HADITH “FROM THE CHAPTER OF WHAT TO SUPPLICATE OVER THE SICK WITH” FROM EXPLANATION OF RIYADH SALIHEEN VOLUME

TWO PAGE 1169
Explained by: Shaykh Muhammad Bin Salih Al-‘Uthaymeen ( ‫)ﺭﺣﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ِ  TRANSLATED BY : Abu Sulayman Muhammad Ibn Baker

SRQ
‫ﻨِﺒﻲ ﺻﱠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻰ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‬‫ﻨﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟ‬‫ﻭ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺪﺭﻱ ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋ‬ ُ ‫ﻠ‬  ‫ ﹾ ِ ﹶ‬  ُ  ِ   ِ  ِ   ‫ﻧﻌﻢ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﺖ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫ﺘﻜ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﺷ‬‫ﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻢ ، ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ِ ِ  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ ، ‫ﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﺳﺪ‬‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻋ‬ ‫ﺆﺫِﻳﻚ ، ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ ، ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ‬ ٍ ِ  ٍ   ٍ ‫ ﹸ ﱢ ﹾ‬   ِ   ‫ٍ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﱢ‬ ِ   {‫ﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﹶﻢ‬‫1}ﺭﻭ‬P   .‫ﺸﻔِﻴﻚ ، ِﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﻳ‬   ِ ِ   ُ ‫ ,ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ‬that Jibril ُ ِ 
On the authority of Abi Sa’ed Al Khudri ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬  

(‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ‬‫ )ﻋﻠ‬came to the Prophet (?) then said, O Muhammad are you ‫ﹶ ِ ﺴ‬ suffering from something? He replied yes, Jibril then said: “By Allah’s Names I am using ruqiya (i.e. invocations by way of mentioning Allah’s Names or verses from the Qur’an for the purpose of healing) upon you, from everything may harm you, and from every evil person or envious eye, O may Allah heal you, By Allah’s Names I am using ruqiya.

THE BOOK OF SALLAM #49, CHAPTER 16 “REMEDIES, ILLNESS, & RUQIYA HADITH #2186 PAGE 175 FROM THE EXPL OF SAHEEH MUSLIM, AL-MUKHTAR FOUNDATION PUBLICATIONS & DISTRIBUTION IN EYGPT, FIRST PRINT, 2001.

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HADITH

Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al ‘Uthaymeen ( ‫ )ﺭﺣﻤ‬said ‫ﻪ‬ ِ  concerning the hadith: The author2 mentioned the hadith of Abi Sa’ed Al Khudri

‫ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ‬ ُ ِ 

‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ ﻋ‬that Jibril (‫ﻼﻡ‬‫ﻴ ِﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ )ﻋﹶﻠ‬came to the Prophet (?) asking him:   ﴾‫ﻴﺖ‬‫ﺘﻜ‬‫﴿ﺍﺷ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬
“Are you suffering?” Meaning, Are you ill or sick…? The Prophet (?) said: Yes, then Jibril (‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ‬‫ )ﻋﻠ‬replied: ‫ﹶ ِ ﺴ‬

‫ﻴﻦ‬‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻋ‬ ‫ﺆﺫِﻳﻚ ، ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫﴿ ِﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ ، ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ‬ ٍ   ٍ ‫ ﹸ ﱢ ﹾ‬  ِ   ‫ٍ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﱢ‬ ِ   ِ ِ  ﴾.‫ﺸﻔِﻴﻚ ، ِﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ‬‫ﺎﺳﺪ ، ﺍﷲ ﻳ‬‫ﺣ‬   ِ ِ   ُ ٍِ
“By Allah’s Names I am using ruqiya (i.e. invocations by way of mentioning Allah’s Names or verses from the Qur’an for the purpose of healing) upon you, from everything that may harm you, and from every evil person or envious eye, O may Allah heal you, By Allah’s Names I am using ruqiya.

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Imam Nawawi ( ‫ )ﺭﺣﻤ‬the author of Riyadh Saliheen. ‫ﻪ‬ ِ  2

HADITH

This is the supplication of Jibril (‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ‬‫ )ﻋﻠ‬to the Prophet (?), Jibril ‫ﹶ ِ ﺴ‬ (‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ‬‫ )ﻋﻠ‬said to him: ‫ﹶ ِ ﺴ‬

﴾ ‫ﻴﺖ‬‫ﺘﻜ‬‫﴿ ﺍﺷ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬
“Are you suffering?” The Prophet (?) replied with an affirmative, in that questioning and answer is an indication to that there is no problem for the sick to say to the people: “I’m sick”, when he is being asked. This is not the from Complaining, for complaining is that you complain about the Creator (Allah) to the creation, you would say for example: “Allah caused me to become sick with this & that, you have complained concerning the Lord to the creation, this is not permissible, that is the reason Ya’qub (‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ‬‫ )ﻋﻠ‬said: ‫ﹶ ِ ﺴ‬

﴾ÐÏÎÍÌËÊ﴿
“He said: I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah”3 Rather when the person who is sick relates to others of his sickness by way of notification, nor is this complaining, thus there is no problem in doing so. This is why some of the general people say: “Notifying is not complaining, this is good”.

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Yusuf 12:86

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HADITH

In this also there a proof denoting the suitability of reading over the sick with this supplication:

﴾ ‫﴿ ِﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ‬   ِ ِ
“By Allah’s Names I am using ruqiya…” Meaning, I am reading over you.

﴾ ‫ﺆﺫِﻳﻚ‬ ‫﴿ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ‬   ‫ٍ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﱢ‬ ِ
“…from everything that may harm you…” From all illnesses, worries, grieves, or distress and so forth.

﴾ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫﴿ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮ ﻛﻞ‬ ٍ ‫ ﹸ ﱢ ﹾ‬  ِ
“…and from every evil person…” From humans, jinn, or other than that, or:

﴾‫ﺎﺳﺪ‬‫ﻴﻦ ﺣ‬‫﴿ ﻋ‬ ٍِ ٍ 
“… envious eye…” Meaning, what the people call the evil eye, and that he is also the envier, and refuge is sought in Allah from that, hasad means having hatred for what Allah has bestowed upon the servant, this is a wicked individual. This evil person rushes to cause calamity to befall on the person that he has envy towards.

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HADITH

Because of that Allah ‫ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ says:

﴾nmlkj﴿
“…And from the evil of the envier when he envies”.4 And what happens is the person who is envied becomes full of sorrow and grief due to the evil eye. For that reason Jibril said:

﴾ ‫ﺸﻔِﻴﻚ‬‫ﺎﺳﺪ ، ﺍﷲ ﻳ‬‫ﻴﻦ ﺣ‬‫﴿ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻋ‬   ُ ٍِ ٍ  
“…or envious eye, O may Allah heal you…” That is, free him & remove from him his sickness.

﴾ ‫﴿ ِﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ‬   ِ ِ
“…By Allah’s Names I am using ruqiya…” He began with the basmalah (i.e. in Allah’s names) at the beginning and the ending of the supplication. So when a person is faced with this type of situation (i.e. illness, sickness, the evil eye etc.) he should say this supplication over someone else, because it is better for him.

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Falaq 113:5 5

HADITH

That is because anything that is of the Sunnah it more virtuous as a means of protection, suppose you don’t know the supplication, then say what is easier for you, like shafakallah (i.e. may Allah heal you), or ’afakallah (i.e. may Allah grant you well being), or saying I ask Allah that He heals you or grants you well being, or similar to that. In this hadith is a proof that the Prophet(?) like others is human, and he was affected by sickness, in this hadith as well is an evidence that reading or reciting over the sick does not nullify one’s complete trust in Allah (i.e. Tawakul). On the other hand seeking from other people to read over, within that is a deficiency of Tawakul , that is because he asked the creation, and he relying on their questioning him, Yet when a person comes to him & reads over him while not refusing, there is nothing wrong in that nor makes his Tawakul diminished any. Because of this the Prophet (?) read over others, and was read over himself, therefore this does not diminish a person’s complete Tawakul whereas he is asked concerning his health by someone else, and Allah is the one who grants success.

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