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Supercapacitor USB Light
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For those who never heard about supercapacitor, you can check for more info about supercapacitor here. Supercapacitor is basically a capacitor with very high capacity, and the capacity rating is normally around few Farads. With the “super” capacity, it basically can store a lot of charge, and I am going to use the “super” capacity to store charges for a 5mm LED. Let’s see how long will the 5mm LED last.
The components you will need for this project is basically a supercapacitor (I am using 5.5V 0.1F supercapacitor which I bought from Farnell), a White LED, a 1K Ohm resistor and a USB male connector (I get this from an broken pendrive).
Make sure you know the polarity of the supercapacitor, or refer to its datasheet
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2 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM .bustatech. For the connection I am using a resistor leg.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ The first step is to cut the 2nd and 3rd pin of the USB male connector. try to connect the positive pin of the supercapacitor to the 1st pin (5V). Then solder the negative pin of the supercapacitor to the 4th (0V) pin of the USB male connector.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www. we will need only the 1st and 4th pin (5V and 0V pin). Now.
and you can have your creative way to connect all the components together.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www. connect a 1K resistor from the negative pin of White LED to the 4th pin (0V) of the USB male connector. Finally.bustatech. You are actually free to use higher Farad supercapacitor. but voltage rating must be larger or equal to 5V. connect the positive pin of the White LED to the 1st pin (5V) of the USB male connector. Please check the diagram below for the complete schematic.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ Next. 3 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM .
you can unplug it and you should have around 10 minutes of the LED light. there are some mistake in the connection).bustatech. You should see the White LED turned on (if it doesn’t turned on.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www. After 2 minutes. Right after the charging. plug it to your computer for around 10-30 seconds to charge up the supercapacitor. then after 10-30 second.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ Now. 4 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM .
6 minutes. 5 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM .Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ After 4 minutes. 8 minutes.bustatech.
com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ 10 minutes.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www.bustatech. Circuit Update (6 oct 2010) I made some changes to the circuit. but it is definitely a very fun project for your free time. This Supercapacitor USB Light is basically not an useful light or torch light that you can use. 6 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM . adding another resistor to limit the current consumption from USB port. have a try and share your experience here. and an ON/OFF switch to control the white LED. And after 20 minutes. So.
1st level (S1 ON) – 1KOhm Brightness . In this circuit. I say you will have 3 level brightness. When S1 and S2 is being switch ON. but reducing the brightness.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ The circuitry is simple. that by switching on S1. because the resistor that limiting the LED current is now smaller and higher current on the LED means higher brightness. it will increase the brightness of LED but will also reduce the operating time of the LED for one charge. By adding S2 and R3. you will get 330Ohm brightness.12Ohm So. it means that if you switch on S2. the third level brightness is by switching ON S1 and S2 at the same time. . so. you will get the 1KOhm resistor brightness. By using larger value for R2. the R2 and R3 form a parallel pattern. At the LED side. the USB port will start charging the Supercapacitor. and you need some calculation to get the total resistance for the White LED. I found 1K to be the balance value for the brightness and operating time. the charging and USB port part is still the same.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www. and the 1KOhm resistor (R2) is to limit the current for the LED. and there is a 10Ohm resistor (R1) limiting the current from USB port to 5V/10Ohm = 500mA maximum. The total resistance from the parallel of R2 and R3: 1/R = 1/R2 + 1/R3 R = 1 / ( 1/R2 +1/R3 ) R = 248. the S1 and R2 will still function like the previous one. the total resistance at the White LED if you turn ON both S1 and S2 is 248. when you plug it into PC. I created another circuit that let you choose 3 level of brightness. If you use smaller value for R2. the S1 will let you turn ON or OFF the LED. you will increase the operating time. For large capacitance Supercap.bustatech. you might need to let it charge for around 1 to 2 minutes.12Ohm which is 3rd level of brightness for the White LED.2nd level (S2 ON) – 330Ohm Brightness 7 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM . So. but I add in S2 and R3 at the LED side. Talking about the brightness and the operating time balance. which is brighter than 1KOhm brightness. but the R1 will also slow down the charging time. like 330Ohm.
maybe this time charge it for longer (which should also result in higher charged up capacity). could you teach us? Thanks from a new electric beginner. 8 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM . right after the charge. For your project. but from what I tested. nicola says: 7 October 2010 at 6:55 pm i have a question: given a very large supercapacitor.12Ohm Brightness Possibly Related Posts: Increase The Sensitivity of IR Remote Control Build a Magnetic Key Hanger using Cable Tie Mount and Neodymium Magnet Shorten The Length of Wire for Your PC Mouse Build a Homopolar AA Battery Motor Adjustable Soldering Iron Twitter Facebook Del. so that I can use the USB Light anytime i want for a little period of time. the voltage will be very near to 5V. 8. Thanks! 6.us Reddit Google 15 Responses to “Supercapacitor USB Light” 1. 5. the voltage you read just after the charge is not accurate.5V/5V*100% = 70%. but is it possible to put a “slide” switch on this so it can turn off and save power? If it is. It could be useful to know when it’s charged (or even better a percentage ) 7. then the voltage after one minute will be higher.0? I just saw a 1. is there a simple way to know how much it’s charged ? There are cheap capacitor up to 10 Farad. admin says: 6 October 2010 at 5:36 pm Please refer to the updated circuit for the current limiting resistor and the switch to control the LED. I also not very sure on how to know the charged up capacity in the Supercap.bustatech. admin says: 6 October 2010 at 5:34 pm The spec for the Supercap I use in this project is 5. and im thinking about buying it since it should last 10 times longer than yours if its 0. admin says: 8 October 2010 at 10:47 am Arda. don’t worry about it. however. but the voltage will slowly drop to the real capacity voltage if you leave it there (without applying the LED load to the Supercap) for some time. maybe after one minute you will get 3.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ . admin says: 8 October 2010 at 10:54 am nicola.1F cap or is it 1. after you turn off the slide switch there should be no wasted current through the slide switch.5V 0.1F you have or it really is a 1. to prevent the 1F Supercap from consuming too much current from your USB port. Thanks! 2. i just have a little question. And maybe you will need to add an 10 Ohm resistor between the Supercap and the USB male port. that the capacitor stops using power when the slide is off. If you repeat the same charge process. The voltage of the Supercap might be able to help in getting the capacity.3rd level (S1 and S2 ON) – 248. But im not sure if its a 0. Arda says: 7 October 2010 at 2:26 am Thank you very much! This helps me a lot! To the slide.1uF.0F super cap for sale.0F. like 4. If I am not wrong this self discharge rate is lower in Supercap compared to rechargeable battery.1F. it is just my assumption. 4. they could require more than 15 minutes to charge if i’ve done my math well. But I can’t have a confirmation on this theory. Arda says: 6 October 2010 at 4:42 pm Is it really a 0.5V. when i turn the slide switch “off” will the capacitor still use power or will it save it? – Thats pretty much what i want to achieve.8V.icio. because the USB port will be use as the charger for the Supercap. For example. Arda says: 6 October 2010 at 4:48 pm Sorry for double comment. normal Supercap will have its self discharge rate. which will slowly reduce the stored energy in the Supercap. so.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www. I think the charged up capacity in the Supercap is only 3. 3. if I charge it using my USB port. So. make sure that the Supercap’s voltage is larger than 5V.
thanks for reading my blog. So. So. you will get the current (I) running through one set of LED and resistor. 13.1F supercap. the max number of the LED is 25 pcs.com/supercapacitor-usb-light/ 9. for your design. and the original project is without a push button. means it is only a 10 minutes light after you unplug this from your PC. the forward voltage is around 3V. and On/Off button. for the white LED I have. Thanks in advance 10. I need to know How many led lights can i add to one array. jose says: 28 November 2010 at 4:44 am Hello! Could you make pictures step by step for the switch idea? It seems really awesome.jpg And because of that Im having a REALLY hard time doing this. to help on your design. REALLY want to complete this as this just the most awsome thing I have seen and this is my first project and my goal. I will send an email to inform you once I have completed the update. mine is like this: http://www.” ~ Why did you make this comment? Are you meaning the circuit is not stable. Also the capacitor i have bought is not like yours. This is just a very basic part of a complete torch light where you can add in bunch of features like the 555 timer. Hope my suggestion do helps and good luck in your project. or do you just mean that 10 mins of light is not useful… If instead of using just a 0. Great article!!! Thanks 15. 20mA is quite sufficient for a bright output from one LED. Anyway. I will try to take some time to redo the project that include the switch idea. If you are using 5V (from USB) to power up one LED. but I think it is not within these few days. you should better understand the basic concept on how to power up a LED. Optimized by SEO Ultimate 9 of 9 30/04/2011 11:59 PM .5v 4F supercaps. Marjan says: 13 November 2010 at 3:28 am hello I have one question related with this post> I want to make LED array to use it like light about 15 cm long. Kyle Carrington says: 5 January 2011 at 5:54 am Thanks for this really cool page! Towards the end of the page. Marjan says: 14 November 2010 at 2:25 am Thanks a lot bro this was very useful you are the best 12. could you use a 555 timer / transistors / diodes / resistors… to pulse the LED’s such that a 60Hz pattern was established. I want to use USB port as power supply. So please can you write me here or Email me with some info how to do this what parts I need to buy and some schematic. you say: “This Supercapacitor USB Light is basically not an useful light or torch light that you can use. would you not get a pretty “usable” project? Wondering about the context of your statement? Also. I will do it maybe around next week because I am currently busy with something else. for a torch light. Im new to electric’s and I cant read schematics and get a picture of how things should look. I = (5 – 3)/100 = 20mA. From the equation. but it is definitely a very fun project for your free time. The equation for the current running through the LED is I= [(V Supply) .bustatech. 14.(LED V Forward)]/(Resistor). saving even more energy (think Joule Thief). simply parallel 25 pcs of LED set (LED set refer to one LED plus one resistor) with the 5V supply from USB port. admin says: 5 January 2011 at 9:57 am What I mean is the 10 minutes of light is not very useful. 11. I really really. Normal USB support up to 500mA (safe rating). admin says: 28 November 2010 at 11:35 am Hi Jose. but I dont really know how to make it since its hard to know how to really set it up.littlebirdelectronics. why 100 Ohm? and how if I am using 12V? Basically there is a fix forward voltage for every type of LED.Supercapacitor USB Light | Bust A TECH http://www. From the current for each LED. admin says: 13 November 2010 at 8:10 am Marjan. Could you help me with that? Thanks. Jose.com/product_images/x/746 /productlarge_9350__69158_zoom. a person used (1 or 2) 5. hope you enjoy making it. the max number of LED is 500/20 = 25 pcs. you will need to add a resistor (maybe around 100 Ohm) to limit the current for the LED. you can calculate on how many LED you can add to the array.
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