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Knauf Plasters Technical Manual P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 1 23.02.2009
Knauf Plasters
Technical Manual
P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd
1
23.02.2009

07/2007

Knauf Plastering Systems

0 7 / 2 0 0 7 Knauf Plastering Systems

17:21:28 Uhr

Knauf Technical Know-How The reference book Gypsum plaster is the ideal internal plastering medium for
Knauf Technical Know-How The reference book Gypsum plaster is the ideal internal plastering medium for

Knauf Technical Know-How The reference book

Gypsum plaster is the ideal internal plastering medium for virtually any background, and has proven its worth for decades now. The handling is simple.

However, sometimes you do need to refer to a reference book just to jog your memory or perhaps expand on your knowledge. This brochure is such a reference book. We aim to use our technical and practical know-how to support you in the processing and performance of all plastering work.

We have very carefully compiled the information in accordance with today´s state- of-the-art technology. However, this does not exempt the specialist from his duty to be careful.

If you are missing information or have any suggestions, please inform us of these by fax or email.

or have any suggestions, please inform us of these by fax or email. P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 2 23.02.2009

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Contents Knauf internal plasters - timeless surface design for any interior Kapitelbezeichnung Contents Gypsum –

Contents

Knauf internal plasters - timeless surface design for any interior

Kapitelbezeichnung Contents
Kapitelbezeichnung
Contents
surface design for any interior Kapitelbezeichnung Contents Gypsum – a reliable, versatile building material 4
surface design for any interior Kapitelbezeichnung Contents Gypsum – a reliable, versatile building material 4

Gypsum – a reliable, versatile building material

4

Machines and logistics Containers and logistics Setting up construction site silos, guidelines Knauf silo disposition sites Machines and tools

 
   

30

 

Product overview Machine-applied plasters Hand plastering/plaster of Paris Finishing plasters Products for special application areas Background/surface pre-treatment

 

31

6

32

7

33

8

9

Heating and cooling systems with Knauf machine-applied plasters

 

10

 

38

 
 

Renovation

46

Plaster background Technical requirements Checking the concrete backgrounds Plastering different backgrounds Background pre-treatment Pre-treating plaster backgrounds

11

12

Surface design

48

 

14

 

Surface quality

 

52

 

16

 

18

 

Special instructions Proper processing Details for finishing plasters Fire protection with gypsum

 

55

 

Processing Machine-applied gypsum plaster Hand gypsum plaster Finishing plasters Skim coat LEGITO clay-based gypsum plaster Readygips PutzPin + MP 75 L plaster base systems Moulding plaster

 

58

20

60

21

22

Technical data and building physics characteristics

 

23

 

62

 

24

26

Standards

66

 

28

29

Technical manuals

67

 
   

2

_

303

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17:21:34 Uhr

Gypsum – a Natural Treasure A reliable, versatile building material The first gypsum deposits originated

Gypsum – a Natural Treasure A reliable, versatile building material

The first gypsum deposits originated 100 to 200 million years ago by the evaporation of seawater in the flat basins of our earth´s crust. In chemical terms, gypsum is calcium sulphate, which crystallises when it comes into contact with water.

Gypsum was a favoured building material even 7000 years before Christ. Gypsum played a key role as a building material in the construction of the towers of Jericho. Gypsum has continued to maintain its significance in construction right up to today. Nowadays, gypsum is further processed to become high-quality internal plaster. How- ever, gypsum is also used on a daily basis in the ceramics industry and in medicine. Latest developments in the cultivation of plant cultures take gypsum as a basis.

in the cultivation of plant cultures take gypsum as a basis. Environmental responsibility – Knauf treads
in the cultivation of plant cultures take gypsum as a basis. Environmental responsibility – Knauf treads
Environmental responsibility – Knauf treads several routes For a start, in handling disused natural gypsum
Environmental responsibility – Knauf treads several routes
For a start, in handling disused natural gypsum mining areas. In close coop-
eration with the nature conservation organisation, these areas are carefully
renaturalised to become valuable biotopes for rare plants and animal species
as ecological habitats.
So as to preserve natural gypsum resources, today Knauf uses FGD gypsum
alongside natural gypsum. FGD gypsum is, to a certain extent, derived from
the high-speed process used in the flue-gas desulphurisation of coal-fired pow-
er stations. Where the Earth required millions of years to “produce” gypsum,
the process for the production of FGD gypsum takes just a few hours. The
chemical formula for FGD gypsum is the same as that of natural gypsum,
namely CaSO4 x 2H2O.
Therefore, the same as natural gypsum, FGD gypsum is also a valuable (in
terms of health and organic architecture), completely safe building material of
the utmost purity and quality.
Low energy requirements for production – this is where Knauf also illustrates
its responsibility towards our environment.

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23.02.2009 17:21:42 Uhr

2 2 molecules of water are stored in the crystal structure of gypsum. In the
2 2 molecules of water are stored in the crystal structure of gypsum. In the
2
2

2 molecules of water are stored in the crystal structure of gypsum. In the event of a fire load, these are released as extinguishing water. As a result, the water vapour that is released forms a fire-retardant vapour mist

vapour that is released forms a fire-retardant vapour mist Wall surfaces created with gypsum plaster feel

Wall surfaces created with gypsum plaster feel warm; as gypsum plaster reduces heat loss on account of its reduced thermal conductivity

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Building material gypsum Kapitelbezeichnung
Building material gypsum
Kapitelbezeichnung
Gypsum offers outstanding properties of building biology for a comfortable living climate - as it
Gypsum offers outstanding properties of building biology for a comfortable
living climate - as it can quickly absorb a lot of moisture from the atmosphere
and then emit it again. Furthermore, it has a very low water vapour diffusion
resistance.
Hence, ideal properties for a balanced room climate. In the event of a fire load,
the crystalline-bound water is released as extinguishing water.
Gypsum plasters are designed for universal use. From the cellar to the roof, in
the kitchen or the bathroom. The specialist knows exactly why he chooses gyp-
sum plasters!
They offer a whole host of surface design opportunities: from aesthetically-pleas-
ing, smooth surfaces right up to the most impressive felted plaster structures.
Even if the area is to be painted, wallpapered or tiled at a later point, this mod-
ern building material presents the ideal background for any situation.
Recommended in terms of building biology
Knauf gypsum plasters are recommended in terms of organic architecture. The
Institut für Baubiologie in Rosenheim (Institute for Building Biology) tested the
health and ecological aspects of Knauf gypsum plasters and confirmed that
Knauf plasters can be recommended without restriction.
Certified quality according to EN ISO 9001
Knauf supplies products that are subject to ongoing quality monitoring.
All operational functions, like research and development, sales and production,
are tested and certified by the LGA InterCert in accordance with DIN EN ISO
9001.
Classifying unit
Silo and
mixing unit for
machine-applied
and hand plasters
Feed silo
Stone block bed
Burner hood
Firing
Crusher
Waste gas channel
Circulating gas channel
Conveyor
The burning of gypsum is a physical process and is carried out at comparably low temperatures,
already at c. 200 °C. At the end of the combustion chamber the fuel gases are returned to the
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy.
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505

4

_ 505

burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505

23.02.2009 17:21:59 Uhr

burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
burning process – this means the production of gypsum plaster requires little energy. 4 _ 505
The MP75 Family T h e l i g h t Smoothing or felting T

The MP75 Family

The MP75 Family T h e l i g h t Smoothing or felting T h

The light

Smoothing or felting

The classic

Felting plaster light

Felting plaster

 

MP 75 L

Processing

Material characteristics

Consumption

 

one

one
 

Gypsum plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential kitchens and bath- rooms, easy to process, particularly high-yielding and economical

Machine-applied plaster average plaster thickness 10 mm

Mortar group P IV in accordance with DIN V 18550

 

0.8

kg per mm and m 2

with 10 mm plaster thickness

 

Processing time:

c.

8 kg/m 2

 

c.

180 minutes

Material no.

 
 

5131

 

Single-layer on all types of masonry, especially mixed masonry and porous stones as well as rough ceiling surfac- es including cast-in-situ concrete

Surface:

 

Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

5132

smooth, textured

 
 

Can be stored for around 3 months

 

MP 75 G/F-TOP

Processing

Material characteristics

Consumption

 
Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential

Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential kitchens and bathrooms

Machine-applied plaster average plaster thickness 10 mm

Mortar group P IV in accordance with DIN V 18550

0.95 kg per mm and m 2 with 10 mm plaster thickness

 

Processing time:

c.

9.5 kg/m 2

 
 

c.

180 minutes

Material no. Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

 

Single-layer on all types of masonry as well as rough ceiling surfaces in- cluding cast-in-situ concrete

 

5135

 

Surface:

 

5136

smooth, felted, textured

 
 

Can be stored for around 3 months

 

MP 75

Processing

Material characteristics

Consumption

 
 

Gypsum plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential kitchens and bathrooms

Machine-applied plaster average plaster thickness 10 mm

Mortar group P IV in accordance with DIN V 18550

 

1.0

kg per mm and m 2

with 10 mm plaster thickness  

with 10 mm plaster thickness

 
   

10 kg/m 2

Processing time:

c.

 
 

c.

180 minutes

Material no. Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

 
 

5133

Single-layer on all masonry types

 

Surface:

smooth, textured

 

5134

as well as rough ceiling surfaces in- cluding cast-in-situ concrete

Can be stored for around 3 months

 

MP 75 L-F

Processing

Material characteristics

Consumption

 
Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential

Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential kitchens and bathrooms, easy to process, par- ticularly high-yielding

Machine-applied plaster average plaster thickness 10 mm

Mortar group P IV in accordance with DIN V 18550

 

1.0

kg per mm and m 2

with 10 mm plaster thickness

 

Processing time:

c.

10 kg/m 2

c.

180 minutes

Material no. Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

 
 

7439

Single-layer on all types of masonry as well as rough ceiling surfaces including cast-in-situ concrete

Surface:

 

5137

felted, textured

 
 

Can be stored for around 3 months Regional delivery only

 

MP 75 F

Processing

Material characteristics

Consumption

 
Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential

Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential kitchens and bathrooms

Machine-applied plaster average plaster thickness 10 mm

Mortar group P IV in accordance with DIN V 18550

 

1.2

kg per mm and m 2

with 10 mm plaster thickness

 

Processing time:

c.

12 kg/m 2

 

c.

180 minutes

Material no. Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

 

Single-layer on all types of masonry as well as rough ceiling surfaces in- cluding cast-in-situ concrete

 

5138

Surface:

 

5139

felted, textured

 
 

Can be stored for around 3 months Regional delivery only

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23.02.2009 17:22:02 Uhr

Kapitelbezeichnung Product overview The Rotband Family     C o n s u m p
Kapitelbezeichnung Product overview
Kapitelbezeichnung
Product overview

The Rotband Family

 
 

Consumption

The all-round plaster

The renovation professional

The quick one

The rustic one

The wall plaster

kg per mm and m 2

55139

2864

o n e T h e r u s t i c o n e T
o n e T h e r u s t i c o n e T
o n e T h e r u s t i c o n e T
o n e T h e r u s t i c o n e T
o n e T h e r u s t i c o n e T

with 10 mm plaster thickness

8 kg/m 2

Material no. Sack 30 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

Consumption

Rotband bonding mortar

Gypsum plaster with adhesive additives for a better adhesion on concrete, for all plaster bases, including residential kitchens and bathrooms

Single-layer on rough cast-in-situ concrete areas/masonry, for walls and ceilings

Rotband pro bonding mortar

Gypsum plaster with adhesive addi- tives for hand and machine processing for all plaster bases, including residen- tial kitchens and bathrooms, particu- larly suitable for renovation work and on concrete areas.

Single-layer on rough cast-in-situ concrete areas/masonry, for walls and ceilings

Bonding mortar HP 100

Gypsum plaster for all plaster bases in the internal area, including residen- tial kitchens and bathrooms.

Single-layer, for walls and ceilings

Bonding mortar HP Filz

Gypsum lime plaster for walls and ceilings, for rooms with standard air humidity including residential kitchens and bathrooms

Single-layer on all types of masonry as well as rough ceiling surfaces including cast-in-situ concrete

Goldband

Gypsum plaster for walls and rooms with standard air humidity, including residential kitchens and bathrooms

Single-layer on all types of masonry

* Mechanical processing only after consultation

Processing time:

c.

100 minutes

with 10 mm plaster thickness

8 kg/m 2

Material no. Sack 30 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

Consumption

with 10 mm plaster thickness

8 kg/m 2

Material no. Sack 30 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

Regional delivery only

Consumption

with 10 mm plaster thickness

11 kg/m 2

Material no. Sack 30 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

Regional delivery only

Consumption

0.85 kg per mm and m 2

with 10 mm plaster thickness

8.5 kg/m 2

Material no. Sack 30 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

 
Sack 30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707
Sack 30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707

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30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009
30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009

23.02.2009 17:22:07 Uhr

30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009
30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009
30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009
30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009
30 kg Can be stored for around 3 months   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 7 6 _ 707 23.02.2009
Knauf Finishing Plaster and Skim Coat/Design   Multi-Finish Application area Processing Consumption
Knauf Finishing Plaster and Skim Coat/Design   Multi-Finish Application area Processing Consumption

Knauf Finishing Plaster and Skim Coat/Design

 

Multi-Finish

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Synthetic-modified, gypsum-based filling compound In the internal area, for the filling of uneven and rough

Synthetic-modified, gypsum-based filling compound

In the internal area, for the filling of uneven and rough surfaces, sealing of concrete and prefabricated part joints, holes and slots

Mechanical/manual

1.0

kg per mm and m 2

Processing time:

c.

60 minutes

Material no.

 

Surface:

Sack 25 kg

2868

smooth

 

Plaster thickness 2 mm to 5 mm, greater thickness also possible, can be stretched out to zero

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Multi-Finish M

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Synthetic-modified, gypsum-based filling compound In the internal area, for the filling of uneven and rough

Synthetic-modified, gypsum-based filling compound

In the internal area, for the filling of uneven and rough surfaces, sealing of concrete and prefabricated part joints, holes and slots

Mechanical/manual

1.0

kg per mm and m 2

Processing time:

c.

60 minutes

Material no.

 

Surface:

Sack 25 kg

96623

smooth

 

Plaster thickness 2 mm to 5 mm, greater thickness also possible, can be stretched out to zero

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Universal-Finish

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Finishing gypsum-based plaster, for felting and smoothing In the internal area, on concrete, bond- ed

Finishing gypsum-based plaster, for felting and smoothing

In the internal area, on concrete, bond- ed masonry like porous concrete and lime sandstone, for the reworking of old plastered areas in the renovation

Mechanical/manual

1.0

kg per mm and m 2

Processing time:

c.

180 minutes

with 4 mm thickness c. 4 kg/m 2

Surface:

Material no.

 

felted, smooth, textured

 

7910

 
 

Plaster thickness 2 mm to 5 mm, greater thickness also possible

 

Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

7911

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Board-Finish

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Finishing gypsum-based plaster In the internal area, to achieve very smooth, high-quality surfaces on any

Finishing gypsum-based plaster

In the internal area, to achieve very smooth, high-quality surfaces on any background

Manual

1.0

kg per mm and m 2

Surface:

Processing time:

with 2 mm thickness c. 2 kg/m 2

 

Very smooth

c.

120 minutes

Material no. Sack 25 kg

 

Plaster thickness 2 mm to 3 mm

3121

 

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Final Coat Plaster

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Gypsum-based filling compound In the internal area to smooth off basic plaster Manual Depending on

Gypsum-based filling compound

In the internal area to smooth off basic plaster

Manual

Depending on the background ca. 0.5–1 kg/m 2

 

Processing time:

 

c.

60 minutes

Material no. Sack 20 kg

2859

 

Can be stored for around 6 months

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Kapitelbezeichnung Product overview Products for Special Application Areas     C o n s u
Kapitelbezeichnung Product overview
Kapitelbezeichnung
Product overview

Products for Special Application Areas

 
 

Consumption

 

with 10 mm thickness c. 10 kg/m 2

Material no. Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

Can be stored for around 6 months

Consumption

LEGITO

Clay-gypsum plaster, a unique, single-layer clay- and gypsum-based internal wall and ceiling plaster for utmost ecological and health- conscious requirements

MP 75 GP

Gypsum lime plaster as a basic plaster for walls and ceilings

Rocaso Moulding Plaster

High-quality gypsum binder made up of selected stone blocks

Plaster of Paris/gypsum plaster

Building plaster quick-drying

In the internal area, for repair work installation work, for setting corner beads, plaster profiles, power sockets

10

mm

corner beads, plaster profiles, power sockets 10 mm with 10 mm plaster thickness c. 12 kg/m
corner beads, plaster profiles, power sockets 10 mm with 10 mm plaster thickness c. 12 kg/m
corner beads, plaster profiles, power sockets 10 mm with 10 mm plaster thickness c. 12 kg/m
corner beads, plaster profiles, power sockets 10 mm with 10 mm plaster thickness c. 12 kg/m

with 10 mm plaster

thickness c. 12 kg/m 2

Material no.

Sack 30 kg Loose/silo

Can be stored for around 3 months

Regional delivery only

Consumption

Dependent on the application area

Material no. Sack 40 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

Consumption

Dependent on the application area

Material no. Plaster of Paris Sack 30 kg Gypsum plaster Sack 30 kg

Can be stored for around 3 months

Regional delivery only

 
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009

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8

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for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr

23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr

for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr
for around 3 months Regional delivery only   P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 9 8 _ 909 23.02.2009 17:22:11 Uhr
Background/Surface Treatment   Betokontakt Application area Processing Consumption   Synthetic

Background/Surface Treatment

Background/Surface Treatment   Betokontakt Application area Processing Consumption   Synthetic
 

Betokontakt

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Synthetic dispersion mixed with pure quartz sand with greater alkali resistance In the internal area,

Synthetic dispersion mixed with pure quartz sand with greater alkali resistance

In the internal area, on impervious, non-absorptive bases as a bonding mortar in accordance with DIN V 18550

With lambskin roller or mechanically

C.

250 – 350 g/m 2

Material no. Bucket 20 kg

 
 

Frost-free and protect from

5454

 

Colour: pink

 
 

direct sunlight or thermal effects

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Background

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Synthetic dispersion, filled with quartz sand, white pigment, resistant to alkalis Background pre-treatment prior to

Synthetic dispersion, filled with quartz sand, white pigment, resistant to alkalis

Background pre-treatment prior to plastering gypsum boards

With lambskin roller or mechanically

C.

200– 300 g/m 2

Material no. Bucket 20 kg

 
 

Frost-free and protect from

5206

 

Colour: white

 
 

direct sunlight or thermal effects

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Suction block

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Synthetic dispersion with greater alkali-resistance, concentrated solution must be diluted with water (1:1 to 1:3

Synthetic dispersion with greater alkali-resistance, concentrated solution must be diluted with water (1:1 to 1:3 quantities by volume, background-dependent)

In the internal area, on considerably absorptive bases, reduces the absorptive capacity and the risk of suction

With lambskin roller, brush or mechanically

C.

100 g concentrate/m 2

Material no. Bucket 15 kg

 

Frost-free and protect from

5463

 

Colour: yellow

 
 

direct sunlight or thermal effects

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Primer

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
Synthetic dispersion with greater alkali-resistance, concentrate must be diluted with water (1:2 to 1:5 quantities

Synthetic dispersion with greater alkali-resistance, concentrate must be diluted with water (1:2 to 1:5 quantities by volume, background- dependent)

In the internal area, on considerably absorptive bases, reduces the absorptive capacity and the risk of suction

With lambskin roller, brush or mechanically

C.

100 g concentrate/m 2

Material no. Bucket 15 kg

 

Frost-free and protect from

5587

 

Colour: yellow

 
 

direct sunlight or thermal effects

Can be stored for around 6 months

 

Sealant

Application area

Processing

Consumption

 
 

Synthetic dispersion, solvent-free, several applications required

To seal in splash zones prior to tiling

With a brush or synthetic roller

Dependent on the roughness of the background c. 1–1.5 kg/m 2

Frost-free and protect from direct sunlight or thermal effects

Frost-free and protect from direct sunlight or thermal effects

 

Material no. Bucket 5 kg

7366

 

Colour: blue

 

Can be stored for around 12 months

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23.02.2009 17:22:13 Uhr

The components must be protected from rising and external damp in accordance with DIN 18195

The components must be protected from rising and external damp in accordance with DIN 18195

from rising and external damp in accordance with DIN 18195 Sealing e.g. in the case of

Sealing e.g. in the case of a load case of non-pressing water with bitumen coatings

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11

Plaster background
Plaster background

Technical Requirements

Gypsum plaster can be applied to all conventional plaster backgrounds. With

regard to adhesion, we differentiate between plaster-friendly backgrounds, e.g.

building bricks, lime sandstone, cavity block masonry, absorptive concrete, and

difficult to plaster backgrounds, e.g. slightly absorptive, smooth concrete. You

should establish your choice of gypsum and the work procedure e.g. the pre-

treatment of the plaster background, in accordance with these circumstances.

The condition of the background is of considerable importance to the plaster

adhesion. This is why it is compellingly necessary to test the plaster back-

ground.

The background must be sufficiently dry and absorptive. Lime precipitations,

efflorescence or any loose and crumbly areas must be removed.

The background must be frost-free. Refer to chapter “Plastering in Winter” (page

59) for more information.

The background must be checked in accordance with VOB part C, DIN 18350,

par. 3.1 or in accordance with VOB part B, DIN 1961 §4, figure 3.

When checking, the contractor must rule out any doubts, especially with regard

to:

unsuitable properties of the background e.g. considerable soiling, efflorescence, too smooth surfaces, oily surfaces, uneven absorptive surfaces, frozen surfaces, mixed-material background too high building moisture less flatness than is permitted according to DIN 18202 insufficient anchoring possibilities lack of height reference points for each floor The property owners and architects must be informed of these considera-

tions in writing.

If the topmost ceiling of a building is to be plastered, so as to prevent condensa-

tion build-up, prior to the plastering work the thermal insulation and the moisture

barrier must be applied.

If construction-related movement of the components, e.g. in the case of reinforce-

ment joints, intermediate floors on sleeve bearings, topmost concrete ceiling etc.

is expected, profiles or separating cuts must always be fitted.

If different materials are used within the same area, e.g. concrete to masonry or

different types of stone, you need to fit a plaster reinforcement required in the

transition area.

In principle, you start the plaster work depending on the drying out status of the

structure. In doing so, the seasonally-determined weather conditions are of con-

siderable importance. This must be particularly taken into account in the case of

deadline construction work.

10

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Checking the Concrete Background* At the start of the plastering work, to a large extent
Checking the Concrete Background* At the start of the plastering work, to a large extent

Checking the Concrete Background*

At the start of the plastering work, to a large extent the moisture desorption of the concrete must be excluded so that the background is absorbent. Under particu- larly favourable conditions (e.g. sustained summer weather), this status will first be reached 4 weeks at the earliest, and, in unfavourable conditions (e.g. high air humidity, frost) 8 weeks at the earliest (minimum 60 frost-free days) after the stripping.

If the concrete is not sufficiently dry, there is the danger that the plaster adhesion will be considerably influenced, because the concrete will still shrink and this will cause shearing stress between the concrete and the plaster; with further drying out, salts develop on the contact surface between concrete and plaster and this can have a negative effect on the adhesive bond (salt formation leads to an increase in volume and the expansion pressure causes the adhesive bond to fail); the structure of the gypsum is weakened on account of recrystallisation.

of the gypsum is weakened on account of recrystallisation. Visual inspection Sometimes you can see if

Visual inspection Sometimes you can see if the plaster adhesion has been unfavourably influenced by:

 

adhesive foreign substances, e.g. soiling, mortar splashes, concrete paste, supporting timber residue and soot loose and crumbly areas on the concrete surface adhesive lime precipitations; particularly smooth and dense concrete surfaces. Measures: Remove any adhesive foreign substances, crumbly and loose parts on the concrete. Remove lime precipitations e.g. by using a steel brush or scraper and pre-treat any smooth and dense concrete surfaces with Betokontakt.

e.g. by using a steel brush or scraper and pre-treat any smooth and dense concrete surfaces

Visual inspection

Swipe sample

Swipe sample

It

is necessary to test with a swipe sample using your flat hand in order to

establish any dust or dirt. The swipe sample must be carried out in several places. Measures: Remove dust and dirt using a brush; if necessary, wash off and allow the area to dry.

Scratch test

Swipe sample

Swipe sample Scratch test

Scratch test

A

further test of the background is carried out by means of a scratch test; this

is

executed using a pointed, hard object (trowel, filling knife of similar). In

doing so, any flaking, peeling or dusting needs to be treated before you start

plastering. Measures: Use a steel brush to brush off the concrete surface or chip off residue using a scraper. Apply Betokontakt as a bonding mortar. In some cases it may be necessary to sand blast.

*cp. Also leaflet “Gypsum plaster and plaster containing gypsum on concrete”

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23.02.2009 17:22:15 Uhr

Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background
Kapitelbezeichnung
Plaster background
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Impregnation test CM device Temperature measurement Impregnation test As,

Impregnation test

CM device Temperature measurement
CM device
Temperature
measurement
Impregnation test As, generally speaking, you cannot assess the con- dition of the plaster background
Impregnation test
As, generally speaking, you cannot assess the con-
dition of the plaster background of concrete from its
appearance and from the swipe sample and scratch
test, you must always carry out an impregnation test
CM device
If, after the impregnation test, there are still doubts re-
garding the moisture content of the concrete, this can be
determined with the CM device. The moisture content of
the concrete should not exceed 3 % of the weight. Ac-
in several p laces. To do this, clean water is a pp lied
using a well-soaked ceiling brush. If the water drips
off the concrete after a few minutes or the transfor-
mation from light to dark does not take place imme-
diately, it can be concluded that:
cording to the VOB, this test is a service that must be
specially arranged and paid for.
there is residue from concrete release agents;
the concrete is still damp;
the sinter skin is dense;
curing compound is present.
Measures: A surface that is soiled by a separating
agent must be treated with water and a brush, using a
suitable concrete cleaning agent, and then washed off
using clear water. It is also possible to clean using the
steam jet. The area must be sufficiently dry before you
use Knauf Betokontakt. If the concrete is still damp you
must wait before you start plastering. Rough up or key
dense sinter skin using a steel brush. You may need to
sand blast the area. The area must then be pre-treated
with Betokontakt.
Measuring the temperature
When the weather is cold you should particularly en-
sure that room and background temperatures do not
exceed + 5 °C. This can be measured with a standard,
traditional contact thermometer or without contact using
an infrared or laser thermometer. Plastering must be
postponed at temperatures below 5 °C. In the case of
any thermal measures, ensure that not only the air in the
room, but also the background temperature must in-
crease to above + 5 °C; otherwise there is the danger
of condensation build-up on the coldest components/
moist surfaces, especially in the case of open-flame gas
firing with the emergence of water vapour during the
combustion process!
12 13013
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17:22:23 Uhr
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2:233 UhUhrr
Plastering Different Backgrounds Masonry Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN 1053. In the

Plastering Different Backgrounds

Plastering Different Backgrounds Masonry Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN 1053. In the case
Plastering Different Backgrounds Masonry Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN 1053. In the case
Plastering Different Backgrounds Masonry Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN 1053. In the case
Plastering Different Backgrounds Masonry Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN 1053. In the case
Plastering Different Backgrounds Masonry Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN 1053. In the case

Masonry

Masonry must be produced in accordance with DIN

1053.

In the case of masonry with abutting joints, non-mortared joints must be no wider than 5 mm. We differentiate be- tween lime sandstone, porous concrete, bricks and po- rous bricks as backgrounds for plaster in terms of their absorptive capacity. Generally speaking, the suction capacity of stone and mortar joints should be the same or similar. Depending on the suction capacity, you may have to carry out a

background pre-treatment so as to prevent the absorp- tion of the plaster.

Excelsior light building slabs By contrast with external plaster, in the case of gypsum plasters you do not need to use machine-applied plasters for reasons of moisture protection or adhesion. However, in the case of boards which are not directly fixed to a solid background, like, for example, in the case of wood- en post-and-beam structures, roof pitches, slatting etc., an all-over covering of machine-applied plaster is re- quired for reasons of stabilisation. The average plaster thickness is 15 mm, whereby a fab- ric, e.g. PFT Gitex, must be inserted in the upper half of the plaster layer. Refer also to the leaflet for laying and plastering excelsior boards and excelsior laminated boards in accordance with DIN EN 13168.

Wood chip block Please observe the manufacturer´s processing informa- tion. It is recommended to use a fabric insert in the plas- ter.

Hard foam boards/shaped stone Expanded or extruded polystyrol hard foam boards (e.g. styropor, styrodur or hard foam wood chip block filled with concrete) must be pre-treated with Betokontakt. The plaster must be at least 15 mm thick, whereby fabric, e.g. PFT Gitex, must be inserted in the top half of the plaster layer. The plastered areas are separated from the flanking components by means of separation joints.

Foam glass According to the manufacturer´s instructions, system-re- lated adhesive must be used to stick the boards to the background. Depending on the requirements on impact strength, the surfaces can be coated both with conven- tional plaster as well as finishing plaster. The surfaces must be free from dust. A background pre-treatment is not required. It is recommended to use a fabric insert in the plaster.

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23.02.2009 17:22:24 Uhr

Rib mesh Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Clayed wire mesh Stucanet Metal plaster base Plaster bases are
Rib mesh Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Clayed wire mesh Stucanet Metal plaster base Plaster bases are

Rib mesh

Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background
Kapitelbezeichnung
Plaster background
Rib mesh Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Clayed wire mesh Stucanet Metal plaster base Plaster bases are used,

Clayed wire mesh

mesh Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Clayed wire mesh Stucanet Metal plaster base Plaster bases are used, e.g.

Stucanet

Metal plaster base Plaster bases are used, e.g. in the case of critical con- crete backgrounds, to span slots and trussed girders, as suspended ceilings, in the case of greater plaster thick- ness etc Rib mesh or stucanet, rarely clayed wire mesh, are usu- ally used for metal plaster bases. The processing and fix- ing of these plaster bases is carried out in accordance with DIN 4121. The plaster thickness across the plaster base must amount to at least 15 mm. When using plaster bases as suspended ceilings, the areas must be separat- ed from the enclosure walls (e.g. cut free).

Mixed masonry and old plaster A general rule for the background pre-treatment can’t be given in this case, as the object-related framework condi- tions, like flatness, absorptive capacity, strength of back- ground, separation layers (old paint) etc. must be taken into consideration. Fabric, e.g. PFT Gitex, must be inserted when plastering mixed masonry. If there are any concerns regarding the load-bearing capability and freedom from cracks of the background, then plaster bases should be inserted.

Steel parts Steel parts are not suitable as a background for plaster. If steel parts e.g. supports or girder flanges, already ex- ist in the component that is to be plastered, ensure that corrosion protection has been applied. Steel parts must generally be spanned using a plaster base.

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Materials for Pre-treatment For a better processing or good adhesion of the plaster, it is
Materials for Pre-treatment For a better processing or good adhesion of the plaster, it is

Materials for Pre-treatment

For a better processing or good adhesion of the plaster, it is often necessary to pre-treat the plaster background. As far as the materials for background pre- treatment are concerned, we generally differentiate between bonding mortar and primer/suction block.

between bonding mortar and primer/suction block. For large properties it is recommended to apply the

For large properties it is recommended to apply the materials mechanically

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Concrete areas are painted with Betokontakt Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Applying primer to lime sandstone
Concrete areas are painted with Betokontakt Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Applying primer to lime sandstone

Concrete areas are painted with Betokontakt

Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background
Kapitelbezeichnung
Plaster background
with Betokontakt Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Applying primer to lime sandstone masonry Bonding mortar*

Applying primer to lime sandstone masonry

Bonding mortar* The bonding mortars, Betokontakt and background, are used with dispersions filled with coarse additives on non- absorptive or slightly absorptive, smooth backgrounds, like, for example, concrete, to improve the plaster adhe- sion. In accordance with DIN V 18500, they serve as a substitute to a cement tack coat in the internal area. They

do not seal the pores, so there is no major influence on the diffusion capability of the background. Betokontakt and background can be sprayed or rolled on.

Suction block The products suction block and primer reduce the absorp- tive capacity of the background and hence improve plas- ter adhesion. To achieve a good plaster surface without any obvious joins on plaster backgrounds that have vary- ing absorptive capacities (e.g. stone with mortar joints), it is necessary to pre-treat with a suction block or primer. It is important to keep to the respective dilution instruc- tions. The more absorptive the background, the more di- luted the primer can be. They primers do no seal the pores; so there is no major influence on the diffusion ca- pability of the background. Soap-based suction blocks are not suitable.

Deep-penetrating primer Prior to applying tiles, finishing plasters, decorative plas- ters or fillers, the gypsum plaster is primed using a deep- penetrating primer. This reduces the absorptive capabil- ity and the surface is “restrengthened”. The pores, how- ever, are not sealed, so the air-conditioning effect of the gypsum plaster is maintained. Use Knauf deep-penetrating primer undiluted.

General According to the VOB, the use of materials for back- ground pre-treatment is a service that must be specially arranged and paid for. After applying the materials, you must comply with the drying time. At 20 °C and standard air humidity it is pos- sible to rework after 12 hours. Low temperatures and high air humidity extend the drying time. The primer can no longer be used at temperatures below 5 °C (wall and ambient temperatures), as the filming of the dispersion can no longer take place properly.

*cp. Also leaflet “Gypsum plaster and plaster containing gypsum on concrete”

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Pre-treating Plaster Backgrounds   Rough-shuttered concrete Pre-cast concrete components – smooth Porous

Pre-treating Plaster Backgrounds

Pre-treating Plaster Backgrounds   Rough-shuttered concrete Pre-cast concrete components – smooth Porous
 

Rough-shuttered

concrete

Pre-cast concrete components – smooth

Porous concrete – masonry

Porous concrete – planar stone

Bricks –

porous bricks

Pumice stone

Lime sandstone – masonry

Machine-applied plasters

             

MP 75 L

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

(A/G)

MP 75 G/F /

MP 75 GP

(B)

B

(A/G)

(A/G)

   

(A/G)

MP 75

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

(A/G)

MP 75 L-F

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

(A/G)

MP 75 F

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

(A/G)

Legito

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

(A/G)

Hand plastering / plaster of Paris

             

Rotband / Rotband pro

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

 

HP 100 / HP-Filz

(B)

B

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

 

Goldband

   

A/G

A/G

(A/G)

(A/G)

 

Finishing plasters

             

Multi-Finish

(B)

B

 

A/G

     

Universal-Finish

B

B

 

A/G

     

Board-Finish

 

B

         

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

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Particularly suitable

Suitable

Unsuitable

The background must be load-bearing, firm, clean and dry.

B

= Knauf Betonkontakt

G

= Knauf Primer

A

= Knauf Suction Block

T

= Knauf Deep-Penetrating Primer

P

= Knauf Background

() = depending on the properties

of the background

23.02.2009 17:22:27 Uhr

Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background Lime sandstone – planar stone light Excelsior slabs building Polystorol
Kapitelbezeichnung Plaster background
Kapitelbezeichnung
Plaster background

Lime sandstone – planar stone

light

Excelsior slabs

building

Polystorol

Metal plaster base

Lime cement plaster

gypsum

Gypsum,

plaster

lime

Gypsum board in accordance with DIN 18180

Foam glass

(A/G)

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

(A/G)

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

(A/G)

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

(A/G)

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

(A/G)

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

(A/G)

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

 

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

 

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

P

Gitex

 

Gitex

B

   

(T+B)

 

Gitex

         

T

P

Gitex

(A/G)

       

T

P

Gitex

         

T

 

Gitex

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17:22:28 Uhr

Machine-applied Gypsum Plaster – the MP 75 Family If large areas are to be plastered,
Machine-applied Gypsum Plaster – the MP 75 Family If large areas are to be plastered,

Machine-applied Gypsum Plaster – the MP 75 Family

If large areas are to be plastered, the most efficient solution would be machine-applied plaster. The processing is easier and quicker than a manual application. The machine-applied plaster is either filled in the plastering machine in sack-form or continuously automatically blown from a container into the plastering machine by means of a pneumatic conveyor unit.

plastering machine by means of a pneumatic conveyor unit. Efficient processing of gypsum plaster using plastering

Efficient processing of gypsum plaster using plastering machines

Mechanical mixing Mixing is carried out by intensive mixing in the plastering machine. The water addition is regulated in such a way that the thinnest possible consistency is achieved to ena- ble a perfect processing with the available background and the intended application thickness. The mouldable gypsum paste will easily forward to the spray head and enables an even, easy-to-distribute and good “standing” plaster application.

Plaster application The machine-applied plaster is evenly and at the required thickness sprayed onto the background by means of the compressed air that is fed to the spray head. The spray pressure brings about an improved adhesion, as the gyp- sum is able to penetrate the joints and indentations. After spraying, the plaster mortar is distributed by means of a feather edge or the metal level in a plumb and level manner. As it starts to harden, if necessary the plaster surface is drawn out using the feather edge or the wide spatula so as to remove any tracks or grooves. Once the plaster is sufficiently stiffened, it is moistened slightly, felted using the sponge float or mechanical felting units and then (when the surface has dulled) smoothed using a trowel.

To rout the corners, it is best to use an angular filling knife or an angular plane.

If a felt plaster structure is to be achieved, after the first felting and a certain amount of standing time, the sur- face structure must again be felted using a fine sponge float.

If ceramic tiles or a float finish are to be applied to the plaster, the surface should not be felted or smoothed, it should be levelled with the back of the trowel so as to achieve a firmer and rougher surface structure.

Processing time

Machine-applied plaster is characterised by an even, targeted stiffening course that ensures a practical process- ing time. The processing time enables a practical and extensive plaster application. As the machine-applied plaster remains plastic for a long time, it is possible to take work breaks of up to 15 min- utes. After spraying has ended, the machine, hoses and spray heads must be cleaned carefully.

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Kapitelbezeichnung Processing Hand Gypsum Plaster – the Rotband Family Knauf hand plaster is ideal for
Kapitelbezeichnung
Processing
Hand Gypsum Plaster –
the Rotband Family
Knauf hand plaster is ideal for renovation work or for small
areas. Here we differentiate between bond gypsum plaster
with special adhesive properties and ready-mixed plaster
for masonry. Both materials are provided in sack form,
stirred into the mixer and applied manually.
Plaster application
After mixing, the mortar is thrown on using
the trowel or applied with the mortar board,
whereby it is necessary to press down quite
forcefully against the background to allow
for a comprehensive adhesion. The plaster
mortar is then embedded using the levelling
board or the feather edge and distributed
level and flush.
As it starts to harden, if necessary the plaster
surface is drawn out using the feather edge
or the wide spatula in order to remove any
tracks or grooves. Once the plaster has ad-
equately stiffened, it is moistened slightly,
felted using the sponge float and then
smoothed down with the trowel. To rout the
corners, it is best to use an angular filling
knife.
If a felt plaster structure is to be achieved,
after felting and a certain amount of stand-
ing time, the surface structure must again be
felted using a fine sponge float.
If ceramic tiles or a float finish are to be ap-
plied to the plaster, the surface should not be
felted or smoothed, it should be levelled us-
ing the back of the trowel.
Processing time
Gypsum plaster dry mortar for manual
processing is set to a practical processing
time.
If the modernisation areas are larger, Rotband Pro can also be applied
mechanically. It is best to use the light and easy mixer pump, PFT Ritmo.
PFT Ritmo.
Rotband bonding mortar is applied to the ceiling
20 21021
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Finishing Plaster: Universal-, Porous Concrete, Board-Finish Changes to the structure, precisely dimensioned, level
Finishing Plaster: Universal-, Porous Concrete, Board-Finish Changes to the structure, precisely dimensioned, level

Finishing Plaster: Universal-, Porous Concrete, Board-Finish

Changes to the structure, precisely dimensioned, level bricks, connected using thin- bed mortar, or level pre-cast concrete components no longer require a thick, level- compensating plaster layer to create a level surface. The plaster application serves to optimise the surface quality. This plaster that is applied in thin layers (layer thick- ness 2 mm or more) is known as finishing gypsum plaster.

Finishing gypsum plaster is available as a ready-mixed mortar that can be proc- essed manually (Knauf Board-Finish, Knauf Porous Concrete-Finish) and as a ready- mixed mortar that can be processed using conventional mixing machines.

Knauf Porous Concrete-Finish) and as a ready- mixed mortar that can be processed using conventional mixing

The background Single layers of finishing plasters are used on level backgrounds, like planar stone, e.g. made of lime sandstone, porous concrete, bricks or on pre-cast concrete sur- faces. The need for primers or bonding mortars depends on the background (refer to the table on page 18 / 19).

Mixing When processing manually, the process takes place in the same way as it does with hand plastering. When processing mechanically, by contrast with machine-applied

plasters, pumps with a low output and other slight modifications (e.g. spray head) are required (refer to page 38 – 41).

 

Mechanical mixing The plastering machine is filled with Knauf Universal-Finish either in sack form or is continuously blown from a container into the plastering machine by means of a pneumatic conveyor unit. The water addition should be regulated in such a way that the thinnest possible consistency is achieved for enabling a perfect processing at the intended applica- tion thickness and on the existing background. The soft-plastic gypsum paste can easily feed to the spray head and results in a level plaster application.

For an all-over use as a finishing plaster, Multi- Finish can also be applied mechanically using the PFT Fox. Without scaffold- ing you can efficiently and quickly cover and smooth up to 3.20 m high ceilings surfaces, with the aid of long-handled floats and in one work cycle. No sand- ing work is required.

Plaster application The plaster application takes place in the same way as machine-applied or hand plaster. With Porous Concrete-Finish, felting is carried out in sections once the plas- ter surface has dried dull. An immediate smoothing is required afterwards. In the case of Universal-Finish, processing runs analogously to that of machine-applied plaster.

For special instructions refer to page 54/55.

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23.02.2009 17:22:45 Uhr

Kapitelbezeichnung Processing Skim Coat: Multi-Finish If it is possible for the material to be spread
Kapitelbezeichnung Processing
Kapitelbezeichnung
Processing

Skim Coat: Multi-Finish

If it is possible for the material to be spread out to zero, we talk about filling compounds or skim coats. The skim

coat, Knauf Multi-Finish, is a typical representative of this class. It can be used in many ways, to plaster rough and uneven bases, to seal concrete prefabricated part joints, slots and holes, to thinly plaster even bases, like concrete surfaces, gypsum boards and plaster. Alongside these basic properties, Knauf Multi-Finish is predes- tined to create high-quality, possibly coloured decorative surface designs in the internal area, i.e. due to its outstanding material properties, as a finishing plaster Knauf Multi-Finish can be smoothed down (2 – 3 mm) to

a shiny surface, which, when protected with the wax Knauf Fine-Finish, is perfectly suitable as a final surface.

Knauf Fine-Finish, is perfectly suitable as a final surface. Processing To seal the joints in concrete

Processing To seal the joints in concrete pre-fabricated elements, Multi-Finish must be pressed down at diagonals to the joint on both sides, so that both sides have a good joint flank adhe- sion. Then, whilst forming a ridge, the joints are smoothed over longwise. As the mix starts to set, any protruding material is chipped off and the area smoothed over im- mediately. If a height compensation is required, Multi- Finish is applied in a second work cycle and then filled. Shrinkage cavity holes are sealed in the same process. The component-deter- mined tendency to crack in pre-cast elements can be reduced by inserting a joint reinforce- ment strip, however, in this case it cannot be entirely excluded. In the case of an all-over covering of con- crete surfaces, gypsum boards and plaster, Knauf Multi-Finish is applied as a single-lay- er finishing plaster at a layer thickness of at least 2 mm. If a several-layer application is required, ensure that the previous layer has hardened and dried out before commencing on the next layer.

has hardened and dried out before commencing on the next layer. P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 23 _ 23.02.2009 17:22:53

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Knauf LEGITO The ideal combination of two classic building materials in one unique plaster: Knauf

Knauf LEGITO

Knauf LEGITO The ideal combination of two classic building materials in one unique plaster: Knauf LEGITO,

The ideal combination of two classic building materials in one unique plaster: Knauf LEGITO, the process- ing-friendly eco-package made of clay and gypsum, for an optimum room climate regulation. Compared with conventional plasters, LEGITO has three times the capacity to absorb and emit air humidity. It is classified at the same, high level as for normal clay-based plasters – with the simultaneous modern, sin- gle-layer and hence rational processing manner (like gypsum plaster). The recipe is optimised with re- gard to utmost ecological and health-conscious requirements.

Plaster thickness In the wall area - single-layer 5 – 40 mm, in the ceiling area - 5 – 15 mm. If, in the case of greater plaster thick- ness on walls, two-layers are to be plastered, the first layer must be roughed up using the feather edge or the wide spatula. After completely drying out, prime with Knauf Suction Block (1:3 dilution). Again, once dried out,

Smoothing, felting or texturing with just one product

After the plaster surface has set slightly, smooth off with

a

Swiss trowel, possibly twice if necessary. In the case of

felt plaster structure, complete felting with a manual sponge float or felting machine (perhaps a PFT). In the case of a freely textured surface design, you can create

a

 

a

three-dimensional, elastic feel. Depending on taste and

the next layer can be applied. Plaster the ceilings in just one single layer.

Manual processing Sprinkle a sack of Knauf LEGITO (30 kg) in approximate- ly 15 litres of clean water. After around 5 minutes dwell- ing time, use the motorised blender to stir without adding any other additives.

imagination, using a trowel, spatula, brush etc. the desired design is pressed into the stiffening plaster and the surface is then finished accordingly. Ensure good ventilation to ensure the plaster dries out quickly. Knauf LEGITO remains moist longer than normal gypsum plaster. The surface has compressive strength only after it has hardened.

Mechanical processing Adjust the water addition to the plastering machine in terms of consistency (c. 1 bar mortar pressure per metre hose length). Spray the LEGITO on the wall, working from top to bottom. Do not exceed spraying breaks of more than 10 – 15 minutes, otherwise run the mixer, pump and hoses empty.

Distribution – smoothing out Use an h-profile feather edge to distribute and after c. 80 minutes (dependent on the plaster background), draw out (slightly rough surface) and level out corners.

Felting After moistening the plaster surface using a sponge float (or PFT level), generate sufficient slurry and level out any small uneven areas.

Processing time

C.

180 minutes, depending on the background.

Special instructions:

Pre-treatment for coatings and claddings, design possibilities The plaster must be dry (moisture < 1 %), without move- ment and free from dust. To take optimum advantage of the climatising effect of Knauf LEGITO, the following

coatings should be vapour-permeable. Simple paints (clay, casein, lime, dispersion-silicate or naturally disper- sion-based) are suitable. These paints can be applied either using a brush or with a lambskin roller and, de- pending on taste, executed in a marbled, natural finish, stipple technique or sponge technique or simply left as it

is.

The longstanding, open-poured wallpaper or the min-

 

eral decorative plaster, Knauf Royal, are also perfectly

suitable. The manufacturer´s instructions regarding any possible pre-treatment required must be observed. VOB, part C, DIN 18363 and DIN 18366 must also be observed.

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

24

23.02.2009 17:22:53 Uhr

Kapitelbezeichnung Processing Similar to clay-based plasters, Knauf LEGITO achieves a much greater moisture absorption
Kapitelbezeichnung Processing
Kapitelbezeichnung
Processing
Similar to clay-based plasters, Knauf LEGITO achieves a much greater moisture absorption from the air
Similar to clay-based plasters, Knauf LEGITO
achieves a much greater moisture absorption
from the air in the room than, for example, lime-
based plaster – and this with considerable process-
ing, technical material and economic advantages.
The absorption of moisture (g/m 2 ) over the course of time
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0h
2h
Time
4h
24h
28h
46h
52h
Lime plaster
Clay plaster
Legito
Arguments for LEGITO
– LEGITO combines the advantages of classic
binding agents, clay and gypsum
– Very flexible in the single-layer (5 to 40 mm)
– Mechanical or manual processing
– c. 3x capacity to emit and absorb air humidity
compared with conventional plasters, at the
same high level as “normal” clay-based plaster
– Container logistics possible
– Suitable for all load-bearing bases:
– Therefore prevents mould formation – LEGITO is
the “clay-based plaster” with the security of a
gypsum plaster (plaster adhesion, strengths,
mar-resistant surface)
in new construction – lime sandstone, brick, light-
weight brick masonry among others, generally
without priming; in old buildings on all
load-bearing bases. Also suitable for the
renovation of historical clay-based plasters
– Organic architecture certificate from Rosenheim
has been submitted
– No expanding or shrinking
– Full declaration of contents (upon request)
– Individual surface design: felted, smoothed
or freely textured with just one product
– Practically the same process as gypsum plaster
– Suitable for wall heating
– Due to the practical, single-layer process, an
economic alternative to conventional clay-based
plasters
24 25025
_
P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd
25
23.02.2009
17:23:01 Uhr
g/m 2
Knauf has developed a gypsum filling com- pound for an all-over surface smoothing, which is
Knauf has developed a gypsum filling com- pound for an all-over surface smoothing, which is
Knauf has developed a gypsum filling com- pound for an all-over surface smoothing, which is
Knauf has developed a gypsum filling com- pound for an all-over surface smoothing, which is

Knauf has developed a gypsum filling com- pound for an all-over surface smoothing, which is always ready to use and very processing-friendly: Knauf Readygips

Ready for the entire surface Slightly damaged wall and ceiling plaster (gypsum plaster) or concrete and porous concrete surfaces are ready to wallpaper over or coat after plastering in no time with Readygips. Readygips is also perfectly suit- ed for plaster areas that have classified in the quality level “Q4 smoothed”. In the case of mechanical processing (e.g. with PFTSwing), alongside smooth surfaces you can effortlessly achieve fine spray plaster structures (refer to page 53). Readygips can also be sprayed airlessly using piston pumps. Knauf Readygips is the ideal aid for renovat- ing, e.g. after removing wallpaper or to plaster over firmly bonded fibre glass wall- papers.

Ready to open, mix, apply

Use directly from the bucket

Use directly from the bucket

On walls and ceilings in the internal area

On walls and ceilings in the internal area

In old and new constructions – particular-

In old and new constructions – particular-

ly mouldable and easy to process Can be processed mechanically, e.g.

ly mouldable and easy to process Can be processed mechanically, e.g.

with PFT Swing or airless piston pump Considerable filling power

with PFT Swing or airless piston pump Considerable filling power

Easy to sand down

Easy to sand down

Now available in tubular bags

Now available in tubular bags

Ready for the next construction site Use Readygips right down to the last drop. Simply close the bucket and head off to the next construction site. No painstaking clean- ing work and no more material residue.

Advantages at a glance Considerable processing security Savings in time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work cycles Fast processing Less work

time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work
time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work
time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work
time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work
time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work
time and cost Up to 3.10 m ceiling height can be processed without scaffolding Fewer work

Ready to process

Knauf Readygips – Ready to Use fro

work Ready to process Knauf Readygips – Ready to Use fro Surface plaster for high-quality surfaces

Surface plaster for high-quality surfaces

Ready to Use fro Surface plaster for high-quality surfaces Practical concrete plaster Manually – ready to

Practical concrete plaster

Manually –

ready to open, mix and apply

Manually – ready to open, mix and apply Renovation work on slightly damaged old plasters after
Manually – ready to open, mix and apply Renovation work on slightly damaged old plasters after

Renovation work on slightly damaged old plasters after removing the wallpaper.

slightly damaged old plasters after removing the wallpaper. All-over plastering when renovating wall and ceiling

All-over plastering when renovating wall and ceiling surfaces creates high- quality, smooth surfaces in the shortest possible time.

quality, smooth surfaces in the shortest possible time. Wallpaper and coating-capable plastering of old plaster,

Wallpaper and coating-capable plastering of old plaster, concrete, and porous concrete surfaces in the internal area

23.02.2009 17:23:07 Uhr
23.02.2009 17:23:07 Uhr
P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 26
P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd
26
concrete, and porous concrete surfaces in the internal area 23.02.2009 17:23:07 Uhr P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 26
Processing Kapitelbezeichnung Ready for practical processing For an easier processing of Knauf Ready- gips, it
Processing Kapitelbezeichnung Ready for practical processing For an easier processing of Knauf Ready- gips, it
Processing Kapitelbezeichnung Ready for practical processing For an easier processing of Knauf Ready- gips, it
Processing Kapitelbezeichnung Ready for practical processing For an easier processing of Knauf Ready- gips, it

Processing

Kapitelbezeichnung

Ready for practical processing For an easier processing of Knauf Ready- gips, it is now also available in practical tu- bular sacks. These are emptied using a sack mangle either in a mortar tub or directly in the respective airless device – this saves on time and waste. You no longer have to scrape out buckets and the material can be proc- essed more quickly. There is also less waste and you save on disposal time. Piston pumps are suitable for the airless processing of Knauf Readyips – these are designed to process paste-like filling compounds (e.g. Graco Mark U, Grace Mark X, Wagner HC 35, HC 45 and HC 55

Quality level Q3 and Q4 in dry construction systems Assuming Q2 (Knauf Uniflott, Knauf TRIAS or Knauf Joint Filler Light), the ready-to-process gypsum filling compound, Knauf Readygips, is the right choice. Readygips is incredibly easy to process and, due to its light-grey col- our, also enables a visual uniformity of the surface.

Efficiency of the system compared with manual processing

Example: complete filling of a concrete surface

Scaffolding

Time

Material

Saving

Time

Material

Processing

Processing

manually

mechanically with, e.g. PFT SAMBA XL

_

23.02.2009 17:23:13 Uhr

rom the Bucket

e.g. PFT SAMBA XL _ 23.02.2009 17:23:13 Uhr rom the Bucket Ideal renovation plaster Joint filling

Ideal renovation plaster

17:23:13 Uhr rom the Bucket Ideal renovation plaster Joint filling compound for gypsum boards Mechanically –

Joint filling compound for gypsum boards

Mechanically –

efficient, practical and reliable

Mechanically – efficient, practical and reliable
Mechanically – efficient, practical and reliable
Mechanically – efficient, practical and reliable
Mechanically – efficient, practical and reliable

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd 27

Can be processed mechanically, e.g. using airless devices PFT SAMBA XL or feed pumps, like
Can be processed
mechanically, e.g.
using airless devices
PFT SAMBA XL or
feed pumps,
like PFT Swing

cm 25 cm50

cm 25 cm50 Knauf PutzPin and Knauf MP 75 L Knauf PutzPins are used as mechanically
cm 25 cm50 Knauf PutzPin and Knauf MP 75 L Knauf PutzPins are used as mechanically

Knauf PutzPin and Knauf MP 75 L

Knauf PutzPins are used as mechanically fixed plaster bases in the system with Knauf machine-applied plaster, MP 75 L, on ceiling surfaces made of concrete which do not permit plastering in accordance with “Gypsum plaster and plaster containing gypsum on concrete” 1) .

25 cm

50 cm

gypsum on concrete” 1 ) . 25 cm 5 0 c m The grid gives you

The grid gives you a consumption of 4 PutzPins per m 2

1) Industriegruppe Baugipse im Bundesverband der Gipsindustrie e.V., Birkenweg 13, 64295 Darmstadt and Deutscher Stuckgewerbebund in the Zentralverband des Deut- schen Baugewerbes, Kronenstraße 55-58, 10117 Berlin-Mitte.

1
1
2
2
3
3

With the new Knauf system, in conjunction with Knauf MP 75 L, PutzPins at a grid distance of 50 cm ensure a secure adhesion even in autumn and winter construction sites. The form of the plate gives you the necessary and complete backfilling. The PutzPin is embedded entirely.

According to the above-mentioned leaflet, the plaster backgrounds for plastering are suitable if the residual moisture of the concrete amounts to 3 % of the weight (CM method), the background temperature does not ex- ceed 5°C and the concrete surface is clean, free from concrete release agents or sinter skin. If one of the re- quirements is not fulfilled, concerns should be reported and suitable measures taken. In the case of too much concrete residual moisture and with too low background temperatures, according to leaflet “Bonding mortars for gypsum plasters and gyp- sum-based plasters”1) it is particularly important to use a suitable plaster base. This work must arranged and paid for separately. With the plaster base, Knauf PutzPin, you can plaster otherwise properly or appropriately pre-treated concrete

backgrounds with residual moisture of up to 6 % of weight and base temperatures of 2°C. These criteria must be checked and logged by the processor according to the test methods described in the leaflet “Gypsum plas- ter and plaster containing gypsum on concrete” 1) .

Fixing Knauf PutzPins are mechanically fixed to the background with the aid of an HILTI bolt feeding device (DX 351, DX A40) and using an Hilti steel nail (X-DNI 27 P8). These components have been checked for use in the sys- tem with Knauf PutzPins and can be used for all conven- tional concrete qualities.

For more information on fixing, please contact the employees of Hilti Deutschland GmbH under the toll-free telephone number 0800-888 55 22.

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

28

23.02.2009 17:23:20 Uhr

Knauf Moulding Plaster Kapitelbezeichnung Processing When renovating old structural fabrics, especially with regard to

Knauf Moulding Plaster

Kapitelbezeichnung Processing
Kapitelbezeichnung
Processing

When renovating old structural fabrics, especially with regard to monument mainte- nance, you usually require a plaster of Paris with a high degree of whiteness and fineness. Knauf Moulding Plaster is optimally designed to produce moulds and orna- ments, but also to create forms in the ceramics industry.

ments, but also to create forms in the ceramics industry. Operational sequence/processing time for Rocasco moulding

Operational sequence/processing time for Rocasco moulding plaster:

Sprinkle 1 sack (40 kg) into approximately 30 litres of clean water, allow to rest for a while and then use a motorised blender to stir the mix- ture into a lump-free paste. Smaller quantities are made up using the same water/gypsum ratio (0.75) (maybe also using a trowel or gypsum spatula). Hardening starts after around 11 ± 3 minutes, and hardening has been achieved after around 20 to 30 minutes.

 

28 29029

_

23.02.2009

17:23:23 Uhr

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

29

Containers and Logistics Today, factory-mixed gypsum dry mortar arrives at the construction site in sack-form
Containers and Logistics Today, factory-mixed gypsum dry mortar arrives at the construction site in sack-form

Containers and Logistics

Today, factory-mixed gypsum dry mortar arrives at the construction site in sack-form or in si- los/containers. Loose mortar, which is transported to the construction site in pressureless freefall silos is particularly advantageous and practical to process. The round or square steel containers have useful storage volumes of up to 22 m 3 , the maximum filling weight depends on the product and on the maximum transport weight of the vehicle being used. For a fault- free silo emptying it is necessary to use vibrators. You will need a pneumatic conveyor unit to move the material from the silo (e.g. PFT Silomat).

The driver of the silo truck (if filling on site), erector of the silo and/or

The driver of the silo truck (if filling on site), erector of the silo and/or user of the con- struction site container must observe the set- ting up conditions of the mortar industry.

These conditions are summarised on page 35 as guidelines for setting up and using construction site silos.

Container logistics Core points of the Knauf container logistics are regional disposition sites, which, with the EDP support of the entire organisation, are controlled across-Europe from the ac- ceptance of contract up to the delivery.

 
  For a smooth and economic processing, you use the container that is coordinated to the

For a smooth and economic processing, you use the container that is coordinated to the product and the required quantity

(1) Erecting with container vehicle (2) Topping up with silo vehicle at the construction site Some products are available only regionally

 

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

30

23.02.2009

17:23:26 Uhr

Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung Guidelines for Setting Up and Using Construction Site Silos DRIVER ERECTOR
Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung
Machines and logistics
Kapitelbezeichnung

Guidelines for Setting Up and Using Construction Site Silos

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

1. When erecting/loading, no unauthorized persons should be residing in the

danger zone of the construction site container.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

2. Construction site containers should be transported or moved only on the

support fittings and with the correct equipment and by authorized personnel. Crane transport is not permitted!

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

3. The place of erection for the container must be chosen and prepared in such

a way that the container/transport vehicle and the silo vehicle can drive around safely. Observe the safety distances to electrical lines. If these cannot be com- plied with, you must contact the power supply companies. The place of erection chosen by the local site management must be personally allocated or clearly labelled.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

4. A level place of erection of at least 3 m x 3 m must be available. The place

of erection must be safeguarded against foundation erosion or sliding. When setting up in the area of excavation pits and graves, the construction in accord- ance with DIN 4124 must be structurally proven.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

The container must be vertical. Special care must be offered in the edge area of excavation pits, pipe trenches, slopes etc. with made-up foundations, with longer standing times of the container as well as with unfavourable weather conditions (e.g. frozen ground).

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

During the standing time, especially however when filling the container, the substructure must be constantly observed to check for any sinking and, if neces- sary, countermeasures must be initiated in good time.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

5. If site containers are to be set up on public roads, a special-purpose authoriza-

tion for setting up on pavements or roads in accordance with StVO must be ob- tained; the container must be identified with reflecting foil in the colours red and white. The permission in accordance with StVO must be proven by the erector.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

6. When a container is filled, the floor load can amount to up to 0.3 N/mm 2 .

Accordingly, the load-bearing capability of the place of erection must be

assured.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

7. In the case of insufficient load-bearing capability of the floor, a foundation

must be created. Usually, reinforced steel concrete foundations are used. In doing so, slabs and/or strip foundations should be preferred over independent footings. Instead of concrete foundations, you can also set up a storage system

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

31

if there is a load-bearing background with a permissible bearing pressure of more than 0.2 N/mm 2 . The boards used for a storage system must be 3 to

3.5 m long, 30 cm wide and 8 cm thick. DIN 1054 applies for the permissible

load of the building ground.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

8. Empty containers must be anchored against any wind forces.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

9. Prior to filling, the filling and ventilation lines must be checked to ensure

there are no blockages and all the safety equipment must be checked for func- tion; the dust sack must be connected. It must be possible for the containers to be filled without any recoil. The filling pressure arising in the container must not exceed 0.1 bar. The residual air in the container must not be allowed to decom- press.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

10. The ventilation lines must be kept open at all times; pressure must not build

up in the container!

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

11. Any damage and manipulation established on the construction site container must be reported immediately to the owner of the container.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

12. The procure/hirer/user is liable for all danger and damage that occurs from

using the container.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

13. If, in order to improve material flow properties, an electric vibrator is used,

this should have a centrifugal force of max. 3 kN (300 kp). To vibrator should be fixed using only the provided welded-on vibrator plate. A vibrator may be in operation only at the same time as the conveyor unit or mixing machine. The vibrator must be switched off as soon as the silo is empty!

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

14. When loading the construction site container on the transport vehicle, all

the nearby units and machines must be removed out of the swing angle. Prior to transportation, the roof and stand frames of the container must be thor- oughly cleaned and the filling opening and outlet flap of the construction site container must be sealed.

DRIVER

ERECTOR

USER

15. The following safety conditions and accident prevention directives must be

observed:

30 31031

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23.02.2009

17:23:26 Uhr

Super Quick Service Your Knauf silo disposition sites 06369 Gnetsch 72189 Vöhringen-Wittershausen 79283

Super Quick Service Your Knauf silo disposition sites

Super Quick Service Your Knauf silo disposition sites 06369 Gnetsch 72189 Vöhringen-Wittershausen 79283

06369 Gnetsch

72189 Vöhringen-Wittershausen

79283 Bollschweil

Pösigker Landstraße 1

Auf Stauden

Ellighofen 6

Telefon:

+49 34978/24-0

Telefon:

+49 7454/9613-10/11/14/15/16

Telefon:

+49 7633/810-0

Fax:

+49 34978/24-30

Fax:

+49 7454/9613-30

Fax:

+49 7633/810-113

06548

Rottleberode

68623

Lampertheim

91465

Ergersheim-Neuherberg

Hauptstraße 72

Hafenstraße 2–10

Haus-Nr. 33

Telefon:

+49 34653/70-332/333/334/335/336

Telefon:

+49 6206/1809-0

Telefon:

+49 9323/31-9314/9341/9343/9346/9347

Fax:

+49 34653/70-340

Fax:

+49 6206/1809-30

Fax:

+49 9323/31-9344

21409

Embsen

72189

Vöhringen-Wittershausen

92283

Lauterhofen

Am Alten Werk 1

Auf Stauden

Industriestraße 12

Telefon:

+49 4131/9169-13/15

Telefon:

+49 7454/9613-10/11/14/15/16

Telefon:

+49 9186/178-0

Fax:

+49 4134/9169-23

Fax:

+49 7454/9613-30

Fax:

+49 9186/178-40

30179

Hannover

73776

Altbach

97346

Iphofen

Ikarusallee 22

Kieswiesen 2 (Neckarinsel)

Am Bahnhof 7

Telefon:

+49 511/473107-0

Telefon:

+49 7153/667-100

Telefon:

+49 9323/31-0

Fax:

+49 511/473107-60

Fax:

+49 7153/667-199

Fax:

+49 9323/31-277

41460

Neuss

Tilsiterstraße

Telefon:

+49 2131/299-123/158/184

Fax:

+49 2131/299-187

44577

Castrop-Rauxel

Wartburgstraße 278

 

Telefon:

+49 2367/9980-0

Embsen

Fax:

+49 2367/9980-30

64319

Pfungstadt

Werner-von-Siemens-Straße 35

Telefon:

+49 6157/13-378

Fax:

+49 6157/13-307

64625

Bensheim

Mühltalstraße 135

Telefon:

+49 6251/935-0

Fax:

+49 6251/935-23

66333

Völklingen-Fenne

Saarwiesenstraße 1a

Neuss

Telefon:

+49 6898/5024-10/12

Fax:

+49 6898/5024-30

66706

Perl

Perl

Maimühle

Telefon:

+49 6867/9104-0

Fax:

+49 6867/9104-30

68623

Lampertheim

Hafenstraße 2–10

Telefon:

+49 6206/1809-0

Fax:

+49 6206/1809-30

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

32

Fenne

Hannover

Castrop-Rauxel

Gnetsch

Rottleberode

Pfungstadt

Bensheim

Lampertheim

Altbach

Wittershausen

Bollschweil

Iphofen

Neuherberg

Lauterhofen

23.02.2009 17:23:26 Uhr

Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung Machines and Tools When processing plaster there are a number of
Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung
Machines and logistics
Kapitelbezeichnung

Machines and Tools

When processing plaster there are a number of machines that can make the work easier and increase efficiency.

that can make the work easier and increase efficiency. The conveyor unit The conveyor unit comfortably,
that can make the work easier and increase efficiency. The conveyor unit The conveyor unit comfortably,

The conveyor unit The conveyor unit comfortably, fully automatically and dust-free transports the dry mortar (e.g. MP 75 L) by means of compressed air across ranges of up to 140 m or even heights of up to 80 m. To assure optimum equip- ping of the conveyor unit, a vibrator is often fitted to the outside of the container usually during the filling time.

Power supply The PFT SILOMAT is operated with 400 V three-phase current. The back-up is generated with 5 x 32 A. The fuse box must be provided with an FI protective circuit breaker.

A few tips:

Once per day (prior to work) the container should be vented by means of PFT SILOMAT (refer to the PFT SILO- MAT instructions). If the outlet behaviour is still poor, you should check the setting times for the SILOMAT unit. If outlet difficulties arise, the vibrator should not be used, as otherwise the mate- rial in the container will become compressed. To avoid mixture separations, the conveyor hose to the plastering machine should be laid properly. To ensure an optimum operational sequence of the unit over long con- veyor routes, the conveyor line should not be laid too level. We therefore suggest you create elevations, e.g. to the hose coupling, by means of two upright pallets. It is important to use hose tape to tie the conveyor line to the cross-strut immediately after the conveyor tub.

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

33

32 33033

_

23.02.2009

17:23:31 Uhr

Machines and Tools The plastering machine The mixer pump, also known as the plastering machine,
Machines and Tools The plastering machine The mixer pump, also known as the plastering machine,

Machines and Tools

The plastering machine

The mixer pump, also known as the plastering machine, continuously mixes the dry mortar

with the required water quantity and uses a screw pump to feed the mortar to the processing

site. The following specifications refer to the PFT G 5 or PFT G 4, which, with over 50.000

units sold, are probably the most widespread plastering machines. You can, however, usu-

ally transfer the designs to other machines.

however, usu- ally transfer the designs to other machines. Fine plastering device Mixer coil for Mixer
however, usu- ally transfer the designs to other machines. Fine plastering device Mixer coil for Mixer
however, usu- ally transfer the designs to other machines. Fine plastering device Mixer coil for Mixer

Fine plastering

device

the designs to other machines. Fine plastering device Mixer coil for Mixer coil Light plaster

Mixer coil for

Mixer coil

Light plaster

Maintenance-

Stator that can be tensioned

fine plaster

mixer coil

free stator

using the clamp

Power and water supply

Most plastering machines work at 400 V. The back-up

should take place with 3 x 32 A. To ensure sufficient

water supply, at least one water hose ¾” should be

chosen. The water pressure at the input manometer

must amount to at least 2.5 bar with the machine run-

ning. If there is insufficient water pressure, a pressure-

increase pump should be inserted at the water intake

point.

Compressed air supply

The compressed air supply is created using a compres-

sor that belongs to the plastering machine. This com-

pressor has an output of around 250 l/min. The com-

pressed air is used to spray the mortar out of the spray

head. The distance between the air nozzle and the

spray cap should be that of the diameter of the nozzle.

In the case of gypsum or gypsum lime mortars, the noz-

zle diameter of around 12 mm has proven successful.

Dry mortar supply

The dry mortar can be supplied in sack form or via the

conveyor unit from the silo. When filling with sacks,

ensure that the security grille is fixed on the storage

container of the plastering machine. When using con-

tainers, a blow-in hood is fitted to the mixer pump so

as to protect the unit from dust. The integrated level

sensor controls the PFT SILOMAT unit.

Water dosage

The water requirement depends on the product and the

output of the machine. Use the needle valve to set the

water quantities. Turn the handwheel clockwise to al-

low more water to flow through, and anti-clockwise to

reduce it. Experience has shown that the water require-

ment is usually a little greater (c. 10%) at the start. The

mortar should be sprayed in a mouldable consistency

with the water set as high as possible.

P10_Putze_engl_23022009.indd

34

23.02.2009 17:23:33 Uhr

Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung Mixer coil The mixer coil ensures that the dry material is
Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung Mixer coil The mixer coil ensures that the dry material is
Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung
Machines and logistics
Kapitelbezeichnung
Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung Mixer coil The mixer coil ensures that the dry material is mixed

Mixer coil The mixer coil ensures that the dry material is mixed into the mixing zone of the water. We differentiate be- tween the conventional supplied mixer coils and the light plaster mixer coils. Light plaster coils are to be used for gypsum plasters with light additives, e.g. per- lites.

Screw pump

A screw pump is made up of a screw casing (stator)

and screw conveyor (rotor). We differentiate between screw casings with and without clamps. New pump parts should have a feed pressure of around 30 bar

before and after the first spray (with a conveying hose length of 10 m) and a backpressure of around 12 bar.

In the case of pumps where the tension can be read-

justed (screw casings with clamps), if the feed pres- sure weakens you can regulate the pressure by twist- ing the tension screw. If the required feed pressure can no longer be provided, the pump part has worn out and must be replaced.

The mortar hose For feeding across spans of up to 25 m you use a mor- tar hose with a diameter of 25 mm. It should be kept as short as possible in order to keep frictional loss and the wear of the screw pump to a minimum. The pres- sure in the mortar hose for gypsum plasters amounts to 1 bar/m hose length. If 30 bar operating pressure is exceeded, we recommend the use of thicker hoses.

Fine plastering device Compressed air feeds the mortar out of the fine plas- tering device. The machine is switched on and off by opening and closing the air tap on the fine plastering device.

Work interruptions/end of work Breaks in spraying should not exceed 20 minutes or so, otherwise mixers, pumps and hoses should be run empty and cleaned.

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Machines and Tools Hopper gun PFT N 2V feed pump PFT RITMO PFT MS2 paddle

Machines and Tools

Hopper gun
Hopper gun

PFT N 2V feed pump

Machines and Tools Hopper gun PFT N 2V feed pump PFT RITMO PFT MS2 paddle mixer

PFT RITMO

Machines and Tools Hopper gun PFT N 2V feed pump PFT RITMO PFT MS2 paddle mixer
Machines and Tools Hopper gun PFT N 2V feed pump PFT RITMO PFT MS2 paddle mixer

PFT MS2

paddle mixer

Hopper gun PFT N 2V feed pump PFT RITMO PFT MS2 paddle mixer PFT SWING spray

PFT SWING

spray set

feed pump PFT RITMO PFT MS2 paddle mixer PFT SWING spray set Putzi Tips and tricks

Putzi

Tips and tricks

The formation of lumps can cause the mixer coil to wear

out or a poor wetting of the plaster. It is therefore recom-

mended to replace the mixer coil or use a light plaster

coil. In the case of persistently annoying lumps as a result

of insufficient wetting, it can be helpful to use an agitator

(e.g. PFT Rotoquirl or Rotomix).

Fluctuations in consistency

can have many causes:

worn screw pump (rotor/stator)

clamp is not evenly tightened/faulty (oval)

worn or faulty mixer coil

reducing pressure valve set incorrectly,

faulty or soiled

insufficient water pressure or quantity

(choose a 3/4“ connection)

too long or too weak power cable

(loss of voltage)

in the case of maintenance-free screw casings,

the mortar hose is too long

poor movement of the material in the mixing zone

feed height or span too great

Too short setting times can, under some circum-

stances, also stem from machine problems, e.g.

dirty hoses or machines

water hose lying in the sun

too thick consistency

soiled water (e.g. from a container)

Feed pumps

If pumpable mortar, slurry and liquids are to be trans-

ported or sprayed, you use feed pumps, e.g. the PFT N

2V or PFT SWING II. Using these electrically driven feed

pumps, which have an infinitely adjustable output, you

can spray e.g. Betokontakt.

Paddle mixers

These machines are suitable as batch mixer pumps to

mix and spray hand plasters, e.g. Rotband or Gold-

band.

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Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung Fig. Name Material no. Source 1 Exterior corner filling knife
Machines and logistics Kapitelbezeichnung
Machines and logistics
Kapitelbezeichnung

Fig.

Name

Material no.