This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Geography Area: 8,511,965 sq. km. (3,290,000 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than the U.S. Cities: Capital--Brasilia (pop. 2.5 million). Other cities--Sao Paulo (11.2 million), Rio de Janeiro (6.3 million), Belo Horizonte (2.4 million), Salvador (2.7 million), Fortaleza (2.4 million), Curitiba (1.7 million), Recife (1.5 million), Porto Alegre (1.4 million). Terrain: Dense forests in northern regions including Amazon Basin; semiarid along northeast coast; mountains, hills, and rolling plains in the southwest, including MatoGrosso; midwestern savannahs; the world's largest wetland area; and coastal lowland. Climate: Mostly tropical or semitropical with temperate zone in the south.
People Nationality: Brazilian. Population (2010): 190 million. Annual population growth rate: 1.02%. Ethnic groups: African, Portuguese, Italian, German, Spanish, Japanese, Indigenous peoples, and people of Middle Eastern descent. Religion: Roman Catholic (74%). Language: Portuguese. Education: Literacy--90.3% of adult population. Health: Infant mortality rate--21.17/1,000. Life expectancy--73.1 years in 2010. Work force (2009 est.): 101.7 million.
Government Type: Federative republic. Independence: September 7, 1822. Constitution: Promulgated October 5, 1988. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of government popularly elected to no more than two 4-year terms). Legislative--Senate (81 members popularly elected to staggered 8-year terms), Chamber of Deputies (513 members popularly elected to 4-year terms). Judicial--Supreme Federal Tribunal (11 lifetime positions appointed by the president). Political parties: Workers' Party (PT), Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB), Democrats (DEM), Democratic Workers Party (PDT), Brazilian Labor Party (PTB), Party of the Republic (PR), Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB), Communist Party of Brazil (PC do B), Progressive Party (PP). Popular Socialist Party (PPS), Green Party (PV), Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL), the National Mobilization Party (PMN), Humanistic Solidarity Party (PHS), the Brazilian Republican Party (PRB), Christian Social Party (PSC), Christian Labor Party (PTC), and the Labor Party of Brazil (PT do B), Brazilian Communist Party (PCB), and Brazilian Labor Renewal Party (PRTB).
Economy (2010 est.) GDP (nominal exchange rate): $ 2.1 trillion. GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.194 trillion. Annual real growth (2010): 7.5%. Per capita GDP (nominal exchange rate): $11,185.
who colonized Brazil in the 16th century. Spain. Rio de Janeiro. chemicals. ruled from 1831 to 1889. 1822. Slavery had been abolished a year earlier by the Princess Regent Isabel while Dom Pedro II was in Europe. and established its seat of government in Rio de Janeiro. Six major groups make up the Brazilian population: the Portuguese. Between 1945 and 1961. settling mainly in the four southern states of Sao Paulo. and aluminum. Carlos Luz. Indigenous full-blooded Indians. When Quadros resigned in 1961.65 Brazilian reais. Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil for Portugal in 1500.Per capita GDP (purchasing power parity): $10. Vice President Joao Goulart succeeded him. cocoa. Santa Catarina. Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas. Marshal of the Army. in the presidency. 81% of the total population was living in urban areas. United States 10%. Brazil has 14% of the world's renewable fresh water. The largest Japanese community outside Japan is in Sao Paulo. most others are members of traditional Protestant denominations. Africans brought to Brazil as slaves. and tobacco. and Belo Horizonte. Services (66% of GDP): Types--mail. members of growing evangelical movements. consumer durables. and indigenous peoples of Tupi and Guarani language stock. motors. rice. China 14%. oranges. wood. when Dom Joao VI and the rest of the Portuguese royal family fled from Napoleon's army. Nereu Ramos. Despite class distinctions. commerce. security. Brazil prides itself on being open to all races but recently began a national conversation on racial equality and entered into a memorandum of understanding with the United States on addressing racial inequality. Agriculture (6% of GDP): Products--soybeans. petrochemicals. This growth aids economic development but also creates serious social. His son declared Brazil's independence on September 7. coffee. the government was a constitutional republic.900. Immigrants came mainly from Italy. Vargas remained as dictator until 1945. and computing. auto parts. $1 = 1. Trade: Trade balance (2011)--$20 billion surplus. Japan. and Argentina 8%. livestock. The colony was ruled from Lisbon until 1808. JuscelinoKubitschek. Their numbers are declining as contact with the outside world and commercial expansion into the interior increase. Brazil underwent rapid urban growth. From 1889 to 1930. Dom Joao VI returned to Portugal in 1821. The majority of people live in the southcentral area. Imports--$182 billion. various other European. national identity is strong. gemstones. Argentina 9%. banking. oil. sugarcane. a civilian. . telecommunications. Vargas himself. Brazilian Government programs to establish indigenous reservations and to provide other forms of assistance have existed for years but are controversial. about 5 million Europeans immigrated to Brazil. or follow practices derived from African religions. From 1875 until 1960. vehicles. and became emperor with the title of Dom Pedro I. when a federal republic was established in a coup led by Deodoro da Fonseca. environmental. nickel. Exchange rate (March 3. Poland. His son. Intermarriage between the Portuguese and indigenous people or slaves was common. About three-quarters of all Brazilians belong to the Roman Catholic Church. and the Middle East. This period ended with a military coup that placed Getulio Vargas. Major suppliers--United States 15%. and political problems for major cities. located mainly in the northern and western border regions and in the upper Amazon Basin. cotton. subsequent waves of immigration contributed to a diverse ethnic and cultural heritage. Although the major European ethnic stock of Brazil was originally Portuguese. uranium. which includes the industrial cities of Sao Paulo. PEOPLE AND HISTORY With its 190 million inhabitants. Natural resources: Iron ore.S. bauxite. Major markets--China 15%. Industry (28% of GDP): Types--steel. Gaspar Dutra. manganese. Parana. and lumber. and JanioQuadros. cement. with the presidency alternating between the dominant states of Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais. and Rio Grande do Sul. Exports--$202 billion. 2011): U. energy. make up less than 1% of the population. Dom Pedro II. and Japanese and other Asian immigrant groups who settled in Brazil since the mid-19th century. by 2005. machinery. Germany. Middle Eastern. Brazil had six presidents: Jose Linhares. commercial aircraft. footwear. Cafe Filho. wheat. Brazil has the largest population in Latin America and ranks fifth in the world. corn.
with elections based on a complex system of proportional representation by states. About 130 million Brazilians. The armed forces. Neves died 39 days later. Vice President Itamar Franco took his place and governed for the remainder of Collor's term. In January 1985. becoming the first woman president in Brazil. To date. a former union leader. a major corruption scandal led to his impeachment and ultimately. Rousseff took office on January 1. legislative. This system is weighted in favor of geographically large but sparsely populated states. Brazil completed its transition to a popularly elected government in 1989. the proportion of congressional seats held by particular parties can change. three for each state and the Federal District. and judicial branches. Cardoso took office January 1. the electoral college voted Tancredo Neves from the opposition Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) into office as President. alarmed by these developments. Dilma had previously served as the Minister of Mines and Energy and the Executive Chief of Staff. a cabinet-member position. and appoints his own cabinet. resignation. and pursued a program of ambitious economic reform. He was re-elected in 2006 for a second 4-year term. Concurrently. won a runoff election against the Social Democrat Party candidate. LuizInacio Lula da Silva.Goulart's years in office were marked by high inflation. In 1992. and 513 deputies. Since representatives to the lower house might switch parties. two-thirds of the country·s population. The coup leaders chose HumbertoCastelloBranco as president. Nineteen political parties are represented in Congress. all of whom were senior army officers. were eligible to vote. warning that social reforms would take years and that Brazil had no alternative but to maintain tight fiscal austerity policies. 2011 and has prioritized growth with equity policies to eradicate poverty and fiscal austerity. There are 81 senators. in President Lula·s administration. 54 senators (two-thirds of the total). The president holds office for 4 years. Vice President Jose Sarney became President upon Neves' death. staged a coup on March 31.057 delegates to the 27 state assemblies. Up for election were the President. Figueiredo permitted the return of politicians exiled or banned from political activity during the 1960s and 1970s and allowed them to run for state and federal offices in 1982. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL CONDITIONS Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district. DilmaVanaRousseff. At the same time. The 1988 constitution grants broad powers to the federal government. Senate terms are 8 years. In office he took a prudent fiscal path. Chamber terms are 4 years. when Fernando Collor de Mello won 53% of the vote in the first direct presidential election in 29 years. economic stagnation. He was re-elected in 1998 for a second 4-year term. staggered so that two-thirds of the upper house is up for election at one time and one-third 4 years later. the Workers Party (PT) candidate. is Brazil's first working-class president. President Lula. made up of executive. the governors of all 26 states and of the federal district of Brasília. all 513 federal deputies. most notably gender equality. Geisel began a democratic opening that was continued by his successor. On October 3. 1995. he made fighting poverty through conditional transfer payments an important element of his policies. Brazil held its sixth consecutive presidential and general elections since the reinstatement of democracy in 1985. 1964. a mandatory civic duty. before his presidential inauguration. The major political parties are: Workers' Party (PT-center-left) Democrats (DEM-center-right) Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB-center) Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB-center-left) Green Party (PV-center-left) Socialism and Freedom Party (Psol-left) Brazilian Labor Party (PTB-center-right) . followed by Arthur da Costa e Silva (1967-69). President Rousseff has also been a vocal defender of human rights and promoter of social inclusion. an electoral college consisting of all members of congress and six delegates chosen from each state continued to choose the president. all democratically elected presidents that followed Itamar Franco started and finished their mandate with no interruptions in the constitutional order. and 1. Gen. the largest state delegation (Sao Paulo's) is capped at 70 seats. 1994 Fernando Henrique Cardoso was elected President with 54% of the vote. Joao Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo (1979-85). Each state is eligible for a minimum of eight seats. Emilio Garrastazu Medici (1969-74). commonly known as Lula. and Ernesto Geisel (1974-79). with the right to re-election for an additional 4-year term. In October 2010. was elected president in 2002. from abdominal complications. after his fourth campaign for the office. and the increasing influence of radical political elements.
For the first time. and domestic consumption has become an important driver of Brazilian growth. have contributed to the country·s transition from a regional to a global power. who took office on January 1. 2011. During the administration of former President Lula. Washington. including 2010 growth of 7. President DilmaRousseff. . San Francisco. economic growth and social programs helped lift tens of millions of Brazilians out of poverty. while the permanent embassy is being renovated. Houston. Expected to continue to grow in the 4% to 5% range. 202-238-2700 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 202-238-2700 end_of_the_skype_highlighting) but it is temporarily located at 1025 Thomas Jefferson Street NW. and consulates in Miami. Boston. the economy is the world·s eighth-largest and is expected to rise to fifth within the next several years. Brazil has consulates general in New York. and Trade--Fernando Damata Pimentel Minister of Finance--Guido Mantega Minister of Foreign Affairs--Antonio de AguiarPatriota Minister of Justice--Jose Eduardo Cardozo Minister of the Environment--Izabella Teixeira Minister of Agriculture.5%. Atlanta. DC. surging exports. including sound fiscal management. Suite 300 Washington DC 20007. and a floating exchange rate. and Los Angeles.Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB-center-left) Democratic Labor Party (PDT-center-left) Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB-left) Progressive Party (PP-center-right) Party of the Republic (PR-center right) Brazilian Republican Party (PRB-center) Christian Social Party (PSC-center) Chief of State and Cabinet Members President--DilmaVanaRousseff Vice President--Michel Miguel Elias TemerLulia Minister-Chief Casa Civil (Chief of Staff)--Antonio PalocciFilho Minister of Defense--Nelson Jobim Minister of Development. and Washington. Chicago. has indicated her intention to continue the former president·s economic policies. ECONOMY The Brazilian economy·s solid performance during the financial crisis and its strong and early recovery. DC 20008 (tel. a majority of Brazilians are now middle-class. Industry. inflation control. Livestock and Food Supply--Wagner Goncalves Rossi Minister of Mines and Energy--Edison Lobao Ambassador to the United States--Mauro Vieira Ambassador to the United Nations--Maria LuizaRibeiroViotti Ambassador to the OAS--Ruy de Lima Casaes e Silva Brazil maintains an embassy in the United States at 3006 Massachusetts Avenue NW.
Paraguay. and has the world's largest commercial cattle herd (50% larger than that of the U. agriculture. milk. In an effort to limit the appreciation. and Argentina.) at 170 million head. cocoa. by the end of 2010 it had pushed ahead with concrete action demonstrating results on climate change. deforestation due to illegal logging remains a serious problem.Rising employment and strong domestic demand pushed inflation to nearly 6% in 2010. as well as a strengthening of the Mercosul (Mercosur in Spanish) customs union with Uruguay. becoming Brazil's principal export market and an important source of investment. Mercosul is pursuing free trade negotiations with Mexico and Canada and resumed trade negotiations with the EU. either as conservation units. Brazil must continue to attract FDI.S. It is the largest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Latin America. Agriculture Agriculture is a major sector of the Brazilian economy. In 2006. or municipal governments. Brazil also increased its programs in other biomes at risk for significant deforestation. a national action plan. and is key for economic growth and foreign exchange. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP (25% when including agribusiness) and 36% of Brazilian exports. nuclear power. Brazil is the world's largest producer of sugarcane. state. updated numbers for Brazil·s inventory on greenhouse gas emissions. China has significantly increased its purchases of Brazilian soy. Science. and steel in recent years. The remainder of agricultural output is in the livestock sector. and another arrangement with Egypt was signed in 2010. Brazil's national initiatives served to demonstrate the country·s intention to solidify its role as a leading player in international climate change negotiations. In 2008 Mercosul concluded a free trade arrangement with Israel. and other infrastructure sectors over the next few years. iron ore. primarily for agricultural use. Although Brazil had a slow start in 2010 in taking steps to advance its climate change commitments made at the COP-15 in Copenhagen. . The economic boom and high interest rates have attracted foreign currency inflows that have driven up the value of the currency (the real) by nearly 40% since the start of 2009. Through initiatives such as the revitalization of degraded pastures and forest. Trade Policy President Rousseff will continue to make economic growth and poverty alleviation top priorities. Brazil is generally open to and encourages foreign investment. and other areas. Little less than 40% of the Amazon. the government created the Brazilian Forest Service with the aim to manage in a sustainable manner the Amazon forest resources. or officially designated indigenous lands. Brazil is also an important producer of soybeans (second to the United States). and seafood. and Technology About half of Brazil is covered in forests. and livestock integration. the government made progress in reducing deforestation for agricultural use. and government officials predict that. frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ). reduced forest cover in the Brazilian Amazon by 20%. The trade bloc also plans to launch trilateral free trade negotiations with India and South Africa. and the implementation of the National Climate Change Fund were concrete domestic steps taken by the Government of Brazil to address climate change concerns and were a signal to the international community underscoring that Brazil is indeed trying to meet the ambitious goals presented at COP-15. the Rousseff administration is also seeking expanded trade ties with developing countries. Since domestic savings are not sufficient to sustain long-term high growth rates. and to a lesser extent the Cerrado (tropical savannah). the Amazon. The major international athletic competitions that Brazil will host every year until the 2016 Rio Olympics are also leading the government to invest in roads. Environment. Brazil·s goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from 36. Export promotion is a main component in plans to generate growth and reduce what is seen as a vulnerability to international financial market fluctuations. The lowest-ever Amazon deforestation rate. tropical fruits. coffee. cotton. the government is seeking access to foreign markets through trade negotiations and increased export promotion as well as measures to promote exports. leading the central bank to boost interest rates and the Rousseff government to announce cuts in 2011 spending. Figures from 2010 demonstrated that Brazil has reduced the rate of Amazon deforestation by more than 70%. the Brazilian Government delegation played an important role in brokering the central outcome of the conference--a characterization of country commitments under the Kyoto Protocol that could enable Protocol proponents to say it can continue into a second commitment period. pork. To further increase its international profile (both economically and politically). forest concessions. the lowest rate of deforestation in over 20 years. is managed by national. especially as the government plans to invest billions of dollars in off-shore oil. Brazil enjoyed a positive agricultural trade balance of $55 billion in 2009.1% to 38. In the last 30 years. However. mainly the production of beef and poultry (second to the United States).9% could be reached by 2016 rather than 2020. airports. building on partial trade liberalization agreements concluded with these countries in 2004. At COP-16 in December 2010 in Cancun. sports facilities. corn. and the United States is traditionally the top foreign investor in Brazil. tobacco. the government has increased dollar reserves and capital controls. and forest products. migration into the Amazon and the conversion of forest land. Brazil has been a leading player in the World Trade Organization·s Doha Round negotiations and continues to seek to bring that effort to successful conclusion. at the current pace. To increase exports. and Brazil has the majority of the world's largest rain forest.
The largest financial firms are Brazilian (and the two largest banks are government-owned). and petrochemicals.000 megawatts. but U. yet interest rates remain among the highest in the world.000 megawatts (69%). Brazil has a diverse and sophisticated services industry as well. Privatization in the transportation sector has been particularly active over the last 20 years. when they are signed and enter into force. The Brazilian railroad industry was privatized through concession contracts ranging from 30 to 60 years. tend to prefer to explore the deposits of nickel. hydropower accounts for 77. The oil reserves in these fields are conservatively estimated at between 30 billion and 80 billion barrels. such as biofuels. The Brazilian Government seeks to develop an environment that is more supportive of innovation. Yet there are still some challenges. which in turn promise to restore. New opportunities are expected to arise with the opening of the Brazilian civil airports to private management and investment through a federal concession model. maintain. bauxite. energy. as the world·s largest biofuels producers. which would put Brazil in the top 10 countries in the world in reserves. Limitations to cooperation include substantial restrictions on foreign researchers collecting or studying biological materials.S. and academic researchers have extensive ties with Brazilian counterparts. Other Aspects Brazil has one of the most advanced industrial sectors in Latin America. Many antiquated and burdensome state management structures that operated in the sector were dismantled. machinery and equipment. Brazil·s proven mineral resources are extensive. Brazil and the United States. High-quality. cement. telecommunications. Brazil announced in early 2008 the discovery of the Tupi and Carioca oil fields off the coast of Rio de Janeiro. are working jointly through a 2007 memorandum of understanding to help make sustainable biofuels a global commodity. Brazil is one of the world's leading producers of hydroelectric power. beryllium. In the mid-1980s. The Government of Brazil undertook an ambitious program to reduce dependence on imported oil. computers. and expand these highways in exchange for toll revenues generated. and remote sensing. Brazil supported the Allies in both World Wars. The financial sector is secure and provides local firms with a wide range of financial products. energy transmission. Mining companies. agricultural research. and agriculture. energy. zinc. and computing sectors. Brazil faces serious environmental obstacles in providing potable water to its citizens and removing and treating their waste water. medical research. and the ports sector is experiencing similar. and . with significant operations in lumber. Recently. albeit less expansive. tin. chromite. imports accounted for more than 70% of Brazil's oil and derivatives needs. and other minerals. The United States and Brazil signed an Air Services Liberalization Agreement in 2008 that increased commercial air travel between the two countries. tin. Government. aircraft. the federal government granted concessions for existing highways to private companies. Government-initiated privatization after 1996 triggered a flood of investors in the telecom. The extent of bilateral scientific and technological cooperation is expanding and prospective areas in which to expand include advanced materials. the Union of South American Nations (UNASUL) created in June 2004. coking-grade coal required in the steel industry is in short supply. textiles.Brazil is a leader in science and technology in South America and a global leader in some fields. tungsten. lead. and energy efficiency. Brazil has given high priority to expanding relations with its South American neighbors and is a founding member of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI). most of them Brazilian. and transportation sectors. Output from the existing Campos Basin and the discovery of the new fields could make Brazil a significant oil exporter by 2015. remote sensing. Of its total installed electricity-generation capacity of 112. shoes. they initialed an air transportation agreement and an air transportation memorandum of understanding that. privatization.S. Brazil is also the world·s largest biofuels exporter and sugar-based ethanol makes up over 50% of its vehicle fuel usage. It is a member of the Organization of American States (OAS) and a party to the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty). Areas in which there is close cooperation include biofuels. though some still exist. due to concerns over possible unauthorized taking and commercialization of genetic resources or traditional knowledge of indigenous communities (often referred to as "biopiracy"). During World War II. private sector. FOREIGN RELATIONS Brazil has traditionally been a leader in the inter-American community and played an important role in collective security efforts. With the vast majority of the population living in urban areas. U. commerce. taking scientific advances from the laboratory to the marketplace in order to promote economic growth. but the initiative faces obstacles due to questions surrounding sovereignty and opposition from airport unions. Accounting for roughly one-third of the GDP. In 2010. as well as in economic cooperation in the Western Hemisphere. deep-sea oil production. including developed telecommunications. gold. Like its supply of carbon-based fossil fuels. iron ore. Brazil continues to be a major world supplier of commodities and natural resources. and consumer durables. the net figure is now zero. other minerals. In response to the dramatic deterioration in the national highway system. Brazil's diverse industries include automobiles and parts. Large iron and manganese reserves are important sources of industrial raw materials and export earnings. will continue and expand this process. and other foreign firms have an important share of the market. its expeditionary force in Italy played a key role in the Allied victory at Monte Castello. copper. banking.
-Brazil engagement and cooperation are reflected in high-level contacts between the two governments.S. law enforcement. Embassy and Consulate Functions The U. and four other cabinet-level visits in the first part of 2010. It has contributed troops to UN peacekeeping efforts in the Middle East. Commercial Service and Foreign Agriculture Service programs tripled over the last 3 years. a customs union between Argentina. tax information. counter-narcotics.S. nonproliferation and arms control. U. Uruguay. and Ecuador as associate members. Bolivia. Brazilian tourists spent $4. economy in 2009. signing a full-scale nuclear safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Angola. cooperation in third countries on health and food security issues. including reciprocal visits by President George W. . and Japan are primary markets for Brazilian exports and sources of foreign lending and investment. Prior to this. and science officers deal directly with the Brazilian Government in advancing U. health. Political. The consular section of the embassy and the consulates and the consular agents provide vital services to the estimated 60. embassy and consulates in Brazil provide a wide range of services to U.000 visas in FY 2010. Among other services. social inclusion. labor. biofuels.000 U.S. Haiti. Brazil is seeking a permanent position on the Council. Secretary Clinton attended the January 1. Western Europe. Deepening U. Commercial Service and Foreign Agriculture Service work closely with hundreds of U.57 billion in the U. the two countries launched the high-level Global Partnership Dialogue and signed three memoranda of understanding--on Climate Change Cooperation. Venezuela's full membership is pending. The U. The consular section offers passport and emergency services to U. In addition to these recently signed initiatives and periodic meetings.S.S. It is expected that Brazilian travel to the U. There is also cooperation on trilateral development programs in Mozambique in the health sector and food security. have been working together to advance biofuels cooperation. companies starting or maintaining business ventures in Brazil. Brazil is a charter member of the United Nations and participates in its specialized agencies. Under a memorandum of understanding signed in 2007.S. companies that maintain offices in Brazil. During Secretary Clinton·s March 2010 visit to Brazil. 2011 inauguration of President DilmaRousseff and Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner visited Brazil in February 2011. citizens residing in Brazil. also meet periodically for structured consultations and to increase cooperation on agriculture. Brazil and the U. issuing over 600. and El Salvador.000 visa interviews a day. including the Defense Cooperation Agreement in April. some 150. with Chile. and most recently Haiti. The plan calls for Brazil and the United States to work jointly in combating racial discrimination and sharing best practices in tackling discrimination in the areas of education. international crime.S. Brazil and the U. As Brazil's domestic economy has grown and diversified.S. elections while abroad and provides U. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Brazil and signed a historic Joint Action Plan to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Discrimination and Promote Equality. The U. tourists as needed during their stay in Brazil.S. and many other areas. and Brazil. citizens and business. including financial support to terrorist groups. citizens on general conditions in the country.S. China is a growing market for Brazilian exports. on the Advancement of Women.S.S. a visit by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in March 2010.S. Cyprus. acceding to the Treaty of Tlatelolco. residents living in Brazil. with plans to extend this cooperation to additional countries in Africa.Mercosul. the governments of Brazil and of the United States have a long-standing collaboration on biofuels. Several other agreements were signed with Brazil in 2010. the Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan in July.-BRAZILIAN RELATIONS The United States was the first country to recognize Brazil's independence in 1822. conducting over 2. Attaches from the U. and on Trilateral Cooperation.000 U.. For example. Besides the U. citizens visit annually.S. Colombia. Brazil is serving as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. trade. Brazil is currently leading the UN peacekeeping force in Haiti. The consulate in Sao Paulo is the largest non-immigrant visa issuing post. active relations encompassing a broad political and economic agenda. In 2010-2011. the Tropical Forests Conservation Act in August. The two countries have traditionally enjoyed friendly. the consular section assists Americans who wish to participate in U. will increase 198% by 2015.S. interests but also are available to brief U. human rights and trafficking in persons. and eliminating racial discrimination. science and technology and nuclear energy. Brazil also bolstered its commitment to nonproliferation through ratification of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Mission in Brazil is the fourth-largest visa operation in the world.S. These officers provide information on Brazilian trade and industry regulations and administer several programs to aid U. the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Peru.S. bilaterally and globally. Paraguay. companies traveling to Brazil to participate in U. and the General Security of Information Agreement in November. The number of trade events and U.S. it had been a member of the UN Security Council nine times. U. economic.S. and joining the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Nuclear Suppliers Group. regional security. Brazil was a leader of the G-20 group of nations and in 2009 became a creditor country to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In March 2008. Ongoing topics of discussion and cooperation include trade and finance. Mozambique. Bush and President Lula in March 2007.S.S.S. and environmental and climate change issues.S. the country has become increasingly involved in international economic and trade policy discussions. East Timor. trilateral cooperation.S.
Principal U. Internet: http://brasilia. Consular agents are located in Manaus. DF. CEP: 70. Fortaleza. . Sao Paulo. quadra 801.usembassy. Branch offices of the U. Belem.S. Foreign Commercial Services are located in Brasilia. Embassy in Brasilia is located at SES Avenida das Nacoes. Army Consul General--Marie Damour Economic Counselor--James Dudley Agricultural Counselor--Alan Hrapsky Commercial Attache--Devin Rambo Political Counselor--Ricardo Zuniga Science Counselor--Stefanie Amadeo Public Affairs Counselor--Adele Ruppe Consul General in Sao Paulo--Thomas P.gov/. U.403-900 (tel. Shannon Deputy Chief of Mission--Lisa Kubiske Defense Attache--Colonel Samuel Prugh. and Belo Horizonte. consulates general are in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. (fax 55-613225-9136). and a consulate is in Recife.S. Rio de Janeiro. Kelly Consul General in Rio de Janeiro--Dennis Hearne Consul in Recife--Chris delCorso The U. and Porto Alegre. 55-61-3312-7000).S. Brasilia.S.S. U. lote 3. Salvador. Embassy Officials Ambassador--Thomas A.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.