UNEP-IETC Activities on Water and Sanitation

Ryuichi FUKUHARA
Programme Officer UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre 2nd ADB-DMC and Partners Sanitation Dialogue 23-25 Manila, the Philippines

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IETC’s Water and Wastewater EST Focus
• Decentralized and augmentation-oriented ESTs:
• On-site decentralized systems with potential for nutrient recycling, enhanced cost benefits and resource efficiency, reduction of eutrophication and pathogens Ecological sanitation Phytotechnology for water treatment, water quality management, ecosystem management Augmentation-oriented approach, including cascading use of water and wastewater, efficiency improvements, recycling… Does not mean low-tech

• • • •

• Applied for resource efficiency improvements and ecosystem management

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IETC’s Comparative Advantages

 Identifying and promoting innovative approaches and technologies that can give concrete environmental and economic benefits  Assisting countries and municipalities in selecting and adopting best available, locally feasible and economical technologies and management practices  Sharing information on technologies, their applications and management systems  Located in, and supported by, Japan, with a wealth of experience and information on ESTs and innovations

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Work Done So Far
1.
• • • • •

Demonstrating and piloting promising ESTs
Iraqi Marshlands project (2004-2009) EST demonstrations and survey in rural communities in Jamaica Water quality improvement and sanitation in Bocaina, Brazil Pilot case studies on lake & reservoir management: Indonesia, China Ecological/Decentralized Sanitation in Philippines (on-going)

2.

Testing applicability of innovative management approaches
Water footprint and neutrality project

3.
• •

Developing and implementing longer-term management initiatives
UNEP-UNESCO - Natural and cultural management of the Iraqi Marshlands as a World Heritage (On-going) Encouraging Iraqi accession to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)

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Work Done So Far (continued)
4. Helping to make decisions for technology applications
• Water use efficiency and sanitation in urban and domestic sectors – Every Drop Counts • Phytotechnology applications and software development

5. Supporting replication of good practices
• Mainstreaming pilot project lessons learned document

6. Numerous other efforts in partnership
• International Sourcebook on ESTs for Wastewater and Stormwater Management, with IWA and Murdoch University • ESTs for Wastewater Treatment for the implementation of UNEP Global Plan of Action (GPA) “Guidance on Municipal Wastewater” • Guidelines on Phytotechnology & Ecohydrology, with UNESCO-IHP • Collaboration on the World Lake Vision, with ILEC and Shiga Prefecture • Sourcebooks on Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation • Water and Wastewater Reuse: An Environmentally Sound Approach for Sustainable Urban Water Management, with GEC

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