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IS : 320 - 1980

(Reaffirmed 1996)

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
HIGH TENSILE BRASS RODS AND SECTIONS
( OTHER THAN FORGING STOCK )

( Second Revision )
Fourth Reprint NOVEMBER 1998

UDC 669.35’5.018.295 - 422

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS


MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110 002

Cr 2 November 1980
IS 8 320.1980

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
HIGH TENSILE BRASS RODS AND SECTIONS
( OTHER THAN FORGING STOCK )

( Second Revision )
Copper and Copper Alloys Sectional Committee, SMDC 11

Chairman R#plrtiinf

DH L. R. VAIDYANATR Indian Copper Information Centre, Calcuttx

Mmbcrr
SIIRI DEV KU~AR AOQA~WAL Brrlco Metal Industries Pvt Ltd, Bombay
SHRI V. R. CADRE ( Altenotr )
SAEI S. N. BA~NA Coveotary Metals Rajasthan Pvt Ltd, Jodhpur
SRRI N. M. BA~NA (Abemu&)
SHW J. NAOEBE BAATT Indian Telephone Industries Ltd, Bangalom
SRRI A. DWARKANATR ( Allmate )
SAHI V. N. BHIUE Directorate General of Ordnance Factori-
( Ministry of Defcnce ), Calcutta
SRRI S. K. bfOAAWR ( AhVUZtt)
SHRI S. N. CHANDA Bengal Ingot Co Ltd, Calcutta
SBRI S. K. DAS Directorate of Production &XcInspection ( Naval ),
Ministry of Defencc ( DC1 )
SBRI S. C. PAUL ( Al&mot8 )
SHRI P. GIiO8H Indian Cable Co, Jamshedpur
SARI TRILOK SINGE ( Alfrrndr )
Sanr A. K. CUHA Dirc;~;ctlhcneral of Supplies & Dirmlr,

SERI A. V. HARNE Bharat Heavy Elcctricals Ltd, flecunderxh~


&RI T. K. MIJKH~U~~ ( Altnnotr I)
SARI K. N. WADEWA ( AIt~rnotr 11)
SARI D. P. JAIN Saru Smelting Pvt Ltd, Meerut
SRRT D. N. CEA~RABORTY ( Alfernutr )
SHBI S. L. JAIN Alcobex Metals (P) Ltd, Meerut
SRRI S. RA~~AI~RISBNAN( AI&rnotr )
SHRI F. A. A. JAIDANWALLA Indian Standard’ Metal Co Ltd, Bombay
SRRI C. CRATTIRJE~ ( Altonto~ )

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS


This publication is rotecurd under the Indian C@JVQMAct ( XIV of 1957 ) and
reproduction in who Pe or in prt by8ny means except with written permirrion of the
publisher shall be deemed to be 8n infringement of copyright under the said Act.
IS : 320 - 1980

Mtmbrrs Repesanting
SHRK S. K. KHANDEKAR Vmaz Engiaeerr (P) Ltd, Pune
SHRI A. S. S~BYANABAR ( Rhnatr )
SH~I J. MABWAIU Ministry of Steel & Mhtes, New Delhi; on&
Hindustan Copper Ltd, Ghatsila
Dn S. K. Braw~e ( Alfrrnutr )
Snnr LAx*rra MISxiRA Directorate General of Technical Development
New Delhi
SRRI T. R. MOHAN RAO ( Ahrnah )
Sam B. M. MIST~Y Ministry of Fiaance
Sanr A. K. MITRA National Piper & Tubes Co Ltd, Calcutta
Smut 5. V. NAD~A~XX Advani Ocrlikon Ltd, Bombay
Snn~ S.K. hMOUPTA (&rmot8)
SHBI A. T. PAL Ministry of Defcttcc ( R & D )
SRRI I. N. BRAT~A ( Afhrmfr )
SHRI H. S. PAROE Kamani Metals and Alloya Ltd, Bombay
Stinl A. H. SARtiAOHAtZDANI ( &km& )
DR E. C. RANAOBAMDRA~ Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
SHBI P. S. RAMAIWAM Bhandary Metallurgical Corpora:ion Pvt Ltd
Bombay
San1 M. XC. RAO Indim Non-ferrous Metab Manufacturera Asocia.
tioa, Calcuttai aad Tbc Binani Metal Work1 Ltd,
Cslcw8
Ssm I). NAOOHAUDBURI ( Aftmafa )
R~~~~NTATIVB Institution of Engineera ( India ), Calcutta; U~P
Khctri Copper Complex, Jodhpur
SERI S. K. ROY Ministry of Dcfencc ( DCI )
Sartt P. K. L. P. NIYANXAR ( Alternate )
SERI D. K. %tBtSAL Leader Engineering Works, JullPndur
Sanr V. K. CHOVDHURY ( Altrma_rr.)
S~~NIOR Cn~y;:~,” M~TALLUR- Muttstry of Railways
OYsT, RAILWAY,
B~VBAY
Dstruw DIREOTOR ( MIT )-II
RDSO. Locn~ow ( Alfnna&)
Swlu S. C. SIVARAYIPRISBNAX National Metallurgical Laboratory ( CSIR )

ta81 N. g. SUBAX& Mul?~~%% Kota


SHBI S. S. VAIDYANATBAN J. 8. Metal Induitrics Pvt Ltd, Bombay
SHR~ C. R. RAMA RAO. Director General, BIS ( Ex-oficb Wmbrr )
Director ( Strut & Met )

S8cret6rirs

SHRl S. L. B.ALI
Deputy Director ( Met ), BIS

SBRI 0. N. DA~OUPTA
Deputy Director ( Met ), BIS

2
ISt320-1980

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
HIGH TENSILE BRASS RODS AND SECTIONS
( OTHER THAN FORGING STOCK )

( Second Revision )

0. FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian Standard (Second Revision) was adopted by the Indian
Standards Institution on 25 August 1980, after the draft finalized by
the Copper and Copper Alloys Sectional Committee had been approved
by the Structural and Metals Division Council.
0.2 This standard was first published in 1951 and revised in 1962. In
this revision, only two grades have been specified namely HT 1 which
replaces Alloys 1 and 2 and HT 2 which replaces Alloy 3. Mechanical
properties of HT 1 and HT 2 have also been modified. HT 1 is suitable
for soldering and HT 2 is suitable for machining.
0.3 For the purpose of,deciding whether a particular requirement of this
standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in
accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained
in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value
in this standard.

1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard covers the requirements for rods and sections of high
tensile brasses.

2. TERMINOLOGY
2.1 For the purpose of this standard, the definitions as given in IS : 3288
( Part I )-19737 shall apply.
-._.-.
*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( reaiscd ).
tGlossar)r of terms for copper and copper alloys: ParI I Cast form and wrought
form ( main types ) (jut revision 1.

3
IS : 320 - 1980

3. SUPPLY OF MATERIAL
3.1 General requirements relating to the supply of material shall be as
laid down in IS : 1387-1967*.

4. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
4.1 The material, when analyzed in accordance with IS : 3685-19667 shall
have the chemical composition as given in Table 1.

TABLE I CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

CONSTITUENT PERCENT
c-------- A---_---_-~
Grade HT 1 Grade HT 2
Copprr plus incidental 56*0-60.0 SGO-61.0
nickel

Tin 0’2-1.0 1 .O MUX

Lead l0’20-1.5 *0.50-I .5

Iron 0*20-1.25 0.20-l -5

Manganese 0.25-2’0 0.50-2.0

Aluminium 0.20 Max 0’3-2.0

Antimony, Max to.02 to.02

Total other elements, MUX 0’50 0.50

Zinc Remainder Remainder

NOTE- The chemical analvsis for total impurities ia not required if the supplier
undertakes and certifier that the material does not contain impurities in excess of the
limits specified.
*If material is required with lower lead content than that specified, it may be
ordered with a maximum lead content of either 0’1 percent ( lead free grade ) or
O-5 percent.
tIf required.

4.2 The supplier shall. when required, supply free of charge a copy of
the manufacturer’s works analysis of the material.

5. CONDITION OF DELIVERY
5.1 The rods and sections shall be delivered in the as-manufactured
condition and finished by such cold-rolling, annealing or straightening as
may be necessary to meet the properties as specified by the purchaser.

*General requirements for the supply of metallurgical materialr (first reoi&n ).


*Methods of chemical analysis of brasses.
IS : 320 - 1980

6. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
6.1 Tensile Test
6.1.1 The material, when tested in accordance \vitll IS : 2654-1364* 1
shall have the tensile properties as given in Table 2.
-
TABLE 2 TENSILE PROPERTIES

5,65+‘s,
GAUZE
LENGTH, Min

(‘1 (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)


mm MPa MPa

HT 1 M For all sizer 430 240 20


( As-manu-
factured )

HT 1 Cold- over 10 up to 480 12


worked and and includ-
stress- ing 40
relieved
Over 40 460 - 15

HT2 M For all sizer 460 280 20


( As-manu-
factured )

HT2 cold- Over IO up to 520 12


worked and and includ-
strcss- ing 40
relieved
Over 40 500 15

NOTE - 1 MPa - 0’102 kgf/mm*.

*To be agreed between the purchaser and the rupplicr,

6.1.2 The fractured test piece shall be free from pipe and other harmful
defects.
6.1.3 Should a tensile test piece break outside the middle third of its
gauge length and the elongation percentage obtained be lower than the
minimltm specified, the test may be discarded and another test made.
_- ~-- _yp
*Method for tensile testing of copper and copper alloys,

5
IS:320 - 1980

6.2 Mercurous Nitrate Test

6.2.1 If required, the material may be subjected to the test as specified


in IS : 2305-1962*.
6.2.2 The rods and sections shall not show any sign of cracking when
subjected to this test.

7. FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS


7.1 The material shall be clean, smooth, free from surface defects,
reasonably straight and free from twist.

8. SIZES AND TOLERANCES


8.1 Sizes - The material shall be supplied in sizes selected from
IS : 2826-1980t as required by the purchaser.

8.2 Toltrancts
8.2.1 For rods, the tolerances shall be as given in IS : 2826-1980t.
8.2.2 For rods other than those covered in IS : 2826-19807 and for
sections, the tolerances shall be as agreed between the purchaser and
the supplier, and shall be stated on the order.

9. SAMPLING
9.1 When tests are specifically called for by the purchaser, material ( of
the same type, size and temper ) shall be grouped in batches as follows
and one sample shall be selected from each batch or part thereof to
provide the necessary test pieces:

SpeciJicd Sip ( Diameter or Width Mass of


Across Flats ) of Materials Each Batch
f----- A-_-w7
Over Up to and
Including
mm mm kg
- 12 250
12 40 500
40 80 I 000
80 - 2 000
--
*Method for mcrcurouS nitrate test for copper and copper alloys.
tDimcnsions for wrought copper and copper alloy rods and bars ( fat general
engineering purposes ) ( rrcond rcuision
).

6
IS I 320 l 1999

10. RETEST
10.1 Should any of the test pieces first selected fail in any of the prescribed
tests, two further sambles from the same batch shall be selected for
testing, one of which shall he from the rod or section from which
the original test sample was taken, unless the rod or section has been
withdrawn by the supplier.

id.1 Should the test pieces from both these additional samples pass,
the batch represented by the test samples shall be deemed to comply with
this standard. In case the test pieces from either of these additional
samples fail, the batch represented by the test samples shall be deemed
not to comply with this standard.

11. PREPARATION OF TEST PIECES


11.1 Test Pieces for Tenmile Test - Tensile tests shall he made on
test pieces machined to the largest dimensions practicable. The test
shall be done in accordance with IS : 26541964*.
II.2 Preparation of Test Pieces for I&~CU~OUS Nitrate Test - The
test piece for mercurous nitrate test shall be of 150 mm length.

12. PACKING

12.1 The method of packing shall be as agreed to between the purchaser


and the manufacturer.

13. MARKING
19.1 Suitable tag marked with grade, size, mass, name of the manufac-
turer and other information required by the purchaser shall be attached
to each bundle of ‘the material.

13JJ BIS CertitIcatioq Marking

The product may also he marked with Standard Mark.


13.12 The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of
Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulation made
thereunder. The details of conditions under which the licence for the Use of
Standard Mark may be gmnted to manufacturers or produces my be Obth~
from the Bureau of Indian Standards.

lhicthod far tensile testing of copper and copper llloyr.

7
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
Hmdquartm
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