SYLLABUS

ASSOCIATESHIP/ POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN SHIPPING MANAGEMENT -- FIRST YEAR (1) GEOGRAPHY OF SEA TRANSPORT

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Modes of transportation and their advantages and disadvantages. Water transport -- significance -- geographical influence on shipping activity. Continents and countries, seas and oceans, location of different ports and canals, etc. Major ocean routes -- features and patterns of trade. Major waterways and canals and their influence on shipping. Physical geographical features -- climate, winds, tides, currents and seasons of bad weather and their influence on shipping. Commodities transported by sea -- raw materials and minerals, agricultural commodities, crude oil and oil products, marine products, finished goods and other cargoes. Sources and destinations of such cargoes. Seasonal cargo movements. Ports and their hinterland, functions of ports, types of ports. Major ports of the world and their principal trades. Time zones, International Date Line, concept of day light saving time, loadline zones and their importance in shipping. Major trading blocks of the world -- EC/EU, EFTA, OAU, NAFTA, OECD, ASEAN, LAFTA, SAARC, CIS, GATT/WTO, etc.

8. 9. 10.

NOTE: Students are expected to mark on outline maps important ports, major sea routes, loadline zones ,seasons of bad weather, etc.

The Indian Sale of Goods Act.claims accepted as maritime lien. 3). 7. when payable. NOTE: Supporting answers with case law and illustrations would be an added advantage to the student.Sec. their powers and duties). types of agencies.general principles.III Sec.Sec. Major Port Trusts Act.Ch. Sections 18 to 25 (Transfer of Property in Goods). A brief introduction to (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) The The The The The Indian Indian Indian Inland Indian Bills of Lading Act. 1963 -. fees and other charges -11. order of priorities. Steam Vessels Act. 1930. Ch. Carriage of Goods by Sea Act. (Port 10. Law of Agency -. Ch. 61. Freight -. 12. . to whom payable. 53. 35. Maritime and possessory liens -. 5. 2. essential features of a contract. 8. 1996 (Indian). when and how. 1927. I (Preliminary -.methods of dispute resolution. The Arbitration and Conciliation Act. 1965 (FAL Convention of IMO). 1. 63). 13. breaches and their remedies Bailment and its features. 1908 -. 1.I (Preliminary -. 33.definition. Special Contracts . Ch.Indemnity and Guarantee. 2. breach of warranty of authority and termination of agency. 62. Port Health Rules. 1856. V (Port dues. COMMERCIAL AND SHIPPING LAW Law of Contract -. Indian Ports Act.Sec. 9. 4.Ch. Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic. subjects of maritime liens. Ch. types of freights. 1925. officials. arbitration: why. VI (Imposition and recovery of rates -.negligence in shipping and defences against tortious liabilities.(2) 1. Tort . 3. proceedings and award. advantages.general principles. 2). Maritime Arbitration -. 6. Lighthouses Act. legal relationship between the parties involved. 48. 39 and 41). V (Works and services). 60. types of contracts. arrest and jurisdiction.

2. Notice of Readiness. 13. 16. port and liner agents and their roles in shipping. Freight forwarders. -. effect of density of water (fresh. freighting. Structure of shipping -. 5. Cargo handling equipments used on board and ashore. ship brokers and other intermediaries in shipping. telex. Basic shipping terminology including abbreviations. CYs. Tramp shipping -. brackish).services of master and crew. etc. documents. freight brokers.liner and tramp services. 8. 14.time. 11. NOTE: A student should be able to draw an outline of the different types of ships and mark important features. voyage. memo-writing. contract of affreightment. e-mail. Customs Bill of Entry and Shipping Bill.different types and sizes with their important features and their suitability to different cargoes. marketing of liner shipping. Classification Societies -.letter writing. 10. concept of intermodalism. Business communication in shipping -.types of charters -. 4.(3) 1. names of different charterparty forms for different trades. Stowage factors and densities -. container sizes and types. report-writing. Shipping procedures in bulk/bulk cargoes. Agents -.essential features. CFSs and ICDs. trip-time.ship. Different freight units. 9.importance in the carriage of dry and liquid cargoes. 6. .functions. General structure of shipping industry -. 12. Tally Sheets. salt. charts and graphs. ports for exports and imports for break- 7. ships. 3.Manifest. modes of unitisation. consecutive voyages. General particulars of types and general contents. Mate's Receipt.background. bareboat. Custom house work -. SHIPPING PRACTICE Ships -. break bulk. their functions and importance. Cargo Documentation -.Inward and outward entry of ships documentation. fax. etc. Bills of Lading information. Liner shipping -. 15. conditions. features of dry bulk and tanker chartering. container terminology. Statutory documents on board including mandatory surveys and safety certificates. Statement of Facts.

4. Preparation of voyage accounts and disbursement accounts.. services and pricing 11. distinction between business and its owners. .factors influencing the demand. organisation of port services. 12. port planning and development. 9.The business entity. 3. ECONOMICS OF SEA TRANSPORT Theory of international trade and the role of shipping in the national economy.Cabotage laws in India and abroad. statutory requirements.concept of passing of risk and property. Detailed study of INCOTERMS -. Liner and tramp. Demand of shipping services -.factors contributing the supply. 10. subsidies. 8. Supply of ships -. Economics of manning. etc. Economics of port location -. 6. concept of elasticity. 5. Coastal Shipping in India -. Pricing of shipping services. protectionism.their infrastructure. Economies of scale and its application in shipping. 2. and their effect on shipping. cost of policy. Fuel economy and bunker management. Concept -. 7. facilities and productivity.(4) 1. Cost structure of shipping. Government policy in India and other countries towards shipping. 13.

4. cargo-wise. ICC. Detailed knowledge of Indian ports and their problems. cargo consolidation. TRANSCHART. container traffic at major ports. ILO. latest shipping policy guidelines. UNCTAD. Various 9.(5) 1.their effect on shipping. ITU. Joint ventures. important Conventions. AISC. INTERCARGO. shipbuilding outlook and future trends. Containerisation and Multimodal Transport in India -. 6. etc. 14. lay-up.Cargo fleet. ISM Code and STCW 95 Convention. ICHCA. etc. International Maritime Organisation (IMO) -. Technological developments in sea transport and cargo handling methods and their impact on shipping. Ship vetting. LLOYDS. IHO. 10. lay-up. newbuildings. Salvage Association. demolitions. Flags of Convenience / Open Registry Countries -. shipbuilding. CURRENT SHIPPING ENVIRONMENT Maritime Administration of India. shiprepairs and ship breaking. FONASBA. INMARSAT.CYs. 3.Tonnage. 2. Second International Ship Registers. Flag State Inspection and Port State Control. Quality Management in Shipping. private sector participation. 8. registration-wise. ILU. 13. Indian Shipping Scene -. WHO. Shipping organisations -. SITPRO. INTERTANKO. World Shipping Scene -.International: BIMCO.Role and importance. 7. Ship management concept -manning. technical and commercial management of ships. size and age profile. 12. shipping pools and consortia. CONCOR. 11. problems. details and ownership. ICS. ITF. role of privatisation. WMO. CFSs and ICDs. ISF. . Indian: INSA. 5.

x-xi). 1958 (along with amendments) -. .Observations of users and carriers. 5. Hague-Visby Rules and Hamburg Rules. 1962 -. 1993 (Indian). as amended. COMBIDOC and FIATA Mulltimodal Transport Bill of Lading. Collision law -.FINAL YEAR (1) 1. Admiralty Jurisdiction -. limitation of liability of shipowners. 1856. OPA 1990. 13. power to confiscate vessel (Sec. and role of International Maritime 3. 8.SYLLABUS FELLOWSHIP/ POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN SHIPPING MANAGEMENT -. Implications of switch and split bills of lading. 106).Methods of enforcement of marine liens and arrest of vessels. penalty for short-landing of goods (Sec. UNCTAD/ICC rules on MTO. Lloyds Open Form. Risks and liabilities of the multimodal carrier. receiver of wreck. with critical analysis of sections. The Customs Act. 29 to 42).with reference to registration of Indian ships. 12.reporting/investigation.only outline). 1992 as amended. the Indian Carriage of Goods by Sea Act. 9. 10. NOTE: Above topics to be supported by relevant case study/law and illustrations. Marine Frauds -.Related Convention and apportionment of blame. LAW OF SEA TRANSPORT Detailed study of the Bill of Lading and the Indian Bills of Lading Act. criminal prosecution (Sec. 4. Indian Legislation on Multimodal Transportation. Limitation of Liability of Carrier -. 116). and amendments thereof.Detailed study of Hague Rules. 7.Related conventions and method of calculations. 135 -.Civil Liability Protocol.Provisions relating to ships carrying imported/exported goods (Sec.Preventive measures Bureau. 1925. passenger baggage regulations (appendix A. Multimodal Transportation of Goods Act. 6. Salvage and Towage -. 115). Merchant Shipping Act.Related contracts. Law of Carriage -. 2. 1992 and Fund Protocol. 11. International Conventions related to Pollution Claims -. Marine Accidents -. Multimodal Transport Document -. power to search vessel (Sec.

Budget and cost control in shipping.process. Investment appraisal in shipping -. memorandum of agreement. 4. standard contracts for new building and demolition.voyage estimates and preparation of accounts. 5. necessary documentation. 6.at national and enterprise level. role of brokers.(2) SHIPPING ECONOMICS & FINANCE PART 1. inspection and valuation. Use of computers in shipping -. . Sale and purchase of ships -. standard forms including SALEFORM. 2. 3. A: SHIPPING ECONOMICS Preparation of final accounts after completion of a time charter. Economics of scrapping and laying up of ships.

impact of exchange rates on shipping. Balance of payments Role of banks in with reference to the role of shipping and 8.g..(a) Collection of freight.PART B: SHIPPING FINANCE 7. investment in shipping. Foreign exchange -. 1999 (including all amendments and revisions) regarding remittances for . 500. Relevant sections of legislation e. (b) Acquisition of ships (c) Other related matters. sources of finance. payments for purchase and/or construction of ships from abroad. shipping and banking procedures regarding documentary credit/UCP. Financing of ship acquisition. . Foreign Exchange Management Act. factors having influence on this. 9. 10.

Freight Insurance -. Lloyd's of London. process and practice. Principles of insurance and their applications to marine insurance -. 10. Risk management -.types of losses/expenses. . Institute Cargo Clauses.specific policies.time and voyage. Inland Transit Clauses A. ATL. 11. 8. Institute Classification Clause. Types of policies -. Protection and Indemnity Clubs -. open policy. CTL.insurable interest. premium extras. NOTE: Above topics to be supported by relevant case law. A. general average adjustment. Government of India War Risk Insurance Scheme -. 5. salvage and sue & labour expenses. Institute Strike Clauses. 13.(3) RISK MANAGEMENT & MARINE INSURANCE 1. standard. Origin and history of insurance. 2. PA. subrogation.surveys. Legal aspects of insurer's recovery claims against shipowner. -basis of underwriting/rating. 9. illustrations and numerical example. non-standard and ex-gratia claims. 12.concept. documentation and procedure. cargo claims -. 3. Cargo Insurance -. open cover and cover note.freight at risk. 14. York Antwerp Rules 1994. Marine insurance markets in India and abroad -.underwriting/rating considerations. Cargo insurance claims -. General Average -. utmost good faith. Institute Time Clauses (Freight). Institute War Clauses.GIC and its subsidiaries. Institute 4.risks covered and practice.principles and practice. forwarding charges. indemnity. contribution and proximate cause. 6.salient points and comparison with Institute War Clauses. B and C. extra charges. 7. GA. B and C and Inland FOB Extension Clause. Hull and machinery insurance Clauses -.

charterparty laytime definitions. bareboat-cum-demise charters. 12. payment of hire. Chartering market -. Chartering contracts -. excepted periods. Do's and dont's of a chartering manager. explanation of abbreviated fixture reports in simple language. . major cargoes. 3. CIF. Charterparty disputes: Voyage Charters -. 8. sale agreements. 9. various freight indices and BIFFEX. 1996. Post-fixture aspects of chartering.Different players. time. deductions from freight. Laytime calculations -. importance of Notice of Readiness. role of brokers.off-hire periods. 6. factors influencing supply and demand. commencement and termination of time. 4. detailed knowledge of statement of facts and time sheets. Financial aspects of chartering contracts (voyage and time) -. 2. bunkers. calculation of demurrage and despatch.Offer.Voyage.arrived ship. Baltic Exchange. FOB. Voyage estimates and calculations. counter offer. negotiations. Abbreviations and other chartering terms and definitions. DRY CARGO CHARTERING 7. contract of affreightment. 5. performance clauses. CHARTERING Types of ships for the trade. 11. methods of cargo handling for dry cargo and tankers.(4) INTRODUCTION 1. stowage and loading zones.Types of laytime. 13. 10. laytime calculations. final voyage. NOTE: Study of GENCON 94 and NYPE 93 is recommended along with detailed market reports. Chartering market practice -. finalisation of fixture.freight and hire calculations and payment methods. different standard charterparty forms for dry cargo and tankers and their salient features. NYPE Inter-Club Agreement. producing areas and trades. Frustration of charterparty. their movement. Time Charters -.

8. . TANKER CHARTERING 1. 3. bunkers. importance of OPEC. final voyage. oil terminals. Oil transportation -. 7.oil majors and traders. crude oil washing. heating. Time Charters -. NOTE: Study of ASBATANKVOY and SHELLTIME 4 is recommended along with detailed market reports. Oil Transportation -. importance of Notice of Readiness. voyage estimates and calculations.types of laytime. excepted periods. etc.losses and claims. Crude oil and various types of products and their movement. Laytime calculations . double hull.arrived ship. Chartering markets -. deductions from freight. Post-fixture aspects of chartering. role of INTERTANKO and OCIMF.Indian scene. 5. laytime calculations.B. AFRA. payments of hire.cleaning of tanks. segregated ballast tanks. Worldscale. Charterparty disputes: Voyage Charters -. 4. Technical aspects of tanker operations -. performance clauses. 6. calculation of demurrage. clean ballast tanks.off-hire periods. commencement and termination of time. inert gas system. 2.

Principles of Liner Tariff. Advantages and disadvantages. future of conferences and their 3. Different types of rates for breakbulk and containerised cargoes. (i) Difference between Bs/L under CP and Liner Bs/L. EGM/IGM. Infrastructure requirements. Customs.barge carriers. Liner Documentation: (a) Freight and cargo manifest. Loss prevention and insurance.GP/Multidecker/Tweendecker/RoRo. oncept of Multimodal Transport. Role of TT Clubs. Liner Agents (a) (b) (c) (d) Duties and responsibilities with respect to the FONASBA Standard Liner Agency Agreement. freight brokers). relevance in current market scenarios. etc. Terminal Operators. (ii) NVOCC/FIATA Bs/L. (b) Handling and transportation equipment on ships. Office organisation. Freight Brokers. (a) Ships for the Traffic. 6.ICDs. Roles and liabilities as carriers. Container Carrier -.Types. at berth and at ICDs/CFSs/CYs. 8. RRos. 5. Indian Ports rules -. breakbulk and unitized up to and including containerized cargo. forwarders. Problems and progress in the Indian scene including legislation and Customs Conventions. Basic concepts and objectives. (a) Conferences . Various surcharges. lines. Agency remuneration.(5) LINER TRADE & MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT 1. etc. Application of marginal costing. operators. CFSs.Container oriented vessel/Cellular container vessel. CYs. Players (vessel owners. mate's receipt. etc. Stowage planning -. Breakbulk -.G. House Bs/L or Forwarders Bs/L CT Bills of Lading/MTD. marketing operations and finance. 9. (a) Types of liner cargoes. Shipping. Tariff rate calculations.packaging/precautions. (b) 2. . 7. Brussels Tariff Nomenclature. Relationship with Principal and Port Authorities.general/breakbulk as well as container carrying vessels. Container leasing methods. Theory of FAK v/s commodity based tariff. Stowage in ships and containers. Handling of IMO-Hazardous cargoes. Aim and implementation of the above. D. (b) Variations of the basic Bs/L including waybills. 4. roles. Container load plans and shipping notes. Consolidation of cargoes. Pricing -. NVOCCs/MTOs/consolidators. deconsolidation -.

******** . Glossary of Terms.(b) (c) 10. slot and space chartering. Consortia. etc. Conferences v/s independent operators. strategies. mergers. alliances.N.Role of UNCTAD. pooling. concept of feedering and hub ports. 11. Survival Changing role of Liner Agents with liberalization and globalisation. Liner Code -. U.

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