. The heads have nearly identical cutting profiles so that each will form an array of adjoined. 2". one above the stock and one below it. 1/4". through which the wood passes as the knives cut it into cylindrical shape. Such machines employ interchangeable cutting heads of varying diameters. 1/2". wood)." The heads are aligned to each other and one head is shaped to make deeper cuts along the dowel edges so as to part the stock into individual dowel rods. which simultaneously forms multiple dowels from a single piece of rectangular stock (i.
thereby relieving the hydraulic pressure that might otherwise split the timber when the mating pieces are clamped together. and proprietary tools such as the Domino jointer. which are used to reinforce joints and support shelves and other components in cabinet making. while others purchase precut dowel pins that are typically available in assorted lengths and diameters. alternative joinery methods may be used in place of conventional dowel pins.  In machinery . including Miller dowels. Some woodworkers make their own dowel pins. Depending on the application. The fluting provides channels through which excess glue² which is used to secure the dowel pin in its hole²can escape as the dowel is inserted. Various systems. such as Dowelmax.  Metal dowel  In stone masonry A steel dowel Steel dowels are commonly used in masonry to pin stone components together. A fluted dowel pin has a series of parallel grooves cut along its length. Application The wooden dowel rod used in woodworking applications is commonly cut into dowel pins. have been devised to aid in dowel joinery. biscuit joiners. Dowel-based joinery typically employs fluted dowel pins. Holes are bored in the stone and the steel dowels inserted to secure the components.
0008")²result in significantly less play.. such as in differential gear casings. or a larger diameter so that it must be pressed into its hole. bolts up to 10mm (3/8") in diameter typically have play on the order of 0. as are the corresponding holes.  In woodworking . Manufacturing costs are inversely proportional to mechanical tolerances and. Steel dowel pins are machined to tight tolerances. there can be significant variation. engineers must balance the need for mechanical precision against cost as well as other factors such as manufacturability and serviceability.0004 inches). engineers typically use dowel holes as reference points to control positioning variations and attain repeatable assembly quality. the tighter dimensional tolerances of dowels and their mating holes²typically 0. A dowel pin may have a smaller diameter than its hole so that it freely slips in. however.Steel dowel pins Dowel pins are often used as precise locating devices in machinery. For example. In automobiles. or "play.g. If no dowels are used for alignment (e. engines. which are typically reamed. Typical drilling and milling operations. introduce mechanical play proportional to the size of the fasteners. When designing mechanical components. as a result. as well as manufacturing practices for bolt threads.02 mm (0. dowels are used when precise mating alignment is required. When dowels are used in addition to bolts.2 mm (0. components are mated by bolts only). on the order of 0.01 mm (0." in component alignment. and transmissions.008 inches).
. the two pieces of wood are aligned and a bolt hole is drilled through one piece of wood and into the other. In a cross dowel application. but in practice the slot is usually parallel to the bolt. contrary to this drawing. with the slots oriented parallel to the threaded hole through which the bolt will pass.  See also y y y y Bar stock Dowel reinforced butt joint Rebar Spring pin . a metal dowel) that is used to join two pieces of wood. One or both ends of the dowel are slotted.Cross dowel. The bolt is then inserted into the bolt hole and screwed into the cross dowel until the wood pieces are held tightly together.e. Note that the slot is usually parallel to the bolt hole. For illustrative purposes the dowel's slot is shown perpendicular to the bolt. it has an inside threaded hole. Like other metal nuts. although the hole is unusual in that it passes through the sides of the dowel. A screwdriver is inserted into the slot at the end of the cross dowel and the dowel is rotated so that its threaded hole aligns with the bolt hole. A cutaway view of a cross dowel in use. A dowel hole is drilled laterally across the bolt hole and the cross dowel is inserted into it. A cross dowel is a cylindrically shaped metal nut (i.
 References Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dowel" Categories: Fasteners .
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