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Chapter 3 Exponential Functions and Logarithms Review from the Math 30-1 EDG Workbook
math30-1edge.com

© All Rights Reserved

0 ratings0% found this document useful (0 votes)

81 views10 pagesChapter 3 Exponential Functions and Logarithms Review from the Math 30-1 EDG Workbook
math30-1edge.com

© All Rights Reserved

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1. Use an algebraic process to solve each of the following equations. Verify your answers.

4

4 !

1

(a) 4 4 1 (b) 16 84

4

4

4

3 8

(c)

2 27

2. For each of the following exponential functions, state the (i) domain, (ii) range, and coordinates of any

(iii) -intercepts and (iv) -intercepts. Sketch each, be sure to include the asymptote. Try doing as much

as you can without using your graphing calculator! Use an algebraic process to determine any intercepts.

4 !

1 4

(a) N 3 24 (b) O 5 2 8 40

2

i – Domain: i – Domain:

ii – Range: ii – Range:

iv – -int: iv – -int:

Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Review

3. The range of the exponential functions given by the graphs below are { | = 5, ∈ ℝ} for N and

4 8ˆ.

{ | > 48, ∈ ℝ} for O . Determine an equation for each function, in the form

(a) (b)

0, 45

2, 23

0, 7 2, 0

4. Evaluate each of the following logarithms. Try without using a log button on your calculator.

(a) STO 81 (b) STO! 32 (c) STO 0.125 (d) STO 27

1

(e) STO \ 100 (f) STO

125

N HA at

1. (a) 3/2 2. (a) i - { ∈ ℝ} (b) i - { ∈ ℝ}

0, 35 40

(b) 6/13 ii - { | = 24, ∈ ℝ} 2, 0 ii - { | > 40, ∈ ℝ}

iii - 2, 0 0, 18 iii - 3, 0 3, 0

(c) 13/12 HA at

iv - 0, 18 24 iv - 0, 35 O

Chapter 3 – Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

5. Refer to #3 above. If and ˆ are both elements of the real numbers, where 9 0, ˆ 9 0, identify

which of the following scenarios provides an -intercept. Justify by providing a graph.

(a) = 0, ˆ = 0 (b) = 0, ˆ > 0 (c) > 0, ˆ = 0 (d) > 0, ˆ > 0

6. Solve each of the following for , without using a log button on your calculator.

1 4

(a) STO 512 (b) STO 3 (c) STO4

16 3

1 2

(d) 3 4 729 (e) 4 2 4 ! (f) STO 5

8 # 3

27

(g) STO 32 8 (h) STO6

3

4

4

1

3. (a) 2 3 85 (b) 3 8 48 4. (a) (b) 0/ (c) /$

4

(d) * (e) $/ (f) /$

Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Review

7. Given the function R % < % ' 8 •, an expression for the -intercept is:

A. 8ˆ

Exam

Style

B. 4 8 ˆ

C. 8ˆ

4

4

D. 8ˆ

1 4 !

8. A student wishes to algebraically determine the -intercept of the function 2 32 . One of

8

steps in his correct solution lists the linear equation 3 8 ,

Exam

Style where the values of and are, respectively, ____ and ____ .

indicate the domain, range, asymptote, and coordinates of any intercepts.

Use an algebraic process to determine the graph characteristics, where applicable

state in exact values only.

A. { | = ⁄3 , ∈ ℝ}

Exam

Style

B. { | = 8 3, ∈ ℝ}

C. { | = 3 , ∈ ℝ}

D. { | = 3/ , ∈ ℝ}

5.

(b) YES, (c) YES, (d) No -int

(a) No -int -int -int

(e) )/$ (f) /) (g) ' / (h) '/

Chapter 3 – Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

A. 1/2

Exam

Style

B. 1

C. /2

D.

12. An exponential function R % < % 8M; 9 0 has range of { = 18 , ∈ ℝ}, and an -int. at 2, 0 .

A function O is obtained by vertically reflecting the graph of N about the -axis, and horizontally

stretching it about the -axis by a factor of 3.

A function P is obtained by reflecting the graph of N about the line y .

(a) Determine an equation for the

function O

intercepts for O

the function P

intercepts for P

13. The equation <VWX? %& 8 ] can be written in exponential form as:

c d d

A.

Exam

Style

c d

B.

C. c

c 4U

D.

7. C 8. 43 9. Domain {%|% > , % ∈ ℝ} 10. D

Range {& ∈ ℝ}

Vert. Asym: at %

8/3, 0

-intercept (/ , / 0, 2 V.A. at

-intercept /, $ %

Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Review

14. The expression 0$VWX% 0$VWX% can be written in exponential form as:

A. 5 {|}4 F

Exam

Style

{|}4 `

B. 5

C. 5 {|} 4 `

D. 5{|} 4F

15. A function R % VWX$ % is transformed by horizontally stretching the graph about the line 0

by a factor of 1/8. Show how this transformation can also be obtained by vertically translating the

graph of N by a factor of M and state the value of M.

16. The graph of & VWX' % 8 ( is transformed to & R % with the following transformations applied:

$

- A reflection about the -axis

- A translation 2 units to the left

following characteristics of N

(a) Domain (b) -intercept (c) -intercept

d¢

has the form , where the value of is ____ (first digit of your answer) and

Exam

Style

the value of

[

is (second digit).

%/

11. B 12. (a) X % $ 8 '( (b) Range {&|& > '(, & ∈ ℝ} -int. *, / -int. /, '*

13. A '

(c) M % VWX [$ % 8 '( ] (d) Domain {%|% = '(, % ∈ ℝ} -int. '*, / -int. /, $

Chapter 3 – Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

STO[ C 1 q 1

(a) 5STO[ 3 (b) 2STO STO STO q

2 2 9 3

\

27 n

(a) STO 9n (b) STO (c) STO

n 3

20. Given that VWX k $$ and VWX l $/, evaluate each of the following:

32n n

(a) STO 16no (b) STO (c) STO

o 8 o

`

14. C

15. Apply horiz. stretch & VWX$ (% & VWX$ ( 8 VWX$ % & 8 VWX$ % Same as a vert. translation 3 up

16. (a) {%|% > ' , % ∈ ℝ} (b) '$, / (c) /, VWX/.0 7 17. 7

Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Review

21. If VWX$ %, VWX$ 0 &, and VWX $ - '$, determine an expression for each of the following:

75

(a) STO 45 (b) STO 2700 (c) STO

8

correct to the nearest hundredth.

Verify graphically on your calculator.

, use an algebraic process to:

correct to the nearest hundredth.

STOn

in the form

o

STO

p

Determine the values of n, o, and p.

<0

18. (a) VWX? (b) VWX & t'/*

? ]'/$

$

19. (a) ,8$ (b) $, (c) , '

$

Chapter 3 – Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

24. The number of hours, •, that cream stays fresh decreases exponentially as the temperature of the

surrounding air, (in °p) increases. The relationship is • 160 0.1 . # .

(a) Determine how long cream will stay fresh

if it is kept at 2°p, correct o the nearest

whole hour.

16 hours, use an algebraic process to

determine the temperature of the room,

correct to the nearest tenth of a degree.

(a) If initially there is 100% of a sample, set up and

algebraically solve an equation to determine how

long it would take to decay to half the initial amount,

correct to the nearest tenth of an hour.

exponential decay function, in the form n 100 •/Š ,

where the initial amount is multiplied by every A hours.

(c) In (a) and (b) above we saw that we can model the

amount the substance decays to using two different

types of equations, each with a different value for .

Use each to predict how much of the substance will

remain after 24 hours, correct to the nearest whole

percentage.

of altitude. At sea level (0 km elevation), the oxygen count is 20.9,

while on top of Mount Everest (8.85 km) the oxygen count is 6.9.

Fill in the blank: Every _____ km in altitude, the effective percentage

of oxygen in the air decreases by half. Round to the nearest tenth.

21. (a) (% 8 & 8 ( (b) '$% 8 *& 8 (c) $% 8 & 7 22. % ~ '. '*

23. (a) x 3.60 (b) k '//, l '(, m 0 RTD Learning PowerMath

Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Review

amount will double in 9 years.

(a) If that rate of return continues, set up and algebraically

solve an equation to predict how long it will take for

the investment to reach $5000. (Nearest tenth of a yr)

annual rate of return (nearest tenth of a %) for the

investment, if it is compounded:

i Annually i Monthly

(a) STO 85 STO 81 STO3 (b) STO 4 8 STO 82 2

Determine the magnitude of Earthquake B, if it had one-third

the intensity of Earthquake A. Round to the nearest tenth.

30. Two friends are having a discussion about Donald Trump. At the start of their conversation the intensity

of sound for their discussion measured 59 dB. Near the end, the conversation had 25 times the sound

intensity. Determine the decibel level of their conversation near the end, to the nearest whole number.

24. (a) ' hrs (b) $*. °C 26. 0. 0 km

;¥

; (b) Alternative equation: k '// '/$

25. (a) Solve: 0/ '// /. )((0 ; ~ 0). ) hrs 0).)

$ $ ¥0).) .

(c) Evaluate: ¦ '// /. )((0 and k '// '/$ Both give ~ 7*%

27. (a) $/. ) yrs (b) i (. /% ii (. % 28. (a) ' (b) * 29. *. 7 on Richter 30. 7 dB

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