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18 February, 2011
Dhaka, Bangladesh


Nabab Nawab Ali Chowdhury Senate Bhaban

University of Dhaka

Organised by
Bangladesh Medical Physics Association
Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology
University of Dhaka

Sponsor: Akij Food & Beverage Ltd.

Message from the Chief Guest

Dr. A F M Ruhal Haque M P

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
Govt. of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh

Modern healthcare is deeply indebted to Medical Physics for its

different discoveries and innovations based on which almost all
aspects of diagnosis, therapy and rehabilitation have seen a
significant improvement in the last century, starting from
discovery of X-ray and the Electro Cardiogram.
In Bangladesh many of the latest technologies in medicine have
started to be available in the recent times. However, because of
the high cost of imported equipments and lack of maintenance and repair, the services are
proving to be beyond the affordability of the majority of our population, particularly the rural
population. There is acute shortage of qualified manpower for proper utilization and
maintenance of medical equipments. This situation is giving rise to premature failures of the
equipments and a huge waste of national resources.
The solution lies in two parallel approaches, to train and employ manpower like Medical
Physicists and Biomedical Engineers at all hospitals, and to develop such equipments locally
through acquisition, improvisation and innovation of technology. I am happy that Bangladesh
Medical Physics Association (BMPA) and the Postgraduate Department of Biomedical Physics &
Technology of Dhaka University have made considerable progress in this regard. I know that
some equipments developed by them are working satisfactorily in different hospitals in our
country for more than a decade.
I came to know that the Department, with funding from a private corporate body, is developing
a package of personal computer (PC) based health monitoring and diagnosis for the rural health
centres where we have already provided internet connection. This eventually may be
transformed to a nationwide telemedicine network. This is very encouraging and we wish them
all success.
I am delighted to know that BMPA and the Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology of
Dhaka University have jointly organized a Regional Conference on Medical Physics and also a
day long Exhibition to show medical equipments and new techniques developed by our
scientists. The conference and the exhibition are very timely and match the theme of ‘Digital
Bangladesh’ announced by the present Government. I wish this conference and exhibition a
grand success.

Joy Bangla, JoyBangabandhu

Long live Bangladesh.

Dr. A. F. M. Ruhal Haque

Message from the Vice Chancellor, Dhaka University, Special Guest

Professor A A M S Arefin Siddique

University of Dhaka
Dhaka, Bangladesh

The Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology of the

University of Dhaka held an exhibition on the occasion of the
University day last year and I was impressed by the research and
development being carried out there by our young scientists under the
leadership of Professor K Siddique-e Rabbani. The thing that
particularly caught my eyes is that this department is trying to
improvise and innovate new methods and technologies suited to the
rural environment in countries like ours. In spite of tremendous
progress of science and technology, the common people in countries
like ours have remained to be deprived of the services of modern health care technology. Although we
can see traces in the capital city and in some of the large districts, the services are not within the means of
the majority of the country. The scenario would be the same in any low and medium income country of
the world I believe. Therefore, the philosophy of developing indigenous capacity in technology by the
visionaries in this department is commendable, and I believe this department is playing its role in
fulfilling the dream of our people with which Dhaka University was established in 1921.
It is also encouraging to know that scientists in UK, USA, Australia, Korea and Singapore have already
started working on techniques and methodologies innovated by this department, and a sophisticated
medical equipment designed and developed by people belonging to this group is working with
satisfaction in a hospital in a neighbouring country for about a year. Within the country a number of
medical equipment made by them are being used by hospitals, clinics, and by patients for about two
decades. I think these efforts should be supported and promoted by the Government; to see if our local
hospitals could be equipped with medical appliances developed by our local scientists and technologists.
We also need trained Medical Physicists to understand the inner details while procuring modern medical
equipment from abroad, to install and utilize these properly, to maintain, and repair such equipment.
Since the country still lacks a policy to this effect, expensive medical appliances imported at huge costs to
the nation are lying idle, or are being used rarely, or are left to be thrown away after something goes out
of order. This calls for employing Medical Physicists and Biomedical Engineers in all major hospitals.
Therefore, the conference and exhibition being orgainsed by the Bangladesh Medical Physics Association
and the Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology of the University of Dhaka is very timely, and I
feel proud that Dhaka University could be a part of this endeavour. I wish this conference and exhibition
all success.

(Professor A A M S Arefin Siddique)


Welcome Address & Message from Professor Barry Allen, Special Guest

International Union for Physical and

Engineering Sciences in Medicine

Professor AFM Ruhal Haque, Hon Minister for Health and Family Welfare
Prof Siddique-e Rabani, Conference Chair
Prof AAAMS Arefin Siddique, Hon Vice-Chancellor, University of Dhaka,
Members of the Organising Committee
and Honored Colleagues,

The International Union for Physics and Engineers in Medicine (IUPESM) comprises the International
Organisation for Medical Physics (IOMP) and International Federation of Medical and Biological
Engineers (IFMBE) as affiliate organizations. The IOMP comprises 80 adhering national organizations
representing 16500 MPs worldwide; the IFMBE has some 24 000 members.
Our objective is to facilitate the role of medical physics and engineering throughout the world, with
particular emphasis on the developing countries. To this end we embarked on a number of new initiatives
since the world congress in Seoul in 2006, during my term as President, IOMP and President Elect,
Autonomous regional chapters of the IOMP are an important part of its operations. The first such
organization was EFOMP in 1980, which has long served the requirements of medical physicists in
Europe, then ALFIM (or LAMPA in English) in Latin America in 1984, SEAFOMP in SE Asia and
AFOMP in the Asia-Pacific region in 2000. Under guidance and support of the IOMP, new regional
societies have recently formed in the middle-east (MEFOMP) and Africa (FAMPO). Such institutions are
essential if the health sciences in developing countries with language barriers, restricted funds and travel
budgets are to thrive. Bangladesh is a member of AFOMP and should plan to hold it annual medical
physics meeting in the near future.
An important role of the IUPESM is to support the development and implementation of appropriate
medical devices in developing countries. I proposed and was the inaugural chair of the Health Technology
Task Group (HTTG), an initiative that was adopted unanimously by IUPESM at WC2006 in Seoul. This
task group seeks to apply our skills in medical physics and biomedical engineering to evaluate and obtain
solutions for improved health management in the developing countries. I believe that HTTG should play
an important role in facilitating the development and implementation of health technologies in

After my visits
ts and reviews of health services in the rural areas of Vietnam, Philippines and Vanuatu, it
was abundantly clear that the western model of centralized health care is inappropriate for the developing
world. I convened and chaired the first HTTG workshop on palliative radiotherapy in Saigon in 2008. A
second workshop is planned to address telemedicine at WC2012 in Beijing.
We live in the 21st century. In the last decade communication has undergone a revolution no less
significant than that of the printing press. Mobile phone towers sprout up in darkest Africa and
everywhere else. A medical scientist in outback Australia or upper Bangladesh should have the same
access to information as one in New York or Moscow.
It’s our role to ensure that patients benefi
benefitt from this information technology revolution. We look to the
next generation of medical physicists and biomedical engineers to take new directions for the benefit of
mankind. In particular, the role of medical devices in developing countries needs to be broadened
b to
account for the marked differences that exist in access to medical services. The key to this is the
development and implementation of telemedicine, so as to bring the frontline medical services for rural
populations within the expertise and dirdirection of the big city hospitals.
The World Health Organization (WHO) now recognizes the need for improved access to medical devices
and this was the topic of a WHO forum held in Bangkok in September
( We need to wi
nd down the cost of medical devices while
improving their performance, achieving improved cost
benefit and bring this promise to reality. This is an
important potential role for Bangladesh.
On behalf of the IUPESM, I would like to thank the Bangladesh Medi Medical
cal Physics Association for your
kind invitation to attend this conference and participate in the opening session. I wish all delegates a
successful and rewarding experience. While it is the first time that I have been to Bangladesh, it is the
second time I have been to Dacca and find it very much changed.

Professor Barry J Allen PhD DSc

President, IUPESM
Inaugural President HTTG
Past President IOMP
Past President AFOMP
Past President ACPSEM

Message from the President, IOMP

Welcome to the Regional Conference on

Medical Physics 2011
Hosted by the Bangladesh Medical Physics Association and the
Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka
I am delighted to welcome all delegates attending the Regional Conference on Medical
Physics at Dhaka University, and it is my privilege to particularly thank the Bangladesh
Medical Physics Association as one of the younger members of the IOMP family to host this
meeting and by this to match the key elements of the IOMP mission: (i) advancing Medical
Physics in science, (ii) fostering the educational and professional development of medical
physicists, and (iii) disseminating Medical Physics knowledge and expertise, particularly in
developing areas.

Medical Physics today has gained significant attention in the science community and in the
public. Medical Physicists – IOMP represents currently more than 18,000 professionals - are
doing much more than just dealing with clinical application of ionizing radiation in a hospital.
Medical Physics is expanding more and more, and today nearly all branches in health care
are benefiting from the inventions and expertise of medical physicists. Medical Physics is a
janus-faced science, rooting in physics and looking at the patient, i.e. the scientific
creativity of the medical physicist is driven by the suffering patient. This governs the
uniqueness of our profession, being interdisciplinary and always committed to highest
professional and ethical standards.

A scientific meeting like your Regional Conference on Medical Physics in Dhaka is a perfect
platform to advance Medical physics by exchanging new ideas, and to offer training

opportunities and to disseminate knowledge and expertise by bringing together teachers
and students. Globally, there is yet a significant disparity in the status of health care, and
medical physicists are particularly challenged to cope with that divergence. IOMP
acknowledges your efforts when dedicating a session on this specific subject. The
importance of health care in rural areas is obvious, for instance the majority of the ca. 8 Mio
patients dying of cancer each year was living in countries with poor health care
opportunities. That “Cancer Crisis” as coined by IAEA & WHO requires also answers from the
community of Medical Physicists and challenges for the development of suitable
instrumentation, e.g. affordable imaging and investigation methods, appropriate treatment
equipment including adapted communication and energy technologies. The IOMP partnering
with the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE) under the
umbrella of the International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine
(IUPESM) initiated the IUPESM Health Technology Task Group (HTTG) which aims to define
the health care technology requirements in low and medium income countries and to
provide support in developing their health care systems as related to medical physics and
engineering. New ideas emanating from your meeting will certainly stimulate the IUPESM
HTTG and corresponding initiatives launched by the WHO, the IAEA and other organizations
to promote medical physics in your region and by this to provide best service to the ever
increasing number of patients.

Let me wish all delegates a successful, inspiring and considering your wonderful venue an
enjoyable meeting in Dhaka.

Munich, 3rd February 2011

Fridtjof Nüsslin

Message from the Secretary of Health & FW, GOB

Ministry for Health and Family Welfare
Govt. of the People’s Republic of

I am glad to know that Bangladesh Medical Physics Association and the

Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology of Dhaka University
have organized a Regional Conference on Medical Physics. This is very
timely as modern healthcare depends greatly on technology coming from
Physics and related Engineering, and without their active participation we
cannot take the fruits of such development to the common people in the
country. I understand in a limited scale, Medical Physicists and Biomedical Engineers have started
contributing in this area in the recent times specially in some hospitals run by private enterprises and
NGO’s. It may be equally relevant for the Government run hospitals too.

Modern medical equipment are very costly and very expensive to maintain and repair as they mostly
come from countries with high wages. If such devices could be designed, developed and manufactured
locally, the prices could come down drastically, and service could also be ensured through local
maintenance and repair. I understand that the people at the Department of Biomedical Physics &
Technology of the University of Dhaka started their research about three decades back with this vision
and they have already attained a level of expertise and confidence to take up such a challenge. I hope
there will be scopes in the near future to sit together and discuss how their developments could be
transferred to the local hospitals and clinics.

I wish all the best and success to the Regional Conference of Medical Physics.

Md. Humayun Kabir

Message from Dr. A Sattar Syed
Pioneer of Medical Physics Research in Bangladesh

Ace Data Products

East-North Side, 5th Floor, BSRS Bhaban
Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, Karwanbazaar, Dhaka 1215
Ph: 8151181(o), 9111125(r); Mo: 0119-6011072

I feel honored to be invited to write a message for the Regional Conference on Medical Physics to be held at Dhaka
on 18 February 2011. The initial contact of Medical Physics with this country happened in the early 1960s when late
M Shamsul Islam having finished his work at Leeds University for PhD degree in the area of Cosmic Radiation was
employed briefly as Hospital Physicist at a Leeds hospital. However back in Dhaka, M Shamsul Islam joined the
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, and developed the area of research on Experimental Cosmic Radiation
in the department.
Research on Biomedical Physics in this country happened through a chance occasion when I was working at the
Industrial Physics Division, Bangladesh Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (BCSIR) Laboratories, Dhaka. I
was watching the US serial 'Science Reports' on Bangladesh TV in late 1978 demonstrating the work of Dr C
Bassett at the New York Presbyterian Hospital on the augmentation of bone repair by inductively coupled
electromagnetic fields. It so happened that in those days I was routinely visiting my father receiving treatment of
fractured femur as inpatient at the Rehabilitation Institute & Hospital for Disabled(RIHD), Dhaka & I had the
chance to discuss the above matter of the TV serial with the Director, late Dr R Garst on one occasion of his going
rounds in the ward. Dr Garst took immediate high interest in the matter and thus followed the very unique multi-
institutional & grand collaboration of research to develop the method between the Industrial Physics Division,
BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, the Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, the RIHD(presently renamed
Orthopedic Hospital & Rehabilitation Institute) for clinical human trials, the Food Science & Technology Division,
BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka and the Department of Pathology, Institute of Postgraduate Medicine &
Research(presently renamed Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU). Funding came from the
Bangladesh Medical Research Council to meet certain sundry expenses. At the Department of Physics, University of
Dhaka, M Shamsul Islam with his background of ex-Hospital Physicist formed the group with the freshly joined
Khondkar S Rabbani with background of PhD in the area of Solid State Electronics. The group has emerged as the
new discipline of Biomedical Physics & Technology as the youngest daughter of the Department(adding to the
departments of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Theoretical Physics, and Computer
Science & Engineering), to meet the human resources needs in the area along with Gono Bishwabiddalay, Savar,
Dhaka. I understand that the present activities of new Department at the University of Dhaka are presently focused
toward postgraduate studies & research on body's electrical impedance, nerve conduction, solar water disinfection,
I wish the Conference all success.

Abdus Sattar Syed


Message from the first President, BMPA

Professor Gias Uddin Ahmed

Vice Chancellor
Primeasia University

Back in 1996 when I was at the Bangladesh University of

Engineering & Technology (BUET) we organized anized the first
conference on Medical Physics in Bangladesh together with a
few friends and colleagues, Dr. Syed Reza Hussain then at
Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Bangladesh Atomic Energy
Commission (BAEC), Dr. A Sattar Mollah of BAEC, and Dr. G
A Zakaria,
ia, an expatriate residing in Germany. This initiative
was supported by Professor Uri Quest and Professor Hover
from Heidelberg University, Germany,, and through a resolution
in a meeting held during that Conference, Bangladesh Medical Physics Association ((BMPA) BMPA) was born. I
was given the responsibility to take the helm as its first President, a responsibility which I had to shoulder
till 2009. This being a rather new area in Bangladesh the membership was also limited. We had tried our
best in taking the Association
ciation ahead and organized several Conferences, Seminars, and started publishing
‘Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics’ although a regularity could not be maintained. We also could
get BMPA recognised as the National Member of the International Organisat
ion of Medical Physics
(IOMP) and Asia-Oceania
Oceania Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics (AFOMP
(AFOMP). ). We actively
supported a proposal made to the Government by the National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital to
create posts of Medical Physicists in 64 hospitals which was accepted on principle.

We have handed over the responsibility to a new Executive Committee in 2010 under the leadership of
Professor K Siddique-ee Rabbani of Dhaka University, who is an active research worker. I hope that under
his dynamic leadership the Association will go to newer heights. This new committee has already started
a regular on-line
line Newsletter of BMPA, and the organization of this Regional Conference of Medical
Physics is very timely. Side by side an exhibition on indi
genously developed medical equipment would
be an added attraction and eye opener. It will infuse our young research workers with enthusiasm and self
confidence which are very important. I wish all success to the organization of this Conference and the

Gias Uddin Ahmed

Message from Conference Chair
Bangladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA)
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology
University of Dhaka, Dhaka

After completing my PhD in microelectronics in 1978 in UK under a

Commonwealth scholarship I decided not to continue in this field as I
believed that we cannot put an IC chip in the market from Bangladesh in
the next two decades. I realized that without indigenous development of
technology our nation cannot prosper, and I felt an inner urge to make my
life useful to the society which nurtured me from my birth. I had no job
back home, and in spite of lucrative offers from abroad, decided to come
home straight and try my luck. Professor Muhtasham Hussain, the then
Chairman of the department of Physics of Dhaka University said, “I like
your subject, if you do not get anything else in Dhaka, I’ll take you”. So he
took me as an Assistant Professor on an adhoc basis (which was allowed at
that time) and that’s how my fate got its one important milestone. I was
wondering around to look for an avenue which was well suited to our
country’s needs. With Professor Hussain and Prfessor A K M Siddiq, I started doing research on Solar
and Wind energy, designed and fabricated solar water heaters, wind mills etc. I had a hobby of designing
and fabricating electronic circuitry and one fine morning Dr. M Shamsul Islam of the department of
Physics called me and asked for my help with modern transistor based electronics for a research project
on bone fracture healing using electromagnetic fields, which he and his childhood friend Dr. A Sattar
Syed of BCSIR had been trying using older valve based electronics. Dr. Syed explained the requirements
and I designed a simple low cost circuit which was used successfully on human subjects at the Hospital
for disabled (Pongu Hospital) for about two years, and we had a good outcome of the research project,
with active support of Dr. Salek Talukder and his team there. After this success I was approached by
Professor AFM Ruhal Haque of the Hospital for Disabled (now the Minister for Health and Family
Welfare, and the Chief Guest of this ceremony) to devise a portable electrical bone healing unit for a
patient of his, which I did. Professor Shamsul Islam motivated me to give more time to this field and
gradually I became the key research person for Medical Physics in the department.
Jointly we started to offer Masters thesis to students in 1981. In 1983 through a sheer chance Professor B
H brown of Sheffield University came to Dhaka to give an invited talk on Biomedical Physics where
Professor Islam also presented a paper on the local bone fracture healing work. This led to an academic
link with Sheffield sponsored by British Overseas Development Agency, meant for three years, but
eventually continuing to 10 years seeing the success of the local group. With the help of Sheffield we
were able to organize a Master’s course on Biophysics and Medical Physics in 1984. An informal link
with Sheffield still continues to this day.
Sheffield gave us a real exposure to modern methods in Medical Physics having a broad span of activities.
In deciding which areas to go for research, I had two intuitive feelings. First, we should go for areas
involving electricity where the instrumentation needed can be designed and fabricated locally by us. I
believed that doing research based on sophisticated technology and expensive appliances coming from the
West, which was the order of the day in Third World countries, we cannot go far. Secondly, for research,
we should not take up problems which the West with their advanced expertise, facilities and experience,
are finding hard to crack. Besides, I also thought that we need to reproduce, by acquiring technology,
essential equipment locally, otherwise our people will not be able to get the benefits of modern

technology. For the latter I chose computer based instrumentation for Nerve conduction measurement,
and with the help of the Sheffield scientists, we built a full system locally in 1988, involving both
hardware and software. Using this I started giving routine clinical service in Bangladesh in the same year
and got patients referred to by eminent neurologists of the country, and which is still being used at a local
hospital. Here I should specially mention the support of Professor Rashid Uddin Ahmed, Professor M A
Mannan and Late Professor M Ibrahim of BIRDEM. The development of computerised equipment, and
offering routine clinical service in nerve conduction in 1988 – were both firsts in Bangladesh and a
photograph of this equipment is given below.
For research, I chose Electrical Impedance measurements, in which Professor Brown had a pioneering
contribution in the form of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT), similar in concept to the more
widely used Computed X-ray Tomography. We had a gift of this equipment with a generous support of
the British Council and did some valuable work. However, this led to our own innovation of Focused
Impedance Method (FIM), offering localized investigation but at much less sophistication. Already
Universities in UK, and Korea have started using this method, we are developing an FIM unit to be
incorporated into a project of an Australian University, and a couple of R&D organizations in
Switzerland and USA have shown interest. We feel that FIM has the potential of becoming a choice
method for investigation of many diseases and disorders including certain cancers.
Our routine work on Nerve conduction revealed some limitations of existing techniques and this led us
innovate a new method, which we named Distribution of F-Latency (DFL); this also seems to hold great
potential in improving the diagnosis, and could be the first choice in any investigation of peripheral
nerves. Scientists in UK and Singapore have already started work on our method.
Our work on destruction of diarrhoeal germs in drinking water has led to a successful low cost method
utilizing solar energy for household use in the rural areas, side by side with improved rainwater
collection. Since surface water does not have arsenic, this method can also become a solution for the
arsenic menace indirectly.
We have been making an Iontophoresis equipment for the treatment of excessive sweating of palms and
soles, a muscle and nerve stimulator for physiotherapy for more than a decade for hospitals, clinics and
patients in Bangladesh, Recently we made a computerized equipment for dynamic foot pressure
measurement for a Diabetic hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, and it is being used for routine clinical
investigation for more than a year now with satisfaction. We are also developing several other equipment
like ECG, EEG, SpO2, devices to aid the blind and the profoundly deaf, a low cost device to determine
bone degeneration (osteoporosis) using existing X-ray equipment, artificial hand and leg prosthesis that
will offer limited functionality through muscle signals generated by the will of the user. Recently we have
taken up a programme to develop a personal computer based diagnostic package including temperature,
respiration, ECG, heart rate, etc., that can be integrated to a nationwide internet connected computer
network already developed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. This can also lead to
telemedicine, and all this could be done at a fraction of the cost of any imported equipment, giving much
longer useful life too.
At different phases of our work we got financial supports from the World Health Organisation, the Asiatic
Society, University Grants Commission, Bose Centre of Dhaka University, Ministry of Science &
Technology and Ministry of Education. Uppsala University of Sweden has already sanctioned a fund for
our department this year. Recently the Farm Fresh wing of Akij Food and Beverage Ltd., a private
corporate body, has come up with financial support for the development of a number of the above items.
They are also the main sponsor of this conference and exhibition. Normally private corporations fund
events that bring a great deal of media publicity which does not happen in the funding of scientific and
technology research. Therefore this gesture is a commendable and pioneering one, and this group
definitely deserves our warm thanks and felicitations.

My message has become a history of some sort, but I felt it necessary to generate enthusiasm and self
confidence among our young scientists, who are my main target. My message to them would be to start at
a low level, persevere, and build up as one goes along. This will give the real strength and confidence in
technology. All around us there is an atmosphere of glamour, which has also spread into science and
technology research. For example, we have spent millions of dollars for high sounding arsenic mitigation
research but no real solution has gone to the common people so far. Therefore, we need to be careful not
to get trapped in such glittering avenues, as we have only one life to make use of. We need to remember
that millions of our fellow countrymen have sacrificed their food, their living comfort to fund our
education, to fund our research. Unless we direct our research to the alleviation of their miseries at this
moment, we shall be answerable to our own conscience. We can play around with high sounding science
and technology only after we achieve the minimum of the above target.
We have tried our best to organize this conference and exhibition in a befitting manner, however our
inexperience will definitely show up here and there, and I, on behalf of the whole organizing committee,
ask for forgiveness and constructive criticisms for the future.

Professor K Siddique-e Rabbani

The portable bone healing

stimulator made in the
early eighties at the
request of Prof AFM The first computer
Ruhal Haque based EMG/EP
equipment in 1988. The
main unit is still used for
routine clinical use at Drinking water disinfection
Trauma Centre, using solar energy, for
Shyamoli domestic use.

Message from the General Secretary

Professor M Adnan Kiber

Dept of Applied Physics, Electronics &
Communication Engg.
University of Dhaka

It gives me a great pleasure to welcome you all to the regional conference on Medical Physics in Dhaka,
to be held on 18th February, 2011, jointly organized by Bangladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA)
and Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology (BMPT), University of Dhaka.
The history of Bangladesh Medical Physics Association is quite recent and it started its journey in 1998
under the able leadership of Dr. Gias Uddin Ahmad, the then Professor of Physics in Bangladesh
University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). The Department of Biomedical Physics and
Technology of University of Dhaka was established very recently in November 2008 under the leadership
of Professor K S Rabbani as the founder chairman.
Although, Medical Physics is meant for cancer diagnosis and treatment, we (BMPA & BMPT) believe
that the Medical Physics term should include all aspects of Physics and Engineering in Medicine and
Health Care. We also visualize that poor and under privileged population especially in rural areas of
developing countries like Bangladesh, should get the benefit of technological advancement in Medicine
and Health Care through the development of low-cost sustainable innovative devices and systems. In line
with this vision this regional conference has the taste and diversity of different fields of Physics and
Engineering in health care in addition to traditional Radiation Physics.
I understand that many Medical Physicists, Physicians, Radiation Oncologists, Physicists and Nuclear
Medicine Specialists, Engineers, and a large number of students from Physics and Applied Physics
disciplines are going to participate in this Conference. We are encouraged and inspired by their sheer
number and enthusiasms in this emerging and challenging area.
I wish the Regional Conference on Medical Physics much success.

Professor Md Adnan Kiber, PhD

Organizing Secretary and
General Secretary
Bangladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA)

A Brief Introduction to the Organizing Bodies

gladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA)
Understanding the importance of Medical Physics in the modern healthcare a conference
was organized at the Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET) in 1996
at the initiatives of Professor Gias Udd
in Ahmed, then at BUET, Dr. Syed Reza Hussain Ex
Director, Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC),
Dr. A Sattar Mollah of BAEC, Dr. M A Hai, Ex. Director of National Cancer Hospital, and
an expatriate Bangladeshi in Germa
Germany,ny, Dr. G A Zakaria. This initiative was supported by Professor Uri
Quest and Professor Hover from Heidelberg University, Germany
Germany,, and through a resolution in a meeting
held during that Conference, Bangladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA) was born. Professor Pr Gias
Uddin Ahmed, presently Vice Chancellor of the Primeasia University, was elected the first President of
BMPA, and Dr. Sattar Mollah as the first General Secretary. Through this leadership, continuing till
2009, the executive committee organized several International Conferences and Seminars, published a
scientific Journal with the name ‘Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics’, and got BMPA recognized as
the representative National member of International Organisation of Medical Physics (IOMP) and Asia-
Oceania Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics (AFOMP). BMPA also actively supported a
proposal to the Government by the National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital in creating 64 posts
of Medical Physicists in all major hospitals. Howe
ver, this still remains to be addressed. In 2010 a new
Executive Committee was formed with Professor K Siddique Siddique-ee Rabbani, the first Chairperson of the
newly formed post graduate department of Biomedical Physics & Technology at Dhaka University, as its
President for the term 2010-2011.
2011. This Committee has initiated an online Newsletter, and is trying to
publish the Journal at regular intervals. Through this conference, the Association hopes to go forward in
the mission with which it was initiated.

Departmentt of Biomedical Physics & Technology

University of Dhaka
his multidisciplinary post graduate department started its journey with Professor K
Siddique-ee Rabbani joining as its first Chairperson on 3 November, 2008. This department,
emphasizing R&D at Ph. Ph.D.
D. and M.Phil levels, stands on 30 years of work carried out by the
group while in the Department of Physics, the mother department. There, late Professor M
Shamsul Islam initiated and organized research and education programmes in Biophysics
and Medical Physics,
hysics, visualising their far reaching importance in 1978. A ten-year
ten academic
link with Universities in UK under a British ODA sponsorship later gave a significant boost to these
About 80% of Global population living in the Third World is depr deprived
ived of the benefits of modern
healthcare technology, and this failure forms the key motivation of this department’s research
programmes. This group has already achieved significant innovations in several areas: i) A novel Focused
Impedance Method (FIM) with th potential in the detection and diagnosis of disorders and diseases. This
idea has received international acclaim and Universities in UK and Korea have already started working in
FIM, ii) Distribution of F-latency
latency (DFL), a new physiological parameter giv
ing a velocity profile of motor
nerves, having potential in the detection and diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. Researchers in UK and
Singapore have already started working on this innovation. iii) Design and development of low cost
medical instruments for or dissemination in the Third World, and finally iv) Destruction of diarrhoeal germs
in water at low cost by solar energy using simple and easily available materials, which also provides an
indirect means of solving the Arsenic problem. The department hope hopess to deliver the results of its research
to real life within a short time. The department takes in students from all branches of science, engineering
and medicine, and has already created an excitement among young scientists.

1 January, 1929 – 6 April, 2005

Late Professor M Shamsul Islam was the visionary who understood the future importance of
Medical Physics and Biophysics at a time when many stalwarts of Physics in the country were
doubtful about its significance. Although he did his Ph.D. in Cosmic Ray Physics and established
a laboratory in the early sixties after his return, the attraction to Medical Physics was in the back
of his mind in which he engaged himself briefly in Leeds, UK in the early sixties. Therefore as
soon as his childhood friend Dr A Sattar Syed asked for his help in a project to develop and
study bone healing through electrical stimulation in 1978 he responded enthusiastically, and also
motivated the fresh Ph.D. returnee Dr. K Siddique-e Rabbani in joining the group. With the
success of the initial research project Professor Islam realized the need to involve students in this
area of research, and to offer formal courses. Thus students could take thesis work in Medical
Physics as part of their M.Sc. degree since 1981. Professor Islam supervised scores M.Sc. thesis
students from then on till his retirement, jointly with Dr. Rabbani. He also organized academic
link programmes with Sheffield for Medical Physics and with Oxford for Biophysics in 1983
when a course on Biophysics & Medical Physics was initiated in the M.Sc. curriculum. The
Sheffield link was jointly co-ordinated on the other side by Professor B H Brown, an innovative
scientist and pioneer of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). This link was very significant
in giving necessary exposure and boost to the research of the group. With Prof Islam’s initiative
the group could obtain funding, together with the prestigious diabetic centre BIRDEM, from
World Health Organisation on a new project involving Bone resonance to determine
Osteoporosis, which also got enthusiastic support from the legendary Professor M Ibrahim, the
founder of BIRDEM. He also got his wife, Professor Quamrun Nesa Begum, an outstanding
Professor of Physics in her own right, to dedicate some of her time to Medical Physics research,
and she contributed significantly as well.
Without the vision and initiative of Professor M S Islam it is difficult to guess if the department
of Biomedical Physics & Technology could ever come into existence, and if the current state of
research could have been achieved. Let his soul rest in eternal peace.

Regional Conference on Medical Physics
Dhaka, 18 February 2011


Conference Chair
Prof. K Siddique-e Rabbani (DU)
Conference Co-Chairs
Prof. Gias Uddin Ahmad (Primeasia University)
Dr. Syed Reza Husain (Delta Medical)
Organizing Secretary
Prof. Md. Adnan Kiber (DU)
Members (Local):
Dr. Kamila Afroj (INMU, BAEC)
Dr. Shahana Afroz (BAEC)
Prof. Mir Md. Akramuzzaman (JU)
Mr. M. Jahangir Alam (Delta Medical)
Dr. Hasin Azhari Anupama (Gono Bishwa)
Dr. Tanvir Noor Baig (DU)
Dr. Afia Begum (BUET)
Prof. Dr. M. A. Hai (KYMCH)
Prof. Syed Akram Hossain (BSMMU)
Prof. M. Aminul Islam (RU)
Mr. Md. Nurul Islam (Gono Bishwa)
Mr. Md. Nurul Islam (INMU, BAEC)
Dr. Md. Fazlul Kabir (INMU, BAEC)
Dr. Monzur Kadir (NCRIH)
Dr. Sadiq Mallik (Delta Medical)
Dr. A. Sattar Mollah (BAEC)
Mr. S.M. Muraduzzaman (BIHS, DAB)
Dr. Lutfun Nisa (INMU, BAEC)
Prof. Salahuddin Ahmad (USA)
Prof. M. Saiful Huq (USA)
Dr. G.A Zakaria (Germany)

All lists arranged in alphabetical order based on last name

Prof. K Siddique-e Rabbani (DU)
Prof. Gias Uddin Ahmad (PU)
Dr. Kamila Afroj (INMU, BAEC)
Prof. Mir Md. Akramuzzaman (JU)
Mr. M. Jahangir Alam (Delta Medical)
Dr. Tanvir Noor Baig (DU)
Dr. Afia Begum (BUET)
Prof. Dr. M. A. Hai (KYMCH)
Prof. Syed Akram Hossain (BSMMU)
Dr. Syed Reza Husain (Delta Medical)
Prof. M. Aminul Islam (RU)
Mr. Md. Nurul Islam (Gono Bishwa.)
Mr. Md. Nurul Islam (INMU, BAEC)
Prof. Md. Adnan Kiber (DU)
Dr. Sadiq Mallik (Delta Medical)
Dr. A. Sattar Mollah (BAEC)
Prof. Salahuddin Ahmad (USA)
Prof. M. Saiful Huq (USA)
Dr. G.A Zakaria (Germany)


Prof. Md. Adnan Kiber (DU)

Dr. Kamila Afroj (INMU, BAEC)
Dr. Faridul Alam (INMU, BAEC)
Prof. Syed Akram Hossain (BSMMU)
Dr. A. Sattar Mollah (BAEC)
Mr. S.M. Muraduzzaman (BIHS, DAB)
Prof. K Siddique-e Rabbani (DU)

Dr. Afia Begum (BUET)
Mr. Raihan Abir (DU)
Dr. Kamila Afroj (INMU, BAEC)
Mr. Anisuzzaman (United Hospital)
Mr. AKM Badiuzzaman (DU)
Dr. Ehsan Alam Chowdhury (DU)
Mr. Alok Kumar Dey (Shahin Sch & Col)
Mr. Md. Nurul Islam (INMU, BAEC)
Mr. Md. Abdul Kadir (DU)
Mr. Masudur Rahman (JU)
Ms. Rakhi Zabin (DU)

Dr. Afia Begum (BUET)
Mr. M. Jahangir Alam (Delta Medical)
Prof. Syed Akram Hossain (BSMMU)
Mr. Md. Nurul Islam (INMU, BAEC)
Prof. Md. Adnan Kiber (DU)
Mr. S.M. Muraduzzaman (BIHS, DAB)


18 February, 2011
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Nabab Nawab Ali Chowdhury Senate Bhaban, University of Dhaka
Registration : Lobby of Seminar room (1st floor)
Inauguration : Main Auditorium (2nd floor)
Technical Sessions A (I, II, III) : Main Auditorium (2nd floor)
Technical Sessions B (I, II, III) : Seminar room (1st floor)
Exhibition : Outside Lobby (1st floor)
Food and snacks : Dining Hall (1st floor)
AGM : Main Auditorium

08:00 – 10:00 Registration
08:30 – 10:00 Technical session IA, IB
10:10 – 11:15 Inauguration Ceremony
11:15 – 11:30 Opening of Exhibition
11:30 – 11:50 Refreshment
11:50 – 12:40 Plenary Session
12:40 – 02:00 Lunch & Prayer break
02:00 – 02:15 Tutorial for students on paper writing and presentation
02:15 – 03:30 Technical session IIA, IIB
03:30 – 03:45 Tea break
03:45 – 05:00 Technical session IIIA, IIIB
05:00 – 05:15 Prayer break
05:15 – 06:00 AGM

Inauguration Ceremony & Opening of Exhibition

10:10: Guests take their seats

10:15: Welcome Address by Professor M Adnan Kiber, General Secretary, BMPA
10:25: Address by Mr. Shekh Jamiluddin, Guest of Honour
10:30: Address by Professor Barry Allen, Special Guest
10:35 Address by Professor AAMS Arefin Siddique, Special Guest
10:40: Address by Professor AFM Ruhal Haque, Chief Guest
10:55: Handing over cheque from Akij Food & Beverage Ltd. to Chairperson, BMPT dept, University of
Dhaka, for research support
11:00 Address by Progessor K Siddique-e Rabbani, PresidentBMPA, & Chairperson, BMPT dept.
University of Dhaka
11:10: Vote of thanks by Dr.Kamila Afroj, Vice President BMPA
11:15: Opening of Exhibition by the Chief Guest
11:30: Refreshment

Sessions Schedules: Regional Conference on Medical Physics 2011
Plenary Session
11:50 – 12:15 : Professor Barry Allen
12:15 – 12:40 : Professor K Siddique-e Rabbani

Technical Session schedule: (All presentations: 10 minutes, question/answer: 2 minutes)

Session I A : Signal analysis/ Technology

Venue: Main Auditorium, 2nd floor
Session Co-chairs: Prof Mir Akramuzzaman, Mr. Nurul Islam
Abstract No. / Title of Abstract Authors Time
1. Brain atrophy of an Md. Shafiul 8:30-8:42
Alzheimer disease affected Islam et al
2. Analysis of fMRI data Md. Nahid 8:42-8:54
exhibiting brain activated Hossain et al
region due to audio-visual
3. Life-saving applications of a A Begum et al 8:54-9:06
nano-power IC
4. On chip Si-micro ring Rajib Ahmed 9:06-9:18
resonator for Biomedical et al
applications at µm wavelength
5. Analysis and design of a Jawshan Ara 9:18-9:30
hypothermia bed
6. Artificial musculoskeletal Jawshan Ara 9:30-9:42
design for an EMG controlled and K S
prosthetic hand using flexible Rabbani

Session II A : Technology
Venue: Main Auditorium, 2nd floor
Session Co-chairs: Prof M Adnan Kiber, Dr. Afia Begum

Abstract No. / Title of Authors Time

7. Design of an EMG driven Md. Rokibul 2:15-2:27
microcontroller based Islam et al
prosthetic leg
8. Development of a K S Rabbani et 2:27-2:39
pedograph for dynamic foot al

pressure measurement
9. Calibration of a locally M Ahsan Habib 2:39-2:51
devised low cost dynamic et al
foot pressure system
10. Development of a dual 2:51-3:03
Md Abdul Kadir
frequency system of focused
and K S Rabbani
impedance method (FIM) for
medical diagnosis
11. Detection of cervical S M Yeasmin et 3:03-3:15
cancer using the new focused al
impedance method (FIM)
12. Electronic mobility aid K S Rabbani et 3:15-3:27
for the blind using ultrasound al
echo-delay and nerve

Session I B, Radiation Therapy/dosimetry/monitoring

Venue: Seminar Room (1st floor)
Session Co-chairs: Prof M Aminul Islam, Prof S Akram Hussain

Abstract No. / Title of Abstract Authors Time

13. Patient responses in a phase 1 Barry J Allen 8:30-8:42
clinical trial of targeted alpha
therapy for metastatic melanoma
14. Palliative radiotherapy in Barry J Allen 8:42-8:54
developing countries
15. Attenuation characteristics of Alok Kumar 8:54-9:06
WML block for cervix cancer Dey et al
16. Lessons from major radiation A Sattar 9:06-9:18
accidents in radiotherapy Mollah
17. Design of intensity and field Istihak 9:18-9:30
shape control of an infrared Hussain et al
system for cancer treatment
18. Radiation protection SM 9:30-9:42
management in several x-ray Yeasmin et
installations al

Session II B, Radiation monitoring, Equipment Experience
Venue: Seminar Room (1st floor)
Session Co-chairs: Dr. S Reza Husain, Dr. A Sattar Mollah
Abstract No. / Title of Authors Time
19. Patient-specific dosimetry M N Islam et al 2:15-2:27
for i-131 in the normal
20. A study on the ionization Shamsun Naher 2:27-2:39
chamber used in reference Islam
21. Radiation monitoring of a Kamila Afroj et 2:39-2:51
newly established nuclear al
medicine facility
22. Review of medical Barry J Allen 2:51-3:03
equipment needs in Vanuatu
23. Withdrawn

24. A new service with a Selina H Banu 3:03-3:15

portable et al
25. Use of an innovative 3:15-3:27
Siddartha S
indigenous electrical Biswas
gastrometer in assessing
gastric acidity

Session III A : Rural Technology
Venue: Main Auditorium, 2nd floor
Session Co-chairs: Prof Barry Allen, Mr. Nurul Islam Mozumder
Abstract No. / Title of Authors Time
26. Development of a low cost K S Rabbani et 3:45-3:57
personal computer based ECG al
monitor for the third world
27. Design and development of Nahian Rahman 3:57-4:09
a portable miniature ECG et al
28. Development of a low cost M Sadat Hasan 4:09-4:21
pulse oximeter with an et al
improvised probe
29. A proposition for low cost Md. Afzalur Rab 4:21-4:33
preventive cardiology for rural et al
health care system in
Bangladesh and design of a
cardiological data collection
platform using a noninvasive
30. Innovation of a low cost Jubaid A 4:33-4:45
bone densitometer based on Qayyum et al
existing x-ray facility
31. Developing a real-time 4:45-4:57
Morsalin Uz
patient care prototype
especially for disaster Zoha
situations in Bangladesh using
WIFI based technology

Session III B, Public Health
Venue: Seminar Room (1st floor)
Session Co-chairs: Prof Gias Uddin Ahmed, Dr. Kamila Afroj
Abstract No. / Title of Authors Time
32. Need to decentralize and 3:45-3:57
Shuvra K Dey
develop assistive devices in
the rural areas of Bangladesh
33. Medical aspects study on M B Hossain 3:57-4:09
the effect of the EM waves
on humans and possible
34. Effects of M.Quamruzzaman 4:09-4:21
electromagnetic fields: et al
hypersensitivity, a case study
35. Migration of M M Haque et al 4:21-4:33
radionuclide 137Cs in normal
solution through different
types of soil layer
36. Drinking water K S Rabbani and 4:33-4:45
disinfection using low Rahman F
voltage electrical field, an Rafique
innovative method targeting
the rural population
37. Drinking water K S Rabbani 4:45-4:57
disinfection at low cost for
rural areas using solar
thermal process

Md. Shafiul Islam, Saadia Binte Alam, Md. Afzalur Rab, Ishtiak Hussain, Md. Enamul Hoque
Chowdhury, Shahida Rafique
Department of Applied Physics & Electronics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abstract: A growing body of evidence suggests that a preclinical phase of Alzheimer’s disease (AD)
exists several years or more prior to the overt manifestation of clinical symptoms and is characterized by
subtle neuropsychological and brain changes. Identification of individuals prior to the development of
significant clinical symptoms is imperative in order to have the greatest treatment impact by maintaining
cognitive abilities and preserving quality of life. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers
considerable promise as a non-invasive tool for detecting morphological brain changes in Alzheimer
disease affected patients. In fact, evidence to date indicates that functional brain decline precedes
structural decline in preclinical samples. Therefore, fMRI may offer the unique ability to capture the
dynamic state of change in the degenerating brain. This analysis examines morphological change in brain
structure in those at risk for AD as well as in early AD. Analysis of fMRI data and findings is done on at-
risk groups by collecting data from fMRI data centre which is gathered according to the virtue of genetic
susceptibility or mild cognitive decline followed by an appraisal of the methodological issues concerning
the diagnostic usefulness of fMRI in early AD. Data for Alzheimer disease affected subjects were
obtained from fMRI data centre and analyzed in this paper. The analysis result shows that the cortex,
hippocampus, and ventricle area of the Alzheimer diseased patient have shrunk dramatically than the
normal subject and other changes of brain are distinguishable. A discussion of data analyzing procedure
has been given that will improve the ability to reliably detect early brain changes and will help for early
identification of Alzheimer (AD) disease and to cure the disease.


Md. Nahid Hossain, Md. Shafiul Islam, Md. Enamul Hoque Chowdhury
Dept of Applied Physics & Electronics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abstract: Human generate both visual and auditory phonetic signals by talking and movements of lips.
When someone is talking face to face, perceiver typically integrates phonetic distinctiveness of both the
visual and auditory stimuli (audiovisual integration).The prominent function of the brain’s audio-visual
response is to enable the evaluation of novel, environmental events in order to prepare for potential
action. This analyses reveal neuroanatomical and neuroimaging studies pertaining to audio-visual effect
and particular emphasis will be given to neuroimaging studies using functional magnetic resonance
imaging(fMRI). Analyses of haemodynamic responses and audio-visual effects have been done on
neuroimaging data. These approaches provide complete information as they evaluate different features of
audio-visual effect. fMRI data analysis has been accomplished by using a validated set of neuroimaging
tools from the FMRIB Software Library (Version 4.1.5, FSL) used by Department of Clinical Neurology,
University of Oxford. Neuroimaging studies suggest that auditory and visual shows quite similar patterns
of brain activation. We observed that regions of the FEFs, PPC, and SMA were significantly modulated
by spatial cues. Additionally, areas of the auditory cortex are also activated for this contrast, possibly
indicating preparatory biasing in sensory cortices. We found quite similar regions involved in visuospatial

A. Begum*, R. Sultana and S. Binzaid, PhD
Solar Enhanced Renewable Energy Systems, Dhaka, Gazipur, Bangladesh

Abstract: Public health and safety always raise national economic concerns in developing countries like
Bangladesh when catastrophic disasters causing unavoidable medical emergencies become a “lost-
control”. Careful review can minimize some of the major issues and also by developing better
technologies can keep the causing factors under control at pre- and post-disaster stages. Nano-power
electronics is an area of emerging semiconductor VLSI technology where scaled down CMOS circuits are
primarily used in this project. Scalable design techniques of MOSIS are used for designing a fabricable
CMOS integrated chip (IC). A sense amplifier is redesigned to improve specific functions and also lower
the power to nano-watts level i.e. 7.15E-03watts to 1.31E-09watts. Floor plan of all components and their
pin-assignments of the CAD layout of the test chip are described. PSPICE simulation for verifying
operations and power consumption of components in the chip is presented in this paper. Applications of
this IC have been explored and it is found to be a life-saving design for ferries, launches, boats etc. in
Bangladesh waterways. Application of three types of sensors and their proper placements is identified for
this IC such that they can sense the catastrophic situations ahead of time. This IC can also accurately
determine the increasing levels of leaking water in the hull and degradation of floating conditions to
buoyancy. This low power electronics can be operated by sustainable energy systems when the generator
and the primary power source are obvious to fail while sinking. A sequence of preventive functions are
generated by the IC that include warnings to captain if a possibility of structural damage, activate the
alarm system prior to leaving dock if serious defects detected such as overloading conditions, activate the
inflation of floating devices and assure passengers’ away from sinking vehicle, continue power to medical
equipments and air supply to patients by auto-control electronic system. Detailed description of such
system, sensor logical functions, applicable analysis of physics and thus forming its electronic operational
plans are presented in this paper.



Rajib Ahmed, Rifat Ahmed1, Md. Afzalur Rab

Dept of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engg., University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dept. of Electronics & Telecommunication Engg., Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology,
Rajshahi, Bangladesh,,
Abstract: Nowadays, Optical resonator has generated wide interests in the detection and sensing field.
This is possible only for a small change on the refractive index can be detected from the shift of
resonance wavelength and the splitting of the resonance modes. The synergy between microresonator and
nanoparticle can be used for various applications, such as biological imaging, fluorescent markers for
biological processes, contrast agents in bio molecule sensing, cancer therapies and photothermal tumor
ablation etc. We experimentally demonstrate a high-Q silicon microring resonator operating at
wavelength of 1.55µm with/without Au nanoparticles. We consider the micro ring resonator (4µm in
diameter) and the ring waveguide (width is 200nm) as a single mode waveguide. SiO2 as the bottom
cladding and air as the top cladding. The two bus waveguides are evanescently coupled to the micro ring

resonator, with the coupling gap 100nm and the thickness of the ring resonator and bus waveguide is
250nm. We used 2D Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method & Perfect Matched Layer (PML) as
absorbing boundary condition. The Au nanoparticle was placed at the outside edge of the micro ring
resonator and found resonance wavelength shift and broadening of the splitting bandwidth with the
increase number & size of Au nanoparticles but irrespective of position up to certain limit – when the
interaction between metallic nanoparticles and micro ring resonator is becoming so strong that they
completely degrade the resonance – the Q is strongly degraded and the intensity at output port is
approaching zero. This unique result by Au nanoparticles is used extensively for sensing and nano
medicine field.


Jawshan Ara
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, Bangladesh.
Abstract: A device, hypothermia bed has been designed which is actually a water circulated close loop
system with precise control to ensure medical safety. It is designed on the basis of thermo-fluid analysis
to provide required amount of heat which is lost from hypothermic patient’s body, when patient’s body
temperature goes below 36o Celsius. Here, water is electrically heated up to required temperature and
circulated though the copper channel continuously. Required temperature of water depends and varies
with patient’s core body temperature. In order to reduce the complicacy arises for controlling mass flow
rate through the system, a fixed mass flow rate is chosen for this close loop system. It is especially for the
use of intensive care unit, post operative cases and during operation.


Jawshan Ara, K Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology, University of Dhaka.,
Abstract: The design of this prosthesis is for a functional replacement of a natural hand, for subjects with
a hand severed from the wrist. A three dimensional model of a mechanical structure of the prosthetic hand
has been designed using AutoCAD, a computer aided design software. For the primary model, two basic
function of hand, grasping and holding light objects was to be performed by contraction and tension of
flexible wires, which acts in a way similar to that of tendons in the fingers. These wires will perform the
flexion (grip closing) and extension (grip loosening) actions through the two directions of rotation of a dc
motor. The power applied to the motor will be controlled by electrical signals picked up from the muscles
(Electromyograph – EMG) of the existing portion of upper limb. The EMG signals will be analysed to
obtain mainly the control signals for the direction of rotation of the motor. However, the possibility to use
the strength of the EMG signals will also be explored. This artificial musculoskeletal model has been
designed using a light material like aluminium in mind. However, due to limitations in fabricating
facilities, prototypes are being made using brass. The prosthetic hand can be made available at a low cost
without sacrificing its quality of action, and will contribute greatly to the sufferings of a large number of
people who have lost their hands.

Md. Rokibul Islam1, A N M. Mushfiqul Haque1, S N Amin1, K Siddique-e Rabbani2
Dept of Electrical and Electronic Engg, Islamic University of Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh,
Abstract: Over the past few years prosthetic legs have become much improved and complex. However
their costs are very high and are not within the reach of most people in the Third World. Low-cost fixed
prostheses made of wood or plastics are available in some Third world countries, but these offer very
basic movement with unnatural gait; climbing stairs gets quite difficult. The prosthesis being worked
upon in the present work are for amputees with legs removed above the knee, and would offer a limited
rotational movement of the knee joint under voluntary control of the wearer, driven by the EMG signals
extracted from thigh muscles. The aim is to make it at a low cost, may be at a cost slightly higher than the
passive ones, but allowing a better gait in walking, and in climbing stairs. An initial work was done in this
direction by our extended group earlier; the present work gives further improvements. This involves
redesigning of the motor and the gear system and that of the electronic circuitry for processing the EMG
signals extracted from thigh muscles, interfacing the output to the microcontroller, rotating the motor in
two directions thereby accomplishing the movement of the knee joint. The motor, geared down, is
mounted horizontally and a pulley system drives the artificial knee joint. A wooden prototype was used to
study the motion of the mechanical structure and the action of the motor. Further challenge is to
incorporate lighter and stronger material like carbon fibre and testing the prosthesis with an amputee
before making it commercially available.


K Siddique-e Rabbani1,2, SM Zahid Ishraque2, M Shahedul Islam2 and Rhaad Muasir Rabbani2
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Bangladesh Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Appropriate Technology (BIBEAT)
Abstract: Dynamic foot pressure measurement is necessary particularly for diabetic patients, who lack
sensation in the feet, to prevent ulcers, eventually leading to gangrene and amputation. The present work
reports a low cost optical sensing system for the above, suitable for the Third World. It uses a horizontally
placed transparent Acrylic plate with a webcam placed below facing upwards. A white paper, backed by a
black adhesive plastic sheet, covered the whole plate on the top. Light from a tubular fluorescent lamp
entered the acrylic plate from a side and traversed the thickness through total internal reflection. At points
of pressure applied from the top, the air between the paper and the acrylic plate got displaced and caused
breakdown of total internal reflection. The scattered light rays from the white sheet were recorded by the
webcam. Computer software on Java platform was developed to grab and analyse video data to display
dynamic pressure distribution in artificial colour contours. Approximate pressure calibration was obtained
using static and dynamic values obtained from subjects with normal and abnormal foot pressures. Time
graphs of pressure at user chosen points were also provided. The developed system worked with
satisfaction and is being used for clinical assessment regularly in a neighbouring country.

M Ahsan Habib1, M Shahedul Islam2 and K Siddique-e Rabbani1,2
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Bangladesh Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Appropriate Technology (BIBEAT),

Abstract: A low cost dynamic foot pressure measurement system was developed earlier by our extended
group which gives the approximate pressure variation at different points of the foot while walking, which
is working satisfactorily in a clinical setting. However, from a scientific point of view, a more accurate
and rigorous calibration is desired. The device uses a horizontally placed transparent acrylic plate covered
by a white paper, and backed by a black adhesive plastic sheet on the top. Light from a tubular fluorescent
lamp entered the acrylic plate from a side and traverses the thickness through total internal reflection. At
points of pressure applied from the top, the air between the paper and the acrylic plate got displaced and
caused breakdown of total internal reflection. The scattered light rays from the white sheet were recorded
by the webcam, and the intensity of light is presumed to represent pressure applied at that point.
It has been suggested in earlier work using similar devices that static and dynamic pressure calibrations
are different. In the present work a four wheel wooden cart was devised with weights placed on top,
which could be pulled along the sensitive surface at different speed. By analysing the pressures created by
the wheels for these different speeds, an understanding was achieved regarding the variation of pressure
with the time of contact. It was also confirmed that the intensity of light in a pixel was related to the
pressure value directly.
Finally the average pressure created by a walking person was analysed critically. Two humps at the
beginning and at the end of the step were observed, which suggests that because of the nature of walking
there will be such increases at these phases of the footstep. This agrees with foot pressure analysis done
theoretically earlier by other groups. Therefore, when complete this work will increase the capability of
the foot pressure measuring system developed at relatively low cost.


Md Abdul Kadir, K Siddique-e Rabbani
Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh,

Abstract: Focused Impedance Method (FIM) developed recently by our group at Dhaka University
provides an opportunity for localized impedance measurement down to reasonable depths using surface
electrodes, and application of FIM may give more specific results in the detection and diagnosis of
diseases and disorders like pneumonia, certain cancer, etc., if measurements are carried out at several, or
at least at two different frequencies. FIM essentially measures the impedance around a region using
tetrapolar technique in two orthogonal directions using special configurations of electrodes. This paper
presents the design and fabrication of the instrumentation of a dual frequency version of FIM, operating at
10kHz and 100kHz. Two separate oscillators with separate current drive circuitry were used in the design
to supply alternating currents with constant amplitude through circuitry based on op-amps. Potentials
developed across two other electrodes were measured through a well designed bioelectric amplifier to

minimize associated noise. The signal was then converted to dc to get a numerical output through a digital
multi-meter. The system has a manual switching for the frequencies, and for changing the connection to
the electrodes in order to change the direction of impedance measurement in the prototype. Performance
test on the finished device gave values as desired. This instrument would be used to get preliminary
information on the measurement on human body, particularly addressed to the diagnosis of Cervical
Cancer, and characterization of already detected breast tumours. In a subsequent design all the switching
will be done automatically using a microcontroller or a personal computer.


Sultana Mahmuda Yeasmin, Kamila Afroj1,
Md. Abdul Kadir, K Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, BAEC.,
Abstract: Cervical cancer occurs in the lining of the cervix and slowly, over time, forms a malignant
tumor. Cancer of the cervix is the second most common cancer affecting women in the world and the
commonest cause of cancer related mortality. It is highly curable when found and treated early, at the pre
cancerous phase known as Cervical Intra-epithelial Neoplasia (CIN). Visual Inspection with acetic acid
(VIA), Pap smear test and Colposcopy test are the existing methods of screening for the presence of
premalignant changes in superficial cervical tissue. A group at Sheffield University, UK demonstrated
that it is possible to distinguish between normal squamous epithelium and Cervical Intra-epithelial
Neoplasia (CIN), an early stage of cervical cancer, by measuring electrical impedance at different
frequencies using conventional tetrapolar impedance techniques. They showed that cell structure, shape
etc. change in cancer and electrical impedance can detect this change instantaneously.
Focused Impedance Method (FIM) developed recently by our group at Dhaka University provides an
opportunity for localized impedance measurement, and application of FIM may give more location
specific results in the detection and diagnosis of cervical cancer. From the spectral nature of the
impedance in case of cervical cancer, it also seems possible to obtain diagnostic information through
measurements at only two suitable frequencies, instead of a range of frequencies, which we are targeting
at present
In the present work firstly an appropriate electrode configuration is being developed using which
measurements will be carried out in phantoms. Then real life measurements will be carried out to see its
viability in comparison to traditional methods. The electrode configuration will be modified if needed,
and a comparative study will be made between these different configurations. The results will allow us to
decide on the technique which will then be used for clinical trial on human subjects with and without
Cervical Cancer. Finally the results of the clinical trial will give us adequate information to use the best
option as a diagnostic tool.

K Siddique-e Rabbani, Md. Towhidul Islam1, Md. Shahriar Iqbal1, A K M Bodiuzzaman
Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dept of Applied Physics, Electronics and Communication Engg, University of Dhaka.,
Abstract: This paper describes an electronic mobility aid for the visually handicapped using ultrasound
echo pulses, and delivering the distance information through nerve stimulation. This combination of
sensing and information delivery is a new idea of our extended group which developed an initial model
earlier. The frequency of the nerve stimulation is varied according to the distance between the person and
the obstacle, increasing with decreasing distance. This was designed to match a normal psychological
reaction of getting alarmed when the frequency of a sensation increases, ultimately allowing the person to
move away if the object gets too close. In a practical set up an ultrasonic transmitter and a receiver will be
mounted on two sides of a sunglass, and the wearer can sense the position of objects around by turning
the head. The changing frequency of stimulation will allow sensing the movement of an object as well. A
frequency of 40kHz was chosen for the ultrasound sensors to get a sensitive range of about 10m.
The transmitter circuit was designed using an astable or free running pulse generator which drives the
ultrasound transducer. Because of its high resonant characteristics, a damped sinusoidal waves result. The
receiver transducer picks up the reflected pulses which are amplified and processed to produce square
pulses. The time delay between the transmitted pulse and received pulse was used to produce a
proportional voltage through a triggered ramp generator. This voltage was the input of a voltage
controlled oscillator (VCO) which gave an output frequency depending on the modulating voltage. This
output was used to drive a nerve stimulator which produced 200V pulses with a width of about 1ms.
In the earlier prototype the useful range was short, about a few feet. The present work was mainly taken
up to extend the range. This was achieved by driving the transmitting transducer with high voltage of
about 150V by designing necessary high voltage circuitry. An experimental prototype, developed on a
bread board, gave a reasonably large output even at distances of 4 meters within the laboratory. From the
size of the received pulses from the ultrasound transducer, it is expected that it may be used to a range of
about 10m, which was the maximum range initially desired. When completed, this device will be helpful
for the blind people throughout the world at an affordable cost.


Barry J Allen
Centre for Experimental Radiation Oncology, St George Cancer Care Centre
Gray St, Kogarah 2217, NSW, Australia
Targeted alpha therapy is based on the cytotoxic properties of the high linear energy transfer (~ 100
keV/µm) and low range (20-80 µm) of alpha particles. Monoclonal antibodies are labeled with an alpha
emitting radioisotope to form the alpha-immunoconjugate. Our phase 1 melanoma trial with intravenous
injections of up to 25 mCi of the 213Bi-cDTPA-9.2.27 demonstrated that alpha therapy could regress solid
tumours without any adverse events1.

The effect of key parameters such as melanoma inhibitory activity protein, age, sex, injected dose, lactate
dehydrogenase, disease stage and treatment dose were examined. Thirty nine patients with stage IV
melanoma or in transit metastasis were treated with activities of 55-1035 MBq. No adverse events of any
type or level were observed, so the maximum tolerance dose was not achieved.
An objective partial response rate of 10% was observed for partial response, with 40% stable disease for 8
weeks and a median survival of 8.9 months. Survival analysis showed MIA, disease stage, LDH and
treatment effect to be significant prognostic indicators for survival. The lack of dose response is indicative
of the importance of the tumour capillary permeability, without which alpha therapy cannot function2.


Barry J Allen
Centre for Experimental Radiation Oncology, St George Cancer Care Centre
Gray St, Kogarah 2217, NSW Australia
Abstract: The International Agency for Research on Cancer predicts that cancer incidence in developing
countries will increase dramatically in the first two decades of this millennium. Already some 80% of
cancer patients in developing countries present with incurable disease. In many cases pain is a severe
problem and palliation is needed to improve quality of life as well as extending survival.
This paper will consider the physical and clinical aspects of palliative radiotherapy (PRT), choice of
radiation modality, alternative approaches to imaging and therapy and cost-benefit considerations.
The potential benefits of a dedicated palliative centre include lower cost and therefore more centres,
enabling more patients access to regional palliative care.. Whilst there is an obvious need for palliative
radiotherapy, simple curative treatments could also be managed.
Co60 radiotherapy has important advantages in developing countries, because of the higher initial cost of
a linear accelerator, as well as the need for reliable power supply and the level of skill required by linac
technicians and physicists. The beam characteristics of both Co60 units and low energy linacs are
compared and both are found to be acceptable for palliation.
The concept of telemedicine is also discussed, using mobile phones and internet communication to allow
rural clinics to receive support from specialists based in the cities, to send images for remote diagnosis
and remote dose planning for radiotherapy.


Alok Kumar Dey1, Md. Adnan Kiber1 , M. Jahangir Alam2 and S. Reza Husain2
Department of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engineering,
University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Oncology Unit, Delta Medical center, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abstract: Cervix cancer among Bangladeshi females is very common. Radiation therapy is one of the
modality to treat it. The common modality of treatment of early stage cervical cancers Ιb, ΙΙa and ΙΙb
cases is through a combination of intracavity applicator (radiation) and external beam irradiation
(radiotherapy) delivering required dose to the cervix and significantly reduced dose to the surrounding

normal tissues and vital organs like rectum and urinary bladder. The main goal of the radiotherapy
treatment is to maximize the radiation dose at lesions (tumor volume) and minimize dose below the
tolerance level in the surrounding normal tissues. Cervix cancer treatment is a critical task as different
important organs like rectum, bladder, parametrium, fornix have different radiation tolerance levels.
Conventional rectangular block shields the rectum area and urinary bladder but the resultant dose fall off
is very rapid beyond point ‘A’ (Point A is defined to be 2 cm superior to the external cervical OS and 2
cm lateral to the cervical canal) resulting in dose inhomogeneity to the target volume.. To overcome this
problem, an alternative method is proposed to protect the unnecessary central axis radiation dose to the
critical organs by using “Wedge shaped Mid-Line Block (WMLB)
The wedge shaped mid-line block has a rectangular shape at the center and wedge shaped slope on both
sides. The central rectangular portion with an area 10×4cm² and thickness of 5.5 HVLS (Half Value
Layer Surface) ensure nearly 100% shielding up to point A. The wedge shaped portion of the block
covers an overall area of 10×10cm² on both sides of the uterine canal for a source to surface distance
(SSD) of 80 cm (the edge of the block being named point B). Beyond this point and up to the edge of the
beam, there is no shielding, since the contribution of intracavity dose is considered to be nil. To estimate
the thickness of the block between point A and B a lateral 100% dose profile was generated for Fletcher-
Suit applicator at the level of point A using computer. The fall off of dose between point A and B was
estimated in percentage by normalising to the dose at the point A (taken as 100%).
This paper presents the attenuation characteristics of the fabricated WMLB. Cobalt 60 was used as
radiation source and Electrometer PTW UNIDOS and Farmer ion chamber (0.6 cc) were used to carry out
radiation dose measurements. Attenuation close to 97% was obtained using the WMLB from the central
axis to point A to compensate the fall of dose, which represents a good achievement.


A. Sattar Mollah
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, GPO Box 158, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abstract: Radiation therapy uses high-powered x-rays, particles, or radioactive seeds to kill cancer cells.
There are two forms of radiation therapy:
• External beam radiation, which is the most common form. This method carefully aims high
powered x-rays or particles directly at the tumor from outside of the body.
• Internal beam radiation, which uses radioactive seeds that are placed directly into or near the
tumor. Internal beam radiation is also called interstitial radiation or brachytherapy.
Radiation accident or injury attributable to radiotherapy is a topic that has attracted ample attention in the
literature. However, the literature is clearly devoid of compilations regarding the effects of ionized
radiation accidents. Lessons have been learned from investigations into a relatively large number of
accidents that have occurred in radiotherapy practices. In order to prevent accidents in radiotherapy, it is
important to learn from accidents that have occurred previously. Lessons learnt from a number of
accidents are summarized and underlying patterns are looked for in this paper. Accidents can be
prevented by applying several safety layers of preventive actions. Categories of these preventive actions
are discussed together with specific actions belonging to each category of safety layer. This paper
provides an overview of the lessons learnt and specifically considers the human actions and omissions
that have resulted in accidents.

Ishtiak Hussain, Md. Shafiqur Rahman, M.H.Imtiaz, Md.Adnan Kiber, Md. Shafiul Islam
Dept of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engg, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract: Cancer is one of the deadly diseases which affect a large number of populations worldwide.
There are many types of cancers depending on their origin and where it grows. Now-a-days it is treated
using many different techniques, for example surgery, radiation therapy, hyperthermia etc. Hyperthermia
is a process where heat energy is used to destroy/weaken the cancerous cell. We proposed Infrared or Far
Infrared light radiation can be used for hyperthermia process instead of currently used methods. The
proposed infrared radiation cancer treatment system consists of two functional sub system or units. The
intensity control sub unit has controllable knobs by which heat radiation incident on tumor volume can be
adjusted as per calculation done by the Medical Physicist to raise the temperature to the desired value.
The shape control sub unit produces a shape of focused radiation that matches the shape of the tumor
target volume, so that surrounding normal tissues gets minimum (safe) level of heat radiation. The power
control circuit changes the intensity of radiation by changing the conduction angle of the power device,
triac. The conduction angle is changed by step selection Resistor, and fine tuning of power controlled by a
continuous variable resistor within that selected range. The desired shape is constructed by controlled sub
unit using multi leafs heat radiation absorber or obstructers. We borrowed the idea of multi leaf collimator
used in Multi million taka recently introduced ionizing radiation therapy LINAC system for cancer
treatment. By placing the each multi-leaf component at desired position any shape can be simulated. In
this project for simplicity we used eight leafs for shape control. Higher number of leafs definitely would
increase the precession of the shape to be constructed. The inward or outward position of any leaf is
controlled by a small size digital stepper motor connected to it, whose steps are controlled by sequences
of digital pulses. The proposed multi-leaf intensity and shape controlled infrared system for cancer
treatment has been designed and found to be working.


Sultana Mahmuda Yeasmin1, Abdus Sattar Mollah2, Nazma Zaman3
Home Economic College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka
Department of Physics, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, Dhaka,
Abstract: In Bangladesh number of X-ray machines is increasing at a rate accelerated by the recent
economic expansions. Despite the low dose per examination, the magnitude of practice makes the
diagnostic X-ray the dominant source of medical radiation exposures. It estimates that the average
individual and collective doses to the world population from diagnostic medical X-ray examination range
from 0.3 to 2.2 mSv and 1.8 to 5 mSv respectively. The X-ray installations, therefore, deserve attention
from population dose perspective. This study was undertaken to survey the radiation protection
management in several X-ray installations of Narayanganj district. To get a real picture of radiation
protection management of a specific area this work is necessary. It will give us an assessment about the
radiation protection condition of X-ray installations of our country. A questionnaire was used to collect
the raw data about a specific X-ray installation. Questions were divided in some basic categories such as

general information i.e. particulars of X-ray technicians, availability of protective equipments etc. and
technical information i.e. types of X-ray unit, maximum kV and mA etc. Some technical observation such
as availability of warning signal, area of X-ray room etc. were also noted. Measurement of radiation
exposure in each X-ray installation was carried out at different locations of that specific installation by
using a survey meter during typical X-ray examination.
Present study gives the information that only 12% radiation workers are trained and only 10%
installations having a proper control panel are considering radiation protection for X-ray operator. About
33% of the total installations have standard size X-ray room i.e. room with area above 16 meters. The
lead apron, which is an important radiation protection item for the operator, is available in 83%
installations. Only 28% installations have the entrance door with lead which is also essential for the
protection of visitors standing out side of the X-ray room. In the present study, skin entrance dose has
been calculated by using two different empirical formulae. The variation of result has also been
calculated. Then the organ dose calculation for different organs was done based on the skin entrance dose
and International Commission for Radiation Protection tissue weighting factor. The minimum value of
organ doses were measured and for Gonads it is 4.33 µGy, for bone marrow, 4.33 µGy, for bone surface,
0.36 µGy, whereas, the maximum value of organ doses measured are for Gonads, 75.76 µGy, for bone
surface, 4.87 µGy and for liver, 24.33 µGy. Study of this work thus compares well with the works which
had already been done abroad. The lay out of the X-ray room has also been drawn and the dose rate at
various locations was measured by using a dose meter. These layouts should help to develop a standard
lay out plan for X-ray room.
The results of this study will help us to understand the radiation protection management system of most of
the X-ray installations of our country and take necessary actions to implement the rules or regulations
suggested for the radiation protection of the diagnostic X-ray installations. In coming years, there will be
more clinics and government hospital and it is therefore, suggested that in future, a more comprehensive
study be carried out for dose absorbed by patients undergoing radiological investigations, the
occupational workers, the public at large (for example, relatives accompanying the patients). It will then
give a more general picture of the radiation protection management in X-ray installations. However, the
results presented in this work should partly serve as base line to establish a full-fledged radiation
protection procedure for our country.


M N Islam1, N Hossain1, K Afroj1, F Alam1, M A Zaman2, S M Azharul Islam2
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, BAEC, BSMMU Campus, Shahbag, Dhaka.
Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka.,

Abstract: Biological internal dosimetry performed on fifteen normal patients who underwent a routine
diagnostic investigation with I-131. Tracer kinetics and bio-distribution for I-131 were evaluated by a
dual head ECAM gamma camera, with planar images, and a thyroid uptake system. A water phantom of
known activity and volume were used to find the cross calibration factor and to convert bio-distribution
data into activities. These data were used to plot a time-activity curve and used to determine effective
half-life of I-131 in different source organs for the patient. Thus the cumulated activities of I-131 in
thyroid and in different organs, as well as the residence times at different organs are calculated. These
values with a recent version of software program MIRDOSE3 was used to calculate the absorbed dose per
unit of activity in the target organ. The absorbed doses to thyroid as a target organ in normal and healthy

Bangladeshis were calculated and found in the range of 592-1150 rad/mCi of I-131. The effective dose
equivalent at the time of highest thyroid uptake (23%) was 3.56E+01 rem/mCi. Thus gamma camera
based, patient specific internal dosimetry is feasible using I-131. Sequential planar image can be used to
obtain cumulated activity in different source organs.


Shamsun Naher Islam
Dept of Electrical & Electronic Engg, Primeasia University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abstract: Modern radiotherapy relies on accurate dose delivery to the prescribed target volume. Before
clinical use, the output of photon and electron beams produced by external beam radiotherapy machines
must be calibrated. A study on comparison of three types of ionization chamber used in reference
dosimeter as absolute dosimeters is presented here from recent commercial use .Also a discussion of
using more practical solid materials as phantom materials such as polystyrene; Lucite, A-150 tissue
equivalent plastic, Solid Water (WT1), Solid Water (RMI-457), Plastic Water or Virtual Water beside the
standard material Water is also mentioned.


Kamila Afroj1, Anwar-ul- Azim1, Nurul Islam1, Ferdoushi Begum1,
Md. Nahid Hossain1, Tanvir Ahmed Biman1, Md. Rezaul Karim2
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Dhaka, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
Health Physics Division, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
Abstract: A study of area monitoring in a nuclear medicine department’s new physical facility was
performed for 3 months to ascertain the level of radiation protection of the staff working in nuclear
medicine and that of the patients and patient’s attendants. Exposure to nuclear medicine personnel is
considered as occupational exposure, while exposure to patients is considered medical exposure and
exposure to patients’ attendants is considered public exposure. The areas that were considered the sources
of radiation hazard were (a) the hot laboratory, where unsealed isotopes, radionuclides, generators are
stored and dosages are prepared, (b) the patients’ waiting room where the radioactive nuclides are
administered orally and intravenously for diagnosis and treatment and (c) the SPECT rooms, where the
patients’ acquisition are taken. The monitoring process was performed using the TLD supplied and
measured by the Health Physics Division of Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission. The result shows
no over-exposure of radiation from any of the working areas. The environment of the department is safe
for work and free from unnecessary radiation exposure risk.

Barry J Allen
Centre for Experimental Radiation Oncology, St George Cancer Centre
Gray St, Kogarah NSW 2217 Australia

Abstract: Vanuatu lies off the East coast of Australia with a Melanesian population of ~300,000. Of the
working age population, only one quarter are engaged in monetary activity and two thirds work as
subsistence farmers. Major businesses are mostly owned by overseas interests and villages are rarely
involved in commercial livestock and fruit & vegetable production. As such, Vanuatu is seriously
disadvantaged financially when it comes to rural public health services. In 2008 there were 34 Health
Centers and 6 hospitals in 6 provinces, supported by ~ 46 midwives and 40 nurse practitioners.

A detailed review was undertaken of medical services in the villages and towns, with particular regard to
equipment and training needs. Visits were made to the National Referral Hospital: Vila Central Hospital,
Efate (Level 6); Regional Referral Hospital: Northern Districts Hospital, Luganville, Santo (Level 5);
Level 3 Health Centres at Paunagisu Health Centre, North Efate, Fanafo Health Centre, Santo and Port
Olry Health Centre, Santo and a Level 2b Dispensary: Erakor Dispensary, Efate.

The following comments are pertinent to this report.

• Staff morale would be enhanced by availability of improved communications.
• Vacuum birthing equipment and ultrasound is requested.
• In-house training and distant education for improved morale, skill base and service.
• The villagers should provide voluntary maintenance support, so that accumulated funds can be
spent on more important requirements.
• Increase in the retirement age so as to retain experienced staff.
• Microscopes needed for malaria and HIV in hospitals.
• Need for pressurized autoclaves, drip stands for IV infusion, baby scales and blood pressure

Overall recommendations
• Introduction of local, in-house apprenticeships at all levels.
• Increase in the retirement age so as to retain experienced staff.
• Engineer required for equipment repair (Engineers Australia support).
• Support for cervical cancer screening.
• Palliative pain centre is required for end-stage cancer patients.
• Telemedicine via mobile phone technology using the existing transmission towers.

This review was funded by a grant from the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in
Medicine (ACPSEM).


Selina H. Banu 1, Md. Abu Zahid 2, Shipra Rani3, Naheed Nabi 4
Institute of Child Health and SSF Hospital, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
CNC Clinical Neurophysiology laboratory, Mirpur, Dhaka
Comfort Diagnostic center, Dhaka, 4 Clinical Neurophysiologist
Introduction: We introduced the portable EEG in February 2010 for the first time in Bangladesh to
extend the service for difficult to reach population. Our target is to provide high technology based service
for the people with neurological and neuro-developmental disorders.
Objective: This study was performed to describe the electro-clinical profile and evaluate the value of
portable service in the context of our socio-economic and disease pattern in children.
Methods: We have reviewed the clinical criteria, referral pattern and the EEG findings of the children
which were performed with the portable EEG machine during the period of February to December 2010.
Result: Total 69 EEGs were performed by the portable EEG machine. Tests were performed for the
children who were difficult to move from the hospital care, i.e., patient in coma, in status epilepticus at
Dhaka Shishu Hospital, Mirpur Shishu Hospital, ICU of Comfort Diagnostic Center, ICU of United
Hospital, ICU Care Hospital, Home in Dhaka city. In addition, we organized clinics for children with
neurological disorders including suspected epilepsy in two villages of Hobiganj in February 2010 and in
Kishorganj in December for the first time in the country. The diagnosis of Epilepsy was confirmed in
some of the children with immediate EEG and appropriate treatment could be started for their epileptic
seizures on the spot.
Conclusion: Medical technology is the essential part of health management and should be available at all
levels. It is possible to arrange appropriate diagnosis and treatment for Epilepsy and related neurological
disabilities among the population at remote areas.


Siddartha Sankar Biswas
Gobindopur, Sreepur, Magura, Bangladesh
Abstract: As a trainee rural doctor the author noticed that many patients complain of acidity problems,
i.e., problems related to digestion. However, no equipment capable of measuring such conditions of
acidity quantitatively are available in the hospitals of Bangladesh, and treatment is carried out based on
the idea of the doctor only. This sometimes leads to complications, and even death may result in certain
cases. Equipment to measure pH in the Esophagus are available in advanced countries, but these are
expensive, and have not found much in use in Bangladesh. This experience led the author to develop an
innovative electrical gastrometer that takes measurements from the saliva of the patient. Measurements
were taken on more than 1000 human subjects including normal subjects and patients with different
degrees of acidity problem. The results indicate the efficacy of this instrument. Treatment given to these
patients based on this estimation also produced relief in majority of cases.

K Siddique-e Rabbani, A Raihan Abir, A K M Bodiuzzaman,
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology
University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh,,
Abstract: ECG equipment is vital for diagnosis of cardiac problems. However, such equipment come from
the economically advanced countries at a huge cost in both procurement and maintenance, and therefore
cannot offer services to a large population in the Third World. The only solution is to design and develop
such equipment in individual countries by developing local expertise. With about three decades of
experience, the Dhaka University group has taken a step towards developing prototypes of low cost ECG
equipment for dissemination to the healthcare service providers. Since personal computers are available
widely, a PC based solution was the target. This paper presents the detailed design and development of a
PC based ECG equipment where optimized choice of components and of the design have been made
keeping the cost and maintenance in view, but not sacrificing the quality, and incorporating necessary
safety features to protect the patient from known hazards. Outputs obtained from human subjects are of
reasonable good quality, and have been verified using standard ECG equipment. The PC based ECG
system will allow digital post processing of signals for improved diagnosis through software. The same
PC could be used for acquiring data from various other sensors and equipment to provide comprehensive
health monitoring in the rural areas. In future, this could be the basis of a nationwide telemedicine


Nahian Rahman1, A K M Bodiuzzaman, A Raihan Abir, K Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Dept of Mechanical Engineering, BUET, Dhaka, Bangladesh,
Abstract: A portable battery powered miniature ECG monitor with a small graphic display screen
has been developed at low cost which can be used in rural areas, and may be carried by medical
practitioners in their bags for on site service to patients. This involved development of electronic
hardware based on a microcontroller unit (MCU) and necessary software. The electronic hardware
consisted of an analogue part and a digital part. The analogue front end amplified the feeble ECG signal
eliminating much larger mains borne 50Hz noise, and was based on an Instrumentation amplifier and a
few operational amplifier IC’s. Since the whole system is battery powered no electrical isolation was
necessary from the considerations of safety and noise reduction. The digital section is based on a
microcontroller unit (MCU), Atmega 32, with built-in analogue to digital converter. For graphics display
a 128 x 64 pixel monochrome LCD unit (Topway LM6063) with integrated controller (Ks0713) was
used. This displays graphics through 8 vertically displaced rows, each of 128 x 8 pixels, and plotting 8
vertical pixels at a time sequentially from left to right for each row. Firmware (base software) necessary
to control the graphics was developed and stored in the MCU. Software was developed to acquire
analogue data sequentially in equal intervals of time, converting these to digital values, simultaneous
calculation of co-ordinates of display pixel to be plotted, performing algorithm to join the current point

with the last plotted point through a line, and sending all this information to the graphic controller. The
software also displayed the total time of a horizontal plot numerically on a corner of the screen by
acquiring timer pulses from the MCU and performing necessary calculation. Both firmware and software
were developed in ‘C’ language. Using facilities available in the MCU, 5 external control buttons
provided functions to shift the display up and down, to change the horizontal scale of display, and to
freeze the display at any time. ECG from real human subjects was obtained and displayed using this
device, and was found satisfactory. The developed hardware was mounted in a compact box with
integrated battery. Field trial and further improvement will be needed before it can be given out to users.
A little modification will make it suitable for ambulatory monitoring, with data stored in an SDRAM,
which can later be read into a PC and analysed by a doctor.


M Sadat Hasan2, K Hussain Sunny1, S M Mehedee Parvez2,
Tanvir Noor Baig3 and K Siddique-e Rabbani1
Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dept of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engg., University of Dhaka.
Dept of Physics, University of Dhaka,
Abstract: SpO2 stands for either ‘Saturation of Peripheral Oxygen’ or ‘Oxygen saturation on Pulse
Oximetry’. It is directly related to the arterial blood oxygen saturation level and is usually called the fifth
vital sign, which carries great importance in medical diagnosis. A pulse oximeter is a non-invasive device
to measure SpO2 and heart beat rate. Commercial devices are available from foreign manufacturers, but
these are very expensive, and their widespread use in our rural health centres is not practicable. A locally
developed device can reduce the cost and fulfill this important gap.
In a pulse oximeter light of two different wavelengths is passed through some limbs of the body, usually
the finger tips or ear lobes, and is modulated by the pulsatile blood flow therein. The amplitude of the
alternating current component generated by the processed light incident on the photo detector is used to
calculate the molecular extinction co-efficient that relates to the degree of oxygen saturation. To eliminate
contributions of skin colour and other body tissues, lights of two different wavelengths are used. Two
LEDs, a red one having a wavelength of 660nm and an infrared LED having a wavelengths of 900nm,
provide two different absorption values which depend on the presence of oxyhemoglobin and
deoxyhemoglobin in the blood. Based on Beer-Lambert law, the logarithmic ratio of these absorption
values can be analysed to obtain the desired value of SpO2. The necessary calculation is performed using
a microcontroller. Side by side the pulsatile signal can be analysed through software in the
microcontroller to get the heart beat rate. When ready this device can be produced at low cost so that it
can be distributed to rural health centres at an affordable cost.

Md. Afzalur Rab, Md. Fazlul Huq, Rajib Ahmed,
Md. Shafiul Islam,Md. Zahir Uddin Chowdhury
Dept. of Applied Physics, Electronics & communication Engineering,
University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abstract: Many statistical investigations assert that cardiovascular disease is the prominent cause of death
for several million people annually. Novelty in public habits and lifestyles has introduced newer maladies
that the health care system of a country has not always been able to vie with. Need for efficacious
preventive cardiology has been advocated by many researchers. An imperative component of effective
preventive cardiology is to collect, monitor and maintain health data of the target population over an
extended period of time. In this paper, we propound a proposition of a cheaper methodology for
collection, distribution and dissemination of information pertaining to the cardio vascular system for rural
population in Bangladesh. Major incidents of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in rural population of
Bangladesh include different abnormalities that are manifested in ECG, ankle-brachial index, arterial
compliance and insufficient hemoglobin in children and pregnant women. A non-invasive approach can
be advocated for preliminary assessment of CVD by collecting the biomedical signals such as 3-lead
ECG, Phonocardiogram, Plethysmograph pulse oximetry and blood pressure. As all the signals can be
obtained in a non-invasive way, this approach offers several benefits such as the low cost of diagnostic
tests, low average time of data collection per subject, low capital investment, automated record keeping
and possibility of simultaneous acquisition of multiple signals. We designed a low cost data acquisition
platform by using locally available devices consists of several units- a signal acquisition unit including
transducers , signal conditioner and amplifier unit, a digitizer, USB interface and a computer .After
collection of data it can be stored and sent via internet to central server for analysis. This scheme can be
implemented with fewer difficulties and can perform a vital rule in public cardiological health care
system of Bangladesh.


Jubaid Abdul Qayyum1, Md. Masum Howlader1, Md. Tamzeed-Al-Alam1, Md. Saiful Islam1,
Tahmid Latif1, and K Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
1: Islamic University of Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh,

Abstract: Osteoporosis (bone degeneration) is a disabling condition, particularly at old age, and for
women, and needs to be diagnosed early for medical intervention. Specialised X-ray based bone
densitometry equipment are available, but are expensive and not widely available in Third World
countries. It was thought that an improvisation is possible using conventional X-ray equipment which is
available in most Third World hospitals. The idea was to have an X-ray of a specific bone of a subject on
a conventional X-ray film together with a stack of aluminium strips providing different thicknesses and

placed in the neighbourhood. Next the optical densities of the developed X-ray film would be measured at
desired bone locations and at the positions of the aluminium strips. The latter would provide a means of
calibration and standardization for the bone density, and will eliminate variations due to film quality,
exposure, and film development processes. In this work the necessary optical instrumentation was
developed using a number of red LED’s as an extended source the light beams from which was diffused
to obtain uniform lighting over a circular area of diameter 1cm, where the X-ray film is to be placed for
measurement. The transmitted light was concentrated onto a photo transistor and necessary electronic
circuitry was developed to obtain digital readout of light intensity values. Measurements were carried out
on two healthy young subjects and two aged patients. A significant difference was obtained as expected.
This now needs to be calibrated with a standard bone density measuring equipment to make the device
practically useful.


Morsalin Uz Zoha
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Chittagong
Chittagong, Bangladesh

Abstract: In our country Bangladesh, patient monitoring is still carried out by manual process. Here in
the country, emergency medical services to the victims of disasters are conducted by manually measuring
patient conditions. Patient assessments and documentation are also performed manually. Though in recent
years some telecom service providers start providing health service communicating over cell phones but
these measures are inadequate in disasters which occur frequently in our country. To achieve the goal of
vision 2021 to make a glorious Bangladesh, there is a need to develop a new patient care prototype to the
disaster response arena through the digitization and automation of the emergency medical services in
disasters by which each step of the rescue operation in a trauma will be e-compatible. IEEE 802.11
(WiFi) wireless based technology can play a significant role to provide necessary network infrastructure
to build up this real-time patient care prototype at the disaster sites, as it is economically viable in coastal
areas and hilly regions, which parts of our country are the most vulnerable to disasters, rather than
deploying new optical fiber in these areas. This paper mainly concentrates on the development of a real-
time patient care prototype to coordinate and enhance care of casualties in a natural or a human-made
disaster by the use of IEEE 802.11 (WiFi) wireless based technology.


Shuvra Kanti Dey
Physiotherapist, Vill: Notkhana, Nilphamari, Bangladesh
Many types of Assistive Devices (including Orthosis, Prosthesis, Brace Splints) have been
developed for the disabled, but are not available in rural areas of Bangladesh. In Bangladesh
some are available in Dhaka, but not in the other places, and obviously not in rural areas. It is

necessary to develop facilities for offering such services, including facilities of fabrication of
make such devices, in rural areas at a minimum cost. A policy for decentralization of such
facilities is needed for this purpose. The cost may be minimized and sustained services may be
achieved through procurement of locally made low cost machines and tools (oven for melting
poly propylene, welder, heat-gun, etc.) and development of skills among the assistive device
makers. A close collaboration among socially conscious researchers in Bio-Medical science and
Technology, and a facilitating policy of the Government is required to take necessary steps in
this regard.


M B Hossain
Dept. of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engg.,
University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract: In modern life, we are surrounded by Electromagnetic (EM) radiations originated from various
appliances used in daily life. Interference of the EM waves has bad impacts on human beings like
neurological effects, physiological stress on human body and even genetic mutation that results in cancer.
All the devices used in daily life emit radiations having their own maximum level of emissions and the
distance at which they have minimal effect. In this paper, medical aspects have been studied for the effect
of the EM waves along with the latest inventions on shielding these waves. Based on the surveys, a living
room has been designed with minimum effect of harmful radiations even if it is fully equipped with the
electronic items. A future idea has also been given for saving power by converting the stray microwaves
in the atmosphere into current with the help of a receiver.


M.Quamruzzaman1, Farruk Ahmed2, Shabab Zaman3
Dept of Electrical & Electronic Engg., World University of Bangladesh, Dhaka
Dept of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engg., University of Dhaka, Dhaka
Technical Core Network, Banglalink GSM, Dhaka

Abstract: It is only about 100 years since electricity generation started, 70 years since radio transmission
and 30 years mobile telephone system came into existence. As the world is being industrialized and
technological revolution continues, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number and diversity
of electromagnetic (EMF) sources. While all these devices have made our lives richer, safer and easier,
they have been accompanied by concerned possible health risks due to their electromagnetic field (EMF)

For sometime a number of individual have reported a variety of health problems that they relate to
exposure to EMF. While some individuals report mild symptoms and react by avoiding the field as mush
as they can, others are so severely affected that they cease work and change their entire lifestyle. So,
repeated sensitivity to EMF has been generally termed “electromagnetic hypersensitivity” or “EHS”.

There is a wide range of estimates of the prevalence of EHS in the general population. A survey of
occupational centers estimated the prevalence of EHS to be a few individual per million in populations.
However, a survey of self-help groups yielded much higher estimates. Approximately 10% reported cases
of EHS were considered severe.

There is also considerable geographical variability in prevalence of EHS and in the reported symptoms.
The reported incidence of EHS has been higher in Sweden, Germany and Denmark than in the UK,
Austria and France. VDU related symptoms were more prevalent in Scandinavian countries and they were
commonly related to skin disorders than elsewhere in Europe. Symptoms similar to those reportedly by
EHS individuals are common in the general population.

EHS is characterized by a variety of non-specific symptoms that differ from individual to individual. The
symptoms are certainly real and can vary on their severity. Whatever it causes, EHS can be a disabling
problem for the affected individuals.

A case study has been carried out very recently among the employees of a NGO organization in an office
block with an 11kV power line passing near one of the walls. Measurements were carried out on the
magnetic fields produced. It was found that people working near the high voltage side of the building
developed various complains including headaches only within a few weeks, it may be considered as
hypersensitivity of the people towards the effect of EMF. After relocating these persons to areas distant
from the high voltage lines, the physical symptoms disappeared.


M M Haque, S Ghose1 and S M A Islam

Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Nuclear Safety & Radiation Control Division, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission,
4 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, Ramna, Dhaka.,

Abstract: This paper presents the results of migration behavior of 137Cs in various type of soil (agriculture
soil, land soil, high land soil and river soil) profiles by γ-spectrometer which were sampled (0-50 cm
depth) in the Sylhet sadar upazila areas of Bangladesh. Migration of radionuclide is one of the most
important factors to be considered when carrying out safety analyses of radioactive waste and opening a
good absorber for the reduction of radionuclide from radioactive liquid waste generated from nuclear
facilities. Laboratory based column experiments have been carried out with a fixed column length (50 cm)
and diameter (5.34 cm) to determine migration depth, migration percentage and migration rate of 137Cs
after passing 50 ml 137Cs aqueous solution and 4000 ml distilled water. The physio-chemical
characteristics, soil-water characteristics and radioactive concentration of natural radionuclide of the soil
were also measured. It was observed that the maximum migration of 137Cs was found at a maximum

length 0-10 cm in clay type of low land soil, 0-20 cm in clay loam textured of agriculture soil and 0-15
cm in sandy loam textured of high land and river soil. The downward migration depth concentration of
Cs via de-sorption, diffusion or flow in clay type soil column layer is very small than that of other soils.
These results indicated that locally available clay can be used as an adsorbent for the decontamination of
liquid radioactive waste generated at nuclear facilities without any pretreatment.



K Siddique-e Rabbani and Rahman Faizur Rafique

Dept of Biomedical Physics & technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh,

Abstract: Surface water in rivers, canals, ponds, wells, etc. in the rural areas does not contain arsenic.
Therefore removing or destroying diarrhoeal pathogens can render such water drinkable. However, to be
of use in the rural areas, simple low cost techniques are needed. One of the authors (KSR) first thought of
using low voltage electrical fields to remove such pathogens in water using the method of electrical drift,
and carried out some preliminary tests many years back showing indications of success. The idea
stemmed from information that most bacteria carry a negative surface charge. It was thought that by
simply applying a low voltage across a enclosed water volume, it may be possible to push such negative
charge carrying bacteria towards the positive electrode (anode). The water around the negative electrode
(cathode) should have reduced concentration of pathogens rendering the water drinkable. The present
work was taken up to test this idea through microbiological investigation. Techniques were developed to
apply a voltage across a water volume taken in two horizontally placed PET bottles linked through a short
piece of tight fitting soft plastic tubing. Pond water was treated in this manner for about 30 minutes using
3V dc and water samples were collected from the two ends. Microbiological investigation for total
coliform (TC) done at NGO forum for drinking water showed approximately 4 times reduction of
bacterial concentration at the cathode region, and several times increase at the anode region, in agreement
with the initially conceived idea. On the application of 30V, the concentration reduced further at the
cathode, but the concentration at the anode was less than that obtained for 3V. It was hypothesized that
nascent oxygen generated at the anode contributed to a destruction of bacteria at the anode. It was not
assessed whether water with the reduced concentration at the cathode would be safe to drink or not.
However, taking a parallel run on a method called SODIS, promoted in the Third World by a Swiss
organisation, where water in a transparent PET bottle is left in sunshine for 5 hours, we found it to have
less reduction of TC compared to that at the cathode after treatment in our method. Further work is being
carried out at a facility offering a better microbiological discrimination.

K Siddique-e Rabbani
Dept of Biomedical Physics & technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract: Surface water in rivers, canals, ponds, wells, etc. is free of arsenic and is available in most Third
World villages. By destroying diarrhoeal pathogens such water may be rendered drinkable. Past scientific
work has shown that all diarrhoeal pathogens may be destroyed by heating water to 60°C and maintaining
it for about half an hour, which is also the technique of milk Pasteurisation. The author has innovated very
low cost methods and techniques to destroy such pathogens by raising the water temperature to more than
60°C in about one and a half hours using solar energy. Microbiological tests on treated pond water have
borne it out. The device is basically a flat plate solar water heater, but the innovation lies in the use of
very low cost and easily available materials like hay, bamboo trays and transparent polythene or
polypropylene sheets or bags. A unit for 5 litres will cost about Taka 150 (about US $2.00), which can
treat about 10 litres in two harvests on a typical sunny day, and will last months if used carefully. Pre-
filtration using a normal cloth will improve the quality of the water. An NGO successfully introduced this
device among the river gypsies in a part of Bangladesh. For rainy days, a simple open funnel has been
contrived using the same polythene sheets which can help collect a large amount of rainwater which is
good for drinking. Extra amounts may be collected for future storage. Microbiological tests by other
groups have shown that diarrhoeal germs are destroyed even at 55°C in this device innovated by us. The
extra role of UV in sunlight has been invoked to explain this result. For coastal areas with salinity,
attempts are being made to make low cost solar distillation units to give reasonable outputs of drinkable
Flood water may be made drinkable by making all the above devices on a common raft. Each family can
make such units on its own and will not depend upon common initiatives and infrastructures which are
sometimes difficult to organize in the villages. The devices may also find use globally in post disaster
periods, after cyclones, earthquakes, civil wars, etc.

End of Abstracts

Executive Committee members of
Bangladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA) for 2010-2011

1. President Dr. K. Siddique-e Rabbani

Professor & Chairperson, Department of Biomedical Physics &
Technology, University of Dhaka
2. Vice-President Dr. Mir Md. Akramuzzaman
Professor of Physics, Jahangirnagar University (on leave)
Dean, Science Faculty, Northern Univeristy, Dhaka
3. Vice-President Dr. Kamila Afroj
Principal Scientific Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
(INMU), BSMMU campus, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
(BAEC), Dhaka
4. Treasurer Dr. Afia Begum
Associate Professor, Department of Physics
Bangladesh University of Engg. & Technology (BUET)
5. General Secretary Dr. Md. Adnan Kiber
Professor, Department of Applied Physics, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, University of Dhaka
6. Publication Secretary Dr. Tanvir Noor Baig
Assistant professor, Department of Physics, University of Dhaka
7. Joint Secretary Mr. Md. Jahangir Alam
Senior Medical Physicist, Delta Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka

8. Professor Gias Uddin Ahmad
Vice Chancellor, Primeasia University, Dhaka, (Ex. Head, Department of Physics, BUET)

9. Dr. Syed Reza Husain

Head of Physics department, and In-charge, Delta Hospital Ltd (now retired)
(Ex. Director of INM, BAEC)

10. Professor Mohammad Abdul Hai

Head, KYAMCH Cancer center,
Khwaja Yunus Ali Medical College & Hospital, Enayetpur, Sirajganj
Director (Honorary)
Bangladesh Cancer Hospital & Welfare Home
Daressalam, Mirpur, Dhaka,
(Ex. Director, National Cancer Research Institute & Hospital, Dhaka)

11. Professor M. Aminul Islam

Professor, Department of Physics, Rajshahi University
(Ex VC, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Ex Pro-VC, National University)

12. Dr. Abdus Sattar Mollah
Chief Scientific Officer &
Director, International Affairs Division, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC)

13. Dr. Prof Syed Akram Hussain

Professor, Dept of Oncology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, (BSMMU), Dhaka

14. Mr. Md. Nurul Islam

Principal Scientific Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, BAEC, Dhaka

15. Mr. Md. Nurul Islam Mazumder

Associate Professor, Dept. of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
Gono Bishwabidyalay, Savar

16. Dr. Shaymol Chakrabarti

Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Chittagong University.

17. Representative of Square Hospital, Dhaka

18. Dr. Monzur Kadir

Associate Professor, National Cancer Institute & Research Hospital, Dhaka

19. Mr. A.H.M. Ruhul Quddus

Lecturer, Department of Physics, National University.

20. Mr. Selim Reza

Senior Scientific Officer, Centre of NMU, Dhaka Medical College Campus, BAEC

Past Committee leaders: 1996-2010

1. President Professor Gias Uddin Ahmad

2. General Secretary Dr. Abdus Sattar Mollah


Life Members
BMPLM: Bangladesh Medical Physics Life Member
Membership Name and Address
BMPLM-1 Professor Dr. Gias Uuddin Ahmad
Vice-Chancellor , Primeasia University, HBR Tower
9, Banani C/A, Dhaka-1213
BMPLM-2 Dr. Syed Reza Husain
1) Chief Medical Physicist; Delta Medical College & Hospital Oncology Unit
26/2, Darus Salam Road, Mirpur 1216, Dhaka
BMPLM-3 Dr. Abdus Sattar Mollah
2) Chief Scientific Officer & Director
International Affairs Division, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
Paramanu Bhaban, E-12/A, Agargaon, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka- 1207
BMPLM-4 Dr. Fatema Nasreen
Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Eden Girls College, Azimpur, Dhaka
BMPLM-5 Dr. Afia Begum
Associate Professor, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka.
BMPLM-6 Dr. Mir Md. Akramuzzaman
Professor, Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar
Dean, Science Faculty, Northern University, Sher Tower, H-13, R 70, Banani, Dhaka
BMPLM-7 Md. Jahangir Alam
Senior Medical Physicist, Delta Medical College & Hospital Limited, Oncology Unit
26/2, Darussalam Road, Mirpur-1, Dhaka-1216
BMPLM-8 Dr. Muhammad Kamaluddin
Asstt. Professor (Radiation Oncology), National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital
Mohakhali, Dhaka
BMPLM-9 Dr. Md. Abdul Matin
Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Rajshahi Medical College & Hospital
Campus, Rajshahi-6000
BMPLM-10 Mr. Rokon Uddin - deceased

BMPLM-11 Dr. Shyamal Ranjan Chakraborty

Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Chittagong University, Chittagong-4331
BMPLM-12 Dr. Md. Shakilur Rahman
Senior Scientific Officer & Project Director, “Strengthening of SSDL Facilities”
Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Ganakbari, Savar
BMPLM-13 Sultana Mahamuda Yeasmin
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physics, Home Economics College, Azimpur, Dhaka
BMPLM-14 Naureen Mahbub Rahman
-- Present address not known --
BMPLM-15 Abu Saleh Mohammed Ambia
C/O Dr. Md. Eyahia, Maleka Drug House, West Market, Moulvibazar –3200

BMPLM: Bangladesh Medical Physics Life Member
Membership Name and Address
BMPLM-16 Dr. Rafi Uddin
Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka 1000
BMPLM-17 Ms. Laila Zaman
Ex-M.Phil Student, Dept. of Physics, BUET, Dhaka
BMPLM-18 Dr. Harun-ar-Rashid
Principal Scientific Officer, Centre For Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka
BMPLM-19 Dr. Md. Sanowar Hossain
Chief Medical Officer, Director, Centre For Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka
BMPLM-20 Dr. Nazma Zaman
Professor, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka
BMPLM-21 Dr. Kamila Afroj
Principal Scientific Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Ultrasound
BSMMU Campus, Shahbag, Dhaka
BMPLM-22 Ms. Shaila Yesmin
Lecturer, Dept. of Physics, Bhawal Badre Alam Govt. College, Gazipur
BMPLM-23 Dr. A K M Harun-ar-Rashid
Associate Professor, Dept. of Physics, Chittagong University, Chittagong-4331
BMPLM-24 Dr. Md. Adnan Kiber
Professor, Department of Applied Physics, Electronics & Communication Engg.
Dhaka University, Dhaka
BMPLM-25 Prof. M. Aminul Islam
Department of Physics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi
BMPLM-26 Professor Dr. Mukarram Ali
(Honorary) Chairman and Managing Director, Delta Medical College & Hospital
26/2, Darussalam Road, Mirpur-1, Dhaka-1216
BMPLM-27 Dr. Sadiq Malik
Medical Physicist, Delta Medical Centre Ltd., Oncology Unit
26/2, Darus Salam Road, Mirpur-1, Dhaka
BMPLM-28 Professor Saiful Huq
(Honorary) Professor & Director of Medical Physics, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA15213-2582, USA
BMPLM-29 Dr. Moharraf Hossain
Assistant Professor of Radiotherapy, DMCH
BMPLM-30 Dr. Shara Banu
Assistant Professor of Radiology, DMCH
BMPLM-31 Dr. Tanvir Noor Baig
Asstt. Professor, Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka
BMPLM-32 Dr. Salahuddin Ahmad
(Honorary) Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, Oklahoma University HSC
825 N.E. 10th, OUPB 1430, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
BMPLM-33 Mr. S. M. Muraduzzaman
Chief Bio-medical Engineer, Bangladesh Institute of Health Science Hospital
Diabetic Association of Bangladesh, 125/1 Darus Salam, Mirpur-1, Dhaka 1216

BMPLM: Bangladesh Medical Physics Life Member
Membership Name and Address
BMPLM-34 Mr. A.H.M. Ruhul Quddus
Lecturer, Dept of Physics, National University, Gazipur
BMPLM-35 Prof. Syed Md Akram Hussain
Professor, Department of Oncology, BSMMU, Shahbag, Dhaka-1000
BMPLM-36 Prof. Md. Abdul Hai
Head, Kyamch Cancer center, Khwaja Yunus Ali Medical College & Hospital
Enayetpur, Sirajganj, &
Director (Honorary)
Bangladesh Cancer Hospital & Welfare Home, Darus Salam, Mirpur-1, Dhaka-1216
BMPLM-37 Mr. Md. Abu Sayem Karal
Lecturer, Dept of Physics, BUET, Dhaka

General Members
BMPM : Bangladesh Medical Physics Member
Membership Name and Address
BMPM-01 Dr. Shaheen Akhter
Professor of Physics, Chittagong University, Chittagong
BMPM -02 Mr. Md. Nurul Amin
Senior Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Mymensingh,
Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital Campus, Mymensingh-2200
BMPM -03 Mr. Harunar Rashid
Senior Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Dhaka
Dhaka Medical College & Hospital Campus, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -04 Ms. Ferdousi Begum
Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound,
Dhaka Medical College & Hospital Campus, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -05 Dr. M. Moinul Islam
Principal Scientific Officer,
Health Physics & Radioactive Waste Management Unit
Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
BMPM -06 Mr. Md. Ashrafuzzaman
Lecturer, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka
BMPM -07 Dr. Khondakar Siddique-e Rabbani
Professor & Chairperson, Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology
University of Dhaka, Dhaka
BMPM -08 Mr. Mohammad Mizanur Rahman
Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Comilla
Comilla Medical College & Hospital Campus, Comilla
BMPM -09 Dr. Lutfun Nisa
Principal Medical Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
BSMMU, Block-A, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -10 Ms. Mahabuba Rahman
Scientific Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
BAEC, BSMMU, Block-A, Dhaka 1000

BMPM -11 Mr. Md. Nurul Islam
Principal Scientific Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
BSMMU, Block-A, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -12 Dr. Sadia Sultana
Senior Medical Officer, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound
BSMMU, Block-A, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -13 Ms. Fahima Khanam
Associate Professor, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka
BMPM -14 Dr. Jiban Podder
Professor, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka
BMPM -15 Dr. Md. Nazrul Islam
Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, BUET, Dhaka
BMPM -16 Mr. Mohammed Humayun Kabir
Assistant Professor, Institute of Health Sciences, Gono Bishwabidalay, Savar
BMPM -17 Mr. Md. Nurul Islam Mazumder
Associate Professor, Department of Medical Physics & Biomedical Engineering
Gonobishwabidyalay, Savar
BMPM -18 Mr. Ahsan Habib
Rashid Manson, A-6, Hill View R/A, East Nasirabad, Chittagong
BMPM -19 Mr. Quaji Monwar Jahan
Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Bogra
Bogra Medical College & Hospital Campus, Bogra
BMPM -20 Mr. Syed Jamal Ahmed
Lecturer, Department of Physics, BIT Dhaka, Gazipur 1700
BMPM -21 Mr. Md. Farid Ahmed
Scientific Officer, Health Physics and Radiation Monitories Lab, BAEC, Dhaka
BMPM -22 Mr. Sanjeev Faruk
Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Chittagong
Chittagong Medical College & Hospital Campus, Chittagong
BMPM -23 Mr. A. S. M. Sabbir Ahmed
Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Mymensingh
Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital Campus, Mymensingh-2200
BMPM -24 Dr. Ratan Kumar Chakraborty
Medical Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Mymensingh
Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital Campus, Mymensingh-2200
BMPM -25 Dr. M. Naseem Khan
Medical Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Mymensingh
Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital Campus, Mymensingh-2200
BMPM -26 Ms. Kazi Shamim Sultana
Assistant Professor, Department of Physics
University of Chittagong, Chittagong
BMPM -27 Dr. Md. Nurul Mustafa
Professor, Department of Physics
University of Chittagong, Chittagong
BMPM -28 Mr. Md. Salim Reza
Scientific Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Khulna
Khulna Medical College & Hospital Campus, Khulna
BMPM -29 Mr. Md. Nurul Islam

BMPM -30 Ms. Meherun Nahar
Scientific Officer, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
BMPM -31 Dr. Md. Nurul Islam
Professor, Department of Physics
University of Chittagong, Chittagong
BMPM -32 Runi Rahman
C/o. A.B.M. Sidddiqur Rahman, Khusumbagh R/A, (Manager Siddique Shaheb colony)
Zakir Hossain Road, Chittagong
BMPM -33 Dr. Mollah Obayedullah Baki
Associate Professor, National Cancer Institute Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka
BMPM -34 Dr. Tahmina Begum
Medical Officer, Centre for Nuclear Medicine & Ultrasound, Comilla
Comilla Medical College & Hospital Campus, Comilla
BMPM -35 Dr. Abdul Hai Chowdhury
Department of Physics, Sylhet University of Science & Technology, Sylhet - 3114
BMPM -36 Dr. Debashis Samardar
Flat - 7, Rajanigandha, Judicial Officer’s Quarter, Azimpur, Dhaka - 1205
BMPM -37 Mr. Satyajit Ghose
Scientific Officer, Radioactivity Testing & Monitoring Laboratory, BAEC, Chittagong
BMPM -38 Dr. A. Islam (converted to BMLM-25)

BMPM -39 Dr. Salim Reza

Senior Registrar, Delta Medical Centre Ltd, 26/2, Darussalam Road, Mirpur-1, Dhaka
BMPM -40 Dr. Md. Ehteshamul Huq
Resident Surgeon, Radiotherapy Dept., Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -41 Dr. Sunil Kumer Sikder
Registrar, Radiotherapy Dept, Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -42 Dr. Debashis Nandi
Medical Officer, B. Baria Sadar Hospital, Brahmanbaria
BMPM -43 Dr. A. N. M. Lutfe Nur
Oncologist, National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka
BMPM -44 Dr. Qamruzzaman Chowdhury
Professor, Radiotherapy Dept
National Cancer Research Institute & Hospital, Dhaka, Mohakhali, Dhaka
BMPM -45 Ms. Nasima Akhter
BMPM -46 Rafia Reaz
BMPM -47 Mr. Sk. Abdul Kader Arafin
BMPM -48 Ms. Mahfuza Begum
BMPM -49 Ms. Mehrun Nessa
Principle Scientific Officer, SPARRSO,
Agargoan, Dhaka
BMPM -50 Mr. Mohammad Iqbal Kabir
BMPM -51 Mr. Alok Kumar Day
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka

BMPM -52 Dr. Quamruzzaman
Assistant Professor of Radiotherapy, Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka 1000
BMPM -53 Professor Shariful Alam
Ex Director, National Cancer Research Institute & Hospital, Dhaka, Mohakhali, Dhaka
BMPM -54 Dr. Mukles Uddin
Associate Professor, Radiotherapy Department
Chittagong Medical College & Hospital, Chittagong
BMPM -55 Mr. Mohammad Anwarul Islam
Medical Physicist, Square Hospital Limited, Panthopath, Dhaka
BMPM -56 Mr. Md. Faruk Hossain
Medical Physicist, Tradevision Limited, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka
BMPM -57 Mr. Md. Akhtaruzzaman
Medical Physicist, Medionics Imaging Ltd, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1207
BMPM -58 Dr. Hasin Azhari Anupama
Senior Lecturer & Head (Acting), Dept of Medical Physics and BME
Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPM -59 Mr. Md. Anwarul Islam
Lecturer, Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPM -60 Mr. Abdullah al Masud
Senior Lecturer, Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPM -61 Mr. Kumaresh Chandra Paul
Lecturer, Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPM -62 Mr. Harun -or - Rashid
Medical Physicist, Tradevision Limited, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206
BMPM -63 Mr. Abdus Sabur
M.Sc. student of Medical Physics, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPM -64 Mr. K. M. Masud Rana
Tradevision Limited, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206
BMPM -65 Mr. Md. Abdullah al Masud
Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet
BMPM -66 Mr. Mohammad Suman Hossain
Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet
BMPM -67 Dr. Md. Sana Ullah
Professor, Dhaka International University, Dean, Faculty of Science & Engineering
House-3, Chaygnir Housing, Pallabi, Dhaka
BMPM -68 Mr. Muhammad Abdul Kadir
Lecturer, Dept of Biomedical Physics & Technology, Dhaka University, Dhaka
BMPM -69 Ms. Shahidunnahar Sumana
2/8/F-2, TolarBug, Mirpur, Dhaka
BMPM -70 Mr. Zaid Bin Mahbub
Lecturer, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, Dhaka

Student Members
BMPSM: Bangladesh Medical Physics Student Member
Membership Name and Address
BMPSM-1 Mr. Mohiuddin Khan sourav
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar

BMPSM-2 Mr. Mahmudul Hasan Mannan
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-3 Mr. Mahfuzur Rahman Khan
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-4 Mr. Sumon Kumar Das
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-5 Mr. Masum Miah Titu
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-6 Mr. Khairul Islam
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-7 Mr. Golam Eleous
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-8 Ms. Taskin Dilshad
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-9 Mr. Masud Rana
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-10 Mr. Tanim Hossain
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-11 Mr. Anis Ahmed
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-12 Mr. Saiyed Al Masud
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-13 Mr. Muktadid Rahman
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-14 Mr. Atiquzzaman
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-15 Mr. Mezbah Uddin
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-16 Mr. Masum Rana Sagor
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-17 Mr. Tauhid-ul-Hasan
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-18 Mr. Safayed Zaman
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-19 Ms. Sadeka Tamanna Moon
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-20 Ms. Kazi Towmim Afrin
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-21 Mr. Sazzad Hossain Emon
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-22 Ms. Munira Nazneen Bidita
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar
BMPSM-23 Mr. Dara Bin Zayed
Dept of Medical Physics and BME, Gono Biswabiddalay, Savar


Office: Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, Room 15-16, Curzon Hall building,
University of Dhaka. Tel: +880-2-9661900 Ext 7011

Email of Executive Committee: <>

Website: <>

Official Journal: Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics: ISSN-1727-6179

Volume 4, No.1, January 2011 is at press. To be published every 6 months. Full papers will be
available online at the website

Newsletter: Published online every month. Current and old versions are available at the website.