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Recording

Techniques

Studios

Home

for

Introduction

40

years ago

Today

$100,00/ h

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Parmamount’s Kitchen

Dry

Small

Big

Live

1

A

2

B

3

C

4

D

Dry

Small

Big

Live

Close mike

Distant mike

Ambiente mike

V (dB)

Dire

ct So

und

Room Sound

Critical distance

Dd (ft)

Acoustics

Analog

Digital

1. Basic production techniques & basic layout

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Rhythm section Sweetening Overdubs

Traditional setup

Creative setup

2. Main factors to make quality recordings

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What does it take to get a great recording?

Which factors are most important?

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? ? ?

Recording Arts...

Europe

50’s

70’s
USA

everwhere!

Today

Setting priorities

What makes great recordings?

Acoustics Knowhow
Equipment Electricity

to great recordings

Seven steps

1

Musician

2

Instrument

3

Acoustics

4

Instrument placement

5

Microphone technique

6

Signal flow

7

Gain structure

3. Basic Microphone technique

Close

Distant

Ambient

Accent

AB

Stereo

AB AB

Video/film

4. Acoustics

Live small:

bedroom

Vocals

30º 8-12”

X

6-8”

Sweet Spot

Acoustic guitar

2-3”

Avoid oor re ectons

Duo

Electric guitar

3’ 1”

Opposite side
45º

Dynamic Track #1

Dynamic Track #2

Track #3/4

Check Phase

big garage,
living home

Live

Backing vocals
HI LO LO HI HI

Horns

Percussion

As high as possibille

Stereo pair 3

Single instrument

Stereo pair 2 Stereo pair 1
d1 d2

d3

d1

Set

Drums

4 mike technique

Electric guitar

As high as possibille

Small:
Closet

Dry

Closet

30º

1”

3’

Bedroom

Large:

Dry

4 mic technique
Right overhead (A-B set) Left overhead (A-B set)

Kick

Snare

3 mic technique

- Kick - Stereo ambience (m/s set)

5. Putting it all together

A 2 3 1 4 C
1 - Living Room 2 - Bathroom 3 - Closet 4 - Bedroom

B

D

Setup 1
Amp+ DI

Setup 2

Amp

Setup 3
DI

6. Special effect Reamping

Cold

Hot

7. Conclusion/Case Study

“Toothpaste equation”
Result

Effort