HANDBOUND AT THE

UNIVERSITY OF

TORONTO PRESS

/^

^fC^

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS

Edinhvrgh:

Scott

cC

Ferguson and Burnas
to

<C

Company,

Printers

Her Majesty.

AND OF THE ROVAL HERALDIC SOCIETr OF ITALY ASSOCIATE OF THE IMI'ERIAL ARCH^KOLOalCAL SOCIETY' OF RVH8IA AND CORRE8PONDINO MEMBER OF THE HISTORICAL AKD OENEALOOICAL SOCIETY OF NEW ENGLAND. COPENHAGEN. OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIErr OF BERLIN. OF THE ROTAL SOTirrT OF WOllTHEil.D. FELLOW or THE SOCIBTV Or ANTIQUARIES Or 8COTLAMD. II s EDINBURGH PRIMED FOR THE GRAMPIAN CLUB 1890 . AND OF THE ROVAL HOCtETY OF TASMANIA. LLD. D. OF THE ROTAL SOCIErv OF BOHF4IIA. In Three Volumes Vol.l AMTIQUARIB).THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS GENEALOGICAL AND IIISTOIUCAL MEMOIRS OF THE POET HIS ASSOCIATES AND THOSE CELEBRATED IN HIS WRITINGS BY THK REV. . CHARLES ROGERS. ..

A lark in Song's exalted heaven. like a glorious bird of God.PR Oil. he leapt up from the earth. Yet shedding joy on every path by human footstep trod ! How shall we tell his wondrous power. Till sinking valour leapt to life. like a peerless flower he sprang from Nature's meanest sod. how shall we say or sing What magic to a million hearts his deathless strains can bring How men on murkiest battlefields have felt the potent charm. . and strung the nerveless arm ! James Macfarlan. a robin by the hearth ! Oh.

CONTENTS.

Vi

CONTENTS.
PAGE

Captain Robert Riddel,
Mrs. Walter Riddel,

169

175 185 188
199

Hugh Roger,
Rev. John Russell,

Thomas Samson,
David Sillar,

200
205 209
239 247
251

William Simson, Rev. John Skinner,

William Smellie,
James Smith,

Peter Stuart,

John Syme, Craufurd Tait,
.

257
261

John Tennant, George Thomson, Margaret Thomson,
Gavin Turnbull,
James Tytler,
Professor Josiah Walker,
Sir John Whitefoord, Bart.,

265
275

284
287

296
301

316
325

John Wilson

(of Mauchline),

APPENDICES.
Appendix
I.

Brief Notices of other Friends of the Poet, and of
:

Persons referred to in his Writings
Lesley Baillie,
Ellison Begbie,
Rev. William Boyd,

331 331

332

Hugh Brown,

.

332
332

Richard Brown,
Mrs. Catherine Bruce,
David, eleventh Earl of Buchan,

333 334
335

Elizabeth Burnet,

William Chalmers,
Stephen Clarke,

335
336

CONTENTS.
Ladv Winifkei) Maxwell Constable, William Cunninoiiame,
Miss Deboiiaii
1).

Nil

r A'.i,

336 337
337 337

Davii;

,

George Dbmpmteu, John Dovk,
Rev. Du. Kobbrt Duncan,

338 338
:538

Archibald, eleventh Earl of Eountun,

Hon. Henky Kkskine,

.

338 339 339 339 340

Jane Fehiuer,

.

AoNEs Fleming,
Christian Flint,

Miss Fontenelle,
Rev. Ale.xandeu Geddes,
.

LL.D

340
:ui

John Goldie, Captain John Hamilton, Patrick Heron ok Heron and Kerrougbtree, James Humphry,
Jean Jaffray,
Jean Kennedy,
.

342

342 343 343 344
344
;in

Helen Kirkpatrick, David M'Culloch of Ardwell, Rrv. William M'Gili^ D.D., Henry Mackenzie,
Rev. James Mackinlay, D.D.,
Isabella M'Leod of Raasay,

345
345
.'.17

347
,

Ret. William M'Quhae,
Rev. Alexander Miller,

D.D

347
347

John Mitchell, Rev. Alexander Moodie,
EuPiiEMiA

348 348 348
348

Murray of

Lintrose,

Rev. John Mutrie,

Rev. James Olipiiant,

.

348
349
349

Mrs. Lucy Oswald,
Rev. William Peebles, D.D.,
Rev. John Robertson,.

349

Jean and Anne Ronald,

Vlll

CONTENTS.
PAGE

Mrs. Elizabetu Scott, rde Rutherford,
Rev.

349

Andrew Shaw,

D.D.,

350 350
350
351

Rev. David Shaw, D.D.,

William Sloan,
Rev. George Smith, D.D.,

Professor Dugald Stewart,
Mrs, Katherine Stewart of Stair,

351
351

Mary

Stewart,

352 352

William Stewart,
Rev. James Steven, D.D.,

352
353 353

George S. Sutherland, Alexander Fraser Tytler, Lord Woodhouselee, William Tytler of Woodhouselee,
.

353 354

Helen Maria Williams, John Wilson, Tarbolton, Rev. Patrick Wodrow, D.D., William Woods,

....
.

354
355
355

Appendix

II.

Unpublished Verses on the Memory of Burns, by the

Rev. Dr.

Henry Duncan, Minister of Ruthwell,

.

.

356

Appendix

III.

— Restoration — The

of the Poet's Ancestral Tombstone at
.

KiRKOswALD, Inaugural Ceremony, 3rd August 1883,

.359

Appendix IV.

Restored Tombstones op the Poet's Ancestors at
381

Glenbbrvie, Inaugural Ceremony, 25th June 1885,

ILLUSTRATION.
Facsimile of a Letter by

William Burnes, the Poet's
. .

Father, to Thomas Our, 3rd August 1781,

fadng page 153

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.

REV. (JEORGE LAWIME,
The name
is

D.D.
is

Lawrie, otherwise

Lowry and

Laurie,

common

to

several i)arts of Scotland, but the chief sept bearing the designation

connected with Dumfriesshire.
Dumfries,

From Stephen

Laurie, a merchant

in

who

flourished in the reign of

James VL, descended

Sir

Robert Laurie of JMaxweltou, whose daughter Anna (familiarly
is

Annie), born in 168.2,

the heroine of a popular song.'

Springing from the Dumfriesshire sept, the Rev. John Lawrie
ministered some time at Macosquin, in Ireland, and was from thence,
in
in

1G89, called to the parish of Penpont.

Translated to Auchinleck
till

1G92, he there discharged the pastoral duties

his death in 1704.

His son James, licensed to preach in 1709, was, on the 8th
1711, ordiiined minister of Kirkmichael, in the county of Ayr.

May He

died on the 7th August 17G4, having fulfilled a ministry of fifty-four
years.

By

his wife,

Ann Ord

(married 11th September 1714, died

28th December 1747), he had three sons and a daughter, Helen.*

The youngest

son, George,

became the Poet's

friend.

George Kiwrie was born at the manse of Kirkmichael on the
21st September 1727.'
*

Educated at the Univcrsitv, and licensed
_
1...

Al'Dowoll's IliMory of Dun\fru:-, -ii.
'

'

l\ti<li

Levi. .>cyr.,

i.

!'.i.

Kirkmichael Parish Register.

VOL.

II.

A

2

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
of Edinburgh, he was, on the 28tli
Sei>U'iuber

by the Presbytery
invitation of Mr.

1763, ordained minister of

Loudoun

or Newmills, Ayrshire.

On

the

Gavin Hamilton, he became Kihnarnock
edition,

a subscriber for several

and when the work reached Being on him, he read its contents with surprise and admiration. terms of friendship with Dr. Bhicklock, he sent to the Doctor one
copies of Burns's

of the copies, and begged that, in the event of his entertaining the

same high opinion of the poetry that he had done personally, he would bring the author under the notice of Dr. Blair. Meanwhile
Mr. Lawrie invited the Poet to his manse, and the invitation was
readily accepted.

Burns made his
Tlie

visit

on one of the early days of September 1786.
on
St.

manse of Loudoun
;

rests beautifully

Margaret's Hill, near

the L-vine water

and the sweetness of the scene, which the Poet
approaching
it,

remarked on

his

had an aj)propriate sequel

in the

cordiality of his reception.

Mr. Lawrie's family consisted of his wife,

a mild, estimable
into

woman

of considerable literary culture, a son rising
eldest,

manhood, and four beautiful daughters, the two

who
and

were twins, being in their twentieth year, and the youngest, Louisa,
seventeen.

One

of the

young

ladies played

upon the

spinet,

the visitor gallantly remarked to her that she
a poet.

knew how

to enchant

In the evening there was a dance, in which the Poet joined.

Large-limbed as he was, he danced with grace, and

it was remarked by Miss Louisa that he " kept time admirably." At this period Burns was under deep dejection, and the kindness extended to him by a

generous and sympathizing household affected him powerfully. In the manse he remained during the night, and, as he did not appear
at the breakfast-hour, Mr. Archibald Lawrie, his entertainer's son, was sent to awaken him. But he met the Poet on the stair, who,
in response to an inquiry as to

how he had

slept, said

he had been

praying half the night.

"

My

prayers," he added, " you will find

REV. GEORGE LAWRIE, D.D.
upon the
dressing-table."

3

There, after his departure, Mr. Lawrie's
:

family took up a scrap of paper bearing these lines
Thou dread Power, who reign'st above I know Thou wilt me hear,

!

When
I

for this scene of peace
sincere.

and love

make my prayer
sire

The hoary To

—the mortal

stroke,

Long, long be pleas'd to spare
bless his little
filial flock,

And show what good men
She,

are.

who her lovely offspring eyes With tender hopes and fears,
But spare a mother's
tears

Oh, bless her with a mother's joys,
!

Their hope, their stay, their darling youth,

In manhood's dawning blush
Bless him.

!

Thou God

of love

and

truth,

Up
The

to a parent's wish.

beauteous, seraph sister-band—

With earnest tears I pray, Thou know'st the snares on ev'ry hand. Guide Thou their steps alway.
When, soon
O'er
life's

or late, they reach that coast,

rough ocean driven,

May

they

rejoice,

no wand'rer

lost,

A family
From
mills,

in

heaven

the manse windows could be observed the old castle of
hills rising

New-

with a range of

towards the south.

In allusion to

these objects, and to the festivities in which he had so agreeably

4
sliared,

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.

the Poet inscribed on a scrap of paper, which be banded to Miss Louisa, these two verses :— The night was still, and o'er the hill The moon shone on the castle wa' The mavis
sang, while dew-drops

hang

Around her on

the castle wa'.

Sac merrily they danced the ring,
Frae e'enin'
till

the cock did craw
o'

;

And

aye the o'erword

the spring,
a'.

"Was, Irv'ine's bairns are bonnie

Leaving his kind host and his amiable househohl, wliich he did
in the afternoon,

hite

Burns pursued

his

journey homeward, across the

moor

of Galston,

when

the prospect of finally parting with friends

whose worth he estimated, and from scenes associated with tender During his journey be memories, awakened his plaintive Muse.

composed what he considered would be " the
ever measure in

last

song be should
is

Caledonia," commencing "The gloomy night

gathering fast."

Post nuhila Phoebus.
the

A

few days after his return to Mossgiel,

Poet had placed in his hands by Gavin Hamilton a letter
In this com-

which Mr. Lawrie had received from Dr. Blacklock.
his correspondent for giving

munication, dated Edinburgh, September 4th, the blind poet thanks

him what he

describes as

**

an oppor-

tunity of sharing one of the finest, and perhaps one of the most
genuine, entertainments of which the

human mind

is

susceptible."

He

proceeds

:

Many

instances have I seen of Nature's force

and beneficence exerted under
to that with

numerous and formidable disadvantages ; but none equal
you have been kind enough
to present me.

which

There

is

a pathos and delicacy in

his serious poems, a vein of wit and

humour

in those of a

more

festive turn.

Dr. and warmest wishes for the young ladies. there was found a slip following mild expostulation with Mrs. after expressing his com- pliments to Mr. Archibald. Margaret's Hill. May cloud the highest mind is .D. first and second volumes of a carrier the third and he promised to send by the also and concluding volume. D. . and strongly recommends that a new edition should be published. containing the : Rusticity's ungainly form. fresh hope." he concludes : Indeed it needs not the feelings of a poet to be interested in the welfare of one of the sweetest scenes of domestic peace and kindred love that ever I saw . Blair. Lawrie. the Poet somewhat bluntly expressed a view unfavourable to the lady. On the 13th November. GEORGE LAWRIE. by the harmonious concord When Lawrie the package of books was opened up. a copy of Ossian.REV. In this. accompanying the books with a young Mr. He had brought for Miss Louisa's perusal the collection of songs. Lawrie. " particularly the fair musician. Margaret's Hill can only be excelled of the Apocalyptic Zion. the Poet. as I think the peaceful unity of St. early in November. much admired nor too warmly approved and I think I never open the book without feeling my astonishment renewed and increased. an act of inconsiderateness which drew forth a sharp rebuke from Mrs. The good excuse will find. The letter inspired the desponding Poet with Having abandoned his purpose of proceeding to Jamaica. and Mrs. paid a second visit to St. he letter to fulfilled his promise. of paper. But when the heart nobly warm. As in course of conversation the prevailing rumour respecting Miss Peggy Kennedy was alluded to. In conclusion. wliich cannot be too shall 5 . Blacklock promises to bring the volume under the notice of Dr.

informed that his former letter to his correspondent. Blacklock's desire to form his personal acquaintance he added . Lawrie on the subject of the poems. On the 27th November Dr. . it and I wish and expect may tower still higher by the new publication. was to be prefixed to the new volume. he delayed to pay his respects to Dr.6 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and he had nothing to retract as to his that if the letter was really would " erase or correct anything he expressed a wish — while favourable estimate of the poetry to be printed. But as a friend I warn you . of five thousand copies. harsh rebuke. at the The Doctor had also been expense of the gentlemen of Ayrshire. and according to others. the Man of Feeling. Propriety's cold cautions rules Warm But fervour may o'erlook . written alx>ut the 11th or 12th of Decern Ixjr." On is . of twelve. which not quite obvious. These news am sorry to have had at second hand they would have come much more welcome from to the Bard's own mouth. ])cg the I have. From some cause. Lawrie communicated with the Poet at Edinburgh as to Dr. in a third letter from the Doctor to his reverend corre- spondent at Newmills. or hyperlnjlical. according to some. to favour that he would bring us together. spare poor sensibility Th' ungentle. the day following the date of this letter. and has been some time. and without any knowledge of it. his correspondent — which may appear to be careless. I Bums is. Blacklock hence. A report had rcacthed him that a second edition was projected. in commendation of the compositions. I hear that Mr. the Poet arrived in Edinburgh. he remarks By : the bye. On the 22nd of December Dr. Blacklock addressed a second letter to Dr. in Edinburgh. written Mr. bombastic. : I rejoice to hear from all corners of your rising fame. Mackenzie. however.

Lawrie's letter to remain unanswered for several weeks. virtue.REV. and leave I me a barren waste of sand. a clear head and an excellent heart. attract the attention of mankind awhile ." etc. and good opinion. I see the consequence unavoidable. Avhen the popular tide. my in friend. spirit. I have found what I would have expected in our friend. no great temptation to be intoxicated with the cup of prosperity. The Poet. shall recede with silent celerity. On the 5th After apologizing for the delay. is do not say this in the affectation of modesty. I had been at a good deal of pains to form I have trust I a just. and reverence hints. ing by applause full Remember Solomon's when he I spoke from experience. is Now. since I came to Edinburgh. whom I see very often. and a strong desire to see you shine in the sunshine as you have done in the shade do in the theory of position in verse. not added. : and ever shall feel for you. . he proceeds I feel. am in great hopes that the number success of your friends and admirers will increase. impartial estimate of my intellectual powers before I came here. the coverts of my unnoticed early In Dr. to prepare to 7 train that meet with your share of detraction and envj For your comfort I —a may some always accompany great men. not far distant. anything to the account shall take every years. Though a pronounced adherent of the Moderate party in the . with all my . " Stronger he that conquers his own evil report. such rapid suffer- very uncommon and a . GEORGE LAWRIE. — in the practice as you This is my prayer in return for your elegant com- All here join in compliments and good wishes for your further prosperity.D. allowed Dr. Blacklock. soul for your friendly though do not need them so much as my friends are apt to imagine. which has borne me height of which I am. to it I owe my present dclat but I see the time. and I atom of it back to my shades. perhaps. You may to a are dazzled with newspaper accounts and distant reports but in reality I have ISTovelty . owing to his numerous engagements. D. of February 1787 he at length responded. the mingled sentiments of esteem for a friend sir. hope you will not imagine I speak from suspicion or I speak I assure you from love and good report. for a father. and am prepared for it. I I thank you. to descend at my leisure to my former station. and that you have chance of Ministerial or even Koyal patronage. and do you think yourself purse? is no danger of advice. unworthy.

baptized 6th Octol)cr 1765. the celebrated Man of Feeling. George Gordon. where Burns occasionally met her at evening gatherings. . 3 died at Glasgow on the 23rd January 1818. ail Church. he thus performances : By far the most agreeable hours I spend in Etlinburgh must be placed to the account of Miss Lawrie and her pianoforte. was baptized on the 26tli July 1768.S. from the University of Glasgow. Fasti Eccl. - 185. and sat do\vn by him till I saw Miss Lawrie in a scat not vcrjfar distant. in his seventy-eighth year and He the thirty -seventh of his ministry.* In prosecuting the study of music. close of his letter to her father of the 5th refers to her musical Towards the February 1787.8 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. fourth and youngest daughter. I had come in at the interlude. minister uf Sorn. Christina in an<l Anna wore twins. and were bom on the 11th Noveml)cr 1766. Mrs. Mackenzie.D. the Rev. and of wide culture. tlaughter of Professor Archibald Campbell of daughters. On my return to Mr. Scot ii ii. St. with issue two sons. paid to ISIiss Lawrie the other night at the concert.. and Archibald Campbell . . was born on the 30th Octol)er 1769. died infancy. Lawrie was held in gcuerul cjitoom by the community. Louisa. Gordon died on the 8th November Of the two younger daughters. the elder son. Mr. twin witli her i^rotiior Archibald. he 1791 received the degree of D. George Lawrie. I cannot help repeating to you and Mrs. at the age of eighty-eight. Louisa. 1834.. Christina raarrie*! Alexander Wilson. Mackenzie. in 17G4. Of the daughters. me who she was : I told him she was the daughter of a i^^^^^^^ p^^Bh Register.i Mrs. Mary."* . and went up to pay my respects to her.' Glasgow. Mar}-. ill Andrews. she proceeded to E<linl>urgh. bookseller Anna married. Lawne 141 5 Loudoun Parish 'Register. major in the ILRLC. died on the 17th October 1799. Lawrie a compliment that Mr. he asked Fasti Eccl Scot.' with issue two sons and four James. on the 14th February 1800. Lawrie married. in sections of An accomplished scholar.* Dr. also a daughter.

afterwards of Robert Balfour Graham. GEORGE LAWRIE. Barbara Adair. he had four sons .E. surgeon H. George Lawric. on the eve of his setting out on his tour to the Highlands.S. North Berwick. from the University of Glasgow. George James. on the August 1793. He was twice married. subsequent to his second From Edinburgh. resigned his charge. Frances Wallace.LC. Christina Wilson.D. He ministered at Loudoun till his death. the Poet's nephew. Anne Adair. addressed him in a brief friend which he alludes to his young 1st making preparation for the ministerial office. born 16th September 1799. letter. issue. heroine. Of the four sons. and. on the 14th August 1787. there was something On my desiring to know what it " She has a great deal of the elegance of a well-bred lady about her. was born on the 10th October 1797. he was pleased to say : He returned. Ayrthe Rev. younger and only surviving son of Dr.REV. shire. II. the third daughter. was baptized on the 26th July 1768. married James Dal- mahoy. By his first wife. D. Archibald was licensed to preach on the 18th January 1791. sister of Dr. the youngest daughter. the eldest. when he VOL. In 1843 he was admitted minister of Monkton. Charlotte James M'Kitterick Adair (who espoused the Poet's Hamilton). and Henrietta Liston. was ordained assistant and successor to his father. in the forty-fourth year of his ministry. was. with all the sweet simplicity of a country girl. and took up his residence at B . the Poet corresponded in visit to With this young gentleman Newmills. Anne Baxter. with in the Henrietta Liston. also seven daughters. 9 very striking to his idea in her appearance. in he. November 1786. born 26th February 1809. in succession to Thomas Burns. who till joined the Free Church. minister of Stenton. Louisa Campbell. In 1816 he received the degree of D.D. Christina Wilson. which took place on the 5th May 1837. Mary Louisa." Archibald. reverend friend of mine in the west country. He continued to minister at Monkton 1877. married the Rev.

' He had a son John. he received the degree Hythe. in his eighty -second year." are widely son. Dumfries. ruary 1822. 26th January 1863. an<l was bom 8th September 1810. . he married. Mary Howison. supervisor of Excise at Dumfries. Archibald Lawrie. popular. the Archibald. he was one of the Bard's most he was a close attendant upon him in his last Latterly and to Mr. Michael's Churchyard. cherished associates hours. James Adair. and two daughters. A man of D. lang Syne. Having attained the rank of supervisor. and had instructions to the Poet on his the service." and " The Auld Manse.D. and Miscellaneous Pieces. in England. officer John Lewars the younger became an the distinction of giving joining official of Excise. Subsequent to his death was issued from his pen a small hrochure entitled Songs songs. died 12th Febsecondly. of considerable theological learning. who died wife of Dr. Rawdon third son. the first bom 25th June 1801. he retired from the revenue service in 1825. bom on 10th August 1807. became ProFrancis fessor of Surgery in the University of Glasgow. James Burnes in Montrose conveyed the tidings of his death. the second Hastings. The Anne Adair. Two of his " Lang. in the 69th year of his age. He some time rented the farm of Lauder in the parish of Carlaverock. John Lewars.10 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. was fourth son. Mary and Jessie. but ultimately retired to Tombstone inscription in St. JESSIE LEWARS. . He died in 1878. died in that town on the 22nd April 1789.

sae bleak and bare. in 1827. builder. lea. Troqueer. If thou wert there. was born about the year 1778. families (now Burns Street).JESSIE LEWARS. Sae bleak and bare. known as " The Robin cam' air. Montgomery. . a small dwelling at Mill Brae after her father's death in who occupied Dumfries. unmarried. . also of the Poet. I'd shelter thee. One day. Bessie married. who rented the farm of Hermitage in the parish of Urr. Bessie. senior. William 11 In 1799 he married Barbara Howe. Thy bield should be my bosom. younger daughter. Kirkcudbrightshire. she chanced to sing the formerly popular song. and William. with issue John died abroad. with issue a son and daughter. an especial favourite of Mrs. Or were The I in the wildest waste. Ryedale Cottage. around thee blaw. To share it a'. Jessie. desert were a Paradise. Jessie being The two visiting became intimate. and a daughter. Lewars. Dumfries. of the parish of Gretna. if thou wert there . I'd shelter thee Or did misfortune's bitter storms Around thee blaw. Hugh. Accordingly he. where he died in September 1826. elder daughter of John Lewars married William Hyslop. On yonder lea. a son." Having become interested in the he remarked that it would gratify the singer he would compose for bit new words. to Wren's if it Nest. Andrew. to share it a'. composed the song embraced in the two following : stanzas O wert thou in the cauld blast. immediately opposite the Poet's residence. on yonder My plaidie to the angry airt. John. when the Poet was the Mr. with issue three sons. on a stray of paper. Burns. and 1789 took up her abode with her brother. Mary.

of Burns's Works. Wi' thee to reign. According to Mr. wad be my many years afterwards. he made her the theme of the latter efforts of his Muse. brought to the Poet an advertising sheet setting forth the contents of a menagerie then being exhibited in the town. wi' thee to reign The brightest jewel in my crown queen. Jessie ilfMsewm. attracted the regard of Felix Mendelssohn. Or were I monarch o' the globe. Mr. Wren. who united them to an air of exquisite pathos. iv. be my queen.^ At health. he on the back of it inscribed with red pencil these lines : 1 Dr. Jessie Lewars ministered to him with an affectionate for her Deeply grateful kind services. he inscribed with diamond these upon the goblet : Fill me with the rosy wine. In one of his professional visits. Lovely Jessie be her name Then thou mayest Thou hast given a freely boast. solicitude. Scott Douglas. the surgeon. Burns was in feeble illness During the months of which preceded his death. Kemarking that his amiable nurse was interested in the advertisement. when Jessie Lewars was a widow. and Works but "The 297 316. Robert Chambers's Life vol." No. 194. peerless toast. a toast divine Give the Poet's darling flame.12 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. 406. the air which . As. in April 1796. -Library Edition iii. Call a toast. Brown. Lewars played was not "The Wren's Nest. the time when he composed six these verses. Wad These verses. 483 of Johnson's of Burns. 195. he was handed by Miss Lewars on his his sick-bed lines a refreshing draught." No.

mourn thro' the gay.S. A mutual Not even to faith to plight. . gaudy day. thou hast done Jessie's lovely hand in mine. Talk not to 13 mo of savages . by the dear angel smile. cruel decree 1 Jessie fell sick. is Altho' oven hope 'Tis denied . Altho' thou maun never be mine. he composed stanzas : Here's a health to ane I loe dear. in the Than ought I world beside —Jessie. Here's a health to ano I loo dear Thou art sweet as the smile when fond lovers meet. I guess by the love-rolling e'e But why urge the tender confession 'Gainst Fortune's fell. Stirling. sweeter for thee despairing. ' and the Poet indulged a more serious strain : TranscrilHHl from the original M. Castlevicw. view the heavenly choir 80 blest a sight ^ Would be And so to the gentle attendant of his sick-chamber did the Poet continue to express his appreciation and gratitude in love-breatliings. And soft as their parting tear — Jessie.JESSIE LEWARS. Jessie. As. From Afric's burning sun No But savage e'er could rend my : heart. am lockt in thine arms—Jessie. . warm these Moved by her benevolence. gran<l- daiighter of Jej*sic Lewars. As hopeless I muse on thy charms o' But welcome the dream For then I I guess sweet slumber. Howat. in possession of Mrs.

And with them take the Poet's prayer fairest page. his : Muse awoke a strain of even loftier praise But Yet rarely seen since IsTature's birth. That Fate may in her With With ev'ry kindliest. James bears to Johnson. On the back of the title-page of the first volume the Poet inscribed these Thine be the volumes. which have been delivered to him by post on the 17th June 1796. a young lady who fly.14 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. best presage bliss. sings well. aware ill —but chief man's felon snare . Say. to whom she wishes to present the Scots Musical Museum. Of future enrol thy name : . still And Of wakeful caution. and. If first you have a spare copy. When his fair attendant recovered. publisher of the Scots Musical Museum. what's the charm on earth Can turn Death's It is dart aside ? not purity and worth. For Jessie did not die. letter concludes : The My will wife has a very particular friend. Else Jessie had not died. To the request of the dying Bard once. During his illness the Poet despatched a letter to Mr. sages. still one seraph's left on earth. native worth and spotless fame. Jessie lines : fair. his correspondent attended at on their reception at Dumfries. the volumes were forthwith placed in Miss Lewars's hands. The natives of the sky . as I you be it so obliging as to send it by the very am anxious to have soon.

JESSIE LEWARS. entitled scribed *^ Pindannia^ by Peter Pindar. ]\Ir. June 1796. resting-place. 1794." To the Miss Lewars attended him with his death she an affectionate and some days before and her brother received his four small boys into their dwelling. Dumfries. near Dumfries. born 1800. which took place on the 26th May 1855. Her remains and those of her Churchyard. subsequent to the Poet's death on the 21st July." Vaniitie. They were removed under the plea of securing quietness." At the commencement of line 6th the Poet . Lewars. Thomson thereafter resided at Maxwelltown. J. and Mrs. Thomson the 5th ]\Iay 1849. BURN8. till were assigned seats next to the Poet's relatives. when she had attained her seventy-seventh year. her death. mind These bo thy guardian and reward So prays thy Dumfries. Of the marriacre of James Thomson and Jessie Lewars were born The sons were James. Mr. on the right hand of the chairman. In the possession of Miss Lcvvars's family is a thin quarto volume in- by Dr. Howat. un petit gage de close of the Poet's life solicitude. sons of the Poet held near the James At the great festival in honour of the Avr Monument. Kol)ert. AH blameless joys on earth all 15 And the treasures of the wc fiml. R. Thomson. the Bard. Thomson died on Mrs. On the 3rd of June 1799 Miss Lewars was married to writer. B. the Poet's eldest sou. Michael's There they are commemorated on a mural tablet. Wolcott. "^ Madllc. Burns. » From the original in the possession of Mrs. but they were. kept under Miss Lcvvars's care till a movement on behalf of the Poet's family had made some progress. remained with the Lewars about a year. faithful friend.1 2(]th. inadvertently substitutes "while " for " with. five sons and two daughters. near to the Poet's husband were deposited in St.

. and died . Jessie Lewars. Isabella. born 26th married. who served his father in the business. Dundee. William. born January 1810. John. ISABELLA LINDSAY. only daughter of now of Castleview. amiable girl rather short and embonpoint. Dumfries. The elder daughter. was born 16th June 1816 she died unmarried in September 1877. May 1787. George Montgomery and Mary Thomson. George. younger daughter of James Thomson and Jessie Lewars. Jessie. and Alexander. May 1843. is a merchant in Dundee.16 died in THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. . Mary. and a daughter. . : . spouses. Jessie Lewars. with issue three sons and three daughters. but handsome and extremely graceful— beautiful hazel eyes. born 1805: he commanded a vessel in of Good Hope on the 8th December 1858 the merchant service. He Alice Walker. 30th March 1840. a good-lmmouved. at the Cape 1st Thomas. merchant. whom he thus introduces in his Journal Miss Lindsay. married. un tout ensemble that speaks her of the first order of female minds. George. writing and died in 1834. merchant. William Howat. Dumfries. and died August 1825. with issue a son. Stirling. full of spirit and sparkling with delicious moisture— an engaging face. who died 28th September 1843. writer. first. and died 18th March 1859. the Poet was at Jedburgh During attracted his Border tour in by a bright : and graceful maiden. 1820. with issue a son and daughter. George Montgomery. 2nd April 1861. with issue a son and daughter secondly daughter of David Niven. born 25th June 1807. married. born 1802. born 11th December 1814.

On the 14th June 1787. thirty-four days after she had on the 11th of May parted with the Poet. she working gardener . ! except by the tumultuous throbbings of rapturous love That love-kindling beam on another. sex. by his wife Jean Isabella Gumming. not ou mc —that graceful form must bless another's arms. and kindly allows me to keep my hold. not mine. which I could easily mark. and after some sliglit qualnis. little . was Lindsay was born at Jedburgh on the 28th September 1764. may peace dwell eye must in thy bosom. and she.. and after some with a proof print of than gratitude. the Poet has these words : Sweet Isabella Lindsay. had retailed concerning her and mo. dead at the who time when practised as a physician in the place. Adam Armstrong. her engagement with whom. the wife of a gifts. Jedburgh Estlier Easton. Miss Lindsay and myself go to see Eslher^ a very remarkable woman for reciting jwetry of all kinds. . the Poet met her. was then resident with a brother. Robert Lindsay. C . who had as a physician succeeded to their father's medical practice. 1 Miss Lindwiy's uriii . along with a younger sister.' Her father. who left was ' in the employment of the Russian Government. I presented her accej)tcd with my told noh^ which she something more tender She me many little stories which Miss bless her. . uninterrupted. slio sets .sure —God In closing the narrative of his visit to Jedburgh. with prolonging plca. VOL. . chit-chat of the tender kind. to keenly With her husband. II. I walk in Esther's * garden with Miss Lindsay. the titter round at defiance. Daugliter of Dr. well known in the locality. slie possessed aii ancommon memory and other ' Jedburgh Parisli Kcgister. Margaret. Miss seems very well pleased with my distinguislung her. . Isabella was married to Mr.rSr1 BFJ. Lrl These entries follow (iet hold of l)ardshii)'8 : L INDSA Y.. had induced some unamiable persons of her own censure her easy manners with the Poet.

the youngest son. In the lands of Knockshinnoch James Logan was succeeded by ^ Several of these facts and dates are obtained of Thomson's Seasons (Dublin. Armstrong inscribed inside the boards of a small copy the possession of Mr. the eldest. the small estate of Knockshinnoch. and Mrs. of whom Samuel. month.' Robert. the ownership of the Dunbars for a course of centuries. Mounsey of the school of Jedburgh.18 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. grammar ." died at Jedburgh not long after the Poet's visit. sonsie lass. She died young. C. 4tli 17th of the of July. rosy. succeeded in 1346 These lands continued in to the lands of Cumnock in Ayrshire. known Queen Mary's House. Isabella's younger sister. master of tlie grammar school. A. in the parish of Auchinleck. and. 1758). at the age of twenty -two. embarking for Russia on the Mrs. near Carsphairn in Galloway. Margaret Lindsay. daughter of the laird of Domel. strappin'. Petersburg. He married Margaret Begg. about the middle of the eighteenth century. and from the last of these Ayrshire landowners James Logan of Lagwine. and so lately as 1856 held office as Director of the Possessed by that gentleman's Imperial Mint at St. became a on the Russian service. was born general in the April 1788. JOHN LOGAN OF LAIGHT AND KNOCKSHINNOCH. representatives is the historically interesting mansion at Jedburgh. The noted "Black Agnes. now in from family memoranda of Mr. leaving on the 21st four children. as Mounsey." Countess of Dunbar. Petersburg on the 10th of August. now occupied by Mr. they landed at St. Armstrong did not return to Scotland. in the parish of New Cumnock. described in his Border Journal by the Poet as "a bonnie. purchased.

doing myself the honor of waiting on you "Wednesday the 16th inst hurt. — that I am the under a necessity to return witli the you the subscription for. In a letter dated Ellisland. excepting a few stanzas he had handed to Gavin Hamilton.. |)()wcrs vigorous from his mother. With Wx. he letter : from thence despatched to Mr. sir. When the Poet was spending a few days at Kilmarnock in the beginning of August 178G. with whom he was on terms of intimacy. waiting upon the distribution of his first edition. 19 who married Martha. but the last was doing present. am much I that I must trouble you with the copies. but. aiid still more your very friendly letter —the am in was doing me a favor. The Poet also informs his corresponbut that a prosaic mood had overcome him. preparing for me an repair honor. that estate Inheriting immediately bordering his own possession. I I such a bustle at my West-India voyage. I kmnv otlwr way your friruds can Iw sn]>]>liod. Logan the Poet maintained a considerable intimacy he visited him occasionally during his frequent journeys between Ellisland and Mauchline. he associated with persons of intelligence and culture. If orders from Greenock do not hinder. his father-in-law On the death of he removed to the mansion of Laight. Burns was recommended to his notice by Gavin Hamilton.. circumii" stanced as am. to directly to Greenock bills. — I gratefully thank you for fur your kind oflices in promoting first my sub- scription. epistle The The was therefore not forthcoming. his son. as expect a letter every day from the master of the vessel. John. 7th Auoiist 1789. he intimates that he has therewith transmitted for his private perusal his first poem of " The Kirk's Alarm. Logan the following Sin. '* dent that he had composed three and a half sUmzas of a poetical epistle to him. on the banks of the Afton. Imt to the copy of . I intend I .JOHN LOGAN OF LAIGHT." remarking that it was the copy he had sent into Ayrshire. and trouble you (luantum of coj)ie3 till called or otherwise transmitted to gentlemen who have subscribed. only child of Captain Macadam of I^aight and Carca.

the same sicker score As I mention'd before. daughter of John Carson. succeeded him in his Becoming heavily his possessions. To we are introduced in the marriage register of Dumfries by the following entry: of Moffat. "Afton Water.. he was under the necessity of alienating of their His daughter married in 1834 Mr." Mr. where he died on the 9th March 1816. JEAN LORIMER. Of his several children. to visit Mr. Logan latterly resided at Ayr. a estates. involved. John. in Glen Afton. visits. 1775 we find in the of Morton. To that trusty auld worthy. 1772. Burns continued. major in the army. appended these Afton's Laird ! Af ton's Laird ! When your pen can be spared. Afton's Laird Clackleith. John Dunbar of New Cumnock. Clackleith. for his friend's benefit." William Lorimer resident with his family at Craigieburn. William Lorimer. and parish — "October As in 4. son to John Lorimer in the parish Agnes Carson. proclaimed. Jean Lorimer was her personal history a conspicuous heroine of the Poet's fancy. To that trusty auld worthy. and during one of his apparently in 1791. Logan at Laight. in the neighbour- . celebrated in and the event golden wedding was February 1884. Alarm" were.20 Kirk's lines : THE BOOK OF ROBER T B URNS. the eldest son. he composed his exquisite pastoral song. in the course of his rides to and from Ayrshire. merchant in this place. A copy On of this I bequeath.

he put up his horse. he." passed hastily into the parlour.JEAN LORIMER. conducted merchnndise at Dumfries. with the remark. while her light blue warmth of her manners. Consequent on his commercial relations. At that period. There he found Mrs. Jean attracted the kindly notice both of the Poet and his resident at Craigieburn Jean Lorimer was born in September 1775. through Mrs. spirits. Presuming on her husband's intimacy with the Poet. it 21 may be assumed that he had then or previously succeeded to his father's inlieritance —probably the lease of Craigie- William Lorimer next appears as resident on the farm of Kemmis-hall on the Nith. and was frequently intoxicated. proportions. about two miles below Ellisland. she and of graceful was of a delicate complexion. in addition to his business as a farmer. placed in circumstances in which his friendship was subjected to a considerable strain. eyes dazzled by the . Mrs. the Poet. dealing in articles. John Gillespie. " You're thrang. a brother officer of the Poet. Lorimer's farm. burn farm. She largely imbibed whisky and other stimulants. in when the Poet and his wife formed her acquaintance 1791. to an extent It is that a revenue officer might scarcely overlook. she was in her sixteenth year. formed his acquaintance about the year 1790. Among her other admirers was Mr. passed into the kitchen. Embarrassed by the spectacle. the Among members of Mr. who then protected the revenue interests of ten parishes. Tall of stature She was then peculiarly engaging. tea. Lorimer's impmdence. Lorimer's friendship was indeed not to be coveted. Having arrived one evening at Mr. related that on one occasion the Poet was. Lorimer's family circle his daughter wife. she subjected him to the suspicion of illicit dealing. hood of Moffat. and a warm intimacy ensued. when her parents were . consequently. entering the house by the back door. I see. and. and other excisable the Poet. Lorimer and her article of maidens occupied in preparing tallow candles. then an Excise.

"Come. his verses Sweefc closes the ev'ning on Craigieburn began : Wood. And But a' blythe awakes the o' spring's morrow return the pride yield Can me nocht but sorrow. How The blest the simple cotter's fate ! He woos his artless dearie 5 silly bogles." The latter contains these two verses in gentle allusion to the rejection of her suitor on account of his poverty : Her e'en sae bonnie blue betray How She she repays is my passion But prudence her o'erword aye. addressed to his friend's fair enslaver. talks o' rank and fashion. at Dumfries. Burns. At a subsequent period. inspirer of the Poet's affection muse was inclined more to reciprocate the of an opulent than of a sincere and . the Poet other songs followed. And Can blythely awaukens the o' morrow But the pride yield the spring in the Craigieburn Wood me nought but sorrow.22 settled THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. let By me take thee to my breast. being that In the included in the ordinary editions of his works. he In proceeded on his friend's behalf to celebrate his charmer. new version commences thus Sweet : fa's the eve on Craigieburn. These included the stanzas beginning. wealth and state." and the song " Poortith Cauld. Kevealing his attachment to the Poet. Can never make him If the fliir eerie. produced the song the song an amended version. on the suggestion of Mr. George in Thomson. allusion to the romantic spot of her birth.

became a regular visitor in the Poet's family . leaving his deeply-injured wife no alternative but to seek shelter under the parental roof desertion. Mr. l)ut. as she elected to be called." he particularly celebrates her charms. " Sae flaxen were her ringlets. Unfortunate as an agriculturist. Miss Lorimer chanced to be on a visit. protesting t<» attachment. she was in her election bitter disappointment. and his love was reciprocated. At Gretna she became The married the wife of one who. to her . ance. near Moffat. and extravagant. 23 doomed to a sad and A young man named Whelpdale. she unhappily listened to the solicitation made to her.JEAN LO RIMER. unsophisticated lover. had. ignoring her wedded name. which disappointed neighbours There ensued the usual mete out to the victims of imprudence. wliere her. viewed without a spark of jealousy the compliments lavished in verse by her husband upon the younger Jean. prodigal. in the hope that these tributes beauty might in some degree mitigate her great sorrow. William Lorimer removed from Kcmmis-hall to Dumfries. was hopelessly reckless. Miss Lorimer. Whelpdale absconded from his creditors. now wife. At the residence of a neighbour. trustful. pair returned to Banihill. Relieving that her husband's prosperity would sufficiently condone the offence of an irregular marriage. and. persuaded her (lope with I him to Gretna Green. In his former heroine he recognised who had become unfortunate because she was still was his Chloris. Mr. Johnston. after an interval of a few months. as a farmer. <»ne Burns was true. Mr. from the county of Cumberland. and the Poet's whose Christian name was the same as her own. and she In his ode beginning. Whelpdale met Smitten by her charms. farmer at Drumcrieff. he professed his After a brief acquaintaside. he one evening in March 1793 took her he could no longer live apart from her society. then on the verge of bankniptcy. also in his c-oninicrcial relations. that there they might be married. settled at Barnhill.

or what you will. Hyslop of the Globe. the Poet addressed her in the ode commencing with the verse. meet them Mr. The lightning of her eye the godhead of Parnassus. to languish. was actually inspired by Miss Lorimer. in less simplicity of Platonic love. accompanied by two other Midlothian farmers. love. or friend. I assure you that to . also Jean. Mr. in October 1794 it : The lady on whom [" Craigieburn Wood "] was made nous). . —a mistress. both at your own house and I your favorite lady's. Thomson. —I called for you yesternight. Whenever want to be airs. Mundell. is in a is one of the to finest women in Scotland. Mr. She also became the theme of the songs commencing. Lorimer and his daughter to is The note of invitation addressed to Mr." When Miss Lorimer was sick. how green the groves.24 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. bonnie was yon rosy brier " and " Forlorn. ." love. he invited Dr. Can I cease to Can I cease While Is care. a fine I have a glorious recipe . Syme. and. in fact {enire manner me what the guile- Sterne's Eliza was to him.. my lad. "Behold. Lorimer in the It Library edition of the Poet's proceeds thus : Works printed for the first time. Maxwell. . somewhat uncertain. ." though associated with other heroines. . The song of " Whistle. my darling fair % on the couch of anguish In reference to the inspiration derived from the charms of his Chloris. "0. my no comfort near. and Dr. My Dear at Sir.. Robert Cleghorn.. I put myself in the regimen of admiring is woman. ... the Poet wTites to Mr. more than ordinary in song —to be in some degree equal to your diviner . my lovely friend I you are indebted for many of your best songs of mine. Mrs. my . . but could not find you. and ! the witchery of her smile the divinity of Helicon The is latter history of Burns's connexion with the Lorimer family 1795. In August when the Poet was visited by his friend. an' I'll come to you..

on second thoughts. in Brampton for her husband. she went to the place where he was confined. they cannot enter into an elegant 'i'he Lorimers sank into poverty. Thomson In in February 1796. What you mentioned of "flaxen locks" description of beauty. and was desired walk in. His lotlging was pointed out to her on the opposite side of a quadrangle. she passed a — a bulky-looking person. since he had been that day lie Already had wasted four fortunes. Of this and some things else in my next : I have more amendments is to propose. and you (Mr. friends. The circum: stances of her visit are Having announced by to l^r. Burns uses these words di.'ht to Ijeg the favor of Jeuny to come and Jeany partake with her. Maxwell. is a high incongruity to have a Greek appellation to a Scottish pastoral ballad.JEAN LORIMER.) — Yours. and found that she had missed him only by a few hours. 1«) Writing : Air. Dr. as in the ambulatories of the ancient religious houses. Burns desired mo ye8tenii>. 1> As she man whose back was towards and who shuflled in talking as . Synie. just. this court. Robert Durns. I liave two honest Midlothian fanners with renew old friondship with the Poet Ituftlo who I liavo travelled threescore miles to and promise you a pleasant party. want you tno to dino 25 with me to-day. besides I shall my it Kdinburgh kiiitl. round which there was a covered walk. of good souml Mrs. Robert Chambers related thus for to him her wish an interview. walked along one side of her VOL. and if you can come take very (Dinner at three.«!like my by-past songs I one thing. whom I wish to see . and on her return inquired at in the village. — the name Chloris. As a family governess. and Dr. I his long-deserted wife learned that he was in he debtors' prison at Carlisle. n. a plateful of hotch-potch. and a port. Witli the Lorimer family the Poet's intimacy waned. and she was so o])liging as to promise that she would. I meant it it as the fictitious name of a certain lady but. Miss Lorimer was employed in a succession of families. and there went to see him. and was now engaged Soon afterwards squandering a filth. Mundell) an- all the people. . In 181G she visited her l)rotlier in Sunderland. slightly paralytic.

having sent to her some newspapers public journals. For some years she cancy. from lameness. man pronounce her name. containing the paragraphs written on her account. life. led a kind of wandering bordering on mendi- About the year 1825 a benevolent gentleman interested himself on her behalf by making known her circumstances in the His wife. ! every day. she paid him another visit but his utter inability to make a prudent use of any money entrusted to him rendered it quite impossible that After this she never saw him they should ever renew their conjugal life. and feels pleased and flattered by having so much said and done in her behalf. the Poet's Chloris at length into an error fell by which she forfeited the respect of society. 1825. Whelpdale!" she had being now transformed into a broken-down. middle-aged man. she was attacked by a severe pulmonary ailment. feeling. As she approached the door she heard the said. It as under a more formal was her husband. he was her husband. with a gentleman in Newington and while so employed she expressed herself as enjoying greater comfort than she had experienced to retire \o a since she had left the parental home." he and then immediately added. for her kind attention in sending the newspapers.26 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and then returned to Scotland. whom wife had to ask the figure if The passed without even suspecting who he was. calling upon her husband long-separated pair. when he had been liberated. . the gay youth of 1793. perhaps Burns's Chloris Kuth was kindly and generously enjoy a similar fate in the fields treated of by Boaz of talent may men and worth. nevertheless. Some months . "Mrs. and was obliged humble lodging in Middleton's Entry. March 2. Some time of housekeeper afterw^ards Mrs. again. To such a scene There" was kindness. Whelpdale obtained the situation . Chambers. "Jean. At length Potterrow. received in acknowledo-ment the followiuGj note Burns's Chloris is infinitely : obliged to [Mrs. and the figure answered that he was. between the may a romantic marriage lead Jean spent a month in Carlisle. According to Dr. afterwards.

born on the 20th October 1765. Among the general tradei-a at IMauchline there prevailed an unpleasant rivalry. Craigic. of the parish of and had His daughter Jean." On the IGth Septeml)er 1788 Miss officer at Tarbolton. dairymen. To ill the close of life many of the Poet's songs retained her native comeliness." Markland married Mr. and. and which the dis- appointments and misfortunes of n life ]i.small ponsimi at late TJ After a period of . Findlay was subsequently resident at Greenock ' . Abundantly intelligent. * llnd. Agnes Shaw. in issue. employer. * Mauchline Parish Register. and. she breutlicd her last in Septemhor 1831 Ilcr remains she had were interred in the Her husl)an<l. (Jkorcje JMaukland conducted business became one of the existence. Nowiiigtoii Imrial-ground. by keeping village several cows. Excise native of the district. wlio latterly subsisted on Langholm in nuinfricssliin' ^<l^•v!vod her by a the heroine of so few years.JEAN MAKKLAND. severe suffering. August 17GI. two of his neighbours considerable esteemed as a fair but he was generally dealer and creditable townsman. convei-sation. a . Mr. he obtained some reputation as a poet. where she was supported by her uttuined her fifty-sixth year. .^ He married.i<l not crMdicut^Ml. consef[ucnt on its Markland experienced from one or hostilities . James Findlay. he sold articles of grocery. Ihid. at Mauchlinc as a general dealer .* was celebrated by the Poet in 1784 in his "Belles of Mauchline :" she is by the a Bard characterized as " divine. she excelled and could restrain with difliculty that play of liumour which had distinguished her youth. dealt in drapery. JEAN MARKLAND.

and an enthusiastic which ho Kamsay and Fergusson. distant. then in a state of failing health. which in Avas it. he possessed an uncommonly and lively imagination. his conversation Even then. He kept himself very silent in a dark corner of the room and before he took any part in the conversation. NATIVE of Ayrshire. professional visit to William Burnes. Bart. an ingenuity of topics apparently began to engage reflection. when the conversation. on a medical subject. and a familiarity with was no less gratified beyond his reach. and without any wish to interest or . letter he writes thus : The Poet seemed please. suspicious. written in 1810. on subjects Avith was acquainted. John Mackenzie studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. he displaying a dexterity of reasoning. I have always thought that no person could have a just idea of the extent of Burns's talents who had not had an opportunity to hear him converse His discrimination of character was great beyond that of any person . was rich in Avell-chosen figures. energetic.28 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. I perceived that fertile and before I was acquainted with his very great mental abilities. had taken the turn he wished. I frequently detected him scrutinizing during me my conversation with his father and brother. and was induced to commence medical practice in the viUage of Mauchline on the invitation of Sir John His acquaintance with the Poet's family commenced at Lochlea in the early spring of 1783. But afterwards. a thorough acquaintance with admiration of many of our Scottish poets. Dr. by which his visitor than astonished. I took a lively interest in Robert Burns poetical powers. when he paid a Whitefoord. JOHN MACKENZIE. animated and Indeed. His impressions of the Bard on the occasion of this visit he has In this detailed in a letter to Professor Walker. Mackenzie proceeds : From the period of which I speak. A M.D.

The Master and the Brotherhood Would For me. To hold our grand get a blail tiiste procession . o' And a swatch Manson's barn-lx. Depute Mtuster as a James' Lodge. M. lines : The Poet's summons was in these Friday first's the day ai)pointt'd By To the Right Worshipful anointeil. An. knew . "JNIossgiel. these lines are appended as a date. when ho formed the opinion from his to own observation. Dr. Inform him." an appellative by which the Poet * Threatening. it 20 intuitive. wi' skaith. then. being the Festival of the Nativity of the Baptist. brother Mason. Ma« nrii/. written or printed. and not from the representation of {Ksrsons wliom he was partial. If Death. Tarliolton. then Some mortal heart is hochtin . the Poet summoned him. r the way of our profession. AVlieu the 1N)L'1 ciileretl nii ihc lca.se ot i\lo. and storm him. and I have often observed to liim that seemed to bo seldom ever knew him make a false estimate of clmractcr.->r*^i(l. To self. I a' be glad to see you . .n- met him frequently. 5790. o' Johnie's morals. of St.JOHN MACKENZU:." The 'Mohnie" of the verses was the kindly surgeon himwho had lately broached some views as to the origin of morals. and a warm intimacy ensued. I over I ALD. he ** To some had appended the signature of Common-sense.. controversial opinions. would be mair than pi-oud To share the mercies wi' you. to attend a grand procession which had been arranged to take phice on the 24th June 1786. That Saturday you'll fecht him.

whom he met at Barskimming." composed at the expense of a reverend preacher Mdio had that day conducted service in Mauchline church. on the particular Auchinleck." Not long afterwards. and on the Daer formed one of the company." and ending. the Ayrshire seat of In a letter Thomas Miller.30 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. . With known purpose. Mackenzie was ^ Doctor M-as remarked to leave the assembly. In " The Holy Fair. this in the parish of According to a local tradition. To Dr. w^as accompanied by a note beginning. Dr. immediately engaged to meet Sir John Whitcfoord. Blair expressed himself as "much pleased. an' up the Cowgate. Mackenzie showed Lord President." which on the same sheet was accompanied by the following letter : ^ The Cowgate is a street running off the main thoroughfare in Mauchline. enclosed his lines " On Meeting with Lord Daer." Dr. the Mauchline surgeon embraced a suitable opportunity of making the Poet know^n personally to Professor Dugald Stewart. Dr. in MS. who was then residing two miles distant. Mackenzie. An' off. "Dr. in about a week afterwards. Burns. Mackenzie's letter to Professor Walker. that day. " The Holy Fair " Dr."^ On Sunday. Burns sent to Dr. and to accompany him to dine with the Earl of Dumfries opposite the entrance to the churchyard. is " Common-sense'/' has ta'cn the road." remarking that the poem " contained some of the finest and justest description he had ever seen. Dr. Mackenzie the Poet. in his villa at Catrine. Mackenzie a first the 3rd September 1786. at Dumfries House. draft of his stanzas entitled " The Calf. Robt. subsequently to Dr. "Yours. fast. Mackenzie introduced thus : afterwards distinguished him. the day the Toet had in view. The MS. about The Professor invited the physician and the liis Poet to dine w^th occasion Lord family on the 23rd October. Sir.^ A Hugh copy of Blair. to Dr. Fast. advocate.

honest. written fiom Edinburgh on the 11th January 1787. The brother of the Earl of Kelly. — I never spent an afternoon among great folks with half that in lileasure as when. local affairs. ten guineas by way of subscription for a brace of copies of second edition. four parts Xathanael. you. Sir John Whitefoord. company with you. and two parts Shakespeare's Brutus. Anticiputory of the Poet's journey to Edinburgli at the close of November. a ]\Iackenzie addressed on his l)elialf recommendatory John Whitefoord and the Hon. stands thus four pints Socrates. 31 Wednemlay Munnng. and my honoured patron. worthy man. With : reference to his active friendship. The are so foregoing verses were really extempore. to settle at Irvine. by Lord Eglintoun's order. induced Dr. though it were not the object he does : with such a grace. They may you a little with the help of that partiality with which you of. Lord Eglinton removed he his chief from Coilsfield to Eglinton Castle. Andrew Erskine. Sir. but a entertain little corrected smce. your very humble servant. I had the honor : oi paying my devoirs to that plain. There the Doctor took an active concern in highest magisterial honours. and gave him your respectful compliments. residence a few years afterwards. and usually known as Captain Erskine. the Professor I would be delighted I to see : him perform acts of kindness and friendship. and gave me. he in a letter to Dr. was an accomplished musician. writes thus My Deau friend's face.D. just after I read your letter." When. as his fiimily physician. divided into ten parts. M. I think his character. and atUiined the In 1827 he retired from practice. which I He was pleased to say satisfaction. JMackenzie. Dkau Siu. : heard with the more The letter concludes — " A gentleman waited on my me yesterday. letters to Sir hitter.JOHN MACKENZIE. good as to favour the performances J^ear Sir. But the Poet experienced from John Whitefoord a special attention. Dr. and was otherwise much Sir esteemed in Edinburgh society. I — Yours gave me something like the pleasure of an old saw your friend. as I many handsome things of know theui to be just. Mackenzie. and .

professional When Dr. . Miller had several children. settled in Edinburgh. A son of the marriage. became a Writer to the Signet. Hid. consequent on her To her husband she brought becoming heir of her brother. at When practising at Mauchline. he rented a small shop.^ child. a small hostelry. an advanced where he died on the 11th January 1837. lying in the parish of Dunfermline. By his Sarah Templeton." Of these. at an advanced age. Helen. who made a fortune in India. another of the became the wife of Dr. Under the former name of Ledmacduneail. a respectable joiner. during the and whose life extended to one hundred years. these including two daughters." first the place . William Templeton. who was born on in 1677. John Whitefoord Mackenzie. celebrated by the Poet in his "Mauchline Belles. born in January 1768. on the 8th in September 1794. age. it was his privilege to professionally attend the Countess of Loudoun. Mackenzie entered business at Alauchline. Mackenzie. Elizabeth.^ a large dowry. wife.32 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. which served as his drug store and consulting room. ALLAN MASTERTON. The lands of Masterton. and attained eminence as a literary and antiquarian collector at . . the » * Mauchline Parish Register. while he was content to lodge at the Sun Inn. are so designated from the Anglo-Saxon Maestertun. a gentlewoman reign of Charles 11. he died Edinburgh on the 8th November 1884. widow of the third Earl. kept by John Miller. their marriage being solemnized on the 29th August 1791. . signifying the habitation of the master. Alexander. a merchant she died on the birth of her " belles. married.

* On the 29th Novemlwr 1702 Thomas Masterton. in February 1G91. had their banns of marriage proclaimed. Marion. Margaret.' From the when Burns Linlithgowshire family derived Allan Masterton. Jiunes Primrose. Margaret Glen. Ihid. fol. Ibid. eldest son of James VI. miller in Wrae Mill. and Helen West. son of Archibald Masterton. merchant. apiKjars descendant of the family. vol. etc. A daughter of Alexander Masterton of the lands of Bad and Parkmill. for which service she and lives. For further particulars respecting the Masterton fauuly. married.. * Ih'vi. and one of the magistrates of Linlithgow.' Archilwdd Masterton. vol. High Street. * Linlitlij^iiw VOL. and Edmund. baptized. E . li. ' Ihid. had a At Linlithgow. » * * General Register of Dcods. 208. tenant in Wrae.* Alexander Masterton. baptized. they had on the 5th February 1693 a daughter.. merchant in Linlithgow. see Otnealogy of MoAfertoH oj that Ilk. Robert. and wife of Mr. on the 28th his I'ebruary 1591-92. xxxix. her huslxmd received a pension during their On the 20th January 1591-92 Captiiin Robert Masterton of Pittcnwecm appears as pursuer in a legal process. rarhnUl. resided in Edinburgh. who. * Abcrcorn Tarish Krpister. in the county of Perth. exercised the vocation of a writing-master in Stevenlaw's Close. xxxix. 23. 11. relict of William Jamieson.'hnrtnlary ol iiuiiiriniuiif. mentioned a bond. on the 23rd February 1735... 1878. p. the 15th is son and heir.'' On March 1595 GiU>ert Masterton tmiin chant in Edinburgh.' In a process are named.ALLAN MASTEIUON. John Masterton of Broughton. to the 33 Among the bjirons who in monks of Dunfermline/ 129G swore fealty to Edward I. From this oflBce ' (.* A branch of the Masterton family settled in the county of Linlithgow. had daughter Agnes baptized. jjarish of On the 3rd April 1585 Archibald Masterton. -Ito. of the his Abercom.. privately priuted. lands were granted by Malcolm IV. vol. was nurse to Prince Henry. William dc Mastcrton. Tarish Kvgister. son.

" " The Bonnie Birks o' Balloch- Ayr. the I Poet composed the song beginning. junior.34 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS." Among other tunes composed by Allan Masterton for Burns's o' songs were those to " Strathallan's Lament. The jollities of the occasion induced the Poet to compose his song of " Willie brew'd. Anne first Masterton married Dr. the Poet describes Masterton as " one of the worthiest men in the world. Allan Masterton died in 1799. Masterton's daughter. and his High School." In compliment to Mr. . a place situated in the vicinity of Moffat. and a man of real genius. Anne. right. of her unknown. on the 26th he was by the August 1795. Town Council. conjointly with Dugald Masterton. In the autumn of 1789 Nicol took lodgings at Willie's Mill. dated 16th October 1789. and the acquaintance ripened into a warm friendship. acquaintance with the national minstrelsy as a musical composer. Her son. and there he was waited on by the Poet. nephew. death is She was living in London in 1834. To his skill Allan Masterton added an . Stewart Derbishire. as a writing-master." and " On hearing a Young rede ye Lady sing. Derbishire. " Ye gallants bright." " The Braes myle. He is the Allan of the song. at Bath and afterwards the date in London. . accompanied by Masterton. he was also accomplished With the Poet he became acquainted on the introduction of William Nicol. became Queen's Printer at Quebec he died there on the 27th March 1863." to which the young lady's father added the music." which was set to music by Masterton. promoted as his brother teacher of writing in the Dugald. In his letter to Captain Riddel. who had been on a visit to Dalswinton. who practised as a physician.

(Which Even. An' manly preachers. accompanied by a poetical epistle of In reference to his correspondent personally the : Poet has these lines O Ayr my ! dear. Ane to succeed him. A candid liberal band Of public As men. Enjoying the Poet's intimacy. belonged " to the Moderate school. my native ground. l)y wa. renown'd. M'Math on the 17th September sixteen stanzas. Both he and his constituent. by them your heart's esteemed. . and hence in " writes : The Twa Herds the Poet AulJ Wodrow laug has hatch'd mischief "We thought ayo death wad bring relief. minister at Tarbolton. Within thy presbyterial is bound found teachers. . J 01IN M'MA Til. as Christians too. A chiold wha'll soundly butf our liecf I meikle dread him. in that circle Sir. Sir. sir. M'Math begged him for a copy of " Holy Willie's Prayer." This he sent to Mr. An' winning manner. to our grief. Patrick Wodrow. An' some.s licciirtcd to preach the Presbytery of Ayr on July 1779. by whom your doctrine's blam'd gies ye honor). in that circle you are nain'd you are fam'd . .RE V. REV. Mr. Wodrow. and on the assistant IGth May 1782 was admitted and successor to the Rev. Mr. But ho has gotten. 1785. John M'Matii the 5tli 35 JOHN M'MATII.

fallen into convivial habits incompatible with the ministerial Mr. JOHN MAXWELL OF TERRAUGHTY. . he was also chamberlain of Scotland. He died on the 10th December 1825. near Kelso. he there lived in obscurity. also civil His repredignities attained and military honours.36 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Having office. it Impute not. was John de Maccuswel was 1207. in ane ye. in the Isle of Mull. is known Maccus Well. Pardon An' if this freedom 1 have ta'en. sheriff of present at the siege of Alnwick in 1093. this portion of land was in all probability founder Eugene or Hugh Maccuswel. Wliase heart ne'er wrang'd But to his utmost would befriend Ought that belang'd ye. A territory on the Tweed. about the age of seventy. There is a tradition that the first of the in the suite of Maxwell name was a his sister. Rossul. and the owner of of the family. Sir Roxburgh and ambassador to Teviotdale in and large in 1215 was sent as King John sentatives . . good sir. probably mythical is clearly of as Saxon origin. as a follower of Malcolm Canmore. possessions. of Carlaverock. M'Math demitted Kctiring to his charge on the 21st December 1791. impertinent I've been. Norwegian This Edgar Atheling and but the name on their arrival in the Frith of is Forth two years after the Norman Conquest.

proprietor of When Burns settled in Dumfriesshire. was 37 Mux well of Carlavcrock knighted at the coronation of James I. who died in 1631. seventh the union were born eight sons. Sir IIerl)crt (>/' J EKRAUGJirY. style. Of the lands of Breconside and Terraughty. John. and was some years afterwards Ili. sixth Lord Herries. His younger son. Barnbarroch. was allowed the and dignity of fourth Lord Herries.r!inds()n. Sir John Maxwell. created a Lord of l^arliamcnt. relict married Margaret. but it is evident that he had become . and subsequently assisted in her escape. by his second marriage. Applying to his vocation the energies of a powerful understanding. fifth Lord Maxwell. styled Lord Maxwell. to tlie entire impoverishment of his family. of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar. he. and of James Maxwell. in right of his wife. the elder. and. and. daughter of Vaus of of Breconside. he contended on her behalf at Langside. and. entered upon business in the place as an and builder. He afterwards pleaded the cause of the imprisoned (|ueen before the English Commissioners at York.s descendant. Attached to the cause of Queen Mary. who had the same Christian name. ii. second son of Rol)ert. and was also highly esteemed for At what time the Poet formed his acquaint- ance has not been ascertained. The son of this gentleman. which had been alienated. became involved in financial ditlicultics. he was enabled to repurchase the family estate of Terraughty. the second son. married in 1549 Agnes. inherited who bore him two sons. became Munches. He subsequently purchased the lands of Portrack. in 1424. married Elizabeth. in the parish of Holywood. title Lady IlerricH. His John. was born at Buittle on the 7th of February 1720. he rapidly accumulated substance. on attaining a sufficient knowledge of upliolsterer his craft. he was a recosr- nised leader in county affairs. eldest daughter of John.JOHN MAXWELI. John. when only in his thirty-fourth year. his personal virtues. these. old Apprenticed to a joiner at Dumfries.

and e'enings funny. This day thou metes threescore eleven. May couthie Fortune. kind and cannie. my heart I dinna wear ye. Bless them and Farewell. In brunstane But for thy friends. . Baith honest men and In lassies bonnie. social glee. Rake them. on his seventy first him the following ! epistle : Health to the Maxwell's veteran Chief Health. Will yet bestow If envious buckies view wi' sorrow Thy lengthen'd days on this blest morrow. ye ken. he addressed to personally familiar with his worth when. And Your then the deil he dauma friends aye love. thee. and they are mony. May Nine miles an hour. birthday.38 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. like Sodom and Gomorrah. Scarce quite half-worn. given To ilka poet) On thee a tack o' seven times seven it. And I can tell that bounteous is Heaven (The second-sight. . shame If neist fa' me. your faes aye fear ye . While Burns they ca' me. Wi' mornings blithe. auld birkie ! Lord be near steer ye : ye. stoure. For me. aye unsour'd by care or grief : Inspired I turn'd Fate's sibyl leaf This natal morn I see thy life is stuff o' prief. Desolation's lang-teeth'd harrow. in 1791.

detailing his early recollections as to the agricultural condition of his neighbourhood. so that these come with the ' In liis first ballad on Mr. and a black bonnet — none having hats but the lairds. while in hi. he proceeds It is not pleasant to represent the wrotchcd state of individuals as times then genonil lived very meanly on kail. Maxirell m "Tcngh Jockic.JOHN MAXWELL OF TERRAUGI/TV. to Dumfries s})ates. Ilerrics of Spottes. Statistical From that letter. in tumbling core. Referring to the years we present a copious excerpt. and tlic chief |)art of what was required for that purpose was brought from the sand-beds of Esk . the Wednesdays. bonlering on famine . for the most part. and their habitations were general wear most uncomfortable. M. he addressed a letter to Mr. together with a crook ewe now and then about Martinmas. the Poet distiuguishes Mr. The Poet's 39 vaticination for as to his friend's longevity was in a till measure realized. plaiding cloth sewed together. a They were Their clothed very plainly. which is included in the New : Account of the parish of Buittle. a great scarcity of food. and the cloth rarely dyed. by reason of cars could not and there being no bridges. 1735 or 1740. was of cloth. graddon ground in (pierns turned by the hand. felt in the country during these times.* On the 8th February 1811. he sold them by pounds and ounces. on and when the waters were high. Kirkcudbright and county of Dumfries there was not as much victual produced as was neccssjxry for sup])lying the iidiabitants. who thought themselves very well dressed for going to church on Sunday with a black kclt-coat of their wife's making. W. and the grain dried in pot. Heron's olectiou. During these times when potatoes wero for in the stewartry of not generally raised in the country. wont in Scotland. very coarse. It is not proper for me here to narrate the distress and poverty that till were 1735. in 1795. his life was extended he reached the pjitriarolml age of ninety-four. who carried them on horses* backs to Edinburgh. groats. which continued first about the year In 1725 potatoes were introtluccd into this stewartry by William where Hyltuid from Ireland. The tenants '\n milk. made of waulkcd plaiding. with single-soled shoes." . there was.s ninety-first year. black and white wool Their hose wore made of white or blue mixed.

The estate of Arbigland Avas from the Earl of Southesk. who. ^ . that I. The produce was grey corn. In these times were also very low. in general. each. of Arbigland's father died in 1735. and produce wheat. Netherlaw sold to five score of five-year-old Galloway in good condition. William Craik. on walking over the sank as had trodden on new-fallen snow. without seeing any other grain. and he made bawbee baps of coarse occasionally carried in creels to the fairs of of the country in general chiefly bran. which he pursued. At that period there was only one baker in flour. Some if I of it he brought to such perfection. Anthony M'Kie Halliday. except in a gentleman's croft. employed his time in grazing of and studying the shapes of the best kinds —his father having given him the farm of Maxwell- town to live upon. in the parish of Irongray. which twenty-seven miles. which ho Urr and Kirkpatrick. little rent. At that period there was no wheat raised in the country it .. 12s. I have seen the tradesmen's wives in the streets of Dumfries crying because there was none to be got. younger days. I remember of being present at the Bridge-end of Dumfries in of when cattle. was very great. and yielding year. cattle some years after that date.40 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. cattle. At this period few of the pro- prietors gave themselves any concern anent the articles of husbandry — their in chief one being about black cattle. or £12 Scots. and old Kobert who was tenant of a great part of the Preston estate. which. an Englishman at £2. meal. 6d.000 merks. another third in white oats. The estate of Arbigland was then in its natural state. 6d. bought by his grandfather in 1722. Dumfries. very much covered with whins and broom. produced bear or big for one-third part. is and you might have travelled from Dumfries to Kirkcudbright. me that he is reckoned he could graze his cattle on his farms for say. being only about that undertook 3000 merks a That young gentleman was among the first to improve the soil and the practice of husbandry. 1736.i . what was used was brought from Teviot. Esq. Eighteen merks make £1 sterling. that his rent a head —that to corresponded to that sum. and the remaining third in grey oats. was believed that the soil would not for In the year 1735 there was no mill in the country first grinding that sort of grain. together with the care and trouble which he took in ameliorating his farm. and his son was a his man of uncommon accomplishments. told 2s. and pulverized so completely. stones. and the these bounds was built flour-mill that was constructed in by old Heron at Clouden. by clearing it off all weeds and surface. for 22.

bcluuging to a private gontloinan. labourers at 6d.ts luicc By in his first wife. probably to avoid some opposition on the part of the lady's relatives. February 24. ond in. and being asked. and were In 1703. and had his marriage solcmni. and the best masons at Is. submitted himself to reproof. a distance of twenty miles.jed in the ordinary form. William Ilaunay lie married. session of Buittle in relation to the Biiittk Manse. In 1749 I tlu- There was then no lime used for improving the land. lie \v. secondly. in the lands of wards conveyed to age of ninety. Agnes Maxwell. to the Session. 1770.JOIIX M \XWELL OF TFRRAUCnTY. Agnes Maxwell succeeded her brother. Mrs. practice of the Church. 1740. husband and wife. but not protlucing legal vouchers of their marriage. About the ycara 1737 and 1738 in thoro was almoat no lime used for building Dumfries except a to little shell-lime. and solemnly promising all fidelity to ono another as . they fine were formally married by the Motlcrator after which they paid their absolved. married. Mr. daughter of Mr. afitiir is The minute of the kirk: not without interest — Post Preces. they submitted to censure. John Maxwell of Terrachty and Agnes Maxwell of ^lunches called and compeared. made of cockleshells. acknowledged themselves married. and the upper storeys with brought from Wliitehaven in dry-waro casks. VOL. But Mr. of jier had day- day. She died childless in 1809. George ^laxwell. Munches and Dinwoodie. This was at ImiMin^ MoUance House — the walls of which cost £49 sterling. Agues. Maxwell executed an entail of his . daughter of the hiird "f The marriage was at first privately contracted. buniod at Colvend. and brought Dumfries in bags. the un<ler storey wus built with cluy. which she afterher husband. of Dumfries. who was unwilling to innovate on the usual Munches. 1770. n. when Provost Bell built his house. i*nly 41 uml one In Yl'Sh tluru wuiu twu carU fur hiro in the towu uf Duml'ticit. and all other dues genteelly. sederunt — Minister Mistris and Elders met in hunc effechon. lime. Maxwell. at the F In 1813 Mr. he had three sons and six daughters. Maxwell died on the 25th Juiiiuiry 1814.

he was a steady and sincere friend. she was succeeded by her son. frank. in John Herries Maxwell of Barn1858. and always ready to advance the interests of those offices. Charlotte. and the promotion of every plan for the improvement of the country. M. in 1813 her relative. Dinwoodie. the pursuit of agriculture.. who died on the 28th of June 1815. and Terraughty.D. : Dumfries. he relinquished the medical profession. She married cleugh. James Douglas. Alexander Herries Maxwell. he devoted the remainder of his days to the exercise of his accustomed hospitality. at the advanced age of ninety-four. the following inscription details his history Sacred to the memory of Alexander Herries Maxwell of Munches. social. eldest daughter of relict William Gordon of Greenlaw. by whom he had an only child.42 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. berry. daughter of who died young. Alexander Herries Maxwell of Terraughty and Munches married. Michael's Churchyard. On her death. first. Wellwood Herries Maxwell of Munches. In the lands of Munches. Mr. and warm-hearted. He was succeeded by his several estates in favour of his children. and retiring to the vicinity of his native town. son of Willjf^m Douglas of Kelhead. . useful Thus was his life extensively and his death most deeply lamented. Alexander Herries Maxwell was succeeded by his niece. Esquire. He married. in the metropolis. Marion. eldest son. Benevolent. who had any claim to his good After a residence of thirty-six years in London. in which he had been indefatigable. of William Kirkpatrick of Eae- She died childless. secondly. in the 71st year of his age. Charlotte. who practised as a physician On his monument in St. on the 14th April 1839. Clementina Maxwell.

in 129G. heiress of her father's estates. married her cousin. of After the battle of CuUoden. lady. wells of Kirkconnel clung to the ancient faith and on this account severities. with issue three sons. leaving an only child. William Maxwell. which in 1 84 1 was printed by the Maitland ( 'lub. James. Dorothy Mary. Prince of Wales ExjyecUtion to Scotland in 1745. to France tive . tlie Wliile. he escaped and. 'J'he funiily M. Thomas of Kirkconnel. younger of Kirkconnel. the Max. Germains.D. James. died on the June 1792. M. at the Reformation. 43 WILLIAM MAXWELL. and died on the 5th of February. the majority of landowners in southern counties embraced the Protestant doctrines. in his fifty-fourth year. supported the cause Prince Charles Edward. swore Edward I. the youngest son.D. series of pre- and taste. William. with issue." to Scotland . . while residing at St. of Maxwell of Kirkconnel descend from one of the older cadets of the house of Maxwell. Robert Shawe James Witham. In 1758 he married Mary. and Thomas. and his fealty to representative. which took place on the 23rd of July 1762. In 1750 Mr. Maxwell returne<l till he continued to reside upon his estate his death. drew up his Narra- of Charles. John Maxwell of Kirkconnel in founded tlic Al)l)ey of Holy wood the twelfth century. " The Narrative.W'JLIJAM MAXWELL. 1st of Thomas. succeeded to the Kirkconnel estates. several of the memhers were exposed to ecclesiastical James Maxwell.* ' rcnuvrks the editor. The This eldest son. second son of James Maxwell of Kirkconnel. youngest daughter of Thomas Riddell of Swinburne Castle. " cision is composed with a remarkable degree of the work of a private gentleman. iiiasmuch as rather to appear the production of a practised litterateur than who merely aimed at giving memoranda of a remarkable events which he had chanced to witness.

Cliambers's Life and WvrU of Bur m.44 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. a young lady whom. accompany him. and was one of the National Guards. Maxwell. and.. he became the physician's ingenuity and eloquence. In his eleventh year he entered the New College of the Jesuits at Dinant. if merit here you crave. hot€l. I That merit deny : You save fair Jessie from the grave An In the angel could not die. in In a letter to Mr. he invited him to dinner at his and begged that he would ask his friend Dr. chanced to pass through Dumfries on a that county. Having in Paris established himself as a physician. It was related of him that he dipped his handkerchief in the royal blood. George Thomson. the ' Poet experienced from Dr. which he had addressed to Dr. there attended the best medical schools. a clergyman residing in Meeting the Poet. Maxwell to Dr. iv. 173. Burns includes the copy of an epigram. visit to his brother. brother of a gentleman relation to the first who had been serviceable to the Poet in his Edinburgh edition of poems. . autumn of 1795 Mr. Maxwell assented . on the recovery from fever of Miss Jessie Staig. Pattison's son then a lad at the grammar school —related half a century afterwards much impressed with one of the company. in the parish of was born Troqueer in 1760. continuing in France. he had by his professional skill is "seemingly saved from the grave. vol." : The epigram in these lines Maxwell. in the Poet's words.^ During his last illness. John Pattison of Kelvinorrove. Maxwell 1854. present on the 2 1st January 1793 at the execution of Louis XVI. and there acquired the Poet's friendship. he commenced medical practice at Dumfries. that. September 1794. l)eing and Mr. in Eeturning to Scotland 1794. he contracted democratic opinions.

" Some time when Ixi weakness satisfied him that his ailment mijrht not arrested in its fatal course. On the occasion of the . his death-l>ed was by the Poet gifted of the Scottish now occupies a place in the Museum Society of Antiquaries. enough to carry increasinfj me to my grave.D. he was in his effort joined by Mr. the Poet's face assumed the aspect of discontent. also by Mr. which on to Dr. on the 13th October of the same year. The brace of pistols. Maxwell to accept at his hands a pair of handsome Excise pistols. Edinburgh. owing to feeble in Dumfries May 1834 for Greenhill. John Syme. But his professional skill to be recognised as overcame personal disadvantages. Maxwell was in his thirty-sixth year . 45 Dr.WILLIAM MAX HELL. Alas ! I have not feathers afterwards. Maxwell. sir . to and had renounced the family Jacobitism only embrace revolutionary sentiments even more widely obnoxious. and as he pro- fessed an alien faith. an unwearied attention. playfully he ejaculated. health. with a portion of his former humour. he laboured under no ordinary difliculties in maintaining his practice. not quite uneventful. he left Retiring from medical practice. first On Maxwell was the to this time Dr. as he felt himflclf the Poet remarked. Menzies of Pitfoddels. he l)egged Dr." move on behalf of his wife and children. Wluit business has a physician to waste his time on me ? I am a poor pigeon not worth plucking. they'll be sure to fall into the hands of some rascal. •lying. Dr. '* M. " Take the pistols. for. and he one of the most accomplished physicians came of his district. At the Poet's death. and half which he had lx)rne in his rides. Alexander Cunningham of Edinburgh. Mr. As the kind physician remonstrated with him on parting with any portion of his little property. if you don't. Curric relates that. the There he died residence of his cousin. and that his end was near. there is In connexion with their place of keeping a l>rief history. even greater than yourself.

given to Dr. On the 15th Sej)tember 1507 John Craig was witness to a legal discharge executed at Glasgow. with the result that both the donor of the pistols and his London censor were found to be at fault . to derive their Believed name from this locality. who was privileged to exchange them for those formerly sented to his physician. When the Bishop's gift was made public. and which the Bishop believed were those which the physician had received from the Bard. centenary of the Poet's birth. 1877. vol. Scribce Capituli Gla. ^ while. are named as joint possessors of the et Liher ProtocoUorum M. 1499-1513. MRS.<^gnensis. in con- nexion with a tenement at Kirkintilloch 1521. were purchased in 1834 by the his late Allan Cunningham. the Eoman Catholic Bisliop of Edinburgh. on the 2nd April Andrew Craig 216. presented to the Society a brace of pistols which had belonged to Dr. a writer in the Illustrated London News remarked in possession of that the Poet's pistols. Maxwell. the Craig family at Glasgow were formerly numerous. are East and West Craigs. Cuthberti Slmonis. Grampian . This assertion induced Bishop Gillis to institute an exhaustive inquiry. the 25th of January 1859. and w^ere.now widow. Finlay and ^ . eastward of Glasgow Cathedral. for neither the one set nor the other proved to be that which the Poet had pre- But the actual brace of pistols presented to his friend by the dying Bard were discovered and secured by the Bishop. presented to the Society. AGNES M'LEHOSE.46 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Dr. ii. Notarii Publici Clul). flow^s Adjoining the territory through which the Molendinar burn. who was his personal friend. Gillis. Maxwell.

. baptized on the 15th February and in the was translated to the Wynd.— J/'itnJineiito Univ. Mr.' the Early in the eighteenth century. Andrew's Church.* settled al)out merchant in Glasgow the year 1707.MRS. Baptismal Register of Glasgow. He died in 1724. Resembling his maternal grandfather. Aroused by his eloquence. Gram* i. daughter of Captain Robert Johnston. Parish Register of Glasgow. William. the populace menaced the city. summed up with the words. of Skermorlie. luiuls AGNES M'LEIIOSE. preached on a Fast-day appointed by the Commission of the General Assembly." a tumult ensued. mercantile community of Glasgow embraced many families of the name. daugliter of the Rev.' was in 1737 ordained minister of Cambusnethan. Mr. C'lark. merchant. Clark. Before being in 1702 admitted minister of the Tron Church. afterwards known as St. civic authorities.. . who studied at the University of Glasgow. spouses. Glasgow. * Register in iii. Fasti Ecd.* To Andrew Craig and Mary William and Andrew. minister of the Tron Church of that city.. 47 of Curdcn.' Andrew as a Craig. 11 . Rental Book of Diocese of Glasgow. vol. was not and decision guished for his pulpit elotjuence than by his extreme political opinions his of character. by his first wife Mary. Parish Register of ' Mr. Scot. published works on . College Olaag. " Wherefore be up and valiant for the city of God. whose daughter was grandless distin- mother of the subject of our present sketch. the Presbyterian government of the Church of Scotland also various pulpit discoui*ses. Bart. James Clark. in the diocese of Glasgow. Andrew Craig's nauiu apiKan in ^ tlie Glasgow. His second wife was a daughter were born two sons. of Sir Robert Montgomerie. 166. He esjiouscd Mary. about the age of sixty -four. ii. he had served the parochial cures of Inncrwick and Dirleton. and as a body held possession of the Clark Eminently pious. 1608. ' 79. and having in a discourse. he following year ' 1709. pian Clul). He strongly opposed the Union.

freely to disburse Gray and Parnell.^ As his able for his rectitude. with a memoir of his A second edition of his two volumes of discourses appeared in 1808. Lord Craig originated that literary conclave known as the " Mirror Club. lowing lines:— He thanks kind the heaven that made his lot no Why Sing should the muse.48 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.^ Andrew. in his sixty-eighth ycar. s Among the Lairig MSS. 1842. we present the fol- The earnings worse. and practised medicine in his native city. 24. 540. He died on the 13tli January 1784. advocate. . precision. ii. got without a curse So home he hies him. . now ' St. ' stern and bloody Why^nTthe praise of industry rehearse. short-lived poet. and fervour of the Life In 1767 he published An Essay on of Jesus Christ. Then takes his drink and lays him safely down. John Maclaurin. Nor without halfpence in his leather purse toil. ! However little. Kays Anderson's 691. 275. and in 1792 was raised to the bench as Lord Craig. for his piety. His was also painted by Eaeburn. of the day in ale so brown. p. . 1832." He was a principal writer in the The Mirror. i. Edin. first wife.^ entered the Faculty of Advocates. and as a contributor to The Lounger was chiefly instrumental in rescuing from oblivion the graceful and a judge he was also remark. ^"'"t"^" '^"^^ "^^^'^ -^"^"'^''^ «/ '^« ^"^^'^^ Its heartfelt pleasure and lalKjrious pain? of Jmtice. which was followed by other theological works. i. in warrior high ambitious the verse. Nor wants a loving wife his honest joys to crown." a humorous sally on 0." From Lord Craig's verses " On a Cobbler. qualified himself as a physician. in the University now the labour of the day is done. life. He married a daughter of the Rev. on the 8th July 1813. of Edinburgh are preserved "Poems by William Craig. ed. David's Church. 302-304 Scottish Nation. younger son of Andrew Craig. He died at Edinburgh. 8vo. and despatch he is one of the notables portrait included by Kay in Ediiiburgh Portraits. successively minister of Luss and of the Ramshorn. Of high literary culture. ]]ut Fasti Eccl.. Glasgow. by his Jean Anderson. also for the eloquence was remarkable his discourses. His eldest son William. Michael Bruce. sweet reward of how fairly won. Scot. afterwards Lord Craig. Portraits.

37. and became ancestress of the late Mr. Lilias. His younger brother. Mr. Alexander Finlay of Castle Toward. His father. The friend and correspondent of Sir Ismic Newton. A discourse from his pen. Maclaurin died on the 8th September 1784." entiUed "The Philosopher: an opera in two acts. Mucliiuiin's ancestors have His gnuulfatlier. father-in-law of Air. G . and wliilc in that city made the the Ministers' Widows Fund. iii. calculations in connexion with he wius transferred as Professor to the University of Edinburgh. and among Anderson's Scotti»h Nation. who possessed the highest mathematical genius. in John. John Maclaurin." the second "Tlioughts on Various Subjectts. and withdrew his paat^uinade. Of the marriage of I Andrew 38 . Daniel. Colin. comitostnl a satire against David Hume and John Maclaurin. surgeon. the Rev. " A glorying the Cross of Christ. was n judge 1788 appointed by the of Lord Dreghorn . II. the eldest children.' the mathematical treatises of the latter are much The Rev. 337-338. The first "Epigrams. Glasgow. . John Maclaurin was twice married. left 49 Ixicn traced to the island of Tircc. Both Lord Dreghorn and his father were copious writers. Craig. Mr. Antlrew Craig. ISIr. vclating in to- the Messiah. Tolume contains of Dreghorn. was author of sermons and essays also of a work on the Prophecies . in Of daughter married John Finlay. The Rev. minister of in l\iIniodan. celebrated. He apiHMin-d." obtained wide acceptance. horn kept a printing-press. the Works of Est). author of " Dooglaa. In 1708 poems for distribution his friends. Tiree for Inveraray. in two volumes 8vo." He afterwards numbered both writers among his friends.MRS." Lonl Dreg> John Home. at the age of sixty-one. The second daughter was Mrs. wife. he had nine these. assisted preparing a (iaclic version of the Psjdms. VOL.IGNES APLEJIOSE. writer 8. By bis first daughter of John Rae of Little Govan. John Maclaurin. one of the Senators of the College of Justice. after an eminent career as an advocate. Craig. was in his nineteenth year chosen Professor of Mathematics at Aberdeen. and distinguished himself by restoring that town from the desolation entailed by the civil wars. at which he printed Bruntou luul Hiiig's . he died on the 24th December 1796. title Professor Colin Maclaurin's eldest son.Vc/ifj/t»rj«.

burgh. his demeanour. a young lawyer in the city. Preface by Kev. Miss Craig's relatives entreated that she would not rashly form an engagement. and Mr. 2 vols. save the daughters Margaret and Agnes." Under ordinary circumstances. six months afterwards. James M'Lehose. who handsome person and a most insinuating address. 1860. Mr. Li the parish register of Glasgow the marriage words: — "1776. regularly married the 1st inst. .50 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Captain Kennedy of Agnes was born in Kailzie. mother when she was ten years She was her proved a further barrier to her judicious upbringing. Learning that she was to be sent to Edinburgh to a ])oarding. Among fell admirers was Mr. he ascertained all the time of her departure. she was very imperfectly instructed. She accepted Mr. Edinb. and engaged the seats in the interior of the stage-coach. who. Miss Craig allowed him to understand that his attentions were not disagreeable to her.' On her return from Edinsuit. while the death of her old. —James M'Elhose.school. writer in Glasgow. Works is recorded in these July. M'Lehose followed up his Remarking her preferred her predilection. all of whom died in Margaret. April 1759. possessed a The journey occupied a whole day. described known womanhood was disappointed in in childhood as " the pretty Miss Nancy. M'Lehose. excepting the one which had been secured to her. and died about a year afterwards. married. but to their counsels she offer of own judgment. the union might have proved J a Collected of Rev. Dr. and Agnes Craig. and at the early age of seventeen became his wife. imFascinated by proved the opportunity which he had purchased. 12mo. upon a stratagem in order to form her acquaintance. residing there. procuring an introduction to her. M'Lehose's marriage. Gould. in her nineteenth year. An extremely delicate child. born infancy. about 1752. Maclaurin were born a son and four daughters. John Maclaurin." and in opening as eminently beautiful.

By the law of Scotland the father entitled to the custody of his infants. . The whole consisted of in Moore. M'Lehose afterwards wrote : Only a sliort time had elapsed ere I perceived. is or at the mercy of her . was thought advisable by in my frienda which accordingly followed December 1780. his Mr.'s Bank. Carrick. on the east side of the Trongate. Bereaved and desolate. C)ur disagreements rose it to such a height.MRS. This settlement dated the 10th January 1781 interval. 51 Mr. M'Lehose had lost her first-lx)rn. investing her in his *' heritable and personal. that our dispositions. son of . five years senior to his wife. and chided her vivacity. and l)ecame cruel. M'LehoHc itssumcd as a lovor were not to the hu. But the pleasant manners l)e which Mr. the second storey of a tenement effects. which were of a high order. and sentiments were so totally diflercnt as to banish all hopes uf happiness. Mrs. that a separation should take place. relatives. executrix. children Mrs. At length he professed jealousy. happy one. tempers. Two were l)rought with her at the separation not long after that event a is fourth was born. she found shelter under her father's roof. husband. AGNES M'LEHOSE. of household and of a sum of £50 & Co. M'Lehose was deprived of her two of whom were lx)arded with her husband's youngest being entrusted to a nurse. three children.sljJUKl. Craig died in the By his settlement he constituted his daughter as entire estate. M'Lehose vigorously enforced. with itioxprewiblc regret. . the Mrs. for it became operative after a brief following year." John Craig. lie objected to liis wife's social tendencies. and that gentle- man hastened to execute a settlement which would prevent the of her possibility being left destitute. In a statement prepared for her friends. M'LchoHC seems to Imve had a satisfiM^tory business (toiinexion he was only and each party recognised in had been influenced solely by affection. and that which the law allowed Mr. and my husband's treatment was so harsh. repelled her conversational j^)wers.

and by the strictest economy made my little income go as far as possible. and asked her to proceed to Glasgow. couched in affectionate terms. M'Lehose had become reckless and dissipated. M'Lehose's prominent benefactors was Mr. The proposal was rejected. afterwards Lord Craig. the Rev. that from the Surgeons.. her cousin-german. the goodness of some worthy gentlemen in Glasgow procuring me a small annuity from the Writers. was now distressed how to support my three infants. The annuity from the Society of Writers was £10 . M'Lehose's father's brother.2 I again set out for Edinburgh with them in August 1782 . pp. vol. . and when she was deprived of her annuities on the ground that her husband's success befriended his relative from in Jamaica enabled * * him to support his children. and. as. Lord Craig supplied Glasgow Com. I found arrears due for These I paid. With my spirits sunk in deep dejection. £8. Reg. " none of my friends will have anything to do with them. Mrs. Ixix. In the year 1782 he resolved to leave the country.52 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the This excellent first. I their board." The narrative may be continued words : in Mrs. whose kindness no my grateful heart. and receive under her protection their three children. he proceeded thither. and by a missive. and in a letter addressed to her from London. became cautioner to the administration. William Craig. M'Lehose's own The income I left me by my went to father being barely sufficient to board myself.^ Mr. he added. The deficiency was always supplied by some worthy benevolent time can erase from friends. and one from the Surgeons. and. Among man Mrs. 48. while his father-in-law's settlement showed his him that his hope of relieving himself from finally obligations through his wife's means must be abandoned. William Craig. he bitterly reproached her. Glasgow to see them. begged an interview. 47. learning that his wife had removed to Edinburgh.

Potten-ow her rooms were low - roofed. Lord Dreghorn. — harsh l3eyond description. : " He used me manner unfeeling. at one of the darkest periods of my chequered life. in the language of astrology. : M'Lehose warmly I " Miss Nimmo can tell you how earnestly I had long pressed her to make us acquainted. it was found that she was nwide an annuitant. " God's creatures. was almost inevitable. M'Lehose and the Poet at a little At length she first acquired a correct style. Mrs. they seemed. she Iler early education Iwing now blended the instruction of her children with personal culture. you struck me with the deepest." That two persons constituted as were Robert Burns and Agnes M'Lehose should liave been mutually attracted. John silent. met alxjut tea-drinking given by Miss in Alison Sfjuare. having very small windows. M'Lehose rented first floor a small dwelling.ATRS. tlius generously upheld by one kinsman. Miss Nimmo. . M'Lehose wrote in a the language of compassion. the strongest. Ixiing the of a tenement in a court at the back of General's Entry. to . While Mrs. was cold and his For the worse than widowed daughter of to the Poet cousin-german his lordship had not even Respecting him Mrs. another. while he rendered accessible to her the Ixjst literary society. AGNES M^LFIIOSE. " ever could approach in the beaten way of friendship. Of all at her house With respect to the mutual impression produced at this meeting we I are not uninformed." At Edinburgh Mrs. She studied the best authors. MTiChose was Ma(. had a presentiment that we would derive pleasure from the society of each other. At his <leuth in 1813. Born in the same year. and. the most permanent impression. 53 Through his beneficence she wa« with her children duly cared for. were imperfectly lighted." To the replied Poet's letter containing these words Mrs. and composed in prose and verse with power and elegance. Chalmers's friend." wrote the Poet. the deficiency. and her son his lordship's residuary legatee. the 4th December 1787.laurin. circumscril)ed.

each loved literary correspondence and cherished the Muse. Thus passions." that he loved Arcadian names. continuing about three and a half months. and in each was the possession of genius mellowed by suffering. Between the invited and the inviter a correspondence ensued. and without trespassing beyond the bounds of that decorum which. Religion converts our heaviest misfortunes into blessings ! to be so. what length might I not have gone. I feel my it friend. but Mrs. all the energy of his ardent and susceptible nature. For some weeks the correspondents used M'Lehose fancifully adopted the their own names . On her part Clarinda evinced an early and unceasing anxiety. my peace. On the 1st January 1788 she wrote thus : Ah. it was to be anticipated hail the acquisition of his new acquaintance So he with did. to leave Edinburgh. life have entered under something of the same planetary influence. had I been permitted I should have forgot . destination. name of " Clarinda. so that she might elevate her correspondent from what she regarded as a state of moral indifferentism into the fervour of an earnest faith. and terminated on the 21st March 1788. future . subscribed himself The correspondence began on the 6th December 1787. was most especially to be observed. it My heart was formed for love. and I desire to devote to Him who is the source of . and fixed my happiness on the fleeting shadows below. which in the history of letters has become memorable. who remarked " Sylvander. The Poet was preparing accident. confined him to his lodgings.54 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the evening of which he had promised to spend with his new acquaintance." while Burns. to glide along in the sunshine of prosperity. but a severe which happened on a day. in the peculiar relations of the parties. Each discoursed eloquently and with feeling. have been broken and moderated by adversity conquer and if even that has been unable to my vivacity. my . Deeply interested in the compositions of one whose temperament much resembled that the Poet w^ould his own. naturally too violent for .

accept. wo shall surely meet in an " unknown will b« full scope for every kind." 55 whore there alloy. she scut him these Talk not. talk of Love. come not thou . but particularly the female. Tlioso of either sex. will one day bo my Judge. writes : Sylvander Your religious sentiments. Writing to the Bard on the 3rd of lines : Jtiiiuiuy.MRS. Y08. on some sus- picious evidence from some lying oracle. creatures reverence and humility in my Creator and Preserver. of Ixivc ! it gives mc : pain. And plung'd me deep in woo. . is much truth mia- constnied your friend. On the 8th January Sylvander uses these words I : am deliglited. If you have." things. you have. heartfelt affection —love without and witliDut end. ! Her smiles our dear rewartl. My - definition of . madam. My heart was formed to prove object be of those. state of being. For Lovo lijw been my He bound me in an iron chain. all who are lukewarm in into their that most imixtrtaut of secrets. I revere. The worthy But never The " Hand of Friendship " I May Heaven be our guard Virtue our intercourse direct. and who. " my soul. learnt that I despise or ridicule so sacredly importtint a matter as real religion. also of the 3rd January. foe But Friendship's pure and lasting joya . charming Clarinda. my Clarinda. . I have every rcaw)n to believe. . love ! AGNES M'LIiUOSE. with your honest enthusiasm for religion. worth short : and the humanity respecting our fellow l)re8ence of that Being. In a letter to Chirinda.

the my own bosom. me than life. and said. Do Thou direct to ! Thyself that ardent love for which I have so often sought a return. to yield ? the truth. Why should who know it " the Avay. what prostrate ruins in others I kneeled down before the Father of mercies. . ought this glorious " Prince of hands of Peace Without approach go to this. in which he recognizes Christ as " a Guide and Saviour." life. . reminded mc of a ruined temple : what strength. If She writes : God had it ? not been pleased to reveal His own Son." On the evening of Sunday. our blessed Advocate with the Father hesitate in putting their souls into the who. oflF. and am no more worthy to be called Thy son.56 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the 20 th January. but we can never believes and Him with the confidential tenderness of children. in vain. In a letter to Clarinda. expresses himself : dated 21st January. ." . Sylvander thus Thou. Avithout clearly . Whenever sincerely found in our hearts. in their senses. do Thou bless and hallow our bond and friendship watch . as our all-sufficient Saviour. our '* heavenly Father will Lmve compassion upon us. what could we have done but cried for mercy. In the same letter the Poet refers to that part of his creed quoted elsewhere. Thou knowest. we may admire This . the Creator in His Avorks. our to % Guide. Clarinda addresses the Bard on the doctrines of the Christian faith." life. On the 19th January he. is " I will arise and my Father. This is though a great way we. of love is dearer to . the blessed language of every one the wish is who trusts in Jesus. I have sinned against in Heaven and Thy sight." . any sure hope of obtaining But when we have Him announced as our Surety. " Father. in relation to a retrospect of his : addresses his correspondent thus My some life . what proportion ! in parts what unsightly gaps. from my fellow-creatures ! If Thy goodness has yet such a gift in store for me. as an equal return of affection from her who." " the religion of the bosom. and the deprive ourselves of the comfort is fitted Let my earnest wish for your eternal as well as temporal happiness excuse the Avith warmth which I have unfolded what has been my own fixed point of rest. whose I am and wliose are all hapless wreck of tides and tempests in my ways Thou seest me here.

«»ponil.^ It is rather a bad picture of us call — wrote Clarinda on tho 8th ^farch — that we Ought not the They daily blessings of in conversation. I fancy once or twice. Disarms ntlliction. 3rd February.MRS. 57 thnt unites our outgoings Jind incomingx for good. bo merciful to me a sinner 1 . copied at school. Clarinda wrote thus: O Sylvandcr. be henceforth our chief study and delight. usp. when suffering from the effects of your errors. may tho tic life.-*. spoken i)f Rolit'ion. Sylvander proceeds : Did you ever meet with the following darling topic •' : lines. are to l>o fonn*! in the ence with Dunlop lie also quoted theni early editions of Hervey's Meditation*. ' Bums VOL. foes pursue When wealth forsjikes us. . n . did you ever. and our honrts bo strong and indissolublo a« the thread of man's immortal Replying on the 24th of January. AVithin tho breast bids purest rapture Bids smiling conscience spread her cloudless I I sktefli" met with these versos very early in life. The warm interest I take in both those iwrhajw the best proof of the sincerity of my friendship. and when When friends are faithless. that have them by me. Writing to Clarinda on the evening of Sunday. and was so delighted with them. or how oft have you smote on your breast and cried. iinur Tis thisy my friend. there are two wishes upperreligion . or stills the smart-. as well as the earnest of its duration. . My dearest friend. tlipsc lines in hia corr<?.H Mr. may the friendship of that God you and I have too much neglected to secure. over MS in nil AGNES M'LEI/OSE. II. most in my breast — to see you think alike with Clarinda on and to see you settled in is some creditable line of business. On Ood the 27th January she used these words: Tell me. or when 'Tis this that wards the blow. or repels its dart rise. are most prone to upon God in trouble. that streaks our morning bright 'Tis this that gilds the horror of our night! friends are few.

answered in these words : I have already told you. and I again aver it. that at the period of time alluded to I was not under the smallest moral tie to Mrs. could have encountered . and occasions ! times and on While this correspondence between Sylvander and Clarinda con- tinued. how such a man is likely to digest an accusation of " perfidious treachery. you will survey the conduct of an honest successfully with temptations. and at several strangers were present. the Poet visited his correspondent about ten times. Not unhappily for their reputation. have been scope for the conjecture that these meetings were attended with levities. and preserving untainted honor in situations where the austerest virtue would have forgiven a all his fall . peace. 0. can hardly hope to feel much comfort in that we may be judge. except it relented. M'Lehose as " perfidious. health. in a letter dated at Ellisland. But when Clarinda in terms less and addressed her poetical correspondent harsh. made an acknowledgment of falsehood. even with half his sensibility and passion. ought not those to awaken our constant Giver of filial all ? I imagine that the heart which does not occa- sionally glow with love in the hours of prosperity. not long in after he had described her to Mrs. without ruin and I leave you to guess. One of the visits was brief. all the powerful circumstances that omnipotent necessity was busy laying in wait for me. Burns . benefactor." . my dear Sylvander enabled to set Ilim before us. 9th March 1789.58 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. as our witness. at all flying to God all in the time of distress. At the other interviews in close the parties were alone. friends f'ratitude to the . nor could I then know. competence. not a single individual of kind. the Bard. nor did I. there ensued between the correspondents a temporary alienation. situations that I will dare to say. the man struggling most powerful that ever beset humanity. Poet's marriage with Jean The Armour. since she declined to receive any reply. The communication which she made her accusa- tion remained unanswered. madam. and had they in continued amity there might." led Clarinda to charge him with deception. view of the Poet's ardour. "When you call over the scenes that have passed between us.

and when she was just about to embark. M'Lehosc a £50. And she had the further discouragement that. written in February 790. At length he was thrown into a and his mother and other relatives in Scotland sub- scribed for his liberation. Complete reconciliation followed.MRS. When Mr. inisconstrues him. 1 AGNES M'LEHOSH.om])lains of his correspondent's menace to preserve letters. At Jamaica Mr. 59 in a letter to Mrs. lie also gave his wife an opportunity of rejoining him in his Mrs. but the dissipations of the mctrop>lis attracted and overwhelmed him. when informed that William. and sttiled for Jamaica November 1784. months after she had consented to leave Great Britain. she had a letter island. bill had died for in August 1790. At length. debtors' prison. In November of the same year the correspondence was renewed and. still M'Lcliose. in lie complied with the condition. M'Lehose at Having consulted her relatives. he probably intended to leave the country. alleging that yellow fever prevailed in the and that the negroes were in revolt. written in August 1791. The Poet. whom for three years learned that. ." and promising punctually to defray the cost. the parties met frequently. But she determined not to . he liis (. From her husband's mother. during the Bard's visit to Edinburgh for a week subsequent to the 29th November. M'Lehose prospered. he first enclosed to Mrs. his youngest child. for the support of his children. though her circumstances were straitened. from her husband. length resolved to comply with the invitation. accompanied by the request that she would educate their surviving son "at the boarding-school for young gentlemen. whether by his wife or by Lord Craig. asserts that she In another. she visited in Glasgow. he had not communicated with her. on the express condition that he forthwith emigrated. she new home. M'Lehose proceeded to London in 1782. but for a time he was silent to every appeal made to him.

In February 1792 Mrs." Before sailing Mrs. " Ae fond kiss. remember this life is a short passing scene ! Seek God's favour —keep His commandments — be solicitous to prepare for a happy eternity ! Then. and then we sever. with the Poet. I trust. on the ways of Heaven.60 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and judgment must be convinced that they accord with the words of Eternal Truth.. my of her dearest sir. Mrs. bliss. Read my former letters attentively let the religious tenets there j-^our expressed sink deep into your mind accurate meditate on them with candour." ! . 25th January : 1792. dated Edinburgh. Kingston in April. M'Lehose sailed from Leith in the which the Poet intended to have sailed It arrived at Roselle^ the vessel in for Jamaica six years previously. I have a few things to say to you. In a letter to him. but. And now adieu May Almighty God here. M'Lehose communicated with the Poet in an earnest strain. This took place on the 6th December 1791. she had a final interview voyage. So and doubtful it was the Roselle you were have gone in ! I read your letter to-day." to . and hence made arrangements for her In prospect of her departure. though his demeanour became less repellent. He received his wife coldly. but Mr. . because " the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth. as the last advice ! who could have lived or died with you I am happy to know . of your applying so steadily to the business you have engaged in but 0. M'Lehose allowed some time to elapse before he entered an appearance. and sooner or later we shall have our reward. reflected deeply . put aside her resolution. M'Lehose could not regard with com- . was his well-known song beginning. things or holy men : Laugh no more at holy remember that " without holiness no man shall see God. . bless you and yours take you into His blessed favour and afterwards receive you into His glory. and on the 27th of the same month the Poet despatched to her three set^ Among these of verses in allusion to the contemplated separation.. we shall meet in perfect and never-ending . To us they oft appear dark and but let us do our duty faithfully. she writes Now.

re-cniharkcd on the Roselle. A further letter from the Poet. he enjoyed a large income. addressed to her from Castle Douglas on the 25th June 1794. parting with her husband lx)artl amicahly. M'Lehose handed to his wife at parting the sum of twenty guineas. For many years.MRS. but the decree." as friend's feelings with her husband. She also sutterod personally from the climate. as Chief Clerk of the Court of Common it Pleas in Jamaica. In a suit which she raised against him in the Court of Session. But a balance of several in hundred pounds which belonged to him the hands of Messrs." and about the same time he produced an expression of his his song " AVandering on being reunited Willie. M'Lehose returned to Scotland. he inquiries as to her welfare made through Miss ^lary In March 1793 he Peacock. owing to her husband's al)sence from the Court's jurisdiction. and therewith a To this letter she made answer. congratulates her on restored health. the anniversary of his last meeting with her. . new edition of his poems. more especially in a letter written on the 6th December. So. M'Lehose obtiiined. Mrs. after his decease. was happily received In affectionate remembrance of Mrs. but her communication has not been preserved. after a three months' visit. M'Lehose survived till March 1812. a judgment allowing her a yearly aliment of £100. Mr. sent her a copy of a characteristic letter. in March 1797. M'Lehose. London bankei-s. and asserts the writer's deep interest in her welfare. the his family. Gl less his owiiiiipj placency his hursh treatment of his slaves of children — still by a coloured she mistress. but the expenses incurred for his son's board he did not liquidate according to his promise. liimHclf ftithcr AGNES AVLFUOSE. yet no portion of was received by the mcnibers of Coutts. and in August reached Edinburgh. Mr. repeatedly After Mrs. proved ineffectual. the Poet composed in the summer after her departure his song " My Nannie's awa'.

became loss of all the Signet. are so graceful and ornate as to excite regret that she had not further indulged the poetic vein. Mr. M'Lehose quitted lier dwelling in the Potterrow for a house in the Calton. and married. Her stanzas commencing "Talk not of love. to which an invitation was regarded as a special honour. M. Clarinda is He too has passed away. After a period. Andrew M'Lehose. more befitting her position. he died in 1839." attached to her effect. Mrs. and are in no respect inferior to verses from his Clarinda's letters are unrivalled own in pen. son. Among those who specially rejoiced in her intimacy were Mr. has deprived Mrs. save one. and the race of extinct. Mr. Both in prose and verse she composed with marked Verses. A desire to shine in the fashionable drawing-room rather than on the printed page. her animated and intelligent conversa- tion rendering her a favourite in every assembly. C. M'Lehose. and Mr. any compositions of the ancient or modern. Eobert Ainslie. in her eighty-third year. well-written A memoir of her. James Graham. she experienced sorrows Her only surviving and two children. introduced to her by Burns. so towards the close of her career. her surviving grandchild. She was much literary persons in society. She died on the 22nd October 1841. Her " Fugitive memoir by her grandson. For forty years she gave an entertainment on New Year's Day." are embraced in nearly every edition of the Poet's works. Mrs. sort. author of The Pleasures of Hope. W. James Gray of the High School. Passionate they are. — often vehemently . accompanying her correspondence with the Poet. was produced in 1843 by Mr. predeceased by his wife Chastened by the her descendants. M'Lehose of that celebrity which she would certainly otherwise have enjoyed. Thomas Campbell. so. Her prose is exquisite.62 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. As at the commencea Writer to ment. author of The Sahhath. M'Lehose latterly cherished a pensive retirement.

in regard to her correspondence with him. A great dinner at Oman's. her hands and Short in stiiture. she the upwards of fourscore. all Should to be there. l)ut these are due to the effervescence of a fervent nature. dated Gth December 1831. tlie rocolloction of wliicli would influence me were I to live till fourscore Bo assured 1 will lu'vcr snflfir oni! of them to pi'tisli. M'Lehose survived the Poet forty-five years. invisible I In her Journal. Bums in may we age meet in heaven ! To the token. and delicate. she has the can never forget. IM'Lehose was beautiful an<l her form was graceful. she writes: like — "Burns's birthday. never more meet in this world. told in the numlxjrs of Pamdise. and are wholly innocent. an spectator of said of that great genius. She never Writing to Mr." —" This day following : In another entry. as that I over conceived the most distant intention to destroy these precious memorials of an acquaintnnco. deep attach- ment. under the 25th January 1813. forgot him. licr G3 its close yet from the hcginniiig of correspondence to there is not a plirase or expression which we could desire to alter or could wish unwritten. John Syme shortly after the Poet's : death. Wliat Mrs. Mrs. M'Lehose.MRS. AGNES M'LEHOSE. feet small age Mrs. the sentiments of : — the heirs of immortality. She uses phrases expressive of strong. It collection of Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe she in old contributed a volume which Burns had presented to her as a parting inscribed thus was a handsome copy of Young's Night ThcmghtSy " To Mi's. this poem. Iler features were regular and pleasing. fully presented is respect- by Robert Burns. and to the last cherished Poet's memory." old To the verge of engaging. to Parted with the year 1791. she proceeds Wliat can have impressed such an idea upon you. Oh. her . M'Lehose thus expressed was actually lived till fulfilled .

James and John. and a well- formed mouth displayed teeth beautifully white. her complexion her cheeks ruddy. Melrose.64 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. And born in Parysse certainly. ye Hye Kerk. On the wall of Melrose Abbey are inscribed these lines callit : John Murdo sometime was I. baith. " John Macmurdie in Dunscore in the lands of Cubbentoun as and others. JOHN M'MURDO. Of Nyddisdayll and Pray to of Galway. eyes lustrous. now commonly known Macmurdestoun. John was succeeded by is his son who in a retour. fair. dated 27th October 1602." Of Robert's latter of two Robert and John. sons. Of Glasgow. be added that those only who have not studied her character and read her letters. He had two sons. to keep This holy kirk fra scaith. the . And had in keeping al mason werk Of Sant Androy's. will ever venture to express towards her memory a single word of censure or reproach. This simple memorial-stone preserves from oblivion the name of an for- ingenious artist whose existence would otherwise have been gotten. and Paslay. All who had the privilege of meeting her were charmed with her society and it may . On the 25th July 1565 the Commendator of Melrose his heirs a charter of the lands of granted to John M'Murdy and Cubbingtoun and Ferdinmakrery. God and Mary And sweet Sanct John. served heir of his father. Robert. the latter continued the representation of the family.

Thomas succeeded her father at Lochrutton . he had four sons.' He died 4th April 17G8. Family tunibstonr. . Damfrie*. and was elected a magistrate of that burgh. daughter of James Douglas of Dornock. Alison. I VOL. John M'Murdo. and Thomjvs Jean. William. in who 1 740." Anna married. also six daughters. of whom Catherine. i. William. George. but his promising career was checked hy an early death he died on the 19th November 1720. 596. led Iuh pariHhionere as volunteers in support of the reignin«( house an<l of the ProtcsUnt faith. whom was in 05 In 1715 the 1702 admitted minister of Torthorwald. at the age of thirty-nine. Susan. factor for the Earl of Mansfield. Scot. the Ettrick Shepherd.JOHN M^MUKDO. Mary Blacklock. and Thomas Tudor became one of the ministers of Dumfries. by sons.r and Christina married Mr. and whose Walter Phillips. he was assiduous in fulfilling all the pjistoral <lutie«. Michael's Churchyard. chandise at The sons George. secondly. II. and the Elizal)eth died unmarried. minister of Lochrutton she died on 20th July 1824. without issue . leaving five sons and throe daughters. was some years chamberlain Duke of Queensberry. . daughter of William Charteris of Bridgemoor. James M'Murdo. St. .' Margaret was wife of James Hogg. George Duncan. His son. Philadelphia. . I 602. whom Robert and William. Rev. died 6th February 1754. the younger sou. Iwrn in 1716. with an ardent loyalty. Eminently pious. who died 25th September 17G4. the Rev. first. eUlor brother of the minister of Torthorwald. He espoused. Robert M'Murdo to Charles. By his wife. Fnsli Efcl. who 8ist<. He manied. Dr. Mary. John. 4th June 1770. Henrietta. succeeded to the representation of the family. settled as a brewer in Dumfries. he had two Mary Muir of Cassencarry. married the Rev. William. FaMi Bed. one of the daughters. " ' ' Scot. of Drumgaus. and Robert engaged in merLiverpool Henry was ordained minister at Ruth well . Inglis.

named composition and compared to Parnassus. as a small even this half opportunity of scrawling off for but honest testimony obliged how truly and gratefully 1 have the honor to be. Kobert M'Murdo of Drumgans died on the 27th June 1766. to St. by the compliment. have philosophy or pride enough to support me with unwounded indifference against the neglect of file my more dull to superiors. your deeply humble servant. rested at Sanquhar. he became offices known Burns through the good early meetings Mr. beginning. being right in front of him as he journeyed. verses sent were the song in praise of his wife. that I could not you the enclosed. Sir. and there committed to paper some verses for transmission to Drumlanrig Castle. the course of a journey from Ellisland to Ayrshire. held office as chamberlain to William. son John forms the principal subject of the present sketch. At one of their M'Murdo presented in the request that the Poet Gratified would favour him with some of his unpublished verses. even . . Michael's Churchyard. M'Murdo's remains were consigned at the age of thirty-one. keep ray vanity quite sober under the larding of their compliments but from those who are equally distinguished by their rank and character — those of who bear the true elegant impressions of the Great Creator on the richest materials notices — their little and attentions are didst to me amongst the first earthly enjoyments. the merely rank and of noblesse and gentry — nay. I literally en passant. of Captain Riddel. sir. " I The in the Oh were on Parnassus hill " —the conical hill of Corsincon. Dumfries. Duke of Queens- Kesident in the Castle of Drumlanrig. IWi November 1788. where she is commemorated His by a handsome monument. The honor thou my fugitive pieces in requesting copies of them resist is so highly flattering to my feelings and poetic ambition.66 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. suitably inscribed. letter : The Poet accompanied his song with the following Sanquhar. for I am just baiting on my way to Ayrshire. the Poet. John to M'Murdo berry. — I write you this and the enclosed. Mrs.

I can tell you. the rhyming tribe are not ungrateful I recollect your goodness to your humble guest — I see Mr.-ijiocit ot |)raytT of season for you.' tlio —two blessings. was wife of Colonel de and was also addressed a this who commanded friends. 2nd May 1789. Drummadam. M'Murdo my ! adding. is the Dumfries Volunteers. add another cubit to our stature on being noticed and late visit to applauded by those whom we lanrig has. her father being sister Provost Blair of Dumfries. often a worthless creature. on my fancied elevation. by the which your rank docs not wife and fine family Injing almost the only gootl things of this fiirm-house and cottage have an exclusive right.hlund wedder. That strange. with warm emotions and ardent wishes It may be it is not gratitude. one of the Poet's letter. dated 0th Januarv 1780. M'Murdo presented the In Poet. tin . to the politeness of the gentleman. Mr. given me a balloon-waft up Pamassua. M'Munlo entitle life and your family you. Peyster. the followini^ New Yenr's Day. he enneludes iu these words : With tlie — not the compliments. was originally known Iler as Jane Blair. honor and respect My where.JOHN M'MURDO. that one cannot see real goodness and native worth without feeling the bosom glow >vith sympathetic approbation. the kindness of a friend. but — thu In-iit wihhis. at least it may be a mixed sensation. what sensitive plants How we shrink into the embittered comer of self-abasement when neglected or contemned by those to whom we ! look up ! and how do we. in whose praise the Poet expresses himself so emphatically. to years with Mrs. M'Murdo Burns which dated Ellisland. that you may see many happy by. shifting. witli a IIi<. and heart swells as it would burst. MS. creatures. Til 67 rcf'Ofrnition of hw politeness. acknowledgiiif^ the gift Burns transmitted to the donor another song. M'Murdo. which Mrs. easily imagine what thin-skinned animals. in erect importance. doubling animal man is so generally at best but a negative. A letter therewith sent. a to lovinj. In com- munication he writes thus You cannot jwor Poets are. I regard my poetic self with no small degree of complacency. To : Mrs. . Surely. with all their sins.

and his Henry two years to their father's 1793. Burns embraced the oppor" tunity of celebrating his friends in his " Election Ballad thus : M'Murdo and his lovely spouse !) (Th' enamour'd laurels kiss her brows Led on While the Loves and Graces heart. Burns paid his visit manse." to correspondent's "obliged and A contest for the Parliamentary representation of the Dumfries for Burghs had been agitating the county many months. " Look boys. from the survey of his features they were diverted brilliancy of his conversation. Thomas Tudor Duncan of Dumfries. at Mr. M'Murdo opened the way to his social comfort by preceding his advent with some friendly letters. And he remembered his father's words to them. Burns. played his part Among their wives and lasses. all-conquering. the Rev." Obeying the paternal counsel. constituent the Duke of Queensberry. the Poet left Ellisland for Dumfries. About thirty years ago the present writer was informed by the late Dr. his The Poet subscribes himself grateful humble servant.68 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Our informant was older. Mr. for you'll never again see so great a genius. as to the interest excited in his early home by brother first the Poet's visits. When. the Poet experienced much kindness and hospitality. they gazed earnestly at till their visitor. George Duncan From this reverend gentleman. a younger son of the minister of Lochrutton. in sixteen. by the power and . espoused by his M'Murdo vigorously supporting the Whig side. Among those addressed by him was his relative Anne M'Murdo's husband. situated about six miles to the south-west of Dumfries. in December 1791. : She won each gaping burgess he. w^hen. Mr. well. whose manse w^as of Lochrutton.

joirN M'lrrrRDO. and his kindness as a friend. Will Mr. ]x)cts now can or afterwanis. any man. the or of itself Independent of consciousness of your as I superiority in tho rank of man and gentleman was too. Nor ever daughter give the mother pain ! A his month or two later the Poet. . M'Murdo do me tho favor to accept of these volumes hi^li t a trifling but sincere mark of the very respect I boar for his worth as a man. life. furrowed by the hand of . . established his At his new home the Poet waited on him. . his manners as a gontlemnn. in two : voliimos. but to owe you money was more than I could face. one honest virtue. to which few pretend. — The Author. However inferior. Nor oven sorrow add one silver hair O may no son tho father's honor stain. and tlie now owe a shilling to man obligations your hospitality has woman either. . March 1793. with a view probably to educational residence in the vicinity of Dumfries. have I ever paid a Truth. reduced to pecuniary straits. IM'Murdo a loan of " three or four guinetus correspondent sent liim : six guineas. to . . M'Murdo. . requested from Mr. with this inscription DuMFRiBS. laid me under. which he repaid in December. fully as much could ever make head against. A set reached Mr. cart. I trust I shall ever claim as mine — to no man. facilities. whatever his station in or his |K>wcr to serve me. compliment at the expense of During the summer of 1793 Mr. I may rank as a poet. and during a window-pane these lines ^ : his visit inscribed with his diamond on Blest be M'Murtlo to his latest day ! No No envious cloud o'ercast his evening ray wrinkle. M'Murdo «|uiucd Diunilainig. and. Tlic co in Poet's E«linl)urgli edition wiw reprinted 1793. with the remark I have owed you money longer than ever I don't I owed it ..

—Amid the profusion of compliments and addresses. have the double novelty and merit. thus communicated with her in prose " : Madam. In the same packet the Poet sent Mr. On the M'Murdo is family tomb- stone in St. aged eighty-eight. her memorial written on the also. Esq. gentle fruits. and accomplishments which however my devoirs. her husband he trusted in her. In transmitting to Miss M'Murdo a copy of his verses in her praise. at the By his wife he was long survived she died on the age of sixty.70 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Dumfries. M'Murdo in loan " a Col- lection of Songs " composed by members of the Crochallan Club. of being . respected. and through grace was privileged is first to exemplify that wisdom which and easy to Cometh from above. in a letter dated July 1793. Mr. she in the following inscription Sacred to the : commemorated memory of Jane Blair. who departed this life on the 19th of April 1836. for They rise up and call her blessed . . fairest maid was bonnie Jean. full pure. in her 88th year. deficient now bring you. widow of the late John M'Murdo. . hearts of her children. is Blair were born the subject of the Poet's ballad commencing thus : There was a lass and she was fair. Honoured. the Poet. then peaceable. M'Murdo died at Bath on the 4th December 1803. permit me to approach with may be their consequence in other respects." " Kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation. "The memory of the just is blessed. Of the marriage of John M'Murdo and Jane seven sons and seven daughters. 19th April 1836. Jane. in these frivolous hollow times. which entreated. Michael's Churchyard. At kirk and market to be seen When The a' the fairest maids were there." she leant upon Jesus as the Lord her righteousness and her strength. the eldest daughter. which your will age.. sex. and beloved. be of mercy and good without partiality is and without hypocrisy.

sillily straying to another. finger a lesson. of which the most popuhir " Phillis the us. I t Were I to poetise on the would call them butterflies of the human kind. a prtjtty juut likeness of Miss M'Murdo in a cottage. or humane subject. she Miss Philadelphia M'Murdo was celebrated was born 11 th March 1779. frivolity which threatens universally to pcn'adc the minds and life. and . manners of fashionable degenerate sex. beauty. ray young madam. I flatter myself. Every composition of so I this kind must invention have a scries of dramatic incidents in have had recourse to my let to finish the rest of my WUad. I think. 4th (lied She . and speedily by wintry time swept to that oblivion whence they might as well have never api)eared. anything? They laugh. madam. without a meaning ami without an aim. The personal chartiiR. sing. John Inncs rnnvfonl of Bellfield issue. which every man who has himself the honor of being a father must breathe." It was composed. may you. the from one blosvsoming weed iiio idiot idle variety of their ordinary glare. pootic 71 and sincoro. or i)erliape turn over the parts of a fashionable novel. the ingenuous naivete of heart and nuumers in my heroine arc. generous. October 1799. prey of every pirate of the skies who thinks them worth his while. \\\ the enclosed ballad I have. the musical editor of Johnson's to Museum. though it may ymga by the rougher and more what are they t are they The mob prattle. is she about the year 1839. that entitled Queen o' the Fair. So much from the [weL Now me atld a few wishes. — may yours be a character dignified a rational and immortal Jane M'Murdo was born on the 13th Septeml)er 1777. be something Ixjing. and distinguished oidy by. and innocence about to enter and very precarious worhl. ardent. who as liad been engaged to give musical lessons Mr.JOHN M'MURDO. of fashionable female youth. the Poet informs out of compliment to Mr. marrietl. dance. as he wings his way by them. a beauty. M'Murdo's daughters. the subject of at least is four of the Poet's songs. Stephen Clarke. May you. remarkable only for. hit off a few oat- linos of your i><)rtniit. the purity of mind. Amid this crowd of nothings . when he into this chcciucrcd escai>o tluit sees female youth. second daugliter. without Philadelphia Barbara. it. but are their minds stored with any infor- mation worthy of the noble powers of reason and judgment 1 or do their hearts glow with sentiment.

born 18th February 1781 ruary 1785 . where he and his who died young. born 15th July 1790 and Arentina Schuyler de Peyster. and latterly of the Dumfriesshire Militia. is a When the Volunteer movement of 1859 assumed a national and permanent character. born 5th April 1794. are commemorated on a ftimily tombstone. served as major in the 27tli Eegiment of Foot. . — Charlotte Melville. M'Murdo's sons were Robert. the eldest son. . Colonel Archibald M'Murdo married Catherine Martha Wilson. Archibald William. became an served as colonel the Indian army. born 28th Feb- Charles. 3rd January 1806. and William Ferguson. Archibald. He died at Dumfries on the 11th October 1829. Norman Lockhart of Tarbrax. born in 1815. Montagu. and his important service in this connexion was afterwards acknowledged by his receiving a public testimonial. born 24th May 1786 . She had fourteen children. Mr.72 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. second son. Archibald. Michael's Churchyard. His remains were consigned to the family burying-place in St. born 25th April 1771 Bryce . a Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy. he was appointed colonel of the Dumfriesshire Militia. a younger son of Colonel Archibald M'Murdo. born 9th August 1791. On retiring from the army. . accompanied Bach and Ross in their Arctic and Antarctic expeditions. born 5th September 1783 Eebecca . he was appointed Inspector-General of the Force. Blair. at the age of fifty-four. born 18th April 1773. born 20th June 1788 . officer in with issue six sons and six daughters. Barbara Douglas. the third son. also a daughter. John James. born 9th March 1775. Douglas Veitch. member of the house of Lee and Carnwath. he died in 1868. born 4th June 1782. a married. Ann. general in the army. The other daughters of John M'Murdo were Mary Veitch. and died 5th September 1825. wife. John.

in his born 3rd November 1717. Therein he writes An unknown hand which VOL. left ten guineas for the Ayrshire bard with Mr. he succeeded iu placing the institution on a substantial basis. 73 PATRICK MILLER OF DALSWINTON. I since have discovered my gcncroiis unknown friend to be K . Embracing the nautical Patrick Miller visited in connexion with the merchant service various parts of the world. was born at Glasgow in father's second son. In 1761 he was elected M. the county of Ayr. third son of William Miller. for the burgh of Dumfries. second baronet. was called to the Scottish Bar in 1742. afterwards that of Lord Glenlee. Ballantiue : of Ayr.P. Mr. 173 L Thomas. in nnd giantlson of Matthew Miller of Glenlee and Barskimming. Patrick Millek. and raised the office of Lord President. Eager in extending his patronage to persons of merit. the fifth baronet. and in 1766 was advanced to the first Lord Justice Clerk. he acquired the important status of a country landowner. He died in 1789. now represented by Sir W^illiam Frederick Miller. \ I SWINTON. The first monetary donation which the Bard received genius proceeded from in a letter in compliment to his his liand. profession. Elected deputy chairman of the Bank of Scotland. and largely prospered. and was appointed Lord Advocate legal dignity of title 1760. Purchasing the lands of Dalswinton in the valley of the Nith. Sibbald. The Poet alludes to his liberality to Mr.K ( V />. Writer to the Signet. William.PATRICK MILLi. was a judge by the Tlie baronetcy is of Lord Glenlee. dated the 13th December 1786. to He was in 1788 created a baronet. II. title Ilis son. At he assumed the judicial of Lord Barskimming. Miller hailed Robert Burns on his arrival in the capital. He afterwards settled as a banker in Edinburgh. I got.

brother to the Justice Clerk. Burns had gone to Edinburgh with a view to with another person of obtaining employment in the Excise.74 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. That meeting did not ensue. river. and the structure was reduced to ruin by King Kobert the Bruce. the Scottish regent. so could not wait on you at Dalswinton about the latter end I — . Ballantine on the 14th January 1787. an advantageous bargain that may ruin me. There was some series of gravelly holm-land which adjoined the ascending towards the and a terraces hills. The interest. entire lands. they appeared both to owner and prospective tenant. have been on a tour through the Highlands. yet he I give me. Patrick Miller has been talking Avith me about a lately some farm or other on an estate called Dalswinton. Miller. encouraged him to rent a farm on his estate. and arrived in town but the other day. hill But the during the estate. Esq. and have promised to meet Mr. Patrick Miller. which he has bought near Dumfries. am take a tour by Dumfries as I return.. Miller to favour no judge of land . On the 28th of September the : Poet communicated with Mr. estate which Mr. soil Dalswinton estate presented fine of two sorts. Miller had acquired possesses an historic the old castle of Dalswinton "Within had resided Sir John Comyn. first week of June 1787. as. and though I daresay he means me. they together walked over the They parted under promise that they would have a further meeting upon the soil about the end of August. Miller on his lands some time in May. fired with the notion of further connecting his lands eminence. Some life-rented embittering recollections whisper me may to that I will be happier anyAvhere than in is my old neighbourhood. Writing to : Mr. but Mr. and drank a glass of claret with him by invitation at his own house yesternight. and partially clothed with plantations. in his opinion. but Mr. were out of heart. and so and holm. after his slaughter of its proud occupant. Miller in these terms Sir. the Poet remarks My lease of generous friend Mr.

Meanwliile the Poet proceeded to Pertlishire. about a ploughgang. and within that time . But it must be reniemhijuself only notion of housekeeping had been derirad fmni his exi>eriences at LiK<lilea and Moaagiel. tro<^)p warmth of my in the welfare of your little to be again. Thei-e is something so suspicious in the profeasions of attachment from a to the gnitoful little man to a great heart. and till did not get your obliging letter to-day I came to town. I was still more unlucky in catching a miserable cold. still if I get Iwtter. Miller in these terms Edinburgh. as a friend aiul benefactor. : he communicated with Mr. strongly in I my Ijosom ]krohibit8 the most distant instance of ungrateful to disrespect. there to visits to fulfil some which lie had pledged himself. for which the medical gentlemen have onlered me into close confinement " under jmin of death " — tlie severest of jienalties. and that hb on a farm of forty Scottish acrea was sutiicieiitly modest. Creech. should I unfortun* you at Dalswinton. which will save me a jaunt Edinburgh again.PA TRfCK MILLER OF DALSWINTON. know not how to do justice when I would say how truly I am interested of angels. In two or three days. of AugUHt. that I your obliged humble servant. suppose you will have your sclumo The Poet concludes a As I postscript to his letter in these words till : am detcrmine<l not to leave Edinburgh I wind up my matters with Mr. . Sir. I will take a ride to last.si^ttled shall certainly witli wait on you. Returning to Edinburgh. that you are at Dolswinton. perhaps your factor will be able to inform roRjx'ct to me of your intentions with to the Ellisland farm. and if I hear at your lodgings directly. luid when fricniU I had f(*w and bonofuotors none. itM 75 1 liud i>runiiHetl and iiitciuletl. sir. — I wa> spen«liiig a few ilays at Sir William Murray's.* in a pleasant * The Poet's idea of beiug able to support bered that he was still untnarried. wluit I owo you for the I past. I Dumfries From something in your I would wish to explain my idea of being your tenant want to be a farmer in a small farm. IiulfiKundont of any views of future cotinoctiuuH. and how ima-h I have Uia lionm man. 20//i (kUA)er 1787. which T ately miss nm afraid will be a tedious business. as by this time respect to your farms. am I informeil you do not come town for a month I still. Ochtcrtyre.

— . also considerably productive and the farm of EUisland. These are my views and I shall be wishes . poets. Bankhead. poetic ground and besides. Mr. I only joining personal industry. to be reclaimed under the skill and management and liberal expendi- ture of experienced husbandmen. Miller's land-steward. were destined to excel as sweet and vigorous and the former to become one of the Bard's biographers. pleasantly lying on the south or right bank of the Nith. I hear that happy to rent I shall certainly be able to ride to Dalswinton if about the middle of next week. remarks " When I purchased this : estate. I have no foolish notion of being a tenant on easier terms than another. From the outset Burns It preferred EUisland. Miller's proposals.^ ^ Miller Writing on the 24th September 1810. one of them. wheat-producing haugh Three farms were severally gone over. Glenconner. I had state not seen It was in the most miserable . 'tis but justice to the feelings of my own heart. and the opinions of my best friends. sir. to say that I would wish to call you landlord sooner than any landed gentleman I know. like an old-style farmer. you are not gone. In examining the lands. John Cunningham. whose sons. Allan and Thomas Mounsey. each being placed in the Poet's offer —Foregirth.76 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. accompanied by a Mr. and entertaining generally Mr. under the auspices of a good landlord. Burns and Mr. and tit only corn. it. embraced upwards of one hundred acres —part holm and part croft land. about five-and-twenty years ago. the latter suited for potatoes and But every portion of the ground. Tennant at and attached friend. he in the following- February made a further inspection of the skilful agriculturist. as of the other farms on the estate. as any I ever saw mean living soberly. at all is To find a farm where one can live not easy. country. . and The banks of the Nith are as sweet. and in whatever way you think best to lay out your farms. a . Before the end of autumn the Poet revisited Dalswinton . was in a wretched state of exhaustion. his early soil. the former adapted for wheat. chiefly in respect of its eligible situation. Tennant were attended by Mr.

ami all the tenants in i«vcrty. that thou meant never to return to liotiM. becoming a tenant on pamphlet. and a precipitous bank which overhung the river. Twini a was so much disgusted I for eight or VeMtl. 8?o. Miller's remarkable as contiining the following of exhaustion. 1812. He the granted a lease of seventy-six years. in com- menced a series of experiments naval architecture and the propul- sion of vessels. per acre. In letter. —or guns with chambers. 13. But Mr. In 1786 he constructed a vessel with wheels. Miller was actively pushing forward his naval invenfolio In February 1787 he printed at Edinburgh a containing a description and drawings of a triple vessel. While negotiating with the Poet as to his estate.PATRICK MILLER OF DALSWINTON. ing and enclose the lie also reserved to himself a right to plant a belt of two acres to shelter the farm on the north-west. Miller's pamphlet Plan. <if U amd entiUeU. Fully cognizant of the neglected condition of the soil. wlien I iufomi you that oata turt 0/ Dun\frif*»hirt. tutd pp." Otntrai Vitw <^f Judge of the first. which. of his invention. and of -Sweden. Mr. folio. Wheel*. he received from the King an autograph l)y a gold box which contained a packet of turnip-seed. in the year 1785. . — the wheels being driven by capstans. A practical mechanician. upon the holm grounds. Miller arranged with the Poet on terms which seemed not unreasonable. which subsequently rendered him con. first from which sprung the Swedish turnips grown his in this countrj'. 77 Mr. fitted up with paddlealso armed with carronades.spicuous. III. purchase.' Mr. at a rent of first fifty pounds for three years. THe <j/" When I went to view my EleraiioHf Trijile Section. I Mr. on their declinature presented accompanied Gustavus acknowledgment. * ready to bo out were sold at 258. revolving in the channels between the vessel's three hulls. or l)y i)addle-wheels. propelled either by sails. Edin. tions. sentence — : pamphlet ** is chiefly I have also the Agrintl- this country. and worked by manual labour. — he offered to the to Government of the day. tcith Sxpiama' ten days. Miller had. agreeing further to give his tenant three hundred pounds to build a new farm-steadfields. and seventy for the remainder . five masts.

On the 26th December the new steamer tugged a heavy load on the canal at the speed of seven one of the boats used upon the Forth and Clyde Canal. In a com- munication to the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Mr. In 1788 Mr. in 1785. Miller was indebted to Mr. Miller engaged William Symington. employed at the Wanlockhead lead mines. may be applied reason to believe that the power of the steam-engine to work the wheels. and afterwards assisted him in his experiments. In experimenting he was much hampered by a law then in force. became tutor to two of his sons. which regulated the proportion of breadth to length in merchant vessels. This vessel he described as sixty feet long and fourteen and a half feet broad. when driven by five men at the capstan. when the boat was propelled at five miles an hour. dated 5th December 1787. But Mr. an accomplished scientist. and conFor the suggestion as to sequently to increase that of the ship. to make a which he had provided on Dalswinton Loch. and so prevented his adopting a suitable proportion. an experiment was made in October. propelled at a speed of from three and a half to four and a half miles an hour.78 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. . is preserved in the Andersonian Museum Encouraged by the approval of his friends. Miller was considerably wedded to his own method of propelling his wheels by cranks wrought with hand labour. The small steamengine used on the occasion at Glasgow." the application of the steam-engine. steam-engine capable of driving the two paddle-wheels of a double pleasure-boat. with one paddle-wheel. Miller purchased and employed the Carron Iron Company to construct a steam-engine on the i^lan devised by Symington. Mr. which. a mechanical engineer. James Taylor. who. he detailed the experiments he had on the 2nd day of June preceding made in a twin or double vessel in the Firth of Forth. so as to give them a quicker motion. The engine being duly fitted.

mind week's excursion to see old acquaintance." This opinion was well founded. IIiul liin 79 is energetic measures continued. I have sold to my landlord the to take a lease of my farm. he finally quitted the occupancy in December 1791. and ratchet wheels. a busy Still fiend. which produced a jerking and jarring motion. produced in 1801 the first practical crank to the paddle- steaml)oat. Of this we are informed which he addressed to Mr. Peter HilL To : that gentleman he writes I may perhaps sec you about Martinmas. From the outset Ellisland farm had proved to the new tenant an incubus and a snare.^nn of steam navigation.PATRICK MILLER OF DALSWINTON. the Charlotte Dundas. Taylor he stated that he had that ** become satisfied all Symington's steam-engine was the giving motion to improper of steam-engines for a vessel. . and a skilful application of resources which it was not in his power to Entering the farm in June 1788. . and. fatal alike to of power and to But economy Symington persevered. making work his selfish craft must mend. its adopting Watt's double-acting engine. Miller's kindness has ear. Miller would have become permanently associated with the c)ri. but this for your private His meddling vanity. durability. miles an hour. Mr. Mr. and as I roup off everything then. Mr. it not uncertain that Mr. for in Symington's original engine the motion was communicated from the pistons to the revolving shafts by a combination of chains. Miller became purchaser of the by the Poet in a letter lease. Prior to October of the latter year supply. I have a . But of a sudden he abandoned most his expcrimentH. with wheel. pulleys. Miller's well-intentioned experiment of providing on his estate for the national Poet was not more fortunate than his effort in improving navigation. . In a letter to Mr. The land required a process of enrichment he was unable to provide. been just such another as Creech's was.

at the advanced age of eighty-four. tions. heart does honor to human There icas a man whose benevolence of time. humble servant. as a nature. do your most me the honor to accept of this honest tribute of respect from. Miller profited by the Poet's Mr. in a venal sliding age. Mr. his neighbour. became the purchaser of EUisland for the sum With Mr.80 111 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Miller continued first to exercise the inventive faculty. Miller's eldest son. when I was your vile incense of is dependant . of £2000. and there deposited in the Greyfriai-s Churchyard. and his estate He died at Dalswinton on the 9th December 1815. In the Whig he w^as elected member for the Dumfries . liberties of my country my veneration for you. From the agricultural in he received presents of two silver vases token of appreciation and honour. indebted. Now that that connexion at sir. —My poems having just come % out in another edition. removal. as a gentle. Mr. sir. SiK. a letter in these terms : He accompanied the gift by Dumfries. He a contrived the drill plough used in this country . and a new plough. stands forth the champion of the .pril 1793. one essential respect Mr. Latterly he wjis pecuniarily involved. Maine. an end. who. He was an ardent cultivator of societies jijrass. Miller the Bard continued to maintain friendly relain the spring of When 1793 was issued a new edition of his poems. His remains were removed to Edinburgh. one of the copies which he received from the publisher he presented to the laird of Dalswinton. A. this language then would have been very like the flattery — I coidd not have used it. mortgaged. for on the 19th of November 1791. Patrick. man to whose goodness I have been much indebted and of of my respect for you as a patriot. will you do of me the honor to accept of a copy A mark my gratitude to you. He also introduced the feeding of cattle fiorin on steamed potatoes. also threshing-machine pmpelled by horse power. served as a captain interest in the army.

R«)bert Kelly. I have the honor to be. aa L VOL . the celebrated Mr.." the Poet communicated a copy to Captain : preceded by the following note Dear Sir. the National Wallace Monument w»a fonndeil on the Abbey Craig. custodier. that acconqtanieil by reiiiarkiug II. Nor niuikle Kjieech pretend . Wallaoe'a death in 1S55. "T1h» Five Carlincs. which I really think is in my ' best manner. etc^ Proiiiisi'. I If Wiuliiti liecliL' Ihcin rutirlly giftji. Some time ode of Miller. Wad ne'er desert a friend. Qeueral Sir James Maxwell Wallace. became the prop«'rty of his brother. that I could not forbear sending you a composition of my own on the subject. is on a subject which I know you by no means regard with Liberty. 81 1790. the heroic daring of liberty. the former meml^er. the Geneial handed the framed autograph to the writer. If 800 tlieir pleasure was. present the suksequent By of a son of Captain Miller the sheet to was presented Wallace a letter. after he had composed his Scots wha hae. When on the 24th June 1861. beauty to the sun. in opposition to Sir James In the ballad of Jolinstonc of Westcrhall. the Mtnie bht'ct a copy of the ode of " Scotti hae" in tlie Tort's liandwriting. But ho wad hecht an honest heart. —The following ode indififerencc. bearing on family to which the S<-otti»h IHitriot belonged. '• in the autumn of 1793. dear sir.PATRICK MILLhk burglis at the gencriil election in (>/' UAL^WIN iuN. Thou mak'st Ciiv'st the gloomy face of Nature gay. the writer uott> to wha may be allowed in a history. the MS. he was the pio|»cr On Mr." he is hy tlie Poet celebrated thus: Then noxt came in a nodger youth. who had it suitably framed and enclosed. u head and roprraeoUtivp of the ' In connexion witli this letter.T. and pleasure to the day. nio«l«8t grace. to It does me so much good meet with a man whose honest bosom glows with the generous enthusiasm. And sjmk wi' An' he wad gao to Ix)n'on town. M.

Perry encouraged the member for Dumfries to offer him an immediate appointment on the literary To Captain Miller's letter the Poet replied in staff of his journal. whose honor. offer is indeed truly generous. he. In the ." . tion. theory Scott Douglas seems to representatives the autograph was again brought wha hae. with exhibited a in under the auctioneer's hammer. Mr. present hurry of Europe. let In the meantime they are most welcome to it my only. Thallon died on the 12th May 1882. after your character of him. the very existence of nearly half a score of helpless individuals —what ode . Burns's Works. at the price of twelve pounds. merchant. —Your it. General Sir James Wallace died in "for General Washington's birthday. these terms : Dumfries. possessor ^ The present view to Stirling its being permanently is unknown. Not long afterwards Captain Miller brought the Poet's claims under the notice of Mr. was by his executors exposed to There was considerable competito Mr. and by his which Mr. it public sale. vol. with a Not unaware view to his making a literary settlement in London. and unknown me.82 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. individual. safe he will give me an address and channel by which anything come is from those spies with which he may be certain that his correspondence beset. known in ]m-t to Dr. New York. if Mr. to them insert if as a thing they have met with by accident. returned the MS. encumbered as I am with the welfare. to When in in 1863 the writer left In the Library edition of Burns's Works. the reside London. Scott Douglas. My prospect in something at least it is. Mr. Against . 143. Nay. Perry of the Morning Chronicle. at to the his editor. and not having expressed in writing special intention as to any the the disposal of autograph. I cannot will doubt. this but it fell Robert Thallon. . and which the whole was recovered in 1872. of his poetical celebrity. here referred to was that composed by the Poet custody. Currie. I dare ^ not sport with. and were I an insular of children. My Dear accept it. the structure. Mr. and most sincerely present situation I find that I dare not do I thank you for but in my You well know my political sentiments. with tlie services. iii." a composition only of 1867. have forgotten. 194 vi. that the ode which accompanied the Poet's previous letter to Captain Miller was that of " Scots there arises the fact. unconnected with a wife and a family most fervid enthusiasm I would have volunteered my I then could and would have despised the Excise is all consequences that might have ensued. nothing but news and politics will be regarded but secretary of the Monument Committee. Sir. . suggests that the ode General's request. November 1794. Perry. I will now and then send him any bagatelle that I may write.

of Eggington Major Miller's first wife . With the most grateful esteem. secondly. fixes the chain. and elegance. which I propose sending into . seek Scotland all over. He married.. To oijual young Jessie. is a high treat indeed. with a numerous was the recipient of several compli- ments from the Poet ill probably the best known being the four lines merit to the physician for her recovery from " an which lie denied all a fever. Jessie ^liller died in 1801. dear sir. by his wife. Hall. declaring that angel could : not die. the Poet's friend. which. have long \\vA it in my to try my hand in tho way of little prosu cH. Matilda Gumming. I am ever. . which lifUviMi . and my reward shall be. father. at the age of twenty-six. served in the Royal Hoi-se Guards.hcmhI ficMtn. afterwards real printed separately. I'erry shall welcome . Major William Miller. to these medium of some mwKpaiHr l>u and Mhould these be worth all Mr. I my little oiwiMtiince up an idle column of a iiewspaptr." He died on the 26th February 1845. leaving three sons and two daughters. and after his retirement settled in Dumfriesshire. fetter her lover. second son of Patrick Miller of Dalswinton. n^:iinsl the {)crhap. Derby. you seek it in vain CI race. by tho byo. .sayM.PATRICK MIIJ. the world through thu his while. to anylxnly who has the least relish for wit. Captain Miller represented the Dumfries burghs election in 1796. first. a daughter Edward Every. he claimed that his father should " be held and acknowledged as the author of the modem system of navigation by means of steam.FR OF DALSWINTON.s till 83 may head days of peace. hia treating mo with his jmper. beauty. Jessie." On another occasion he thus celebrated her charms To itjual young Jessie. etc. And maidenly modesty Mrs. but the estate was afterwards In a paper contributed to the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal of July 1825. second daughter of Provost Staig of Dumfries of Sir issue. till the general He succeeded to Dalswinton on the death of his sold.

and on the 24th June 1713 was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Dunfermline. younger of Dowhill. On the 28th June 1677 he was charged before the Privy Council with frequenting VII. John Moore was a member derived descent from the house of Mure of Rowallan. and Lord Provost of the liberty city. 588. Mr.^ November Mr. . ii. is unsupported by evidence.^ evangelical section of the Church. commonly made by Scottish biographical writers. short ministry of twenty -two years. he was an earnest and vigorous his public usefulness expounder of the sacred volume. and on the the charge. was. 679. that the family of which Dr. a relative of this gentleman. In a letter to the writer. Scot. A Captain Charles Moore served in the siege of Londonderry in 1689. remarks that " there for is not the smallest ground families. By the same Presbytery he was appointed to the second charge of Culross. though was marred by an eccentric manner and a peculiar utterance. subjected to 1 FoMti. Eccl. on the 27th October 1727. JOHN MOORE. John Anderson. Charles Moore married at Kilsyth. II. 2 Ibid. he died in After a 1736. Mr. translated to 10th May 1715 was ordained to Attached to the From the Culross he was on the 19th February 1718 second charge of Stirling. 679. an Irish surname. In the cause of of Dowhill civil and religious the family of Anderson were conspicuous sufferers. Marion Hay. Moore. by the Government of Charles and James much persecution. merchant in Glasgow. a modern form more ancient More. daughter of John Anderson of Dowhill. grandson of Dr. Mrs. An assertion M. John Carrick-Moore of Corswall.." suspecting any connexion of the between the is Moore. Charles Moore. ii. born at Armagh about 1690.D.84 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. migrated to Scotland as a private tutor. Moore's grandfather.

M. he was amerced of Edinburgh a £500 Refusing to make in the Tolbootli payment. Jamiarj. he held . eight successive years the office of f. preacliings. " Mrs. he materially impaired the family By her marriage -contract. 387 406. Of the marrinije of Mr. vol. his child wtis baptized fichl 85 and as he admitted tlmt and that he penalty of liad by an minister. also for her benevolence and piety . but she was chiefly adorned by the domestic and virtues. devoting herself to the careful instruction religious upbringing of her young and fatherless children. Moore's " lands and other subjects are named as having been disponed to her husband as tocher. ing. 54. Ihf Chiirrh. Subsequent to the Revolution. committed to prison under a eharge of rebellion. tlli^i^'W. along with a large influential £2000 Scots. in which she was liferented. ActB. was possessed comprehended capital of in the time of his marriage. . it was shown that Mrs.' a revenue derived from the proceeds of her huslmnd's With estate. Mrs. in attended sterling. of' . Charles Moore and JMarion Anderson wore born three sons ' — John t. 8vo. baptized 14tli oi May WckI row's History ii.ord Provost of Glasgow also he was largely elected in Member of rarliament for the city. dated 25th Octol)er 1727. Miriing.1737. for nearly four months imprisoned he was liWrated on consenting to pay On the 25th July 1G83. he was . Moore's personal estate was an annuity of 200 marks. while Mr.D.' By embarking resources. She llav died on the 30th July 1778. the Darien scheme. Moore after her husband's death took up her residence in There she became known for her vigorous understand- Glasgow. but on the production of the instrument in the Commissary Court of Stirling. he was.JOHN conventi<de8. onnmssary Court lionk xxx. Moore at death. iii. and her small personal annuity. 3G0. subsequent to his decease. 1829. indulf(e<l nrnoRF. also of his of a 9000 marks.. : Charles. number of other for prominent and persons.

four daughters. afterwards fifth Duke of Argyle. Middleton. who died in infancy. and died young. and THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. married. born posalso thumously. 8th August 1785. and Mary. John. introduced to the hospitals in connexion with the British army in Flanders. at the age of seventy-seven. Glasgow. then quartered Flushing. and Charles Barbara. who introduced the manufacture of cudbear and Turkey-red dyeing into that city. the eldest son. merchant. a son of the marriage. minister of the first charge of the parish. he studied chemistry under the of Edinburgh. Moore is described as boru iu the year 1730. on the recommendation of Dr. to the at office of assistant surgeon to that regiment. acquired celebrity as inventor of the caoutchouc raiment manufacture. baptized 9th October 1728 Anne. So early as his seventeenth year he was. Charles Macintosh. Born at Glasgow on the 29th December celebrated Dr. baptized 17th February 1731 .86 1732. and latterly He acquired lands at Campsie.^ a At the High School of Glasgow. discovering remarkable aptitude for learning. . Soon afterwards he was. by Colonel Campbell of the 54th Regiment. Jean. Director-General of Military Hospitals.^ One of the daughters married George Macintosh of Dunhatton. Ill all * the biographies. and died 4th March 1817. without issue. he ' Stirling IJaptisinal Register. was born at Stirling. Marion. Returning to Great Britain on the conclusion of peace in 1748. minister of St George's Church. colonel of the Coldstream Guards. he entered upon the study of medicine at the University of that city. Alexander Hamilton. Glasgow. and afterwards prosperously first conducted a waterproof manufactory. Ibid. at Manchester. Black 1766. . Dr. at Glasgow^. baptized 16th March 1735. and died on the 25th July 1843. baptized 26th December 1733. and on the 7th December 1729 was there baptized by the Rev. appointed by the Earl of Albemarle. William Porteous. baptized 20th May 1737. Dr.

and Italian. but this work was received less 1781 A favourably. With the Duke. requested him to attend his step-son. Gordon. the young Duke of Hamilton. his early patron. was appointed surgeon to the housch<jld of Lord Al])emarle. the eighth Duke of With nobleman he remained on the Continent till several years. In the metropolis Dr. in foreign travels. an eminent city. his View of Society and Manners in France. Dr. Mr. Moore returned to Glasgow to l)ecomo the partner of his early friend. and Germany. a married man. and was translated into French. then in his fourteenth year. in order to the attainment of . Moore obtained his diploma as M. Encouraged by the success of in his first enterprise.D. he issued Italy. German. he readily accepted the charge. attend the hospitals of that city. 87 and proceeding to Paris to at the French Court. in 1777. from the University of Glasgow. the Accordingly. also in View of Society and Manners in two octavo volumes. and in the following year published.D. as an author. attained his majority. and the father of scvend Moore was not quite reconciled monotonous duties of a medical practitioner. he proceeded to the Continent. early in 1769. prosecuted medical study in London . Moore was selected to attend the brother and heir Hamilton. Duke of Argyle. Smtzerland. to the Though some years children. From its vivacity and intelligence this work commanded wide acceptance. Mr. medical practitioner in that Subsequently he became associated in the medical practice of Professor Hamilton of the University. In the following year Mr. of his deceased this pupil. Douglas. Moore had. but by the death of the young nobleman a few months afterwards the connexion was abruptly dissolved. He removed his family from Glasgow to London in 1778. continuing his companionship the Duke. when. In 1772 Mr. M. now ambassador After an interval of two years.JOHN MOORE. in two octavo volumes.

any considerable medical practice. A correspondent of Mrs. Moore before I wrote to idcci. in which he discourses on several important topics relative to health and disease. I shall try. you . The letter. like a merchant's order. as a gentleman waited on ten guineas.88 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. every day since to 1 received yours of December 30th. 1787. he learned through that accomplished gentlewoman as to the appearance of the Ayrshire Bard. He writes : I wished to have written to Dr. —Mrs. constantly pressed on I my thoughts. Dunlop has been so kind as to send me extracts of letters she has had from you. and I am one of " the sons of little To write him a mere matter-of-fact affair. however. on the part of Lord Eglintoun. the the wish to write him has it. Sir. which is undated. but though. with way of subscription for two copies of my next edition. Those who have felt the anxieties and solicitudes of authorship . to write to him to-morrow or next day. he issued in 1786 a volume entitled Medical Sketches. little would be disgracing the character I have . Dunlop. settled soinewliat late in life. Moore. Moore's recent letters to her. the Poet communicated with Dr. proceeds thus : Edinburgh. by me the other day. His kind interposition in my behalf I have already experienced. together with her assurance that a letter from the Bard would yield him satisfiiction. illustrating his subject by pleasing details and humorous and sarcastic sketches. Dunlop on the 15th January 1787. yet I could not for my soul set about men. and to write the author of the View of Society and Manners a letter of sentiment —1 declare every artery runs cold at the thought. Probably within the time indicated. extracted from Dr. where you do the rustic bard the honor of noticing him and his works. Dunlop communicated to him some expressions in eulogy of his verses. In a letter to the Poet. Writing to Mrs. in order to show that he had not abandoned his profession for literary studies. Burns expresses his difficulty in concocting a letter to his new admirer. Mrs." know his fame and character. But. dated 30th December 1786.

with the other good qualities of a he has not tho irritable temper ascribed to that race of men by one of their own number. M . the rustic inmates of the hamlet. if any of writi-rs. and Lyttleton and Collins described tho heart for distinguished poetic fame. my ambition was. in considerar tion of my admiration of tho poems in general. 1787. for the freedom I use with cortiiin expressions. I must forgive her. Dunlop. all If I may judge of the author's i)oct. that feeling sensibility to all the objects of humanity. while ever- changing language and manners shall allow I me to be rolislied and undcrstuod. — I have just received your letter. are not all I admire in your works . for transmitting to you extracts from for my will letters to her. either moral or I ix)etical. plousuru it gives to bo noticed in such a firHt Your criticisms. common. January Sir. sir. however. from what is may have seen men and manners in a ilifTertMit pluisis Still. which may (»f assist originality of thought. am in sorry they inoHtly conio too lato Itave altered. are intimately acquainted with the classes I mankind among whom I have chiefly mingled. only I 89 jutlgcs I kuuw what chnracter. Indeed. and my strongest wish is. by much too freely and too carelessly written your perusal. whom you have the happiness to resemble in ease and curious felicity of expression. 23rti. know very well the novelty iK>lite my character has by far . and have made me oflcn regret that I did not soe the VOU II. to pleaso my compeers. disposition from his works. — I am not vain enough to hope Dr. can only of tho M.JOHN MOORE. I receive . ond the inde- pendent spirit which breathes through the whole. however original and brilliant ami lavishly scattered. For my part. and Shenstone and Gray drawn tho tear . give me a most favourable impression of the poet. I hoym. am very willing to admit that 1 have some poetical abilities and as few. an unsubstill stantial dream. would certainly is. where Thomson and Beattic have painted the landscape. manner by with reverence. Moore replied in these terms : CuFFORD Strbbt. were gone to the Tho hope to bo admired for ages by far tho greatest part of those even lirst who are authors of repute. as you forgive mo.D. in consideration of her good intention. . tho iKwtical beauties. the love of your native country. a (leccant {KiHsngc or two that press. tho greatest share in the learned and notice I have lately had and in a language where Pope and Churchill have raised the laugh. by which I find I have reason to complain of my friend ^frs.

I have only to add that. it which she wrote on reading your : " perhaps may not displease you While soon " the garden's flaunting flowers " decay lie. I obedient. would be kept alive by the memory common friend. for you. nobody can have a warmer regard of our for that gentleman than I have. a young " Mountain Daisy : poetical lady. nurst. the late Mr. I am informed. interests himself very much beg to be remembered to him . which. and was quick to apprehend and appreciate aught . when I was longer in Scotland than I have been for many years. Before I received your letter. I rejoice very sincerely at the encouragement you receive at Edinburgh. like that lonely flower the poet rose. am your humble servant. of adverse fortune burst Indignant. with every sentiment of esteem. I have been trying to add to the number of your subscribers. independent of the worth of his character. ! from rude affliction shield thy Bard His heaven-taught numbers Fame herself will guard. in leaving his country. a sonnet by Miss Williams. enclosed in a letter to . poems. By genius in her native vigour On nature with impassioned Then through the cloud Scotia look he gazed ." cherished by the ray A Ah. Moore's letter. soil 'Mid penury's bare and bitter gale : He felt each storm that on the mountain blows. George B[annatyne]. ever Nor knew the shelter of the vale. poet drew from heaven. and the most cordial good wishes. had not quitted her recollections. who. discovered a correspondent in perfect accordance with his heart. The Poet had. He found in him a Scotsman. the certain effect of which would have been my seeing the author last summer. and in the patronage of Dr. and in light unborrowed blazed. but find that many of my acquaintance are already among them.90 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. I I think you particularly fortunate who. shall never die. I sent. Blair. And scattered on the earth neglected The " Mountain Daisy. in the tone of Dr.

I scorn the affectation of seeming I modesty to cover self-conceit. I have nothing to ask from the and I do not fear their judgment . not surprising that you improve in correctness and taste. nor cuuld boast anytliing higher than a distant acquaintance with a coimtry clergy^Icre greatness never embarrasses me . Moore's communication he replied thus EDiNBURon. two characteristic features in her poetry —the unfettered wild flight of native genius." I only know what pleases me. 16//i Feb. January 23rd. Dear Sir.JOHN MOORE. often without being able to tell wliy. and at its proper jioint of (elevation in the eye of the world. 01 honour anil tlie prosperity of the deserving of : To Dr. The correspondence so auspiciously begun. great. but I see with frequent wringiugs of heart. polished by learning. 1787. but genius. Imve borne me to a height untenable my abilities. return her in my name my most in kind. For the honor Miss Williams has grateful thanks. 28/A Feb. please. . . 1787. M.D. wliich teinlod to lier lier sons. he now. sir. but have more than once thought of paying her idea in hopeless dcsjKJndency. which for several reasons. — Pardon my sceniing uoglect me in I iu delaying so long to acknowledge the honor you have done your kind notice of mc. some belonging to the head. I done me. I have pretensions to critic lore there arc. considering where you have been for some time past. — Your letter of the 15th gave me a great deal of pleasun . this of late I frequently moot with. give : mo a great deal of pleasure. I think. genial physician In forming the acquaintance of in Scotti^li Bums. and others the little offspring of the heart. knew no other employment than following the plough. And I dare swear there is no danger of your admitting any polish which might weaken the vigour of your native powers. had obtained an experience J lis ninil life altogetlior next letter proceeds : Clifford Street. That I have some merit do not deny character. the actively followed up. and the querulous^ sombre tenderness of " time-settled sorrow. I have hitherto quitteil the had never before heartl of her. but the other day I got her poems. Revered Sir. that the novelty of my and the honest national altogether prejudice to of my countrymen. Not many months ngo man. and tremble at its approach.

to give to her. and is of course a proof that your writings are son. who left Scotland too early in life for recollection. no doubt. of to am ill skilled in beating the sir. an affectation which tion displayed with most ostenta- by those who have the greatest share of falsehood to disgusting vanity. if you chance to pass soon by Dunlop. school. and shall rejoice at every piece of good fortune that befalls you in for you are a very great favourite of. This union of taste partly proceeds. Moore's volumes. Mrs. from the cement of Scottish partiality with all somewhat tinctured. and sent the one you mentioned covers of Dunlop. my and this is a higher compliment than perhaps you are aware It includes almost all the professions. writes to My youngest me that he is translating some stanzas who is at Winchester " of your " Hallowe'en which they are into Latin verse for the benefit of his comrades. I have sent you the former edition. I 23rtZ Api^il 1787. is so ample. proceeds thus Edinburgh. I thank you. and along with these four volumes yourself I have also sent my Medical Sketches. gratification. for friend. what have in common with the world is but to regard these volumes mark of the author's friendly esteem. and which only adds of your undeceiving For you to deny the merit poems would be arraigning the fixed opinion of the public. your obedient servant. pleased with your book. a still more supreme fortnight. As the new edition of my View of Society is not yet ready. for by sea to the care of Creech. The Poet read Dr. Dunlop of Dunlop. which I beg you will accept as a small It is sent mark of my my esteem. Creech. Creech delivered personally. you have done me.92 I THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. imagination for metaphors gratitude. or. to !Mrs. — 1 remain. it. to his publetter Mr. which Mr. am glad to perceive that you disdain the nau§6ous affectation of decrying is your own merit as a poet. in one volume. self-conceit. to hear that your subscription . for the honor it. : to proceed to London. is Even your not Avithout translator. and confided lisher. I received the books. a in acknowledgment of the That letter. with great sincerity. I am happy family . and my as a latest is hour will warmly remember I To be highly . This you will be so obliging as to transmit. I leave Edinburgh in the course of ten days or a and after a few . who was about gift. adapted to various tastes and situations.

No kind of jjoetry demands more his delicacy or higher Horace is more admired on account of is But nothing now added Odes than all his other equal to your " Vision " and " Cotter's imager}'. have fonned many intimacies and friendflhips hut I am afraid they arc all of too tender a construction to hear carriage a humlretl antl fifty miles. that I took twelve copies for those subscriliers. over. which to indulge. the rich. returned to If once this tangent flight of mine were circle.D. however.JOHN MOORE. pilgrinmgcR ovor some of tho claBsic M. my 93 ground of return to Coloiloniii. To ." "Green Grow which the Rashes. the latter of exquisite. My in most respectful compliments Miss AVilJinms. CoMrilf>nk»owe«. it few subscribers expect more than one copy. and soon he sent me new edition of your poems. and command limit tlie of the English language . you ought polishing. Four weeks after the date of the Poet's letter. — I had tho the i)leadurc of your letter by Mr. for whose money you were so accurate as to send me a receipt . You seem to think it incumbent on you to send each subscriWr a number of copies pro|X)rtionate to his subscription money. Dear after Sir. as he wished to give five of thenx as presents. he was addressed by Dr. writings. particularly "Winter Night. I and I were my wonted leisurely motion my oM may probably endeavour to return her poetic compliment in kind." In these are united fine natural and pathetic description. By the way. the great. Tweed. 23rt/ Muy 17b7. to «iuit them. tho fawhionahle. Moore in these terms : Clifford Street. you ought therefore . I I have no eciuivalent to offer nnd am afraid my motoor apftearancu will by no means entitlo mo to a nettletl correspondence with any of you. hut you may depend upon sul)scril)ed .. and Lord Kglintouu told me he had sent for six copies for himself. Some of the poems you have added in the tliis last edition are very beautiful. to deal for the future in the provincial dialect why shoidd you. I imagine you have a peculiar talent for such compositions. I hIhiII I rural shades. in all likoli- hood never more hero . Ikinks of Vnrrow. by using number of your ." the "Address to E«linburgh." is and the two songs immediately following. Saturday Night. Creecli. who are the \. with sublimity of language and thought more sparingly tliat. It is evident that you already possess a great variety of expression.n pormnnont lights of gonius and litcraturo. the {wlite. whatever they I must inform you. etc.

and soon become master of the most little more of brilliant facts. is What reign. reflect I mean. will require to be studied with more attention modern history . and I is am you are capable of I beg making a better use of it when attained than generally done. of a one satirical and humorous nature which. when I do. and respectable business of husbandry your chief occupation this. which your prudent friends prevailed on you ^ called Somebodijs Confession . will not prevent your making occasional addresses to the nine ladies who have shown you such favour. If ever your occasions call for I heartily wish to see and converse with you.94 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. may afford an I fear it will not be in my power to visit Scotland this season . . particularly strong). and very soon may. and make the useful . Obviously " Holy Willie's Prayer. you to this place. it is you will not give yourself the trouble of writing to me when inconvenient. and it . 's know very well you have a is mind capable of attaining certain knowledge by a shorter process than commonly used. and I sincerely hope that you example of a good poet being a successful farmer. for having postponed be assured of I think however. the Scottish. best English poets. I make no doubt of your paying me a visit. Mr. depend on a very cordial welcome from this family. write. without of the beginning to execute any part of you have studied most history. which there are and which in itself is charmingly fanciful. — I am. everlasting allusions in all the poets. before you. I think you are very to omit. when you % can extend it to all the English language In my opinion. I'll endeavour to find you out. these. which most highly delight a poetical mind. that I shall always be happy to hear from you. You to should also. stories and read a in you can read The Greek and Norman some abridgment." is Virgil. me with a sight of any of pawn my word I to give and will be obliged to you for a perusal of them. admirers to those persons of taste who understand who understand subject. and you may sir. one of whom visited you in the " auld clay biggin. told me that you had some poems (in in manuscript by you. understand you intend to take a farm. my friend. I hope. you should plan some larger work than any you have as yet attempted. that is. I will if you no will intrust copies. by the way. the history of France and Great Britain from the beginning of I Henry VII. become master of the heathen mythology. dear your friend and obedient servant. make no apology when you do this." ' . upon some proper and arrange the plan it till in your mind. proved to the world that there nothing in the business of husbandry inimical to poetry.

approached appointment of a London correspondent with the request that he would extend his influence in securing him the his district officer of Excise. he pre- Moore that autobiograi)hical his several sketch to which. as take it. id Aufjtut 1787. that he waa Accordingly. biographers have been closes in muinly indebted. but I I am now stomach.JOHN Among socially his patrons AfOORF. like Solomon. 95 The vigorous frieudship of Dr. too. coiitincd with some lingering complaints. should you think them I and imixrtincnt. I will give you an honest may jwrhaps amuse you in an narrative. — For To whim in some months past I have been rambling over the country. for I assure you. . and comexpressions of practical counsel. spirits a little in this miserable fog of ennuiy I have little taken a you a history of myself. Moore moved the Poet deeply. only beg leave to tell you that the poor author wrote them under arising some twitching qualms of conscience. trifling you have perused those pages. from suspicion that he was doing what ho ought not to do — a predicament he has more than once l)oen in before. and I think a faithful account of what character of a man idle I am. excepting in the trifling of tcisdoitiy sometimes think I madnrsg and folly^ resemble. moment. affair have. like him. hut the in his connnunications so bined with his praise London physician had blended eulogy with criticism. and how I came by that character. frequently iVfter shaken hands with their intoxicating friendship. M. in a letter dated 4th January 1789. Sir. terms : That sketch commences and these Mauciiline. My name has made some noise in this country you have done me the honor to interest yourself very warmly my behalf . in early history. whose I character. relation to his especially accepted as his Maecenas. . like him tunml my ryes to behold and . In his letter he informs . were not a few who held liiglicr rank. After a considerable interval. I say. in the divert to give my . l)oth and in the world of letters. though I know it will be sir. — I have.D. I often at my own expense . on his brief sojourn at Mossgiel. in July and August 1787. originating. by the Bard more pared for Dr. the Poet.

96
Dr.

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
Moore
in

as to the profits of his Edinburgli edition,
profits

and of the
announces

mode
lisher,

which these

had been applied.

He

also

his marriage, expresses dissatisfaction with the

conduct of his pub-

Mr. Creech, and encloses a copy of his poetical epistle to his

friend

and benefactor, Mr. Graham.

Not long afterwards the Poet again communicated with the His neighbour, the Rev. Edward Neilson, minister of physician.
Kirkbean, was proceeding to London, en route for France, on a visit
to the

Duke

of Queensberry, and the Poet, while introducing his

reverend friend, availed himself of the opportunity of evincing to
his correspondent his

powers of

satire,

by enclosing

his lately

com-

posed lines denunciatory of the

memory
:

of a cruel and heartless

woman, the

late Mrs.

Richard Oswald of Auchencruive.
Poet's missive
-

Dr.

Moore

thus acknowledged

tlie

Clifford Street, \Wi June, 1789.

Dear me
some
of

Sir,

—I

thank you for the different communications you have made
;

of your occasional productions in manuscript

all

of

which have merit, and

them merit

of a different kind

from what appears in the poems you

have published.
tions, to correct

You ought

carefully to preserve all your occasional producat

and improve them

your leisure

;

and when you can
it

select as

many
very

of these as will

make a volume,

publish
it

either

at

Edinburgh or
power, as
it is

London, by subscription.

On

such an occasion

may

be in

my

much
it

in

my

inclination, to

be of service to you.

If I

were to

offer

an

opinion,

would be that in your future productions you should abandon the

Scottish stanza

and

dialect,

and adopt the measure and language of modern

English poetry.

The

stanza which you use in imitation of " Christ's
•'

Kirk on the Green,"

with the tiresome repetition of

that day,"

is

fatiguing to English ears, and, I

should think, not very agreeable to Scottish.

All the fine satire and
yet,

humour
some

of

your " Holy Fair
self,

" is lost

on the English

;

without more trouble to your-

you could have conveyed the whole
" This

to them.
J.

The same

is

true of

of

your other poems.
beginning with this

In your "Epistle to
line,
life,

Smith," the stanzas, from that

so far's I understand," to that

which ends

JOHN MOORF.
with " Short while
Ilorotiau elegance
;

M.D.

97
and of

it

grieves," arc easy, flowing, gaily philosophical,
is

the language

KngliKh with a few Scottish words, and
to the

some

of those so harmonious as to

add

beauty

;

for

what poet would not
and occayou

prefer gloaming to twilight f
sionally polishing
will,

I imagine that,

by

carefully keeping,

and correcting thoHo verses

which the Muse

dictate*,
first

within a year or two, have another volume as large as the
;

ready for

the press

and

this

without diverting you from every proper attention to the

study and practice of husbjindry, in which I understand you are very learned,

and which

I

fancy you will choose to adhere to as a wife, while poetry amuses
to time as a mistress.

you from time

The

former, like a prudent wife,

must not

show ill-humour although you
gipsy,

retain a sneaking kindness to this agreeable

and pay her occasional

visits,

which

in

no manner alienates your heart
h*;r interest.

from your lawful spousp, but tends on the contrary to promote

Dr.

Moore concludes by mlonmiig

liis

correspondent that he had
lately published

caused his publisher to send

him

his

novel of

Zeluco, of which he requests his unbiassed judgment.

In connexion
his

with the

gift,

the Poet seemed
it

to lack courtesy

by delaying

acknowledgment, but when

at length came, the well-turned com-

pliment proved more than compensatory.
letter

To

his friend's work, in a
:

dated 14th July 1790, Burns refers in these terms
I

am

sadly ungrateful

in not returning

you

my

thanks for your most
for

valuable present, Zeluco.
neglect.

In

fact,

you are

in

some degree blameablo

my

which so

flattered

You were pleased to express a wish for my opinion of me that nothing less would serve my overweening
In
fact, I

the work,

fancy tlian

a foriniU criticism on the book.

have gravely planned a comparative

view of you. Fielding, Richardson, and Smollett, in your different qualities and
merits as novel-writers.
This, I own, betrays

my

ridiculous vanity,

and

I

may
have
up,

probably never bring the business to bear; but I

shows

in the

book of Job

— " And

am fond

of the spirit

young Elihu
I

I said, I will also declare

my opinion."
I

quite disfigured

my

copy of the book with

my

annotations.

never take

it

without at the same time taking
parentheses, etc. wherever I

my

pencil,

and marking with

asterisms,

meet with an

original thought, a nervous

remark

on
VOL.

life

and manners, a remarkable, well-turned period, or a character sketched

with uncommon precision.
II.

N

98

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
The
Poet's last extant letter to Dr.

Moore

is

dated from

Ellis-

land, 28tli February 1791.
refers to his Excise prospects,

In this communication he hopefully

and he sends

to his correspondent his

ballad of

"Tam

o'

Shanter," his

"Elegy on Captain Henderson,"
In these words he resumes the

and

his

verses on Queen Mary.

subject of Zeluco

By
Targe
!

the way,

how much

is

every honest heart which has a tincture of

Caledonian prejudice, obliged to you for your glorious story of Buchanan and

'Twas an unequivocal proof of your loyal gallantry of
I should have been mortified
to the

soul,

giving
not.^

Targe the victory.

ground

if

you had

I have just read over once more of

many

times your Zeluco.

I

marked with

my

pencil, as I

went

along, every passage that pleased

me

particularly above the

rest,

and one or two which, with humble deference, I
I

am

disposed to think

unequal to the merits of the book.
these

have sometimes thought to transcribe
of

marked

passages, or at least so

much

them
that

as to point

where they

are,

and send them to you.
heart
is

Original strokes

strongly depict the

human

your and Fielding's province beyond any other novelist I have ever
Richardson, indeed, might perhaps be excepted
;
;

perused.

but, unhappily, his

dramatis personse are beings of another world

and, however they
girl,

may

captivate

the inexperienced romantic fancy of a boy or a
as

they will ever, in proportion

we have made human nature our

study, dissatisfy our riper years. ^

In his reply, dated 29th March 1791, Dr. Moore informs the

Poet that he had already, through the Eev. Mr. Baird, obtained
a copy of his "Elegy on Captain Henderson" and the printed

poem on
criticism,
dialect.

" Alio way

Church."

On

these

gems he

offers a frigid

and repeats

his former counsel as to avoiding the Scottish

He

also requests his correspondent to favour
been very busy with Zeluco.
obliging as to request

him with
The Doctor
on
it
;

his
is

1 In Dr. Moore's novel, Buchanan represents the Lowland Puritan feeling of Scotland, and

so

Targe the Cavalier or Highland spirit. In a conflict arising from a quarrel as to the honour of Queen Mary, Targe is victor.
2

have been revolving

my opinion in my mind
I shall,

and I some kind of
is

criticisms on novel-writing, but it

a depth

beyond

my
is

research.

however, digest
I

In his letter to Mrs. Dunlop of the 6th

my

thoughts on the subject as well as
a most sterling performance.

can.

September 1789, the Poet remarks, "I have

Ze/wco

JOHN MOORE,
had.
r

M.D,

99

observations on Zeluco, and not to suppress his censure if any he
" Trust me," he adds, "
it

will

break no squares between us

am

not ukin to the Bishop of Grenada."
in the

Late

summer

of 1792, Dr. Moore, as medical attendant of

the Earl of Lauderdale, visited Paris, and he there witnessed the
insurrection of the 10th of August, the dethronement of the king,

the terrible massacres of September, and the subsequent struggles

December of that year. The result of his experiences he embodied in a work of two octavo volumes, which appeared in 1793 and 1794 with the title of A Joiirnal during a
up
to the middle of

Though scarcely satisfying the curiosity of the British public, this work exhibits a strong picture of manners and feelings, and evinces much discernment and a becoming
Residence in France,
etc.

impartiality.

During the winter of 1794-95, Dr. Moore paid a long
Scotland, enjoying

visit to

much

personal intercourse with his correspondents
Ah's.

and

friends.

In his letter to

Dunlop of the 12th Januarv 1795,

the Poet writes :^-

You
this.

will iiave seen our

worthy and iugonious friend the Doctor long ere
to be

I

hope he

is

well,

and beg

remembered

to him.

I have just been

reading over again, I daresay for the hundrod-and-fiftioth time, his View of
Society
original

and Manners, and
;

still

I

read

it

with delight.

His humor

is

perfectly

it

is

neither the

humor

of Adilison, nor Swift, nor Sterne, nor of

anybody but Dr. Moore.

By

the bye yon have deprived

me

of

Zdueo
by

remember that when you

are disposed to rake
laziness.*

up the

sins of

my

neglect from

among
quoting

the ashes of

my

He

has paid

me

a pretty compliment

me

in his last publication.

Whether
'

at this period, or on occasion of a former visit, Dr.

Subsequently the

IVt made

a

gift to

Mrs.

marginal notes in pencil.
session of Mrs.

It is

now

in the poa*

Dunlop of the two volumes of
inscription,

Ztltico,

with the

Dunlop's great-grandson, Mr.

"To my much-esteemed
It

friend Mrs.

Wallace Dunlop, C.B.

The second volume was

Dunlop

of Dunlop."

contained the Poet's

unhappily destroyed by ants in India.

100

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.

Moore formed the Poet's personal intimacy, cannot be ascertained We are informed by Dr. but an earlier date is more probable. Moore's grandson, Mr. John Moore of Corswall, that botli he and
his

brother learned from their father that the
visit

kindly physician

proposed to invite the Poet to
the
proposal

him
his

in

London, but that

was stoutly opposed by
reached
her

wife,

on account of
Bard's
social

rumours which had
excesses.

respecting

the

In 1795 Dr. Moore issued in two octavo volumes his View of the

Causes and Progress of the French Revolution. A second novel from his pen, entitled Edivard, appeared in 1796, in two volumes
duodecimo.
entitled

This was followed in 1799 by a third work of
in three

fiction,

Mordaunt,

volumes octavo.

In 1797 he prepared

a

memoir of Dr. Tobias Smollett for a collected edition of his works. For some years he spent his summers at Richmond he died at
;

his residence in

London on the 20th February 1802.
title

In the follow-

ing year were published, in two volumes crown octavo, selections

from his writings under the

of

Mooriana; and

in

1820 was

issued, in seven octavo volumes, a collected edition of his works,

with a memoir by Dr. Robert Anderson.
of thought or

Undistinguished by depth

any striking

originality, Dr.

Moore exhibits
is

in his

writings a wide range of information, which

conveyed in a style

easy and pleasing.

He

everywhere indulges a sardonic wit, yet

never

fails

to impress the reader with the sincerity of his purpose

and

the benevolence of his nature. In delineating life and manners he exhibits much acuteness, combined> with delicacy and
discrimination.

Dr. Moore married Jane, youngest daughter of the Rev.

James

Simson,

Professor

of Divinity in

the

University

of

Glasgow,

descended from the family of Simson of Kirkton Hall, Ayrshire,

and a younger brother of Professor Robert Simson, the distinguished

JOHN MOORF V ri
mat]iemiiti(;ian.

101
also

Of

the

nmrrijige

were

born five sons;

a

(laughter, Jane, vvlio died unmarried in
J(j1ui,

the eldest son, was born at

December 1842. Glasgow on the 13th November
his native city, he in

17G1.'

Educated at the Higli School of

1776

obtained a commission as ensign in the 5l8t Foot
lieutenant in the
close

Promoted as
till

72nd Regiment, he served

in

America

the

of the war in 1783,

when

his

regiment was reduced, and he

was put on half-pay.

In 1780 he was, through the influence of the

Duke
In
in
I

of Hamilton, elected M.P. for the Lanark district of burghs.

787 he attained the rank of major in the GOth Regiment, and
first

1788 exchanged into his

regiment, the 51st, of which in
-

1790 he by purchase became lieutenant
storming the Mozzello fort at

colonel.

In

1794 he
in

accompanied the expedition against Corsica, and was wounded
tlie

siege of Calvi.

Thereafter he

distinguished himself under Sir Ralph Abercromby in the expedition
against the

West

Indies.

Returning to Great Britain in 1797, he

was employed

in suppressing the Irish revolt, afterwards joining the

expeditions to Holland and the Mediterranean.

Under

Sir

Ralph

Abercromby

in

Egypt, he led the

a.ssault at

Aboukir, and at the
the renewal of the

battle of Alexandria

was severely wounded.

On

war with France
and
in

after the short peace of 1802, he served in Sicily

the expedition to Sweden.

In 1808 he was sent to Portugal,

when he became commander-in-chief.

Having advanced

liis

army

of 15,000 into Spain, owing to an inaccurate representation as to
the patriotic earnestness of the inhabitants in resisting the French

yoke, he skilfully eflfected a retreat for a distance of two hundred
miles, defeating the

French

in several skirmishes

without losing a

standard.

He had

determined to cml)ark his armv at Corunna, but.

the ships not having arrived in time, he ventured, with greatly
inferior

numbers, to accept battle offered by Marshal Soult.
'

The

Glasgow Baptismal Register.

102

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
on the
16tli

conflict took place

January 1809, when a complete
troops.

victory was

gained

by the

British

But

the

gallant

commander, struck by a cannon-ball, died in the hour of triumph. His military skill and gallantry were warmly commended by the

Duke

of Wellington

;

and

Soult, his generous adversary, afterwards

reared at his grave at Corunna a

monument

to his

memory.
in

By

order of Parliament, he received a

monumental statue

St. Paul's

Cathedral

;

and his admiring and grateful fellow-countrymen have

commemorated him at Glasgow by a marble monument in the In 1804 General Cathedral, also by a statue in George Square. Moore was appointed a Knight of the Bath. He died unmarried.
James, second son of Dr. John Moore, was born at Glasgow on
the 20th December 1762.^

In 1821 he assumed the additional

surname of Carrick,

in compliance with the testamentary injunction

of his relative, Robert Carrick of the

Ship Bank, Glasgow,

who

bequeathed to him the estate of Corswall in Wigtownshire, and
other lands in the counties of Kirkcudbright

and Ayr.

James

Carrick-Moore published

in

quarto,

Campaign of

the British

Army
at

Narrative of the in Spain, commanded hy Lieuin

1809,

tenant-General Sir John Moore, authenticated hy Official Papers

and Original

Letters;

also

London,

in

1834, in two octavo

volumes. The Life of Lieutenant- General Sir

John Moore^ K.B.

He
two

died 1st June 1860.

Mr. Carrick-Moore married, 31st December

1798, Harriet, only daughter of John Henderson, Esq., with issue
sons, also three daughters, Harriet Jane, Louisa,

and

Julia.

John, the elder son,

now
of

of Corswall,

was born on the 12th
Staffordshire,

February 1805.
of

He

married, 12th April 1835, Caroline, daughter
Esq.,

John
a

Bradley,
son,

Colborne

Hill,

with

issue

John Graham, born 25th September 1845, and a

daughter, Mary.
^

Glasgow Baptismal Register.

JOHN MOORF.
Graham
wall,

M.D.

103

Francis, younger son of

was born at

James Carrick-Moorc of CoreLondon on the 18th September 1807. Having
School,

attondcd

Westminster

and

studied

at

Trinity

College,

Cambridge, he was called to the English Bar, and went on the

Western

Circuit.

In

1842 he, on the death of his cousin, Mrs.

Micliell-Esmeade, inherited the estate of

Monkton

in Wiltshire,

and

assumed the name of Esmeade

in

terms of her

will.

Thereafter he,

on account of feeble health, spent his winters at Rome, where he
purchased a small property immediately to the exterior of the Porta
del Popolo.

Devoted

to horticultural pursuits,

he was also roputod

for his benevolence.

He

died in October 1883.

Graham, third son of Dr. John Moore, was an admiral of the Royal Navy and G.C.B. he died in 1843. He married, in 1812,
;

Dora, daughter of
in

Thomas Eden,

Esq., with issue a son, John, born

1821.

Entering the navy, this gentleman became C.B. and

Naval Aide-de-camp to the Queen.
received in the Crimean War.
Charles, fourth son of Dr.

He

died consequent on injuries

John Moore, a

barrister of Lincoln's

Inn, held office as Auditor of Public Accounts.
Francis, fifth son of Dr. Moore,
for

He

died unmarried.

was some time Under Secretary

War. and

He

married Frances, daughter of Sir William Twysden,
Archibald, eleventh Earl of Eglinton, and left at

Bart.,

relict of

his death in 1854 two sons, of

whom

William, the elder, was a

lieutenant-general in the

army and K.C.B.

John, the younger son,

died unmarried.

William Walker. a small pension was at his death conferred upon adjutant. his elder daughter.104 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS." . friend but as his song. at thy window be. of which he latterly became enhis Having distinguished himself in several important gagements. he stooped to the ground. it is not improbable that he had incidentally observed her as she stood at the window of her father's cottage. surviving daughter. retiring from active Adjutant Morison settled at in Yorkshire. where he rented a cottage at Mauchline. out. He served in the 104th Regiment. Here he lived in seclusion. was born in Ayrshire in 1724. cherishing only a few Mary. commences Mary. when the Poet rented the farm of Mossat the tea-table of a Mary met the Bard only once. Mary and Elizabeth. resided with her parents at Mauchline. On Halifax. By her surviving sister she was described as " one of the fairest creatures that ever the sun shone upon. relate Relative to one of his escapes. he returned to Ayrshire. about the year 1784. On his wife's death. heroine of one of Burns's best songs. There he married the daughter of Mr. " I'm not Ignorant as to the cause of his so depressing himself. and then . by whom he had two daughters. who was celebrated by the Poet. John Morison. Mary Morison. his native county. hold replied. had a singularly delicate complexion. intimacies. and so escaped. a superior officer called up ! " —a speech to which he promptly ashamed to stoop to a cannon-ball. The giel. Morison. celebrating her charms. Mary's father. a small landowner. she used to the following anecdote. and was otherwise engaging. MARY MORI SON. Perceiving a cannon-ball moving towards him." service. " Holloa.

—John. I'Jtli 1 05 short-lived. She was seized with a consumptive ailment. m crositiug Utc Clyde ucar his house. William Walker. John Carmichael selected the profession of a public teacher. he attained eminence as a In 1841 he published his well-known work on "Greek Verbs. surTliree of the sons . died at Scutari. on the 28th August 1774. died 16th February 1814. chissical he became dux. lM)rn 22nd Deceml)er 806 — died young. born and Joseph 15th January 1799. fourth son of John Carmichael and Elizabeth Morison. near Falkirk." a master iu He died on the 8th January 1847. was Iwrn on the 20th October 1803. he was preferred to the mastership of Bainsford Institution.' who claimed descent from the house of which the Etirls of Hyndford were the ennobled chiefs. burgh Academy. was born 1794. Janet. and his son James Academy of Edinburgh. born 26th October 1801 1 Staiiiton. In Tliis gcutlcaiau perished II. VOL. June 1791. St Andrews. of which. five sons and three daughters.MAK y MORISON. His son John was a master is tlie in the High School. He studied at the High School of Edinburgh. in 1811. unmarried. 26th September Archibald Nisbet. Mary. Born on the 29th of January 1772. Margaret. son of John Munlaskie. Having studied at the High School and the University of Edinburgh. Elizabeth Morison. the eldest daughter. Mary was of twenty-four. in Ayi*shirc. . vives. he was in 1833 elected Classical Master in the > Madras College. Adopting congregational he had views of Church government. of which she died on the 29th Her sister Elizn])cth. bom 26th November 1809. Cannicluicl of Caniiichael. the eldest son. After some time conducting a school at Muirkirk. John Carmiclmel. Iwrn 3rd June 1812. of November 1793. By his wife. alx)ut the age In^rn 2nd June 17G9. James. married. Iwra Ist June 1796. Elected one of the masters of the Edininstnictor. he occasionally officiated in the pulpit with much acceptance.

issue. at the age of seventy-six. One of the Poet's " Six Belles of Mauchline. was a native of that parish. He married. a native of . Ann and Jane also married. Mr. Hugh. draper and general merchant in Mauchline. and Jane. Ireland. secondly. CHRISTINA MORTON. Robert. and Alexander. Susanna and Margaret. in Ayrshire. John and George also three daughters. Adjutant Morison married.106 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Mary Morison's name is upon the tombstone. fortune of about £600. she had also the advantage of inheriting a She married. with which for several generations her progenitors were connected. by whom he had two sons. Possessing a most agreeable manner and a handsome person." Christina Morton. he resided On retiring from active some time with issue. also two daughters. Mary. Ann Tomlieson. in the eightieth year of his age . Adjutant Morison died at Mauchline. with issue four sons. died on the 6th September 1831. on the 27th December 1788. James. Archibald Nisbet the Edinburgh Academy. Robert Paterson. his second wife. with The daughters. the elder son. . Ann. and became adjutant of service. of also inscribed by the Adjutant's grandson. He died on the 30th August 1848. John. are Both commemorated on a family tombstone in Mauchline Churchyard. Ann Tomlieson. on the 16th April 1804. erected in 1825 Carmichael. held a commission in the army. his regiment. George entered the army and died young. and latterly emigrated to Canada. 1843 he was preferred as one of the masters in the High School of Edinburgh.

a half years . and to have made some proficiency of Hannibal. and his staff of colleagues. the tenant at Mount Oliphant's eldest son was found to be a tolerable reader. Son of John Murdodi. tinued their attendance. which he approved certified his other qualifications being it by his teachers. Mr. of handwriting. And though Alloway for Mount two miles distant. ill In a letter to Dr. to be able to write. the in order to his Poet's father. Before the Poet had completed his his eightli year. he being allowed in recompense a small payment in money. . of in English grammar. he was educated at the High School of Ayr. he relates how that the spring of 17G5 he met William Burnes. by whom In he was employed.* With a view to being qualified as a public instructor. to express his adieu. he l)orrowed from his schoolmaster a life Prior to leaving the at district in the autumn 1767. ' ^yr Parish Regiater. Murdoch called Mount Oliphant. duties at Alloway. his sons. David Tennant. Margaret Robertson. the subject of was lx)rn in Ayr on the 25th March 1747. and to leave with William Burnes. undertaking the scholastic William Burnes carefully examined his mode . Rol^ert and Gilbert. Currie. 107 JOHN MURDOCH. under the head master. this notice (lcscril)e<l in the puriBb register as " in- dweller in Ayr. room in the close vicinity of the Poet's about a year afterwards William Burnes quitted Oliphant. also five neighbouring farmers. by appointment at an inn. May 1765 Murdoch opened his school at Alloway. in a small birthplace.JOHN MURDOCH. Between William Burnes and himself was therefore agreed that he should forthwith enter upon board and lodging at the houses of his duties." and his wife. conThe arrangement subsisted for two and and at the expiry of that period.

enerfrightful story getically protested that if a book depicting such a it was left in the house. In the following year he received the Poet as a boarder. and in all my walks. Mr. he was hospitably invited to remain evening. Mr. In consequence. but in 1772 he was recalled to his native district by being. " He was now with me.108 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. tlie Mr. " day and night. Murdoch taught at Dumfries and other places. however. owing to Gilbei't Burns's Narrative. for he soon found the family in tears while his pupil. and having on some public occasion spoken unadvisedly of Dr. recalled to Mount Oliphant to assist in harvesting. he would burn at once. school. appointed teacher of the English school at Ayr." he communicated to Dr. he. The result was unsatisfactory . him with special kindness. as to his immediate intention. Currie. and in the lapse of other two months was permanently withdrawn. Murdoch substituted as a gift a comedy. During the interval. and he proceeded by way of entertainment to read from the tragedy of " Titus Andronicus. that his resignation of office became a matter of necessity. entitled " The School for Love." But the connexion Robert was speedily thus happily formed was of brief continuance. he brought upon himself so much hostile feeling. By the Poet he was not forgotten. gress in acquiring a made considerable pro- knowledge of the French language. 1 When. Mr. and there found employment as a teacher. Robert. in at all meals. Murdoch became suspected of being unduly addicted to the social pleasures. . under Mr. translated from French. after a competition with four other candidates. a small token of his for the On his arrival. one of the parochial ministers. After teaching successftdly at Ayr for some years." ^ Leaving Alio way towards the close of 1767. treated who had reo-ard." which he proposed to leave as a o-ift. Murdoch proceeded to London. Dalrymple. Murdoch's teaching.

he enibnvced the opportunity. above every tliini. but one of the principal parts in my comjx>sition a kind of pride of stomach. if there bo him which shows me human nature in a different light before. and curiosity with such a recital as wish . hope ray conduct of the world. . but you will wish to know what has been the result of I the pains of an indulgent father.utin<. I am under no I would leani to Im« happy. thus proceeds LocHLiB. more my reverse I seem be one sent into the world to see and obeenre and I very easily comixjund with the knave who tricks anything original about me of my money. . to tell lie you that I have not forgotten. and in this respect I . would procure me so much esteem. my talent for what country folks call "a sensible crack. their manners. I and if I have to answer am very easy with regard to an}'thing further.'. for though indolent. and in many things. with his early preceptor. the . for the sake of is money. the joy of " my heart is to " study men. have indeed kept pretty clear of vicious will not disgrace the education I habits. and other domestic anxietie«. busy sons of care agog for the present hour. I matters. — As I have nn opportunity of sending you a without repay. I am not lazy . the many sir. he had His little leisure for correspondence. affaires. affordeil by a frank. the last worst shift of the unfortunate and the wretched does not — apprehensions about that. as a man am most miserably deficient One calls would have thought pretty well as that. indeed. of which is c()nnnuni(. 15//( January 1783.JOHN MURDOCH. nor will ever friendiihip. I know that even then. I could gratify your you would be pleased with I but this is what I am afraid will not bo the case. all forget. I putting you to that expense which any proiluction of mine would it with pleasure. bred as I have been under a father who has figured un homme des . Even much terrify me. am quite indolent about those great . sir. strictly autobiographical. I tell might have been what the world truth. ablu>r as hell. yet so far as an extremely delicate constitution peimits. obligations I under to your kindness and I do not doubt. that even then However. from anything I have seen In short. : letter. letter ill Dear embrace Sir. and a masterly teacher. and their ways sacrifice and I for this darling subject I cheerfully every other consideration. I have gotten but. a pushing active fellow but to to you the there is hardly anything ." when once it is sanctified by a hoary head. liis 109 father's feeble henltli. es])ecially in tavern am a strict economist not. concenis that sot the bustling. and I I scirn to fear the fiu-e of any man living .

which of a like nature he about the same time expressed in his letter to Thomas Orr. favourite authors are of the sentimental kind. to suppose that the — — little scene of things " terrsefilial — can ! he descend to mind the paltry concerns about ! which the race fret. etc. and among those specially informed of the event by the Poet was Mr. and fume. Murdoch in the "Epistle to a Young Friend. M'Pherson's Ossian. and vex themselves I forget that I O how the glorious I triumph swells noticed and to my heart am fairs a poor insignificant devil. stalking up and down and markets. who was disposed chiefly to expatiate about thoughts and . such as Shenstone. indeed. as an incumbrance in their way. Murdoch sentiments. compliments. conduct. But amidst the struggles of a literary life in London. Man of Feeling (a book Yiis. My ." he further proceeds : In the matter of books. and which he afterwards embodied in verse in his " Epistle to Davie. and 'tis Sterne. and accept of the same for yourself.110 idea of THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. I prize next to the Bible) Man of the World . and " catching the manners living as they rise." and in one of the stanzas In his letter to Mr. avoid a dun — possibly some a corner sneaking in to pitiful sordid wretch who in my to heart I despise and detest. 'Tis this. 'tis my man whose mind glows with sentiments lightened up at their sacred flame the man whose heart distends with benevolence to the whole human race he " who can soar above this absurd. Murdoch.: these are the glorious models after which I endeavour to form incongruous." whilst the idle men But of business jostle me on by every side. un- unknown. kindest wishes for her welfare yours. I daresay I have this time tired your patience. and this alone. for that is . which endears economy me. Thomson . Murdoch —not my sir. so 1 shall conclude with begging you to give Mrs. I am very profuse. the Ayrshire schoolmaster was indisposed to enter into correspondence with an old pupil. dear William Burnes died on the 13th of February 1784. etc. a mere commonplace story. es\iQc\^\\y Sentimental Journey . when happen be in them reading a page or two of mankind. particularly in his Elegies. but my warmest. In these emphatic sentences the Poet communicates to Mr. from.

— As my friend. you know. I however. and on utifathomed depth and you and they ar^ loican brnnstane. place. Mr. The Poet usually destroyed his but the following. or thing that altogether the case with me. kindreds. are a it collection of all nations. letters. creature. Hill. 1 1 was not The likely to render any correspondence with him desirable. all in the same minute. . me know It you have any intention of overgrown metropolis. who make it. letters before Sni. Here you would have an for the inhabitants opportunity of indulging your vein in the study of mankind. their centre of commerce. with whom you had been Pray let company when if in that capital. perhaps to a greater degree than in any city of London. it who lives in town. visiting this huge. for I often think of absent not you and Homie and liustell. would atfortl matter for a large poem. addressed to : him by his schoolmaster. I embrace the opportunity of telling you that I am yet alive. We frequently repeat some of I your verses vain that our Caledonian Society and you may believe am little have had some share in cultivating till such a genius.JOHN MURDOCH. doubtful that the smart Alloway schoonx)y had developed into a man of genius. although I flatter myself. . (as I suppose) at a considerable distance. . either in Scotland or England. busy. when Mrs. and made a who told me she was informed of in by a letter from her sister in Eilinburgh. and always in expectation uf being better. Dr. 28/A October 1787. was preserved London. condition was altered most materially when it became no longtr and who. bustling bodies in London are so up with the various pursuits in which we are here engaged. I see that was my duty to have given you . . have full the satisfaction of seeing your ix>ems relished by the Caledonians in as London not a I much as they can in I l)0 by those of Etlinburgh. whose fame was spreading on every side. Brown. M'Comb's eldest daughter. as were. about three years and nine months ago excuse but that and have nothing to allege as an wo poor. from his own description of himself. is much taken that we seldom But this is think of any person. as upon the face of the globe . is going from this place to your noighbourhood. was not I absolutely certain that you were the author visit to a few days ago. If ever shall meet some time or you will you come hither. it By the much-valued this intelligence mo. and tongues. My Dear tolerably well. feelings. with the pleasing thought that you and other. .

my dear yours sincerely. Present my respectful compliments to Mrs. but unfortun- was in the time of it. I mislaid or lost and. through the good : of a common friend. I under. you can never be unhappy ! I feel myself serious all at once. a journeyman saddler. Murdoch's address. that he might have paid his respects to his father's friend. which. \UU July 1790. who early in 1790 proceeded from Newcastle to ment as a journeyman saddler. Kennedy. and all all the rest of her amiable children. prevented his recommending good offices of his early preceptor his brother William. Murdoch with the name of his brother's employer in the Strand. I shall only die. is my good star brought me acquainted with Mr. After supplying Mr. My Dear ately." the Poet promises that his next letter . Murdoch's letter. an acquaintance of yours his means and mediation I hope to replace that link which my unfortunate negligence had so unluckily broke in I the chain of our correspondence. to my dear friend Gilbert. all and wished above things for your direction. by consequence. — I am. and assuring his correspondent that his brother " would joyfully wait on him on receiving a card intimating where he would be found. —I received a letter from you a long time ago. as it Sir. has been for some time in London. Scotland. that of add that it is one of the greatest pleasures I promise myself before I seeing the family of a man Avhose memory I revere more than that of any sir. being attended with the loss of his address. was the more vexed at the vile accident. he wrote to him in these terms Ellisland. London to seek employHaving some months later offices recovered Mr. May the Father of the universe bless you with those principles and dispositions that the best of parents took such pains to instil into your minds from your earliest infancy ! uncommon live as ! May you grow he did If you do. as my brother William. person I ever was acquainted with. John Murdoch. and affected in a manner I cannot describe. who. stand. your and by direction along with Luckily. The Poet had to the in turn mislaid Mr. my peregrinations and journeyings through it.112 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Burns.

" and would include " the eventful y >! the early years of which owed so much to Ids kind tutorage-. 1x5 we hardly spend a thought on to the quitting of this.JOHX MIKIHK would bo " a life. 14th September 1790. first and shall most likely I know your VOL. he owed. opinion of Ziiuco the time I meet with him. ami that was highly entertaining to mc in several respects. wtis he the next morning waited on his employer. unless of in urgency. tlie deceased had called upon him. Mr. Murdoch so waited conveying to the Poet the sad intelligence that his brother was no His letter conveying the tidings is dated from Hart Street. After detailing the death. Were I it not for disapjwintcd hopes. II. to which. lost another state of existence. Murdoch discharging the of chief mourner. and those whose finances were circumscribed waited. when about eight years ago. A century ago communication circumstances between the metropolis and Scotland waa costly. Bloomsbury Square." such conversation was both ploasing and encouraging to deal of rational happiness from future conversations. He mentioned some instruction I liad given him when very I wrote. certainly) for our good. stood highest my esteem. fever. . A few days later his remains wore dei)osited in office Paul's Churchyard Mr. . Murdoch received the Poet's letter on the 26th July. 113 liiHt<M long one. Mr. tt //. Your letter to Dr. Moore I delivered at his house. young. in a great measure. He also took notice of my exhorting you all. or in any degree reconciled know of no one source of consolation to those who have young relatives equal to that of their being of a good disposition and of a promising character. transmit their in communications by a private hand. who reported his death. until they could Mr. more. wish and P . of all mankind that I ever knew. He proceeds : We had only one interview. You may easily me I . and having at the same time been informed that the young saddler ill. They are so almost always —perhaps could (nay. Ho had succumbed to an attack of putrid St. . to the in man who. circumstances connected with his brotlier's Murdoch informs the Poet that about a fortnight before the arrival of Ids letter. "not to let go your integrity. he said. conceive that anticipated a Vain are our expcctatioif^ and hopes. the philanthropy he ]>osscssed.

While resident London the celebrated Talleyrand sought his instruction in the English tongue. there publicly to adore and praise the Giver of all good. Murdoch. Mr. In transmitting to Mr. I entertain an ardent hope that together we shall " " renew the glorious theme in distant worlds the mighty subject with powers more adequate to the exuberant beneficence of the Great Creator. yours sincerely. Bloomsbury.^ The history known. I One of the most pleasing hopes I have is to visit for. for a long letter. December 11. Murdoch proceeds Let not parents and teachers imagine that children. Murdoch's career in London is not certainly By the Poet he was addressed as " Teacher of French. *' of Mr. he refers to Mr. Be particular about your mother's health. . Stevenson's accidentally calling at my in shop to buy something. you all . or to sorrow as those who but have no hope. After referring to the brief revival of his intercourse in London with young William Burns. I hope she too much a Christian to be afflicted above measure. Murdoch from which these excerpts are made is printed in the Scottish Journal. Cromek a copy of the Poet's letter to him of the 16th July 1790. 28th December 1807." In his letter to the Poet of the 14th September 1790." After a time he resumed tuition. giving instructions privately in English and French. Mr. in a letter dated Hart Street. it is : needless to talk seriously to is They are sooner fit to be reasoned with than generally thought. whereby frequently rendered almost unsusceptible of the principles and j)recepts of rational religion and sound morality. uses these words : When I recollect the pleasure — and I hope benefit — I received from the conversation of William Burns. am commonly disappointed in what I most ardently wish —I am. dear sir. John Murdoch. ^ And it is The letter of Mr. Strong and indelible impressions are to be made before the mind be agitated and ruffled it is by the numerous train of distracting cares and unruly passions.114 hope is THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. especially when on the Lord's day we walked together for about two miles to the house of prayer. 1847.

Pronunciation and Ortholie issn. JMurdocli assisted John Walker. Mr. By some He died London on the 20th April 1824. he was descended from a family who by industry had acquired considerable ^ Private letter from Mr. Robert Muir was. of Distinctions in three Alphabets. Murdoch suffered from feeble health. Gilbert Bums of Dublin to Mr. merchant in LiverpooL . Everett. and. By Gilbert Bums we are informed that his dispositions were genial and Ixjneficent." included the Mr. like many in other men of letters. JtmM Gibaon. at the age of seventy -seven. by the natives of Scotland in a just pronunciation of English. was danger of perishing from absolute want. according friends which Robert's poetry his to Gilbert Burns. the . and in proprietor of Loanfoot. Kilmarnock.ROBERT MUIR. "one of those had procured him. Murdoch published in 1783 a duodecimo volume entitled Radical in 1788 a work Vocabulary of the French Language: and in octavo. ROBERT MUIR." A wine merchant a Fore Street. in 1802. a graphy of the French Language. third edition of his dictionary and it is understood that from his pen proceeded the " Rules to be observed for attaining dissertations. admirers of the Poet a small at sum was raised on his behalf. bearing the title. in preparing for the press.' Possessed of great accuracy as a philologist. y Dictionary Latterly Mr. To his industry and pious care we are indebted for the Manual of Religious Belief by the Poet's father. in who have settled London. small estate the locality. who was dear to in heart. natives of Scotland. the cele])ratcd lexicogra|»licr. 11 :> of especial interest to learn that one of the pupils of his old age was the Poet's grand - daughter. Mrs.d. In ISll.

as his first wife." a tenement situated in Holmhead of Kilmarnock. daughter of Adam Dickie.^ and of the union were born seven children. about the middle of April. His grandfatlier. William Muir succeeded. George Mure Smith. as his second wife. at the age of fifty-seven." It is all ship had just begun.^ He died in 1771. Janet. in which he indicates his disappointment that he had "not the pleasure of seeing him Enclosing to him a copy of his lines on " Scotch Drink. in the parish of Kilmaurs. as a subscriber for six dozen copies of the Kilmarnock immediately on the proposals for printing being issued. On the 22nd December 1746 he married. Muir from Mossgiel an undated To the Rev. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. ministers of Stirling. ascribed to Writing to Mr. before the "some time cuckoo made its appearance. David Muir. for Mr. on his father's death prior to 1761. was on the 1st October 1726 served heir to "the Barn. daughter of William Craig of Holms. On the March 1786 we find the Poet addressing him in a brief note as he returned through Mauchline. of daughter." Your humble —that it is. one of the we are indebted for these ^ ' Kilmarnock Parish Register. On the 22nd August 1711 he married." he expresses the hope of being able to pay before him a visit we hear the gowk. and a Robert Muir was born at Kilmarnock on the 8tli August 1758. and had therefore been about four years in business 20th of when he in 1786 formed the Poet's acquaintance.^ He established himself in the wine trade at Kilmarnock about his twenty-fourth year. letter. particulars. Born on the 27th February 1714. 3 /^j(/_ . whom survived infancy a son. servant. William. " As the Poet concludes the but certain that the friendprogress. must have made rapid Muir appears edition.116 opulence. Agnes." from Mossgiel. weaver in the village of Crookedholm. letter. Agnes. by whom he had a son. to the Kilmarnock property. Robert.

117 "My friend and upon warm recollections of I an aWnt of friend presses so hnrd my heart. Muir." In a letter to Mr." his life. am still undetermined as to the future house nor home and. " My Dear Sir. On the 20th friend December the Poet acknowledged a letter from his offering to subscribe for sixty copies of his Edinburgh edition. and several others of the noblesse and I believe I shall begin at Mr. and live on the world at I am just a poor wayfaring pilgrim on the road to Pamaanu. Professors Blair." part of correspondent "in the latter next week. He encloses to him " a the and a hint as to giving some account of ho proposes to act upon in a future letter. my publisher. Countess-Dowager of Glencaim. "My dear sir. that I can call my own. dated Mossgiel. Sir John WTiitefoord. literati. your much indebted." concludes. When . I am got under the patronage of the Duchess of Gordon. 18th November. Greenfield. an extent of liberality which he declines. on a wager Mr. as usual." but promises to make him a Beginning his letter. in a IIamilt(>n that he would not produce a poem on the subject visit his given time. " I am ever. Creech's as . the 8th September 1786. on the 15th of December. — I delayed writing yo>i till I was able to give you some rational account of myself and my afliiire. the Poet begins thus: brother. your most devoted. it." From Edinburgh." He adds that the poem " was nearly an extemporaneous Promising to he production. the Poet addressed him in a communication which commences thus : My Dear Sir. pleased with the thought that it will greet the man my l)O80m." he concludes. Stewart. the Poet informs him of his intention of proceeding to Edinburgh " on Monday visit or Tuesday come se'ennight. that sciul him the prefixed bagatelle. a thoughtless wanderer and sojourner in a strange land. in the interval. and be a kind of with distant language of friendship.ROBERT MUIR. never think of I have now neither large. the Dean I of Faculty. parcel of subscription bills.

and two hours ago I said a fervent prayer whinstone where Robert de Bruce . From Stirling. to Mr. and skirting the equally rich carse of Falkirk. for old Caledonia over the hole in a blue fixed his royal standard on the banks of Bannockburn and just now from Stirling Castle. Robert Muir in Kilmarnock. Muir had a private meeting with the Poet. in order not to unduly disquiet him in relation to his health. to the Muir that he had commenced a tour : He proceeds This morning I knelt at the tomb of Sir Jolm the Graham. Muir's name appeared list as a subscriber for forty copies. About the commencement of the year 1788 Mr. Now that I hope to settle with and comfort that promised at home. and reach Glasgow by night. He then proceeds : I shall not stay in Edinburgh above a week. clever. Mr. "When I return I some shall devote a forenoon or two to make some kind acknowledgment for all the credit kindness I owe your friendship. and make your friends . I trust the spring will renew your shattered frame. and of I shall set off so early as to dispatch my business. but there are several small sums owing me for my first edition about Galston and New mills. In the Journal of his Border tour. the gallant friend of the immortal Wallace [at Falkirk]. Writing to him on the 7th March. describes one whom he had in Eoxburghshire become acquainted with as " a most gentlemanly. his mind and manners astonishingly like \}iis\ dear old friend. the Poet.118 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. May . I have seen by the setting sun the glorious prospects of the windings of Forth through the rich carse of Stirling. handsome fellow. the Poet. there was not any friendship or friendly correspondence pleasure than yours . and that he entertained grave misgivings as to that he his recovery. me more I hope I will not be disappointed. and it was probably on this occasion made known to his friend that he was labouring under a pulmonary ailment. and would have come by Kilmarnock. writing on the 12th 1787. in the Edinburgh edition was published. on the 26th August." he communicated Highlands.. I set out on Monday.. commences by referring to his own prospects in life.

and if ever emanation from the human form. and well knows their force. Not improbably the friciuls htid a sad last meeting. been deceived. particularly in a case where men arc equally interested.KOBLKi ]iappy. Muir was in prosperous circumstances. and carefully applied his savings in liquidating burdens which lay upon his inheritance of . Mr. and noble All-good Being animated a . make him happy. to moulder with the clods of the valley. Dunlop of the 13th his December 1789. wo lie down in tlie grave. indeed. it was thine. the whole it man 80 . ]>crhaps always. tluit life is 119 You and of life. woes. but thy heart glowed with everything generous. and I know they are not far different from yours. of consequence they have often. Mr. The dose indeed. be at least thoi-o an end of jiain. ere tho infant liun Wiia roU'd together. the Poet accompanies state musings on a future by alluding : to his departed friend of Kilmarnock in these words There should I meet the friend. In his letter to Mrs. Muir died on the 22iid of April. IKirt A man conscious of having acted an honest among his fellow-creatures —even granting that he s]K)rt at times of [mssions and instincts other end in giving — ho him goes to a great existence but to may have been the Unknown Being. iMUlR. my worthy It all friend. If But an Iionost man is has nothing to fear. are my ideas. and where. manly. tho disinterested friend of the my early life— man who rejoiced to sec me. because he loved me and could serve me— Muir Thy weaknesses were tho aberrations of human nature. becomes a man of sense to think for himself. care. to a reasoning eye. my dear sir ! God send us a cheerful meeting. or hud trvM his licams Athwart tho gloom profoun<l. a piece of broke machinery. as Dark was chaos. TliesOf who could havo no who gave him those passions and instincts. and wants : if that part of u« the callod Mind does survive and tho apparent destruction of the tales ! man — away with old-wife prejudices set of stories . Every age and every nation has had a difTereni and as tho many are always weak. all men are equally in the dark Adieu. I havo often agreed no great blessing on the whole.

As the Poet. Kilmarnock. yet it not improbable that the composition may have been drafted at Mossgiel. woman was born at Kilmarnock on the 28th November 1754 married William Smith. " Willie brew'd a peck o' maut. .^ and believed that this child is became the future miller. William Muir. assigns a different is origin to the song. He succeeded in wholly redeeming the possession. on the road to Mossgiel. farm homestead was situated about two hundred yards to the east of Tarbolton village. was baptized at Mauchline it is on the 14th of February 1745. when the Poet His occupied the farm of Mossgiel. and it is to be remarked that the brewing of " a peck maut" would be of Fail Mill. son of Robert Muir. his testimony is conclusive on the point. ^ William Muir a subscriber to the ^laucliline Parish Register. This gentle. farmer at Tarshaw in the same locality. and schoolmaster. six THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS." and that another of the three original heroes of the piece was Allan Guthrie. was. since last days before his death the discharge of the bond upon it was entered in the Register of Deeds. one of his principal associates. A tradition lingers that the tenant of Fail Mill was the original Willie of the song. however. tenant of the Mill of Fail. merchant. and afterw^ards recast. estate of Loanfoot He died unmarried. In this manner Burns proceeded o' frequently . and in the was succeded by his sister Agnes. perfectly appropriate in connexion with the tenant is devoid of meaning in relation to the Edinburgh A William Muir.120 Loanfoot. she WILLIAM MUIR.

under his Jean Armour sought His homestead shelter. The One family of of its Nasmyth has been St." William Muir died in 1793. iii Iiouhc. the friend of tnith. heads with knowledge so informrd : If there's another world. ami it \va. H. Muir sctllecl his aifairs negligently. representatives. Poet's Edinburgli edition. Archbishop of Andrews. Tlic fricnil of The frit lul and guide of youth : Few Few hearts like hi«. of nge. Sir Gilbert Baird. is the ** Willi»''s mill " in tlio |t«M'ni of "Death and Doctor Hornbook. so as to secure to her a proper provision. Chamberlain of the 1544 the lands of Posse and of Flodden. Sir Michael Nasmyth.s privilege to make interest on behalf of his widow with Mr. on account of her continued attachment to the Poet. ALEXANDER NASMYTH. - brethren of Edinburgh in the seventeenth century. Alexander Nasmyth was bom in that city on the 7th September Q . traced to the thirteenth century. with virtue warmcil. wlicn expelled by her father the winter of 1787-88. Gavin Hamilton and others. and in liis IJI wifc'« <'arc. fell field Descended from a branch of the family. when the Poet in his : Commonplace Book commemorated him An As honest e'er in the following epitaph man lies hero at rost.ALhXAiMDIiR h'ASMYTIf.s liic I'uol. he made the l>ost of this. whose grandfather. God with His imago blent man. who appear as burgesses and guild VOL. he lives in bliss : If there is none. acquired on the in Glcnarth by marrying the heiress Elizabeth Baird.

he was content. Creech had agreed to produce the Edinburgh edition of Burns's poems. family groups. he thought of illustrating the volume with a portrait of the Bard executed by invited the artist to Nasmyth . Nasmyth's painting. It Mr. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Mr. Alexander Nasmyth evinced in childhood a faculty for drawing and sketching. or some . familiarized Rome he to himself with art in higher Returning his native city. Beugo had from the Poet several which he carefully From that cause. With a view to secure an exact likeness. sittings. as stipple. When features. and it therefore suited the Bard to visit the artist frequently. studies. to be transferred to copper in a style known utilized. His parents were Michael Nasmytli and Lilias Anderson. Creech the hands of Mr. he subsequently became an architect and house-builder. but also for conversation. Alexander Nasmyth readily procured professional employment. Mr. spouses who became when the bridegroom was a working joiner . at Italy.122 1758. London studio of Allan Ramsay. and left the portrait in was now placed by Mr. and arranged the necessary sittings. first When Mr.room was in Wardrop's Court. Nasmyth was satisfied that he had caught the Poet's otherwise unfinished. where he made sketches of interesting scenery. John Beugo. also in the Earl of Rosebery's residence at Dalmeny. the accomplished engraver. painter and in this after- connexion considerably advanced his artistic He its wards visited while forms. At the age of seventeen he entered the to the King. he therefore for meet the Poet at his house. of which specimens He may painted several important be seen at Minto House. and was consequently sent by his father to the academy of art established in the city under the celebrated Alexander Runciman. near the Poet's lodgings in the High Street. not for limning purposes only.

At other times to their morning walks extended to the Braid Hills. also the Pentlands. at a small inn. Nasmyth's original painting was given the Poet. During with him his residence in E<linburgh. and was much valued by his widow. where. together enjoying the sunrise on that majestic summit. satisfied witli 123 as dis- Naamyth expressed himself Beugo's work. 1787 had frequent walks Nasmyth's society. tlie Pleased with the David Wilson. the other at Auchendrane House. honest wife . London. The friends <x. they tarried for breakfast.c4isionally walked to Arthur's Seat. one preserved in the National Portrait Gallery. poet's Afterwards acquired by Colonel William Nicol Bums. other unexplained reason.sfaetion with your print. ! I ne'er was here before o' Ye've wealth gear for 8jxk)u and knife Heart could not wish for more Heav'n keep you Till far clear o' sturt and strife. is him to the Scottish National Of two duplicates of it. he wrote I cannot give you a more my entire sati. t'onvinciiig proof of tell On : being shown by Walker an '* iinproHsion of his mezzotint. it was berjucathod by it (jlaliery. the Poet inscribed on back of a wooden dish these lines complimentary of her : My blessings on ye. where hangs now.ALEXANDER NA SMYTH. he in in the spring of the suburbs of the city. And while I Uxldle on thro' ne'er gae I'll by your door. while a mezzotint of his portrait by Walker he commended warmly. Mrs. than to you that your engraving mutually reminds me more tliaii distinctly of Burns does my own to picture. Mr." Mr. . ayont fourscore life. Nasmyth. On one occasion they on the Pentland moors proceeded eastward by Penicuik to Roslin. Burns warmly cherished Mr. attention of the hostess. Ayrshire. the son. made by Mr.

and (Jacobite as he was) in what was considered broad blue are as the stripes.124 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and of the fact. he took his pencil and a scrap of admiration of the scene. years after the Poet's death. as he appeared in . While prosecuting their journey." . Nasmyth prepared for Mr. Nasmyth would letter to in thrilling terms describe the occurrence. and in freshness of nature." Mr. was deeply moved. remember carcase of greatness. G. paper. class whose patronage was work. Mr. his father made Poet Roslin Castle founded upon a rock. viz. thought of the eternal renewal of The youth and made a hasty sketch of the subject. Edinburgh in the first hey- day of his reputation dressed in tight jockey boots. ^ when he became aware it Mr. which the biographer describes thus The Poet [is] at full length. essential to his In his "Autobiography. the Poet." to respectfully. as seemed greatly to affect him. Nasmyth held views much in unison with those of the French patriots. me I though. the Poet concludes thus you see Mr. He writes " After an eight miles' walk they reached the Burns went down under the castle at Roslin. depicting the deep effect produced by on the Poet's sensitive nature. Beugo. Mr. This sketch was highly treasured by my father. terminating at Eoslin. him most if he would pay less respect to the mere should think him much nearer perfection. by loud and desperate exclamations They were uttered by a lunatic. and consequently gave some offence to the 1 members of that that. while Burns was standing under the arch. Lockhart's memoir a : portrait of the Poet. it unanimous in pronouncing as to furnish a very lively representation of the Bard he first attracted public notice on the streets of Edinburgh. Nasmyth. where he stood rapt in speechless My father was so much impressed with the scene that. James Na- ling decay of man's efforts to perpetuate his smyth remarks visit. under the ruins of Roslin Castle. with The surviving friends of Burns. who have seen this picture. and very tight buckskin breeches. the painter and Poet were startled proceeding from a cottage. contrasted with the cnimb- remembrance of what must have been one of the most memorable days of his life. gi-eat Norman arch. as he both loves and deserves respect In 1827. Fox livery. forty J. written from Ellisland on the 9th September : 1788. according to the fashion of the day. Like the Poet. a blue coat and buff waistcoat. on occasion of the Roslin a sketch of the even when is. " If In a Mr.

pp.ilifi (nn-luiiv wiiii blackleatl and then put in the niiisscs of shadow with burnt sienna. the inventor of the steam hammer. in all cases manifests independent of mere rarity of material." David Roberts and Nasmyth's stock scenery of the Theatre Royal. forest scenery. and hence his quoting it at the risk of displeasing Thomson. supposed to be such — that only existed in the minds of searchers which after such fallacious nostrums. it I have named this to all s^x^cially. Nasmyth's son. con. 20J>. palaces. Jolin Thomson of l>uddingston wljo proposed the new pigment of peach-stone grey for art use. he afterwards attained great eminence as a landscape painter. success as a portrait-painter.sisting of landscajHjs. . In 1820 he produced for the Theatre Royal of Edinburgh the scenery of " The Heart of Midlothian. ashes of peach sU)nc8 appeared to The idea of getting its power up a grey from the my father the culmination of absurdity. Alexander Fraser. 208. castles. and used largely a colour he called peach-stone made from calcined peach stones. both as a man and a truly great artist. Glasgow." one of his most siicrossful efforts in stage painting. the 8ul»j«-i:l-iii. he dctcmiineil beautiful face of henceforth (we quote his words). Ho pencil. . its My it father was amused with Thomson's idea of value. He mixed up grey. I'luser." So resolving in 1 793. July 1882.ALEXANDER NASMYTIf. luiH. Nusmyth devoted his attention 1(j aii in other branches. 1 25 Realizing his position. . ^fy father had quite a » AH JoHmnf. proceeds Mr.loni"i\nl} been described by Mr. tints for his skies. Mr. James Nasmyth. "to paint the Nature. refers enthusiastically to In his " Autobiography. . But Mr. who writes thus It : was liis friend the Rev. Nasmyth's mode of painting in the Art . With respect to this latter remark. drtnv in. and sometimes quoted as an instance of the to overcome difficulties absurd hunting after new colours. \\iut> Mr. the writer has received a com- munication from Mr. whom he valaed exceedingly. As a scene-painter he became celebrated. as was so contrary my father's ideas of real art.

Nasmyth married. and his artistic skill was rendered available ])urgh. he was led.126 THE BOOK OF ROBER T B URNS." represent- ing an aged labourer crossing a rustic bridge on his way towards a lonely cottage.^ by whom he had three sons and two daughters. at the age of eighty-two. Patrick. Even His last in advanced age his devotion work. " Going Home.. Sir At the dinner given by the Academicians and in 1822. he was chosen an honorary member of the latter. of Woodhall. he was invited to preside. contempt for such huntings after special art difficulties . his the Origin classes being attended by many persons who became eminent. Edinbui-gh Taiish Register. was born on the 7th January 1787. sister of Sir James Foulis. to art continued unabated. To Sir James Hall he rendered important assistance in preparing his of Gothic Architecture. he employed his hours of leisure in this department. Colinton. Possessing an intuitive love of art. For a time he acted as an art-instructor. Nasmyth was consulted in the laying out and adornment of parks and pleasure-grounds. With a strong turn for mechanics. in gratifying to abandon ^ all other studies. In a sketching excursion he injured his 2 Coliiiton Tarish Eegistcr. Mr. St. and became inventor of the bow and work On string bridge employed in the roofing of broad spaces. Barbara.^ it. art materials as the means of solving o' he named those matcrialisis who ran after such art " will the wisps. . in January 1786. and in its welfare evinced a deep concern. He died on the 10th April 1840. was built the classic temple of Hygeia at Bernard's Well the original design of the Dean Bridge was also prepared by him. When the Society of Artists was united with the Royal Scottish Academy. was executed within a few weeks of his death. in improving the street architecture of Edin- From his design ." For many years Mr. the eldest son. others to Henry Raeburn on the occasion of his being knighted. Bart.

the who employed him labours. Edinb. the suft azure of the extreme di.seventeenth year. umler the shelter of a travelling hut. and tliere. he proceeded to London. 12mo.staiico bounded by an undulating horizon. in 8ket<. where simple and styled effective pictures at once attracted attention. 1874. ho was tndy unrivalled. that he might depict them on his canviis. He visited the mountains. the luating and barks of and diversified forcgniunds. and while yet a boy at school produced small steam-engines and other mo<lels. he. and afterthat vicinity. and there celebrated engineer. where dock-leaves luxuriantly grow. . his At th<* the age of twenty he settled in London. youngest child of Alexander Nasmyth. Yet ardour suffered no diminution. offered his services to Henry Maudsley. His works continue to be greatly prized. the intervening trees. lie died al Lambeth on the 18th is August 1831.ALEXANDER NA SMYTH. Mr. There the Ligl^i in Art. guished inventor of the steam ances. where he continued his engineering He commenced in business in Manchester in 1834. He was English nob])ema. 127 Sleeping in a and thercufter painted with his marvellous artistic his left. as assistant in his private workshop. Novice III (lelincuting the splendid variotics of tlio sky. which found ready purchasers. waited storms. at Patricroft constructed the important engineering works * known as the Bridgewater Foundry. dump bed. hammer and other mechanical appli- Born at Edinburgh on the 19th August 1808. he cherished from early youth a love of mechanism. p. 811. became afflicted with total deafness. right luind. the distin- James.' After a period of feeble health. From London he made frequent journeys graphically finished. having attached himself to his school. W. to picturesque scenes. in his . In 1829 JVlr. he reproduced <!. by George William Novice. which. paintings writes: elaborately In a notice of him. wards.hing. In 1831 he returned to Edinburgh. ojien country.

he in 1857 retired with an ample fortune. opened a school in his mother's house. in the parish of Annan. daughters of Alexander Nasmyth. became widely Plarief.. of the scholastic faculty. Nicol conceived himself qualified to personally exercise of a teacher. one of the a World. in the scientific pursuits.128 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and accordingly. He is Moon. He now resides his fine estate at Penshurst. a poor but his tradesman. died early. leaving without provision. & Co. Orr was possessed young Nicol obtained the rudiments of peculiarity which ghost. Gaskell. he has. a was explained by the belief that he had laid a exorciser In a popular rhyme an account of his interview with the has been preserved. In this he was encouraged by his mother. as a painter. but could not rest long in one place. respectable His father. From on the firm of Nasmyth. learning. intending to train him for the ministry. spectre Having from the reputed the function obtained some acquaintance with Latin. structure and Ardently devoted to telescopes. name were originally various meclianical inventions which bear his applied. William Nicol 1744 at Dumbretton. of which he was the founder. widow and child named John Orr. county of Kent. known value. was born in child of his parents. believed that by instructing others he would . her landscapes are of a high commercial WILLIAM The only NICOL. when a mere lad. From an itinerant teacher. considered as a Anne. who. by means of powerful author of a work entitled The made extensive investigations into the surface of the sun and moon. and a Satellite.

availing himself of the privilege then open to theological students. early in 1774. he speedily sought his acquaintance. forcible manner. II. and adopted the study of also abandoned. on the 2nd of February. Nicol from Carlisle. medicine. of offering comments on life. When Burns Struck came by to Edinburgh. and the vehemence with which he denounced insincerity and scourged dissimulation. During his Border tour he addressed Mr. jironiise and to exercise toward young persons of was also a reader of and the hand of a generous encouragement. fill. when. Scliool. the trial dis{'oui*ses of their class-fellows.lg. At the close of the Arts curriculum he {'omnicmcd the study of theology. he contrived to interest his pupils in their studies nor were violent ebullitions of temper. the Poet gave him a hearty friendship. As a teacher Mr. by a tutorial practice. And when. and was. which. his work. in a letter written in the l)road vernacular. by means of in a vacant classical mastership the High he entered as a candidate. was Devoted to classical studies. while in attendance at college. his earnest. '* Kind. of which Dr. he I wns enabled to enter as a student the University of Edinburgh. sufficient to At this early period he loved to recall the mar his acceptableness. on the 1st of June 1787. . declared to be the successful competitor. after a brief trial. Thoroughly master of . he first evidenced that After a tone of acerbity which became the characteristic of his time he quitted the Divinity Hall. future historian. wur. Nicol supported himself. descri1>«'< 1>is tlioQi. modern poetry. honest hearted Willie. Roliert Henrj^ the . was then rector and. Saluting his correspondent as jouriioying in i." he VOL. memory of his youth and ability early struggles. Nicol became popular. Mr. the town council of Edinburgh resolved to a public competition.WILLIAM NICOL. be innrod to personal culture. lie Familiar with the older ballads. having acquired a little money througli private tuition. the 129 After a time he attended classes in gminmar scliool of Annan. to which he was prone.

I met two handsome girls. and monie a weelfar'd I met wi' twa dink quines in particular. They had both acquired manners from the book. and the servility of plebeian brethren (who perhaps formerly eyed my me askance) since I returned home. I hae dander'd owre a' the kintra frae Dunbar to Selcraig. fellow. have nearly put me out of conceit altogether with my species. but the stateliness of the patricians in Edinburgh. onie ane o' They were baith bred to mainers by the beuk. in that ' A translation may be convenient : "I have sauntered over the whole country from Dunbar and have met with many a good and many a well-favoured maiden. weel-far'd winch. tight. Burns his former communicated with Mr. which 1 carry perpetually about with me. and any one of them had as much smartness and sense as the half of some presbyteries that you and I know of. Satan. and hae for- gather'd wi' mony a guid fallow. as blithe's a lintwhite on a flowrie thorn. tight. well-favoured as a linnet on a flowering thorn. comfortable-looking lass. plump. in order to study the sentiments —the dauntless magnanimity. and "the honest guidman o' Jock's Lodge. In a letter dated the 18th June. Cruikshank. and noble defiance of hardship.^ The Poet concludes by desiring to be remembered to Mrs. you would in the heart of me. . Nicol. and as sweet and modest's a new-blawn plumrose in a hazel shaw. he commences " My Dear Friend. welldressed and pretty the other a well-limbed. unyielding independence. to Selkirk. and as the half o' sic a them had as muckle smeddum and rumblegumption some presbytries that you and I baith ken. shavie that I daur say. straught. the intrepid. to Mr. uses these words I never. hizzie. fine. in particular. if They play'd mc wad deevil o' a i' my harigals were turned out. the French teacher." two nicks of a knife straight. and Mrs. that if see my viscera were turned out. woman." and in relation to his late Edinburgh visit and his present experiences. On which his returning to Mauchline in the summer of 1787. Nicol with is warmth. the desperate daring. one of them a fine. thought mankind very capable of anything generous . ye o' see twa nicks the heart o' me like the mark a kail-whittle in a castock. like the in a cabbage-stalk. and modest as a new-blown primrose in a hazel wood. and as blithe as sweet mark . They played me so mischievous a prank." supposed to be Louis Cauvin. baith braw and bonnie \ the tither was a clean-shankit. : my friend. ane o' them a sonsie. fodgel lass. I have bought a pocket Milton.130 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. great personage.

Nicol as to suitable was invited his friend to sojourn at his house. whose originality of humour promises me much entertainment." Returning to Edinburgh on the 7th of August. Rose at Kilravock. they left Edinburgh in a post - chaise. Nicol. apnitnients. :— my mo over dear *' But from you. inclined to avail himself of an invitation to in deference to prolong his Mr. on the 23rd August. Bums was visit. Nicol permitted his untoward temper to betray him into rudeness. Mr. his friend Richmond having and there he irritability. Leaving Mr." — tho love which Solomon emphatically says " strong as death. the Poet found that his former quarters were occupied. but very worthy man. it At the close had been arranged that the friends should set out together on an excursion to the Highlands. but. Robert Muir at Kilmarnock. the Poet had resolved to exercise towards him a generous forbearance. III 1 n1 conclusion iIk Poet points to the frailty ami uncertainty of friendship. I look with confidence for tho apostolic love Ijad through good report and is report. Nicol's impatience. on Saturday the 25th August. A day or two Fochabers. the Poet had proceeded to Gordon Castle to wait upon the Duchess of Gordon. In his Diary of that date the Poet writes : ** I company with my good friend Mr. he Consulting Mr. to whom he had been . he later. and accordingly. obtained another fellow-lodger. communicated with Mr. he remarks of his travelling companion that he was " a truly original. Nicol's house he. became nwurc that was the victim of a strong From Mr. in weakness. of the High School session. in a letter to Mr. Introduced by Henry Mackenzie to Mrs. then at Berrywell. tlmt shall wait on sir. Ainslie. ml(iiii«!." Aware of his companion's leave Edinburgh for a northern tour. at hastened on his journey. Nicol at the inn.WILL/AM NICOL. in which he refers to his sitting in the same room with his host and some of his pupils." Next day.

they found Mr. as if unwilling that his jealous and irate friend should suppose that he was on terms of friendly correspondence with any other master of the school. may have been some little estrangement if so. and when the Poet insisted on performing a gentleman to who was an intimate acquaintance of the Duke undertook In the accompany him. On Monday the 15th of October he addressed from Ochtertyre complimentary letters both and is his High School remarked colleague. Nicol sliank. about to down to dinner. and he was. he desires that his compliments ]\Irs. Nicol there . 7th March supposed to have been intended for Mr. With much the politeness the Duke at once offered to send a servant to conduct him to the office himself. as a reason that he Shortly after dinner he rose to depart. castle. In this communication the Poet remarks that. belief that he had been neglected. the travellers returned to Edinburgh on the 16th of September. " that savage hospitality . When Burns returned to Edinburgh from Clackmannanshire. Dr.132 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. he resided with Mr. he had ordered the horses to be put to the carriage. and as no explanation or entreaty would induce him to change his purpose. Early in the following friend. Nicol foaming with resentment. invited sit introduced at Edinburgh. is ephemeral. Between him and Mr. When the Poet and the Duke's friend arrived at the inn. to take his place. to the month the Poet accompanied counties of Clackmannan and to Mr. his young Stirling. may be conveyed to Mr. assigning had left his fellow-traveller at the inn. dated Mauchline. in his communication former. Adair. When the Poet arrived the family were as matter of course. Mr. the Poet was obliged to forego for the second time the happiness of passing a period of days in elevated and congenial society. Nicol. and Cruikshank. Cruikshank. 1788. it was An unaddrcssed letter of the Poet. A tour of twenty-two days concluded. William Cruikto the and it to be that.

Nicol and his family resided during his future vacations.\o<l the song in connexion with his whieh he had in a different connexion coin{K>sed a year or two pjTviously. 337. Mr. W.' By exercising an economy. Nicol 8|)ent his autumn vacation in the vicinity of MofVal.S. so long as he remained at Ellislaud.WILLIAM NICOL. of which the scene was laid ut Willie's Mill.'^ is There was a small cottage on the property. which formed a pai't of the estate of Maxwellton." ' man down with strong litiuore. exists to tliis oflect certiiin Poet had adapted to the occa- but. Nicol acquired considerable opulence. Nicol must have in tlie interval resided at Willie's Mill. vul. in the parish of Tarbolton. in friend. .. 6. . Allan Masterton.' Kol^rt two of the heroes being William Muir. at Tarshaw. II Burns was destined to present different view. There tlie Poet company with their common who had been on a visit to Dalswinton. aa the Poet baa prr- aion of Nicol's festivities the words of a song sonally fi. the words of Burns conii)osed or adapted to the occasion o' Willie brew'd a peck maut. * may not be further l>y Lift and Worhi^ qf Sum*. ftunicr Cliauilicrs. > Library edition of Hurns's Works. which knocks a 133 the devil. the lands of Meikle and Little Luggan. As the vacation of the High tlie Scljool then extended from about the 12th of August to 25th of September. the question rcopeneil. the guests evinced ** an abundant joyousness. Mr. Edia. is In association with his correwpondcnt. his frequent guest. in the barony of Snaid and parish of Glencairn. Mr. and Allan Guthrie. Mary's Loch. At ^ It is all but Tarbolton a tradition. Witli his family he loilged at a place now known as Willie's Mill. friend Nicol. it believed." to which Mastcrton composed the air. and consisted of 284 acres. Nicol paid about £1500. On the 26th March 1790 he pur- chased from William Kiddell of Commieston. Burns's Glonriddcl Notes. In 1789 Mr. For these lands. and there. in the aun« ndgfabourfaood. visited him. ap]»reutly welNfountliii. Ui. Mr. 1852. that tltc iv. near the road wliich lea<lH from Moffat to St. miller at the Mill of Fail. the Poet being. ExiK»riencing a hearty reception and an exuberant hospitality. rigid yet not parsimonious. p.

during his stay at Moffat. the pride of office. Mr. belief that this accession to his status and emoluments near. the animal was dead. Nith. a characteristic letter you and I must resign to Burns. we can and if expect no less than that his language will become perfectly Horatian et arceo. friend. When Under the was the- Poet had been only about a year in the service of the Revenue. which a step preparative to attaining that of a supervisor. The verses — Peg Xicliolson was a good bay mare. As ever trod on airn But now she's floating down the And past the mouth o' Cairn. dated February 1790. I will see him in a fortnight hence I find that Beelzebub has inflated his heart like a bladder with pride. much it to his vexation. was inconsiderable. his promotion to a supervisorship was contemplated. the Poet received the animal at his farm. is To the pride of applauded genius now superadded Therefore He was recently raised to the dignity of an examiner of Excise. addressed to their : common As Robert Ainslie. Nicol. Mr. on the 13th August 1790. he concludes his by presenting commence thus : four stanzas of humorous poetry. And.134 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Always ready to exercise his faculty in money-making. under the belief that his poetical friend at Ellis- land would be enabled to recruit a fair price at the next district its energies so that it might fetch fair. Nicol. poor folks like all thoughts of future is correspondence with him. he reported that. you and I will burn him in . it and given the fullest distention that vanity can efi'ect. and used his best efforts to restore its health. since for the highest offer he had received was fifty-five shillings. To oblige Mr. In a letter to the owner. to soothe letter his friend's irritation on his loss. 9. but unsuccessfully. he showed. purchased a mare in an unthriving condition. Yet the loss." — " odi profanum vulgus However. Nicol had.

the meteor of inspiration. that ! and magnet among the sages —the wise and witty Willie Nicol much in the In two further paragraphs. effigy. Happily .— may straight as the arrow of heaven. unworthy of the Poet's genius and of the concern which had been evinced on his behalf. indication of throwing aside the friendship of his habitually irate. alike That rejoinder is conceived in a strain of flippant rhajwody. The yet. Poet's pr(3ni<)ti<»n was delayed. sufficiently indicates its purport. to effect purposes. The Poet begins thus : thou wisest among the wise. conceived same strain. in his case. jocular allusion to JN'icol had made the Poet being an enemy of the Government. eighteen months had become currently reported that the Poet had given countenance to the French patriots. he became later. Ainslie. he was named William In his letter of August 1790 to Mr. like North. But when. that from the luminous path of thy lookest benigidy all own right-lined rectitude. and so addressed to him a letter of remonstrance. This will be taking the revenge in our powor. Mr. round-headed. and cliiof of many counsellors ! How infinitely is thy puddle-headed. faithful associate. dated 20th February 1792. Nicol's concern on his behalf. full-moon of discretion. slave indebted to thy supcrcminent goodness. This allusion related solely to the Poet's occasional Jacobitism. thou down on an erring wretch. wrong-hended. of whom the zig zng wanderings defy the powers of calculation. but the Poet's rejoinder. so that 1 may be less unworthy of the face ami favour of that father of proverbs antiiK)de of folly and master of maxims. Meanwhile he gave no the 9th April . rattle-headed. That letter is not extant .WILLIAM NICOL. meridian blaze of prudence. On 1791 the Poet's wife gave birth to her third son Nicol. Burns seems to resent Mr. 135 U>r all nnd writo a itfl satiru n» bitter oa gall nnJ wormwood against Government its etiipluying mernien. and bright as be my ]K)rtion. it seriously concerned for his friend's political safety. from the simple copulation of units up to the hidden mysteries of fluxions! May it one feeble ray of that light of wisdom which darts from thy sensorium.

1790-91. the chief conspirator was prepared. in his turn. Wynd. . James Frasi-r . Dr. Alexander Adam was the celebrated Rectorof the High School. and " Crukerashango " was Mr. By Sir Walter Scott. Nicol had been associated with an act of violence. The task which ^ Dr. Nicol. and in his tenth year. During the High School vacation for there was no breach of friendship.^ Willie Nicol loves his bottle. The classes of the several classical masters the Rector then inspected in rotation. so does Long before Brougham's period. in When Lord Brougham attended the Edinburs:h Ilio-h School. and inflicted upon him Owing to lack of evidence. under cloud of night. and it is not uncertain that amidst the convivialities of the capital Mr. During the forenoon . he. "Luke" was Mr. was devised a scheme of revenge. waylaid him in the High School serious injuries. but his guilt was generally credited in the school. and there These were times of hard drinking. Nicol and Masterton spent a week at Dumfries. came to teach Dr.136 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. of 1793. Nicol's supposed intemperance was depicted thus Sandy — Adam so do loves his book. "Frango" was Mr. Lord Brougham's Lift and Timeii. i. Adam's class. in their society. William Cruikshank. 4". Adam. And And Luke and Frango Crukemshango. he escaped a criminal prosecution . — Luke Eraser. vol. Messrs. then a pupil of the High School. there was familiar among the pupils a rhythmical jai-gon. p. When Mr. Mr. Burns was occupied with but he dined with his also spent the evenings friends daily in the Globe Tavern. Nicol had contracted social habits particularly unsuited for one of his irascible tempera- ment. and the master whose classes were examined in the interval took care of the Rector's. his official duties the purpose of enjoying the Poet's society. : in which Mr. a public affront Having experienced what he regarded as from the Rector.

M* so in Gmikshank. Nicol. Adam's. . tlio course of conversation a1)out our common friend. therel)y exposing liim to the ridicule of the school. tolling her that have informed you of the I will affair and I shall write till Mr. prosecution has commenced between Dr. which I suspected had originated from some malevolence of mentioned this story to Mr. and there it . but in very good natured terms. has pross'd . i it Ixjcame lid ilTc rent to him which and what number of in his friends or associates were involved his quarrel. Ainslie : Maucblins. 23rd Awjtid 1788. once told mo of Mr. explained in the following letter from the Poet to his friend. pp. and after an interval renewing the controversy. 80. rested. I am to be served with a sum- monds to compear and declare the fact I should proceed I ! Heaven knows how I have this moment wrote Mrs. Ediu.WILLIAM NICOL. M'Lehose. A and Mr. 1850. 10. But his exasperation was act of assault took place in The unallayed. also an apology. Nicol cursorily. Mrs. Nicol had made confession. Nicol by Tuesday's post that ' not give up my female friend farther Lockhart's L{ft qf Sir VOL. tliat 137 passage in the ^neid of where the Quecu of Carthage interrogates the court as to the stranger who had come to her habitation iioetris t Quia novus hie hoepcs succossit scdibus On vanus a slip of paper Scott inscrilxjd the Virgilian for nomiSy line. both to the Rector and to the town council as patrons of the school. N acquaints me. I have refused this and if last jxist ^fr. II. 81. but I write you juat now on a vexaknow if ever I told you some very bod rciwrts tlint 1 had mentionetl the affair to Mr. N me over and over to give up the lady's name. Dr. and Mr. WaUer Scott. I received your tious business. . Among those whom he sought to This is inveigle in the conflict were Burns and Mrs.' December 1782. S 8ro. and then atUiched it by a pin to Mr. my I don't had said so and so. N and Mr. the class had ])res(riljed to them was Virgil. that I persist in my refusal. till dear friend. He had now. Mr. M* se. substituting Nicol's coat. that a laily last.

but that I have acquainted you Avith the business and the name to wait and that I have desired you will on him. at length that. intimating that in the event of future transgressions of .138 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. And that the council should adopt regulations for the good government of the school. The quarrel between Mr. In the minutes of the town : council we have 2btli the following narrative January 1791. as Rector. has been guilty of a verbal injury of a contumelious nature to Dr. Adam. —The Lord Provost informed that the reason of calling this meeting of council was to take into consideration an interlocutor and report relative to the long dispute by the magistrates between the Rector and one of the subordinate masters of the High School. memorial Mr." Which report before engrossed. 19/^ January 1791. as one of the subordinate masters of the said school. find it proven that Mr. for Avhich he ought to receive a severe reproof. and to appoint them strictly to be adhered to under penalty of dismission. and give up the name or not. Nicol. and haill procedure. as your and Mrs. — The magistrates having considered the different petitions of Doctor Alexander Adam. you do . Rector of the High School of Edinburgh. Nicol and the Kector had assumed aspects so formidable. in order to avoid further scandal. with the proof adduced by the petitioner and the proof for adduced by the respondent. That the Rector and other masters be directed to instruct the boys uniformly by Ruddiman's Grammar. M' se's prudence shall suggest. that then a severe reproof shall be given to Mr. the municipal authorities. consideration . Rector be observed by all Also that a proper and necessary subordination to the the other masters. : Then the said interlocutor and report was read. and Extraordinary Assessor for the is city. Solicitor-General. felt called upon to again actively interfere. answers for Mr. one of the masters of the said school. as patrons of the institution. whicli I intreat. which had been laid before His Majestie's Advocate. with a proper certification. and by no other. William Nicol. the like nature. and report their opinion that the whole masters of the school shall be convened before the council assembled at a full meeting. and of the following tenor "Edinburgh. my dear sir. it is that expected he will instantly complain to the patrons. Nicol. Nicol from the chair. immediate dismission from his office will be the consequence in the event of any similar transgression in future. being considered by the council . replies and duplies.

cxviL pp. Nicol. . in Mr. The miiiuto. which. . Adam Adam was to deprive him of a portion of in refusing vol. The sub-committee recalled the fact that " a gross assault had been made upon Dr. 64. into his class-room. the object of which.^ An irate temper may not be allayed to : hence Mr. they unnnimoiiRly approved. Adam against by Mr. Mr. The Lonl Provost from the chair and intimated to him that immedi- ate dismission from his oflicc would bo the consequence of a future tranigreMioP of a similar nature. his fees. Dr. Nicol in very severe terms. Now Dr. in regard : to the better administration of Thcrcaftor Doctor aj)j)eared High School proceeds Adam. Nicol again subjected himself strong council." But in 1790 "he had used contumelious language to Dr. and in 139 mldition thereto were of opinion that the T/)rd Pnn'OHl should intimate to the Rector that his conduct free was not altogether from liliiino. by the intervention of two honourable gentlemen was made up. proceedings on tin* part of the magistrates and town From their minutes of the 18th March 1795. Nicol having acknowledged his fault in a letter publickly read in the High School. Adam on the December 1782. Adam complained that Mr.WILLIAM NICOL. it that "after so heinous a fault. . Nicol being was to have been expected that his future behaviour would have been circumspect." The sub-committee further set forth forgiven. Nicol street." for which he was severely reprimanded and warned. Nicol's conduct ' admission to Dr. The council found that Mr. and had announced that he was to open a class for private teaching. Mr. after referring to some general regulations affairs. Nicol being called . we sub-committee learn that there was then received the report of a in reference to further complaints by Dr. the Rector. and Mr. Edinburgh Town Council Records. 63. for. Nicol had refused him admission averred. Adam. they along with the other masters roprimondud Mr.

UO THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. vol. speaking advert to as any modern one whatever though few in this country seek to it. Burns was from the outset abundantly cognizant of his acerbity and waywardness. Nicol resigned his office. fol. his In that spot his remains were For three years preceding profitable or safe. nearly certain that versation with Professor Walker respecting him. under pain of dismissal. he has a confounded strong in-kneed sort of a soul. Hume monument. : In his public advertisement he used these words The business would be principally conducted in the language of Rome.^ Determined not to side of the yield. his " His mind is like Mr. Some time lairs. a circumstance which gives a decided superiority to the grammar schools on the Continent over those of Great Britain. In a conto * Though warmly attached body . Exhausted by controversy. Nicol as one with whom correspondence w^as While they were on terms of active friendship. Nicol. by the constant habit of . was highly censurable. in 1787. as easily and speedily acquired. hi the Duke of Athole's grounds at Blair Athole . Mr. before his death he purchased a place of family sepulture in the Calton in the close burial-ground. xv. premised. For the Latin language. and thereby supplemented his emoluments. near the Cross. Mr." Viewed it in connexion with the is history of his family. the Poet remarked. extending to the breadth of five vicinity of the interred. but he translated theses for medical students. Nicol was not wholly a responsible agent. In his new venture Mr.^ death the Poet seems to have ceased to regard Mr. Nicol had very partial success. and ordered him to abandon the school which he had set up after the last examination. and in September 1795 opened a private classical academy on the north High Street. Nicol the following jocose epitaph 1 Town Council Records. and debilitated through he died on the 21st April 1797. : he composed on Mr. proper principles may be it. social excesses. 118.

William Nicol married a young English gentlewoman. yo'vo gotten. to which his miniature portrait. and : will come out to gather nuts with me next harvest. owing to the owner's embarrassments. The bowl was as an heirloom retained in Mr. the t<j dearest friend of the Author. fec<l 141 on Nicol's brain. For fuw sic feastit o' Yo'vo got n prize For civil a bit o't's rotten. William Aitken. being greatly valued by him. the elder daughter. . to another.til trailition ohtnins in the family that at n iMtaHing-school. Margaret.WILLIAM NICOL. Yo maggoU). by into the hands of whom it was sold to the Earl of Rosebery in August 1884. which took place ami that in 1832. was. Nicol of the 9th February 1700. the son Edward is noticed thus " I hope Ned is a good scholar. Aitken Ni<"l td > Now A in the poeseesion of ox-Bailio Colston . disea. Jane." E<lward died in early manhood. A copy of IJiirns's lirHt Etiiiiburgli edition is extant. the younger daughter. * btoonie his wife while she was U-uii.sr. was neatly attached." Tlie Poet also presented Mr. husband's death. In the Poet's letter to Mr. Mr. thus inscriljcd. painted on ivory. laboured under cerebral and was confined in a lunatic asylum at Musselburgh. Margaret and Jane. i. a man next ' after an only brother. which. born in 1781. after his death. "To William Nicol. Willie'H heart. Edward.she was imiiicoii Ity of Edinburgh. fell Nicol's family. 5th January 1802. The survivors were a son.Iiu. four of whom three whom died in childhood. placed by the members of his family in a handsome stand.v'. Niool'. minister of Scone in Perthshire. passing from one member it At length. the Rev.' by he had seven children. and two daughters. married. a gentleman in Newcastle. Nicol a fine china punch-l)owl.s fiithcr was Mayor of Ivinninghani. her Subsequent to Mrs. Mrs.

having returned to this country and settled at Penpont. younger surviving son of Mr. office in London. he had two sons and two daughters. which took place on the 25th July 1859. a native of England. Of the marriage two daughters. He married. born in 1851. younger daughter. On the death of his mother he inherited the lands of Over and Nether Laggan. Elizabeth Betson. married Andrew Murray Buist. and was afterwards chief Easteim. Amelia Kate Cope. Edinburgh. At his majority in 1872 he succeeded to the which he after- estate of Laggan. entered a silk-mercer's elder daughter. without issue. Isabella Howat. the younger daughter. James Johnstone.142 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the elder son. married. and Mrs. to 3 Pilrig Place. sailing between New York and Havannah. the elder practised as a physician at Sierra Leone. in 1859 they came into his possession. in wards sold value for £8000. cable. Aitken were born two sons and son. the was born in 1853. William Nicol. William Burns the younger son. Eobert Nicol Aitken. Captain Aitken became mentally disordered lunatic asylum at Liverpool. May At his burial place in Glencairn churchyard a large obelisk. he there died on the 17th 1862. born in 1858. qualified himself as an engineer. and. Helen. and Mrs. in 1856. acquired by his great-grandfather. Aitken of Scone. By his wife. was many years chief officer of the royal mail steamship Tlie British Queen. of Mr. when Aitken. and Mrs. removed where she resided till her death. has been erected to his memory. officer on board the Great he died in a when that vessel was engaged in laying out the Atlantic . of the county of Lanark. 23rd February 1857. elder daughter of Mr. . Aitken of the parish of Scone. Margaret. being £5000 excess of the estimated father's of the lands. Alexander Brown. suitably inscribed.

xivrn family. two or more the as families brothers of the name. James. His son James. who died on the 17 3rtl is December 1597 his "free gear. Moniaive.ir tombstone in iiK^morv of his parents. receiving the family estate. of Monkiidding is named in 1636 as bailie-depute of Cunningham. the eldest >ii. In the Court Book Thomas Nevin of Monkryding is on the 16th June 1679 associated with Sir John Shaw of Greenock in a process In the Bailie Court of horning . £100. younger of Brigend. 143 died at Newcastlc- farmer.irvan chapmen itinerant vendors of portable wares. granted on the 8th November 1638 by John Nevin Prior to of Overkirkwood. the close of the seventeenth century. William Micol erected an alt. Dunifriessliire «lic ou-Tyne. in the parish of Kirkoswald. THE NIVEN FAMILY In the twenty-third volume of the Edinburgh Conmiissariot Register is recorded the testament and inventory of Andrew Neven of Monkiidding in the parish of Kilwinning. The two elder sons seem to have died young. Thomas. probably descendants of of or Monkridding or Brigend. "Thomas Neviu. and in the same register for is recorded a bond to John Montgomeric. settled n <. John. John Niven." which is valued at £944. who became tenant at Ardlochan. Millluad. bequeathed to his second son. . invested his savings in stocking a farm in the vicinity of Girvan. . One of these brothers. In the churchyard of Ecclefcchan Mr. Book of Cunningham. 8th June 1872. Ninian. .rnr. William. and Robert. had four sons..

ocean about a mile to the south of Turn- .144 John. Jean sons. a native of Kintyre died on the 7th October 1799. John." he is ^ in Kirkoswald in parish. the second son. Ballochneil mill berry is Castle. a forester. wat«rs into the verses. in Kirkoswald carts of his In Carrick he introduced wheel- own manufacture. the eldest daughter. and Janet. an ironworker in Glasgow. she Margaret. tenant at Ardlochan." represents the irate wife of his hero as referring in these lines : — That ev'ry iiaig was ca'd a shoe on. and Douglas . tlie third son. and attained opulence. Joanna.^ became a blacksmith at the Maidens in Kirkoswald parish. fourth son of James Niven. cousin. married Samuel Brown. Damhouse of Ardlochan. settled as a blacksmith at parish. in substitution for unwheeled sledges previously in use. lie married his Niven. also several daughters. a loch on the confines of the parish of Dailly. died at Kirkoswald about the year 1875. In "Tam o' commemorated thes^ lines of Kate's vigorous denunciations :— wi' the miller. sat as lang as That ilka melder Thou thou had siller. the third son. Robert. his several children emigrated to America. James. (first). Robert Niven married Margaret Ross. John Niven had four four daughters. between the hours of six and seven. the eldest son. second son. became a country blacksmith. at the age of eighty-six. deposits its Burns was in the habit of walking each morning along the bank of the Milton stream. . He is the smith to whom the Poet. deriving from Craig Dow. When he made these walks solitarily he composed neil. in " Tam o' Shanter. Robert. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Robert. When resident at Balloch- '•* and farm homestead its situated on the Milton stream. formerly as Corriston Burn. settled as William. known source which. the Poet's maternal "^ Kirkoswald Parish Register. The smith and thee gat roarin' fou on. also Jean (second). rented the mill and farm of Ballochneil Shanter. born 20th September 1766. the David. James. with issue three sons.

with he yielded and. the day of the annual to Ayr . with his accompanied him to Mr. though the breeze should prove off the blaw the horns advice shore. he was assigned a share of John Nivon's bed in a small attic chamber of the farmhouse. he had intended to lodge with his uncle.4— Kirkoswald Paruh 1 Register. II. John Niven was by five years the Poet's senior. VOL. in the embarked Tam Shantei'. jocularly remarking that he would not abandon strong enough to *' his purpose. in order to study mensuration. of the Shantcr farm.' was >>n]>ti«e«l I7r. but when they had moved to some distance from the coast. to the of his more experienced reaching ' the they effected 14tli . At length companion. on the kye a " [cattle]. At Burns's suggestion his companion. Samuel Brown. father's permission. Roger's schoolhouse. in the early summer of 1776. . but when Niven proposed that they should steer shoreward.* llobert Niven and Margaret Robs. was When.suniiiicr holiday of Kirkoswald scliool was observed horse-fair at Thursday of July. and cherished a close friendship. but ihey were pleased with each other's society. the parochial schoolmaster. but. and otherwise to improve himself in mathematical The annual on the first . uncle. learning. occasion by attempting a o* fishing expedition on the They accordingly. they were assailed by a strong gale from the Such a gale implied danger. one of the workers on the farm. Burns objected. of a small apartment which adjoined the mill- John Miven. as his relative had only a single apartment. and the two students at Ballochneil resolved improve the coast. with the view of prosecuting mathematical studies under Mr. Hugh Roger. a small boat belonging to Douglas Graham east. 145 and whose household accommo- dation consisted house. at the small creek or harbour of the Maidens.THE NIVEN EAMILY. the Poet his came to Kirkoswald. only son of iMjrn in 1754.Inly landing some If.

but by his Mrs. and. he seized a newspaper which lay in Next morning the apartment. panied by a heavy they hastened for shelter to Shanter farmhouse." received a MS. which stood near. Mrs." —or ony kind o' beast without a In August 178G. Careful and industrious as a domestic manager. who. and the occupants of which were on intimate terms with the Niven family. or one named Meg tail. they found that the farmer was absent at the wife. assured the fall young men that she apprehended that some day he would the Doon. copy of When. for Graham was content to remark that it " was a he never owned a grey mare. they were cordially welcomed. as she informed her visitors. as he failed to present himself.146 difficulty. In his returning together to Burns expatiated to companion on the wanton censures of the gudewife. and on the . remarking that he Unmoved parcel o' by the striking descriptions. or even the allusions to his vituperative helpmate. when the Poet visited Carrick to express an . many years afterwards. She expected her husband to return early in the evening. horse-fair. Being now overtaken by a violent thunderstorm. Graham indulged a querulous temper and spoke rashly. Graham. On reaching the homestead. Mr. lees. to the farmer of Shanter. had accompanied her husband to Ayr to purchase leather be used with their for soles. more to especially in relation her quaint expletives. among Mrs. to home -tanned Ballochneil. Niven the poem from Mr. she energetically expatiated on his convivial irregularities. margin inscribed some of lines with a pencil . he read it was the hero. the friends remained till the evening. it was his first draft "Tam o' Shanter. skins in providing shoes for the family. Aiken of Ayr. the neighbouring shoemaker. and. into Graham associated in her denunciation Johnnie Davidson. As the storm continued. accomrainfall. other untoward vaticinations. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.

the eldest son. William. was a celebrated vocalist. . One of the sons. aged the age of sixty-eight families. To Miss Janet Niven. on the 3rd May 1888. Adam. David. who died in Mahaar. One the of the brothers. Nott'd for his henevolence. late in seventeenth century. of his information in regard to the Kirkoswald at John Niven died on the 31st Octol)er 1822. He had . was bailiff or land-steward on an estate in Oxfonlshire his grand- Madame Sainton-Dolby. the second brother. who settled as chapmen which at Girvan. only surviving daughter of the Kirkoswald schoolmaster. Jamaica. Kirkcolm. he cvini-ed i-onsiderateness ids and self-denial meal into the market at MaylnJe. his wife on the 17th January 1847. a younger daughter. leased the farm of Balchryston. and largely prospered. neighhouring farmers hoai-ded their produce. he employed Rolx?rt stocking several small farms in the neighbourhood. David Niven. the late William. prosecuted merchandise at May]>ole. and attained office \\\ the magistracy. The friends did not again meet. with issue one son and seven daughters. He had four sons. John Nivcn married. and two others. Jean Roger. in the hope of further enhancing the prices. on the 29th July 1790. which he took in lease. at a time the still of prevailing wyircity. David. crollcct 1 47 outHt/iiuling HuhscriptionH for his John Nivcn ami Ilugli R^)ger. Charles Niven. daughter. near he married. three sons. and Adam Culzean Niven. had a s<Hial meeting with him at Maybolc. eighty -four. trading By a course of in successful he acquired wealth. with issue. . tlic schoolmaster. David and settled in They died unmarried. was William Niven. In token the of aj>preciation of his honourable conduct he received from magistrates of Maylx)le the freedom of the burgh. adieu to his friendH. Wigtownshire. John Niven 8uccee<led hy bringing his father in the lease of Ballochneil farm. the writer owes much . when. an<l ])oeins.THE NIVEN FAMIL Y.

at the time that the Poet also private students the eldest son. Every one of my Maybole friends welcome ' Maybole Parish Register.148 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. " will Friend. and the two truly worthy old gentlemen I had the honor of being introduced to on Friday see of tho' I am afraid the conduct you forced me on may make them me in a light I would fondly think I do not deserve. William Niven cultivated his friendship. Burns issued proposals for printing his poems. Niven. and have my promise performed to you o' . and when. — among the million. he appealed to his Kirkoswald schoolfellow for aid in the subscription. as a private pupil. ten years afterwards. The intimacy thus formed was steadily maintained." Kcmember me in the most respectful way to Bailie and Mrs. o' a day's no' the break a bargain. William was now a merchant in Maybole in partnership with his father. Struck by the brilliant humour of his new acquaintance. William extended to him a tained him at the King's He enter- Arms Hotel. bringing to meet him at supper some of the principal burgesses. about the middle of August 1786. born 24tli February 1759/ received instruction from Mr. Hugh Roger. Never did I meet with as many congenial To all and each of them make my most friendly compliments." Have patience and I pay you I thank you with the most heartfelt sincerity for the worthy knot of lads you introduced me to. . the On his return to Mossgiel in Poet communicated with : William Niven the following letter — My Dear proverb. Roger's roof. Dun. particularly " Spunkie youth Tammie. the Poet the subscriptioncordial welcome. and John Niven were under Mr. proceeded thither with the view of ol)taining money. and when. as I would abhor to hear every prentice mouthing is my poor to performances in the streets. without one dissonant jar in the concert. souls together. —I have been very throng ever since I saw you. In the meantime remember this never blaze my songs . not got the whole of but you know the old The break all. I will perform the rest my promise soon. Mr. and frequently conducted him on the Saturdays to his father's house at Maybole.

Imt I ilon't wish them to go farther. . grand - daughter This lady of his l)rother.* His marriage being with- out issue. Niven" were his corresjxnidunt's parents. Robert Niven. who died unmarried. rospect for them. a physician in Tlic May- l>ole iiid he emigrated to Jamaica. Hugh Logan. and there died. Renfrewshire. only child Hugh Hutchison of Southfield. owing to his infornio<l Wing possession of Mr. He became noted for his parsimony. M. MoswoiKi. Robeht Uuhnh." but ^ • vaded by the single idea of how to become rich. "Bailie" "Mrs. Niven settled his fortune on Charlotte.iu.' William Niven succeeded his father in the lands of Kirkland Hill. at the age of fifty-one. was the parish sclioohnaster lie died on the 5th July 1810.i. name. and had issue the baronet and other children. married. — I am my dear William. your obliged. less His personal property was latterly estimated at not than £100. Niven of Middlebie in Dumfriesshire. a respect ox sincere as the love of dying saints. at the advanced age of eightyfive. third son of William Niven. in 1796. For William Niven the Poet originally intended his " Epistle to a Young Friend. Hoimic. . "Mr.THE NIVEN EAMILY. Dun. banker. wlm tiitn a< u*«l <is professional assistant to Dr. a native of Maybole of . lie also atUvined an important accession to his fortune hy estiites succeeding to the of his two brothers in Jamaic^i. she died 15th February 1841. * Tontlistone iu Maybole Churchyarvl. . Isabella Goudic. Mr. Lady Montgomerie Cunninghame has since added Niven to her family She became a widow in 1870.-> Spuiikie )tnitli Taniniif l'i|>»'». a copy Hiitnll if 149 I tliey chuse .-^ ili<.* He died on the 13th December 1844.nybolo." or Dunn.' ua. that his early conii>anion was jwr- Tomlwtone in Miiybole Churchynrvi. ' Ihi<l. ** 30//t Awjiuit 17RG. Sir Thomas Montgomerie Cunninghame present of Corshili. mean it a« a mark of my ever. chapman and farmer > The original of this letter is now in tlie he changed his intention.000. Dr. in 1832.* William Niven espoused.

have been frequently first In issuing from the press in 1729 the the editor. In this manner his seizure was con- templated. he was. For a time his wife and preservation from sister were. Janet and . settled in that place as a general merchant. medita- and holiness. land labourer . but he eluded the vigilance of his pursuers. in her ninetieth year. William Cupples.. Alexander and Robert also two daughters. Agnes Stevenson. and whose memorials of himself. who died in the year 1728. he died in 1728." 1729. at the age of seventy-nine his wife. died 27th December 1810. selected for prosecution. . at an advanced age. Of the marriage of Robert Niven and Agnes Stevenson were born two sons. " he adds that " his life was a of prayer. in the parish of Daily. 12mo. five of their number being quartered on the household. . by John Stevenson.^ Mr. Long surviving the times of persecution. though occupying no higher status than that of an agricultural labourer. minister of Kirkoswald. the town and attained office in the magistracy. ^ "A ing Cordial for Old Bare Soul-Strengthening and Comfortand Young Christians." From his youth impressed seriously. entitled A Soul-Strengthening and reprinted. . Bailie Robert Niven died at Girvan on the 2nd December 1807. Stevenson consecrated his energies to the cause of Presbytery and. under the charge of rebellion. About the year 1679 his father's house at Dailly was surrounded by a party of dragoons. at Girvan. by the local abettors of a despotic Government. During a subsequent winter he and his young wife preserved their freedom by taking shelter under a haystack. edition of these memorials. grand-daughter of John sufferer for the Stevenson. He ascribes his own arrest the frequency and fervour of his devotions. Comfortmg Cordial.150 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. describes the writer as " the most eminently pious man life he ever knew^ tion. He entered council. d:c. He married Agnes Stevenson. a Covenant. committed to the prison to of Maybole.

Niven readily complied. was baptized in Febiiiary 1760. I'oet The lads became intimate. on the 18th July 1793. in Sundrum the parish of t'oylton. Niven was. the friends proceeded to Coylton. from the University of St. is The anee(h)tu n'luted hy Profes-sm Walker. he. ' Girvan Parish Register. on the 4th October 1786. and when the grain was duly cleansed and stacked for market. Alexander to preach Niven was. lio but that if his friend would assist completing would thereafter attend to his summons. where he hoped that his l>resence would . .* was a day-lK)arder with Hugh Roger at Kirkoswald when the was resident in the place. Agnes. Having studied theology IVcHbytery of Ayr. and.THE NIVEN FAMILY. licensed by the As he was still resident at Poet that he would not attend any service Sundrum. the elder son. but. Distinguished for his theological learning. Burns.^ without n1»ru]>tly finisli Mr.some ministerial experience. give tlie preacher's name. * the preacher's grandson. however. he slipped quietly into a pew. learning that he was to preach where. as he was notes. For a time the preacher did not conq^ollcd to his discover him but when he did he became confused. remarked that he could not leave his work liiiished.D. the precise date of baptism not Wc have related tlie story as we received it from njuMm-nt. who was him in in the bam unit. Owing to a blcniiah is who doea not. Alexander his acMpiaintance Niven renewed Mossgiel. ill tlie reoonl. l^e unobserv'cd. lie 151 Alexander. in 1816. IlaniilUon of Aftervvjinls tutor in the family of Mr. which borders that of Mnuchline. Andrews. ordained minister of Dunkeld. ihrnshing grain. felt preaching discourse. abstained from becoming his auditor when he conducted Coylton and Mauchline . Mr. llie at the University of Glasgow. he begged conducted by him until Burns accordingly service at else- he had acquired . with the Poet by visiting him at One afternoon he arrived at Mossgiel to invite the Poet to forthwith join a party of friends. received the degree of D.

occupied a small cottage on the farm of Park near Ballochneil. that Julia Robinson who was reputed Intending to be a sailor. the fifth son. Charles Murray.152 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the became a Writer fourth son. in 1825. his wife Eliza. own His father. . Thomas Brown. By daughter of the Rev. a lad of the Poet's comrades at Kirkoswald was age. one of the ministers of Glasgow. and his mother. Robert. the eldest son. was a daughter of as a witch. ordained minister of Balfron. Alexander Niven.^ ^ He next appears And in August 1781 363. Dr. Eliza Susanna. was. and died in 1835. Hugh Roger's school at the time the Poet and John Niven were there prosecuting and geometry. she died 31st March 1834. Alexander Niven and Susanna Dick. and Frederick . He married. succeeded to the living of Dunkeld. THOMAS Among his ORR. died on the 3rd He November 1833. iv. an born six sons and a daughter. as he Library edition of Burns's Works. second son of the Rev. Of the marriage were Dick. was killed in the attack upon Nagpore . died in India . Dr. Tom Orr. Humphry assistant surgeon in the Indian army. and was employed as an agricultural labourer. elder daughter of Captain Dick of Auchnagee. was born blind to the Signet . Tom was a student of navigation in Mr. Thomas Brown. John Dick. their studies in mensuration harvesting at Lochlea in September 1780. William Orr. 5th May 1794. and aunt of the distinguished Sir Robert Dick of Tullymet. William. . Alexander. Jean Robinson. the sixth son. the third son. William. also a daughter. Susanna Stewart. in his seventy-fourth year. he had issue four sons.

.

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Thomas Orr. i. the only study The Poet's letter which includes these lines ia in the pooMnion of Mr.MAs. 3rr/ — am. him in han'Cftt. but was nt a loss for a direction. in which he remarks This is sent a present from [faithful] servant. proceeds — I want yon t<» l)o horo to your harvest by Mojiilay first. John Westwood Oliver of l^ndon. including his old flame. evidently in allusion to his attempting business as a flax-dresser. —God wot. And on the 30th October epistle.' : dated September 7th [1782]. Your ever Tom. etc. Dear — I have been designed to write to you of a long time. what place of tlie country you are in. in fac-simile.^ In a letter to Lochlie.THOMAS ORR. your*. VOL. the Poet. taking as light a burden as I can. for we begin on Tousduy to our wheat. U . In reply to Orr's rhyme. now for the first time printed. hcrewitli presented thus. Wiixiam Rurnib. my old way.IB. I am going on in . II. My I wife duHiros onquirf. I have nothing to toll you of news for myself. AwjMut [1781]. of the cares of the world studying men. writes thus Wliat is't : to me a passenger. am neither less nor bigger. Tom addressed his former schoolfellow in a rhyming for quotation. His verses are much too doggerel : save in the concluding couplet. as well as I can. as I am ignorant . the Poet writes Sir. 1 Whether my But I vessel be first rate or not Tlie ship itself who sail nmy make a better figure. Peggy Thomson. Believe me. and bring her word how her brother John's wife \k IXK^HI. their it is manners and 1 their ways. Orr carried from the Poet complimentary messages to various persons in the locality. * Also iu fac-simile in vol. Tom. On returning to Kirkoswald at the end of harvest 1781. assiftt 153 was again Hummoncd by William Bumcs to His note of summons. TiiD.

mind you would be happy. whatever he may appear to be. MossQAViL. I don't choose to enter into rascal in a affair. fulfilled a long-cherished intention of becoming He was drowned is in his first voyage.^ To a letter from Orr in the autumn of 1784. 1784. Burness. ' who had hitherto assisted his father as a field labourer. is moderately pursued % The greater part of men grasp at riches as eagerly as if poverty were but another word for damnation and misery. that I am very glad Peggy is off my hand. the original signature iu Library edition Burns's Works. to wisdom and prudence yovirself wiser and the folly and madness make better. Robert Burnbss. the Poet answered thus : Dr Thomas. Robt. urns. I should be glad to see you to you the meanwhile I am. I am at present so affair of gallantry. generous and humane. having been written over in a heavier hand. hope you will write me soon. in this world will yield solid satisfaction. the sincere wish of your friend. this sordid turn of . whereas I affirm that the rich. I endeavour by studying the of others. edited by William Scott Douglas. a seaman. About the year 1785. your friend. LocHLiE. In the MS. and Observe mankind around you of some. vol. man whose Avoid only wish is to become great and . .^ nth Novemher Orr. I it am at present embarrassed enough without her. tho' I assure gave me no manner of concern. laudable. To be rich if and to be great are the it grand concerns of this world's men. but where is it moderately pursued. September 7th. and . but never was a poor rakish tell more pitiful taking. — you the contents of taken in with an as I am much obliged to you for your last letter. in. 51. particulars in writing. verted into Burns "Burness" has by another hand been conthe four last letters. pp. iv. informing him that Peggy Thomson was about to be wedded to the young farmer at Minnybee. your mind that you is employed what your studies principally are is me what and believe me tell may be wise and virtuous. and to be sure. ^ This letter clearly to be ascribed to the This the letter is printed for the of first time year 1782. 50. .154 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. or whatever he is may pretend to be at the if bottom he but a miserable wretch.

and connexion distinguished himself by detaching the Indians from the service of the French. chamberlain at Drumlanrig. memoir. L 393. after holding different municipal offices. and latterly obtained command of the 8th Regiment. held a military other localities command at Detroit. but he declined the the English office owing imperfect acquaintance with tongue. Retiring from his military duties at an advanced age. For the colonel to persons of his not only possessed the generous warmth ' common vol.COLONEL A RENT SCHUYLER DE PEYSTER. who from 1790 1792 was Provost of Dumfries. The colonel married early in life Rebecca. was 1677 elected Mayor of to his New York. Colonel Schuyler. one of the two daughters of David Blair. Descendants of Johannes de Peyster acquired settlements in New York State * . Engaging as the city of New York in was then designated. 135 COLONEL ARENT SCHUYLER DE PEYSTER Thk Huguenot religiouH fomily of De Peyster. also in other parts of the American continent. a member settled at of the family. to near Dumfries. found in the veteran of many wars an associate particularly to his liking. Conttmporary Biography of New York. and a native of his wife Cornelia Luttcrs. on coming from Ellisland to Dumfries. He also served in other parts of North America under his uncle. Mrs. . and. Michilimaokinac.* persccutious of Charles found refuge in Holland. and in during the Seven Years' War. Jt)hanne8 de Peyster. emigrated to America along with and about the year 1652 New Amsterdam.. in merchandise. on whose introduction the Poet. de Peyster's only sister was wife of John M'Murdo. Haarlem. exiled from I'lance IX. he greatly prospered. the subject of the present A several this scion of the New York family. (Imm- m. he established his residence at Mavis Grove.

156 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. 'Tween good and 1 M'Dowall's Alemonals of St. the Poet received some kind inquiries from the colonel as to his health. Michael's to each in a poetical controversy. Among those who ? joined his corps his ode. deep I feel interest in the poet's weal \ Your ! now sma' heart hae I to speel steep Parnassus. though fiction out may trick her. and unsicker ! I've found her still. but he and composed verses of no inconsiderable During the movement merit. in honour of the movement. pp. was actuated by a fine poetical sensibility. which was conducted in the Churchyard. profession.^ for the national defence consequent on the menaces of the Eevolution Government of France. it. 161. pill The Surrounded thus by bolus And potion glasses. other. O what a canty warld were Would pain and care and sickness spare And fortune favor worth and merit As they deserve claret j it An aye a rowth roast beef and Syne wha wad starve ? Dame Life. appointed major commandant. " Does haughty Gaul invasion threat course of that illness which terminated in When. Colonel de Peyster took a prominent part in embodying at Dumfries two companies of volunteers. feeble. in the was the Poet. who. and of these he was. he replied in these verses : My Ah honor'd colonel. composed " beginning. his death. and the Poet engaged . 162. ill. Aye wavering like the willow-wicker. on the 24th March 1795. the field-officer Unknown columns of the Dum/riea Journal. And in paste gems and frippery deck her Oh flickering.

COLONEL ARENT SCHUYLER DE PEYSTER. the colonel. On the occasion of his funeral. to bo forgiven fittod for the jovn of lioavon. In relation to Colonel de Peyster. he asked the his old friend. the Lhtmfrir. and he survived Poet twenty -six years. Michael's Churchyard the following inscription Sacrod to the diod on the 26th of memory of Aront Schuyler de Peyster of Mavis Grove. preserve ua frne the devil. who November 1822. When was George IV. the He was then about the age of seventy. presented his visit the following anecdote. his fellow-townsmen testified their respect by attending grave in in large numbers. To plague you with this drounting a' Abjuring I intontionH evil. was on to Scotland in 1822. a fair eeiimate may bo forniud from tho following simple linos. But lost 157 you think I am uncivil ilrivul. by his loyalty and honourable principles than by the cordiality of his manners. On is a monument raised at his : St. Through Christ alone. in an obituary notice. of sixty years won* devoted to the service of his king less distinguished He was no . Micliael's Churchyard. Colonel de Peyster attended in com- of his body of volunteers.< Councr. of which upwards and country. I The Lord Amen Amen. Of the Christian humility of his mind. Marquis of Quecnsbcrry whether . written by : him within a week of his death Raise no vain structure o'er my grave One simple stone is all I crave To say beneath a sinner lies Who And died in hopes again to rise. when the to St. quat niy pen. at a very advanced ago. and the warmth and sincerity of his friendslu'iie and his memory will long be cheri8he<l and revered by those who enjoyed the happiness of his acquaintance. Poet's remains were comdgiied On mand tbc 26tli July 1796.

visited Colonel de Peyster presented a Plymouth. 6s." The King to the period when. the Marquis explained that nothing but the advanced age and growing infirmities of his wife would have prevented him from repairing esting an occasion. JOHN RAMSAY OF OCHTERTYRE." On Ochtertyre. James Ramsay is entered as possessing " the two parts of Ochtertyre. as Prince of Wales. who forms the subject of the present memoir. xi. was born in Edinburgh on After an elementary training in the classics under Mr. In the year 1591. they must be is truly a venerable couple. for one of my earliest remembrances referred that I danced Monymush with Mrs. valued at £105. portioner of acquired by purchase an additional share of the Ochterthe 5th His son practised at Edinburgh as a Writer to the his wife. in the parish of Kincardine-in-Menteith. John Ramsay. he entered as 1 Perthshire Register of Sasines. 3 was wife of George Abercromby of Tullibody. near Stirling. Replying in tlie affirmative. de Peyster. fine. 426. one of the portioners of the lands of Ochtertyre. and mother of Sir Ralph Abercromby. John. a teacher of reputation at Dalkeith. vol. Holyrood on so "Well. Ralph Dundas . was named Ramsay.^ This gentleman. and niece of Bishop Burnet. Barclay. Another daughter of Mr.^ Signet." said the King. about 1778. the 26th August 1736. 8d. "I am sorry for it to inter. Tall in person. when the garrison of the place was under the colonel's command. and in the valuation of Perthshire of 1649. a daughter of and by Ralph Dundas of Manor. he had. November 1697. soldier-like bearing. tyre estate.158 still alive. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. had a son. fol. and his manners were gentle and conciliatory.

e. he at Ochtertyre. I. he continued to pass the winters at Edinburgh. Ramnay was suppose. lie ( tiistcs gave him access to the best special favourite . With Lord Kames he became a But was also on terms of intimacy with Dr. Rector of the High School of Stirling. Blacklock. David Doig.JOHN RAMSAY OF OCHTERTYRE. the Poet remarks " I called at Mr. while lie was to still under age. then reared on roonument of Dr. in rural pursuits. trofession. As a less private tutor at Eton. while their personal conversations were occasionaUy con- ducted in the classical Roman tongue. having Mr." And on the same day to Mr. Macleod. aaaociated w ith Dr. " 1 I leave this place. Gleig. Mr. bearing Latin inscriptions. more cherished History at companions were Dr. Professor of Church Glasgow. I he writes.* When Burns was visited sojourning at Hars^ieston in October 1787. led him to forego his prospects at the Bar. Ramsay's of Auchtertyre as I came up the : country. and shall inscription for the In the year 1777 Mr. selecting the legal passed as an advocate. and there his classicuU literary society. William Cruikshank. Ramsay some time previously Writing to AVilliam been introduced to his notice by Dr. ii 159 student the University of Eilinburgh. and. Doig was no remarkable for his intimate familiarity with the ancient classics consequently Mr. I But the death of his father.even. in Strathearn. on Wednesday. Ramsay further gratified his his predilections by adorning demesne with sculptured tablets. Professor Macleod had become conver- sant with the niceties of Latin versification. and Dr. and am so delighted with him. and Dr. Nicol from Ochtertyre. Bishop of Brechin. Ramsay conducted with them a classical corre-l)ondenc'. Tobias the banks of the . Samuel Juhnsoii and Professor George Stuart of Edinburgh in pn^paring the Latin Smollett. and engage wholly Though he now made the country his stated home. on the 15th October. that I shall certainly accept of his invitation to spend a day or two with in a letter despatched him as I return. his (litor of the Eiicyclopwdia Britannica.

^ Among Walter ^ the associates of Mr. He died 24th May 1821. The Rev. In the evening he suddenly bounced in upon and said. *' That is On coming to the inn. I proceeded to his house. etc. was distinguished as the translator of the Old Testament Scriptures into Gaelic. he communicated to Dr. Eamsay visited the Poet at In relation to his : visit. and such were the force and versatility of the Bard's genius. which he was told me that Rob Macquechan's He Elshon. Stewart of Luss. so unlike the habitation of ordinary us. General Assembly. which put a stop to our discourse. I said to my companion.160 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and forty- in the seventy-eighth year of his age eighth of his ministry. when he met with anything in everything else that he seizable he was no better than any After other gauger was perfectly a gentleman. the heel of his boot having loosened in his flight. to —a man whose worth EUisland. awl nine inches up the We were now going on at a great when Mr. shortly after being called to the Bar." In he had ridden incredibly tion directly. to make sure. qiialis. when. the ostler told us he permits . rustics. fast after receiving my note. was much pleased with Sabma he fact and the Poet's modest mansion. Stewart's cheeks. he applied to Robert Macquechan to King's heel." from a popular story of Robert Bruce being defeated on the water of Caini. leaving a note to be delivered to him on I his return. botanist. his uxor being curious to see his Jean. Scott tninister of Luss. fix it. Stewart popped interesting. that he albeit made the tears run down Mr. w<viild be hack in a few hours to grant that . in his head. who. Ramsay's latter years was Sir Scott. as entered. We fell into conversa- and soon got into the mare magnum of poetry. Eamsay of Auchtertyre. ran the rate. unused to the poetic strain. John Stewart. to call " he had now gotten a story for a drama. Mr. I cannot do justice. that had become very Yet in a little while it was resumed. also the special thanks of_the Dr. Stewart was an eminent and was otherwise remarkable for his scientific attainments. stewed in haste. . In acknowledgment of this service. " I come. to use the words of Shakespeare. In 1790. devote a day to Mr. with Dr. Currie the following narrative I had an adventure with Burns in the year 1790. when passing through Seeing him Burns. he received a Treasury grant of £1000." In the course of a southern tour. Dr. near Stirling. pass quickly near Closeburn." Dumfriesshire on a tour to the south.

" According rlmiMctor of to Loekhart. VOL. Eorumquo viiluas Aspiccre. and remains were deposited in the old church of Kincardine-inIn the Mentcith. Suspirare agricolap. **I meet with little poetry now-a-days that touches my heart . Vetuluni." he sent a copy to Mr. opificomve.JOHN RAMSAY OF OCHTERTYRi:. he published his of '* Halhids from Burger. emt pro ncgotiis. the Ramsay was he derived afflicted with blindness. Ramsay remarked. gift Kanisay. his He died at Oclitertyre on the 2nd March 1814. industries avitos M^'ori vectigali scions JuTentDB sodales ! praetulit. Kipti cnim pingiiituiline vol scniu Nunquain uiinio labore absumcbantur. l)earing Vitffi of that pari. Colonos letos. together with George Consta])le liis and Clerk of Eldin. a visit to Oclitertyre. I At {viuci supcrstites Vobis ponia. X . in 1796. hut your translations excite mingled emotions of pity and terror. II. lUi adinoilum placcbat. fovere. the laird of ()(rhtertyre." novrllsf Latterly Mr. and whon.sh a monument has Ikjch the following inscription. suggested to the great " Jonathan Oldbuck. composed by himself: mortalis fineni anticiimns Hoc cpitaphiiini n soipso fuctuin Tunuilo inscribi jussit Joannes Knnisay do Ochtertyre. translations IGl mmlt. alloqui. but under deprivation some comfort by composing Latin hexameters. vol epistolas mittere lUi vero umbratili. In acknowledging the Mr. servum. erected to his new church memory. nc gravoniiiii I Erat enim vostcr amicus Qui benevolentiie forsum erroribuB Satis 8Ui)orquo indulgel)at.

Q.162 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. at whose death. . Mr. By to his Ramsay bequeathed his estate cousin-german. and experiences. under the Scotland and Scotsmen in the Eighteenth Century. by his son. Ramsay by his lived and died a bachelor but the writer was informed it friend. David Irving. that was understood he was fall engaged to a young lady who lost her life by the of the North Bridge of Edinburgh on the 3rd August 1769. A compilation of their more prepared by Mr. James Dundas. the estate this gentleman was succeeded by his twdn brother. the Right Honourable Sir David Dundas. atat. En Vobis 0. though not an exhaustive performance. Mart. volumes. the present owner. the officer.. issued of MS. was title by him in 1888 in two thick octavo volumes. a military who was killed in India. Captain Dundas of the Royal Navy. 77. this work. si ipse qui aliorum marmora dicit vale Pie inscribere solebat e sepulchre supremum terris ! dolore. he embodied in ten large important contents. feliciter devictis. author's observations on contemporary in respect of the his recollections manners and of notable contemporaries. Non. morbo. Mr. which. on the 30th March 1877. Alexander Allardyce. a In son of Lord Manor. distinct recollections. And is. Mr. Obiit VI.C. Apart from his portion of his classical recreations. estate passed to his nephew. Amicitia in inchoata Fiat coelestis amor Prseivit — vos sequemini MDCCCXIV . Ramsay employed a time in making extensive notes of his reading. a not unimportant contribution to the national history. Dr. when other four persons were also overwhelmed in the ruins. morte. under heads. Dundas was succeeded testamentary settlement.

liis llankine Wius. Cumnock. " JOHN RICHMOND. youngest daughter of John Rankine. whcu the Poet foniied his ac(|uaiiitnnce. two other ** rljyming compositions the former an epistle beginning. The family of Richmond in Ayrshire is of some antiquity. and the father of a social advancing into maturity. " pardonable. innkeeper. that gruesome carl." She married John Merry. and died on the 20th August 1843." By the Poet the farmer at Adamhill was addressed in . less To that jxiculiarity of his jocund neighbour. in — the Poet — that of refers a poetical epistle beginning. With her husband and five sons she is commemorated on a family tombstone in Cumn(x-k Ohurchyard. he was in the habit of indulging his humour by quaint and curious narratives in the form of dreams. Eminently and fond of merriment." Ac day. she warmly cherished the Poet's memory. In the parish cliurchyard of Galston two martyred Covenanters of the . Poet's song. Though in her modes somewhat severe and rigid. ready-witted liankine. alx)ut raiiiily fiftieth year. JOHN RANKINR One of the Poet's associates at Lochlea was Jolm liunkin«*." and an epitaph commencing. was heroine of the The Rigs o' Barley. rude. as Death. ** I am a keeper of the law. and rejoiced to sing the song which had made her famous. and another. Anne. wiio 163 Il-jihcmI tlie lU'i^liljouriiig farm of Adamhill. stealthily intoxicating an austere religious professor. having survived her husband forty -one years.JOHN RANKINE. O rough.

was many years minister of the parish of Southdean. was. ii." Respecting the other. 155. admitted him to the holy communion.164 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. The Poet. In 1782 he. self Having accepted Episcopal ordination. in the western district of Sorn. in the twelfth year of his ministry. younger of Knowe. who graduated at the University of Glasgow in 1644. are name monumentally commemorated. Andrew Richmond. ordained minister of St. who at the University of Glasgow graduated in 1665.' One of his two sons. He died on the 16th July 1804. from the University of Glasgow. is One of these. terial of the Ayrshire family. in the county of Roxburgh. 149.D. after examining the Poet as to his scriptural knowledge. also cherished the acquaintance of his clerk. when he formed the intimacy of Gavin Hamilton. and eminently an early stage of their friendship » At Richmond made the Poet known social. 2 137.* James Richmond. and died comfortless. John Richmond. Fasti Ecd. at the for age of sixty. was admitted after 1662. about his seventeenth year. ii.^ A scion 1744. his remains being interred in the High Churchyard of that city. Educated at the school of Newmilns. he was ordained to the minischarge of Irvine on the 15th March 1774. James Richmond. he became deeply dejected. became a clerk in the chambers of John and Gavin Hamilton. after professing him- a strict Presbyterian. Quivox . A in younger son of the laird of East Montgarswood. he died in 1700. John. whom he found a vigorous reader. ii. Scot. was born in Licensed to preach in 1769. ^ Ibid. . he. on the 27th March 1688. on his tombstone described as " killed by bloody Graham of Claverhouse in June 1679 for his adherence to the word of God and Scotland's covenanted work of reformation. John Richmond was born in that parish 1765. it is set forth that he was executed at the Cross of Glasgow. writers in Mauchline. In 1800 he received the degree of D. Jbid. on the 19th March 1684. To some unknown parish in Ayrshire Donald Richmond.

1881.S.* at this time rei)uted to be wild. familiarly known as ** Poosic Nancy. illicit and fond of Consequent on an amour which.' Oppressed by the affront. a narrow street nearly opposite the entrance gate of Mauchlino Churchyard. Gibson." He read the to Richmond founded. they were idlowed admis- having made a pecuniary contribution. l)y the more than wonted uproar in Knocking at the door.Fisiul. * Mauchlinc Kirk-iicasiou Register. he obtempered the sentence of the court by appearing three separate Sundays as a penitent before the congregation.K. The Whitefoonl Arms. and the three pro- ceeded to form a club. draper in the phice. at the close of his apprenticeship in November 1785. James Smith Procurator. witness the rough and boisterous On what poem the friends had witnessed cantata of " at Poosie Nancy's that evening the Poet founded his The Jolly Beggars. an intelligent shoemaker." was used by her as a tavern. JiecolUttioHS. William Hunter. a youiij. under Of this sociojuridical conclave the Poet was c<mstitutcd l*resident. but only a few yards distant from Poosie Nancy's cottage. the jocose appellative of ** The Court of Etjuity.R. Burns and his friends Smith and Richmond were attracted Nancy's dwelling." In the Cowgatc. a few days after witnessing the scenes on which it is Richmond was company. . who was constituted Messenf^er-at-Arms. to 165 James Smith. Sec Jtobat at Mougitt^ bj William Jollj-. occupied by a Mrs. brought him under the censure of the kirk-session. 7J.JOHN RICHMOND. which met at the Wliitefoord Arm«. were permitted to hilarity. one evening from their usual howff. a humble dwelling. he. in January 1785. and John Hichmond Clerk of Court A fourth memher was added. also as a lodging-house for vagrants and pedlars of the lowest loving class. sion. in which asseml^led the funReturning members of the Court of E<iuity. heedless.. stood in another street. Bunu left the place and * William Patrick's p. r. and.

My Dear Sir. you would act your part as a alter friend. not shown to the world. You are truly a son of misfortune. Avith I have been very busy others. Aiken in Ayr. I shall be extremely anxious to hear from you re-establishing. as I got yours but yesterday.166 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. dated Mossgiel. letter. have no news acquaint you with about Mauchline . to Edinburgh. "The the Devil." etc. He writes : My Dear how your well . To his letter the Poet these terms : MossGiEL. among several called to . VI th February 1786. but I shall give you the particulars another am extremely happy with Smith he is the only friend I have now in . I am sure neither good nor bad fortune should estrange or me. it Night " an "Address to I have likewise completed my poem now is on the " Dogs. they are just going on in the old way. .^ by Connel. My chief patron who is pleased to express great approbafion of my works. Excuse haste. — I have not time at present to upbraid you for your silence with great pleasure. I have and neglect. let I I am sure you cannot guess. and when afterwards replied in the Poet received a letter from him. —I am. sincerest grief I read your letter. I have some very important news with respect to myself. Friend. and have composed. ^ Robert Fergusson's Poems. 9th July 1786. Be so I good as send me to Fergusson. removed For three months thereafter he ceased to communicate with inauspicious his friends at Mauchline. " The Ordination. the Muses since I saw you. and I beg you will If me hear from you regularly by Connel. my dear sir. or if Leith promises health goes on if it is any way in short." a poem on Mr. In his next breathes a invalid. M'Kinlay's being Cotter's Saturday Kilmarnock "Scotch Drink. . —With the . BUBNESS. Mauchline. not the most agreeeable —news time. how you feel in the inner man. His former associate had been an and he begins by sympathizing with him. EOBT. I shall only say I received yours enclosed you a piece of rhyming ware for your perusal. the Poet warmer friendship." but have Mr. I can scarcely forgive your long neglect of me. he ascribed his silence to his fortune. yours. and I will remit you the money." a poem.

As he agreed in July to receive the Poet as room companion. Tliis. tuid referring to own negotiations with the Amiour family. the Poet was concerned to learn that Mr. have orders within three weeks at farthest to repair aboard to call at Antigua. he concludes by informing hira that his " book will be ready in a fortniglit. he found Richmond occupying a single apartment in Baxter's Close. Richmond is dated 30th July 1786. except to our frieutl Smith. this period From Rirlinmnd withdrew from the Poet's friend- . begins : He meet Mt Dear Iho Richmond. CupUiin Smith. from Clyde to Jamaica. the friends lived together till the following May. I — My hour is now come— you and and I will never in Britain more. The he Poet's intention of leaving the country for was not realized. wliom God long prcservo. for whicli he paid three sliillings weekly. lie expresses his desire to be informed as to the state of his his is. where he was then visiting one of his relations. is Nayicy. Arriving in Edinburgh on the 28th of November 1786. but he was willing as before to share the humble lodgings of his friend. the date of his letter to Edinburgh. After detiiiliiig 167 bis some ephemerul g<>HHip. Lawnmarket." The Poet's next and is letter to Mr." in the neigh bourhootl of Kihnarnock. a secret about Muuclilino. But Mr. written from " Old Rome Forest. and when he set out resolved to Edinburgh in quest of the literary patronage. Richmond's employer had paid the • of nature. affairs. and assures him of warm friendship. since his removal might injuriously affect his iViend's employment and finance. lebt When residing at Mossgiel 1787. share lodgings of his friend. Writing to Richmond on the 7th Just a month after July.lOIIN RICHMOND. —that on the 7th of August —Burns returned His circumstances had become more prosperous. Richmond had got a new companion. and with the kirk-session of Mauehliue.

the eldest son. She died on the 7th August 1868. 1 Henry Richmond married. he made a reparation fitting and honourable. in business in Glasgow. and the cause of old age he . in Mauchline Parish Register. William Alexander. emigrated to America. the eldest daughter. his wife He in died in 1846. and was habitually sober. business. Tombstone Mauchline Churchyard. who succeeded to the lands of East Montgarswood. Sojourner.^ to its concerns.168 ship. be uttered in his presence to the Poet's disadvantage and he emphatically certified that. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Margaret are resident in Australia. who married John. he kept regular hours. which he printed privately.^ By (who died 1836. attorney. and there died.- After an absence of about four years. when he was his room associate in the Lawnmarket. he Expert in and attentive became prosperous. had a son Henry. Janet. leaving four sons and three daughters. James engaged two Janet. When in his was posed on the it and impatient to but subject. Robert and William. where he established himself a writer or local in- To condone for that social indiscretion which had duced his departure from the place. with 2 issue. The younger sons. The elder Richmond. his so doing has not been explained. in his eighty-first year. and there settled in Salt Lake City. with On whom the 5th August 1791 he married Janet he had formerly associated. aged seventy-six) he had a daughter. Eichmond returned as to Mauchline. merchant in Mauchline. . he became fretful was remarked he would not allow a word . a widow. who composed a satirical poem. is have settled in Jean and brother of John Australia.

barony of Riddel Walter was succeeded by his elder sou. the levy laid on Dumfries by his troops during his retreat northwiu'ds in December 1745. was noted as an antiquary.il>uut tlio receiving hinds in the sons. Among was Walter Riddel. whose elder son. whose second son. Sir Edwanl I. in The representative of Edward's homager. eldest daughter of his descendants Robert Lawrie of Maxweltown. John Riddel of Riddel. II. He was father of Sir Walter. who was by Prince Charles along with Provost Crosby. three sons. who. Sir marrying Catherine. Robert. acquired the lands of in his Shaw riddel. Walter. H Nonimii hiiroii who accompanied David conHtituteil I. who 8ucceede<l Edwtu'd taken to the lands. Sir Williimi. same county. was als<j 1 by that two sovereign Sheriff of Roxl)in^hsliire. \m Geiivask I)K UiDDKL. which afterwartls became known brother. a son of Walter. was. more especially remembered as a friend When Burns entered on the farm of Ellisland. William. swore fealty to l'J96. Captain Ritldel VOL. of wliom the former obtained from leaf David a charter of the lands of and others as in the county of Roxburgh. Patrick. created a baronet by Charles I. Rol)ert Captain Riddel is of Glenriddel. on the 14th of May 1G28. but of the Poet.CAPTAIN ROBERT RIDDEL. . of whom Walter. I. he had a son. he left Walter and Anketil. Walter was succeeded by his This baron ha<l In the who described as Sir Anketil de Riddel. By Wauchope of Friars Teviotdale. wife and afterwards the estate of Glendaughter of Elizabeth. Captain Francis the family of Niddry. as security for cai)tive. became his successor. — whose residence at Friara Carse was situated at a Y . Dying Lillies- ywir 140. from Kiiglaiul. an advocate at the Scottish Bar. had a son. the eldest. the ia Imrouy of Riddel.

the In connexion with this structure. the Poet composed The day returns. Or Nature aught While joys above For thee. With this manuscript book of verses. . Than a' the pride that loads the tide. the Poet soon afterwards prepared a manuscript book of poems and scraps. Tho' winter wild in tempest Ne'er summer-sun was half sac sweet. which he had personally reared. in the Nitli. It breaks my bliss — it breaks my heart For the use of to his friend. And Than kingly crowns and globes. these stanzas : my bosom burns. within a mile's distance of the Poet's dwelling bend extended to him an early attention. which forms the introduction an abridgment of his first Commonplace Book. commencing. Siu. than ." In honour of the anniversary of Captain Riddel's wedding. : Burns despatched to the laird of Glenriddel the following letter Ellisland. The iron hand that breaks our band. crosses o'er the sultry line robes. on the 7th November 1788. live. thee mine ! Heav'n gave me more — it made While day and night can bring delight. He furnished the Poet with a key to his grounds. —I wish from my inmost soul and return it were in my power to give you a more than tran- substantial gratification for all your goodness to the poet. of pleasure give my mind life can move. The blissful day we twa did meet. . toil'd. which included a decorated cot or hermitage. " Thou whom chance may hither lead.170 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. 1789. and thee alone I When that grim foe of below Comes in between to make us part. Poet produced his well-known verses on Friars Carse Hermitage.

ic<niaint:in('»^ : year of Your News nn«l Review. the Reviewers. took place at Friars ( \>irsc l>otw«H'ii Sir Ro)>ort Tiawrie of Maxweltown. No murders or rapes worth the naming.'an still If my {XKiinH. v<>ur devote<1. ImmMf Tiic fuilowing lines. addressed by the Tout to Captain first Jiiddel tlieir on returning a newspaper." drinkinor niateli That ballad commemorates a which. seem to belong to the . And then all the world. In a fabric complete. the Poet "Would to God I had one Like a beam of the sun. un<l nu. chipi>er8 Those and hewers. them. they would be the finest poems in the 1h» As they hnnor thoy will at least ^ir. I'll boldly pronounce they are none. Ih Howovor. of insignificanco. sir. sir But of mett or unmeet. Mr. .CAPTAIN ROBERT RIDDEL. T liiivi' tlin whom to I present are. into I your I^x>k. With little admiring or blaming The Papers are barren (3f home news or foreign. which e()ual I huvo to transcribe. In*. Our . a testimony with wliat sincerity Mf-rvHiit. were tu the gniteful retii»cct aiul }iigh esteem hear for tho genth'inan to hingungo. Burns composed his ballad of " The Whistle. friends. tmnttcritxHl. sir. . sir. RiiMcI. I've read through and through. siril)ing a 171 to few of hi8 idlo rl»ymo«. My To I-testow'd goose-quill too rude tell all is your gooilness on your servant." though a proverb nil iiiHtaucts goncrnlly tho only coin a poot has to pay with. should know it Consequent on his intimacy with Captain Riddel. on the 1 6th October 1790. «ir. Are judges of mortar and stone. "an old wng.

The elements. had been brought to Scotland by a Danish gentleman in the train of Anne of Denmark. Ferguson was declared the winner. symbolical of the three potent heroes and the mighty shed of the day. or aerial armies of sanguinary Scandinavians darting athwart the startled heavens. particularly among the . rapid as the ragged liglitning. seem matter very quietly : they did not even usher in this morning with triple suns and a claret- shower of blood. *' and astonish'd sing. and Mr." I sing etc. Burns addressed Captain Riddel. John M'Murdo of Drumlanrig. as Thomson in his " Winter" says of the storm. As its has been felt. Alexander Ferguson of Craigdarrocli. laid The terms down were that the combatants should drink bottle for bottle of claret with each other until victory declared itself by one of the number only remaining capable of sounding the whistle. I have watched the elements and skies. Burns as an addition to the account of Dunscore Parish. in the astonished world by some late full persuasion that they would announce of terrific portent. or Friars utility Carse. In anticipation of the conflict. for the appearance of some Comet half the sky. a jocose epistle commencing thus : Big with the idea of this important day at Friars Carse. however." While Statistical Sir John Sinclair was passing through the press the the Account of Scotland. I shall " hear astonish'd. Mr. according to tradition. good (at It contains an account of a small library which he was so my desire) as to set on foot in the barony of Monkland. On the decision of the umpire. The whistle and the man The man that won the whistle. it to the phenomena Yesternight until a very firing hour did I wait with anxious horror.172 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. For me. for an ebony whistle which. Mr. on the morning of the 16th. in this parish. and horrid as those convulsions to take the of nature that bury nations. Captain Riddel embraced opportunity of celebrating the Poet's exertions in the formation of a local library by communicating to Sir John the following letter I enclose : you a letter written by Mr.

with the sod that wraps all your dyes 1 friend t ! Ye blow upon my How TIi:tf can I to the t<meful strain attend sfru'n fluws Miiinl tljo untimely tomb w1i. Early in the year 1794. . immediately subsequent to his death. when the gentlemen in a frolic invaded the drawing-room like a herd of siityrs. Mr. relations The amicable iikI ( which . tuxl W()rkp<M)phj. had l)een entertaining a party of friends at his residence of Woo<lley Park. Mr. Riddel and kissing her. Captain l^iddel's letter accompanied one written by the Poet. who will long have a senso of his public and exertions for their improvement and information. Bums on the occasion seizing Mrs. I think thni if n similnr plan 173 estaliliitliod wore in the (liffen'nt jwrislies of Scotland. it wouKi t«ntl jfrwilly to the «p«o(ly improvement of tlm tctmntry. Hums was so gofMl as to Ho wus treasurer. ye flowers. The act.CAPTAIN ROBERT RIDDEL. Nevertheless. ye warblers of the wood descjint grating ! no more. tukti tlio wholu uliurgi! of this Humll concern. Nor pour your on my soul Thou young-eyed More welcome wore Spring.subsiHtcd l)etween Captain Riddel the Poet were unhappily disturbed.t<' "RI'M"! !i«"j. and it is be regretted that. also gave offence to her brother-in-law. in tlie third volume of the Statistical Account. Captain Riddel passed away without having an opportunity but. the iiptain's ])rother. to me grim Winter's wildest roor. How can ye charm. Walter Riddel. lihmrian. gay in thy verdant stole. though the Poet expressed in the strongest terms his regret for his breach of propriety. tn»dos|K'op|«. Captain Riddel. honoured his : memory by the following elecjiac stanzas No nion". to who ceased to hold communication with the Bard . strongly resented by the lady. Burns did not overlook his friend's former kindness. younger class of j^ooplo. and grat«^ful censor to this spirit little society. of indicating his forgiveness.

" entitled " earliest He published in the Arcliaeologia papers Account of the Ancient Lordship of Galloway." " On Vitrified Fortifications in Galloway. and to their kindness and hospitality am 1 indebted for many of the happiest hours of my life. pour. . Spring ! Me. and joined him in dispensing an elegant ^ hospitality. in honour of the lady of Glenriddel." " Account of a Brass Vessel found near Dumfries in Scotland.174 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Lassie." "The Blue-eyed The Day returns." ." " Of the Ancient Modes of Fortification in Scotland. memory of my loss will only meet. " At their fireside. when it was annexed to the Crown Remarks on the Title of Thane and Ab thane." 1st The Poet named his daughtor. Yes." Welcome Home. The child Elizabeth Riddel died young." "Account of a Symbol of Ancient of Scotland. " I all have enjoyed more pleasant evenings than at this country the houses of fashionable people in I put together ." " Investiture in Scotland. who shared his tastes. A "The considerable musician. Captain Eiddel died on the 21st April 1794." and " The Whistle " Burns styles him " the trusty Glenriddel." for ever darkly low. born on the November 1792. And soothe the Virtues weeping o'er his bier of The man Is in his " worth —and hath not left his peer ! narrow house. Elizabeth Riddel." He was notable as an antiquary. again with joy shall others greet Thee." and " Notices of Fonts in Scotland. from the to the year period 1455. Captain Riddel was husband of Elizabeth an admirable woman. the laird of Glenriddel composed the airs to several of Burns's songs. so In Whistle." writes Burns. including " The Banks of Nith." " "Nithdale's versed in old coins. ye warblers ! pour the notes of woe.

Walter Riddel. the eminent Afterwards purchased by a gentleman named Goldie. regained the appellative of " Goldielea. Mr. Under the name of '*The Holm. but. Mr. A wife and mother under twenty. Leigh. ac(|uiring the property On its from Mr. WALTJiR RIDDEL. who had acquired an estate in Antigua. Among the favoured visitors at Woodley Park was the Poet." honour of his wife . and. of 8t. with society of her husband. a younger brother of Glenriddel. as the estate reverted to Mr. Maria Banks Womlley was a native of England. of the Leeward IslandH. Riddel changed in name it to '* Woodley Park. Returning to Great Britain in 1791. KittH and WALTER RIDDEL Governor and Oonimaiider-in-chiff |)Ar(jiiTKii of Williuiii \\ uodlcy. witli hi the West Lidies l)eeoniing acquainted Mr. Riddel purchased a estate.MRS. \ She composed elegant orses. Riddel's literary tastes as well as her jiersonal l>eauty. surrounded with a small to the south of Dumfries. Riddel informed . At an early stage of their acquaintance Mrs." by which it is at present known. Maria Riddel evinced a strong literary aptitude." the Gu]f l>lace was the country residence of Andrew Crosbie. also with the best authors of France and Italy. she being a descendant of that notable English family. Mrs. advocate and reputed prototype of Counsellor Pleydell in Maimeinng. al)out four miles handsome mansion. 175 MRS. who was personally charmed with Mrs. Goldie on the non-payment of the purchase-money. she at an early age became his wife. Goldie. cultivated the men of talent. lie called it "Goldielea" after his own name and that of his wife. which she unobtrusively submitted to the Poet's revision while from the stores of her well-selected library the Bard added to his acquaintance with the English classics.

and send it to you.i)hy of Natural Hidori/] and hearing me say that to you. 22nd January 1792. are much beyond I the common run of the ladij imetesses of the day. Mrs. I had not previously had the pleasure of your conversation. even in jour to own way. she begged to to be known going pay her first visit to our Caledonian capital. the devil himself could not have frightened me into the belief that a female human creature could. Complying with her wish. and if I considered still more your sex. have produced a performance so ladies' much out of the line of your works. as a naturalist and a philosopher. and consequently of giddiness. the Poet made her known to Mr.— where she dislikes or despises. Smellie by a letter : dated Dumfries. Riddel's manuscript with as much interest. I assure you that her verses. as she is just was acquainted with you. . in the bloom of youth. too. The Poet adds :— In appreciating the lady's merits. beauty. as she seems rather pleased with indulging in it and a failing that you will easily pardon. is In that letter he wrote thus who Avill take this letter to town with her. your acquaintance. She is a great admirer of your book \Th(i Philoso. Smellie read Mrs. she has one unlucky failing —a failing it which you will easily discover. the Poet of her desire to present to the public some sketches of natural history which she had prepared in the narrative of a voyage to Madeira and the Leeward Islands. Smellie. flippant romances. and with that view begged him to introduce her to his friend Mr. would be an acquisition the Muses .170 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. appears in a letter which he addressed to her on the 27th March. but . is a votary of and. The lady. always correct. and often elegant. the perusal of your ingenious and judicious work. Mr. He When writes : — your youth. Riddel. Smart little poems. are not uncommon . she secret of it apt to make no more a than where she esteems and respects. as is a sin is which very much besets yourself. a character that. as I think myself somewhat of a judge in my own trade.

177 Hcience. Riddel's title. niinuto observation." a comix)etic fer\^our. was entertained by Mrs. There now. November at : 1792. let me beg of you." But as you rejoice with them that do rejoice. ill Smellie's printing-prewj Mrs. visiting Dumfries not long afterwards. and pity your melancholy friend. R The naturalist-printer. grave himself. Where lively Wit excites to gay Or folly-paintuig Humour. never joined before. accuroto ilcscription. Calls laughter forth. position which has been censured for more than . what an enviable creature you blue-devil day.MRS. Riddel's honour the song commencing "The VOL. and incessant fonn Tliosc rapid pictures. II. them that weep. my dear mailam — let me beg of you to give us "The Wondor. Child." You will a Woman keeps a Secret. surprise . and excollont oompotition aiv seldom to bo met with From Mr. deep shaking every nerve. in the female world. B. quolitiiw WALTER RIDDEL. do also remember to weep with R. jMiriodical publication. Poet addressed her in the following terms I am lliinkiiiy to s(>iul luy : "Address" to some it. In April 1793 the Poet composed in Mrs. last time Z I came its o'er the moor. that assembled train Of fleet ideas." to which please add "The highly oblige me by are ! so doing. Riddel and husband at their In liospitiible residence. spirits this cursed gloomy you are going to a party of choice " To play the sha|X» Of frolic fancy. these Islands. Riddel was about the to iMispeak a i)lay the theatre. work appeared October under the following ivith Voyages to the Madeira and Leeward Carihee Islands . By Maria lier Sketches of the Natural History of . but it has not got your sanction so pray look over As Spoilt to Tuesday's play. when Mrs. Ah.

% To bear hated doom severe My cheerless suns no pleasure know . whom all my soul adores." ! done " says Jove .178 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. The editor remarks that not praised at these lines to the lady. in presence of Mrs. And Winter ^ once rejoiced in glory. " Now. Riddel's birthday on the 4th November 1793 he celebrated in these lines : Old Winter. no matter But thee. Autumn cannot match me. 'Tis Summer. Night's horrid car drags dreary slow My dismal months no joys are crowning. Thus once " to Jove his prayer preferred I done of all : What have this the year. tell. which he handed . Riddel in the following epigram " Praise woman still. the iii. flatter Ev'n flattery all cannot Maria. Spring. These lines were edition of first published in vol. Give me Maria's natal day : That " brilliant gift shall so enrich me. with his frosty beard. : During the same year he addressed Mrs. so ends my story. and I've no more to say. Give me." his lordship roars. more the truth I The anniversary of Mrs. drowning. for once be mighty To counterbalance all this evil civil. be flattered grossly or an endorsation on the manuscript explains that some one. But spleeny English hanging. had informed the Poet 164. women must always all.^ " ! " Deserv'd or not. that Loi-d Buchan in an argument vociferated that liibrary Burns's Works. vocal shell The more The I praise my lovely theme. whereupon Burns pencilled on a slip of paper. Riddel. Inspires my my thought and dream. Jove.

-I meant up lobster fruit. etc. Riildel In Novemben thus communicated with Mr. I and contrive do in to wile away the time of solitude fully in as pleasantly as in any sociable being like myself can mortification. Riddel asking him to in accompany her to the theatre at Dumfries. was one of thoee coated puppies. I Though unable to indulge the society of the Poet during the felt justified in absence of her husband. 1793 he reciprocated her attention Dear Madam. bchuid. lilies of the field : I toil not. such adoration tribute of a — permit me. thine. till 179 the spring of 1793 the beginning of the following year Mr. which insidious craft. and how found Burns nnd the other friends here you assure you. ^Irs. as I Penelo{)o in the absence of her hero. were but for rarity's sake. to pay you warm heart and an indejMjndent mind and to assure you that thou most amiable and most accomplished of thy sex.MRS. guarding the Hesperian On . far exalted tiie above honest I am.1 a state shall write you more I my next as to the nature of my loft present pursuits. incessantly offer at your shrine it —a shrine. I shall make my weather-beaten rustic phiz a part of your Tuesday when we may arrange the business of the visit. ** resemble rather the write. for they were not few. neither do I spin . Encouraged by their host. - Some time November in the following letter: to have called un you yesternight. the guests drank heavily. or un- folly. From WALTER RIDDEL. and some measure of . but as I edged to your box-door^ the first object which greeted my view. R Early in 1794 Mr. with the most respectful esteem. Mrs. certainly box-furniture on Among meaning the profusion of idle compliments.. sitting like another dragon. and fervent regard. B. how . and as a matter . Smcllie 08 chaste : I am and domestic. Riddel returned from the West Indies. I sing. but iMrhaps not quite so industrious. " but I rcatl. and proceeded to celebrate his arrival by a symposium at his residence. Walter RitUlel was alwcnt in the West Indies. the conditions and capitulations you so obligingly offer.

a Dr. the most sincere esteem and ardent regard for your gentle heart and amiable manners . it en-bas rigour may has a tendency to rouse a stubborn something in his bosom. Eobt. Madam. I have the honor to be. and bliss. but as seems the critic forfeited your esteem. instead of continuing his expressions of contrition and exhausting every means of reconciliation. "With the profoundest respect for your abilities. Each of frolic invaded the drawing-room like a herd of satyrs. laid hold of a lady in a sort of miniature Rape of the Sabines. despatched to her immediately afterwards." before you I am guiltless. first esteem. its height. the Poet. nor did a letter from the Poet. pleasure. which. we find : him addressing Riddel in the two following letters Dumfries. —I return your Commonplace my must true that " offences Book. " who. Burns. If it is come only from the heart. some kind of miserable good-luck. Riddel was as a divinity not to be too rashly approached. scorn. Unhappily. is at least an opiate to blunt their poignancy. allay the bitterness of her resentment. his strictures lose their value. and prize you as the most accomplished of women. " Ae in his ordinary woman moments regarded Mrs. I am the most offending In a face where I used to meet the kind complacency of friendly confidence. though it cannot heal the wounds of his soul. of friends — if these are crimes. madam. 1794. that while de-hautdepress an unoffending wretch to the ground." deeply offended. I have perused it it with much has and would have continued criticisms. and conceived in the strongest terms of self-reproach. and the thing alive. humble servant. and the most fervent wish and prayer for your welfare." as while the Poet seized and saluted the hostess. however.180 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. your most devoted. peace. and contemptuous a wrench that my heart can bear. Ere the quarrel had attained Mrs. was led through wounded pride to pour forth against the lady and her husband a series of lampoons and epigrams. . Robert Chambers writes. is now ill to find cold neglect It is. To admire.

" " And. situation. Stay. iiiadaiu. the smallest opportunity of obliging you. onco froze the very lifu-bluod of that a wretch mooting tlie my heart. It shall be a lesson to I am sorry to see me how I lend him anything again. Ra higher tribute of esteem. Mrs. and appreciate her amiable wortli more truly than any have seen approach her. You sun shall cease its course in heaven. in the further hope of allaying her resentment. in R. her devoted. 181 1794. my Katie? which. me that thou yet art true. ah thou know'st na every pang Wad Tell wring my bosom should'st thou leave me. my my ! Willie. I havo Hcnt you Werter . that can pay Mrs. truly happy to have any. And a* my WRings shall bo forgiven And when this heart proves fause to thee. B. 'Tis true. yet believe Willie. humble servant When in his the Poet began to relent in his severities towards his former friends. nor will I yield the pati to any man whom I man living.MRS. it is understood. pride of a' the plain. yet believe me me For. " Canst thou leave me thus. as a conciliatory offering. subscribing myself with the sincerost truth. could only have envied my I feelings it. I havo tUis very inomont got the song from Symo. hate the theme. . " Young Jamie. and it that ho has spoilt a good deal. 1 saw you onco since I was at W P of . and that aach. Riddel acknowledged by despatching : to the writer the following vei-ses Stay. Your reception and me was But I eye of his Judge. Riddel lines. DoMnun. about to pronounce sentence of death on him. he. WALlhR RID DHL. beginning. he addressed to her the song beginning. and never mort^ shall write or speak of One thing I shall proudly say. addressed Mrs.

to Mrs. I hope thou'dst ne'er deceive. Riddel. For. he has not that time to spare but. P. Celestial pleasures.182 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. e'er That falsehood our loves should sunder ! To take the flow'ret to my breast. Burns's compliments to Mrs. yet believe me me . being at present acting as Supervisor of Excise. 1795. might I choose 'em. as appears from various letters addressed to Mrs. Riddel if she will favor him with a perusal of any of her poetical pieces which he may not have seen. will thank her for a reading of to her sending to it previous to the library. Stay. Dumfries. thy bosom. B. as it is a book he has never seen. Friday Eve.'s beautiful song. ah thou know'st na every pang Wad wring my bosom should'st thou leave me. lov'd Nith. In March 1795 the Poet addressed Mrs. I'd slight. Riddel mentioned as it. The correspondence was now re-established. a department that occupies his every hour of the day. R. which is Owing Mr.S. B. her gift to the public library. Riddel polite attention in sending — is much to obliged to her for her him the book. Mr. my my ! Willie. and included in the Poet's . Riddel in the following letter : Mr. nor seek in other spheres I'd find within That heaven Stay. And Could find the guilefu' serpent under. and he wishes have a longer perusal than the regulations of the library allow. which Mrs. To thee." which it When Anacharsis' Travels come to hand. But to think I was betrayed. yet believe "Willie. — Mr. Burns will be much obliged to Mrs. as he will in a necessary for any to his *' helle-lettre pursuit week or two again return wonted leisure. he will then pay that attention so well deserves. .

and sent her carriage to convey him to her house. nor woman either " should I ? Can you supply me i ! with the song. Mrs. Wo had a long and serious conversation about his present all and the approaching termination of his earthly prospects." . pauvre inWralAe. and come. she invited him to In dinner. and that I hoped he woulil yet my epitaplu he ate little He looked in my face with an air of great kindness. : reference to the occasion Mrs. eternity. dated the 4th of June proceeds thus : I am in such miserable health as to be incapable of I showing my loyalty in any ! May. if you can.. B. and oblige R. He spoke of his death . Racked as am with rheumatisms. and he complained of having entirely lost the tone of his stomach. or nothing. and expressed his concern at seeing mo look so with his accustomed sensibility. defy me Como. that it seemed a doubtful case which of ua live to write sliould be there soonest. At table. When. curse I meet every j face with a greeting like Israel that of Bulak to Balaam. defy mo the north Would you have me in such circumstances copy you out a love-song 1 I may perhaps see you on Satunluy. Riddel it The 1796 . works.MRS. situation. health dated the 29th of January 1796. " Let us le all be unhappy together ? " Do. on a visit to Brow. Riddel afterwards wrote thus was struck with his appearance on entering the room. in July." instead of the "Dear ' Madam" and "The till My Dear Madam" in of former times. Riddel. have you any commands for the other world " I replied. In a letter to Mrs. so say I : me Jacob . learned that the Poet had arrived there in a feeble condition. ill. " Come. curse me that cast wind and come. thrown from me have not l>een able to leave my is bed to-day an hour ago. the Poet remarks: you wished mc for ever. madam. Riddel. I your morning's card is.. but I will not be at the ball ^Vhy " Man delights not mo. 1 The stamp of death was imprinted on his features. He seemed already touching the brink of His first salutation 1 was : " "Well. Poet's last letter to Mrs. 183 to be romarked that the Bard commences his several communications with "Madam. but it is WALTER RIDDEL. I think.

would be handed about by idle vanity or male- volence. On this account. dated 7th August 1796. had not the concern and dejection I could not disguise. had seldom seen his mind greater or more collected. we have noticed elsewhere and her literary skill. from pouring forth all their to blast his fame. Passing from this subject. and particularly the publication of his posthumous works. to hang heavy upon him. which he feared would now. and which gave him concern chiefly from leaving his four children so young and unprotected. or the insidious sarcasms of envy. He lamented that he had written many epigrams on persons against to whom he entertained no enmity. that he had not done them all the justice he was so well qualified to do. without any of the ostentation of philosophy. the next day I saw him again. as he was now quite incapable of the exertion. and which he earnestly wished to have buried in oblivion. and his wife in so interesting a situation —in hourly expectation of lying in of a fifth. He his mentioned. when no dread venom of his resentment would restrain them. and we parted to meet no more ! Mrs. with seeming pride and satisfaction. teachers. be thrust upon the world. he deeply regretted having deferred to put his papers in a state of arrangement. He said he was well aware that his death would be revived occasion some noise. or prevent the censures of shrill-tonged malice. Eiddel's admirable and elegantly composed sketch of the Poet. as well as feeling. and that every scrap of his writing would against him to the injury of his future reputation : that letters and verses written with unguarded and improper freedom. the promising genius of his eldest son. and the more perhaps from the reflection. We parted about sunset on the evening of that day (the 5th July 1796). it is alike creditable to her native goodness In reference . damped the spirit of pleasantry he seemed not unwilling to indulge. There was frequently a considerable degree of vivacity in his sallies. as an event likely to happen very soon. The conversation was kept up with I great evenness and animation on his side.184 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. but with firmness. with imperfections on their head. . he showed great concern about the care of his literary fame. and they would probably have had a greater share. and whose characters he should be sorry wound all their and many indifferent poetical pieces. and the flattering marks of approbation he had received from seemed and dwelt particularly on his hopes of that boy's future conduct and His anxiety for his family merit.

whose son. Mrs. Phillipps Lloyd Fletcher. Cane and when Mrs. consisting hitherto unpublishe<l. rare. she Htrongly affirms 185 "that poctrj' wn» actually not \]\&fovte\ and that certainly none ever out«honc him in the ( Imrnia— the sorcery . she resided in apartments at her only son. HUGH ROGER In the parish churchyard of Kirkoswald a plain tombstone com- memorates John Roger. but a copy to be found in the Mitchell Library. The spouses so commemorated rented the .. Friars He died about the close of the century. Walter Riddel to the estate of Glenriddel. r. removed to England. married Mr. in 804. in 1807. but not long afterwards lx)th . Besides her volume on Madeira and the Leeward Islands. Mary Bodan. to licr friend's genius. Mr. Metincal Miscellany. Alexander. Arthur do Nnc Wnlkf as a physician in Her daughter. Mr. a gentleman of property in Wales. who 2 A died on the 3rd March fifty.>>iicceeded he was under the necessity of relinquishing W'oodley Park. Her remains were deposited in her husband's family vault at Chester. is tliieHy of poems. 1736. Hampton Court. of fiuscinating conversation. but she survived the union only eight months. who died on the 23rd of January 1749. Walker. Riddel married. II. secondly. For a time 1 with a son and daughter.HUGH ROGER." On the death of his brother Uobert. now practises London. entitled The. in 1794.. Mre. IJiddcl. This work has become extremely Glasgow. where died. also his wife. Anna Maria. at the age of VOL. aged eighty. Riddel contributed sixteen compositions in verse to a work issued at London in 1803.

she acted as a domestic servant. Bart. Sir Gilbert Blane. which adjoined his father's farm. her father rented the farm of Shennas. a stimulus which. early When in his manhood a vacancy occurred in the office of parish school.186 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.. his Hugh Koger was his figures own so instructor . the school being a small apartment. Burns was insti-ucted in mensuration and geometry during the summer of 1776. and Sir Andrew Mr. as he was improving himself. he formed his letters and afterwards on the sea-beach. . Hugh. official During his early incumbency. leased for by the heritors one guinea of annual rent. Thrown by his early death into a condition of dependence. or parlour of the latter. woman of superior By name Helen in M'William. and consequently the sons of persons of rank were boarded in his family. of Carleton. with small In the " ben " house. was baptized on the 2nd January 1726. Bart. children. ^ She became known to her Kirkoswald Parish Register. and subsequently in the family of Craufurd at Ardmillan House. a intelligence. One day. the parish of Ballantrae. and giving private instruction in the higher mathematics. while the schoolmaster in a cottage of accommodated himself attics. materially fortified his energy. the distinguished physician. pupils Among those of his who attained eminence were the Poet. Cathcart. a gentleman who was passing remarked his industry. They had several farm of Thomaston Mill in Kirkoswald parish. one of whom. Roger lacked premises. In the management of his boarding establishment Mr. first in the manse of Kirkoswald.' Early inclined to the acquisition of knowledge. master. he was preferred to the appointment and he afterwards Latterly he added to his scanty revenues by acting as a land-surveyor. and encouraged him to persevere. Roger derived important assistance from his wife. two apartments. attained distinction as an instructor. as he afterwards related..

the marriafxc of Of Hugh Roger and Helen died in childhood. at the age of twenty-four. Thomas. * * Ibid. aged seventy-one . and after a correspondence considerably protracted. the laird and his sister. she died on the 17th January 1847." and provisions were ** extreenily them dear. born 19th November 1767. a ship in the Royal Navy. became factor to the Marquis of Ailsa seven. After the day of union had l^ecn Hugh. Tombstone in Kirkoswald ChurchTanL . nine children. served as M'Williani were Ijorn man and maid to the bridegroom and bride. 187 future husband wlicn serving in the manse. He died on the 12th November 1782. advises that the marriage should conducted privately. and Jean. is Iler suitor'H letters have and are of curious iiiasmucli as. Miss Craufurd. at the age of ninety- Tomlwtono in Kirkoswalil ChurchyAid. Helen M* William. married. lessee of Ballochneil farm. but she was won not interest. he died 2nd August 1834. and was appointed physician on board the Sihijl. is extremely defective. 29th July 1790. at the age of sixty- Jean. Hugh Roger five. the ortho- s^raphy fixed. l>ccn preserved. while the handwriting graceful and exact. born at sea in June 1758. on the 24th January 1822." To her lover's suggestion Helen cordially assented . "as she was senseable enough we»l<liiig " to know. since. ' Kirkoswalil rarish Register. his wife. leaving issue. writing to his fiancee Ije on the 7th of May 1757.HUGH witliout difticulty.' John Niven. born 2nd March 1763. but while the wedding was on the 21st of July solemnized privately at Ardmillan House. six of whom The survivors wf iv Thomas.' first Matthew. studied medicine.* ' died in May 1797. as both were " depraved of parents. Kirkoswald .' . ROGER. " the preperation " of a public of would Imj attended with an inconvenient outlay. Matthew.

Mr. Mr. Mr. a post attended with considerable emolument. John Russell. at this period. Lorn at Lochcarron in 1753. Cromarty. with all the accuracy and promptness with which he had expressed them with the fear of Mr. Sage writes : ^ly father. and the Grammar. The gentry. was tlie a man of great worth. John Russell was born JOHN RUSSELL. and lately published in an abridged form. was common to ministerial expectants. and thus they were made familiar with the language. and its salutary exorcise extended not only . and Inverness sent their sons to his school. Alexander Sage. in Morayshire in the year 1740. With a view to the ministry he prosecuted theological studies. was. entitled Memorabilia Domestica. Russell's pupils began to read Latin. general scholar. by engaging in the work of Enjoying a high reputation as a classical and pubUc teaching. In the elementary rules his pupils received training they could never afterwards forget. and an expert scholar. REV. His method of teaching had not perhaps the polished surface of those systems careful. and upper class of tenants in the shires of Ross. they were taught to speak the language also. he was preferred to the office of schoolmaster of the town and parish of Cromarty. Russell was a most uncompromising disciplinarian. not a word in the school dared any one to address to the teacher or to each other but in Latin. after acquiring the rudiments of knowledge under the paternal roof. the clergy. John Russell before his eyes. of a work.THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. The dread of his discipline was felt. which are most approved of now. repeat the construction rules of My father could at the age of seventy rules of "Watt's Ruddiman's Rudiments. composed by the Rev. In the more advanced classes. When Mr. 1694-1819. The teacher. sent to the school of Cromarty. Chanonry. Donald Sage. and on the 21st June 1768 was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Meanwhile he adopted a course which. afterwards minister of Kildonan. In connexion with his scholastic labours at Cromarty we have derived some interesting particulars from the MS. and substantial. minister of Resolis. but it was minute.

The knowledge which Mr. Th»3 trifler within the school on week dftyf.* In connection with this {Xircmptoriness ^fr.RliV. he also l)ecamc of the county of Inverness. and with which ho sought to atlvance the cause of Christianity in the East. Grant was noted for his vital piety. th(! piiriHh. Russell By Dr. aftenvards of the East India Company. His son. in his Fasti.. ilS. Sage. having in 17G7 proceeded to India in some humble capacity. Grant wa« shopwtis. had that instinctive termr of Mr. wliile acquiring at Mr. Russell that the Wasta ore said to have of tho lion. 76.xi. 177. Russell's school. * Fasti Bed. he rose step by step. » have also Mtmorabilia Doiiustica. its glorious above. was - also imbued with a becoming sense of three exquisite I religion he is ** the well known author of the and " Siiviour. Russell is dcscrilxjcl a." not unreasonable to conclude that the grocer's assistant of Cromarty may. . Grant so received largely availed him. keeper to William Forsyth. a grocer in Cromarty. S<Mt. was aj)pointed chairman of the Court of rarliamentary representative Directoi*s . allowed by his employer to attend Mr. Sir Robert Grant. pupil at Cromarty According to Mr. the sauntercr on tho links. The truant quailing under first his glance Ijotook himself to his lesson. Charles Grant. until in 1794 he was Subsequently he elected a Director of the East India Company. witliiii till! JOHN tlic RUSSELL.s having. vol. been employed as tutor ant light. Mr. Sage reflects import- —since he intimates that Charles Grant was Mr. hut ovrr tlio 189 length ami brcailtli (»f four ((unciH df HchoolrooTii. prior to his becoming parish schoolmaster of Cromarty. tlie Hauutering thought- loss lounger on the streets or on tho links of Cromarty on the Sabbath dayH. returned home." *' worship the King. Hew Scott. in the family of Mr." it is whose mercy severe in kindness. L p. who inherited his ability. .' On this statement Mr. and con- sequent on his desire for knowledge. for the zeal Mr. Russell's school. for. was a man of vital piety. all When And gathering clouds around view. Russell's school the elements of secular learning. at tho blink of him on the braohead. hymns beginning.

much levity and Sabbath-breaking. Mr. the Lollards of Kyle. Russell as it "a his preacher of great power. the future martyr. was . consequent on its first the translation of Mr. But there was no prevailing heterodoxy — the clergy. against Ere had been formulated special the doctrinal errors of the Romish Church any system. there prevailed a blighting secularity. office called to that charge. piety which imbibed a portion of his religious fervour. In his northern home he had encountered much practical infidelity. and some time subsequently.190 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and was reflected upon his son. He was on the 30th March 1774. on a vacancy occurring in the New or High Church of Kilmarnock. been the arena of religious heavings. more than any other Scottish province. Sage describes Mr. in the fifteenth century. contended for a pure faith. minister. In northern was preached a sound evangelism in western Scotland in 1774. to another he was by the voice of the people ordained to the thirty-four. Lockhart of Barr. tions there certainly were. Some of the earlier and more prominent lay together with such land- converts to Protestant doctrine in Scotland were Ayrshire noblemen. among the clergy Ayrshire has indeed. whether energetic or Excep- indolent. And when George Wishart. and Wallace of Cairnhill. Russell must at Kilmarnock have at once been involved in strange antipathies." and was doubtless on account of reputation as an expounder of divine truth that. and the rudiments of that shone in his own life. James Oliphant. gave forth in their teaching no uncertain sound. owners as Campbell of Kinzeancleuch. side. such as the Earls of Glencairn and Cassilis. at the mature age of With his deep religious sense and doctrinal earnestness. parish. but these were so rare as to justify the observation that the rule was on pulpits the other . In his Memorabilia Mr.

of quitting the episcopally served churches. and was renewed at the Reformation. In their creed no place was found for the atonement. did sacramental tent preaching prevail time when Mr. Russell upheld the evangelical teaching of the old times with an . Christ as a Saviour only in reference to His example.trinal teaching. developed subsequent to the Revolution into the habit of frequenting the in communion convenient centres. the seventeenth century. in contradistinction to that Old Light embodied in the Church's standards and *' Confession. while necessarily conforming to the popular demand for lengthened communion services. is." Strongly opposing the New Light or Rationalistic system. And tlic religious earnestness which in Ayrshire arose with the Lollards. they could propose no remedy to a degraded humanity other than the cold doctrine of an impossible self-sacrifice. and of flocking to services the tents of deprived Presbyterian preachers. Russell entered at Kilmarnock on the ministerial office. The practice which had arisen during the Stuart persecu- tion. They accepted and the self-denying character of His set forth as the And this system they New Light. continued up to the During the Covenanting struggles of close of the seventeenth century to distinguish the province as the scene of an enlightened faith.RIIV. to a greater extent than in at the any other county. profit 191 prosecuting his labours as an evangelist. the religious history of the age being largely l30un<l its up with the annals of martyrs. Ayrshire was remarkable for the numlx. he found in Ayrshire a prevailing desire to receive by his d(x. JOHN and RUSSELL. And in Ayrshire. had adopted views wholly antagonistic to the fervent faith of previous times. But the bulk of the clergy. Denying the existence of its — that ignoring the Temptation and eftects —and holding the devil as a myth. life. Mr.r of its confessors. Nor in Ayrshire had in the eighteenth century the religious heavings of a former period wholly ceased. They preached the original sin doctrines of Socinus.

cast from his sarcastic bow the keenest In Conspicuous as he was. With indignation contemplating the progress champion of that faith apostolic earnestness." while his "Cotter's Saturday Night" belongs to 1785. He as. Burns had at Irvine three years previously become a member of the Church. At Kilmarnock Mr. He spoke wherever he was privileged to preach. the Poet came to believe that those who adhered doctrines of the Scottish Confession were retarding the progress of thought. was prone to suspect where existed the truth only. William Burnes. also accepted the teaching of the New Light school. loudly. he —he abhorred pretentiousness. Russell. a most pious and exemplary man. and clothing in a dark repellent garb the religion of love. or on the hillside. Carlyle. inasmuch while not liable to any charge of fanaticism. Russell first appears in his verses. Mr. the professors evinced an easy secularity. he unconsciously gave a measure of sanction to New Light doctrine. and l)ulpit. he stood forth as the on which the Scottish Church had been reared at the Keformation. while cant. at the age of an earnest and vigorous upholder of " the Auld Light. his voice rang forth the Kussell had for about ten years been noted as precious doctrine of salvation through grace. whether in the in the tent. . Russell might not escape. and against its more zealous upholders arrows. twenty -five. mean Thomas Carlyle-like. while he sought to soften the rigidity of Calvinistic doctrine. of a system of teaching which was sapping the foundations of scriptural truth. doctrinal views Burns was wholly opposed to Mr. the same year In his in which Mr. in which. There was a further consideration : the poet's father." when Burns.. Thus to the actuated. had composed for the use of his sons a manual of religious belief. came upon the field. — we also. Like one in intellectual power akin to him. Burns therefore assailed the Old Light doctrine.192 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and under deep convictions had composed his " Prayer in the Prospect of Death.

man." comiwsed in 1784. dool to |)ast. could you raise so vile a bustle How The Poet adds. In the verses: ** Holy Fair. the Poet <loi)i('ts presbytcrial controversy in these lines: TIjo twft best honls in ft' tlio \va«t. an' wonly Russell. An' Russell sair misca'd her. These five and twenty simmers Oh. a Kilmarnock shopkeeper. Black Russell na spairin* 2 B . And VOL II. . in romplinu'utuiy stniin : What hcrtl like Russell tell'd his tale. Thftt e'er ga'e gospel horn a blast. His voice was honrtl thro' nniir and dale. the Holy Tulyio. ills in 1784. the Poet represents the teaching Goldie's work was destined to overthrow.RI:K liis ** JOHN RUSSELL. () Moodie. Till a' the hills arc mirin*. its his predecessor in tlie New Church. Russell and Mr. 193 Twa Hords. while Mr. When. Ordination. Russell in these But now the Lorvl's ain tnnnpet tout«i. John Goldic. Russell as one whose 1786. tell Ifac bad I bitter black out-cast Atwcen themsel. reprinted work in three octavo volumes. echoes back return the shouts is . Bums composed on the occasion a Next." the Pcx't refers to Mr. in " The ihyming which he represents Mr. in authority of the epistle. Oliphant." a poem composed in New Light system under the figure of Common Sense. in which he freely discussed the Scriptures. are represented as foes :— Oliphant aft made her yell.1 or.

truth mode of expounding divine manner of holding up the Old Light standard. This ballad has reference to an inquiry as to the soundness of a discourse on the death of Christ. Strict in maintaining order in the schoolroom.194 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. is irreverent invective. like Highlan' swords. And And roar ev'ry note of the damn'd. . Mr. when its author had " become famous. If. Russell is The Kirk of Scotland's Alarm. since the secularizing clergy were obscuring the therefore." in which next introduced. one of the ministers of Ayr. Here there subject of it. in his — it And was well. In his not on account of any doctrinal defection. Then ovit wi' Deal brimstone like aidle. the doctrine which Mr. but which fails to strike the inasmuch as the preacher was offensive to the Poet. New Church raised the voice of alarm. published by of Dr. Russell had gravely impugned. the Poet writes : Alluding to Mr. he was rigid in upholding orthodoxy in the Church. Divide the joints and marrow His talk o' hell. William M'Gill. ! Cry " The book is with heresy cramm'd your ladle. Rumble John roar ev'ry note of the damn'd. does harrow " Our vera " saiils Wi' fright that day. Russell used words plain and forcible. but because of his strong adherence to his principles. belongs to 1789. Mount the steps with a groan. whare devils dwell. . His piercin' words. The Poet's ballad of Mr. the faithful minister of the light' of former times. Russell Eumble John Kumble John. and were inducing their hearers to walk with them under a dark shadow. he did so under circumstances when mild words would have been unprofitable and gentleness inefi'ective.

preached by Mr. Edin. JOHM RUSSELL. will In this discourse the preacher argues that holiness cordial acceptance of the grow from no other root than that of a . But we have ampler material wherewith to guide our judgment.sted Ariniiiian tenets and repelled Socinian error/ praise In this connexion the Poet's censure was the preacher's liis —the greatest poetical genius of country unconsciously celebrating one who upheld those principles of which the general recognition had rendered possible that freedom of sentiment which characterized the Poet's Muse. According to the author of the Memorabilia. in 182G. preached to the Missionary Society of Kilmarnock. all it. to be printed along with them. p." which. W hen. and preach the gospel to every creature. Ramsay of Ochtcrtye an Amiinian. who avoided every expression which might disturb the conscience. tainted with spiritual And menace. Fortunately for his fame.. Mr. toI. the precise character of Mr.sermons. i^ospcl offer hence he urges that the main object of every preacher should be to lead men to contemplate the love of God in Christ. — writi's in his Jonrnal: " That jHwr man's priu- 2 vols. Russell's son. Dr.** Ramsay's Scotland and ^rotemrw. the minister of these sermons are absolutely un- Muthill. 8vo. in strong Burns sought to depict the mode of the evangelical school contrast with the moderate phraseology of the New Light teachers.REV. In describing the minister of the New Church as preaching terror. the preacher earnestly expatiating on the extent and depth of the divine mercy. oitiuions 1787. he being a . Russell's doctrine does not rest upon any poetical interpretation of tradition. ciples were abundantly motluy. RushcII us powerful jiiul of a party which had resi. 1888. Chalmers was engaged in preparing for publica- tion the posthumous discoui*8e8 of Mr. Russell indulged ' Concerning the Poet's in political and religious J«cobit«. and a Socinian. Mr. Russell. or even upon into He issued in 1796 a sermon on the text. tlic 195 popular Icatler BiuiiH assailed Air. 554. " Go ye the world. ii. was printed at their request. he selected four .

As their journey was a long one. the second of his elaborated prayers after was offered." he " it is more becoming that we should pray together . and being frequently engaged in the exercise. he had composed three several prayers to be expressed along with them. Kussell proposed family worship. a hearty jocundity. . he held that difficulty restrain. Cameron was hastening to a corner of the room said. Cameron trial discourses chanced to inform Mr. Memorabilia Domeatica. Eussell prevented him. Eussell that in connexion with the three he was to deliver to the Presbytery." . Supper concluded. and new proposal he strongly But would not do. Mr." already been objected.196 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Again upon his knees. " My as friend. even on graver themes. you are to be engaged to-morrow in prayer and preaching. These prayers. Eussell was peremptory. to As Mr. pp. Sage relates an anecdote of him. that they might be given fresh to the Presbytery. the fellow-travellers a country inn. John Cameron. which we shall present in his own words : When on his Mr. ^ its While lay patronage shed ' baneful influence in the rural vol. Mr. he could with Opposed to formality in devotion. that. i. afterwards minister of Halkirk. to his private devotions. His companion profited by the experience. reference to this subject. he said. Mr. and you'll proceed. on the plea that he was about to obtain licence service. In prayer should consist of the simple utterances of the heart. and " Your next prayer be from the heart. they got up. he Avas seat. it is "We . in Caithness. was before the Presbytery of trials for licence Chanonry in 1766. for the other duties which are before you. To this proposition his companion assented. Cameron to the felt that a slap had made it in his stock of prayers. 81^ 82. and he had carefully committed them to memory.S. are about to resume our journey. Eussell remarked. In the morning. and well we should pray you together let us kneel." said Mr. he gave the third will of his prepared exercises. Mr. which they were occupy together. had by the way to rest for a night at On their arrival. Eussell imposed upon him the duty of conducting the In praying he gave verbatim one of the exercises intended for the Presbytery. Eussell. had cost him much labour. the friends were shown to a bedroom. you cannot better prepare yourself than by Mr. Eussell accompanied on his journey to the Presbytery Mr. but was surprised to find as a preacher. M. Mr. Mr. by Mr.. Cameron again but again was forced to yield so exhausted his stock. The exercise will better prepare resisted. which. JNIr.

she died at Muthill on the 5th November 1819. By the kiik-HcsHion and delegates of the West Churdi. who. he was afterwaixls called to the parish of St John's in of Selkirk. Mr. issued posthumously. Mr. Russell married Catherine Cunningham. and was admitted to the on the 30th of the following January. A work from 1769. At Stirling he ministered for seven- teen years. Conjointly with the Rev. year to occupy an John. minister of Muthill. Of the union were born two sons and one daughter. inheriting from her mother an ardent piety." and that " the acquaintance as one of the ha}>piest circumstances of his life. on the 26th September 1809. tlic iniuusUiiri of fOIfN RnSSFLL. Wilson's press at Kilmarnock Sennons on Sacramental Occasiona. the city of Glasgow. in the seventy-seventh year of his age. elder son.RF. office or second charge of Stirling. born in 1784. became a zealous coadjutor of her husband in the exercise of Christian beneficence . by Mr. he died soon afterwards. In the preface to his volume of discourses. and. was a distinguished student of the University of Glasgow. He died at Stirling (m the 23rd of Februaiy 1817. Uussell \va« elected as their minister on the 22ud October 1 799. at the age of seventy-four. Mr. James Robertson of Kilmarnock. after being some time employed as a private tutor. who his correspondent of Wodrow. w^ent to in Alexander. parishes. was licensed to preach in 1807 by the Presbvteiy Ordained. minister This reverend gentleman. Russell remarks that "he had the honour to be personally acquainted with the he considered " author. the appointment London in the India House his sixteenth . ciLieti 197 aud huighti were usually chosen by the people. Russell issued from Mr. became celebrated. the second son. and this latter event so moved him as to . enjoying the respect and confidence of his people. Mr.V. was a pen on The Scripture died in Doctrine of Snnctijication. Pitcalzian. James Fraser of of Alness. and the forty-third of his ministry.

He a published a volume of sacred verse entitled. and thereafter ministered to a Baptist congregation in Glasgow. the elder daughter. the eldest son. only daughter of the minister of Muthill. The Seeker. she died unmarried. third and youngest son. only daughter of the Rev. became incumbent of St. and. died at the age of twenty. and . Jean Aitken of Greenock (she died 30th July 1 had issue three sons and one daughter. unmarried. Rev. John. Rothesay. minister of St. Ninians. Catherine. practised as a solicitor in Glasgow. died in India .198 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Of the marriao-e were born o two sons and two daughters. leaving a widow. who prefixed a biographical introduction. 19th December 1804. James. he died at Muthill on the 17th April 1826. Chalmers. he accidentally stumbled on the staircase. the younger daughter. while the annual gregation was being held in the Town Hall. demitted his charge in 1823. with issue. Eemarkable for his forcible expositions of Dean Russell was a cultivator of general literature and a considerable poet. joined the Baptist Church he died early. having emigrated to Australia. William. having adopted the principles of those who uphold adult baptism. joined the Church of England. a physician. A volume of his sermons was published posthumously under the editorial care of Dr. also dean of his diocese. the second son. six children. After a period of illness. Paul's Church. Sheriff died 5th December 1860. resides at Rockvale. John Russell and Catherine Cunningham. seriously affect his health. Mary. the second son. married. he married. Mrs. He left widow and Catherine. and was injured so seriously that he almost immediately expired. festival of his con- During the summer of 1886. He married. Mary. divine truth. the Sheriff. with issue. was received into the Baptist Church . 8 27). the eldest son. 14th November 1810. at the age of forty-two. and is . Alexander. Adelaide. while studying for the Congregational Church. married MacEwen. John. William who.

An honest man's the noblest work of God. in the year John Russell and his wife. Kilmarnock. in Ossian's phrase. The subject of " Tarn Samson's Elegy " was gardener in Kilmarnock. at the west end of the church. Catherine Cunningham. spare him rise. THOMAS SAMSON.' was to be. Tarn Samson's weel-wom clay here lies Ye If caDting zealots. and there on a plain slab he is thus commemorated : Thomas Samson died the 12th December 17{>5. market With Samson the Poet had frequent social Bowling Green House in Hack Street." first the landlord of which was Alexander Patrick. 199 Stirling C'liunhynnl. Mr.THOMAS A tombstone in S lAfSny. Samson's son-in-law." In explanation of the elegy being composed on his friend while he was note still : — " When On living." 1795. the Poet adds to the composition the following this worthy old sportsman went out it last muirfowl season. prefaced by the motto from Pope. meetings in the ** Thomas Samson. aged 72 yean. commemorating the Rev. The " Elegy " appeared in the *' Edinburgh edition. was 1880 restored by public subscription. ' the last of the in the and expressed an ardent wish to die and be buried this hint the muirs. he supposed fields. ! honest worth in heaven Ye'll mend or ye win near hint Burns. . Stunson survived till His remains were interred in Kilmarnock Laigh Churchyard. author composed his elegy and epitaph.

According to the author of The Contemporaries of Burns. 40. I ne'er depended for my knowledge On All' school. Mr. Amang the brutes I own I'm bred. I gat my learnin' at the flail. Of these. farmer at Spittleside. in addressing : supposed critics. 8vo. Since herding was my native trade. when Was toiling for my I daily bread : A scanty learning I enjoyed. when the which are was assisting within his father on the lands of Lochlea. academy. having been educated at the parish school. nor college. as tenant-farmers. David. Sae judge how hae it employ'd. his number of years employed in ordinary work To his early occupation he. . Patrick four Sillar. in Tarbolton parish. was for a about his father's farm. forms the subject of the present sketch. or early latter in 1781. the third son. and William. thus refers in his printed volume I these pieces made. He was born at Spittleside in the year 1760. pp. Sillar has made the following record :— Robert Burns was some time in the parish of Tarbolton prior to acquaintance with him. Edinburgh. 39. had sons— Robert. some I catch'd at the plough-tail. or Sellars.200 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. of Spittleside situated two miles farm. DAVID SILLAR The family of Sillar. Then know. John. ^ David Sillar became known to Burns in the year 1780. and. early in the eighteenth century. are found in the parish of Tarbolton. In relation to the origin of their friendship. my His social disposition easily procured him acquaint- ' CoiitemporarieH of Bums [by James Paterson]. David. 1840.

a brother Poet. by a course of in the private study. I lu'licve. instead of walk in the fii-Ms. jx)etical efforts. and. I ho wrapped manner round his Theso surmises and his exterior made mo solicitous of his acquaintance. is composed it in the summer of 1784. Abandoning agricultural pursuits. where. owing to lack he retired from the concern. tliat they susjiccted his principles. David Sillar. Ho wore was the only tied hair in the pariHh and in the church. was. slioulders.DAVID SILLAR." intended for David which appeared in his Kilmarnock edition. often took a . in a small shop under the Tolbooth. Towards the In the close of 1783 he removed to Irvine. at church. as a cowherd. fields. Sillar had composed Distributing verses. Another applicant being preferred. but. the refers to his «liil "darling Jean. was introduced by Gilbert." and his acquaintance with Joan Armour not commence before April 1785. since. and . and his in the success which had attended Burns in his Kilmarnock volume induced him to renew his VOL. qualified himself to become interim teacher parish school. not only to his brother but to After the commencement of the whole of that family. anco aro ) 201 all but a cortuin satirical soosoning with whieli ho and it poutical gcniniicfl ill sonic degrees influenced. wlulo fear. he traded as a grocer. when. in the eighth stiinza.scrinons. was not unaccomiMinied with suspicious I recollect hearing his neighboars observe ho luid a groat deal to say for himself. he offered himself as a candidate. volume of poems. he succeeded 2 c . liartl. my we ao|uaiutauco with the wo frequently met upon Sundays. not unwelcome visitant. till but there internal evidence that was not completed Bard the iollowing year. adventure school at Commonside. he opened an of encouragement. and. his plaid. in a f>eculiar which of a particular colour (I think fillcniot). between going with our friends or lasses to the inn. act the niHtic circle in o roar. on the office becoming vacant. where in a short time I became a frequent. Buriis's Sillar. near the village of Tarbolton. tlie ** Epistle to Davie. according to recollection of Gilbert Burns. among friends proposals for publishing a II.

to attempt either instruction or amusement. of having kept clear of personal reflections. 5tli August 1789. procured him eleven subscribers while he rallies him on his having communicated with him in connexion with his proposed book too much in the strain of business. they give others the same pleasure in reading him in composing. considering their former friendship. pieces were composed just as the objects they treat of struck his imagination Avhich they gave his principal and.. afterwards Earl of Eglinton. The design instruct and amuse however he may be treated. ever necessary a learned education Sciences. and inspire him with a proper disregard for popular applause. might have steered a more prudent course for themselves. is by no means to offend. which are ascribed ascribed to writings. he will have the satisfaction of obtaining end in publishing.202 777^5- BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. obtaining a large written on the number In a letter from Ellisland. want of education. Natural genius alone is sufficient to is a fact that constitute a poet : for the imperfections in the to works of many poetical writers. it But howthe may be in Divinity. of Skelmorlie. v. with greater judgment and sagacity. 252. of the author in his publication . Issued at Kilmarnock first from the same press which had in 1786 produced Burns's edition. but to and although some. 251. the author addressed the public in the following preface : Mankind in general. or some of the best Poetical Performances amongst us have been composed by illiterate men. Dedicating his per- formance to Hugh Montgomery. who has been denied that privilege. will always support hirti under the censure of the superstitious and prejudiced. Burns informs him that he had . he believes. Esq. The approbation of the judicious. it formed an octavo of 247 pages. ' Library edition of Burus's Works. but particularly those it who have had the advantage of a liberal education.^ Sillar's Mr. may deem presumption in the author. . Philosophy. He if leaves every person to judge of his by his The following . volume appeared in 1789. of subscribers. yet he is conscious. may. though few. with more justice be want of genius.

since he air of Burns's song beginning. . foes. The whisky trade — at My curse on him ^^ay't doubly light wha had it wha made it on those wha spread it. Burns has these lines Hale be your heart. the author returns his sincere thanks For back'il <^x'\\\ by them. May their but daurna ** In his volume Silhir includes the ln'other Poet. wi' lie writes skill. became remiss in his attention to business. " is known as composer of the early walk. A rosebud by my According to the author of The Contemjwraries of Burns. toom their pouch. " I'm three times doubly o'er your debtor.DA VID For tho liberal SILLAR. For fear we |>erish. he nevertheless opi)08e8 Ms friend by denouncing strong drink. and are unhappily defaced l)y an occasional grossness. deil cares first An' drinkin* cherish Lord. beginning. in preparing his volume for the press. an' clip their credit. his fill. imitating Burns in his rhymes and modes. a His own compositions lack Closely which Burns had addressed to him. hale be your fiddle . with the result that he was involved in bankruptcy. thro' spite bite. 203 encouragement his respectable and numerous subscribers has given him." Sillar." Second Epistle to Davie. : lu his second epistle to Mr." force. Poets. : muckle wit and Ilae sung the virtues o* Scots yill And wi' the worth o' Higblan* gill Our ears hae rung The bad effects o' whisky still Remain unsung. And his acquaintance with the musical art considerably exceeded that of an expert performer on the violin. Sillar. Long may your elbuck jink and diddle the Poet so alluding to his friend's skill as a musician.

while in the receipt of an income which must have vastly exceeded necessitated his retirement. secondly. May 1830. serving as a councillor of the burgh. he succeeded Thereafter to the lease. a servant of Mrs. at the time when Bums addressed him poetically. . refused to be a party to his Having otherwise overcome his difficulty. . he refused to contribute towards the Poet's monument on the banks of the Doon . she Slie died in 183/. he returned to Irvine. chiefly for the instruction of young seamen in the science of navigation. At Irvine Mr. who. Mr. in 1785. in the hope of procuring literary employment. 1. And he derived a further addition to his fortune on the death in 1811 of his eldest brother. widow of Kerr . • rini.. dis- approving of his literary aspirations. continued to till exercise his function as a teacher of navigation feeble health Intensely parsimonious.««- ... «^«. Sillar. Sillar took some interest in municipal aff'airs. he appealed for assistance to one of his brothers. hence the Toet's line :— i. • i 4.204 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. a master shoemaker. at the age of seventy. j- j • .„-»4. a Liverpool merchant trading with Africa. so that the teacher ere long secured a stated revenue of nearly one hundred pounds.„ k„. . died at Irvine on the 2nd married. his youngest brother. Ye hae your Meg. Stewart at Stair TT House. ' David Sillar was. ^ JVIarf'aret dearest part. ^ Orr „ r . where he opened a school. a suitor for /-> *!. This enterprise prospered.. into prison Having been thrown by a creditor to wbom he owed five pounds. preferred ^t i ht another adnin-er. who rented the farm of Spittleside. who had also prospered as a merchant in Liverpool. on the death of his second brother. his most sanguine hopes. 1 r n nr the hand of \f Margaret Orr. Edinburgh. he obtained the sum of £12.000. also to a considerable portion of substance. afterwards attained large prosperity. Singularly enough. and to celebrate each anniversary of his birth. he visited enlargement. Sillar By the death of William. married. Robert. Mr. also in the magistracy.^ first. ^ John raton. oi ^1 T^ .. but he loved to discourse on his intercourse with the Bard. . whom .. Unsuccessful in his new pursuit. He He Margaret Gemmell. your .. John. Mr.

* By his father intended for the Church. vacant. and thereafter he devoted liimself exclusively to educational pursuits. the Poet composed his "Twa gave a copy to a friend. he was pursuing his theological studies at the University of Glasgow. Simson's epistle has rejoinder. At this time Patrick Simson procured in Kilmarnock a copy of the poem. farmer and liis in Ten-Pound Land in the parisli of Ochiltree. Tlie t-ntrics in Simson and his brother Patrick are made in the register n-hiting to the baptisms of William Roman characters. ' Ochiltree Parish Ro^istor.. when in the autumn of 1780 the parish Becoming a candidate for the school of Ochiltree bectime office. the versifier at Ochiltree transmitted to his brother rhjrmer at Mossgiel a poetical epistle expressing his cordial appreciation. and the verses were by a as the writer. as copies multiplied. Treasuring his acquisition. was baptized at Ochiltree on the 23rd August 1758. WILLIAM SIMSON." lie in the spring of 1785. Bryan. which he carried to Ocliiltree for the amusement of his brother William. . wife Margaret Patcrson. he was elected. but it prompted from the Poet a which became a chief attraction of his Kilmarnock volume. M. number of persons received with applause. been lost. without acknowledging himself But. who practised as a physician in Liverpool. John Simson. he being alike an admirer of poetry and a writer of versos.D. the authorship became known. William. the elder son. Mr. 205 By his first wife he hwl several children. William and Patrick. had two sons. a midsliipman. Herds. When. and Ziichary. who died at Surinam .WILLIAM SIMSON. of whom were —Patrick.

Not long afterwards reached Poole a rhyming favourite measure. but the intimacy was not actively continued. Mr." published in 1799. have done. ye It b " is generally included in the Poet's writings. Simson's brother. was still living. unhesitatingly ascribes the composition to Simson. to tailor and poet at Poole near Ochiltree.206 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Simson was on terms of friend Thomas Walker. Edinb. epistle. and questionable whether the tailor was ever apprised of the true . . and his proposal to leave the country. . however. " you have thrashed the tailor much better than I could . in the Poet's and to which was appended the name Robert Burns. lousie This composition. As the Mossgiel Bard had responded to Mr. in his : Tom Walker was lost exceedingly proud of the imagined reply of Burns. 64-78. violently hortatory as it is. It required the gravity of the latter to prevent a disclosure. but no MS. " commencing " What waefu' news this I Walker's composition. commencing "What ails ye now. Patrick. epistle who addressed hear ? Burns the rhyming included in some is editions of his works. Simson informed him of the liberty he had taken with his name. Happening to meet Burns not long after this. and had complained to his friend the schoolmaster of the Bard's inattention. is believed under Simson's care to have been modified and abridged. in was ascribed to him "Stewart's and Meikle's Tracts. Paterson wrote in 1840. Walker anticipated a like favour. " You did well. pp. Contemporaries of Burns. Simson's rhymes. author of the reply. while Mr. to whom he was personally known. 1840. which refers to the Poet's affair with Jean Armour. it is He succeeded. Paterson adds to sustain the genuineness.^ 1 Contemporaries of Burns. to no time in walking over all show the dominie the epistle. laughing . ship with Mr." Mr. Mr. and to Ochiltree. James Paterson." said the Poet. in the Poet's handwriting has been forthcoming On the other hand. The Poet and his correspondent afterwards met.

Puterson. Plump downward Says Davio. . the Emperor Paul proceeds thus : His humorous elegy on Tho Emporor Paul was a plaguo to us all. And excited tho wrath of our Navy But tho moment ho found wo had wcathcr'd tho Sound. all. Ay. Plump down to your regions for shelter. satiric 207 According to Mr. and rest.WILLIAM SIMSON. sir. he scatter'd the Danes. from tho Nile to tho Sound. sir. sir. to dainty auld Davio. And sank all their craft in tho billows. says Paul. William Simson composed other poems at the expense of his friend. Lord Nelson's got round. and all. but which he desired should not be printed. do grant me some shelter * In allusioQ to Davtt^t locker. With grapo. the tailor of Poole. bomb.^ What haste 1 yo scorned to be cliased sir tlie . chased wi' a witness. a sea term for death. Afraid of some horrible evil For tho story goes round. poor Quite tumblotl tlunn under the billows. grant shelter Davie. ho just made a sport islos Ho laughed at yon and flotillas As eagles would hens. For shelter fled down to Sir Davio. That Nelson of Bront is a devil —sea devil is For his prowess proclaims him a devil Sinco poor Copenhagen his Lordship fl(^ng. having weathcr'd In spite of their jxtwder and Imll. Our friends on the deep now daurna play peep. fellows. Imll heltcrskelter Despoil'd of my I divetl from my nest. auld Davio. Yon forts and strong batteries Of Croningbcrg fort. Sound.

John died 19th January 1814.208 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Sarah Hewatson. safe What a comfort to Kate. In Burns woke equal love And death. Elizabeth. Simson was appointed parish schoolmaster of Cumnock. aged 57 and four of his children. britlier You are safe. : lines. another son of the schoolmaster of Cumnock. aged 14 years. their mother. aged 15 years. which took place on the 4th July 1815. Says Davie to Paul. and as the " others. were consigned to the parish churchyard of Cumnock. which wrenched the ties on earth. Andrew died 9th January 1817. and he diligently fulfilled the duties of that office till His remains his death. . died Ochiltree on the 24th December 1836. and a tombstone at his grave following legend : chronicles the history of his family in the To the memory of William Simson. been erroneously described Patrick was born . at James Simson. viz. died 10th June The stone has been recently renovated. died July 4th 1815. Come ben. auld Kate What a chance you wan down to your mither. Winsome Willie " of the Poet's epistle. hither ! ! In 1788 Mr. aged 19 years. Be easy. Todd. aged 72 years. aged 22 years. on Ten-Pound Land farm on the 8th April 1765 he entered on . by Allan Cunning- eight. by whose worth. poor saul. your auld mither and as welcome's a . who Patrick. A. who died 12th October 1813. late schoolmaster of Cumnock. 17th ISTovember 1813. ham. B. added to the inscription Here " Winsome Willie " lies. the Ettrick Shepherd. Has knit them now above. years. Simson's younger brother Patrick has. take a seat by your mammie. at the age of twentyMr. and the following Mr. 1834.

he lie died in 1848. by King David had been despatched with St. Duntaggart. rendered on the 16th March 1330. she died 4th June 1833. i. 2 D . and general scholar . Sll. in October 1792.' In the rental of Mary's Monastery of Cupar in 1542. 209 duties of tutor in a private family at Ochiltree in 1777. In Sir Alexander kingdoms Skinner was an early surname. in his capacity as at Ochiltree. transcribed a large portion of the parish register. tlie JOHN SKINNER. and in 1783 was appointed teacher at Straiton. tlie Soton's account to High Chamberlain of the taxation of Berwick. VOL. lie wliich had suffered from imperfect custodiership. In both JOHN SKINNER. the age of sixty-eight. in Carrick. • eighty-three. farmer. certain costs incurred by Robert Skinner. lie In June 1788 In 1833. II. daughter of William Howatson. Among the disbursements of the Chamberlain of Scotland in the year 1337 are included II. at sister of his brother William's wife. session-clerk Skilful in the use of the pen. 450. letters to Norway. was an expert classical he also wooed the Muse. " the late Dean Skinner" is > £xchcquer Rolls. By Sir Alexander Boswell he was entrusted with cor- recting the proof-sheets of the reprints issued from the Auchinleck press. he. Patrick Simson married. succeeded his brother in the parish school of Ocliiltree. Helen Ilowatson.. Ochiltree. REV. at the age was Iw^noured with a jubilee dinner.REV. a payment is denoted to William Skinner for sustaining a ward of the Crown. who. when he had •f as a pul)lic instructor completed his fiftieth year.

834. two brothers. the latter in the old. leaving two sons Laurence. and in was admitted minister of Dunlappie. In the parish register under the 24th entry — : May 1693 the following his " George Skinner. Andrews in 1603. George Fasti Eccl. had a daughter named Margaret. and David Skinner.^ —was in for refusing the oath of allegiance to William and Mary. and William. iii. and afterwards was transminister of Liff. named 1615 James Skinner. Kincardineshire. 851. Aberdeen Register of Baptisms. and was in 1716 deposed for praying for the When. "James Skinner ii. 514. Forfar Register of Sasines. minister godfathers. indweller. He was afterwards translated to Novar. then officiating as minister of the East Church. 209. spouse.^ Brechin. where he died in 1647. 1695 deprived by Parliament Pretender. and James Hay. Burnet. — to which he had been admitted in 1686 through the influence of the Lord Chancellor Perth.210 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. indweller. Fast\ Aberdonensis. denoted as Bailie of Brechin in 1664. and Anne Eobertson. Skinner is described as one of the sub-tenants ^ ^ * ^ Fasti Eccl Scot. George and James Skinner. enrolled in 1648.. Among is mentioned in connexion with a portion of garden ground/ the students of King's College. at The it " godfathers " the baptism rite indicates that was performed according to the Episcopal while in the baptizer we recognise one who. From the parish register we learn that both brothers belonged to the Episcopal is Church. Aberdeen. presence of tailor. on the 6th October 1695. at ^ Rental Book of Abbey of Cupar. 469. the amount charged being 464. Scot. . described in 1662 as Provost of Brechin." he and his wife are accordingly entered for at Gilcomstone. who became Kelated to this family were John Skinner. In the twelve shillings Scots.* In the last decade of the seventeenth century. the former in the new town. and as without "free stock.^ Laurence Skinner graduated at the University of St. " Poll Book of Aberdeenshire for 1696. personal cess only.. who appears in 1652 as a graduate. lated to who succeeded him at Novar. 816. Andrew . iii." ^ William Fettes. baptized by Mr. were resident at Aberdeen.

Farquharaon died in 1823. the author the " Tulloehs^orum.. Such was the inromiatton 8Up])Uc4l by the author of "TuUochgorum. FrancU. for in that year she accepted as her second husband the Birsemore schoolmaster. was William Skinner. named John. a son. John. Not unsuccessful also in his the young schoolmaster was fortunate in wooing." From fertile Grampian solitudes of Birse."* his stmlies who was an Episcopal clergyman." John Skinner's son. note. in Old Machar Pariah Regbt«r. also 19s. comprehending nearly half of the parish of Birse. who rented the lands of Birsemore in Deeside. in liis and wife. John Skinner taught a school at Balfour.. four persons present on the occasion." Qualifying himself as a was for his first appointment indebted to a kinsman. * Edinburgh. valued rent of £216. Dcnbiirn " JOHN SKINNER. Birse. appears the name of Donald Farquharson of Balfour. a Donald FAri{uharson of Balfour was grandlaUurof Williivni Faniuharson. who succeeded to — the estate of Fiuxean.' with a Ilis wife. Dr. tearing a son. including "witnesses. ' vol. he Tills liis m Maii. Of the marriage was born on the 3rd October 1721." but the rite his brother George. . are named as was performed "be Mr. near the fann of liirscmore. where education in 1716.D. Ramsay of Ochtertyre. 1806-7 of the Royal College of Saigeotu. and which was the only seminary that the wild and mountainous parish of Birse then possessed.D. was a widow some at of time prior to 1720. transferred to the office of parish schoolmast-er of Echt. p. M.REV. and who in the Poll Book of Aberdeenshire of 1696 "the general poll" for himself is charged seven shillings and tenpence as his proportion of the valued rent of his farm. 8d.-><hal College. in 1723. liis 211 received baptism for son. his teaching. 4d. 290. a neighbouring landowner. Among the heritors of Birse parish enrolled in the Poll Book. John Skinner prosecuted he completed teacher. and producing lawl and Scotsmen. a and well-cultivated locality within twelve miles of Abertleen. John Skinner was. President present rental of upwards of X6000 a yMf. M. i. a daughter of Gillanders left of Ilighfield. 13s. Rantsay'a SoAto Mr. Hamilton.

humorous composi" which he entitled. the future poet. who. and at that age had committed to memory King James the First's popular ballad the Green. and he did not contract a second marriage till his son. Mr. had become. attracted the notice of Sir Archibald Grant. and of was soon afterwards appointed usher in the parish school Kemnay. At this college he passed through the Arts curriculum of four years. Skinner was by the family to the at Monymusk House encouraged which they had belonged. So early as his twelfth of " Chryste Kirk on a year he had composed verses. inviting the author to his residence." which was composed by Mr. and his personal security more than doubtful." He now founded on that poem tion descriptive of a local pastime. the lord of the manor. Towards the young poet-schoolmaster Lady Grant also exercised a kindly patronage. Skinner remained a widower. Unhappily the pleasant and prosperous change was marred by a Mrs. During twelve years Mr. In 1734 the youth gave evidence of scholastic power by his success in a public competition on entering Marischal College. and while in this situation he began publicly evince his poetical aptitude. serious bereavement. to communion implied no inconsiderable . collection of ten of his poetical compositions. to After a short interval he was preferred to the office of assistant. gave him access to his library. Skinner in his nineteenth year. Skinner succumbed to a native delicacy. The Mony- musk Christmas Ba'ing. which was acknowledged by the dedication to her of a MS. a college student. leaving her motherless child to the sole care of his surviving parent." " The Christmas Ba'ing.teacher at Monymusk.212 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. to attach himself But this change sacrifice. His progenitors being of the Episcopal persuasion. through his judicious upbringing. for the emoluments of a nonjuring clergyman were generally meagre.

— his church was wrecked. now luul recourse to the counsel and assistance of Robert Forbes. Forbes's recommendation he was appointed private tutor to Sinclair of Scalloway. On Mr. In the discharge of his office he remained at Scalloway two years. also to pray for King George by name. Episcopal clergyman at Leith. and. consequent on the rebellion of 1745. JOHN SKINNER. the Episcopal clergyman. in Shetland. he rented a two-roomed cottage at Linshart. instituted the charge. owing to the death of the elder Mr. charged with breaking the law by preaching to more than four persons. on the 26th May 1753. Sinclair. and was there detained for six months. in in November 1742. on the invitation of the members. Mr. thereby . Though personally willing to subscribe the oath of allegiance and abjuration. his engagement and closed. Returning from Shetland to his native county. Sinclair's death in an afi'ecting elegy. and whose progenitors were ecclesiastically identified with his own. Mr. and. permitted him to daughter while he was yet without in the any immediate prospect of employment Church. a proceeding lie which implied the resignation of his ]\Ir. and his pupil's removal to aiiotlier locality. His emoluments did not exceed forty pounds. improved his acquaintance with the Hebrew tongue. also prepared a I^itin inscription for his tombstone. 21 Determiniuf' at length to attach himself to the Church of his Mr. John wed his eldest Hunter. he was. as there wtis no parsonage. he was. in the vicinity. the only son of Mr. and on the occurrence of a vacancy in the Episcopal church at Longside.RE V. when. Skinner was ordained a presbyter by Bishop Dunbar of Peterhead. lie lamented Mr. Skiuner began to attend the Episcopal chapel at BlairdufF. who. office. At Shetland he formed the intimacy of Mr. committed to prison at In prison he qualify- Aberdeen. Skinner was. in token of confidence. a native of Aberdeenshire. fon^fatliers. subjected to persecution by the soldiers of the Duke of Cumberland.

in facetious strain. but suspend. lessee celebrated his emancipation epistle. I pray. In clergy-folks you hear what I can is I join with you that there to no great harm farm. hold a little Mr. ? Am I in earnest. With a hearty humour he concludes :— Thus farm and house demands come on Both must be answered. they're applied to. Of parting thus with husbandry outright ? What mean by so strange a foolish whim. Mr. course to try . Skinner next perplexities in dilates. the farm of the Mains of Ludquharn. tliat critical ing himself for in study of the Old Testament Scriptures which he afterwards excelled. then. on the estate of Lord Errol. Well. I'll borrow ! I have many a friend There's such and such a one. Skinner leased.214 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Your judgment. be what it And now resolv'd another ! will. indeed. in 1758. Why. together. In the hope of making a better provision for his family. whence comes this sudden flight. you may think till so. or think you I but dream True. and surely kind. all rich. the lease was abandoned. from year to year ? No th' event. prepar'd am : I. 1 can answer neither. The to a friend a poetical He begins thus : You ask. The adventure proved embarrassing. and by addressing after a seven years' ineffective struggle. say. and behold the end They all condole. on the anxieties and which agriculture had involved him. my I friend. Would any friend advise me thus to bear Repeated strokes like these. but cannot lend.

for clergymen. Get debt and duns as all it8 can Give up the fann with wants. oven The fittest take me to the Inwk and trade I find. then- Why. The ewie wi' the crookit horn. To the The period of his fjirming belong the two most popular of his songs. His song of ** Tullochgorum " was suggested by Mrs. that she deplored the want of suitable words for some excellent Scottish airs. abandoned his poetical activities. Professor Beattie remarked that he was " the best qualified in Scotland suitable to the tune . Wliile he rented liis unprofitable acres." who had been personally solicited to wTite a pastoral song. Skinner and some of his brethren were spending an evening after a diocesan meeting which had been held in the place. Sell 21 com and free of cattle oJET. which threatened to wax hot . for the cultivation of the soil. Skinner should forthwith compose a song to .RE V. inasmuch as the poet of Linshart followed up the key-note with a identic pathos and inimitable humour. Skinner. She then suggested that Mr. A discussion arose on the subject of Whig and Tory politics. Professor James Beattie. to allay the debate. " to compose a song and this favourable estimate was justified. and |)cn. Mr. changed the subject with the remark. whereupon Mrs. "The Ewie loriner wi' the Crookit Horn" and "Tullochgorum. wife of the Inland Revenue otticcr in the village of Ellon." he composed in response to a suggestion by his friend. At the house of this gentlewoman Mr. Skinner had not. Montgomery. Montgomery. author of " The Minstrel. Sic a ewie was never born. Transniittine: these lines to Mr. Thoreaboot nor far awa'. JOHN SKINNER. but had contrived to produce these lines only. pay every man fast's I .

he has this entry: printer. Skinner consented.juror. the Longside pastor contrived to familiarize himself with contemporary literature. by a in his progress homeward from Inverness. ' . but the famous Burns. the Ayi-shire Bard ! whom should I meet on the stair And on Mr. etc. Skinner's minstrelsy. the Poet reached Aberdeen. not without chagrin. air of " Tullochgorum. . regarding him with a hearty admiration. — "Meet In his Diary.216 the THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and would in his northern journey visit if his locality had been known to him . that he had passed within four miles of his residence at Linshart. and in the its opening stanza of the song thus referred to the occasion of origin : Come gie's a sang. And lay your disputes all aside What signifies't for folks to chide . Burns was familiar with Mr. he derived some compensation for missing the father cordial interview with his son. 10th September. Bishop Skinner." there was no help but I must step into ." Mr. have paid him a On the hand.' a man whose mild in manner is the most marked of any with the so young a man. : He wrote thus Calling at the printing-ofl&ce the other day." the His casual his interview Ayrshire Poet Bishop in next letter to his father related circumstantially. a a facetious fellow. non. vener- son of the author of able Tullochgorum. Chalmers. Montgomery cried. For what was done before them Let % Whig and Tory all agree. With other the writings of the Ayrshire Bard he became acquainted at an early stage. Though living apart from the public centres. under the with Mr. he afterwards learned. When. . Chalmers telling him that I was the son of " Tullochgorum.

" and how you were sUirtecl *' delighted with it. and had very nearly made the English poets familiar to me. and shaking me by tho hand as if ho had been my brother." really and not have wished a better proof of his affection. Ayrshire jioxcman^ '• On my quoting. I might assist me in making this collection should be happy in any give way anil to rank it him among my correspondents. he had received an academical eduaition. of gooil address. On this ho have enclosed. II. tho Old Testament. •* I am liappy in having seen you. all But even then was a reader. the Well. as a flow of language. As to his personal appearance. VOL. and till within these two years had I my shoes studded with a hundred Uicket*. . ' Then. He has. but wo had or so most agreeably. He is a genteel-looking young man. at Gordon Castle." in his tour all the He was collecting "auld Scots sangs" he had not hcanl set to music. you couhl dwelling. ami talks with if nuich propriety. that you may see Then or other." " but tell •• • Oh. " and a ploughman I was from my youth. ** and esteem. is very much in his favour. < ' u time was short. with some sentiments of praise." he saiil. " Well. and likewise the tunes. I. if not. Tullochgorum's of vexation ." is probable you may hear from him some time slip of paper. * and came by Peterhead." said he. 2 E . not forgetting the old banls of the best of all poetical books. and ! 8i>ent an hour " Diil not your father writo 'The Kwio wi' the Crookit Hortj praise ' 1 . which had tho thought. as ho was just setting off for the south. wrote his direction on a it which I me your direction. and his coro{)anion hurrying liim. and that never did I a devotee of the Virgin Mary go to Lorctto with more fervour than would have approached bis dwelling and worsbipiwd at his shrine." it " under his own band. indeed. of. " your father or. that ho may get them " Perhaps." said he at parting. and seems never at a loss to express himself in the strongest and most nervous manner." said it On was mentioning his Kwic. an' I had the loon that did it '" said ho in a rapture of him how I love.RE V. lie all owing to yours. and venerate his tndy Scottish muse." " Tullocligoiuni " waa not loug iii te^stifying to the Ayrshire Bard In a poetical that he had received his message and his address." said " you were within four miles of so expressive Had you seen the look he had he been your own son. the inh hard by and drink a ghiss uf wino with 21 ilio him and printer. and thereby conveying my long-harboured sentiments of rcgnnl for your worthy sire . assure him of it in the heartiest manner. " Yes. He had been gave. JOHN SKINNER. fifty "nuld sangs" througli hand.

Than your guid Your bonny beukie. the 25th September. Sae braw a skance Of Ayrshire's dainty poet there By Wae's lucky chance. And I think my muse nae that ill-faur'd ! Sell o' your face wad na wish for mair reward grace. my sang. my service to you Hence o'er the Forth.^ And ga'e him what he sair. That led my chill' up Chalmers' values stair. line it by line. o' sense. Ye've naething said that leuks like blun'er To fowk 1 The stair met him. proceeds thus Oh. by no' be right. I've read. my auld heart. where Burns was when Bishop Skinner . happy hour for evermair. of Mr.218 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Wad But. ye ken. and think ca't freely fine. frae pen like mine. And tak' oiFence. gi'e Tho' worth your while I couldna you But sin' I had na hap to see you I'm bauld to send When ye was north. Indeed I winna For divine others might As that. Chalmers' priuting-office in Aberdeen. dated from Linshart. I dinna won'er That ye've admirers mony hun'er Let gowkit fieeps pretend to skunner. Sae proud's I 0' am that ye hae heard my attempts to be a bard. he : epistle to the Poet. I was na wi' you.

But what needs It's this or that to there's nae a name 1 own'd by a' theme same o* Ye tak' in hand.:iiirit ilurnt na mint . and some guid mair. oh. And thinks them as diverting gear As Yorick'8"Tobio.iiflitliv T. Your " Mailie. hut's a' the And nae ane a' them them. JOHN SKINNER. But weel may challenge the fame gi'e That we can For mo. wliat avails a leasli Thro' seven lang years. Your pawky I '• 21 Dream " has humour in print in't . never saw the like The r. A3 yo hao thine And yet there's nao a single hint Can bo ill ta'en. ." But. the weel-tauld " Cotter's Night Is what gi'es me the maist delight A piece sae finish'd and sae tight a' There's nane o's Could preachnient-timmer cleaner dight In kirk or Im'. A miracle allow you." And " Hallow-even's " funny cheer There's nunc that reads them far or near But reezes Kobic. heartily allow 1 you The warld of praise sae justly due you And but a Plowman Clin I will I sail I it trow you 1 be sae.RE V. IVny't wha may o' lair ! Sac." and your guid " Auld Mare.

Whan Plowman lad. Gin ye neglect To Linshart. And may chant on this lang. Just what ye tak' it ony strain. mair than that. wi' Xature bare. To hand your a knack ye hae at rhyme. thanks to praise. like. For I'll slip that's my hobby. kind for. awa' to some bye neuk. I'll no' be fain it. no' for ane like me sae droll as ye can be I can gie. by hook or crook. And maybe That some ora ouk. Your least command. let me tell you. I can spare frae haly beuk. I'll pay content. . Sae far surpasses A' we can Jo wi' study sair % To climb Parnassus But. come in course. I'll let you see. it I do expect And. you're i' your prime. three. Where 'Twill hae heft near fifty year. Wad I'll ye but only crack again. But ony help that Though't be but sma'. And crack wi' Robie. And you Ye ken To be it's sae young. 'twere a \yi' sic lang time crime tongue.220 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. be it cheap or dear. in . An hour or twa. ye need na fear. The part's weel kent And postage. Shall gar me draw. to be plain. For. gin I my name ye spier.

REV. JOHiN SKINNhK,
Now,
after
a',

221

ha'o

me

oxquecs'il
refeotj'd

For wifwing uae to be
I (liiuui

covet to be rcezM

For

this fool

lilt

But, fool or wise, gin ye be pleas'd,
Ye'ro wolcoiuo
till't.

Sne, canty

Plowman,

fnro ye weel

Lord

bless ye lang wi' hac

and

heul',

And keep
Syne
lift

ye aye the honest chiel'

That ye
ye to a

ha'e been

;

Ixjtter biel'

Whnn
p.a.

this

is

dune.

This auld Scots' muse I've courted lang,

And spar'd nae pains to win Dowf tho' I be in rustic sang,
I'm no' a raw beginner.

her

;

But now auld age

talc's

dowie turns,

Yet, troth, as I'm a sinner,
I'll

aye be fond of Robie

Bums

Wliile I can sign

John Skinkkr.

Deeply gratified by the honour bestowed upon him by his new
correspondent. Burns replied to

him

in prose.

In an undated letter,

but which seems to have been posted on the 25th October, he
addressed Mr. Skinner in these terms
RxN'BRSND AND Vknerable Sir,
sincere thanks for the best poetical
sir,
:

— Accept
I

in

plain dull

proee

my

most

compliment
airy

ever received.
of vanity in
ill

I assure you,

as a poet

you have conjured up an

demon
in the

my

fancy,
I

which

the best abilities in your oOitr capacity would be

able to lay.
I

regret,

and

while

I live I shall regret, that

when

I

was

North
!

had not the pleasure

of paying a younger brother's dutiful rcsjwct to the author of the best Scotch

song ever Scotland saw

*'

Tullochgorum's

my

delight

"

The world may think

222
slightingly

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
of

the

craft

of song-making,

if

they please; but, as Job says,
"
!

"

that mine adversary

had written a book


in

let

them

try.

There

is

a

certain something in the old Scotch songs, a Avild happiness of thought

and

expression,
also

which peculiarly marks them, not only from English songs, but
efforts

from the modern

of

song-wrights,

our native manner and

language.
tion, rests

The only remains
with you.

of this enchantment, these spells of the imagina-

Our
and

true brother, Ross of Lochlee,

was likewise "owre

cannie," a " wild warlock," but
I have often wished,

now he

sings

among

the " sons of the morning."

will certainly endeavour, to

form a kind of common

acquaintance

among

all

the genuine sons of Caledonian song.

The

world, busy

in low prosaic pursuits,

may

overlook most of us; but "reverence thyself."

The world
and

is

not our j^eers, so

we

challenge the jury.

We can

lash that world,

find ourselves a very great source of

amusement and happiness independent
in

of that world.

There

is

a

work going on

Edinburgh just now, which claims

your best assistance.
publishing
all

An
if

engraver in this town has set about collecting and

the Scotch songs, with the music, that can be found.

Songs in

the English language,
Scotch.
in

by Scotchmen,

are admitted, but the music

must

all

be

Drs. Beattie and Blacklock are lending a hand, and the
presides over the department.

first

musician
it,

town

I have been absolutely crazed about

collecting old stanzas,

and every information remaining respecting
but a very fragment-business
already pviblished
;

their origin,

authors,

etc.

This

last is

but at the end of his

second number

—the

first is

—a

small account will be given

— " Tullochgorum," "John
go in this second number.

of the authors, particularly to preserve those of later times.

Your

three songs

of Badenyon,"
I

and " Ewie

wi' the

Crooked Horn"
letter to write

was determined before I got your

you, begging that you would let

me know where
them

the editions of these pieces
;

may be
that

found, as you would wish

to continue in future times

and

if

you

would be

so kind to this undertaking as send

any songs

of your
will

own

or others

you would think proper

to publish, your
?/e."

name

be inserted among

the other authors, " will ye, nill

One

half of Scotland already give your

songs to other authors.
better, as I leave

Paper

is

done.

I beg to hear from you

—the sooner the
am, with the

Edinburgh in a fortnight or three weeks.
your obliged humble servant,

—I

warmest

sincerity, sir,

Robert Burns.

To the request that he would render

aid in the

new

collection

REV.
{.lohnson's

JOHN SKINNER.
hastened
to
reply.

223

Museum),
:

the Longside poet

He

wrote thus

L1N8BABT, lith Nov. 1787.
Sir,

— Yuur

kind return Mrithout dato, but of postmark October 25th,
only
I
sit
tliis

camo
ix)ctic

to

my hand

dny

:

and

to

testify

my

punctuality to
it

my

engagement,

down immediately

to

answer

in

kin<l.

Your

acknowlodgmont of
and your opinion of

my i)oor but just encomiums on your surprising genius, my rhyming excursions, are both, I think, by far too high.
life
is

The
in

diffcroncc

botwcou our two tracks of education and M'ays of

entirely

your favour, and gives you the preference every manner of way.
education will not create a versifying taste, but
;

I

know

a

classical

it

mightily improves

and

assists it

and though, where both these meet, there may sometimes be
where
taste api>ears single, as it were,
I will

ground

for approbation, yet

and neither
its

cramped nor supported by acquisition,
prior claim to applause.

always sustain the justice of

A

small portion of taste this

way

I

have had almost

as I remember,

from childhootl, csiwcially in the old Scottish dialect ; and it is as old a thing my fondness for " Chryste Kirk o' the Green," which I had by

heart ere I was twelve years of age, and which

some years ago

I

attempted to

turn into Latin verse.
tilings
;

While

I

was young
I

I

dabbled a gootl deal in these
it

but on getting the black gown

gave

pretty

much

over,

till

my

daughters grew up, who, being
to

all tolerably gootl singers,

plagued

me

for

words

some of
a

their favourite tunes,

and so extorted those

effusions

which liave
to

made
them

public

appearance beyond
the same time that

my
I

exi)ectation9,
is

and

contrary

my

ir>t*'ntions

— at

hope there

nothing to bo found in
I

uncharacteristic or un1)ocoming the cloth,

which

would always wish to
in the undertaking

see respected.

As

to the assistance

you propose from me
it

you are engaged
])orhaps exiiect.

in, I

am

sorry I uinnot give

so far as I could wish, and you

My

daughters,

who were my
I

only intelligencers, are
lost that taste.

all

/oris /amilialf,
are

and the old woman, their mother, has
pen,

There

two from

my own

which

might give you

the old Scotch tune of " Dumbarton's Drums."

if worth the while. One to The other perhaps you have

mot with,

as

your noble friend the Duchess has, I

am

told,

heard of

it.

It

was

squeezed out of
a

mo by

a brother parson in her neighbourhootl, to accommodate

new Highland

reel for the

Marquis's birthday to the stanza of
fiddles,

Tune your

tune them sweetly, etc

224

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS,
If this last

answer your purpose, you

may have

it

from a brother of mine,

Mr. James Skinner, writer in Edinburgh, who, I believe, can give the music
too.

There

is

another humorous thing I have heard, said to have been done

by the Catholic priest, Geddes, and which hit
There was a wee

my

taste

much

:

Avifeikie Avas comin' frae the fair

Had

gotten a

little

drappikie which bred her meikle care

It took upo' the wifie's heart, and she began to spew.

And

co'

the Avee Avifeikie, I Avish I binna fou.

I wish, etc.

I

have heard of another neAV composition by a young plowman of

my

acquaintof Glen," I

ance, that I

am

vastly pleased Avith, to the tune of the "
do, as the music, I

Humours

which I fear won't

am

told, is of Irish original,

have

mentioned these, such as they
contribute

are, to shoAV

my

readiness to oblige you, and to

my

mite,

if

I could, to the patriotic

work you have

in hand,

and

which

I Avish all success to.

You have

only to notify your mind, and what

you Avant of the above
publicly, I

shall be sent you.

Meantime,

Avhile

you are thus

may say, employed, do not sheath your OAvn proper and piercing From Avhat I have seen of yours already, I am inclined to hope for weapon. much good. One lesson of virtue and morality delivered in your amusing
style,

and from such

as you, will operate
it is

more than dozens Avould do from

such as me, Avho shall be told

our employment, and be never more minded.

Whereas, from a pen like yours, as being one of the many, what comes will be
admired.
especially

Admiration

Avill

produce regard, and regard

Avill

leave an impression,

when example

goes along.

Now

binna saying I'm

ill

bred,
;

Else by

my

troth

I'll

no' be glad
it said,

For cadgers, ye hae heard

And
Maun

sic like fry.

ay be harlin' in their trade.

And
Wishing you from

sae

maun

I.

my

poet-pen

all

success,

and in

my

other character

all

happiness and heavenly direction, I remain, Avith esteem, your sincere friend,

John Skinner.

The

Poet's next letter to his northern correspondent

is

dated

REV.
Kdinburgli,
silence,

JOHN SKJNXER.
1788.

225

the

14tli
:

February

After apologizing for his

he proceeds
I

must beg your puidun

fur the epiHtlo

yuu scut

a|>{>cnring in the

Magazine.

I

had given a copy or two
of
it
till

to

some of

my

intimate friends, but did not
of the Magazine.
it.

know
it

of the printing

the publication

However, as

does great honor to us both, you will forgive
songs I nuuitioncd to you in

The second volume
to-tlay.

of the

my

lust is publishotl

I

send you a copy,

which

I Ijeg

you

will accept as n

mark

of the veneration I have long had,
I

and

shall over

have fur your character, and of the claim

make

to

your continued

acquainUincc.

Your songs appear
sir,

in the thinl volume,

wiih your name in the

index

;

as I assure you,

I

have heard your " Tullocligorum," particularly
given
to

among our west
commonly
promised
deserve a
to the

country-folks,

many

different

names, and most
indeed never wrote

immortal author of

"The

Minstrel,"

who

anything suixjrior to "Gie's a sang, Montgomery cried."

Your brother ha«
which
certainly

me

your verses to the Marquis of Huntly's
in

reel,

place

the

collection.

My

kind host, Mr. Cruikshank of the

High School
to

here,

and

said to be one of the l)e8t Latins in this age, begs

me

make

you his grati^ful acknowledgments for the entertainment ho has got in

a Latin publication of yours that 1 Iwrrowed for

him from your acquaintance,
Dr.
\Vel»8ter.

and

my

much-respected friend in this place,

the Rev.

Mr.

Cniikshnnk nuiintains that you write the best Ditin since Buchanan.

I leave

Edinburgh
mentioned

to-morrow, but
in

shall

return

in

three

weeks.

Your song you

your

last,

to the

tune of " Dumliarton's Drums," and the other,
in

whiih you wiy was done by a brother
shall

trade

of

mine, a ])loughman,
sir,

I

thank you for a copy of each.

I

am

ever, reverend

with the most

respectful esteem

and sincere veneration, yours,

Robert Burns.
niatle

To
answer
:

this

communication

Mr.

Skinner

the

foUowinjx

LixsHART,
1>KAU Niu,

28M

Afril 1788.

1

received your last with

llif

curious present you have favountl
before now, but that I

me

with, antl would have

made projHT ackiunvktlgmtMits

have been neces&irily engaged
that I have got a

in matters of a different complexion.

And now

little respite, I

make

use of

it

to

thank you for this valuable
with the sincere heart of a

instance of your good-will, and to assure

you

that,

VOL.

II.

2 F

226

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
true Scotchman, I highly esteem both your gift

and the giver;

as a small in a

testimony of which I have herewith sent you, for

your amusement (and

form, which I hope you will excuse, for saving postage), the two songs I wrote

about to you already.

" Charming Nancy,"

is

the real production of genius in a
its

plowman

of

twenty years of age at the time of

appearing, with no more
fireside.

education than what he picked up at an old farmer grandfather's
I doubt not,

And,
of

you

will find in

it

a simplicity
;

and

delicacy, with

some turns

humour, that

will please

one of your taste

at least, it pleased
it.

me when
is

I first

saw

it,

if

that can be any recommendation to

The other ^

entirely

shall see good.

sentiments, and you may make use of one or both, as you You will oblige me by presenting my respects to your host, Mr. Cruikshank, who has given such high approbation to my poor " Latinity." You may let him know that, as I have likewise been a dabbler in Latin poetry,
descriptive of
I

my own

have two things that I would,
;

if

he desires

it,

submit, not to his judgment,
o'

but to his amusement

the one, a translation of " Chryste Kirk
;

the Green,"

printed at Aberdeen some years ago
Latinis vestita
pleases.

the other, " Batrachomyomachia Homeri
if

cum

additamentis," given in lately to Chalmers to print
" Seria
jocis."

he

Mr. C. will know
seria

non semper
I

delectant,

non joca semper.
compliments

Semper delectant

mixta
sir,

have just room

to repeat

and good wishes, from,

your humble servant,

John Skinner.
is

In the several editions of Mr. Skinner's metrical compositions

included a jocund remonstrance with Burns's "Address to a Louse."

As

this satirical composition appears in the

Kilmarnock
it

edition,

it is

not improbable that Tullochgorum's strictures upon
the epoch of his correspondence with the writer.
verses

had preceded

But a few of the
:

may

here be introduced not inappropriately

A

lousie on a lady's bonnet
fie

Disgracefu' dirgy,

upon

it

An' you, forsooth,

to write a sonnet
sic a

On
Guid
fa'

theme

!

mc, man, I

wad na done
a'

it

For
'

your fame.

Mr. Skinner

refers to his

composition beginning, " 0,

why

should old age so

much wound

us

!

written to the tune of

"Dumbarton's Drums."

REV,

JOHN
it

SKJNNI:R.
and witty

227

Xae doubt your
To yoke
sic

bullae's wise

Hut fowks will say

was na prutty

twa

in conjunct ditty,

Them

baith to hit
nitty, wit.

And

ca'

you but a twa-fac'd
Wi'
a'

your

For

a'

your being a bard of note,
sic

Ye

shou'd na minded
warl's

a mote,
o't,

To mak' a
But past
it

wonner

As ye hae dane
for

an orra spot
^Vhare't shou'd na been.

When
When

yo beiauau'd the herryt niousio
gin't

Rinning as

had been

frae pousio

couter-nib down-stroy'd her housie,

Ye
But thus
to
lilt

pleas'd us

a'.

about a lousic,

Black be your

fa*

Fouk wad do well to steek their een At sights that shou'd na a' be seen, Or whan they see, lat jokes alane,
Gin they had sense;
For
little

jokes hae aften gi'en
Fell great offence.

Sac, Robie Burns, tak' tent in time.

And keep mair haivius wi' your rhyme, Else you may come to rue the crime
0'
sic

a sonnet,

And

wis,s

ye had ne'er seen a styme
0' louse nor bunnoU

228

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
Indifferent to

fame as a writer of verses, Mr. Skinner sought to In 1746 he published a excel in another department of letters.
pamphlet in defence of
Presbytery.
his Church, entitled

A

Preservative against

A

performance of greater

effort,

published in 1757,

gained
this

the

unqualified

commendation of Bishop Sherlock.

In

production, entitled,

A

Dissertation

on Jacob's Prophecy,
treatise

which was intended as a supplement to a
subject

on the same

by Dr. Sherlock, Mr. Skinner has

established,

by a

critical

examination of the Hebrew original, that the words in Jacob's

prophecy' rendered "sceptre" and "lawgiver" in the Authorized
Version,

ought to be translated

" tribeship "

and

" typifier,"

a

difference of interpretation

which obviates some

difficulties respecting

the exact fulfilment of the prediction.

In a pamphlet, printed in

1767, he further vindicated the claims of the Scottish Episcopal

Church
of Mr.

;

and on

this occasion against the alleged misrepresentations

Norman

Sievwright, English clergyman at Brechin, wdio had

published a work reflecting unfavourably on Scottish Episcopacy.

His

most important work.
the first

An

Ecclesiastical History

of Scotland from

in

Appearance of Christianity in that Kingdom, appeared This publication, arranged in the 1788, in two octavo volumes.
letters,

form of

and dedicated

in Latin verse to his son. Bishop

Skinner, did not attain any wide acceptance.

His other prose works
These embrace

were published in 1809, in two octavo volumes, together with a

memoir

of the author,

by

his son.

Bishop Skinner.

" Letters addressed to Candidates for Orders," a " Dissertation on the

Shekinah," and "
of Songs."

An

Essay towards a Literal Exposition of the Song

A

third

volume of

his remains

was added, containing

his compositions in Latin verse,

and

his songs

and

ballads.

Though averse

to public display,

Mr. Skinner was possessed of
a clergyman he enjoyed the

mental energy of a high order.
1

As

Genesis xlix. 10.

/0//JV sk/xxj:r. Skinner. wns pensated to us by the originality and brilliancy of our host's conversation. Dr. Mr.s effieiently discliarging his ministerial duties. . Skinner's more cherished correspondents were Dr. which was heightened by the courtesy and I cordiality with which he entertained as. steading. In reference to the visit of 1792. But what the place wanted in amenity. Among Mr. except which was two tufts on his cluu'ks which were grey. Gleig. only one storey high. served to favour. Doig. He abandoned the aid of the manuscript. hart. ho looked like a man of fifty. Gleig. larger. -220 Besitle. like a tenant's mansion.say of Ochtertyre. but never saw one whose social hour was moro truly delightful and instructive than that of Mr. such was the coal- freshness of his appearance. or mansion in sliow or convenience. Bishop of Brechin. and lately recovered from a painful illness. had sometimes been in the comj^ny of men of first-rate wit and genius.Ki: affection of his people. and a is we were not fuel. Tlie insiile was somewhat between a minister's manse and a farmer's Nothing could be plainer or more primitive than the furniture. in the house— the amply com- which peat. having attained a knowledge of the healing art during his attendance at the University. in company with Dr. Ramsay writes Our host mot us and pleasing . Iliimsay visited Mr. hlack. He then conducted us It is into his house. . joined to the colour of his hair. and again 1795. on account of the untoward occurrence of his notes being scattered by a startled fowl in the early part of his ministry. little surprised at not seeing a single chimney . Of : these visits he has presented a narrative. which was much too mean for such an inhabitant. considered as an index to his mind. but and ornamented with sash- windows. prepossess us in liis Altliough then in his seventieth year. Skinner at Linsin accompanied by Dr. which has lately been published. His figure was portly liis countenance. His pulpit discourses were instructive and edifying. lie gratuitously exercised the function of a physician. but more as the result of his peculiar promptitude than of any laboured preparation. I . being Iiis bumoil on the hearth . Doig of Stilling. and John llam. at a little distance from the house. In 1792 Mr.

i. eldest daughter of Mr. Edinb. to the churchyard of Longside. John Hunter. from the MSS. reared after a Of his new abode he had when he died. born in 1770. twins. Robert died young. of Ochtortyre. Mr. with two sons. lAfe was appointed at was accepted by him only A in work descriptive of Mr. Ramsay in being expresses the satisfaction enjoyed by himself and Dr. issued Episcopal clergyman at Monymusk. and in 1834 was elected Dean of Aberdeen. a portrait. Skinner married. on the 16th His remains were conveyed very brief illness. 12th July 1746. 1888. Skinner's colleague and successor. with an his death Mr. 535-542. the the name. Elizabeth. Skinner's 1883 by the Rev. and at his grave was afterwards inscription. latter first of Of the daughters.230 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and Times. Skinner accepted his son's invitation to reside with him at Aberdeen. Mr. Doig present in his homely place of worship when their venerated friend conducted service with much simplicity and earnestness. Christiana and Grizel. John and Robert. became Mr. by his flock a handsome monument. become an occupant only a few days. baptized issue. married Alexander Gum- ming. with issue four sons and six daughters. but the meetings of the clergy. Some considerable time before Dean of Aberdeen. and accompanied with presents an exhaustive account of his personal history. Skinner was overwhelmed by a heavy the death of his attached wife his — his companion for fifty-eight years. ^Scotland and Scotsmen in Century. Eighteenth Esq. John. vol. After a ministry at Longside of sixty-five years. were baptized on 2nd May 1745. 8vo. pp. To grief he gave expression in a Latin elegy. Mr. Skinner title strongly testifying as to his pastoral worth and personal virtues. June 1807. the He died in 1849. Episcopal clergyman at Shetland.^ trial in In 1799 Mr. William Walker. In connexion with his visit to Linshart in 1795. on the 12th November 1741. 2 vols. of John Ramsay.. Grizel. .

Mr. LongsiJe Baptismal Register. baptized at Longside on the 25th February 1751. married without Mariana.' settled After being some time under the care life. 23. married. * . John Hunter's " Diary." quoted by Mr. where he graduated. on the 22nd November 1742. of his grandfather at Echt. he supplemented by renting a farm a prosperous marriage. the second son.* followed his two elder brothers to America.* She died without 13th issue. emigrated to America. 2ud oilit. Lond. was baptized at Longside on 1744. Andrew's Episcopal Church at Aberdeen. Shetland. issue. is." Longside Parish Register. ' * On the * Mr. 23rd January 1776. 1883. and there died 7th unmarried. 231 name.sue. and proceeded with her liusband to Norway. John. The scanty emoluments of . tiie May Placed under the care of his grandfather at Echt.{/> and Time4. Marianus. in 1775. baptized January 1757. he also improved his condition by After efficiently discharging at Ellon the pastoral duties for eleven years. p. the third son. he.* ninrricd without James. second of the JOHN SKINNER. the eldest son. he there- after entered the University of Aberdeen. John Hunter's " Diary. Margaret. Walker in his /. fourth son. baptized 14th October 1753. was transferred to the incumbency of St. while he occupied his leisure in theological studies. Grizel. he engaged in a seafaring as but eventually a merchant in Philadelphia. At the age of twenty he was ordained deacon by Bishop Gerrard of Aberdeen. baptized 22nd August 1748. Alexander. He next became tutor in the family of Sir Hugh Paterson of Bannock- burn. and was soon afterwards instituted in the pastorate of the his cure Episcopal church at Ellon. Some time previous to the year 1789 he died unmarried. and there died young and unmarried.REV. was born at Sumbroughgerth. William Nicolsou.

17th August 1765. he. He died in 1816. on the 29th August 1789. died unmarried. Along with his father. 26th February 1768. on whose resignation in 1786 he became sole bishop. two died in infancy. the eldest surviving son. grandfather.232 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the eldest daughter. The prediction ran thus : to have some reference The world shall four John Skinners see The first shall teach a school The other two The fourth shall parsons be shall be a fool. and there baptized on the 20th August 1769. Bishop Skinner was elected Primus. died Mary. with issue two who predeceased their parents. baptized in 1776. John. married Alexander daughters. Grizel. Bishop John Skinner married. and formerly of Longside. William Robertson. merchant in Aberdeen. who made rhymes But the youth to him- was considerably disconcerted by an alleged poetical prophecy of Thomas the Rhymer. the second daughter. was born at Ellon. Jean. the fourth . baptized 12th June 1771. was admitted an honorary burgess of Aberdeen. Mary. he became a favourite of his for his diversion. The venerable pastor of Linshart was at first named to the In 1788 office. incumbent of the Episcopal Church. Of the Bishop's five sons. Early sent to Linshart. baptized 16th July 1766. Dalgarno. Determined to overcome the seer's supposed vaticination. the third daughter. but he recommended the appointment of his son. with issue five sons and three daughters. only daughter of the Rev. 25th September 1782 he was consecrated as coadjutor to Bishop Kilgour of Aberdeen. which seemed self. Dundee.

John Skinner. much to the annoyance of the adherents of the ]Montrose chapel. father.A7- / . son she with the father blends. Non potuero ultra Naturae tondere vires. some of whom rudely gave out that their minister had left them in the hope of prospering by the ham-curing Montrose. after a brief interval. and wjvs : done hy the genial grandfather in the.ongsidf pastor. heard of the foolish VOL. Miscet Avo Putretn. In lx»th of which the third now plays a shining part The powers The of Nature's self no further stretch could bear. 'J'he it occasion was suital)le for recalling the Rhymer's prophecy. tho second for the preacher's art. 2 Q he subdued his grandson's . It was accepted. ot fingitur inde NeposI By a friend of the grandson these lines were thus rendered in : Ensrlish o of the same blood in pulpit now tfiref Johns appear. a more 8atisfa(. the 24th February 1790. com- menced his ministry in charge of the small Episcopal congregation at The revenues of the cure were miserably attenuated. : Grandfather. 233 John also chose the clorical profession. est cams utri<nic n/^jMm . est jHiifr. but when *' Tullochgorum " wealth of his Bantf hearers.\ SKJ\. The imputation reached the cars of the young minister and vexed him. eldest grandson of the T. and does the grandt>on rear. Est rtr/«. and shortly thereafter he officiated in IJnshart chapel at the snnjc diet of worship with his father and ^grandfather. JOU. Ingonuo p'imim sernionis Inudc hocimhUis Claret . in nnjl)obus tniim ille nitct.tory apix>intment offered at Banff. he received orders.se lines of elegant Latin Sanguinis ojusdem ives impleut roHtra Joannes. but. imputation.\ On J:R. n. and (alike to both) a grandson dear The jirst for genius.

. accompanied with a memoir of his father. in 1822.^ The event was celebrated by the incumbent of fifty. was born 12th died 24th May 1799. Margaret. secondly. Anne Strachan. fourth baronet of Inver- quharity . merchant. daughter of John Ure. lines : THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.three lines. Skinner married. He married. died 7th February 1817. second daughter. third daughter. Skinner succumbed to a consumptive ailment on the 12th May 1820. Or had he e'en been fond of swine. at the age of ninety-two. born 11th April 1802. Elizabeth. Annals of first. Skinner became incumbent of the Episcopal church of Forfar. John Skinner had issue six sons and four daughters. He died 2nd September 1841. Dundee. He subsequently obtained ecclesiastical rank as Dean of Dunkeid and Dunblane.234 chagrin. By his first marriage the Rev. and died 23rd April 1872. sheriff-clerk and Provost of in the third Forfar. mind. and Mr. elder daughter of Sir John Ogilvy. she was born 8th October 1780. and November 1800. which has been included his of Longside in a poem volume of posthumous works. by composing these Had Skinner been of carnal As strangely ye suppose . In 1818 he issued an octavo to volume entitled. Innes. Scottish Episccrpacy from 1788 1816. eldest daughter of John Duff. Mary Robertson. the eldest daughter. was born ' 2nd September 1810. In 1797 Mr. his wife. Forfar MaiTiage Register. by Anne Ogilvy. Mrs. and intensified that of his accusers. 19th August 1798. He ne'er had left i\Iontrose.

daujjjhter of He married Mary Hope Steuart of I^llechin. from the wilds of Guatemala. issue John Malcolm. 2:^' daughter. introducing into Great Britain. Ctiroline Anna. he Devoted finest became eminent as a naturalist. practised as an advocate in Aberdeen he there died in 1861. his maternal grandfather in the estate of He married. August in 1844. fourth son of Dean Skinner. and there died Ortvin Elizabeth. with is issue sons and a daughter. assumed his mother's family name on succeeding Ballechin. his eldest son. and died after the 9th January 1867. John. rarer discoveries the beautiful Among Odontoglossum grrtmlc. John. in 1862. was born 2l8t . a daughter of the Rev. Catfh'i/a Skhineri. with issue. born in 1837. (_)f these are named after him Barker ia Skinnen. he attiiined opulence. he introduced country from uatemala about twenty species of birds. in Central America. Elizabeth Ure. to scientific pursuits.. Urehidaceje.KLV. with issue four sons and two daughters. his LycaMe is Skiniieri. eldest 24th 1800. was born 22ntl January 1817. who are both married. four in He married Emily Forsyth. Calcuttii . Perthshire. . An and several into this intelligent ( 1 ornithologist. was born 18th March 1804. near Panama. l>y first wit'c. Grace Jane. he had two daughters. where he had gone a short illness on in search of the scarlet passion-flower. While at Paraiso. daughter of Sir witli Albert de H. second sou of Dean Skinner. he was seized with yellow fever. John. Oliver liayniond.ssue. third son of Dean Skinner. rector of Middleton. some of the others. William. a merchant he is married Charles Binny. Larpent. son. By his wife. engaged in merchandise at CaloutUi. born 8th August 1806. Bart. the fourtli JOHN born SKIJSNER. Settling as a merchant at Guatemala. his bom in (Jeorge lire. the eldest son. Essex. with i. which he there found.

and on the 2nd June 1841 was chosen Primus. he had a daughter. and after some changes was instituted in the Church living of Newland. was born at Aberdeen on the 27th October 1778. College. his death. and in the following year he became military chaplain at Corfu. In the 1832 he became a student of Marischal following and in year entered the UniA^ersity of Durham. ' Aljcidceu Parisli Register. and there baptized on the 19th December 1775. cashier of the ' Aberdeen Banking Company. Agnes. Essex. James. third and youngest son. Pimlico. in her eighteenth year. emigrating to America he was lost at sea. He married. Skinner was eminently married. where he afterwards graduated. he took orders in the English Church.236 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.^ Ordained a deacon in 1802. was born at Aberdeen. London. Lowdtr. Oliver Raymond. with issue three sons and five daughters. On his return to England he accepted the curacy of St. rector of Middleton. chaplain of the military prison at Southsea. Agnes Raymond.^ 1848. with issue a daughter. second son of Bishop John Skinner. 13th Light Dragoons. sixth son of Dean Skinner. Formerly a merchant in Calcutta. By his wife. daughter of the He Rev. . Malvern Link. Loud. Alexander. he now resides at August 1808. In William. Jean Johanna. devoted in his ministerial labours. Frances Mary. He died 15th April 1857. who died on the 6th February 1868. as one of the Masters of After some time acting College. In July 1845 he was appointed. was born at Forfar on the 23rd June 1818. where he ministered till which took place on the 29th Mr. A Memoir. in 1830. Barnabas. Lieutenant - Colonel Charles Andrewes. on the 18th July December 1881. daughter of 57 Eccleston Square. A noted ritualist. he was elected Bishop of Aberdeen 27th October 1816. Isle of King William's Man. by the Author of Charles JawAn Skimmr. 1883. and a priest in 1803. daughter of James Brand.

. is B.lunc loGi. JOHN SKfXNFR. Catherine's College. in \ugust 1881. Calcutta. George Grant. on the 10th July 1735. ahe married. is H. the seeond son. Of the marriage were 10th July born four sons . William. has settled as an estate agent in New South Wales. James. born (Irace.A. Of 237 Born in 180G. Eilinburgh. * she died in 1775. also three daughters > —Sophia. the age of forty-seven. Coniniissioncr f<»r the Nortliern Province of Trinidad. Skiimer. Kincardine O'Neil All in 1876. the eldest son. A. As High Sheriff of Calcutta. third son. John Skinner. Galashiels. Duvi«l the Wilson. and attained to a position . and 1885 incumbent of Cieorge's Chapel. Alice Gordon. is senior partner in the firm of Jardine. unmarried. A. in . of influence in the English Church of Australia at he died in 1883. Charles. 2Gtli June 1832. Jenkins. son. married. he in 1887 received the honour of knighthood. merchants. & Co. Saints. Woodhead. married. Mary.-gi8tcr.. Johanna. Peter's Church. the Rev. the Kcv. . unmarried. fifth son. Mary third daughter. died young. and died 14th October 1864. incumbent of St. fifth daughter. of St. Trinidad. B.M. died in infancy. John Skinner. schoolmaster of Echt (father of the author of TuUochgorum ").A. marriage were born six sons and five daugliters. sixth l)ri(lg»'. is Elizidjcth Hargreavc. baptized Echt Parish R. Fyvie. Cam- In 1872 he was appointed incumbent of Christ's Church. was incumbent of Meniwa. Alexander. David. Dean of Aberdeen. Mary. Oxford. married. secondly.RFV. merchant. assistant and successor in to his father at St. in is January 1840. of Oriel College. New South Wales. eldest daughter. fourth daughter. fourth son. Elizabeth Cattanach. second daughter.

He in became parish schoolmaster of Banchory Ternan. first. 1779 he married Janet. with issue a son. Kirkcudbrightshire. with issue a son. Anne Black the Signet. baptized 3rd April 1740 . and there died 1816. the third son.. Robert Riddell Kirk. Percy. minister of the Episcopal church. Hannah. He married. born in 1823. September 1742. May 1736. the eldest son. William. and died 8th November 1767. three daughters . and died in 1849. city. in 1880. on the 23rd March 1751. in legal pursuits. Hilton. graduated M. 1738 Jean. born is a doctor of medicine. daughter of the Kev. co-heiress of Henry Hilton of Fairgirth. with issue three sons. at the age of eighty-nine. was born 5th issue. and died. Joanna Kirk of Drumstenhall. Musselburgh. first son of the marriage. was born 18th February 1745. without leaving issue. He married. and a daughter. in 1850. a Writer to He was some time one of the magistrates of Edinburgh. in 1825. second son of John Robert Skinner.S. born 1862. he became a Writer to the He died at Edinburgh on the 10th February 1840. issue a co-heiress of Longford. of Corra. . baptized 6th St. Robert. with son. in 1814. . is William. William. Agnes. as a He practised Writer to the Signet. secondly. without 1772. the second son. in 1859. Shropshire. and Henrietta. Market Drayton. Charlotte Enmengarde Warren. baptized 30th April 1747/ Thomas. with issue three sons. Nora. third son of John Robert Skinner and ^ Anne Black. Thomas. on the 26th December Robert.A. and is now town-clerk of the He married. and a daughter. W. Signet. born in 1786. was Edit Parish Register. Kirkcudbright (who died 1866). without Engaging In issue.238 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. of Brechin (who died in 1868). at the University of Andrews in 1753. John Robert. William Forbes. was born at Echt. and Charles also . James. fourth son of John Skinner and Elizabeth Cattanach.

He married Annie II. Dutf. died unmarried in and Elizabeth. who also prac- tised as an architect. John. he married Agnes. Sangster of Aberdeen/ with issue four sons i?i and five daughters. Ann. Clerk of Session." William Smellie obtained considerable opulence. James Ferrier. tln^ •'Mest son. the third daughter. described as *' latter appearing the name of William present deacon of the masons of Edinburgh.WILLIAM SMELL/ born in 1827. he holds office as chaplain to the Legation at Berno. Mabon. married Mr. merchant London.sons. was elected an elder of the Tolbooth parish. a ship- master in Helen. The lodge of St. followed the building trade. the second daughter. the Leith . he Born in the Pleasance. in parish 1 740. a suburb of Edinburgh. and. eldest daughter. of received his elementary education at the > school AberUetn Parish Register. is of uncer- tain derivation. He was Tomb tlie_ succeeded in business by his son Alexander. dated 8th January 1715. Thomas. WILLIAM SMELLIE. formerly Smyllie and Smallie. being a person of exemplary character. The surname of Sniuliie. William Smellie. married Mr. spered sister of Mr. . rcsidi's ('alcnfta. forms the subject of the present memoir. Mary's Chapel have in keeping a deed of submission between certain members of the joumejnnen masons and the deacons of the wrights and ma. among the Smellie. the younger son. elder son. and considerably pro. British J- 239 A clerk in ordors. From his own design he erected the Martyrs* in the Greyfriars Churchyard. Alexander Smellie had two sons and three daughters.

a medal. On the 1st of October 1752 he was apprenticed to Messrs. Hebrew grammar. and with the permission of . Murray . as a corrector of the press. Balfour. he entrusted his class duties to Mr. rescued from this untoward father his parents intended for the occupation of a staymaker. his employers he attended classes in the University to self-improvement. to the printing firm which he served. Hamilton. which procured the honours of the competition. in which he opposed the opinions of Linnaeus secured the gold medal of Dr. And that he might intelligently superintend the printing of Professor Robertson's sity class of Oriental languages. he was calling by a difference between and his proposed master as to the terms of his indenture. By his Duddingston. entered into an engagement with Messrs. was dissolved in 1771. With a view to improving his circumstances. offered a prize for the he also devoted his evenings When in 1757 the Philosophical Society classic. which he personally edited. he continued his attendance on University classes. A printing partnership which he entered into with Robert and William Auld in 1765 was connected with the publication of the Weehly Journal. he in 1765 produced a dissertation on the sexes . and at the age of ten entered the High School. Smellie. most accurate edition of a Latin he produced a duodecimo edition of Terence. but the concern. & Cochrane. proving unprofitable. printers. he attended the UniverTo the study of botany devoting it special attention. When Professor Hope was by illness incapacitated for his duties as a lecturer. and was afterwards published in the Encylopsedia Bintannica. & Neil. and as assistant in the editing of the Scots Ardent in the pursuit of knowledge. set up as well as edited silver by himself. As Lord Karnes was passing through the press of Messrs. including those of theology and medicine. Hope. he.240 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Murray Magazine. printers. of plants. Professor of Botany in the University. in September 1759.

Mr. Smellie. and on his forming in 1771 a pjutnorship with Mr. liis iLleDU^nts became deeply concerned in his welfare. Smellie. in conjunction with Dr. Gilbert Stuart. John Walker of Moflat was mately preferred. While he declined increased counsel. his Lorclship of anonymous criticisms on the work which much Havinp. he composed the ])iincipal articles in the work. wjis dissolved in 1782. commenced the Edinlnirgh Magazine and Review^ till and. lialfour & Smellie was Dr. Balfour vided him with a cash credit for in the printing business. retained as editor and compiler all . which extended to thro(» (juarto volumes. William Ruchan's Domestic Medicine . and matorinlly improved by his suggestions. he was induced to further familiarize himself with the science of medicine. it was. Andrew Bell and Mr. but Dr. Colin Macfarquhar. When in 1771 the Encyclopedia Britannica wtis started. Smellie was by the projectors. and revised the others. & Cochrane. the sheets of ti 241 receivetl series interested him. while his remuneration in connexion with the entire work. after sub- sisting for eleven years. wholly re-written by Mr. and qualify this physician. Smellio was the writer. Buchan entertained so high an opinion of his coadjutor that he liimself as a urged him to abandon business. it Hy their correspondence appears that Dr. prior to being placed in the hands of the compositoi-s. . n. lie of Criticism.U ILL! AM SiMhLLlh. in When in 1775 the chair of Natund History he offered himself jvs the University l)»M\ame vacant. notwithstanding the impru- dent and reckless conduct of his literary collaborateur. Among the works issued from the press of Messrs. did not exceed two hundred pounds. In 1773 Mr. In 1781 he was appointed Superintendent of the 2 u . and obtained a ulti- large measure of support. Mr. VOL. a candidate. discovered that Mr. he pro- £300 this partnership. also to engnge with ardour in the study of natund history. he continue<l to carry on the serial the completion of the fifth volume in 1776.

one of the atten" No. which became known by his name. he conducted him into their printing-office. and upon method the undertaking was after- wards carried out by the parochial clergy. Mr. When he had gone. and afterwards his secretary. Smellie was associated in a printing partner- ship with Mr. When Burns came to Edinburgh in November 1786. On receiving Poet looked about for his stool. under the patriotic auspices of Sir John Sinclair. and when the latter had arranged with the Poet to publish his second edition. not and correct the proof-sheets of his more to receive poems. Alexander Smellie. of which he translation of BufFon's was an original member. and to this He was appointed added a second part in the following year. the of Coal Tar was then being printed. the In correcting his proof-sheets Burns was in the habit of occupying a particular stool. commenced in 1780. remarking that the stool he sat upon was to be used by the person who had just entered.242 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and there the Poet frequently presented himself. On behalf of the institution he prepared a plan for procuring a statistical account of Scottish parishes. printer to the Society. Smellie issued an Account of the Institution and Progress of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. As he one day came f\xvourite stool to the office to engage in the usual revision. In 1783 Mr. The business was carried on at the foot of the Anchor Close. printer's son. An anecdote illustrative of the Poet's reputation at this early stage of his career has been related on the authority of Mr. His annotated Natural History. dants offered Sir John another seat. of Natural Museum History in connexion with the Society of Antiquaries. was completed in the following year it passed into five successive editions. his Sir was occupied by John Dalrymple. Creech. . in nine octavo volumes. and was requested to enter the composing-room. . whose Essay on the Properties his proofs. than to hold converse with the accomplished printer.

There was at the head of the narrow alley in which he worked his types a famous tavern kept by Daniel Douglas. assembled (juarters socially. In this place of antique construction. When." sung by the jovial landlord the delectation of his guests." In the designation the word "Fencibles" was introduced so as to facetiously identify the club with the Feucible regiments then being raised for defence of the country." assailed the new member with wonted irony. the principal lawyers and merchants Douglas's tavern was consequently the lieadfestive clubs. in supposed evidence of his fitness. in January 1787. Chro Challin. the brethren of the corps delighted to enjoy their tilting. founded on a Gaelic song. he endured patiently. Smellie loved recreation. on Mr. The name for Crochallan was a conceit of Mr. Mr. also in his literary and scientific pursuits. impudent staring 243 fellow. Smellie.IVrr. In allusion . he was made to encounter the usual ordeal. That Robert Burns.Tolui. As the Poet and the printer were found to be adepts in social fence. his as the club's " executioner. Smellie's introduction. "the cattle of Colin. and was abundantly convivial." said the won't give up " my is scut Lu that Baronet. But when subsequently Mr. and so promoted and prolonged it. a native of the Highlands. initiated as a member. he found the Poet in all respects qualified to cope with him in his most caustic rough sallies. L I FAM SMELLIE. of several among which was one largely patronized and partly originated by Mr. up. which on some solitary occasion had Ijcen occupied by Queen Mary. ri. One of the unwritten canons of the club was that each nomis or candidate should at admission be subjected to a species of rough handling. called the " Crochallan Fenciblcs. Burns was. Smellie. " Burns ! said Sir ." Singularly industrious both in the exercise of his vocation as a printer.sii)<^' "Let him have nil the scats in your house. in order to test his social qualities. which. Smellie." replied the attendant.

smarting at the pinch of distressful circumstances. Smellie with a deep affection. tion. Among these he names Mr. though his caustic wit was biting rude. but the letters have. and superadd a magnum of right Oporto. thatch'd A head for thought profound and clear unmatch'd Yet. till 'Twas four long nights and days shaving night His uncomb'd grizzly locks. our friend Smellie a man positively of the first abilities and greatest strength of mind. and concludes thus :— dated at . proceeds There. Riddel of his Woodley Park.244 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the Poet impromptu — to Crochallan Shrewd Willie Smellie came same . benevolent. the in Poet remembered Mr. With Mr. aggravated by the sneer of contumelious greatness. The letter Dumfries. His heart was warm. as well as one of the best hearts and keenest wits that I have ever met with . but if you will add a tankard of brown stout. the grey surtout. alas ! he too often is. wild staring. a bit of my cheese alone will not cure him. with a single excep- been lost. along with a ewe-milk cheese. he counselled him this account to invite to share it certain of their common : friends. and good. Writing March 1791 on to Mr. The His old cock'd hat. the bristlnig beard just rising in its might. He . which he facetiously described as a cure for dyspepsia. in reference to proposal to give to the world her Sketches of the Natural is History of Madeira and the Leeward Isles. Smellie the ingenious Mrs. Smellie's vigorous liome-thrusts. composed these lines : to Mr. That exception a letter introducing to Mr. 22nd January 1792. Smellie the Poet is known is to have maintained an occasional correspondence. you see his sorrows vanish like the morning mist before the summer sun. Peter Hill. in my eye. is Smellie. when you see him — as. Long after he had bid adieu to Edinburgh and its socialities.

245 not proMiut yuu with tho unniuoning " complimcntA of Uie season. on the 24th June An accomplished classical scholar and brilliant conversationalist. A second volume was issued posthumously. principal At Dumfries inhabitants." but I will scnil you my warmest wishes and most ardent prayers that Fortune may never throw your subsistence to tho mercy of a knave." human nature. Memoirs from his pen of Lord Smith. but tliat. Mr. after a protracted 1795. the copyright one thousand guineiis. the publisher. Riddel's work. John Gregory. Dr. lie was presented with the freedom of the burgh. AVith many persons eminent in science and letters he was in habits of intimacy. appeared for in 1790. issued a tract. phlets in relation to local affairs. and Pnvileges of J^iries. which was commended by Lord Erskine he also published pam- On the . Smellie's literary activities were unceasing. Adam . or sot your character fool . Though of a strong will and decided in his opinions. Mr." At Mi*s. and men of worth shall say. Smellie became the printer of Mrs. he maintained an even temper. at the age of sixty-five. and enjoyed the perfect confidence of his friends. he was much cherished in literary circles. Charles Elliot of Edinburgh. illness. Smcllie visited her and bor husband at Woodley Park entertained by September 1792. Kamcs. David Hume. you may walk to an Hero lies a man who did honor men of letters shall say. where to science. and Dr. " Here lies o nmn who did honor to *' on the judgment of a honest gmve. in 1784 he NaturCy Powers. a substantia quarto.IV/LUAM I will SMELLIJ:. the first volume. upright and erect. Of his great work. in Mr. and entered into a pleasant correspondence with her. Smellie died. and he had meditated a series of memoii-s commemorative of several of them. and at a banquet the magistrates and Mr. Riddel's invitation. Tfic Philosophy paying of Nahiral Ilistoiy. Mr. which was maintained up to the period of his death.

and of the union were daughters. George Watson of Edinburgh. Mr. served first in the merchant service. in yon all-hallow'd land of Lift'st rest. too Friend of dear. bom six sons and seven Alexander. evinced strong literary tastes. Mr. daughter of John Robertaou. the eminent portrait . I'll heave the sigh to early merit due And dreary add poor friendship's sacred tear. issue. the third son. Mr. His portrait is included in the collection contained the Scottish National Portrait Gallery. For ne'er was one more hapless nor more John. in 1763. heart. each slow revolving year. was author of a meritorious translation of the works of Tacitus.. 1 thou on high thy mild. Smellie married. thy honour'd head O'er thy green turf.S. the fourth son. . Robert Kerr. Alexander Murray. after- wards in the Royal Navy . He married with Thoma. the eminent philolo- he was" commemorated in a graceful elegy. he latterly commanded a gun-vessel. with ev'ry virtue blest. Dr. Smellie's eldest daughter married Mr. were issued 1811 in two octavo \\\ volumes. He died in February 1795. gist.painter. by whom she had a numerous family.R. true. who succeeded to his father's business. F. composed by in were published posthumously.246 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.s. the second son. By his literary associate. in his twentieth year. a native of Cromarty. His personal memoirs. and died at Sheerness in October 1799. for ever my from me fled ! where. Jean. which contains : these stanzas Too good.

James Candlish. register as Mrs. 247 JAMES SMITH. Jean Smith. He removed he. This gentleman cherished a fervent piety. or Bachelors' Club. was reared under the Mr. His widow. Mr. Jean. and. on his mother's second marriage. Robert Smith. a widow and two children. ^ Mauchline Parish Register. . ' in the spring of 1786. in James Lamie. she.^ James. killed by falling from his horse. and a daughter. > Ibid. Smith was nominated Procurator-Fiscal. Mr.JAMES SMITH. Jean Smith was born on the 3rd April 1767. described in the parish of the union a son. was born on the 6th August 1780. on the 11th March 1777. the Poet got into trouble in connexion Parisli l^egister. ten years there- became the wife of her celebrator's schoolfellow and spondent. In 1785 he appears as one of in that year When Each Burns established at Mauchline his Court of Equity. the Poet's principal associates. James. Mr. but unhappily indulged therewith austere manners. married. care of his stepfather. with the result that young Smith was repelled from the domestic hearth. nominated one of the officers.® and. He left was. was born on the 1st March 1765. the Back Causeway. Celebrated by the corre- common sense. about the year 1775. officer was assigned a and Mr. * See article James Candlish.^ Robert Smith's children were a son." or after. which was not. a prosperous merchant in the village of Mauchline. only son of Robert Smith. merchant Mauchline ^ . however. ' Mauchline Ibid.^ Poet in 1784 for her "wit. rented a small shop which he conducted business as a linen-draper. in to lodgings. James. Smith was legal title. At the Fiscal's cost the Poet perpetrated a cruel epitaph. having acquired his patriin mony. intended for publicity beyond the walls of the Whitefoord Arms. When. Lamie.

and not to acknowledge Jean Armour as his : But. Writing to John Richmond at Edinburgh. . the Poet experienced in Mr. on I l7th February 1786. Armour family. Douglas yesterday. White. informed him of his fixed determination to leave the country. besides running the risk of throwing myself into a pleuritic fever in consequence of hard travelling 1 This letter by the Poet to Mr. wife. Mr. Smith. They cost assure him that to send me from Savannah la Mar to Port Antonio will my master. Armour. Smith's active friendship a protection and a solace. Smith is undated . written from Mossgiel on the 14th of August.y Lockhavt Mr. upwards of fifty pounds. tell her I will "If you Poet meet her. he is the only friend I have now ^Iau(. the " Fiscal " clung to him with a generous tlie friendship. he concludes with these words see Jean. and renewed against his future sonin-law the cruel appliances of the law." He acknowledged his friend's regard edition.— I went to Dr. fully resolved to take the opportunity of Captain Smith but I found the Doctor with a Mr.hline. he informs him that his departure for the West Indies had been unexpectedly delayed.248 witli tlie THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. his Armour persuaded daughter to destroy the precious document which restored her to society. Smith. both Jamaicans. the subject of a by making him. so help me God. in milder strain. And when afterwards. in a letter to Mr. . Driven to extremity by the violent procedure of Mr. in the Kilmarnock commendatory " Epistle. Smith's interposition the lovers met." an honour which in his turn Mr. and they have deranged my plans altogether. and Mrs. In a letter to Mr. " am entirely in happy with Smith . and then ffave to his was that the beloved Jean a written acknowledgment of marriaf^c. He writes : My Dear Sir. Smith acknowledged by securing subscribers for forty copies of the Poet's volume. the Poet remarks. Burns. it is published in fragment l." it ' Through Mr. in the exercise of an infatuated revenfi^e. Charles Douglas.

dare not risk on farms as they are." he familiarly reports that he had waited upon old friends. the only thing of which I little know anything. "My ever dear Sir. including Mr. and was at once sought for. but I hope to weather the storm. and am prepared meet it laugh. I shall know not. his return to the west country from his first Edinburgh dated the Poet communicated with Mr. right for the place of my destination. Gavin Hamilton. 11th June 1787. in the sun. but a vessel On these accounts he refuses sending first from Greenock the of her is of September. he proceeded from Mauchline to Linlithgowshire. if you can muster you much self-denial as to be out of After o'clock. led his friend remove from Mauchline. II. lovely ! To temper man woman we had been ! Heaven designed you brutes without you. morning. I shall see ! as I ride through to Cumnock. Where to The captain shelter 1 of an intimate friend of Mr." as On Thursday bed about seven all. If I do not fix. in partnership with one Miller. dow. on the banks of the Avon. the business of calico-printing. sails 249 me with Smith. an' sing. Farming. and brother." The same course of irregular wooing which induced the Poet to Smith to cognizable seriously resolve on quitting the island. and also arrested his it commercial A new scene was needful. I cannot. an' shake lang's I my leg. and heaven above knows. and as good a . After expressing his "disgust" at what he styles "the mean servile compliance of the Armour family.JAMES SMITH. I will go [in] for Jamaica. and there. started. Smith. In a letter Mauchline." he proceeds : I cannot settle to my mind. fellow as heart could Avish Avith him I am destined to go. VOL. and commencing. sister. An affair by the kirk-session in social trouble. involved him progress. Disposing of his stock-in-trade. Smith's mother. 2 I . ! Perish the drop of blood mine that fears them " I'll I know As their worst. On visit. Heaven " bless the sex I feel there is still happiness for me among them woman. but do I understand of that.

He adds : Now article of for business. that letter. hope by the visit an agreeable surprise to the junior partner. 'tis my first present to her since I to get have irrevocably called her mine and I have a kind of whimsical wish . I shall somewhere have a farm soon. dated Mauchline. at Avon Printfield agreeable. I intend to present Mrs.250 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. . After was written during the course of a visit to Dunbartonsliirc. Halting at Linlithgow. dated 30th Juue 1787. you have variety . aimless. the principal one." In a rambling letter. in the the companions proceeded after dinner to of causing Avon Printfield. hospitable. a rhyming. but easy. am afraid I have almost ruined one source. Miller. of ray former happiness— tliat eternal My heart no more glows with feverish propensity I always had to fall in love. . he proceeds I have yet fixed on nothing with respect to the serious business of rattling. about two months after the date of his Dunbartonshire the Poet. . indeed. an modest.y litUc and ruin what I intend shall compensate my little ones for tho stigma have brought on their names. Should I stay in an unseltloa fortune. idle fellow. Smith was unhappily absent. Edinburgh for the Northern Highlands. a circumstance which led the Poet to make in his Journal the following entry Mr. life. Smith's. : — *' Go to my friend. an which. the Poet informs Mr. mason-making. : some convivial experiences. raptures. I daresay. stolen from the this restless cares and prying inhabitants of weary world.. On left the 25th August. just as usual. but not so ornamental as Fielding's Miss Western — not rigidly polite a la Frangaise.. However. I would only dissiiMite n. sensible. But Mr. William Nicol. accompanied by Mr. I state at home. I am. — find nobody but Mrs. I I was going to say a wife too but that must never be my blessed lot. The detailing Poet's next letter to Mr. is. 28th April 1788. and housewifely. good body as useful. I have no paradisiacal evening interviews. Burns with a jmnted shawl. Smith. Smith that he had privately married Jean Armour. .

Sir. there engaged in literary and journalistic concerns. became a dramatic tion. of which the and improvement might have conduced to fortune. to execute his friend's commission. Not improbably Mr. Fehiiary 1787. awakening to a sense of his shortcoming. —You may think. and there died at an early age. PETEE STUART. he had v/ritten Poet more than once without receiving an acknowledgment. writer. Smith afterwards proceeded to Jamaica. Burns : com- municated with his admirer in these terms Edinburgh. the second brother. ungrateful having received so many repeated instances of kindness from you. Palmer. Smith was unable collapse. started the Evening Star. and . Mr. Peter Stuart was editor and one of the proprietors of the Star when Burns issued Kilmarnock to the edition. Charles. that I am a selfish. Prior to the middle of the eighteenth century. My Dear fellow.PETER STUART. Of a most generous more rational nature. At length. three enterprising brothers. migrating to London. for the printfield concern had fallen into an entire Mr. yet never putting pen to paper to say. set on foot consequent on the facilities by the mail his system established by Mr. and possessing no inconsiderable acuteness. and as such attained a measure of reputa- Peter. he sacrificed to social pleasures hours opportunities. thank you but if you knew what a devil . natives of Scotland. the eldest brother. Possessing himself of a copy. a daily afforded journal. and too justly. the first 251 said present from an old and vahied friend of hers and mine — a trusty Trojanj whose friendship I count myself possessed of as a liferent lease.

and Avhich they saw their contemporaries enjoying but these prerogatives were inimical to the subjects. at the beginning of the business. Had the troublesome yelping cur powers efficient to prevent a mischief. or to the justling of parties. indulged in strong invective against the memory : of the Stuart kings. the monarch for example. up starts conscience and harrows us with the feelings I have enclosed you. of man which seems to me so unaccountable as that thing called con- my conscience has led science. In this contest between prince and lately the consequence of that of France. likewise happily for us. and his unwarrantable pretensions fell a sacrifice to \Miether it our rights and happiness. . was owing to the wisdom of leading individuals. light of science which had dawned over Europe. than. together with a copy of the Canongate Church- minute of authority from the managers of the churchyard. your good heart would By the by. as editor of the letter Evening Star^ Bums addressed celebrated animadverting on his parish minister. of the damned. by way of expiation. but. pre- decessors enjoyed. the monarch failed. was victorious over the struggling liberties of his jieople with us. Mr. authorizing him to proceed with the erection. he might be of use to the but. being the day appointed for celel)rating the event of the Revolution. happiness of a nation. in wicked deed over. amidst the bitter consotiuences of the very vortex of our horrors. that. on the 5th November 1788. To Mr. the kingly power was shifted into another branch of . The In this letter the Poet uses these words for prerogatives Stuarts only contended which they knew their . think frame me on that account.252 of a life THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. there is nothing in the whole yourself too much avenged. . his feeble edorts are workings of passion as the infant frosts of an autumnal morning to the : unclouded fervour of the rising sun of the and no sooner are the tumultuous doings folly. Joseph Kirkpatrick of Dunscore. who had. you are welcome to. some verse and prose. Then follows the Poet's inscription for the tombstone of Robert tlie Fergusson. and the rights of jieople. to be erected at his grave in yard. if they merit a place in your truly entertaining miscellany. his Stuart. luckily. I cannot pretend to determine.

Star. Mr. bth Augtcst 1789. by every method in my power. Mr. and the other favourites Muses who illuminate the Star with the lustre of genius. of the enclosed trifle will be succeeded etc. notice. X'^th May 1789. inscribed to the Right Hon. and in August of that year a notice Remarking that of the erection appeared in the Scots Magazine. the Poet seems to Maintaining his epistolary intercourse with the editor of the from time to time to have communicated of verse. Stuart's letter subjoined : London.PETER STUART. the family. Stuart again communicated with the Bard. In its is curtailed form. who." also his " Sketch in Verse. by future communications from R. entitled These included his quaint and the Chapel of Kilmar- " A New Psalm for Day nock on the Thanksgiving for his Majesty's Recovery. that the uncommon abilities which you possess must render your correspondence very acceptable can assure to any one. Stuart in 1787. — Excuse me when I I say. him certain snatches humorous sally. To the Editor of the of the Star. your insertion yours. to merit a continuance of your . The tombstone in honour of Robert Fergusson." he : In subsequently communicating his " it Ode accompanied with the following communication in prose Ellisland. endeavour. as presented by Dr." to Delia. — If the productions of a simple ploughman can merit a place in the same paper with Sylvester Otway. could claim nothing inconsistent with the covenanted terms which placed them there. My Dear I Sir. Charles James Fox. was completed in the summer of 1789. and shall you am particularly proud of your partiality. respecting which the Poet had communicated with Mr. Currie. Burns. as they 253 owed the throne solely to the call of a free people.

That Mr. letter THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. notwithstanding many favourable representations. which I trust there is . am yet to learn that he inherits his convivial powers. instance of your attachcannot express my happiness sufficiently at the to ment my late inestimable friend. affords me the greatest am honoured . abilities equal to the task. slmuld be proud of a . weighty ones. plead my excuse for neglecting so long to answer your obliging letter of the 5th August That you . very. that richness of conversation. with his extraordinary talents and consolation that I many amiable qualities. . and such a variety of intelligence. The * * * * so far as I was a reader. and your health is a matter of the last importance is . Bob Fergusson. and there be a good God presiding over . —The hurry of a farmer in this particular season. Soho. exhibited such a brilliancy of point. Burns has refined must readily be admitted I but. I hope. that man's assistance the proprietors have "When I received your letter I was transcribing for [the 8tar\ my my letter to the magistrates of the Canongate. . . feel myself in years. and their edict in consequence of but petition now I shall send them to . will. Gerard Street. begging their permission to place a tombstone over poor Fergusson. directed for me. . who was While I recollect it particularly plcjisure intimate with myself and relations. Not long afterwards. and the indolence of a poet at all times and seasons. the Poet replied to Mr. and deservedly indeed. what much doubt. I hope. with the corresiwndence of his successor in in the art of i)oetry natural simplicity and genius. probably before the end of August.254 politeness. such an elegance of paragraph. I from you. such a plenitude of fancy and attraction when I call the a state of happy period of our intercourse to my memory. IVlien you can spare a few moment^ . Edinburgh. T . but his manner was so felicitous that he enraptured every person around him. . that I can hardly conceive it possible to continue a daily paper in the same degree of excellence : but if there was a man who had lost. I I was then younger than he by eight or ten delirium. Stuart in these terms : My Dear Sir. but whether the I remaining proprietors of the paper have also done well. There was such a in liim. and infused into the hearts of the young and old the spirit and animation which operated on his own mind. Poor Fergusson if ! If there be a life beyond all the grave. have done well in quitting your laborious concern in * * * * I do not doubt the weighty reasons you mention were.

your man man). . promised to continue Consequent on this promise. but the Poet offered to continue his occasional verses offer and papers. Probably these differences were adjusted. for Mr. and where that heavy dulness. will be thrown into equal oblivion as your present views . where worth of the heart alone is distinction in the man . I shall be glad to hear from you indifferent to yours.nature. return to their native sordid titles matter . were obviously due to a desire on the part of the latter to conceal the fact of his differences with his co-proprietors of the Star. This polite was duly acknowledged by Mr. though often destructive which are the unavoidable aberrations of poor as if they human nature. Stuart's next letter contained an offer to the Poet of fifty pounds a year for weekly contributions. where riches. no ae day in ten. as by no means a subject R. We poor sons of metre negleckit. That epistle is contained in the usual editions of But the delivery at Ellisland of the Star newspaper became hence Burns made plaint to his correspondent in the irregular . Stuart. (Though glad I'm I get it to see't. Burns addressed Mr. which is the negative consequence of steady follies. where and honours are the disregarded reveries of an virtue. in my dear sir ! So soon and schemes are concentrated your welfare and happiness is an aim. also in that of Mr. his works. which it was an answer. who. Stuart. following lines : Dear Peter. now enjoying existence am sure there — thou is 255 in a glorious art world. ye Are often ken sheet. dear Peter. For instance. which I PETER STUART. sending the Poet it. and those thoughtless. B. had never been ! Adieu. Stuart a rhyming epistle. a copy of his journal. deprived of all their pleasure-purchasing powers. An engagement was declined. expressive of obligation. idle dream . to The abbreviations in the Poet's letter.

accepting the Poet's : lines. In 1795 Mr. concentrating his powerful energies in the concern.256 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Mr. for £600. Stuart purchased. As managing director. "We hear much of purse-proud insolence but poets can sometimes be insolent in the conscious power of talent. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. staff " would have been a more honourable one than that of an Excise ganger. James Mackintosh. Daniel Stuart was scarcely In 1796 he." And." But Mr. with a circulation of 800. conjointly competent to give judgment in the cause. with the result that the brothers. Stuart's younger brother Daniel. and Mr. possessed Coleridge when they parted with the property in 1803. in a which appears in the Gentleman's Magazine for July 1838. But Mr. of his former which was again declined. Daniel Stuart had allowed Mr. the copyright and Morning Post. for the small sum of £80. he employed as leader-writers Mr. was appointed editor. became of a fortune. when he again approached the Poet with a renewal offer. remarks with a sneer that an engagement on his brother's ginning. as well as vulgar upstarts on the conscious power of purse. acquired. the copyright of the Oracle^ a daily newspaper. raised the daily circulation from 350 to that of 4500. him with the afterwards. as editor so mean a salary as sufficed to barely provide necessaries of life. be- "Dear Peter. and. he was involved controversy nearly forty years ." as an intended censure. subsequently Not long afterwards the latter the distinguished Sir James Mackintosh. letter Respecting it. printing plant of the with his brother Peter. In an attempt to justify his act in of meanness. he adds .

the Poet's friend. Mr. Gordon. suit. he settled on his father's estate of Barncailzie. when he joined the army as an ensign. now Bank it. 257 JOHN SYME. nnd when Burns removed from Ell island to Dumfries in 1791. is on the 2nd January 1580 named as " intromitter to umquhile John Sime his father. After serving a year or two in the life. but these he abandoned in his nineteenth year. parish of Troqueer. On the 27th July the fellow-travellers dined at the residence of the Glendonwynes of Parton. a lucrative oftice. the Slioriff Court Book of Dumfries. John Sime in Cargane. John S}Tne was In descended from a family long resident in Kirkcudl)rightshire." Son of a small landowner. he retired into private and now electing the project did not affairs avocation of an agriculturist. was compelled to dispose of his lands. was born in 1755. his father By intended for his own profession. the residence of Mr.JOHN SYME. a narrative of which he drew up soon after- wards. where they remained three 2 K VOL. practising as a Writer to the Signet at Edinburgh. he rented as his dwelling-house the floor immediately over Between the Distributor and the Poet soon arose a In July 1 stronir in friendship. for his father. which he continued to retain for the long period of forty years. Syme's stamp office was situated in the Friar Vennel. Street. . afterwards Viscount Kenmure. II. on the banks of the Dee. in Through family influence the subject of this notice 1791 appointed Distributor of Stamps at Dumfries. Syme accompanied the Poet an excursion to Galloway. in Kirkcudbrightshire. he prosecuted legal studies. John Syme. A CONSPICUOUS associate of the Poet at Dumfries. to From thence they proceeded Kenmure Castle. 72nd Regiment. 793 Mr. But the new who had become was involved in the of the Ayr Bank.

which resulted in the ruin of the Poet's boots. Esq. ascribed to May 1795. Mr. while the Poet left a memorial of his visit by composing for Mrs.. Syme promised him the best company and the best cookery. Who Dumfries. 17^/i is proof to thy personal converse and wit Is proof to all other temptation. in w^hich Mr." com- posed as a tributary offering to the wife of Richard A. the Poet enclosed for his in approval his song beginning. nee beauty. Gordon an epitaph on her favourite dog " Echo." which had lately died. you have the honor critical judicature. Syme with these words : You know among other high dignities. villa of Pyedale the Poet experienced much him to dinner. . of Auchencruive. With respect to one of his earlier meetings with the Poet. days. During this excursion into Gallofirst way the Poet. the a card inviting : To Poet sent in answer the following epigram No more of your guests. Oswald. From Kenmure Castle the travellers journeyed to Gatehouse by a dreary road. composed the draft of his " Scots wha hae. Syme's cordial hospitality. in token of respect and sympathy. to be my supreme court of from which there is no appeal.258 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. much to his discomfort and chagrin. " wat ye wha's yon town." At Mr. : Syme has presented the following narrative . and in a drenching rain. who. be they titled And cookery the first in the nation or not. letter." A man an undated of culture and superior intelligence. a lady of remarkable to Mr. Mr. Syme. bore the Poet's dismembered boots in his coach to Dumfries. " Lucy Johnston The Poet begins his letter that of Hilton. Syme was In honoured by the Poet as one of his chief literary counsellors. according to Mr. December 1795. Mary's Isle they were hospitably entertained by the Earl of Selkirk. At St.

and the production of a suitable memoir.JOHN SYME. toll of a person It is well who had known that many attracted so who wished to have something much of the notice of the persons are to be found whose code of moral obligation does not prevent thom from violating truth in embellishing % story. Ho shook to the ! inmost frame. " What wilt thou thua. I might have fibre of hi« spoken daggers. When the Poet died Mr. the vanity of some pretended friend of the Poet di8])laycd by the relation of a powerful admonition addressed by the narrator to the Poet. which he edited in 1820. In relating the . in Gilbert Burns to Liverpool on a visit to Dr. one afternoon. quoted by Sir Walter Scott (•f in a critique Cromek's Reliques in the Quarterly Review^ led Mr. IJurns and I were very gracioiu I did advise I and confidential. Syme's narrative. wonderful to world. Gilbert Burns. Mr. from some cause which has . life In the pictures which such men give of effect. it is nearly certain tliat Mr. Yet. to aid Mr. in the reprint of Currie's edition. or allowed the incident to obtain in his mind a dramatic force. or who has even attentively perused his letters and poetry. Syme proceeded to institute a subscription on behalf of his family.story of the sword-cane. Syme unconsciously misinterpreted the Poet's action. and character. can give credit to for a moment. but did not mean them. ill when I exclaimed. and my own house?" down on The poor the floor. brought forA*anl in the is Quarterly Review. and drew the sword-cane. to make the following remarks : Great injury to the Poet's character seems to have arisen from people pretending friendship and intimacy with him. likeness - is deliberately sacrificed to Thus in the foolish story of a sword cane. unwarranted by the actual circumstances. In ' 259 my parlour at Ryeilalo. him to bo temperate in all thingfi. and he accompanied Currie. fellow was bo stung with remorse that hedachcd was himself That ebullition of momentary irritation followed by a friendship more ardent than ever between us. and yet are esteemed by the world very honorable men. arranging materials for his edition of the Poet's works. producing such theatrical starts and agitation as no one who knew the Poet.

is known as a literary Mr. Mrs. wife are at the age of seventy. Syme . Syme retired from acting as a trustee in con- nexion with the family. where he and commemorated by a tombstone. Syme married Jane forty-four. concur with what Sir Walter Scott says of the Poet's eyes. lips. Robert Ainslie that in "Mr. Their grand-daughter. E. and : Poet's expression varied perpetually. the first remarkable for fire. subsequently intensito the incident of by the strictures of Gilbert Burns in relation the sword-cane. relation Cromek's intended publication of the Poet's letters. died on the 24th his remains November 1831. he in November 1829 wrote thus The nated in his mind.. Syme had withdrawn from the share he once took affairs of the the family. according to the idea that predomiit was beautiful to mark how well the play His eyes and formed of his lips indicated the sentiment he was about to utter.. and particularly when his anger was aroused by instances of tergiversation. in to Mr. Smith of London. writer." ^ Though from some variableness of fied nature. or a sentiment of benevolence. M. Gilbert Burns. Millar. he continued to cherish the Poet's memory with deep affection and regard.. Poet's family afterwards This appears from a in letter. ^ Laing MSS. I cordially In his animated moments. which Mr. who died 8th March 1809. tlic not been explained. Mr. at all times an index told.six of were committed to the parish churchyard his Troqueer. his interest in subsided. Mr. informs Mr. and. University of Edinburgh. and the second for flexibility. painted by Mr. . they were actually like coals of living fire. or tyranny. . meanness. or a burst of fiery indignation. Having been asked to express an opinion of a portrait of the Bard. to his mind. as sunshine or shade predominated. Taylor. 'priori^ you might have a whether the company was to be favoured with a scintillation of wit.260 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. dated 8th April 1806. aged To the spouses were born several children.

'J'hc acquainted with Burns during the spring of 1787. estate of ILarvieston.CRAUFURD A steel-engraved portrait of Mr. ing the invitation.^ there engaged in the study of law. same parish. Burns. TAir. Mrs. was John Tait. . sister-in-law. a distance of nine miles. ' Sec article Margaret Chalmers. CRAUFURD The family of Tuit TAIT. he and in 1763 was admitted a tlic About the year 1785 he purchased the county of Clackmannan. Alexander Tait in Bogend of Longside. parish of Longside. bearing a Latin ci)itaph. where he erected a convenient residence. in Longside. In the morning the Poet rwle in from Stirling to Harvieston. (vol. and is. is 2G1 Symc contained in The Land of Bui'ns p. in the couree of his northern proceeded to Harvieston on visit Monday the 27th of August 1787." William Tait. joiner at Ludquhurn. son: of baptized on the llth July 1729. Skinner. ' time for Longside I'arish Register. on the introduction of his John Chalmers. Ilis in son the Alexander. John Skinner. who followed the paternal calling at Bog<'ii<1. was confined to a single day. was noted for his intelligence. in Removing to Eilinburgh. Having. AVriter to the Signet. in the parish churchyard. composed by Mr. 18). had a son John. Robert Chambers. ii. accompanied by a biographical sketch from the pen of Dr." become Accepttour. a locality associated with the ministerial labours of the Rev. author of '* Tullochgorum. commemorated by a toml^stonc. in we first trace to the Aberdeenshire. formerly of Fingland. he invited the Poet to visit him at Harvieston in the following autumn.

and thereafter. celebrated . extended to "about to the period of its duration.^ he. found Miss Margaret Chalmers. on his return to Edinburgh. fourth daughter of Thomas daughter. stepmother Mr. Elizabeth Tait. the Poet also celebrated the beautiful Charlotte Hamilton in his song " Fairest maid on Devon's banks. friend At Harvieston he met Mrs. Burns left Edinburgh Harvieston early in October. Tait and family. Lady Mackenzie. was born in 1767. his young friend James Adair. autumn was and acceded for In fulfilment of his promise to Mr. conducting business in 1 In his letter to Miss Margaret Chalmers. Gavin Hamilton. in his it Adair mentions that "Narrative. ." Dr. and the other romantic scenery on the of his Devon. in company with Dr. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. with the members of Mr." But as Dr. Craufurd Tait. and her daughter Charlotte. Li order to carry out his proposed northern tour with his friend Mr. braving angry winter's storms " and " My Peggy's face. that the promise of a pre- second and longer ferred visit before the close of the to." in John Tait of Harvieston died the year 1800. he celebrated in his songs commencing " Where. and her elder daughter. Tait's family. Nicol. my Peggy's form. Adair in the 16th September 1788. leaving a son and The daughter. late of Fingland. his memory may also have failed as while. visited the Caldron Linn. died unmarried in 1802. visit as occurring errs by describing the August rather than in October. At Harvieston. who died prior to the year 1785. Murdoch of Cumloden. Tait and his family. Hamilton. whom.262 breakfast. In 1766 he married Charlotte. where he sojourned about eight days." Consequent on this visit to Harvieston. of ten. whom he afterwards also Mrs. he on the same evening returned to acceptable to Stirling. But the Poet's his visit proved so Mr. only son of John Tait. the Poet refers to this visit to Harvieston as having continued eight days . Chalmers. in addition to those there whom he had met previously. and was admitted a Writer to the Signet.

Susan. Craufurd Tait succeeded to the estate of Harvieston. and eiij^ht years Sheriff of Perthshire. John. he induced his clients to exercise such a measure of forbearance as to enable the Prince leave the bounds of the sanctuary. born 11th February 1796. . You ore very much what you were when humanity knew you you. [ Rtm'\n\»cenet» of a Scottish Oinlleman Mi-a. when he was residing in Holyrood as a sanctuary House to from legal arrest. Craufurd Tait Sir June 1795.CRAUFURD partnership with family with liis ftitlicr. with James Campbell. find the On the 15th October 1790 we to Poet writing to him from Ellisland. if generosity point the you will not tread. 61. Edinburgh with the view of following the these words he compliments his correspondent Of the : legal In iill men at your time of life whom I I know in Edinburgh. ness. his father's death in the year 1800. was elected Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Advocates. of ' Kinross. On adorned. or call to in vain. 12mo. TAIT.. and to walk about Edinrestraint. 1881. I7tli He died in May 1832. Ainslie^ London. Sherifi* Tait married Mary. representative 263 of a As a younger whom he had pleasantly associated. he was by the Toet cherished and honoured. Lord President Court of Session. rettommending to his attention a young friend. who had gone profession. the eldest son.' with issue four sons and three daughters. Bart. Mr. which he improved and of the As a lawyer he was noted for his precision and gentleEmployed by the creditors of the Comte d'ArtoLs. - Craufurd Tait ilieil 3rd January 1814. Barmoor. brother unfortunate Louis XVI. and for thirty-six years was Sheriff of Clack- mannan and Sitwell. you are the most accessible on the side on which altered indeed from patli 1 have assailed you. a native of Ayrshire. of Succoth. fourth daughter of of the Islay Campbell. the second son. p. daughter of Francis issue.* burgh without married. He died 22nd May 1877.

born 1799. and on the 23rd November 1856 was consecrated as Bishop of London. Archbishop Tait pub- . Newman and of Pusey. where he specially distinguished himself in classical studies. and succeeded in maintaining the high reputation of the school. was admitted a Writer to the Signet in 1823 lie died Thomas Forsyth. entered into orders. C. to the Queen . was a colonel in in 1878. After a period of attendance at the High School and the Academy of Edinburgh. succeeded in passing Bill. . At the of thirty-one he w^as chosen. With the view in authority of the episcopate repressing Pomanizing tendencies. head- master of Rugby. as tutor at Oxford. he died on the 3rd December 1882. in 1827.. After a at the period of feeble health.C. Archibald Campbell. while he also graduated with honours. third son. was born in Edinburgh on the 21st December 1811. At the period when. In 1850 he accepted the office of Dean of Carlisle. fellow. filled with an unparalleled energy his episcopal duties in the See of London. he. through Parliament the Public Worship Regulation Along with several charges to his clergy. In 1863 he initiated a movement for the erection and endowment in the metropolis of additional churches. as age of seventy-one. entered the University of Glasgow.D. he was in November 1868 elevated to the high position of Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of all England.B. the army. in succession to Dr. he. And when he became ritualistic a bishop he evinced a mild but firm resistance to strengthening the practices. fourth son of Craufurd Tait. Arnold. Oxford. in 1874. born 1805. towards which Having fulthe sum of one million was afterwards contributed. and ao-e tutor. Of that college he became successively first-class scholar. and A. he died unmarried.264 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. he distinguished he himself a vigorous opponent of the Tractarian movement then put forward by Drs. Three years later he was elected an exhibitioner on Snell's foundation to Balliol College.

of Lowndes Square. Sit well. Esq. The daughters. second daugliter. 2 L . Archdeacon of C'oventiy. in Adopting the pro- 1874. "lid Safeguards of Modern Theology. and in the following year he was appointed vicar of Croydon. In 1501 Andrew Tennand appears VOL. commenced the pastoral labours at Stdtwood. the Archbishop's only son.JOHN TENNANT. London. vounjicst daughter of the \ onerable William Spooner. lisliod 265 two volumes of Sermons. ei<rht she died 1st December 1878.. fession. fever States. married Sir Sitwell. II. C-raufurd. JOHN TENNANT. in Sussex. b«Mng educated at Rugby and afterwards at Eton. also works entitled The Dangers Faith. clerical he entered the University of Oxford. survive. The family of Tenan or Tennand. eldest daughter of Craufurd Tait. he. 1877. and died May Five of the Archbishop's daughters were cut off in )>y scarlet 1856.. as a witness to certain chartere at Ayr. Tait married. and The the Ground of kindred topics to the Word of God and He contrihuted articles on education and Edhdmrgh and North British Reviews. Dr. Bart. and Marion. lulith MurdtK-h. married . was born at first Rugby in 1849. but he did not profit by the change. Charlotte Murdoch. Dromoland Of the marriage were Iwm a son an<l . and. near Folkestone. made a visit to the in United 1878. daughters. Catherine. and Agnes George Sir Susan Murray. are found in the neighbourhood of Ayr in the fifteenth century. Bart. third daughter. Charles Wake. which he. . married Ivichard Wildman. In the hope of recovering bis health. Bart. in I84J1. hy his wife daugliter of Sir Lucius O'Brien. of Anna Marin. in had become enfeel)led. Lucy Sydney Murray. afterwards Tennant.

2G6

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
William Teimant in Brighouse, a place situated between Alloway
as a relative

and Ayr, had

John Tennant, miller

at Blairston Mill,

in the parish of

Maybole, who was born in the year 1635, and died
This person married Jean M'Taggart (born in

7th April 1728.

1669, died 12th February 1723), and of the marriage were born
several children.
fifty

Of

these was William Tennant, farmer for nearly

years of the Mains of Bridgend of Doon, in Maybole parish,

and who died on the 19th November 1744.

William

Tennant

married Agnes Reid (she died on the 3rd December 1746), and of
the union were born five sons, John, James, Robert, Alexander, and

David.
Robert,
elected

the third son, engaged in business at Ayr, and was

Deacon Convener of the Trades.
of English

David, the youngest son, baptized 18th September 1734, received
a classical education, and was preferred to the
office

master in the grammar school of Ayr.

On

the 14th

November
and the
emolu-

1787, the town council of Ayr, in consideration of the great attention that he

had bestowed on the work of the

school,

proficiency of his pupils, resolved to

augment
1823.

his official

ments.^

He

died

on the 27th April

David

Tennant

married, on the 20th

December 1762, Catherine, daughter of James

Dalrymple, writer in Ayr, by

whom

he had a son, William, and two
Dalrymple, by

daughters, Margaret and Susan.

William Tennant married his cousin,
William.

whom

he had two children, James, afterwards Sir James Tennant, and
Thrice married, William had eight children, but of these

one only, by his second marriage with
namely, William,

Johnston, survived,

now

of Charles Tennant

&

Co.,

London.

Of the

English master's two daughters, Margaret married Dr. Smith, a
physician
in
India,

Susan, the
^

younger daughter, married Dr.

Ayr Burgh Records.

JOHN TENNANT.
Gairdner of Edinbuigli
;

267
is

one of her children
lustitutes

William Tennant
in

Gairdner, M.D., Professor of the

of Medicine

the

University of Glasgow.

John Tinnant,
Ifirmer at

eldest son

and second child of William Tennant,
13th

Bridgend, was Imptizcd

October

1725.

In

the
spelt

baptismal register both his

own and
life

his father's

names are

Tennan.

John Tennant began

])y

renting the farm of Liiigh

Gorton, near Bridgend.
of William Burnes, and

There he was the immediate neighlxiur

one of the witnesses.
services

when his son Robert was baptized, he became At his harvest homes he liad employed the
of

as

a violinist

Hugh

M'Guire, joiner in Ayr, whose

personal

history

has l)een

related.'

When

Elizabeth

M'Guire,

the musician's eldest daughter, became Countess of Glencairn, she,
in 1769,

appointed the farmer at Laigh Gorton factor on her lands

of Ochiltree.

Accepting the

office,

John Tennant removed

to Glen-

conner, in the parish of Ochiltree, where he occupied the mansion,

and

also rented the

farm of Glenconnei*.

He

retained the office of

factor for eleven years.

When

Burns was on the eve of publishing

his

poems,

lie

carried

his MSS. to Glenconner, and read them with such intensity of

feeling that Mr.

Tennant was

thrilled with emotion.

To

the Poet's

dramatic power as a reader he and his elder sons were afterwards in
the habit of referring.
*'

When
it

the Kilmarnock volume

appeared,

Glenconner" brought

under the notice of the widowed Countess

of Glencairn, also of Mr. Dalziel, the Earl of Glencairn 's factor at

Finlayston, with the result that the E<irl

made

the Poet

known

to

Mr. Creech, and also essentially aided in introducing him into the
literary society of Edinburgh.

Grateful to Mr. Tennant for his imhis obligation

portant services.

Burns denoted

by presenting him with

a fiivouritc work, entitled, Letters concerning the Religion essential
*

Sm article

Earl of Gloncairu.

268
to

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
as
it is

Man

distinct from ivhat is merely a^i accession to

it,

and

on which he inscribed these words,
Burns, the Scotch Bard, to his

"A

paltry present from Robert

own

friend

and

his father's friend,

John Tennant

in Glenconner, 20th

At the
friesshire,

Poet's request,
in

December 1786."^ Mr. Tennant accompanied him

to

Dumthis

February 1788, to inspect the farms of Mr. Miller

of Dalswinton, and at his advice he selected Ellisland.
subject the

On

Poet,

on the
in these

7th of March,

communicated with

his

friend Robert

Muir

terms

:

I took old

Glenconner with

me

to

Mr. Miller's farm, and he was
Mr. Miller, which,
lives
if

so pleased
shall

with

it,

that I have
sit

made an

oifer to

he accepts,
a

make me
by
it.

down

as a plain

farmer

— the happiest of

when

man

can live

In his rhyming " Epistle to James Tennant," Glenconner's eldest
son,

composed in 1786, the Poet writes

:

My
The

heart-warm love to guid auld Glen,
ace an' wale of honest

men
cares,

When

bending down wi' auld grey hairs

Beneath the load of years and

May He who made him
His worthy fam'ly
far

still

support him,
;

An' views beyond the grave comfort him

and

near,

God

bless

them

a'

wi' grace

and

gear.

of

John Tennant died on the 28th April 1810, at the advanced age eighty-four. He was twice married. He married, first, 22nd

December 1748, Jane, daugher of James M'Clure of the parish of St. Quivox, with issue two sons, William and James, also a daughter, Joan. James alone survived. Born at Laio^h Gorton on the 5th o
1

The volume

is

now

in the possession of Sir Charles

Tennant, Bart., of Glen, Glenconner's

great-grandson.

JOHN
May
known
a hope
as
*'

J'ENNANT.
'*

269

1754, he became miller at Ochiltree Mill, and was familiarly
the miller." In his poetical
Epistle to

James Tennant

the Poet celebrates the ilifterent
th;it

members

of the family, and expresses
iip'v li-tvc

In

flw cnjovmfTif

(ifllf.. \{\^ fri''!!'!

Muny

a luugii, uiul luony u drink,
fiu'iK.'h o'

Ami avf

ncedfu' cliuk.

By

a neighbour at Ochiltree

James Tennant was

de8cril>ed in

1812 as "a dungeon of wit."
M'CIatchie, with issue three sons

He

married,

in

May

1793, Jean

—John, born

1790, William, born
in

1797, and James, born 1799; also a daughter, Charlotte, born
1795.

John and Charlotte

left

descendants.

John Tennant,

factor at Glenconner, married, secondly,

23rd
in

August 1757, Mary, daughter of John M'Lure, formerly farmer

Netherton of Alloway (born 24th October 1738, died 3rd March
1784), and of the marriage were born six sons and seven daughters.

Agnes, the eldest daughter, born 30th April 1764,
Poet's epistle to her brother James, alluded to as

is,

in the

my

lUiKl ac<niaiutanco,
is fitted

Nuncy,

Since she

to her fancy,

An' her kind

stars

hae airted

till

her

A
Agnes had,
in

guid chiel wi' a pickle

siller.

1785, married George Reid, farmer at Barquharie,
Ochiltree, who, at the

nephew of the Rev. George Reid, minister of
first

time of his death in 1786, wjis Father of the Church, being in the sixtyyear of his ministry.
to

On

a pony supplied in loan by Nancy's
in 1786,

husband the Poet rode
the act of service

Edinburgh

and he acknowledged
which he

by addressing

to Mr. Reid the first letter

despatched from the capital.

To Mrs.

Reid, in token of gratitude,
his

he sent an early copy of the Edinburgh edition of

poems.

270

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
14th June 1787, leaving two daughters,
Prentice,

Mrs. Reid died on the

Margaret,

who married

and Elizabeth, who married

Miller.

Janet, second daughter of

John Tennant and Mary M'Clure,

born 30th

May

1766, married

Andrew Paterson

of Ayr, with issue

she died on the 1st February 1843.

Margaret, third daughter, born 22nd April 1770, died unmarried

on the 19th October 1836.
Elizabeth, fourth daughter, born 11th

June 1776, married
she died

Houghton, of Cape Town, with issue

;

she died 28th February 1813.
;

Katherine, fifth daughter, was born 24t]i July 1778

unmarried on the 24th January 1848.
Sarah, sixth daughter, born 18tli April 1780, married William
Sloan, farmer, Auchlin, in the parish of Ochiltree,

and had eight

children; she died 5th September 1864.
Charlotte, seventh daughter, born 14th
at Leddrie

September 1782, resided

Green, in the parish of Strathblane, where she died

unmarried on the 4th December 1859.
William, eldest son of John Tennant of Glenconner by his second
wife,

was born on the

1st

November

1758.
is

In the Poet's rhyming

epistle to his brother

James, William

described as

My
AVilliam

anld schoolfellow, preacher Willie.

Tennant was chaplain
were

to the forces in India,

and on

his

retirement settled at Glenconner.
his pulpit prelections

Of earnest

religious convictions,

strictly evangelical.

In 1803 he pub-

lished

Indian Researches, in

two volumes, and in

1807 issued

Thoughts on the Effects of the British Government on the State of India. From the University of Glasgow he received the degree of

LL.D.
'

He died,
of Dr,

unmarried, on the 13th

May

1813.^
for tlie

A

memoir

William Tennant is contained in Puhlic Characters,

year 1805, p. 393.

JOHN TENNANT.
marriage, was born 28th August 1760.

271

John, secoiul hou of the factor at Glenconner by his second

Boarded along with the

Poet with Mr. John Murdoch, English master in Ayr Academy,*
they occupied the same apartment, complain
that
his

and John was disposed
for

to

bedfellow

would keep him awake

hours
in

repeating verses which he had composed.
his seventeenth year.

The Poet was then

John Tennant

first

turned his attention to ship-building, but,

finding that a seven years' apprenticeship was necessary, he almndoned

the notion, and entered on business as a

distiller.
tli«'

Writing to him

fiom

Ellis1;ni<l.

on

tlip 2'2n(1

IVccihImt 178S.
tried

Poet begins:
tiret

^1y

Deau
assure
is

Silt,

1 ycistetxluy

my

cask of whisky for the
. .

time,

and

I

you

it

does you great credit.

.

The whisky

of this

country

a most rascally liquor, and by consequence only drunk by the most
I

rascally part of the inhabitants.

am

persuade<l, if
in the

you once get a footing

here,

you might do a great deal of business

way

of

consumpt

;

and

should you commenco

distiller again, this is the native barley country.

The Poet concludes
If

:

you could take a jaunt this way
at

yourself, I

have a spare spoon, knife,
all

and fork very much

your

service.

My

compliments to Mrai Tennant, and

the good folks in Glenconner autl lJ.in|uharie.

Abandoning business
farms
of

as a

distiller,

John Tennant leased the
afterwards
the

Auchenbay

and

Steelepark,

farm

of

Shields in the parish of St. Quivox.

Latterly he rented Girvan

Mains, and

many

other small farms in the same neighbourhood.

A

skilful agriculturist,

he was consulted by Sir John Sinclair, and
in reference

was examined by a Committee of the House of Commons
to the state of agriculture in Scotland.
^

From a

single year's profits

Mr. Murdoch's house

is

now

r niinous

tenement on the west side of Sandgate, immediately

to the north of the Free Churvh.

272
of
liis

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.
farms he purchased the estate of Creoch, in
tlie

parish of

Ochiltree, for the

sum

of £9000.

He

died in 1853.

John Tennant of Creoch married, in 1785, Margaret Colville (she died 26th Mny 1823), and of the union were born four sons
and eight daughters.
Jane, the eldest daughter, was born on the 15th
his poetical " Epistle to

May

1786.

In

James Tennant," the Poet,
first child,
I

in anticipation of

the birth of Auchenbay's

writes thus
joj',

:

And Auchenbay,

wish liim

If he's a parent, lass or boy,

May

he be dad, and

Meg

the mithe)\

Just five-and-forty years thegither.^

Jane died unmarried, as did Margaret, a twin, born 2nd January
1788, Agnes, born 25th October 1789, and Elizabeth, born 15th

The daughters, Jessy, born 2nd January 1788, Catherine, born 12th August 1797, and Charlotte, born 15th May
October 1791.
1804, severally married, with issue.
Isabella, the sixth daughter,

born 17th

May

1793,

married John Guthrie,

Turnberry Lodge,

Kirkoswald, formerly captain in the Koyal East Middlesex MiJitia
she died at Glasgow on the 15th June 1878.^

Auchenbay's four sons were John, George, born 28th April 1799,
William, born 17tli February 1802, and David, born 4th October
1807.

John, the eldest son, born 25th March 1795, succeeded his

father in the estate of Creoch,

and died 17th

May

1863.

By

his

second wife, Anne, sixth child of John Tennant of the Stamp
1

Office,

The date

of the birth of

John Tennant's
the date of the

him
four.
^

to attain the threescore

and ten years of

first-born approximately fixes

the Psalmist,

He survived

to the age of ninety-

Poet's
it

rhyming

epistle to his brother

James

;

has hitherto been erroneously ascribed to the year 1789. In wishing his old companion
the

Murray,

To Mrs. Guthrie's grandson, Dr. David solicitor, Glasgow, we are largely

" five-and-forty years " of connubial happiness, Poet remembered that his friend had
;

indebted for assistance in the matter of the

Tennant pedigree,

married at five-and-twenty

he therefore wishes

JOHN TENNANT.
Vyr,

273

and third son of Robert Tennant, Deacon Convener of the
George, the eldest son, succeeded to the estate.

Trades of Ayr, brother of " old Glencouner," he had a family of
sons.

David, third son of Glenconner by his second wife, was
6th
.lune
17(12.

bom

Joining as a seaman the merchant service, he
of a vessel, and was engaged
wars.
in

obtained
(luring
"

command
the
tar,

privateering
refers

French

In

the

epistle,

Bums

to

The manly

my

mason-billie."

David Tennant
which he declined.
at

lost his right

hand

in a naval

engagement, and, having distinguished himself by

his valour,

was

offered knighthood,
issue,

He

married
.30th

Ann

Green,

without

and died

Swansea on the

August 1839.
Charles, Glenconner's fourth son

by

his second wife,

was bora
styled

3rd
the

May
art

1768.

He was He

sent

by
;

his father to Kilbarchan to acquire

of handloom weaving

he

is

in the Poet's epistle

" wabster Charlie."

afterwards adopted the trade of bleaching,
In connexion with

which he conducted at Daraley, near Barrhead.

the art of bleaching, he in 1797 obtained a patent for the manufacture of chloride of lime,

by what

is

known

as the

humid

process,
is,

and two years

later got a further patent for the

dry process, that

bleaching powder.

Thereafter a

copartnership

was formed

for

working the inventions under the firm of Tennant, Knox,
the partnei-a of which were Charles Tennant,

&

Co.,

James Knox of Hurlet,
these

Charles Mackintosh of Dunchattan, Dr. William Couper, surgeon,

Glasgow,

and Mr. Alexander Dunloj).
the great works at
1st
St.

By

partners were

constructed

Rollox,

Glasgow.

Charles

Tennant died on the

Octolier

1838.

He

married in 1795

Margaret Wilson, daughter of William Wilson of Thomley, with
issue

two sons and

six daughters.

Of
VOL.

the daughters, Charlotte married Dr. John
('hristina.

Couper, .Mary,

William Coupor. and
II.

Alexander Couper, sons of William 2 M

of Glasgow. Glenconner's ^ sixth and youngest son by : his second See A Hundred Glasgow Men Maclehose. Possessed of much energy and aflPairs intelligence. He also five sons. became proprietor of Ballikinrain. he evinced a deep interest in the municipal he was long resident. daughter of Richard Winsloe of shire. EoUox works. the Rev. in the county of Peebles. as his first wife. 5th April 1852. the younger son. a partner in the Rollox firm . On the 17th July 1885 he was created a baronet. He married. Rollox. In 1880 he was elected Parliamentary representa- tive for the counties of Peebles and Selkirk. in 1849. Letitia Brand. St. Alexander. on which he erected an elegant residence. William. Emma. the younger son. the elder son. where 1878. Charles. he established his residence at the Cape of had a Good Hope. Taunton. was born in 1823. Ayrshire. St. and has issue. Catherine. married. Hercules Tennant became Civil Commissioner of Uitenhasre. succeeded his father as a principal partner in the St. Margaret married Dunlop . physician in Glasgow. minister of Dalrymple. Sir Robert. Charles James. present Speaker of the House of Representatives in Cape Colony. Glasgow. where he daughter. fifth son of Glenconner by his In early life second wife. the elder son. Somersetissue. died on the 15th May 1814. Anne Elizabeth. He and his eldest son is David Tennant. Alexander William. John. Charles. and Hercules. Mount Nebo. John.274 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. In 1852 he purchased the estate of Glen. Robert Wallace. John. Eobert Wallace Elizabeth remained unmarried. married with Marion. . Couper.^ He died on the 17th April His family consisted of two sons and a daughter. only daughter of John Tennant of married. was born 23rd May 1772.

where he con- . some time schoolmaster at Limekilns. she resided at Ayr. and by his second Alexander. wigmaker in Dunfermline. • laughter. his eldest son. Witnesses. Robert Wellwood of Easter Gellet. named Otorgt. Thomson to Dr. and baptized 6th. GEORGE THOMSON. his wife. of preceptor to the children of Mr. widow of Thomas Reid she died 28th January 1798. ho had six children by his first wife. Robert Thomson. Robert Chaml)ers. muniage. was 275 is bom Slat August 1774. dauglitcr of latterly Alexander Tennaut. where she died at an advanced age. had a son bom to him Anne Stirling. when that gentleman was preparing the letterpress of TJic Land of Bums. March 4th. one child. dated 29th March 1838. of the parish of Dalmellington. a younger brother of Glenconner. George Thomson was there bom on the 4th March 1757. advocate. He settled a bleacher at Fintona in Ireland. Twice married. Hillhead. without 1 . in the parish of Dunfermline. entry : — Mr. resides at 10 Glasgow Street." married.. birth In the parish register of Dunfermline his in the following and baptism are denoted 1757. and Mr. he mentions that during his childhood his father removed to Banff. Jean MacWilliara. Andrew Reeky. Robert Thomson. issue. John Tenuant. on the 5th January 1787. as He the "singing Sannock " of the epistle. is a cotton broker in Ghwgow. addressed by Mr.GEORGE THOMSON. and his Mary. styled " of Glenconner. " Cousin Kate " of the epistle was Katherine. thirdly. Glasgow. where he died on the 11th August 1841. Son of Mr. RoUand Cowie. In an autobiographical letter. schoolmaster in Limekilns.

on the recommendation of Mr. when performed at St. for the maintenance of his he about the year 1774 removed to Edinburgh. Cecilia concerts I far surpassing heard Scottish songs sung in a style of excellence any idea which I had previously had of their beauty. which he retained till the period of his death. John Home. Russell. after the hours of business. findino. had so much delight in singing those matchless choruses and in practising the violin quartettos of Pleyel and Haydn. competent for the duties of clerk to a Writer to the Signet. and that . W. to con over our Scottish melodies. had a passion for the sister arts of to Music and Painting. tinued to exercise the function of a public instructor. At length. that his ficient emoluments as an unendowed teacher were insuffamily.. that it was with joy I hailed the hour when. Cecilia's Hall. where he accepted employment as a messenger-at-arms. I fancies. Thomson's : autobiographical letter make a long extract — I we now From my boyhood professors of both arts. Gilbert Innes of Stow.S. Mr. Alexander Wight. and to devour the choruses of Handel's oratorios. like the young amateur in the good old Scotch song. which I have ever since continued cherish in the society of the ablest violin. one of the most eminent counsel at the bar. one of the most interesting and Scotland or indeed in any musical institutions that ever existed in I country. I generally took a part. on the death of the principal clerk.276 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. John Mr. on his father settling at Edinburgh. in which. Cecilia concerts. a respectable position. the author of " Douglas. he succeeded to his office. and. it Having studied the was my custom." and enjoy Haydn's admirable I still was pleased where'er I went. Mr.. school of Banff. it being then not uncommon for grave amateurs to liberal assist at the St. along with a few other gentlemen. etc. Mr. o' I screw'd my pegs and pleas'd myself with John Badenyon." he was appointed junior clerk to the Board of Trustees. From Mr." At the St. John Hutton. and when was alone. and not long afterwards. could hie " T me " hame to my Cremona. George had acquired a fair amount of education at the grammar was found In 1780.

to the airs. evil. fueling. while the veraea united with the melodies were in a great many instances coarse and vulgar. and such as could not be tolerated or sung iu good society. and after a minute comparison of copies. the greatest musicians then flourishing in Europe. Signor Tenducci the one. to Weber. and. when had resolved to extend my work into a complete collection of all the airs that were worthy of preservation.il were without any symphonies to introduce and conclude them. ible Tliese artistes. Many more or co]>ies of the same melody both in print and manuscript. ." so delighted every hearer. and the accom- paniments (f(»r the piano only) meagre and commonplace . Marion. . the productions of a rude age. For obtaining accompaniments and concludo each air. that I conceived the idea of collecting all soul's." and " Woly. Tenducci's singing rarely was full of passion.GEORGE THOMSON. and obtained the decided approval of the best judges. proceeded con amorf with their res|x»ctive portions of the work and in the symphonies. 277 Tenducci'a " I'll Domenica Corn the never leave theo " and " Braofl of liallenden. to my inexpress- satisfaction. to IJeethoven. I found them all more or less exceptionable. and hearing them sung over and over by such of friends as I eacli air my fair knew I to be most conversant with them. too from JlaliuTu. and also symphonies to introduce — a most interesting ajipcndage to the airs that had not before graced any of the collections. taste . as well as in their judicious and delicate accompaniments for the exceeded pianoforte. I divido<l them in different portions. and Signora other. The meloilies in gen»r. so entirely did Signora's " tlwe-bughts. Hummel. a It was in consequence of my hearing him and Signora Corn sing number of our songs so clmrnungly. first on Pleyel. smd uf dlitiuninu' accompanimciits t<> tliijn wnHhv I On examining lay witlt great attention the various cuUectiuns on which couid by any means my hands. etc. waly. his articulation of the words wiis no less {>crfect than his expreation of the music. a ^ad mixture of good and the pure and the impure. — I turned my eyes . who«e I compositions were remarkably popular and pleasing and afterwards. I choae that set or copy of which found the most simple and Iwautiful. what wo hear very from singers. and violoncello. that in the most crowded they rivet the attention and admiration of the audience. they my ma«»t «\nguine expectations. flute. difleriug less from each other. and sent them from time to time to Haydn. our best melodies ami of their merit." and the room not a whisiier was and to be heard. which are oHginal ami characteristic creation* of their ofrn. came under my view . and for the violin.

In the progress of his correspondence. Thomson that compliance with his wish would " positively add to his enjoyments. and me in a far more extensive correspondence than I had ever anticipated. A few songs.278 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. in such cases no divorce To Mr. some of their verses. Thomson sought is In his first letter to him. wages. leaving it you either mend I these or make new songs It is superfluous : to assure you that have no intention to displace any of the sterling old songs those only will be removed which appear quite silly or if absolutely indecent. you may think my songs either above or below price for they shall absolutely be the one or the other. writes thus he. Thomson's request the Poet acceded with ardour. yet a much greater number stood matched with such unworthy associates as to render a divorce and a new union absolutely necessary. In the honest enthusiasm fee. to talk of money. which occupied nearly the whole of my leisure for many years . . whether you will devote your leisure to writing twenty or twenty-five songs suitable to the particular melodies which I in to am prepared to send you. exceptionable only . engaged The poetry became next the subject of my anxious consideration. and he of opinion that shall take place. for. is Even of these shall all be examined by Mr.. which dated September 1792. would be downright prostitution of soul. assistance from the Poet. Profit is quite a and we are resolved to spare neither pains nor expense on the publication. 16th September. although a small portion of the melodies had long been united with excellent songs. work. I will likewise to submit to your consideration in their stead. with which I embark in your undertaking." and that he was willing to enter at once upon concludes : the undertaking. then. Their compositions have been pronounced by the Edinburgh Review to be wholly unrivalled for originality and beauty. hire. Mr. dated Dumfries. any them are deserving of the music. he informs Mr. besides paying shall us. etc. any reasonable price you secondary consideration with please to demand for it. after explaining the character of his proposed : We shall esteem your poetical assistance a particular favour. Tell me frankly. enthusiastic In a letter. Burns. As He to remuneration.

I will indignantly spurn the by-past and from that moment commence entire stranger you I Bums's character for generosity of sentiment and independence of mind will. unfeeling or© can supply I shall take care that at least. Burns with a Paisley shawl. . he communicated As a I witli liim in these words: suffer shall be benefited by tlie publication. I trust. long outlive any of his wants which the cold. your auspices. In February 1796 Mr. . to send him the but having sum of five pounds. as to any more of that debtor and kind. Thomson presented Mrs. traffic to return would savour of cretlitor bombast I but. the Bard dreaded incarceration for a small debt at the hands of a draper in Dumfries. It degrades affectation me my own However. the upright statue of Robert Rurks's to Inteoritv. under interesting. so 279 begun between Mr. it woiild fail mar the publication. As the Poet strongly insisted on fulfilling his part lemuneration. my . cannot to be respectable and In reference to Mr. on the least motion of transaction. the bestowal of which the Poet gracefully acknow- ledged . him the acceptance of any pecuniary acknowledgment ventured. it. Thomson and the till Poet was statedly continued within a few days of the death of is That correspondence . me with your it pecuniary parcel. Mr. which. our correspondence at an end. The correspondence the latter. Thomson was naturally reluctant to press upon . on the 1st of July 1793. is Do not return for. just nine days before his death. by Heaven if you do. that you truly hurt eyea.GEORGE THOMSON. dear in sir. and when. such a character he shall deserve. Thomson's gift the Poet wrote thus I : assure you. and repeat ! afterwards find it convenient. included in the usual editions of the Poet's works it relates chiefly to the subject of their common without labours in the revision and purification of the national minstrelsy. to you must it me when to enclose I small mark of my gratitude. and though this should be no loss to you. swear by that Honor which crowns it.

Mr. unjustly aspersed. Burns and her children. through Mr. Mr. to take on himself the task of editor. to prove an subscribers. the whole to Ur. Thomson promptly sent the money . refers to the subject thus : Had I been a selfish or avaricious man. subjected to attack.280 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. I had a fair opportunity. than I felt all it attraction to my duty to put them at once in possession of the songs and of the correspondence between the Poet and of Kyedale. the I received. which. five he begged Mr. who had been prevailed on. being likely. in regard to the Poet. John Syme and Mr. and the effect of the hostile criticism had all but subsided. possession. their novelty. from their number. was sent me by the Poet's biographers and had I not been reluctant have given " on the as public. both verbally and in writing. the original manuscripts of which were in this. I But instead of doing was no sooner informed that the friends collect his works. one of to obtrude myself my very agreeable surprise. upon tho death of the published for Poet. pounds as an advance on literary Mr. Robert Chambers. John Syme Currie. on that account. Gilbert as a fair return for the Poet's generosity me. it of the Poet's family had come of as to a resolution to and to publish them for the benefit the family. immensely for the advantage of Mrs. anything more [adds Mr. as his entire pecuniary contribution to his eminent coadjutor only amounted to a total of ten pounds. to put money in my my pocket. I should long since it publicity. and that they thought of importance to include my MSS. The imputation that he had acted penuriously was certainly unjust. wbo considered what I had done of conduct to If family. Professor Josiah Walker. and beauty. For thus surrendering the manuscripts. power to refer to a most respectable testimonial. The Professor wrote me follows : . warm thanks of the trustees for the Burns. Thomson. Thomson for service. but. he was afterwards. for I might then have my own behoof all the beautiful lyrics he had written for me. Thomson] were wanting to set me right with respect to the anonymous calumnies it circulated to my prejudice. in his letter to Dr. inasmuch as the Poet had stoutly resented the But long after the time when he had been offer of recompense. I transmitted myself : and accordingly. I have to in my .

contains * cannot withhold I am that you have embraced the occasion which lay your way of doing ftiU juHtico to Mr. and Accompaniments Kozeluch.s published in 1793. certainly feci not a little proud it is more than sufHcient to silence the calumnies by which I have been assailed. by some writers who might have been in its true light. VOL 2 N . are so published by my authority. That ALL I the Songs of published and to be published by Georgi* Thomson of Edinburgh. Pleyel. And. undated. Thomson as a character . In testimony whereof. first anonymously. I agree with you in thinking. under the the of >Se/fr^ Collection of Oriyinal Scottish Airs for the Voice. of BuniM 14//i "Dear Sir. in his own name. who.s work wa. for Beethoven.GEORGE THOMSON. man of great worth lielievo that ami most res[)ectable and I have every reason to good counsels and poor Bums " felt himself as tlie much indebted is to his active friendsliip as a man. has been assigned to the 18th of I May '"'^'^ " — my writing. — Before . hi/ Pianoforte. Violin. which. as juilgnient as a critic' public sensible he was to his good taste and Of the of itself unbiasscil opinion of such a highly resi)ectable I gentleman autl acc-um: plished sdiolar as Ix)rd Wooiihouselee. that never empowered any other person whatever to publish any of the Songs written by me for his Work. with Symphonies etc. do hereby certify and declare. any person or persons who shall publish any of those Songs without his consent. was most harslily nnd illil)oriilly treated by an anonymous dull calunniiator. among othor from you. "Sir. "Perth. Robert Burns.. to my great surprise. George Thomson. ami afterwards. title TIioukschi'. I have always regarded Mr. II. I loft £(linbur}. 281 April 1811. moreover. Haydn. which appeared in August 1798. Hu in writes thus: — p:i8sagos.h I «ent n copy of I my account letter I to Lord Wooilhousolee and since my rotum gla<I have had a one tluit from his Ix>nl8hip. . And etc. was presented the following certificate by the Poet. In the second half volume. wliidi. I authorize him to prosecute. exj>ectcd to possess sufficient ju«lgment to see the matter The folio in first lialf volume of Mr.

of Mr. Statement and Review of a Recent Decision of the Judge of Police in Edinburgh. Gilbert Burns. Thomson was publicly presented with an elegant silver vase. I will certainly avail myself of your invitation to to call on a person whose handsome conduct my brother's family has secured my esteem. who presided. a few days before he had completed his ninetieth year. folio Mr. In 1809 he produced. etc. Mr. Thomson in connexion with the history of Burns.. as it contained twenty-eight lyrics by the Poet. spoke thus It is pleasant to : On that occasion Lord admire a . it is pleasant to pay a tribute to his understanding far more gratifying to the heart to say that you love him for his virtues. Cockburn. Volume II. In 1822 he began to reproduce his work in octavo . Thomson presented a copy to Mr. cand.. and the fifth and last in 1818. Mr.282 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. but that. the fourth in 1805. and confirmed to close me the opinion that musical taste and talents have a connexion with the harmony of the moral feelings. . united Characteristic English Poetry. a Select Collection of Original to Welsh Airs adapted for Voice. in the ioYio. as any man could apply to a subject in which he had no personal clear conviction if is. Mr. in these who acknowledged the gift words : If ever I come to Edinburgh. of which the third appeared in December 1801. Mr. Thomson's collection extended to five volumes. it was completed in May 1825 in six volumes. and my not only that all those imputations are tlie groundless. Thomson were now placed in same situation in which he was then. Thomson issued anonymously in 1807 a volume entitled. On the 3rd March 1847. . the contribution of one hundred gentlemen in Edinburgh as a token of their esteem. Besides his great work on Scottish Song. by Civis.. authorizing his Officers to make Domiciliary Visits in Private to stoj:) Dancing. As to the imputations on Mr. man but for his public services it is . Thomson's work was issued in July 1799. nothing different or better could be done. I have long ago studied the matter with as much candour interest.

of Freswi<l: ^ides Dunbeath Castle. Caithness. Robert. civil - William. Thomson married. where he realized a fortune.. on the death of her only brother. 283 bia Thomson was induced by some members of . Katherine Miller. and of the union were lx>m two sons and fiv^e daughters. where. Esq. married Dr. she is now a widow.ditiT. the second son. fourth daughter. he finally returned 1851. second daughter. who age. few months. William Fisher advanced age without issue. He married Barbara Sinclair. is a clergyman of the Church of J^ngland. family to change his residence from liJdinburgh to London after reniainini^ in the metropolis only a but. Frederick. 1st June 1814.'emetery. he has been suitid)ly commemorated. died unmarried. Katherine. who. George Thomson's married Robert Stark.ni. and became Assistant - Commissary General. third daughter. entered the anny. she died at an Georgiua. banker several daughters. the younger son. the eldest. JNlargaret. in 1784. the eldest son. with issue a daughter. Anne. died unmarried. married. Alfred. at to ISeothiiid. the youngest son. ITie only child of r- the marriage. He married Harriet. joined the department of the army. He died at Leith on the of ninety-four. the inemljcrs of his family. and attained rank as lieutenant-colonel of Engineers. the elder son. Katherine. London. succeeded to the valual)le estate of Freswick. William at Thomson Sinclair. five daughters. George . emigrated to Austmlia.inied General Hallifax . Mr. a colonel in the army. Harriet. In 1848 Mr. in Caithness. Of Mr. architect. by whom he had three sons and George.GEORGE THOMSON. daughter of a lieutenant in the 50th Regiment. daughter of I^tham. Ilis 18th February the in advanced Kcnsal asje remains were 1)\ deposited ({nen (. died in 1886. m. in Dover. the eldest d. at a very advanced .

died London. Catherine Thomson. died in infancy. fourth fifth son. Mary Mary in Scott. married Richard Roney. George Thomson. in George. died in 1878. married. third son. the celebrated Charles Dickens. yards ofi*. the eldest son. Hogarth abandoned legal pursuits in in 1835. MARGARET THOMSON. five sons daughters.. joined. in 1836. with a daughter. son.. died unmarried. ^ in her father's garden.S.^ and died in 1864. . and Halifax. died in Australia in 1872. and became the mother of his children . Esq. He died at Inverness in November 1855. where he died in 1843. William Thomson. prosecuting his mathematical studies in the summer of 1776. second son. at the age of eighty-three. Georgina. Keith Thomson. Scott. the charming Mr. James Ballantyne. Robert. youngest daughter of George Thomson. uterine brother of Mr. When in Hugh Roger's cottage in Kirkoswald village. Helen. Burns remarked from the window. resides in Helen issue Isabella. fifty Morning of Music. W. and. 1837. settled in Jamaica. and first of the name. He published a History 1831. the eldest daughter of George Hogarth and Georgina Thomson. second daughter. Edward. second of the name. she died in November 1879. third daughter. the staff of the Chronicle. died in India is 1841. born in 1820. was a teacher of music.284 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. at an advanced age. daughter. resident in London. and in that capacity was employed by the magistrates of Inverness. Of the marriage were born and five Hogarth. after editing newpapers at Exeter and other works. fourth fifth daughter.

* parish. *' In Peggy's honour Burns composed his song beginning westlin' Now. Robert Thoinson. several years after his first meeting her. the sun entered Virgo. ' rpggy's father. at a noted dialling. farmer at The marriage was solemnized bee." writes.' : of Peggy Thomson.. A charming Jillette. Williatn Neilson. the editor. to in leam mensuration. since. am very glad Peggy off my Peggy became the wife Minnyat Kirk- of one of the Poet's old friends. iv. who lived next door to the school. I went on with a high hand is in my in geometry. stepping out to the garden one charming noon to take the sun's altitude. described as John Neilson. 144). Moore. winds and slaught'ring guns . is. on being informed. etc. surveying. 1 was innocent.MARGARET figure T/rOMSO. . school on the smuggling const. been a mortal sin. in 285 year. he received the announcement with complacency. ^ 1877-79 (rol. I struggled on with my sines and co-sines for a few days more . Herself a fairer flower It was in vain to think of doing any more good at school. or ateal out meet with her . Peggy *8 hosband by 23rd August. the Poet writes I spent my sovcntoonth summer a good distance from home. in allu- sion to an " I untoward event which had occuned is in his private history.Y. but. he hand. and the two last nights of my stay in the country.. " but his attachment to the object of his early passion was evanescent. The remaining week had aleep I stayed I did nothing but craze the faculties of to my soul about her.. much employed by the noble family at Library edition of Ruras's Work^ Edinbargh. then her seventeenth In his autobiographical letter to Dr. angel I met with my Like Proserpine gathering flowers. and set me off in a tangent from the spheres of my studies. was a * Kirkoswald Parish Regiatrr. in Kirkoswald oswald on the 23rd November 1784. Culzean. that she was about to be married. dated 11th November 1784.' a month which always a carnival my bosom. In the joiner. which I made a till pretty goo<l progress. letter to In a Thomas Orr. . overMet my trigonometry.

carefully engrossed in the Glenriddel : volume of MS. And when you read the simj^le artless rhymes. Sweet early object this my youthful vows. with the twofold purpose of obtaining payment of subscription copies of his poems. was taking leave my old acquaintance. Friendship 'tis all cold duty now allows. burns in flaming torrid climes. the Poet has appended these remarks Written on the blank leaf of a copy of the first edition of my Poems. She had a son. poems. is Poor fellow* Peggy Her husband I When Indies. Her husband escorted me my road. and of still remember'd dear. One friendly sigh for him ho asks no more. Margaret Thomson survived her husband. warm. where I speak of taking the sun's altitude.28^ THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. 'Twas the girl I mentioned in my letter to ! Dr. distant. also two daughters. Moore. intending to three miles on worthy go to the West when I took farewell of her. Or haply lies — beneath th' Atlantic roar. ^vhicll I presented to an old sweetheart. In August 1786 the Poet paid a visit to Carrick. To Mrs. mark ! of friendship. Who. John. Neilson he presented : copy of his poems inscribed with these lines Once fondly Accept lov'd. at Among those visited by him were William a and Mrs. Neilson Minnybee. where she kept a small shop. To a copy of these verses. All died unmarried. sincere. and a most of my Carrick relations. and of bidding adieu to old acquaintances in the prospect of his voyage to Jamaica. . and settled in Kirkoswald village. who latterly resided in Ayr. and we both parted with tears. then married. who engaged in weaving at Kirkoswald . neither she nor I could speak a syllable.

and became indigent. ancient or modem. with the exception of an old patched covering. when his own circumstances were somewhat affluent. 93.* Even in circumstances so the untoward Gavin Turnl)ull could vivaciously invoke Muse. a native of Roxburghshire. rejoicing his companions by his sprij^ditly talk. of lie now took shelter in a small and uncomhis circumstances which one to whom : were known has given the following description He resided alono in a small garret in which there was no furniture. Edinb. From his wretched garret he addressed an ode to David Sillar. A tin kettle and a sjwon were his cooking utensils and when he prejmred a meal a bowl I for himself. Thomas Turnbull.GAVIN TURNBULL. but after a time he contracted desultory habits. The bed on which he lay was entirely comix)sed of straw. either migor or minor. 287 GAVIN TURNBULL. he had intended to manufac- educate for the Church. ever existed in so wretched a condition. the place. 1840. ." he was frequently them by his of an evening to be found in a small tavern. in the same style of versifying ' Conttmporariet of Burnt [by James Patersoti]. which ho thi-cw over him during the night fire He had no . chair to sit upon. verses. settled in Kilmarnock. p. he was employed as a dyer in a factory of Familiarly known as " Tammy Trumble. who. where. fortable attic. sole of a small A cold stone placed at by the served him as such all and the from window one end of the room was ho had for a table. By his father Gavin Turnbull was entered in a carpet tory at Kilmarnock. Unlinppily he carried with him to the taproom his son Gavin. or delighting melody. he used the lid of the kettle instead of Perhaps no poet. about the year 1770. which to take his food. or all on which to write his .

The following a specimen snug. I sit warm and beside the cliinila lug And spin awa' my rhyme. A' mankind hae their share . deprived in early life. the first as that in which. fired Wi' love by Him inspired. by unforeseen misfortunes. entitled Poetical : Essays. About the year 1787. Yet wi' the o' few whase hearts are sang. 1 "Wliat mortals can compare How sweet when in the feeling heart Alternate passions glow The mix'd ideas to impart. The verdant fields. In a wee housie. he issued in 1788 a small volume. left Kilmarnock for Glasgow. the blooming The woodland and the plain flowers. of the means of pursuing that liberal plan of education he once . From the press of David Niven. While pleasing and easing The numbers glide alang." he : had been addressed by Burns. In the preface he writes The author of the following Essays. Davie. in "Epistle is to Davie. Then heedna. and there he engaged in manual labour. The sweets o' nature a' are ours. though we he A race exposed to misery. Gavin. : To us the bonnie months of spring Delights and soft sensations bring The vulgar ne'er attain.288 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. To paint our joy and woe ! Desire doth conspire Wi' love to form the sang. printer in Glasgow. accompanied by all the members of his father's family.

Myra. Pastorals. and Songs. retire to the grove. lie adds that : Some unfavourable tion. I My VOL. thou charmer divine. Tis now the gay season of Soft raptures inspire every heart Come. luivo circumstances in his situation. thus proceed the verses entitled " Myra " :— Tiie forests are mantled in green. You say that you doubt if I love From whence can such fancies If arise 1 words are too languid to prove. which will stand the test of rigid criticism. Those valleys can witness my pain. Odes. The streams join their murmurs with mine. or correctness of versification. 289 hoa not the vanity to imagine they have either that degree of novelty of invention. The hawthorn The primrose and daisy are seen. While I my fond passion impart. The volume. ir. by hastening the publica- prevented them from receiving that degree of correction they would ollu'rwist' liavi' ohtaiticd. departments. To call thoe a goddess or queen is ^fy flame reveal'd in that sigh. had a prospect of. Believe me. love. and too simple to lie. in blossom looks gay. blushes explain what mean. And the echoes have leam'd to complain. I'm young. which embraces 224 pages. 2 . is — divided into five Elegies. Poetical Essays in the Scottish dialect.GAVIN TURNBULL. Written in the manner of Shenstone. 'Tis seen in the glance of mine eyes. And birds carol sweet on the spray.

THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. And The find it a pleasure to weep. mourn with the amorous And join the sweet nightingale's lay. is I wake. me supine on thy breast I fold thee in vain. My passion's so mild and sincere. That mirth seems unpleasant I'd leave the to me fond thought with regret for thee. And chaste as the innocent dove I call thee not false nor severe. 'Tis sure the completest of love. Of indulging a passion I lie by the verge of the stream. enchantment wherever I I covet not jewels and gold The rich I unenvied can see No treasure No jewel on earth I behold.290 . In vain do their melody flow But when with the maid that 'Tis I love go. I walk by the whispering grove. The joys that the summer can bring. . Where I the zephyrs sound soft thro' the spray. dove. . Are tasteless when absent from thee : The warblers that sing from the grove. Those sounds are so mournfully sweet. oft lull Whose murmurs To lay me to rest I court the kind flattering dream. pleasures that wait on the spring. The flowers and the fair-budding tree. I foolishly dote on my pain. and The shade too subtle to keep . so precious as thee.

poem on the " Vicissi- tudes of Fortune. With mo Let love to 291 my cottage retire. He was one of Sutherland's company at Dumfries. Illusive visions." abounds in graceful touches. : and to the changes in his worldly fortune. fear of scornful critic sore nppals if On whom. and concludes plaintively But. A poem of some length. halls A simple The His name Poet. And live in contentment and health. descriptive of scenery on " Irvine In a Water." the writer refers to some of the circumstances of his early life. Coila's Bard vouchsafe to smile.GAVIN TURNBULL. grasp. shall spread abroad thro' Albion's sea-girt isle. And loudly echo through their splendid On thee a simple Poet humbly calls. "VVhoso songs delight her sons and daughters fair. He writes : . A words. Which. four of Tumbull's songs. our hope's betray'd. 1793. poem is entitled "The liarcl. all ! how vain are human schemes. Kfoljcrt] B[urns]. : whom from the pleasant banks of Ayr Thy merit summon'd to Edina's walls. written in the Spenserian stanza. Unburthen'd with treasure and wealth. and became a labour. TurnbuU turned his attention to player." inscribed to Mi. of the 29th October EUisland. the Poet quotes and recommends to his correspondent's notice Abandoning handicraft the drama. . who obscured the while. and abounds in oKsoletc We quote the opening stiinza thou. when wo We lose the substance for the shade. which Burns warmly patronized before he left In his letter to George Thomson. all our pleasures inspire. empty dreams.

has merit. yield. I laugh'd at every lover's pain. and. I think. certainly much the more merit SONG BY GAVIN TURNBULL. Let generous pity warm thee. Tune — "John Anderson. has so The more good poetry your collection contains. I tliink. my state is altered. And love thee more and more. and with disdain The urchin's power denied . captive do not scorn. o'er Those happy days are all thy unrelenting hate I love thee more and more.292 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. stern. which. Yet urged by I love thee more and more. 1 heard of love. dear charming maid. Your objection is to the English song I proposed for "John Anderson. . jo. My wonted peace restore And grateful I shall bless thee still." condescend. is my jo. My A tender swain to love betray'd. by you.' in certainly just The following original : by an old acquaintance of mine. yield. resistless fate. And mock'd them when But now For they sigh'd. illustrious beauty. is so it much your favour. my wretched state to view. The song was never in print. all While here melancholy My passion I deplore. No Thy longer let me mourn And though victorious in the field. And sad despair.

as he is an old friend of mine. cruel maid. which can command. Possibly. When And And evening shades obscure tho sky. THE nightingale:. Their tales a])prove. charming. tried the plaintive strain. English song to the air "There was a a great and she was I fair. sweet bird. All day with fashion's gaudy sons In sport she wanders o'er the plain still . thy melody. and she shuns The notes of her forsaken swain. The following address TurnbuU has manner. By shady wood. I shall just transcribe another of Tumbull's which would go charmingly to " Lewie Gordon " : LAURA. 293 of TurnbuU's to tho Nightingale will suit as an lass. I may be proiudiccd in his but I like some of his pieces very much. For though tho Muses deign to aid.GAVIN TURNBULL. bring the solemn hours again. favour . Delia. And Yet teach him smoothly to complain . soothe a poor forsaken swain. Thou sweetest minstrel of the grove." if By you the by. Let me wander where I will. or winding rill Where the sweetest May-bom flowers Paint the meadows. soothe a |K)or forsaken swain. Is deaf to her forsaken swain. That ever Awake And thy tender tale of love. Begin. deck the bowers . like his many songs in MS.

" I am hopeful he will go on for. Where Let the linnet's early song : Echoes sweet the woods among me wander where I will.294 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. To avoid the noontide heat If beneath the moon's pale ray. Laura haunts my fancy Replying to our Poet's letter. still." Mr. in . Thomas Crichton of . still. in his History of Poetry in Scotland. of Mr. Thomson writes: "Your . remarks that " the * Poetical Essays . Mr. Turnbull's songs have doubtless considerable merit as and. friend Mr. Writing in 1798. uncommon satisfaction. as English the airs yet unprovided. in pamphlet form. Laura haunts If at rosy my fancy dawn some I choose To indulge the smiling Muse If I court cool retreat. still. the specimen already before the public gives. I songs. a small collection of his poems. Laura haunts my fancy When Waves at night the drowsy god his sleep-compelling rod. ' highest credit " truth. Turnbull are such as to do him the he adds. hope you to find answer. Alexander Campbell." Early in 1794 Turnbull printed by subscription. : Thro' unfrequented wilds I stray Let me wander where I will. so far as I understand. And Bids to fancy's wakeful eyes celestial visions rise While with boundless joy Let • I rove : Thro' the fairy land of love me wander where I will. will you have the command of some that will his manuscripts.

another young author. to his having neglected to prosecute with diligence the mechanical employment which he had been taught. and was particularly fond of Shenstone. of whoee elegies and pastorals he was a successful imitator. and of a dark complexion. and he had a very in criticizing the correct late judgment poetical comix}sition3 of others. * " Biographical Sketches of Alexander Wilson " in the nVairrn' Maijazinr. When he made his occasional visits to Paisley. Paialey. This young poet. 1819. duced him to the acquaintance of Bums. Like our townsman. Turnbull was small in stature. had read a great deal of poetry. 1819. in : 295 written in a memoir of Alexander Wilson. with Turnbull. WilMm. when at a distance. mode The of life. who sometimea visited . and bade him a kind adieu. songs. was on the streets of Gla^. devoting so much of his time and attention to writing verses. ii. . and soon after married one of the last time I ever saw him.GAVIN TURNDULL. and a few pieces . . mostly of pooms of the elegiac or melancholy the Scottish dialect of the humorous kind. vol. He was a well-informed young man. When I became acquainted difficulties. in a great measure. . . Gavin Turnbull and his wife emigrated to the United States . who ranked him among his . he was like his friend Wilson. their future history cannot be traced. got into an unsettled actresses. entered on the stage. . and. he waa sometimes my correspondent. when I had a short conversation with him. some time during 1792. involved in pecuniary owing.ow. His {)octical genius introfriends. I Iiad often an opportunity of conversing with him . Tannahill. when he was passing along with a number of the theatrical party. . he had a happy talent for song-writing. The volume of poems which he published cast. by his devotedness to his favourite pursuit. I think. Paisley. . and to his having become inconsiderately an unsuccessful author.* remarks With Gavin Tunibull. conaisU in I was well acquainted.

. practised at Edinburgh. and was articled as apprentice to Thereafter he attended Mr. present memoir. is the subject of the Educated by his father. Janet Robertson. Marthe .296 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Henry William. but this work has not been printed. iii. he removed to Leith. he contracted marriage with a woman in humble life. the Art of Nursing and Rearing Children. shire. practice as a surgeon.^ By his wife. A Voyage Home from the Cape of Good Silius Italicus. 831. or. George Tytler. ing. George Tytler. the second son. Completing his medical studies. at Forfar. he had two sons. James and Henry William. having joined * Fasti Eccl. age and year of his fifty-second of his ministry. Pwdotrophia. was in 1745 translated to Fearn in the county of in the seventy-ninth Forfar. elder son of the Rev. JAMES TYTLEK. as a physician. Scot. born at Fearn in 1752. in 1797. and attempted at Edinburgh to obtain Finding the profits of his vocation utterly for the sale of chemical preparations. ordained minister of Premnay. inadequate to the pressing wants of his household. seventeen books of the He completed a translation of the poem on the Runic Wars by Dr. and other Poems. 591. The Rev. Ogilvie. and there opened a shop To this step he was induced partly in the belief that. surgeon and chemist. having acquired the necessary funds by making two voyages as surgeon on board a Greenland whaler. first at Brechin and afterwards In 1793 he issued in quarto a translation of Callimachus in English verse. in 1804. . and there died on the 29th July 1785. medical classes at Edinburgh. a poem translated from the Latin of Scevole de Ste. and. Aberdeenin 1733. Tytler died on the James. Hope. especially in classical learn- he chose the medical profession. 24th August 1808.

first at Eestalrig. but was set up in types by his own hand as the ideas arose in his mind. Sustaining mercantile cmbaiTassments. of which his wife was a member. compounds. for the Within the precincts of the Abbey he next started the Gentleman's and Lady's Magazine. a lie • 297 new religious sect. which he OJi A Letter Mr. he in 1772 sought shelter from arrest by entering the sanctuary the youngest was only six at Ilolyrood. This work was unwritten. II. An Abridgment Mr." From lolyrood he afterwards issued Essays on the most important Subjects of Natural and Revealed Religion. next at Duddingston. had intended to extend his essays to a second volume. compositor. a miscellany which also had a brief existence.JAMES TYTLER. he again performed the functions of author. as the iiret was completed. he turned aside to attack the doctrines of the Bereans. For the privation the sanctuary of of domestic happiness he solaced himself by composing a humorous ballad entitled I "The Pleasures of the Abbey. which he soon abandoned Weekly Review.iud. according to his former method. At Duddingston he was accommodated 2 p in the cottage . satisfy. he proceeded to Newcastle. VOL. he contracted obligations he could not being pursued by his creditors. and was lie also printed by him at a press of his own construction. and pressman. of the Universal History was his next enterprise he prepared one volume. wards dissolved. Again lacking success. John Barclay the Doctrine of Assurance. of whom months old. a entitled. would from the members of that society receive the requisite His connexion with the Glassites was soon after- ncourngement. and afterwards in the city. Meanwhile his wife returned to her relations. the Glassites. in both these j)lacos seeking for druggists certain chemical and afterwards employment by preparing . but. Ty tier now ventured to leave the miserable apartments which he had occupied in the debtors' sanctuary for more comfortable quarters. to Berwick. carrying with her their five children. to In producing this work. new religious sect.

Mr. Tytler. he undertook the duties and compiler. of Mr. under the stinted allowance of sixteen shillings per week. and that she was made aware that on the reception of the money depended To this the family's next meal. on his retiring from the management. failed in success. he was compelled to descend at the distance of a quarter of a mile. By the booksellers employed as a translator and editor. Tytler was more liberally recompensed when the Encyclopaedia passed into the third edition edition. & Macfarquhar. Montgolfier. Robert Wright Colinton. a process for bleaching linen. inducing Mr. enterprise. he was concerned in a manufactory of magnesia. Smellie to join them in the new and in their emergency they applied to Mr. including a course of experiments in chemistry. Messrs. occurrence. owing to a defect in the mechanism. Tytler prosecuted various scientific enterprises. And now an important first undertaking was entrusted to his The edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. had proved a financial contemplated. Mr. electricity. and mechanics. commenced in 1771 under the editorship of Mr. While mainly occupied with the Encyclopaedia. Tytler's daughters. washerwoman. he contributed. In the prospect of being rejoined of editor by his wife and children. The money was received weekly. the article "Electricity. among many other scientific papers. then a small years that used to relate in after for she was despatched by her father his weekly allowance. realized much money to his Constructing a balloon on the plan of partner and successors. He invented at With a Mr. whose inverted tub formed his ordinary writingtable. William Smellie. which. but. . he ascended from Comely Green on the north The of Edin- burgh. and comprised in three quarto volumes. he contrived to secure their esteem and confidence.298 of a THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. care. and a new and extended issue was Bell But the proprietors. and one girl." which was held to possess a high merit.

and presented himself on the public streets clad in the meanest apparel. "The Bonnie Brucket Lassie.s. When the Poet entered upon the editorship of The Scots Musical Museum. Remarks on Pinkertoiis " Introduetion to the Ilistory of SeotlamI. though often abounded with Familiar with poverty. and tcnniuating so brought upon him the sobriquet of activities. errors. liad recoui*sc to Subject to moods of despondency. he stimulants. He achieved a literary to the success by compiling The Edinburgh Geographical had the Grammar. while he subsisted on the coai-sest food." and two others." and last. under the infiueuce of instead of With only a few companions. frequenting the clubs. including " The Young Man's Dream. Mr. " I hae laid a hen-ing in saut. Occupying wretched and the family duties proceeding around him.JAMES TYTLHR. which he did sweetly. which. Aitkens Theory of Inflammation." Answer A A Poetical Translation of Virgil's Eclo^ies." his Eeferring to the : the Poet writes in one of Commonplace Books . Tytler continued his literary apartment. Review of Dr. founded on older ditties. Attracted by his musical and poetical tastes. which merit of superseding rei)rinted. or singing favourite melodies. unsatisfactorily. To the Museum Mr. and deficient in self-respect. 299 witnessed by a large concourse of spectators. and was understood at intervals to be liquor. he com- posed a History of Kduiburyh." Mr. '* Balloon Tytler. he secured him as one of his staff. Outhrie's Geographical (irammar. T}'tler contributed several songs. he. improved his leisure by playing Irish upon the bagpipe. beginning. personal Bums formed his acquaintance. also songs which he had personally written. but under circumstances of which we are uninformed. Tytler continued to occupy the most wretched lodgings. An Second Part of Paine's " Age of Reason" and General Index to the Scots Magazine.

at half a guinea a week. after skulking some time in Edinburgh. authorities. United States. and Solomon-the-son-of-David . body of the name of Tytler. entitled The Historical Register. he was on the 7th January interval he sailed for the 1793 subjected to outlawry. are the works of an obscure. written in a style so inflammatory as to be deemed seditious by the and. in connexion with a printer.300 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. After an m Massachusetts. a newspaper. he contrived to escape to Ireland." In this connexion he entered into an exposition of the abuses of government in A Pamijhlet on the Excise. name of " Balloon Tytler. and knee-buckles as unlike as George-by-the-grace-of-God." from his having projected a balloon printer. on general and in quest of literary assistance. as well as those songs in the but extraordinary it that is old. Hastie's Close. Cited before the High Court of Justiciary. counsel a literary and his scientific writer Mr. malcontents He was engaged known with this work. and not appearing. drunken mortal is author and compiler of three-fourths of which he composed pompous Enci/clopxdia Britannica. when. At humble dwelling affairs. The rest of the Museum marked T. and more systematically in a periodical publication. established in At Salem 1799 he published A Treatise on the . in opposition to his former modes. As Square. he issued a handbill. Adam seeking he was visited by persons of various stations. first lines of this song are all of song. a mortal who. commonly known by the . yet that same Elliot's unknown. a sky-lighted hat. The two tippling. Next entering into the extreme views of the British Convention. he was the year 1792 emploj^ed by a surgeon to prepare for publication A System of Surgery. and. he rashly allied himself with those political as the " Society of Friends of the People. proceeding to Salem he there. A warrant was issued for his apprehension. though he drudges about Edinburgh as a common with leaky shoes. Tytler attained wide in recognition. where he resumed his literary labours. in Known as a contributor to the Medical Commentaries. in which he largely indulged in personal invective.

On quittin<^ Edinburgh all 1792. Returning to Great Britain. the youngest daughter. unha[»pily. for asserting the independence of the Church. a farmer in the parish of Leslie. Welsh was banished to France by James VI. and there married. at the age of iifty-three . Mr.* ' member of a family For details we refer to (7<nealoykal Mi- Walker rcsta ujwn tradition. of whom sought subsistence his life by handicraft In 1805 a biographical sketch of jwrtrait. Elizabeth Knox. Robert Meek. pp. born at Jousac. labour. and rigidly devoted to the Presbyterian polity. ililigence continued. third and youngest daughter of John Kno. league and Yellow Fever. the author being Mr. To the spouses were born is two daughters. Walker for only family. he died at London on the 2nd April 1G22. he bade a linal adieu to his wife and children. France. Kirkcudbright. married. with occasional relapses lie into intemperate habits. His literary accompanied. and labours. in 1594. 142-153. In 1G06 Mr. Elizabeth Knox.x. accompanied by a was published anonymously. successively minister of the parishes of Selkirk. in 301 an ocUivo volume.PROFESSOR JOSIAII WALKER. so strong and definite in every branch of the basis. John Welsh. who had formed a high estimate of his integrity and virtues. th»t tradition is moirs of John Knox. PROFESSOR JOSIAH WALKER.Welsh family and that of on the belief of a veritable . in Louise. the celebrated Reformer. about her twenty-fourth year. died at three sons and Ayr in January 1625.. and Ayr. priiitwl for the Grampiiiii While the connexion beClub. that its origin can be acooanted tween the Kuox. his wife. was accidentally drowned in a clay-pit in near Salem in January 1804. in May 1613. one of her daughters becoming the wife of David Walker. believed to have settled in Fifeshire.

^ was licensed to preach in July 1687. minister of Temple. on the 6tli June 1727. Archibald. and Christian. i. in of the parish. He graduated at the University of Edinburgh. Oxford. in the Presbytery of Dalkeith. in the county of Ayr. David. David Walker was baptized on the 7th February 1630. Elizabeth. the eldest son. .. Mr. in succession to his father. Archibald Walker. and Thomas also three daughters. becoming in 1692 sole minister A man of remarkable piety. By his wife. - Fasti EccL Scot.^ Josias. Josias. we find that From a stray volume of the baptismal register of Leslie. on the 24th August 1732.302 777^5" BOOK OF ROBER T B URNS. 468. born in 1666. licensed to preach 26th April 1732.^ November 1688.. Glasgow. was ordained minister of Abdie. ' careful Ibid. he kept a journal. he left issue. in which he made a daily record of his ministerial labours and religious experiences. It is preserved in the family. By his wife. in the seventy-seventh year of his age and forty - ninth of his ministry. Ibid. and. Walker died on the 14th August 1737. on the 27th April eldest He died 17th May 1745. ii." Thomas. daughter of Sir Michael Balfour. laureated at the University of Edinburgh on the 26th March 1723. He had a son. fourth and youngest son of Mr. and earnest pre* Family MS. Bart. he died on the 28th January 1760. of Denmyln. duties of the pastoral office he 1 He was. second son of Mr. Margaret. ordained minister of Dundonald. Margaret. David. daughter of William Carlisle. on the 28th September 1738 . By his wife. born in 1703. was ordained minister of Temple. Anne. Margaret Paterson. in 1721. he had a son. David. David Walker. merchant. pre- served in the library of Worcester College. had four sons. and was ordained joint-minister of Temple. David Walker. and Fifeshire. who. was licensed For the by the Presbytery of Dalkeith. he . had made 308. was baptized on the 1 1 th January 1695.

upwards of four hundred pages. of Mr. ship- . by whom he had three sons. thirdly. He married. Mr. The MS. settled in the West Indies. is inen(. minister of Craigie. Mary Montgomerie. by his wife. James. Anna. he. Thomas Walker of Dundonald was thrice married. not being heard tlie was supposed to have foundered at sea. he had a daughter. first wife. Jean. in the manner of kept a journal. third son.PROFESSOR JOSJAJJ WALKER. secondly. James Robertson. Robert.es on the IGth November 1721. the . eldest daughter of William Shaw. entitled A Vindication of the Dis- cipUne and Constitution of the Church of Scotland for Presemnng Parity of Doctrine. Thomas Walker married. born in where he died 22nd March 1747. of declining health. Mr. adopted the nautical profession sailed in a be merchant vessel from Bristol about the year 1770. liis life. By his who dieil daughter young. Devoted to literary studies in and theological inquiry. and died in 1780. 303 his From bis clglitcenth year. the eldest. second son. 21st May 1742. and is a not uninteresting record of the activities of a faithful pastorate. in the seventy-seventh year of his age and forty-eighth of his ministry.. on 1781. of. 1774. Jean. daughter of John Wallace of Ilolmston. became factor to a Glasgow ctmipany trading with Maryland. In his work Mr. which comcontinued till March 1749. Walker force . in which he recorded the daily occurrences of together with liis spiritual exercises. which. born 11th July 1743. born 24th June 1745. posthumously. in rcjily to a Book entitled. an octavo volume of Walker published at Edinburgh. the 2nd March 1749. Anne. " TJie Religious Kstahlishmcnt in Scotland examined upon Protestant Principles^* addressed to the Author of that Book. After a periovl Walker died on the 13th August 1780. paration. David. attacks the theory of Socinus with much cogency and he otherwise indulges a tone of geniality and humour. father. Mr. A volume of Essays and Semions from his pen was published Mr.

Margaret. studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. with issue four sons. Margaret. Josiah Walker was preferred to the 1 office of Hiistory of the Speculative Society of Edinburgh. and Millicent Rebecca. and. p. born William. settled as practitioner in Irvine. Thomas. 21st January 1758. as clerk to his brother David. where he died in 1833. each named Mary. . Aird. minister of Glencairn . surgeon. in 1793. Refusing to serve in the revolutionary army under In General AVashington. died 11th April 1816. Josiah. also four daughters. she died in childhood. Anne Shaw. with on board. and. born 15th June 1752. On the 28th January 1783 he was elected a Society. in 1777. Irvine. Josiah. youngest son of Mr. in 1790. Mary Anne. was born 1761. member of the Speculative and in connexion with the institution composed essays the Lawfulness of Suicide. in Thomas Walker by his third wife. proceeded to Maryland in 1772. Charles. builder. he prosecuted that vocation at Edinburgh for the period of seven years. He married. Mr. with issue. and William Montgomery . he there graAfterwards devoting himself to tutorial work. 25th April 1785. 1779 he embarked as a marine officer on board a privateer armed all with thirty-two guns. William Grierson. and three daughters. duated." also " Pindaric " On A Ode on American Independence. Mary. proceeded to Antigua as assistant to Dr." and on the " Circumstances which contributed to form the Character of the French. Irvine. the manse of Dundonald on the 8th July Studying at the University of Edinburgh. Thomas. second daughter of Charles Fleming of Montgomeryfield. born 2nd August 1759. Elizabeth. born 5th November 1755. in 1777. He afterwards became surgeon to a medical the 33rd Regiment of Foot. he.304 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS." ^ Early in 1787. 159. leaving issue. married. returned to this country. died young. six sons Two of the daughters. Archibald. which was lost at sea.

the i)oems were put into my hands j and before I finishing a page I experienced emotions of surprise and delight of which had never been so conscious before. On every page the stamp of genius was impres.'hniau witli the iHJotical milkmaids and thrashers of England. and chiefly spent in that vicinity lively 1 those years of youth when impressions are most life and permanent. VOL. Thus prepared. I been otherwise. and bent itself to every subject with a pliancy in which the most perfect languages too often tions . eldest son of John. I would attempt perusal . 2 Q . and continued in attendance ujKjn him until his death. Duke of Athole. then in his ninth year. for many years. as to seem only performing easiest and most habitual functions. private tutor to fifth tlie 305 Marquis of TuUibardiiie. Every line awakened the a train of associato every phrase struck a note which led mind j»crform the accompaniment. But. II.PROFESSOR JOSIAH WALKER. as in my own mind I instantly by a bartl of classed the poetical plon}. all I could have anticipated would have been far surpass* was born within a few miles of the cotUige of Allowa}'. and continue to be recalled through ness. first its daily outline to his eye was also mine. which took place in 179G. be transfigured by the sorcery of genius into the genuine language of poetry. fail. He subsequently accompanied his pupil to Eton.««od. most limited locality. His acquaintance with the Poet commenced under circumstances which he has circumstantially related. tit The language that I had begxm to despise. of whose productions I was no violent admirer. even to accents and phrases of the to express our thoughts. It expressed every idea with a brevity and force. lie writes : Ejirly in tlio year 1787 a friend from Kilinl»urgh infoniicil njo of the sensa- tion then creatoil in that city my native county. had the case . and promii«ed to bring me his volume on a subsequent visit. never quitted the volume till I had finished its and I can recollect no equal period to have passed more rapidly than the hours in which I was thus engaged. when accomplishing what every other in vain. By his praise of its contents my expectations were very modcmtely excited. to be the only language of nature. as seemed to for nothing but colloquial vulgarity.1. with frequency and fondit by bringing along with tliem that portion of the past on which is most pleasing to dwell. The same horizon which presented In the same dialect. we both learned and to both the paiois of Kyle appeared. All was its touched by a hawd of that astonishing dexterity.

306 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and. Walker in prose and verse an expression of which his gratitude for the hospitality which had by his proceeds friend's noble constituents is been extended to him. and on the evening of the succeeding day These details are embodied else- at the supper. and Poet had transmitted to the Castle a his letter of introduction to the Duke. as the Duke had returned home and bade the travellers a cordial welcome. Walker and the Poet afterwards met and at the table of Professor friends. the Duchess. Blacklock. Blair.table of Dr. the Poet. Walker proceeds to supply details of his forming the Poet's personal acquaintance at the breakfasttable of Dr. while the Bard was gratified with the social qualities and general capabilities and accom- plishments of one hailing from the same province. When. he . they soon became warm Mr. Though already retained some time after as tutor to the young Marquis. in Grace's absence. Nicol would sup and sleep at the Castle. the Poet proceeded to Inverness. conveyed through the tutor a request that he and Mr. in the following September. he then joined his pupil at the ducal seat of Blair Castle in Perthshire. In his letter to Mr. Walker received arrival at from him a message notifying to wait his the inn. Dugald Stewart . Mr. Walker estimating alike the Poet's compositions his striking and manly conversation. Accepting her Grace's polite invita- the Poet and his travelling companion remained at the Castle two days. Mr. Walker. Mr. Leaving Blair -Atliole on the 2nd of September. as the when he hastened upon him arid his friend . reached BlairAthole. where in the present work. his duties till Walker did not enter on the systematic discharge of midsummer 1787 . Nicol's usual impatience. in his tour with William Nicol. In a subsequent narrative Mr. : dated the 5th September. and from thence conveyed to Mr. the visit had been prolonged but for Mr. tion.

To The social-flowing glasses. of the first honor or gratitude. It eases my heart a good deal.^ wish I had the jwwers of Guido indeed to . finely says. " The Humble Petition of Bruar Water to the noble Duke of Athole. Murray's raises friendship in short. Thomas Graham of Balgowan. I shall ever proudly l)oast what I my hour of need ! never forget owe of the last. do them My Lord Duke's kind hospitality . Her husband. through Albion's farthest ken. the recollection of all that polite. Poet. Your little angel-band. What I shall I owe . he waa created Lord Lynedoch. and to it) (lie you that was (at least most part of it effusion of an half-hour I spent at Bruar. the fine family piece I saw at Blair : I shall never forget the amiable. — I have just time to writ© the foregoing." In the last stanza the Poet specially alludes to the family circle at the Castle in these lines : So may old Scotia's darling hope. N 's r-hat. sisters predeceased the The is portrait of Mrs. jogging is the cliaiso would allow. at the lovely " olive . plants. with the head of the table . and tlie for I Imve endeavoured to brush i>{ it up as well as Mr. agreeable in company an honest glow my bosom. as rhyme the coin with which a poet pays his debts of to the noble family of Atholc. kind. at theageofninety-four. round the happy mother I the beautiful Mrs. This communication was appended to the Poet's verses entitled. up to prop Their honour'd native land So may. now in the Hediedin 1848.PROFESSOR JOSIAH WALKER. like their fathers. Spring. and became known aa the hero of I^rossa . Graham of Balgowan and Miss Cath- cart were daughters of Lord Cathcart and sisters of the Duchess of Athole. I do not mean was exicmpoir. so help mo God in The " little angol-band " I declare I ! prayed for them very sincerely to-day at the Fall of Fyers. grace be — " Athole's honest men. Graham of Fintray's charms of conversation : W." as the Hebrew bard justice. her smiling little seraph in her lap. entered the anny after her death. All the three National Portrait Gallery at Edinburgh. . the lovely sweet Miss Cathcart. Graham. My Dear it 307 tell Sir. by Gainsborough. ! And * Athole's bonnie lasses Mrs. the truly noble Duchess. Graham. — markedly Sir kind Mr.

Walker remarked that the Bard lacked in his conversation somewhat of the unaffected ease of former times. I found him — writes the Mr. the young Marquis of Tullibardine was unable to prosecute his studies. In allusion to Mr. Walker's attention to liim during his Blairhas in his Atliole visit." On the afternoon of the second day. the Poet Journal the following entry : " Confirmed in my good opinion of my friend Walker. James's Square. William Cruikshank. which terminated fatally in 1796. Cruikshank's daughter]. Mr. Walker —seated by the harpsichord of this young lady [Mr. Walker visited Burns at the house of Mr." The Poet invited his visitor to accompany him in a frag- walk by the Nith's banks. Through a cerebral ailment. and adjusting them trials of effect. and on this occasion Mr. the friends had a social meeting at the Globe tavern. But Mr. Edinburgh. Walker was. He found the Poet " sittino. with the result that Mr. visit as 1795 : this has heen . Accompanying have renewed seven years. in St. Dumfries. to the ' shown In his printed narrative Professor Walker names the year of his to be a slip of memory. his pupil to Eton. which she sang and accompanied. During the walk he repeated the ment of his " Ode to Liberty.in a window-seat with the doors open. thrown out of emjjloyment. Walker was not long afterwards appointed. listening with the keenest interest to his own that verses. and the family arrangements going on in his presence." Towards the end of October 1787 Mr. on the nomination of the Duke of Athole. Walker does not seem to his intimacy with the Poet during the long period of ^ But in November 1794 he paid him a special visit at readino". as his preceptor. to the music by repeated it In this occupation it he was so totally absorbed was difficult to draw his attention from for a moment.308 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS.

by the editor. Walker was induced Nivcmois. Walker had evinced a poetical aptitude by publishing. On the original staff of the its Encyclopoedia Perthensis. he was. his " in 1785. Sad ornament !— presage of death. and retained the connexion for a period of years. Collectorship of 309 Customs at Perth. Mr. . a specimen may not be unacceptable. When the Perth Courier newspaper was established in the Con- servative interest. Her temples wore a flowery wreath . work a memoir of William he found a congenial occupation. in ([uarto. Pitt. but he has with equal geniality and candour portrayed the career of Charles Fox. he devoted himself to literary composition with an abundant ardour. he f<)llo\ve<l by printing. Esq. which he translate in the fables of the Duke de did elegant verse. Monody on John Thurlow. an "Ode addressed to the Society of Universal Glood-Will. An heifer. nominated as a contributor. pomp })y priests was led Where Jove's high altar rear'd its head. Dr. and his article on the Crusades in that publication interest is a historical composition of singular and value. he was appointed to the editorship. he When. When the Edinhiirgh Encyclopedia was started. In 1782 Mr." tutorial labours.. the On recommendation of to Professor Dugald Stewart." whicli. Pitt's illustrious rival. As the work has long been out of print. doom'd to pay with blood The debt of In gorgeous human gratitude. he became one of In composing for that principal writers.PROFESSOR JOSIAH WALKER. THE HEIFER SACRIFICED. at the close of his commanded a more abundant leisure. one of those offices which were not imfrequently reserved as a recompense for scholastic or literary service. in quarto. Brewster.

In truth. . adoring bow And The she.310 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. more happy far Than she in her triumphal car. To shut For his book from human eyes life stale and weary would grow. . death that led. that. Beheld the crowds. on either side. with splendid celebration. with pitying mind. oft remark. Our heifer. And Of robs the heifer of her life liberty the royal wife. as she goes. At length. the King of Gods was wise. She passed and Fortune inly bless'd fixing her exalted place Above a destiny so base. rank or power. whose hand Has been betroth'd. proofs of favour. whose neck a yoke oppress'd . We by the fate Assigned to this imperial If one a step of state. Were men their future doom to know. Who Two For throng'd with smiling flowers to spread to The avenue bulls. Regards the homely village hind village hind. poor maid. a foreign land There to embrace the nuptial vow Crowds. honour gains. How The little did the heifer know real state of things below How How ignorant is simple youth ready to misjudge the truth royal Thus seeks the nymph. Less private happiness remains And this exchange appears to for general rest In what good is best. Arrives the day of immolation. with exulting pride. On As chosen men when nations shower.

in a small octavo volume. . and the sale at length Though lacking in unity. " The Defence of Order : " abounds in graceful diction. from Scotia's distant shore. This maxim let us then approve : A maxim May we The generous bosoms love the luimblo still happy sec . unfair to otiier claims." Dedicated to his patron. exalted the victims be In 1802 Mr. Mr. The « safety earned by thy protecting hand. his If Peace and Comfort round humble shed." more extensive than that of Of the work two considerable editions were scale issue. faint and feeble note presumes Partakes. on a Addison's " Campaign. a poem entitled The Defence of Order. in 1803. their balmy pinions spread still his hours with noiseless current flow. who now. the work was deemed sufficiently important for an attack in the Edinhurcjli Review. The partial 311 measure justice blames. And If IIojx) serene.PROFESSOR JOSIAH WALKER. Kor harsh If still reverse uor rude obstruction know his board a wholesome meal display. his Mr. the Duke of Athole. the author sought to celebrate the achieve'* ments of the Pitt ministry. in seeking to crush The assailant was Henry Brougham. for the poem at once waned in popular favour. Walker published. And deems Unless tliey duly pay the price By sonic heroic sacrifice. exhausted within the year of and when. . a third edition was produced. exerted The critic triumphed. in common with a rescued laml. all but ceased. And promise such to-morrow as to-day . Walker's poem. who. Pitt is celebrated thus Even His he. and in didactic force. to pour. utmost powers of irony and sarcasm.

and published by his trustees. rendered eminent literary service. Mr. part in some interesting scenes. If still he feel.312 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. students. remarks that he cherishes the memory of his old preceptor with esteem. both at the commencement of his public career and also towards close. office Mr. He in taught humanity. . . He had taken recall. Of those who have favoured us with reminiscences of Professor Walker. which he was pre- he was elected Professor of Humanity in the University of Glasgow. and elegance of Possessing the confidence of his to reprove. unalarmed Ly change If still he meet the rustic groups around. literature was remarked. Walker contributed an original and of Burns to an edition of his Poetical critical memoir Works projected Morison of Perth. opportunity offered. remote from storms and strife. in morals In manners sober and sound . Exchange kind greetings with the cordial boor. it encourage the diligent. has. Pitt he owes to thee. comfort ! see. As a professor he proved assiduous and painstaking with detail J while his weekly lectures on themes connected Roman literature were alike distinguished by clearness of diction. Professor Walker excelled as a conversationalist. he seldom as had occasion to while he rejoiced. not more by prelections Roman than by the urbanity of his manners. : And mark All. and gratitude. Walker was in 1815 preferred to an eminently qualified to adorn . The charms of nature and the sweets If still the of life Muse's woodland haunts he range. Free Church minister at Portpatrick. Unvexed by tumult. no sullen breach 'twixt rich and poor feel. as by James In this work he its an intelligent and impartial observer of the Poet's modes. of Whate'cr of good he next to Heaven. reverence. and these he could pleasantly . In 1811 Mr. Urquhart.

on remarking the wound. he promptly answered that he had broke his ' shins on a lieavy bale of Juduh Restored.' off poet." The latter contains a vivid picture including an interesting portraiture of Susannah. her cousin. C'Ountess of Eglinton. daughter of Richard Bell of Cruvie. I than Dr. of his Rogers. Judah One when he had company. only daughter of Professor Walker. Two MSS. married. author of the jK)em sons. Habitually jocose. Russel. This gentleman. anecdote. ejaculated emphatically. from his pen are in the possession of his grandchildren. Abouiuling in 313 forcible. he rejoiced to dilate on the wrecking of his poetical aspirations. " Eh sirs what a mercy it missed his e'e. 1854. Thomas Grierson. in 1795. Provost of Eton. Among the neighbour wives who assembled to offer their the incidents of his youth. 23rd 1827. . is II. and epigrammatic. Mr. Professor Walker died at Glasgow on the 24th August 1831. Margaret. in 1780. a translation of Anacreon's Odes. Samuel Johnson. his utterances were terse. minister of Kirkbean in the county of Kirkcudbright. and an autobiographical fragment entitled " The Life of a Manse Household of parochial life. and as he was on his return asked by him why he had been absent so long.PROFESSOR JOSIAJI WALKER. and unbound bales of my third edition. VOL. shot dead by a bullet through his temples. was despatched to the cellar to fetch up an additional bottle of a choice vintage." ! After a few years of failing health. Professor Walker married. by whom he had three sons and a August daughter. 2 R who died 15th July remembered for his elegant tastes and remarkable jocundity. the patron of Allan Ramsay and entertainer of Dr.' The Professor was wont with much facetiousness to recall To a poor woman at Dundonald her husband was brought home. Dumfriesshire. Brougham as to tlio satisfiod me— he would say — that * I was not born a was no worse Restored. condolence was one who.

with issue three sons and five daughters. daughter of Edward Jenkins. died on the 16th December 1886. the second at son. He He married Mary. born 1833. the hay. Esq. second son of Professor Walker. M. eldest son of Professor Walker. born 1835. Windsor Mary Leonora married Walter Power. in 1796. printed a collection of songs composed for his parish curling club. Josiah Walker. Josiah William. first. Thomas Walker. Richard Graham. . of Thorpe Park. Maria. issue.314 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Richard Graham. . and is engaged in medical practice at Peckham Rye. in her ninetieth year. Margaret Ellen married James Ellison. Ely Gertrude Helen married Henry Townsend. published Allan Macgregor. became a In 1819 he entered on medical practice at first Peterborough. Mary is Eliza. at the age of ninety-one. He married his cousin. also in the southern Mrs. with issue Cecil Geraldine and Archibald Edward. daughter of William Johnston. 1868. and physician Peterborough.D. architect. Esq. a work of fiction. is M. illustrative of the He times of the Disruption. where he attained a rank in his profession.D. Thomas. made the Highlands. vicar of Billing- Of the daughters of Dr.. Surrey. married.. daughter Cornewall of Dilbury Hall. Peterborough. He of married. with Edward Richard. He married Eliza. Grierson died in 1886. third son. is M. Lincolnshire. Mary Eliza and Charlotte Sarah are . Charlotte Henrietta. Peterborough. with issue a son. the eldest son.. born 1837. Middlesex. Thomas James. some time practised as a solicitor in Glasgow .. born in 1837.D. and issued a narrative of several pedestrian in excursions he had uplands. second daughter of the Rev. born doctor of medicine. unmarried. he subsequently settled at Hen- don. by whom he had a son.. Thomas Herbert Johnston secondly. Esq. daughter of Captain Winbolt. .

in 1838. third and youngest son of Professor Josiah Walker. he retired from active duties. daughter of Peter Lock. Unsuccessful as a candidate for the Hebrew chair. whom he had Margaret Bell. and Mary who died in 1854. an which he held till 880. Josiah. where he died on the 14th December 1882. 315 O'Keiffc. Esq. born 1833. Bennet. married. Mary Rice. waa of born at Perth in 1805. have been preserved some agreeable specimens of his writings. he established his residence at Edinburgh.. Esq. Distinguished for his varied literary acquirements. of Youghal. In 1850 he became vicar of office Wood 1 Ditton county of Cambridge. to his and there he added in the emoluments by receiving several young gentlemen as boarders. E. and in a small publica- tion entitled Memorial of a Count ly The volume friendship. the eldest daughter. he some time assisted his father in the Humanity classes. Surveyor of H. married Tliomas Sarel. when it became vacant in 1832. K.C. accompanied by a kindly. Mr. Cambridge. D. county also two daughters. Rogerson. is Vicai\ edited by his daughter. Mary Josephino. Eliza. and in Huntingdonshire.M. and in 1831 became assistant to the Professor of Hebrew in the same University. llussel. . Both and poetry he composed elegantly.. he in the same year entered Trinity Hall. when. Returning to his native country. in . at the age of seventy-eight. and honoured ^Ir. Customs. daughter of David Cork Esq.L. Having studied at the University Glasgow with a view to the ministry of the Scottish Church. Josiah Walker was a in prose clear and forcible expounder of Divine truth.PROFESSOR JOSIAH WALKER. owing to the pressure of infirmities. well-\kTitten memoir by the Rev. Mrs. In 1836 he obtained ordci-s in the Church of England.. as a tribute to a long Josiah Walker married.. by four daughters. was appointed curate at Folkesworth lie In 1840 was appointed to the charge of Stetchworth in Cambridgeshire.

only daughter of Alan. . fourth daughter. By his wife. Margaret Cathcart. 1879. he had His son Caleb was the three sons. charter of Alexander II. the third son. born 1843. and Charles. Peterborough . Sm JOHN WHITEFOORD. BART. while his successors in the barony appear from time to time up to the reign of James VI. Lockerbie. and Cathcart of Carnock. The lands of Whitefoord passed from the elder branch. Dr. Walker. Russel Mary. witness to a and in the reign of James John White- foord of that Ilk is named. A brother of Whitefoord of Blairquhan was Abbot of Crossraguel in the reign of James IV. 30th December 1701 he died in 1728. was of the 5th Regiment of Foot. Walter many notable families in Ayrshire. John. .. Christina Jessie. including Blair of that Kennedy of Ardmillan. Alan. descended from a younger son of Whitefoord of that Ilk. Mr. celebrated wit and satirical poet. Adam Whitefoord of Blairquhan was created a baronet on the . Alexander Rogerson of St. . of the county of Renfrew. colonel Charles. excommunicated he thereafter took refuge in England. a cadet of the family. third daughter. seventh Lord Cathcart. also the estate of Kirkland at Maybole. second daughter. In dread of personal violence. Thomas is J. They intermarried Dr. Whitefoord. was appointed Bishop of Brechin in 1635. unmarried. and the family came to be represented by the Whitefoords of Blairquhan. himself and armed. died in 1860 Mary Eliza. By the General Assembly of 1638 he was deposed and . Midiael's. married her cousin.316 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Walter de Whytfoord. Members of the family held lands at Balloch and Girvan with Ilk. he read the Service-book in his attendants being severally 1637 with closed doors. is I.

it remark of Dr. who humorous conversationalist. tlie A recommended Dr. Devoted to literary pursuits. sincere. and Dr. he on his return from the Continent com- menced business as a wine merchant in Craven Street.SIR Born at JOHN WHTTFFOORD. where he remained two years. AVhitefoord drew forth impossible to be in his for punning. and deny is it wlio can. and became an intimate associate of Dr. relative to the Falkland Islands. as tlic HART. His contributions were aften^'ards reproduced in shafts of his ridicule Foundling Asylum for Wit. l)ut. He declined the task. both in prose and verse. profession. Mr. frolic. A stranger to flatt'ry. but was accordingly enq)loyed. Culel) Wliitefoord waa by his father proposal was distasteful intcndcfl for to him. 317 E<liiil)iirgli in tlie clericnl 1734. Having assistc<l in tlie counting-house alK)ut four years. to the Public Advertiser. and fun in a pun. he at that gentleman's tation became a contributor of TJie siitirical pieces. liv'd. open. Directing the against Wilkes and other levellers. and on their behalf was requested to write a pamphlet on the subject of the misundersUinding which subsisted beween Great Britain and Spain. and rejoiced AVhoso temper was generous. Having got solici- acquainted with Woodfall the printer. a stranger to fear. Samuel Johnson. in partnership with a friend. anrl was there apprenticed to a wine merchant. Possessing a considerable patrimony. Goldsmith that was In " : company without being infected by his itch The Retaliation " Goldsmith has celebrated him in these lines Hero Whitcfoord reclines. Goldsmith. Strand. Though ho "Who merrily he now a grave man : Rare compound of oddity. he on his father's death in 1753 proceeded to France. he joined the Literary Club. relish'd a joke. he attracted the attention of the Ministry. he was sent to London. till he attained his majority. . Johnson. Sir Joshua Reynolds.

! Ye newspajier witlings ye jwrt scribbling folks . Whitefoord w^as.318 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. baronet. According to Dr. second son of Sir first Adam Whitefoord of Blairquhan. What Scotchman. wits and authors respect for who hated each common Mr. other united in a Adam Smith. Franklin. appointed secretary to the British Commission. titles. come. and whose story has been interwoven in the romance of Waverley. Yet happy Woodfall confess'd him a wit. ! Who copied his squibs and re-echoed his jokes imitators. that so lib'ral a mind Should so long be to newspaper-essays confin'd Who perhaps to the summit of science could soar. fill Whose daily hon mois half a column might A A scholar.^ Merry Whitefoord. 1 He died without issue. if Yet content " the table be set in a roar fill . all Then strew around it (you can do no less) Cross-readings. and mistakes of ! the press. ye servile herd. When Commissioners were appointed to treat of a general peace with America. at the age of seventy-five. acquired the lands of Ballochmyle he is believed to have been the person of the name who was taken prisoner by the Highlanders at the battle of Prestonpans. in 1809. had almost said wit This debt to thy mem'ry I cannot refuse. He died Alan. your master and visit his tomb . farewell for thy sake I 1 admit That a Scot may have humour. Ye tame To deck Still follow it. Whitefoord. And copious libations bestow on his shrine. Caleb Whitefoord frequently composed pieces under these . Who scattcr'd around wit and humour at will." Whose talents to if any station were fit. ship-news. Mr. bring with you festoons of the vine. Thou best-humour'd man with the worst-humour'd muso. In the Public Advertiser Mr. owing to his intimacy with Dr. the . from pride and from prejudice free yet surely no pedant was ! lie pity alas.

to construct a superb town residence in the This structure. subseparation from its brother lodge of St. succeeded as third baronet of Blairquhan. and evinced no inconsiderable interest in local St. son of the preceding. inasmuch as the requisition inviting him to convene the lodge was composed by Burns. and laying out the grounds on a suitable scale. Under the title : of Sir Arthur Wardour.founding manufactory. halls. marshalled in his and — for what may not unbounded wealth authorize its possessor to aspire to? —the coronet of a marquis. was reared at Galloway's some time subsequent . but on the death of his uncle Alan. in fancy. He corresponded with an architect of eminence. at a period consider- . as if he were determined to brook no neighbour but the sea. served in the army. he was. he succeeded to the lands of Ballochmyle. the eldest son of Sir Whitefoord. The event memorable. Master of sequent to Sir John resided at Ballochmyle. His ancestral estates were alienated. he is in the Antiquary depicted thus He talked of buying contiguous estates. styled Whitefoord House. Sir John AVhitefoord. perhaps of a duke. upon a plan of renovating a castle of his forefathers.000. which yield a present rental of £10. its affairs. Adam BART. that would have led him from one side of the island to the other. on a style of extended magnificence that might have rivalled that of Windsor. and now converted into a type . in June 1782. was glittering before his imagination. 319 John. called is upon to convene a special meeting of the brethren.SIR JOHN WHITEFOORD. Troops of liveried menials were already. David's. It was a part of Sir John Whitefoord's actual extravagance at Edinburgh. to 1742. he was noted for his extravagance. Entry Canongate it occupied part of the site of a larger mansion of the Earl of Winton. and acquired the rank of major-general. noticed by Sir Walter Scott in the Ahhot. Succeeding to the baronetcy and ancestral possessions. James's Freemason Lodge of Tarbolton.

dumb. does not interest you further than a benevolent heart . It contains these words : We look last. mankind. Heron. sir. in 1785. and the Poet. The flowers decay 'd on Catrine lee. should we be in circumstances of distress. o' Fareweel the braes Ballochrayle ! Low Ye in your wintry beds. liis ably antecedent to becoming known as a poet. is This indeed. Co.. Fareweel. resided within two miles of the enclosures of Ballochrayle. e'e. Again ye'll charm the vocal ! But here. on oiir Mason Lodge itself. at Mossgiel. Xae lav'rock sang on hillock green.320 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. flourish fresh Again ye'U birdies and fair . or old age. or floweret smile Fareweel the bonnie banks of Ayr. which fell into liquidation. air. this is a matter of high importance. composed : on the occasion these plaintive lines The Catrine woods were yellow seen. interested in the welfare of its fellow-creatures of but to us. both with respect to it the character of Masonry and likewise as is a charitable society. The occur- rence awakened general sympathy. bloom the while And aye the wild-wood echoes rang. under the necessity of disposing of his lands. But nature sicken'd on the Hersel' in beauty's Thro' faded groves Maria sang. alas for me nae mair Shall birdie charm. where he was On . to have a fund in view. of Ayr. A & shareholder in the banking establishment of Douglas. who. in with'ring bowers. Sir John Whitefoord was. fareweel ! sweet Ballochrayle ! a moderate reversion Sir John Whitefoord removed from Ballochmyle to Whitefoord House at Edinburgh. to be a serious matter. ye flowers. on which we who are of the lower orders may with certainty depend to be kept from want.

VOL. Mauchline. days afterwards. or cold propriety disallowed. am you not master enough of the etiquette of these matters to know. I believe. BART. his reputation against a wanton and ungenerous : to his concluding his letter in these terms 2 s . by any means. and whose life. which frequently light hardy impudence and foot-licking helpless state than his It is not easy to imagine a more whose poetic fancy unfits him for the world. made capital With Sir John he communicated three In his letter. 321 resident at the time his debut in the when Burns. unsolicited and unknown. from the light in which you kindly view me. Through attack. but you are the first gentleman in the country whose benevolence and I goodness of heart has interested himself for me. Mackenzie the Poet had learned that Sir John had upheld which led II. in this manner. certain modest of the mixed with a kind of pride. he thus proceeds : which is dated the first December. palliate that prostitution of heart and talents they have at times been guilty of. learning never my own part. sharping author. his friend Dr. to a proverb. fastening on those in upper life who to inquire. I thank heaven my elevated my ideas above the peasant's For been kinder I shed. — Mr. whether formal duty bade. indolent inattention to almost inseparable from it . in one Sir. as I honor him with a poets is little notice of him or his works. I have. Indeed. character as a scholar gives as poor as I him some pretensions to the politesse of star has yet is am. as mvay. in some measure. has me how much you are pleased to interest yourself in my fate as a man. Mackenzie. the situation of generally such. I do not think prodigality is. been patronized by those of your character in life. and (what to mc is incomparably dearer) my fame as a poet. on the 28th November 1786. nor did I stay my thanking am convinced. when I was introduced to their notice by social friends to them. my very warm and worthy friend. then there must be in the heart of every bard of nature's making a sensibility.SIR JOHN WHITEFOORD. a careless. but. that you will do me the justice to believe that this letter is not the manoeuvre of the needy. and have an independent fortune at the plough-tail. which will ever keep on him out way of those windfalls of fortune servility. a necessary concomitant economy is of a poetic turn. sir. and honoured acquaintances to me . in informed or two instances.

too. will not be unacceptable —the honest warm shaft at wishes of a grateful heart for your happiness. me a new . I am persuaded it would be a line of life much more agreeable to your feelings. —I received your letter a few days ago. let more satisfactory. I promote as far as my : abilities will permit. the Countess Dowager of Glencairn. In a postscript Sir John adds you. I submit it to your consideration. caprice. I sir. Sir. as to meddle with that late most unfortunate. I acknowledge. Sir John's reply : is alike courteous and business-like Edinburgh. and so inhumanly cruel. If ever Calumny aim the poisoned ! may Friendship be by to ward the blow To the Poet's letter. sir. I hope I shall ever preserve. whether would not be more desirable. and to Mr. When you have considered will endeavour to me know. Robert Muir of Kilmarnock. I think. Sir John Whitefoord as one of his Edinburgh In this connexion he associates Sir John with the Duchess of Gordon. stand to you in a filial relation. Your character as a man (forgive my reversing your order). for your goo<lness but one — a return which. and integrity to I my follow-creaturos. or worse. . as well as inhabitant of Ayrshiie. too frequently the sport of whim. as to stoop to traduce the morals of such a one as I am. to lay out in the stocking of a small farm. I my story. dated the 13th. but what I have I shall be ready to exert in procuring the attainment of any object you have r view.322 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS." In letters to Mr. I was surprised to hear that any ono who pretended in the least to the manners of the gentleman shoukl l)e so foolish. for the warmth witli which you interi^osod in behalf of my conduct. poet. have no return to make. and passion but reverence to God. the Poet names patrons. I am persuaded. who them. Henry Erskine. John Ballantine of Ayr. entitle you. 4/A December 1786. am. I do not pretend to much interest. With a tear of thank you. dated the 15th December. to the assistance of every I have been told you wish to be made a gauger it . send " I shall take it as a favour when production. and in the end this. if a it sum could be raised by subscription for a second edition of your poems. unhappy part of gratitude. and whatever you determine upon. at any time. and everj' one of that lovely flock.

name reappears on a single occasion only. . In connexion with the Poet. BART. he was reputed for his personal courtesy and the afiability of his manners. his intention Hunt Sir John. And Sir tread the dreary path to that dark world unknown. Tenacious of purpose. supported a motion by the Earl of Glencairn. John Whitefoord continued till to reside in Whitefoord House. fear'st.^ merit. vol. on a greatly reduced fortune. we too go as he has gone. of dedicating to the After he had intimated his second edition. at a meeting held on the 10th January 1787. and not unconscious of his aristocratic descent. a member of the A lady of remarkable beneficence and ancient house of RoM^allan. who thy honor as thy God rever'st. We'll mourn till the world approv'd. one hundred copies of the work should be subscribed for.'^ John Whitefoord married Alice Mure. Professor Dugald Stewart. Earl of Glencairn. and Henry Mackenzie. To Sir John's kindly intervention Burns was chiefly indebted for the liberal patronage of the Caledonian Hunt. save thy mind's reproach. 56. his honor. after- the 7th August 1777 . which took place in 1803. When Burns composed his celebrated " Lament for James. ed. I the patron lov'd all His worth. nought earthly To thee this votive offering I impart. his death. 323 Dean of Faculty. Sir John Whitefoord sought a his life of retirement." he sent a copy to Sir John. Resident in Edinburgh. having joined on Kay's Portraits. ^ wards the Caledonian Hunt. The The tearful tribute of a broken heart. His figure Sir is portrayed in Kay's Edinburgh Portraits. Christian worth. she presented to the kirk-session of Mauchline a 1 original The Earl of Glencairn was one of the members of the Hunters' Club. Sir John Whitefoord ii. friend thou valuedst. 1842. joined on the 12th December 1777. that in recognition of the Poet's and of the compliment paid to them. in the Canongate. accompanied by the following lines : Thou. Who.SIR JOHN WHITEFOORD.

and died without issue.324 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. our countrywoman. John.' John Whitefoord. Mauchline. 1st December 1770. grandson of William. she married. The elder daughter married a physician in Girvan. . I read your letter. . eldest. was wife of Professor Dugald Stewart. Cranstoun. the elder son. in Ayrshire. Mackenzie. with issue. sojourn in the capital. .T<>lin M'Adam. Sir John Whitefoord. without issue. died in infancy. Of Sir John Whitefoord's four daughters. just after . became. M'Adam of Craigangillan. His son. . born at Ballochsons and four daughters. third married Colonel Francis Cunyngham.«« to-day like a coronation. am afraid will be de8j)erate indeed. fifth Lord Helen Her husband's sister. was one of the Poet's visitors during his first Writing to Mr. 1 on the 2yth November Mauchline Parish Baptismal Register. paternal estate Jane. and I is there. on the 11th January 1787. This is the great day —the Assembly and Ball of the Caledonian Hunt to pre-engage the and John has had the good luck wealth-celebrated Miss desperately in for it hand of the beauty-famed and Between friends. the Poet's visitor. by her brother. fourth daughter. John.' John and Lady Whitefoord consisted of two Charles. married Kennedy of Kirkmichael. The second daughter had settled upon her. silver baptismal basin it was used for the first time on the 3rd August 1788. the Poet refers to his two daughters thus :* Heaven spare you long to kiss the breath 0' mony flowery simmers And bless vour bonny lasses baith— 1>^ tauld they're lo'esome kimmers ! ! . who calls very frequently on me. . Alice Lucy. in a fu. . the second son. with issue one son. second daughter. the married Henry Kerr Cranstoun. who died unmarried also two daughters. the Poet proceeds I : saw your friend and my honored patron. is . predeceased his father. D'Arcy. The family of Sir myle. the . daughter. and gave him your respectful compliments. surgeon. Mary Anne. In his poetical epistle to Mr.

. 325 1795. Edinburgh. G. leaving a son. Henrietta. and became rector of Nuthall and Kirbyin-Ashfield. He died on the 11th December 1875. Eliza Grace. and seventy years beyond that event. 1853. third She died on elder the 1st August 1827. leaving two sons. i." reader. Scott Douglas writes : the day that Burns came before the world as an author till the day of his death. second daughter of Thomas Duncombe of Gossgrove. Frances Barbara. 1S77. and died 12th December 1845. His wife dying on the 7th November 15th December 1848. Caroline. Derbyshire. the Poet's readers had a understanding that these four lines had been waggislily inserted in the last sheet of the book as a satire — not a very wicked one — on his printer. County York. 328.C. and niece of Thomas William. the became a lieutenant-colonel in the Grenadier Guards. John Vernon married. In the last sheet of his Kilmarnock edition the Poet has presented "Wee Johnie. first. born 8th October 1834. son. and daughter. entered into holy orders. JOHN WILSON the following epitaph on (of Mauchline). p. Mr. Baron Vernon. by whom he had a son. Henry Vernon.JOHN WILSON. In reference to these From tacit lines. He married.. daughter of the Honourable General Sir Edward Paget. first Earl of Leicester. How that understanding arose. 24th November 1830. Frederick. 29th August 1822. vol. know That Death has murder'd Johuie his hody lies fu' loAv For saul he ne'er had ony. He married. daughter of Edward Coke.B. the Esq. a Edward. Nottinghamshire. John. of Longford Court. the Eev. secondly. second wife of Henry. younger son.^ ^ Library edition of Burns. does not appear. 8vo. Whoe'er An' here tliou art.

There were frequent adjournments.326 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. in terms of a citation." of Meanwhile the committee unsuccessfully endeavoured and the bookseller. On the other hand. to absolve him on a single appearance. and at length. the parties Speirs came together before the as conscious as he court. asserting that. nor would he consent to any to undergo a offence. the Kilmarnock printer. Before that tribunal he. Wilson made a formal complaint against Speirs for slandering him. and charged his brethren as opposing themselves to good order. Scott Douglas composed his The real " Wee Johnic " of the note has yielded to a little inquiry. on the 27th April 1786. on account of Wilson's habitual profanity. inexplicable at the time Mr. and resolved. "Wee Johnie" conducted business at Mauchline as a l)Ookseller. What was epitaph was not Mr. the appointed a committee to hold a conference with Wilson. when he acknowledged himself His sentence was deferred. some dealings with the parochial session. when the Poet was resident at Mo. James Speirs. Wilson indignantly denied the imputation. session At a meeting held on the 10th May.ssgiel. but wdth the result that. and consented punishment " a punishment proportionable to his — The session ruled that Speirs should confess " that he . who. of Mauchline had. Against this procedure Speirs strongly protested. in the event of their reporting favourably as to his penitence. John Wilson. but another person of the name. atiy modified course of discipline was unwarranted. to reconcile the elder at a kirk-session meeting held on the 25th of May. like the Poet himself. and "defeating the ends discipline. now " insisted that he was was of anything" that he heard John Wilson swear profanely in a public company. vigorously dissented. father of an illegitimate child. Mr." compromise unless the elder retracted his accusation. there being evidently an inclination on the part of the majority of the court that he should be dealt with leniently. But one of the elders. appeared on the 8th December 1785.

we think. made clear tliat the Poet had prepared the Wilson epitaph after reading Nugw Venales. a work of humour. associated his satire with the bookseller in allusion to his smallness to his paucity of spirit. and desiring the Moderator to inform James Speirs to be more cautious till in bringing accusations of this nature into this court for the future. affording no ground for any charge as to his being destitute of soul. conversed several times with the accused person in private. of stature rather than owing in a moment of grotesque humour. Robert Chambers it is.JOHN ducing this affair WILSON. . and to observe the rules Church in their conduct. in which occurs : the following epigram Oh Deus Corpus in omnipotens. this concession should be accepted by Wilson. The concession was dismissing then made and accepted.." they also enjoined . to ask Mr. Not improbably the Poet had. in entering on his under- taking. agreeably form of process. him 327 ought to have spoken with John Wilson in private before introinto the session . Wilson's pardon and expressed their judgment that to. it For. and a motion was agreed the affair on account of irregularity in procedure. In closing these memoirs the writer conceives that he to offer is called upon some words of explanation. sive Thesaurus ridendi et jocandi. At the same time the session desired their members to superall intend the morals of the people with of the possible care. was his intention to present a full and particular account . : bovem : habet intestina Brabantus Ast animam nemo Cur ? quia non habuit. vituli miserere Joannis. In this transaction John Wilson acted with energy and vigour.. to the he has. By Dr. sinit esse Quern mors prseveniens non Italia est.

and ser\^e the cause of biographical accuracy. through complete the work. be so utilized as to effectively illustrate the Poet's history. though he cannot charge himself with in of each individual commemorated. the writer believes he has succeeded in procuring as his labours. the writer has prepared a narrative of the Poet's lineage from strictly authentic sources. he trusts the various materials which he has brought together may.328 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. with corresponding genealogical details. feeble health. while the descendants or representatives of those noticed have courteously responded to number his inquiries. But. under all his disappointments. failed to procure needful materials. who were expected to be useful have remained Yet. much original information aa to justify For Volume III. not a few instances. . in the hands of a competent successor. be unable personally to and should he. he has. any lack of the diligence. others silent. of a large Thus.

II.APPENDICES. VOL. 2 T .

.

" and " Blythe hae I been on yon hill. Baillie in July 1788." and " Bonny Peggy Alison. was daughter of Besides a small farmer in the parish of Galston. Mr. on a suggestion by Miss Lesley. 79.. Ayrshire. is printed an undated letter of the Poet to Miss Lesley. vi. Dunlop on the 22nd of August. saw ye bounie Lesley. of Mayfield. Esq. entitled. warmly and offering marriage. and the Bard. Burns addressed to her five letters in prose.. Baillie married Robert Gumming. . AND OF — Daughter of Robert Baillie. sister. he refers to the visit. of Logic. the Poet was much attracted by the charms of Miss Lesley and her In course of a journey to England.APPENDIX I. he. Ellison Begbie. Writing to Mrs. p." In dining with Mr. celebrating her in song. this young gentlewoman. and strongly expresses his admiration of Miss Lesley. Esq. It is interesting to remark that. "Oh. who much appreciated this attention. " — This young woman. songs. In June 1799 Miss Lesley which contains warm expressions of his regard. PERSONS REFERRED TO IN HIS WRITINGS." In the Library edition of Burns's Works. testifying his affection. afterwards accompanied them on horseback for fourteen or fifteen miles. is by the Poet celebrated in his songs beginning. Baillie and his two daughters visited the Poet at Dumfries in August 1792. in 1701. made an alteration in the closing lines of his " Lament for James. he was for a time much dejected. ascribed to ]\Iay 1793. who lived the subject of two of the Poet's The Lass of Cessnock Banks." both composed servant with a when he was family in his twenty-second year. Lesley Baillie. vol. On receiving her declinature. who was eminently beautiful. BRIEF NOTICES OF OTHER FRIENDS OF THE POET. and was some time a domestic near the Cessnock stream. Earl of Glencairn.

I loved and admired him to a degree of enthusiasm. gave him a genteel education. alludes to his there forming the intimacy of something of a town life . Brown was tenant —The miller in the poem of " Tarn o* Shanter. l)ut the a turn was a friendship I formed with a young fellow." . he had been set on shore by an American privateer on the wild coast of Connaught." Hugh Son of William of Ardlochau Mill. He was a pronounced member I7th October 1828. William Boyd. in despair. after a variety of good and ill fortune. who barricaded the the " Ordination. magnanimity. Boyd died on the he was ordained to the charge at Irvine in 1782. but a helpless son of misfortune. spouses. Hugh Brown remained unmarried. I cannot give this poor « fellow's story without atlding that he is at this time master of a large West Indiaman. wliere. Afr. but a groat man in the neighbourhood. Moore. belonging to the Thames. and I was all attention to learn. but he taught it to flow in proper channels. with a view of bettering this adventure [he writes] I learned From principal thing which gave my mind his situation in life. Here his friendship did me a mischief. and the consequence was. stripped of everytliing. His mind was fraught with independence. He was related to the Poet maternally. I wrote the " Poet's Welcome. Presented to the Church living of Fenwick in 1780. and of course strove to imitate him. which hitherto I had regarded with horror. he was baptized on the 25th September 1720. antl every manly virtue. His knowledge of the world was vastly superior to mine. but he spoke of illicit love with the levity of a sailor. He was the son of a simple mechanic . he Iiichard Brown. Poet refers in his biographical letter to Dr. Iiichard P>rown was son of William Brown and Jane Whinie. According to the parish register." — By order of the General Assembly. In some measure I succeeded. EiCHAUD Bkovvn. This reverend gentleman is named by Burns in Eev. that soon after I resumed the plough. taking him under his patronage. tenant at Jamestoun. in the parish of Kirkoswald. and was born at Irvine To his early acquaintance with this person the on the 2nd June 1753. Brown. of the " New Light " party. a very noble character. church door to prevent his settlement. He was the only man 1 ever saw who was a greater fool than myself where woman was th(^ presiding star . near Shanter farm. Hugh Brown. his admission was strongly opposed by the parishioners. the poor fellow.332 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. a little before I was acquaiutetl with him. in his eighty-first year. The patron dying just as lie was ready to launch out into the world. went to sea. I had pride before. After informing his correspondent of the unfortunate issue of his attempt to establish himself as — a flaxdresser at Irvine.

[Charlotte Hamilton] these strangers were you will readily understand. and that an endearing circumstance ? " The Bard then invokes the Divine blessing on his friend. on my repeating some verses to you. with characteristical dignity. that you wondered I could resist the temptation of sending verses of such merit to a magazine. informed me. presented in these words : By Dr. his wife. he. the Poet was To Brown he afterwards addressed letters at and of these seven have been included in his correspondence. 13th December 1787. Bruce of Clackmannan. on my observing that 1 believed she was descended from the family of Robert Bruce. the lineal descendant of that race which gave the Scottish throne its brightest ornament. Brown. which encouraged me to endeavour at the character of a poet. of which I have had a pretty decent share. A. of Glendevon. or to whom my : In a writes. Awa Uncos. — letter to " You are is Mr. I have been much indebted since that time to your story and sentiments for steeling my mind against evils. which he had just been visiting]. Adair. interested his feelings more powerfully [than the sight of the romantic scenery This venerable dame. of course. dated Ellisland. Dr. the Poet the earliest friend I now have on earth. remarking that she had a better right to confer that You will. with which she conferreil on Burns and myself the honour of knighthood. jSEy Will-o'-wisp fate you know do you recollect a Sunday we spent together in Eglinton Woods ? You told me. my brothers riot excepted. In his first letter. Catherine Bruce. She was in possevssion of the hero's she preserved her hospitality and urbanity. her first toast after dinner. 4th November 1789. political tenets were as Jacobitical as the Poet's. that Kobert Bruce was sprung from her family. conclude that the old lady's title than some jteople.APPENDIX L At in his twenty-third year. . During the Poet's visit to Harvieston in the Mrs." Who Mrs. dated at Edinburgh. or Hooi UnfoSy a sound used by shepherds to direct their dogs to drive away the sheep. corrects me by saying it should be Hooi. I have met with few things in life which have given me more pleasure than Fortune's kindness to you since those days in which we met in the vale of misery — more truly deserved knew a man who heart more truly Avished it. thus : My Dear Sir. as I can honestly say that I never it. in company with his fellow-traveller. visited Mrs. Though almost deprived of speech by a paralytic affection. and children. is — Bruce of Clackmannan. A . " Away with the Strangers. he commences intervals. autumn of 1787. It was from this remark I derived that idea of my own pieces. or. Adair an account of the visit visit to Mrs. a lady above ninety. a conformity which contributed She gave as not a little to the cordiality of our reception and entertainment. 333 the time he became acquainted with Eichard Brown. helmet and two-handed sword.

of Clackmannan. Esq. in bestowing upon him the lands of Clackmannan. seasoned with kin» less and care. besides giving plent' ully to her indigent neiglibours. nor any of those modish innovations which ktraiten other people. of OchtertjTC. also to ^J^qhseold-ic inquiries. and Scotsmen. Edinburgh. from the MSS. whom David II. ELEVE>frn Eat Z of Buchan. lier house. and early in life became the wife of Henry liruce.106. noblemr i was born on the 1st Juno 1742.'heresTie d'led an eminence at the west end of on the 4th November 1791.. uses these words " Your Lordship touches the darling chord of my heart. Her lineage has been traced to Sir Robert Bruce. Lord Buchan erected at Scottish scenes. is By John Bamsay of Ochtertyre thus described : With a very moderate incoi. and succeeded title \i — the ia 1767. jT she has. but. in a letter dated the 3rd February. When on the borders of foursc« \b she used to rise at six in the morning to see that everything was in order. is now exhibited in the Poet's monument at Edinburgh. when the Poet visited her. and soon afterNovember 1786. but adiie/ed strictly to the maxims and economics that prevailed in her younger days land in her house there is no waste. eccentrio David.334 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. which she believed to have belongti^r) o' — King Bobert. of the family of Newton.. . for many years— both in her seen a great deal of gootl company in husband's time and in lier widoMyood Her i)lain. vol. Esq. Mrs. 7. This energetic and patriotic. Mrs. She never changed her fashions. of John Eamsay. dated 1st February 1787. Bruce." Sociel^ of Antiquaries. Henry Bruce of Clackmannan describes in the charter as his cousin. to the Earl of Elgin. was she in the fifteenth year of her widc'|hood. Shortly after Burns's : 1 Scotland ii. She bequeathed the sword and helmet. chief of the family. Bruce was daughter of Alexander Uruce. without having any show.. p. 1888. In acknowledging his Lordship's communication. withal. are more pleasing to a sentimental guest than the studied refinerlenta of tlie vain and luxurious. Devoted to literary and artistic pursuits. ylie in 1780 became the founder of the arrival in Scottish Edinburgh in Lord Buchan formed his acquaintance. Mr. died on the 8th July 1772. wards communicated to him a letter of counsel. at the age of ninety-five. so that Mrs. ' Subsequent to her husband's death. when you advise me to fire my muse at Scottish story and During the summer of 1791. ^ — . situa ted on the town of Clackmannan. Burns. Bruce continued to reside in the old tower of the family. liearty meals. His letter.

author of " The The bust he proposed to on the 11th September. in reference to Miss Burnet. Lord Buchan was considerably gifted.APPENDIX Ednam. and to prepare for the occasion a suitable ode. on the bank of the Tweed near Dryburgh. he at the same time crowned a bust of Burns at its base. Chalmers to superintend the enclosed to him. dated 27th December 1786. whimbeginning " Wi' braw new branks in mickle pride. Burns excused himself for not attendincr." Miss Elizabeth Burnet died of a In transmitting to William pulmonary ailment on the I7th June 1790. he charged Mr." the Poet remarks. the Poet commences: "My Dear " of all men living. In a mandate." by the Poet celebrated as " Fair Burnet." Burnet. the Earl unveiled his colossal statue of Wallace. is William Chalmers. Burns complied by composing the song. 335 Seasons. burning of a song he In a letter to Mr. " When. a monument crown with laurel to I." which included a bust of that poet. on account of his beinjr enf'aged with his harvest. Elizabeth Burnet. near Kelso. but sent to his Lordship his " Address to the since been included in his works." which has to Lord Buchan in Bruce's Address at Bannockburn. on the 15 th October 1814. Friend. " There has not been anything nearly like her in all the combinations of beauty. " Life ne'er exulted in so rich a prize. is —A writer and notary-public in Ayr. Vain and self-opinionative. He died on the 20th April 1829. The Poet transmitted January 1794 a copy of his ode. Shade of Thomson. and dated the 20th November 1786. James Thomson. Lord Monboddo. expressing on the occasion twelve lines of verse he had composed in honour of the Poet's memory. grace. and was much esteemed for his amiable qualities. and he invited the Ayrshire Bard to give attendance. at a public ceremonial to be held the anniversary of Thomson's birth. and on this occasion asked the Poet to recommend him in verse to a young lady to whom he was attached." and protests that. and goodness tlie great Creator has formed since Milton's Eve on the first day of her existence. Chalmers executed the notarial intimation of the assignation of his property in favour of his brother Gilbert. Chalmers. the youngest daughter of James " Address to Edinburgh. Chalmers of Ayr his " Address to Edinburgh." sically drawn in the form of a public writ. and whom the Poet had met." described by the Poet as "a On the 24th June 1786 Mr." — This gentlewoman. as being unsuited for public inspection." he had intended to have ." in his and is also the subject of his elegy commencing. this gentleman particular friend.

about the year 1790. " two stanzas entitled. the 16th December 1789. Miller at Dalswinton." Mr." ." he enclosed for him two of his recent poems. She had married William Haggerston Constable of Everiugham. Stephen Clahke. entitled "Two Sonatas for the Pianolorto or Harpsi- which are introduced favourite Scotch Airs." A song in Nithsdale's Welcome Hame. him "an entertaining letter. connexion he became known to the Poet. about the same time." And with his letter he enclosed a copy of the verses which he had inscribed two years previously to William Tytler of Woodhouselee. Edinburgh. William. rescued — had returned from the Tower. In April 1791 he transmitted to Lady Winifred his " Lament of Mary Queen special gratification his song entitled. In a letter to Lady Winifred. in dedicated to Mrs. dated 6th February 1705. In his offices he was succeeded by his son. Clarke was employed by In this Johnson in arranging the airs for the Scots Mimcal MitMum. Erskine.daughter and representative of that Earl of Kithsdale who. Her ladyship to Scotland after a lengthened absence. Clarke published. : 1797. who also rendered service to Johnson in harmonizing the airs for the concluding volume of the Muscuin. through the fortitude and ingenuity of his wife." Lady Winifred was grand . In a letter to Mr. also by Mr. Lady Winifred Maxwell Constable. and the orgaiii>L ol tlie Episcopal chapel in the Cowgate. warmly interested himself in his professional advancement. George Thomson. This gentlewoman seems to have become known to the Poet through the family of Mr. M'Murdo at Drumlanrig. At Terregles House the Poet became an occasional visitor. while under sentence of death. Clarke died at Edinburgli on tlie 6th August chord. of Mar. and in the same year composed for her Ye Jacobites by Name. and was rebuilding Terregles House. was. beginning. dated at Ellisland. who. At the Poet's recommendation be was some time employed as a musical instructor by Mr." The work was Mr. the Poet remarks that her ladyship's progenitors and his own had been " common sufferers in a cause where even to be unfortunate is glorious. in I7l6. —A teacher ol innsic. Mr." he. Miller of IJalswinton. a small work. impressed with his abilities as a musician. the Poet " I am confident that Clarke is equal in Scottish song to take writes up the pen after Pleyel. junior. the seat of her ancestors. the cause of heroic loyalty. " lievered defender of the beauteous Stuart.336 sent THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. " composed in her ladyship's honour. of Scots.

Dempster died at his residence at Dunnichen.APPENDIX L 3:37 William Cunninghame of Annbank and Enterkin. This gentleman 13 the subject of the stanzas by the Poet celebrating the " Fete Chanipetre " or open-air festival. 2 u vol. daughter of Major Alexander Stewart of Afton. in 1788. suddenly deserted her. William Allason Cunninghame p. — By the Poet in his " Epistle to A title Dempster is thus was born in 1735. 64) is presented a letter addressed by Miss Davies to the Poet. but. " The charms of lovely Davies. and the Poet formed her acquaintance when he was resident at Ellisland. after making to her a promise of marriage. Dempster . Miss Davies was of short stature. of Logan and Afton (Library edition of Burns's Works. George Dempster. and in 1762 was elected member of Parliament for the From the independence with which Fife and Forfar district of burghs. one beginning. Mr. II. secured her affection. and after her death some striking and pathetic verses she had composed." Miss Davies was a relative of the Iiiddel family. in which she begs that he will supply her with a copy of his song." the other entitled. which he gave. are included in the Bard's correspondence. " Bonnie wee thing. In lionour of this lady Burns composed two songs. and in the Library edition of his works (vol. he asserted his opinions. Miss Deborah D. 18th June 17U4. he was popularly known as " Honest George. on attaining his majority and entering into possession of his — grandfather's estates. by composing verses in her praise. on the 14th March 1793. on the 13th February 1818. undated. p. Forfarshire." Mr." in his — own handwriting. Cunninghame married. who received his information from her nephew. and other attentions. Catherine. were found wrapped round the miniature of her ungrateful lover. According to Allan Cunningham. but of exquisite form and beauty. Dempster merits it." 1790. 164). ii. vi. and of the union was horn an only son. To her cruel wrong Miss Davies succumbed. Mr. he thereafter devoted his energies Ptetiring from Parliament in towards the promotion of manufactures and the advancement of agriculture. and possessed more than an ordinary share of mental endowments. cannie wee thing." also an epigram beginning. Two letters addressed by the Poet to Miss Davies. celebrated. " Ask why God made the gem so small. but supposed to have been written in August 1791. " The charms of lovely Davies. " James Smith " Mr. A Captain Delany. Davies.

Henry Erskine. thirty. and in 1782 he was appointed governor of Edinburgh Castle. He was elected M. certainlj' deserves my very grateful ackuowlodgbut your patron*.338 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. " Paisley " of another of the Poet's compositions. Burns was. In his " Extempore in the Court — . Scott Douglas (Library edition facetiously i. . year of liis ministry. by Mr. Di?.tge is a bounty peculiarly suited to my feelings. the Earl was known as General Montgomerie." He was ordained minister of Dundonald in 1783. in tlie The Eev. called by the Poet " Johnie Pigeon. I trust I shall ever have as much honest pride as to detest. and afterwards became his correspondent. of a Bachelors' Club which met at the Whitefoord Arms." described by the Poet as " Duncan deep. minister of Dundonald. By this nobleman the sum was sent to the Poet shortly after his arrival in Edinburgh. for Ayrshire. p. In 1776 his lordship was chosen one of the sixteen Scottish representative Peers. appointed lieutenant. He died on the 30th October 1796. Erskine took a deep interest in his concerns. eleventh Earl of Eglixton. He was author of a sermon on Archibald.colonel commandant. John that he was the In 1785 the Poet was a implying that he hailed from that town. member Eobert Duncan.P. He raised the 77th Regiment of Foot. Your munificence. held on the 7th December 1786. . of which he was. At a meeting of the Canongate Kilwinning Lodge of Freemasons. in 1769. The Hon. Selfish ingratitude I hope I am incapable of and mercenary servility. of Burns's Works. I am not master enough of the etiquette of life to know whether there be not some impropriety in troubling your lordship with my thanks. Before succeeding in to the title. 163) supposed by Mr. Dalrymple of Orangefield. but my heart wliispered me to do it.second infidelity. John Dove. January 1757. The Poet acknowledged the gift in a letter which he addressed to his of ten pounds — lordship on the 11th January 1787." was It is landlord of the Whitefoord Arms Inn in the Cowgate of Mauchline. From the emotions of my inmost soul I do it. is. introduced to Henry Erskine as the Past-Master. in " The Twa Herds. From this time Mr. In this letter he writes: ments my lord. and died on the 14th April 1815.

eyes." with the verses commencing. tenth Earl of Buchan. in the Tarbolton. 0. song was composed in 1783. 339 pleading in Session " : he liumorously refers to Mr. along with the ingenious Mr. to whom the Poet enclosed his Elegy on Sir James Hunter Blair. Jane Ferrier. subsequently Castle and. Mrs. she. General Samuel Graham. in deputy-governor of Stirling 1804. Edward Blore. Erskine's these lines Collected Harry stood awee. Graham died at Edinburgh in 1846 her remains rest in " . being engraved. man. which. Cuthbert's Churchyard. when the Poet formed her acquaintance in 1787. Half-waukened wi' the din. " Nae heathen name shall I prefix. : Or torrents ovvre a Hn. a skilful lawyer. better known by her maiden name of . And ey'd the gathering storm. . His lordship sat wi' ruefu' e'e. Flint. and was. Writer to the Signet. the accomplished novelist. Miss Ferrier was born in 1767. Second son of Henry David. Erskine was born on the 1st November 1746. Then open'd out his arm. Mr. He died on the 8th October 1817. Admitted advocate in 1768. — St. She married. he was elected Dean of Faculty in 1786. 22nd January 1789. A noted humorist. were published in 1817 in a volume entitled Lacunar Strivilinense. In a letter dated Ellisland. " My The Nannie." was eldest daughter of James Ferrier. — Mrs. celebrated as a beauty. Erskine was also distinguished as a powerful pleader. farmer baptized on at Doura. she the heroine of the Poet's song entitled. Erskine several of his recent compositions. the Poet enclosed to Mr. being an accomplished artist. and again in 1806-7.APPENDIX of I. He held office as Lord Advocate in 1783. Behind yon hills where Lugar flows. and sister of Miss Susan Edmonstone Ferrier. with an expression of his gratitude for the kindness he had received from him. made drawings of the oak carvings in Stirling Palace. Agnes Fleming. Mr. and a generous friend." and beginning. This gentlewoman. man Like wind-driv'n hail it did assail. man ." Christian Flint. parish of —Daughter is of John Fleming. Agnes Fleming was " the 19th March 1765 (parish register). man The Bench sae wise lift up their .

from the University of Aberdeen. Kirkpatrick. In tmnsmitting to ^^is. that he might hear When. and educated for ministry of the Catholic priest at Eomish Church. and your tlieatrical would insure ailmiration to the plainest figure. This lady was one of Mr. and was enabled to engage in various literary concerns. in the winter of 1786-87. I have been more indebted than ever I was in prouder theatres. and the Poet. in course of her singing. he met Burns in the house of Lord Monboddo. the first. entitled " The provided three compositions for her use. at Auchinalrig in Associating on familiar terms with the . — Son *tas of a crofter in the parish of Eathven. he found any word harsh or recent songs. he was.se compositions. which Miss Fontenelle spoke at her benefit December 179. IIev.s Fontenelle the first : of the. He procured as subscribers for the Poet's Edinburgh edition the names of five foreign burgh. LLD. he received a pension from that nobleman. Eobert Cliarabers. Mrs.S. and at once became interested on his behalf. where. beginning. Alexander Geddes the born in 1737.D. In 1764 he olficiated as Iloraan Dundee. when lived at Flint died in 1836. Your charms as a talents insure applause to the most indifferent actress. " the third. madam. in his . Sutherland's con. M'Lehose. he substituted one more nielodious and pleasing. for ontertainmeut madam." Miss Fontenelle expressed on her benefit night. Rights of Woman. Mrs. Alexander Geddes. the Poet writes To you. performances she attracted the admiration of the Poet. is not the unmeaning or insidious compliment of the frivolous or interested I pay it from the same honest impulse that the sublime of Nature excites my admiration or . to London. suspended by his diocesan at the same time he received the In 1780 he proceeded degree of LL. 2Gth November 1792 the second is an epigram. who Of these. woman woukl her beauties give me delight. This. Geddes at Edinmuch struck by his powerful conversation." and by Dumfries theatre. on the 4t]i an address. in 1779. and after some time acting as tutor in the family resumed the clerical duties of the Earl of Traquair. the Poet. Protestant clergy.pany in She is described as a " pretty little creature. was wife of a mason in the parish lie of Closebuni. Banffshire. her sing his was in the habit of paying Kii-stie a visit. — feature . grating to his ear. who met Dr. Kllisland. ou our humble Dumfries boards. "Sweet naivet<i of her skilful . obtaining the favour of Lord Petre.340 Kirstie THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Miss Fontenelle. he Banffshire. According to Dr. During a visit to Edinburgh. at the age of seventy-one. was Eomish seminaries.

written reports the event of his of marriage. Ultimately he became and entered upon business at notable in connexion with his religious opinions. Diinlop. " O Gowdie. intimating at the end of the volume his intention the Poet's . of the 4tli I." He died at London on the 26th February 1802. while by members of other denominacriticized. Geddes. Son of the miller at Cruigmill. Excise . Dr. Conchisive history. three octavo volumes.icquired by the Duke of Hamilton and deposited in Hamilton Palace. " There was a wee bit wifikie. own Church. in two large quarto volumes. opinions. from EUisland. he in his fourteenth year prepared a miniature mill. on the Water of Cessnock. Though of eccentric modes and unsound Geddes was much esteemed as an accomplished scholar. architecture. inviting be in the neighbourhood of Mauchline." he fell into nmch disrepute. 341 November 1787. John Goldie. Geddes published in Vicars Apostolic of his tions he was controversial. warmly commends him. Evidence against Atheism. proceeded the popular songs. Goldie next entered into business at Kilmarnock as a wine merchant." a pastoral poem and from his peri severely . encouraged him He does not further appear in connexion with on a publication. Moral and Divine. capable of use. In 1808 he published a work entitled. a translation of the Bible. Mr. in the parish of Galston. Not being sent to school. terror of the Whigs.APPENDIX letter to Mrs. he In a officer letter to Dr. a In 1780 he published. he waited on the Poet him to visit him at Kilmarnock. He afterwards studied Kilmarnock as a cabinetmaker. his mother. in which he denied His work was accordingly prohibited by the the plenary inspiration. which other doctrine of orthodox belief. In this work he set forth the existence of God. friendship. Chancing to venture to at Mossgiel. became popularly known as " Goudie's Bible. he was at home educated by of figuring. heiny an attempt to distinguish True from False Religion. but repudiated almost every Consequent on his publication. accompanied with comments. Among many other works. Ensays on various important Subjects. while Possessing a remarkable mechanical he personally acquired the art skill. 3rd February 1789. occupying his leisure in mathematical and astronomical studies." and " send Lewie Gordon hame. Dr. celebrated by the Poet in his epistle beginning. At this period he fashioned a beautiful clock-case. in work entitled. and that he had become a farmer and he also entreats a continuation of his correspondent's 1792-97. chiefly he published " Linton." was a person of considerable ingenuity and merit. he was there born in 1717. which was . and.

was brought forward General Stewart. — under the influence of his uncle. If I liave in any shape oifended." and makes promise of settling with him soon. Thomas Gordon of Balmaghie." He then promised that on the friend's offer of hospitality. or from inadvertency hurt the delicacy of your feelings. Revise. dear sir. Goldie engaged in mining speculations. without dale.342 to produce a THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. first leisure evening he would avail himself of his By the death of Parliamentary representation of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright became vacant in January 1795. CAriAiN John Hamiltox. Latterly Mr. in which the writer uses these words you first came here I courted your acquaintance . Mr. On the Whig side appeared Mr. The Tory candidate. a sum he could ill afford. I wished to see asked you to call in and take a family dinner now and then. and I will endeavour If you are disposed to renew our acquaintance. tell me so. or a A — This gentleman was owner of the house occupied by the Poet during the first eighteen months of his residence in In a letter to Captain Hamilton. " not from his taking offence. but ascribed to Dumfries. explaining that he had been from home. Hately Waddell in 1879). the Poet remarks that he is " the only person in Dumfries. and assuring his friend that his " backwardness " had arisen. but this publication was not forthcoming. the assisted Patrick Heron of Heron and KEiiROUGHXREE. indebtedness to the fact of his having " lent his name to a friend who had become unfortunate." instalment of three guineas in To the Captain he made payment of an January 1795. When I To this polite communication Burns replied on Saturday. and was also by the Earl of Galloway. glad to see you to a family dinner. and thereby impaired his resource?. work in three the Present History of He died in 1811. July 1794 (printed by Dr. I will be to set it to rights." but " from the abashing consciousness of his obscure station in the ranks of life. when it For more than twelve months you have never entered suited your convenience. Murray of Broughton." and to his " having to pay out of his very limited income. and during the two following months a contest for the election caused much local excitement. when lie received an acknow: ledgment. you . Mr. to whom he is in He ascribed his debt. volumes to be en'itled. and at any rate hope you will believe me. your sincere friend. but seemed rather shy when we met This kept me from sending you any further particular invitation. 14th February. . at three o'clock on Sunday. Heron. Reform of Astronomy. my door. or in the world.

Subsequent to her death a collected volume of her writings was issued. James Humphry. Heron married. at La Mancha. accompanied by a memoir. James Renwick. called James. Heron's In 1802 Mr. which issued in Mr. and circulating printed copies of them among the constituency. He died at favour. merchant." Jean Jaifray was the only daughter of the Rev. hence the Poet's description of him as "a bletherin' bitch. Heron was again returned member for the Stewartry. on the 29th May 1773. She died in October 1850. James Humphry was employed both at Lochlea and Mossgiel. with an affectation of learning beyond what he actually possessed. eighth Earl of Dundonald. The child so baptized is supposed to be the subject of the Poet's epitaph beginning. " I gaed a waefu' gate yestreen.^ Renwick. and his knowledge of books and facility of utterance early recommended him to the Poet's attention. but in the following year the Parliament was dissolved. Lady Eh'zabeth Cochrane. hut on the 10th Grantham on the 9th June 1803. at the age of eighty-nine. Andrew Jaffray.D. who afterwards There Mrs." By trade a stonemason. He many years. She was born in the manse of Ruthwell. William Humphry had a son baptized on the 27th November 1755. INIr. When in 1789 Ruthwell Parish Register. Heron was elected. LL. Her son. May 1803 his name was erased by order of the House. and was the author of many 1 scientific publications. . Burns produced a ballad.. Liverpool. Though in very feeble health. 343 and the Poet warmly supported his candidature by composing two ballads on his behalf. 18th December 1775. Humphry rejoiced in being the subject of the Poet's Jean Jaffray. Mr.'* After industriously exercising his calling for — age found a for home at Failford. he in his advanced one of the almshouses there constructed died in 1844. but lie did not survive to learn the result of the election. successively minister of the parishes of Ruthwell and Lochmaben. daughter of Thomas. settled in In 1794 she married New York. Heron's opponents. According to the parish register of Tarbolton. bitterly assailing Mr. which brought on a new contest. " Below thir stanes lie Jamie's banes. Muse. But Humphry began to engage in polemical discussions. in the aged destitute. became Professor of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry in Columbia College. —The heroine of Burns's exquisite song beginning. Ren wick's society was much cherished by Washington Irving and other literary persons.APPENDIX I.

lord's Hovse. The sisters occupied a fair social status they enjoyed younger an unblemished fame. was a warm friend of the Poet.344 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. liis Burns composed sixteenth year. that's all touching ballad His bonnet stood auce fu' fair on his brow. daughters of Alexander Kennedy in Crossraguel." known Helen Kikkpatkick. inn was usually as " the Leddies' House. . Mr. were we young as we ance hae been." afterwards contributed the song to the Scots Miisical Museum. once I lov'd a bonnie lass. —The "Kirkton Jean" of "Tani o' Shauter. Noticing the circumstance. In connexion with the Poet. nay. And linking it owre the lily-white lea . Helen field —Daughter of a blacksmith in the vicinity of Mount Kirkpatrick attracted the Poet's fancy in the harvest- in the " Handsome Bums of 1773. Nay. she was in her Jean Kennedy. being the 4th June). — Riding into Dumfries to attend a county ball in the summer of 1794 (apparently on the King's birthday. sud hae been galloping down on yon green. proposed that he should cross the street. This gentleman. and were usually described as " the Leddies. he saw Burns walking alone on the shady side of the High Street. M'Culloch dismounted from his horse. addressing the " Poet. but not one of whom seemed disposed to recognise him. song in liononr of Miss Jaffray. while. and." David M'Culloch of Audwell. where she was born in In the management of the hostelry she was assisted by her Anne. passing along to share the festivities of the night. has described it as " the. And casts himsel' dowie upon the com-bing. And werena my heart light I wad dee I ! We . whose estate lay near Gatehouse in Kirkcudbrightshire. " Oh. while fashionable groups of ladies and gentlemen were on the opposite side." replied the Bard. G. and became the subject of his song entitled and commencing. Lockhart. an affecting anecdote was related by him to Mr. Oliphant. autumn Nell. His auld ane looked better than mony ane's new But now he lets wear ony gate it will hing." Their August 1738. he quoted these two verses of Lady Grizel Baillie's friend. to suit the exigencies of verse. Oh." Jean Kennedy Jean was one of the two kept a small inn at the Kirk-town of Kirkoswald. sister. J. my young : after a slight pause." but the Poet. over now.

denounced the composition as heretical. while with the other he was endeavouring to plunge a dagger into her heart. This reverend gentleman was educated at the University of Glasgow. the son of a physician at Edinburgh. died on the 30th March 1807. But the writer remained silent till his neighbour. which were unanimously accepted by the court. and led the Poet. oi The Mirror . The subject excited much general interest. William M'Gill. Henry Mackenzie was —A distinguished novelist and miscellaneous writer. Dr. M'Gill. or about two weeks after this occurrence. and then the Doctrine of His Death. With his name he issued in 1773 The Man of the World. In 1771 he published anonymously The Man of Feeling. 345 the 21st of June. William Peebles of Newton-upon-Ayr. the Poet. II. M'Gill published a defence. offered to the Provincial Synod certain Dr. I.APPENDIX On in a short letter. and. Dr. Of mild and agreeable manners and an equable temper. Eev. fiiends . D. and was there he became Crown. intimated to Mr. Heron's residence at Kerroughtree. Dr. was in the following year appointed assistant to the In October 1761 he was ordained minister of the second charge of Ayr.D. in two parts . he also excelled as a humorist. was connnenced in 2 X VOL. and desired the favour of his accompanying him and Mr. and consequently called forth severe censures. The Lounger. which at once became popular. and in May 1789 an inquiry into the case by the local Presbytery was ordered by the General Assembly. and charged the author as with one hand receiving the privileges of the Church. he personally contributed fortytwo. another serial under his editorship. Henry Mackenzie. born in August 1745. Devoting himself to legal pursuits. in a sermon preached on the 5th November 1788. being licensed to preach by the Presbytery — 1759. Inglis. attorney for the In which he followed in 1777 by his tragic tale o^ Julia de Rouhign^." After various proceedings. containing first the History. on the 14th April 1790. in his seventy-sixth year. he was much beloved by his of in Wigtown minister of Kilwinning. partner and afterwards successor of Mr. to compose his satire of " The Kirk's Alarm. M'Gill's essay was supposed to inculcate Arian and Socinian doctrines. M'Culloch that he was about to visit his neighbourliood. M'Gill explanations. in the interest of the accused. and of the one hundred and January 1779 he became editor ten papers to which this serial extended. . In 1786 he published a work entitled A Practical Essay on the Death of Jesus Christ. Syme to Mr. Dr.

William Fraser in his Chiefs of Grant. eighty-six. and is very well settled in Brown Square. Mr. clever. of whom you have heard a good deal. You will find Burns not less uncommon in conversation than in his poetry. has a very feeling remembrance of him. with remarkable acuteness and indejwndence of miml. He died on the 14th January 1831. . In his letter addressed to his bi-other Gilbert. . Mackenzie a letter of introduction to his brother-in-law. Penie still holds out. a Tenuel Grant. which came some time ago in the English stage coach. with whom I have not the honor of being acquainted but Louis. from Edinburgh. She was daughter of Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant." let him not forget. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. he composed In The Lounger. as in the case of Lord Monboddo. of Castle Grant. on the whole. Scotland. at the advanced age of ' Mr. We hope you have by this time finislied your journey successfully and found all well at home. My Dear Sir James. commendatory article on lUirns's Kilmarnock volume. intelligent. I^uis will show him the lions of Castle Grant . an<l observant. to show him the large Gun. — — "^ Our love to all. on the 9th December 1786. which most his pen a materially tended to the Poet's recognition by the savants of the capital. Bart. Bums. met with amazing patronage and encouragement. He married her on 6th January 1776. Mackenzie's son.. Towards the Poet he extended much personal attention. 17th September 1787. appeared from fifty-seven. tho' he has. Nicol. whither we removed immediately after dinner on the day you set out. —Yours most affectionately. died in 1801. and was omitted to be sent by M'Laren. presume Miss Eliza. Burns is accompanied in his Northern Tour by Mr. 24M August 1787. him known to his literary and other friends. When the Poet proceeded on his Highland tour in company with Mr. the last indeed to a degree that sometimes prejudices people against him. the Poet refers to his visit to Sir James Grant at Castle Grant he also notices the event in his Journal. and with whom Louis ^ was He is also charged with a box directed for Miss Grant.346 1785 . Nicol in 1787. 2 Henry Mackenzie's wife. youth of great promise. and sister of Sir James. It proceeds thus : Edinburgh. Burns. By favour of Mr. Mr. This will be delivered by the Lard of Airshire. Sir James This letter has lately been printed by Sir Grant. and of the hundred and one papers which it includes. I acquainted here. I presume. In 1804 Henry Mackenzie was appointed Comptroller of Taxes for . and as he is an enthusiast about the " fortia facta patrum. especially in makinj. Henry Mackenzie. he received from Mr. It consists of such light materials as Poets sometimes present ladies with.

" Eev. Subsequently the Poet. She died on the 3rd September 1780. printed singly. James Mackinlay. M'Quhae was also distinguished for his business aptitude and intelligent conversation. and humorously in " The Twa Herds. With the M'Leod became acquainted on the introduction of Mr. " family he Flora. A The Holy Fair " this gentleman is probationer when. Flora. presented to the parish of Kilmaurs. but declined the office. He died on the 1st March 1823. in Mr. Alexander Miller. Gavin Hamilton. becoming a licentiate of tlie Churcli in 1782. —In " he was. Quivox in 1764.D. Burns composed his poem entitled " The Old Light views. no Just Argument against it. and died in 1876. Eev. He died on the 10th February 1841. became Countess of Loudoun in her sixth year. Colonel James Mure-Campbell of Eowallan. and. Mackinlay was born at Douglas in 1756. elder sister of Isabella. In 1785 he published a discourse entitled The to Difficulties — which attend the Practice of Religion. Dr. In 1809 he was translated to the first charge. in the sixtieth year of his ministry." composed on of her brother John. Mackinlay cherished — addressed the death his verses beginning. Much celebrated as a sound expositor of Divine truth. 347 — On the admission of Mr. Isabella M'Leod of Eaasay. he was ordained minister at St. who. Mackinlay to the second charge of Kihnarnock. To this gentlewoman the Poet Sad thy tale. This reverend gentleman is referred Born at Wigtown in 1737. in 1782. He died on the 22ud December . in allusion to Miss M'Leod's grief at the loss of relatives. keenly satirized. who died in July 1787. in 1786. Mr. on the death of her father in 1786. but his settlement was keenly opposed by the parishioners." educated at the University of Glasgow. Dr. soon after giving birth to an only child.APPENDIX Eev. was presented by the Earl of Glencairn to the second charge of Kilmarnock. married. an 1779. William M'Quhae. " Eaving winds around her blowing. and to gratify those of the opposite school the Poet wrote.D. Burns reflected upon him. D. succeeded to the Earldom of Loudoun. in the fifty-fifth year of his ministry. thou idle page. Mackinlay was author of several discourses. Ordination. Glasgow. composed his song beginning. His son James was minister of Well park Church. his ordination taking place on the 6th April 1786." I. D. who. in 1788. In 1806 he was proposed as Moderator of the General Assembly.

he is mentioned by Burns iu " The Ordination. . . and merry was she. Mitchell his request for a small loan in his verses beginning. with the title of Lord Methven. 328. According to Burns. This reverend gentleman was promoted from the Gorbals Chapel of Ease to the High Church of Kilmarnock in 1764. and there ministered till 1773. latterly a Judge in the Court of Session. tried and leal. An earnest preacher of the evangelical or Old Light school. 14th February 1799." Eev. —Mr. liave latterly been included in his prose works (Library edition of Burns's During his illness. Predecessor of the Rev. 384). in 1787. composed his song with the chorus " Blythe. when he was translated to the parish of — Dunbarton. EUPHEMIA MuRR. in In his parochial charge he was succeeded by his eldest son." of Ochtertyre. at the age of eighty-four. Mitchell on poetical concerns. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. " Friend of the Poet.348 1804. James Oliphant. he in his personal aspects somewhat severe facetiously refers. V." — Rev. Mutrie held office as minister of the second charge of Kilmarnock from 1775 till his death. — was a peculiarity to which the Poet He died at Riccarton on the his seventy-second year. — In honour of this lady. Of the Xew Light school. Rev. Burns. and He had obtained a college Burns frequently consulted him Two short letters addressed by hira to Mr. education. Moodie is celebrated in "The Holy Fair" and "The Twa Herds. John Mitchell. Mr. was an attached friend of the Poet. he conWorks. He died on the 10th April 1818. Mitchell. Smythe was in youth celebrated as a beauty she was known as the " Flower of Strathmore. bl} the." Translated from the second charge of Culross. at the close of 1795. Dumfries. Alexander Moodie. James Mackinlay.w OF LiNTROSE." cousin of Sir William A Murray Miss Murray became the wife of David Smythe of Methven. on the 2nd June 1785. when she was about her eighteenth year. with a view to the ministry.>ccise at Dumfries. but was at heart of the opposite school. advocate. veyed to Mr. Mrs. John Mutrie. he professed evangelical doctrine. Collector of E. By the Poet Mr. he was admitted to the pastoral charge of Riccarton in — 1762.

Mrs." and in 1810 a volume consisting chiefly of odes and elegies. attracted by the younger sister. In 1803 he published a poem entitled "The Crisis or. is — the subject of a stanza in " The Ordination. which took place on the 11th October 1826. which took place on the 5th June 1799. This lady. D. Robertson. Mrs. of Hilton. of Aiichincruive. who then resided in Dumfries. but. and celebrated her charms. .. Mr. both of which obtained wide acceptance. as a tributary offering. Robertson ministered in that town from 1765 till his death. Mrs. Oliphant composed A Mother's Catechism. Minister of the first charge at Kilmarnock. The Progress of Revolutionary Principles. about the year 1793. The Poet. Elizabeth Scott.. Mrs. the elder sister. was niece of Mrs. — 253). experienced reverses. she accepted the hand of John Reid. to Eichard A. who cherished New Light opinions. his song beginning " wat ye wha's in yon town. " In Tarbolton. was married." originally composed in honour of Jean Lorimer. n4e Rutherford. was Their father. Esq. iii. in his twenty-second year. William Ronald." Mr. rejecting his addresses. The sisters are the subject of the Poet's song beginning. in the parish of Tarbolton. ye ken.D. and the Poet transferred to her. and so is described by the Poet in connexion with church at Kihnarnock as having " made her yell. farmer at Langlands. —Daughters William Ronald. — Rev. John Robertson. Mr. and Anne on the 26th June 1767 (Tarbolton Parish Register)." of Jean and Anne Ronald. Oswald was a celebrated beauty. William Peebles. Peebles by the Poet in " The Holy Fair " and " The Kirk's Alarm." He ministered at Newton-on-Ayr from 1778 till his death. Oswald. about the age of thirty (Library edition of Burns's Works. Esq. Lucy Oswald. He also issued a volume of sermons. and several single discourses. a daughter of Wynne Jolinston. Dr. there are proper young men.APPENDIX He his L 349 had a powerful voice. also A Sacramental Catechism. Cockbum." Gilbert Burns wooed Jean. is satirized . Jean Ronald was baptized on the 2nd October 1759. farmer at Bennals. Minister of Newton-on-Ayr. Oswald died of a pulmonary affection in January 1798. Key.

Professor of St. in the Journal of sense and just remark.'ood thing. Dr. he. D.D. Samuel Brown. Eev. In the same itinerary. In 1801 her collected poems were published by her relatives." under the 25th August 1787. and bold. and : reference to the occasion made in his Journal the following entry Mr. David Shaw. He died in his ninety-second year and the sixty-first of his ministry." In course of his Border in tour Burns paid a to Mr. William Sloan. " I mind visit it weel in early date. Divinity at there ministered Eev. Scott all the souse. the Poet subsequently alludes to Mrs. which took place on the 26 th April 1810. intrepidity of face. Scott's " conliis summate assurance of Highland tour. On the recommendation of his uncle. and Mrs. Wauchope House. Koxburghshire. authoress of the popular song beginning " I've seen the smiling of Fortune In Scott. D. Scott sent the Poet a long poetical epistle. the Poet in " Andrkw Shaw. her own abilities." William Sloan was son of Eobert Sloan in Douglaston. under John Davidson — that is. critical decision. he was ordained minister of Craigie in 1765. Sloan returned to — Kirkoswald.D. After being some time in the Poet's service. . David —Named by the Poet in " Shaw was minister of Coylton from 1749 till The Twa Herds. he was there born in December 1758. Andrew Shaw. The " Haverel Will" of Burns's poem of " Halloween. Scott died on the 19th February 1789. alludes to "her strong Mrs. and not imfreijuently stumbles on wliat may be called a strong thing." and wife of February 1787 Mrs. beguiling. parish of Kirkoswald. Scott at Wauchope. the Poet employed him as his gaudsman or plough-guide when he entered on the lease of Mossgiel. He was held in high esteem both as a preacher and an accomplished scholar. epistle beginning. This reverend gentleman is alluded to by The Twa Herds." Son of Mr. Scott exactly the figure and face commonly given to Sancho Panza very shrewd in his farming matters. Mrs. in which she made offer to send him " a marled plaid " in guerdon of her strong Her address was acknowledged by the Poet in an approval of his verses. in September 1805." his death.350 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. taste. which usually dis- tinguish female authors." while. and was there apprenticed to the shoemaking trade. and till his death. — Andrews. rather than a f.

George Smith. about three miles below Barskimming. and he was much struck with the Poet's genius. married." I. is situated on the banks According to of the river Ayr. Two letters of the Poet to Professor Stewart." Dr. Son of Dr. with its beautiful enclosures. he handed to them copies of some of his songs. 351 Sloan He finally settled in the village of Dahnellington. George Smith ministered in the parish of Galston from 1778 till his death. Mackenzie. received a copy of Burns's Kilmarnock volume. room. accompanied by Dr. Matthew Stewart. David Sillar. Smith rigidly adhered to the New also in " — Noticed by " The Holy Fair " and Light party. Rev. the Poet. Professor Dugald Si-ewart. in August 1786. contain strong expressions of appreciation and gratitude. to Stair House on a visit to the servant lasses (to one of whom. Alexander Stewart of Stair." The Kirk's Alarm. he received from the Professor much attention and hospitality. Katiierine Stewart of Stair. dated 3rd May 1788 and 20th January 1789. and on his death in 1775 was elected as his successor. Dr.APPENDIX " Souter Johnnie. but by no means and sagacity. D. she requested he should be shown into the drawingauthenticity . Dr. dined with him in his villa of Catrine. To his memory a monument has been erected on the of — Calton Hill. this eminent metaphysician was born on the 22nd November 1753. which took place on the 28th April 1823. In 1785 he exchanged the Mathematical Chair for that of Moral Philosophy in the same University. — that One of when he next these falling in the visited the house is way of Mrs. Sillar was attached). On the 23rd of October thereafter. This gentlewoman. At Edinburgh. was a person of simple manners. Stewart. Mackenzie. in course of the following winter. nh Katherine Mrs. Professor Stewart died at Edinburgh on the 11th June 1828. Eobert Chambers. In his nineteenth year he became assistant to his father in his professorial duties. This narrative of doubtful but about September . deficient in shrewdness the Poet in " The Twa Herds. surgeon at Mauchline.D. on the 1st February 1770. when Lord Daer was one of the party. Professor Mathematics in the University of Edinburgh. Through Dr. Professor Stewart. near Mauchline. Margaret Orr. Stair House. Gordon of Afton. when Burns in 1785 accompanied his friend.

Stewart gently. In his honour he composed the song. of Foot. Currie. Ardrossau. — . Eev. a Swiss soldier. in wliich he enclosed to her several of his imprinted songs." when the Poet composed his satire. she after1775. ministerial assistant at In 1787 he was ordained minister of Crown Court Chapel. burn." which he inscribed on a crystal tumbler. for Kirk- cudbrightshire from 1786 to He died on the I7th December 1794. vol.P. he composed in her honour the song. wards contracted an alliance with a person named Welsh. portion of the Enterkin estate. D. Dr. William Stewart. by whom she had three sons. including his recent lyric in The Poet's letter concommemoration of Miss "Wilhelmina Alexander. and her remains were deposited in the parish churchyard of Stair. The subject of Burns's poem. James Stuart Menteith. — then possessed This gentleman was factor on the estate of Closeby the Pev. Stewart. " Flow and. was colonel of the 2nd Regiment 1790. but condescend as sweetly as did Mrs." contributed 1796." Mrs. Stewart erected a new mansion on a named Afton She there died in January 1818. She died at Florence in 1847. and thereafter Mrs. " You're welcome. according to the Poet Mrs. sweet Afton. they would never stand so high. in 1794. William Cunningham of Enterkin.352 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Willie Stewart. p. which she Oh. Steven was. iii. Latterly she associated with one Fleitz.D. married. " The Calf. —In his song. " Johnson's Museum in William Stewart. Miss Stewart was born in She married her cousin. sold the estate of Stair. to Mary Stewart. Stewart of Stair. but 1 know a good deal of benevolence of temper and goodness of heart. the Poet celebrates the daughter of his friend. her eldest daughter. Surely did those in exalted stations know how hapj)y they could make some classes of their inferiors by condescension and affability. By is respectfully referred to in " The Brigs of Ayr. Stewart's husband. and was M. 16). cludes in these words : — the little One feature of your diameter I shall ever with grateful pleasure remember I am reception I got when I had the honor of waiting on you at Stair. acquainted with politeness. measuring out with every look the height of their elevation. The Poet frequently visited Mr. factor at Closeburn. 1786 the Poet is found addressing a letter to ^Irs. Stewart in his Excise rides. afterwards Major-General Stewart. now preserved at Abbotsford. Katherine. (Library edition of Burns's Works." Dr. The family Lodge. lovely Polly Stewart. James Steven.

and on the 4th May 1787. and other works. 1813. And Lay priests' hearts." the other commencing." — VOL. S. and in 1802 he became a He judge in the Court of Session. : Three lawyers' tongues turn'd inside Wi' lies seam'd like a beggar's clout out. houselee. expressing his high admiration. " No song nor dance I bring from yon great city. " Revered defender of the beauteous Stuart. in every neuk.APPENDIX I. Court of Session. William Tytler tlie Poet had become acquainted in course of his exertions for Jolinson's Museum. Warmly number appreciating Mr. of his recent compositions to his revision. Tytler as a the Poet in 1793 submitted a For several years Mr. Geokge Sutherland. and. vile. He died on the 5 th January William Tytler of Woodiiocselee. —For the use of this gentleman. Elements of General History. became one of the founders of the London Missionary Society. and when holding that office. Tytler held office as Depute Judge-Advocate. In 1803 he was achuitted as minister of Kilwinning. communicated with the Bard. having been trained to legal pursuits. who conducted two prologues. With Mr. energetic. he sent him. In 1780 he was appointed joint-Professor of Universal History. " What needs this din about the town o' Lon'on. II. published Decisions of the Memoirs of Lord Karnes. he also became concerned on his behalf and wlien the poem of " Tarn o' Shanter " appeared in Grose's Antiquities. In August of the same year he submitted to Mr. was admitted advocate in January 1770. stinking. black as muck. One of them the Poet adopted by excludii]g from the poem the following lines to Writer the Signet. Burns composed Alexander Fraser Tytler. He died on the 15th February 1824. critic. he. rotten. as is believed. on the interest which his father had evinced in the Poet's welfare. 353 London. Tytler some 2 Y . He was eminently and was much esteemed as an earnest expounder of Divine truth. this . with the title of Lord Woodhouselee. along with a copy of his silhouette portrait by JNEiers. — Eldest son of William Tytler of Wood- gentleman was born on the 15th October 1747. Consequent. both spoken in 1790. and offering certain suggestions. in a letter dated 12th March 1791. his Jacobitical verses beginning. the day before he left the city on his Border tour." the theatre at Dumfries. one beginning.

was born chiefly in in — relation to political affairs in Authoress of numerous works. In her later A writings she condemned the list Revolution. but was released on the fall of Kobespierre. Burns. ]\Ir." John Wilson was parish schoolmaster of Tarbolton. but his best-known work is his papers Inquiry. which Dr. and in 1785. at the age of warm approver of the French Revolution. Hornbook. An early admirer of the I'oet. while commending the composi- tion generally in Poet that gratifying. and ultimately . For a 2739. was imprisoned in the Temple of Paris. had sought to add to his emoluments by opening a small shop. to the Antiquarian Transactions. when Burns composed his poem. vol. in consequence of her advocacy of the Brissotins or Girondists. Tarbolton. Tytler was born on the 12 th October 1711." composed a sonnet in his honour. In her reply Miss Williams informed the much less portion of applause from him would have been Miss Williams died at Paris in December 1827. and was one of those wlio gave early encouragement to Mr. in which he sold grocery good? and drugs. According to Mr. George Thomson in An intelligent antiquary. into the Evidence against Mary Queen of Scots. Historical and Critical. Tytler was an enthusiast in his love of Scottish music and song. Having removed to Glasgow. His heav'n taught numljers Fame herself will guard. Lockliart. of Miss Williams's writings. The subject of the Poet's satirical poem. from the force of the satire. he contributed several forming his collection. and died on the 12th December 1792. see Allibone's Dictionary. and upheld the cause of the Bourbons. Helen Maria Williams. G. both in prose France. he there prospered as a teacher. written from Ellisland in July 1789. offered some criticisms In in reference to certain forms of expression. and verse.354 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Death and Dr. " a warm terms. iii. she. In acknowledging a presentation copy of the poem. Miss Williams London in 1762. on Mountain Daisy. " John Wilson." sixty-five. specimens of ballad poetry which he had gleaned in the western districts. both to close his shop — and abandon his school. J. p. Scotia ! 1788 Miss Williams published her poem on the slave trade. in a lengthened communication. reading Moore enclosed to him in his letter of the 23rd January 1787. she. The sonnet his " closes in these lines : from nule afflictions shield thy IJanl. Wilson was constrained. Mr.

For love to thee and to the Nine. part of Ford in the "Merry Wives of Windsor. when at . I." Second son of 1738. D. a generous public's kind acclaim. Edinburgh was renewed in 1866. pp. 355 clerk of the respectable appointment of session the parish of He died on the 13tli January 1839. player.APPENDIX obtained Gorbals.) . Woods was an intimate associate of the poet Fergusson. This reverend gentleman " The Twa Herds. ii." which was spoken by the Edinburgh he took the Woods was born in 1751. Dr. facetiously been the theme of one of Burns's most Eev. 59. Be my immortal Shakespeare thine. he was born in 1715. and ordained died on the l7th April 1793. —An eminent known : as the " Scottish Eoscius.D. William Woods. Patrick referred to by the Poet in Wodrow. his piety and learning. who in his " Last Will " has remembered him in these lines To Woods." his tombstone in the Old Calton burial-ground at and died in 1802 (Library edition of Burns's Works. 58. Warmly " cherishing Woods' society. Burns composed the prologue beginning. effective Wilson rejoiced in having poems." Mr. vol. player on When by Monday the 16th April 1787. whose genius can provoke The passions to the bowl or sock. he — is the eminent ecclesiastical historian of the minister of Tarbolton in Wodrow was distinguished for name.

The dreaded tyrant have beguiled To set thee free ? Unfriended. Thy manly sense.APPENDIX II UNPUBLISHED VERSES ON THE MEMORY OF BURNS. thy manners mild. 65. sweetest minstrel. and songs. 68. DR. An erudite and accomplished clergyman. Tims. And ^ crops the prize.' PouTENTOUS sigli'd the hollow blast That sorrow-freighted southward past I heard the sound. pp. Born in 1774. Misfortune o'er thy cradle hung And penury had Till death. He composed poems . Has closed the strain. BY THE REV. Nature's child. Ah. desolate. check 'd thy song. MINISTER OF RUTHWELL. and young. is And Burns dead. new red sandstone. and thereafter in the See supra. Could not thy native woodnotes wild. Till past some ruthless spoiler goes. midst the cold of winter's snows. and as the first observer of extinct animals in the same parish till in connexion with the Free Church his death in 1846. And charms the eyes. And sprightly glee. Dr. HENRY DUNCAN. he officiated as paiirsh minister of Ruthwell from 1799 to 1843. Duncan is chiefly known as the founder of Parish or Saving Banks. But check'd in vain with unrelenting wrong. Its The bright and naked snowdrop blows pure and native beauty glows. and stood aghast In solemn dread The mournful truth is told at last.

Thy honour'd name But shall never die. an awful train. if wild Fancy seize the rein. but hasten'd not To soothe thy fate. The hind To shall call his little train listen to Around the fire. Hope To happier realms soars above of endless spring And boundless love. Whilst genius shall with nature vie. tlie lot 357 Bard. II. In cold oblivion's shade to Like those unlionour'd and rot. And sprites and elves. Their orgies keep Or And warlocks o'er the frighted plain At midnight sweep.APPENDIX ]^ut not for thee. Whether to heaven's eternal King Thou strike the deep-resounding string. Whilst horror thrills through every vein. . Whilst pity from the melting eye Shall claim regard. Whilst. rising on devotion's wing. some thrilling strain Of thy loved lyre. Or whether lighter strains beguile The moments of relaxing toil. The unfeeling great Who knew tliy worth. Bidding on labour's front the smile Of pleasure sit. forgot. Immortal Bard oft as winter o'er the plain Shall pour at eve the beating rain. Whilst love to beauty pours the sigh. The roof re-echoing all the while To native wit.

the fairy band Aghast in mute attention stand Again thou wav'st thy magic wand Of power so rare. the charm of social hearts. And all the scene of Fancy plann'd air. as to be . too. Oh. as loud it swells. Whilst from the fierce encounter starts of truth. And. to age imparts The fire of youth. Or to his fair his rapture tells By His bosom. Dissolves in Where Thine. As works the spell. Or thaw'd or [A concluding undecipherable. wit its vivid lightning darts. as the thee inspired strain impels.358 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. And toil and want ? See on thy song. answering keen. The lordly thane delighted dwells. And hours of sorrow unallay'd. whose braes among Thy infant hands the wild harp strung. in silence laid. Shall flourish in thy deathless song With lasting fame And Ayr But shall henceforth roll along A classic stream.] stanza has so faded in the author's MS. what shall soothe thy pensive shade For youth and genius ill repaid With bounty scant. fired. The spark Old Coila first. thou. Bard.

preceded by the stalwart piper of the Marquis of Ailsa." and a cabinet once in possession of Kate Stein." and his wife Helen M'Taggart of " Souter Johnnie " and his wife and of Hugh Roger. which were exhibited some interesting articles which belonged to characters introduced in the Tam o' Shanter. Hornbook. . Shortly after ten o'clock a considerable company assembled in the village. together with the Souter's family Bible and family register.) On Friday." and the old schoolhouse attended The company then adjourned to the new schoolhouse. {Collected from the Local Journals.APPENDIX III RESTORATION OF THE POET'S ANCESTRAL TOMBSTONE AT KIRKOSWALD. . and the vault prepared for the Ailsa family the grave of Douglas Graham. tlie company marched into the village through a fine floral Here the auld kirk was visited. the witch in " Tam o' Shanter. 3rd August 1883. of " Souter was wont to . the restored tombstone erected to the memory of the maternal grandparents and great-grandparents of the Poet Burns at Kirkoswald was inaugurated by an interesting ceremony. the Poet's schoolmaster. the prototype of " Tarn o' Shanter." The arm-chair in which the newly covered for the occasion. who were privileged to sit on the ancient relic. the tongue of the bell from the old kirk at Tarbolton. and were conducted over the various places made interesting by the Poet. and. was sliown to the " Kirkton Jean's " visitors. and of " Souter Johnnie " (or rather. one of the Poet's earliest charmers. mentioned in " Death and Dr. . that of his prototype. the hostelry of " Kirkton Jean. John Davidson). At noon poem sit. Inaugural Ceremony. in by the Poet. arch into the auld kirkyard of the parish. pair of candlesticks were also exhibited. Among other places visited were the houses of Peggy Thomson." Shortly before twelve a procession was formed. 3rd August 1883.

. and in a measure his love of song. Their modern progenitors were adherents of the Covenant. Uray. Eogers. kill. the lake. ex-Bailie M'Kie. But few are aware that from his ancestors. a circle was formed round the grave. bear formidable daggers if by the dart of And pardon me . Dr. who for many generations were husbandmen in Carrick. Kilmarnock Rev. minister of the parish Kev. the dale. belonged the bards and seannachies. Rogers then spoke as follows The have met to unveil a restored tombstone in a rural churchyard. and to them. John Findlay. William Arbuckle. — while of all of tliem it may be said cool sequester'd vale of life noiseless tenor of their way. David Murray. . Burns's admirers are familiar with his lines My fatlier Upon was a farmer the Carrick bonier. as progenitors of one who at the plough sang so sweetly as to awaken the echoes of his country. Edinburgh Rev. he derived his love of country. as well as to other Celtic tribes. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. writer. his love of liberty. Friends and fellow-countrymen. the Brouns and the M'Greans (or Graemes) and the Rennies. Those familiar with Ossianic poetry will mark a resemblance between the breathings of the son of Fingal and the minstrelsy of the Ayrshire Bard. while in times remote they belonged to a people clyde people were an who long preceded the northern races in general century the Strath- culture and in a knowledge of the arts. Burns — — depicts in . Till the tenth unmixed race. Free Church. And carefully he bred me In decency and order. ex-Bailie Glasgow and George Wilson of Dalmarnock. Along the They kept the Yet these humble persons possess a distinction not doubtful. Both are charmed by the beauties of the landscape. sprang from a Celtic stock in the old kingdom of Strathclyde. we Dr. Francis Marshall of Park. those present being the youthful Earl of Ca?sillis . it is Ossian's heroines love. yet each evinces the poetry of action. . sympathy and Burns's heroines affection. Dr. R. Maybole Kirkoswald Rae. Lawson. For those commemorated on this tombstone. Liberton .360. among . liev. the hill. Ayr. Both the ancient and the modern bard portray the heroic virtues. but what Ossian presents in prowess. the stream. the heath. persons commemorated on that tombstone died upwards of a century ago .

For in such estimation do we hold the Ayrshire Poet. For reasons other than any supposed connexion of Robert Burns. Lord Brougham remarks. we thought it our duty to preserve from fmther decay a simple slab commemorating the forefathers of one who has for his country To our forefathers we are. Thereafter persons Gilbert Broun was a town councillor of Ayr in 1582. and won her on and there leased a small farm. On the part of those promoting this restoration. David at his lyre. 2 z . they would not offer them a stone. his . VOL. if any of the Poei's race chanced to lack bread. During the fifteenth the inquisition of the Church lands in Galloway. is. done more " than all her kings. and that a portion of Israel joined in their westward migrations. In effecting what we have done. the indebted largely. . do we renew a tombstone lately moss-clad. Burns's ancestors in the Mearns were husbandmen. that we would testify our appreciation after a mean sort did we deem any of his kindred. through yeomen sires. and hung their harps all the other minstrels of the world. have for humanity effected more than . nevertheless. He courted Agnes Broun. unworthy of our legard. owe to opened up. that without that ancestry he would have "remained in the state of respectable mediocrity" occupied by his Autobiography. I may say.K centuries Walter le Brun was one of the barons who in 1116 witnessed at least. century members of the family held municipal offices at Ayr and Prestwick. and Burns with his rural harp. with the Celtic bards of a distant age. to oswald. driven by poverty from his early home. liis 3G1 I venture upon the thought that. In his the humble husbandmen of Kirkoswald may not well be estimated. under God. Burnes. these too we derived through the path which our progenitors How much we. II. whether living or dead." If we are strong in body or in mind powerful. The Broun sept. may be traced in Galloway for si. a pleasing conception. the Bard of produced that people who of Bethlehem.APPENDIX if ' III. her birth is recorded in the parish register. respecting his maternal descent from the Celtic Robertsons of Struan. as fellow-countrymen of Eobeit Burns. through Scotland may have descended from a race which sung the Divine praises on the fields That the Celts hailed fi'om Phoenicia is all but by the rivers of Babylon. Agnes was born at Kirkthe 15th December 1757 she became his wife. in rank and culture His father. if our surroundings are inheritance was transmitted to us by our sires honourable. William resembling his maternal progenitors at Strathclyde. at length settled at AUoway. fathers. if certain it cannot be proved. which she paternally belonged. Celtic blood.

seized with a pulmonary ailment. Gilbert had a principal share of Craigenton farm. who at Kirkoswald subscribed the Covenant in 1639. Mrs. Tlie joint occupancy of a farm was common in those times. Graemes. Specially renowned for their strength. for being to the personally sheltered the Covenanters. Janet M'Grean. His wife. 1739. and in Cdirick as husband men. and a third wielded an instrument which cleared the mould-board. . name appear at Ayr as skippers. and also on the land of the proprietor. and she died in old Graemes. they derived their family name from Whatever of turbulence our Poet owned came from these their physique. just as in the holding he was originally associated with his brothers. service being often an equivalent for rent. was then in her tenth year. traced descent from the royal line of Stewart. Janet M'Grean was his great-grandmother. both on the land they held in common. and M'Greans (for all belonged to the same sept) were Celts. who in May 1685 was by Graham of Claverhouse shot dead The Poet's maternal grandmother had in early youth near his own cottage. was in circumstances to marry in 1731. in 1695. extending to nearly three hundred acres. Agnes. In the farm of Craigenton. Her husband. nearly two miles to the south-west of the spot on which we are now assembled. John Broun was succeeded by several of his sons. of whom the eldest. A branch settled at Kirkoswald prior to 1639. Each took his share of labour. belonged to the neighbourhood. she derived a remote descent from a sept of the name who. one held the plough. Great-granddaughter Andrew Eennie. She had six children. John Broun. married. He of Of the brothers Broun. lay at the age of thirty-four upon her death-bed. a second drove four horses in the yoke. and I leave my bairns in God's care.362 of the THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. when only twenty-fuur. concimed in the insurrection at same district was John Brown of Priesthill. James and Andrew Broun of Cumnock were family adhered warmly. Gilbert Broun (Agnes PiCnnie). afterwards the Poet's mother." Respecting the child . farmer at Craigenton. " I am content to die Gilbert will get another wife. Agnes Ptennie. hailing from the Rhynns of Galloway. nearly twenty years an elder of Kirkoswald parish. grandson of that John liroun who The Grims. condemned in June 1683 while belonging Both well . died in 1724. In the work of tillage. To a sister who visited her she said. subscribed the Covenant. when John Broun subscribed To the Presbyterian cause members of the I^roun the Covenant there. the occupants holding different proportions varying from ten to a hundred acres.

Hugh Roger. within reach of me at this moment. cottage in the parish he frequently resorted. Anne Gillespie. . at the age of seventeen. In 1776. deeply moved him. the souter at Glenfoot for John's wife. Samuel. was born. was circumscribed. 363 reported her saying. Burns. who' owns his grandfather's feu. and he called for it frequently. father of Miss Janet Niven. This was John Davidson's. afterwards husband of the schoolmaster's daughter. on the weekly holiday. When. Mr. it was meet that the harp which the Poet inherited from his Celtic ancestors should be attuned in Carrick. On a school holiday on occasion of the Ayr market. when a brother of her father's lost his sight. Robert Burns. . was Douglas Graham. within a mile to the westward of this spot. he was sent to Kirkoswald to complete his education as a private pupil of Mr. probably a Doubtless Burns distant relative of the Poet through his grandmother. and read to him. is also with us. and made visits to ]Maybole and other localities. had been maid-servant Four of the Souter's grandsons are at Craigenton in his motlier's childhood. Robert Niven. neighbours were often together. a was hoped he might be accommodated his mother's brothei"." when sung by his niece. housekeeper.APPENDIX who III. As. when not prosecuting his studies. Sung by Agnes Broun to the infant Poet. about two years after Agnes Rennie's death. it evoked his love of melody on the ballad he founded his " Man was made to mourn. was either sauntering with him. being both his uncle's employer and his brother-in-law. Roger's instructions. Robert Burns and John Niven became attaclicd friends and the Poet. visited To a interesting scenes. Afterwards. The farmer at Shanter. his uncle's space at Ballochneil. her eldest son. near Glenfoot. With one or other of these companions. Burns and Here it as a boarder by . however. the farmer. William Niven from Maybole. an active promoter of the movement now consummated so happily. met Graham at Souter Davidson's. and. which he did wilh much ardour. of . "The Life and Man. and whose presence with us this morning we most cordially welcome. His grandson." Born at Alloway in Kyle. llie solemn bequest was realized when. his eldest daughter proceeded to her grandmother's. he was taken iuto the farmhouse. the parish schoolmaster. for these Graham invited Burns to his house. who had lately married. who was boarded at Kirkoswald in order to profit by Mr. on the 25th January 1759. Gilbert Broun married a second time. or with his cousin. she became his Age The stanzas of the ballad. and an opportunity of visiting him soon occurred. The Poet's bed-fellow was John Niven. self-taught mathematician. as such.

nor did he include it in his first Edinburgh edition. The burial-place of the family is immediately to the south of that of tlie Brouns. who is with us to-day. She " spoke her mind. John . since his riding beast was a horse. and therefore a connection of the Poet. The lads sougiit shelter in Shanter thundei-storm. When at Ellisland in 1790. near the Carrick shore. and laughed at them on their way home. and were there welcomed by the gudewife. but. he was fifty-six in 1776. keeping the lads fashion. Mr. and he was an industrious man. for she was quick in temper. " The smith " was John Niven. Captain Grose solicited a poem to be included in his work on Scottish Antiquities. farmhouse. often worked in the farmers' houses. rain began to fall. a strong gale arising. all shared his snuff-mull.364 THE BOOK OF ROBERT RTRXS.'j Hugh Broun." which he handed The honest it was afterwards shown to Douglas CJraham. the prototype of Tam o' Shanter. she. and in speech all day to denounced both her gudeman and tho As to her Souter. with a failing nearly universal among Carrick farmers he was addicted to smuggling." and. of the Poet's race. Their remains rest near the spot we are met unwise and rash. converting their home-dried leather into shoes for the children and hinds. were diverted by her speeches. she augured that witches (for superstiticm ruled in the district) The lads would seize him unawares." an industrious tradesman. to sail to Ailsa Craij^. fourteen John Niven determined the jMaideiis' miles distant. The gudewife of Shanter was Helen M'Taggart. . All profited by the Souter's intelligence. Tenant of Ardh>chan Mill. husband. it appeared in Grose's work in 1791. Early ne. Neither he nor Graham were topers. " The miller " of " Tam o' Shanter " wa. At village they got into a l>oat. there is nothing remarkable. he added to the poem and improved it. upon. he is remembered by John Davidson. listen to her. She miglit have been prototype of Helen M'Gregor. "Souter Johnnie. and a hearty bachelor. About Douglas Graham. she predicted. Burns did not publish the poem in his Kilmarnock volume. The Souter died in 1806. followed by a terrific As they reached the shore. a relative of the Ballochneil family.\t morning Burns drafted his "Tam o' Shanter. Prior to his time the farm vehicles of Carrick consisted of sledges without wheels. and he never had a mare of the name of Meg. return from the fair very late. to his bedfellow farmer did not perceive the humour. who would. nor any mare without a tail. they weie compelled to return. or he would be drowned in the J)oon. and simply remarked that the story could not apply to him. His great-grandfather suijscribed the Covenant in 1639. after lier . his grandson.

" was Jean Kennedy. Kate's cottage. " Eppie w as son of Mr. which we have seen to-day. churchyard. 365 " Kirkton Xiven was the first in tlie district to construct wheeled carts. who. also a receiver of cohtraturbed. at the mill. " was the daughter of Donald Sim. At Ballochneil Mill indigent persons were privileged hang up bags to receive handfuls of nieal from the farmers assembling to In one of his Kate's bag was kept full. beyond Maybole. had not done In her old age the young hinds resorted to her dwelling to her any harm." in which most of the characters belong to Kirkoswald. was intentionally reputed as uncanny. namely. stood over the entrance. At Kirkoswald Burns fiist discovered that he was a poet — l^efore the school broke up for the in her father's garden. Though styled a witch. he composed one of his earliest songs . she sat at her spinning-wheel. had in the centre band goods. " Rab M'Grean" was of the Poet's own kindred. was the Poet's fanciful adaptation of Fardincalla. with her chest of drawers or cabinet.APPENDIX in. along with her sister Anne. more. " Halloween. she remarked to one still living. from the 23rd to the 31st August. that her dwelling might not be disHer " wee Nannie " was Katherine Stein. behind the autumn holidays iu August. . at Park in Ballochneil Glen. within one hundred yards of this spot." a name iu the poem not hitherto identified. . hear her old tales. which. on which we now stand. who lived at Ardlochan. was landlady Jean of the Kirktoun Inn. in the second house from the corner of the road leading to the manse from this that on Peggy Thomson. Lang after kenu'd cm Carrick Aiding smugglers in concealing their stores. otherwise the Poet had been hopelessly enslaved. on the farm of Kirklands. and "her uncle Johnnie" was John Niven. Known as " the Leddies. indeed he could days. walks with John or "William Niven. Tiie witch. the late minister of the parish. a place half a mile to the westward of the spot here. " AchniaSim calla. Burns visited the fairy hillocks of The visit suggested his ballad of Cassilis Downans. She died in 1816. The name of witch. she was Julia llobinson. of its single apartment a wide deep pit for concealing smuggled goods. "Wee Jenny" was Samuel Broun's "Tam Kipples" adopted daughter. William Cupples. he could study no talked with the young beauty. Kate was generally popular. That the concealment might be effectual.shore." they were held in general esteem. and his passion increased It was well the affair lasted only eight hardly sleep. he saw Peggy He met and school. He returned to Mount Oliphant . and was entranced.

the rural scenes and rural Breathing the air of song. according but it was reserved for to the . smile the stream reflected sunlight. gave him a long To Pegi:y he presented a copy of his volume. inscription commencing — Once fondly lov'cl. he chose words and figures which the cottage might comprehend. he recast their thoughts. gentleness. Burns chose as his theme Scotland and humanity. others by pathos. his friend at Ballochneil. Milton and Spenser penetrated into the unseen Shakespeare exhausted words and imagined new. and refined their measures. who. Since Burns's latest visit to Kirkoswald have sped nearly one hundred years. Burns interpreted nature in a soul teeming with benevolence in his view the river hugged its bank. as he sighed. the winds were still. . manliness. Ayr. several bards had. Eecognising the bards who had preceded him. with a poetical convoy. In the brook of Muse all hearts. the Devon. and mountain the nation's breast. not without merit. and discarding all artificialities of thought and style. name is recalled the impersonation of wisdom. to bid fai-ewell He was kindly received by John Niven. hearts. and the Nith glide more smoothly To his even the Stinchar." oblivion. he was consecrated by her hand.366 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURXS. souglit to awaken tender memories. the heath caressed the soil. the joys. With his pen has he depicted the loves. At the mention of his fresh as when he died. he has strung them by a A magician. To Kiikoswald Burns returned in the summer of 1786. he has attracted by his pleasures of his country. also by William Neilson. on his leaving. he waved the poetic wand. the oak embraced the breeze. yet. His own memory is fresh. Under the title of " Auld Lang Syne. Burns to produce an ode that could move all and gild with present joy the remembrance of the past. farmer and grocer. and still reiuember'd dear. husband of Peggy Thomson. fit necklace for fancy gathering pearls. Through his strains do the and wood and stream responded to his c^ll. faery cord. — . Though Burns's genius brimmed with melody. the Bruar. Nature's own high priest. the Doon. to his relatives in the prospect of his emigrating. moving some by mirth. and common sense. At his enchanting harp-music assembled the wilil birds and the doves. with its inharmonious name. the dew kissed the rosebud. beconjes a melody. smoothed their numbers. During the interval most of his contemporaries have passed into remembered only in their family records or on their tombstones. yet the learned not disapprove. Dispensing with the classic verbiage of the elder poets.

" remarked to me) " beamed with Personally unobtrusive. So abject. whole countenance (as his sister . dare be poor for purple and fine linen quail in dread of retribution. Integrity was better than abundance. ]iurns. mean. he maunna fa' that A marquis." Eank. . A " his passer-by was content to look at king in peasant's garments. testified to the Lord Minto. had as much the right to be poor as had another the right to be Is there for honest poverty One man rich. held it is condemnatory of their practice. and a' that But an honest man's abune his might. and still more by conversation. . 367 not liis contemporaries. Who And The clothed might in hangs his head and slave The coward —we pass him a' that. Sir Gilbert Elliot. he was more so by his prose. his eye flashed fervour. duke. Unmindfid though a weeping wife And helpless offspring mourn. and vile. none in poverty. honesty than riches. king o' men for a' that. were free brothers to each other. See yonder poor o'erlaboured wight. slaves to none. The honest man. witchery of his talk. From their to their principles. A prince may mak' a belted knight. all dominions despots should exclude the poetry of Burns adverse By birthright. Principal Robertson remarked tbat. Quid faith.APPENDIX testimony of bis III. but he who neglected the poor around him who was willing to earn the fruit of honest industry had no cause for shame. . "Who begs a brother of the earth To give him leave to toil And see his lordly fellow-worm The poor petition spurn. poetry was his forte. he revered but title repelled presumption. regarded his refinement as more wonderful Gentlewomen were fascinated by his eloquence a duchess . afterwards than his genius. In his eyes without honour he contemned and spurned. his demeanour commanded respect and genius. though Js e'er sae poor. There was. his presence inspired veneration. No him only once. wbile he was surprised by his poetry. supported by character. a' that 1 by. disgrace in indolence. felt the Poet.

he kissed the paveDunfermline Abbey covered the tomb of the great King For Scotland. nnd Ailsa Craig with its grand broad summit.3G8 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. his ode of " Scots wha hae has invigorated the desponding and aroused the brave everywhere. in his youth. my native soil whom my warmest wish to Heaven is sent. Long may thy hardy sous of rustic toil Be blest with health. Than these. sae base as be a slave Let hira turn and . because there Wallace had wandered before him. liu Burns dearly loved of his birth. he. preferred to meditate in tlie Leglen woods. Even in childhood he dreamt of laying a wreath He wrote I wish I mind its power wish that to my latest hour Will strongly heave my breast. That I for puir aulil Scotland's sake Some usef u' plan or beuk could make. A And While animating virtuous populace stand a wall of soldiers may fire rise the while. A A — had. For my dear. Or sing a sang at least. he exclaims country. expressed more thrilling sentiments than these . . Robert. who has In his bosom patriotism was enshrined. and peace. AVhere bright-beaming summers exalt the perfume Far dearer to rae yon lone glen o' green breckan. what words more inspiring were ever written : " Wha Wha Wha will be a traitor knave 1 % \ can fill a coward's grave flee. Scotland was less dear to him from freedom. and within view of Arraii with its majestic peaks. around their much-lov'd on the field of battle. and sweet content And may Heaven their simple lives prevent From Luxury's contagion. On the field of Bannockburn he reverently knelt in ment stone that : O Scotia. weak and vile Then howe'er crowns and coronets be rent. on the altar of his country. \Vi' the burn stealing under the long yellow broom. isle. With a poet'a-eye viewing the land Their groves of sweet myrtle let foreign lands reckon. its scenery than as the nursery of Born amidst scenes of pastoral beauty.

never to be dried up. with a man's head and a child's body. Of upwards of two hundred and fifty songs. from Fifeness to the Mull of Cantyre. lished in books or vended by the chapmen. He died when his work was done. Burns was to and sank into mature and wise. 3 A . and passed away. he found a lamentable In the castle the songs were coarse. Burns died four. it was reserved for the Bard of Ayrshire to advance her mission yet a further lyre stage. power for came to purify lead and dross became as gold and silver.APPENDIX With gushed his poetic IIL ^ 369 wand Burns struck the rock of liberty. having delivered a message of wisdom. but his immortal part has rose from tlie furrow. made way for the feminine strains of the " Laird o' " "Land Auld Robin Gray. his rest. up. What the fabled Tages was to Etruria. Soon after completing Fire which scorched . so that. started from the furrow. whether pub- When he entered the degradation. and. In restoring woman to her true place as man's companion and equal. her intellectual faculties. that while Tarchun was at the plough. at thirty- From Agnes he inherited a pulmonary weakness. and in fiction. He took them good. and in the alembic of his genius a power for evil became a this achievement. a genius. What of him Nevertheless he left behind a most precious legacy. there was mortal rests near the banks of the Nith." the woman. II. also by other poetesses of the Leal. when his career had closed. yet already the refining influence of his had extended from Kirkmaiden to John o' Groat's. He He flashed meteor-like. sank down and Scotland. were profane. gave forth counsels. in the cottage licentiousness and the roundelay walked hand in hand. he passed away. which afflicted him even when to others he seemed robust and vigorous." and other songs of melting pathos or overwhelming humour. Hitherto discouraged in cultivating poetry. VOL. The ballads. in stroke on the national o' anvil. his grandmother. Burns composed the greater number to the older melodies as substitutes for words demoralizing and worthless. And what the Ladies Nairne and Anne Barnard began has in our own time been sustained by the sweet strains of Mrs. of wliich he was the author. Agnes Eennie." reputation. Ogilvy in her Highland Minstrelsy. and a stream forth. field of Scottish minstrelsy. died. she now took her proper place in art. That ringing which by the hand of Burns emancipated Cockpen. men at first hardly remembered that he had lived. The world had probably appreciated the Poet less if he had been associated with the It is old. related by Cicero. at thirty-seven .

a bright star in the galaxy of immortals. recent or remote. yet remained a bird of paradise. Burns soiled his wing. prayed with the sick. being twelve years his junior. held in the Glasgow City Hall in 1859. Begg. his arm-chair. his hand Guides every plough He sits beside each ingle nook.370 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. — the " If eloquent chairman. At the centenary celebration of his birth. and continued it at Ellisland he devoutly meditated in his chamber. His virtues have ennobled his race and nation. . If Burns erred. Each rustling bough. Yet some there are happily fewer every year who find pleasure in Those who detect the discovery that Burns had failings like other men. echoes of his country. genius hovers the words of Longfellow For now he haunts his As an immortal youth native land . awakened the Elevating were the memories of Caledonia. I would answer him in the words of Bolingbroke. minstrelsy from the storm. are treasures. with the harpsichord of an ardent patriotism. I know he had faults. he repented. they'll ken me better an hundred years hence than they do now. his punch-bowl. He was essentially religious. Every spot he trod upon has The cottage of his birth. dwellings. the press which printed his poems. Such testimony was strongly borne to myself by his sister. expressed any one would remind me of the Poet's errors. worshipped in the : ' — . In in the homes. the illustrious Marlborough Yes. Burns. Mrs. dwells in the hearts of his countrymen. its soil was rugged. His voice is in each rushing brook. when reminded of the failings of his opponent. Sir Archibald Alison. who. spots. but he was so great a man that I have forgotten what they were." The Poet augured rightly. his several derived an interest from his genius. I remember the reverberating cheers which proceeded from a vast assembly when himself thus : — all of them. its climate Educing melody from the blast. of To natives of Scotland his memory is more endeariug than the memory any bard or philosopher. but harsh. his oaken staff. he instructed in the Catechism and in the Scriptures he maintained family worship at Mossgiel. its winds cold. maculae upon his character must remember that on the sun's disk there are His errors were those of his time. The spirit of his soared up.' " On the same occasion Colonel William Nicol Burns quoted the Poet's words addressed to his mother " Jean.

my brothers . Religion. Not content with the flowers which he laid reverently on the altar of his country. In liis verse lie warns against impiety. not by the body of his admirers. which disfigure them. and his sons were promoted. but by one individual All Sir James Shaw of London. Burns's widow. it is well remember that these were not published by himself. Dunlop abound in pious sentiments. The melody of his numbers will not only gratify. and the Poet would certainly not express what he did not feel. these lines of his will not only be heard. maid divine. When he is understood. of his earliest purchases One a family Bible. but morbidly gathered and unrighteously added after he was gone. his children might have followed the plough like himself. a native of Ayrshire. With that mockery of devotion which could in the same breath praise God and defame men. ! My friends. sae mean as mine. 371 when he began housekeeping. but harmonize. was His letters to Mrs. he was more than impatient. will ensue an important change.APPENDIX sanctuary. Whose hearts the tide of kindness warms. It was because lie loved religion that he condemned its counterfeit it was because he revered the truth that he scorned dissimulation. Who Come hold your being on the terms. When he : is understood. His " Cotter's Saturday Night " impresses domestic piety upon his countrymen and upon mankind. " Each aid the others " to my heart. his professing admirers heaped up with them straw and litter. had no pension from the State. III. come to my arms. — He wrote All hail. When Burns in his character and teaching is fully understood. Better employed had they been in making more ample provision for his widow and in advancing his sons. every Burns Club will be as a centre of affection all who unite under his name becoming a band of If in Burns's writings there are passages to — — brothers. and in his sacred poems kneels reverently at the Divine footstool. long as she survived him. To stigmatize false friends o' thine Pardon a Muse Can ne'er defame thee. but impress deeply Ye whom social pleasure charms. but for this good man. Who in his rough imperfect line Thus dares to name thee .

Like the hallowed fire which burned on the Jewish altar. its crushing sarcasm. every tiller of the ground will obtain a comfort- able home. the scorpion-sting of slander will no more lacerate erring will. May the In the name of the subscribers. and was not extinguished. friendship. I have much pleasure in undertaking the custody of the chaste and appropriate monument which has just been disclosed to view. and your coadjutors. Still gentler sister woman . for the trouble you have taken in restoring and protecting the old gravestone which commemorates the interesting fact that so many of the maternal ancestors of — . and gentlemen. Shall brothers be for a' that.372 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and I beg very cordially to thank you. Though they may gang a kcnnin' wrang. : and the highest pleasure of life waught " of a sober and wholesome When Gently scan your brother man. the fire of our Poet's genius will from age to age become brighter. an' a' that ^Mien man to man. " Willie brewed. will in " the be fully realized of the fireside . bear the gree. Eogers. . When Burns is understood.session of Rev. sir.session of Kirkoswald. Burns is When understood. under the ample fold of a blessed charity. Great Britain will less depend for safety on her walls of timber and of iron than in inviting her neighbours to a mutual confidence. ladies. the warld o'er." in . possessors of the soil finding their chiefest happiness in rendering When Bums is understood. o'er a' the earth. I entrust this restored tombstone to safe keeping of the minister and heritors and kirk . in the name of the kirk . To step aside is human. the union in Teuton and of Celt will symbolize the happy effects of uniting nations and races by furthering communication and advancing commerce. his veins of Then let us pray that come it may As come it will for a' that That sense and worth. John Findlay. When Burns is understood. minister of the parish. In our Poet's words content an industrious peasantry. the delusive joys of the taproom will pale before the joys will be experienced gude-willie Burns is and tlie understood. find forgiveness and a These words will obtain influence and prevail home. Kirknswald. said Dr. till prejudice and passion disappear in the all-pervading flame of a universal amity.

with the most learned men Though much of his time was unavoidably of the age in which he lived. he yet accomplished. the Patriot the one ranking among tlie greatest warriors. the bard to nature true Sprang Burns. Yet learn that from the dust below Sprang Robert Burns " ! Sprang Burns. " In silence go as a foe . the man we dearly lo'e . Though born in a peasant's hut. he soon was able to associate on a footing of literary equality. and I think we are greatly indebted to him for Everything throwing so much new light upon a deeply-interesting subject. 373 Robert Burns lived and died within the parish of Kirkoswald. RoGEBS then read the following by Mr. during his brief and busy life. consumed in manual labour and financial worry. he died at the early age of thirty-seven. the character. Dr. and brought up behind the plough. uninov'd by woe or weal. Where sleep. if not superiority. composed for the occasion If ane there be wha disna feel A thrill through a' his bein' steal. Rogers regarding the descent. As he surveys this lowly biel' This narrow bed. Scotland. educated at a parish school. know. like Byron and Raphael. "We hold thee henceforth Thee. The pulseless dead. false intruder. I have listened witli great pleasure to the eloquent oration which has fallen from the lips of Dr. Indignant spurns. — — and the other among the brightest geniuses which the world has ever seen. tending to elucidate the history of Robert Burns must ever be invested with peculiar interest. To him we say. Ex-Bailie Rae accepted the tombstone on behalf of the heritors of the parish. and some of which will probably live while the world lasts. as it is impossible for any one to deny that Burns was a very remarkable man. an amount of literary work such as few men have been able to produce. Matthias Ban : verses. Bruce and the Poet Burns.APPENDIX HI. . I have always regarded it as no small honour to this parish that it produced the mothers of two such men as Eobert Bruce and Eobert Burns. and the career of Robert Burns. and though.

"While mountains rise and rivers flow. head erect and manly stride. him groan frae chime to chime sublime. forgot Like common men. mankind. the common lot Oh. He will not die. never while there breathes a Scot Shall die his fame Or Memory frae her pages blot His honour'd name. . tears. While sings a bird or sighs a breeze. "While star-lit evenings come and go. "While lives the voice of nature's song. breaks his heart I see him. I see I hear him auld before his time. "While roll the earth and skies along. "Where tumblin* waters seaward glide. wanderin' wide. Depart. but not to share. His heart —a hame where want it might win A place for to shelter in Nor did he deem To ocht o' sin harl>our there Dumb I see "NVi' things. I hear him murmurin' saft and low His tender grief for ithers' woe . His soul on fire His dark e'e tum'd wi' look o' pride Uj)on his lyre. ! While bosoms throb wi' hopes and "While woman's eyes shed love and fears.374 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. I mark him smite wi' fearless blow The false and vain And hear in words that bum and glow Truth speak again. ere his prime. Till Still pourin' forth his strains And last In gloom depart. care . but live with these ! . The man wha baseness never knew The j^eu'rous mind That shed its love like simmer dew O'er a' . that at his ca' wad rin His meal to share. him restless.

In the space above the old Re-erected stone is the 1883. Kirkoswald Kilmarnock . Ayr Maybole Messrs. oh. Rev. Church. embracing wreaths of the Scottish . sculptor. and one foot thick. Lawson. The old stone. panels and splays on the outside angles. formerly farmer at Craigenton. To Scotland dear frae o' them whom With regard to the work of restoration. also Gilbert Broun. which is circular-headed. William Chapel. measures three feet by two feet. Gray. a thistle and mountain daisy. 375 This heav'n-sent lighter We Be he sprang the wrang honour give . The Scottish harp who sweetly strung 'Midst lowly scenes flashed forth the That kindled up the Carrick lyre. John Eindlay. who died March 3. who died in May The work of restoration has been most satis1742. and. Arbuckle. under the direction of Messrs. Liberton . fifty. The company : included the following. who died March 28. like Robin's sang. " The enclosed tombstone commemorates the grand and great-grandparents of the Poet Burns. A Dr. so as to expose both faces to view. minister of the . Rev. the new stone encasing it is four feet eight inches by three feet eight inches. held in Kirkoswald Hotel." In the panel of the upper base are engraved the inscription. R. an excellent feature being the presence of ladies Charles Edinburgh parish . aged aged sixty . and is about six inches thick . Hay & Henderson. are " John Broun in Littletoun. Lieut. may lang This tribute here sacred. architects. among others which appear on the tombstone. West Church. Maybole . Joseph Boyd. Rev. 1738. who died in 1774. M'Kie. Ayr. dinner was afterwards Rogers. tire The names original of the Poet's ancestors. ex-Bailie . . Agnes Broun. Janet M'Grean. Bailie Rae. resting on a double splayed base eighteen inches high the whole height being thus The only enrichment is a simple moulding round the little over six feet. and his wife. "By Public Subscription following lines : — From simple sires the Bard had sprung. James ." factorily executed by Mr. Dr. aged thirty-four. aged seventy-nine. Rev. the method adopted has been to frame the old stone in a new one of durable Annan rock.APPENDIX And sae to III. and." and underneath. Edinburgh. and his first wife. Free . 1724.

and even interprets us to ourselves. in proposing the memory of the Poet.P. of the Poet. Professor Dugald Stewart. Kirkoswald . writer. fame. Few now deny itself in that he is well entitled to his fame .. who gets in mist and vapour and gives in flood who interprets things and beings around to us. Dr. . spoke of Burns as a very great man round. and James Dumfries Standard. Matthew. and we rejoice That genius showed many ways —in his conversational powers. and duly responded to. should have presided. Culzean There were also present David. David Murray. Hence he had to occupy the place of honour. Rogers presided. tliongh his But. Francis ^lai-shall of Park Peter Wilson. and William M'Dowall. Girvan David Wilson of Dalmarnock George Glasgow Todd. He has long enjoyed a world-wide after he acquired a national reputation. of John Niven. as well as in his poetry. a true and heaven- born poet must be a man of his special and transcendent gifts. B. . said — There is one central figure round which I all of us are grouped. . word-pictures from the varied scenes of nature and Providence. indeed. The true poet is a man of genius. He was glad that they were favoured with the presence of the descendants of those who were pei*sonal fiiends of the Poet. After dinner the Chairman explained that it was intended that Mr. but the hon. he could not leave Glasgow. who paints for us — — . Glasgow would in that case have taken the chair. M. Davidson. Cumnock.376 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. to-day to pay our humble tribute to his transcendent genius. grandsons of " Souter Johnnie " and Miss Janet Niven. Murray. and Messrs. but. the Rev. companion Dr. and the . He is a man who has that clear vision of the eye which reads what others dimly discern that keen susceptibility of the heart which is deeply moved by things which others scarcely feel that exquisite gift of speech which can express with aptitude and power what others can but stammeringly utter forth. greatness specially broke out in poetry. Wilson acted as croupiers. figure represents That central Robert Burns. of the A. in his literary correspondence. Charles Tennant. daughter Hutchison. and which gives to our proceedings here to-day their special significance. A century A few years ago he was just rising into local celebrity as a rustic bard. a comall petent judge. as senior magistrate. Murray and G. . The toast of " The Queen " having been proposed. Gray of Liberton. It is easy enough to throw thought and feeling into rhyme. give you his immortal memory. but the heaven-born poet is a rare phenomenon. . gentleman could It was ex| ected that Bailie Wilson of not leave his Parliamentary duties. .

wherever the English language is known and spoken. his manly strength and womanly tenderness. his spiritual insight and graphic description. with the lower animals. every breeze of feeling. To them he gives from day to day. and enjoy the feast which he provides. and in the dignity of human nature as the work of God. and his pitying heart. of friendship and patriotism. we say that Eobert Burns was undoubtedly a man of rare genius a poet of the truest and the higliest kind a Scotsman worthy of his undying fame. his integrity and biting sarcasm. II. Even those who only know his often untranslatable words through the medium of a foreign tongue have bowed down before the might and majesty of the genius of Burns. and sometimes it moves and stirs our spirits to their very depth. 3 B ." But he takes up the poems of Burns he reads " Tani o* " Cotter's Saturday Night " he begins to sing " Ye banks Shanter. . of liberty and love. bonnie though the colours be. but the truthfulness.APPENDIX varied phases of III. the beauty." or the Christian charity ! He helped of God. — we must admit and harp. They tremble and under every breath of heaven. VOL. " This is no' my ain plaid. and the form of which. So judging. has he in every among classes of society — men everywhere to believe in the fatherhood man. at fields more fertile. but we cannot but respond to it. — — — he still exerts over the of the civilized world. What a marvellous power he has exerted what a power thrill of passion. in the brotherhood of . and wherever they are. and poverty cannot take away. But Burns is especially the poet of Scotland. we must use neither translation nor glossary when we read. iMuch more. when set before us. and The sparks of genius have everywhere kindled warming fires of sympathy with nature. his truthfulness and power. every gust That is a music we cannot create. at seas more bright and varied in their hues than the "land of brown heath and shaggy wood. Often. They have wondered and admired as they have felt in turns the Poet's humour and pathos. pleasure riches cannot give. To appreciate him to the full." he says. It is therefore thorough and sympathetic Scotsmen and Scotswomen who most of all feel the spell of this mighty enchanter. as he looks at sunnier skies than his own. and apart from all the accessories and accidents of birth and fortune. with our fellow-men fires of manly independence and social fellowship. Think of the Scottish emigrant in lonely isolation far from home. of general humanity and devoted worshippers all — human ! soul ! How many part ardent admirers— nay. his soul an ^olian feel. The heaven-born poet carries in His heart-strings are its strings. S77 human nature and human life pictures we prosaic mortals cannot paint. his poetry is a heart-prized treasure and a household joy.

immortal memory among us. There may be still a of his writings has not always been for good. annihilated he breathes again his native and in that hour with Burns he drinks in spell is felt large and blessed draughts of refreshment. You may remember the rather Irish couplet about our Highland roads Had you seen but these roads before they were made. while we condemn. Scotland and Christendom are under eternal obligations to the Ayrshire Bard. And I profess to you. his seems more a living presence than There are some nien whom we can hardly reckon a cherished memory. 1 . his solitude is solaced. And specially we feel his presence here. and strength. Alas there are few whose writings have been all and always on tlie side of goodness. what I say in Scotland ? itself — in is. among the departed.378 and braes. joy. That was by linking the sweet music to other and to better words. Ayrshire — in the very His immortal memory. I In speaking thus admiringly forgetting that the influence Irreligion. verses in his writings that would have been better unwritten but." But. as we must all allow. and in this way far from home. — — — sediment of pollution." And. of some of the foul indecencies of some of our old Scottish songs when I consider the work of Burns in substituting his own for them I feel that. or " Scots wha hae. let us remember the time in wliich he lived. They live. making their presence felt Such a man is Iiobert Burns. in spite of occasional stains. the days of auld langsyne come back is to him. and have their being while upon the earth exerting influence. and lovingly of Bums. There are indeed. but it is nothing to what existed before. and impurity have pressed some passages of his poetry into their service and dragged down their votaries by conjuring with his name. . and thereby purified immensely the minstrelsy of Scotland. his heart is softened. gathered as we are together here. may be told that I am and intemperance. His is an undying life. as he reads on. To judge of the writings of Burns. Ayrshire Poet is the central figure here to-day. His is more tlian an from day to day. You would have held up your hands and bless'd General Wade. The distance that divides hira from his beloved Scotland air. and move. for instance. There was only one way of burying the foul grossness of these old songs. when I think. Burns did this. Places have spirits as well as persons and the land and of Robert toast home Bums My " — ." THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. doing work. And shall if the magician's of it and comfort. we must not only compare those with ours we must compare them with contemporary writings with those that went before. . the condition and the circumstances under which he wrote.

or to call his evil good. We are not blind either to his failings on the one hand or to his all his faults we love him still. that vision of Divine goodness which floated before his view. his admiration on the radiant light that streams forth so brightly from its still. we can find extenuating circumstances natural temperament. hearts. There was a sad difference between the ideal life he sometimes portrayed and the real life lie sometimes led. But know not what's resisted. clasp it to his very heart. Let us listen with delight and its thankfulness to those strains. will cherish an admiring and affectionate . But thoughtless follies laid him low. What's done we partly may compute. however imperfectly. And Here. He himself has told us. He keenly felt the friendly glow. It was something that he saw and admired to the end. gifts. at — least after And surely he reached the years of manhood. however. though he could not. that issue from We are proud of the Poet of Scotland because of his transcendent genial nature. 'tis He alone Decidedly can try us . In speaking thus. It would contradict the whole tenor of his writings. and his glorious work. may well up our hands and hless the name of Burns for the national boon he has before I close. Each spring. it would offend the sincerity of their character. early toil in unfavourable surroundings.APPENDIX lift III. I have expressed. on us and on the world. stained his name. too. the feelings of your Let us. It is too true that it given us in connexion with our Scottish minstrelsy. to gloss over the poet's faults." Burns says : Who made the heart. And softer flame . its various tone. We With good qualities on the other. therefore. 379 So those of us who know what tlie old songs of Scotland were. in the " Bard's Epitaph." how he looked upon himself: Tlie poor inhabitant below Was quick to learn and wise to know. it is for us to " gently scan our brother man. life One word as to his was not what it should or what it might have been. so grand and beautiful. He knows each chord. Let us look with wonder and windows shrine. in rougher times than ours. : We never can adjust it • . cover with the ivy of our love the rents and defacements of that God-made temple. its various bias Then at the balance let's be mute.

The living Commentators of Burns." The Lasses of Ayrshire." No part of Scotland had produced such great men as Carrick. Mr. one and all." by ex-Bailie Rae and " The Chairman. remembrance of his genius and fame to our latest breath. Gray. W. Findlay " The Architect and Sculptor. Chapel " The Custodiers of the Tombstone." The other toasts were. Murray. accompanying herself on the guitar. Murray sang very sweetly some of the Poet's most popular songs. Mr. grandson of the " Souter. Mrs. Lawson proposed the toast of " Carrick and its memories. The Chairman gave " The Poet's Friends their honoured memory. his grandfather." by the Chainnan. or wine. to the immortal memory of Robert Burns. in reply. whisky." replied. The proceedings terminated by the company joining in " Auld Lang Syne. rejoice to remember him. D. I know. . Henderson and Boyd " The Contributors. Todd proposed " . B. we drink." by Dr." proposed by Mr. and one of the Poet's most attached : friends. Eev. gave some interesting reminiscences of Mr. Peter Hill. Davidson. "We will look upon To-day wo his works as amongst our country's most precious treasures. with heart and soul. replied to by Rev. . A. George Wilson. and the stock was by no means yet exhausted. Mr. R. . " . and replied to by Messrs.380 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. William M'Dowall. and replied to by Lieut." Mr. and whether we pledge this toast in water." by Mr.

rest the remains of the progenitors of the national Poet of slirewd. under the dark shadow — of the Knockhill. and his wife. Greig. skilful husbandmen considerable substance.) On Thursday last the solitary churchyard of Glenbervie was the scene of a ceremony which may lay claim to be of national interest the unveiling of the restored tombstones of the great-grandparents and the great-granduncle of Robert Burns. POET'S ANCESTORS Inaugura. Laird of Glenbervie. himself a descendant of the Poet's " forbears. {From the Brechin Advertiser. Arbuthnot. these being the Poet's greatgrandparents." some years ago called attention in the newspapers to the dilapidated condition into which the tombstones of the Poet's ancestors had fallen. and his wife. at a finely-wooded curve of the river Bervie. Mr. THE RESTORED TOMBSTONES OF THE AT GLENBERVIE. commemorating William Burnes. At Glenbervie rested upon the soil two flat gravestones one with the dates 1715 and 1719. Margaret Falconer. J. Mr. B. Badenach Nicolson. the other commemorating James Burnes. indicating on the part of the family a consciousness of superior station. tenant in Bogjorgan. and Glenbervie.l CekExMONy. and there. 25th June 1885. great-granduncle of the Poet. The churchyard is situated on a picturesque knoll. Christian Fotheringham. entered heartily into the movement. The family of Burnes rented land in Kincardineshire. a committee was . one with symbolic ornaments.APPENDIX IV. The respected appointed to raise the necessary funds to restore the stones. banker. Laurencekirk. and without difficulty the required amount was forthcoming. tenant in Brawlinmuir. in the parishes of Kinneff. Mainly through his exertions. Both memorial stones are considerably decorated. Dunnottar. .

who departed this June ye 8 1734.382 The lain THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. This tomb of the great-grandparents of the Poet Burns is restored by public subscription 1885. and covers the grave of William Burnes and Christian Fotheringham.F. died ye 23 of January 1 743.B. Watt. his spouse. Margaret Falconer. died 23rd January 1743. who departed the 10th : of April 17 being of age 3 The slab from which this inscription is taken is cofifin-shaped. and the plans carried Round the edge of the new out by Mr. : W. in which the tombstone of the former has been placed. W. Aged lyi'S Also the bcnly of Margaret Falconer. aged 29 ye^rs. 17 42. son to the above. — The tombstone ing is all of the Poet's great-granduncle bears very is marked traces of the ravages of time. is the inscription "James Burnes. —our shall reins consumed be. the designs being supplied by Messrs. and in some parts the inscription that can be definitely traced : illegible. who departed this life March ye 24th 1741. : lyes . resting on pedestals. Also his lawful and only daughter Margarett. placed on sandstone cradles." and other poetical tales. mason.B. aged 90 years.B. and here lyes his son John Burnes. . . Here under . Hay & Henderson.B. Here under Burnes who was Tenant who the Ixnly of James in Bralinnmir. and tlie memorials on which the names of the deceased were recorded had The stones have now been on the ground covered with long grass. author of " Thrummy Cap. : C. J." The following is the original inscription : — : Mbmxnto Mori. 1749. M. died 28th December 1749. 87 years. original supports of the " " frail monuments had long since given way. who departed this life the 28th of Dec. tenant in Brawlinmuir. architects. our Bedeemeu see.F. Laurencekirk.B. . : 1715 R. The follow- W. aged 8 years. his wife. life Here is the grave of Thomas Burnes. cradle. Burnes I. Edinburgh. the great-greatgrandparents of John Burnes. Although our Boilys worms destroy Yet in our flesh and with our eyes.

Glenbervie Rev. Nicolson has taken a keen interest in the matter. Within the same enclosure are the tombs of some of Bell the Cat " being the the famous Douglas family. Edinburgh . B. at the hour appointed for the unveiling of the tombstones. C. and now used Glenbervie family. . its IV. those present being — Eev. beautiful surroundings. Laurencekirk Mr. Auchinblae. J. that of Archibald most noteworthy. A portion is of the old church occupies the as the burial vault of the " centre of the burying-ground. Nearly a hundred years ago Burns was in the zenith of his powers. John Hanipton. Brechin Rev. Nicolson. arrived at three o'clock. it He said —A pro- engagement has made impossible for our Chairman. LL. feels That engagement became known to the Mr. Rogers. which were covered by a Union Jack. Greig. . too late to admit of their deferring our meeting. Great and enduring as is the renown shed on Scotland Rev. a party. Thomson. Nicolson. D. Sheriff-Clerk-Depute.. Aberdeen Mr. and I congratulate much regret at the untoward offer you on the charming weather. who had previously lunched at Glenbervie House. and Mr. . Greig. Alexander Stuart of Inchbreck Mr. members event. Stonehaven Rev. carrying large wreaths of wild-flowers. William Burness. Aberdeen Dr. up an impressive prayer. and the world was about to realize the peerless spell of his poetry. the deepest throes of the . Gordon Mr. among Kogers.APPENDIX The sequestered spot visit. C.D. . John Reith. Bedford Mr. . C. solicitor.D. D. thereafter offered W. Stonehaven Mr. Maitland Moir. Mr. fessional J. Greig then said — by the prowess of her sons in the world of action. Thursday being bright and clear. B. Mr. which had been tastefully arranged by Mrs. Charles . D. presided. Dr. . Riccarton and Mr. to be with us to-day.. Scotsman and a child of the period. a large company assembled in the churchyard. secretary of the committee. William Gordon. 383 rest is worthy of a but also on account of in which these remains not only because of its historical associations. Macdonald. Stonehaven Mr. banker. Mr. publisher. he sang for men of every age and country. Edwards. . H. Robert Crabb. Tlie company having assenibled in the churchyard. preceded by Mrs. . Edwards. J. Whether in jocund or waesorae mood. it pales before that While most thoroughly ft derived from the lyrics of the national Bard. H. llobert Burness. Badenach Nicolson. and on behalf of the committee a cordial greeting to the visitors we are pleased to see in such numbers. .

To such njen the tragedy not easily " shot aboot. Stuart then said I aoa sure you will all agree with — me in . that such memorials in our country as are associated with his name would be of interest to our children's children. and. of their sharp variances. Rogers and Mr. Edwards." dour but not vengeful. Our southern frieuds proffered their aid also.charged page. and were deserving of our reverend Such glimpses as we get of the old race interest us much on their care. too deep to be expressed. confuse right with wrong. of their deep affections. and in coming from Laithers to-day. A. Mr. remembering how much we owe. we have felt to those void of offence. will acquit themselves worthily in their trust. heart find voice through liis human songs. and such natures and their traditions were a heritage of the Bard. expressly to receive in name of himself and the other heritors those memorials which I am about to confide to his care. she placed one on each of the tombstones. it were more fit that. but he did not allow his judgment to swerve and His sins are not charged against us. I In name of the subscribers. he was indeed human. of their sorrow. I have every confidence. sparing of speech. and it may interest you to know that tlie Australian contingent was among the earliest to respond. Can we doubt that he heard much of what his ancestors were. Mrs. we should draw a veil over what concerns It were well stone-throwing were left US little and can profit us nothing. beg to ask that you. of their gladness. of their stout contentions for the cause they espoused. of life brought many and great vicissitudes. NicoLSON then removed the Union Jack. will accept our thanks for your past courtesy. The " thoughts too strong to liave be suppressed. and of their chequered fates ? You will be glad to hear that we have got sufficient money for the object we had in view. and the charge of these tombs. Mr. bemoan his follies. to him. he has given fresh proof of his interest. Stuart. has always shown a great interest in matters affecting Burns. In every life there is much of poetry and of prose and Burns had the gift of reading the full. under heaven. stepping back reverently. Having received the wreaths from Dr. Bums's being no evanescent fame. proprietor of Brawlinmuir. Ay.384 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. Mr. and forced the running." struggled to utterance. in committing these valued relics of the past to their care. own account. man. and editors who take on them to had untoward estimates of the We publish much that Burns never sanctioned. that the heritors . the company meanwhile uncovering. They seem to have been of keen insight. The Mearns men here and elsewhere sent cheerfully. friends. Stuart of Inchbreck.

so from certain races. Now we learn. and not unreasonable to assume that when surnames were adopted the owner of the lands of Burnhouse assumed the name of his lands. I know that he deeply regrets having to be absent. The appellative points to proximity to a burn or small stream. common it is everywhere. Nicolson from being present on this interesting occasion. will emerge and assert itself. or certain combinations of races. EoGEES said That Eobert Burns was. It is lit and proper that the tombstones of the " forbears " of a great man should light. but should be kept uninjured for future ages. As in the meadow there are spots more especially and which produce plants odorous and honey-laden. my to most unworthy shoulders. though beclouded for generations. as Burnhouse. tend to renovate and ennoble. 385 expressing our great regret that an unavoidable engagement has prevented Mr. Neither may we — venture to assert that he arose in a soil which had no preparation. and I confess I do so also. I accept the guardianship of the relics which you have been pleased to restore. So to speak would be to substitute for providential pre-arrangement the governefflorescent. and the Americans are equally jealous of our common birthright. and there are similar designations in Fife and else- where. Like oil on water. Dr. by their thoughts and activities. when the lands of Inchbreck were transferred to the On the 5th Professor's family by Sir Alexander Douglas of Glenbervie. and. Burns has a world-wide fame. As representing the heritors. on the authority of the late Professor Stuart of Inchbreck. And permit me to ment of chance. were especially so in the north- eastern counties. say that I for one incline to believe in the strong influence of heredity. April 1637 John Burnes appears II.APPENDIX IV. in respect of his great powers. directly indebted to his ancestors. it There is only this hold the that I happen I be the propiietor of the estate which cradled a high and great honour to first still the race of Burns. the place now called Kair was formerly known In the parish of Arbuthnot. As to the Poet I will not speak. descend those who. or by abbreviation Burnes. to whom we have this day come to do honour. because his mantle has fallen on fitness. as chamberlain to Sir Alexander Strachan VOL. It is only recently that a bust of the Poet has been erected in Westminster Abbey. may not be affirmed. mental power rises to the surface. saw the and I not be allowed to disappear. esteem portions of land on which they hope that the recollection of the family will never die out in this neighbourhood. 3 c . I merely refer to his ancestors. that in this parish of Glenbervie persons named Burnes were tenants in 1547. Territorial names.

as the marriage register prior to 1747. Robert. after whom the child was named. conjoining with his statement of bequests the injunction that his children should " be careful of and dutiful to their mother. Arbuthnot. and there remained till his death. the same stone is commemorated his wife. while the fact that these persons acquired substance and maintained a good social status would imply that they possessed energy and intelligence. That these several families were descended from the Kair or Arbuthnot stock may be reasonably assumed. in Glenbervie. Treasurer Scotland. But there exists a certified inventory of the I7th of July 1705. and we cannot trace the actual succession Burnes and his wife. Garvock. rented first the farm of Kinraonth in Glenbervie. introduced into the Burnes family. In his will. in June 1655. died on the 28th December 1749. and aided in eldest son. on the estate of Inchbreck. aged ninety. Burnes." His mentioned as such in the will. is in the register of that parish described Robert. and in which James Burnes is mentioned as late lessee of half the fann. drawn up on the 14th day of June 1740. and Burness are mentioned in the local registers as tenant-farmers the parishes of Fordoun. Burnas. the following entry: —"At In the parish register of Arbuthnot is the Kirk of Arbuthnot. Elizabeth Wise. Robert Bunies. when he married Elizabeth "Wise. when he had attained the advanced age of eighty-seven. Alexander Straitoun of that On the 2Gth August to the 1659 Patrick Burness sub- scribes an instrument as clerk Presbytery of Brechin. ." and " be at peace and unity among themselves. and Glenbervie. the said day Robert Burnes presentit ane child to be baptizit callit Witness thereto Robert Krow in ParkheacL" This Robert Krow. seems to have derived his name And so was the Christian name from his landlord. which. with their names variously spelt Duruace. Margaret Falconer. he divided his movable estate among his five children. And from the middle of the seventeenth century downwards members in of the family.386 of Thornton. the 27th of August. He became tenant in Brawlinmuir. THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. the child of Robert baptized at Arbuthnot in 1633. of Robert the inscription bears. At Clochnahill he built a school. and afterwards the farm of Cloclinaliill in the parish of Dunnottar. took place on the 23rd January On 1743. 1633. containing an account of the stock on Bogjorgan farm. Benholm. who. As the parish registers of Glenbervie are non-existent prior to 1721. when he the ilk. Kinneff. or Crow.attached his name at Edinburgh of to a legal instrument to granted by Earl of Traquair. Sir Robert Arbuthnot. . as is recorded on one of these tombstones. as residing at Glenbervie.

from tlie lairds of farm. or moralist. Poverty.APPENDIX supporting a teacher. as would appear. he set forth. or any other poet. Eobert Burns has been described as a peasant. Isabella Keith. but liis mother's family. has Better than any any cause to look into the dust or bow his head in shame. on an occasion similar to the look into the Poet's pedigree on the maternal side. that he was the first who taught his countrymen to look up. of the family had. Not only so. and it may be questioned whetlier one of the Poet's paternal stock was of the Celtic race. and more remotely. He was so inasmuch as his father cultivated his own first reared the mud cottage in which he connexion with the lowest grade was purely incidental. I Now. by whom he became the father of our great minstrel. 387 of Keith By his wife. along with six daughters. according to the family Bible. has its privileges. sprung from a race of substantial yeomen. and those with wliom they intermarried. when some two had occasion to years ago. was. His migration from these scenes led to his settlement in Ayrshire. his own hands this But Burnhouse. of Craig. has taught the descendant of the Brawlinmuir yeoman that the jewel of honour may not be obscured by the meanness of its setting. adversity its . of whom William. if he honestly fulfils his duties and is faithful to his God. philosopher. he IV. — Whether such is the fact I will not say. Now it is historically certain that the county of Kincardine was peopled by Scandinavians. four sons. or essayist. and his there marrying a woman of Celtic stock. of which one pillar rested on the rocks of Carrick and the other on From under that gigantic the wild. but he has certainly shown that no man. and within half a century of west. and by saw the light. I succeeded in tracing his forefathers for at least one hundred and twenty years as substantial yeomen on the Carrick coast. proved to be persons of prominence among the middle-class gentry of the Burns's maternal ancestors were Celts. the Brouns. his birth spoke Gaelic. rough shores of Bervie and Dunnottar ? archway have passed and are passing to every portion of the globe those who have had their energies fostered or promoted and strengthened througli the songs and poetry of Burns. present. when the great minstrel was born. appeared Might we not poetically say that in that birth was provided tlie keystone of an arch. The union of the two races of Saxon and Celt in his house first occurred by the marriage of William Burnes and Agnes Broun a union of which the first issue on the 25th January 1759. nor manliness defaced by lack of goods. as these stones testify. for he was. or orator. born at Clochnahill on the 11th November 1727. It was remarked of our Poet by Hugh Miller. the third son.

giving not well. is in its direction under the guidance of example and of heredity. Is there patriotic poet any one who is prepared to assert tliat Burns would have been the he was had he not derived his being from a race who. an' a' that The coward slave — we pass him by. so may we assert of the ancestors of Robert Burns. The rank is but the guinea's stamp. taught Burns. the love of country and of kind ? Genius. nor adverse fortune eradicate. and he only a slave who holds indigence as a disgrace. while the clothing that is supplied by the industry of the wearer is more truly adorning than upon the shoulders of the indolent is a robe of the richest texture. what lines are more elevating than these two ? Princes and lords are but the breath of kings. . is compensation. any age nor in any language have the sentiments of uninspired man nobler form than in these lines taken Not in : Is there for honest poverty That hangs his liead. by precept and example. then. We For dare be poor for a' that. familiar with the scenes and ways of Caledonia. that each was true. In the view of the IJrawlinmuir yeoman's descendant. a' that.388 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. a man is dignified only by wisdom. As by the late Loid Crawford it is asserted that all of the family name of Lindsay are incapable of dishonouring it. might dare to be poor his inheritance was a nobleness of nature which rank could not confer. to testify our veneration for the ancestors of that great finding in decay the patriotic memories. . and a' that. Our toils obscure an' a' that. meteoric and underived. In the "What patriot pride he taught how much the inborn worth of man And rustic life and poverty Grew beautiful beneath his touch. . Do we Bard. The man of independent mind. ennobled only by virtue. brought in his who them forth anew. In all that concerns humanity in its loftiest aspect. transmitted to their descendant. ! . The man's the gowd for a' that. as well as by an inherent tendency. them strength and force words of Thomas Campbell To weigh own imperishalde minstrelsy. An honest man's the noblest work of God.

so as publicly to evince that she possessed of the same spirit it. — streams. he included Stonehaven and Laurencekirk. although he had in his time unnoticed. by one of the gentlest of Scotland's ancestors. and Burns had It was. and one of those who. Nicolson. been the three greatest lights we had had in literature. said that Shakespeare. plating what he had lost. was not left He was not overlooked by many troubles and trials. of the selfish school. 389 own concerns had they been careful only. but might pen those expressions of benevolence. who has so suitably placed these wreatlis on the tombstones of the Poet's ancestors. however. President referring to the feelings . descendant of Lord Monboddo here to-day in the person of Mrs. and made Scotland celebrated throughout the earth. to The great-grandson of the tenant at realize what Brawlinmuir has expressed it thus : To make a happy fireside clime To weans and wife. and all who cherish the memory of his genius. that actuated her progenitor in doing honour to one so worthy of and who has Dr.APPENDIX Of their IV. When in it the Poet. Maitland Mom. Most appropriately indeed is that lady present on this interesting is occasion. Yet surely it becomes us. but it is doubtful whether he visited To him there would not have been much pleasure in contemGlenbervie. where. after which inspired him on entering the churchyard of Glenbervie for the first time. rests in the kirkyard of Glenbervie the dust of his Burns. to regard as especially sacred one spot that under the shadow of the Knockhill. Goethe. —more — that is. cast an enduring lustre upon his country. on his arrival in Edinburgh. That's the true pathos and sublime Of human life. combined with the hope of the coming time his we then have had from When man to man the world o'er 1 Shall brothers be For a course of ages had poets and others been seeking constituted the chief good. of the Aberdeen Burns' Club. and it is even possible that his sagacious father may have withheld from his eldest son that knowledge which might have awakened his discontent. many eminent literary first admirers. took him We have a lineal by the hand was the celebrated Lord Monboddo. had they been at the gear they had left to him who whistled plough. in the autumn of 1787. made his northern tour.

the tack of David Burnes of Brawlinmuir. Kobert Burncss. EoGERS said that his share of the duties had been small. referring particularly to his having liunted up the Will He was very proud to be of James Barnes of Brawlinmuir. by his ancestors to the Burnes family he would of other leases granted gladly have shown to those present. Stuart said he had to exhibit another interesting document A number namely. but this was positively the last he should engage in he had finished his monumental labours in the kirkyard of Glenbervie. along with a gentleman now present. Thomson then exhibited the Will referred to by I)r. to whose excellent literary taste and indomitable research Scotland lay under a debt of gratitude. C. to who had done more than any one in the past. He would add that he had spent the early part of the day. but the Doctor was one on whom they had not the same claim. Dr. Stonehaven. would be recognised not only throughout Scotland. Eev. and that the burden had rested on Mr. Greig said he thought it the was due to associate with that vote the was only right tliat the people in tlie district should have acted as they had done. H. Stonehaven. Thomson. C. He was glad they had with them members of the Poet's lineage in the person of the chairman (Mr. allowed to be present. sure that our natioual of their national Poet. dated in 1740. Gieig's shoulders. ^loir. Greig) and Mr. He referred Mr. Macdonald said that he had been asked to pioposo a vote of thanks to the committee who had made the necessary arrangements for The services of the committee carrying out the restoration of the stones. Piogers concluded by thanking them heartily for the honour they had done him. Edwards of Brechin. D. dated 1788.390 THE BOOK OF ROBERT BURNS. and he did not . Mr. Mr. Greig said that he felt it necessary to explain that there were not a few members of the Poet's lineage present with them. Dr. popularize and make known the poets and poetry of to or in recent times. Rogers. who had forgotten to return them. in regard to the ancestors of Burns. Mr. but unfortunately he had lent them to an admirer of Burns. He took a great interest ill such work as the present. Scotland. He was Bard would have been proud had he seen such The Doctor beautiful wreaths placed on the tombstones of his ancestors. and visited name of their friend Dr. then referred to the researches of Mr. It — several places of great historic interest. and to add a sinjjle remark in tribute td the memory the simple impulse of his nature that had inspired Burns to write. but throughout whole world. Mr.

" Rantin' Robin. 391 wish that those who were not aware of the fact should go away under any misapprehension. He saw perhaps half a dozen gentlemen and a good many ladies claim kin to tlie illustrious bard. Nicolson. the Auchinblae Volunteer Band. struck up " Auld Langsyne.APPENDIX who could IV. Eeitii (a great-grandson of David Barnes) proposed a vote of thanks to the chairman." etc." " Scots wha of the company visited the beautiful enclosures of Glenbervie. . Mr. in recognition of the able manner in which he had carried out the arrangements. including hae. Rev. Edinburgh : Scott d: Ferguson and Burness to Ilcr <t Company. Several others having spoken briefly. man for many a' that." followed by other appropriate airs at intervals." " A man's a On the invitation of Mrs. which was in attendance immediately outside the wall of the churchyard. Printers Majesty.

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PR 4^329 Rogers. Charles The book of Robert Bums R55 V.2 PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE FROM THIS CARDS OR SLIPS POCKET UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY .

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