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**A211 Advanced Mathematics I
**

Practice Questions 02: Red particles

1. The quantity of a certain type of bacteria, A, is known to triple every 2 years. The initial quantity of bacteria is 10,000 cells/ml. a. Write down a mathematical equation relating A and t, where t is the number of years. 10000(3)^t/2 b. What is the quantity of bacteria after 6 years? Sub 6 in t 2. The graph of the rate of change of q against q is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 a. Write down a mathematical equation relating the rate of change of q and q. b. It is known that q is 10 when time, t, is 0. Suggest an expression for q in terms of time, t. c. Sketch the graph of the quantity q against time, t, labelling the value of the yintercept.

3. Eric places $5,000 in a special account that accumulates interest compounded continuously. Assuming no additional deposits or withdrawals , how much will be in the account after 7 years if the interest rate is a constant 8.5% for first 4 years and a constant 9.25% for the last 3 years?

Copyright © 2010 by Republic Polytechnic, Singapore. Page 1 of 4

Calculate the amount in the account after 3 years. A total of 26 frogs are placed in its new breeding pond.03)t c.0445 = 1 year Copyright © 2010 by Republic Polytechnic. determine the population of the frogs in the pond after 4 years. Calculate the rate of growth of savings at the end of 10 years.085)^4 X (1.5000(1. Singapore.9 = 77505 b. a. determine the time for the population of the frogs to increase to 210. If after 2 years. 210 = 26e^2t 210/26 = e^2t t =[ ln(210/26) ] / 2 = 1.000. Assume that no withdrawals and no additional deposits are made. estimate the number of people initially living in the country. the population is 20. Page 2 of 4 .03) * e^ ln(1. A species of frog is introduced to a farm recently. Its population. and after another 4 years .000 in a savings account which pays 3% interest per annum. F.03)^3 = 21854.03)^t = 20000 e^ln(1. Calculate the minimum number of years required for the amount in the savings account to exceed $30. John places $20. 20000(1.03) = 7949.0925)^3 4.000. the populatio n has doubled. compounded continuously. where t is the time in years.54 b. is monitored over the months and is dF found to follow the equation F ! 0. F = 26e^2t =77504. The population of Country X is known to increase at a rate proportional to the number of people presently living in the country. Q¶= 20000 *ln(1. dt a.03)^t = 30000 1.03)t Q¶= 20000 *ln(1.71 = 14 years Q = 20000(1.03) * e^ln(1.49 6. Q = Qo(2)t 20000 = Q 0 x 24 Challenging questions 5. 20000(1.5 t = 13.03) * e^1 0ln(1.03^t =1.5 .03)t = 20000 * ln(1.

N .000 people such that the number of infected person. A disease is found to be spreading through a small town of 30. N ! a .7. after t weeks can be represented by the equation.

5t c. a.000 2. Calculate the value of b. a. ! 10000 v 3 0. dq ! 0.2 bt where a and b are constants. respectively. How many people in the town would be carrying the disease at the end of 7 weeks? N = 3 * 4 7 = 49152 d. 192 = a(2)3b 768 = a(2)4b 4 = 2b b=2 b.5 t b. N = 3 c. Page 3 of 4 . What is the rate of spread of the disease after 5 weeks? N = 3*4 t= 3e ln4t N¶ = 3ln4e ln4t N¶ = 3ln4e ln4*5 N¶ = 4258. 270.7 Answers: 1. It is known that the number of people infected after 3 and 4 weeks is 192 and 768. What is the initial number of people carrying the disease? 192 = a4 3 a =3 Therfore N = 3*4 t For t = 0 .5q dt b. Copyright © 2010 by Republic Polytechnic. Singapore. a. q ! 10e 0.

49 per year 6.035. 1 year 7. 30. $794. 14 years c.54 b. 2.500 5. 4258. $21. 77505 b.52 4.854. a.q 10 t 3. Page 4 of 4 .000 d. $9. Singapore. b = 2 b. 3 c. a. a.7 people per week Copyright © 2010 by Republic Polytechnic.

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