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ULN2003 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

HIGH VOLTAGE AND HIGH CURRENT  


DARLINGTON TRANSISTOR ARRAY

DESCRIPTION
The ULN2003 is a monolithic high voltage and high current
Darlington transistor arrays. It consists of seven NPN darlington
pairs that features high-voltage outputs with common-cathode
clamp diode for switching inductive loads. The collector-current
rating of a single darlington pair is 500mA. The darlington pairs
may be parrlleled for higher current capability. Applications include
relay drivers,hammer drivers, lampdrivers,display drivers(LED gas
discharge),line drivers, and logic buffers.
The ULN2003 has a 2.7kΩ series base resistor for each
darlington pair for operation directly with TTL or 5V CMOS DIP-16
devices. 

FEATURES
* 500mA rated collector current(Single output)
* High-voltage outputs: 50V
* Inputs compatibale with various types of logic.
* Relay driver application

LOGIC DIAGRAM SCHEMATIC(EACH DARLINGTON PAIR)

1B 1 16 1C

2B 2 15 2C
COM
3B 3 14 3C
2.7kΩ OUPUT C
4B 4 13 4C
INPUT B
7.2kΩ 3kΩ
5B 5 12 5C

6B 6 11 6C E

7B 7 10 7C

E 8 9 COM

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ULN2003 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS(Ta=25°C)
Characteristic Symbol Value Unit
Colletor-Emitter Voltage VCE 50 V
Input Voltage VI 30 A
Peak Collector Current Io 500 mA
Total Emitter-terminal IOK 500 mA

Power Dissipation Pd 950 Tamb=25°C mW


495 Tamb<85°C mW
Operating Temperature Topr -20~ +85 °C
Storage Temperature Tstg -65 ~ +150 °C
Note: All volatge values are with repect to the emitter/substrate terminal E, unless otherwise noted.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS(Ta=25°C,unless otherwise specified)


Test
Characteristic Symbol Test Conditions Min Typ Max Units
Figure
VCE=2V,Ic=200mA 2.4
On-state Input Voltage 6 VI(ON) VCE=2V,Ic=250mA 2.7 V
VCE=2V,Ic=300mA 3
II=250µA,Ic=100mA 0.9 1.1
Collector-Emitter Saturation
5 VCE(SAT) II=350µA,Ic=200mA 1 1.3 V
Voltage
II=500µA,Ic=350mA 1.2 1.6
1 VCE=50V,II=0 50
Collector Cutoff Current ICEX µA
2 VCE=50V,II=0,Ta=70°C 100
Clamp Forward Voltage 8 VF IF=350mA 1.7 2 V
VCE=50V,IC=500mA,
Off-state Input Current 3 II(OFF) 50 65 µA
Ta=70°C
Input Current 4 II VI=3.85V 0.95 1.35 mA
VR=50V 50
Clamp Reverse Current 7 IR µA
VR=50V, Ta=70°C 100
Input Capacitance -- CI VI=0,f=1MHz 15 25 pF
Propagation delay time, low-to-
9 tPLH 0.25 1 µs
high-level output
Propagation delay time, high-
9 tPHL 0.25 1 µs
to-low-level output
High-level output Voltage after
10 VOH Vs=50V,Io=300mA Vs-20 mV
switching

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ULN2003 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
TEST CIRCUITS
Open VCE Open VCE

Open VI

ICEX ICEX

Figure 1 ICEX Test Circuit Figure 2 ICEX Test Circuit

Open VCE Open

II(off) II(on) Open


VI
IC

Figure 3 II(off) Test Circuit Figure 4 II(on) Test Circuit

Open Open

Ic Ic
HFE = HFE =
II II

VCE VI(on) VCE


II IC IC

Note: II is fixed for measuring VCE(sat),variable for


measuring HFE.

Figure 5 HFE,VCE(sat) Test Circuit Figure 6 VI(on) Test Circuit

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ULN2003 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

VR

IR VF IF
Open Open

Figure 7 IR Test Circuit Figure 8 VF Test Circuit

50% 50%

INPUT tPHL
tPLH
OUTPUT
50% 50%

Figure 9. Propagation Delay Time Waveforms


Vs
Input

2mH
1N3064
Pulse 200Ω
Generator
Output
(Note A)
CL=15pF
(Note B)

VIH=3V
90% 90%

1.5V 1.5V
Input 10% 10%
0V

<10ns
Output VOH

VOL

Note: A. The Pulse generatoe has the following characteristics: PRR=12.5kHz, Zo=50Ω
B. CL includes proble and jig capacitance.
Figure 10. Latch-up Test Circuit and Voltage Waveforms

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ULN2003 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Collector-Emitter saturation Voltage
Collector-Emitter saturation Voltage
vs. Total Collector Current
vs. Collector Current
(two darlington paralleled)
2.5 2.5

Ta=25k Ta=25k
Collector-Emitter saturation

Collector-Emitter saturation
II=250µA
2.0 2.0
Voltage, V CE(sat) (V)

Voltage, V CE(sat) (V)


II=250µA
II=250µA
1.5 II=350µA 1.5
II=500µA
II=500µA
1.0 1.0

0.5 0.5

0 0
0 100 200 300 400 500 0 200 400 600 800 1000

Collector Current, Ic(mA) Total Collector Current, Ic(tot) (mA)

Maximum Collector Current


Collector Current Vs. Input Current
Vs. Duty cycle
500 500
Maximum Collector Current, Ic(mA)

Ta=25k Vs=10V Ta=70k


RL=10Ω N=1
Collector Current, Ic(mA)

400 400

Vs=8V
300 300 N=2

200 200
N=5

N=7
100 100
N= Number of Outputs
Conductiong Simultaneously
0 0
0 50 100 150 200 250 0 20 40 60 80 100

Input Current, Ii(µA) Duty Cycle, (%)

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ULN2003 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUIT

V
1 16
Vcc
2 15

3 14

4 13

5 12

6 11
TTL
Output
7 10

8 9
Lamp
test

TTL to Load

V
1 16
Vcc
2 15

3 14

4 13
Rp
5 12

6 11
TTL
Output
7 10

8 9

Use of pullup Resistor to increase drive Current

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