Theory

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Rectangular coordinates and polar coordinates are two different ways of using two numbers to locate a point on a plane. Rectangular coordinates are in the form (x,y), where 'x' and 'y' are the horizontal and vertical distances from the origin:

Polar coordinates are in the form: (r,θ ), where 'r' is the distance from the origin to the point, and 'θ ' is the angle measured from the positive 'x' axis to the point:

To convert between polar and rectangular coordinates, we make a right triangle to the point (x,y), like this:

these formulas convert rectangular coordinates to polar coordinates: By the rule of Pythagoras: Tan θ = y /x . r sinθ )  ( x. so therefore: θ = tan-1( y/x ) So the rectangular point: (x.1. Polar to Rectangular From the diagram above.θ ) can be converted to rectangular coordinates like this: ( r cosθ . Rectangular to Polar Again. these formulas convert polar coordinates to rectangular coordinates: x = r cosθ . y ) 2. from the diagram above. θ ) EXAMPLE PROBLEMS . tan-1( y/x ) )  ( r . y = r sinθ So the polar point: (r.y) can be converted to polar coordinates like this: ( .

8 cm volume of ice = 50.92 Volume of new ice = 65.θ ) = (5. If the edge of a cube is 10cm. Solution: (x.92 g/cm^3) weight of ice = 120.5) Example: A point has rectangular coordinates: (3.548.096.y) = (5cos30º.8 x 50. The ice melts until it weighs half as heavy as the original size. 2.304 kg = 60304. The base of a cone is circle which is inscribed in one of the faces of the cube (see illustration). Find the dimensions of the new ice cube.396 gm. Convert to rectangular coordinates. θ = tan-1(4/3) = 53.) An edge of a cube of ice measures 20 inches.608.096. / 0. 53.8 volume of ice = 131.609 kg half of the wieght to determine dimension of the ice new wt. Q . Answer density of ice = 57. 30º).92 gm/cm^2 volume of new ice = 60304.92 g/cm^3 20 inches = 50. determine volume of new ice volume of new ice = wt of new ice / 0.256 cm^3 get the cube root to determine new dimension = 40.8 x 50.13º so (r.512cm^3 x (0. Convert to polar coordinates. Solution: r = square root of(3² + 4²) = 5.512 cm^3 weight of ice = 131.A point has polar coordinates: (5. find the volume of the cone. 5sin30º) = (4.396 gm.13º) Question 2010-11-7 7:41:58 PST Solid mensuration problems help :)? 1.87 inches uestion #8 The vertex of a cone is at the upper vertex of a cube.791 gms weight of ice = 120.3301. = 60.4 lb/ft^3 = 920 kg / m^3 = 0. please I need the answer asap thanks in advance.32 cm = 15. 4).

Find its total surface and volume Required: Total surface area. 2 cm. then to find its area.Required: Volume. T Volume. V Solution: . we have B=⺆D2/4 =(10cm)2 / 4 = 25cm2 To find the volume V = 1 Bh / 3 =1/3 (25cm2)(10cm) Hence.799 cm3 Question #15 The diagonal of a cube is1 7 3 .V of the cone Solution: Since the base is circular. V=261.

2 cm d = diagonal of one face a = edge of the cube Solve for d (diagonal of one face using Pythagorean Theorem) For the total surface area: Solving for the edge of the cube .Let D = diagonal of the cube = 173.

which is the square of the length of the edge: A = 6s².000 cm3 • A cube has one face that is equal to the total surface area of another cube. approximately 14. Solution: The total surface area of a cube is 6 times the area of one face. . The volume is the cube of the length of the edge: V = s³.000. The ratio of the volumes is (6√6)s³ / s³ = 6√6. • Find the total surface area (in m2) of a cube of side 10 m. or (6√6)s³. Find the ratio of their volume. the volume = (s√6)³ = s³·6^(3/2). the second cube's edge is √(6s²) = s√6. If the second cube's face = 6s².7. Total surface area of a cube = 6 × Side2 = 6 × 102 = 600 m2. If the edge = s√6.For the volume: V = a3 = (100 cm)3 =1.

.A solid metal cube of side 6 inches is placed in a rectangular tank whose length. width. What is the volume. Now subtract the volume of the cube from the volume of the tank: So the tank can now hold 5. So the volume of the cube is of a cubic foot. and 3 feet. find the volume of the cube: Now find the volume of the tank: .875 cubic feet of water. in cubic units. . of water that the tank can now hold? note that 12 in = 1 ft. 2. So the side of the cube is ft. So the tank is 6 cubic feet. and height are 1. .