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Prof. Nabil Al-Bayati
STAAD-III Manual Index
Command Language Conventions Elements of the Commands Command Formats Problem Initiation And Title Unit Specification Joint Coordinate Specification Member Incidence Specification Delete Specification Member Property Specification Specifying Properties from Steel Table Prismatic Property Specification Examples of Member Property Specification Member Release Specification Member Truss Specification Constant Specification Global Support Specification Draw Specifications Definition of Load Systems Joint Load Specification Member Load Specification Temperature Load Specification for Members Support Displacement Load Specification Selfweight Load Specification Load Combination Specification Analysis Specification Load List Specification Section Specification Print Specification Steel Design Specifications Parameter Specification Code Checking Specification Member Selection Specification Member Selection by Optimization Steel Take Off Specification Concrete Design Specification Design Initiation
STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Concrete Design Parameter Specification Concrete Design Command Concrete Take Off Command Concrete Design Terminator Footing Design Specifications Design Initiation Footing Design Parameter Specification Footing Design Command Footing Design Terminator End Run Specification
Prof. Nabil Al-Bayati
Command Language Conventions
This section describes the command language used in STAAD-III. First, the various elements of the language are discussed and then the command format is described in detail. Elements of the Commands a) Integer Numbers: Integer numbers are whole numbers written without a decimal point. These numbers are designated as i1, i2, etc., and should not contain any decimal point. Signs (+ or -) are permitted in front of these numbers. If the sign is omitted, it is assumed to be positive (+). b) Floating Point Numbers: These are real numbers which may contain a decimal portion. These numbers are designated as f1, f2... etc.. Values may have a decimal point and/or exponent. Example 5055.32 0.73 -8.9 732 5E3 -3.4E-6 etc. When the sign is omitted, it is assumed to be positive (+). Also note that the decimal point may be omitted, if the decimal portion of the number is zero. c) Alphanumerics: These are characters which are used to construct the names for data, titles or commands. All alphabetic characters must be input in upper case, or capital letters. No quotation marks are needed to enclose them. Example MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 8 TABLE ST W8X35
STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year
Prof. Nabil Al-Bayati
d) Repetitive Data: Repetitive numerical data may be provided by using the following format: n*f where n = number of times data has to be repeated f = numeric data, integer and floating point Example JOINT COORDINATES 1 3 * 0. This joint coordinate specification is same as: 1 0. 0. 0. Command Formats a) Free-Format Input: All input to STAAD-III is in free-format style. Input data items should be separated by blank spaces or commas from the other input data items. Quotation marks are never needed to separate any alphabetic words such as data, commands or titles. b) Commenting Input: For documentation of a STAAD-III data file, the facility to provide comments is available. Comments can be included by providing an asterisk (*) mark as the first non-blank character in any line. The line with the comment is "echoed" in the output file but not processed by the program. Example JOINT LOAD * THE FOLLOWING IS AN EQUIPMENT LOAD 2 3 7 FY 35.0 etc. c) Meaning of Underlining in the Manual: Exact command formats are described in the latter part of this section. Many words in the commands and data may be abbreviated. The full word intended is given in the command description with the portion actually required (the abbreviation) underlined. For example, if the word MEMBER is used in a command, only the portion MEMB need be input. It is clearer for others reading the output if the entire word is used, but an experienced user may desire to use the abbreviations. d) Meaning of Braces and Parenthesis: In some command formats, braces enclose a number of choices, which are arranged vertically. One and only one of the choices can be selected. However, several of the listed choices may be selected if an asterisk (*) mark is located outside the braces.
STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year
Prof. Nabil Al-Bayati
Example XY YZ XZ In the above example, the user must make a choice of XY or YZ or XZ. Example * FX FY FZ Here the user can choose one or all of the listing (FX, FY and FZ) in any order. Parentheses, ( ), enclosing a portion of a command indicate that the enclosed portion is optional. The presence or absence of this portion affects the meaning of the command, as is explained in the description of the particular command. Example PRINT (MEMBER) FORCES PERFORM ANALYSIS (PRINT LOAD DATA) In the first line, the word MEMBER may be omitted with no change of the meaning of the command. In the second line, PRINT LOAD DATA command may also be omitted, in which case the load data will not be printed. e) Multiple Data Separator: Multiple data can be provided on a single line, if they are separated by a semicolon (;) character. One restriction is that consecutive commands can not be separated by a semicolon. They must appear on separate lines. Example MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4 etc. Possible Error: PRINT FORCES; PRINT STRESSES In the above case, only the PRINT FORCES command is processed and the PRINT STRESSES command is ignored. f) Listing Data: In some STAAD-III command descriptions, the word "list" is used to identify a list of joints, members/elements or loading cases. The format of a list can be defined as follows:
0 In this case. 6 .. in which case the list may be continued to the next line by providing a hyphen preceded by a blank.. the increment will be set to one. Example 2 4 7 TO 13 BY 2 19 TO 22 28 31 TO 33 FX 10. BY means that the numbers are incremented by an amount equal to the third data item (i3). This pecification will include all MEMBERs parallel to the global direction specified. Also note that only a list may be continued and not any other type of data. list = i1 TO i2 (BY i3) X or Y or Z TO means all integers from the first (i1) to the second (i2) inclusive.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. Nabil Al-Bayati * i1.0 This list of items is the same as: 2 4 7 9 11 13 19 20 21 22 28 31 32 33 FX 10. the specification X ( or Y or Z) may be used. i2.. Instead of a numerical list. Sometimes the list may be too long to fit on one line. If BY i3 is omitted.... the continuation mark for list items is used when list items are not continued.0 Possible Error: 3 5 TO 9 11 15 FX 10. i3. This will result in an error message or possibly unpredictable results. Note that this is not applicable to JOINTs or ELEMENTs.
allows the user to specify the type of the structure and an optional title. Following type specifications are available: PLANE SPACE TRUSS FLOOR = Plane frame structure = Space frame structure = Plane or space truss structure = Floor structure (any title a1) a1 = Any title for the problem. General format: PLANE STAAD SPACE TRUSS FLOOR Description Any STAAD-III input has to start with the word STAAD. 2) The optional title provided by the user is printed on top of every page of the output. This title will appear on the top of every output page. To include additional information in the page header. The choice is dependent on the various degrees of freedom that need to be considered in the analysis. The user can use this facility to customize his output. Notes 1) The user should be careful about choosing the type of the structure.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. Nabil Al-Bayati Problem Initiation And Title Purpose This command initiates the STAAD run. use a comment line containing the pertinent information as the second line of input. The following figure illustrates the degrees of freedoms considered in the various type specifications. 7 .
For all output. General format: * length-unit UNIT force-unit INCHES FEET or FT CM length-unit = METER MMS DME KM KIP POUND KG MTON NEWTON KNS MNS DNS force-unit = Note: DME denotes Decameters. the units are clearly specified by the program. Joint Coordinates Specification Purpose This set of commands allow the user to specify and generate the coordinates of the JOINTs of the structure. Also note that the input-unit for angles is always degrees. Note that mix and match between different unit systems (Imperial. the output unit for joint rotations (in joint displacement) is radians. Example UNIT KIP FT UNIT INCH UNIT CM MTON Notes This command may be used as frequently as needed to specify data or generate output in the desired length and/or force units. Nabil Al-Bayati Unit Specification Purpose This command allows the user to specify or change length and force units for input and output.) are allowed.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. The REPEAT and REPEAT ALL commands allow easy generation of coordinates using repititive patterns. However. All data is assumed to be in the most recent unit specification preceding that data. All other units are self explanatory. Metric. SI etc. The JOINT COORDINATES command initiates the specification of the coordinates. MNS denotes mega Newtons and DNS denotes decaNewtons. 8 . Description The UNIT command can be specified any number of times during an analysis.
yi1. zi2. The following are used only if joints are to be generated. xin. yik & zik = X.25 0. zi1. x2. zin) Description The command JOINT COORDINATES specifies a Cartesian Coordinate System (see figure 2. xin. ( i2.5 2.) is permitted. and z2 = X. y2. (xi2.0 0.25 0. Example 1 JOINT COORDINATES 1 10. Defaults to 1 if left out. & Z for cylindrical or R. Joints are defined using the global X. (When using the REPEAT and REPEAT ALL commands. y1.5 2 0.0 8. x1. Y and Z coordinates will be equally spaced between i1 and i2. Nabil Al-Bayati JOINT COORDINATES i1. y1 and z1 = X. xik. (xi2.5 9 . y2.5 6 50.. joint numbering must be consecutive and should begin with 1.. i3 ) REPEAT n. yin.0 3 5. x2. yi2. Y & Z coordinates of the joint. Y & Z coordinate increments for k th repeat. xi1.) i1 = The joint number for which the coordinates are provided. i3 = Joint number increment by which the generated joints will be incremented.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year General format: Prof. The REPEAT ALL command functions similar to the REPEAT command except that it repeats all previously specified input back to the most recent REPEAT ALL command. Y & Z (R. Any integer number (five digit max. yin.0 8.. Y and Z coordinates.. The command JOINT Example JOINT COORDINATES NOREDUCE BAND The REPEAT command causes the previous line of input to be repeated n number of times with specified coordinate increments. zi1. x1.. yi1. The X. For PLANE analyses z1 is an optional data item when defining input for individual joints... xi1. zi2. z1 is always required for joint generation. n = Number of times repeat is to be carried out.0 0. zin) REPEAT ALL n.0 8.. Y & for cylindrical reverse) coordinates of the joint. z1. yi2. or all joint data if no previous REPEAT ALL command has been given. i2 = The second joint number to which the joint coordinates are generated.2). z2.
0 REPEAT ALL 10 0.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.0 . .. 0. 5.25 0. 20.0 0.5. ..0 0. 0. X Y Z coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are provided. 18 15. The seventh 10 .. 60. 9*0 The above REPEAT command will repeat the last input line 10 times.0 100.0 Here. 5.0 100. . 17 0. 5 0.0 0.5 and joint 5 will have coordinates of 35. 19 30. 15*0 0. 0.0 The following examples illustrate various uses of the REPEAT command. Each repeat operation will use a different increment set. Hence. 12. 10. ..0 60. 0. 2 15. 60.0 10. 60. 201 0. .0 0.. 15. 0.) REPEAT 3 2. . six times using x.0 90. Thus.. 0.0 0. 6 15. and four times using increments of 0... 60.e. . y and z value of 0 represents no change from the previous increment. .. 0. The REPEAT ALL command repeats all previous data (i. 10. 10..0 0. 0... 0. 0. 15.e. 15. . . 41 0. (15*0) are supplied. 15. ..0 . 200 45.0 . and 0.. . incrementing the Y coordinate by 10 each time. To create the 2nd through 6th repeats.0 10. . 0.0 .0 4 45 0. joint 4 will have coordinates of 20. . 0. 5.. 0. 0. 7 30.0 . z = 5. 3. Note that the joints between 3 & 6 will be generated with joints equally spaced from 3 to 6.0 20. 4 45.. 40 45. 12.. . 3. .0 0. .. the 20 joint "floor") ten times.0 15. 3. 0.0 0. 22 15. x = 5. The REPEAT command repeats the first input line 4 times. 15.25 0.0 100. 219 30. 0. and 0.0 10. ..0 0. 220 45. The above REPEAT command will repeat the last input line three times. and 0. 10. y and z increments of 0..0 60.0 . 8 45... Example 2 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. The above REPEAT command will repeat the last input line 10 times using the same set of increments (i..0 10..0 60.0 60. five sets of 0. 20 45. This creates the 200 remaining joints of the structure: Example 3 21 0... 0.0 . the first 2 lines are sufficient to create a "floor" of twenty joints: 1 0. 3 30. Each x.0 8.0 REPEAT 4 0. the 220 joint coordinates of a ten story 3 X 4-bay structure are generated.0 8. y = 10. 0. . Nabil Al-Bayati In this example... 0. REPEAT 10 0. incrementing each Z coordinate by 15. REPEAT 10 5.
REPEAT and REPEAT ALL commands are available to facilitate generation of repititive patterns. i5. The 8th through 10th repeats are done with the same increments as 7. Also. The member/element incidences must be defined such that the model developed represents one single structure only. = Joint number increment which will be added to the incident joints. The REPEAT ALL command functions similar to the REPEAT command except that it repeats all previously specified input back to the most recent REPEAT ALL command or to the beginning of the specification if no previous REPEAT ALL command has been issued. Nabil Al-Bayati repeat is done with increments of 0. i1 i2 i3 = Member number for which incidences are provided. (When using REPEAT and REPEAT ALL commands.. (i5 and i6 will default to 1 if left out. Any integer number (maximum six digits) is permitted. Notes The PRINT JOINT COORDINATE command may be used to verify the joint coordinates provided or generated by REPEAT and REPEAT ALL commands. Member Incidences Specification Purpose This set of commands are used to specify MEMBERs by definining connectivity between JOINTs. i6 ) REPEAT n. not two or more separate structures. STAAD-III is capable of detecting multiple structures automatically. member numbering must be consecutive). i3. i2. mi. = Member number increment for generation. = Member number increment = Joint number increment 11 . 10. ( i4. = End joint number. and 0. ji Description The REPEAT command causes the previous line of input to be repeated n number of times with specified member and joint increments. mi. General format: MEMBER INCIDENCES i1. and is represented as 9*0.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. = Start joint number. The following data are used for member generation only: i4 i5 i6 n mi ji = Second member number to which members will be generated. ji REPEAT ALL n.) = Number of times repeat is to be carried out. use the STAAD-POST facility to verify geometry graphically.
. 26 27 28 .12). in the next line. . 48 21 25. member 9 will be from 14 to 16. 25 26 27. . Member 2 is connected between joints 5 and 7. 50 35 39. 49 34 38.. member 1 goes from joint 1 to 2.. 37 22 26. 33 37. 2 2 22 . member 4 from 7 to 9. 41 26 30. 37 38. 19 19 39 . 11 from 17 to 19 and 13 from 20 to 22.. Similarly. That is. 3 3 23 .. 35 39 40 The next two commands (36 21 25 39 and REPEAT 3 4 4) function similar to the previous two commands. 51 36 40 12 . .. member 5 from 8 to 10.. in the east-west direction: 21 24 .. for example. 22 22 23. but here create the 16 second floor "floor" beams running in the north-south direction: 36 40 . The first input line creates the twenty columns of the first floor: 1 1 21 . Member numbers from 3 to 5 will be generated with a member number increment of 1 and a joint number increment 1 (by default). Nabil Al-Bayati In this example. . Additional example MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 21 20 21 21 22 23 REPEAT 4 3 4 36 21 25 39 REPEAT 3 4 4 REPEAT ALL 9 51 20 This example creates the 510 members of a ten story 3 X 4-bay structure (this is a continuation of the example started in Section 6.... 34 38 39. 20 20 40 The two commands (21 21 22 23 and REPEAT 4 3 4) create 15 members which are the second floor "floor" beams running.. 42 27 31.. 38 23 27. 39 24 28 25 29. . 43 28 32 .. 23 23 24 25 26. 33 21 22.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Example MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 2 5 7 5 7 11 13 13 2 3 Prof.. member 3 goes from 6 to 8..
Also. the user cannot re-activate them. In other words. generating 459 new members and finishing the ten story structure. Notes The PRINT MEMBER INFO command may be used to verify the member incidences provided or generated by REPEAT and REPEAT ALL commands. provided the joints are not connected by any other active members or elements. Example DELETE MEMBERS 29 TO 34 43 13 . use the STAAD-POST facility to verify geometry graphically.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. The REPEAT ALL now repeats this unit nine times. For example. Hence. b) This command will also delete all the joints which were not connected to the structure in the first place. These commands must be provided immediately after all member/element incidences are provided. it should be continued on to the next line by providing a blank space followed by a hyphen (-) at the end of the current line. (the number of joints on one floor). Nabil Al-Bayati The preceding commands have created a single floor unit of both beams and columns a total of 51 members. General format: MEMBERS member-list DELETE JOINTS joint-list Description The DELETE command will completely delete the members from the structure. the DELETE MEMBER command can be defined only once. if a DELETE MEMBER command is used. c) The DELETE MEMBER command is applicable for deletion of members as well as elements. a DELETE JOINT command should not be used. The member number is incremented by 51 (the number of members in a repeating unit) and the joint number is incremented by 20. If the list of members to be deleted extends beyond one line. Notes a) The DELETE MEMBER command will automatically delete all joints associated with deleted members. Delete Specification Purpose This commands may be used to permanently DELETE specified JOINTs or MEMBERs. such joints may have been generated for ease of input of joint coordinates and were intented to be deleted.
table-name ( additional-spec.list TABLE type-spec. BRITISH.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. Specifying properties from steel table Purpose The following commands are used for specifying section properties from built-in steel table(s). General format: AUSTRALIAN CANADIAN EUROPEAN FRENCH INDIAN AMERICAN BRITISH GERMAN JAPANESE MEMBER PROPERTIES member .) option will cause the program to pick up properties from the appropriate steel table. The default depends on the country of distribution. Description This command initiates the specification of MEMBER PROPERTY. b) Specification of prismatic properties. General format: type-spec . table-name (additional-spec) PRISMATIC property-spec AMERICAN. EUROPEAN (etc. Nabil Al-Bayati Member Property Specification Purpose This set of commands may be used for specification of section properties for frame members. Following are the various options available: a) Specification from built-in steel tables. ) 14 .
STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year ST RA D LD SD T CM TC BC TB Prof. f5= Depth (f5) of tubes.5. S. table-name = Table section name like W8X18. C15X33 etc. specifies tee section cut from I shape beams. 15 . available with I shape beams. where TUBE is the table-name. or HP sections. f6= Outside diameter (f6) of pipes. * SP WP TH WT DT OD ID CT FC f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 f7 f8 f9 additional-spec = SP WP TH WT DT OD ID CT FC f1= his set describes the spacing (f1) between angles or channels if double angles or double channels are used. M. specifies long leg. f7= Inside diameter (f7) of pipes. back to back. f4= Width (f4) of tubes. where PIPE is the table-name. specifies beams with bottom cover plate. f8= Concrete thickness (f8) for composite sections. specifies composite section.2). f1 defaults to 0. double angle.0 if not given. Nabil Al-Bayati type-spec . specifies beams with top cover plate. back to back. specifies beams with top and bottom cover plates. specifies short leg. specifies double channel. f3= Thickness (f3) of plates or tubes. f9= Compressive strength (f9) of the concrete for composite sections. = ST RA D LD SD T CM TC BC TB specifies single section from the standard built-in tables. specifies single angle with reverse Y-Z axes (see Section 2. double angle. f2= Width (f2) of the cover plate if a cover plate is used with W.
Ec= Modulus of elasticity of concrete = 1802. 2) In order to calculate the section properties of the cross-section. f2 = Torsional constant. f5 = Effective shear area in local y-axis.5 Ksi where FC (in Ksi) is defined earlier. f10 = Width of stem for T-section or bottom width for TRAPEZOIDAL section. If omitted. the area is calculated from the YD and ZD dimensions. Some important points to note in the case of the composite section are: 1) The width of the concrete slab is assumed to be the width of the top flange of the steel section + 16 times the thickness of the slab. = AX IX IY IZ AY AZ YD ZD YB ZB f1 = Cross sectional area of the member. (Diameter of section for circular members) f8 = Depth of the member in local z direction. Nabil Al-Bayati Notes All values f1-9 must be supplied in current units. f3 = Moment of inertia about local y-axis. 16 . f9 = Depth of stem for T-section. f7 = Depth of the member in local y direction.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. General format: For the PRISMATIC specification. f6 = Effective shear area in local z-axis. properties are provided directly as follows: * AX IX IY IZ AY AZ YD ZD YB ZB f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 f7 f8 f9 f10 property-spec. Prismatic Property Specification Purpose The following commands are used to specify section properties for prismatic crosssections. f4 = Moment of inertia about local z-axis (usually major). the modular ratio is calculated assuming that: Es= Modulus of elasticity of steel = 29000 Ksi.
The compressive strength of the concrete in the slab is 3. IX 0. WT 8.75 20 TO 25 TA ST TUBE DT 12.0 inches at the top of a wide flange W14X34.0 This example shows each type of member property input.25 12 TO 15 PRISMATIC AX 10. Nabil Al-Bayati Examples of Member Property Specification This section illustrates the various options available for MEMBER PROPERTY specification Example UNIT INCHES MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W8X31 9 10 TABLE LD L40304 SP 0. 17 and 18 are pipe sections.5 27 29 32 TO 40 42 PR AX 5. General format: MEMBER RELEASES * START member-list END FX FY FZ MX MY MZ Where FX through MZ represent force-x through moment-z in the member local axes.0 IZ 1520.2 YD 9. Member 56 is a wideflange W12X26 with a 4.5 ID 1.0 ksi. 12 to 15 are prismatic members with no shear deformation. 17 18 TA ST PIPE OD 2. IY 33. 29.0 TH 0. 56 TA TC W12X26 WP 4.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. 20 to 25 are tube sections.3 57 TA CM W14X34 CT 5. and 42 are prismatic members with shear deformation. wide cover plate of thickness 0. 9 and 10 are double angles selected from the AISC tables. 32 to 40.3 inches at the top.0 in. Members 1 to 5 are wide flanges selected from the AISC tables. 17 . Member 57 is a composite section with a concrete slab thickness of 5.0 IY 600. ZD 3.0 FC 3. 27. IZ 400. TH 0. Member Release Specification Purpose This set of commands may be used to release specified degrees of freedoms at the ends of frame members.
Poisson's ratio. Description This specification may be used to specify TRUSS type members in a PLANE. Constant Specification Purpose This command may be used to specify the material properties (Modulus of Elasticity. Nabil Al-Bayati In the above example. The TRUSS members are capable of carrying only axial forces. while only moment z is released for the second set of members at their end joints. bracing members in a PLANE or SPACE frame will be of this nature. General format: MEMBER TRUSS member. Member Truss Specification Purpose This command may be used to model a specified set of members as TRUSS members. Density and Co-efficient of linear expansion) of the members and elements.list Note that this command is superfluous when a TRUSS type structure has already been specified. It is not equivalent to a frame member with moment releases at both ends. SPACE or FLOOR structure. Typically. local moment y and moment z are released for the first set of members at their start joints (as specified in MEMBER INCIDENCES). Note that members 1 and 11 are released at both start and end joints. General format: CONSTANTS E POISSON DENSITY f1 ALPHA MEMBER member list ALL 18 .STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Example MEMBER RELEASE 1 3 TO 9 11 12 START MY MZ 1 10 11 13 TO 18 END MZ Prof. Example MEMB TRUSS 1 TO 8 10 12 14 15 Notes The TRUSS member has only one degree of freedom-the axial deformation.
A FIXED support has both 19 . This value must be provided as the first item in the Constants list. Co-efficient of thermal expansion. Appropriate values will be automatically assigned. material names can be provided instead of f1.0 ALL DENSITY STEEL MEMB 14 TO 29 Notes 1) The value for E must always be given first in the Constants list. Global Support Specification Purpose This set of commands may be used to specify the SUPPORT conditions for support parallel to the global axes. Example CONSTANTS E 29000. ] ) * release-spec = FX FY FZ MX MY MZ * spring.spec.5xE/(1+POISSON ) ). POISSON DENSITY ALPHA f1 Value of the corresponding constants. the support has no moment carrying capacity. but no rotational restraints. 2) All numerical values must be provided in the current units system. POISSON and DENSITY.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year E Prof. = KFX KFY KFZ KMX KMY KMZ f1 f2 F3 f4 f5 f6 Description PINNED support is a support which has translational. For E. General format: SUPPORTS PINNED joint-list FIXED ( BUT release-spec. Current list of material names consist of STEEL. CONCRETE & ALUMINUM. specifies weight density. This value is used for calculating the Shear Modulus ( G = 0. Nabil Al-Bayati specifies Young's Modulus. specifies Poisson's Ratio. The PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTY command of material CONSTANTS. In other words. [ spring-spec.
Plots are of very high-resolution and practically all the 8/9/24 pin dot matrix and laser printers are supported. Joints 5 and 6 are fixed in all directions except in force-X and moment-Z. Corresponding spring constants are f1 through f6. Draw Specifications Purpose This set of commands may be used to generate printer plots of structure geometry and results as parts of the output. no moments are carried by those supports.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. as part of the STAAD-III output file. DRAW command is used to create all the plots in the output. forceX and moment-Z of these supports are released. these output files (. a fixed support can have spring constants as described in spring-spec (translational spring in global X-axis as KFX through rotational spring in global Z-axis as KMZ). 20 . A FIXED support can be released in the global directions as described in release-spec (FX for force-X through MZ for moment-Z). Joint 27 is fixed in all directions with 125 unit spring in the global Y direction. Nabil Al-Bayati translational and rotational restraints. If both release specifications and spring specifications are to be supplied for the same support joint.0 KFY 75. No more than five releases may be provided.ANL files) should be printed only through the PRINT option of STAAD-UTIL menu. 18 21 FIXED 27 FIXED BUT KFY 125. Joints 8 and 9 are fixed with a release in moment-Z and have springs in the global X and Y directions with corresponding spring constants of 50 and 75 units respectively. Example SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 7 PINNED 5 6 FIXED BUT FX MZ 8 9 FIXED BUT MZ KFX 50. Joints 18 and 21 are fixed in all translational and rotational directions. Description Besides interactive graphics. joints 1 to 4 and joint 7 are pinned.0 In this example. analysis results etc. Note that the rotational spring constants are always per degree of rotation. Note that. release specifications must come first. STAAD-III has features to provide commands to plot structural geometry. Plots can also be displayed by the STAAD-VIEW option of STAAD-UTIL. The following is the format of DRAW commands. Also.
Display joint numbers. Display force/moment diagram on the entire structure for specified in (load number). 2) Following commands are related to results and should be used only after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. Display support icons. Nabil Al-Bayati DRAW ( LIST list – spec.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year * ISOMETRIC JOINT MEMBER SUPPORT PROPERTY SHAPE LOAD DFDRAW SCDRAW MSDRAW BMDRAW VALUE Prof. Draw section displacement. Draw mode shape. ISOMETRIC JOINT MEMBER SUPPORT PROPERTY LOAD = = = = = = Draw isometric view. Display load icons. ) ln ln ln ln force-spec ln force-spec ln = Load number to be considered FX FY force-spec = MZ FZ MY Notes 1) Following commands may be used anywhere in the input. DFDRAW MODRAW SCDRAW MSDRAW BMDRAW multiple DRAW commands to display force/moment diagrams for independent members. Display member numbers. No more than 2 member lists are allowed. this command can be used only after the loadings are provided. Obviously. = = = = = Draw deflected shape. Display force/moment diagram for independent members as listed in LIST. Use 21 . Display property names.
This number need not be sequential with previous load number.0 5 8 FX 15. MX. Example JOINT LOAD 3 TO 7 9 11 FY -17. f1. f2 .1 12 MX 180. The LOADING command initiates a new load case. Under this heading.. General format: JOINT LOAD * FX FY joint-list FZ MX MY MZ f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 FX. MY and MZ specify a moment in the corresponding global direction. Nabil Al-Bayati Example DRAW ISOMETRIC MEMBER SUPPORT PROPERTY DRAW SHAPE SUPPORT DRAW ISOMET MSDRAW 2 MZ VALUE Loading Specifications Purpose This section describes the various loading options available in STAAD-III.2 MZ 180. Joint Load Specification Purpose This set of commands may be used to specify JOINT loads on the structure.0 FZ 6. These different kinds of loads are described below. The following command may be used to initiate a new load case. f6 are the values of the loads. General format: LOADING i1 (any load title) i1 = any unique integer number (upto four digits) to identify the load case.3 Notes 22 .STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.. FY and FZ specify a force in the corresponding global direction. all different loads related to this loading number can be input.
Nabil Al-Bayati Joint numbers may be repeated where loads are meant to be additive in the joint. the load is assumed to cover the full member length. f9 f10. The load is assumed to cover the full member length if f2 and f3 are omitted. If the load is triangular. f13 direction-spec = local-spec = X Y Z UNI or UMOM specifies a uniformly distributed load or moment with a value of f1. f3. and f13. If f12 and f13 are not given. The loading location is given by f12. Member Load Specification Purpose This set of commands may be used to specify MEMBER loads on frame members. LIN specifies a linearly decreasing or increasing. If the load is linearly increasing or decreasing then f7 is the value at the start of the member and f8 is the value at the end. the loading starting point. The value is positive in the general direction of the parallel (or close to parallel) local axis. TRAP specifies a trapezoidal linearly varying load which may act over the full or partial length of a member and in a local. f6 will default to half the member length if omitted. and a distance of f3 from the start of the member to the end of the load. Both are measured from the start of the member. f4 = Perpendicular distance from the member shear center to the plane of loading. or a triangular load. f4 f7. f12. General format: MEMBER LOAD UNI or UMOM member-list CON or CMOM LIN local-spec TRAP direction-spec X Y Z GX GY GZ PX PY PZ direction-spec f1. CON or CMOM specifies a concentrated force or moment with a value of f5 applied at a distance of f6 from the start of the member. The starting load value is given by f10 and the ending load value by f11. global or projected direction. f8.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. f6. f2. f4 direction-spec f5. then f7 and f8 are input as zero and f9 is the value of the load in the middle of the member. the stopping point. f11. 23 . at a distance of f2 from the start of the member to the start of the load.
Nabil Al-Bayati X. & Z in the direction-spec and local-spec specify the direction of the load in the local (member) x. Notes Members may be repeated where the loads in the member are meant to be additive. Also. PX. note that specifying global axes is not permissible for the linear load. Y. Example TEMP LOAD 1 TO 9 15 17 TEMP 70. General format: 24 .STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. GX.0 18 TO 23 TEMP 90. y and z-axes.list TEMP f1 f2 f1 = The change in temperature which will cause axial elongation in the members or uniform volume expansion in elements. Support Displacement Load Specification Purpose This command may be used to specify SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT load on supports of the structure. f2 = The temperature differential from the top to the bottom of the member (Ttop surfaceTbottom surface). If f2 is omitted. PY and PZ may be used if the load is to be along the projected length of the member in the corresponding global direction. Temperature Load Specification for Members Purpose This command may be used to specify TEMPERATURE loads or strain loads on members and elements. GY. and Z-axes. General format: TEMPERATURE LOAD member .0 66. Y. no bending will be considered.0 Notes Members may be repeated where the loads in the member are meant to be additive. The temperature unit is the same as the unit chosen for the coefficient of thermal expansion ALPHA under the CONSTANT command. & GZ in the direction-spec specify the direction of the load in the global X.
Y. and Z directions respectively. FZ specify translational displacements in global X. Y. while the second support list will be rotated by 15 degrees around global Xaxis. Selfweight Load Specification Purpose This command may be used to calculate and apply the SELFWEIGHT of the structure for analysis. MY. while for rotational displacements the unit is always in degrees. General format: SELFWEIGHT X Y Z f1 This command is used if the self-weight of the structure is to be considered. the support displacement is modelled as a load.25 inch in the negative global Y direction.25 19 21 TO 25 MX 15. and Z directions. For translational displacements. the unit is in the currently specified length unit. The selfweight of every active member is calculated and applied as a uniformly distributed member load. MX. 25 . f1 = Value of the corresponding displacement. Example UNIT INCHES SUPPORT DISPL 5 TO 11 13 FY -0. Nabil Al-Bayati With this command. FX.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT ( LOAD ) FX FY support joint-list FZ f1 MX MY MZ Prof. FY. Note that displacement cannot be specified in a direction in which the support is released. the first support list will be displaced by 0.0 In this example. MZ specify rotational displacements in global X. Notes Loads may be repeated where the effects are meant to be additive.
Load Combination Specification Purpose This command may be used to combine the results of the analysis. f1 = The factor to be used to multiply the selfweight.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. It does not analyze the structure for the combined loading. Thus. The combination may be algebraic.75 3 1. This command may also be used without any direction and factor specification. SRSS and a combination of both.. & Z represent the global direction in which the selfweight acts.. f1. Nabil Al-Bayati X. Example Several combination examples are provided to illustrate the possible combination schemes LOAD COMBINATION 7 DL+LL+WL 1 0. f2 . i = Load combination number (any integer value less than 150 but not the same as any previously defined primary load case number). loads will be applied in the negative global Y direction with a factor of unity. represents the load case numbers which are to be combined.. i2 . a1 = Any title for the load combination. i1. Notes Density must be provided for calculation of the self weight. f1. represents corresponding factors to be applied to loadings. f2 . if specified as "SELFWEIGHT".33 The item above (LOAD COMBINATION 7) illustrates a simple algebraic combination.. Y.75 2 0.. i2. 26 . Notes This option combines the results of the analysis in the specified manner.. General format: LOAD COMBINATION i a1 i1.
Without one of these commands. the load vector will be modified to include the secondary effect generated by the displacements caused by the previous analysis. of iterations desired (default value of n = 1). 2) Multiple analysis may be used for load-dependent structures. d) solving simultaneous equations. Refer to Example 1 in the Getting Started & Examples manual for detailed illustration. General format: PERFORM PDELTA (n) NONLINEAR (n) ANALYSIS Where n = no. STAAD-III's live relational database automatically updates changes in member crosssectional sizes. statics check info. forces and displacements are recalculated. This command directs the program to perform the analysis which includes: a) checking whether all information is provided for the analysis. For example. and several types of Dynamic analysis. In addition. Thus the entire process is automated. Multiple analysis may be used for the following purposes: 1) Successive analysis and design cycles in the same run result in optimized design. no analysis will be performed. Nonlinear analysis. this command may be used to request various analysis related data like load info. taking into consideration the P-Delta effect. Nabil Al-Bayati Analysis Specification Purpose STAAD-III analysis options include linear static analysis. These ANALYSIS commands can be repeated if multiple analyses are needed at different phases. and e) computing the member forces and displacements. h) in each of the "n" iterations of the PDELTA analysis. Notes STAAD-III allows multiple analyses in the same run.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. f) If P-Delta analysis is specified.This command is used to specify the analysis request. P-Delta (or second order analysis). The bracing members are assumed to 27 . g) Non-linear analysis will take the geometric non-lineality as well the P-Delta effects into account . b) forming the joint stiffness matrix. c) checking the stability of the structure. structures with bracing members are analyzed in several steps. mode shapes etc.
General format: load-list LOAD LIST ALL Description This command is used to activate the load cases listed in this command and. Example LOAD LIST ALL PRINT MEMBER FORCES LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS In this example. regardless of LOAD LIST command. The STAAD-III run database automatically keeps track of results for different runs and is capable of generating a design based on load combinations provided. the program internally uses all load cases. Thus. in a sense. whereas loading 1 and 3 will be used for printing support reactions Notes The LOAD LIST command may be used for multiple analysis situations when an analysis needs to be performed with a selected set of load cases only. Note that. deactivate all other load cases not listed in this command. Nabil Al-Bayati take Tension load only. In other words.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. Load List Specification Purpose This command allows specification of a set of active load cases. they need to be activated and inactivated based on the direction of lateral loading. 28 . when PERFORM ANALYSIS command is used. All load cases made active by this command remain active until a new load list is specified. SECTION PROPERTIES etc. member forces will be printed for all load cases. 3) The user may also use Multiple Analysis to model change in other characteristics like SUPPORTS. the loads listed are used for printing output and in design for performing the specified calculations. The entire process can be modeled in one STAAD-III run using multiple PERFORM ANALYSIS commands. RELEASES.
at which the forces and moments are considered for further processing. f2 . if no section is specified. start and end).9 ALL 29 . in terms of fractional member lengths. 0. Nabil Al-Bayati Section Specification Purpose This command is used to specify sections along the length of frame member for which forces and moments are required.0 (i.75 MEMB 3 TO 7 SECTION 0.0 MEMB 1 2 SECTION 0. if more than three intermediate sections are involved. The remainder of the members will have no effect since no intermediate SECTION is provided for them.4 0. f1.0 and 1.5 ALL PRINT SECTION FORCES SECTION 0.2 0. Example SECTION 0. no more than three intermediate sections are permissible per SECTION command. i.5 1.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.. General format: MEMBER Memb-list SECTION f1. at the start.. no more than three intermediate sections are allowed per SECTION command..0 0. first the members 1 and 2 are set to section values of 0. f2 . The following example will clarify. including one at the start and one at the end. f5 = Section (in terms of the fraction of the member length) provided for the members.75 0. For example. The members 3 to 7 are specified by the next SECTION command where sections 0.0.. and 1. In other words. the start and end forces of the members will be used for design.6 0. As mentioned earlier. Example SECTION 0. member 8 has its section specified at 0.5. Maximum number of sections is 5.0.e. it defaults to 0. If no section value is given for any member. f5 ( ALL ) Description This command specifies the sections. However. mid point and end.75 are set.25 and 0.25 0. In the next SECTION command.6.6 MEMB 8 In this example.e. they can be examined by repeating the SECTION command after completing the required calculations.
2) This is a secondary analysis command.75 and 0. General format for data related print commands: JOINT COORDINATES MEMBER INFORMATION MEMBER PROPERTIES PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES SUPPORT INFORMATION ALL CG General format to print analytical results: (JOINT) DISPLACEMENTS (MEMBER) FORCES (SUPPORT) REACTIONS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS (MEMBER) SECTION FORCES (MEMBER) STRESSES General format to print entire steel table: PRINT ENTIRE (TABLE) (ALL) LIST list of items i.e. 0.e.5) are printed and then forces at an additional 3 sections (namely 0. or member (ALL) LIST list of items i. Use the PRINT SECTION FORCES command after this command to print out the forces and moments at the specified sections. Notes 1) The SECTION command just specifies the sections.9) are printed. STAAD-III offers a number of versatile print commands that can be used to customize the output. Note that the analysis must be performed before this command may be used. or member 30 . joint. Nabil Al-Bayati In this example. 0. joint. This gives the user the section forces at more than three intermediate sections.2.4 and 0. first forces at 3 intermediate sections (namely 0.6. Print Specifications Purpose This command is used to direct the program to print various modeling information and analysis results.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year PRINT SECTION FORCES Prof.
PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES command prints all material properties for the members. for all specified load cases. by support. 31 . and PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command. for all specified load cases. are printed. beta angles. PRINT SUPPORT INFORMATION command prints all support information regarding their fixity. torsion bending-y and bending-z) in a tabulated form by member. member properties.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. PRINT CG command prints out the coordinates of the center of gravity of the structure. including member length. shearz. The displacements for all six directions will be printed for all specified load cases. PRINT (JOINT) DISPLACEMENTS command prints joint displacements in a tabulated form.e. member information. and section moduli in both axes. support reactions and member forces. PRINT (MEMBER) FORCES command prints member forces (i. member incidences. PRINT (SUPPORT) REACTIONS command prints support reactions in a tabulated form. axial. if any. PRINT MEMBER PROPERTIES command prints all member properties including cross sectional area. With this command. whether or not a member is a truss member and the member release conditions at start and end of the member (1=released. including E (modulus of elasticity). in that order. the joint displacements. Nabil Al-Bayati Description Note that the list of items are not applicable for PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS. material properties and support information. PRINT ALL command is equivalent to last five print commands combined. weight density and coefficient of thermal expansion (alpha) for frame members. The length unit for the displacements is always INCH or CM (depending on FPS or METRIC unit) regardless of the unit specified in UNIT command. moments of inertia. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS command is equivalent to the last three commands combined. 0 = not released). Units for the properties are always INCH or CM (depending on FPS or METRIC) regardless of the unit specified in UNIT command. G (shear modulus). This command prints joint coordinates. in that order. releases and spring constant values. PRINT JOINT COORDINATES command prints all interpreted coordinates of joints. PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION command prints all member information. shear-y.
e. by member. shear stresses in both local y and z directions and combined (absolute combination of axial. Nabil Al-Bayati PRINT (MEMBER) SECTION FORCES command prints member forces at the intermediate sections specified with a previously input SECTION command. Example PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 1 TO 50 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 101 TO 124 Notes 1) The output generated by these commands are based on the current unit system. If the JOINT option is used. end joint and all specified intermediate sections. The printing is done in a tabulated form. moment-z over section modulus in local z-axis). bending-z (i. moment-y over section modulus in local y-axis). forces and moments at the nodal points are also printed out in addition to the centroid of the element. for all specified load cases. bending-y and bending-z) stresses. These stresses include axial (i. PRINT (MEMBER) STRESSES command tabulates member stresses at the start joint. axial force over the area).e. bending-y (i. The user may wish to verify the current unit system and change it if necessary. if AY and/or AZ is not provided.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.e. For PRISMATIC sections. 2) Results may be printed for all joints/members or based on a specified list. 32 . the full cross-sectional area (AX) will be considered in shear stress calculations.
name f1 ALL Description parameter-name . Parameter Specifications Purpose This set of commands may be used to specify the parameters required for steel design. Nabil Al-Bayati Steel Design Specifications This section describes all the specifications necessary for structural steel design.see Table 3. f1 = Value of the parameter. The user can control the design through specification of proper parameter.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. For AISC LRFD Design . refer to the relevant section. refer to table ( 1 ).1 and AASHTO based design. 2) For default values of the parameters.see Table 3. General format: PARAMETER AASHTO AISC AUSTRALIAN BRITISH CANADIAN CODE FRENCH GERMAN INDIA JAPAN LRFD NORWAY MEMBER member-list Parameter . 33 .refers to the "PARAMETER NAME" (s) listed in the parameter table (1) contained in the Steel Design section. For AISC Allowable Stress Design . Notes 1) All unit sensitive values should be in the current unit system.2 For steel design per other codes.
Example PARAMETERS CODE AISC KY 1. Mz location for design. Cm value in local y and z axes. Yield strength of steel in current units ( Fy ). 45 in= 1143 mm Maximum allowable depth.0 Permissible ratio of the actual to allowable stresses. Member Length Spacing of stiffeners for plate girder design. 0.85 for sidesway and calculated for no sidesway 0. 2. Any other value will mea the value to be used in design. 1.0= No sidesway. 1.0 = Cb value to be calculated. Same as above except in z-axis (major).75 ALL RATIO 0.0 0.0 Member Length 1.0 1. this minor axis K value in local z-axis.0 = check for selenderness. Same as above except I local z-axis.0 = calculate moments at tenth points along the beam.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.0 = suppress selenderness check.5 MEMB 3 7 TO 11 NSF 0.0 0.5 of AISC 0.0 = Print all critical member stresses.0= Sidesway in local y-axis. and use the maximum. Usually. 0. Nabil Al-Bayati TABLE ( 1 ) : AMERICAN STEEL DESIGN PARAMETERS Parameter name KY KZ LY LZ FYLD NSF UNL UNF CB SSY SSZ CMY CMZ MAIN STIFF TRACK DMAX DMIN RATIO BEAM Default Value 1.9 ALL 34 .0 0. Usually.0 = Print expanded output.0 0. Net section factor for tension members. 0. 1.0 1. 0. 0.0 = Suppress critical member stresses 1.0 Description K value in local y-axis.0 Minimum allowable depth.0 0. 1.0 = design only for end moments for those at locations specified by SECTION command. this major axis Length in local y-axis tu calculate slenderness ratio. Unsupported length for calculating allowable bending stress. Same as above provided as a fraction of actual member length Cb value as used in section 1.0 Member Length Member Length =36 KSI =248 MPa 1.
General format: MEMBER member-list CHECK CODE ALL Description This command checks the specified members against the desired code. Notes The output of this command may be controlled using the TRACK parameter. General format: MEMBER member-list SELECT ALL Description By this command. Refer to the appropriate Steel Design section for more information on the TRACK parameter. Three levels of details are available. Notes The output of this command may be controlled using the TRACK parameter. The selection is done using the last results from analysis and iterating on sections until a least weight size is obtained. The results of the code checking are tabulated by each member. Three levels of details are available. Nabil Al-Bayati Code Checking Specification Purpose This command may be used to perform the CODE CHECKING operation. Member Selection Specification Purpose This command may be used to perform the MEMBER SELECTION operation.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. Refer to the appropriate Steel Design section for more information on the TRACK parameter. Refer to Section 3 of this manual for detailed information. 35 . the program selects specified members based on the parameter value restrictions and specified code.
Notes This facility may be very effectively utilized to obtain a quick estimate of the structural steel quantity.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. General format: SELECT OPTIMIZED Description By this command. profile-type. length and weight. The tabulated listing will include total length of each section name and its total weight. Three levels of details are available. since it will require longer computer time to solve a structure. The MEMBER option list each member length and weight by number. Nabil Al-Bayati Member Selection by Optimization Purpose This command performs member selection using an optimized technique based on multiple analysis/design iterations. This method requires multiple stiffness matrix analyses as well as iteration of sizes until an overall structure least weight is obtained. Refer to the appropriate Steel Design section for more information on the TRACK parameter. This command should be used with caution. Steel Take Off Specification Purpose This command may be used to obtain a summary of all steel sections being used along with their lengths and weights. 36 . General format: STEEL (MEMBER) TAKE ( OFF ) Description This command provides a complete listing of all different steel table sections used in the structure. the program selects all members based a state-of-the-art optimization technique. 2) This command may require multiple iterations involving analysis/design cycles and therefore may be time consuming. This can be helpful in estimating steel quantities. Notes 1) The output of this command may be controlled using the TRACK parameter.
Nabil Al-Bayati Concrete Design Specifications This section describes the specifications for concrete design. General format: START CONCRETE DESIGN Description This command initiates the concrete design specification. Specifying of parameters. Without this command. Requesting quantity take-off. Notes This command must be present before any concrete design command is used. the design parameters are automatically set to the default values (as shown on table 2). With this. General format: ACI BRITISH CANADIAN CODE FRENCH GERMAN INDIA JAPAN NORWAY 37 . none of the following concrete design commands will be recognized.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. The concrete design procedure implemented in STAAD-III consists of the following steps: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Initiating the design. Specifying design requirements. Concrete Design-Parameter Specification Purpose This set of commands may be used to specify parameters to control the concrete design. Terminating the design Design Initiation Purpose This command is used to initiate the concrete design.
refer to table ( 2 ) TABLE ( 2 ) : AMERICAN CONCRETE DESIGN PARAMETERS Parameter name FYMAIN FYSEC FC CLT CLB CLS MINMAIN MINSEC MAXMAIN SFACE EFACE REINF MMAG WIDTH DEPTH NSECTION TRACK Default Value 60000 psi = 414 MPa 60000 psi = 414 MPa 4000 psi = 27. A factor by which the design moment will be magnified.0 1.0 0. Notes 1) All parameter values are provided in the current unit system. BEAM DESIGN: 0. Depth of concrete member. 2. 2) For default values of parameters. 1.0 = print out required steel areas for all 38 . Clear cover for side reinforcement. Maximum main reinforcement bar size. This value defaults to ZD as provided under MEMBER PROPERTIES.0 Description Yield stress for main reinforcing steel ( fy ) Yield stress for secondary reinforcing steel ( fy ) Compressive strength of concrete ( f'c ) Clear cover for top reinforcement.5 in = 38 mm 1. Nabil Al-Bayati Description Parameter-name refers to the concrete parameters described in table f1 = is the value of the parameter.0 ZD YD 10 0. Face of support location at end of beam ( Note: Both SFACE & EFACE are input as positive members) Tied column. The UNIT command is also accepted during any phase of concrete design. Note that this value is always input in current units. Width of concrete member.0 = Critical moment will be printed out. Clear cover for bottom reinforcement. Number of equally spaced sections to be considered in findng critical moments for beam design. Minimum main reinforcement bar size ( # 4 – # 18 ) Minimum secondary reinforcement bar size.5 MPa 1. This value defaults to YD as provided under MEMBER PROPERTIES.0 0.0 = Critical moments will not be printed out with beam design report.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year MEMBER member list parameter-name f1 ( ALL ) Prof. A value of 1.0 will mean spiral.5 in = 38 mm Number 4 bar Number 4 bar Number 18 bar 0. Face of support location at start of beam.5 in = 38 mm 1.
Nabil Al-Bayati intermediate sections specified by NSECTION. reinforcement bars used and their respective weights. Concrete Design Command Purpose This command may be used to specify the type of design required. SAMPLE OUTPUT: ************** CONCRETE TAKE OFF ************** (FOR BEAMS AND COLUMNS DESIGNED ABOVE) TOTAL VOLUME OF CONCRETE = 87. cannot be redesigned as a column again. 2. or vice versa. or COLUMN . or COLUMN .0 output. Concrete Take Off Command Purpose This command may be used to obtain an estimate of the total volume of the concrete. Members may be designed as BEAM. Note that members. once designed as beam. COLUMN DESIGN: 0.FT 39 . 1.0 = prints out detailed design results. General Format: CONCRETE TAKE OFF Description This command can be issued to print the total volume of concrete and the bar numbers and their respective weight for the members designed.0 = prints out a schematic interaction diagram and intermediate interaction values n addition to all of above.0 = prints out column interaction analysis results in addition to TRACK=0. General format: DESIGN BEAM COLUMN member-list Description Members to be designed must be specified as BEAM.50 CU.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.
60 8 1137.60 9 653.84 11 818.67 -----------*** TOTAL = 3506. Concrete Design Terminator Purpose This command must be used to terminate the concrete design.0 ALL FC 3. General format: END CONCRETE DESIGN Description This command terminates the concrete design.74 Notes This command may be used very effectively for quick quantity estimates.03 6 91. Nabil Al-Bayati BAR SIZE WEIGHT NUMBER (in lbs) --------------4 805. after which normal STAAD-III commands resume. Example START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI FYMAIN 40.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.0 ALL DESIGN BEAM 1 TO 4 7 DESIGN COLUMN 9 12 TO 16 END 40 .
the program automatically identifies the support reaction(s) associated with the joint. 3) Footing depth and reinforcement details are based on soil reactions calculated per 2) above. parameter specification. design command and design termination. Following parameters are available for footing design. FACTORED LOAD = ACTUAL REACTION X Parameter FFAC Note that the user may provide a desired value for parameter FFAC. The ratio between the length and the width of the slab may be controlled by the user through a parameter. 1) The design reaction load may include concentrated load and biaxial moments. Once the support is specified. Description This facility may be used to design isolated footings for user specified support joints. Dowel bars and development lengths are also calculated and included in the design output. 5) Footings cannot be designed at supports where the reaction causes an uplift on the footings. All active load cases are checked and design is performed for the support reaction(s) that requires the maximum footing size. Parameters are available to control the design. 41 . Design Procedure The following sequential design procedure is followed: 1) Footing size is calculated on the basis of the load directly available from the analysis results (support reactions) and user specified Allowable Soil Pressure.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. describes the process of design initiation. No factor is used on the support reactions. Nabil Al-Bayati Footing Design Specifications Purpose This set of commands may be used to specify footing design requirements. 4) Optional pedestal design is available. 2) The vertical reaction load is increased by 10% to account for the selfweight of the footing. Design Considerations The STAAD-III isolated footing design is based on the following considerations. 3) Footing slab size is rectangular. 2) The footing size obtained from 1) and the FACTORED LOAD is utilized to calculate soil reactions. 4) Dowel bar requirements and development lengths are calculated and reported in the output.
2) For default values of parameters.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof. f1 is the value of the parameter. Note that this value should be in the current units. Nabil Al-Bayati Design Initiation Purpose This command must be used to initiate the footing design. Footing Design Parameter Specification Purpose This command is used to specify parameters that may be used to control the footing design. Notes No footing design specification will be processed without this command. The UNIT command is also accepted during any phase of footing design. Without this command. General Format: AMERICAN BRITISH CANADIAN CODE FRENCH GERMAN INDIA JAPAN NORWAY JOINT joint-list parameter-name f1 ( ALL ) Description Parameter-name refers to the parameters described in table ( 3 ). refer to the parameter table ( 3 ) 42 . Notes 1) All parameter values must be provided in the current unit system. no further footing design command will be recognized. General Format: START FOOTING DESIGN Description This command initiates the footing design specifications.
BC RATIO TRACK DEPTH S1.0 =numerical output and sketch provided The min. If one is provided.STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.0 in. S2 1.6 MN/m2 Ratio between slab sides. Load factor for design.0 0.X1 X2 pedestal design with user provided pedestal dimensions. the other will be calculated based on RATIO.0 =only numerical output is provided 1. 0.( fy ) Compressive Strength of Concrete. Nabil Al-Bayati Table (3) Footing Design Parameters Parameter name FY FC CLEAR REINF FFAC Default Value 60. =76mm Number 9 bar Description Yield strength for reinforcement steel.000 psi =20. depth of the footing base slab. Size of the footing base slab -S1 and S2 correspond to column sides YD and ZD respectively. Soil bearing capacity.7 MPa 3. 1.000 psi = 414 MPa 3. Notes 43 .0 2. Program changes this value if required for design. X1 and X2 are pedestal dimensions corresponding to slab sides S1 and S2 respectively.0 1.0 Calculated by the program Calculated by the program EMBEDMENT PEDESTAL 0. Footing Design Command Purpose This command must be used to execute the footing design.0 = pedestal design with program calculating pedestal dimensions. Main reinforcement bar size for slab design. If both are provided.( f'c ) Clear cover for slab reinforcement. Either S1 or S2 or both can be specified.0 =no pedestal design1. RATIO will be ignored The depth of the footing base from the support point of the column. General Format: DESIGN FOOTING joint-list Description This command may be used to specify the joints for which the footing designs are required.0 3000 psf =143.
Notes If the footing design is not terminated. only numerical output will be provided. General format: FINISH Description This command should be provided as the last input command.0 JOINT 2 FY 60.25 BC 5. This terminates a STAADIII run. no further STAAD-III command will be recognized. End Run Specification Purpose This command must be used to terminate the STAAD-III run.20 JOINT 2 BC 5.0 JOINT 5 FC 3 ALL RATIO 0. graphical output will be provided in addition.0.00 JOINT 5 DESIGN FOOTING 1 2 3 5 END FOOTING DESIGN Footing Design Terminator Purpose This command must be used to terminate the footing design. General Format: END FOOTING DESIGN Description This command terminates the footing design.8 ALL TRACK 2.0 ALL UNIT KIP FEET CLEAR 0. If TRACK is set to 2.0. EXAMPLE START FOOTING DESIGN CODE AMERICAN UNIT KIP INCH FY 45. If TRACK is set to the default value of 1. Nabil Al-Bayati The output of this command may be controlled by the TRACK parameter (see table (3)).0 ALL PEDESTAL 1. 44 .STAAD III Help Manual –Fourth Year Prof.
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