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# Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions REVIEW

17
1. An angle that is co-terminal with an angle of is:
6

A. C. 7
 Exam
Style 6 6
B. 5 D. 11
6 6

6.1 cm
2. NR The radius of the circle shown, correct to
 Exam
Style the nearest tenth is _____ cm. 108°

## 3. NR In the diagram shown on the right, the centre .

 Exam
Style of the larger circle, {4 the centre of the
smaller circle, {3 , and point are colinear. ( 1.2
The circles intersect at . and q. {4 100°
{3 40°
The length of the arc (, correct to the 3.5
nearest tenth is ____. š
q

4. The terminal arm of an angle in standard position passes through the point . 2, 3 .
(a) Sketch to determine the exact value of all six trigonometric ratios of ∠ .
Be sure to label both the rotation angle and the reference angle A
(b) Determine the measure of , both in degrees (round to the nearest whole number) and radians
(Round to the nearest hundredth)

8. B 9. 92 10. C 11. 4.9

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review

## 5. If KPM and MNO W ,

(a) Sketch a diagram of in standard position, to determine the exact value of i +B+ and ii E(8 .
(b) Determine the measure of , both in degrees (round to the nearest whole number) and radians.
(Round to the nearest hundredth)

6. NR Given that E(8 3 and BQ+ W 0, then the measure of , correct to the
 Exam
Style nearest hundredth of a radian is ____.

7. i For each of the following, determine the approximate measure of all angles that satisfy the equation on
the given domain. Draw a diagram for each, use the inverse trig functions to determine the reference angle.
Provide solutions in the same angular unit as given in the question; for degrees, round to the nearest whole number -
for radians, round to the nearest hundredth.
ii State an expression(s) for all angles that satisfy the equation on a ∈ ℝc. Use the same angular unit as
given in the question
3
(a) BC8 ; a0° b W 360°c (b) +DE 5 ; a0 b W2 c
4

1. C 2. 3.2 3. 28.2 4. (a) 3 13 13 (b) % 236°
BC8 +B+
13 3 or
2 2 13 13
A 13 2
3 3 2
E(8 +DE
13 2 3

Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions
6
8. Exam Given that +B+ and BQ+ W 0, then the exact value of E(8 is:
 Style
2
2
A.
2
B. 2
2
C.
2
D. 2

9. NR Given that kDR5 cot 0.5 and csc W 0, then measure of angle
 Exam
Style is _____ degrees.

10. A point P 8, 28 , shown below, lies on the terminal arm of an angle in standard position .
 Exam
Style The value of BQ+ is:

A. 5
5
B.
5
5
C.
2
2 5 .
D.
5

5 7 7 2 (1j
11. NR The expression BC83 1 cos 1 kDR3 BQ+ can be simplified to .
6 4 4 +
The values of (, j, and + are, respectively, ____, ____, and ____.

5. (a) 3 8 3 2 6. . 2 7. (a) i % 229° or 311°
i +B+
8 4 ii % 229° 1 360°8 or 311° 1 360°8
1 8∈:
A ii E(8 8 2 2
8 (b) i % 0.42 or 3.56
3 (b) % 289° / 5.05 rads
ii % 0.42 1 2 8 or 3.56 1 2 8 ; 8 ∈ :

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review

12. The terminal arm of an angle in standard position contains the point . -, = , where . is on the unit circle.
3
If BC8 , then use the blank unit circle provided to:
10
(a) Determine the two possible values for -,
expressed as exact values.

(b) Sketch and determine the two possible principal angle measures
of , expressed to the nearest degree.

5
13. The terminal arm of an angle in standard position contains the point . , = , where . is on the unit circle.
3
(a) Determine the two possible values for BC8 . (b) Determine the largest possible principal angle
value of . Round the nearest hundredth of a radian.

14. Point . intersects the unit circle and the terminal arm of
angle in standard position, as shown on the right.
11π
If the angle of rotation is changed to be become ,
6
then the coordinates of the point will be:
3 1 3 1 3
A. , C. , . ,-
2 2 2 2 2
1 3 1 3
B. , D. ,
2 2 2 2

g
15. A point on the unit circle has coordinates . ,, and forms a principal angle in standard position, .
45
If E(8 W 0, then , is equal to:
8 12
A. C.
13 13
8 12
B. D.
13 13
8. ¡ 9. 10. ¢ 11. \$

Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions
49
16. If the point . -, = lies on the intersection of the unit circle and the terminal arm of in
5
standard position, then the coordinates of ., to the nearest hundredth, are:
A. 0.81, 0.59 C. 0.59, 0.81
 Exam
Style
B. 0.81, 0.59 D. 0.59, 0.81

17. For each of the following, (i) Determine if the point could be on a unit circle, and if so (ii) determine the
measure of the angle in standard position whose terminal arm passes through .. (round to the nearest degree)

34 3 5 10
(a) P , (b) P ,
g g 6 6

## 18. For each of the following angles,

(i) State principal angle and the coordinates of the intersection point of the terminal arm and the unit circle
(ii) Determine the exact value of +DB , BC8 , E(8 , and +DE .
11 (b) 585°
(a)
6

11 (d) 600°
(c)
2

91 2
12. (a) s 10 (b) 197° or 343° 13. (a) s 3 (b) 5.55 14. ¡ 15.

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review

19. For each of the following trigonometric equations, use the unit circle to (i) solve each equation on the
interval [0, 360° and (ii) state a general solution (in degrees) for all solutions on a ∈ ℝc.
1
(a) +DB (b) BC8 0
2

2 3
(c) +B+ 1 (d) BC8 (e) +DB
2 2

5
20. The point . , = lies on the intersection of the unit circle and the terminal arm of angle in standard
7
position, with on the interval [0, 2 .
The largest possible measure of , measured to the nearest hundredth of a radian, is:

A. 0.78
 Exam
Style
B. 2.37
C. 3.92
D. 5.51

21 3 2 5 3 10 3
16. £ 17. (a) 1 3
1  ii: 156° (b) 1 Š1  Not on the unit circle
5 5 6 6

11 3 1 3 1 3
18. (a) i , ii: +DB BC8 E(8 +DE 3
6 2 2 2 2 3
2 2 2 2
(b) i 135° , ii: +DB BC8 E(8 1 +DE 1
2 2 2 2
3 +DE 0
(c) i 0, 1 ii: +DB 0 BC8 1 E(8 undefined
2
1 3 1 3 3
(d) i 120° , ii: +DB BC8 E(8 3 +DE
2 2 2 2 3

Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions

21. Evaluate each of the following. Explain how each value is obtained, with respect to the unit circle.
3 3 3 3
(a) E(8 (b) +DE (c) +B+ (d) BQ+
2 2 2 2

## (e) E(8 (f) +DE (g) +B+ (h) BQ+

22. NR If BQ+ 2.0245, then the largest principal value of , to the nearest hundredth of a
 Exam

4 5 3
23. NR , and point B -, , where - Z 0, lie on a unit circle. The length of
 Exam
Style
Point A
3 3 3
the shortest arc that connects points ¤ and ¥, correct to the nearest hundredth is _____.

24. In the diagram on the right, points P and Q are on a unit circle, with
gJ
angle {q. . Determine the:
43
(a) Measure of ∠
.
{
(b) Length of the shortest arc connecting P and Q
q
(expressed as an exact value).

19. (a) i 120° , 240° ii 120° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ : (b) i 0, 180° ii 180°8 ; 8 ∈ :
or 240° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ :
(c) i 270° ii 270° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ : (d) i 45° , 135° ii 45° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ :
or 135° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ :
(e) i 30°, 330° ii 30° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ : or 330° 1 360°8 ; 8 ∈ :
20.

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review

25. Sketch each indicated function. State the amplitude, period, and range. State the period using the same
angular unit as shown in the graph.
2
(a) = 1.25 sin - 1 0.5 (b) = +DB[ - •
3 2

° ° °

i Amplitude: i Amplitude:

ii Period: ii Period:

## iii Range: iii Range:

26. Without graphing, determine the indicated graph characteristics for each of the following sinusoidal
functions. Provide the horizontal phase shift with respect to the basic graphs = sin - or = cos - .
5 7
(a) = 3.25 sin 3- 1 180° 1 1.55 (b) = 50 cos[ - • 1 110
2 2

i Range: i Range:

ii Period: ii Period:
iii Horizontal iii Horizontal
Phase Shift: Phase Shift:

- 0 1 1
21. (a) Coords on unit circle are 0, 1 (b) +DE is (c) +B+ is 1 (d) BQ+ is 1
= 1 = 1 = 1 - 0
E(8 is undefined
- 0 0 undefined
- 1 1 1 1
(e) Coords on unit circle are 1, 0 (f) +DE is (g) +B+ is 1 (h) BQ+ is
= 0 = 0 = 0 - 1
E(8 is
- 1 undefined undefined
22. . 23. .
gJ gJ gJ
24. (a) Triangle .{q is isosceles, so ∠q.{ is also 43 . So ∠q{. So finally ∠ 1
6
43 43 6
(b) As we are on the unit circle, the arc length is the same as the angle, so ( +

Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions

27. The graph of a function = (sin j- 1 has a period of 225°, a median line at = 2, and
 Exam
Style the maximum value of the function is 5.
,
The value of j can be written as .
8
NR The values of (, ,, 8 and are,
respectively, ____, ____, ____, and ____.

28. Without graphing, state a general equation, in radians, for all --intercepts - ∈ u of each function.
3 3
(a) = 3 sin 2- (b) = cos - (c) = sin[ - 30° •
4 2

29. Without graphing, determine the indicated graph characteristics for each of the following functions.
Express domain restrictions and period in radians.
2
(a) = tan - (b) = 3tan 2- (c) = tan -
3

## iii x-intercepts: iii x-intercepts: iii x-intercepts:

25. (a) i 1.25 (b) i 1
median
ii 360° ii 3
line
iii [ 0.75 , 1.75• iii [1 , 1•

4 7
26. (a) i [ 1.7 , 4.8• ii 120° iii 60° left (b) i [60 , 160• ii iii right
5 2

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review

30. Describe where the graph of = E(8- is undefined, using radian measure. Explain why the function is
undefined where it is, with respect to the unit circle.

31. Given each of the following graphs, determine an equation in the form = tan j- .

(a) (b)

° ° ° °

32. Given each of the following, determine an equation in the form = (sin j- 1 or = (cos j- 1 .

(a) (b)

° ° °

(c)

2 4 2
27. 28. (a) - 8 ;8 ∈ : (b) - 1 ;8 ∈ : (c) - 1 8 ;8 ∈ :
2 3 3 6 3
29. (a) i a- Š 90° 1 180°8 ; 8 ∈ : , - ∈ ℝc ii a= ∈ ℝc iii - 180°8 ; 8 ∈ :
(b) i a- Š 45° 1 90°8 ; 8 ∈ : , - ∈ ℝc ii a= ∈ ℝc iii - 90°8 ; 8 ∈ :
(c) i a- Š 135° 1 270°8 ; 8 ∈ : , - ∈ ℝc ii a= ∈ ℝc iii - 270°8 ; 8 ∈ :

Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions

33. Determine an equation for each of the following sinusoidal functions, in the form
= ( sin[j - + • 1 and = ( cos[j - + • 1 as described below:
(i) As sine equation of minimum phase shift, with ( Z 0
(ii) As cosine equation of minimum phase shift, with ( Z 0
(iii) As either a sine or cosine equation with ( W 0, where the phase shift is made
smaller by applying a vertical reflection.
(a)

° ° ° °

(b)

(b)

BC8- =
30. E(8- is equal to , or , so E(8 is undefined where +DB- (“-” on the unit circle) is equal to 0.
+DB- -
That is, at ? 1 7 ;7 ∈ ;
1 3
31. (a) = tan - (b) = tan -
2 4
1 3 4
32. (a) = 2BC8 - 1 1 (b) = 3cos - (c) = 4cos -
4 2 3

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review
3J
34. The graph of a function = (cos j- 1 has its first minimum point at , 1 ,
 Exam
Style 5
and the maximum value of the function is 9.
,
The value of j can be written as .
8
NR The values of (, ,, 8 and are,
respectively, ____, ____, ____, and ____.

## 35. The graph of x - (sin[j - + • 1 below is transformed to become the graph

 Exam
Style of R - . The parameters in x - that are changed to produce the graph of R - are:

A. ( and j
x -
B. ( and +
C. and j
R -
D. and +

## 37. The graph of x - (cos[j - + • 1 below is transformed to become the graph

 Exam
Style of R - . The parameter in x - that is changed to produce the graph of R - is:

A. +, which is 6 greater in R -
x -
B. +, which is 6 less in R -

4 R -
C. j ; the value of j in R - is times
3
the value of j in x -
1
D. j ; the value of j in R - is the
2
value of j in x -

## 33. (a) i = 5BC8[3 - 30° • 4 ii = 5+DB[3 - 60° • 4 iii = 5+DB 3- 4

2 3 2 3 2
(b) i = 2BC8[ - •15 ii = 2+DB[ - •15 iii = 2+DB - 15
3 4 3 2 3
3 2 3 3
(c) i = 4BC8[ - • 2 ii = 4+DB[ - 1 • 2 iii = 4BC8 - 2
2 3 2 3 2

Chapter 6 – Trigonometric Functions

## Use the following information to answer the next two questions

The average daily temperature in Wainright, Alberta can be modeled by a sinusoidal function in the form
š 8 ( cos j 8 + 1 , where š is the temperature in ℃, and 8 is the day # of the year, through to 365.
The town experiences its first minimum on January 18th (18 days from the start of the year), which is
11.2℃. The first maximum is on July 20th (201 days from the start of the year), which is 21.6℃

## 38. The values of ( and j in the equation š 8 are, respectively,

 Exam
Style
A. 16.4 and 0.0172
B. 16.4 and 58.09
C. 5.2 and 0.0172
D. 5.2 and 58.09

39. From the temperature function š 8 , the number of days in the year the average
 Exam
Style
NR
temperature will be at least 18℃ is _____.

40. Suppose that a second temperature function was developed for Sao Paulo, Brazil, which is in the
southern hemisphere, where the warmest month is January. The temperature is also much warmer
year- round and fluctuates less. Which parameters (, b, c, or d would we expect to change, and how?

## A carnival features two Ferris wheels, one larger and one

smaller. On both wheels the distance from the lowest
carriage to the ground is 2m, and both take one minute
to complete a revolution.
The height of a passenger, ℎ E in metres, on each wheel
can be modeled as sinusoidal function in the form
ℎ E asin j - + 1
Where E is the number of seconds after the ride begins. m m

41. The parameters that must be different in the two functions are,
 Exam
Style
A. ¤ and
B. ¤ and ¦
C. and ¦
D. ¤ only

34. \$ 35. £ 36. > \$KL7[ ? •1 37. ¡

Chapter 6 Trigonometric Functions Review

## A paddlewheel of a ferry boat has a radius of 4.4 metres and rotates

at a constant rate of one rotation every 6.2 seconds. At its lowest, a
point . marked on the wheel is 1.2 metres below the water.
The height, ℎ metres, of the point . above the surface of the water
on the edge of the wheel at any time E, in seconds, can be modeled
by the function
ℎ E (sin[j - + • 1 .
. is at the lowest point on the wheel when a stopwatch is started, . m
and its height modeled. 0

42. (a) Sketch a graph that shows the height of the point P from the time the stopwatch is started, over
two complete rotations of the wheel. Provide a scale for each axis and label fully.

## (b) Determine an equation for ℎ E , as a:

i Minimum phase shift sine function, where ( Z 0 ii Minimum phase shift cosine function, where ( W 0

(b) Determine the number of seconds it would take for the height of . to go from water level to 6 metres
above the water. Round to the nearest hundredth.

38. ¤ 39. 78 40. The median temperature would be higher, so would increase. The seasonal temperature
differences would be less, so ( would decrease. The maximum would occur earlier in the
41. ¥ year so + would increase. (alternatively, “c” could remain the same and a vertical reflection applied)

## 42. (a) (b) i ℎ E 4.4sin[ - 1.55 • 1 3.2

3.1
Height
ii ℎ E 4.4cos - 1 3.2
(m) 3.1