# PROBLEM 11.

15
The acceleration of point A is defined by the relation a = 200 x(1 + kx 2 ), where a and x are expressed in m/s 2 and meters, respectively, and k is a constant. Knowing that the velocity of A is 2.5 m/s when x = 0 and 5 m/s when x = 0.15 m, determine the value of k.

SOLUTION
Note that a is a given function of x Use Using the limits and v dv = a dx = 200 x 1 + kx 2 dx = 200 x + 200kx3 dx v = 2.5 m/s v = 5 m/s when x = 0,

(

)

(

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when x = 0.15 m,

5 0.15 3 ∫2.5 v dv = ∫0 ( 200 x + 200kx ) dx 0.15  v2   200 2 200 4  x + kx  =   4 0  2  2.5  2 5

52 2.52 2 4 − = (100 )( 0.15 ) + ( 50 ) k ( 0.15 ) 2 2 9.375 = 2.25 + 0.0253125k Solving for k , k = 281 m −2

respectively.300 m v x − 0. (b) the position of A when t = 0.5 = When v = −0.PROBLEM 11. v = sin ( −2t ) = − sin ( 2t ) 2t = 0. From dv = a dt we get 1 2 ( 1− v − 1 ) x= or x= 1 1 − v2 2 1 2 1 − ( −0.2 s.2t s. ∫ x dx 0. t v ∫0 dt = ∫0 dv −2 1 − v 2 . we get dx = v dv v dv = a −2 1 − v 2 Integrating. The system starts at time t = 0 with x = 0.38941) 2 x = 0.461 m .8 ) 2 dt = dv dv = a −2 1 − v 2 Integrating.5 m when v = 0. using x = 0.24 The acceleration of slider A is defined by the relation a = −2 1 − υ 2 .2 s.5 m and υ = 0. From v dv = a dx.4 rad v = − sin 0.5 1  =  1 − v2  2 0 (1) x = 0. Determine (a) the position of A when v = − 0.8 m/s. (a) Position when v = −0.3894 m/s Using equation (1). where a and υ are expressed in m/s 2 and m/s.4 = −0.8 m/s. or [t ] t0 = − 2 sin −1 v  0   1 t = − sin −1 v 2 1 v 1 t − 0 = − sin −1 v − 0 2 Solving for v. x= 1 2 1 − ( −0. using t = 0 when v = 0.8m/s.5 =∫ v 0 v dv −2 1 − v 2 2 or [ x] x 0. SOLUTION Acceleration is a given function of velocity. When t = 0. (b) Position when t = 0.

5 m/s2 x = x0 + v0t + (a) Solving for v0 using x = 160 m when t = 8 s. v 0 = 22 m/s v = v0 + at = 22 + . (b) its final velocity. (c) the distance traveled during the first 0.35 v0 2 a = 0. Determine (a) its initial velocity.6 s.11 m .6 s. x − x0 − 1 2 2 at f 160 − 0 − ( 0.5 m/s 2 .PROBLEM 11.6 + a fa f 2 v = 18 m/s a fa f 1 a-0.5 8 (c) At t = 0.5 )( −0.5 )( 8 ) 2 = 8 t x0 = 0 1 2 at 2 v0 = (b) At t = 8 s. SOLUTION a = − 0.5 m/s A truck travels 160 m in 8 s while being decelerated at a constant rate of 0. x = 0 + 22 0.6f 2 x = 13.5fa0.0.

tE = 2 ( ) = 4± 2 xA g ( 4 )2 + ( 4 )(1)( 2 )(80 ) 9.81 m/s 2 . 2 t ≥ tB Rocket B: xB = v0 ( t − tB ) − For simultaneous explosions at x A = xB = 80 m when t = t E . when t = t E . v0t E − Solving for v0 . The two rockets are timed to explode simultaneously at a height of 80 m. determine (a) the initial velocity υ0 . 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 gt E = v0 ( t E − t B ) − g ( t E − t B ) = v0t E − v0t B − gt E + gt E tB − gtB 2 2 2 2 v0 = gt E − gt B 2 (1) 2 t E − t Bt E − gt  1 2  x A =  gt E − B  t E − gt E . Assuming a constant acceleration g = 9. t = t B = 4 s Rocket A: v A = v0 − gt Rocket B: vB = v0 − g ( t − t B ) Positions: Rocket A: x A = v0t − 1 2 gt 2 1 2 g ( t − tB ) . Rocket A is launched with an initial velocity υ0 and rocket B is launched 4 seconds later with the same initial velocity.40 Two rockets are launched at a fireworks performance. Then. v = v0 . (b) the velocity of B relative to A at the time of the explosion. Rocket launch data: Constant acceleration a = − g Rocket A: Rocket B: Velocities: x = 0.PROBLEM 11. v0 v0 SOLUTION Choose x positive upward. 2  2  2 t B ± t B + ( 4 )(1) or 2xA =0 g Solving for t E . v = v0 . t = 0 x = 0. as A is falling and B is rising.81 2 = 6.507 s .

PROBLEM 11.81)( 4 ) 2 v0 = 44.40 CONTINUED (a) From equation (1).81)( 4 ) ( 9.81)( 6. v0 = ( 9.2 m/s .507 ) − v A = v0 − gt E vB − v A = gt B = ( 9. At time t E .2 m/s vB = v0 − g ( t E − t B ) vB/ A = 39.

vC = −2v A = − ( 2 )( −600 ) = 1200 mm/s (c) Velocity of point C relative to collar B. vC/B = vC − vB = 1200 − 300 = 900 mm/s vC/B = 900 mm/s vC = 1200 mm/s v A = 600 mm/s v A = −2vB 2 x A + xC = constant vC = −2v A .51 A C B In the position shown. Constraint of entire cable: 2 x A + xB + ( xB − x A ) = constant 2vB + v A = 0 Constraint of point C of cable: 2v A + vC = 0 (a) Velocity of collar A. increasing to the left. Determine (a) the velocity of collar A. SOLUTION Let x be position relative to the right supports. v A = −2vB = − ( 2 )( 300 ) = −600 mm/s (b) Velocity of point C of cable.PROBLEM 11. (b) the velocity of portion C of the cable. (c) the relative velocity of portion C of the cable with respect to collar B. collar B moves to the left with a constant velocity of 300 mm/s.

a A = 180 mm/s 2 .5 )( 0. determine (a) the accelerations of collar B and block C.56 Collar A starts from rest at t = 0 and moves downward with a constant acceleration of 180 mm/s 2 . Constraint of cable: (d − x A ) + ( xC − x A ) + 2 xC + ( xC − xB ) = constant and 4aC − aB − 2a A = 0 4vC − vB − 2v A = 0. Collar B moves upward with a constant acceleration. Let d = value of x at lower support.13 mm . aB =   2  xB − ( x B ) 0 − ( vB ) 0 t  t aC = (b) When vC = 0.645 s xC − ( xC )0 = ( vC )0 t + 1 1 2 aBt 2 = ( −50 )( 0. (c) the distance through which block C will have moved at that time.PROBLEM 11.13 mm = −16.645 ) 2 2 ∆xC = 16. 2 xB − ( xB ) 0 = ( vB ) 0 t + 1 aB t 2 2 =   2  −500 − ( −200 )( 2 )  ( 2) 2 = −50 mm/s 2 a B = 50 mm/s 2 1 1 ( aB + 2a A ) = ( −50 + ( 2 )(180 ) ) 4 4 aC = 77. SOLUTION Let x be position relative to upper support. (b) the time at which the velocity of block C is zero.645 ) + ( 77. ( v A )0 =0 v B = ( vB ) 0 + a B t . (a) Accelerations of B and C. Knowing that collar B moves through 500 mm between t = 0 and t = 2 s.5 t = 0. positive downward.5 mm/s 2 ( vC )0 = 1 1 ( vB ) + 2 ( v A )  = ( −200 + 0 ) = −50 mm/s 0 0  4 4 vC = ( vC )0 + aC t t = vC − ( vC )0 aC = 0 − ( −50 ) 77. and its initial velocity is 200 mm/s.