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Network – IPv4

## Network Fundamentals – Chapter 6

ITE PC v4.0
Objectives
 Explain
g and demonstrate the ability
y
to convert between 8-bit binary and decimal numbers.
 Given an IPv4 address, classify by type and describe how it is
used in the network
 Explain how addresses are assigned to networks by ISPs and
within networks by
 Determine the network portion of the host address and explain
the role of the subnet mask in dividing networks.
 Given IPv4 addressing information and design criteria, calculate
 Use common testing
U i utilities
ili i to verify
if andd test networkk
connectivity and operational status of the IP protocol stack on a
host.

ITE PC v4.0
 Describe the dotted decimal structure of a binary IP

ITE PC v4.0
 Describe the general role of 8-bit binary in network
addressing and convert 8-bit binary to decimal

ITE PC v4.0
 Practice converting 8-bit binary to decimal

ITE PC v4.0

##  Keep these steps in

mind:
Divide the 32 bits into
4 octets.
Convert each octet to
decimal.
each decimal
decimal.
 Practice binary to
decimal conversion
using Interactive
Activity 6.1.3

ITE PC v4.0
 Co
Convert
e dec
decimal
a to
o88-bit
b b binary
ay

ITE PC v4.0
 Practice decimal to binary conversion using
I
Interactive
i A Activity
i i 6 6.1.5
1

ITE PC v4.0
 Name the three types of addresses in the network and
describe the purpose of each type

ITE PC v4.0
T
i an IPv4
IP 4 Network
N t k

ITE PC v4.0
Types of Addresses in an IPv4 Network

ITE PC v4.0
for a given address and prefix combination
Use the Interactive Activity 6.2.2 to calculate the network
networks

ITE PC v4.0
 Name the three types of communication in the Network
Layer and describe the characteristics of each type

ITE PC v4.0
 Identify
ess ranges
a ges reserved
ese ed for
o these
ese spec
special
a
purposes in the IPv4 protocol

ITE PC v4.0
 The private address blocks are:
10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255 (10.0.0.0 /8)
172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255 (172.16.0.0 /12)
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255 (192.168.0.0 /16)
 Use Interactive
Activity 6.2.5 to
correctly identify IP

ITE PC v4.0
 Describe the purpose of several special addresses

Also referred to as
Set aside for teaching
APIPA
and learning purposes.
ITE PC v4.0
Classify

 Identify
de y the e historic
s o c method
e od for
o ass
assigning
esses
and the issues associated with the method
Classful allocation of address space often wasted many
With the classless
blocks
appropriate to the
number of hosts
are assigned to
companies or
organizations
without regard to
the unicast class

ITE PC v4.0
 The allocation of these addresses inside the networks
should
h ld bbe planned
l d and
dddocumented
t d ffor th
the purpose of:
f
P idi and
Providing d controlling
t lli access
Monitoring security and performance

ITE PC v4.0
 Explain the implications for choosing private vs. public
dd

ITE PC v4.0
 Explain how end user devices can obtain addresses
either statically through an administrator or dynamically
through DHCP

ITE PC v4.0
 Explain which types of addresses should be assigned
to devices other than end user devices

Routers and firewall devices have an IPv4 address assigned to each interface. Each interface
is in a different network and serves as the gateway for the hosts in that network.

ITE PC v4.0
 Describe the process for requesting IPv4 public
addresses the role ISPs play in the process
role of the regional agencies that manage IP address
registries
g

ITE PC v4.0
 Identify different types of ISPs and their roles in
providing Internet connectivity

ITE PC v4.0
 Identify several changes made to the IP protocol in
IPv6 and describe the motivation for migrating from
IPv4 to IPv6
New protocol suite!

ITE PC v4.0
Determine the network portion of the host
 Describe how the subnet mask is used to create and
specify the network and host portions of an IP address

ITE PC v4.0
Determine the network portion of the host
 Use the
e sub
subnet
as aand
d ANDing gpprocess
ocess to
oeextract
ac

1 AND 1 = 1

1 AND 0 = 0

0 AND 1 = 0

0 AND 0 = 0

ITE PC v4.0
Determine the network portion of the host
 Observe the steps in the ANDing of an IPv4 host
dd and
d subnet

ITE PC v4.0
 Use the subnet mask to divide a network into smaller
networks

ITE PC v4.0

ITE PC v4.0
 Calculate the number of hosts in a network range given

VLSM Subnet
C l l t
Calculator

VLSM
Subnetting
Ch t iis
Chart
available in
the
Resources
Folder

ITE PC v4.0
 Interactive Activity: 6.5.4
Given
Gi en a subnet
calc late the

ITE PC v4.0
 Interactive Activity: 6.5.5

ITE PC v4.0
 Interactive Activity: 6.5.6

ITE PC v4.0
Testing the Network Layer
 Describe the general purpose of the ping command,
trace the steps of its operation in a network, and use
the ping command to determine if the IP protocol is
operational on a local host

ITE PC v4.0
Testing the Network Layer
 Use ping to verify that a local host can communicate
with a gateway across a local area network

ITE PC v4.0
Testing the Network Layer
 Use ping to verify that a local host can communicate via
a gateway to a device in remote network

ITE PC v4.0
Testing the Network Layer
 Use tracert/traceroute to observe the path between two
devices as they communicate and trace the steps of
tracert/traceroute's operation

ITE PC v4.0
Testing the Network Layer
 Describe the role of ICMP in the TCP/IP suite and its
impact on the IP protocol

 ICMP messages
g
that may be sent
include:
Host confirmation
Unreachable
Destination or
S i
Service
Time exceeded
Route redirection
Source quench

ITE PC v4.0