Chapter-1 Introduction

Cinema halls are the place where the movie viewers spend couple of hours engrossed in the events that take place on the screen. Movies are inseparable part of every Indian. India being the largest producer of films has maintained the higher levels of art, innovation and seriousness with a new genre of movies. Hindi movies have huge mass base all across India. The Indian film industry is one of the largest in the world producing 1041 films, annually. In fact, Hindi movies are quite popular in several parts of the world. Probably the popularity of Hindi movies amongst Indian populace has prompted people to term Hindi movies as biggest passion and obsession of India.

Since the time Hindi movies came into existence; it has kept people glued to large screens. All over India, people wait for FRIDAY’S FIRST DAY, FIRST SHOW of a new movie. India has an astonishing number of 12000 cinema halls of those, nearly 700 are multiplexes. But that number is expected to more than double in the next three years because with every passing day many new multiplexes are opening up.To make this a memorable and an enjoyable experience the hall owners provide exceptional and superior ambience. Multiplexes gives them the much needed choice, alternate movies or flexible timing, varied entertainment for the family and snacks and meals of great taste. Hindi film industry, which commands a 40 per cent share of the Indian film market, is gaining a global audience. A spurt in the number of multiplexes in the country has changed the entire complexion of Indian films -their budgets, the way they are made and the audiences they are made for. Multiplexes have played a pivotal role in these developments, catering to a global taste.

A decade after the first multiplex opened in India, the magic of its comfort-viewing and Dolby digital.Sound effects have got most cinema viewers hooked and many don't even remember the last time they visited a single screen movie hall. `FINER ASPECTS OF MOVIE WATCHING' Take your pick from `rocker technology' backed stadium seating, no obstruction viewing, plasma wall-to-wall screens, Xenon projection technology screening, digital surround sound with Dolby and DTS technology, interlocking projection, fibre optic lighting roofs, and more. From one multiplex in Saket, south Delhi, in 1997 their number today has crossed 700 across the country with about 20,000 screens, redefining the way films are viewed. In the coming years, the number of multiplexes in India is going to increase from the current number. The rising number of multiplexes would offer quality entertainment to the consumers. Over the years, multiplexes have become a very important part of the Indian entertainment industry pie. They offer the user a variety of movies with flexibility of timings and have also opened doors to a whole new world of revenue generation streams. It is like consolidated entertainment centres in the form of movie theatres, restaurants and shopping arcades - all under one roof. It provides facilities like food court, gaming zone, shopping place etc. It would focus on families and youngsters as their target markets with facilities catering to all the age-groups. I think anyone who has once enjoyed a film in a multiplex would always want to go there only

PVR Ltd, which brought this concept to India, has a total of 95 screens in 22 multiplexes across India, Fun Cinemas has 50 screens in 11 cities, Inox Leisure Ltd. has 19 multiplexes with 65 screens and Adlabs Cinemas has no less than 100 screens in 22 cities. Up to 97 percent of urban youth prefer to watch movies in multiplexes AS COMPARED TO TRADITIONAL CINEMA COMPLEXES, THE MULTIPLEXES OFFER LOTS OF BENEFITS:GREATER AND BETTER UTILIZATION OF THE SAME RETAIL SPACE:-

The multiplexes takes as much of retail space as ordinary cinema halls, but it utilizes it in a better way as there is a match between the genre of the movie and seating capacity.
PROMISING NEW REVENUE OPTIONS:-Multiplexes:

Becoming a king of outdoor advertising and with

that will come a unique opportunity to the advertisers to increase their brand recall levels. The host of options at the multiplex includes commercials, translites and promotions in the form of cut-outs, physical display of products at the foyers, video-walls, movie-brand associations, product sampling, corporate alliances and other innovative promotions. Till now, a lot of marketers in India have tried innovative campaigns at Multiplexes, most of them belonging to the high- income segments. Some of major brands, which have used multiplexes for their promotions, include Maruti Alto, Gillette, Pepsi, Airtel, MasterCard, Whirlpool, Cadbury's, Samsung, Motorola, Woodland, Seagram’s, Star Movies, ESPN and even The Times of India. FOR
EXAMPLE:

- Hero Honda has a yearly deal with PVR Anupam (Saket, New Delhi) for a

physical display of its bike, 'Ambition,' at the foyer, commercials and translites and joint promotion with movies. BETTER AMBIENCE:Multiplex has made movie watching a holistic experience. Today multiplex is the state of art theatres equipped with better screens, sound and seating arrangements – gone are the day of racketing chairs without upholstery, bug bites, stale popcorn and stinking toilets. "GIVE ME THE MONEY" IS THE MANTRA OF
MULTIPLEXES TODAY

THE FACILITIES PROVIDED BY MULTIPLEXES:- . SHOPPING FACILITY. GAMING ZONE BETTER AMBIANCE Multiplex owners stressed on the need of understanding the customer's needs and offering the best possible package & concentrate on offering a holistic cinema experience to the viewers.The challenge lies in attracting more and more people towards the multiplex culture & once they are in. Gives the consumer several options under one roof. THE TECHNIQUE THAT MULTIPLEX OWNERS ARE NOW ADAPTING IS TO ATTRACT THE USER LIKE:People don't only want to watch movies. display rentals and product launches. FOOD COURTS PROPER PARKING FACILITY. how to make them pay more. REASONS WHY THE MULTIPLEXES NEED MORE MONEY:• • The current tax structure as well as regulations and norms different for different states. • • • • • • ONLINE TICKET BOOKING FACILITY.5Crores per screen on an average). The major streams of revenues other than the box office collection are advertisers. Another factor is the high establishment cost of the multiplexes (2-2. food and beverage. and they also expects kingly treatment with a lot of frills and add-ons. they want to eat shop and enjoy when the patron pays a big amount as a ticket.

every thing can be and should be used for revenue generation through advertising. India is witnessing a boom in the retail sector. • • The food and beverage section also needs to be innovative while designing the menu. • Multiplexes will also open the market for small budget and international films which can be showcased to a select audience MULTIPLEX CONTRIBUTE TO THE CITY’S DEVELOPMENT Having the largest retail density. SMS booking are working wonders to attract the audience. Multiplexes captured the market as complete family entertainment centers. internet booking. • Populated neighborhoods will see the rise of multiplexes and this will overcome the problem of fewer cinemas and longer travel times to visit them. Companies are offering more interactive on screen ads to the viewers that grab more attention of the viewers. ushering in an era of state of the art projection and sound. CONSTRAINTS TO MULTIPLEXES:- . The digital revolution has helped the Media and Entertainment industry to go digital. Most of the multiplexes in India are anchor tenants in the large format malls making a favorite destination for the youngsters as well as the families. The retail boom is contributing to the growth of multiplexes in the various cities of India. along with the multiplexes have completely transformed the experience of the viewers. • A new wave of multi screened movie halls is coming. They. • Every inch of space matters for advertising. From floors to pillars to seats to doors. a variety of movies on different screens and enough shopping to do while waiting for a movie to start. The option of combined packages offering snacks at the seats during the movies is a very luring offer which maximum customers now fall for. home delivery of tickets.• Telephone booking.

At a time when DVDs and home theatres are very affordable. In India. • HIGHER PRICES ARE HARMING THE FUTURE OF GOOD FILMS ALSO HIGH TICKET PRICES . theatre. • Deep pile carpets. glittering chandeliers. So this less number of cinematic audience factor. THE OWNER CAN HEDGE OF RISK OF MOVIE GETTING FLOPPED. ESPECIALLY ON WEEKDAYS.000odd they spend for a weekend outing at any up market multiplex. EMPTY THEATRES. zoo. EVERY PERSON CAN’T AFFORD THAT MUCH MONEY WHICH ONE IS OFFERED BY MULTIPLEXES-: India is not an economically developed country like USA or Canada or many European countries where majority of people fall into the same economic zone and population is just sufficient or even less in comparison to the capacities of these countries. Not a very large number of people are dependent on cinema only to get the entertainment there. According to industry estimates. • MULTIPLEXES ARE A HIGH RISK BUSINESS. has played a great role behind the multiplexes having limited seats and selling tickets at higher price. • But viewers don’t seem to be taking the bait. HALF are a reality multiplex operators are grappling with. Like a small budget movie might do well. rest rooms strutting marble. . fitness club and travelling etc. circus. For traditional cinema halls there is no hedge for such risk. sports.• IN A MULTIPLEX. providing some kind of fencing to the profits of the owner. People spend money on museums. This is because of heavy infrastructure costs. in India out of 800 films produced every year. 70% of the movies flop. The multiplex is dying to pamper you. But VIEWERS DON’T SEEM TO BE TAKING THE BAIT. duties and so on. how many families still consider the Rs 1. but for a multiplex the hedge is the number of movies playing at a point of time. opera. typically a multiplex would break even at 40 per cent occupancy against developed markets where the break-even happens even on 10 per cent occupancy.

which can spend few hundreds Rupees per person to watch a film. whenever they went to watch the film with friends.WHERE A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE ARE STANDING OUTSIDE THE CINEMA HALLS WHEN A FILM IS RELEASED” In today’s scenario that many true lovers of cinema can not watch the film in the very first week of its release because so many times it’s released only in multiplexes and single screen cinema halls situated in small cities are not given the prints. SINGLE SCREEN CINEMA IS A TRUE CINEMA Acc to some cinema lovers:“CINEMA WO HAI JISKA TICKET BLACK MEIN BIKTA HAI” “A TRUE CINEMA . Earlier it was related more with the hobby of a person. It has become prerogative of few chosen only. There could be bit higher price for balcony area but it was understood as place for families and even youngsters belonging to well to do families. preferred family stalls. Nothing was wrong in making multiplexes in India mostly multiplexes were developed on the debris of old and economical single screen cinema halls and hence their existences reduced the chances for a large number of people to watch the film in first week of its release. Economic demarcation has started affecting the watching of films for audiences. But came multiplex culture and watching the film became a status symbol also. watching a film in a multiplex became SOMETHING. With the advent of multiplexes.But in India to watch a film in first few days has always been a thrill for people. MULTIPLEXES VS. But policy of big filmmakers and distributers to release initially their films only in multiplexes has killed that adventure for masses. SINGLE SCREEN CINEMA . as this way they were able to save few Rupees which they used to spend on eating something they liked. keeping passion towards cinema.

Ludhiana. followed by ‘Lakshmi’. a medium-sized town in the thirties. On the G. With the green revolution peasantry we see a few cinemas appearing on the city landscape ‘Preet Palace’ and ‘Malhar’ (now demolished). Even roads were popularly christened after them. 1931 is a landmark. a year later. Today the Cinema business in Ludhiana has undergone a series of ups and downs. ‘Society’ appeared. HISTORY OF LUDHIANA CINEMAS Ludhiana is big and affluent city of the Punjab. huge population and strong paying capacity of the people makes it a great market. ‘Raikhy’ and ‘Naulakha’ led to the Cinema Road in the thirties. add-ons . They are inconspicuously disappearing into oblivion in the wake of rampant multiplex culture. A few busy crossings are known by the theatres in the surrounding area. • The nature of multiplex entertainment. Road appeared ‘Manju’ at the Southeast end and ‘Chand ‘at the Northwest one. bowling alleys and pool parlours spiced up with their lavish and multi-cuisine food courts. • Space economies and the optimal utilization of the capacities are the major advantages or benefits that the multiplexes enjoy over single screen theatres. does ensure that the audience is lured towards its glitterati. no one would fail to notice it. provided its citizens with ‘Raikhy’. Therefore. With Mr.all at a price. Similarly. while Deepak gave rise to Deepak Cinema Road in the early fifties.• Single screen theatres and talkies are a passé now.T. In the fifties. At the house of Aarti Steels Shiv Parshad . Calcutta-connected and Jalandhar-based Kailash Pictures was the brainchild of Kailash Gupta. Once a picture hall came up. • With multiplexes came the multiplex style of management: plush seats. which offers video arcades. like Kailash Chowk & Aarti Chowk. population grew and such sites were sought as were close to the railway station and the bus-stand. superior sound quality. . ‘Shingar’ made its mark near the busy Samrala chowk. ‘Naulakha’ and ‘Minerva’. of course.Sohan Lal gave ‘Aarti’ the name to their cinema house. Today multiplexes are offering better facilities to a section of the audience than the single screen theatres so every one to go multiplex instead of traditional. Consumerism has always existed. Thapar of Ludhiana in distribution business they founded the ‘Kailash Cinema’.

Raghbir Cycles built ‘Arora Palace’ at Gill Road. as a symbol of their love for music. Namdharis Sadhu Singh raises ‘Sangeet’. which is being run by Gurcharan Singh.City-based and traditional business communities entered this business as an avenue for good investment. . has become very popular among Ludhianvis. ‘Orient’ constructed by Late Kanwaljit Singh ‘Lucky’ in BRS Nagar.

which is also popular as Aarti Chowk. And Ludhianvis will no longer have to complain about lack of entertainment here. Two multiplexes will also be part of the mega city center project of Ludhiana Improvement Trust (LIT). another multiplex. By the start of 2008. 1' on Baisakhi Day 13th April 2001. Orient Cinema was constructed by Late Kanwaljit Singh. The popular mall Shoppers Stop is also coming up on Ferozepur Road. An auto mall is coming up near the octroi post of Ferozepur Road. Two malls being made by the Ansal group are under construction at the same road. Flamez. like a onestop shop to go car shopping. to give a new face to this industrial capital of Punjab. Two multiplexes are coming up on Ferozepur Road. MALLS & MULTIPLEXES IN LUDHIANA Ludhiana city is going to have not less than six multiplexes.Shiv Parshad . Another one is being planned near the Railway Station. which became very popular among Ludhianvis? The first movie released in this was Govinda & Sanjay Dutt Starrer 'Jodi No.5 acres of land. coming up in various parts of the city.Sohan Lal (Lohewale) of Aarti Steels started Aarti Cinema on 23rd February 1973. After that many block buster movies were released in this prestigious cinema hall of Ludhiana. Gold . eating joints. Five cinema halls. a hotel. five hotels of five-star status. In addition to the multiplexes. The other multiplex is coming up near Rajguru Nagar and is being developed by the Malhotra Book Depot (MBD) group on 4. One of them is developed by liquor baron Ponty Chadha and others. they can look forward to a good number of malls and multiplexes. just near to Prof Mohan Singh Chowk. discotheques and much more. shopping area have been planned in this project. Aarti Cinema is centrally located on Ferozpur Road. The first movie released in this Cinema was Jatinder & Jaya Bhaduri Starrer 'Parichay'. is coming up in place of Malhar Theatre. pubs. more than 10 malls are also coming up on Ferozpur Road and Ghumar Mandi. In BRS Nagar locality in the year 2001.

which began as a joint venture agreement between Priya Exhibitors Private Limited and Village Road show Limited. mobile ticketing and online ticketing facilities. India's first multiplex. A few more such sites are also under construction in Ghumar Mandi and Ferozepur Road. when the theatres in Ludhiana had four shows and people had to manage their times accordingly.” The Multiplex in Ludhiana has four screens with a capacity of 1100 and also provides the most scrumptious popcorns and beverages. PVR Cinemas is one of the largest cinema chains in India. The company. There is a show in a PVR after every hour.Souk and Wedding Souk is coming up at Laddowal. state-of-the-art screens and audio-visual systems. By introducing the multiplex concept in India. PVR Cinemas brought in a whole new paradigm shift to the cinema viewing experience: high class seating. The tickets are priced from Rs 80 to 140. began its commercial operations in June 1997 with the launch of PVR Anupam in Saket. It is situated in the centre of city with an easy access for people. “PVR provides showcasing of movies under one roof with vibrant cinema interiors and offers world class service standards with computerized ticketing. • • World class sound and seat comfort for watching movies.PVRCINEMAS.COM and telephonically through number-0161-4646787 . GOOD POINTS-: • Four separate theatres provide opportunity to watch up to four films simultaneously. They are the first one to open the “Gold Class cinema” and Lounge in India. but it has entered Ludhiana last year through THE FLAMEZ MALL at Malhar road. The PVR mantra is very old. Now one can watch any movie according to his own timings unlike earlier. Option of booking tickets online through WWW.

Mall is still not functioning. The Noida mall has been awarded as one of the top three malls in India. This mall would be constructed with an investment of Rs 90 crores and would cover 2. WestEnd Mall Ludhiana is going to be one of the finest and most luxurious malls in Punjab. Good security Slightly less spacious Problem with the entrance of Audi halls 3 and 4. WestEnd Mall will revolutionize the real estate scene and the entertainment field. Less seats for setting in the main halls which makes people to stand while waiting entrance. and the best in northern India. fast food joints. Many shops in the mall are still to open. According to Chadha Group. Major retailers of the country have already booked space in the mall & the mall will also boast of the best of eateries. • • BAD POINTS-: • • • • Situated in the middle of the city and therefore it is easy for people to reach Facility of rolling stairs and lifts. • Difficult to enter while rush.• here. no solution available for huge rush times. . coffee houses etc.2 acres.

All theatres have highest quality Dolby sound systems. . the next level in cinemas. UK.053 seats equipped with the finest facilities. a royal luxurious movie viewing experience in wave cinemas. Germany. Spain. Projection system is from Kinoton GmbH. • • • • These are few features which makes movies viewing experience at Waves Cinemas more exciting.West end Mall will house a four-screen Cineplex with 1. Speakers used in these theatres are of Martin Audio Ltd. FEW OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF WAVE CINEMAS OVER OTHER ARE: Carpets used in these halls are from Britons Carpets. DRAWBACKS-: • Only two ticket windows working which can cause difficulty in getting tickets in the rush hours. UK. Seating arrangements are from Figueras International. All in all. Now people of Ludhiana have two options available with them for watching their favorite movies. will be the highlight in the mall. ‘Waves Cinemas. • Poor service on the refreshment stalls can cause up to hour for getting a single burger.

four members. lounge styles and pools. Amount of 1000 Rupees still does not count less and salaried class people cry aloud when government rises the rate of gas cylinders as that increases their budget fixed for the kitchen. Considering audiences have started reacting harshly against the films. MULTIPLEX CULTURE GOOD OR BAD:- MULTIPLEXES ARE FINE BUT NOT MULTIPLEX CULTURE.• Entrances of hall 1 & 2 and 3 & 4 are very adjacent which creates the chance of entering in to wrong hall. The multiplex industry is a profitable one But the Disheartening is that under the pretext of the entertainment. say. Producers may be happy that they can generate more money from 100 people in a multiplex and they can’t generate same amount of money from a single screen theatre from 1000 viewers. they have watched on first weekend of their releases. This culture has brought the first weekend culture also in to the picture. then one film may cost them close to 1000 Rupees which include their conveyance and eating etc also. The core of these multiplexes is not quality entertainment. While watching a film . but hollow facilities and it is really sad that people are willing to pay astronomical prices and abandoning theatres and drama for these bromides. Now this rush to earn maximum money over first weekend has taken the shape of an ugly competition. it can be said safely that now films have become products for them and they want full and positive response from a film on which they have spent more than 150 (sometimes 250) Rupees and when its about a family of. But they are not able to see that these 100 people who initially happily pay Rs 250 for a film also start getting frustration on the quality of products they are getting against the money they spend. it can be used for many days to cook food for whole family and not merely a “SHOW TEEN GHANTON KA”. they are selling other amenities like food courts. Facts remain that even if a gas cylinder costs rupees 500 for them.

Because audience paid a reasonable amount to buy a ticket to watch the film So films at reasonable ticket prices provokes audience to watch the film and search the merits while films at higher ticket prices force audience to look for negatives because now they are buying a costly product and they have to behave like consumers. And what kind of economic policy is this? Big Films are not released in small and old cities having old cinema halls with single screen only and they are mostly left with dubbed “A” certified films. accommodation and food. three star or five star differentiations can work beautifully in the hotel or restaurant business because one may get the fundamental things. initially can spend this money till they are alone. Worst kind of films were made in 80s but that was the time when people used to say after getting pleasure from a song sequence or some great scene that Paisa wasool ho Gaya. (working class) who are financially capable to watch all the films in multiplex. “This one star. A person spending Rs 30-40-50 on an average film will come out as a happy man as he may get some entertainment against that reasonable price he has spent on the film.” Young audiences. Cinema halls of small cities are left available to screen cheap films as they have to run the films so people making garbage or soft porn or irresponsible films have occupied that segment of .in a multiplex means a good sum of money has been spent and it buys the usability only for the 2-2. One may get a very tasty food at road side dhaba also but if tomorrow five star hotels and restaurants start affecting the vegetable market and production and selling of common vegetables and people are forced to go to five star hotels only to eat even common vegetables then we can imagine the control of market over our food life. at every other place also wherever he goes. If big films are chosen to be released in multiplexes only then their filmmakers and distributers are depriving a large section of people from getting the pleasure of seeing the film in first week.5 hours. Watching cinema in multiplex serves some purpose for them but ultimately roots of majority of them also come from middle class and sometimes from lower middle class and sooner or later they have to object on high price and many of them object now also.

If small cities are left with the kind of films with title Nashili Jawani. To analyze the comparative study of multiplexes & traditional cinemas. And what a polluted mind will seek? A sane mind can understand difference between real life and illusioned life but a polluted mind can not. To study the attitudes & preferences of the various people towards the multiplex & traditional cinemas. To study the target markets for the multiplexes as well as traditional cinemas. Objectives • • • • • To study the reasons for the slow down sale for the traditional cinemas. To study the various facilities provided by multiplexes. Charthee Jawani etc etc and whole lot of younger minds are getting polluted then tomorrow is not very bright. . • To study the perception of the various people regarding the multiplexes and traditional cinemas.market and time will come soon when these filmmakers will start saying people want to see garbage so we are giving them the same.

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Chapter-3 Research Methodology .

Researchers also need to understand the assumptions underlying various techniques and they need to know the criteria by which they can decide that certain techniques .Research methodology Research in common parlance refers to a search for knowledge. the mode. Researchers not only need to know how to develop certain indices or tests. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology. and what would they mean and indicate and why. collecting. Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. are relevant and which are not. how to calculate the mean. In it we study the various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. the median or the standard deviation or chi-square. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. research is an art of scientific investigation. organizing and evaluating data. Once can also define research as a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. making deductions and reaching conclusions. but they also need to know which of these methods or techniques. Research is an academic activity and as such the term should be used in a technical sense. and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis. how to apply particular research techniques. In fact. According to Clifford Woody research comprises defining and redefining problems. formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions.

SELECTION OF SAMPLE . 1. SELECTION OF POPULATION Due to constraints. descriptive research type was adopted. To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variables (such studies are known as hypothesis-testing research studies). To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else (studies with this object in view are known as diagnostic research studies). The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered as yet. The population for the research was the general people. Objectives of Research The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures. To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it (studies with this object in view are termed as exploratory or formulative research studies). The purpose of research design is to insure that the data collected is accurate & relevant. To portray accurately the characteristics of a particular individual. 4. 2. situation or a group (studies with this object in view are known as descriptive research studies).and procedures will be applicable to certain problems and others will not. Research design is so chosen that the analysis is accurate. RESEARCH PLAN To meet the objectives of the study undertaken. 3. which guides the collection of data & analysis of data. Any research work requires clarity of objectives to be achieved effectively. the study has been conducted in the city of Ludhiana. RESEARCH DESIGN The research design is an arrangement of plan. All this means that it is necessary for the researcher to design his methodology for his problem as the same may differ from problem to problem.

Limitation of the Survey . DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION TECHNIQUES For data analysis & interpretation. the data was processed with various tools of percentages.The sample for this research was 50 respondents. In such a technique. various tools have been used & they are as follows:• • • • Tables Graphs Pie charts Rank score charts Scope Scope was limited to the geographical boundary of the Ludhiana city. For interpretation. The primary data was collected through unbiased structured questionnaire & secondary data was collected from news paper. RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS For the purpose of research. The questionnaires were developed so as to obtain responses relevant to the objectives of the research. DATA COLLECTION METHOD Both primary & secondary sources of data were used to collect the information. While designing the questionnaires every attempt was made to make it precise so that the process of filling up the responses does not consume time. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE The sampling technique used in this research is non probability convenience sampling. questionnaires were used to interview the respondents. researcher seeks his or her own convenience to reach the ultimate target group. magazines and various websites.

• Since the sample size was 50. Chapter-4 Data Interpretation & Analysis . • Being an opinion survey. the probability of personal bias cannot be overruled. in spite of the best & honest efforts. • As this study & its result are based on primary data. so the findings & conclusions of the study are only suggestive not conclusive.• • Due to resources & time constraints the study was limited to the Ludhiana city only. the personal biases of the respondents might have entered in their responses. Sample was chosen according to the convenience & such sample might not be representative of the universe.

Multiplexes 96% Traditional 4% 1) Which cinema you prefer the most? .

I realize that now a day’s maximum population of people prefers Multiplexes rather than Traditional Cinemas.Findings & Analysis According to the survey conducted. .

e. Aarti & Orient . fallen the preference of Traditional cinemas i.2) Which cinemas you prefer from following: Waves cinemas Pvr cinemas Orient cinemas Aarti cinemas 80% 52% 4% 4% Findings & Analysis Majority of population prefers Waves Cinemas with comparison to others & with the upcoming trend of multiplexes.

3) To what extent the following cinema make you satisfied? Cinemas Waves Pvr Orient Aarti Excellent 86% 48% 0 0 Good 14% 48% 36% 2% Average 0 2% 56% 20% Poor 0 2% 8% 78% Findings & Analysis Major part of population is highly satisfied with the Waves Cinemas and the satisfaction level is least for the Aarti Cinema. .

.4) How often do you go to these cinemas? Weekly Monthly occasionally 14% 60% 26% Findings & Analysis Now a day’s people like more freak outs & even the survey depicts the same that maximum percentage of population go for movies monthly.

multiplex cinemas (ranking) 5 1 3 4 Factors Price factor Audio. to your preferences.5) Which factors effect while selecting the cinemas? Rank them 1-5 acc.visual quality General facilities Location Findings & Analysis Maximum percentage of population counts audio visual quality to be the top most factors & price to be the least factor in the selection criteria. .

.visual quality General facilities Location Infrastructure Traditional cinemas (ranking) 1 4 3 5 2 Findings & Analysis Maximum percentage of population counts Price to be the top most factors & Location to be the least factor in the selection criteria.Factors Price factor Audio.

6) Mark your preference towards following cinemas-: (Taking price as a basic factor) prices cinemas Multiplexes Traditional Expensive 62% 0 reasonable 40% 48% Cheap 0 54% Findings & Analysis Majority of population says that Multiplexes are more expensive as compared to other cinemas. . Traditional Cinemas are very cheap. On the other hand.

. most of the population influence towards Cinemas through Friends & least through Newspaper.7) What sources influences you about these cinemas? Friends Colleagues Relatives TV advertisements Hoardings pamphlets Newspapers internet 84% 9% 46% 12% 16% 10% 1% 4% Findings & Analysis In the Survey.

Better hygiene facilities Quality audio & video Quick services Level of cleanliness Seating comfort infrastructure 4 1 6 3 2 5 Findings & Analysis Maximum of population prefers particular Cinema because of their quality audio & video and the least ambiance of any Cinema is the quick services. .8) What do you think that ambiance of cinemas should be based on-: Rank them 1according to your preference.

that multiplex culture increasing day by day & least percentage can’t say that whether its increasing or not. do you agree? Yes No Can’t say 82% 13% 5% Findings & Analysis Maximum number of percentage agrees with this. .9) Now a day’s multiplex culture is increasing.

and that multiplexes effect the growth of traditional cinemas. maximum of percentage agrees. The survey depicts the same.10) Do you agree that boom in multiplexes culture effect the growth of traditional cinemas? Yes No Can’t say 96% 2% 2% Findings & Analysis Now days. the boom in Multiplexes culture effect the growth of traditional cinemas. .

And according to the survey majority of population feels that multiplexes are quiet expensive & every one can’t afford that much money on the single ticket. .11) Every person can afford to spend that much money which is offered by multiplexes? Do you agree? Yes No Can’t say 22% 46% 32% Findings & Analysis Spending depends upon the income of the person.

Better infrastructure is the top most factor that is preferred by majority of population & professionally oriented services are the factor that is given least weightage by the population. Fully air – conditioned halls Better infrastructure Professionally oriented services Food courts & restaurants Speed of ticket booking 2 1 5 4 3 Findings & Analysis The multiplexes provide various facilities.rank them1-5 acc.12) People prefer multiplexes due to following reasons. to your preference. .

to your preference Promotional schemes Online payment facilities Home delivery of tickets Sms ticket booking Online ticket booking Ranking 2 1 3 4 Findings & Analysis Promotional schemes are those that attracts the people to go for particular cinema & Home delivery of tickets is the most preferable among majority of population. .13) Which promotional schemes regarding these cinemas attract you more? Rank them 1-4 acc.

.14) Increase in multiplex culture help in contributing in the city’s development. How much you agree on this statement? Fully agree Fairly agree Not agree 52% 46% 4% Findings & Analysis Survey depicts that the majority of the population believes that Increase in multiplex culture highly contributing in the city’s development.

Chapter-5 Results & Discussions .

Conclusion:• According to the survey conducted. • Maximum of population prefers any Cinema because of their quality audio & video and the least ambiance of any Cinema is the quick services. now a day’s maximum population of people prefers Multiplexes rather than Traditional Cinemas & in Ludhiana Majority of population prefers Waves Cinemas & Pvr cinemas with comparison to others & with the upcoming trend of multiplexes. • In case of multiplexes.Maximum percentage of population counts audio visual quality to be the top most factors & price to be the least factor in the selection criteria. • With regard to the satisfaction Major part of population is highly satisfied with the multiplexes and the satisfaction level is least for the traditional Cinemas. • The survey depicts that the-: Maximum number of percentage agrees that multiplex culture increasing day by day. most of the population gets influenced towards Cinemas through Friends & least through Newspaper. • Now a day’s people like more freak outs & even the survey depicts the same that maximum percentage of population go for movies monthly. multiplexes effect the growth of traditional cinemas & majority of population feels that multiplexes are quiet expensive & every one can’t afford it.e. • Though people prefer multiplexes more than traditional cinemas still the Majority of population finds Multiplexes to be more expensive as Compared to traditional cinemas. fallen the preference of Traditional cinemas i. On the other hand in case of traditional cinemas Maximum percentage of population counts Price to be the top most factors & Location to be the least factor in the selection criteria. • Maximum percentage of population counts audio visual quality to be the top most factors & price to be the least factor in the selection criteria. • Maximum percentage of population counts audio visual quality to be the top most factors & price to be the least factor in the selection criteria. • The Survey depicts that. . Aarti & Orient.

• Home delivery of tickets is the most preferable Promotional schemes among majority of population. .• ‘[The multiplexes provide various facilities. • At last survey depicts that the majority of the population believes that Increase in multiplex culture highly contributing in the city’s development. Better infrastructure is the top most factors that are preferred by majority of population.