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A. A MOTOR VEHICLE IS A SERIOUS RESPONSIBILIT Y
Motorists must ensure that they are able to think clearly and use good judgment before attempting to operate a motor vehicle. Getting a traffic ticket is only one of the consequences of driving improperly. There are other, more serious consequences, such as loss of property, becoming injured or injuring someone else, or loss of your life or someone else's. Driving is a privilege, not a right. To keep your driving privileges you must drive responsibly and follow the law.
1. Motor Vehicle is a Weapon:
Your car is like any other weapon, if used recklessly it can cause bodily harm or even death to you or someone else. Even at low speeds, a car is a lethal weapon. A collision at 30 miles per hour is the same as the impact of falling from a three-story building.
2. Dangerous as a Loaded Gun, if Not Operated Properly:
Just as with handling a loaded gun, many responsibilities accompany you as the driver. You must ensure that you follow the safety precautions, rules, and regulations for driving your automobile. It is also important to maintain your vehicle. Regularly check the pressure in your tires to prevent blowouts or flat tires. Check the engine to ensure there is plenty of coolant and oil so your car will not overheat while you are driving. Drive only when you are rested. Avoid driving when you are fatigued, taking medication, which causes drowsiness, angry, ill, under stress, or under the influence of drugs or alcohol. When driving, be aware of your surroundings and constantly scan the road so you can decrease your reaction time. When driving you must also drive at a speed that is appropriate for your driving conditions.
3. Parking Responsibility:
When parking, it is your responsibility to make sure your car does not move from where it is parked. To accomplish this, always make sure your parking brake is engaged, whether your car has an automatic or a standard transmission. When parking on a hill, turn the wheel so the tires are angled in the proper direction. If you are parking down hill, turn the wheel all of the way to the right. If your parking brake disengages or your car slips out of gear your car will roll harmlessly into the curb. The same is true if you are parking uphill on a road with a curb, but turn your wheels all of the way to the left. Your car will roll into the curb. However, if you are parking uphill, without a curb, turn your wheels all the way to the right. If your car starts to roll, it will roll away from traffic and onto the shoulder of the road.
No one may park within 15 feet of a fire hydrant unless the vehicle is attended by a licensed driver who is seated in the front seat and can immediately move the vehicle in case of necessity. No one may park within 15 feet of the entrance drive way to a fire station or within 7 and ½ feet of railroad track and may not park blocking any driveway or on a sidewalk or in a posted bus zone or in a tube or tunnel or upon a bridge unless posted to permit such parking and may not park in front of or upon that portion of a curb that has been cut down lowered or constructed to provide wheelchair access to the sidewalk and no one may park on a freeway except in an emergency without having their car towed away and no one may double park on the roadway side of any vehicle stopped, parked, or standing at a curb or edge of a highway.
Prohibited Stopping, Standing, or Parking (Section 22500 V.C.).
No parking. No person shall stop, park, or leave standing any vehicle whether attended or unattended, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or official traffic control device, in any of the following places:
y y y
Within an intersection. On a crosswalk. Between a safety zone and the adjacent right
y y y y
y y y y
hand curb. Within 15 feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station driveway. Blocking any driveway. On any portion of a sidewalk. Along or opposite any street or highway excavation or obstruction when stopping, standing or parking would block traffic. On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped, parked, or standing at a curb or edge of a highway. Double parking. In a posted bus zone. In a tube or tunnel. Upon a bridge unless posted to permit such parking. In front of or upon that portion of a curb that has been cut down, lowered, or constructed to provide wheelchair access to the sidewalk.
22514. No person shall stop, park, or leave standing any vehicle within 15 feet of a fire hydrant except as follows: a. If the vehicle is attended by a licensed driver who is seated in the front seat and who can immediately move such vehicle in case of necessity. b. If the local authority adopts an ordinance or resolution reducing that distance. If the distance is less than 10 feet total length when measured along the curb or edge of the street, the distance shall be indicated by signs or markings. c. If the vehicle is owned or operated by a fire department and is clearly marked as a fire department vehicle.
Stop, Park, or Leave Standing Upon a Freeway.
21718. (a) No person shall stop, park, or leave
standing any vehicle upon a freeway except in an emergency.On a freeway, except: In an emergency, or when an officer or device requires a
22511.stop. Between a safety zone and the curb. unless you are disabled and display a placard or special plates. (CVC §22651[f]) NOTE: If you must stop on a freeway. or in front of a driveway. park completely off the pavement and stay in your vehicle with the doors locked until help arrives. parked. On a marked or unmarked crosswalk. Within three feet of a sidewalk ramp for disabled persons or in front of or on a curb which provides wheelchair access to a sidewalk. 42001. The following is taken from DMV¶S 2008 California Driver Handbook. On the wrong side of the street. .8) In a space designated for parking or fueling zeroemission vehicles.59. A vehicle (even if disabled) that is stopped. if it is painted in a crosshatched (diagonal)pattern. or where a stop is specifically permitted.95 (AB 1531 Chapter 413). In a disabled person parking space. or left standing on a freeway for more than four hours may be removed. (CVC 22507. 2008. In the space next to a disabled person parking space.13 Add: Vehicle Code 22511. which display an identifying decal.8. Disabled Parking ² Operative January 1. Your car should be visible at least 200 feet in each direction. At a red curb. on a sidewalk or partially blocking a sidewalk. Leave enough space for other vehicles to pass freely. Never park or leave your vehicle: y y y y y y y y y Where a ³No Parking´ sign is posted. Amend: Government Code §14679 Amend: Vehicle Code §§22511.
OBEY THE LITERAL INTERPRETATION OF EVERYDAY LAWS As a driver. Increases fines for second and third violations related to illegal parking in disabled spaces. regulatory. After stopping. 2. and guide signs. at a yield sign. the oncoming traffic has the right of way.y y y Limits the maximum consecutive number of times a person can renew a temporary disability parking placard. What Does "Yield" Really Mean? Yield means to give way to. 1. B. check for pedestrians and for traffic coming from other directions before you proceed into the intersection. At a yield sign. be ready to stop. 2008. Stopping allows more time for you to react in case a driver coming from another direction decides not to stop. slow down. warning. It is important for your safety and the safety of others that you come to a full and complete stop when you come to a Stop sign. . it is your responsibility to drive safely by obeying all rules and regulations that apply to operating a vehicle. Continue only when it is safe to do so. Alters signage and painting requirements for disabled parking spaces of buildings constructed or renovated on or after July 1. and let traffic (including people walking or riding bikes) pass. including all traffic. Why Stop Completely at Stop Signs? A Stop sign is one way traffic is regulated.
using eye contact. Chances are that you will want someone to be courteous to you on the road at some point. scream. If you yell. "treat others the way you would like to be treated". . so you should be nice as well.C. Be courteous to other drivers by giving the right of way when it is their turn to go. 3. You won't really lose any time by being courteous and you just might make someone's day. Courtesy makes Order Out of Chaos: Courtesy makes driving less stressful. use profanity toward other drivers. They are meant to be shared by all drivers. make a turn. there is an even higher chance that you will receive the same treatment some time in the future. Treat Other Drivers the Way You Want to be Treated: Follow the Golden Rule while driving. It also means changing lanes to the left on a freeway to let oncoming traffic merge safely. That means if you are driving slowly change lanes to the right to let faster drivers pass you. smiling or waving to show that you are aware that they are going to change lanes. Roadway is Shared by All Drivers: The roadways are not "owned" by any single driver. COMMON COURTESY IS A KEY TO SAFETY One of the keys to getting to your destination safely is to drive courteously. safer and more enjoyable. 1. etc. 2. honk.
Taillights: Taillights are used to make your vehicle stand out at night. High beams are used at dark in places where it is difficult to see or there isn't much light from natural sources or street lights.A. LIGHTING The Purpose of Your Lighting: There are many lights on your vehicle and each has a specific purpose. Brake Lights: Brake lights let other drivers know that you are slowing or stopping. Headlights: Your headlights have two settings²high and low. These . or in fog. driving towards someone. Never use your high beams when following someone. Taillights are normally red. You should use your low beams especially when driving in fog to reduce the glare. Your low beams are normally used when driving in the city where there is light coming other sources.
snowing. when it is cloudy. These lights should only be used in an emergency such as if you are pulled onto the side of the road and experiencing car trouble. Turn Signals: Your turn signals are on the front and rear of your car. They only come on when you use your turn signal lever to turn right or left. are used when you want to let other drivers know to drive with caution when approaching your vehicle.lights only come on when you step on the brake pedal. sometimes called hazard lights. These lights are normally orange. Backup Lights: Backup lights let other drivers know of your intention to drive in reverse. These lights are normally white. Visibility Requirements: You must turn your lights on any time you cannot see at least 1000 feet ahead. It is also important to make use of safety equipment at appropriate times. raining. They let other drivers know of your intentions to turn. You should remember to make sure your turn signal is off once a turn is completed. Emergency Flashers: Emergency flashes. It is important to make sure that the lights of a your vehicle are in good working condition. Brake lights are normally red. . They are normally yellow or red. or foggy. These lights only come on when the car is place in reverse. Use of this equipment gives notice to other drivers about your presence and lets other drivers know your next driving maneuver. Hours of use: You should turn on your headlights and your taillights on 30 minutes after sunset and leave them on until 30 minutes before sunrise.
Just as pilots perform a pre-flight check before they get into the air. The person or vehicle must be visible during darkness. Lights. Lighting Distance Requirements: The lighting on your vehicle must be sufficient to make a person or another vehicle visible. emergency flashers) must be maintained in good working condition at all times. turn signals. and . brake lights. such motorist will be cited and will be required to repair the safety equipment. It is your responsibility to make sure all the lights on your vehicle function and are properly aligned. you should do a walk-around on your vehicle at least once a month or prior to going on long trips. back-up lights. A misaligned headlight can blind oncoming traffic or direct light away from where you need it most. plastic covering. taillights. Driving During Darkness: When driving during darkness you are required to operate the lights on your vehicle as required by the California Vehicle Code. As mentioned previously darkness is defined as the period 30 minutes after sunset and 30 minutes before sunrise. Vehicles made after 01/01/1969 Brake Lights Back-up Lights Turn Signals 1000ft 300ft 75ft 300ft The high beams shall be dimmed when an oncoming vehicle is at a distance of 500 feet or when the driver is at a distance of 300 feet behind another vehicle.Each lighting type has its own distance visibility requirement: Taillights. directly ahead upon a straight. Get a friend to help you check your lights. otherwise. or bulbs must NOT be broken. level unlighted highway. Maintenance and Precautionary Measures: All lighting equipment (headlights.
under normal atmospheric conditions, unless a different time, direction, or condition is given.
Lighting Equipment Requirements (CV 24252):
All lighting equipment of a required type installed on a vehicle shall be maintained at all times in good working order. Lamps shall be equipped with bulbs of the correct voltage rating corresponding to the nominal voltage at the lamp socket.
Headlamps and Auxiliary Lamps. Headlights on Motor Vehicles (CVC 24400):
(a) A motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, shall be: (1) During darkness and inclement weather, a ,motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, shall be equipped with at least two headlamps, with at least one on each side of the front of the vehicle, and, except as to vehicles registered prior to January 1, 1930, they shall be located directly above or in advance of the front axle of the vehicle. The headlamps and every light source in any headlamp unit shall be located at a height of not more than 54 inches nor less than 22 inches. (b) As used in subdivision (a), ³inclement weather´ is a weather condition that is either of the following: (1) A condition that prevents a driver of a motor vehicle from clearly discerning a person or another motor vehicle on the highway from a distance of 1,000 feet. (2) A condition requiring the windshield wipers to be in continuous use due to rain, mist, snow, fog, or other precipitation or atmospheric moisture. This section shall become operative on July 1,2005.
Auxiliary Driving and Passing Lamps (CVC 24402):
Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two auxiliary driving lamps mounted on the front at a height of not less than 16 inches nor more than 42 inches. Driving lamps are lamps designed for supplementing the upper beam from headlamps and may not be lighted with the lower beam. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two auxiliary passing lamps mounted on the front at a height of not less than 24 inches not more than 42 inches. Passing lamps are lamps designed for supplementing the lower beam from headlamps and may also be lighted with the upper beam. Fog lamps, driving lamps, and passing lamps look similar to one another, but must meet different specifications, and the laws concerning their use are different.
Fog lamps (CVC 24403):
Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two fog lamps which may be used with, but shall not be used in substitution of, headlamps. Fog lamps should be mounted between 12 and 30 inches from the ground. They must be aimed so that when the vehicle is unladen, the high intensity light when view from a distance of 25 feet is higher than 4 inches below the center of the lamp.
SB 731- Equipment of Vehicles- (Amendment to CVC 24602):
This bill amends the minimum height requirement for red fog tail lamps to not lower than 12 inches (previously 15 inches) or higher than 60 inches.
Multiple beams (CVC 24406):
Except as otherwise provided, the headlamps, or other auxiliary driving lamps, or a combination thereof, on a motor vehicle during darkness must be arranged so that the driver may select at will the distribution of light projected to different elevation, and the lamps may, in addition, be arranged so that the selection can be made automatically.
High Beams-Low Beams.
Upper and lower beams(CVC 24407):
Multiple-beam road lighting equipment shall be designed and aimed as follows:
(a) Headlamps Upper Beam- There shall be an uppermost distribution of light or composite beam, that when properly aimed and intense enough to reveal people and other vehicles at a distance of at least 350 feet ahead for all conditions of loading. (b) Headlamps Lower Beam- There shall be a lowermost distribution of light or composite beam, that when properly aimed and intense enough to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of at least 100 feet ahead. On a straight level road under any condition of loading, none of the high intensity portion of the beam should be directed to shine in the eyes of an approaching driver.
Use of multiple beams (CVC 24409):
When driving at night, you should use a distribution of light or composite beam, directed high enough and intense enough to reveal people and other vehicles at a safe distance in front of your vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations:
Whenever the driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle within 500 feet, the upper distribution of light should not shine into the eyes of the oncoming driver. You should only shine the lowermost distribution of light into the eyes of an oncoming driver at all times, regardless of the road contours. Whenever the driver of a vehicle follows another vehicle within 300 feet to the rear, he shall use the lowermost distribution of light specified in this article.
Single beams (CVC 24410):
Headlamps arranged to provide a single distribution of light not supplemented by auxiliary driving lamps are permitted on motor vehicles manufactured and sold prior to Sept. 19, 1940, in lieu of multiple-beam road lighting equipment if the single distribution of light complies with the following requirements and limitations: (a) The headlamps shall be so aimed that when the vehicle is not loaded none of the high-intensity portion of the light shall at a distance of 25 feet ahead project higher than a level of five inches below the level of the center of the lamp from which it comes, and in no case higher than 42 inches above the level on which the vehicle stands at a distance of 75 feet ahead.
(b) The intensity shall be sufficient to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least 200 feet.
Rear Lighting Equipment.
Tail lamps (CVC 24600):
Stop lamps on vehicles manufactured before January 1. (b) Every such vehicle. every motor vehicle shall be equipped with at least two lighted tail lamps. shall emit a red or yellow light. at the same level. except that stoplamps on a vehicle of a size required to be equipped with clearance lamps shall be visible from a distance of 500 feet during such times. 1979. which are less than 30 inches wide. except that trailers and semitrailers manufactured after July 23. may also be equipped with two stop lamps which may be mounted not lower than 15 inches nor higher than the maximum allowable vehicle height and as far forward as the rearmost portion of the driver's seat in the rearmost position. red in color. (c) Except as provided in subdivision (h). If such vehicle is equipped with two stop lamps. 1969.During darkness. except that a tow truck. 1979. other than a motorcycle. shall be mounted not lower than 15 inches nor higher than 72 inches. 1973. may be equipped with one stoplamp which shall be mounted at or near the vertical centerline of the trailer. shall emit a red light. stop lamps on vehicles manufactured on or after January 1. respectively. they shall be mounted as specified in subdivision (d). 1958. which shall be plainly visible from all distances within 500 feet to the rear except that taillamps on vehicles manufactured after January 1.000 feet to the rear. at least one shall be mounted at the left and one at the right side. manufactured and first registered on or after January 1. (e) Stoplamps on vehicles manufactured on or after January 1. (f) Stop lamps shall be activated upon application of the service (foot) . shall be equipped with two stop lamps. shall be plainly visible from all distances within 1. 1969. (d) Where two stop lamps are required. in addition to being equipped with the required stop lamps. Stop lamps (CVC 24603): Every motor vehicle which is not in combination with any other vehicle and every vehicle at the end of a combination of vehicles shall at all times be equipped with stop lamps mounted on the rear as follows: (a) Every such vehicle shall be equipped with one or more stoplamps. All stop lamps shall be plainly visible and understandable from a distance of 300 feet to the rear both during normal sunlight and at nighttime.
Any vehicle may be equipped with backup lamps. shall comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. A supplemental stop lamp may be mounted inside the rear window of a vehicle. amber. or a . 1969. other than a motorcycle.brake and the hand control head for air.F. A backup lamp may project incidental red. Stop lamps on vehicles equipped with a manual transmission may be manually activated by a mechanical device when the vehicle is downshifted if the device is automatically rendered inoperative while the vehicle is accelerating. (b) Backup lamps shall be so directed as to project a white light illuminating the highway to the rear of the vehicle for a distance not to exceed 75 feet. other than a monitorial indicator emitted from the device. from being visible to the driver. either direct or reflected. shall be equipped with one or more backup lamps either separately or in combination with another lamp.108). of a type subject to registration and manufactured on and after January 1. 571.R. 1987. The supplemental stop lamp on that side of a vehicle toward which a turn will be made may flash as part of the supplemental turn signal lamp. if it is mounted at the centerline of the vehicle and is constructed and mounted so as to prevent any light. shall be red in color and mounted not lower than 15 inches above the roadway. In addition. 108 (49 C. vacuum. or white light through reflectors or lenses that are adjacent or close to. Supplemental stoplamps installed after January 1. (h) Any supplemental stop lamp installed after January 1. 1979. Any vehicle equipped with a stoplamp which complies with the federal motor vehicle safety standards applicable to that make and model vehicle shall conform to that applicable safety standard unless modified to comply with the federal motor vehicle safety standard designated in this subdivision. Back-up Lamps (CVC 24606): (a) Every motor vehicle. all stop lamps may be activated by a mechanical device designed to function only upon sudden release of the accelerator while the vehicle is in motion. or electric brakes. (g) Any vehicle may be equipped with supplemental stop lamps mounted to the rear of the rearmost portion of the driver's seat in its rearmost position in addition to the lamps required to be mounted on the rear of the vehicle.
Signal Lamps and Devices. Turn signal system (CVC 24951): Any vehicle must be equipped with a lamp-type turn signal system capable of clearly indicating any intention to turn to the right or to the left. These lamps shall be lighted only with the backup lamps. (d) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with a lamp emitting white light on each side near or on the rear of the vehicle which is designed to provide supplemental illumination in an area to the side and rear not lighted by the backup lamps. Turn Signal Lamps (CVC 24953): . Turn signal system required (CVC 24950): When you are towing a trailer of any type or boat the combination of vehicles must be equipped with a lamp-type turn signal system. (c) Backup lamps shall not be lighted except when the vehicle is about to be or is backing or except in conjunction with a lighting system which activates the lights for a temporary period after the ignition system is turned off. the lamp assembly. Visibility Requirements of Signals (CVC 24952): A lamp-type turn signal shall be plainly visible and understandable in normal sunlight and at nighttime from a distance of at least 300 feet to the front and rear of the vehicle except that turn signal lamps on vehicles of a size required to be equipped with clearance lamps. Signal lights on these vehicles must be visible from a distance of 500 feet during such times.part of.
the outside rearview mirrors. The brakes must be kept in good working condition to allow the driver to maintain control at all times. Side mounted turn signal lamps mounted to the rear of the center of the vehicle may project a flashing red light no part of which shall be visible from the front. Side-mounted turn signal lamps projecting a flashing amber light to either side may be used to supplement the front and rear turn signals. When kept in good working condition. Vehicular control: Maintaining your brakes gives you control over your car. B. BRAKES Purpose: The purpose of the brake system is to allow the motorist to slow down or stop the automobile completely. so long as the lamps flash simultaneously with the rear turn signal lamps. . or are an integral portion of.Any turn signal system used to give signal indication to turn right or left shall project a flashing white or amber light visible to the front and a flashing red or amber light visible to the rear. and the lamps do not project a glaring light. applying the brakes in a timely manner allows you to slow down or stop smoothly. the light emitted from the lamps is projected only to the rear of the vehicle and is not visible to the driver under normal operating conditions. any vehicle may be equipped with supplemental rear turn signal lamps that are mounted on. In addition to any required turn signal lamps. In addition to any required or authorized turn signal lamps. any vehicle may be equipped with supplemental rear turn signal lamps mounted to the rear of the rearmost portion of the driver's seat in its rearmost position.
and an emergency brake system. Despite the fact that antilock braking systems (ABS) were designed to reduce crash rates. If a your vehicle does not have a functioning brake system.000 miles to ensure that the braking system is in good working condition. The lower the speed. Required Systems: Every vehicle must be equipped with a brake system. . it takes about 210 feet to react and to bring the car to a complete stop. it is impossible to maintain control on the road. and the reaction time of the driver. at 35 mph. parking brake.Stopping Requirements: The time necessary to bring a car to a stop differs depending on the speed that you are driving. At 55 mph. it takes about 400 feet to react to something you see and to bring the car to a complete stop. Maintenance and Precautionary Measures: You should have your car's brakes checked every 3. some automobile insurers have announced that discounts for ABS equipped vehicles will cease. repairs must be done immediately. To avoid a crash. stopping distance also depends on the road surface. the quicker you can stop. Antilock Braking System (ABS): Here are some very important facts about antilock brakes that you should know if your car is equipped with an anti-lock braking system. Why? Research shows no substantial difference in claims between vehicles equipped with ABS and those without. condition of the tires.
When anyone buys a vehicle with an ABS system. This defeats the ABS system. safety experts theorize that some drivers assume that something has gone wrong with their brakes. My ABS light and my brake warning light both stay on. the conventional braking system is working. A loud grating sound and rapid brake pedal pulsation often accompanies the braking action with ABS. My ABS light stays on. What should I do? DO NOT DRIVE THIS VEHICLE! You have no brakes. This is normal. What should I do? When you start your vehicle an ABS indicator light will illuminate on the instrument panel for a few seconds. which may alarm the driver. The brake pedal of an ABS-equipped vehicle behaves quite differently when ABS engages.With ABS. What should I do? This means the ABS is not working. . However. When this occurs. These drivers then begin to pump the pedal or simply lift off the brake pedal. they should practice using ABS. drivers are not supposed to pump the brake. ABS warnings! My ABS light comes on. We recommend that you take your vehicle to your nearest dealer for servicing as soon as possible. Have it towed to your nearest dealer.
Required Brake System (CVC 26450): Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a service brake system and every motor vehicle. they shall be constructed so that failure of any one part. brake shoes. Parking Brake System (CVC 26451): The parking brake system of every motor vehicle shall comply with the following requirements: a. . except failure in the drums. shall be equipped with a parking brake system. or by other energy which is isolated and used exclusively for the operation of the parking brake or the combination parking brake and emergency stopping system. The parking brake shall be held in the applied position solely by mechanical means. c. b. shall not leave the motor vehicle without operative brakes. Both the service brake and parking brake shall be applied separately. The parking brake shall be applied either by the driver's muscular efforts. the parking brake shall be capable of locking the braked wheels to the limit of traction. In any event. If the two systems are connected in any way. or other mechanical parts of the wheel brake assemblies. The parking brake shall be adequate to hold the vehicle or combination of vehicles stationary on any grade on which it is operated under all conditions of loading on a surface free from snow. ice or lose material. other than a motorcycle. by spring action.
000 lbs . The brakes should also be adjusted so they can operate as equally as practicable with respect to the wheels on opposite sides of the vehicle. shall. . be capable of stopping from an initial speed of 20 miles per hour according to the following requirements: Max.000 lbs. . semi-trailer or trailer coach . or more or any bus .40 (4) Any single motor vehicle with a manufacturer's gross weight rating of 10. 25 (2) Any single motor vehicle with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of less than 10. in combination with any trailer.) (1) Any passenger vehicle . at any time and under all conditions of loading. The service brakes of every motor vehicle or combination of vehicles shall be adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle or combination of vehicles under all conditions of loading on any grade on which it is operated. b.Condition of Brakes (CVC 26453): All brakes and component parts should be maintained in good condition and in good working order.000 lbs. upon application of the service brake. . Stopping Distance (ft.30 (3) Any combination of vehicles consisting of a passenger vehicle or any motor vehicle with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of less than 10. Control and Stopping Requirements (CVC 26454): a. .40 . . . . . Every motor vehicle or combination of vehicles.
debris and snow. You must be able to see at least 200 feet behind you from your rear view mirror. Visibility: It is important for motorists to be able to see all aspects of the road at all times. If the vehicle is so loaded or designed as to obstruct the view through the interior mirror. the other may be in the interior of the vehicle or on the right side of the vehicle. . Any motorcycle and vehicles registered in a foreign jurisdiction are required to have at least one rear view mirror. Consequently. Requirements to Aid Visibility: All vehicles must be equipped with a windshield free of any cracks. a right side mirror is mandatory.50 C. WINDSHIELDS AND MIRRORS Purpose: The purpose of the windshield is to aid in visibility and to protect the motorist from things such as wind. . . One on the left side of the vehicle. All vehicles must also be equipped with a windshield wiper system to clear off any obstacles from the windshield. rain. drivers must keep their windshields and mirrors clean and unblocked by objects. Vehicles subject to California registration are required to have two rear view mirrors.(5) All other combination of vehicles . The rear and side mirrors must be adjusted before starting to drive.
Drivers must stop to wipe mud. except motorcycles. or other such conditions.Headlight usage. snow or other debris off the windshield. etc. are permitted only in four places: (1) a seven inch square on the lower corner of the windshield farthest from the driver. CVC section 24400 regarding required usage of headlights to reflect the following: . to allow clear visibility of the road.Prohibited Devices or Equipment: The view of the road must not be blocked by signs or other objects on any of the windows in the vehicle. and side windows when driving in rain. All windshields and windows must be kept free of dirt. Tinted safety glass is allowed in a vehicle if the glass meets U.. etc. cracks. Assembly Bill 1854. Department of Transportation standards. snow. (3) a seven inch square on the lower corner of the rear window farthest removed from the driver. Windshield stickers. Windshields (CVC 26700): Every vehicle on the road with the exception of a motorcycle is required to have a windshield. (2) a five inch square on the lower corner nearest the driver. debris. (4) side windows to the rear of the driver. that has a windshield must also be equipped with a self-operating windshield wiper. Windshield Wipers (CVC 26706): Every motor vehicle. rear window.S. Maintenance.
snow. installed. or rain and shall be capable of effectively clearing the windshield under all ordinary storm or road conditions while the vehicle is in operation. This section is being updated to state "every motor vehicle. other than a motorcycle. affixed.2): You may use sun screening devices in your vehicle as long as it meets the following requirements: . displayed. Wipers shall be operated under conditions of fog. In addition. affixed. be operated with headlamps whenever weather conditions prevent a driver from clearly discerning a person or other motor vehicle on the highway from a distance of 1000 feet. or applied in or upon the vehicle which obstructs or reduces the driver's clear view through the windshield or side windows. Materials Obstructing or Reducing Driver's View (CVC 26708): No one is allowed to drive any motor vehicle with any object or material placed." Condition and Use of Windshield Wipers (CVC 26707): Windshield wipers shall be maintained in good condition and shall provide clear vision through the windshield for the driver. installed. or when driving in conditions that require windshield wipers to be in continuous use. Sun Screening Devices: Requirements (CVC 26708. no one is allowed to drive any motor vehicle with any object or material placed.Windshield Wipers On = Headlights On. or applied upon the windshield or side or rear windows. displayed.
Every motor vehicle subject to registration in the state of California must have two such mirrors. A motor vehicle so constructed or loaded as to obstruct the driver's view to the rear. including one affixed to the left-hand side. . Mirrors (CVC 26709) Every motor vehicle must have a mirror that allows the driver to see at least 200 feet to the rear of the vehicle. A motor vehicle towing a vehicle and the towed vehicle or load thereon obstructs the driver's view to the rear.a. b. Sun screening devices may be installed on the windows on either side of the front seat if the driver or passenger in the front seat has a letter or other document signed by a licensed physician and surgeon certifying that the person must be shaded from the sun due to a medical condition or has in his or her possession a letter or other document signed by a licensed optometrist certifying that the person must be shaded from the sun due to a visual condition. If you use devices such as nontransparent louvers or other alternating patterns of opaque and open sections they must have a uniform pattern over the entire surface. 3. gray. or a neutral smoke in color and shall have a luminous transmittance of not less than 35 percent. The following motor vehicles must be equipped with mirrors on both the left and right hand sides of the vehicle so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway each mirror for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear of such vehicle: 1. which are to the rear of the driver's seat are not regulated and may be tinted as dark as the person wants. A bus or trolley coach. Tinting may be applied to the rear window or windows when the vehicle is equipped with a right side rear view mirror.C. Section 26708(b) (10) V. 2. Side windows. These sun screening devices shall not be used during darkness. At least 35% of the device area shall be open and no individual louver or opaque section shall have a projected vertical dimension exceeding 3/16 inch. except for framing and supports. You can use transparent material as long as it is green.
The provisions of subdivisions (b) shall not apply to a passenger vehicle when the load obstructing the driver's view consists of passengers. You shouldn't use your horn when angry or just for the heck of it. Warning device: The horn is to be used only when necessary to avoid a crash by warning other drivers of the potential hazard situation. HORN Purpose: The horn technically has only one purpose²to warn other drivers or pedestrians. Defective Windshields and Rear Windows (CVC 26710): It is unlawful to operate any motor vehicle upon a highway when the windshield or rear window is in such a defective condition as to impair the driver's vision to either the front or rear. The officer may also arrest the driver and give him notice to appear and further require the driver or the owner of the vehicle to produce in court satisfactory evidence that the windshield or rear window has been made to conform to the requirements of this code. It irritates other drivers and could lead to a serious incident or a physical scuffle with another driver. D. . In the event any windshield or rear window fails to comply with this code the officer making the inspection shall direct the driver to make the windshield and rear window conform to the requirements of this code within 48 hours.
you are prohibited from putting an amplification device on you horn.Use: Every vehicle manufactured today is equipped with a horn. and use in conjunction with the siren on that vehicle. Horns or Warning Devices (CVC 27000): Every motor vehicle. an air horn which emits sounds that do not comply with the requirements of this section. Audible Distance: Your vehicle should be equipped with a horn that can be heard from a distance of at least 200 feet. Prohibitive Amplification: In most cases. . In any case. you should use your horn sparingly. should be equipped with a horn in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than 200 feet. An authorized emergency vehicle used in responding to fire calls may be equipped with. some are soft and hard to hear. but no horn shall emit an unreasonably loud or harsh sound. Some are loud and obnoxious. when operated upon a highway. Your horn should not be audible at distances greater than 200 feet. Maintenance: As with any other part of your vehicle you should check your horn for proper operation. You can do it at the same time you do the inspection on your lights or when getting ready to head out on a long trip. a couple of taps is usually all it takes to get someone to notice you.
Traction is what keeps you from sliding off of the road when you go around a corner or when your driving on wet pavement. The only other acceptable use for your horn is as part of an auto theft alarm. TIRES Purpose: You tires have a dual purpose²they help you maintain control of your vehicle and they give you traction on the road while driving. Required Condition. Inflation and Tread: .Use of Horn (CVC 27001): You should only use your horn when it is reasonably necessary to insure the safety of yourself and your passengers. E.
Keyword-chp. If during a walk through of your vehicle you notice a nail or some other object stuck in your tire. just like any other part of your vehicle should be checked regularly. Since your tires do not wear evenly. F. Higher pressure provides additional traction. Many times an accident can be avoided by checking to make sure there is sufficient tread on your tires and that none of the steel belts are showing through. You can find the pressure requirements for your tires on the side of the tire or in the manual that came with your vehicle. Pressure should not be allowed to fall below the suggested minimum pressure for your tires. leave it there and get to the nearest garage. This will help your car drive smoother and extend the life of your tires. this minimum requirement may be dangerous on a wet surface. Maintenance: Tires. SAFETY BELTS /CHILD RESTRAINTS . which increases safety. they should be rotated every so often. Tire Tread Depth (CVC 27465): Anyone that sells or installs tires is required by law to ensure that the tread depth has at least 1/32 of an inch of tread. however.The minimum tread for tires is 1/32 inch.
you should take extra steps to make sure that every person in your car has their seatbelts on.Before you start your vehicle. Maintenance: . Seat belts keep passengers from being thrown through the windshield or into the dashboard. Use: The law states that everyone in a vehicle must wear a seatbelt. Purpose: The use of seat belts and air bags reduces the chance of injury and fatalities in case of an accident. you as the driver has the responsibility to make sure that all of the passengers are wearing a seatbelt. It's the law. Because of this.
Use your lap belt or your lap and shoulder belts if your vehicle is equipped with them. They should be free of rips and should not have any frayed parts. your chances are three to four times better. If you wear only a lap belt when driving. you should take your car to the dealer or to a qualified mechanic. Safety Belts: Requirements: In California.It is your responsibility as the owner of your car to make sure that the seat belts remain in good working condition. it is illegal to drive or to be a passenger without wearing seat belts. WARNING: If you do not install and use a shoulder harness with the lap belt. Wear both the lap and shoulder belt even if the vehicle is equipped with airbags. Lap-only belts increase the chance of spinal column and abdominal injuries especially in children. serious or fatal injuries may happen in some crashes. if it is not already equipped with them. The clasp and the tab should slide together easily with little effort. If you find that your seatbelts do not meet these requirements. Shoulder harnesses may be available for your vehicle. Always fasten your seat belt and make sure all passengers are properly using seat belts. Pregnant women should wear the lap belt as low as possible under the abdomen and the shoulder strap between the breasts and to the side of the abdomen's bulge. . If you wear a lap and shoulder belt. or booster seats. The safety belt must be in good working order and must be worn by you and any passenger that is 16 years old or older and any passenger that is 6 years old but less than 16 years old or is less than 6 years old but weighs 60 pounds or more and is less than 16 years old must be in an appropriate child passenger restraint system or a seat belt. your chances of living through a collision are twice as good as someone who does not. child car seats.
Air bags save lives. . children in the front seat or in a car seat in the front seat may be seriously injured. If air bags open in a crash. It is important to make sure that the car seat fits the child and that it is properly installed in the vehicle. Air bags were designed to work WITH seatbelts to prevent injury to an adult sized person.All children under the age of 6 and weighing less than 60 pounds must ride in a car seat. It's that simple.
or legal guardian. must put the child in an approved safety seat. when present in a motor vehicle.The safest place for all children under the age of twelve is in the back seat. Remember. y The safety belt must be in good working order. if present. Enclosed 3-wheel vehicle (not less than 7x4 feet) with an unlade weight of 900 pounds or more). In fact a seat belt or child passenger restraint system is required for each person who is age six or older but less than 16 years old or weighs 60 lbs or more and is less than 16 years old. House car. the driver is always responsible for the safety of the occupants of the car. may permit his or her child or ward who is six years of age. 1972 or later model trucks. or who is less than six years of age and weighs 60 pounds or more to be transported upon a highway in a motor vehicle without providing and properly securing the child or ward in an appropriate child passenger restraint system or safety belt. parents. you or your passenger (age 16 or older) may be given a traffic ticket for not wearing a safety belt. Truck tractor (excludes passenger in sleeper berth). You and your passengers must wear a safety belt while the car is moving. If a child is under six years of age and less than 60 pounds. the driver. No parent or legal guardian. Passengers 6 to 16 (parent cited). If not. . but less than 16 years of age. The use of your safety belt is required by law if your vehicle is a (an): y y y y 1968 or later model car.
Many studies and actual crash tests have proven this. If you don't install and use a shoulder harness with the lap belt. serious or fatal injuries may happen in some crashes. Even if they do. your chances are three to four times better. This type of scare tactic often describes a car that caught fire or sank in deep water. Don't take chances. Wear the lap belt as low as possible under the abdomen and the shoulder strap between the breasts and to the side of the abdomen's bulge. If you wear a lap and shoulder belt. but I don't need them if I'm driving around town. Many of the stories are not true. You must wear both your lap and shoulder belt if the vehicle is equipped with both and if the vehicle is equipped with air bags. WARNING: The use of seat belts reduces the chance of being thrown from your vehicle in case of a collision." Your chance to escape will be better if you are conscious. Have you heard some of these before? "Safety belts can trap you inside a car.) Safety belts can reduce injuries and deaths. y y Safety belts are good on long trips. a safety belt may keep you from being "knocked out. If you wear only a lap belt when driving. Shoulder harnesses may be available for your vehicle. . Deaths can occur when drivers are going 40 mph or less. if it is not already equipped with them.(Section 27360." It actually takes less than a second to take off a safety belt." Half of all traffic deaths happen within 25 miles of home. Myths About Seat Belts: A lot of scary stories are still told about safety belts. Crashes like these seldom happen. your chances of living through a crash are twice as good as those of someone who isn't. Buckle up every time you drive. Crash tests have also reinforced the proper way for pregnant women to wear lap and shoulder belts.5(a) V. Lap-only belts increase the chance of spinal column and abdominal injuries especially in children.C.
About one person in three will be injured or killed in a car crash. . a safety belt can keep you from being thrown out into the path of another car. It's worth it. but you keep on going at the same speed you were traveling until you hit the dashboard or windshield. Even if your car is hit from the side. It's too much hassle. The pictures illustrate what can happen during a collision. More deadly than leukemia or muscular dystrophy. no matter how carefully they drive. even at low speeds. The chances of being injured or killed are greater than you might think. collisions also cripple or disfigure thousands of youngsters for life. Protect any small children in your car. My little brother or sister doesn't need a child's car seat. 1 preventable cause of death of children. Most drivers." Car crashes are the No. a child can "fly" back and forth within the car. anyway." to properly fit a standard shoulder/lap belt. the best thing is to increase your chances of surviving by always using seat belts. and the law requires that you do. Your car stops. Crash-tested child car seats reduce injuries and save lives. Since there is no way a driver or passenger can completely eliminate the possibility of being involved in a collision. Take time to buckle them up in safety belts or car seats. y "I'm only going to the store." Your chances of surviving a collision are five times as good if you stay inside the car.y "Some people are thrown clear in a crash and walk away with hardly a scratch. An older child can be placed on a crash-tested "safety booster seat. At 30 mph this is like hitting the ground from the top of a three-story building. In a car crash. will be involved in at least one traffic collision during their lifetime.
when the taxicab is driven on a city street. but "private passenger motor vehicle" does not include a motorcycle. The legislature finds that a mandatory seatbelt law will contribute to reducing highway deaths and injuries by encouraging greater usage of existing manual seatbelts. This paragraph shall not apply to the operator of a taxicab. "private passenger motor vehicle" means any passenger motor vehicle and any motor truck of less than 6. The legislature declares that the enactment of this section is intended to be compatible with support for federal safety standards requiring automatic crash protection systems and should not be used in any manner to rescind federal requirements for installation of automatic restraints in new cars. as defined in section 27908. and that encouraging the use of manual safety belts is only a partial remedy for addressing this major cause of death and injury. unladen weight. 2. the impact could push you back and forth across the seat. The operator of a limousine for hire or the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle. shall not operate the limousine for hire or authorized . This section is known as the private motor vehicle safety act.001 lbs. as defined in subdivision (a) of section 165. 1.If you were struck from the side. As used in this section. Belts and straps keep you in a better position to control the car. that automatic crash protection systems which require no action by vehicle occupants offer the best hope of reducing deaths and injuries. No person shall operate a private passenger motor vehicle on a highway unless that person and all passengers 16 years of age or over are properly restrained by a safety belt.
emergency vehicle unless the operator and any passengers. as defined in section 27908. Here are some additional tips for using a child safety seat: . The operator of a taxicab shall not operate the taxicab unless any passengers. of not more than twenty dollars for a first offense. of not more than fifty dollars for each subsequent offense. Child Passenger Seat Restraints: Requirements. No person 16 years of age or over shall be a passenger in a private passenger motor vehicle on a highway unless that person is properly restrained by a safety belt. six years of age and over and weighing 60 lbs. the court may order that a person convicted of a first offense attend a school for traffic violators or a driving school in which the proper use of safety belts is demonstrated. as well as the reason the restraint is inappropriate. including all penalty assessments and court costs imposed on the convicted person. operated on a highway shall maintain safety belts in good working order for the use of occupants of the vehicle. including all penalty assessments and court costs imposed on the convicted person. Every owner of a private passenger motor vehicle. Any violation of these regulations is an infraction punishable by a fine. Each person who is age six or older or who weighs 60 pounds or more must wear a seat belt. This section does not apply to a passenger or operator with a physically disabling condition or medical condition which would prevent restraint in a safety belt. A child safety system is required for any child who is under the age of six and weighs less than 60 pounds. or more. six years of age or over and weighing 60 pounds or more. or a limousine for hire. if the condition is duly certified by a licensed physician and surgeon or by a licensed chiropractor who shall state the nature of the condition. in the front seat are properly restrained by a safety belt. and a fine. 3. In lieu of the fine and any penalty assessment of court costs. including every owner or operator of a taxicab. The safety belts shall conform to motor vehicle safety standards established by the United States Department of Transportation. in the front seat are properly restrained by a safety belt.
Child Safety Restraints.y The back seat is generally the safest place in the car for all children 12 years of age or younger. 2005. A child may not ride in the front seat of a motor vehicle with an active passenger air bag if they are under one year of age. Incorrectly fastened safety seats defeat their purpose and can result in injury. The rear seats are side facing jump seats.Amendment to CVC 27360. *These provisions do not become effective until January 1. Babies should not be placed forward or backward in the front passenger seat if the vehicle has a passenger-side air bag. y Babies up to 20 lbs and about age one should ride in a safety seat secured to the back seat facing the rear of the car. or riding in a rear-facing child passenger restraint system. any passenger found guilty of riding in the trunk is guilty of an infraction. A child is allowed to be secured in the front seat of the vehicle if: y y y y y y There is no rear seat. Trunking. Medical reasons necessitate that the child not ride in the rear. be secured in the rear seat of the vehicle. Make sure the vehicle's seat belt is placed through the correct slot in the safety seat. All rear seats are occupied by children under the age of 12 years.Effective January 1. . y Toddlers over 20 lbs and about age 1 or older should ride in the back seat buckled into an approved child safety seat. 2007. Requires that a child who is required to be secured in a child safety seat (Under 6 years or under 60 pounds). CVC 21712 States it is a misdemeanor violation for any driver to knowingly permit a person to ride in the trunk of a vehicle. Additionally. weigh less than 20 pounds. The restraint system cannot be installed properly in the rear seat. The rear seats are rear-facing seats.
as the roads are shared by all vehicles. such is true when it comes to driving.Chapter 2 A. In fact. drivers should give others the right of way when appropriate and may signal each other so as to communicate about their driving. individuals should not drive when they are feeling upset. when one is courteous to others. 1. ill. etc. Courtesy includes making . Therefore. Be as Courteous While Driving as in Other Social Contacts As in other contacts. DRIVING COURTESY AND ATTITUDE Drivers must always be courteous and have good attitudes towards other drivers. others respond in the same fashion.
obeying right of way rules leads to safe driving. a. such when another car has a low tire.. Not abiding by right of way rules may lead to collisions. Right of Way This refers to when one driver must yield to another when there is more than one automobile waiting for its turn to continue driving. b. impatience. like . interrupts one's sleeping and eating habits. never insist on it if the other driver is apparently not going to yield. Emotion and Fatigue In today's society. Anger and feelings of hostility differ from stress in that anger may result in some form of violence. backup lights. On the other hand.in order to warn other drivers of your next maneuver. Stress. Anger. 3. This also includes informing other drivers when something seems wrong with their vehicles. Unhealthy levels of stress lead to other conditions such as fatigue. nervousness.etc. Anger. and even breakdowns. When to use it: The right of way is to be acted upon when the other driver yields it to you. such as signal lights. When to give it up: Even if you have the right of way. Right of way rules go hand in hand with courtesy and common sense. the levels of stress are increasing rapidly. How to recognize it: Stress. 2.. which is mental. Although stress can be controlled somewhat. It is better to avoid a crash than to insist on going forward because you have the right of way. Drivers must never insist on taking the right of way. unhealthiness... it can affect all activities that one is involved in. emotional or physical tension.use of all proper equipment.
drivers under these circumstances will most likely be rude. How does it affect driving? Stress and anger do not foster safe driving. While stressful drivers are. MOBILITY AND GRIDLOCK DEALING WITH TRAFFIC CONGESTION. Collision potential: Stress and anger increase the possibility of being involved in a collision because it takes longer to react when one is not thinking clearly and the chances of practicing courteous driving is close to none. use bad judgment.stress. In fact. Several driving behaviors which contribute to congestion include: y y Rubbernecking-perhaps the most frustrating of behaviors. according to the California Office of Traffic Safety (OTS). AND TECHNOLOGY DEALING WITH TRAFFIC CONGESTION Chronic traffic congestion is the California commuter's biggest headache. but even small changes in driving habits could provide fast relief. for the most part. lose their tempers and yell. Slowing down to look at accidents or virtually anything else out of the ordinary is one of the worst congestion offenders. the reaction time is slow. drive recklessly and even be at fault for getting into a crash. affects one's driving. Tailgating-following too closely is common on . ROAD RAGE. angry drivers may not even spot a potentially hazardous situation and thus not react to it. Therefore. able to recognize potential hazards. It is more difficult for angry drivers to control their anger and focus in on all the requisite techniques for safe driving.
which in turn clog major freeways. and talking on a cellular telephone. or taking more violent steps such as coercing a driver to pull over to 'settle' the dispute. Here are suggestions to avoid provoking other drivers: y Don't cut off other drivers. Unnecessary lane changes-although it produces virtually no improvement in arrival times. DEALING WITH ROAD RAGE Understanding Aggressive Driving Road rage happens when one driver reacts angrily to another driver. which slows down all traffic. accounting for innumerable accidents. Angry drivers may lash out by deliberately braking suddenly. y y . and even reading the newspaper as they drive to work. These vehicles can malfunction or stall on freeways or surface streets and cause bottlenecks and major slow downs in traffic flow.y y y California freeways. Drivers who do not watch the fuel gauge or maintain their vehicles properly can also cause traffic congestion. Inattention-commuters can commonly be seen eating. pulling close to another car. grooming in the rearview mirror. Don't tailgate. Don't drive slowly in the left (fast) lane. make sure you have enough room and always signal before you merge. often for hours. When you merge. many motorists insist on weaving in and out of freeway lanes. Avoid using the fast lane except for the brief time it takes to pass another driver. Driving slowly in the fast lane frustrates other drivers.
eye contact is the same as a challenge. it is possible the other driver may try and pick a fight with you. Remember to keep the appropriate following distance between you and the car ahead of you.610 injured when drivers got angry. Although many drivers involved in these incidents are men between the ages of 18 and 26.y Many drivers get angry when they are followed too closely. If you make a driving error (even accidentally). even a friendly smile can be misinterpreted. Give an angry driver plenty of space.000 incidents of violent aggressive driving committed between 1990 and 1996. Even a polite tap of your horn may be enough to provoke another driver. y y y Stress and Anger as a Driving Impairment More and more drivers have started acting out their anger when they get behind the wheel. Keep your hands on the steering wheel. To some people. Making obscene gestures to other drivers may provoke him or her. tailgated. anyone can become aggressive if they let their anger take precedence over safe driving. Put as much distance between your vehicle and the other car as you can. these angry drivers can commit incredible acts of violence including assault and murder. After they've been cut off. women. or slowed down by a vehicle in front of them. When the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety studied more than 10. it found that at least 218 people were killed and another 12. Don't signal gestures to other drivers. If someone is determined to act out his or herfrustrations. Use your horn for emergencies only. and people of all ages can drive aggressively if they are in the . Avoid eye contact with an angry driver. The AAA Foundation study found that men.
the results are remarkably consistent. If you are in the left lane and someone wants to pass.what was I supposed to do?" How can you avoid being the victim of an aggressive driver? While there are no sure techniques. Cutting off. as this one driver accused of murder explained." or. slow down and give them room to merge into your lane. try to apologize to the other driver with an appropriate gesture. when drivers explained why they became violent the reasons are often incredibly trivial: "She wouldn't let me pass. a." "They kept tailgating me. Besides. If you make a mistake and accidentally cut someone off. In many states and provinces the law requires you to travel in the right lane and use the far left lane only for passing. You may be "in the right" because you are traveling at the speed limit . A few specific behaviors seem unusually likely to enrage other drivers. "He practically ran me off the road . Use your turn signal to show your intentions before making a move. . c. If someone cuts you off. make sure you have plenty of room. it's simple courtesy to move over and let other drivers by. You can protect yourself by avoiding them. three basic guiding principles can help: Avoidance of Involvement in Aggressive Driving SItuations Use the following suggestions to avoid become an aggressor or the victim of a road rage incident. What's more. b.but you may also be putting yourself in danger by making drivers behind you angry. move over and let them by.wrong mood or circumstances. Don't offend When surveys ask drivers what angers them most. When you merge. Driving slowly in the left lane.
not less. don't make eye contact. Allow at least a three-second space between your car and the car ahead." A person who is angry can do things they may later regret and that includes you.) If you think another car is driving too slowly and you are unable to pass. Avoid eye contact. If the other driver tries to pick a fight. "Anger blows out the lamp of the mind." f. Orator Robert Ingersoll said. You can protect yourself against aggressive drivers by refusing to become angry at them. Give angry drivers lots of room. Don't engage One angry driver can't start a fight unless another driver is willing to join in. you should be able to count at least "one-thousand. Looking or staring at another driver can turn an impersonal encounter between two vehicles into a personal duel. If another driver is acting hostile with you. And Tailgating. That way if the car does something unexpected you will have time to get out of the way. put as much distance as possible between your vehicle and the other car. two-thousand" before you pass that point. Steer clear. A driver you may have offended can "snap" and become truly dangerous. (When you see the car pass a fixed point. Do not under any circumstances pull off to the side of the road and try to settle things "man to man. If you're tempted to retaliate against another driver. e. and then get away as quickly as possible. You should be able to see the headlights of the car behind . think: "Would I want to fly in an airplane whose pilot was acting like this?" Think about what kind of a crash your angry actions could cause. Drivers get angry when they are followed too closely.d. Then cool down and continue your trip. pull back and allow more space.
shopping center." When you respond this way. If you feel you are being followed too closely. Avoid making any gestures that might anger another driver. driving becomes a contest.you in your rear-view mirror. let that person have it. Get help. signal and pull over to allow the other driver to go by. Be a cautious and courteous driver. Use your horn to get someone's attention. Otherwise. drive to a place where there are people around. g. such as a police station. get help. Adjust your attitude The most important actions you can take to avoid aggressive driving take place inside your head. Try these ideas for a pleasant change: Forget winning. h. Almost nothing makes another driver angrier than an obscene gesture. By changing your approach to driving. If you have a cellular phone. use it to call the police. and whenever you turn. Signal every time you merge or change lanes. Keep your hands on the wheel. the situation can get out of hand fast. after a while "be my guest" becomes your automatic response and you won't be as offended by other drivers' rudeness. Do not go home. you can make every trip more pleasant. For too many motorists. even "harmless" expressions of irritation like shaking your head. And if another driver seems eager to get in front of you. Do not get out of your car. or even a hospital. i. convenience store. This will usually discourage an aggressor. If you and another driver see a parking space at the same time. if ever. say "Be my guest. Are you one of those drivers who allows the shortest possible time for a trip and then races the clock? . Gestures. If you believe the other driver is following you or is trying to start a fight. Use your horn rarely. Once things get personal.
If you think you have a problem. they can be a lifesaver. In an emergency. or a physician rushing to a hospital. Practice relaxation techniques. try to imagine why he or she is driving that way. In non-emergency situations. Drivers who successfully "reinvent" their approach to the road report dramatic changes in attitude and behavior. Whatever their reason. ask for help. Get to know your . Someone speeding and constantly changing lanes may be a volunteer fireman. such as deep breathing. they can be a great tool if you use the cellular telephone in a safe and responsible manner. Put yourself in the other driver's shoes. Violent aggressive driving is clearly on the rise. Know your cellular telephone. fresher. In the process you may find that driving has become a completely new and more enjoyable experience. You'll arrive much calmer. Someone who jerks from one lane to another may have a bee in the car. and in a less stressed-out frame of mind. This is the safest precaution you can take. These same techniques can also help angry drivers. But you can avoid becoming a victim by using the tips in this brochure. Courses in anger management have been shown to reduce heart attacks. You'll be amazed at how much more relaxed you feel when you have a few extra minutes." Listen to soothing music or a book on tape. Here are some tips: y y Pull over to the side of the road to use your cellular telephone. Instead of judging the other driver." try to "make time good. Stay cool and don't take other drivers' actions personally. Self-help books on stress reduction and anger management can also be helpful. it has nothing to do with you.If something happens to slow you down do you get angry? The solution: Allow more time for your trip. or a crying baby. So instead of trying to "make good time. DEALING WITH TECHNOLOGY Cellular telephones are everywhere. Look for anger management courses in your area.
Two hands on the steering wheel are always safer than one. B. etc. don't take notes or look up phone numbers. call roadside assistance or other special non-emergency wireless number. If your phone is within reach you can grab it without taking your eyes off the road. Be sensible about dialing. For other non-emergency situations (brokendown vehicle.). Use hands free devices. Daytime vs. If you're driving conditions are hazardous (heavy traffic. hazardous weather conditions. Stressful or emotional conversations don't mix with safe driving.). Drivers must avoid looking directly into the glare of oncoming headlights to avoid being blinded by such light. If available. While you are driving.y y y y y y y phone and its many features such as speed dial and redial. Your phone should be within easy reach. Don't engage in distracting conversations. place your calls when you are not moving or before pulling into traffic. Remember. Tell your caller that you are driving and will call back. Don't use the telephone during hazardous conditions. etc. ADJUSTING TO THE DRIVING ENVIRONMENT 5. your first responsibility is to pay attention to the road. construction zones. This is a free call on your cellular phone. use a hands free device. Nighttime Motorists should drive slower during nighttime than during the day because it is harder to see all important aspects of the road at night. Take advantage of these features so you won't take your attention off the road. you are not paying attention to your driving. Dial 9-1-1 for emergency help. If possible. tell your caller that you are driving and will call back. Pay attention to the road. Drivers must turn on their headlights at 30 minutes after sunset and whenever else it is difficult to see the roadway. This combination can be dangerous because you are not paying attention to your driving. If you are busy doing other things. Be safe! Use your phone to call for help. . broken traffic signal.
Drivers must be able to stop within the distance range lighted by the vehicle's headlights. c. or snow on the road. Motorists must never drive recklessly to avoid passing up a street or off-ramp. However. In a very heavy rain or snowstorm. meaning that one cannot drive safely . Speed: Drivers must slow down during nighttime as it becomes more difficult to see the road. Drivers must never continue to drive when they are unable to see the road. High beams may be used when the headlights are not enough. the driver of a vehicle must never look at a map when driving. drivers who miss their off ramp should go to the next ramp and double back. b. Snow: Drivers must slow down at the first sign of rain. Visibility: Drivers should turn on their headlights at other times when they are unable to see the road clearly. Weather Drivers must drive in accordance with weather conditions. This is when many roads are most slippery due to oil and dust that has not been washed away. Rush hours should be avoided. It is more dangerous to drive in rain. Rain. Fog. a. Planning the route: Determining which roads take to get to a destination is one way to increase safe driving. instead. or 300 feet from a car that is in front. drizzle. Maps must be studied before driving is undertaken.a. If the rain is so heavy that one cannot see. 6. it is best to stop driving for a while until the visibility is better. the driver may not be able to see more than 100 feet ahead. First. drivers must ensure that they do not blind other drivers by switching to low beams 500 feet from the vehicle coming towards you. especially when driving around an unfamiliar environment. as the traction decreases. fog or snow.
Turn the steering wheel into the direction of the skid. In order to avoid skidding you should drive slowly.faster than 30 mph. Avoid passing lanes of traffic unless absolutely necessary. fog or snow. If your car skids. When you drive in snowy areas. 1. 2. If weather conditions get extremely dangerous the driver should pull off the road and wait until conditions on the roadway improve. Increase your following distance and be prepared to stop within the space you can see in front of your vehicle. Wet roads: Drivers must reduce their speeds on wet roads to increase control over one's vehicle and to avoid hydroplaning. Slippery: Wet roads are very dangerous because they become slippery and a car may skid. It is best not to drive in fog. If you cannot control the vehicle you may have to slowly drive into a snow bank or some bushes to stop the vehicle. especially as you . Never drive with just your parking or fog lights. Unlike when one is driving in the daytime and the driver has control over the vehicle. or snow in order to give the driver greater control over the vehicle. Drivers should drive below the posted maximum speed limit. 3. if one must drive. do not brake. Speed: Drivers must lower their speed when driving in rain. Make sure you carry the correct number of chains and that they will fit your drive wheels. carry chains in case you find yourself in conditions where you can't drive without them. fog. the level of control over one's vehicle decreases substantially due to the change on the road's surface. However. slow down and turn on the low-beam headlights because the light from high beams will reflect back and cause glare. Braking distance: Drivers must leave a greater front space cushion when driving in rain.
you will be able to see important things that you can't see later on. you should look to the sides to make sure no one is coming. Check behind you before you change lanes. Drivers must keep their eyes moving. If you look ahead. and the tire inflation. including the speed. b. Any time you come to a place where people may cross or enter your path. You may have time to get out of the way before being hit from the rear from a tailgating vehicle or otherwise. Looking Ahead: In order to avoid last minute moves. 4. This usually happens in a heavy rain. Check traffic behind you often. slow down quickly. you should look down the road 10 to 15 seconds (about one block) ahead of your vehicle.approach curves and intersections. avoid fast turns and quick stops. the depth of the tire tread. back up. A combination of factors result in hydroplaning. Check your rear view mirrors frequently (every 2 to 5 seconds) so that you know the position of vehicles near you. See and be seen: Good drivers take in the whole scene as they drive. or drive down a long or steep hill. Drivers must scan the roadside by looking to the side of the road as well. shift to low gear before going down a steep hill. the amount of water on the surface of the road. . a. Turn you head before changing lanes because mirrors have blind spots. It is dangerous to constantly stare at the road just in front of your vehicle. Hydroplaning: This is when the tires of your vehicle lose contact with the roadway and rides on top of water.
Soft shoulders and drop offs: Driving on the edge of the pavement may drag your vehicle off the road and into the loose dirt. Road Conditions a. Driving at speeds of over 30 mph on roads that have gravel lying in the ruts and over the road surface may cause your vehicle to skid. always apply the gas and the brakes in a controlled manner. Intersections a. freeway entrances. If you must drive on soft shoulders. Bad pavement: Vehicles on bad pavement may not get a grip and thereby slide. this may cause a wreck and even cause your car to skid. It includes: cross streets and side streets.7. driveway and shopping center entrances. etc. 8. The result of suddenly applying the gas or applying the brakes heavily is skidding due to the accumulated oil on surfaces from thousands of vehicles. Therefore.The prima facie speed limit of 15 mph only applies to uncontrolled blind . You must approach an uncontrolled blind intersection slowly enough (15 mph) to be able to stop if a vehicle pulls out suddenly. Seasonal hazards: When driving over a bump or a bumpy surface. drive slower than usual on surfaces such as dry sand or gravel. back onto the road. b. c. firmly steer your vehicle. at reduced speed. Blind intersections are intersections where you cannot see for 100 feet in either direction during the last 100 feet before crossing. Marked-Unmarked: An intersection is any place where one line of traffic meets another. Worse.
Motorists must ensure that they do not signal too early. . When entering an intersection. Covering the brake reduces reaction time by 3/4 of a second. This does not apply at an intersection protected by a stop sign. as other drivers may think you are going to make a right or left turn earlier than you intend to and thereby cause a car crash. The law states: The Speed limit is 15mph: When traversing railway grade crossing if during the last 100 feet of the approach to the crossing. Signaling distance: Drivers must turn on their signals when intending to turn right or left during the last 100 feet(over 1/4 blocks) traveled by the vehicle before turning. Speed: Drivers must slow down when they are about to come to an intersection in order to avoid any potential collisions. When traversing an intersection if during the last 100 feet of the approach to the intersection the driver does not have a clear and unobstructed view of the intersection and of any traffic upon all the highways entering the intersection for a distance of 100 feet. The purpose of the lines is to separate pedestrians and crossing traffic from the halted vehicles. such as if a drunk driver comes along. It is better to wait for the next light and avoid a collision than to beat the light and risk getting into a crash. the driver does not have a clear and unobstructed view of the railway for a distance of 400 feet in each direction. This does not apply if the railway grade crossing has a signal device installed. drivers must stop before the white lines painted across traffic lanes. yield right-of-way sign or controlled by traffic control signals. always cover your brake pedal just in case you need to make use of it. Never step on the gas to beat a yellow light or a red light.intersection. Stopping limits: At intersections.C. Section 22352(a)(1) V. 3. 1. 2.
and one-thousand-three. when you are stopped in traffic on a hill. when following motorcycles. Driving faster than the posted speed limit or other than is safe for current conditions on any road is dangerous and illegal. b. the less time you have to avoid a hazard or a crash. Open Roadway. when following large vehicles that block your view ahead. The more space between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead. The maximum speed limit on most California highways is 65 mph. such as a sign. you must never drive faster than is safe for the present conditions. for two-lane undivided highways. on slippery roads. Following distance: Good drivers keep a safe following distance so they can see well. regardless of the posted speed limit. City. Freeway. Braking Distance: Braking is one of the most important skills while on the road." If you pass the same point before you finish counting. Speed: In California. You need a four second cushion when: you are crowded by a tailgater." When the vehicle ahead of you passes a certain point. count "one-thousand-one. The faster you drive. when merging on a freeway. the more time you will have to see a hazard or a collision down the road. To avoid this. All speed limits are based on ideal driving conditions. However. when the driver behind you wants to pass. Following too closely causes most rear end collisions. or vehicle carrying flammables.9. . when you are pulling a trailer or carrying a heavy load. unless posted for a higher speed. c. when you see a bus or school bus. use the "three-second rule. one-thousand-two. therefore you should drive slower in adverse weather conditions. Mountain a. you are following too closely. the maximum speed limit is 55 mph.
it will not stop immediately. a towing truck. or mountain. Traffic conditions: Drivers must always watch for the conditions of the road when driving.such as curves. At 35 mph. All of these areas are potentially dangerous when drivers take action without warning other drivers of their intentions. the speed and distance of any oncoming vehicles.. Passing: Passing other vehicles is very dangerous. Drivers must signal even when they don't see any cars around. Drivers must signal whether they are on roadways in the city. On the freeway. When you want to pass a vehicle or bicycle going in your direction. it takes about 400 feet to react to something you see and to bring the car to a complete stop. Open Roadway : Drivers must never drive off the paved or maintraveled portion of the road or drive on the shoulder to pass. e. f. during traffic hours. it will take about 210 feet to react and to bring the car to a complete stop. the distance that is clear ahead. not only for the weather conditions. etc. but also when they come to other dangerous areas. or a large truck. you need to see it in time to be able to stop. on the freeway. Therefore the rules regarding passing must always be obeyed in order to avoid a crash. Passing on the right is dangerous and is legal only: If an open highway is clearly marked for two or more lanes of vehicles . pass to the left. 1. At 55 mph. near a car crash.If there is an object in your path. it is best to signal at least five seconds before changing lanes. Some of the factors to consider when passing another vehicle are: the speed of the vehicle you are about to pass. Signaling Distance: Signal during the last 100 feet before turning. d. A vehicle needs time to stop. when you are driving behind a bus.. on an open roadway. A car you don't see might hit you.
The law provides an exemption . or while using a mobile service device. Drivers must not honk when they pass on the right. 10. The other driver may think you are on the left and pull over into you.Effective July 1.moving in your direction of travel. reading. never pass on a curve. or when approaching a curve. etc. look at the road for markings. Do not pass where it is illegal to do so. move only after you have finished a turn you want to make and when traffic is clear. Mountains: When passing other vehicles in mountains you must ensure that you have almost double the distance to pass than in normal roads. y Cell Phones. When driving on a mountainous area. It is illegal to wear headphones in the vehicle because it impairs hearing during emergencies. Author: Simitian Amends CVC sections 12810. checking maps or other directories. or if the driver of the other vehicle is making a left turn. Never drive off the road or pass to the left of a driver who is signaling a left turn. car phones. 2008 CVC 12810. even when equipped with a hands-free device.3 Prohibits a person from driving a vehicle while using a wireless telephone unless the person uses a system that allows hands-free listening and speaking. If you need to change into another lane. Inside vehicle: When on the road. drivers must ensure that they focus on their driving and avoid being distracted by such things as: the radio. other passengers. 2. Senate Bill 33. Driving Distractions a.3 and 23123 Summary: This law prohibits a person who is under the age of 18 years from operating a motor vehicle while using a wireless telephone.
an emergency call to a law enforcement agency. 2008. "mobile service device" includes.for the use of wireless telephones or mobile service devices for emergency purposes. (b) Notwithstanding Section 23123. handheld device or laptop computer with mobile data access. but not limited to. including. or while using a mobile service device. a person described in subdivision (a) shall not drive a motor vehicle while using a wireless telephone. 5. or other emergency services agency or entity. a broadband personal communication device. health care provider. (h) This section shall become operative on July 1. (g) For the purposes of this section. (d) A law enforcement officer shall not stop a vehicle for the sole purpose of determining whether the driver is violating subdivision (b). even if equipped with a hands-free device. SEC. (e) Subdivision (d) does not prohibit a law enforcement officer from stopping a vehicle for a violation of Section 23123. and two-way messaging device. pager. (f) This section does not apply to a person using a wireless telephone or a mobile service device for emergency purposes. CVC 23124. specialized mobile radio device. fire department. but is not limited to. No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or . (c) A violation of this section is an infraction punishable by a base fine of twenty dollars ($20) for a first offense and fifty dollars ($50) for each subsequent offense. (a) This section applies to a person under the age of 18 years.
While in a vehicle.2009 From SB 28 ± CVC section 23123. fines can be more than triple the base fine amount. 2009 a new law will go into effect where writing. but not limited to. No-text Law Goes Into Effect January 1. eliminates a crime or infraction. when looking for a certain destination. or electronic mail. instant message. communications referred to as a text message. A.5 Starting January 1. etc. Outside vehicle: Drivers must avoid being distracted by items outside of the vehicle. COLLISION CAUSATION 1. With the addition of penalty assessments. such as scenery. drivers must never stop in the middle of the road.infraction. within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code. or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction. car wrecks. or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution. sending. Violating this law is punishable by a base fine of $20 for a first offense and $50 for each subsequent offense. pedestrians. including. or reading a text-based communication while driving will be against the law for all drivers in California. In addition. driving must be one's top priority. b. This new law applies to electronic wireless communications devices used to manually communicate with any person using text-based communication. Mental and Physical .
There are five (5) reasons most common causes of collisions occur. It's probably not a good idea for you to get into a car if you are affected by any of these things. head-on. city driving. hit object. The purpose of this chapter is to alert you to what the basic causes and reasons are in typical car crashes. This course covers a variety of areas and reasons why collisions occur. sideswipe. and you could not see what you were doing and the cause could be related to the fact that you were backing up at a speed of 30 mph. and you should move slowly. and stress. drugs. and overturning) is dependent on a combination of these causes and the five reasons why most of the common causes of collisions occur. anger. For example. you have a rear-end crash. the environmental factor could be that it was snowing. The type of crash (rear-end. common sense should tell you that when you are backing up. drinking and driving. they are because of the following: 1) mental alertness. freeway driving. alcohol. broadside. 2. Some of the things that cause you to not be mentally alert include: fatigue. you should look back (have a clear view of where you are backing). 3) environmental factors. Mental Alertness You should never drive when your not at your mental best. 4) other drivers. The entire course will provide further insight into most specific areas (parking. and 5) visual habits. . 2) physical alertness. and so on) of what constitutes risky driving and how to avoid the avoidable. auto-pedestrian. If by backing up. This course also provides invaluable insight into why common causes of collisions occur. backing up.
billboards. driving while they are on medication. Watch for signals from other drivers. stomach problems. Therefore. or stressed. whenever you are unable to see everything in sight due to shrubbery. Be prepared for rapid changes in road conditions and traffic flow. etc. 7. 6. diabetes. it is very important to drive defensively and to always leave an out by knowing which lanes are available so you can use them in an emergency. animals. think about what will (or might) happen on the road. broken limbs that make it hard to drive. Environment All drivers must "scan" the road while driving. migraine headaches. bushes. 5. Other Drivers Even though you may be a safe and alert driver. it is important to cover your brakes and be prepared to stop in case critical items are being covered by unimportant looking items. Always leave yourself an "out" to protect yourself by knowing which lanes are clear so you can use them if you need to. other people. 4. Therefore.3. or if you are prone to seizures. check your rear view mirrors frequently. Physically ill includes. Visual Habits You must scan the entire road while driving. Also. a cold or flu. etc. Collision Types . angry. but is not limited to. You must turn their head before changing lanes because mirrors have blind spots that may hide a motorcycle or a bicycle. However. it is important to know that objects in the environment may be blocking another vehicle. whether because they are driving drunk. As you look ahead. other drivers on the road may not be in the condition to drive. (every 2 to 5 seconds) so that you know the position of vehicles near you. you should also refrain from driving when you are physically ill. this means looking ahead (10-15 seconds ahead of your vehicle) as well as to the sides. Physical Alertness Just like you should not drive if your not mentally alert.
Never insist on taking the right of way.a. You will help prevent car crashes and make driving more pleasant. At an intersection without stop or yield signs. . since cars coming from the left are closer to you and then look to the right. If heavy traffic causes you to block traffic. If all traffic signal lights are not working because of an electrical power failure. slow down and be ready to stop. Take one more look to the left before you pull out. even when the light is green. You must slow down to 15 mph when you come to an uncontrolled intersection where you cannot see for at least 100 feet in each direction during the last 100 feet before crossing. bicycles. or pedestrians will also be stopping. Do not enter an intersection. 1. Intersections: Intersections are dangerous places because this is where vehicles and pedestrians going in different directions meet. When coming to an intersection always slow down just in case there's a sudden need to stop. 2. you can be fined. just in case there is someone you didn't see the first time. Blind: A blind intersection is one where you are not able to see everything due to something blocking the view. you must treat the intersection as if it were a four-way stop. unless there is enough space to completely cross before the light turns red. Stop at the intersection and then proceed when you know other approaching vehicles. Look to the left first (even if other traffic has a red light at a stop sign). Right of way: "Right of way" rules tell you when to go or stop at an intersection.
Left turn from a two way street: Start the turn at the left hand edge of the lane closest to the middle of the street.Yield to vehicles already in the intersection or just entering it. Turn at a "T" intersection from a one-way into a two-way street: Through traffic has the right of way. then to the right. stop first. always look for approaching cars in all lanes and keep a watch out for pedestrians. Then look to the left again before continuing because there might be a vehicle or pedestrian that you did not see before. 3. yield to the car on your right if it has reached the intersection at the same time as your car. vehicles on the through road have the right of way. Left turn from a one-way street into a two-way street: Start the turn from the far left-hand portion of your side of the road. Left: Before making a left turn ensure that the intersection is clear of all pedestrians and vehicles. Look both ways. Turns: Before making a turn at an intersection. Left turn from a two way street into a one way street: Start the turn from the far left-hand portion of your side of the road. You may turn either right or left from the . You may turn into any lane that is safely open. At a "T" intersection. You must use a left turn lane if there is one. When there are stop signs at all corners. Do not turn too soon and do not "cut the corner" of the lane belonging to cars coming toward you. then follow the above rules. Left turn from a one-way street into a one-way street: The turn must be started from the left hand portion of the road. a. Vehicles may turn into either of the lanes that are safely open. Also. Watch for bicycles between your vehicle and the curb because they can legally use the left turn lane for their left turns. Look to the left first. You may complete the turn in either lane of the cross street if it is safe to do so. A left turn from the next lane may be made if signs or arrows show it is okay.
Commercial vehicles: Truck drivers must often swing out to the left as the first step in making a right turn because the rear wheels of a vehicle follow a shorter path than the front wheels. Pedestrians lose in any collision. if it is safe to do so. Do not drive on a sidewalk.center lane. Drivers must stop for the safety of anyone crossing the street. End the turn in the lane nearest the right-hand curb. You may start a right turn from other than the far right lane only where pavement or overhead markings show that using that lane for a right turn is permitted. . Right turns: Start your turn in the lane nearest the right-hand curb. look at its turn signals before you start to pass. You must drive cautiously when pedestrians are near your path. 4. Watch for vehicles and bicycles inside your turn. yield to pedestrians. regardless of who had the right-of-way. Both vehicles should start their left turns at about 4 feet from the center of the intersection so as not to collide with each other. Do not pass a vehicle from behind that has stopped at a crosswalk because a hidden pedestrian may be crossing. c. Simultaneous turns: At an intersection. If you think the truck is turning left wait a second and check the turn signals again just in case the driver may actually be turning right. One in six traffic fatalities is a pedestrian. When you follow a big truck. Do not swing wide into another lane of traffic. Pedestrians have the right-of-way at corners. d. two vehicles approaching each other from opposite directions may turn left simultaneously. When crossing. except to cross it at a driveway or alley. Wide turns. b. whether or not the crosswalks are marked by painted white lines. Pedestrians: Pedestrian safety is a serious issue.
Signal your intention to exit approximately five seconds before. it's four times as great. Exiting: When you plan to exit the freeway. you should have a gap of at least four seconds. Freeway: Drivers must comply with all the laws. Anytime you merge with other traffic. make sure to give yourself plenty of time. 1. To exit safely. you should: change lanes one at a time until you are in the proper lane for either a right hand or left hand exit from the freeway. not too fast so you won't lose control and not . Merging: Drivers must enter the freeway at or near the speed of traffic. The force of a 60 mph crash isn't just twice as great as at 30 mph. Freeway traffic has the right of way. You should know the freeway exit you want as well as the one that comes before it. Never stop before merging with freeway traffic unless absolutely necessary or unless there are metering lights. be sure you are at the proper speed for leaving the traffic lane. b. 2.C. A four second gap will give both you and the car behind you a twosecond following distance. so drivers must be especially careful when turning corners or backing up. or merge with another road. or by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars ($500) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1000). the impact is much worse than when driving on roads. or both. rules and regulations when on the freeway because in a collision. Stay with the flow of traffic. Blind Pedestrian: A totally or partially blind pedestrian who is carrying a predominately white cane (with or without a red tip) or using a guide dog shall have the right of way and the driver of any vehicle approaching this pedestrian who fails to yield the right-of-way or take all reasonable and necessary precautions to avoid injury to this blind pedestrian is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months. In California the maximum speed allowed is 65 mph on most freeways.Pedestrians with guide dogs are partially or totally blind and always have the right-ofway. enter a freeway from an entrance lane. You need a four-second gap whenever you change lanes. Section 21963 V.
You should flash your lights and blow your horn just in case the driver of the oncoming car is distracted. Space cushion: Because it takes a longer distance to stop or slow down when you are driving faster. look for vehicles around you. you must slow down as much as possible and steer your vehicle to the right and onto the shoulder. If the collision is unavoidable. 1. freeway drivers must leave a larger space cushion in case you need to stop suddenly. You should not try to squeeze into a gap that is too small. you can speed up to avoid the crash.too slow so you won't slow the flow of traffic. 3. pass on the left. . Turn your head to look quickly to the side before changing lanes. Rear-end: When threatened with a rear-end collision. use your arms and hands to protect your face if you are wearing a shoulder strap. move only after you have finished a turn you want to make and when traffic is clear. Head-on: When threatened with a head on collision. take them one at a time. You need a four-second gap whenever you change lanes. Never drive off the road or pass to the left of a driver who is signaling a left turn. never steer to the left. You should grip the steering wheel firmly so that you do not lose control. 3. enter a freeway from an entrance lane. If you stop to wait until all lanes are clear. c. If you have to cross several lanes. If you are unable to avoid a collision. This allows the car to move forward and reduce the impact of the crash. When you want to pass a vehicle or bicycle going in your direction. release the brake before being hit. leave yourself enough of a space cushion. 2. If you need to move into another lane. throw yourself across the seat so that you don't hit the steering wheel or the windshield. Leave three seconds of space between you and the vehicle ahead. Passing: Never drive off the paved or main-traveled portion of the road or on the shoulder to pass. Lane changes: Before you change lanes. or merge with another road. Passing on the right is dangerous and is legal only: if an open highway is clearly marked for two or more lanes of vehicles moving in your direction of travel or if the driver of the other vehicle is making a left turn. Use your mirrors and turn signals. If you are not using a shoulder strap. Make sure you can stop safely if you must. you will tie up traffic and may cause a crash. Filter through traffic slowly.
You should check your braking system every time you get oil. If you can't control your car on a slippery surface. and general construction of the tires are appropriate. You could steer into bushes or something soft to make the car stop. Brakes: You must keep your brakes in workable condition. Slow down to a stop off the road. Turn off the ignition when you have come to a stop. downshift to a lower gear. because visibility reduces substantially during these conditions. try to find something to stop you. If you turn your key off while you are still moving you risk loosing the power steering in your car and the steering wheel may lock up. ensuring not to apply the brakes. wet leaves. 5. COLLISION AVOIDANCE y Defensive Driving Techniques . usually every 3. but not before. during heavy rainfall. You may have to slowly edge into a snow bank or some bushes to stop you. Sound you horn and flash your lights to warn other drivers. If your brakes suddenly give out.000 miles. b. filter and lube change. oil.4. Apply the parking brake. such as ice patches. etc. Slippery surface skids: If you go into a skid. Fixed object: Drivers must be careful when driving at night. and turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid. B. stop braking. slow down gradually and take your foot off the gas pedal slowly. or deep puddles. Apply the brakes when the car is almost stopped. Make sure that the tread. Do not pump antilock brakes. You should avoid especially slippery areas. but be ready to release if the car begins to skid. inflation. You will know in three to four pumps if the brakes will work. ease off the gas pedal. 6. in fog. Try to get a wheel on dry pavement or on the shoulder of the road. pump the brake pedal fast and hard to build up brake fluid pressure. A driver who willfully or negligently damages any fixture is liable for the cost of the repair or replacement of such item. otherwise you risk a collision. If your tire blows out. you should hold the steering wheel tightly and steer straight ahead. Vehicle failure: a.Tires: Get your tires checked regularly.
Avoid driving alongside other cars on multilane streets. drunk drivers. Don't honk simply to show other drivers that they have made a mistake.Defensive driving is driving to defend yourself against possible collisions caused by bad drivers. Slow down when there is water on the road. Keep as much space as you can between yourself and oncoming traffic. Therefore. avoid fast turns. drive slower when there are many vehicles close together on the road. Once you have seen the hazards decide what to do and act. you will spot a hazard more easily. poor weather. Never "wait and see. You need time to react and to slow down or stop their vehicles. stay further behind vehicles when the roads are slippery. On multilane streets. stay out of the lane next to the centerline. if you can. lost. Try to get "eye contact" with other drivers. y Be alert. y Use of the horn Sound your horn only when necessary to avoid a crash. Never assume that other drivers know what your next maneuver will be. heavy traffic. This is the courteous thing to do. shift to low gears before going down a steep hill. y Escape techniques Drive according to the weather conditions. You should think about every "close call" or collision you have to prevent other such situations. if you keep your eyes moving. slow down as you approach curves and intersections. You should not drive in the blind spot of another driver. On narrow mountain roads. make room for vehicles entering freeways even though you have the right of way. Someone may crowd your lane or try to change lanes and pull into you. Sometimes it may be necessary to tap your horn to alert another driver who may want to turn in front of you. Never honk because you are angry or . Your honking may upset them so much that they may make more mistakes. avoid quick stops. The driver may be ill. If possible. y Think ahead When driving." You can prevent most car crashes if you drive defensively and think ahead. It's safer to use the brakes than push the horn. you should keep a space cushion on each side of their vehicles. Don't honk just to make a slow driver hurry. Don't honk at other times. Never honk if slowing or stopping your car will prevent a crash. Watch for blind spots on the road. etc. drive as far to the right as possible and sound your horn where you cannot see at least 200 feet ahead. or may be having problems with the car.don't assume You must always be alert while driving because other drivers may not be.
such as when . You will save fuel. enter. You will be able to avoid braking suddenly. count " onethousand-one. you are following too closely. use the right lane. How to establish a 3-second gap When the vehicle ahead of you passes a certain point. such a sign. and avoid being hit from behind you. y When to increase following distance to 4 seconds or more When being tailgated: Use the four second cushion when you are being tailgated. If you can choose among three lanes on your side of the road. Three -second system y y y y Use the three-second rule in slower traffic. one-thousand-two. use the left lane. Don't weave.upset. When vision is blocked or visibility is poor: You need more time to react when visibility is poor. if you need to slow down you can do so gradually. drive in the lane that has the smoothest flow of traffic. If you pass the same point before you finish counting. and one-thousand-three. stay in one traffic lane as much as possible. animals. a. pick the right lane for the smoothest driving. or turn left. When speed is increased: More time is needed to stop your vehicle when driving at fast speeds. pick the middle lane for the smoothest diving. When you have a choice as to which lane to drive on. If only two lanes go in your direction. Then. If you want to go faster. When you drive slowly. Avoiding a Collision with the Car Ahead Importance of vehicle lane placement Make sure that you drive on the right side of the road to avoid head on collisions. You should allow extra room between your car and the car ahead. or turn off the road. Allow more of a cushion when the weather is poor or when objects may be blocking vehicles." This takes about three seconds. or people. be especially careful on roads that have only one lane to go in each direction. pass.
buildings) distract you. the radio) or outside the vehicle (scenery. This is because the vehicle next to you might be turning or switching lanes and you might be in its blind spot. When adverse roadway or weather conditions exist: Visibility decreases in adverse weather conditions.pick a safe time to look away Take short looks: Do not allow things inside of your vehicle (such as other passengers. you must brake early on. turn. Have the passenger help with navigation: You should have the passenger help with directions. Increase your space cushion when driving faster. If such is the case you need to take action before a collision occurs. Watch for brake lights in adjacent lanes: You must be aware of the action of the vehicle next to you. y Look ahead for trouble Look over and around the car ahead: Keep your eyes moving. make it quick and get your eyes on the road immediately. such as when the car intends to stop. If you must take a look. pay attention to the car that is immediately ahead of you. change lanes. Look for signs from the vehicle. with changing the music. with children in the vehicle etc. etc. Start braking early: It takes time to stop your vehicle. Check ahead for speed on hilltops and curves: You must be aware when hilltops or curves are coming up so that you will be in control and lower your speed. therefore the space cushion must be increased. Therefore. . y Momentary distractions. You must always keep your eyes on the road to know what type of action to take.driving on the freeway. Look near and far. This will allow you to keep your eyes on the road.
or worse. These are a few places where you must drive slower than usual: y y y y y y y Traffic controlled intersections. when following motorcycles. Slippery or ice-covered streets Around schools and other areas where children may be at play Avoid Being Rear Ended by Another Vehicle Use the three-second rule to make sure that you are not following the vehicle ahead of you too closely. or when merging on a freeway. If you are going slower than other traffic. Parking lot entrances. Whenever possible. when you are pulling a trailer or carrying a heavy load. It is important to signal early so that other drivers are prepared to take appropriate action. on slippery roads. you may receive a ticket. You must stop for the safety of anyone crossing the street on foot. Approaching crosswalks. or vehicle carrying flammables. when you are stopped in traffic on a hill. school bus. apply the brakes in such a way as to give notice to the vehicles behind you to slow down. stops. Use the four-second rule when being followed by a tailgater. Brake smoothly and gradually: You should avoid applying the brakes suddenly. . Signal during the last 100 feet before turning. do not drive in the "fast" lane. when the driver behind you wants to pass. cause another vehicle to rear end you. when you see a bus. and lane changes: Signaling gives notice to other drivers about your next maneuver.y Locations to watch for trouble Drivers must proceed with caution wherever there might be pedestrians around. Lanes next to parked cars. unless this would cause you to speed. Doing so risks a rear-end collision. If you block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic by driving too slowly. when following large vehicles that block your view ahead. Interchanges where cars enter and leave. such slowing down and to avoid hitting your vehicle. Signal early for turns. Keep pace with traffic when possible: Always keep up with the flow of traffic.
Check mirrors for following distance of other vehicles: You must check your mirrors frequently (every 2 to 5 seconds) so that you know the position of vehicles near you. keep brake pedal depressed: The purpose of your brake lights is to warn other drivers that you are about to stop or have stopped. Keep rear lights clean and working: All of your rear lights must be in good working order. This way. you may not see vehicles near the rear of your car because of a "blind spot". other vehicles will not know what your next maneuver is. whether because the bulbs are dead or the protective covering is cracked. check behind you to make sure you are not getting in the way of cars in that lane. you can warn vehicles behind you by tapping on your brakes lightly. If you use only your left or inside rearview mirrors when looking for cars. You should also check your mirrors when you are preparing to turn into a side road or driveway. thereby increasing the chances of getting rear ended. Otherwise other drivers will think that you are going to keep driving and they may rear-end you. Whenever you change lanes. steep downgrades. Therefore. When you must slow down suddenly. check direction of travel: Whenever you change lanes always check traffic behind and beside you by: checking all mirrors. you need time to react and quickly choose an alternative path of travel so you can escape a potential collision. always keep your brake pedal depressed when you are stopped. Leave enough space between you and the vehicle ahead for safe stops. keep a look out for large vehicles that can gather speed very quickly. If your rear lights are not functioning properly. Increase the following distance from vehicles ahead: How to Choose an Alternative Path of Travel as an Escape Route Whenever another driver makes a mistake. You may have time to get out of the way before being hit from the rear. glancing over your left or right shoulder to make sure the lane you want is clear. take a quick glance in your mirrors. Check the traffic behind you often. Before changing lanes. also. Do not take your eyes off the road ahead for more than an instant. always check traffic to the sides quickly. and when you are stopping to pull into a parking lot. you will know if cars are tailgating or coming up behind you too fast. On long. After stopping. You can give . The purpose of your rear lights is to warn other drivers about your next maneuver.
This will give you space to brake or maneuver if you need it. Importance of adequate visual aids To keep a "space cushion" on all sides of your vehicle. Keep a "space cushion" on all sides of your car. When driving on the right lane. drive directly in the middle of the lane to allow for a space cushion with vehicles on the right and left sides. At freeway exits. This is very important at intersections where another driver could turn left without giving a signal.yourself this time by keeping enough space between your car and the vehicles around you. position your vehicle to the right side of the lane to allow for a space cushion with vehicles to the left of you. position your vehicle to the left side of the lane to allow for a space cushion with vehicles on the right side. Otherwise. you will not be able to see the whereabouts of other vehicles. stay out of the lane next to the center line. Avoiding multiple hazards . all of your mirrors (including windshield) must be in good working condition. Avoid driving alongside other cars on multilane streets. A driver on the freeway may pull off suddenly or a driver leaving may swerve back on. always keep up with the flow of traffic. Move ahead of the other car or drop back. Select a lane position within traffic clusters to allow greatest maneuverability: When driving alongside other vehicles. Keep as much space as you can between yourself and oncoming traffic. Someone may step out from between them. Avoid getting blocked in by other vehicles. On multilane streets. don't drive alongside other cars. You need to have a space reserved to avoid a potential hazard. Someone may crowd your lane or try to change lanes and pull into you. that way you will have more room to avoid an oncoming car that suddenly swerves toward you. When driving on the far left lane. Possible speed or position adjustments Don't drive in the blind spot of another driver. always leave yourself an out. When driving on the center lane. Always leave plenty of room between your car and any bicycle y Positioning the vehicle laterally Select speeds to position vehicle between clusters of vehicles: When driving with clusters of vehicles. Keep a space between yourself and parked cars.
As you scan the road. You should also be aware of alternate routes just in case you are faced with a hazard on the road you are driving. etc.Identify hazards early : To avoid last minute moves. Adjust speed and position to avoid potential hazards: Drive slower around areas that may be potentially hazardous. Be prepared to brake and move to the right: To avoid an oncoming vehicle from hitting you. Be alert for vehicles on either side. flash your lights. Also. try to plan escape routes that you will use if necessary. In the city. Predict potential hazards: Keep away from drivers that are driving erratically. slow down and move onto the shoulder of the road. 10-15 seconds is about one block. Anticipate and plan possible escape routes : When you get into a vehicle. While driving. Compromise to reduce the risk of hazards: A long line of cars approaching from the opposite direction: You should never pass a vehicle when there is a long line of cars approaching from the opposite direction. to the front. you should sound your horn to warn the oncoming vehicle. You should turn on your headlights to make your vehicle more visible. areas where construction is taking place. You should drive to the right of your lane just in case one of those vehicles tries to pass another vehicle or attempts to turn right in front of you. think about what will (or might) happen on the road. railroad crossings. such as areas where people might be found. be prepared to use your horn to warn a driver who apparently does not see you. you should know where you are going and how you are going to get there. and to the rear. . Always leave yourself an "out" in case you need to avoid a collision. 10 to 15 seconds is about a quarter of a mile. A driver needs to look that far ahead to spot hazards early. On the highway. cover your brake because you never know when you're going to need to stop suddenly. or even if there is just one car. When driving through these areas. you should look down the road 10 to 15 seconds ahead of your vehicle.
An approaching vehicle drifts into lane of travel:
You must slow down when an approaching vehicle drifts into your lane of travel. This will decrease the impact in case of a collision. Also, this gives you more control over the vehicle. Quickly tapping your brakes will warn drivers that are behind you.
Pull to the right:
You should pull to the right side of your lane when an approaching vehicle drifts into your lane of travel. Quickly check for an opening and move to the lane to the right of you if there is one; otherwise move onto the shoulder of the road.
Sound horn and flash lights:
When there is an approaching vehicle, try to warn the driver of your presence. Turn on your headlights and sound your horn so that they are aware of the situation and react. Chapter keyword - Intersection.
On a curve: Slow before entering:
Slow down before entering a curve so you will have more control over your vehicle. After all, you do not know what lies ahead since your visibility is decreased.
Stay toward the right of the lane:
You should drive on the right-side of the lane that your are driving in or if there is a lane to the right of you switch to that lane. This will help to avoid any collisions in case an oncoming driver crosses over to your side of the road.
Protecting Yourself When a Collision Cannot be Avoided:
Being Hit from Behind
When to apply the brakes:
The time to apply your brakes depends on the point at which you are about to be hit. If you are stopped at an intersection, keep your foot on the brake so that your vehicle does not cause another accident with the vehicle in front of yours. Otherwise keep your foot off of the brake, this action will lessen the damage to
your vehicle. After, merge to the emergency lane or to the shoulder of the road and stop the vehicle.
Use of head restraints:
The use of head restraints (headrests) in your vehicle can reduce the chance of severe neck injury. Make sure the head restraints are properly adjusted and that your head is comfortable.
Being hit from the Side
If you think you will be hit from the side, you should be prepared to steer your car away from the vehicle that will hit you. You should brace yourself against the steering wheel so you will not be thrown around the car.
Being hit from the front:
Protecting your face when wearing a shoulder strap: A head on collision is extremely dangerous and can be fatal. Use your arms and hands to protect your face if you are wearing a shoulder strap.
Protection when not wearing a shoulder strap:
If you are not using a shoulder strap, throw yourself across the seat so that you don't hit the steering wheel or the windshield upon impact.
Maintenance and Construction areas:
Highway workers try hard to warn you of their presence by using orange signs, equipment, flags, and jackets. You must ensure both your and the workers' safety by driving slowly through work areas. The highway worker's life is in your hands. Be prepared to slow down or stop for vehicles used to maintain the highways, like bulldozers. One or more lanes may be closed when road work is in progress. Orange signs warn you that you must be prepared for people and slow moving equipment on the road. A line of orange cones will show you the closed lane. Do not cross the line of cones. Fines are doubled for certain violations committed around highway construction or maintenance zones when workers are present and/or traffic is regulated or restricted by Caltrans or local authorities (CVC 42010).
Always be especially careful when you drive around areas where children are expected to be, such as playgrounds, parks, and schools. The speed limit near schools is 25 mph. You should not drive more than 25 mph whenever children are present, regardless of the posted speed limit. You must stop when you are behind a bus with flashing red lights. If you do not stop you will be fined and risk having your driver's license suspended for one year.
School busses displaying flashing red lights: The driver of any vehicle meeting or overtaking from either direction, a school bus that is stopped for the purpose of loading or unloading school children and displays flashing red lights, shall bring his or her vehicle to a stop immediately before passing the school bus and shall not proceed past the bus until the flashing red lights cease operation. The driver of a vehicle upon a divided highway or multiple-lane highway need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus that is upon the other roadway. Section 22454. V.C. You must drive slowly in areas where animals might be present, such as roads in the countryside. Be aware of signs that warn you that animals might get on the road. Animals, especially large ones like deer pose a great danger to you, passengers in your vehicle and to your vehicle.
PURPOSE OF BASIC SPEED LAWS
The purpose of basic speed laws is to regulate traffic and to minimize traffic hazards.
PURPOSE OF MINIMUM SPEED LAWS
The purpose of minimum speed laws is to minimize traffic hazards and traffic congestion.
The speed limit is 25 mph unless signs show other limits.
The speed limit is 25 mph unless signs show other limits.
Near a school, the speed limit is 25mph while children are outside or crossing the street. No matter what the speed limit sign states, you should never drive faster than 25 mph when the school ground has no fence and children are outside.
You need to approach a "blind intersection" slowly enough (15 mph) to be able to stop if a vehicle pulls out suddenly. However, you may drive as fast as the posted speed limit if yield or stop signs on the side streets give you the right of way.
SPEED LIMITS FOR DESIGNATED VEHICLES
The maximum speed limit on most California highways is 65 mph. However, for two-lane undivided highways, the maximum speed limit is 55 mph. On some highways, the maximum speed limit is 70mph, but only if there are signs posted showing 70 mph.
SPEED AND STOPPING DISTANCE
Perception Time and Distance
Braking distance varies according to the speed at which the vehicle is traveling. y Reaction Time and Distance This refers to the time a driver becomes aware of a hazard. a person shall not drive a vehicle upon a highway with a speed limit established pursuant to Section 22349 or 22356 at a speed greater than that speed limit. y Stopping Distance Stopping distance is the distance you travel from when you start to react up until you come to a complete stop. it would take 210 feet to react and to bring the vehicle to a complete stop. reacts. The farther away from a potential hazard you are the more time you have to react. Assuming you have good tires. more time is involved in stopping a vehicle than simply the amount of time it takes to stop the vehicle from the time the brakes are applied. and the condition of the tires. the conditions of the road. Therefore. More time is needed to stop a vehicle when it is raining or snowing. EXCESSIVE SPEED AND DESIGNATED LANE USE (CVC 22348) (a) Notwithstanding subdivision (b) of Section 22351. at 35 mph. If another vehicle. it would take about 400 feet to react and bring the vehicle to a complete stop. and dry pavement. and when a vehicle's braking system is not functioning properly. as follows: . or animal is in your path. person. and stops the vehicle. when traveling at high speeds. good brakes. you need to see it in time to be able to stop. (b) A person who drives a vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than 100 miles per hour is guilty of an infraction punishable. y Braking Distance Braking distance is the start from the time you put your foot on the brake pedal up until you have come to a complete stop. At 55 mph.Drivers must always ensure to scan the road 10 to 15 seconds ahead in order to spot any hazards ahead of time and react at the split of a second.
The person¶s privilege to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 13355. specific lane or lanes have not been designated on a divided highway having four or more clearly marked lanes for traffic in one direction. traffic. and the surface and width of the highway. a vehicle may also be driven in the lane to the immediate left of the right-hand lane. This subdivision does not apply to a driver who is preparing for a left. by a fine of not to exceed seven hundred fifty dollars ($750). by a fine of not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1. BASIC SPEED LIMIT (CVC 22350) No persons shall drive a vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than is reasonable or prudent having due regard for weather. visibility. the lane to the immediate left of the right-hand lane. PRIMA FACIE SPEED LIMITS (CVC 22352) The prima facie limits are as follows and shall be applicable unless changed as authorized in this code and. or if a lane has not been so designated.000). or the right-hand lane for traffic as permitted under this code. (2) Upon a conviction under this subdivision of an offense that occurred within three years of a prior offense resulting in a conviction of an offense under this subdivision. if during the last 100 feet of the approach to the crossing the driver does not have a clear and . the driver shall use either the designated lane. in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb. if so changed. The court may also suspend the privilege of the person to operate a motor vehicle for a period not to exceed 30 days pursuant to Section 13200.(1) Upon a first conviction of a violation of this subdivision. and in no event at a speed which endangers the safety of persons or property. by a fine of not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500). however. If. only when signs have been erected giving notice thereof: (a) fifteen miles per hour: o o 15 MPH: When traversing a railway grade crossing.5. When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction. (3) Upon a conviction under this subdivision of an offense that occurred within five years of two or more prior offenses resulting in convictions of offenses under this subdivision. (c) A vehicle subject to Section 22406 shall be driven in a lane designated pursuant to Section 21655.or right-hand turn or who is in the process of entering into or exiting from a highway or to a driver who is required necessarily to drive in a lane other than the righthand lane to continue on his or her intended route. The person¶s privilege to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 13355. unless otherwise prohibited under this code.
contiguous to a street other than a state highways and posted with a standard "senior" warning sign. utilize any other funds available to it to pay for the erection of those signs. On any alley. A local authority is not required to erect any sign pursuant to this paragraph until donations from private sources covering those costs are received and the local agency makes a determination that the proposed signing should be implemented. o When passing a school building or the grounds thereof. except at an intersection protected by stop signs or yield right of way signs or controlled by official traffic control signals. A local authority may. or a compliance with law. When traversing any intersection of highways if during the last 100 feet of the driver's approach to the intersection the driver does not have a clear and unobstructed view of the intersection and of any traffic upon all of the highways entering the intersection for a distance of 100 feet along all those highways. Never bring a vehicle to a complete stop upon a highway so as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic unless the stop is necessary for safe operation or in compliance . o When passing a senior center or other facility primarily used by senior citizens.unobstructed view of the crossing and of any traffic on the railway for a distance of 400 feet in both directions along the railway. in any business or residence district unless a different speed is determined by local authority under procedures set forth in this code. o MINIMUM SPEED LIMIT (CVC 22400) It is against the law to drive on the highway at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic. The prima facie limit shall also apply when passing any school grounds which are not separated from the highway by a fence. while children are going to or leaving the school either during school hours or during the noon recess period. unless the reduced speed is necessary for safe operation. contiguous to a highway and posted with a standard "school" warning sign. This subdivision does not apply in the case of any railway grade crossing where a human flagman is on duty or a clearly visible electrical or mechanical railway crossing signal devise is installed but does not then indicate the immediate approach of a railway train or car. 25 MPH: On any highway other than a state highways. however. gate or other physical barrier while the grounds are in use by children and the highway is posted with a standard "school" warning sign. because of a grade.
Construction zones usually have reduced speed zones. The faster you go. any vehicle proceeding upon a highway at a speed less than the normal speed of traffic moving in the same direction at such time shall be driven in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb. The force of a 60 mph crash isn't just twice as great as a 30 mph crash. MAXIMUM SPEED FOR DESIGNATED VEHICLES . and is not being driven in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb. it shall constitute prima facie evidence that the driver is operating the vehicle in violation of subdivision (a) of this section. The Department of Transportation. with respect to highways under their jurisdiction. If a vehicle is being driven at a speed less than the normal speed of traffic moving in the same direction at such time. Driving faster than the posted speed limit or than is safe for current conditions. and local authorities. the less time you have to avoid a hazard or accident. All speed limits are based on ideal driving conditions.with law. except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway. the maximum speed limit is 55 mph on two-lane undivided highways and for vehicles towing trailers. Maximum Speed Limit The maximum speed limit on most California highways is 65 mph. You may drive 70 mph where posted. Other speed limit signs are posted for the type of roads and traffic in each area. may place and maintain upon highways official signs directing slow-moving traffic to use the right-hand traffic lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle or preparing for a left turn. with respect to state highways. High speed increases your stopping distance. is dangerous and illegal. Unless otherwise posted. on any road. SLOW MOVING VEHICLES (CVC 21654) Notwithstanding the prima facie speed limits. it's four times as great! The following is taken from DMV¶S 2009 California Driver Handbook.
A school bus transporting any school pupil. A vehicle transporting explosives. . A farm labor vehicle when transporting passengers.(CVC 22406) No person may drive any of the following vehicles on a highway at a speed in excess of 55 miles per hour: y y y y y y A motor truck or truck tractor having three or more axles or any motor truck or truck tractor drawing any other vehicle. A trailer bus. A passenger vehicle or bus drawing any other vehicle.
upon or across the dividing section. Do not cross over double parallel solid lines to enter or exit any carpool lane except at designated entry or exit places. Carpool/HOV Lanes A carpool lane is a special freeway lane only for motorcycles.Chapter 3 A. semicircular. or U-turn except at an opening or break in the divider intended for one. either unpaved or delineated by curbs. The pavement in this lane is marked with a diamond symbol ( ) and the words ³Carpool as high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes. buses. because they must drive more slowly and are usually restricted to the right-hand lane. For example. Divided Highways: Whenever a highway has been divided into two or more roadways by means of intermittent barriers or by means of a dividing section not less than two feet in width. it is unlawful to do any of the following: y y To drive any vehicle over. double-parallel lines. Divided Highways A highway where a barrier separates opposing flows of traffic is called a divided highway. as well as the days and hours to which it applies. or you drive a lowemission vehicle displaying a special DMV issued decal. y "HOV" stands for "High Occupancy Vehicles" and indicates lanes reserved for vehicles with more than one person in them. "HOV 3" means there must be at least three people in the vehicle. and/or carpools. These lanes often have a white diamond posted at the side of the road or painted on the road surface. DESIGNATED LANES OF TRAVEL On various roadways. 1.Vehicles towing trailers are typically not allowed to use carpool lanes. . Motorcycle riders may use the HOV Lanes. or other markings on the roadway.Signs at the on-ramp or along the freeway tell you the minimum number of people required for the carpool and the hours the carpool requirement applies. Signs stating that the lane is reserved for special use mark reserved lanes. The following is taken from DMV¶S 2008 California Driver Handbook. You may use a carpool lane or on-ramp if your vehicle carries the minimum number of people required for the carpool lane. unless otherwise posted. Motorcycle riders may use designated carpool lanes. Signs say how many people must be in the vehicle. To make any left. one or more lanes may be reserved for special vehicles.
or where the center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of such allocation. or imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than six months. Upon a roadway which is divided into three lanes a vehicle shall not be driven in the extreme left lane at any time. the first lane to the right of this lane is called "number two lane". 3. The fast lane. This section does not apply upon a one-way roadway. The lane is for use as follows: y A vehicle shall not be driven in a designated two-way left-turn lane except when . the next lane is "number three lane". To willfully drive in violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor. or in preparation for a left turn.C. 4. 21659. They are designated by distinctive roadway markings consisting of parallel double yellow lines. a person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison. Two-Way Left-Turn Lane A two-way left turn lane is a lane near the center of the highway set aside for use by vehicles making left turns in both directions from or into the highway. interior line dashed and exterior line solid. Three-Laned Highways The lanes on a highway have names so as to distinguish them from each other. two-way and have multiple lanes in each direction of travel. Any willful violation of this subdivision which results in injury to. Section 21651 V. which is the lane farthest to the left. "number one lane". 2. Laned Roadways "Laned roadways" simply means that the road that you are traveling on is divided into lanes and it could be a one-way. or death of. etc. is called. nor in the center lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway ahead is clearly visible and the center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance.y y To drive a vehicle except to the right of the dividing section. on each side of the lane.
When a two-way left-turn lane is available.stop sign. vehicles driving between two vehicles must position their vehicles so that they are driving in the center of such lanes. B. Other Vehicles Approaching: Drivers should move their vehicles to the far right of their lanes when there is another vehicle approaching in the opposite direction. However. Chapter keyword .y y y y preparing for or making a left turn from or into a highway or when preparing for or making a U-turn when.C. 2. The law does not prohibit a vehicle from being driven across a two-way left-turn lane. Marked Lanes: Vehicles driving on marked lanes must remain to the right side of the lane. 3. a left-turn or U-turn shall not be made from any other lane. POSITION OF VEHICLE IN LANE OF TRAVEL 1.5 V. The same goes for when a vehicle behind you wants to pass. drivers should position their vehicles to the far right side of the road. Exceptions to Driving on the Right Side of Roadway The following exceptions apply for driving on the right side of he road: y when you are driving on the center lane. Mountain Roadways: When driving on a mountain. such a turn is permitted by law. A two-way left-turn lane may not be used for passing. Narrow Roadways: On a narrow roadway. 5. . A vehicle may not be driven in a two-way left-turn lane for more than 200 feet while preparing for and making the turn or while preparing to merge into the adjacent lanes of travel. Section 21460. 4. drivers should position their vehicles to the far right of the roadway.
Effective January 1. Emergency Vehicles/Tow Trucks. 2007 CVC 21706. Slow moving vehicles on a twolane highway or road where passing is unsafe. Slow Moving Vehicles: Slow moving vehicles must drive in the right hand lane. large trucks must drive on the far two right lanes on four way highways. D. If the driver cannot make a safe lane change. and five or more vehicles are following should safely pull to the side of the road to let the vehicles pass.5 Requires drivers to take specific precautionary actions on a highway when passing a stopped emergency vehicle or tow truck when the emergency lights are activated. when passing another vehicle. 2. LANE USE . they are to slow to a reasonable and prudent speed that is safe for existing conditions. when part of the road is closed due to construction work. REQUIRED LANE USE AND USE OF TURNOUTS 1. Drivers are directed to proceed with caution and to make a lane change into an available lane not immediately adjacent to the emergency vehicle or tow truck if practicable and not prohibited by law.y y y when you are going to make a left turn. Special Vehicles: Slow moving. C.
either unpaved or delineated by curbs.(2) to make any left. or U-turn with the vehicle on the divided highway. semicircular. or across the dividing section. over. it is unlawful to do either of the following: (1) to drive any vehicle. Divided Highway (CVC 21651) Whenever a highway has been divided into two or more roadways by means of intermittent barriers or by means of a dividing section of not less than two feet in width. When the right half of a roadway is closed to traffic under construction or repair. 2.1. upon. Right Side of Roadway (CVC 21650): Upon all highways. that portion of the highway adjacent to the right edge of the roadway may be utilized temporarily when in a condition permitting safe operation. If a vehicle is being driven at a speed less than the normal speed of traffic moving in the same direction at such time. it shall constitute prima facie evidence that the driver is operating the vehicle in violation. any vehicle proceeding upon a highway at a speed less than the normal speed of traffic moving in the same direction at such time shall drive in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge as or curb. When passing a vehicle in a lawful position and when the vehicle is lawfully making. except in the following cases: y y y y y y When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing that movement. 4. or other markings on the roadway. except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway. 3. This section does not prohibit the operation of bicycles on any shoulder of a highway. double-parallel lines. Slow Moving Vehicles (CVC 21654) The prima facie speed limits. where the operation is not otherwise prohibited by this code or local ordinance. Upon a roadway restricted to one-way traffic. a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway. a left turn. Designated Lanes for Certain Vehicles (CVC 21655) The Department of Transportation or local authorities may designate a specific lane or lanes for the travel of vehicles required to travel at reduced speeds if this would facilitate . (e) when the roadway is not of sufficient width. and is not being driven in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right hand edge or cub. When the vehicle is necessarily traveling so slowly as to impede the normal movement of traffic. except through an opening in the barrier designated and intended by public authorities for the sue of vehicles or through a plainly marked opening in the dividing section.
the lane to the immediate left of the right-hand lane. or wherever sufficient area for a safe turnout exists. 7. the following rule applies. shall turn off the roadway at the nearest place designated as a turnout by signs erected by the authority having jurisdiction over the highway. nor in the center lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway ahead is clearly visible and the center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance. or where the center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is sign posted to give notice of such allocation. Three-Lane Highways (CVC 21659) On a roadway which is divided into three lanes a vehicle shall not be driven in the extreme left lane at any time. and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of the traffic vehicle. in order to permit the vehicles following it to proceed. whenever signs have been erected giving notice of that designation. 8. If.the safe and orderly movement of traffic. Approaching Vehicles (CVC21660) . 5. a slow-moving vehicle. Official signs may be erected directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or allocating specified lanes to traffic moving in the same direction. shall be driven in the lane or lanes designated. behind which five or more vehicles are formed in line. As used in this section a slow moving vehicle is one. This subdivision does not apply to a driver who is preparing for a left or right-hand turn or who is entering into or exiting from a highway or to a driver who must necessarily drive in a lane other than the right-hand lane to continue on his or her intended route. or in preparation for a left turn. When a specific lane or lanes have not been so designated. which is proceeding at a rate of speed less than normal flow or traffic at this particular time and place. unless otherwise prohibited under this code. any of those vehicles shall be driven in the right land lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right edge or curve. a specific lane or lanes have not been designated on a divided highway having four or more clearly marked lanes for traffic in one direction. Turning Out of Slow Moving Vehicles (CVC 21656) On a two-lane highway where passing is unsafe because of traffic in the opposite direction or other conditions. the driver shall use either the designated lane. a vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practical entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from the lane until such movement can be made with reasonable safety. however. Laned Roadways (CVC 21658) Whenever any roadway has been divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic in one direction. When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction. 6. or the right-hand lane for traffic as permitted under this code. Any trailer bus. including a passenger vehicle. any of those vehicles may also be driven in the lane to the immediate left of that right-hand lane.
back his/her vehicle to a place in the highway where it is possible for the vehicle to pass. 9. the driver shall give audible warning with the horn of the motor vehicle upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of 200 feet along the high Topic : Backing up safely A. CHECK BEHIND THE VEHICLE BEFORE GETTING IN FOR: . except when a roadway has been divided into traffic lanes. Narrow Roadways (CVC 21661) Whenever upon any grade the width of the roadway is insufficient to permit the passing of vehicles approaching from opposite directions at the point of meeting. (b) if the roadway has insufficient width to permit a motor vehicle to be driven entirely to the right of the center of the roadway.Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right. the driver of the vehicle descending the grade shall yield the right of way to the vehicle ascending the grade and shall. 10. each driver shall give to the other at least one-half of the main traveled portion of the roadway whenever possible. and. the driver shall drive as near the right hand edge of the roadway as is reasonably possible. if necessary. Mountain Driving (CVC 21662) The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or canyons or upon mountain highways shall hold the motor vehicle under control at all times and shall do the following when applicable: If the roadway has no marked centerline.
back and sides. You never know when a child. Backing Speed Your speed while backing up must be very minimal. Once in your vehicle. with your arm over the passenger seat. small animals and any other objects in the front. your body should be positioned to the right. Release of Brake Pedal When backing up.1. 6. back. Children Before getting in your vehicle check for children. Body Position While Steering While backing up. but they may also damage your vehicle while you are backing up. 2. Release the brake lightly when you see that nothing is in your way. Not only do you risk ruining such objects. such as toys in the front. Small Objects Before boarding your vehicle. turn your head towards the rear of your vehicle so that you are able to see any objects on the rear of your car. Head Position While Steering While backing up. 4. Especially be aware of children as they may be distracted. SPEED CONTROL 5. keep covering your brake just in case someone or something suddenly gets behind your vehicle. B. however. keep your foot on the brake pedal. C. look in your rear view and side view mirrors for anyone or anything that may be in your way. VISIBILITY AND BODY POSTURE 3. and sides. . This is to allow you to get a clear view of the rear of your vehicle. check for small objects. Turn over your shoulder so you are able to see directly behind your vehicle while you are backing up.
especially where traffic tends to be heavy. people. STEERING 7. such as when you pass up your stop. Use Mirrors and Passengers to Help Navigate Whenever your movement is constricted so that you cannot turn sideways. keep your body to the side . WHEN MOVEMENT IS CONSTRICTED: 9. And as always. Make sure that there are no approaching vehicles. use your mirrors as well as your passengers to help you back up. E. Be very careful when you have no choice. move your vehicle more quickly and start driving away so that you do not get in the way of oncoming traffic. animal or object will get in your way. 10. back up very slowly. D.adult. 8. use the same maneuvers as when making sharp turns. 11. Whenever Possible Avoid Backing Up You should avoid backing up when possible. or objects in your way. Once you have backed up completely. when you can drive forward instead of backing up. Sharp Turns It is best not to back up around sharp corners. Backing Around A Corner You should avoid backing around a corner because it is dangerous. Find Parking Spaces that Do Not Require Backing Avoid parking in areas which require you to back up to get out. such as when driving out of driveways. Use hand over hand movements to maneuver your vehicle while backing up. however. if you must. requiring you to stop at a seconds notice. Parallel parking can be safer in these situations. . always looking to the rear of your car to ensure that nothing is in your way. However. if you absolutely must.
SKILLS REQUIRED FOR CROSSING AND TURNING 1. Uncontrolled Uncontrolled intersections do not have traffic lights or traffic signs. B. 2. Judging speed and distance of other drivers When driving. You must abide by these traffic control devices when you approach a controlled intersection. If you see other vehicles . Controlled Controlled intersections have traffic signs or traffic lights. make sure that you have clear visibility and that the road is clear of traffic. 2. IDENTIFYING AN INTERSECTION 1. Judging Time to Make a Maneuver Before turning at an intersection. animals and pedestrians. you should scan ahead in the road 10 to 15 seconds.Chapter 4 Topic : Interacting at Intersections A. This technique also applies when you are approaching an intersection.
Protected-permissive or permissive-protected (with fulltraffic-actuated operation) left-turn phasing requires the use of five-section signal . The sections should have lenses as follows: red arrow. When View is Blocked Do not start making your turn when your view is blocked. Instead. If there is only one left turn lane. if one is present). protected only left-turn phasing requires the use of threesection signal faces. Always yield to vehicles that are coming from the opposite direction and who are too close to the intersection to stop. Also.Other Vehicles. you may complete the turn in any lane of the cross street. make sure that there are no vehicles in your path by looking left first. Scan for Hazards. 2. then right and then left again. look for vehicles.approaching an intersection. Left-Turn Arrows A left-turn green arrow indicates that a left-turn may be made without conflict from opposing traffic. Misjudging the speed or distance of an oncoming vehicle can be fatal. Look for vehicles coming head on toward you in the same lane as they start to make their left turns. LEFT TURNS. 3. Make sure that there is enough of a gap or cushion where you want to enter or cross the traffic. 3.PROTECTED AND UNPROTECTED 1. pedestrians and people on bicycles. C.Before and After Turn Start your turn on the left portion of the road (or use the left-turn lane. yellow arrow and green arrow. pedestrians. just in case a vehicle that was not there before drives up. Vehicle Position. If there are more than one lane turning left. drive forward a little so that you are able to see approaching traffic. and or any other objects. Choosing a Traffic Gap or Space to Enter or Cross Traffic Before entering an intersection. Bicycles Before crossing an intersection. Only turn when you are absolutely sure that your path is free of traffic. yield for pedestrians and people on bicycles. you must stay in the same lane that you started off your turn. Turn only when it is safe. use good judgment when trying to determine their distance and speed. 4. Pedestrians. Normally.
make sure that the road is clear of vehicles. pedestrians. yellow arrow and green arrow. Do not make your turn on a green light if there is an oncoming vehicle which cannot stop on time for your turn. Bicycles Before making a right turn.PROTECTED AND UNPROTECTED 1. Do not make your turn until you are sure that your path is clear of all of the above. Normally the far left sections should be arranged vertically. Pedestrians. D. circular green. animals and bicycles. RIGHT TURNS. For example. Scan for Hazards. 2. You may make a right turn from other than the far right lane only where pavement or overhead markings show that using that lane for a right turn is permitted. do not swing wide into another lane of traffic.Other Vehicles. End your turn in the lane nearest the right hand curb. look to see whether there is a right turn only lane. 3. The five sections shall have lenses as follows: circular red. circular yellow. 4. Check for Controlled Lanes and Signals When you are about to approach an intersection. The cluster or stack arrangement shall not be used for protected only left-turn phasing. As you are turning. When View is Blocked Always make sure that you can clearly see the path that you are going to follow . Vehicle Position Before and After Turn Begin your right hand turn by positioning your vehicle in the lane nearest the right hand curb. look for any traffic control devices and follow their rules.faces.
It is usually displayed simultaneously with a circular red. Watch for bicycles before entering the bike lane. Check for Prohibitive Signs Before making a u-turn. the U-turn on the cross street shall be prohibited. 6. Right . Bicycles Before making a U-turn. A right-turn yellow arrow shall be shown following a right turn green arrow when a circular red or a right-turn red arrow is to follow. If you cannot see clearly. always look around for signs that prohibit drivers from making u-turns. When a right-turn green arrow is to be displayed during the nonconflicting left-turn green interval of the cross street. other signs indicate during which hours of the day a u-turn is permitted. Scan for Hazards.Turn Arrows The right-turn green arrow indicates that traffic may make the indicated right-turn without conflict from opposing traffic. move up a little.Other Vehicles. or circular green indication or another green arrow indication. U-TURNS 1. E. Look for any approaching vehicles and pedestrians. pedestrians. Pedestrians.before proceeding to make your right turn. Proceed only when all objects and people are out of your way. make sure that there are no vehicles. Use of Bike Lane for Turns You may drive in a bike lane only when you are making a right turn at a corner or other entrance. 2.Before and After Start your U-turn in the left lane that is closest to the center of the road. 3. 5. or it is the only movement that traffic is permitted to make. At such times you may drive your vehicle into the bike lane no more than 200 feet from the entrance or corner before your turn. circular yellow. Vehicle Position. A right-turn green arrow should be used only when the right-turn volume exceeds 200 vehicles per hour. such as a driveway. Some signs indicate that u-turns are always prohibited. or bicycles in your path by scanning at least 10-15 seconds ahead of where you want to turn. Initiate the turn once you are sure it is safe to .
scan the road for any vehicles. Pedestrians. Where a "NO U-TURN" sign is posted When vehicles may hit you.Other Vehicles. 4. PROCEEDING STRAIGHT 1. Never use a fire station driveway to turn around. Scan for Hazards. In front of a fire station. A driver shall yield the right-of-way to other traffic and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk. hill. Illegal U-Turns Never make a U-turn on a highway by crossing a curb. Allow all pedestrians and vehicles to get out of the intersection before proceeding.do so. Covering the Brake Pedal . or bicycles. shall enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by that green arrow or any other movement that is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. fog. or other reason. A driver facing a left green arrow may also make a U-turn unless prohibited by a sign. or two sets of double lines. pedestrians. Any driver. shown alone or in combination with another indication.C. Section 21451 V. Circular Green or Green Arrow A driver facing a circular green signal shall proceed straight through or turn right or left or make a U-turn unless a sign prohibits a U-turn. In a business district*. including one turning. On a one-way street. You may not make a U-turn: y y y y y y Where you cannot clearly see 200 feet in each direction because of a curve. or strip of land. except at intersections or through openings in a concrete divider. 2. A driver facing a green arrow signal. rain. 5. F. shall yield the right-of-way to other traffic and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk. Bicycles Before entering an intersection.
Duration of Signal Your car signal should turn off automatically after your turn.Before entering an intersection. continue covering the brake pedal. if the signal does not go off. 2. once the road is clear. 2. Distance Required You must turn on your turn signal 100 feet before you make the turn. 3. When . pedestrians. the driver of a vehicle in the middle lane may turn right into any lane lawfully available to traffic moving in that direction upon the roadway being entered. which terminates at an interacting highway accommodating traffic in both directions. so that they can react accordingly to your maneuver. AND SIGNALING 1. Purpose of Signaling The purpose of signaling before making a turn is to warn other drivers about your intentions. make sure that the road is clear of vehicles. Turning Upon a Highway The driver of any vehicle intending to turn upon a highway shall do as follows: Right turns: Both the approach for a right-hand turn and a right-hand turn shall be made as close a practicable to the right hand curb or edge of the roadway. SIGNALING FOR TURNS AND STOPS 1. Intersection Defined (CVC 365) An "Intersection" is where two highways which join one another at approximately right angles or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict. H. Except on a highway having three marked lanes for traffic moving in one direction. G. However. INTERSECTIONS-PROCEEDING STRAIGHT. turn if off after you have completed your turn. or bicycles. However. just in case something or someone suddenly gets in your way. TURNING.
you make a right hand turn from a one-way highway at an intersection, you shall approach the turn and complete the turn in any lane lawfully available to traffic moving in that direction upon the roadway being entered. Upon a highway having an additional lane or lanes marked for a right turn by appropriate signs or markings, the driver of a vehicle may turn right from any lane designated and marked for that turning movement. Left turn: The approach for a left turn shall be made as close a practicable to the left hand edge of the extreme left hand lane or portion of the roadway lawfully available to traffic moving in the same direction of travel of such vehicle and, when turning at an intersection, the left turn shall not be made before entering the intersection. After entering the intersection, the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection in a lane lawfully available to traffic moving in that direction upon the roadway being entered, except: Upon a highway having three marked lanes for traffic moving in one direction, which terminates at an intersecting highway accommodating traffic in both directions, the driver of a vehicle in the middle lane may turn left into any lane lawfully available to traffic moving in that direction upon the roadway being entered. 3. U-turn at Controlled Intersections (CVC 22100.5) Drivers shall only make a U-turn at an intersection controlled by official traffic signals, from the far left-hand lane that is lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel from which the turn is commenced but never make a U-turn if there is sign that prohibits such a turn. 4. Regulations of Turns at Intersections (CVC 22101) The Department of Transportation may cause official traffic control devices to be placed within or adjacent to intersections to regulate or prohibit turning movements at such intersections. a. When turning movements are required at an intersection notice of such requirement shall be given by erection of a sign, unless an additional clearly marked traffic lane is provided for the approach to the turning movement, in which event notice as applicable to such additional traffic lane shall be given by any official traffic control device. b. When right or left hand turns are prohibited at an intersection notice of such prohibition shall be given by erection of a sign. c. When official traffic control devices are placed as required in subdivisions (b) or (c), it shall be unlawful for any driver of a vehicle to disobey the directions of such official traffic control devices. 5. U-turn in a Business District (CVC 22102)
No person in a business district shall make a U-turn, except at an intersection, or on a divided highway where an opening has been provided. This turning movement shall be made as close as practicable to the extreme left hand edge of the lanes moving in the driver's direction of travel immediately prior to the initiation of the turning movement, when more than one lane in the direction of travel is present. 6. U-turn in a Residential District (CVC 22103) No person in a residence district shall make a U-turn when any other vehicle is approaching from either direction within 200 feet, except at an intersection when an official traffic control device controls the approaching vehicle. 7. Unobstructed View Necessary for U-turn (CVC 22105) No person shall make a U-turn upon any highway where the driver of such vehicle does not have an unobstructed view for 200 feet in both directions along the highway and of any traffic thereon. 8. Turning Across Bicycle Lane (CVC 21717) Whenever it is necessary for the driver of a motor vehicle to cross a bicycle lane that is adjacent to his lane of travel to make a turn, the driver shall drive the motor vehicle into the bicycle lane prior to making the turn and shall make the turn . 9. Turning Movements and Required Signals (CVC 22107) No person shall turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway until such movement can be made with reasonable safety and then only after the giving of an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this chapter in the event the movement may affect any other vehicle. 10. Duration of Signal (CVC 22108) Any signal of intention to turn right or left shall be given continuously during the last 100 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning. 11. Signal When Stopping (CVC 22109) No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle on a highway without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this chapter to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give the signal. 12. Method of Signaling (CVC 22110)
(a) The signals required by this chapter shall be given by signal lamp, unless a vehicle is not required to be and is not equipped with turn signals. Drivers of vehicles not required to be and not equipped with turn signals shall give a hand and arm signal when required by this chapter. (b) In the event the signal lamps become inoperable while driving, hand and arm signals shall be used in the manner required in this chapter.
Topic : Passing
A. PASSING AND BEING PASSED
1. Demands of Proper Passing Good Judgment Before passing another vehicle, you must judge the speed of the vehicle you are about to pass as well as the speed of oncoming vehicles. You must ensure that you have enough space to pass another vehicle safely. Rapid Decision Making You must decide quickly whether or not you will be able to safely pass another vehicle. You must never attempt to pass another vehicle if you have any doubts about being able to pass safely. Keep these safety suggestions in mind:
y y y
Check the traffic ahead of you, behind you and in your blind spot before attempting to pass. Signal, and then accelerate to pass. Return to the right lane as soon as you can see the front of the passed vehicle in your rearview mirror. It is against the law to exceed the speed limit as you pass. Complete the pass before you reach a No Passing zone. If you are still in the left lane when you reach the zone, you are breaking the law. You may pass on the right if the vehicle you are passing has signaled and is making a left turn. Be cautious, because the vehicle you are passing may be blocking your view or blocking the view of other drivers. You may not pass on the right if you must drive off the pavement or main portion of the roadway to get around the other vehicle. If you are traveling slower than the traffic around you on a multi-lane roadway, drive in the right-hand lane. When approaching or passing a person riding a bicycle or moped, pass at a safe distance and at a reasonable speed.
B. WHEN PASSING IS AUTHORIZED
2. Designated Lane Use and Markings
Freeways: Drivers must pass only where it is authorized, where the lane markings are broken, not solid. Passing other vehicles is easier on the freeway than on a road because all of the traffic is going in one direction. You must check your mirrors to make sure that your path is clear. After you check your mirrors, you must use your signal to warn other drivers of your maneuver. You must also look over your shoulder to ensure that your blind spots are free of vehicles. When getting in front of the vehicle that you have passed, you must check the mirrors and your blind spot and move your vehicle only when it is safe to do so.
One way to do this is to look for the car in the rear view mirror. . Remember you should not pass: y y y On hills. When a school bus with red flashing lights is stopped to load or unload passenger. you must enter a lane that belongs to oncoming cars and risk getting into a head on collision. It is dangerous. Every time you pass. or whenever you cannot pass another vehicle safely and when another vehicle is passing. when for whatever reason you do not have good visibility. It is not worth risking your life and the life of others in order to save a few minutes. Whenever you pass another car on a two-lane road. or where there are signs prohibiting vehicles from passing. Don't pull out to pass unless you know you have enough space to return. At highway speeds of 50 to 55 mph. Always signal before passing. you need a 10 to 12 second gap in oncoming traffic to pass safely. When you must drive off the pavement or shoulder of the road. when there is a crash on the freeway blocking your view or the lane that you need to pass on. you have enough room to return to the driving lane. You must not drive on the left side of a roadway when coming to a curve or the top of a hill where you cannot see far enough ahead to be sure it is safe to pass. Two-lane roadways: Drivers must not pass other vehicles when there are signs prohibiting such maneuvers. Before you return to the driving lane. except on roads with two or more lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. curves. Do not pass when the weather does not allow good visibility. Chapter keyword -yellow. WHEN PASSING IS PROHIBITED 3. at intersections or railroad crossings.Avoid passing other cars on two-lane roads. you increase your chances of having a collision. C. be sure you aren't dangerously close to the car you have passed. When you can see both headlights. Don't count on other drivers making room for you. when construction is going on in the lane that you need to pass. Designated Lane Use and Markings Freeways You must not pass other vehicles when the lane that you need to pass on is closed. when the lines on the road are solid. Don't count on having enough time to pass several cars at once.
D. Any time your view is blocked by a hill or a curve. Drivers may pass another vehicle on a bridge when there are two or more lanes going in the same direction. or a train. Such places include crossroads. you must do so with ever so much care. In addition. you should assume that there is an oncoming vehicle out of sight. cars. you must be able to see at least one-third of a mile. Intersections or Railroad Crossings It is dangerous to pass another vehicle where someone is likely to enter or cross the road. Never pass another vehicle where signs indicate that such maneuvers are prohibited. railroad crossings. 7. Without Sufficient Clearance Never attempt to pass another vehicle when you do not have enough space to do so safely. the car you are passing blocks your view of people. While you are passing. Bridges or Abutments Never pass another vehicle on a bridge when there is only one lane in each direction. and shopping center entrances. when the bus is on the other road of divided highway or a multi-lane highway you don't have to stop . you must stop and wait until the lights stop flashing. SPECIAL SITUATIONS 4. however. a driver turning onto the road into the left lane will not expect to find you in his lane. Also. It is not worth getting into an accident or risking your life and the life of other people just to save a few minutes. 5. On a Hill To pass safely. This means you should only pass if a hill or curve ahead is more than one-third of a mile away. 8. You must never attempt to pass a stopped school bus with flashing red lights. . 6. School Bus Drivers may pass a school bus when its red lights are not flashing.y Whenever a solid line marks the left side of your lane. You are able to pass next to a vehicle in an intersection when there are two or more lanes going in the same direction.
shrubbery. Do not pass when the weather conditions reduce visibility or when trees. It is extremely dangerous to attempt to pass a long line of vehicles because another vehicle in front of you may attempt to pass at the same time as you. Sight Distance Ahead is Limited Never pass another vehicle unless you are able to see the entire road. Intention to Stop or Turn You must never attempt to pass a vehicle that is behind a slower vehicle because that vehicle may also plan on passing and because you do not know whether there will be enough space for you because the driver you attempt to pass may speed up. Car Ahead is at or Near the Speed Limit Never pass another vehicle that is driving at or near the speed limit. 10. Otherwise. 11. there might be another vehicle on the opposite lane and you would therefore risk a head on collision. It is better to wait for another opportunity than to risk lives simply to save a couple of minutes. you pass it. 13. You should always only pass one vehicle at a time. a large truck. judge the distance you will need. If you judge that you cannot . In addition. Oncoming Car Too Close You must judge whether you have enough space to the side before you pass.. etc. you would be speeding since you have to speed up to pass the other vehicle and since you would be going faster than the other vehicle once. Long Line of Cars Ahead Drivers must never pass more than one vehicle at a time. Oncoming cars are going faster than you think they are so there is a big chance that you would not have enough room. You must never pass a vehicle that has stopped in the center of the lane on a two-lane roadway because they may intend on making a left turn but simply neglected to turn on their signals. Never pass another vehicle when an oncoming car seems to be too close. DANGEROUS PASSING SITUATIONS 9. block your view. You should only pass vehicles that are driving slower the speed limit.E. 12. 14. Maneuver Cannot be Completed Before Reaching a No Passing Zone Before you pass another vehicle.
If there is not enough space between the vehicle that you want to pass and the vehicle that is in front of such vehicle. which translates into your having less control over your vehicle and increasing the chances of having a collision.600 feet to pass another vehicle. Establish a safe response for hazards: Always be aware of the entire roadway before attempting to pass.completely pass another vehicle before reaching a no passing zone. PASSING POTENTIAL Passing maneuver times: Before passing another vehicle. The amount of traction is considerably reduced in these conditions. you should not pass. be aware of the time that it will take to complete your entire maneuver: to move over to the other lane and to pull back in front of the vehicle you are passing. you must ensure that there is enough space for you to merge in front of that vehicle. Identify an end-of-pass gap to pull back into lane: Before you attempt to pass a vehicle. such as when it is raining or snowing. Scan for Hazards: . You must be able to react quickly in case something gets in your way. Checking for road traction: You should not pass another vehicle in adverse weather conditions. Identifying a safe distance ahead: You need 1. Do not attempt to pass if you doubt whether you have enough time. You risk being fined as well as getting into an accident since it is especially dangerous to pass in no passing zones. F. do not attempt to pass. G. If you do not have this amount of space available. you must not attempt to pass. Always have a way out before actually passing another vehicle. Otherwise. you risk getting into a head on collision. STEPS FOR SUCCESSFUL PASSING 15. You must never cut in front of another vehicle as this may lead to a crash. Never allow your vehicle to be trapped while passing.
Oncoming vehicles: | Before passing another vehicle, you must ensure that there are no oncoming vehicles. Vehicles approaching from rear: Before passing, ensure that the car behind you is not going to attempt to pass you. Look in your rear view mirror to see whether the signals are on, or whether the car seems to be moving to the left. Otherwise, you risk getting into a crash. Merging vehicles: Always be aware of merge zones and ensure that you do not attempt to pass vehicles in these zones as other vehicles may merge and either cause a head on collision or block your reentry into the proper flow of traffic. 16. Check for Blind Spots Always check for all your blind spots, these area that you cannot see because of one reason or another. Do not attempt to pass if you cannot determine that you have enough room to safely do so.
17. Signal Intent Make sure other drivers are aware of your intentions. You do this by signaling your intent well in advance of performing the action. 18. Warn the Driver Ahead You must always warn the driver that you are about to pass by turning on your left turn signal before you start passing. 19. Obtain a Speed Advantage When passing another vehicle, you must increase your speed by 10 mph so that you may pass the other vehicle safely, without cutting off the other driver. 20. Re-check Conditions Ahead
Always be aware of the conditions ahead. Check and double-check to ensure that you are carrying out your maneuver safely. 21. Create Return Space Before passing, you must make sure that there is enough space for you to overpass the vehicle in front of you. If you do not have that space, then don't pass. Otherwise, you will end up cutting off said vehicle and risk getting into a crash. 22. Signal Return You must signal when you are going to start your passing maneuver by turning on your left turn signal as well as when you are going to return to the original lane by turning on your right turn signal to warn other drivers. 23. Check for Blind Spots Always check the road for anything that may be hiding a potential hazard. Do not pass another vehicle when there is such a possibility. 24. Create Space for Vehicle Passed You must never cut off the driver that you attempt to pass. You must always leave enough room between your vehicle and the vehicle that you attempt to pass. If you can see most of his car in your rear view mirror it is probably safe to return to your lane.
H. WHEN BEING PASSED
25. Safety When Being Passed Yielding required: Always yield for the vehicle that is attempting to pass you. Do not attempt to pass the vehicle in front of you when the vehicle behind you is passing you. Otherwise, you may get into an accident. Maintaining speed: Do not speed up when being passed by another vehicle. In doing so, you may cause a collision with a vehicle.
I. OVERTAKING AND PASSING
26. Overtake and Pass to Left (CVC 21750) The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle or a bicycle proceeding in the same direction must pass to the left at a safe distance without interfering with the safe operation of the overtaken vehicle or bicycle. 27. Passing Without Sufficient Clearance (CVC 21751) On a two-lane highway, no vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless the left side is clearly visible and free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction. 28. When Driving on the Left is Prohibited (CVC 21752) Do not drive on the left side of the road:
y y y
When approaching or upon the crest of a grade or a curve in the highway where the drivers view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction. When the view is obstructed upon approaching within 100 feet of any bridge, viaduct, or tunnel. When approaching within 100 feet of or when traversing any railroad grade crossing. When approaching within 100 feet of or when traversing any intersection.
This section shall not apply upon a one-way roadway. 29. Yielding for Passing (CVC 21753) Except when passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall safely move to the right-hand side of the highway in favor of the overtaking vehicle after an audible signal or a momentary flash of headlights by the overtaking vehicle, and shall not increase the speed of his or her vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle. This section does not require the driver of an overtaken vehicle to drive on the shoulder of the highway in order to allow the overtaking vehicle to pass. 30. Passing on the Right (CVC 21754) The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass to the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
When the vehicle overtaken is making or is about to make a left turn. Upon a highway within a business or residence district with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two or more lines of moving vehicles in the direction of travel. Upon any highway outside of a business or residence district with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width and clearly marked for two or more lines of moving traffic in the direction of travel. Upon a one-way street. Upon a highway divided into two roadways where traffic is restricted to one direction upon each of such roadways.
The provisions of this section shall not relieve the driver of a slow moving vehicle from the duty to drive as closely as practicable to the right hand edge of the roadway. 31. Pass on Right Safely (CVC 21755) The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under conditions permitting such movement in safety. In no event shall driving off the paved or main-traveled portion of the roadway make such movement. 32. Passing on Grades (CVC 21758) In the event any vehicle is being operated on any grade outside of a business or residence district at a speed of less than 20 miles per hour, no person operating any other motor vehicle shall attempt to overtake and pass such slow moving vehicle unless the overtaking vehicle is operated at a speed of at least 10 miles per hour in excess of the speed of the overtaken vehicle, nor unless the passing movement is completed within a total distance not greater than one-quarter of a mile.
Avoiding a collision on a road takes time. It means looking from side to side as well. Signs warning of problems ahead. such as stopping. . 3. you risk an accident as every maneuver. REDUCING SPEED 1. 4. the reaction time. Allows for More Reaction Time to Decide What to Do You must drive at a speed that will give you enough time to react to any circumstances on the road. Allows for More time to Analyze Information and Predict What Might Happen You must drive at a speed that will allow you the time to think ahead as to what might go wrong and what you will do and to allow you to read all traffic signs and be able to abide by them. Allows for More Time to See Details and Identify Their Meaning When driving in the city you must drive at a speed that will enable you to be able to spot any hazards on the road as well as see and read all traffic control signs and lights on the road. starting from the moment a driver spots the hazard. to the actual time it takes to complete the maneuver B. requires reaction time. Look ahead for traffic hazards Looking 10 to 15 seconds ahead does not mean looking only at the middle of the road. Otherwise. 2. Look for: y y Cars and people that may be in the road by the time you reach them.Chapter 5 Topic : Demands of City Driving A. LOOKING AHEAD OF TRAFFIC 1. the time it takes to think about what to do. Allows for Additional time to Execute Decisions or Avoid Dangerous Situations You must drive at a speed that allows you to spot and to react to dangerous situations on the road.
or a swerving bicycle. Watch for things about to happen like a ball rolling into the street. Also. which means that it is about to turn yellow and then red. especially when confronted with hazards. you should slow down as the light will probably have changed to yellow by the time you get to the intersection.y Signs giving you directions. a bicycle or another driver. Leave Enough Distance to Maneuver You must leave cushion space enough for you to execute any maneuver. If a light ahead is yellow. These blind spots can hide a motorcycle. A light which is green will turn yellow. look for light signals from vehicles in front of you and drive accordingly. 2.. Anticipate signal changes: You must know the order that lights change in order to anticipate light changes. NOT RIDING IT 1. Because mirrors have blind spots. 3. COVERING THE BRAKE. Turn your head before changing lanes. you know that you must slow down and stop because the light will be red by the time you get to the intersection. Keep your eyes moving (scanning). Look near and far. When approaching a stale green light. afterwards it will turn red. C. a car door opening. Signal Lights Look ahead for signal changes: You must look down the road so that you will be able to see all lights ahead of you. Check for stale green lights: This is a light that has been green for a while. Slow for Reduced Stopping Distance . This will give you enough time to slow down in case the light is about to turn yellow or red.
CITY PASSING 1. you should slow down and cover your brake so that you will not be in a position where you have to slam on the brakes to stop your vehicle. that the vehicle might be blocking a hazard. However. and bicyclists. E. other vehicles. animals.etc. You may pass in an intersection when there is more than one lane going in your direction. someone might be getting out of the parked vehicle. Passing Over Center Line of Travel You should avoid crossing the center line of travel in the city because you never know when someone will pull into the next lane. or the vehicle might be blocking a pedestrian. this is still a dangerous maneuver. colliding with you head on. CHOOSING OF LANE . The reason is that the car might suddenly turn into your lane. The reason is that there might be other hazards present on the road. such as a driver that was unable to stop. Approaching signal lights: You must cover your brake when approaching a signal light. Passing In or Near an Intersection It is dangerous to pass in or near an intersection as a car may suddenly appear out of nowhere. this is so especially in the city. such as when approaching a light that will turn red by the time you get to it. You must always watch for pedestrians. or a pedestrian who is still crossing the street. D. 2. Situations in Which the Brake Pedal Should be Covered Next to parked cars: You must always cover your brakes whenever you are driving next to a parked vehicle. even if the light is green. 2. Brake lights of other cars: You must cover your brake and be ready to stop whenever a vehicle in front of you is braking.When you know that you will have to stop eventually.
It is not wise to have another motorist drive in your blind spot because you might forget that they are there and . This is safer for you as you will not have to slow down and stop constantly while other cars make their turns. you should move to the far right lane so that other drives can pass you safely.1. when making a left or right turn. 2. Avoid Another Driver's Blind Spot You should make a point not to drive in another vehicle's blind spot. you should always choose to drive on the lane that is less congested. Keep up With Traffic Speed and Within Legal Limits You must always keep up with the flow of traffic. The same is true if you are going to turn right. you must choose the appropriate lane. F. If you are going to turn left. If you are driving slowly. Another driver may not be aware of your presence and collide into you. If you are driving slower than the flow of traffic. go to the left lane. stay on the right lane. Choose a Lane Appropriate to Use You should choose a lane to drive on according to your next maneuvers. You should either speed up a bit or slow down a bit to avoid this. 3. but do not speed. Avoid Letting Another Driver Drive in Your Blind Spot You should avoid letting another motorist drive in your blind spot. However. Only pass other vehicles by using the left lane. VEHICLE POSITION 1. 2. Choose a Less Traveled or Congested Lane Unless Planning to Turn When driving on the same road for a long period of time.
Two-way streets are more dangerous as other vehicles will get in your path. Keyword . such as when other vehicles are making left turns. You should either slow down a bit or speed up a bit and then move over to the right if the vehicle does not pass you. Side streets usually run through neighborhoods and/or business districts.collide into them after you have checked all of your mirrors and do not see any vehicles. and allow for an appropriate space cushion. it is better to drive in through streets. . When driving for long distances. 5. ever enter a one-way street when driving against traffic. you should drive slowly. which are designed for faster driving traffic. such as one-way street signs. Avoid Side by Side Driving You should avoid side by side driving because you will not have an out in case of a potential hazard. This will almost certainly guarantee a head on collision if other cars are on the one-way street. G. 3. which means that you will encounter many slow driving vehicles. Side Streets Side streets are more dangerous than through streets. Time of Day and Traffic Density You should be aware of traffic hours so that you can avoid driving during such times as there is a greater possibility of having a collision in stop and go traffic. One-way Streets vs. always pay close attention to street signs. using the four-second rule. 2. Two-Way Streets When driving in the city. Never.traffic. If there is no alternate way of travel and you must drive during rush hour. 4. Through Streets vs. Avoid Driving in Bunches Avoid driving in bunches as you will not have a way out in case of a hazard. CHOOSING A SAFE ROUTE 1. pay extra attention to the road.
especially in cities. this is especially true when driving by parked vehicles. and you will have the time required to respond accordingly. 3. You must never assume that your path is clear just because you are unable to see vehicles or pedestrians on the road. you must end up in the same lane that you started your left turn. Driving on One-Way Streets Identifying: A one-way street is one in which the traffic is traveling in only one direction. always make sure that you position your vehicle in the center of the left lane closest to the dividing line. Parked Cars Hiding Cross Traffic You must slow down before making any maneuvers when driving by parked cars because those cars may be blocking the view of traffic driving in your direction. animals. you must ensure that other vehicles. Detour in Lane of Travel By looking 10 to 15 seconds ahead. If there is more than one lane designated for traffic making left turns. SPECIAL PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CITY TRAFFIC 1. look for signs and arrows that read one-way only and do . 5.H. or pedestrians are not in your path. such as detour signs. When driving. 4. Two-Way Left Turn Center Lane Use When making a left turn in a two-way road. you will be able to spot any last minute changes. Turning at Corners Before you turn at a corner. 2.
the driver of a vehicle in the middle lane may turn left into any lane lawfully available to traffic moving in that direction upon the roadway being entered. When making a left hand turn to enter a one-way street. the left turn shall not be made before entering the intersection. when turning at an intersection. except: Upon a highway having three marked lanes for traffic moving in one direction. If you are making a left turn. Dealing with wrong way drivers: If you are driving on a one-way street and another driver has entered the wrong direction. Section 22100 V. you may end up in any lane lawfully available to you. the center lane is the safest because cars making right turns must position their vehicles on the lane farthest to the right and vehicles making left turns must position their vehicles on the far left lane. Speed: You must always obey the posted speed limits when driving. which terminates at an intersecting highway accommodating traffic in both directions. Exiting: Before exiting a one-way street. you must become aware that you will be driving on a two way street and abide by those rules. Entering: Whenever you are entering traffic.not enter opposing traffic. keep up with the flow of traffic. Left Turns: The approach for a left turn shall be made as close as practicable to the left-hand edge of the extreme left-hand lane or portion of the roadway lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such vehicle and. including when driving on a one-way street. After entering the intersection.C. position your vehicle in the lane closest to the left edge of the roadway. the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection in a lane lawfully available to traffic moving in that direction upon the roadway being entered. you must get the attention of the driver so that the driver can get out of the street. Lane Choice: In a one-way street. You must flash your lights. honk .
Be Familiar with Alternate Exits You should be aware of alternate exits when driving on the freeway just in case you are not able to use your original route. Plan Time of Travel to Avoid Unfamiliar or Congested .your horn and get out of the way in case the driver is not able to respond in time. when you are going to join another freeway. parks. PLANNING A ROUTE IN ADVANCE 1. etc. whether due to detour signs. churches. 6. 2. Children will be around schools in the morning. intersections. make sure that you start moving to the appropriate lane well in advance. such as around schools. you must mind all of the signs on the freeway so that you know where you are driving and so that you are aware of any changes on the freeway. When and where to expect pedestrians and bicyclists You should be aware of the areas where pedestrians and bicyclists are prone to be present. you miss your exit. 3.Placement of Guide Signs Which Indicate Distance and Route Direction When driving on the freeway. start moving your vehicle to the farthest right (or left) lane two miles before you reach your exit. You will be less stressed when you know an alternate route. and shopping centers. during lunch and after school. You must always cover your brake when driving through the above mentioned areas just in case you have to stop suddenly if you see an unexpected pedestrian or bicyclist. freeway closures. Once you notice that your exit is coming up. crosswalks. Guide Signs. Also. Topic : Demands of Freeway Driving A. Always be mindful of the signs on the freeway.
and you should allow more time to get to your destination. other freeways have stoplights that regulate the amount of vehicles that enter the freeway. If there is no way to avoid driving during rush hour. you risk getting rear ended. from 6:00 a. to 9 a. Acceleration Lanes: Extra Lane Permitting a Vehicle to Reach Freeway Speeds Be familiar with entrance warning signs: When entering the freeway.m. If you are driving on the farthest right lane.m.m. otherwise.m. do not make use of the carpool lane as you will be fined. Observe ramp speed limit: As you enter the freeway. you should avoid driving on the freeway during rush hours. B. Some freeways indicate which lanes merging traffic must drive on. that you will be stopping and going. . Drivers are less careful when the roads are congested and everyone is trying to get to their destination. You must abide by the speed limit and not slow down the traffic. If you are not driving with one (or sometimes two) other person(s). make sure that you read all signs and abide by them.Traffic Situations To drive more safely. you will see posted speed limits. to 7 p. you should be prepared to sit in traffic. and 4 p. or even cause a chain reaction. ENTERING THE FREEWAY 1. you must be aware whether there are merge signs near entrance ramps so that you can anticipate finding vehicles intending to get onto the freeway and thereby slow down. etc.
you must adjust your speed to the flow of traffic. Merging At Too Slow a Speed: Drivers must ensure not to enter a freeway at a slow speed.Check speed of freeway traffic: Once you are on a freeway. Adjust speed for merging onto freeway through lanes: You must adjust your speed to the flow of traffic as you merge onto the freeway. which also increases the chance of a collision. Drivers must speed up while on the on-ramp. Signal until entering through-traffic lane : You must use your signal lights during the last 100 feet of the freeway ramp to warn other drivers that you are merging and so that they may drive accordingly. If you cannot tell by using your mirrors. be aware of the flow of traffic. Do not assume that other vehicles are going to slow down so that you may join the flow. Be careful not to exceed the maximum speed limit. Entering the freeway at too slow a speed may cause severe collisions. Locate a gap in traffic: Before you enter the through traffic on a freeway. Sudden Slowing or Stopping : When entering a freeway. you risk getting hit. COMMON MISTAKES ENTERING FROM ACCELERATION LANE 1. otherwise. Entering at a slow speed will increase your chances of getting rear-ended. ensure that there is enough space for you to merge onto the lane closest to you. as other drivers may not be ready to slow down because they assume that merging vehicles will enter at the flow of traffic. C. when on the freeway make sure that you have enough of a space cushion to allow you to stop suddenly if you need to. Otherwise. look over your shoulder. you risk getting into a collision. Watch vehicle ahead for sudden stops: As when driving on city streets. . Entering too fast will cause you to slow down suddenly as you come close to the vehicle in front of you. 2.
2. usually all lanes have these metering lights. SPECIAL SITUATIONS 1. you must wait until all oncoming vehicles pass. Acceleration Speed to Blend into Traffic Once you have joined the through traffic. Double Merge Lanes Some freeways have more than one lane which merges onto the freeway. including the HOV (carpool) or Diamond lane (s). It will take longer for you to catch up to speed since you will either be starting off slowly or completely stopped. E. You must therefore accelerate firmly. When you enter a freeway with double merge lanes you must ensure that you remain in your lane and that you merge onto the freeway only when it is safe to do so. you must stop accelerating so that you do not drive too fast. If there is a traffic light controlling the traffic flow entering the freeway. Yield or Merge Signs Before Entering: If a freeway has yield or merge signs. Usually only one vehicle may continue onto the freeway per green light. you must catch up to speed quickly. you will need more time to catch up with the flow of traffic. 3. 3. This means that you must only continue onto the through traffic when you have enough room to catch up with the speed of traffic. Diamond Lanes . Timed Entrance Lights Some freeway entrances have a light to control the amount of traffic that gets onto the freeway. otherwise you risk a collision.D. Once you have reached the appropriate speed. you must ensure that you have more distance to catch up with the speed of the through traffic. Wait for a Longer Gap Before Entering When entering a freeway that does not have acceleration space. You must abide by the light and only continue when the light is green. You will basically use the through traffic lane to catch up. 2. ENTERING DIRECTLY ONTO THE FREEWAY.NO ACCELERATION LANE 1. As a result of waiting for other traffic to pass.
back up. You must therefore watch for vehicles behind you as you are slowing down on the lane that is also used . This places you and other drivers at risk of getting into a collision. You should know the freeway exit you want and the one that comes before 2. The vehicle must display a special decal.Assembly Bill 2628. never slow down suddenly. Only vehicles that qualify can drive on such lanes. G. Some carpool lanes require two individuals in the vehicle. etc). CVC 5205. You must read the signs to find out what amount is required. while others require three persons to be in a vehicle. Scan Ahead for Signs Indicating Desired Exit Lanes While driving on the freeway. diamond lanes. Once you determine you are approaching your exit. Instead. Offramps are important because otherwise vehicles that are exiting the freeway would endanger traffic to the rear.usually the far right lane.High Occupancy Lanes (HOV lanes.5 to reflect the following: "Some low emission and hybrid vehicles (rated at 45 mpg or higher) are now permitted to use the High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes without the requisite number of passengers. you must always scan the signs for your exit. EXIT LANES 1. remain calm and exit at the next off ramp. However. the lane farthest to the left may be an exit lane and a through traffic lane. F. What To Do When An Exit is Missed If you miss your exit. Deceleration Lanes Allow Drivers to Reduce Speed Without Endangering Traffic to the Rear Off-ramps allow drivers to slow their speed safely before exiting the freeway. When you plan to exit the freeway. make sure to give your self plenty of time. drive on the shoulder of the freeway. These are carpool lanes. etc. issued by the DMV. although some exits are on the far left. 2. Multiple Deceleration Lanes Some exits may have more than one lane reserved for exiting. Backtrack by taking side-streets or by getting onto the freeway going the opposite direction. you should merge to the appropriate lane to exit." Some freeways have diamond lanes to relieve the freeway of stopped traffic. LEAVING THE FREEWAY 1.
This is the speed that has been determined as safe to exit on the specified off ramp. Use of left-hand lanes: You must drive on the right lane whenever possible. you should stay off the far right hand lane if you are going to remain on the freeway for a while. when the right hand lane is closed. exiting on an off-ramp that is on the left hand side of the freeway. 3. . that has three or more lanes traveling in one direction.as a through traffic lane. H. Three Lanes or More Use of right-hand lanes: On a freeway. You should use the left hand lane when you are passing another vehicle. which is the safer lane. Yielding to other drivers: When there are two lanes designated to exit. or when weather conditions demand it. which is on the left side of the freeway. Adjusting Speed Posted limit: All exits have posted exit speeds. 2. Do not exceed these speed limits. You should only drive on the left lane when passing another vehicle or when exiting on an off ramp. CHOOSING LANES OF TRAVEL 1. you should drive on the right lane. you must yield to other drivers that are merging onto the freeway or to those vehicles that have not entered the exit lanes. Curved ramps: It is especially critical that vehicles exiting on a curved off ramp adjust their speed to the posted speed limit since it is very possible to lose control on a curve when driving too fast. Two-lane Freeways Use of right-hand lanes: When driving on a freeway that only has two lanes in the direction you are driving.
If you are unable to change lanes. the maximum speed limit is 55 mph. Lane Use When Approaching Interchanges Avoiding merging conflicts: When you approach an interchange on the freeway you should merge to the center or left lane. but only if there are signs posted showing 70 mph. you should drive on the left hand lane (fast lane) when you are going to pass another vehicle or when weather conditions require you to do so. All speed limits are based on ideal driving conditions. unless posted for a higher speed. On some highways the maximum speed limit is 70 mph. SPEED LIMITS 1. when you are about to exit the freeway. Other speed limits are set for the type of roads and traffic in each area. Maximum Speed: The maximum speed limit on most freeways is 65 mph. You . However.You should drive on the right hand lane if you are driving slower than the flow of traffic. or when weather conditions require you to do so. Use of left-hand lanes: On a freeway that has three or more lanes in one direction. thereby making it unsafe to drive faster. when you have just entered the freeway. Use of center lanes: On a freeway that has three or more lanes in one direction. I. you should slow down to allow the oncoming vehicle to merge. The speed limits have been determined according to various factors on the particular road that you are driving on. Remember to be courteous to other drivers. the best lane to drive on is the center lane because there is less interference in this lane. Posted Speed Limits: You must never drive faster than the posted speed limits. 3. for two-lane undivided highways.
Minimum speed : When driving on the freeway. slow down. The minimum speed limit keeps the flow of traffic moving and under control. 22349 (b) V. because of a grade. J. you should not drive on the freeway. If your vehicle is not able to go at least as fast as the minimum speed limit. Speed for conditions: You must never drive faster than is safe for the present conditions. The more vehicles are passing others up.should drive below the speed limit during adverse weather conditions. unless the reduced speed is necessary for safe operation. or in compliance with law. has been posted for higher speed. you must not drive so slow that you are impeding the progress of other drivers. regardless of the posted speed limit. MAKING A SAFE LANE CHANGE 1. The life you save may be your own. 55 mph. Forced lane changes: When you drive at too slow a speed you force other vehicles to pass you up. : No person may drive a vehicle on a two lane. You must also look to the lane into which you want to move into to make sure that there is ample space for you to merge into. undivided highway at a speed greater than 55 mph unless that highway. you must look ahead to ensure that the driving conditions are suitable for a lane change. or portion thereof. . Checking for Ample Space Vehicle Ahead : Before making a lane change.C. the higher the chances of a collision to occur. Traffic 2. Driving too slow is just as hazardous as driving too fast. If it raining or the roads are slick or there is a lot of traffic. Speed limit. Dangers of Driving too Slow Blocking the Flow of Traffic: You should not drive upon a highway at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic.
without cutting off the vehicle that is driving in that lane. You must also look to the lane next to where you want to change into to ensure that another vehicle is not attempting to switch into your spot. Vehicle to sides : Before making a lane change. 5. use your rear view mirror and side view mirrors to ensure that you will be able to complete your lane change safely.Vehicle to rear : Before making a lane change. Checking for blind spots: Besides using your rear view and side view mirrors. Look for Hazards: Use of mirrors: Before making a lane change. you should also check your blind spot to ensure that there is not a vehicle in the spot that you could not see by only looking through your mirrors. Speed When Changing Lanes . Look over your shoulder to the lane that your want to move into at all times before changing lanes. When you need make more than one lane change. Signaling in Advance The first step to take before changing a lane. you must look to the lane that you want to change into to ensure that there are no vehicles on that lane. 2. You must do this to ensure that there is enough space in the other lane so that you can move safely. 4. you must look to the vehicle to the rear of your vehicle in the lane that you want to change into. 3. you must go through all of the steps required to make a single lane change. Change Lanes One at a Time You must not make multiple lane changes because doing so is extremely unsafe. is to turn on your turn signals to warn other drivers so that they know your intentions and allow you the space to make your maneuver.
and to the rear of your vehicle. you must drive on the right side of the lane. Establishing a Space Cushion When driving on the freeway. or make a safe lane change so that the other vehicle has enough space to merge safely. to the sides. use the three or four second rule. you must look to see whether there are vehicles waiting to merge to the through traffic. Merging Signs. You should do the same when you see that a vehicle is trying to exit the freeway. you must adjust to the flow of traffic on the new lane. If there are vehicles waiting you should either slow down to create space in front of you. When you change lanes. In addition. you must create a space cushion all around your vehicle: to the front. if you are driving on the left lane you must drive on the left side of your lane. if you are driving on the right lane.Avoid slowing or stopping : You must not slow down or stop when changing lanes. When you are driving by a merge area. . K. L. This will allow you time to react and complete your maneuver to avoid a crash. you must avoid driving beside the vehicle to the left and to the right of you. and if you are driving between two lanes you must drive on the center of your lane. To establish a space cushion to the front of your vehicle. Warning Other Vehicles Are Entering the Freeway Always be courteous when driving on the freeway. speed up to create space behind you. HELPING OTHER DRIVERS ENTER OR EXIT 1. Watch for merging traffic and be on the lookout for traffic signs. Doing so is extremely dangerous as cars to the rear of you may rear end you and which could cause a chain reaction. TIME MARGINS FOR FREEWAY CONDITIONS 1. To establish a space cushion to the sides of your vehicle.
Blocked Roadways While driving you must always look 10 to 15 seconds ahead of your vehicle so that you have time to spot blocked roadways and thereby have enough to time to think and react to the change on the freeway. pay close attention to brake lights. road closures. 3. safely change lanes one at a time. or making a safe lane change. Never engage in multiple lane changing. When steering your vehicle to other lanes. you must make a safe lane change away from the merging vehicle. slow down and proceed with caution or stop and wait for the blockage to be removed. you should be courteous to that driver and merge to the through traffic. This will give the vehicle space to merge. Adjust your speed . 2. You can open a gap for the merging vehicle by slowing down slightly. thereby avoiding a collision. FREEWAY EMERGENCIES 1. If you see that the road is blocked. Brake lights : While driving on the freeway. speeding up slightly. by following the appropriate lane change procedures.2. warn drivers behind you by stepping on your brakes well in advance. Steering Around: Always continue scanning the road so that you can spot sudden changes on the freeway and steer around any wreck. This will allow vehicles behind you to either slow down or change lanes. Stopping Warning drivers to the rear: Whenever you are going to stop or slow down. Moving Into Adjacent Lanes When it is not possible for you to adjust your speed so as to create a space safe enough for the other vehicle to merge into the through traffic. M. Adjusting Speed to Open a Gap When you see that another vehicle is trying to merge onto the freeway. Brake lights warn you that the vehicle is either going to stop or slow down. etc. always do so safely.
Flares or warning devices : Besides turning on your hazard lights. or to the emergency lane. immediately start positioning your vehicle to the shoulder of the freeway. if one exists. you should also make use of road flares or some other warning devices that you have to ensure that other drivers see you. If you cannot drive your vehicle. Always use the appropriate lane change procedures. Pulling to the Shoulder When driving on the freeway and you experience difficulties with your vehicle. turn on your hazard lights to warn vehicles behind you. When you come to a vehicle that has its hazard lights on. That way they will have time to change to another lane or take other appropriate measures to avoid hitting your vehicle. turn on your emergency hazard lights and do not get out of your vehicle unless it is safe to do so. Hazard lights: Hazard lights warn you that a vehicle is having difficulties. You must not use the shoulder for any other reason. Warning Approaching Traffic : Hazard lights If you are having difficulties with your vehicle. turn on your emergency hazard lights to warn other drivers that you are experiencing difficulties. . slow down and merge away from the vehicle by using the appropriate lane change procedures. Shoulder use and vehicle position : The shoulder is only to be used by vehicles having difficulties. If you have a cell phone. This is especially true when your vehicle has stopped in a lane and you are not able to get to the shoulder and at night. 2. N. Signaling : As you are changing lanes to pull off the road. ensure that your vehicle is positioned on the far right of the shoulder and then stop your vehicle. you should call for help and wait with your car.accordingly. BREAKDOWNS 1. If your vehicle is having difficulties.
follow the procedures as when making a lane change. Look ahead to see whether there are any hazards that may interrupt the flow of traffic. Check your rear and side view mirrors to ensure that you have enough space to merge over and check your blind spot by looking over your shoulder. check the speedometer frequently and avoid driving over the posted speed limit. Signaling Before reentering the freeway when you are on the emergency lane or the shoulder. use the shoulder or emergency lane to get up to speed of the through-traffic so that you do not interrupt the flow of traffic and risk causing a collision. Velocitation. Accelerating on Shoulder After you have turned on your signal. Look to the lane that you will merge into to ensure that you are able to move over safely. ensure that you are driving at the speed of the traffic so that you do not cause other vehicles to brake suddenly and risk a collision. To avoid speeding. SPECIAL FREEWAY PROBLEMS 1. signal so that other drivers will know your intentions and hopefully make room for you to merge over to the lane 2.O.Unconsciously Going Too Fast Check speedometer: Sometimes drivers may lose sight of the speed that they are driving and may speed without realizing it. P. RE-ENTERING THE FREEWAY 1. . ensure that you have turned off all warning devices and that you have turned on. Entering Into An Adequate Gap Speed : Before re-entering the freeway. Checking for hazards: Once you have reached the proper speed to merge over to the through traffic. 3.
failing to follow proper driving procedures. ensure that you are in the appropriate lane. pull over to the side of the road and relax. 2. If there's a passenger with you. Most toll booths have lanes designated for various types of vehicles.Allow time to readjust to slower speeds: When you need to slow down on the freeway for any reason. such as because you realized that you were speeding. for buses and for carpool vehicles or lanes for electronic payment. Instead. for trucks. TOLL BOOTHS. Highway hypnosis usually occurs on long boring drives. Avoid driving long stretches at a time as this may cause exhaustion. you should exit the freeway and take a break from driving. Q. Designated Lanes for Special Vehicles When approaching a toll booth.WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN APPROACHING 1. have him or her drive if he or she is legally able to do so. 2. Distance Ahead Try to judge how much distance you have between you and the booth as well as between you and the vehicles ahead of you so that you know the appropriate speed at which you should be slowing down. Reduced Speed Limits When approaching a toll booth (usually on a bridge or roadway) start slowing down in advance. or if you are too tired. This is highly dangerous as you will not be able to react in case of a hazard. such as scanning the road. . do not slow down suddenly as other vehicles behind you might not have time to adjust their speed and they might end up rearending you. When you arrive at the booth stop to pay the fee. Avoid drowsiness: Do not drive when you are too tired to use good judgment. such as for cargo vehicles. Highway Hypnosis Highway Hypnosis is when motorists are in a daze. 3.
which are potentially hazardous for drivers. When driving behind large vehicles lower your speed dramatically because such vehicles cannot drive fast. watch out for large vehicles. Watch out for signs indicating areas where livestock tend to be present. 2. as well as put you in danger. Unmarked Farm and Field Driveways When driving on open highways. such as potholes. If you are driving on a road that has more than one lane in the direction that you are driving. safely change to the lane that has the smoothest driving conditions. Remember that large animals may damage your vehicle. Rough Road Conditions When driving on open highways. be on the lookout for unmarked farm and field driveways. Always lower your speed when you spot such conditions. scan the road for rough surfaces. Livestock Crossing Areas When driving on open highways be on the lookout for livestock such as cattle and horses. Slow down in these areas. These rough road conditions decrease the control you have over your vehicle. as you never know when an animal will suddenly cross your path. such as tractors. 3. dirt roads. lose gravel. AREAS OF POTENTIAL HAZARDS 1. etc. .Chapter 6 Topic : Demands of Driving on an Open Highway A. Also.
You should cautiously pull to the next lane a little to get a better view. When passing a truck. Unmarked Shoulders When driving. When driving on a two-way highway that only has one lane for both directions. You need about twice the distance as when passing a passenger vehicle. 5. When driving in front of a large truck do not reduce your speed suddenly because large trucks need more time to slow down. Trucker's Blind Spots . as the driving conditions on the shoulders might be dangerous. When you must drive into the shoulder because your vehicle has broken down. always keep out of unmarked shoulders. OTHER USERS OF THE ROADWAY 6. Trucks Drive extra cautiously when driving near large trucks because a collision with one may be deadly. B. as many vehicles may be entering or exiting the vicinity increasing the likelihood of a near-miss situation. Follow all of the previously discussed procedures to pass. Speed: Be prepared to decrease your speed when driving behind a truck. Passing: Passing a large truck is dangerous because you need more distance to pass. anticipating a sudden stop or turning movement. as they usually drive slower than the posted speed limit. ensure that you have enough distance to pass. merge into the shoulder slowly. you may not be able to see whether there are vehicles approaching on the next lane or whether there is enough space in front of the truck.4. Roadside Stands or Gas Stations When you approach roadside stands or gas stations you should cover your brake.
Passing : If there is an animal in front of your path. If an animal gets in front of you. if the animal does not move.7. Do not drive so fast as to make it impossible for you to stop in case an unexpected animal gets in front of your path. Animals Unexpected : When driving on an open highway. In addition. 8. Also look around to see whether signs are posted warning you that animals may get in your path. Slow-Moving Vehicles Speed: Always scan 10 to 15 seconds ahead so that you are able to slow down when you are approaching a slow moving vehicle. C. use your horn and flash your lights so that the animal gets out of your path. it takes time to speed up to be able to pass the slow-moving vehicle. you should pass the animal by using all of the procedures of safe passing. You do not want to get into a situation where you must swerve suddenly or stop suddenly as this endangers your life. ENVIRONMENT . look around the area to predict whether there might be animals roaming around. you must honk at it and flash your lights so that the animal moves. Clearance: You need a larger distance to pass a slow-moving vehicle because of the slow speed that you are driving. However. the life of any passengers and the life of other drivers.
Also. This will keep you from driving downhill too quickly.9. otherwise you might lose control of your vehicle and cause a crash. as you are unable to determine whether a car that is out of sight is approaching you. Start braking before you actually get to the curve. Hills Shifting gears : You should shift to a lower gear when slowly driving up a hill. Mountain Driving Vehicle condition : You must ensure that your vehicle is functioning properly before you drive in the mountains. Visibility and speed : Slow down whenever you are unable to see what's ahead of you. Hazards : You should always cover your brakes when driving through a curve on an open highway. as you never know what may be on the other side of the curve. If your vehicle is overheating steer to the emergency lane and pull towards the right of the lane for safety. Curves Speed and braking : Be especially careful when driving through curves on open highways as the road conditions tend to be more dangerous than street driving. You should also shift to a lower gear when you are driving down a hill. . Be careful not to pump anti-lock brakes. shift to lower gear and pump the brake quickly to build up brake fluid pressure. Brake Failure or Overheating : Test your brakes before descending a hill. 10. Ensure that you drive at the posted speed limit. check your tires before heading towards the mountains. Do not attempt to pass a vehicle when driving on a hill. If your brakes do not take after three or four pumps steer your vehicle into the shoulder and turn off the engine. If your brakes are not functioning correctly. You should take your vehicle to a mechanic to have it checked.
Use the shoulder if the road does not have a turnout. MEETING OR APPROACHING OTHER VEHICLES ON OPEN ROADWAYS . Passing slower vehicles: If you are following a slow-moving vehicle. Pay careful attention to these speed signs. this will allow some of the engine heat to dissipate. do not pass if you are not able to determine whether it is safe to pass. Vapor lock : Sometimes when you vehicle overheats the gas will emit steam. If there is only one lane designated for the direction you are driving. D. Always keep abreast of signs on the road and abide by them. If your car is overheating. freezing the engine. merge onto the emergency lane and wait until your vehicle cools down. Keyword . You can also turn on the heater in your car. Merge into the turnout to allow the vehicles behind you to pass safely. Special Problems in High Altitudes : Overheating : Vehicles may overheat when driving on mountains. allow other vehicles to pass you whenever you are slowing five or more vehicles. Many of the curves will have a different speed limit. Instead.truck. When this happens. lower your speed when you are approaching curves. You should check your temperature gauge regularly. the engine will not start. wait until you reach a passing lane or until the vehicle merges into a turnout to enable you to pass safely. Allowing for other vehicles to pass : Drive on the right lane whenever you are driving slower than the posted speed limit or than the flow of traffic. 11.Speed : Never drive faster than the posted speed limit. when your car overheats you must stop your car in a safe place in case your engine will not start after your vehicle cools down. Therefore.
Meeting Slow-Moving Vehicles When you meet a slow moving vehicle on an open highway. wait until it is safe for you to pass. If the vehicle continues to move slowly. wait until it is safe to pass the vehicle that is slowing down traffic. You should not pass a vehicle as you're descending a hilltop as the vehicle may pick up speed.1. 3. ROAD CONDITIONS . Meeting Lines of Cars : Never attempt to pass a line of slow moving vehicles. Meeting at Hilltops: Do not attempt to pass a vehicle when going up a hilltop. 4. You must follow the appropriate procedure for passing a slow moving vehicle. You may not have proper visibility to determine that it is safe. You must change your high beams to low beams when a vehicle ahead of you is within 300 feet. Instead. You must do the same when a vehicle is approaching from the opposite direction within 500 feet. Meeting at Night : If you have your high beams while driving at night you must always act alert. 2. E. you must determine whether you have enough clearance to pass.
Line of Sight Reduce your speed and cover your brakes when the visibility level of the road in front of you is reduced. 3. Field of View Always slow down and cover your brake when your visibility is limited because of adverse weather conditions or the road being blocked by shrubbery or anything else so that you will be able to respond to any hazards. 5. If you are approaching rough road conditions. Do not attempt to pass another vehicle while on a narrow road as you do not have as much space to pass as you normally would. on snow. ice. Traction Always slow down when you come to road conditions where it is possible to lose traction. when there is lose gravel. or other conditions that render the road rough. You should be able to see 10-15 seconds in front of you. Rough Roads Always scan for rough roads while driving on an open highway. At . 2.1. Width of Road Drive slower than usual when you are on narrow roads. Do not merge into the oncoming traffic lane to avoid rough road conditions as a vehicle may suddenly appear on that lane. 4. You are in danger of losing traction on slippery roads just after rain has started to fall. slow down so that you will be able to pass such areas safely.
Fog lamps are to be used in heavy fog to illuminate the road. windshield wipers. no less than 12 inches from the ground or higher than 30 inches from the ground. Windshield wiper and defrosters : When driving in the fog. SPEED 1. Obtaining Maximum Visibility and Reducing Glare The key to driving in the fog is to obtain maximum visibility and reduce the glare. You should always use your low-beams. Fog lamps may be used with headlamps but must not be used as a substitution of headlamps. These goals are achieved by the appropriate use of headlamps. B. you should refrain from using your hi-beams. Topic : Hazardous Conditions A. Fog lights must be mounted on the front part of the vehicle. 1. do not overdrive your headlights. use your windshield wipers to remove water outside of your windshield and use the defroster to get rid of the fogginess inside of the windshield. in other words don't look out past the distance that is illuminated by your lights. fog lamps. slow down but do not stop completely as . and defrosters. The light from your high beams reflects on the droplets of water in the fog and creates a glare that actually reduces your visibility. Use of fog lights and mounting : Vehicles may be equipped with two fog lamps. Appropriate use of headlamps : While driving in fog. Reduce Speed.night. but Keep Moving When Entering a Fog Bank When driving in fog and you lose visibility. DRIVING IN THE FOG The best advice is not to drive in the fog.
Restricted Use of Flashers or Flare You must only use your emergency lights and flares when your vehicle has stalled or when medical complications have rendered you unable to continue driving. If you are unable to change lanes safely. make a safe lane change to the right. Stay in Your Vehicle Once your vehicle is positioned in the emergency lane or the shoulder.etc. and react accordingly. 2. tap on the brakes to warn the vehicles behind you of your presence.vehicles behind you may not see your brake lights in time to stop. Listen for Traffic You Cannot See Whenever your view is blocked for whatever reason you must use your hearing to warn you about the presence of another vehicle. turn on your hazard lights and move to the emergency lane or to the shoulder if the road does not have a designated lane. Keep a look out for headlights or tail lights so that you will be aware of other vehicles. If vehicles are driving too fast. Look in the Rear View Mirror for Vehicles Approaching From the Rear Look through your rear view mirror frequently to spot vehicles behind you. Move Off Roadway as Quickly as Possible When you are having difficulties with your vehicle. individual. Drive slowly because your visibility is reduced. 3. 2. GENERAL TIPS 1. Watch For Slow-Moving Vehicles Ahead When driving in fog. D. Make sure you roll your windows down so you can hear things farther . It is better to have your vehicle around you for protection in case there is a collision. wait in your car with your seatbelt fastened. 3. use the call box to call for assistance and place flares behind your car if it is appropriate. animal. WHEN YOUR VEHICLE STALLS 1. C. watch out for slow-moving vehicles ahead of you. If you have to wait for a tow truck or some other form of assistance.
Avoid Crossing Roadways Avoid crossing roadways whenever possible. increasing the risk of a collision. DRIVING ON SLIPPERY SURFACES 1. Use your windshield wipers and your windshield washers to clear any debris that may be . or during rush hour. such as when there is heavy rainfall. Avoid Passing a Line of Cars Avoid passing a line of cars. making such a maneuver unsafe. 3. heavy fog.away. Consider Postponing Driving Until Conditions Clear You should postpone driving in adverse driving conditions. Obtaining Maximum Visibility Drive with headlamps on: Drive with your headlights on while the roads are slick. Driving in such conditions puts you and other drivers at risk of a collision. another vehicle may be attempting to pass at the same time as you are. E. as it is very dangerous to pass roadways due to the various rules that you must abide by. 5. 2. Also. Use Windshield Washers to Remove Film : Keep your windshields clear of any debris so that you may have clear visibility. as you need more of a clearance space to pass more than one vehicle. This makes you more visible to other drives. Keep Headlight and Taillights Clean Always keep your headlights and taillights clean so that you will have good visibility and so that other vehicles will be able to see your warning signals. 4.
2. Otherwise. SPEED 1. you should lower your speed to compensate for those conditions. shift gears suddenly. Keep Speed Below Dry Road Speed Speed limits are based on ideal conditions of the road. 3. H. to steer your vehicle. as your vehicle may skid uncontrollably. Drive in the Tracks of the Car Ahead You should follow the tracks of the car ahead of you when it is raining or snowing. You can still be given a citation if an officer thinks you are going faster than is safe for the road conditions. steer suddenly. Do not drive on the shoulder of the road because the loose ground could pull you completely off of the road and into a situation you would rather avoid. or speed up suddenly. you risk getting hit by another vehicle or losing complete control of your vehicle. making that part of the road safer. F. Stay on Paved Portion of the Roadway Always remain on the paved portion of the roadway when driving. Reducing your speed is especially important when the road is wet. Decrease Speed When Entering a Curve Decreasing your speed when entering a curve helps you maintain control and stability going through the turn. G. 2. Allow More of a Space Cushion Increase your space cushion so that you can have more space to stop or maneuver your vehicle out of a potential hazardous situation. STAYING ON THE ROADWAY 1. If the road is slick. 4. You need time to slow down. Avoid Sudden Movements Never brake suddenly. etc.on your windshield. or there is some other hazard. to slow down. wet. GOING THROUGH DEEP WATER . Vehicles ahead of you have made grooves in the road.
After driving through deep water. HYDROPLANING . Do Not Overload the Rear You must avoid overloading the rear of your vehicle because this may cause your vehicle to hydroplane. pump the brakes to further dry them out.1. slow down. tap your brakes several times to dry them out after exiting the water. but do not brake suddenly. as the front wheels of you vehicle will go up. I. If you have to drive through standing water. Turn on your windshield wipers and be prepared for loss of visibility. Shift to a Lower Gear You can lose control if you hit a deep puddle at too high a speed or stall the engine if you splash too much water into the engine compartment. 2. Do not resume speed until full braking power has been restored. Then make a test stop. If the vehicle pulls to one side.
Do not apply your brake while your car is hydroplaning because this could cause your car to go into a wild skid. take your foot from the gas pedal and let the natural friction and loss of acceleration slow you down. J.1. DRIVING IN SNOW AND ICE . Regaining Vehicle Control Take foot off gas: If your vehicle begins to hydroplane. slowly apply your brake to slow down. Do not brake: Keep your hands on the wheel and when you feel you tires start to make contact with the road.
Do not turn on your high beams. you should lower your speed to compensate for those . You should carry an ice scraper in your vehicle when driving in snow and ice so that if the buildup is too much. Obtaining Maximum Visibility Appropriate use of headlamps: Turn on your low beams whenever you are driving in snow and ice so that you are able to see the road ahead and so that you can warn other drivers of your presence. or there is some other hazard.1. as you will blind other drivers. Keep Speed Below Dry-Road Speed Speed limits are based on ideal conditions of the road. SPEED 1. you can stop and scrape it off. K. Always keep your windshield clear so that you have clear visibility. wet. Windshield wipers and defrosters: Use your windshield wipers and defrosters when driving in snow and ice. If the road is slick.
. making driving more dangerous than normal. thereby making curves even more dangerous to drive on. 4. Watch for Areas Where Ice Collects You must prepare to slow down when you see that you are approaching areas where ice collects. slow down.conditions. 2. Reduce Speed on Curves and Shady Areas You must reduce your speed on curves and shady areas when driving in snow and ice because ice tends to collect in these areas. You can still be given a citation if an officer thinks you are going faster than is safe for the road conditions. Do Not Drive on Road Edge or Shoulder You must never drive on the edge of the road or on the shoulder. L. and bridges. You must be especially careful not to do this when driving in the snow as this is where ice may build up. 4. Keep Steady Speed When driving in snow and ice. Maintain a Longer Space Cushion You must maintain a longer space cushion when driving in adverse road conditions because it takes a longer period of time to stop. in shady areas. Avoid Applying Brakes Too Suddenly or Too Hard Avoid braking too suddenly or too hard so that your vehicle does not skid. or otherwise maneuver your vehicle. This is especially important when driving in adverse weather conditions. 2. 3. such as around curves. 3. you must keep your speed slow and steady so that you do not lose control of your vehicle and skid. GENERAL TIPS TO AVOID SKIDS 1. Avoid Turning or Swerving Suddenly You must never maneuver your vehicle too quickly when driving in adverse weather conditions so that your vehicle does not skid.
HOW TO STOP SKIDDING . otherwise. the local authorities will determine when the use of chains is necessary. M. In areas where snow and ice are common. When to Use Chains You must use chains when weather conditions demand it and when it is snowing and there is a layer of snow on the road.5. You must always slow down to change gears. your vehicle might skid. 6. Do Not Change to a Lower Gear at Too Fast a Speed You must never change to a lower gear quickly when you are driving fast.
2. steer in the direction in which the rear end is skidding. STARTING WHEN TRACTION IS POOR 1. Avoid Over steering Never over steer when your vehicle is skidding. Avoid Lifting Your Foot From the Accelerator Suddenly You must not reduce your speed suddenly when you are skidding. Steer only as much as is necessary to stop skidding. This will enable your to gain control of your vehicle. Steer in the Direction Which the Rear End is Skidding When your vehicle is skidding. Keep the Clutch Engaged You should engage the clutch when skidding.1. Accelerate Gradually Accelerate gradually when traction is poor to avoid skidding. 4. Taking off suddenly could cause your car to fishtail and skid out of control. HOW TO ROCK OUT 1. Instead.Pump Brakes Lightly But Fast You must avoid braking suddenly when you are skidding. 5. This would complicate your situation even more. Start Slowly in Low Gear . N. Avoid Braking Suddenly. you must start your vehicle in a higher gear to keep your vehicle from skidding. Start in a Higher Gear When traction is poor. Doing so will only complicate matters. this is the equivalent of neutral. You must slow down gradually. O. 2. 3. you must pump brakes lightly but fast.
. 4. Repeat Movement in Rapid Succession Rapidly repeat all of the above mentioned steps if you were unable to get out of the hole.If you find yourself stuck in dirt. If you cannot get the foot pedal unstuck. the first time around. snow. do not drive further. Back Until Wheels Start to Spin The next step is to back up your vehicle until the wheels start to spin. Blowout If you experience a blowout. 5. put your car in neutral and coast to the side or the road or to an emergency lane and turn off your ignition. you must move the gear to reverse and accelerate to enable your vehicle to get out of the hole. sand. firmly grip the steering wheel and steer out of the flow .etc. you must put your vehicle in low gear to get the power needed to maneuver your vehicle out of the hole. P. shift to low gear and go forward again. 2. but call for assistance. MECHANICAL FAILURE 1. 2. Shift Rapidly to Reverse Once you have made a quick movement forward in low gear. Accelerator Stuck If your accelerator gets stuck. Shift Back to Low Gear Afterwards. 3.
Slow down gradually. (Turning off the key locks the steering wheel of many vehicles). The steering will be sluggish.of traffic and onto the side of the road. flashing lantern. 3. If your brakes still do not function. you should: y y y y Hold the steering wheel tightly and steer straight ahead. Install flares. but be ready to release it if the car begins to skid. Sound your horn and flash your lights to warn other drivers. Apply the parking brake. or reflectors if you cannot stop in a lit area . Change lanes to move off the roadway as far as possible. Be careful to dim the high beams (even to no lights) for oncoming traffic. completely off the road. Apply the brakes when the car is almost stopped. When you no longer need to change direction and have stopped. If you have a sudden tire blowout. slow down and turn on your hazard lights. Brake Failure If you find yourself having trouble with your brakes and you do not have anti-lock brakes. Let the car slow to a stop. you must turn on your emergency lights try to slow your car by putting it in a lower gear. but don't hit the brakes. Headlight Failure If your headlights fail while you are driving. IF YOUR BRAKES FAIL- y y y y y y Downshift to low gear Pump the brake pedal fast and hard to build up brake pressure. 4. Take your foot off the gas pedal slowly. You will know in three or four pumps if the brakes will work. WHAT TO DO: y y y y y y y Activate the hazard lights Reduce speed Maintain your lane position using the image you have imprinted in your brain Turn the headlight and dimmer switches on and off several times If the lights function. you should quickly pump your brakes four times. proceed to the nearest service center. If your have an anti-lock braking system you must push down on the brakes all the way. Remember you can steer into bushes or something soft. turn off the ignition.
turn on your emergency lights and use your strength to steer the car to the shoulder or emergency lane.5. . Power Steering Failure If your power steering goes out.
it must be put in the trunk. Often. and unopened. or a 12-ounce glass of 5% beer. Stages of Alcohol Influence a. Even a BAC below 0. a 5-ounce glass of 12% wine. If you are arrested because a police officer suspects you have been driving under the influence of alcohol you will be required to take a breath or blood test to determine if this is true. Such containers must be full. body weight. can.08% does not mean that it is safe or legal to drive. only drugs.Chapter 7 er Drugs A. sealed. can affect how long it takes anyone to sober up. This is false. When a person is arrested for DUI/Alcohol. is no longer an option for alcohol. it is said that taking cold showers. Otherwise.08% or more (0. It is illegal to drive with a BAC (blood alcohol level) of 0. It is illegal to carry in a vehicle an opened bottle. . since 1999.01% or more if under age 21). and how much has been eaten. drinking black coffee. Alcohol is a depressant that decreases the responses of the central nervous system. the only tests that are available are blood and breath. or container with an alcoholic drink in it. the number of drinks. 2. Only time. Blood alcohol level: Drinking affects your blood alcohol level. It takes about an hour for the body to get rid of each drink. As a Drug Alcohol is a drug.04% or more if you drive commercial vehicles or 0. ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS 1. If you are suspected of being under the influence of a drug or a combination of drugs and alcohol you will be required to take a blood or urine test. It takes up to 24 hours for alcohol to be eliminated from the body. Urine. or exercising will sober a person up. ³One drink´ is a 1 1/2-ounce shot of 80-proof liquor (even if mixed with non-alcoholic drinks).
Drunk drivers. Know limits: Do not drink and drive. making it more difficult to both spot and react to a potential hazard. Accident Potential/Statistics: Intoxicated individuals are unable to drive safely because alcohol affects the eyes. in 2001 there were 1171 fatal collision with DUI as the primary collision factor. and the brain. Reaction time: The reaction time of drunk drivers is substantially reduced due to the fact that alcohol affects every part of the body. need to determine whether there are any hazards ahead based on what they see and they need to take appropriate action. for the most part. the body extensions. 3. Per the California Highway Patrol. as well as the brain. SWITRS report. Safe drivers must look ahead of the road. d. including the eyes. Effects of Alcohol on the Body . c. all which are needed to take appropriate action while on the road. the body extensions. are not able to do all three in time to avoid a car crash.b.
Organs A symptom of alcohol abuse is that it dilates the pupils. while on the road. such is not possible if alcohol consumption is continued over a longer period of time. however. what you see. individuals have between 10 to 12 billion brain cells. How to Avoid/Identify Drunk Drivers Drunk drivers have caused the deaths of innocent motorists. nevertheless watch out for those drivers that break the law by driving while intoxicated. c. may not have peripheral vision. it is important to note that alcohol. drivers may see double.000 brain cells. is harmful to one¶s body. control. intoxicated individuals must avoid driving by making other transportation arrangements. After the age of 35 the average person loses about 100. driving between two lanes. Even though you may be a sober driver. and the speed of other vehicles around you. when abused. neuropathy (disease of the nerves). It takes about an hour for the . and muscular movement. When under the influence of alcohol. Therefore. «etc. swerving. are rare. While the liver may repair the cells that were destroyed. Vision 4. When alcohol is abused over a long period of time. watch out for vehicles that are speeding. and may be unable to accurately judge distance. Although studies have shown that alcohol may be beneficial. driving on the sidewalk or anywhere else that is prohibited. or good sense. Therefore. an individual may suffer brain damage.a. While alcohol causes loss of brain cells. making vision unclear. These cases. etc. affects how you react to sounds. It is often the first thing about you that changes. Alcohol. anemia. watch out for any driving that is hazardous. may have less visibility at night. Other negative affects of alcohol are: pancreatis (a disease of the liver). Why Is Drinking And Driving So Dangerous? You lose your judgment when you drink or use drugs. Brain At birth. Basically. Death may result as a result of liver damage. Liver cells are destroyed when alcohol is broken down in the body. may not be able to focus accurately. and cardimyopathy (damage to the muscles). if not taken in moderation. driving in opposing traffic. b. Loss of judgment. may cause liver damage. Drinking and driving impairs judgment. driving too slowly. making multiple lane changes unsafely. tailgating. moderate consumption of drinking does not kill an overwhelming number of brain cells.
5. someone who has not been drinking should drive. The success of the Designated Driver Program serves as an example of the spirit of . However. It has been saluted by its proponents as a program that takes a positive approach to averting the potential disaster of the drinking driver. Better still. The goal of the program is to encourage one individual to abstain from consuming alcoholic beverages for an outing so that he or she can be responsible for transporting the other members of the group safely. Must not be an otherwise impaired driver. Therefore." If a person has had more than one drink an hour. sometimes drinking may be unavoidable. Should be at least 21 years of age. Must abstain from consuming alcoholic beverages for the duration of the outing. an individual: y y y y y y y Must possess a valid driver license. To participate as a designated driver. Must verbally identify himself or herself as the designated driver to the server. Must understand that management reserves the right to refuse service to anyone at anytime. Programs such as Designated Driver have contributed to that trend. Must be part of a group of two or more persons. Designated Driver Program The best and most desirable solution to drinking and driving is to not drink at all. one hour of "sobering up" time should be allowed for each extra drink. Many licensed eating and drinking establishments participate in the program by providing complimentary nonalcoholic beverages or other incentives.body to get rid of each "drink. The Designated Driver Program is an anti-DUI effort that works. such as designating a sober driver or getting a taxi when an individual feels unable to drive safely. because drinking is socially accepted. DUI related deaths have declined significantly over the past ten years. another solution is to make prior arrangements for transportation.
drugs and alcohol should never be consumed at the same time. Therefore. which impairs the ability to drive safely. dizzy. colds. and in some cases serious complications may arise due to shock to the body. Depressants: These drugs relieve anxiety. allergy. and even death. Nonprescription 1.cooperation between individuals. B. and causes loss of motor coordination. may cause slurred speech. irritability. methaqualone. and unable to concentrate. or to calm nerves can make a person drowsy. Prescription : Many medicines prescribed by a doctor can affect the way an individual drivers. Consuming depressants alters the senses. Types. They produce a state of intoxication similar to that of alcohol. and tension. You must read the label and know the effects of any drugs you consume. private business. OTHER DRUGS 7. ³uppers´ and diet pills can make a driver more alert for a short time. however. 2. impairs judgment. depending on various factors. benzodiazepines. they can cause a person to feel nervous. the effects are worse when alcohol is combined with drugs. tranquilizers. b.Effects a. Consequently. Pep pills. coma. Types of depressants include: barbiturates. Stimulants: . Synergistic Effects The effects of combining alcohol and drugs vary. 6. however. You must check with your physician or pharmacist before driving after taking any medication. hay fever. Very large doses may cause respiratory depression. You should not consume any drug whose label says. such as the physical condition of the person and the amount consumed. and local agencies. chloral hydrate and glutethimide. ³may cause drowsiness or dizziness´ before you drive. Most drugs taken for headaches.
get into a coma or even die from an overdose. chronic use may cause depression. Possible side effects include euphoria. and illegal drugs) which impairs your driving is illegal. The effect on the body is intensified greatly when you combine drugs. relieve fatigue. Psychosis. You must never drive after having consumed a non-prescribed drug as they affect the body and. peyote. Effect on Driving Task Any drug (the law does not distinguish between prescription. morphine. one¶s body in numerous. cause relaxation with an immediate ³rush´. Types of hallucinogens include PCP. before driving after having consumed a prescribed or over the counter drug. you must ask you doctor or read the label to learn whether it is safe to drive. They are consumed for the euphoric effects or to counteract a ³down´ feeling of tranquilizers or alcohol. 4. in turn. mescaline. codeine. coma. psilocybin. dangerous ways. The result . anxiety. heart/lung failure. make the consumer feel stronger and more decisive. Narcotics : These drugs relieve pain. Large doses may cause convulsions. and distorted perception of time. 9. heroin. especially illegal drugs. loss of coordination. dilated pupils and decreased appetite. it is a crime to either consume or have illegal drugs on one¶s body. coma and even death may result from overdose. dizziness and delusions. and ruptured blood vessels in the brain. You must consult your doctor before you consume more than one type of medication to ensure that it is safe to do so. In addition. Some possible effects include increased heart rate and respiratory rates. Individuals may experience convulsions. blurred vision. and ecstasy. and may cause initial unpleasant effects. hydromorphone.These drugs increase alertness. High doses may cause rapid or irregular heartbeat. Therefore. over the counter. Hallucinogens: These drugs produce behavioral changes that are often multiple and dramatic. violent behavior. LSD. Types of narcotics include: opium. Both prescribed and non-prescribed impairs one¶s driving. 3. 8. collapse. Possible side effects are rapidly changing feelings immediately and long after use. elevated blood pressure. respiratory depression and constricted pupils. drowsiness. Synergistic Effects You must never combine two drugs. meperidine and methadone.
and then determine whether to release you. You may request DMV administrative hearing within 10 days. you consent to take a test of your breath or blood. or to contact your parents. If your PAS showed a BAC of 0. issue you a temporary license for 30 days. You do not have a right to consult with a lawyer before selecting or completing a test.01% or higher on the PAS. fine. give you an order of suspension for one year. can have his or her privilege reinstated.05%. PENALTIES 10. or other criminal penalty imposed in court for the driving under the influence offense. if he or she shows proof of completing the initial 12 months of either the 18-month or 30-month drinking driver treatment program. your urine if you are arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol. Some PAS devices provide a record which may be submitted in court as evidence. installs an ignition interlock device. If your BAC measures 0. a chemical test: y y y First offense: suspended one year Second offense in 10 years: revoked 2 years Three or more offenses in 10 years: revoked 3 years AB 979. Under 21 ± Zero Tolerance for Alcohol Use. the officer may take your license.may be deadly! C. and establishes proof of . Other PAS devices do not provide a record. the officer may require you to submit to either a breath or blood test. or failed to complete.DUI: Suspension and Revocation of License (Amendment to CVC 13352) This bill provides that a person convicted of multiple DUI's within 10 years of a prior conviction. turn you over to juvenile authorities.you must submit to a preliminary alcohol screening (PAS) or one of the other chemical tests if you have been detained and a peace officer has reason to believe you were drinking alcohol. drugs or a combination of both. The suspension or revocation is independent of any jail. If you do not take. If you are under 21. or under certain circumstances. so the officer may ask for a breath or blood test after the PAS. Implied Consent When you drive in California.
01 percent or greater.2.08 percent or more. 13353. as measured by a preliminary alcohol screening test or other chemical test. by weight. by weight. of alcohol in his or her blood. Driving Under the Influence Repeated Offense ² Operative January 1. of alcohol in his or her blood. or other chemical test.01 percent or greater. Immediate suspension 13353.financial liability. 422010.1. (4) The person was driving a motor vehicle when both of the following ( )2 applied: (A) The person was on probation for a violation of Section 23152 or 23153. (3) The person was driving a vehicle that requires a commercial driver¶s license when the person had ( )1 0. . 42009. 13389. Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol While on Probation for Prior DUI 23154.01 percent or greater. 22651. as measured by a preliminary alcohol screening test. of alcohol in his or her blood. (a)It is unlawful for a person who is on probation for a violation of Section 23152 or 23153 to operate a motor vehicle at any time with a blood-alcohol concentration of 0. 2009 Amend and Add: Vehicle Code 13353.2. and 23154 (AB 1165 Chapter 749) y y Makes it unlawful for a person who is on probation for a driving-under-theinfluence offense to operate a motor vehicle at any time with a blood-alcohol concentration of 0. (B) The person had ( )1 0. by weight.04 percent or more.01 percent or more. (2) The person was under 21 years of age and had a blood-alcohol concentration of 0. Imposes an admin per se driver license suspension on persons found to violate this prohibition. as measured by a preliminary alcohol screening test or other chemical test. (a) The department shall immediately suspend the privilege of a person to operate a motor vehicle for any one of the following reasons: (1) The person was driving a motor vehicle when the person had 0.
Operative January 1. (b) The court shall order that any person punished under subdivision (a). (3) The person shall be told that his or her failure to submit to.1. 11.(b) A person may be found to be in violation of subdivision (a) if the person was. nor more than six months and by a fine of not less than three hundred ninety dollars ($390). as measured by a preliminary alcohol screening test or other chemical test. (2) The testing shall be incidental to a lawful detention and administered at the direction of a peace officer having reasonable cause to believe the person is driving a motor vehicle in violation of subdivision (a). 5. at the time of driving.DUI First and second conviction requirements First conviction (CVC 23536): Effective January 1. and the trier of fact finds that the person had consumed an alcoholic beverage and was driving a vehicle with a blood-alcohol concentration of 0. Ch. be imprisoned on days other than days of regular employment of the person. 2007. (a) If any person is convicted of a first violation of Section 23152. who is to be punished by imprisonment in the county jail. Fines and Penalties. Effective January 1. nor more than one thousand dollars ($1. at least 48 hours of which shall be continuous. or the failure to complete. 749. Added Sec. as determined by the court. that person shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than 96 hours. Stats. 2007 CVC 23536 Has been amended to increase the mandatory driver's license suspension period to ten months for persons convicted of a first offense of DUI if the individual's blood alcohol concentration level was . If the court determines that 48 hours of continuous imprisonment would interfere with the person's work . if lawfully detained for an alleged violation of subdivision (a).01 percent or greater.20% or greater. as provided in Section 13353. a preliminary alcohol screening test or other chemical test as requested will result in the suspension or revocation of the person¶s privilege to operate a motor vehicle for a period of one year to three years. 2008. on probation for a violation of Section 23152 or 23153. 2009. (c) (1) A person who is on probation for a violation of Section 23152 or 23153 who drives a motor vehicle is deemed to have given his or her consent to a preliminary alcohol screening test or other chemical test for the purpose of determining the presence of alcohol in the person.000).
the court shall allow the person to serve the imprisonment whenever the person is normally scheduled for time off from work. the court shall impose as a condition of probation that the person be subject to one of the following: (1) Be confined in the county jail for at least 48 hours but not more than six months.000). have the privilege to operate a motor vehicle restricted for 90 days to necessary travel to and from that person's place of employment and to and from participation in a program described in subdivision (b). The court shall require the person to surrender the driver's license to the court in accordance with Section 13550. or the subject refuses a chemical test. the person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352. Whenever the driving privilege is restricted pursuant to this paragraph. as defined in Section 16430.000). where probation is granted from 6 months to 9 months and the required program activity hours from 45 hours to 60 hours when the blood alcohol content (BAC) is 20% or greater. (2) Pay a fine of at least three hundred ninety dollars ($390) but not more than one thousand dollars ($1.schedule. the restriction also shall allow the person to drive to locations within the person's scope of employment. The court may make this determination based upon a representation from the defendant's attorney or upon an affidavit or testimony from the defendant. in addition to the provisions of Section 23600 and any other terms and conditions imposed by the court. If driving a motor vehicle is necessary to perform the duties of the person's employment. and pay a fine of at least three hundred ninety dollars ($390). Conditions of probation for first conviction (CVC 23538): (a) Except as provided in subdivision (d).Sentencing for Driving While Under the Influence (Amendments to CVC 23538 and 23556) This bill increases the duration of alcohol treatment programs after a first DUI conviction. but not more than one thousand dollars ($1. the person shall maintain proof of financial responsibility for . if the person gives proof of financial responsibility. AB 1353. the person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352. and. The court shall require the person to surrender the driver's license to the court in accordance with Section 13550. if the court grants probation to any person punished under Section 23536 . to the Department of Motor Vehicles. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 23538. Except as provided in paragraph (2).
as designated by the court. (3) If the court elects to order a 90-day restriction as provided for in paragraph (2). and individual interview sessions described in Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 11836) of Part 2 of Division 10. or complete a program specified in subdivision (b). the person shall be advised by the court that the person's driving privilege may be suspended by the department pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 13352. the court-ordered restriction does not allow the person to operate a motor vehicle unless the suspension under Section 13353.2 has either been served to completion or set aside. by weight. including those education. and the State Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs has licensed. to participate for at least six months or longer.2. (1) The court shall refer a first offender whose blood-alcohol concentration was less than 0. in a licensed program that consists of at least 45 hours of program activities. the court shall order and advise the person of the following matters: (A) If the person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle is suspended under Section 13353. (3) The court shall advise the person at the time of sentencing that the driving privilege shall not be restored until the person has provided proof satisfactory to the Department of Motor Vehicles of successful completion of a driving-under-the-influence program licensed pursuant to Section 11836 of the Health and Safety Code.3 of the Health and Safety Code.4 until proof of financial responsibility is provided.5 of the Health and Safety Code. (b) In any county where the board of supervisors has approved. (c) (1) The court shall revoke the person's probation pursuant to Section 23602. or who refused to take a chemical test. except for good cause shown. as ordered by the court. a program or programs described in Section 11837. to participate for at least three months or longer. the court shall also impose as a condition of probation that the driver shall enroll and participate in.three years. group counseling. in a licensed program that consists of at least 30 hours of program activities. . (2) The court shall refer a first offender whose blood-alcohol concentration was 0. in the driver's county of residence or employment.20 percent or more. as ordered by the court.2. and his or her license has been reinstated.5 of the Health and Safety Code. licensed pursuant to Section 11836 of the Health and Safety Code. and individual interview sessions described in Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 11836) of Part 2 of Division 10. (B) If a suspension was not imposed pursuant to Section 13353. The restriction of the driver's license described in paragraph (2) shall commence upon the reinstatement of the privilege to operate a motor vehicle. including those education.20 percent. and successfully complete a driving-under-the-influence program. group counseling. participate in. for the failure to enroll in. by weight.
in addition to the provisions of Section 23600 and any other terms and conditions imposed by the court. A sentence of 96 hours of confinement shall be served in two increments consisting of a continuous 48 hours each.000). The County alcohol program administrator shall coordinate the reporting requirements with the department and with the State Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs. the court shall upon conviction order the department to suspend the driver's privilege pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352. but not more than one thousand dollars ($1. the court shall impose as conditions of probation that the person be subject to either subdivision (a) or (b). for at least 18 months subsequent to the date of the underlying violation and in a manner satisfactory to the court. in a driving-under-the- . if the offense occurred in a vehicle requiring a driver with a class A or class B driver's license or with an endorsement specified in Section 15278.000). after being ordered to attend and complete a program. but not more than one thousand dollars ($1. (b) All of the following: (1) Be confined in the county jail for at least 96 hours. That reporting shall ensure that all persons who. in establishing reporting requirements. shall consult with the county alcohol program administrator. Second offense within ten years (CVC 23542): If the court grants probation to any person punished under Section 23540. or (B) successful completion of the program as ordered. may be identified for either (A) failure to enroll in. but not more than one year. (3) Have the privilege to operate a motor vehicle be restricted by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to Section 13352. or failure to successfully complete. as follows: (a) Be confined in the county jail for at least 10 days but not more than one year. The two 48-hour increments may be served nonconsecutively. the program. The court shall require the person to surrender the driver's license to the court in accordance with Section 13550. This paragraph does not apply if the offense occurred in a vehicle requiring a driver with a class A or class B driver's license or with an endorsement prescribed in Section 15278. and pay a fine of at least three hundred ninety dollars ($390). (4) Either of the following: (A) Enroll and participate. Until all conditions prescribed in this section are met. the person's driving privilege is suspended pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352.(2) The court. (2) Pay a fine of at least three hundred ninety dollars ($390). (d) Notwithstanding subdivision (a).5. The person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352.
including DUI. and shall not be given any credit for any program activities completed prior to. The person shall complete the entire program subsequent to.Effective January 1.04% or more causing injury or death to another.08% or more causing injury or death to another. Driving with a BAC of . hit and run or vehicular manslaughter. 2007 CVC 15300 States that a driver of a commercial vehicle may not operate a commercial motor vehicle for one year for the first conviction of specified offences. or combination. The person shall complete the entire program subsequent to. CVC 15302 provides for permanent disqualification of a commercial driver for two or more convictions of specified offenses. The program shall provide for persons who cannot afford the program fee pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 11837. for at least 30 months subsequent to the date of the underlying violation and in a manner satisfactory to the court. as designated by the court. driving with a BAC of . Driving under the influence. not just a commercial vehicle. Commercial Driver. .influence program licensed pursuant to Section 11836 of the Health and Safety Code. the date of the current violation. while driving any vehicle. (B) Enroll and participate. while driving any vehicle. causing injury or death to another on highway or other than a highway. in a driving-under-theinfluence program licensed pursuant to Section 11836 of the Health and Safety Code. Commercial Drivers.4 of the Health and Safety Code in order to enable those persons to participate. the date of the current violation. fourth or subsequent offense within seven years. felony: Driving under the influence is considered a misdemeanor except under the following circumstances: y y y y Under influence of alcohol. Misdemeanor vs. and shall not be given any credit for any program activities completed prior to. (c) The court shall advise the person at the time of sentencing that the driving privilege shall not be restored until the person has provided proof satisfactory to the Department of Motor Vehicles of successful completion of a driving-under-the-influence program licensed pursuant to Section 11836 of the Health and Safety Code. drug.
Serious traffic violations are those that would result in the assessment of two negligent operator points. that it is extremely dangerous to human life to drive while under the influence. and that. . Ignition Interlock Devices Amends Vehicle Code SB 1190. You can also loose your vehicle and be required to pay restitution to injured parties. Personal: Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol affects every aspect of one¶s life. reckless driving. etc. Author: Parra CVC Section 13385 Summary: As a condition of obtaining or renewing a driver¶s license. This is hard earned money that is basically thrown out the window. 2008 Dismissal.Prohibition Amends Vehicle Code Assembly Bill 645. such as DUI. the applicant must sign a declaration stating that they are advised that being under the influence of alcohol or drugs or both impairs the ability to safely operate a motor vehicle. within 10 years of prior felony DUI. This law also authorizes the Department of Motor Vehicles to study the effectiveness of ID¶s to reduce the recidivism rate of first time DUI offenders and report their findings to the Legislature. Financial: Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol is also costly. Sections 23575 & 23575 Reduces the threshold of the blood alcohol content that triggers the requirement for the court to give heightened consideration for the installation of an ignition interlock device (IID) for a first time offender convicted of driving under the influence (DUI) of an alcoholic beverage from .15 percent or more at the time of arrest. as you will be required to pay a fine. Required DUI Declaration Adds Vehicle Code Assembly Bill 808. Author: Feuer CVC Sections 40501 & 42005 Summary: AB 645 prohibits the courts from dismissing serious traffic violations through completion of a traffic violator school or any other court approved program of driving safety. they can be charged with murder. hit-and-run.y Driving under the influence. if they drive while under the influence and as a result a person is killed. Effective July 1. as you may be required to serve jail time and you will not be able to drive legally.20 percent to .
Pedestrian Responsibility Pedestrians have a responsibility not to put themselves into harm's way. watch for traffic. MOTORCYCLE SAFETY . This means they should cross at crosswalks or intersections. B. such as around schools. recreation areas. 2. residential neighborhoods.A. and walk only when it is safe to do so. Drivers must yield to all pedestrians crossing the street and only continue when there are no pedestrians crossing. A marked crosswalk is one with painted stripes that designate a path of travel from one side of the street to the other. At night pedestrians should wear reflective clothing so they are plainly visible to drivers. Driver Responsibility Drivers should stop behind the white lines at crosswalks. Pedestrians always have the right of way in marked and unmarked crosswalk. etc. Drivers should be especially careful when driving around areas where pedestrians could be present. PEDESTRIAN SAFETY 1.
etc. that it is free of cracks and that it is approved by the California Highway Patrol.1. so always keep a lookout for them. motorcyclists should wear plastic face shields. Keep a four-second space cushion when driving behind a motorcycle. or motorized bicycle on a highway. You should wear gloves to protect your hands and you should wear clothing that covers your arms and legs in case of a crash and you should wear tough shoes. motor-driven cycle. A helmet may protect you from serious head injury in case of a collision. Safety Helmets A driver and any passenger shall wear a safety helmet when riding on a motorcycle. unlike automobile drivers. slippery roads or other rough conditions ahead as these conditions may be major hazards to motorcyclists. keep in mind that motorcycles are entitled to the same full lane width as all other vehicles. or a motorized bicycle. do not have a windshield to protect their eyes from such things as wind. Check your blind spot thoroughly. reduce your speed when following a motorcycle and there are potholes. 3. as a motorcyclist might be present. Therefore. Protection Motorcyclists must protect themselves by wearing a helmet. Motorcyclists may be hard to spot. 2. if the driver or any passenger is not wearing a safety helmet. debris. It is unlawful to operate any motorcycle. Motorcyclists. You must ensure that it is fastened tightly. rain. Sharing the Roadway Motorcyclists must abide by the same rules and regulations as vehicle drivers. . watch out for their warning signals. motor-driven cycle.
or to make a turn. Bicyclists should use bicycle lanes where lanes are so designated. and other traffic laws and signs. As of January 2003. wearing in-line or roller skates. Assembly Bill 1878. or while riding upon a non-motorized scooter or skateboard as a passenger. BICYCLE SAFETY 1. Bicyclists must obey stop signs. Bicyclists are part of the traffic flow and share the road with other drivers.C. They must ride in the same direction as other traffic. Drivers of motor vehicles must treat bicyclists the same as other drivers. or avoid other hazards.Motorized scooters CVC sections 21235 and (add 21226) to reflect the following: "A person is prohibited from operating a motorized scooter unless that person has a valid class C driver's license or an instruction permit. operating a non-motorized scooter or skateboard. California law requires all persons under 18 years of age to wear a properly-fitted and fastened bicycle helmet while operating a bicycle or riding upon a bicycle as a passenger. another bicycle. Bicyclists can legally move left to turn left. A person is also prohibited from altering or modifying the exhaust system of a motorized scooter in violation of specified noise restrictions and mufflerrequirements. motor-driven cycle or motorized bicycle on a highway if the driver or any passenger is not wearing a safety helmet. traffic lights. C. Sharing the Roadway Bicyclists on public streets have the same rights and responsibilities as automobile drivers. They should ride on the roadway as opposed to the sidewalk.It is unlawful to ride as a passenger on a motorcycle." . an animal. Bicyclists should normally ride in a straight line as near to the right curb or edge of the roadway as possible. Section 27803 V. to pass a parked or moving vehicle.
D. you should wear a bike helmet and visible clothing as bicyclists are easy to miss because they occupy little space on the road. Drivers should allow a minimum of three feet of space between the vehicle and bicycle when passing.2. Do not attempt to squeeze past the bicyclist. 3. do not have the same protection as vehicle drivers. Driver Responsibility Drivers should look carefully for bicyclists before turning right and merge safely toward the curb or into the bike lane. Drivers must be careful when driving close to bicyclists. like motorcyclists. Protection Bicyclists. SCHOOL BUSES . Before passing a bicyclist in a narrow traffic lane. Do not overtake a bicyclist just before making a right turn. wait until the traffic is clear in the opposite lane and then change lanes to pass the bicyclist. Therefore.
Most of the school bus fatalities were in non-survivable situations (the fatality occurred at the point of maximum damage to the school bus). School buses are required to meet more Federal motor Vehicle Safety Standards than any other type of motor vehicle. must meet a series of strict Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards which have to greatly enhance the safety of school buses. Massachusetts and Oregon ride on a school bus twice every day almost always without a serious incident. Last year. There is no safer way to transport a child than in a school bus.1977.an incredible safety record. Half of the pedestrian fatalities in school bus-related crashes were children between 5 and 7 years old. Fatal crashes involving occupants are extremely rare events. 45 states had not a single child killed as a school bus occupant .000 public school buses travel more than 4 billion miles and daily transport 24 million children to and from schools and school-related activities. These tragedies typically involved unavoidable. Between 1990 and 2000. an average of just six children each year died as school bus passengers.a remarkable 8. severe circumstances. School buses account for an estimated 10 billion student trips each year.FACT SHEET School Bus Safety y y y y y y y y y Every year. school buses are the safest motor vehicles on the highways. Unequaled safety record. Said another way to give perspective to the huge magnitude of pupil transportation. By all measures. School buses manufactured after January 1. the equivalent of the populations of Florida. . Safety Statistics.000 yellow school buses transport more than 24 million children to and from schools and school-related activities. Every school day. approximately 440. Most student pedestrian fatalities in school bus-related crashes occur when coming home from school during daylight hours. even though school buses serve daily in every community .8 billion student trips annually. some 440.
visible from front or rear.e. or walking or riding bicycles. School buses provide approximately 8." Most of these deaths could be prevented if children rode in school buses. Pedestrian fatalities. shall bring the vehicle to a stop immediately before passing the schoolbus and shall not proceed past the schoolbus until the flashing red light signal and stop signal arm. That law enforcement agency shall issue a letter of warning prepared in accordance with paragraph (2) with respect to the alleged violation to the registered owner of the vehicle. the driver may. increases the risk of fatality by 10 percent.struck while getting on or off a school bus. In contrast. if equipped with a stop signal arm.8 billion student trips per year. Even worse.y y y Trust the school bus for the best safety for your child. and the driver of the schoolbus witnessed the violation. The Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences estimates that every year more than 800 school-aged children are killed as passengers in other motor vehicles. during "normal school transportation hours. . any schoolbus equipped with signs as required in this code. getting to a destination by using a single bus instead of multiple connections). The issuance of a warning letter under this paragraph shall not be entered on the driving record of the person to whom it is issued. cease operation. Parents need to know that driving a child to school is not a safety smart decision . if equipped with a stop signal arm. (i. If a vehicle was observed overtaking a schoolbus in violation of subdivision (a). upon meeting or overtaking.hands down. The driver of a vehicle upon a divided highway or multiple-lane highway need not stop upon meeting or passing a schoolbus that is upon the other roadway. report the violation and furnish the vehicle license plate number and description and the time and place of the violation to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction of the offense. or riding with other teenagers to school. School bus: Meeting and Passing The driver of any vehicle.2 billion unlinked passenger trips each year in the U. School buses are the largest mass transit program in the U. allowing a child to drive themselves to school. from either direction.S. within 24 hours. transit buses provide only about 5. For the purposes of this subdivision. as defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of Section 25257. but does not preclude the imposition of any other applicable penalty. an average of 29 children were killed in school bus-related pedestrian accidents . a multiple-lane highway is any highway that has two or more lanes of travel in each direction. the school bus is the safest way to and from school.S. that is stopped for the purpose of loading or unloading any schoolchildren and displays a flashing red light signal and stop signal arm. Over the past 10 years.
is secondary enforcement and punishable by a fine not exceeding $100. Kaitlyn's Law (Section 15620 V.) A parent or legal guardian or other person responsible for a child who is six years of age or younger may not leave that child unattended in a motor vehicle without being subject to the supervision of a person 12 years of age or older if the engine is running or keys left in the ignition. Health and Safety Code 118947. the keys are left in the ignition or there is significant risk to the child without the child being subject to the supervision of a person 12 years of age or older. The law applies whether the vehicle is at rest or in motion. This act shall be known. prohibits parents or guardians from leaving a child 6 years old or under in a vehicle unattended when the vehicle's engine is running. or where there are conditions that present a significant risk to the child¶s health or safety. known as Kaitlyn's Law. Senate Bill 7. or cigar in a motor vehicle when a minor is present in the vehicle.C.6 and Health and Safety Code 118947 Summary: This bill makes it an infraction for a person to smoke a cigarette. .E. pipe. and may be cited. UNATTENDED CHILDREN Unattended children (SB225-Speier). The law was named for a child who died after being left for two hours in a vehicle in 100-degree heat. as the Marco Firebaugh Memorial Children's Health and Safety Act of 2007. Author: Oropeza Amends Vehicle Code Section 12814.
F. Section 21806 V. Stereo Equipment It is against the law to wear headsets or earplugs covering both ears while driving. such as sirens and horns. MISCELLANEOUS 1. in which there is a minor. cigar. cigar. Emergency vehicles Emergency Vehicles/Tow Trucks . 2007 CVC 21706. or fire trucks. or cigarette containing tobacco or any other plant. This is so the street may be clear for these emergency vehicles to drive quickly and safely to their destinations. Motorists must remain stopped until the emergency vehicle has passed.C. police vehicles. Drivers are directed to proceed with caution and to make a lane change into an available lane not immediately adjacent to the emergency vehicle or tow truck if practicable and not prohibited by law. .5 requires drivers to take specific precautionary actions on a highway when passing a stopped emergency vehicle or tow truck when the emergency lights are activated.Effective January 1. (c) A violation of this section is an infraction punishable by a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars ($100) for each violation. whether in motion or at rest. 118949. Such equipment may not allow you to hear important warning sounds while driving. or cigarette in a motor vehicle. (a) It is unlawful for a person to smoke a pipe. they are to slow to a reasonable and prudent speed that is safe for existing conditions. If the driver cannot make a safe lane change. Traffic on both sides of the road must yield the right-of-way and must immediately drive to the right hand edge or curb of the highway clear of an intersection and stop whenever there is vehicle displaying a red light and sounding emergency sirens coming from ambulances.You may not follow within 300 feet of any emergency vehicle that is displaying a . A law enforcement officer shall not stop a vehicle for the sole purpose of determining whether the driver is in violation of this article. "to smoke" means to have in one's immediate possession a lighted pipe.Section118948 of the Health and Safety Code reads. 2. (b) For the purposes of this section.
accident.C. G. and the California Driver's Handbook. and current address to the other driver or persons involved. . If anyone is hurt. PROCEDURES WHEN INVOLVED IN A COLLISION 1.C. Section 21707 V. or legal representative must make the following reports: If someone is killed or injured. Stopping Requirements Victims at Scene : You must stop if you are involved in a car collision. evidence of financial responsibility. broker. You must provide your driver license. available in any DMV or CHP office. Someone could be injured and need your help. If you don't stop. Also report to the DMV if there was more than $750 in damage done to the property of any person or if anyone was injured or killed. registration card. Do this within 24 hours of the collision. or to any peace officer. report the crash to the police or CHP. you may be convicted of "hit and run" and could be severely punished. or other disaster for sight seeing purposes. The driver or his or her insurance agent. call the police or California Highway Patrol.It is against the law to drive to the scene of a fire.red light and siren Section 21706 V. . You must fill out the collision report form SR1.
They will immediately send an emergency vehicle to provide assistance. In addition. Ensure that the emergency lights of all vehicles involved are on. You must identify yourself before you leave. If you can't find the owner.Property damage. send another person to call for help. as doing so may aggravate the injury. leave a note with your name and address as well as the name and address of the owner of the vehicle which you are driving. The only time you should move a person that has been hurt is when the person's life is in danger. ensure that no one turns on a lighter. Keyword . Also. try to find the owner. or a cigarette. make use of flares and any other warning devices that you have at your disposal. Aid to Injured Sending for help : If you get into a collision and someone is severely injured. 2. you must call the police or CHP. Preventing Further Damage Reducing chances of fire : Turn off the engines of all vehicles involved in a collision to reduce the chances of a fire igniting. 4. such as when there is a chance of a fire starting. a match. When to move an injured person : You must not move a person that has been hurt. If you are unable to locate the owner leave a note in the vehicle or securely attached to it. 3. protect yourself by staying away from dangerous spots around the scene of the crash. If you are unable to call yourself.traffic. Warning oncoming vehicles : Warn oncoming vehicles to prevent other collisions.unable to locate owner : If you hit a parked vehicle or other property. to the CHP. Report the crash to the city or police. Reporting Requirements When a report must be filed : . or in unincorporated areas.
. by the Department of Transportation and local authorities. Go to an auto shop immediately to get a written estimate of all of the damage to your vehicle. registration. evidence of financial responsibility. This can also be done by the driver's insurance agent or broker or legal representative. Take these two actions immediately to avoid any disputes about the extent to which a vehicle was damaged or whether an individual was injured. Each driver must make a report to the DMV. 6. whether you caused the collision or not and even if the crash occurred on private property. and current address to the other driver or persons involved. You must report the incident within 10 days. Exchanging Information Identifying Information: You are required to show your driver license. You must make this report.You must report a crash that you are a part of if more than $750 in damage was done to the property of any individual or if anyone was injured (no matter how slightly) or killed. Noting damage and injury : Note all of the damage and bodily injuries that occurred. The CHP or police will not make the required report. If you were injured. Give accurate facts to police : Give truthful and complete facts about everything that occurred at the time of the crash. 5. Additional Steps Obtain names and addresses of other witnesses : You should obtain the names and addresses of any witnesses in case there is a dispute about the collision and you need witnesses that have personal information about the incident. Use of reports : Collision reports will be used confidentially by the Department of Motor Vehicles. the DMV is not required to file a report on the accident. go to a hospital immediately to get checked. or to any peace officer. If the parties involved in an accident do not report the accident within one year.
The driver shall also immediately do either of the following: Locate and notify the owner or person in charge of that property of the name and address of the driver and owner of the vehicle involved and. other than him/herself. serious injury shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for two. or by a fine of not less than one thousand dollars or more than ten thousand dollars. in the interest of justice and for reasons stated in the record. or by both fine and imprisonment. or in the county jail for not less than 90 days nor more than one year. upon locating the driver of any other vehicle involved or the owner or person in charge of any damaged . three. Otherwise. or in death of any person shall immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the collision and shall fulfill the requirements of sections 20003 and 20004. your injuries might be aggravated or the other party might dispute such injuries. File necessary supplemental reports : You are required to file reports with the CHP. 2. Except as provided in paragraph (2).Seek medical attention : Seek medical assistance immediately if you are injured. H. including vehicles. Duty to Stop at Scene of Crash (CVC 20001 VC) a. In imposing the minimum fine required by this subdivision. 3. reduce the amount of that minimum fine to less than the amount required by this section. shall immediately stop the vehicle at the nearest location that will not impede traffic or otherwise jeopardize the safety of other motorists. when necessary. The driver of any vehicle involved in a crash resulting in injury to any persons. the court shall take into consideration the defendant's ability to pay the fine and may. 2. Duty Where Property Damaged (CVC 20002) The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting only in damage to any property. 1. or by a fine of not less than one thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars. Any violation of subdivision (a) which results in death or permanent. or by both. any violation of subdivision (a) shall be punished by imprisonment not for more than one year. Moving the vehicle in accordance with this subdivision does not affect the question of fault. COLLISIONS AND COLLISION REPORTS 1. or four years. such as whenever a person is killed or injured (must be filed within 24 hours).
if available. shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months.property. if the crash occurred within a city. be liable to the penalties of this section for failure to comply with the requirements. upon being requested. it shall immediately forward the report to the law enforcement agency which is responsible for investigating the collision. or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1. present his or her driver's license. other than a common carrier vehicle. upon conviction thereof. if the collision occurred in unincorporated territory. The information presented shall include the current residence address of the driver and of the registered owner. to either the Department of the CHP or the police department for investigating the crash. property owner. upon conviction thereof. present his or her driver's license information. Any person who parks a vehicle which. and vehicle registration. or other valid identification to the other involved parties. every police department which received a report during the previous calendar month of the collision which it is responsible for investigating shall forward the report of a copy thereof to the main office of the department of the CHP or a copy. the local headquarters of the Department of the California Highway Patrol. becomes a runaway vehicle and is involved in an accident resulting in damage to any property. The owner or driver of a common carrier vehicle involved in any such a collision shall make a like report to the department of CHP on or before the 10th day of the month following the crash. prior to the vehicle again being driven. The driver of a vehicle. Reports Confidential (CVC 20012) All required collision reports. On or before the fifth day of each month. he or she shall also. 4. Leave in a conspicuous place on the vehicle or other property damaged a written notice giving the name and address of the driver and of the owner of the vehicle involved and a statement of the circumstances thereof and shall without unnecessary delay notify the police department of the city wherein the collision occurred or. b. and supplemental reports. attended or unattended. or person in charge of that property. shall be without prejudice to the individual so reporting shall be for the confidential use of the DMV and the CHP . Duty to Report Car Crashes (CVC 20008) a.000). upon request. If the registered owner of an involved vehicle is present at the scene. or by both that imprisonment and fine. shall comply with the requirements of this section relating to notification and reporting and shall. Any person failing to comply with all the requirements of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and. involved in any collision resulting in injuries to or death of any person shall within 24 hours after the incident make or cause to be made a written report of the crash to the department of the CHP or. to the other driver. 3.
civil or criminal. all diagrams. statements of the drivers involved or occupants injured in the crash and the statements of all witnesses. provided such fee shall not exceed the actual cost of providing the copy. the date. inattentiveness. the names and addresses of persons involved or injured in. with respect to collisions occurring on highways other than state highways. as defined in this section. persons who may incur civil liability. arising out of the incident. the parent of a minor driver. Counter Reports. including. for the confidential use of the local authority having jurisdiction over the highway. or claims to have. including liability based upon a breach of warranty arising out of the incident. This section does not apply to a determination which is the result of an examination of the physical. member of the department or the CHP. No traffic or police officer shall include in any counter report of a propertydamage collision. any determination by the peace officer or fault of the reporting person. and any attorney who declares under penalty of perjury that he or she represents any of the above persons. and.or the law enforcement agency to whom the crash was reported shall disclose the entire contents of the reports. shall be immediately available for the confidential use of any division in the department needing the same. including. or the guardian or conservator thereof. time and location of the collision. evidence of the collision at the site of the collision by the traffic or police officer or the result of an express. A request for a copy of a collision report shall be accompanied by payment of a fee. the authorized representative of a driver. or to any named person injured therein. but not limited to. or other employee of the DMV and the department of the CHP. to any person who may have a proper interest therein. the registration numbers and descriptions of vehicles involved. 6. No Determination of Fault (CVC 20015) a. made such a report or upon demand of any court. or witnesses to. except that the department shall furnish upon demand of any persons who has. Reports as Evidence (CVC 20013) No such collision reports shall be used as evidence in any trial. but not limited to. the driver or drivers involved. Use of Reports (CVC 20014) All required collision reports and supplemental reports and all reports made to the department of the CHP by any peace officer. a crash. for confidential use of the Department of Transportation. the owners of vehicles or property damaged thereby. knowing admission of the reporting person if the basis for the determination is also included in the report. 7. a certificate showing that a specified collision report has or has not been made to the department solely to prove a compliance or failure to comply with the requirement that such a report be made to the department. but not limited to. including. . 5.
38 to reflect the following: "Effective January 2006. if available. or is involved in a reportable off-highway accident.b. but instead the DMV is mandated to cancel the registration by law. the DMV no longer has the choice of canceling the registration of any vehicle when it is determined that the vehicle is not covered by a valid form of financial responsibility. by name and current residence address. I. broker. Section 16000 V. a peace officer.Financial responsibility. When a Report is Required Property damage amounts : You or your delegate must report a collision when there is property damage of $750 or more.C. any person involved in the accident complaining of bodily injury. The driver of a motor vehicle who is in any manner involved in an accident originating from the operation of a motor vehicle on a street or highway. or legal representative. FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS Senate Bill 1500. to the DMV on an SR-1 Form. Time frames for reporting : Report accidents to DMV. or in bodily injury. or in the death of any person shall report the accident. As used in this section. that has resulted in damage to the property of any one person in excess of seven hundred fifty dollars ($750). the DMV may charge a reinstatement fee to cover the cost of reinstating the registration after cancellation. but did not cause personal injury to or the death of any person (2) the report is prepared at an office of the CHP or local law enforcement agency (3) the report is written or recorded by. CVC section 4000. within 10 days after the accident either personally or through an insurance agent. Additionally. ." 1. or with the assistance of. Injury : You or your delegate must report a collision when an individual has been injured. "counter report of a property-damage collision" means any report of a crash involving one or more vehicles which meets the following criteria: (1) the collision reported caused damage to property. The driver shall identify on the form.
Additional forms of coverage: There are three other forms of financial responsibility: (1) a deposit of $35. 2. you may have to pay a fine and a court may impound your vehicle.000 for a single death or injury. which is responsible for investigating the accident. other than a common carrier vehicle. if the accident occurred within a city. 3. and (3) A DMV issued self-insurance certificate.1 which has resulted in . and $5. which receives the report. The driver of every motor vehicle who is in any manner involved in a crash originating from the operation of a motor vehicle on any street or highway or any reportable off-highway collision defined in section 16000. involved in any accident resulting in injuries to or death of any person shall within 24 hours after the accident make or cause to be made a written report of the accident to the Department of the California Highway Patrol or. it shall immediately forward the report to the law enforcement agency. FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY LAWS 1. Section 20008 V. The driver of a vehicle.000 for property damage. (2) A surety bond for $35. $30.000 for death or injury to more than one person. If you don't have acceptable financial responsibility and have a collision.000 with DMV. to either the Department of the California Highway Patrol or the police department of the city in which the accident occurred.000 obtained from a company licensed to do business in CA.C. J. Suspension for Failure to Provide Proof of Coverage Period of suspension: You must carry written evidence of financial responsibility whenever you drive. The minimum amount your insurance must cover per collision is: $15. you may lose your driver license for up to four years. Required Amounts of Coverage Minimum amounts of insurance coverage: The law states that you must be financially responsible for your actions whenever you drive and for all motor vehicles you own. Report Required (CVC 16000) a.Duty to Report Accidents to law enforcement. If you don't have this evidence to show to a peace officer after a citation stop or collision. If the agency. is not responsible for investigating the accident.
Evidence of financial responsibility also includes the identifying symbol issued to a highway carrier by the public utilities commission pursuant to section 3543 of the public utilities code and displayed on the motor vehicle. or a local agency. any person involved in the collision complaining of bodily injury. 2. and the number of the insurance policy or surety bond.2 of the government code. as defined in section 811. you are subject to having your driving privileges suspended. (3) An insurance covering note. Required Maintenance of Financial Responsibility a. within 10 days after the crash. by name and current residence address. or legal representative. another state. or under the direction of. Every driver and every owner of a motor vehicle shall at all times be able to establish financial responsibility and must carry in the vehicle evidence of the form of financial responsibility in effect for the vehicle. or under the direction of. the United States. the United States or any public entity. (2) If the owner is a self-insurer. the certificate or deposit number issued by the department. You may not be suspended or an existing suspension will be terminated if the suspension is a result of a judgment for the same accident for which the collision report is required. as specified in section 382 of the insurance code. on a form approved by the department to the office of the department at Sacramento subject to the provisions of this chapter. 3. b. broker. The driver shall identify on the form. either personally or through an insurance agent.2. b. report the crash. Evidence of financial responsibility means any of the following: (1) the name of the insurance or surety company that issued a policy or bond for the vehicle that meets the requirements of section 16056 and is currently in effect. (2) A showing that the vehicle is owned or leased by. if available. as provided in section 16052 or a depositor. this state. A report is not required if the motor vehicle involved in the collision was owned or leased by. Your license will remain under suspension until you turn in the report or provide proof that financial responsibility is in effect. as provided in section 16054. Mandatory Suspension of License (CVC 16004) If you fail to make a report within the required time limit. c.damage to the property of any one person in excess of seven hundred and fifty dollars or in bodily injury or in the death of any person shall. .
No policy or bond shall be effective under section 16054 unless issued by an insurance company or surety company authorized to do business in this state. or if the company is not authorized to do business in this state. and established by writing the name of the insurance company or surety company and the policy number on the vehicle registration card issued by the department. the department shall suspend the privilege of the driver or owner to drive a motor vehicle. or if the company is not authorized to do business in this state. with the department. Whenever a driver involved in an collision report pursuant to this article which alleges that any of the drivers involved in the collision was not in compliance with section 16020 at the time of the crash. No policy or bond shall be effective under section 16054 with respect to any vehicle which was not registered in this state or was a vehicle which was registered elsewhere than in this state at the effective date of the policy or bond or the most recent renewal thereof. unless the driver has.000 because of bodily injury to or death of one person in any one collision and. as specified in section 16021. or destruction of property. b. and.000 because of bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one collision. to a limit of not less than $30. established proof of financial responsibility at the time of the collision. unless the insurance company or surety company issuing the policy or bond is authorized to do business in this state. prior to that date. b. Requirement of Policy or Bond (CVC 16056) a. Nor unless the policy or bond is subject. Whenever a driver involved in an collision fails to prove the existence of financial responsibility at the time of the crash. if the collision has resulted in bodily injury or death. of not less than $15. The suspension notice shall notify the driver of the action taken and the right to a hearing. to a limit. including the driving privilege of a nonresident in this state. to a limit of not less than $5. except as provided in subdivision (b). exclusive of interest and costs. unless it executes a power of attorney authorizing the department to accept service on its behalf of notice or process in any action upon the policy or bond arising out of a collision mentioned in subdivision (a). Evidence of financial responsibility shall be in writing. the department shall immediately mail to that driver a notice of intent to suspend the driver's license of that driver. if the crash has resulted in injury to. Suspension of the Driving Privilege (CVC 16070) a.000 because of injury to or destruction of property of others in any one collision. . 5. 4. The department shall suspend the driving privilege 30 days after mailing the notice.d. subject to such limit for one person.
If a suspension has been imposed under section 16070 and one year has elapsed from the date the suspension actually commenced.6. The suspension of the driving privilege of a person as provided in section 16070 shall not be terminated until one year has elapsed from the date of actual commencement of the suspension and until the person files proof of financial responsibility as provided in chapter 3. when driving a motor vehicle is necessary in order to perform the duties of the person's primary employment. (3) necessary travel to transport a minor dependant in that person's immediate family to and from an institute of primary or secondary education. if the person files and maintains proof of financial responsibility and pays a penalty fee to the department of $250. that suspension shall be terminated if the driving privilege is suspended under section 16370 or 16381 as the result of a judgment arising out of the incident for which proof of financial responsibility was required to be established. However. b. if the chief administrative officer or principal of the educational institution certifies in writing to the department that the minor dependent is enrolled in the educational institution and no form of public transportation or school bus is available between the applicant's place of residence and the educational institution. upon application. the department may. Period of Suspension a. The restriction shall remain in effect for the period of suspension. restrict the person's driving privilege to any of the following situations: (1) necessary travel to and from that person's place of employment. so long as proof of financial responsibility is maintained. The department may re-impose the suspension of the driving privilege of a person under section 16070 if the suspension under section 16370 or 16381 is later set aside for a reason other than that the person has satisfied the judgment in and full or to the extent provided in chapter 2 and has given proof of ability to respond in damages as provided in chapter 3. (2) driving that is required in the person's course of employment. . in lieu of suspending a person's driving privilege pursuant to this section. except that the suspension shall be reinstated if the person fails to maintain proof of financial responsibility for three years.
Signals and Pavement Markings A. RECOGNIZING TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS AND PAVEMENT MARKINGS 1. such as the number of miles to your exit. Information: Signs which are blue in color and whose shape is rectangular provide useful information for drivers. such as location of gas stations. Most warning signs are yellow and diamond-shaped. Warning: Some warning signs warn you of what lies ahead. collisions. Guide: These signs give you information that would appear on a map.Chapter 8 Topic : Traffic Signs. etc. such as curve signs. and restaurants. hotels. . Purpose of Traffic Controls Regulatory: Traffic control signs regulate traffic in order to avoid chaos.
Slow down and be especially alert. Be prepared to obey the next signal which could be the green or red light or the red arrow. proceed when safe. If the lights are blacked out. you can be cited. A yellow signal warns you that a red signal is about to appear. get through before you proceed. Meaning of Traffic Control Signals Traffic lights: A red signal light means stop. or pedestrians remaining in the intersection when your signal changes to green. A yellow arrow means the protected turning time period is ending. After stopping. but first you must yield to any vehicle. If you block the intersection. Flashing signals: A flashing red signal light means stop. a right turn can be made against a red light after you stop and yield to pedestrians and vehicles in your path. A flashing red signal light means the same as a stop sign. A driver of a vehicle shall not enter an intersection or marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or marked crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle driven without obstructing the through passage of vehicles from either side. bicycles. observing the right of way rules. but first you must let any vehicles. A turn may not be made against a red arrow. The arrow pointing right or left allows you to make such turn. look out for vehicles that may enter the intersection when the light changes. proceed when safe.2. A flashing yellow signal light warns you to be careful. A green arrow means go. stop. If you can't stop. Do not enter the intersection if you cannot get completely across before the light turns red. . treat the intersection as a four-way stop. You should stop if you can do so safely. or pedestrian still in the intersection. bicycle. Unless it specifically prohibited. After stopping. A green light means go. observing the right of way rules. Arrows: A red arrow means stop until the green signal or green arrow appears.
Yellow Center Line Marking Broken line: Broken lines mean that you can cross the line. such as a car crash so that you may proceed accordingly Entering controlled intersections on yellow light: You should not drive into the intersection if you have a yellow light because a red light will follow. you must scan for any potential hazards. circular arrows.Lane signals: Some streets have signals that state which type of vehicles may drive on such lane. signs prohibiting right turns when signal is red and signs informing you that lanes are designated for certain vehicles. 3. flashing signal lights. Scan for potential hazards: Since intersections are relatively dangerous locations. Intersection Safety Scan for traffic controls and prohibitive signs: You must always scan an intersection for traffic controls and prohibitive signs before you get to the intersection. PAVEMENT AND CURB MARKINGSPURPOSE AND MEANING 1. such as for big trucks and slow moving vehicles. if you are not able to stop. However. you can pass another vehicle on a two-way road if the center yellow line is broken. . so that you know what rules or regulations to follow. For example. such as signal lights. do so cautiously by scanning for vehicles in the intersection Controlled intersections: This is where an intersection has devices to regulate traffic. B.
Vehicles next to the solid line may not pass to the next lane. but changing lanes is not permitted. Double solid lines on two-lane roadways: Vehicles may not pass on this part of the road. Lines with arrows: . Such vehicles can only cross the solid line to enter or exit a driveway or private road a permitted u-turn may be made there. the same as a traffic island or barrier. Solid: Traffic is going in the same direction. Whenever these roadway markings are in place.Solid line next to the broken line: Only the vehicles that are next to the broken line may cross to the other lane. Two sets of solid double yellow lines not less than two feet apart constitutes a dividing section. White Line Markings Broken: The lanes are going in the same direction and changing lanes is permitted. upon. it is illegal to drive any vehicle over. or across the dividing section. 2. Left turns and permitted u-turns may be made there.
you may stop only long enough to load or unload things or people. Red . right turn. Parking in a marked disabled space violates the California Vehicle code and the first offense is subject to a minimum fine of $250.no stopping. or an arrow pointing ahead meaning that a vehicle may drive ahead. or painted on the curb. no longer than the local laws allows. C. which is usually shown on a sign next to the green zone.you may stop only long enough to pick up or drop off passengers or mail. Yellow . U-turn. such as left turn. or parking.you may park for a limited time.These lines inform drivers what may be done on that particular lane. Curb Markings Purpose: Used to designate curb as restricted parking or prohibited parking areas. You must have a placard or your license plate must be so marked. Placement: Curbs are painted designating what they may be used for. Green . 3. standing. ADDITIONAL PAVEMENT MARKINGS- . Blue: indicates parking for the disabled only. Color: White.
Never stop on a railroad track. or you hear the horn or bell of a train close by." Flashing red lights means that you must stop for the pedestrians to cross. Do not park at the ends of a corner or pavement as you may block the view of traffic stopped at an intersection. Railroad crossings: Black and white signs with an X warn you that you are approaching railroad tracks. The road will also be painted with the words "school xing. Railroad Crossings a. The speed limit is 25 mph when children are present.COLOR AND PURPOSE Edge of pavement: You must park your vehicle within 18 inches of the curb. even if it is okay to do so. Never park in areas where parking is prohibited. D. you see a train coming. Do not go around or under any closed railroad gate. Stop at least 15 feet from the tracks when a person or signal warns that a train is coming. Crosswalks: Crosswalks are marked by solid white or yellow lines. Limit lines: You must always stop behind limit lines to ensure the safety of pedestrians. Controls: . INTERSECTIONS OR CROSSINGS THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL STOPS 1. Flashing red lights at a railroad crossing means stop. School warnings: You will see a yellow pentagon sign with a child with the words "school xing" when approaching a school. Obstructions: You must not park in areas that may obstruct traffic. You must stop your vehicle behind them as the space beyond the lines are designated for pedestrians. such as the thick white lines painted across the street at an intersection.
School Buses At school crossings and when lights are flashing: When you come to a school bus stopped on either side of the road with flashing red lights. The driver of a vehicle upon a divided highway or . or if the driver sees or hears that a train is approaching. All vehicles must stop until the red flashing lights stop and when it is safe to continue. you must ensure that there is enough space for your vehicle on the other side of the tracks. shall bring his or her vehicle to a stop immediately before passing the school bus and shall not proceed past the bus until the flashing red lights cease operation. mechanical. School busses displaying flashing red lights. large trucks and vehicles transporting hazardous materials as these vehicles must stop before crossing. and look in both directions to ensure that a train is not approaching before crossing. Flashers: Red lights flash to warn drivers that a train is approaching. Stop sign: These require drivers to stop behind the limit line. Before crossing. The driver of any vehicle meeting or overtaking from either direction. 2. Your vehicle must remain stopped as long as the red lights are flashing. Schoolchildren will be crossing the road to or from the school bus. Rail crossing safety (including rail transit): Drivers must stop at least 15 feet from the rail crossing if an electronic. Drivers must never stop on railroad tracks. You may be fined up to $1000 and your driving privilege could be suspended for a period of one year.1. a school bus that is stopped for the purpose of loading or unloading school children and displays flashing red lights. Crossing gate: A crossing gate will pull down to block traffic when a train is approaching and when the train is passing through the railroad crossing. You do not need to stop if the bus is stopped on the other side of a divided or multi-lane highway. b. you must stop. listen. Doing otherwise would be risking one's life. Failure to stop and remain stopped is a violation of Section 22454. All drivers must wait until the gate pulls back up and until it is safe to continue. You must drive slowly when driving behind buses. or flagman warns that a train is approaching or crossing.
UNDERSTANDING PICTORIAL MESSAGES AS INSTANT COMMUNICATION (color and meaning) 1. E. . Section 22454 V.multiple-lane highway need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus that is upon the other roadway. Black. No turn signs are red and black on white. yield.C. Regulatory . yield signs and do not enter signs are red and white.Red. or White Stop. or a prohibition: Stop signs are red on white.
there is a pedestrian crosswalk ahead and the pedestrian has the right of way. 4. For example: another road crosses yours ahead. 6. and the distance to designated landmarks. there's a traffic signal ahead. Slow for the cone zone. 5. equipment. Service .Blue Motorists services: These signs inform drivers which services are available in the vicinity.Brown Public recreation and cultural interest guidance: These signs inform you where such facilities such as public parks and public skiing areas are located. Guide . Shapes . Recreational . 7. there's another lane or traffic merging with your lane ahead.Green: Movement permitted or directional guidance: These signs inform you of what is ahead on a highway. information for construction and maintenance zone operation: Drivers are warned of construction and maintenance zones by the use of orange signs. 3. You must slow down when you see such signs in the roadways or highways. such as the location of an airport. the right lane ends ahead. Construction-Orange Warning and guidance. you may turn left when the light is green.2. jackets and cones. Warning .Yellow General warning:These signs warn you to slow down or watch for hazards ahead. flags.
services. one at a time. Circular Green or Green Arrow (CVC 21451) A driver facing a circular green signal shall proceed straight through or turn right or left or make a U-turn unless a sign prohibits a U-turn.No Passing: Drivers must not pass another vehicle when near this sign. 2. A driver of a vehicle shall not enter an intersection or marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or marked crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle driven without obstructing the through passage of vehicles from either side. including one turning. Official Traffic Control Signals (CVC 21450) Whenever traffic is controlled by official traffic control signals showing different colored lights.Warning: Drivers must slow down as these signs warn of hazardous situations ahead. and those lights shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and to pedestrians. except for pedestrian control signals. TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES 1. Do not enter the . Horizontal Rectangle . Round-Railroad Crossings: These signs warn that a railroad crossing is ahead. Triangle-Yield: Drivers must prepare to stop for other vehicles before continuing. Any driver. shall yield the right of way to other traffic and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk. successively. Pentagon-School: Drivers must drive at 25 mph when seeing these signs. yellow.Information and Guide: These signs inform drivers of public recreational and cultural interests. or colored lighted arrows.Octagon-Stop: Drivers must stop and use the right of way rules before continuing. Vertical Rectangle-Regulatory: These signs give the rules of the road. and red shall be used. or in combination. Pennant . F. only the colors green. and facilities. Diamond.
but if none. facing a steady circular red signal. b. Gridlock law. warned that the related green movement is ending or that a red indication will be shown immediately thereafter. 5. or if none. by that signal. b. then before entering the intersection. and shall remain stopped until an indication to proceed is shown.C. shall stop at a clearly marked limit line. before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. 4. A pedestrian facing a steady circular yellow or a yellow arrow signal. or left from a one-way street onto a one-way street. Circular Yellow or Yellow Arrow (CVC 21452) a. if none. before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or. A driver facing a steady red arrow signal shall not enter the intersection to make the movement indicated by the arrow and. If you block the intersection. A driver making such a turn shall yield the right of way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to traffic lawfully using the intersection. 3. (Section 22526(a) V. A driver facing a steady circular red signal alone shall stop at a marked limit line. A driver facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal is. Lane Use Control Signals (CVC 21454) When lane use control signals are placed over individual lanes.) A driver of a vehicle shall not enter an intersection or marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or marked crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle driven without obstructing the through passage of vehicles from either side. may turn right. a driver. after stopping as required by subdivision (a). and shall remain stopped until an indication permitting movement is shown. then before entering the intersection. c. but if none. unless entering the intersection to make a movement permitted by another signal. warned that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway and shall not enter the roadway. you can be cited.intersection if you cannot get completely across before the light turns red. intersection or crosswalk. except as provided in subdivision (b). Except when a sign is in place prohibiting a turn. unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal is. Circular Red or Red Arrow (CVC 21453) a. by that signal. those signals shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles as follows: .
and the colors indicate as follows: 1. Yellow indicates stopping only for the purpose of loading or unloading passengers or freight for the time as may be specified by local ordinance. whether the vehicle is attended or unattended.(a) Green indication: a driver may travel in any lane over which a green signal is show. b. 3. 6. or if none. the provisions of this article shall be applicable except those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Flashing Signals (CVC 21457) Whenever an illuminated flashing red or yellow light is used in a traffic signal or with a traffic sign. 8. (b) steady yellow indication: a driver is thereby warned that a lane control change is being made. except that a bus may stop in a red zone marked or posted as a bus loading zone. 7. before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. Signal at Other Places(CVC 21455) When an official traffic control signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection. Red indicates no stopping. Flashing yellow (caution signal): Drivers may proceed through the intersection or past the signal only with caution. Any stop required shall be made at a sign or crosswalk or limit line indicating where the stop shall be made. Flashing red (stop signal): drivers shall stop at a clearly marked limit line. but in the absence of any such sign or making the stop shall be make at the signal. or parking. (d) flashing yellow indication: a driver may use the lane only for the purpose of making a left turn to or from the highway. 2. then at the point nearest the intersecting roadway before entering it. Curb Markings (CVC 21458) a. the following colors shall be used. (c) steady red indication: a driver shall not enter or travel in any lane over which a red signal is shown. standing. and the driver may proceed subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign. but if none. it shall require obedience by drivers as follows: a. Whenever local authorities enact local parking regulations and indicate them by the use of paint upon curbs. White indicates stopping for either of: (a) loading/unloading of passengers for .
Any pavement marking other than as described in this section placed by the Department of Transportation or any local authority shall not be effective to indicate no driving over or to the left of the marking. The distinctive roadway markings shall be employed to designate any portion of a highway where the volume of traffic or the vertical or other curvature of the roadway renders it hazardous to drive on the left side of the marking or to indicate no driving to the left as provided in section 21460. 5. 10. c.5. Double Lines a. (2) making a U-turn under the rules governing that turn.DUI. b.the time as may be specified by local ordinance or (b) depositing mail in an adjacent mailbox. b. Green indicates time limit parking specified by local ordinance. c. 4. except as permitted in this section. no person driving a vehicle shall drive to the left thereof. and either of the markings shall be disregarded when authorized signs have been erected designating off center traffic lanes as permitted under section 21657. Either of the markings as specified in subdivision (a) or (b) does not prohibit a driver from crossing the marking when (1) turning to the left at any intersection or into or out of a driveway or private road. no person driving a vehicle shall driver to the left thereof. . Chapter keyword . are in place. except as follows: (1) that the driver on the side of the roadway in which the broken line is in place may cross over the double lines or drive to the left thereof when overtaking or passing other vehicles. (d) Raised pavement markers may be used to simulate painted lines described in this section when the markers are placed in accordance with standards established by the Department of Transportation. Blue indicates parking limited exclusively to the vehicles of disabled persons and disabled veterans. When double parallel solid lines are in place. one of which is broken. Distinctive Roadway Markings (CVC 21459) a. 9. When the double parallel lines. is authorized to place and maintain upon highways distinctive roadway markings as described and with the effect set forth in section 21460. b. and shall not be employed for any other purpose. The Department of Transportation in respect to state highways and a local authority with respect to highways under its jurisdiction. (2) As provided in section 21460. Regulations adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be effective on days and during hours or times as prescribed by local ordinances.
This section shall not prohibit driving across a two-way left-turn lane. A vehicle shall not be driven in a designated two-way left-turn lane except when preparing for or making a left turn from or into a highway or when preparing for or making a U-turn when otherwise permitted by law. unless . Obedience to Traffic Control Signals (CVC 21462) The driver of any vehicle. and shall not be driven in that lane for more than 200 feet while preparing for and making the turn or while preparing to merge into the adjacent lanes of travel. It shall be unlawful for any driver of a vehicle to fail to obey any sign or signal erected or maintained to indicate and carry out the provisions of this code or any local traffic ordinance or resolution adopted pursuant to a local traffic ordinance. or to fail to obey any device erected or maintained pursuant to section 21352. width. A two-way leftturn lane is a lane near the center of the highway set aside for use by vehicles making left turns in both directions from or into the highway. any pedestrian. and the motorman of any streetcar shall obey the instructions of any official traffic signal applicable to him and placed as provided by law. 12.5) a. The Department of Transportation may prescribe standards and specifications governing length. Obedience of Driver to Official Traffic Control Devices (CVC 21461) a. Raised pavement markers may be used to simulate painted lines described in this section when such markers are placed in accordance with standards established by the Department of Transportation. The provisions of subdivision (a) shall not apply to acts constituting violations under Chapter 9 of this division or to acts constituting violations of any local traffic ordinance adopted pursuant to Chapter 9. A left turn or U-turn shall not be made from any other lane where a two-way left-turn lane has been designated. the person in charge of any animal. c.11. The Department of Transportation and local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may designate a two-way left-turn lane on a highway. 13. and positioning of the distinctive pavement markings. d. Two-way left turn lanes shall be designate by distinctive roadway markings consisting of parallel double yellow lines. interior line dashed and exterior line solid. b. e. on each side of the lane. b. All pavement markings designating a two-way leftturn lane shall conform to the Department of Transportation's standards and specifications. Two-Way Left Turn Lanes (CVC 21460.
or within. If there is no limit line or crosswalk. b.otherwise directed by a police or traffic officer or when it is necessary for the purpose of avoiding a collision or in case of other emergency. The driver of any vehicle approaching a railroad or rail transit grade crossing shall stop not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely. if marked. subject to the exemptions granted by section 21055. or under any railroad or rail transit crossing gate while the gate is closed. except as otherwise provided in paragraph (4) of subdivision (c). any vehicle carrying explosive substances as a . Notwithstanding any other provision of law. or railroad grade crossing shall stop at a limit line. No driver shall proceed through. an intersection. whenever the following conditions exist: (1) A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device or a flagman gives warning of the approach or passage of a train or car. any school bus and any school pupil activity bus transporting school pupils. around. 3. G. otherwise before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. any motor truck transporting employees in addition to those riding in the cab. c. b. Railroad Crossing (CVC 22452) a. a notice of a violation of this section is subject to the procedures provided in section 40518. the driver shall stop at the entrance to the intersecting roadway or railroad grade crossing. is an immediate hazard. a local authority may adopt rules and regulations by ordinance or resolution providing for the placement of a stop sign at any location on a highway under its jurisdiction where the stop sign at any location on a highway under its jurisdiction where the stop sign at any location on a highway under its jurisdiction where the stop sign would enhance traffic safety. Stop Required (CVC 22450) a. by reason of its speed or nearness. 2. SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED 1. (2) An approaching train or car is plainly visible or is emitting an audible signal and. The provisions of subdivisions (b) and (c) shall apply to the operation of the following vehicles: any bus carrying passengers. Stop for Train Signals (CVC 22451) a. The driver of any vehicle approaching a stop sign at the entrance to. Whenever a railroad or rail transit crossing is equipped with an automated rail crossing enforcement system.
No stop need be made at any crossing as follows: (1) Of railroad tracks running along and upon the roadway within a business or residence district. The driver of any vehicle. if equipped with a stop signal arm. (3) where an exempt sign was authorized by the public utilities commission prior to Jan.5 this paragraph shall not apply with respect to any school bus or to any school pupil activity bus. 1978. the driver may. and look in both directions along the track. if equipped with a stop signal arm. 4. and shall not proceed until he or she can do so safely. and the driver of the school bus witnessed the violation. c. the gears shall not be shifted manually while crossing the tracks. If a vehicle was observed overtaking a school bus in violation of subdivision (a). upon proceeding. c. cease operation. School Bus (CVC 22454) a. Whenever an official railroad crossing stop exempt sign in compliance with section 21400 has been placed by the Department of Transportation or a local authority pursuant to a section 22452. b. That law enforcement agency shall issue a letter of warning prepared in accordance with paragraph (2) with respect to the . upon meeting or overtaking. within 24 hours. the driver of any vehicle described in subdivision (a) shall stop such vehicle not less than 15 nor more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of the track and while so stopped shall listen.cargo or part of a cargo. shall bring the vehicle to a stop immediately before passing the school bus and shall not proceed past the school bus until the flashing red light signal and stop signal arm. any vehicle transporting more than 120 gallons or flammable liquids or liquefied petroleum gas in containers having a capacity of more than 20 gallons as a cargo or major portion of a cargo. 1. as defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of section 25257. (2) Where a traffic officer or an official traffic control signal directs traffic to proceed. The driver of a vehicle need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus when the school bus is stopped at an intersection where traffic is controlled by a traffic control signal. that is stopped for the purpose of loading or unloading any school children and displays a flashing red light and stop signal arm. from either direction. for any approaching train and for signals indicating the approach of a train. b. report the violation and furnish the vehicle license plate number and description and the time and place of the violation to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction of the offense. visible from front or rear. or when the school bus is stopped at a place where traffic is controlled by a traffic officer or official traffic control signal. The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus which is upon the other roadway. Before traversing a railroad grade crossing. any school bus equipped with signs as required in this code. any tank vehicle as defined in section 34003 whether loaded or empty.
not having complied with a judgment or order for family support system etc. Individuals must apply for a driver's license and satisfactorily pass a driving test. Topic : Licensing control measures A. The attorney general shall prepare and furnish to every law enforcement agency in the state a form letter for purposes of paragraph (1). This section also applies to a roadway upon private property. take an eye test. but does not preclude the imposition of any other applicable penalty. and be at least 18 years of age. but a privilege. The attorney general may charge a fee to any law enforcement agency that requests a copy of the form letter to recover the costs of preparing and providing that copy. take a picture.alleged violation to the registered owner of the vehicle. In addition. and the law enforcement agency may issue those letters in exact form prepared by the attorney general. d. give a thumb print. the privilege of driving may be suspended or revoked if drivers break certain rules and regulations while driving. Privilege vs. The issuance of a warning letter under the paragraph shall not be entered on the driving record of the person to whom it is issued. An individual may be refused a driver's license for such things as having a history of alcohol or drug abuse. a written exam. Examination and Driving Test: Classifications 12804. LICENSING CONTROL MEASURES. Right Driving on California highways is not a right.9. having lied on the application. (a) (1) The examination shall include all of the following: .
or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico if the department verifies through any acknowledged national driver record data source that there are no stops. (D) The operation of all vehicles under class B and class C. . (2) The examination for a class A or class B driver¶s license under subdivision (b) shall also include a report of a medical examination of the applicant given not more than two years prior to the date of the application by a health care professional. (E) A test of the hearing and eyesight of the applicant.000 pounds.(A) A test of the applicant¶s knowledge and understanding of the provisions of this code governing the operation of vehicles upon the highways. The examining officer may refuse to examine an applicant who is unable to provide proof of financial responsibility for the vehicle. (D) An actual demonstration of the applicant¶s ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in operating a motor vehicle by driving it under the supervision of an examining officer. except that the department may waive the driving test part of the examination for any applicant who submits a license issued by another state. (B) A test of the applicant¶s ability to read and understand simple English used in highway traffic and directional signs. unless proof of financial responsibility is not required by this code. or other impediments to its issuance. territory. (C) A test of the applicant¶s understanding of traffic signs and signals. and of other matters that may be necessary to determine the applicant¶s mental and physical fitness to operate a motor vehicle upon the highways. the District of Columbia. (C) A trailer bus. including the bikeway signs. and traffic control devices established by the Department of Transportation. holds. The examining officer may request to see evidence of financial responsibility for the vehicle prior to supervising the demonstration of the applicant¶s ability to operate the vehicle. markers. Class A includes the following: (A) A combination of vehicles. if a vehicle being towed has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10. The applicant shall submit to an examination appropriate to the type of motor vehicle or combination of vehicles he or she desires a license to drive. or possession of the United States. (B) A vehicle towing more than one vehicle. and whether any grounds exist for refusal of a license under this code.
drunk driving. The driver must also have a signed certification stating he/she has not been convicted of reckless driving. except any three-axle vehicle weighing less than 6.000 lbs.000 lbs. any 3-axle vehicle weighing 6. or less if used exclusively in agricultural operations and it is not for hire or compensation. (E) A single vehicle with three or more axles or a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 26. or hit and.000 lbs. (B) A single vehicle with three or more axles. You may tow: .000 pounds or less. or less. excluding safety devices and safety bumpers. (D) A farm labor vehicle.9 ). a vanpool vehicle. or less gross. (VC Section 12804. (F) A house car over 40 feet in length.000 pounds. The driver must have a valid medical certification on file with DMV and carry a valid medical card. designed to carry more than 10 but no more than 15 persons including the driver.run in the last five years.000 pounds. With a valid Class C license You may drive: y y y y any 2-axle vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26. (G) The operation of all vehicles covered under class C.000 pounds towing another vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10. (C) A bus except a trailer bus. 40 feet or less. A farmer or employee of a farmer may drive: y any combination of vehicles with a GVWR of 26. any housecar.(2) Class B includes the following: (A) A single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 26.
have not complied with a judgment or order for family support payments. a 5th-wheel travel trailer exceeding 10. except a motorized bicycle. unladen weight may tow any vehicle weighing 6. Class M1. do not understand traffic laws or signs. (VC Section 21715) Class C does not include a two-wheel motorcycle or a two-wheel motordriven cycle. use a crib sheet for any examination for a license. have lied on your application. License Refusal The DMV will take the strongest action possible against anyone who alters or otherwise attempts to falsify a driver's license. Authority to operate a vehicle included in a class M1 license may be granted by endorsement on a class A. may tow more than one vehicle. or more gross.. 1.000 lbs.000 lbs. With a vehicle weighing at least 4. or less including a tow dolly.000 lbs. impersonate or allow someone else to impersonate an applicant to fraudulently qualify for a license. B.000 lbs. have used the license illegally. DMV may also refuse to issue a drivers license if you: have a history of alcohol or drug abuse. A two-wheel motorcycle or a motor-driven cycle. refuse to give a thumb print. GVWR when towing is not for compensation.y a single vehicle with a GVWR of 10.000 lbs. if used. do not have the skill to drive. GVWR. regardless of weight. have a health problem that makes your driving unsafe.000 lbs. you may tow: y y a trailer coach or 5th-wheel travel trailer under 10. No motor vehicle under 4. when towing is not for compensation and with endorsement. No passenger vehicle. or C license upon completion of an appropriate examination. refuse to sign the certification . have a failure to appear (FTA) or failure to pay (FTP) for a traffic citation on your driving record. or a bicycle with an attached motor. NOTE: y y y y Class C licensees may not tow more than one vehicle.000 lbs. but under 15. Class M2 includes the following: A motorized bicycle or moped.
Examples are felony drunk driving. Violation of License Restriction The department may place special conditions or restrictions on your license. Regardless of point count. the most common being wearing glasses or contact lenses. Effects of Convictions/Collisions A judge may suspend the license of anyone convicted of breaking speed laws or reckless driving for up to 30 days on the first conviction. B. up to 60 days on a second conviction. You may be considered a negligent operator when your driving record shows any one of the following³point count´ totals.on the application. depending on the type of conviction. The department may suspend or revoke your driver's license if you violate a condition or restriction. NEGLIGENT OPERATOR TREATMENT SYSTEM (NOTS) 3. manslaughter. Suspension of a driver license by a court may also result from conviction of one of the following: driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. many serious offenses in which a vehicle is used are punishable by heavy penalties such as fines and/or imprisonment. and driving under the influence of narcotics or other dangerous drugs. felony grand theft. failure to stop as required at a railway grade crossing. engaging in lewd conduct and prostitution within 1000 feet of a residence in a vehicle. and up to six months on a third or subsequent conviction. regardless of your license class: 4 points in 12 months 8 points in 36 months 6 points in 24 months Some examples of one point violations: . 2. felony or misdemeanor offense of recklessly fleeing a law enforcement officer. Each occurrence remains on your record for 36 months or longer. The department usually suspends or revokes the offender's driver's license. 4. Point Count Determination The DMV keeps a public record of all of an individual's traffic convictions and collisions. submit a fraudulent birth date/legal presence document or social security document. hit and run.
6 or 10 years should they cause a death. while driving any vehicle. Commercial Drivers Conviction Reporting. CVC 15302 provides for permanent disqualification of a commercial driver for two or more convictions of specified offenses. Some examples of two point violations: Driving under the influence of alcohol/drugs Reckless driving or hit-and-run driving Driving while suspended or revoked If you get too many " points".Effective January 1. you will lose your driver license.Evading a Peace Officer This bill enhances the penalty for evading a peace officer from imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months to not more than one year. 2007 CVC 15215 Requires the DMV to report each conviction occurring within California of a person holding a commercial driver's license from another state to the licensing authority of the home state of the licensee. not just a commercial vehicle. (a) Probation (CVC 14250) Whenever by any provision of any code the department has discretionary . 5 or 7 years in the state prison and 4. including DUI. 3. 2007 CVC 15300 States that a driver of a commercial vehicle may not operate a commercial motor vehicle for one year for the first conviction of specified offences. while driving any vehicle. hit and run or vehicular manslaughter. An at-fault accident. it also enhances the penalty for anybody who causes bodily injury while evading a peace officer to a minimum of. In addition. A violation received in a commercial vehicle carries one and one-half times the point count normally assessed. All motorists are entitled to a hearing if requested before the effective date of the suspension or revocation date. A traffic conviction. SB 719. Commercial Drivers. 5. Actions Drivers lose their driving privilege if they accumulate too many points.Effective January 1.
in lieu of adjudicating a traffic offense committed by a person who holds a noncommercial class C. "revocation" means that the person's privilege to drive a motor vehicle is terminated and a new driver's .authority to suspend or revoke the privilege of a person to operate a motor vehicle. as defined. Assembly Bill 3049. or any other court-approved program of driving instruction. require such examination of the licensee as deemed appropriate in relation to evidence of any condition which may effect the ability of the licensee to safely operate a motor vehicle. or commercial class C driver's license. class B. or commercial class C driver's license to complete a licensed traffic violator school. a court may order that person to attend a licensed traffic violator school. a licensed driving school. This bill would recast and revise these provisions to provide that. a licensed driving school. Existing law prohibits a court from ordering a person to attend traffic violator school in lieu of adjudicating an offense if the person was issued a notice to appear for a serious traffic violation. The bill would prohibit a court from ordering or permitting a person who holds a class A.Requires the provisions of the Vehicle Code Section 1808. 2005) (re: CVC 42005. licensed driving school. that occurred in a commercial motor vehicle. or class M2 driver's license. or any other court-approved program of driving instruction in lieu of adjudicating any traffic offense committed by the holder of a class A.3 or 42005 to be considered before the court could dismiss a complaint due to completing a traffic violator school course (Operative September 20. the department may in lieu of suspension or revocation place the person on probation. (c) Revocation (CVC 13101) When used in reference to a driver's license. regardless of the driver's license class. or any other court-approved program of driving instruction in lieu of adjudicating an offense that would be considered a serious traffic violation under statutes governing a commercial motor vehicle. as defined.excerpt taken from the legislative analysis) (12) Under existing law. and with the consent of the defendant. the terms of which may include a suspension as a condition of probation. issuing a probationary license with such reasonable terms and conditions as shall be deemed by the department to be appropriate. class B. class M1. a person may have a complaint relating to the safe operation of a vehicle dismissed with a copy of that dismissal forwarded to the department after a person attends a licensed traffic violator school. to complete a licensed traffic violator school. This bill would also prohibit a court from ordering or permitting any person. or other court-approved program of driving instruction. The department may before terminating any suspension based upon a physical or mental condition of the licensee. (b) Suspension (CVC 13102) When used in reference to a driver's license "suspension" means that the person's privilege to drive a motor vehicle upon a highway is temporarily withdrawn. a licensed driving school.
repair.000) or by imprisonment in a county jail up toone year or by both that fine and imprisonment. on state highway in frastructures in highway work zones. Assault and Battery on Highway Workers -SB 1509 Adds Penal Code Sections 241. 243. (b) As used in this section. as required.000). (a) When an assault is committed against a highway worker engaged in the performance of his or her duties and the person committing the offense knows or reasonably should know that the victim is a highway worker engaged in the performance of his or her duties.5. or construction of state highway in frastructures and associated rights-of-way in highway work zones. or construction of state highway in frastructures and associated rights-of-way in highway work zones. "highway worker" means an employee or contractor of the Department of Transportation who does one or more of the following: (1) Performs maintenance. or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year. or by both that fine and imprisonment.5 & 243. This new law provides an increased penalty for assault and battery crimes committed against highway workers engaged in the performance of his other. the offense shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2. (2) Operates equipment on state highway infrastructures and associated rightsof-way in highway work zones. (3) Performs any related maintenance work. (3) Performs any related maintenance work.license may be obtained after the period of revocation. on state highway infrastructures in highway work zones. "highway worker" means an employee or contractor of the Department of Transportation who does one or more of the following: (1) Performs maintenance. as required. (2) Operates equipment on state highway infrastructures and associated rights-of-way in highway work zones. repair. (a) When a battery is committed against the person of a highway worker engaged in the performance of his or her duties and the person committing the offense knows or reasonably should know that the victim is a highway worker engaged in the performance of his or her duties. . (b) As used in this section. the offense shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed two thousand dollars ($2.65.65 241.
if practicable and not prohibited by law. or a stationary tow truck that is displaying flashing amber warning lights. Additionally. if the equipment is designed. county. Vehicle Code Section 23700 SUMMARY: Establishes a four-county pilot program in the Counties of Alameda. video monitor. television or video screen. Vehicle Code Section 21809 (a) A person driving a vehicle on a freeway approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle that is displaying emergency lights. absent other direction by a peace officer. or tow truck. Los Angeles. shall approach with due caution and. or a stationary marked Department of Transportation vehicle that is displaying flashing amber warning lights. and vehicular or pedestrian traffic conditions. employees of a contractor while working under contract with the Department of Transportation. and Tulare to assess the effectiveness of Ignition interlock device (IID) installation in reducing driving under the influence violations in those counties.65 SUMMARY: Expands the definition of a highway worker to include employees of a city. or any other similar means of visually displaying a television broadcast or video signal. or tow truck. this law includes in the definition of a highway worker. This law requires first-time and repeat driving under. or Department of Transportation vehicle. road. before passing in a lane immediately adjacent to the authorized emergency vehicle. with due regard for safety and traffic conditions.the- . (2) If the maneuver described in paragraph (1) would be unsafe or impracticable. or city and county who perform specified activities related to local streets and roads. operated. proceed to do one of the following. and volunteers. Sacramento. (1) Make a lane change into an available lane not immediately adjacent to the authorized emergency vehicle. slow to a reasonable and prudent speed that is safe for existing weather. contractors and employees of contractors while working under contract with a city.New Laws for 2010 Amends Penal Code Sections 241. or city and county. Vehicle Code Section 27602 SUMMARY: Allows a person to drive a motor vehicle with a television receiver.5 & 243. and configured in a manner that prevents the driver of the motor vehicle from viewing the television broadcast or video signal while operating the vehicle in a safe and reasonable manner. or Department of Transportation vehicle. county.
Makes technical corrections to Vehicle Code provisions subjecting various DMV fees to annual Consumer Price Index adjustments to eliminate a disparity in the fees for renewal of commercial driver licenses renewed by mail as opposed to in person renewals.influence (DUI) offenders to install an IID for a term ranging from 5 months to 36 months for various DUI violations and for a term ranging from 12 months to 48 months for various DUI violations involving an injury. Increases the fee for an original Class C commercial driver license to $39. * Includes $1 CPI adjustment. Adds the fees for special firefighter equipment driver licenses to those subject to CPI adjustments. Increases the fee for an original or renewed firefighter equipment driver license to $39. This law requires the DMV to study the effectiveness of IID¶s to reduce the recidivism rate of DUI offenders and report their findings to the Legislature. Increases the fee for a California Identification Card to $26.OPERATIVE: July 1. (a) A person operating a bicycle upon a highway shall not ride other than . if the bicycle is specifically designed by the manufacturer to be ridden without a seat. Increases the fee for a duplicate driver license or name change application to $25*. 2010 Fee Changes : Effective July 28. Applicable vehicle code sections follow. Operative July 28. 2010. Increases the fee for the renewal of a commercial driver license to $39. 21204. 2009. Vehicle Code Section 21204 SUMMARY: Provides an exemption to the prohibition of allowing a person from operating a bicycle on a highway that does not have a seat. Increases the fee for renewal of a Class C or Class M driver license to $31*. This bill also: y y y y y y y y y y Increases the fee for an original Class C or Class M driver license to $31*. Increases the fee for a duplicate commercial driver license to $29. Increases the fee for an original Class A or B commercial driver license to $66. Increases the fee for a duplicate firefighter equipment driver license to $29. and.
and a person shall not ride as a passenger.. unless the bicycle was designed by the manufacturer to be ridden without a seat. or weighs 40 pounds or less. the seat shall have adequate provision for retaining the passenger in place and for protecting the passenger from the moving parts of the bicycle.upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto. on a bicycle upon a highway other than upon or astride a separate seat attached thereto. . If the passenger is four years of age or younger. (B) An operator shall not allow a person riding as a passenger.
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