BAHRIA UNIVERSITY OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCES

LEARDERSHIP

ARTICLE REVIEW

TRANSFORMATIONAL VERSUS SERVANT LEADERSHIP: A DIFFERENCE IN LEADERSHIP FOCUS

SUBMITTED BY Group # 02 Ahmad Khawar Ali Waqas Umair Ashraf

SUBMITTED TO

SIR MUSARRAT KHAN

he developed the first website designed to encourage and support people with disabilities in their exploration of entrepreneurship as a career alternative. he led the first Trade Mission ever undertaken by a university to Taiwan. privatelyheld credit card transaction processing company in Agoura Hills. As marketing director. He was responsible for designing. Through a grant funded by the Coleman Foundation. his primary research areas are SERVANT LEADERSHIP and exploring the use of entrepreneurship as an economic development tool to remove people with disabilities from welfare. a fast-growing. he managed the corporate racing program involvement in the NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour and was liaison between Cardservice International and the Spangler Racing Team. Inc. Department of Education. Thailand and Singapore. with his students representing five U. Dr. He was the "Entrepreneur in Residence" and chair of the Center for Entrepreneurship and Global Trade Center.ARTICLE REVIEW TRANSFORMATIONAL VERSUS SERVANT LEADERSHIP: A DIFFERENCE IN LEADERSHIP FOCUS INTRODUCTION: Author·s Biography: Dr. Gregory Stone is a professor in the School of Global Leadership &Entrepreneurship.S. . A.S. He authored a two-year $170. Joining the Regent faculty in 1995. Stone was recruited to the California Lutheran University School of Business in 1988. Hong Kong. developing and implementing the first formal marketing department at Cardservice International. companies and their products. California. In 1990.000 Business and International Education Program grant funded by the U..

RESEARCH INTERESTS       Entrepreneurship Servant Leadership Small Business Management Self Employment for People with Disabilities New Business Start-ups Small Business Exporting . Marketing.. Southeast Case Research Association (SECRA) ‡ Program Chair. Amerigon Incorporated and Monsanto Corporation.Education Specialist. market planning. American Society of Business and Behavioral Sciences (ASBBS) ‡ Best Paper Award. customer relations and exporting. While living in Thousand Oaks. business planning. Regent University School of Global Leadership & Entrepreneurship ‡ Awards & honors: ‡ Best Case Award. Calif. Joni & Friends (JAF Ministries). California Lutheran University School of Business ‡ Director of the Center for Business Innovation at Regent University ‡ Assistant Dean at California Lutheran University School of Business ‡ Associate Professor. Masters of Science (Major in Organizational Development & Change) ‡ Indiana University -Bachelor of Arts (Forensic Studies)(Major in Law Enforcement Administration) ‡ EXPERIENCE: ‡ ´Entrepreneur In Residence" Assistant Professor. ‡ EDUCATION: ‡ Indiana University .. He assists small businesses in the areas of new-business start-ups.Dr. Inc. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Business and Behavioral Sciences (ASBBS) ‡ Outstanding Service Award. an innovative nonprofit that provided alternative sentencing job-training programs for persons convicted of alcohol and drug violations. The program provided rehabilitative job training in lieu of serving time in the county jail system or state penal institutions. Stone has consulted with the Tile Institute of America. he founded Starfire Foundation. American Society of Business and Behavioral Sciences (ASBBS).Doctor of Philosophy Degree (Diffusion & Adoption of Business Innovations) ‡ Indiana University .

the author has used secondary source of data. This article examines the similarities and differences that exist between the two leadership styles.PURPOSE OF THE ARTICLE: The world has become more complicated and more diverse and dynamic time requires dynamic leaders and both transformational and servant leadership offer conceptual framework for dynamic leader. By clearly defining the both styles. He has given proofs from various studies that have been conducted in past in . such as the challenges facing empirical investigation and measurement. He has proposed that there is a vast room in this area of research and this area requires an empirical research. the writer has gradually concluded the results. and the changes that are occurring in current thinking about the servant leadership approach. This article also looks at the next stage of developmental issues in servant leadership. He has paved a way for further research in the area of servant leadership. Is there is any difference between servant leadership and transformational leadership? SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: To investigate the difference between the similarities and differences between transformational and servant leadership. RESEARCH QUESTION: 1.

and influence others.  The servant leader thinks for the people but a transformational leader thinks for the betterment of the organization.  Transformational leadership and servant leadership are not opposing theories instead they are complimentary concepts  Transformational leaders go beyond self interests for the good of the whole  Transformational leadership is concerned more about progress and development  Transformational leadership enhances the effects of transactional leadership on followers.  The is much greater emphasis on service to followers in the servant leadership paradigm .order to clear the differences and similarities between the two leadership styles.  Transformational Leaders become role model and consequently followers demonstrate a high degree of trust in such leaders  The focus of servant leadership is on others rather than upon self and on understanding of the role of a leader as a servant  The servant leader primary objective is to serve and meet the needs of others  Servant leaders provide vision.  Transformational leadership give importance to emotion  Transformational leadership ability to recognize their own capability  Transformational leadership requires change  Transformational leadership gives importance to challenges  Risk of manipulation through charismatic abilities  Transactional leaders give something to get something  The transactional leaders recognize followers needs and then defines exchange process for meeting those needs. gain credibility and trust from followers.  The only difference between servant leadership and transformational leadership is the FOCUS of the leader.  Transformational leadership Articulate an organizational vision that they want their followers to achieve. After reading this article. we were able to conclude following findings from this article.

even though the leaders don·t primarily focus on organizational objectives  Servant leaders primary focus is the workers and their growth then the customer base and finally the organizational bottom line  A lot of research has been conducted in the area of transformational leadership  There is a vast room for research in the area of servant leadership  The servant leadership framework places great importance on teamwork and relationship building  Risk of manipulation trough reciprocal relationship STRENGTHS OF THE ARTICLE:  Detailed description of differences and similarities of both leadership styles. WEAKNESS OF THE ARTICLE:  Emphasis more on transformational leadership  There is an ample space for the research on servant leader  The problem is more complex than the investigator realizes . Servant leaders trust their followers to undertake actions that are in the best interest of the organization.  Specifies characteristics of both styles.

and dynamic times require dynamic Driven leaders. Both are not opposing theories Transformational leadership give importance to emotion A lot of research is done in the area of transformational leadership Transformational leaders rely on their charismatic abilities Risk of manipulation through charismatic abilities Risk of manipulation trough reciprocal relationship The world has become more complicated. IT·S RELATION TO THE COURSE: This article is related to leadership style LIMITATIONS OF THE ARTICLE:  More research needed in the area of servant leadership  Need more detailed information about servant leadership . FOCUS of the leader servant leader thinks for the people Transformational leader thinks for the betterment of the organization.LEARNING FROM THE ARTICLE:            A clear difference between two leadership styles.

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