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Compiled by: Lee Kian Keong November 10, 2010

Abstract This is a document which shows the 2010 stpm trial questions from various states A and schools using L TEX. Students should use this document as reference and try all the questions if possible. Students are encourage to contact me via email1 or message on facebook2 to ask any question.

Contents

1 Melaka 2010 2 Penang Chinese Girls High School 2010 3 Katholik PJ 2010 4 Johor 2010 5 Penang Free School 2010 2 5 8 11 14

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akeong@gmail.com http://www.facebook.com/akeong

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y-axis and the line x = π is rotated completely about the x-axis. the x-axis. [4 marks] 2. 4 + x4 [Answer : 3 tan−1 (x2 ) ] 2 [4 marks] 3. a = − 1 . Find the values of n. x ≥ 0 g : x → 3 ln x. where p and q are constants and x > 0. −3). 2 dx dx [5 marks] 5. [Answer : 7x − y − 10 = 0 . each one making a slope of 45◦ with the line 4x + 3y − 21 = 0 and passing through the point (1. Find the equations of two straight lines. ﬁnd 3x dx.37 ] 1 2 [5 marks] 7. x > 0 2 .Melaka 2010 Lee Kian Keong 1 Melaka 2010 1. Using the laws of the algebra of sets. are 32 − 40x + bx2 . The functions f and g are deﬁned as follows : √ f : x → x. Using a suitable substitution. show that. The region enclosed by the curve y = e− 2 sin x . A ∩ (A − B) = A − B . [Answer : 6. By using the trapezium rule with seven ordinates. x + 7y + 20 = 0 ] [5 marks] 6. estimate the volume of the solid generated. show that x2 d2 y dy +x + y = 0. The ﬁrst three terms in the expansion of (2 + ax)n in ascending powers of x. a and b. If y = p cos(ln x) + q sin(ln x). b = 20 ] 2 [5 marks] 4. [Answer : n = 5.

(b) x = ±1. y = − √ . [10 marks] 9.58 ] 3 3 3 3 [10 marks] 10. x = −3. (b) g −1 (x) = e 3 . giving your answers correct to 2 decimal places. show that f (x) is never negative. Hence. (c) f ◦ g −1 (x) = e 6 . [Answer : (a) (i) p = 2. x ∈ R . The point P lies on a curve which has parametric equations x = t2 + 1 and y = 2t + 1. Show that ∆ABP is an isosceles triangle. (c) Find the composite function of f ◦ g −1 and state its range. (b) Find g −1 and state its domain. (a) The polynomial x4 − 2x3 − px2 + q is denoted by f (x). x2 + x + 1 x+1 does not lie between -3 and 1. y = √ . q = 8 ] [13 marks] 3 . x = √ . Show that the point P is equidistant from the y-axis and the point A(2. Find the values of p and q. y = 1 . y = −1 . (a) Solve the simultaneous equations x2 + 2xy = 3 y 2 − xy = 4 (b) Find the values of x that satisfy the equation 3(4x ) − 10(2x ) + 3 = 0. [Answer : 1 4 1 4 (a) x = 3. [Answer : (a) g is one to one function.Melaka 2010 Lee Kian Keong (a) Sketch the graph of g and give a reason why the inverse function exists. i. It is given that f (x) is divisible by (x − 2)2 . . ii. The tangent to the curve at P meets the line y = 1 at B. x = − √ . 1). (b) Show that for all real values of x. range= {y : y > 0} ] x x [9 marks] 8.

For the curve y = (2x + 1)2 . Give your answer in the form of . where p and q q are integers. 0) . y = 2 and z = 3 into the matrix A. 4 1 By taking − as a ﬁrst approximation to α. y = −1 . Show that α is a root of the equation 4x3 +4x+1 = 0 and − < α < 0. state the equations of the three asymptotes and ﬁnd the 4x(1 − x) coordinates of the stationary points. 6). (a) Show that the determinant of the matrix A = y 2 y 1 is (y−x)(z −x)(y−z) z2 z 1 for real x. c Hence. (b) By substituting x = 1.Melaka 2010 Lee Kian Keong x2 x 1 11. 3) . z. 2). y. determine the matrix X. ﬁnd the adjoint and the inverse of the matrix A. Obtain a system of linear equations to represent the given information. ii. (2. whose x4x(1 − x) 1 coordinate is α. use the Newton-Raphson method once 4 p to ﬁnd a second approximation to α. (c) The graph of a quadratic equation y = ax2 + bx + c passes through the points whose coordinates are (1. The line y = x and the curve y = [Answer : 1 1 9 Asymptotes are x = 0 . i. Stationary points are ( . Sketch this curve. x = 1 . α = − ] 4 2 38 [16 marks] 4 . [14 marks] 12. 3) and (3. (− . (2x + 1)2 intersect at the point A. Write down system in (i) as a matrix equation in the form of AX = B the a where X = b .

If 2 is a zero of P (x). Find all possible values of k if the quadratic equation x2 + (3 − k)x + k 2 + 2k + 5 = 0 has real roots. Find the remainder when P (x) is divided by (x − 2). Hence. If z = x + yi and |z − 3 + 5i| = |4i|. If α and β are the real roots of this quadratic equation. ﬁnd −1 1 5. b = −2 . 5 . [Answer : (a) x = 1 ] [9 marks] 6. 24 5 1 6 n [Answer : ] [5 marks] 4 x − 10 x 2 0 is a singular matrix. [Answer : a = 3. Evaluate r=n 1 3 r 1 2 r−2 . Show that M 3 − 3M 2 + 8M − 24I = 0. x > 2} ] [5 marks] √ 3. Hence. [4 marks] 2. Find the set of values of x such that 1 + |x| > 6 . (a) Find the value of 2 −1 (b) Given M = 1 −1 M . ﬁnd the range of the values of α2 + β 2 . ﬁnd a and b and factorise P (x) completely. (x + 3)(x + √ 2)(x − √ 2) . show that α2 + β 2 = −(k + 5)2 + 24. 10 ] [6 marks] ∞ 4. show that x2 + y 2 − 6x + 10y + 18 = 0. |x| [Answer : {x : x < −2. Given that P (x) = x3 + ax2 + bx − 6 where a and b are constants.Penang Chinese Girls High School 2010 Lee Kian Keong 2 Penang Chinese Girls High School 2010 1. x if M = −1 −1 1 1 3 1 0 4.

(b) ] 15 3 [Answer : (a) [11 marks] 9. 2 164 . show that this root lies in the interval 0 < x < 1. the coordinates of the mid point P of M N and hence. The perpendicular bisector of AB meets AB at M and the x-axis at N . evaluate 0 sec4 2xdx. (a) By using substitution u2 = 5 − x. 3x + 2y 2 − 9 = 0 ] 6 2 [8 marks] 4 8. ﬁnd the equation of the locus of P as t varies. Show graphically that the equation xex+1 = 3 has only one real root. apply the Newton-Raphson method to determine this root correct to three decimal places. Hence or otherwise. [Answer : 0. 2t).604 ] [8 marks] 10.5 as the initial value.Penang Chinese Girls High School 2010 [Answer : − Lee Kian Keong 11 ≤ k ≤ −1 . (b) Show that d (tan3 2x) = 6 sec4 2x − 6 sec2 2x. 0<x≤2 2<x≤4 and f (x + 4) = f (x) for all values of x. Evaluate (a) f (19) 8 (b) −4 f (x)dx [Answer : (a) 8 . A is the point (6. evaluate 1 √ x 5 − x dx. dx π 8 Hence. Given that f (x) = 9 − x2 . ) . Range={y : y ≤ 24} ] 3 [8 marks] 7. in terms of t. Taking x = 0. Sketch the graph of y = f (x) for −4 < x ≤ 8. 3x − 1. [Answer : P (3 − t2 t . (b) 94 ] [10 marks] 6 . Find. 0) and B is a variable point (0.

States the coordinates of the turning points for the curve. Sketch the graph of f (x) = (x + 1)(x − 3)2 . 3 real roots for k > ] 128 128 128 [13 marks] 7 . 2 Hence or otherwise. f (x) 2 For the curve y = . (b) 3 9 27 2 2 1 3 2 ln |3 + x| + ln |1 − 2x| + ] 2 2(1 − 2x) [13 marks] 12. (3 + x)(1 − 2x)2 3 + x 1 − 2x (1 − 2x)2 8 + 10x2 in ascending powers of x until the term x2 . (a) 88 866 2 1 1 8 + x+ x . sketch the curve of y = in a separate diagrams. 2 real roots for k = . when k varies. (b) Find the turning point. f (x) (a) Find the equations of the asymptotes. 0 < k < 27 27 27 . {x : − < x < } . C = 3 . State the (3 + x)(1 − 2x)2 range of values of x where the expansion is valid. [Answer : 1 real root for k < 0. B = −1.Penang Chinese Girls High School 2010 Lee Kian Keong 11. Express Hence A B C 8 + 10x2 in partial fractions in the form + + . Determine the number of real roots of the equation k(x + 1)(x − 3)2 = 2 where k ∈ R. 8 + 10x2 (b) dx (3 + x)(1 − 2x)2 (a) Expand [Answer : A = 2.

where i = √ r s r+s ] −1. [5 marks] 4. B(1. the curve y = f (x) passes through the points A(0. 1). (s + r ) (s − r ) [Answer : 2. dx (sec6 x − 2 sec4 x)dx [Answer : 1 tan5 x − tan x + c ] 5 Hence. sketch the graphs of: (a) y = f (x + 2) (b) y = f (2x) (c) y = −2f (x) [6 marks] 8 . 2) and C(3. y = 3 . 0). Show that kb2 = (1 + k)2 ac. if the ratio of the roots for the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 is k : 1. Show that d (tan5 x) = 5 sec6 x − 10 sec4 x + 5 sec2 x. x = −3. On the separate diagrams. [Answer : x = 2.Katholik PJ 2010 Lee Kian Keong 3 Katholik PJ 2010 (r + 1 )r (r − 1 )s s s 1. y = −2 ] 3. Simplify 1 r 1 s. Given that (x − yi)2 = 5 − 12i. ﬁnd the indeﬁnite integral 5. Find all the real values of x and y. In the diagram above.

show that the equation sin(x + ) = tan x has only 3 π one positive root in the range 0 ≤ x ≤ . Prove that the equation of the tangent to the rectangular hyperbola xy = c2 at the c point P (cp. Y ). prove that pq = and p + q = . 3(4) 4(5) 5(6) 6(7) Lee Kian Keong [Answer : 7. ) intersects each other at the point p q X 2x T (X. x2 − 1 9 . p q [13 marks] 11. x > 4} ] π 8. k = 4 ] 3 0. k = 1. ) is x + p2 y = 2cp. and take 0. A4 iii. (a) Given that A = i. |x − 2| − 1 {x : x < 0. ) and Q(cq.. determine two further approximation roots of the above equation correct to 3 decimal places. A23 (b) Calculate the possible values of k. A2 ii. Determine the set values of x such that satisfy the inequality [Answer : 1 1 − ] 3 n+3 |x − 2| + 1 < 3. p c c If the tangents at the points P (cp. Given a curve y = 8x − 10 .. Y Y 1 If the chord P Q has a ﬁxed length of d. 1 < x < 3. 1 1 1 1 + + + + . show that d2 = c2 (p − q)2 (1 + 2 2 ). ﬁnd 2 0 10.7 as the ﬁrst approximation. 6 2 Use the Newton-Raphson method.Katholik PJ 2010 6.770 ] 0 −2 . given that 2−k 2 −1 2 4 −2 = 0 3 k+2 k−3 [Answer : A23 = 0 −8388608 8388608 0 . Find the sum of the ﬁrst n terms of the series. [Answer : 9. With the help of a sketch graph. 2 π π Show that this root lies between and .

75 unit2 ] g(x) = Sketch the graphs of the function f and g. show that the composite function f ◦ g is not continuous at x = 0. x −1 (d) On the separate diagram from (c). sketch the curve that has the equation y = x2 − 1 . 2. x<2 x≥2 Sketch the graph of f . 8x − 10 [15 marks] 12. (a) The function f is deﬁned by f (x) = x3 + 1. Calculate the area bounded by the curve and the x-axis. and all the stationary points of the curve. Without using graphs. [15 marks] 10 .x ∈ R 2 x − 1. [Answer : (b) The functions f and g are deﬁned as: f (x) = x + |x| . 5 + 4x − x2 . Lee Kian Keong (b) Find the points on the x-axis and y-axis intersected by the curve. x<0 x>0 Area=24.Katholik PJ 2010 (a) State the equations of the asymptotes of the curve. 8x − 10 (c) Sketch the curve y = 2 .

Show that √ √ 1 √ 1 √ = ( 2r + 3 − 2r + 1). show that 1−x 1 ≈ 1 − x + x2 . which 16 √ value of x will give a better approximation to 23. The equation of a curve is given by x2 + y 2 − 4xy + 3 = 0. 2 ] [3 marks] 2. 1+x 2 By taking x = √ √ 1 5525 . The approximate value for 23 can also 24 1152 7 be obtained by putting x = in the binomial expansion. 2y − x dy = .2) .. 2n + 1 + 2n + 3 1+ 3 3+ 5 [Answer : 1 √ ( 2n + 3 − 1) ] 2 [7 marks] 11 . with reason. Given that the shortest distance from point ( 3. + √ .-2) ] [7 marks] 4. [Answer : k = −6.Johor 2010 Lee Kian Keong 4 Johor 2010 √ √ 1. If x is so small that x3 and the higher powers of x may be neglected. 1) to the straight line 3x−y +k = 0 is 2. ﬁnd the sum of the series 1 1 1 √ √ √ +√ √ + . 2 2r + 1 + 2r + 3 Hence. dx y − 2x (b) Find the coordinates of each of points on the curve where the tangent is parallel to the y-axis. 2 dx dx [4 marks] 3. State. (-1. (a) Show that [Answer : (1. show that 23 ≈ .. show that d2 y dy −2 + 2y = 0. Given that y = ex sin x. Find the values of k. [Answer : 1 1 7 gives better approximation because < ] 24 24 16 [7 marks] 5.

(2x − 1)2 The normal to the curve at P meets the y-axis at Q and the x-axis atR. The gradient function of a curve is given by 6 . (c) A point (x. f −1 (x) = x2 − 4x .807 . Find the rate of change of the ycoordinate as the point passes through P . Find the domain of the function f : x → 2 + x + 4. (b) y == f rac31 − 2x + 10 . Lee Kian Keong [Answer : 2. 1. x(4 − x 1 √ Use the substitution u = x to show that I = 1 Hence. Giving your answers correct to three decimal places.6) . show that I = ln 3. u(4 − u) [8 marks] √ 8. Show that the line y = x − 2 is a tangent to the curve. (b) Find the equation of the curve and sketch the curve. 9) is a point on the curve.Johor 2010 6. [Answer : Df = {x : x ≥ −4} . A point P moves on a curve such that the diﬀerence of its distance from the point √ (4. (c) 0. 0) and (−4. Rf = {y : y ≥ 2} . Let I = 2 2 du.585 ] [8 marks] 1 √ dx. Rf −1 = {y : y ≥ −4} ] [8 marks] 9. P (2. (a) Find the coordinates of the mid point of QR. [Answer : 3x2 − 5y 2 − 30 = 0 ] [8 marks] 10. Find f −1 and state its domain and range. Sketch the graphs of f and f −1 the same diagram. 2 1 4 7. [Answer : (a) (4. y) moves along the curve in such a way that the x-coordinate increases at a constant rate of 0. Find the equation of the locus of P. 0) is a constant and equals to 10 .03 units per second.02 units s−1 ] 12 . Find the non-zero values of x that satisfy the equation 8x − 11(4x ) + 31(2x ) − 21 = 0. Df −1 = {x : x ≥ 2} .

a = 3c ] 3 [15 marks] 13 . (b) Show that c2 x2 + (2ac − b)x + a2 = 0 has roots 1 1 and 2 . [Answer : 3 (a) 3a − 6 . express a in terms of c. z = 3 ] 3 a−9 [13 marks] b 12. Show that α + β = − and a c αβ = . (c) −3 −3 −2 a a 4 5 −2a . (b) −2a . a (a) If α = 3β and b = a + c.Johor 2010 Lee Kian Keong [12 marks] 11. α and β are the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0. (a) |M |. Find in terms of a. Hence. (b) cofactor of the element -1. solve the simultaneous equations 3x + 2y = 1 3x + y + 2z = 9 − y + z = 5 . The matrix M is given by a 2 0 M = 3 1 2 0 −1 1 where a = 2. 2 α β [Answer : (a) a = c . (c) adj M . x = . y = −2 . (d) M −1 .

r r+1 1 1 1 + + .. (A ∪ B) ⊕ (A ∩ B) = A ⊕ B.. ﬁnd the value√ (2 + 3) + (2 − 3)5 . of Given that n < (2 + 3)5 < n + 1 where n ∈ N. + r Hence.Penang Free School 2010 Lee Kian Keong 5 Penang Free School 2010 1.. + n [8 marks] 14 . Using the laws of set algebra. Given that z is a complex number such that |z| = 1 and z ∗ is its complex conjugate. Express (2 + 3)5 in the form a + b 3 where a and b are integers. The equation of a curve is y x − x y + x2 = 3. show that for any two sets A and B.. x3 − 1 x tan2 x dx. [6 marks] 5. 1+2 1+2+3 1 + 2 + 3 + . deduce the value of n. of two sets X and Y is deﬁned by X ⊕ Y = (X − Y ) ∪ (Y − X). ﬁnd the sum of the series 1+ 1 1 − . Find (a) (b) x2 √ dx. √ 5 √ Hence. [6 marks] √ √ 4. [5 marks] √ √ 3. + .. 1 + z∗ [5 marks] 2. The symmetric diﬀerence. show that 1+z = z. Find the y-coordinate of the point on the curve where x = 1 and the gradient of the curve at that point. ⊕ . [7 marks] 6. Show that 1 =2 1 + 2 + 3 + ..

[9 marks] 9. the remainder is 27. Hence. 15 . Hence. solve the inequality p(x) < 0.Penang Free School 2010 7. determine whether f is continuous at x = −1 . c and n. The function f is deﬁned by 4x2 + 11x + 7 . The total dividend for the three funds received for 2009 was RM 3700. The straight line y = m(x − 1) intersects the parabola y 2 = 2x at two diﬀerent points P and Q. ﬁnd the Cartesian equation of the locus of the midpoint of P Q and sketch the locus. . (b) Sketch the graph of f . x+1 3. where P Q nI and I represents the 3 × 3 identity matrix. [10 marks] 11. B and C which yielded dividends of %. 2 |x − 2x|. fund B and fund C were RM x. 2 When p(x) is divided by (x − 2). a sum of RM 50 000 was invested in three funds A. Matrices P and Q. If the amount of money invested in fund A. RM y and RM z respectively. 8% and 10% respectively for that year. are = 8 −2 −2 a 2 2 4 . m m Hence. Deduce Q−1 . [9 marks] 10. Hence. Twice as much money was invested in fund A compared with fund C. m2 + 1 1 Show that the midpoint of P Q is . Sketch the graphs of y = x(x − 3)2 and y = 4x on the same coordinate axes and ﬁnd the coordinates of the points of intersection of the two graphs. obtain a matrix equation to represent the above information. determine the amount of money invested in each of the three funds. given by P = −11 3 4 −1 −2 1 0 c Determine the values of a. b. In 2009. Show that the ratio of the areas of the regions enclosed by the two graphs is 3 : 128. Determine the values of a and b. x < −1 x = −1 x > −1 f (x) = (a) Find x→−1+ lim f (x) and x→−1− lim f (x). One of the zeroes of the polynomial p(x) = 4x4 + ax3 + bx − 3 is Lee Kian Keong 1 . [9 marks] 8. P = 6 b 10.

Hence. 1 (b) Show that y ≤ or y ≥ 3 for all real values of x. −x−2 (a) State the equations of the vertical asymptotes of the curve. [13 marks] 16 . ﬁnd the coordinates of 3 the local maximum and local minimum on the curve. The equation of a curve is y = x2 3x − 9 . (c) Sketch the curve.Penang Free School 2010 Lee Kian Keong [13 marks] 12.

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