DRY SEDIMENTATION POND

A. Determine overland flow time of concentration 5.5 ha CHECK Catchment Area =
CHECK Overland CHECK Overland CHECK Manning COMPUTE Overland COMPUTE Adopted

slope = length = "n" = time, to =

0.8 % 190 m 0.02 9.63 min 10 min

time of concentration, tc =

B Sizing sendimentation Table 39.4 type = Table 39.5 for a 3 month ARI surface area = Volume =

CHECK Soils

C

CHECK Required CHECK Total COMPUTE Site COMPUTE Site

333 m²/ha 400 m³/ha 1,831.50 m² 2,200.00 m³

surface area required = total vomue required =

i) Settling zone
COMPUTE Settling

zone depth, y1 = settling zone =

0.6 m 1,100.00 m³ 17 m 107.84 m 1,833.33 m²

COMPUTE Required CHECK Assume

average width, W1 = settling zone a. length, L1 =

COMPUTE Required COMPUTE Average

surface area =

Check settling zone dimensions
COMPUTE L1 / COMPUTE L1 /

y1 = W1 =

179.74 6.34

< 200 >2

OK OK

Page 1 of 40

C Sediment Storage Zone
COMPUTE Required CHECK For COMPUTE .·. COMPUTE .·.

sediment storage volume =

1100 m³ 2 15.8 m 106.64 m

a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V)

W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z L2 = L1 - 2 d1/2 x Z

Required depth for the sediment storage V2 = Z²(y2)³ - Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 ) Trial and error to find y2 V2 1100 CHECK
CHECK CHECK

y2

V2 0.6 923.68 0.7 1060.85 0.73 1101.08

> 0.3

OK

D Overall Basin Dimensions At top water level
COMPUTE WTWL COMPUTE LTWL

= W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2

18.2 m 106.6 m

say say

18 m 107 m

= L1 - 2 x Z x y1/2

Base
COMPUTE WB COMPUTE LB

= W1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2)

12.9 m 103.7 m

say say

13 m 104 m

= L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2)

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling

Zone, y1 = storage zone, y2 =

0.6 0.73

m m

COMPUTE Sediment

Page 2 of 40

E Sizing of outlet pipe
COMPUTE Total

depth, y surface area, Aav =

1.33 m 1,638.43 m² 24 hr after filling

Cd = 0.6

COMPUTE Average

Draining time, Orifice area, ATOTAL x √y) /(tCd√2g) orifice size of

COMPUTE (2Aav CHECK Using COMPUTE Area

0.0165 Equation 19.5, Volume 7 50 mm 0.00196 m²

of each orifice is, Ao =

Total number of orifice required, COMPUTE ATOTAL / Ao =

8

nos

At height of increments of 300mm, starting at the bottom of the pipes, put 2 rows orifices evenly around the pipe

4

nos

of

50 mm

F Sizing of emergency spillway The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15, Section 39.7.6c) The sill level must be set a minimum 300mm above the basin top water level. Parameter tc = 10 min For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 5.5 ha A 3.73 B 1.44 Fd from Table 13.3 C -0.4 Interpolate for 140mm D 0.02 Fd = 1.048 From Equation 13,2 t=30 min, I30 = 136.648 mm/hr P30 = 68.32 mm

Page 3 of 40

t=60 min, I60 = P60 =

92.833 mm/hr 92.83 mm

Rainfall Intensity, I10 = [P30 - Fd(P60 - P30)] / (10/60) 255.83 mm/hr From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = Equation 14.7, Q10 = 0.84 3.28 m³/s

IF Equation 20.2 for Orifice flow An orifice discharge coefficient of = Outlet riser, perforated MS pipe = Ho = Qriser = Cd Ao √ 2 g Ho = Therefore Qspillway = Q10 - Qriser = From Equation 20.9, Qspillway = Csp B Hp^1.5 Trial Dimension, B 5

0.64 0.9 m 0.3 m 0.99 m³/s 2.29 m³/s

Hp 0.5

D.Chart 20.2 Csp 1.65

Qspillway = Therefore, the total basin depth including the spillway is =

2.92

>

2.29 OK

2.13 m

Page 4 of 40

Page 5 of 40 .

Page 6 of 40 .

n top water for 140mm Page 7 of 40 .Volume 15.

Page 8 of 40 .

58925981.2 ha 40 mm 75th % 5-day storm event B Sizing sendimentation Table 39. W1 = settling zone average length.6 for a 3 month ARI Zone Volume Volume = Zone Volume = CHECK Soils F clay CHECK Settling CHECK Total 200 m²/ha 300 m³/ha 1.600.4 type = Table 39.00 m² COMPUTE Required CHECK Try COMPUTE The settling zone average width.44 2.6 m 1560 m³ 30 m 87 m 2.xls WET SEDIMENTATION POND A CHECK Catchment Area = 5.040. y1 = settling zone = 0. L1 = surface area = COMPUTE Average Check settling zone dimensions COMPUTE L1 / COMPUTE L1 / y1 = W1 = 144.00 m² 1560 m³ COMPUTE Settling COMPUTE Total Volume i) Settling zone CHECK Settling zone depth.89 < 200 >2 OK OK Page 9 .

y2 = V2 717. 28.68 0.4 0.3 0.·.2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) Depth: COMPUTE Settling Zone. W2 = W1 .35 > 0.9 m say say 31 m 88 m = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 Base COMPUTE WB COMPUTE LB = W1 .2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 27.8 m COMPUTE .·.6 0.35 m m storage zone.4 m 84.58925981.Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 ) Trial and error to find y2 V2 520 CHECK CHECK CHECK y2 0.2 d1/2 x Z 85.1 m say say 27 m 84 m = L1 .2 d1/2 x Z COMPUTE .47 m Required depth for the sediment storage V2 = Z³(y2)³ .97 948.3 m NOT OK OK OK D Overall Basin Dimensions At top water level COMPUTE WTWL COMPUTE LTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 31. L2 = L1 . y1 = COMPUTE Sediment 0.2 m 87.27 833.35 Taken.xls C Sediment Storage Zone COMPUTE Required CHECK For sediment storage volume = 520 m³ a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2 Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are. y2 = Page 10 .

Section 39.73 Fd = 1. S = Overland length.2 ha 0. tc = F Sizing of emergency spillway The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA. Volume 15.88 min ha CHECK COMPUTE Page 11 . 10 year ARI A B C D From Equation 13.4 0.xls CHECK E Determine overland flow time of concentration Catchment Area. A = 3.2 0.7. Therefore.02 0.83 mm CHECK CHECK CHECK CHECK COMPUTE For Penang. I60 = P60 = 118 5. L = = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 Assume velocity.58925981.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.44 -0. v = Drain length = td = velocity/drain length = CHECK COMPUTE tc 117. I30 = P30 = t=60 min.648 mm/hr 68.2 t=30 min.95 min 1 m/s 1275 m 0 min 118 min COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration.833 mm/hr 92.02 136. Qspillway = Q10 Parameter tc = Area.03 % 870 m CHECK Overland slope.32 mm 92. A = n= 5.

96 Category 4 m³/s Hp 0.P30)] / (13/60) 23.2 Csp 1.86 0.29 B 3 Qspillway = 0. Q10 = Trial Dimension.6 m Page 12 .73 mm/hr From Chart 14. the total basin depth including the spillway is = COMPUTE 1.xls Rainfall Intensity.7. 0.35 > D.55 0.Fd(P60 .Chart 20. Runoff Coefficient.29 OK COMPUTE Therefore.3.58925981. C = Equation 14. I12 = [P30 .

58925981.xls Page 13 .

58925981.xls Page 14 .

58925981.xls Page 15 .

xls Page 16 .58925981.

6 for a 3 month ARI CHECK Settling Zone Volume CHECK Total 200 m²/ha 300 m³/ha 4.316.89 m² COMPUTE Required CHECK Try COMPUTE The settling zone average width.87 m³ 30 m 144 m 4.4 type = CHECK Soils F clay Table 39. L1 = surface area = COMPUTE Average Check settling zone dimensions COMPUTE L1 / COMPUTE L1 / y1 = W1 = 87.21 4.80 < 200 >2 OK OK .58 m² 7122.74 ha 40 mm 75th % 5-day storm event B Sizing sendimentation Table 39.65 m 7122.748.WET SEDIMENTATION POND A CHECK Catchment Area = 23. W1 = settling zone average length.87 m³ Volume = Zone Volume = COMPUTE Settling COMPUTE Total Volume i) Settling zone CHECK Settling zone depth. y1 = settling zone = 1.

Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 ) Trial and error to find y2 V2 2374. Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.7 2465.7 > 0. y2 = D Overall Basin Dimensions At top water level COMPUTE WTWL COMPUTE LTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 33.29 CHECK CHECK CHECK y2 V2 1.65 m COMPUTE Sediment 0. L2 = L1 .8 m say say 24 m 138 m = L1 . y2 = m Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.6 2132.29 m³ a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2 Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are.3 m 147. y1 = 1.2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 23.9 m 137.2 d1/2 x Z 140.7 storage zone. 26. Provided storage is more than required storage .·.2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) Depth: COMPUTE Settling Zone.81 0.7 m COMPUTE .2 m say say 33 m 147 m = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 Base COMPUTE WB COMPUTE LB = W1 .17 0.2 d1/2 x Z COMPUTE .·.3 m OK NOT OK OK Taken.60 m Required depth for the sediment storage V2 = Z³(y2)³ .C Sediment Storage Zone COMPUTE Required CHECK For sediment storage volume = 2374.76 0. W2 = W1 .2 4029.

v = Drain length = td = velocity/drain length = COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration. Therefore.44 -0.E Determine overland flow time of concentration Catchment Area.02 0.52 5.2 t=118 min. Section 39.55 5.73 Fd = 1.23 B 3 Category 4 m³/s Hp 1.11 . 0.4 0.7. Runoff Coefficient.36 min 2 m/s 1275 m 0 min Overland slope. I118 = 91 52 0.2 > D. 10 year ARI A B C D From Equation 13.88 min ha From Chart 14.02 69. Q10 = Trial Dimension.7. A = CHECK n= CHECK CHECK COMPUTE tc 52 ha 0. A = 3.Chart 20. tc = 91 min F Sizing of emergency spillway The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA. L = = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 Assume velocity.646 mm/hr CHECK CHECK CHECK CHECK COMPUTE For Penang.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level. C = Equation 14. Volume 15. Qspillway = Q10 Parameter tc = Area. S = Overland length.2 Csp 1.3.23 OK COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.05 % 870 m 91.

2m .85 m Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.COMPUTE Therefore. the total basin depth including the spillway is = 3.

.

.

.

.

L1 = surface area = COMPUTE Average Check settling zone dimensions COMPUTE L1 / COMPUTE L1 / y1 = W1 = 87.6 for a 3 month ARI CHECK Settling Zone Volume CHECK Total 200 m²/ha 300 m³/ha 4.WET SEDIMENTATION POND A CHECK Catchment Area = 23.748.21 4.87 m³ 30 m 144 m 4.316.4 type = CHECK Soils F clay Table 39.65 m 7122. W1 = settling zone average length. y1 = settling zone = 1.58 m² 7122.87 m³ Volume = Zone Volume = COMPUTE Settling COMPUTE Total Volume i) Settling zone CHECK Settling zone depth.80 < 200 >2 OK OK .74 ha 40 mm 75th % 5-day storm event B Sizing sendimentation Table 39.89 m² COMPUTE Required CHECK Try COMPUTE The settling zone average width.

y2 = D Overall Basin Dimensions At top water level COMPUTE WTWL COMPUTE LTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 33.3 m OK NOT OK OK Taken.·.60 m Required depth for the sediment storage V2 = Z³(y2)³ .C Sediment Storage Zone COMPUTE Required CHECK For sediment storage volume = 2374.2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 23.Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 ) Trial and error to find y2 V2 2374.2 4029.65 m COMPUTE Sediment 0.2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) Depth: COMPUTE Settling Zone. y1 = 1.81 0. 26.29 m³ a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2 Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are.7 storage zone.7 > 0.6 2132.3 m 147.2 d1/2 x Z 140. Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.·.29 CHECK CHECK CHECK y2 V2 1.8 m say say 24 m 138 m = L1 .7 m COMPUTE .76 0. W2 = W1 .9 m 137.17 0. L2 = L1 .2 d1/2 x Z COMPUTE .2 m say say 33 m 147 m = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 Base COMPUTE WB COMPUTE LB = W1 . y2 = m Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.7 2465. Provided storage is more than required storage .

v = Drain length = td = velocity/drain length = COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration. Q10 = Trial Dimension. 10 year ARI A B C D From Equation 13. C = Equation 14. L = = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 Assume velocity.646 mm/hr CHECK CHECK CHECK CHECK COMPUTE For Penang.74 ha CHECK n= CHECK CHECK COMPUTE tc 0. 0.4 0. S = Overland length.39 OK COMPUTE Qspillway = 6. A = 23.74 3.73 Fd = 0. Section 39.11 . Runoff Coefficient.E Determine overland flow time of concentration Catchment Area.2 Csp 1.7.02 0.7.88 1.44 -0.52 2.2 t=91 min. Qspillway = Q10 Parameter tc = 91 Area. Therefore.02 69. I91 = min ha From Chart 14. tc = F Sizing of emergency spillway The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA.05 % 870 m 91.39 B 3 Category 4 m³/s Hp 1. Volume 15.55 2.3.2 > D.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.Chart 20. A = 23.36 min 2 m/s 1275 m 0 min 91 min Overland slope.

85 m Size of the spillway is 3m x 1. the total basin depth including the spillway is = 3.2m .COMPUTE Therefore.

.

.

.

.

WET SEDIMENTATION POND A CHECK Catchment Area = 11.6 for a 3 month ARI CHECK Settling Zone Volume CHECK Total 200 m²/ha 300 m³/ha 2.374. y1 = settling zone = 1. W1 = settling zone average length.05 m³ 30 m 72 m 2.05 m³ Volume = Zone Volume = COMPUTE Settling COMPUTE Total Volume i) Settling zone CHECK Settling zone depth.4 type = CHECK Soils F clay Table 39.82 m² COMPUTE Required CHECK Try COMPUTE The settling zone average width.70 m² 3562.61 2.158. L1 = surface area = COMPUTE Average Check settling zone dimensions COMPUTE L1 / COMPUTE L1 / y1 = W1 = 43.65 m 3562.40 < 200 >2 OK OK .87 ha 40 mm 75th % 5-day storm event B Sizing sendimentation Table 39.

2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 23.9 m say say 24 m 66 m = L1 . Provided storage is more than required storage . L2 = L1 .2 d1/2 x Z COMPUTE .Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 ) Trial and error to find y2 V2 1187.6 1032. y2 = m Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m. Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.7 m COMPUTE .3 m OK NOT OK OK Taken.65 m COMPUTE Sediment 0.9 m 65.35 m³ a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2 Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are.7 1191.15 0.C Sediment Storage Zone COMPUTE Required CHECK For sediment storage volume = 1187. 26.19 0.35 CHECK CHECK CHECK y2 V2 1.2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) Depth: COMPUTE Settling Zone.16 0.66 m Required depth for the sediment storage V2 = Z³(y2)³ . y1 = 1.2 d1/2 x Z 68.3 m 75. y2 = D Overall Basin Dimensions At top water level COMPUTE WTWL COMPUTE LTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 33. W2 = W1 .2 1932.7 > 0.·.3 m say say 33 m 75 m = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 Base COMPUTE WB COMPUTE LB = W1 .·.7 storage zone.

tc = F Sizing of emergency spillway The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA.05 % 870 m 91.19 B 3 Category 4 m³/s Hp 1.4 0. v = Drain length = td = velocity/drain length = COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration.87 ha CHECK n= CHECK CHECK COMPUTE tc 0. 10 year ARI A B C D From Equation 13.73 Fd = 0.7. 0. Volume 15.2 Csp 1.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.36 min 2 m/s 1275 m 0 min 91 min Overland slope. I118 = min ha From Chart 14.02 69. C = Equation 14.02 0. Therefore. A = 11. L = = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 Assume velocity. A = 11.11 .E Determine overland flow time of concentration Catchment Area.87 3. Qspillway = Q10 Parameter tc = 91 Area.19 OK COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.2 t=118 min.44 -0.2 > D. Q10 = Trial Dimension. Runoff Coefficient. Section 39.Chart 20.88 1.52 1.646 mm/hr CHECK CHECK CHECK CHECK COMPUTE For Penang.55 1.7.3. S = Overland length.

85 m Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.COMPUTE Therefore. the total basin depth including the spillway is = 3.2m .

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