ORIECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

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FAJAR TNTERNATONAL COLLEGE

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LEGISLATTON {OSH 104}
TOPIC:

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION TO

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
LEGISLATION

Dayl-9Autust2010
4JoFnB kbn, :010

Learning Outcomes
By the end

ofthis topic, you should be able to:

r. z. - 3. 4"

Understandtheobjective Differentiate between Common Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law and Statutory Law
Historicai perspective of OSH development
Categories of legislation

Chrro

cAlrgariCa

I

bylofinaPenatan,20l0

--_.---Objective
According to the U.S Department of labour,

,-u-

a/

- Conkol ucLmo

El

cneD

o Every year, an average of r4,ooo deaths was caused by workplace accidents r Everyyear, 2.5 million workers were disabled in workplace accidents r Every year, approximately 3oo,* r"*.H"* of occupational diseases were reported (Goetsch, zoo8)
byloina PengrEn, 2010

j

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

*t$,

.. -.'' ii -' sr el Ac :>*-"f-- usrRrAL nc clDEn-rssrrrrrs riCs 7rr.r o u
R
r

'

REPORTED TO SOCSO 1993.2002

by

loina P.ngicn,

2010

FATAL ACCIDENTS REPORTED TO SOCSO

1994-2002
1,100

1,200

1,m0

800

l--ri l-'fl:
I to'hed.rr'
il

r- r r

600

1;:

I

400

210

-^---"."""1 l*"^'1
I
byloflna Pengi6n, 2010

-::'"* ,i

i

!._ -' hu1
cL1
AMR
Common

g

-

Law
larv and

. .
o

Unwritten
civil

Statutory Law . Statutes, or Acts of'
Parliament are written laws
e.g. Act 5r4

Result driven by judges

court

Judgesdecisionsformed' TheActenablesthe
into-a body of
and

rules

principles

Minister to make

.

regulations (s66) Statute and regulations give rise to criminal

liability-prosecute by DOSH in the criminal
courts

.
bvl.fina Pe.aiE., 2010

fined, or imprisoned or both
Be
6

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

2

OB,-ECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:46:56 PM

y-;:r""

W
REPORTED TO SOCSO 1993-2002

+
**ffi-

Agriulture, Forestry andFishenes
lcfning Manulacturing

Ebclrical, gas and cleaning

--ie- mnstruction * Commerce "* -'--.'

seruices

TEnsportation
Finance & lnsuran@ Publlc Seruices Olher seryice s

"--fi- Total

1996

by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

1997

1998

1999

2000

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:47:09 PM

FAIAL ACCIDENTS REPORTED TO SOCSO
1994-2002
'1,400

1,200

1,000

800

600

400

200

1

E94

1

995

1

996

1

997

1

998

1999 2000

2001

2042

by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

RemedY: Action for damages Purpose: To compensate parries:
Claimant and respondent

Criminal Law
Remedy:

pro""cltion
Purpose:

by the state

To punish

Portiesr Prosecutor and defendant

Withdrawal: At any time Criteria: No presumption or favour: case decided on the balance of probabilities
bHhi knq'E., 2olo

Withdrqwal: Only by leave from the court Criteria: Innocent until oroven puiltv beyond reascinable doubf

Law in Asia Pacific
CouDtry Souh AustElia lndia
l(orea New zealand Indonesia
MalayEia

Legislation Oc.upationil Health,
Factories'Act (1982) Occilpatronal
Safety and Welfare Act

0986)

S'ery and Healrh Las (r99o)
in Employnrent Act (1992)

llealth and hcqz)

lifety

Employees Social Security and Occupation.l Health Act Occupational Safety and Heal$ Act 0994) Worl<men's ConrDensation Law (rqq4) Labour Law (r995)

Thailand China
Japan

Indtrstiial Safety 3nd Health Law (amended r996)

':-jF

--'4"

Historical Perspective of OSH Development
i. z. 3. a. 5.
Boiler Safety before r9r4 Machinery Safety ry\4-tg1z

Industry Safety ry53-ry67 Safety & Cleanliness Industry ryio-1994
Occupational Safery & Health after 1994

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

t

BOILER SAFETY BEFORE 1914
a) b) c) d)
The Selangor Boiler Enactment r89z The Perak Boiler Enactment r9o3 The Pahang Boiler Enactmentrgo8 The Negeri Sembilan Boiler Enactment r9o8

2

MACHINERY SAFETY
Machinery Enactment rgr3

1914. T952

Legislation Scope: . Safety of Machinery

.

Boiler and internal combustion engines

3 INDUSTRY SAFETY 1953 - T967
Machinerv Ordinance t ose
Legislation Scope:

. Additional

provisions on registration

. Inspection of machinery . Enforced in all u states
.

installation

Under Machinery Department, Minister of Labour

bylofina PeflelEn,

2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OB.JECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

Safety & The Cleanliness lndustry 1968 - t994

Legislation Scope:

. .

Machinery safety Upgraded Machinery Ordinance 1953

tffD

t4hn,

X10

Factory & Machinery Acts 1967

by

$h. hlnn, ero

---__:#.-

OSH

after L994

Occupational Safety and Hea-lth Act rog4 Legislation Scope

.

Protect employees safety and health in every

.

economic sectors Responsibility elenent and duty of care

by

drm ftngh,

2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE, AND INTRODUCTION

2:45

Il

PM

t --;

-'-Occupational

$*$

-:-i

Safety and Health Act 1994

-

=-.--''

i Finance, Insurance,

Real Estate

& Brrsiness Seruirer

Construction

: I

Wholesale & Rcrail Trades Hotel & Restiurants

byldn. bqi6n,

2010

OSHA covers all industries EXCEPT
Arm

Forces

-

Workers on board ship

"
byloind
Fengl6n, 2010

Legislation Categories
Industry Comrnon ald General Activity/SpecificChernical Legislation
Controlling
YAtom Energy

Acts
1984

License

/

FMAI967 ./ OSHAry94

', Poison Acts
"/

1974

Petroleum SafetyActs
Electric Supply Acts
1990

"

Wl6fina P.noiBn, 2Ot0

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE, AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

w

-OSHA

--'o'''
Other Acts
. o . r .
Factories and Machinery Act

1994

. . . . r

CIMAH Regulations 1996

Safetymd Health Committee
Regulation 1996

Safetyand Health Regulation
1997 CPL of Hazardous Chemical Regulation 1997

ry67 FireSeryicesActrg88 Uniform Building by Law 1984 EmploymentAct 1955and
SOCSO r969

o USECHH Regulation 2ooo
NADOPOD zoo+

Petroleum Safety Measures Act 1984 & Gas Supply Act 1993 Act

. FoodSafetyActlgSl . Atomic Energy and Poison

byblina toEi€n,

2010

r,ri.i,,.,
bv)on6a h'€n,
2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:47:59 PM

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r,

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(.'ulfrrr.e'

If,

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il

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SERYIi:E5

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i

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4.llplitaticn Frrr le':ir!i1 Fiilaline rf,[,rn'j;l

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Jitii<F r:l i t'in't a luien'ri-rrrr'r

lj'1rafr

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sign u['i r Ji(l,iF i.! Nat a lvlenrller? Fleas!

;fiti!fl : r]irn3 1t-.:rtrilFtl r i:'iISai'i)
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by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

:::

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P.n9i6n, 2Or0

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23

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:47:39 PM

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8ccr4:aticnal 5efet1 He*ltir trnd*stry Cr:c tsracftlg t{r Kiliilt il A(tiviti*s ?lltr{l

l-i!'e }$tF.'irigwE
91.1 ita*ir:

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fll'1Lll4f

l,,trinl f].!rdn

IriBinfralsn 4 Kssilrffiil Perei'iiar bOWN|Uir$ f'ilRrqs

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by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OB JE,CTIVE

AND INTRODUCTION

2:48:17 PM

"-r ''"fere-inr::r5":::ir*.*ri,i,,rri.' ; .;it#.

I.

1'

:

li"{rnisfry oy' Hunr*n fiessure€so fr,'fn/*rysic

l.4*r5*-F::_+jiii

:r,

r'1r:,r.:;*-;:rrejj:r:;:tril+

.lhunrrJs a srr/g

rr.rr.d

f{gfi.lf.It.3 {)u.Itru.re,

Yi)il ilt * liBr

e:i Leqislutiot"r

Acts

Act$

Acts
;jT, Feptories And Mar:irineFi Ati 1 !87 (FevlsBd - 1 g74i t8!1 1 3g)

ffil
if',1
r,rpi1-.rq;i;1.,

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f:eJnl"p-ur: er t ru ak!E.lv'!g.:t sr."[l.s]."1-t,Fjj" itdj,:1.l";jj

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by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

23

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:48:24 PM

Y{}il i'ils

here:: LPqislaiilrn

Requlallrrns

Regulatians

Regulations LJnder Fact*ries and lolachinery Act i.9S7 {Act 1"39)
;
Fattirri*s !.!Il_!lir,frinpfy iBls6ti
Ve
e $

Enll|:,.r'.dnd L-Ji"iirsd

PrssrrJf*:

s

|

: liB-fl

u*1g t

iS"U.$,"-i,1,lI1

F;rc!.J:tss.gtC"Ul1fl,$"gnlf.lalm-"[Ai Re$ttpiirn$, 1 170

?flU-q18IEG-eI,fi:.................!-1ft.

ituo}**:J*s+ *.tl

EStlSt!$:i.ai]J*hr1i!.h]ll-Sjtr_fiil1"r"-{rg$f$at!"IiILll|!.!ic l:f.I,qlrj R*gulaii r::nr=". L1i t !

:Fl

i:tirrr5

i

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1

37n

!*=jlE1!rijjii.,"

:

I

by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

24

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:45:17 PM

ot,f

f,rfe=T|r!Eb{t+g $Cc;i=4"$i:€q:

r?.4 w.RSrTf

Hhl\tf ,! tvnan F.tovre, ,&byth ?oarordr o So/. (r., ll!a&[, C(!lsE'

.-e,lrFliTYl

iWW
ffirc lffi ffiffi
iM

#f;5iHftffi

igg*g rlwar

latgs NSM: {*ruts

B

BY JOFINAPENGIRAN

OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

2:48:34 PM

'i +il nr + lrsr

s:: Le!tislatlrrn Re!trlatiDns

Regulirtisrls

Regulatiorrs Under Factories and l"leiclrinery Act 1967 {Act 139}
l.g!-1L{i,t.i,r -iirji!j,_U.ia!"ll'|rl3li:lils-aLE'It!l-*,tf_],1{t[i.*-:,1fte

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F*i:t[r|ie5 ;ind

lr'1.

Fier:iul.rt:,rri

i, 25

1't7l
by Jofina Pengiran, 2010

BY JOFINA PENGIRAN

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