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Theory A pinhole camera consists of a darkened box or room with a small hole at one end. Because light travels in straight lines, the hole permits rays from each point of an object to fall only within a small circle on the opposite wall, effectively forming an image. A Pinhole Camera consists of a small aperture that light passes through, a dark enclosure, and a piece of film. As shown in the diagram below, an object placed in front of a Pinhole Camera forms a clear image on the film without the need for a lens. Because the aperture is so small, from each point on the object, only one ray of light may pass through and then move on to the film. Thus there is a one-to-one correspondence between points on the film and points on the object. The size of the hole affects the focus of the photo taken. If the hole is too large, and too much light is coming through the hole will cause the picture to be out of focus. If the hole is too small, the rays will be diffracted, and the picture will also be out of focus.
Out of Focus (diameter of pinhole too big)
Materials I made my camera using the following materials: One cologne box with interior box One pop can for (aluminum pinhole) One full roll of 35mm 400 ISO film One empty roll of 35mm Black electrical tape One guitar pick (for turning the film canister) Tools I made my pinhole camera using the following tools: One size 13 needle One retractable razor blade One exacto-knife pen 120 grit sand paper Black electrical tape Clear packing tape Scissors One black sharpie Construction .
Then I cut a one inch by one and a half inch square out of the center of the back of the inside box. I then took one pop can and cut a one and half inch square of aluminum out of it. After I had created my holes for the light to enter and my hole to frame the exposure of the 35mm film. Then I proceeded to cut the same one inch square out of the inside box. Using a size 13 needle I punctured a small hole in it. After that I slide both ends of film into the slits going inside the camera.First I took cologne box that measured 4inches wide. Then I taped both canisters close to the camera with black . I tapped the edges of the slits in hopes of reducing scratches on the film. before blacking the backside with sharpie. and 1. I connected the film using one strip of clear packing tape on both sides. Then pulled enough film out of the full canister to connect to the few inches of film on the empty roll. that had another partial box that fit perfectly inside of it. I then made flaps out black electrical tape to cover the slightly exposed strip of film.5 inches high. but there were a few areas that were white so I filled them in with black sharpie. Once I made my hole I turned it around and sanded the backside so that it was flat again. With black electrical tape. 2. Then I attached to the front of my outside box with black electrical tape. The majority of the inside was matt black already. I then washed it and dried it.5 inches deep. Then I cut a one-inch by one inch square out of the center of the outside box. After that I made slits on both ends of my box so that my film could travel inbetween the two boxes allowing only allowing one frame at a time to be exposed. so there would be no catch.
Then I put a rubber band on one side of the camera so that I would always know that if the rubber band is on the right side the camera is upright. Then I cut a guitar pick to use as a turning mechanism to roll up to film. Diagram Pictures Taken . After they were secure. I did this because it looks the same upside down and I don¶t want to be double exposing my frames. I put black electrical tape over all the corners and edges to make sure there were no light leaks.electrical tape.