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1. If a cell does not have a receptor for a hormone, the cell will not respond to the hormone. A) true B) false 2. Nervous impulses (action potentials) ___________ cause endocrine secretions. B) cannot A) can
3. Which of the following would bind to receptors on the cell membrane but NOT to receptors in the cytoplasm or nucleus of the cell? A) steroid hormones B) peptide hormones C) thyroid hormones D) all hormones 4. The releasing and inhibiting hormones, which control secretion of the __________ pituitary, come from the _____________________. A) posterior, hypothalamus B) anterior, posterior pituitary C) posterior, anterior pituitary D) anterior, hypothalamus 5. All of the following are hormones secreted from the anterior pituitary except A) thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) B) follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) C) growth hormone D) prolactin E) oxytocin 6. The ________ pituitary is glandular tissue. The _________ pituitary is nervous tissue. posterior B) posterior, anterior 7. Growth hormone causes an increase in A) blood glucose breakdown) C) both A and B D) neither A nor B A) anterior,
B) protein catabolism (protein
8. Thyroid hormones A) increase basal metabolic rate B) increase responsiveness to epinephrine and norepinephrine C) are stored as part of the thyroglobulin molecule in the colloid of the thyroid gland D) A and B E) A, B, and C 9. There is more circulating T3 than T4. T4 is more potent than T3. Most T3 is converted to T4 in the tissues. A) true B) false 10. Calcitonin is the most important hormone controlling blood Ca++ levels. 11. Complete removal of the parathyroid glands (but no other glands) will levels B) cause spontaneous depolarizations C) both A and B A) true B) false
A) increase blood Ca++
12. Activation of vitamin ____ in the kidney is stimulated by __________________. A) C, calcitonin B) D, calcitonin C) A, parathyroid hormone D) D, thyroid hormone E) D, parathyroid hormone 13. In the kidney, parathyroid hormone ____________ Ca++ reabsorption and ___________ phosphate ion (PO43-) excretion. A) decreases, decreases B) decreases, increases C) increases, increases D) increases, decreases 14. The adrenal cortex secretes sex hormones. A) true B) false
for example) D) at pharmacological levels. Hormones can cause which of the following? A) a change in channel permeability B) a change in the activity of proteins already present in the cell C) synthesis of new proteins D) A and B E) A. still B) cannot A) can 25. Increased cortisol decreases CRH (corticotropin releasing hormone) and ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) secretion. Which of the following would bind to receptors in the cell membrane but not to receptors in the cytoplasm or nucleus of the cell? A) lipid soluble hormones B) lipid insoluble hormones 18. Growth hormone has the following effects EXCEPT A) causes insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) release from the liver B) decreases blood glucose C) increases protein synthesis D) increases fatty acids in the blood . anterior pituitary D) hypothalamus. anterior pituitary C) hypothalamus. All of the following are effects of parathyroid hormone EXCEPT A) increases Ca++ reabsorption in the kidney B) increases phosphate ion excretion C) decreases blood Ca++ levels D) stimulates activation of vitamin D in the kidneys 24. B. posterior pituitary 17. Which of the following is secreted from the posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis)? B) ADH (antidiuretic hormone) C) both A and B D) neither A nor B A) oxytocin 19. and C 21. which control secretion of the _________________. If a cell does not have a receptor for a hormone. cortisol has an anti-inflammatory effect 16. hypothalamus B) posterior pituitary. Which of the following develops as a downward growth of the hypothalamus? A) the anterior pituitary B) the posterior pituitary C) both the anterior and the posterior pituitary D) thyroid gland E) parathyroid gland 28. which of the following is FALSE? A) thyroid hormones increase oxygen consumption and heat production B) thyroid hormones decrease basal metabolic rate C) iodine is necessary in the diet for thyroid hormones to be synthesized D) T4 can be converted to T3 in the tissues E) thyroglobulin contains thyroid hormones 20. it _________ respond to the hormone. A) true B) false 22. The posterior pituitary secretes A) ADH B) adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) hormone releasing hormone D) calcitonin E) parathyroid hormone C) growth 27. Concerning thyroid hormones. A) anterior pituitary. Which hormones bind to receptors inside the cell (in the cytoplasm or nucleus) and cause protein synthesis? A) lipid soluble hormones B) lipid insoluble hormones C) peptide hormones D) catecholamines E) all hormones 26.15. Which of the following is NOT true about cortisol? A) cortisol is a glucocorticoid B) cortisol secretion decreases with stress C) cortisol has anti-insulin effects (on blood glucose. The ______________ secretes hypophysiotropic hormones (or releasing and inhibiting hormones). The target cells of tropic hormones are D) all of these A) muscle cells B) fat cells C) endocrine gland cells 23.
and C 39. B) endocrine A) exocrine 35. in the blood 38. Target cells of tropic hormones are endocrine gland cells. Parathyroid hormone A) decreases blood Ca++ B) decreases Ca++ reabsorption in the kidney C) decreases phosphate ion excretion D) causes spontaneous depolarizations and tetany (spontaneous muscle contractions) E) stimulates activation of vitamin D in the kidneys . in the blood E) anterior and posterior. Which of the following is NOT matched with a correct description? A) colloid . Which part of the pituitary gland develops as an upward projection of the pharynx and its tissue is glandular tissue? A) anterior pituitary B) posterior pituitary C) both A and B 36. B. Which of the following is more important in controlling plasma Ca++ levels in a normal person? A) parathyroid hormone B) calcitonin 31. The hypophysiotropic hormones (or releasing and inhibiting hormones) from the hypothalamus control the secretions of the ________ pituitary. Which of the following is NOT true about thyroid hormones? A) thyroid hormones are stored on thyroglobulin within the colloid of thyroid follicles B) thyroid hormones contain iodine C) T4 can be converted to T3 in tissues D) T3 has more activity (or is more potent) than T4 E) thyroid hormones are tropic hormones 30. Parathyroid hormone causes all of the following EXCEPT A) increases Ca++ reabsorption in the kidney B) decreases phosphate ion (PO43-) excretion C) increases blood Ca++ D) stimulates activation of vitamin D in the kidney 33.smaller amount circulating. A) increase B) decrease 32. Cortisol is A) a mineralocorticoid from the adrenal cortex B) an androgen from the adrenal cortex C) used at high concentrations (pharmacological levels) to decrease inflammation D) important in adaptation to stress E) C and D 34. Which of the following is NOT associated with or is NOT part of the milk letdown reflex? A) suckling causes impulses to go to the hypothalamus B) the hypothalamus secretes a releasing hormone C) oxytocin is released (secreted) D) oxytocin causes contraction of myoepithelial cells E) milk is ejected into the ducts of the breast 37. A) True B) False 40.inside follicles of the thyroid gland B) thyroglobulin . down nerve cell axons D) anterior.29. A) posterior. in the blood C) anterior.contains thyroid hormones C) colloid contains thyroglobulin D) T4 . The ductless glands (glands without ducts) are the _________ glands. than T3 41. Growth hormone A) increases blood glucose B) increases protein synthesis C) decreases insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) release from the liver D) A and B E) A. but more potent. down nerve cell axons B) posterior. they reach it by traveling ________________. Thyroid hormones ____________ responsiveness to epinephrine and norepinephrine.
All of the following are secreted from the adrenal cortex EXCEPT B) cortisol C) sex hormones D) calcitonin A) aldosterone Answers to the Endocrine System Study Questions are on the next page. fatty acids. It has a direct neural connection (a neural link) with the hypothalamus. Cortisol A) increases inflammation B) decreases the ability of the body to deal with stress C) increases blood glucose. are not B) is not. Hypersecretion of which of the following would cause masculinization of a young child or masculinization of a woman (a "bearded lady")? A) growth hormone B) cortisol C) calcitonin D) parathyroid hormone E) adrenal androgens 44.which hormone listed has both a releasing and an inhibiting hormone that controls its secretion. The hormones secreted from this gland are actually made in cell bodies of neurons in the hypothalamus and are transported in vesicles to the axon terminals in this gland. Secretion of which of the following is controlled by both a releasing hormone and an inhibiting hormone? (Hint: another way to say it might be . Releasing and inhibiting hormones (or hypophysiotropic hormones) are secreted by the A) anterior pituitary B) posterior pituitary C) anterior and posterior pituitary D) hypothalamus 47. The hormone that causes "milk letdown" (causes milk to be ejected into the ducts of the mammary glands of the breast) is which of the following? A) prolactin B) oxytocin 48. . cAMP (cyclic AMP) _____ the only second messenger. Which of the following is NOT associated with or is LEAST likely to occur due to a lack of iodine in the diet? A) goiter B) high TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone or thyrotropin) C) low TRH (thyrotropin releasing hormone) D) cretinism 45. and amino acids D) is a mineralocorticoid from the adrenal cortex D) A and C 43. It is the A) thyroid gland B) anterior pituitary C) posterior pituitary D) parathyroid gland E) adrenal cortex 49. Which of the following is NOT a tropic hormone? A) growth hormone when it causes insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) release from the liver B) prolactin 51. There _______ other second messengers besides cAMP. Extra credit question. are 46. Increased thyroid hormones cause A) increased basal metabolic rate (BMR) B) decreased responsiveness (or response) to epinephrine and norepinephrine C) both A and B 52.) A) TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) B) ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) C) growth hormone D) LH E) FSH 50. Increased parathyroid hormone (PTH) would NOT cause which of the following? A) increased activation of vitamin D in the kidneys B) increased reabsorption and decreased phosphate ion (PO43-) excretion in the kidneys C) increased Ca++ reabsorption in the kidneys D) increased Ca++ release from bone 53.42. A) is. Hormone release from this gland is triggered (caused) by action potentials from the hypothalamus.
Answers to the Endocrine System Study Questions 1-A 2-A 3-B 4-D 5-E 6-A 7-A 8-E 9-B 10-B 11-B 12-E 13-C 14-A 15-B 16-C 17-B 18-C 19-B 20-E 21-A 22-C 23-C 24-B 25-A 26-A 27-B 28-B 29-E 30-A 31-A 32-B 33-E 34-B 35-A 36-B 37-D 38-D 39-A 40-D 41-E 42-C 43-E 44-C 45-B 46-D 47-B 48-C 49-C 50-B 51-A 52-B 53-D .
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