The hottest place are the Sahara Desert, some people think it´s the Death Valley in California

. The highest temperature recorded in Sahara was only 58 degrees Celsius. The coldest temperature ever measure on Earth was -90 degrees Celsius at lake Vostok, Antártida, in 1983. That s colder than the Lake Titicaca. The wettest and dries places: these are both in South America. The valley Lloro in Colombia averages 13 meters of rainfall a year. However, Arica in Chile is much drier than LLoro. It s get just 0.76 millimeters of rain per year. The Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii holds the little. It s 15,240 meters tall and is higher than Mount Everest. However, Mauna Loa is less visible than Mount Everest because most of it is under the surface of the sea. The lowest point on Earth is the Death Sea in the Middle East is about 400 meters below sea level. Death Valley in California is not even a close second at 86 meters below sea level. The River Nile, Egypt s greatest river is 6670 kilometers long. It s 264 kilometers longer than Amazon River. Greenland is the largest island in the world. It s much smaller than Australia, but scientist call Australia a continent. The Mid- Atlantic Ridge is nearly 10000 kilometers long and nearly divides the entire Atlantic Ocean from north to south. Iceland is the only place where the mountain range rises above the ocean s surface. Oftentimes, hills are hardly notice because they are overshadowed by mountains. Even though they are much smaller than mountains, there are significant hills that can be found from around the world. Here are some notable hills from around the world. Some of these are historic, others are natural wonders and a few are popular for a particular reason. For example, Calvary, Capitol Hill, Parliament Hill, etc. The most popular canyon is the Grand Canyon. However, The Tsangpo Canyon, along the Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet, China, is regarded by some as the deepest canyon in the world at 18,000 feet, and is slightly longer than Grand Canyon making it one of the world's largest. Some of the largest cliffs on Earth are found underwater. For example, an 8000-meter drop over a 4,250-meter span can be found at a ridge sitting inside the Kermadec Trench. The highest cliff (rock wall, mountain face) in the world, is Nanga Parbat's Rupal Flank. The largest and highest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, called the "roof of the world", which is still being formed by the collisions of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian tectonic plates. It s largest than Andean Plateau. The Great Plain of North India also known as Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra Plain is the largest alluvial plain of the world. Nile River valley and delta, Egypt, is claimed as the world's biggest oasis by the 2007 edition of The Guinness Book of World Records with a stated area of 22,000 square kilometers. In Peru, the most popular is the Huacachina. Illescas is a peninsula in northwestern Peru. It forms the southern boundary of the Sechura Bay, the largest bay in Peru. Sechura Bay also includes the northernmost portion of the Pacific Ocean that is under the influence of the Peru-Chile or Humboldt Current. The Illescas Peninsula is located in the department of Piura, and is scarcely inhabited. Illescas is also the name given to the highest point of the peninsula (500 m.), the Cerro Illescas. The largest crescentic dunes on Earth, with mean crest-to-crest widths of more than 3 kilometres, are in China's Taklamakan Desert. The five largest modern countries that are mainly archipelagos are Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, New Zealand and [2] the United Kingdom. The largest archipelagic state in the world, by area, is Indonesia. The archipelago with the most islands is the Archipelago Sea in Finland. Grand Canal of China, still the longest canal in the world . At around 500 miles long, the Malacca Strait is the longest in the world. Pearl harbor is the most popular harbor because it history. The largest gulf in the world is the Gulf of Mexico. The Three Gorges Dam is the world s largest capacity hydroelectric power station with a total generating capacity of 18,200 MW.[2]

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