Published at Mercy hurst College.

Erie, Pennsylvania


British Lecturer Describes War In Europe
Capacity Audience Fills St. tMary's Auditorium
At the very evident desire of the Erie audience, Arnold Lunn's lecture on Wednesday night, December 11th, was on the subject "The Battle of Britain," instead of "Can Democracy Survive?" which topic he d.eferred to his Thursday morning talk Ho the student body. Living as he does on the o u t skirts of London, he was able to give a very vivid description of the conditions there. He lived only four!hundred yards from the suburban railway station which was a frequent target for German air raids. Mri;Lunn prefacedahis talk b y stating the difficulty of bringing home to usjhere in America the realization of terrorism, as he saw it in the small countries adjacent to Germany when they were invaded. He confessed that jjEngland has not been entirely blameless i n this matter. For, he said, "It is true that no nation is left long in material prosperity and power if it turns its back on God and its Church." On the other hands he expressed his positive belief that the Church in Europe dies w i t h England's defeat. And too,W-h e showed us the more encouraging side of the war by saying that an ordeal such as the English people are going through today brings men back to God, and to a realization of the»: truths of their J faith. On the whole, the tone of the address was optimistic, but he reemphasized more than once \h i s belief that there is grave doubt of England's ability to triumph without largely-increased 3 moraL a n d material aid from p e | U n i | t e d States. $M—Jeanne Weir.

draper for' Cfjrtetma*
On December 15, Mercyhurst students had the pleasure of seeing the works of the great masters of art brought to life at the presentation of the Sophomore Pageant which was directed by Sister M. Angelica. The pleasure was both spiritual and aesthetic. The Pageant series was comprised of living representations of '|t h e works of such, noted artists as Giotti, Raphael, Fra* Angelico, Correggio and Fabriano. |jS —Lois Davis a certain bright star shone over Bethlehem, when in poverty and humbleness and obscurity love was born into the world, how different every one of our lives might be

By Kathleen Norris

(Copyrighted by "Woman's Day" Magazine and Reprinted,! w i t h iPermis- I At the!second * meet ing of the |sion, from the Decem- Merciad Club, held December 4, ber, 1940,1 Issue). flBH Carmelita Savage was unanimousIffin the years gone by we had been wiser, if we had been braver, wefmight dare to a s k God for peace, in the world this Christmas-


Mortimer Adler Expounds Theory Of Virtue
Interdependency of Moral gand Intellectual Virtues &JB is stressed





Not just in the pastlfew years, nor the past two I hundred, if we had followedIHis law rather than our own, we 1 need not be | afraid today. If once we had trusted [Him in the long twenty centuries since
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But the law that He brought us was strange; it contradicted ?all that we knew of law. In matchless words whose beauty was never to be eclipsed, He brought down in ruins our petty code of self-protection and- revenge and- possession, knowing even then that our hearts were too hard and too cold to grasp the meaning of His message. %^HF^^^HI^flBHKr m M E "Forgive I your I enemies," HHe said. "If{your enemy compel you to go with him one mile, I go with

Student Council HHHj I B S Fetes Orphans

Freshmen I Entertain College at Yulep| Festival WBEsffl
Santa Claus Reigns As King off Snow land S @
The annual! Freshman Christmas Party Ion Tuesday! evening, December 117, I again I tops I the Christmas | activities I at I Mercyhurst. The evening's entertainment begins in the auditorium with the presentation of the "Nativity Pageant"|by Helen Durham. With a musical background consisting of the Freshman * Choir, members of the Freshman Class portray the characters in the! pageant. JMary Lou Kelly and Elayne Tor may act as narrators. '^H^^B SB Following the pageant, Santa Claus, who is humorously ^portrayed jby Genevieve Butler, leads the group to the dining room for the more merry section of the program. In keeping with the snow(Continued on Page 8) Pi

I The little children I from!Saint Joseph's Orphanage f were Iagain enthralled by their annual Christmas! Party J at I Mercyhurst. i The boys and! girls began to arrive in buses about 2:30 onf Saturdays afternoon, £ December | 14th. f They were met at the door by the college girls who were to | entertain them during the afternoon. |sgpfe^ §w The children were led to the dining room which? was attractively decorated in a Christmas motif, the predominant feature being a" large Christmas tree. M The afternoon was devoted toj-the playing of games and the distribution of gifts by 'i Santa Claus, j who jj was ably portrayed by | Carm Savage. Refreshments were I served later ; $ n the afternoon. \ ^ ^ # ^ v ^ ^ A ' . < S The committees were as follows: Gift chairman, ? Anastatiai Cotter, assisted by i Helen Sullivan, ;|tita McCann, Betty Ann English, and Doris Scalzo; Food: | Chairman, Marie Keleher, assisted by Jeanne fail us." '*''J\\. Maley, Mary Helen! Walsh, Mary La Porta, | Mary Martini; ^Enter- jfe Not one. Never one. And so we tainment: | Co-Chairmen, G l o r i a dare not J follow - the - shepherds Lutz and 8 Carmelita Savage, sas- down| u * star lighted hill | o n | the sisted I by 1 Dorothy O'Hara t and night|that|brings His birthday to Mary EjlemLinney; Arrangement: the tired old world again. We dare Chairman,! Martha Haley, assisted not come to the door of a | stable, by!Jean Durkin,|Anne Marie Cor- and find within in!feeble candlebinJgBettyl Glynn,? and Gretchen light the figure of a girl resting Erwin; Decorations: the Freshman upon coarse straw, l a peasant's •Class; Clean-Up: Chairman, Pau- shawl covering her, and!with her line Lynch, assisted bylgPriscilla sheltering all j but I the 1 aureoled I B S (Continued*-on Page 2) WLM ^ F l (Continued on Page 2) BHH

friends could S n o t * fully i believe Him, the? story J of f the carpenter lived on. A village workman, who left J no I written 5 document, ' who never hade wealth or position or influence, who died the death of a traitor, yet the storyfof ther carpenter | lived on. Even today, in (he new § world that |was sixteen centuries undiscovered in His time, His name is ; the one: most often printed :on\ our 'jgreat • flashing presses; His ; story is the one of * which men never tire. Q But His law has never been a law of the great rulers, the Kings, T the men ' of power, even though they professed Him, and beat their breasts,. and turned their streaming eyes to Heaven. Cruelty, opp r e s s i o n , starvation, imprisonments went on and on, and there was never an end to the wars. No leader in all the years has ever been brave enough to say when the enemy-drew near: "This once, let us try His way. This once let us meet hate with love, and injustice i with j forgiveness, w Let us f prove once and for all that if we lean;upon Him alone He will not

ly elected editor of I the weekly paper "Pro Tern", the foster-child I On I Thursday evening, Novemof The Merciad. j It was decided ber 28, Dr. Mortimer Adler of the that the editor and faculty adviser University of 5 Chicago, author of should choose its staff. fl^^^HH the best seller, "How|To|Read A I The remainder of the j meeting B o o k," Iaddressed Ian I audience was a social event with manylin- which taxed the I capacity of I the f or mal [discussions. 1 Refreshments college auditorium. H ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ B H I were served by the Junior mem- IB His brilliant and inspiringltalk bers. K9B3S9s9SIii&^raS@KiraH discussed intelligence and characHBgiiJIfewsff^^ra^—June Currie ter in the growth and deveopment of personality. H ^ ^ B ^ O ^ ^ ^ n B him another two, and if a he take S The main problem concerned the dependence or interdependence of your coat give him your cloak alintellectual I and I moral i virtues, so, jj Love them that hate you and which he thoroughly explained. He despitefully use you. \ Judge * not. said that virtues arel not natural Forgive and you shall be forgiven. gifts, but are acquired by repeated For by i this shall all 'men know good acts; therefore,] virtue is J a that you are my disciples, that you habit of | activity, the activity of J love one another." ^ v ^ ' ^ ";: ; the mind being just as much an ; Strange words!? Too great, too activity as that of the j body. SBjH dazzling i in ':' t h e i r t other-world '£, Dr. Adler agreed with St. Thommeaning for us to understand. We as, * the . philosopher, I on J many could not see their inescapable points. St. Thomas said that when significance; that there are tribu- considering f. virtues in] their simnals higher than out earthly tribu- plicity, that is, in themselves, the r nals, * rewards far ; beyond : our intellectual virtues are superior to • dream of earth's highest rewards; the moral virtues. But when contruth so blinding in its dazzling sidering the moral and intellectual beauty that only the pure of heart virtues relatively to a certain con; may face it. •/.••.• < nection, the moral virtues are suYet, even though His humble perior, because in themselves, they are man's highest superiority. $.?-; In consideration of the independence or interdependence of virtue, he explained how the four cardinal virtues — prudence, courage, ; , On Tuesday evening, December temperance, and justice—fit into 3rd, with the Lounge decorated the realm of education. It requires most artistically, the Sociology courage for students to undergo Club held its Christmas meeting hardships and study for the sake (Continued on Page 4) in the form of a Red Cross Party. Red Cross buttons were distributed to those present, and various members of the club—Betty Lou Tesnow, Barbara Dawson, and Dorothy Tormay—gave talks on the history and development of the Red Cross, on how the Red Cross Happiness is Defined at donations are spent, and on the T Round-table Session >1 various phases of work carried on by the Red Cross. In the round-table discussion om I Genevieve Butler gave a book November 28, Dr. Mortimer J. Adreview on "Vincentianism," a book ler, outstanding American Philocompiled by the Reverend James sopher, threw luminous flashes of Powers, Director of Charities in insight upon Aristotle's Ethics for the Erie Diocese, which tells of the twenty-six college | students the purposes of the St. Vincent de who discussed the classical work Paul Society and outlines the with him. They had been studying phases of its work. Fr. Powers, the Greek philosopher's treatise on : guest speaker of the evening, gave moral education U under | excellent an interesting and illuminating supervision i several weeks j in adtalk, enlarging on the material in vance of the seminar. ^ S J I J K I E B ' S S his book. :'../'. ' '':--."'.i'^'-Ji.v V ,V| The University offiChicago proHe told of particular cases fessor said that he had been readin which members of the 1 Vincent ing the Ethics for J the j past ten de Paul;. Society served K a noble years and \ had[himself I just discause, gave a summary of the type covered the last I chapter in J Book and amount of work done by the VI, which, inlhis opinion, contains Society, a^d urged & future Social the key to the entire work.Ha^H workers inot io i forget the spiri- gj The Ethics is I directed toward tual element in their work. |raw||jj! the final end or supreme good of P After the meeting, | gifts were man—happiness, 1 and deals with exchanged, and a Christmas Rinch- the means of obtaining:; it—virtue. eon was served by the Freshmen. I But Aristotle does not expect that M B W H B H M —Pat Schilling ^ ^ H (Continued on Page 4) I f H

Sociology Club Holds Red Cross Party

Chicago Professor $£ Conducts Seminar On Aristotle

Pace Two Published monthly by the students of Mercyhurst College Address all communications to


December, 1940

Scala Sancta
During the last century, it became the custom in many parts of the Catholic world to erect staircases similar |to the "Scala Sanela" in Rome, which original is the one Jesus ascended and descended during His Passion, while proceeding to Pilate's pretorium. Since that time, the. staircase, sanctified by the Savior's footsteps, has been publicly venerated in Rome. This example was followed at Sainte Anne de Beaupre, the famous shrine near Quebec in Canada. Its Scala was the first monument of its kind in America*:

A Little Child
(Being a reference to Zem Zem Hospital)

Come, all you civic-spiritedj students! What is Zem Zem Hospital? A hospital for crippled children? Is that all you Erie, Pennsylvania Mercyhurst College know? i Subscript ion Rates I Many of our Sodalists are finding out the true significance and scope of the name Zem Zem Hospital Zem Zem Hospital | ONE DOLLAR THE YEAR 3 MERCIAD STAFF 3> is an institution w h e r e children crippled by poliomyelitis EDITOR-IN-CHIEF \ IS Jane Franklin (infantile paralysis), bone tuberculosis, and like diseases, are BUSINESS MANAGER! i. 1 Doris Scalzo taken care of.' Here trained nurses are in attendance, and a ART EDITOR L|*L Priscilla Jenkins special nurse trained in physiotherapy cares for the children's infected limbslby exercising them so that|gradually they be(Printed by the E. Agresti Printing Co.—1710 Cherry S t ) come accustomed to greater and greater amounts of exercise. These are the prosaic facts. J* "For Unto You Is Born* A Savior But Zem Zem Hospital means more than this to thefgirls who have gone there. It means a lesson in patience from an Another year has flown by—another Christmas approaches. The building is seventy-two feet afflicted child. It means the pleasure of seeing a^happy child. Only too well we are made aware of the season — Christmas long and thirty-six wide. The It means the sweetness of a child's smile. It means the honor parties, club meetings, singing practices, extra assignments, Stairs are inside on the upper of a child's trust. All this it means and more. For there is no and a hundred and one other activities we must somehow fit floor; and, like those of Rome, glumness atjZem Zem Hospital, although there is much pain. into a^twenty-four hour day. But in the midst of this material consist of twenty-eight steps. The children have learned to make the best of their disabilifanfare that always heralds Christmas, let us not forget These steps the faithful ascend on ties. |They cooperate with each other in getting much pleasure the real meaning of Christmas; let us always keep the true their knees only. In each step-rise out of the little things they are able to do. They are not spiritual significance of this seasonlbefore us so that our is {inserted a souvenir of various selfish—on! the contrary, they feel very|concerned about one sense of values will not be distorted. shrines|of the Holy Land, scenes another, and desirous of sharing their pleasures. In short, Letvme suggest a perfect test of valuesjthat will be practi- of Christ's Passion. Thousands they embody in their closed-in lives many qualities that are every year frequent this famous essential for all of us to possess in order to secure the maxical in this situation when so many forces are trying to disf| ] j tract us from our preparation for Christ's birthday. It is shrine and perform this pious act. mum amount of happiness in life. Aloysius's challenge: Quid ad aeternitatem? This will always The on-looker is inspired! by :j the Gloria Santomenna determine the correct relativity of values where a choice is silent, thoughtful manner of jj the involved. And it is workable for us also, not merely for the pilgrims as they slowly and pain- I GosTo The Seminar Prayer For Christmas ascetic or the recluse. It encompasses our little homely tasks, fully J mount the Holy Stairs, sayour social activities, for if these are done well and done, let us ing upon each step a special pray- H i t was with mingled feelings of (Continued from Page 1) ^M say, as a Christmas present for the Infant of Bethlehem, they er of contrition, and meditating joy and inferiority that liran uphead^of the Child. I ' $ { H become worth much toward eternity. We offer them to Him upon some Passion scene. |H stairsffor notebook J and pencil on Those candles have been crushed now in addition to our formal prayers and then, on the day, we How like £ these steps are to the the morning of November 28. I | into smoking blackness overseas have something to bring Him besides the excuse that we were Stairs of f life! At the footjlife had learned! that; I was chosen as J because men forgot. And I even so busy at school. *f | looks like a long and painful With glad heart the follower of this method will whisper in His ear, "Infant Jesus, I had the busiest time just before Christmas and sometimes I was so tired that I didn't feel the least good-natured. But that's my gift to You—the fun I had at the parties, the carols I practiced off key a million times, the homework I did, and the meetings I attended, and the t imes Ithad to force myself to be pleasant toward others— with my love) to You." i. ^LM& -*-4 And I imagine that the Infant, smiling at such a giver and desiring not to be outdone in generosity, will ask what s h e would have from Him. She will think of all she could ask for and will measure these things by St. Aloysius's yard stick; and, finally, she voices her request in the one word, Peace. Peace—good will—how queer these words sound today. But it is not impossible that peace should returnfto the world for, in desiring it, we desire the international cult of hatred destroyed, deluded leaders made inoperative, and force returned to its position as an instrument for maintaining equality and justice. In a word, we ask a re-staging of that first Christmas with the angel hosts chanting to the world, jjj f "Peace on earth to men of good will." k J —Eileen Rehler



The New Year
At this moment can you say tofyourself or to those about you that you know all about the year 1941 ? Can you forecast with complete security what you will be doing then, except merely living the three hundred and sixty-five days of which it consist? In time value, as far as you individually are concerned in predicting the future, the new year will be a fairly clean slate on which to work. M I In reality, the slate is not without mark. For, carried over to it, are the habits, knowledge, and inclinations of past years. You would not wish to beginjlife again every January first, would you? Therefore, looking at the^matter rightly, you are blessed with the heritage of past years and the untrammelled expanse of the new. With this in mind, the prospects for the future are very cheerful and full of^hope. Let us keep that cheer throughout. Although a few blemishes have been written on the recording tablet of our characters, a little spirit and hope will k e e p them from occupying the foreground of our minds. These small defects, which thrive on despair, are overwhelmed by the presence of a happy trust in our own foresight and in human goodness. Remember that the good man is the happy man. Is there any reason why the happy man cannot be the good man ? Despair is a cardinal offense against the purpose and end of life. Therefore, long may good cheer and the happiness of hope reign 1 1 | r Happy New Year! }: —Martha Haley

seminar-reporter for the Merciad. though we light them here we dare climb; but with courage we begin H As I I I entered the room I was not ask for peace as four Christit, believing that God will give us '/^^HHfl amazed by the evidences of knowl- mas gift. strength to reach the end. Our But we may ask for strength to edge all about me. There I sat, faith and strengthSis tried upon a lone, J defenseless! mortal, sur- see how wrong we are, how wrong each step. Half way up we pause rounded by the elite > of the intel- we have always been. We may beg —how can we reach the top? But, ligensia of Mercyhurst>r-the facul- for the humility to confess that if then—a prayer, and thoughts of ty, Dr. Adler, and the seminarites- we—and those who went before how tired He must have been— us, had not long ago sowed the elect. -^fcaSuHfel'- 4- " and we go on. On . . . on . . . un;cf How hard I Ttried to follow the seeds of today's agonies of hate til the goal is achieved and then merry intellectual chase led by Dr. and fear we would not be reaping the sweet satisfaction of a task Adler. However, ?not being forti- this bitter harvest today.] We may well done, — the realization that fied Iby I the I thirty-odd hours of having, with, the help of 3 God, study which the seminar-students stammer throughSour tears the conquered the ^trials and tempta- had in preparation for this event, words of the blind man i who {foltions that beset us, we have prov- I became lost at regular intervals, lowed His feet through Jerusalem en ourselves worthy of the reward only extricating jmyself Iby % sheer two thousand years ago, and who called out from his darkness! the which meets us at the top of the mental effort. ^ H ^ ^ H B $ prayer of prayers: "Master, only Stairs! £ f V I K By the end of the two hours conl 5TR ^ B m i —Julia St rough sumed by the seminar, I had amas- that I may see!" Help us, Lord, and all the {nased eleven pages of I notes and a small, if slightly muddledfidea of tions, only to see. Help us to forAristotle's j Nicomachean 1 Ethics. g i v e victor as well as vanquished, As I left the library I could only when these wars are over. Help marvel atl the fnonchalance with | u s to rebuild the world on a surer Dark eyes glimmer, glisten j B S B which the girls departed fromlthe footing of generous and {under^^fl^^H brightly ^ H f - ] B . ' 9 ^ ^ C K I scene lof I their triumph leaving standing peace. Turns the head in manner ^ R Q "Aristotle" and "Adler" echoing Not because as" nations we deI sprightly, ^JB 1 ^ H B 9 and re-echoing through the air as serve mercy. But because, far b e - | Looks she like the elf of joy, B H they trooped down the corridor to low the loud voices of the rulersl Lovely as that maid[of Troy. ^ H take up again their simplef college and the warmakers, millions ? of life, |resolving to keep the experi- Thine own people are still suffer-! Gown she wears of shimmering H ence in mind to "tell it to their ing c and hoping, and believing. Be-! green, grandchildren." ' 9 Jfc f cause in their humble hearts Thy I Epaulets of scarlet sheen ^ ^ ^ ^ | ! ^ ^ • ^ K i*3m — REUllrich law is real, and its flame lives on. Comfort finds she not in dress H Because they, who dare not speak,! For companion cares she less. who would not be heard, have found Thine own mystical secret;! Sits she there in sunlight shining, that there can be strength in seem- % Yet in heart I know she's pining. ing weakness, power in the s u r - l Gives she now a plaintive cry, % ^ render of power, and that love is p Do her thoughts on kblack wings (Continued|from Page 1) fly? £ i|| t Jenkins, Dorothy W a d l i n , g e r , the irresistible weapon against i Elane Tormay, and Patricia Stack. which no enemy can stand. Maid so fair can have no sorrow, Those in charge of the various —Woman's Day, December, '40 I Sympathy she need notjborrow, class donations were: Senior, DorYet in voice so clear and high othy Reagle; Junior, Catherine One time more the fearful cry. Happiness we can only find in McMillan; Sophomore, Dorothy ourselves; it is a waste of time to Ogorchock; and! Freshmen, Ann Pines she there in lonely bower seek for it from others; few have McNulty. • Nods herfihead like dying flower, any to spare. Yet she speaks to passersby, —Betty Ann English '41 —Axel Munthe Marking each with curious eye. We, ignorant of ourselves, From afar I hear the shout Beg often our own harms, which In shrill high voice "Oh, let me the wise powers out!" Deny us for our good; so we find Now I know my utter folly profit Chirps she gaily "Hello, Polly." By losing of our prayers. —E. Joan Bristow —Shakespeare

A Song To The ffl ^Beautiful Miss P

Orphan's Christmas J Partv



\ffltxxp Chrtetma* Alumnae!

* -

December. 1940


Page Three

Reflection On IA Locker
Let us suppose that in his journeys of observation, the spirit of Joseph Addison sometimes skims swiftly through the corridors of Mercyhurst. Let us further suppose that he eventually skims his way to the locker room. If this be true, rest assured, then, that many of the memories of our college days will be preserved on the pages of the celestial Spectator. For what person, even one only half so observant as England's renowned Spectator, could fall to recognize t h e significant role played by the locker, perhaps considered lowly by most, in aiding us to relive many a day gone by? Anyone realizing this can, I daresay, readily understand my reluctance to leave so important a subject to mere supposition as suggested by my introductory statements. I must unburden my mind of this care immediately. I believe I can best accomplish my task by inviting you to view a mental picture of Emmie. Emmie is not an exceptional girl; in fact, she is typical of many a Mercyhurst student. ' Last September, Emmie obtained a key to a vacant locker, rather insignificant in appearance at the . time. Naturally, its contents were, at first, few. She placed these in it with the utmost care and order, firmly resolving to be just as orderly throughout the year. Gradually, more books and papers appeared, reminiscent of assignments carefully prepared and of others prepared through the process properly known as cramming. One day, Emmie, examining a copy of her schedule, discovered that her gymnasium class was scheduled for an afternoon later in the week. She decided to bring her gym suit and tennis shoes the next day in preparation. For what occurred the following day, one cannot justly blame Emmie. A rather late arrival for an 8:10 class necessitated merely throwing her gymnasium (Continued3 on Page 4)

Christmas is coming! That's the important thing. On Monday we can be found on the wing anywhere from the Boston Store to Kaufmans from Higbees' to Halles and back again. "Pardon me, I'm so sorry. What was it for Aunt Hapzibab? Oh yes a potted begonia! Where on earth do they keep potted begonias? Ow! For heavens' sake, madam, if you're going to wear holly, give me a chance to defend myself with a leaf or two. Now let's see, where was I? Oh you don't have it in fourteen? Well, what's t h i s ' Oh it's s a dollar more? Well, give!me a size 12 then. He can always bring it back'Thursday." Overheard on Hhe tenth floor. "Mama, I won't go home 'till you write out a check for Santa Claus." "Yes, Doris dear" (with all due apologies to Sr. Mary Esther, and here's hoping she reads this). On Tuesday you can easily find us hanging sleigh bells on the door, lost in a maze of green;cellophane and satin ribbon or hanging like an angel in the boughs of an evergreen—and hanging mistletoe on a centrally located chandelier. On Wednesday—Oh — Wednesday, you'll be lucky if you can find us! "Oh Aunt Hepzibab! A dictionary! Just what I wanted!" On Thursday we can be found on the wing anywhere from the Boston Store to Kaufman's, from Higbees' to Halles' and back again. I'd like to exchange this toothbrush. It isn't my size, etc. etc. Let's come down to earth again. Guess what I saw the other day! Belle and Francis pulling Milk(Continued on Page 4)

The constitution of the Sisters I of the Skillet was read for the benefit of the new members at its Martha Hutton presided at the second meeting, Wednesday evemonthly meeting of the 0. G. A. ning, November 27, in the lounge. held on the evening of December A letter from the president of the 5. At this meeting two Mercyhurst Seton Hill Home Economics Club senior students, Frances Gallagher was read. It invited Mercyhurst of 2921 Holland Street, Erie, Penn- to be represented at a luncheon sylvania, and Doris Scalzo, 512 and meeting of the Home EconoPortage Road, Niagara Falls, New mics Clubs of Western PennsylYork, were announced as winners vania. It was decided that Jeanne in the BUSINESS EDUCATION Senior, president, Giovina Musi, WORLD Student-Teachers' Con- and Genevieve Grotz should attend test, conducted in October under the meeting to be held at Seton the auspices of the Gregg Publish- Hill on Saturday, December 14. ing Company. It is of interest to A permanent program commitnote that the Mercyhurst students tee was elected which consists of were two of the six winners in Jeanne Senior, Anastasia Cotter, this contest. Dorothy Van Atten, Jean McKelAs a special feature of the pro- vey, and Clara Reed. gram, and under the auspices of The Juniors {presented! an enthe Coca Cola Bottling Works, Mr. joyable program: Jo Musi disJames F. Minnaugh, Manager of played costume jewelry, giving an the local branch showed two mov- interesting talk on its use. Rathies: the first one, THE HUMAN er ine McMillan gave a talk on the TOUCH, portraying human rela- work being done -in Beria College. tions in business; the second one, This college was established in a film of SPECIAL FLOWER AR- Kentucky to further the practical RANGING—A Fascinating Hobby. education of the mountaineers and In the interval between these two backwoods people of that region. pictures, Mr. Minnaugh conducted A collection of hand woven faban open v forum on the "Qualifica- rics sent from the eollege was distions of an Efficient Secretary," played. Eileen Joyce reviewed the and he also pointed out the various history of leather and its use in implications of the picture, THE wearing apparel and accessories, HUMAN TOUCH, y f illustrating her talk with an at—•Mary Winston tractive assortment of leather Publicity Chairman goods. j-j —Harriet Milloy •—Jane Blackwood

Two Senior JO. G. A. Members Win Contest

S.fO. S. Plans Trip

November 25 To the "vacationminded" Josephine Junior comes the realization that Thanksgiving holidays are actually over. The season was a bit rushed, but a vacation's a vacation!! Somewhere during vacation Josephine lost most of her ambition and retained only enough to sit down and calculate the number of days until Christmas holidays. She sufficiently awakened to reality, however, to know t h a t Mary Helen hasn't returned as yet, to hear that Betty and Charlie are now Mr. and Mrs., and to know that Pigeon is talking constantly about what she and Hoppy did in Chicago.

Freshman Christmas
With the Christmas holidays approaching swiftly the zeal among our usually so reserved (?) Sophs is really overpowering. "Pep, vim, and vigor" soars sky-high as thoughts of home fires, those ever "faithful" steadies, Santa Claus, turkey, plum pudding, and social highlites run amuck. "Be it ever so humble, there no place like home." I Some infamous memoirs that tradition has p a s s e d around through SOPHLAND r e c e n t l y have hit a new stride. As we presented our latest "glamour" girl to Mercyhurst society LUTIE remarked—"And then she smiled. "Oh, FITZ!" Then there was Marty, who at the last "roundtable" discussion burst out with— "Rally round and let's begin." And after a visit from RUTH to Room 25, "BRIS" always says, "Tomorrow is another day." Strange! f£ JANE BLACKWOOD must have that red snow suit in mind as she sings "Santa Claus is coming to towri." Sure, and it's doubly proud we are of GENE HENDRICKSON and RITA FRANKLIN—two regular sports with scholastic records that make your chin drop and (Continued on Page 4)

(Continued from Page 1) ball motif, the three Christmas trees are attractively decorated with white cotton balls. At each window is placed a candle with a mirror behind it to reflect its light. Sparkling snow flakes are scattered about the room. Following a delightful program, in which Thelma Berdiel sings "Silent Night" in Spanish, Santa Claus and his Snowmen distribute individual gifts to the Sisters, the Faculty, and the Seniors. The Junior and Sophomore class presidents are presented with gifts for their classes. During the serving of refreshments, the Christmas issue of the Merciad is distributed. The committee chairmen for the affair are as follows: General Chairman, Alvina McDermott; Music, M. Root; Decorations, J. Musi and E. Herrick; Food, E. Walsh and M. Baltus; Invitations, J. Mault; Dining Room Program, A. Johnson; Gifts, A. Kahn; Christmas Trees, M. Rohde; Auditorium Program, J. Olzeski; and Charity Drive, P. Duffy and R. English. —Betty Ann English '41

November 26 Josephine's tendency to "take things easy" is interfered with by the realization that the Seminar is not far off. Accordingly she delves into the intellectual depths of Aristotle and speaks of him with an eloquence suggesting "book-larnin'"! T h e Seminar (?) is actually worrying Maida Wendell. November 27. Josephine receives her first copy of "Pro-tern," which, although it is a rival publication, is "tops." "Carm" takes a bow as editor and Burnham as "super salesman." Josephine finds that here is a paper wherein her views are actually given considerstionl November 28. 'Twas a big day for Josephine Junior—the Seminar is over, Helen Regan said "I do," Mary "gave thanks" at Bill's, Mary Hoi way, as usual, "did the Months never went by so fast as The charming young girl with town" with Bud, and Mary Rita they do now when a Merciad col- the winning 5 personality % whom recovered from the J frantic feelumn comes due in what seems no Mother Borgia 1 escorted into! the ing i she I experienced when she time at all since last month's was Community Room, Tuesday morn- thought that she mighty not be rushed through to beat«the dead- ing, Dec. 3,1 was none other than i*ra (Continued on Page 4) line. Miss Grace Phelan, the World's • Since this issue comes between Amateur J Champion Typist. | H * seasons, there is a slight lull in : Miss Phelan began her demonsporting activities at Mercyhurst. stration by an explanation of the A hockey game was finally ne- proper posture J for I typing, I and gotiated against Lake Erie Col- then proceeded, with all the skill lege, but then old man weather and dexterity of an expert, to type stepped in and cancelled our plans. at various rates of. speed, fusing The day before the one? on which unfamiliar copy. Typing at 40 words a minute, she gradually|in- H T h e s e IFreshmen certainly do our game was scheduled, the Semcreased her speed until finally the decorate their rooms.! Kathleen inarians played Park school in keys were hitting the paten at the O'Rourke and Betty Glynn have Buffalo, and spent six hours drivhigh rate of 186 words a minute.^ Christmas fSpirit Plus as you've ing back to Erie in a blinding U Using memorized material, Miss probably noticed when you pass snow storm I. . . They lost the Phelan was able to type 142 words their door, that tantalizing odor of game 3 to 1, but not without a a minute—the equivalent of 14 mistletoe and pine, you know. good struggle. '. While speaking of room decorakey strokes a' second. She typed While on the subject of snowy at this high rate of speed with an tions there's I a room on the first weather, Miss Quinn has succeeded easy graceful rhythm, the stacca- floor|jin which a certain list o f in obtaining some winter sports to of the keys like music in perfect rules lis posted for the benefit of equipment for the school, so if we the guests. Some of them are: tempo. ft ({ get snowed in up here on the hill An interesting; feature of the 1. Nobody, student or teacher, we can amuse ourselves, and we will be allowed to throw gum won't mind not going downtown demonstration consisted of Miss on the floor, write on the Phelan's answering questions in Saturday^, afternoons, will w e ? walls with I ink or pencil, or Miss Regan suggests snow shoes arithmetic and spelling^while typstrike matches| on the furnias a way out of the difficulty in ing unfamiliar material, at the ture. I I case other means of transporta- rate of 140 words a minute. A humorous side!was displayed 2. Singing "Sweet Adeline" or tion fail to $ get us away for the telling Little Audrey jokes is when Miss Phelan illustrated the holidays or weekends.! strictly forbidden. BOWLING is one sport that has typing technique of "Somebody's 8. Anybody setting fire to room I come up fast in the ^interests of Stenog." ? or furniture will be under pain Miss? Phelan's excellent typing us crazy Americans. It's great of immediate expulsion. fun and splendid exercise—a fas- technique and her very pleasing and so on. cinating game even if you can't manner completely won over her 4. Etc. Mary "Moosie-Mouse" Mooseaverage 50. A large number of audience, and instilled in everyone us are seriously interested in do- who was fortunate enough to see man has been seen around with ing some bowling—about 80 signed her brilliant demonstration a de- smiles a'plenty. I have no serious doubts of whether or not I should up on the list recently . . . And sire to become a better typist. yet, we seem to be able to make -—Marie Keleher attribute it to some one at home, do you? any plans to organize s o m e leagues. Some think that since our The Freshmen extend their Death has another key to your schedule is crowded with activi- safe. heartiest congratulations to Kath(Continued on Page 4) —Axel Munthe (Continued on Page 4)

Grace Phelan Demonstrates Typing Skill


Page Four


December, 1940

(Continued from Page 3) bring forth that familiar whistling w-h-e-w! A Siamese twin set that attracts all eyes is KIRBY and the shorthand book—the shorthand book and KIRBY. When you're just ambling^around sometime, stop in room 24 and ask the occupants for their interpretation of that famous essay, "A Dissertation On A Roast Pig" —who mentioned foot? | We're all! wondering w h e n JEANNIE;is going to come back. OGLE is simply lost and so proud of her roommate's letters. They're really not | sentimental—or maybe just the least bit! ANNA MARIE deserves congratulations and a big cheer for her solo part in that beautiful rendition of Ave Marie. We're all so proud of her. It seems that JEAN GOUGH and CAROLINE are collecting p e n n i e s—especially on State Street—a "coke" at Pete's always tastes so good! B. J.'s interests have turned to Michigan, and all the time we were thinking that "Hail to Pitt" rang truest. What say—Pittsburgh— My! My! how I do go on—but can't I have just one more parting remark—isn't our "pres" a marBye vel. •Dorothy Tormay

Adler Seminar
(Continued from Page 1) by the study of happiness! alone men will become good; nor does he advise merely teaching ethics to the young because they have not had the experience thru which to truly understand it. At this point, Dr. Adler posed the question: "If ethics is not intended for the young who need it, and if the old have already had the experience, for whom then is it intended?" The solution was straightway given: "It is for the mature so they can direct the young." Early in the work, Aristotle defines happiness as "the exercise of the soul's faculties in conformity with excellence or virtue." By the inductive method, Dr. Adler led the students to emphasize the simpler conclusion that happiness is the possession of all good things in their right order. "If happiness is the order of desirables, then virtue must be the order of desires," was the apt way n which Dr. Adler stated the relation between happiness and virtue. In discussing the cardinal virtues, the learned educator guided the girls in drawing up parallel definitions: Temperance is the habit of foregoing pleasure for a greater good. Fortitude is the habit of undergoing pain for a greater'?good. The last chapter in* Book VI, to which Dr. Adler drew particular attention, shows that it is not possible to be good n the true sense without prudence, nor to be prudent without moral virtue. Aristotle also concludes that the virtues cannot exist in isolation from each: other, for, as one seminarist nut it, "if you have the right reason for one virtue, you must have it for all." ; Justice was said to subordinate individual good to the common good. Yet the good of the communty contributes ultimately to the happiness of each man. From the contents of Book I, Dr. Adler drew up the following definition of happiness—"it consists in activity in accordance jwith virtue in a complete life given the goods of fortune." Whereas in Book X, Aristotle defines perfect happiness as that activity which exercises the highest faculty of man, namely, the contemplation of the truth. Dr. Adler closed the two-hour session with the challenge that Aristotle had no right to draw his latter conclusion, since it cannot be reconciled with the original definition of happiness. §| —Jane Franklin One day, upon entering the locker room, I heard slight scuffling noises, the sound of objects falling, and some one muttering under her breath. Upon investigation, I discovered that a few of Emmie's most prized locker ,possessions shad obligingly Amoved out of their narrow confines, to provide space for a few newcomers. Emmie, soon ;her cheerful self again, sat before her locker patiently -Athrowing objects back I into merry | disorder. Having accomplished her task, she quickly closed the door, which, to her surprise, actually stayed in place. So, dear reader, runs the history of Emmie's locker — a history noble in itself because of the lasting quality of its accomplish ments. And now, I leave Emmie, my mind at-ease again. —Valma Blakey

(Continued from Page 3) leen Smyth, the first in our class with a ring. Good Luck, Kay!!! If people don't stop putting things in other people's beds at night—mentioning no names, of course! Please, Upper-Classmen, don't ask us Freshmen again what Santa Claus is going to bring us!! While nosin' around the other day I ran across a most powerfully cute outfit—a bright red flannel shirt and a grey pleated skirt. It was worn by Mary Lou Kelly but to whom did it belong ? What is the question! Have you ever watched Rita Botzum read a letter from Fritz ? —.Revolting, isn't i t ? ? ? We were mighty sorry to see Doris Driscoll leave—but we're hoping she'll get well real soon so's she can hurry back. Anne Johnson and Cara Reed seem to be making lots of progress with two brothers but keep it under your hats, girls, 'cause it's a deep, dark secret. We do hope our marks have been forgotten by the time we get home Woe is us, if 'en they're not! ' Have you ever seen Howie ? ? Hands off, please. He's Jean Smith's. Can you imagine anyone driving five hundred miles through snow, wind, sleet, and what have you, just to see a girl? Well, Bob did. Oh, you know Bob, from Purdue ? Jewel surely you know!! "I'll Never Smile Again," can be appreciated only if you're in love or suffering from DementiaPraecox. . . Isn't Pro-Tern neat? Even if it does cost two whole pennies. Jeanne Driscoll is worried about her figger. She wants to reduce. Fancy that!! tch. tch. We think our Big Sisters are pretty swell. I wonder if we'll be able to do as good a job when we're Juniors. "Tempus Fugit" (I can't help it —it's the Latin in me), and so must I until next time, then adieu, and stuff. —Gloria Corrado '44

Adler! Lecture
(Continued from Page 1) of finding truth. One must be just and do his share of work in order to be fair to his fellow students. He also pointed out the erroneous belief held by some that life begins after school. He corrected this opinion by explaining that the life of the student is a mode of living—a life of learning greatly facilitated by the possession of moral virtue. Dr. Adler pointed out the dangers of educated men who are untrained in moral virtue — how vitious and destructive such men can be. On the other hand, good moral men having no trained intelligence would be subject to all sorts of deceptions and seductions, and readily led away from ft h e moral life. Another important question considered was, "Canj v i r t u e be t a u g h t ? " The Greeks claimed that virtue could not be taught, but they were referring to moral virtue. Intellectual virtues can be gotten from books, at blackboards, and from teachers. But when considering moral virtue, Dr. Adler believes the school—as a school— cannot teach it. Hef continued by stating that the teacher, as a teacher, cannot teach moral virtue. But if the teacher is considered as a man, he can help one acquire the moral virtues by his advice and counsel, by reward and punishment, and by taking by the hand and leading. He concluded, however, that, in a good society, the school wouldihave very! little responsibility for jmoral virtue. The home and community should be powerful factors in aiding onp acquire virtue. Many other valuable points were considered in this £ masterful discourse. Some of his problems were answered by both a yes and no, thus stimulating our interest to pursue farther the paths of knowledge. —Sally McClain

(Continued from Page 3) shakes at the Dairy Bar—on a Sunday. Good old hunting season. A guy we know by the name of H. Hammer made a haul! He caught a button Deer and a Button, dear! Lucky Button, dear! The Poetry Department is happy to submit "Owed to the Erie Coach Company" or "They Also Serve Who Only Stand and Wait" (from the picture of the same name). Winter has come, Victoria balks, The bus takes some, But others walk. (and is late). (For the benefit of the uninformed, the aforementioned Victoria belongs to one B. Leahy). Composed by Y. T. in a fit of desperation. While not busy composing poetry, my soul is wont to think on N. Y. C.'s "Twelfth Night" with Helen Hayes and Maurice Evans —or—as the billing says, "All This and fEvans Too." How I should love to see it! "Et tu, Brute?" as we say in the old country. Here's to "Pro-Tern" and its staff. They've hit the nail on the head, and we pray that their aim may continue as sharp. Well, all I can say is, it's time this column took inventory and was hung out to air. And|so, ladies, we give you CHRISTMAS -—Jeanne Weir

(Continued from Page 3) togs into her locker. A vague plan of later rearranging its contents entered her mind but soon disappeared completely. One .bright October day, a notice of the approach'of Investiture Day appeared on the college bulletin, board, causing a torrent of memories of her freshman year to sweep through Emmie's mind, as well as the thought of bringing her own cap and gown to school as soon as possible. Her cap and gown have since occupied a prominent place in her locker. Gradually, more books, notebooks, and papers were permitted to occupy their rightful position in the narrow compartment, until Emmie, overhearing a discussion by several other girls about the linoleum covering the floor of the lockers, began to doubt the veracity of their statements. ;Emmie, for a rather insignificant length of time in her college life, thought seriously of renting a second locker, but soon overcame that foolish notion by allowing her overshoes to occupy an honored position outside the locker door and eliminating the use of a hanger for her coat. She has always "been an extremely generous sort of person, a fact which has many times aided her classmates in solving their difficult problems. An outstanding evidence is a few empty fruit jars, the remnants of a tureen dinner held long ago. Not wishing to leave them carelessly about and still not knowing what to do with them, Emmie's friends appealed to her for advice. As you see, the problem has been bril liantly solved. Emmie confided to me one day that she could not bear to part with what are really memories— memories of class assignments, tureen dinners, Investiture Day, and most important of all—1940's Courtesy Campaign.

(Continued from Page 3) ties, Sunday would be the only suitable-time; but no bowling alleys! are available then . . . Why can't we find' some other time— there are unactive weeks in the school year as far as sports are concerned . . . Between hockey and basketball seasons, for instance, and after basketball in the spring, bowling would be just the thing to give us our neededfexerKcise. Moreover, any number of •students can take p a r t ' in the sport—it would be especially appreciated by those who do not I go out for the more strenuous team sports. Does anyone have 3 any bright suggestions as to Jhow we could overcome this difficulty? How did you Notre Dame fans (that means all I of us, I guess) like the outcome of the N. D., Southern Cal. game? I did, too. Football -predictions for the Bowl games—(I can't do worse than McLemore, though 1 may have less reason to express an opinion— it does fill space, though): Nebraska to edge out Stanford in the Rose Bowl; Tennessee to prove tougher than Boston College in the Cotton Bowl (something tells me I'm wrong there); Orange Bowl—we'd like to see Georgetown b e a t Mississippi State; a n d the Cotton Bowl has Fordham on the winning side against their undecided opponents who may be the Texas Aggies . . . Why not make a selection even if our team is not yet selected —my chances are just as remote anyway of picking the right one. It's J like betting on a horse—bet on intuition instead Of statistics and you won't be any farther behind. —Anne Stout

Josephine considers but seems to have something else in mind! December 6. The excitement on the third floor was so great tonite that J o s e p h i n e nearly "dropped her upper plate!" Between an apparition on the stairway and a pig's ffoot in Eunice's bath—the evening was certainly not dull. Eunice's allergy was re(Continued from Page 3) vealed to her hitherto unsuspectable to attend the Seminar. In ing classmates. the "wee hours," Jo Junior finally December 7. Josephine is finddropped off to sleep—still trying to decide what the evening's lec- ing,; that she is barely able to exist on her allowance, her|savings ture actually meant to her. are;nothing, and not a?Christmas November 29. Well. Thanksgiv- has she purchased! That boy she ing is finally over, aren't they? met last summer at LakeiOsoblu, Jo Junior hasn't a thing to worry wrote and "begged" herfto allow her except lesson plans, courtesy him to escort her to the town's week and term papers. She's still best ball on New Year's Eve. Jo wondering whether J. C. ever got is expecting a similar "invite" Jeanne. Here and now, Jo makes fromiiher "secret passion" from a resolution to save her money as Cornell. She |finally dispatches a fund towards buying Christmas "polite apologies to Home Town gifts!! No more cokes!! Tommy and Sun-Tanned Sam. She December 1. Josephine's crav- keeps her fingers crossed in the ing for "some excitement" was hope that the expected invitation satisfied by a mid-night caller who will be forthcoming. was proclaimed everything from December 9-19. Days spent in a track-star to Romeo, himself. worrying and hoping. Josephine's : December 2. Josephine's com- classwork assumes a definite de- j mendable plan to economize isn't cline in quality and quantity. Thus working out so well but there's far the mail between Mercyhurst | still a tidy sum in her purse. Jo and Cornell has been "nil." Maybe rejoices at the news that Jimmy he's saving on stamps so he can Mercyhurst is to be adopted for buy her a Christmas present. Jo Christmas. She receives a letter realizes that she has no saving's from the boy back home who "sin- fund. cerely hopes" that she will celeMerry Christmas! J brate New Year's Eve with him. —Pauline Lynch