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22

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u 06\lvap(o; Kat 'tltV K\)piapXl1 al'tlopaO'tlKlt i:1tlPPOit - 'toil rlp,att00» 11. '0 "E'YK£A.~ ShSYI': on lltU uno, 'tie; npocr<po~E~ "C~D I'll • 'I' rev on il't(l.v 0 npID'tO~ nou .'tOVtcr€ 'to 1848-Kut upyo,u t{,vlcre Sava Ka1. Sava - (S"C1. «Ta tpya.tlKa KOJ1J1ata 't~ nd'~ Ef.lp(l)~l1e; 1tptictl dva"{KaG'tlKa va Ol&;UYouv Eval' O'K#.:l1- c\'Y1bVIJ ilvuv'tla O'tO proO'O'lKO 'to'ap10'po»' 12, aKpl~lO'O S1t€toij 1"101.((1) T<:tCLpucij aO'tqKpa'topia il'tav 'to KUPto <pPOUptO 'til;

I 1f'lIlnl~~~i1t; 6.v't{oPa.crll~ K(l.1.· '\'la'tl. nuv:a €txs E1tt?€n~i::e; J3A,~-: \jI I .. ",t. I\apo~ 'tf\; EopO:J1tll~ x:a.i !':ixs ouv cr't6xo vo. xcvst &'01)II l)V U1tBA,£I.l€)tp<o011 'toil EUpffi1tatKOU 1tpO~E'taptu'tol). 1iH II 6;"0<;, "Cf\e; ~cofl~ "Cot)~, 6 Ma.p~ Ka1. 0 "EYK:EA<; uva<P€~av·

23

O"ux.vU 'tT)V &.VD,1tOxrop1')'tT) o:v~i~£(nl 't()ue; O"'tT)V E1tteSnK1l ~O~~1a· Ki)11i'\s,Procrc;nKne; Tcr(tpt.Ki'\~aih9Kpa'topfa.s <:ray ';0 KPt't11PI~O.~.'~II] 'to. 67tolo B1tpE:n:e va, Ota.CjlOp01tQtT]eOUV ol 7toAml(E~ OUVUJ.tB~G, ~~<; E~p<?1tT)e;, Kat 'Yta vq. npoofitopioouv crE 1tOlO SOVlKO KiV1')~I~ a'C1lV EUI?~1t11 B1tpS1tE va Oro(J'Et 'tT)Vl)1tOcr1'TtPLSTt 't01) 'to 1taYK'6crJ.l.t(~; 1j;pO~ Ae'CQ;ptU'to. Elvat O"U<pEC; ott J.ts 'ti]v 1tPUST) 1'01)e; aO'ti) , () ~u,p~ Kat 6 "EYKSA.C; J.l.S KUVE:VU 'tP01tO Oi;v 1tUPUI3AS1tUV 1'il O;1Ea~ft 't~1;J!(111tUA '1. ' Av'ti8e'tu, etXav u~O'Jf'rl 'tOI)~ ~upu 1toM 't'q, ee~ JlsAsta.Ka crUJ.I.<jlSpo,V'ta, 'tOU 1tPOAcTUPLU1'OU cr'tT) oteeV~ 't~%lKl1 1tUAT). Tt 1tpem:t va otoa.XOOUJ.l.e 0:1t0 'to Maps K(d 'tOY "E,I(~8AC; u1J,' ~,o'rilv 'rT)V U1t01j!T); rrpS1t!:t va otoax'toU~Le 'rOUA.UX~(l''Cov 'ta 1tap(l,Ku'tro : ITp&1'O, 01troe; () Maps Kat 6 "EYKeAe;, 1tPS1tU va E1ttKPO'tl]crOI)J.:Le 'to J.l.eyaAo EO~L1(O E1tUVUma'ttKO KiV1W{!! 11;01) BXet ,UYKaAlucrst OAU 'tUKU'tU1tle~OJ.l.eVU BOVT) Kat aXeL cr1jvt«pa~ Set 'tOY KOcrJ.:LO KUt 1tpS1tet VU 'to Oeropl]crOUJ.l.e crav ilIa crl']~luvnK'll 1tpoun:60ecr1') KU1. Iltu criYOI)P'1 EryuT)cr1') YUl 'to Opt(ll!~q, 'to\) 1taY1(ocrlltol) 1tpOAe'tapt~'tol). Lleu'tspo, 1tpS1teL va 06crOI)J.tB &.OUJ:4 K01J,T) npocroxl'] cr'tte; o:vnOscrete; aVUJ,tecru cr'tte; KU1tt1'aAVCi'wd:e; x6lpe,e; "Kat va 1tpocrotOpicrOI)J.:Le 'roue; KUptoUe; EXepOUe; 'tou (),leeyouC; Epya'tt1(Ou KtviJlla'toc; 01troe; BKuvav (; Maps Kat (; "EYKEAC; Ka.~ va otSSUYOI)J.l.e evav &'VI)1tOXroP11't0 ayrovu &VUVna cr'tO l(llPtO <pp,oUptQ 'tile; 1tuYK6crJ,tta.e; a.v'riopucr11c; criJJ.l.epU, 01')A.UOT) 6Vv.ynet mo 1:ol3te'ttKO ,crocrtai"tJ.:L1tSptUAtcrJ.l.O KUt 'rOV iJ,tn:epu¥'hcrw'> 'r&y RITA.

tIp&'rOC; () Aevrv rovios ott (; KocrJ.l.Oe; hst 1101') J.l.nei cr'tnv i:'IWxil 'tOU ill1tSPWAtcrIlOD KO,1. 'tile; 1tPOAS'tUptUKile; i':.n:uvuq~:mQ"n<;, 1)'tUV sn:iQllC; 6 np&'toe; 1tOViOpl)cre evu O'ocrtUAt(J"ttKO 1Cp~:We; 'til~ Ot9('tu'to.piue; 'tOU npOAe'taptq'tol). "Hrov 0 n:p&"COc; 7tO~ doe 'tOY o:yrov.a TOOV' Ka't(tn:u>s0l!SVW,I i':.Oy&v SVUV~I<f crov l~mePL~~o~~f..LO era crUcr'tU'ttKO cr'totx,sio 'tou crOcrtIlAtcr'tlKOD 1<:wiJJ.l.Ct'tOc; 1'Q~ nay~gcrll1.01) n:pOAe'taptU't01) KUt Ot<l'rU1trocr!> 'tl1V cr'tPU'tl1YU(ij' j:l:QA,t'tt,K:l] : «IIpoJ.&'tuptQt OJ.rov 't&v xroprov Kai Ka'tam:t~oJWvo\J, ~1l01 iVq>O&iVt)}! 1:'t0 qpepO't<?1) «Tn icr'tOptKU 1ten:proJ.tE:VCl, 'tile; otQ<Il,!",a":' il,tac;'tou Kapil, Map~» n:ov ypa<jl'tT)Ke 'to 1913, () ASV1V 6l:r.y&

24

IX.av &K6p.a rcPOCJl'tUO"Sl oi 01t1tOp'tO\)V10"'fi:~ veJ.Tt(J.v'l1yupiO"oov" fav 'K01VO:W1K~ dpl1VT), kuiyteJ. 'to(jn oi:V&lVatclVa1toq)l:Ul~tC;; ),1:«; O't~ . 'o~~oKpa'tia, K1 (iv01SS 0"'t11V ' AO"iu Jlt(J, KalVOup,/ta "(~fJ. 'tiC;; 1ttO JltyuJ.SC;; n:a'/KoO"luS~ OliensC;;. Til ProO"O"tK1l Qtr1aO'fI 't1lV O:KOA.060'l1O"E Tl TOUPKtKl1, tl IT&PO"lKq, tl KtVE-". ZoO,,le '1iropa aKplpw:; O"tilv EIt0XT) aut.rov 't(OV KU'tUlytOroV i\~ lavttO"'tpO(j)llC;; aVtaVUKA.IXO"itc; 'tOU~, O"1'ilv Eupron:'I1».13 'Av«(popU(U I.L€ 'tl1 crxecrl1 avu~tecra cro srw.vacr1'Ct.'ttKO KLVIWCC 1L 'YK:6crJ,tLOI) 1tpoAsmptu1'01) KUi. cr'rO Kiv1HHZ ,mv K(I,W1ttClit V('llV Mv&v, () ASVLV BYPU<pS TO 1916 : «'H KOlvmV1K11 {ma" l;4tT'l Stv JlTtopsi va O"uv'tSA&O"'fsi Olct<jlOpS'ttKU Jtapa O"av En:O-~ nub O'I)VOUa~Et 'tOY tJHp6A.tO n:OI"~:J!O 'tOD 1tPOA.S't(J.PUl'tOU-E-

V ,.. O't'l'tv aO"ttKil 't(lS'I1 O"'tiC; ltPOllYI1E"S~ X&pEC;, ~u'; OAOKA'I1- Pll al.lpa Ot'lJlOKpat1KU Kilt En:UVUG1'U,t1Kcr. Ktviuww; ,j.lu~i Kat AUvl Oan6A.EUOsprottKU KtvijJ1a'ta G'tU Jiil UVUIt'tUYJlEVU KaOuO'1'S-' P""~VQ Kill Ka'tams~6Ju:va l;9v'I1>l 14. Of cho\jfstC; aorec; 'tou As-" VI\' .~(l1<.oA,o\)90()V vd tcrXUOI)V KCl;i cr11f!Spa.

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I') 0 I'LU 't11 (<.~ts8viJ KUTucrtU(j]l Kat TU 0qtCAwmi Ko- 1I~~IlV Cl 'C~c;; KWtp.Ol)vtcr'tLKfie; LllS9voD<;» oro Asu'repo l2uveopw ~IO K OII,!-"OI)VLcr'L'tKile; Llte8voD<; crn1v o1toiaotUX())ptcJC Pl1'tu I X(j\(Hl~ 'Cot:) KOcrJ.l.OI) nou () n:/dlel)crf!OC; roue iltUV rore 1.750' I tlIlllt()pta cre 'tpclC; KU'tll'YOpisC; KUt EKUVS uu,ov 1'OY Ota-

IlIIICTILi) 't11 BacrtKTt u<jlet1Wiu yta, 'toy 1tPOcrOlOPtcr~lO ,fie; "t IWI, fie; ICUL 'tile; 'tCtX'L'tKl1c; 'toD 1mYKOO'j.LtOU n:PO),STCl.ptUWI) ..

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o \0'IlKa'toJlJl6pllX KU'ta1tIS~op.SVOl 1'iC; UItOlKisC; - X&pE~

, aOK6povtut ~o)V1'UV&C; OTtWC;; Tl IIsprriu, 11 ToupKia Kat il' k,d X6jp6~ nov tXO\lV O"uv'tPl.Pd: Kai ElOUV n:epuO'&t 0"1'11'

" V &1tlOlICt&V (Eo& () Aevtv Evvooucre xmpse; orcro<; it Au-

f ) 01')1'1'(1("1£0. 1) repp.avia Kat tl BOI)Ayupiu Ku8roC; Kai '1120- 11\ I) I !laLa nov 6 1tOAegoc; sIXe pi~st crE KU'tucr'taGll avaIl III. pui lm01.Kfa - 11 cruv'ta~~11 - ).~OXt 1tSpt(J(fOt&j}Ot clltO' "ptO 'Co\'! 01q'SKIl'tOltJ!llpioll ICCI.-cotKOilv 0"& xropsc; 1tOD EZOI)V'

25

OllltllpQO'tt ti<; nIlA.1E<; tOU<; 9EO'&tS 6A.A.a &XOUV 1tECrEl O'tTIV oi- .. KOVOJUKi) i;~eXptll(1) uno ti)v 'AJ1&PIKtl, Kill 01.&<; tOUr;ati) OUIPK&tll to\) noA.Epou PptO'KovtOUallV .af; KateXatllO'l1 I t~eXp't1)Gll~, 'Y1a'tl 0 1Iio:A.&J10~ tnllppSIl~&OA,OV 'tov n:OO"jlO Kat il1tll1:pS\i1& oUtS (1" ~va KPeXtOC; va 1UapaJ1&iv8t np{J,'YJ1a1:~KU OOOEt&PO. Kill 'tSA.OC;, osv JtO:~ ltiivouv napii EVil tttapto to\) OlCi&KatOp!1Upio\) KeX't01KOl 0'8 X&pE<; O''ttC; onowc; J10VO ta u;von&pll CitproJ1U-ea pspata, ~t6vo ot KU1tl-eUA.tO''tE<; nOD roq>&Af}911Kav uno ti}v Ka'tav~~,i) to\) K60'J1ou (£oro () Aevtv svvooDve XroP£<;01l:(!)<; ot 'Hvcoj.leve<; I1oAttElee;, '1 'Ia:n:covia, '1 Bpetuvia-vTj~. tile; uUv- 'ta~11<;) au fj9sA.a va OUJ1U)(I'IlO''tE Ul)'ti)V 't1)v dKOVU'tOU .KOO'JlOll, 'Ylll1ii {lASS ot ~acnKf;r; O:V'tletG&l~ 'Coil KU1Cl't'IlA1GIlOU, 'to\} iJl1t&.plaA\a~tOi) nov oOl1'YOUV O"CftV i;nllvuG'taG1j; OA&c,;. otJ>lunKtc; (xv~tOeO'&l<; O''to Ep')'UttKO K1Vll11a nov EXOUV 0011'Y110'&I (j"\lilva1pu~ 11«1.1) tVtlV'tla Gt1) Azi)'t&pll AIZ9vit... GUVOEOVt(1.l OAE<; j1i: tOY olaxroplO'JlO 'toil rcl.11(hlCij.toU 'tOl) KO(l'JlOU»15.

Iloco axpt~6AOYO<; TjtUV () AtvLV! LXSttKa ~LS 'ro sTj1:rnUl tOU otaxcoptvflOD 'rrov nOlctl:tKfov O\)VU~LSroV crov KOv~lO, (jmivsrat vav va dxs v'rO YOU TOU 'rODS npanw:nKoDS crlweptVoix; dyfovsS. ~ivov'ras 1:11 ~Le'YuA(nepl1 v11iou8m6'tTj'ru v'tTJV uv'ti9sU11 ('wliFsaa vni Kuca1Hss6~L8va Kat 'ra KUtU'ltt8.vttKa sBv'll Kai atTJv o,Vt{0WTj uvul-lsva vtiS t~lneplUhvttKb; x&pSS, () AtVLVXroptS6 'tis x&pe<; tOD K6v~1O\) vS 'tPStS Kat'll yo piss Kat vUvos£ v't8Va {lUtOV 'tOY 81aXCOptv~lO ~tS oAs<; ti<; BamKss &,VTIG{;vSl<; orov t~Ln8ptCtAtvttKO K6v!l0 Ked UtO otdlvsS {;pyattKO KivTJ~LU. '0 <JUAAO'¥tu~L6S tOU (J.u'toS dvat OWllS'tPtKa UYti9s'tO<; lli': rov D1tnoptoUVWj.lO 11 'tOY «UG''tUCO (I'OO'tUAIG}l(») 16 'til; ~s(m;p11<; AleBvoDS nOD nunC), unol:t!louvs 'rOY uyrova 'trov K(J,mnu:soJ.u~vcov tevrov. LtTJV EiU1'lYllvll tOU, UVtt va otUXCOPlvSl a1CAu tiS X&Pss 'Cou 1~6v~LOU vi': (1)0 l(u'tllYopie~, vS vomaAtvTIKSS Kat xcmruAlvttKt;, () AtvlV 't01toBt't11US 'tis 01UqlOPS<; xrope; tOU KCt1t'ttetAlvttlCOD K6v~LOU vi': 'tpslS Ku't11,¥opies - 'Ci<; Ka'tU1t'1Sso!lSVSr; ,(motKtaKSS 11 ~LlaOU1t'OtKtaKi':c; xrops~ Ko.i 'tiS l1t't11~L{;vsS XropeC;, 'Ci<; XroP8C; nou ()ta'tTJPTlv(j.v riS naAltc; 'WuS O&vSl<;, Ka.i 'tiS xropm; nOD slXav vlKl1asl orov no;,qlo Kat elxav roq>SATl0£t uno tllV 1(11,'ravo~L11 tOD xoouou. Tuu't6Xpova 'ronoBetouve 1:11 vocnaAtv'ttKi)

26

Pwofu vtllV tOW Kat11yopia Ill:; 'ta Ku'tantf:~6IlsvCt sBVT] Kat tou; KaTa1tu>s6~f:vol); ACtOU;. '0 AtVLV nfjps voBupa U1t6\j111 tOV Ilsyu,,~o pO/,onoD Emn~av 't'a 1.250 SKCLt0l-lJ.tupta 'trov Aarov orov lmavacrw,TtJ(o ayrovai':vuvna v'tov i~lnsplaAtaj.to crov naYKoaJ.ttO ()Tipo, I"tyov'rae; «6rc6:pxouv 1.250 ihmtOJllllJj)la AUou nOll 9&ropo6v dMwOLt:O va ~OUV (I''ti<; O'l)VaijKs~ 'tijc,; i)1tOtH,S10~ noil 9tl.l>1 va 'tove; imflai,n O'aVU1C'tU'Y}li:voiO, Kat nOA1'tlaJlEVOc,; Ka1tttol.10'}lOc,; Kat an:ott;t.ouv nap' OAU uiHU to 70% 'toi) 1tU'YKOO'}llOU nA1l9uO'}lOUP Mt/\,(ovras A{YO zrpiv o,no'1:o 96.va'to 'tOU yta to aVfl1t6<psuX'tO 'rfjs tS/ctKfjC; VLKT]S 'tOD vO()la) v l!J~tou c' OAO'tOV xocuo, 6 A§.vtv (JovtXt~e va unOmtllpf1;:sl: «J:z t&A£u'toia civuAUG'l1, fJ EKf}UO'l1 1:0~ ayrovu 9a KaGopl<l'tl:i uno 'to "WfovoC; on li PooGia, 11 '1 voio, 11 Kiva KAn. 0:n::Otf:1.0\)V til O'l)Vtj)l1t'tunl nJvZlO\jIl1<Pio "Wu nA7)- 6lDGIl05 'tijiO rijc;. Kai £Ival UK,HP&C; aim) 1j nAElO\j/1j<j>ia noil «11:1) OUXPKElU 'tWV tf:A£u'toirov Xpov(Ov, EXU P1Xtd O'toV uywva 'tttft tl)V un£AzuOtpCO(l'11 11& i;~alp&tlKil 'YPll'YopMo, EtO'I nov an' aoti)v 'tT)V i.l1roO/ll oi:Y 111tojlEl va tm6:PX&l 1) napO~l1Kp1) O'Kll1 ~}t(~tpol.iac; ')'10, 'to nOllt eli &tvat 1j 'tSAtKi) EKPO:G1j 'to\) naYKoa}lIOU arroyo. M' aU'tftv titv zVVOta, 1jOAOl(Allpro'tlKtl ViKTJ 'toi3 CiOOUl!'uJ'gtou &tvro. ol.6tEAa Kat fmOAU'tO ESIl0'<POI.IO'}ltV1}»18. Eivut OAOq>UV&PO, on SK'rO; ano roi»; LoBlf:'nK01)c; vOutUAt~l1tSPta.At()'t'c~ 1tODEX0I)V 6A6TS/cU npo06vst tTJv orcoG£U11 1:OU, KaVets Sty Oa Lvxuptatc1 on 6 A§.VlV «sYKatO:Asl\jl£ tliO tUStKS';; iipxt~», «bnoO'tTlinSE o:vtlOpaO'tlKt<; 9sropi&~ y£oonOAttlKijc;» 19: otav EI(q,pa;Sc aUtES 't'tc; urcO\jfSts nOD OtanVEoV'tcn ano tOV npoAsTUpta- 1(0 Ihd)vlvgo Kai 'rTJV 1tsrcoiGTj<Yfj yta 't11 ViKTj to\} KOf1~tOUVtv'ClKOi) KWTJJJU'rO<;. Ti 1tpbtSl va otOaX1:OU~IS sow ano tOV Asviv: llpt1t&t va OlOC},XtOU~l& 'tOI)AUXtvTOV ta. napaKuTco: ~01tCOe; 6 At.vw, nptnsl va xa1psti~oWtS Kat va u1CovtTjpi~oU~Lf: tU a1C&Astlf)sropnKu KlV11J1UT('L trov Ka'ta1Ctes0).Ltvcov sevrov vTllV 'Aotc, tll\! ' Aq>PLKij, ''C1) Aan VLK1l ' A).LeptKTJ Kat uAAOD Kal va 'ta e80)pOVll~ aav zva vnou6aio vUvtanKO tOD aomaAlv'ttKoU £1tavu-

. cr,co,U(OU K1 viwaco; TOU 1CaYKov~tiou npo),stUptu'tol). IIpt.n&t va5taxcoptvouw> tiS xwpSC; TOU K6v).LoU aijjJf:pa, vB 'tpets rcaT11- )'opis<; mxvD) vtTJ ~aaTj 'tWV vf:.cov oLsBvrov 't'astKfov vXtv&cov nOD SirtKpa'toDv 'CffipaKai vu, exoulls ()M70A~UpT) Kat arcoAu'tfl

27

'tOV K6crj:.t0,crTOV K01VO a:yrova TOU 1wYK6crlltO\) npOASrralY\tt'tOD Kat 'r&V Aq&V 'tOU Tpirou Koouou noo unOTeAOllV nep~~~,6- rspo uno 'to 70 % TOU 1tA.~eucrj:.tou 'rfje; yfje;.

Me'ru TOV 9uvaTO 'tOU ACVIV, 6 LTUAIV lJ1tSPUcr1llWS T11 AEVIVLcrTtK11 Ssml on TO 1tPOAETUptU'tO npt1tBt va Bvro8st I .. U': Hi Kctxa:;;ti.f." t;,6~1&Va. iiE1vTJ Kat on 'to t9vIKoa:rr&ABD9sprowco K1V1WCLRpf:1rn va. UYKU/,t(xmn OAS'; Ti.; OUVuIlSte; noo UVTtnu/,zuouv 1:1)v l!.l1tepu,u,.. ',tcrnKll &TCieSO:ll, UVS~up'tllTa uno 'tiJ Ta~lKi] TOUe; 8SQ'11 KUL 'tiJvnOAlnKi] 'tODS cr'tUO"ll. LUV napUOS1Ylla uVO:q>!>pC: nap' O},CS 'ti.; ~tov((pXtKi;C; UVTtA i]\jfel'; TOU 'E~l(Pll 'tOU :Aq>YCJ.Vl()'ta:v !CUl IlOl,ovon of llY£'t"eS TOD Aiyu1CttmCOu teVt1wan:sAwgepron1(ol) lCW1l(lGt'tOC; UVllKODV ()'tl1V ucrTt1<:11 ,.0:;11 Kat slvct EVaVtH:£ Ci'tO aocrw).wll6, 6 uyrovae; rroo otesuyouv I'tu TiJV t8vtKll uVesapTl1- otu SIVat UVnKS111SVIKa {;n:avacr'tCliI:tKOC;, ytcrti 0 uycbvac; (~\\m)<; «1:~(.t(r9svi~!:t, unoGt>v9sn:t Kat 01tOp,ovsu::;t TOV ifl1tepWA1GjlO») ,20 "Oruv Esa,crKoucrs KPt'TtK1l crtl1V TPO'WKtcJHKl1 fLVTt1tOAhE'll\Jl1, 6 LTuAtV onoypulllltt;,e: «To CtJUlpt1Uta ti\e;. uvnrcoAi't£J:l<rr'!'j~ 1:000 ElVat on SSK6~Gt optG'tU~a 0;1t' ailt11 tit 9tG''1toii Ahiv Ked KatpaKtl/,U (l'n) OSG'tl tfjs Ar:lltl:PijS Au;9voi5<; nou apv!l:i'tnt. tit O'K01ttJlOtTJt€l tile; onoO"tTunS'Ie; troY E1taVa(l'tanKoov no:U:~uov tOO" tl1tOlKtaK&V X(Oprov i:vuvtla (l'tOV 1p,1tSplaA1G'Jl{}» 21,

'0 L'tU/ctV ~ltAoucrs cruvsxsta ita. 1:l1V av,i6ecr11 avuflEcrDL G1:0 KU1HnLI"tO"'ttKO Kat 'tOY croataAtcr'ttKO xocuo, UAlca crt1) crVYKt~ Kpt!-l!!CV1l otaq>opono{ liO"ll '"CCnv OLSOV&V noAt ttKWV ouvuwsru\! crE OtUq>OpS'; nspioosC;, S&1ClVOU(j(~ cmo 'l]V o'Je01t'JeeUPll KU,tUG'!fll:aq cr'tll\' a),'JeaYl] 'tfj-; btSUVouC;mStK11C; n[L/c 11e;. "HOll alVO TO 1927 o-ro L1SK(J,TO I1sll1tto LUVtOPLO ,OU KK2:E (Mn.), f.KQVS 1;0'<1' aK6A-ouao Sta)GCOPtcrgo ,&v naYKoag{cov nOAtnKcOV O\JVUjULtrov nOD ~~f'ipxav, ASyovTac;· «Kpivets JlOVOl G'aS. 'Ano tli 1.905 ~\KaT0J1Jl6pla KatOlKwv G" oAOKj'l1P11 tit "{i\, ta 1.134 ~ouv «niS: a1tOtKlee; Kat ti<; E~aj)t'l1Jlf:vsS xoopr:e;, ta 143 ~ouv G'u)v EEE&', 'ta 264 G'tiS i'lvi)uIJ1sG'se; x&pss Kat ~t6vo to: 363 ~oiJv (Hi-; lU:'Y~A&S lJ!1t&ptaAtG'ttK&e; lOOP!:S nov KaTa:mt~ouv tiS fLnfnlf;:[t~ K(d tiC; EsaptTJJlsv&C; xc'bpse;» 22. To Map'ell TOU 1939 CltO As\,:ato

28

~OyOOOIDvt8plO'tOU KKLE(Mn.), xapaKtiJplt;;~ 111V rsp~lavia; TllY 'ItaAia xni 'tiJv 'Ia1tCiivia ()aV . &rnOSTtlCf:';X&PS<; Kat TTtV ~pt1'OW(a,T11 raAAia Kat :rt.; 'Hvoueve; no),t'tsisc;· co» xw.pec; <OX! .&1I:LOeTIK&';. ' A~l{;cr(OC; ~LS'ta 'tT]vtni9scrl1 'tfjc; XttAOptK;fj" rapfllavia . .; Bv6.vnCl. crTTt Lof3leTtKiJ "Evoxrq to 1941, 6 L'tUr,t ~ '9p6yr,tcrs va crWlFaX-r1crst 1) Lo{31!:nKTt "Evcxrn Ilf: TiC;(Hvro~ll'':vcC;TIoAt'tsisC;, T11 Bperuviu Kat uA'Jeec;x&pS';'YlIl TO crX11llatt<r~tOSvoe; avnq>acrtcr'ttlCO(l crTpUtOrrsoou. To 1942 sIne on «MnopoUJll&t:ropa o:vaJ1CP10'~i}'t1}ta va Oeropi}(l'ol)J1& on G'tl)v1t0ptia tou n;,oAtJ!Otl nOD t1tl.~J. i}GllK& O'toUs AaouS a1to titv XUA&PIKl) n;~~~~a, . tX.Sl O'tlJ!~&i 1:vo.<; Pl~lKOS OtaXroP10'J10C;'toov OtlVUJ!&rov 1(0.1 0 G'XTlJlanG'J10e; 060 aVt11tUArov <JtpaT01tEorov: to mpa'to- 1ttO(} , "Coli 'ltaAo - n:PJlaV1Koli (l'tlva(l'1t1G'J10l) Kat to(l'tpa~01ttl)o tOu. 'A'fYAO - I:o~l&'tO - ·AJ1&PIKUV1KOl), G'tivaO'1t1O"J!oli» Ka1 C>T1«a{)'tC) O'ft'UXiv&l on 1} AO"{UO) 'troY "Is"(OVOtrov &iv.at i(l'xvpom:PTI ano.KUOe U).A'i] 1.0"(IKil» 23. Mv U1t!1.PXSt f3{;f3atu ()~Ilepa o-rov ~6~llo KUV&Va TSTOW npuYIlU' OTC(OC; 6 'AnAo - LOi3tS'tO - 'AgsptKuVt- 1(0;; (TlJVacrTCtcr~l6C;. ' AvtiO!:'W urruPXouv OUO i)yeJloVl()ttKEC;~U~ajl8~C;, TJ LOf3tSTtKli "EvroQ'11 Kat ot ~HvCOIl{;VSS I10AtT6isC;. Kat ev~ sVlcdo. ~1{;Trono T&V I,a.&v TOU xoouou Bvuvnu TOUC;. Atno 1tO~ OS/,OWlS va rovtcouus tow, slVUt ott llf: Tic; 1tpu~qC; roo 6 LTa~tv Sf:V €8l~S oliTs o-ro tMXlcrTO TiJ Ku't'ucr"Cacrll :rfjc;LOf3t6-

'ti~,g "EvroO'l1C; crav IltaC; O'Ocrta.Atcr'ttKfjS xropae;, ofhs 'tTl". UVUdttu~11 . ti)e; bravCl.cr'taTlKf\e;nM'l1s 'tou 1taYK6cr}ltou npoAs'ta.'1nu't01), 'Avtiee't'a, 60p6~LOC; TOU 11'!Cl.V 6 uovoq cr(Ocr't'OC; op6~wC; rta tl1YU1tf:pucrrctcr11 :r&v ee~leAswK&v crDIlCPepov-t(Ov :rfje; O'OcrtUAt<J"mcfjc; LOf3lSTlKfjS "Ev(Ocr11S Kat 'tOU 1tCl.'YK6cr~ttou 1tPOASTaptU'too. Mnopobus va Kat11YoPi]crOlJIlS 'tOY L'tUAt~ OTt bf:VO:KOAOUe~crs uucrT11pa TTt crtl'YlliJ lKdv11 TOV xcvov« yta TiJV uv~i9scrl1 ~V~llscrCt crov Ka1tl'tCtAtcrTtKO leai TO aOcrtaAtcr'tlKOK6dIlO;

. MnopolJps va Uj .. lq>to:f311'tijcroUf!S TiJV Tspucrna Cr11llucrla. To(iotaX~RtcrJloU 'twv 1tOAt'ttK&VblJVU).lSrov O'TOV xoouo tKS{V11'~TtV t!toxi] , crTO q>UO"lcrTtKO a:rpuT6rcs80 Kat TOtlVncpa.()lcr'ttK<'> orpc-r61teoo; Mnopst 6 olaxroptcrll0'; 't&V 1tOAt't'tK&V ouva'J!s(Ov ~TOV

29

KOO'I!O va lillV ~uO'U~&'W.t <1'C11 AO')'tK11 'trov y&"{ov6trov an,&" os ~na AoytKTJ nOD f3piO'KStut 1;~co ano 'ta ys,),ovow;

TIupu8t'Cou~& soro UKolia. Ilta 9c<111 'COD I.·telA-LV uno 'Co ep- , yo tOU OiKoVOlitKa-ilpof3A-l]llu't(t toi3 I.ocrtUlctO'IlOD O''CTJV E2::EL.\ itoD Eypa.\jI6 SVU Xp6vo npiv &lfco rov 86.vu'C6 tau. «AtYf.tfu, on 01. uvn9tO'&t~ uvaJ!&O'u O''tov Kant taA.UilU) Kat 'to crO(},UIAt-, 0'110 EiVUl iO'X\)prot&P&~ ano 'tic; avnOecrzlC; avuft&cra crti.c; KumtaAl0"t1KSC; X&p&C;. 0&ropl1tlKa J)e~ala auto dvat aA-iIfh:a()!». «<0 A&impoc; TIaYKocr,uOc,; IIoA&Jl0C; oJtroc,; ~tKfvllcr& OXt <rav nOA&JlOC; i:vuvna crt1)v EE1:A aAM O'av n6/'&f1~ avaJlt(i(J, Gil; Kilo.. nl'tUAlcrtlKtC; I(&pee,;». «(Kutu (fUvtn&la, 11 1tul.:.'1 trov Kaln'ta~\crnKrov xroprov Yla ayopte,; Kat fa tntfh:)Jlia tOUe; va 'to'uKiO'OllV 'toue,; o:vtay(Ovtcrtee; tOUe; O:ltoO&tXtl1K& <1t1)v npaSll va dvat iCi;(IJpron:pll ano 'tic,; uvnOi;O'stC; aVIlp,tcra O"'to Kunt'taAtO'tlKO 1m!. to O'OO'lUA10'tlKO crtpatont:oo». Tovios nupcmepa i5tt «To o:\'anocp&UKtO 'tow 1toAtp,rov O:VUJl&cru Gt1c; i£tZm'tal.;!O"uKi:c,; xropt<; t~aKoAOu9&i va 100I(U&1.» 24. Elvut KUpta ot 'Hvousve; TIO).l'tE.t&~ I1ta Kan:ttaAtcr'ttKTJ Xropa., Ka.t f} Lof3U>'ttK11 "Evcxrn i5rr01) EX1:t naAtvop8co(1&l 6 Ka.n:t'rUAtcrI16e;, nOD KUVOUV crf}~pu uvan:6<pw-x:to 'rOV n6Ae~o. 'H apxit i5'L'tf} AoytK1) 'CIDvysyov6trov slvci tcrXUprotepll an:o dOe dAAll AOytK1) f;~mcoAou8ei AOt~6v va iO'XDct.

Elvrn AOt1tOV &ov611't0 Ott i5A01, of t1tava()'tu'ree; OUcrKUAOt tOD npOAetaptUtou ota<poponolllcrav 'ti~ oteOvett; 1tOh'L'tKEC; 3uvul1&t~ cr'rl1PtYllevot crf: I1taV (lV'L'tKStI1&VtK11 Kat OtCtcrounKT) UVUAUO'l1 tfj~ 6Mn:As1)Pll~ Ka.'rucr'racr11~ 0"L'1'} Otl~eVTJ 'ta~ti(11 nUA11 O'S 3tu<pops~ nspiooct;, UVtt va aK'oAouOilcrouv Eva v Uf.tc'tU~AlltO xovovc. '0 OtaXCOptcrll0C; 'trovcr'i1l1SPWIDV 'lVOAt'ttKroV ouvullecov crs 'rpsl~ xoouoo; uno 'toY TIp6&OPO Mao 'to I1syaA6- rspo Ma.p~tcrt~'tfje; snox;fje; l1at;, elvat ~va icrtOptKO u1I:0'r&A60"I1a 'tfjc; 0111l~OUPYtKfj~ E<pa.Pl1oyfje; art' a.DtoV 'tol} MapStO'j.1ol) n:uv(!'). O"'tTJV l1aKp6XpOVll tc;,emcrll Kat 'rl1V dvuAOO'l1 'tfj~ t~CAl~11C; Kat 'tfjt; UAAuyfje; 'trov 01a<p6pcov ~acrtK&v uvnBecrsrov crov K6- cr110. "

~'ro epyo 'tOD «na 'rT) Nsu LlrIf.tOKpa'tiu) nOD 01l·ll0crtcU'rTjK& 'to 1940, 0 TIposopoe; Mco KA1']pov61111<1'S, o1tspamncr& Kat dv&.-

30

1t'tuc;,e 1tapa1tspa 'tTJV O&ropfa WD A&vLV Kat 'rOU L'rUt.tV on Il&'ta rov TIp&tO IIaYK6crl1LO TI6Aello Kai iota.i'tcpa ~leta'titv 'OX'rro~Ptavi) 'Enavucr'taO'l1, Ku8s tOvtKOan&A6UeSpCO'ttKO KiV11lla 0:1t0- 'rCAODcrS ~ttp.OC; 'tfje; naYK60'l1tae; npoAs'taptaKfje; crocrw,AtcrnKfje; snuvucr'tacr11C;. 'Y1t0YPUllf,ttcrs fIs c;,sKu8apo Ked cra.<pTJ rpono : «<OnOll1totS tastle;, KOjljlUta ij li'tojla crUl111&tSXOllV (nl1v Enavao-'tuGt] i:l't Eva Kata1tt&~OflsVO E9vo;, Kat (lvesaptllttZ ano 'to iiv athol 01 1:0101 to EX;OUV cruVl1{)SU01t0111cru ij KatIlA6;jl&l, E<pO"GOV uvn'tiOc'tat O'tOV 1j11t&j)lUA10'j10, 1'1 EntZvuO"'tacril tOllS cl1tOtSAsi pspo<; tfj<; naYKoO'jltac; ltpOA.UapluKfje; O"oO'laA10't1Kijc; ErravuO'taO"l1£ Kat aotoi yi vovnn O'uJ1f1ax;ol 't1le,;» 25. 'A vrunoxptvovruv aO'rl1 11 avaAucrl1 'rOD Ilposopoo Muo crt1)V UV'ttKetJlIMKTJ npaYllattK6tll'ta 't'fje; Ote8VODe; 'ra~tKfjr, nU"-l1e;; Eivut 6)co.<pavspo mbe; &'nanoKpivov'ruv. Knvsic osv flTliOP&t va ,'to all<Ptcrj311-rtO'&t, yta'tt c;,cKtVrovW.e; UKPt~roS uno afnTJv 'r~v dno\l111 slvut 1COOcr'tU Xp6vtct 'tfje; nanIDvtstK11e; 1.l1neptaAtcrttKf}r, eiO'~oAfje; mTJv Kiva, ro Ktv&stKO KOflI101)Vtcr'ttKO Kouuc crX11I-tUncr6 Eva €vw:io 11&'rcono flS i5Aee; 'riC; avttytancov&StKl::C; oUVUllcte;, llasi Kat 'rTJV Kouoptvrcvyx 'rOD TmuvYK Kut - O'CK, Kat KatUX'rllcrs 'tTJ viKll tvuvnuO''t'TJv 'Ia1tcovLa. ME rov 1010 rpoxo l1'rctV, nOD j.L&'ra -rov nOAe110, gs 'tTJV Bvcocr11 I5ACOV 'trov aV't'ttl1'lteptaAtcr'rtKrov 011- 110Kpanlcrov ouv6.~te(j)v nOD l11CopoDcra.v va tvcoeODV, npoxroPl1cre 'O''tllV avqtp01tll'rfje; av'CtopacrnKfje; KUptaPXiaC; 'tfjs Kouojuv'ravYl( Kai cr't'TJV 'lopucrl1 "fjr, AatKfje; LllllloKpa.'tiae; "fje; Kivc; Kli'tro uno 'tn otxtawpia tODnpOAetaptawu.

Tie; I1SP&~ 1tOO aKOA0681l0'av lls'ra 'to ~eu'r&po IIaYKocrl110 TIoAsllo, 6 il11t£pW.lctcrllor, troy HTIA c;,S<111KCOcr& Evuv-uO'mllu'rll'ro «v'ttcrO~t&ttKO 86puBo. ME {;~atpSnKTJ otopanKOtll'tu 6 IlposCipoe; Mao &'nOK«1AU\I1& rov npaYl1atlKO crKono aOwD tOD aypWD e6pl)~ou. ~tct1tiO''Ccovs on : «O! 'HVIDJ1EVZC; TIoht&isC; Kat it 1:0- 'u:-rtK1) uEv(oGl1 lll)}pi~ovttn Qno J1u}, tzpuaua ~rovll nou ltSpt~«paiv&t nOAASe; Kun:ttaAlattKi;c;, anOtKtUKSe; Kai J1lGOU1t01- . ~'Ki;<;I6>Ptc,; at1)v Eopdut'q, t1)v • Ao-ia Kat titv ' A<PP1K1)>> KUt in «l:fuu:pa. it· npaYJ1UnK1) al1Jlacria to\) O'll'l9iUtato£ trov HnA pC! 'tt)v «){s;ayrorit EvOC; Qv't'tO'OptS't'tKOU ayrova, stvoa 'l\ r.u'ta'ltlS-

11

<G'1) 'to\) , APSptKUVlKO\)J..UOUKUi ·il im&XtuO'1) troy E1tt&ttlCroV ,()\)vuJ1sCoviwV HnA inoy VnO/.611tO Ka1tltUJ.ltJt\KOKO~:O» 26. "0 Tlpcecpoc Mao KaACi:rS'!OV 'AllspucaVLKo IWD, OAU''taE9V1l , .Kui"COtlC; AUOUe; 1tOU a,v'!tJ.!c'!o:mtsav 't"llV aftttAll tile; S1tWtcrTle; ,·O,1tO '!iC; 'Hv(!)IlEVCS TIoAt't"sl?S, va Evro8of5vKai VaU1COlCpo6crouV '!ie; s1ti9EcrStS '!rov &v'!lopad't"iKrov 'twvHTIAKai 'twvAat{ilirov '!OD;. ' Aviunoxplvovruv auiT) Tj avaf,Dcr11 'tou Ilposdpoo Mao -<J'!T)VaV'ttKetllsVliol1tpaY).lu'!L1cOnl'ra 'tfje; oti8vouC; 'tu!;tKf\c; ~1tal,T]e; EKclVl1 '!T)V €1tOxi); Etvatcpuvsp66n aV'ru1COKpfvov'!uv. Kavde;oi::v ll1t0 PS'lva '!oall(pt<J~T]'ticret, 'Y1cfri Ta yeyov{J'uu'U1tO -rors Exollv E1tt~s~a.tfficret '!T)V tuxu aU'!fjC; 'tfjc;avCtI.u<JT]C;.

To 1tSpima'ttKo'ti'j; . L1tffipDya; "tou}.;oucs 'to 1956, E<PSpS: crto i(j)ros . 'tic; o<;uvollevs; aVtt8scr&li; avCtllscra cr'tiC; l~L1CeptaAtcr'ttKte; OUVallS1S: '0 IlpoESpoe; Maou1toypa)l)lW& 'tois :«'Anouoto "to 1tSPlO'tU'ttKO p1topoilJ1s va i:Vt01tiO'OOJlE'tO t1ti1(&vtpotij~ '1tIJ.Al1~O'tOV KOO'J10' O'ltJ1spa. 'Havd9sO'll avull&O'u O'ti~iJ11t&p1.u-

. A10'tlKi;<; Kat 'tt<; O'o(JtaAtO''t1Ki;~ xrop&<; dvat O'iyol)pu1tOA.V ~\)i.Jitvl1. Oi iP1tSPtUAtO'ttK&<; op.ro<; xroP&<; avta:YOlvi~OVtU1G',1)f'~PU 'J.1uu!;6 'to\)<; "Ita 'tOY EJ.S'YXOl)ta(j)OpS'tlKro:Y1t~P\O;'JlcOOv,O'io .ovop.u :-tij<; avii9sO't}<; pi; -t6v KOJ1POl)Vl(r~O... O'ti)MtO'tf" A va'toA:q, ;O'U,,{KPOllovicll ()uodl)l1uvt19sO'I;rov Keli tpiu dOT! I)\)vap:trov: ,Ta()l)o s'{()1l chtl9sO'EOlV £IvaI: 1tPWtO, tKdv&<; 01 aVtd:lsO'&l<; ,UVuJ1EaU O'tt<; i,t1tSpuxhO'tlK&<;I)UVUJ1st<;, 1)11J.a()tl uVO:J1sO'u O'ti.; ,'HvPliSyS<; IIoAlt&is<;Kui 'til Bpsto:viu Kui.uvUIl&O'U O'1:i<;~Hvro,.pSVE<; 1l0httiE<; KUt' 'ttl rUAAia KUt I)&U1:&PO, tK&iv&C; oi &.vn-

,

:. 9SO'&I<; clVUJ1EO'U 0'1:1<; lJ11tEPlelAlO'tlxi;<; I)\)VUJ1S1<; KUt ta 1((l't1l1tt&-

i ~6J1i::va tOvt'I. Tu tpia &iot}OUVUpSOlV slvm: 1tpro1:0, oi 'HVroPEV&<;

IIOAltSi:&<; il PEYUA(ltI:Pl1 iJ11tEP1UA10"ttKT) M>VGJ11), O&ll'tSp9 .... Bpuuviu Kat 11 raAAia ip1t&PlIlA10'tlK:EC; ()l)VUJ1&lC;!>SU'tfP1'JC;'KUtTlyopia<; Kat 't"pi'to 1:U Ka1:a1tlS~6Jl&vu £9vtp~ 27. 'Avrcxoxpt-

, vovruv uirrf Tj <'WUAUCill' 'tou Ilposopou Mdo cr'!llvaVnK&tllSvlKi) , .1tpuy).lanKO'tT]'tu 'tfjc; ou:8vouC; 1:a~tKf1e; 1tUAT]C; 'tllV €1t0XT) €KElVll; Kat 1tCtAt slvct <puvEp6 onaV'!Cl1tOKptVov'!av. Ka.VEiC; Mv j . .l1tOp&i , v« 'to aWPtcr[3T]'!icrEt auto, YW'!i.ra ys"{ov6ia' &'1C0 'tots EXOllV ,')ii; i6vloto ipo1to £1tt~~f3a..HO'(;Et 'tT)V ldil')(ii'l'tfjc;ifle; cLVCtJ..OO'T]C;. 'M.v i:{V<H 6UcrKOAO va ostkuvtie; o'ttll1tapa1tcIvrouvuAucrll

32

'tOu ITpOSOpOD Mao yui '!ic; 'tpete; Ka.'t"l1yoptSC; OUVCt)lE(!)V Tj'!uv ij u<p&'tT]pia 'tfje; 8E(!)piac; ron "{ta tOue; 'tpsie; Kocrjl.ouC;,'H oui<popa [3picrKs'tat oro on rots ll1tfjpXe aKOjl.a 'to crOcrlClAtcrttKO crpctom;oo 1tap' 6/,0 1tOl> Tj'tuv acrta8te;.

, Apyo'!&pa, ~lt 'tT)V 6AOKAT]prottKT] 1tpooocria U1tO 'tT)V KAiKa.

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-J,Lu1;a 1'COU aVllKSt o-rov KU1tt'tuAtanKo xoouo; Etv~t OAOq>UVEPO

6~t ~tta 't{rt'01u O"'t'ual1 sf,L1tooi1;Et roi»; AUOUe; 'tOD KochtoD va uvayvcopiaoDv iijv aA118tvi} ouafu 'tmv 1tpaYf,LutCOv Kat 'ti} crcoo-ti] Ko:iEu8Dval1 'tfje; 1tUAT]e; 'tOD<;.,

ot 'tpo~ldx,nKec; aAAayer, m;ij O'l'Jl.lSpwi} St!;9v~ Kutua'tuO-l1 kai it Ka811!.lEptv11 u6S11al1 'tfje; 06vUl.ll1e; -trov Aarov ae otU(popec; x,ropse; Kul t&v 1tapay6v'tcov ytil'ti}V S1tuvuO'1:acrl1, am1.t't013v I,na vEa KU't&''tUS11 'trov ots8vrov 1toAinKrov OUVUf,LscoV, stat rocrtc va f,L1tOPScrEt va otutu1tco8Et j.lta visi 1tuYKoaj.lta. crtpUtl1Ylxi} yta 'Co rcUYKOcr!.ltO 1tpOA6't'aptUto Kat roi»; K<Ita1ttE1;o!.lEVQUe; Ao;m\:, crUl.l<PCOVl'J J,le 't'TJ via axscrl1 uvujisO'a ae !.la<;, 't'oue; <piAOD<; Kat -roue; Ex,8poue; j.la<;. 'H 8ECOpiu tOO I1pos8poD Mao yta roi»; tPEt~ KOouor«; uvta1toKpivE't'at aKpt~&r, cr; auti}v 't'i}v arcuitl1al'J.

'H SEcopiu UUtij SEKU8api1;&t ott: of 860 if,L'TCEptaAt(r't'tKee; tJ1tEpODVUj.lEt<;, it I:o~t&nKl'j "Evcoal1 Kat of 'HVCO).lSVEe; I1oAt't'&tec;, &'ico't'EAoDv rov Ilpdrro Kocuo. Abroi Eivat oi JlqaA.6tcpot otE8\1Ei<; EK!.lE't'uAAEDtte;, KUta.1ttEO"te<; kat sm8&na'tsc;, ot xowoi Ex,8pottrov Aarov 't'OD K60'j.lOD Kai. () uV't'UY(()Vlcr~OC; !.lEtUSU roi»; uvu1t6q>&uX't'a Sa 0011YllO'Et cr' ~vav vso 1taYK60'~lto 1t6A.ef,L0. '0 avtaycoVtcr!.lOe; yta 't'TJV 1taYK60'~tta: KUptapx,{a UvUj.lEO"a O't1<; 860 itYSJlOVlanKee; SUVU!.lEt<;, it a1tEtAij 1tOU SK;q>pu1;otN Yla 't'oue; /vaoue; OAOU 'COD xoouou Kui it uV't'ia't'ct0'11 't'rov 't'EAEUtaicov a1tsvuv't't roue, auto sfvct rc~u £XEt yiVEt 'to KfVtptKO 1tp6~A'llJ.la crtTJ crT]JlSPtv11 ~tESVit 1tOAtnKl). Oi O'OO'ta.AtcrnKee; x,ro pe; , () O''CUA.O~Utl1<; tOU 1ta.YK6af,Lwu 'TCpOAE't'apUl'tOu Kal 't'a Ka't'U1tt&s6Ilcva £8Vl11tOD slvot oi xStp6't'Epa sKIlEtaAAw6j.lEvot Kai Ku'"Cumcs611&Vot KUt 1tOD U1tOt&A.Quv 't'ij j.lSyCtAl1 1tA.&1O\jfl1<Pia 'tOo rcA119\)cr~tOU 't'fje; yfj<;, , crXl1!.la't'isoDv f,Lu1;i 'COV Tpiro K6a!.l0. L't'tKOV'tct1. cr't'TJV rcProt11 'Ypa~lj.lTJ 't'OD uyrova Bvuvnu awu<; ODO l'tyS~OVtcr't'€<; Kat alvrn f} KOpta 86va!.ll'J o rov 1taYK6crj.lto uyffiva svavna crov 1.1l1t&PW-

34

<'ctcr~tO l(ai 't'OV llyqLOvtaj.l6. O[ avan:wYl.lsve<; xmpec; 1tOU ~pi-

I ' oxovrut uVCqlBO'U ctoi»; ODO xoououc, un;o't'&AODV .'COV ~SutEpo

",. Koouo. Ka't'un:t{;souv Kat i':K~tetaAAE6ovw .. t 'C,a Ka'CantS~O~tEVU

.EOV1'j Kat sfvct 't'omoxpovu KU't'o) areo 'Cov £).,,&Y)(;O Kai tTJV a.1tEl.ATJ tOW U1tSpOUVU!lsO)v. "Exotlv ~vo" otnA.6 Xcipux,'Cl1pa Ka.t ~pioxovnn cre unieccrl1 Kat Ill> 't'ov ilpffi'Co Kai f,Le ro Tpiro K6aIlO. Elva! .0I1co<; j.ltU 00va.P.11 ;'00 () Tptroc Koouoc Il7COPSt va cuoxetP{DG'St 11 va bamct orov ayffiva sva.vna. o-rov itYElloVtcrl16. 'H Qeco,?iaaut11 YEvlKeusl 't'11 cr'Cpa.'t1lYtK11 Ka.'Ca.a't'aaTJ cr' on aq>o~ pri 't'11V mo O'1wav'ttKll ta~tK~ nUAll ato auyx,povo K6crIlO, avalJ.sO"C! crTOD<; t.uoue,; OAOU 'COD K6cr!10D a1to t~ !.lta Ka.i 'tic,; 11Y&jlOVtO''t'tK6e; ouva.~t1>H; a]1;o '(1)v UAA1']. Ol ta~u(Qi uyrovec, ato sO'())'tSP1KO trov oW;!p6pcov Xropffiv dvat 1tpuYl.lun uotaxroptcrtOl U1tO 'CTJv 'CUStKll nU/"ll ae 1taYK6crllw Eni1teoo. Fi' au'Co,ll 8&copia Ul)'Cij yui 1;0 otaxroptaj.lo crs tpeic; KOO'f.l.ODc,; slvm 11 mo 1tEpu:xnKTJ cruv6\lncrl1 'Crov btaq>opcov ~UatKrov avnetaccov oro auyxpovo K60'l.l0. 'H btlcrnl!10VtKTJ uU't'TJ 9sO'I1 't'OD Ilpoeopou ,Mao SXSl £1l1tAOD't'icr,Et 't'ie; eSffipie; 1tOuaqlOpoDv 'Cijv &'vtcr0l.lStpl1 av(hnuST] '"COD ill1tEptaAtaj.loD Ko:i 'Cie; avneSO'Ete; uvullsaa crtt<; i~tneptUAtcr't'tK8<; ?Gropee; 1tQD oo1']youv uvun6!pEox'tU crov 1t6Ae~O, 't'ic,; 8s(()piEr, YUl 'Co crocrtaAt!.l7tsptahcrJl6, 'YLa tOV ayffivu trov xu't'untet_;6Ilsvcov 1':9vrov nou UrcO't'SAei ~va auO''CunK6 'Cfjc; oootnAtO''t'tKfj<; snuyucr't'ucrTJ<; 'toD 1taYK6aj.lWD rcpoAs't'aptutOD, yta 'tijv &!.lot~aia u1toml)ptSTJ av(ill&auqtO 1taYK6cr!.lto 11ipOAs'taptu-

"'to,'t'i~ (JOcrtCl.AtO''t'tKe<; x,ropcc,; Kat 'Ca EeVtlCOccrc&Acu6&pamKa 1(t, vijllu:ra Kai yta 't11 crtpa.'t'llYu(,TJ Kat 't'ax,t~KTJ 'Cfj<; 1tPOAStCCptaKf1~ ercava.amO'T]<;, 1tOU OAU Ulna slvct aT]l.laVnKe~ rspoorpopst; cr't'o Map~t(J~lO - Asvtvicuo.

Ai;v EIVat napassvo 1tOD 01 I:o~tstt1<.:oi aomaAtj.t1t&pl(lAtO'tee;

~X:.ouv snt't'eeet I!B Ilavia. a' autTJ TTJ AUIl1tPll 9Ecopl(J. 'tOO I1p6E,OPOD Mco. t1.i:.v l.lnOpOOJlE ~{i~ata va 1CEpt).lSVOUf,L& va na.paos. X,tODV Dn l(U'tCO U1tO 1'~ OW.Kl}~SpV'llall 'CODe; ~ I:O~te'CtKl'j "Evm. cr:rJ £X,&1 yivEt ~na i~l1tCptaAta'ttKit U1t&P06valll1 Kat it 1tt0 E1tuciv

0UV11 1Cllyij tvo<; vsou naYK60'!.ltoD 1t6ACJlOU,' £tcrt uKpt~ffi~ 01tCO~ OEV ~t1COPEi va 11IEptJlSV&t KaVetc" <i1tO roi«; a.1toa't'a.ts~ Kat roi»; 81tlGe_'ttO''tt<; va napaoex'Wvv o'tt Slvat rsrotoi. I:UKO<pa.V't'ouv

35

~li; Mcrcra 'tll 9sropia 'trov tptrov K6crJ.lrov K(11. icrxopisOVtCtl on 'taXa a1tapvet'tat 'ti) 'ta~tKi) 1taA'll Kat pass! cr' eva 'tcrou13aAl 'tie; crocruIA.1crtlKI':e; !lUst ~Li; 'tie; KamtaAtcr"CtKf;<; xropse; KA1t. KAn:. 'H pptma roo; <>XL uovo Ka't8u9uvs't'at svav'tlu oro ~tEyaAo MCLp~ ~tcr'ti) Ilposdpo Mao Kat 'to ~LsyaAo KO!lJ.lOUVLcr'ttKO K6~L!1a'tf\e; Kivae;, UAA.a Kat Katsu9uve'taL svavnCL 0'1:0Ue; ~teyqAOUe; Map;, "EYKeAe;, ABVLV Kat 1:taAtv. Fum, 01tro; EXOU!lS ost, 1) 6S(()pia 'tOU llpOBOpOO Mao yU1. 'tOlle; 'tpete; xoouoo; crU!l<provet SV1-€Aroe; !ll': 'ti) 9sropia 1toil ~lswn:rocrav 6 Maps Kat 6 "EYKSA<; (}"'to 'tSA.eU~ ruto ~ncro 'tol) 1900 airova yU1. 'to (itaxroptcr~Lo 'trov 1t0A.1TIKroV oovaJ.lsrov cr'tilv EOpro1t'll nOll E1tatpVS co» Kpm'lPtO 'til cr'tacr'll roo; U1tBVav'tt crti) ProcrcrtK'll TcraptKi) autoKpu'topia. Ilcpouoic, cru!lcprovsi !ll': 'til 9sropia 'tOU ABVtV yui. til otaips()l1 'tOU

. K6crJ.lOD crE 'tpete; Kat11yopiec; xroprov !le'ta 'tOY llpro'to llaYK6cr~Llo ll6ASJ.l0 Kat ~IE 'til 9sropia 'tOU k'taAtV yui 'til otatped'll 'trov xro~ prov 1tptV U1tO tOY Asutepo llaYK6crJ.ltO ll6Ae!l0 O'E x&pse; STct~ eS'tt"teSe; Kat crs xropse; !li) S1tt9S'ttKEe; Kat (}"'til ou'1pKet(l 'tol) 1t6ASJ.lOD crtO <pacrtcr'ttKO cr'tpa't6nsoo Kat cr'tO av'tt<pamcr'ttKO o-rpn't6nsoo. 'AK6!la 1tsp1crcr6'tspo, slvat !lla AoytKiluva1t'tus'll ·t't1to 'tic; 9S(()pitc; roue Y1a 'to <haxroptcrJ.lO 'trov ots9v&v nOAl'tlKrov ouvaIlSCOV. BB13uta, UO'tOt nOll KUtl1Yopouv SB<ppsva 'tilv 9sropiu 'twv tPlwV K6crJ.lcoV au'toanoKaAOUVtat crl1!lspa a.K6~1a. «me-rot O'OVsXt(}"'tEe;» 'tf\e; u1t69&cr'llC; tOU ABVtV, ana OJ.lroe; KptVOO!lS svcv uv9pcono U1tO 'to. Myta tOU Kat oxt uno 'ttC; npasStC; tOu;"Av roi»; xptvoous uno 'tic; npaS&tc; roue, OEV slvci <pavspo ott aOtoi elVat 1tOll EXOOV 1tpoorocrst 'to npOAe'taptato cr'til 'tU~tKTt naA11 Kat lixouv Kavst J.lta crocnaAtcr'tlKiI xropa. va SKCPUAtcrtel KU1. va YtVSt ~lta Ku1tt'taAt(}"'ttKiI ·xropa:;

k'tilv tow. til xropa J.lae; unapxouv uv9pconot nou lWta.nOA&J.l0l)v ~lE J.lavia. 'til 6sropia 'to\) llpO&OPOD Mao yta 'toue; 'tpele; K6cr~IOtll;. Al':v stvct UAAOt uno roi»; BavYK XOUVYK - ptv, TcraVYK Tooiiv - rouio, TmaVYK T(rtVYK Kat nao BEV - ytouav, 1) «ouuuopic 'trov 'tecrcrapcov». 'AvsJ.li~ovta.e; Eva unEp ({snavacrtattKo» Au[3apo, dV'tt'tax9'llKaV crtilv unocrtl1ptSll tf\e; Ktvcc 1tpOe; 'tOY Tptro Kocuo, &'v'tt'taxtllKaV crti)v 1tpocrnaeSta 'tf\e; Ktvc; va evcoest J.lE OASe; 'tic; oovaJ.l&te; 1tOU J.l1tOPOUV va Evro90\)v Kat uvtt'tuX91lKUV

36

O"ta X'tu1t11J.1U1:a 1tOU o{vaj.!s crov m.o 6rt'tKivoovo EX9pO. M6:t<tta 1tP0O"1ta9'llO'av va unovoJ.lsucrouv 'tllV oiKOOOllllcrrJ EVOe; naYK6- ouioo Evtaiou 1l&'tronoD lvavna orov 1)YSIlOVtcrIlO Kat va unoowpyavrocrouv tOY aV'ttllys!lOVtcr'ttKo uyrova tfie; Ktvnc, npocospov'ta; ~uu KaA.11 E~tlnllpB'ttml mo LOpt&'ttKO crocrtaAiJ.ln&ptaAtouo. at StotCf1tacr'ttKEe; roo; svepYetec; StXUV cr' evav 6ptcrflevo ~a9flo J.ltU PAot~&P11 Enfopacrll, ojl(()e; 'to K61lfla Kat 1) KUpepvllcrt']e; Ilae; EXODV 1ta.pa~lsivst UKAOVllta cr'tu9&pot cr'tilv Enuvam;a'tlKl1 ypallfli) '¥ul 'tie; E~ro'tSPtKSC; {m;o9scrste; nOll ota'tunro(j& 6 Ilposopoc Mno. 'H «couuopto 'twv t&(jcrapcov» J.lE Kavsva 1:pono DEV Ct.v'tt1tpouro1tSU&t 'Cov KtvSstKO 'ArJ.6. Elvc; npo06t&e; nOll roi»; Exet Ct.nOKTJPUSet 6 KtVS!;;tKOe; I"ao;.

"Oco Kat flv ppi~ouv J.ls Ilicroe; ot kOptS'tlKOt crocrLaAlf!1tSptaAtcr'tZe; Kat 1) «ouuuoptc tWV 1:ecrcrupCOV» 'tll geropia 'trov 1:ptrov xocuoiv, 'Ii asia 'tTle; E1ttPSpatroVS'tUL OAO Kat rcsptorrorspo ano ott npaYf!a'ttKa owtpaivst cr111lspa cr'ri) 01e9vll noA.l'tlKll. '0 &'v'tlX'tunoe; trJ; "(iVStrJ,tE1:crl OAO Kat rreptccotepo Utcr911toC; . k'tllv nOAtnK11 etO"1lYl1O'11 npoe; to 'EVO£Ka'tO 'E9vlKO kDVBOPlO 'tol) Kouuouvurnxof K6j.!Jlf!atoc; 'tfje; Kivoc, 6 Ilposdpoc Xoo« Kobo - CPSVYK A&&t: «'H tkcopiu roo Ilposdpoo Mao yta roi»; 'tpete; xoououc, o[V1:t 1:vrJ, coxrro n:pocraVatOAtcr~tO u'ti} crl1!lep1V1l 8ts9vilnaA11 Kat 81SUKPtV[~&t IlS cracpl1vsw tic; KUpt&<; bwvacrtaKi';e; 8UVUjll:1C;, roi»; KUPtOUC; EX9pOUC; Kat 'tic; Bv8tUflsm:;e; 8UVCl,Jl&te; nov ~l1top6uv va KSP01100UV Kat va evco90uv, 8[vov'tcte; €'tcrt "Cit 8uvu't01:1Fa cr'tO n:aYK6crllto npoI"stapulto v« Evroest ~IE OASe; 'ti; 8uvuf!&t<; nou flrcoPODV va. 8vco80uv yta va. npaYJ.lrJ.ton:otl'jm,t 'Co nACI'Cu't&PO evw.lo fts'rcono croo; "Ca~tKoU; &,ywvse; sva.vna mOlle; KUPtoU; txOpoue; ()1:0V naYKocr~ttO cr'tiPo». 'H crtpa't11ytK1l

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. yta. 'til VlK1l 'tOD crocrtaAlcrJ.l013 Kat 1:0U xoupouviouoo, ea E~t11)VtSt "COue; AClOUe; toU KOcrJlOU cr"Cl)V KOtVl1 rou; npocr1tU9S1a va. &,ymVtcrto\)v yta. )lSYUASC; vtxec, crt11v 1ta.A.11 Evavna crov Ijl1tepluAtcrll<'> Kat 'tOY TjYSJ.l0Vlcr!lO m)~t<p())va ~li'; Ilta, cr'ta8sp11 Kat ~sKa8apl1:

Ka'twGuv'tl1pta ypaJllll1.

37

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dVUl i}1tlO E1tlKivovvll 1tll'YTt fvoC; TIa'YKoO'J110V TIOAEJ10V

'H {;~l(PUVIO"T} 1mv 000 unsp8uvu~lSCOV &LVat Eva; vio cpcttv6- ~lSVO cr11'jV Icroptc 1fj<; &'vumui;T}<; 'tOU l~tn:sPWA.tO"~tou. 'H &.Vt0"6- ~1l::'t'Pl1 cwan1ui;11 10U lll1tepl(lA.tcr~IOU 68T}y&i &.vun6<peux,1u O"f; O"UYKPOUO"W; Kui nOA,£~LOu<;, noo ~lf:: '(11 O"Stpu 't01)<; 6i;iivol)v 'tT]V

I aVvu:OfJ.STpT} aunl &'vun1ui;1l. "Erot £!lcpav{O"'tllKUV ot l!lnSptaAtO"nKi;<; 0n;spouvu~lett; noo O"ij!lSPCt unsp1SpoUV ano 'tis o"I)VlletO"!lSV&<; i~t1t&PlUAlO"'tlKi;<; x,mps<;. '0 Af.vtV SA EYE «'IJ11t&ptUA10"p,o<; O"1}f1aiVEt ltP:OOOWttKa ai);«VOJl&Vt] Ka'ta1ti&O"t] 'tOW tavrov 'to\) KOO"J10l) c'mo 1l11a x.oiiq>'!:a flEyaA&C; t\uVaJ1&l<;, O"l1flaiv&l E1tOX.Ta nOAtflrov dvupl:.O"a 0"' aint<; tic; ()UVap&l<; Yla 'tTaV i:ntXtuO"t] Kai 'tTa O"'t&ptroql1 'tft.:; 'KUtU1tl&0"11<; nov tevrov»28. Au'tT] f) x,oucptU 'tmv l!lnsptaAIO"'tlKq)V OVVU!lECOV SXEt 0"11Jlspa neptoptcrst O"f; 8uo uovov U1CSpOI)~ VCq.HW;, 111 LO~lSltIC11 "Bvoicn Kat 'tis 'Hvousve; TIOA1't&LSS; noo slvut O"f; eSO"T] va &'V1UYCOVIO"'tODV yux 'tllV naYK60"!llCt f)y&jlo':: via, tVO) oAES oi a.A'Ass t!l1CEPWAIO"'rlKi;S OI)V<ijlS1S exovv U1CO~lpac)'"csL mi]v KU1T]yopia 'trov OUVU!lSCOV oeu1EpT]S fJ aK6jlU Kat 'tph'l'lS KCt1T]YOpias. T&. OWKpmKa XapaK1T]PIO"nKa !ltqS unf:pMv()!~ul<; elvct Hi napaKu'tCO : 0 xpnrucoc jlllxaVIO"jl6<; 'tllS f.ASyxe't(lt anD 'to jlOVOnCOAICtKo KEcpuAato O"'tT]V mo O"uyKEV'tponolT]J.1.f.V;1 't01) jlOpcpi] , noo O"'tllPl'Y~LSVO O"'tT]v OtKOVOlltKT] Kat crpcnoi'rlKTJ ouva!lT], noo sivat Ka1u. 1COAO ~lsyaM'tepll a.no atJ'ti]v 'tq)v 6.'A')c(jJv xcopmv, npanlU'tonOlst 'nlv OtKOVO!llKT] tKllS'CUAAWO"ll, 'rT]V1COAt1lKT] Kan:tn:isO"l1 Kat 'to o-rprrnrornco EAS1XO O"i; naYK6- <rgw K/,i!lUKa. K<iee U1tSPOUValll1 ~uSel ytu 0"'t6xo 'Cl1C; 'rT]V ano-

1CAC1cr'tt1CTj nUY1C6crJ.ua f)YCJ.tOvia Kat 1'1' uoro to O"lI:ono !CaVS! S&<PPSVCS npOCWtllacric~ Yla cvav naYK6crJ.tto n6)..81l0.

LtTjV tcrtopia tOU tJ.1ncptaAlcrllou Mv slvut Kun VEO on IlEPt1(6~ IlSYUACS ouvuIlC1S naACUOI.>V yta tTjv naYK6crJ.Ltct f)y&~tOvia, q;UtO'oJlro~ 06V Ilnopsi va cruY1Cpt9ci J.16 tl1 LO~tSttlCTj QEV(j)0"11 Kat tt; 'Hvousve; IloAm:is;0"11J.1spa. 'H otajluXll Y1(1 tll\' f)ysjiovia uvuJ.1ctJa cr' UUtES, slvm to i06jloP<P0 npotoy tfj~ {crWP1Ki'\S E~&A1SllS J.1Sta to Llsutspo IlUYKOcrJ.ltO IloASIlO.

LtTj IlstUnoAslllKTj nspiooo, f) . ouyxevrponol l1crl1 toi} ~lOvonroAluKou Ks<paAuwu trov 'HVroJ.lEVroV IloAm~trov Kat 11 I';11:CX'tacrTJ rou crtO ESrotSptKO mlPs tP0J.lctX'ttK€S otacrtom:l~. "Orccos OS{Xvouv oi tSACUtalS~ crtattcrttK€S, IlccrfJ, cro 1976, 01. o~OSKct. IlsyuAutSpsS~WJ.111xaV1K€S EretXSlpij(j"Sl~ IlE KUKAO EpyaO"trov no.vro U1tO 10 olcrEKatoJ.LJ.1Upta oOAAUpta it KaSs ilia, KUtsiXav Ilast 'r6 27 % 'rOU crUVOAtKOU KS<pUAawu Kat dxay 1t&tUXCt' oro 29 % tOU crUVO)..lKOi) KUKAOU tpY(Jmrov troy 500 lu:yaM': repov E1UtXStpTJcrsrov trov 'HVroJ.1EVroV IlOAt'rStroV. at 13£Ka J.1SYUAUt€PSS EJ.1nOplK€~ 'rpum:1,;f;~ Kun;{xav oro 61 % 'tOU GUVOALKol) Ks<pUAawu Kat troy Kata9scrsrov trov 50 J.LsyaAUtsj)rov SJlnOptKOOv 'tPU1tE1,;OOV tfjS xwpa; 29. 'H EsayroyTj tou Ks<paA«(tOU tOOv HIlA nou dx.s \Vl1ATj cruYKeYtp01tOt1Wll IlEta tOV nOASJ.lO, lixst aUSl1Ssi uAllatWOtKCI, ta 'tzASUtala stKOcrt XpoVta. Of UJlscrss iOtrottK6~ E1tsv06crS1S O"tO ESIDtSptKO reov uvspxovmv crta 11,8 Olcr. OOAAUPW 'to 1950, liql'tacruv crta 137,2 otcr. OOAAUrta to 1976 30. 'H Wl1All Kat yopyTj cruYKsvtponoil1crl1 tou !J.OVOnroAtaKol) KS<pUAIJ,lOU crXlwattsCt tTjv OiKOVOJltKT] paO'l1 tOOv 'HvoJ.1evrov IlOAttStOOV cruv J.tta IJ.L1tsptaAtcrtlKTj 6rc8pouva~ll1. 'EKJ.LCta.AAsu6J.lcVOL T11V olKOVOJ.ttKTj Kat crtpanro'tLK11 tyltSPOX11 '!C0uurc6Xtl1crav crov n6ACJ.lo, Jl6 to JlOVOnWAw nou dXaV0"1a UtOJllKa oreAa Kat tl1V 1tAatSlas KAiJlaKa; tmspcruYXPoVll crpcttro1lKTj E1ttO"tTJJ.ll1 Kat tSXvoA.oyia, JlE tllV tYKa9iopucrl1 tou rta'YK6crllwu vojucuurucon crucrtl1JlatoS 1tOV crtl1pi1,;ovtav crto SOA.AUPW Kat jl6 ta ta otu<popa O"tpcmrottKU J.l1tAOK 1tOU £A.&YXav cr'tllV Bopsin 'AIlSptKT], tTj AatwtK11 'AJ.lcPtK1'l, tTjv Eup6mll, tllV 'Aotn Kat tTjv '!lKsavia, of. tJlrcCpta.Atcrt6; tOOv HIlA lCUtUXtl1crav J.lHl XropiS npol1youJlCVO KupiapX11 9scrl1 O"tOV KUltt-

40

w,A.tcrnKo KOO'J.LO Kat eK<lV<lV onOXSlpta 'tOUS;, 01,(1. ta iJJJ\a. KW1:ttctA.tcr'nKU . J(gu~1].

rta 1COA~~xp6Vt<l ot 'HVIDJ.ltvs; IlOAttC1SS f;vsp,"(oocr(1.V crav 1ta.)'K6crJlto; X.roP0<pUA<lKClS Kat Ot&repa~a.v t3:~l&'tplrra a.tJ.lUt11pa f:YKAT] Jla.'ra BVaVtta c-roix; EnClvq.crtaUKoDs I,a;ou~ (Kul o-rov tOW tOY UJlSpt1CuVtKO Aao) Kat ta. KU'tU1tlSSOJlSVa liBVll rof KOcrJlOU. "Ocro ollroS Kt (iv Ncpyoucr& oncos ftGsAS yta Eva, Otucrtl1J.lU, UlJ10; 6 KOlVO~ &X9po; trov Aarov tOU xoouoo aVaYKucrtllKC va O&Xtcl: ouvrpmrucd xtu1t11JlClta a1to 'tOue; Aaov~ 'til; , Aotce; crou; &1t1- ()SttKOUS; 1t6A&J.10U; nou vOJ.lts:; on ~t1l:0pO\)<1Z va Ksp8tcrst EUKOAU.

'0 f)pro"iKoC; AUOs tils Kopsnc, l)taV 6 1tp&WS 1tOU cruvtptWS

. to J.1u80. tOU UKatav(Kl1TOU trov 'HVro~lCYlOV IToh tStrov. LTCW avncrtacrtaKo 1t6ASJlO roue, EvuVnCt crti]v slcrpoA11 tc!)V HITA Ko,i ytU tl1 cr(J)tl1 pia Til; 1tatpiOClS, ol A.aot tOU Bistvdu, til; Kal·l1t6tscv; Kat 'tou AuoS ~uetcrClV TOV illnEptfLlvtcrj.to 'rOOv HIlA crt crpcrromKC~,1tOAtttKC; Kat OtKOVO~ttKC; Kpim=nc; Kat S1tttUXDVaVtTjv 1ttW<111 roo. LtO JlStUSu, T] AUttKl'l Eup!lmll KUt " 'Ianroviu U1toKatacrn6vrouonv crm9&pa, J.lCyUA(J)V(lV tllV OiKOVO!.ttKij roue ouva~lll xni O"KA11PCVav 'tiS 88.<1st; tau; crov cWTUYCOVtcrJ.tO roue ~tl'; 'CiS 'Hvrousvs; IlOAHClS;. "Erot of t~L1t8ptal\1.O"t6; tiDv HITA &,vaYKuo-npcov va 1tupaOSXtouv 6h OCV unopooouv reta. va Kuvonv on 119sA.av orov xoouo. IlapaJ.llivouv cI)crtOcrO of 'HV(J)l-L~VEC; IIoAt'miss f) reto tcrxuPJl xropu crov Ka1tttaAtcrttKa xoouo Kai xovouv on recpvust U1tO to XCpt TOU'; yta va Otatllpijcrouv tllV lmspoXll roix.

Ka9cOS of 'HvCOllSVS; IIoA.LtsiE; ii:rav ~tTCA.r,y~tCVE'; cr10V 1\:6- ASJ.lO Kat Tj 06VClJ.lT] tOU; apxt1,;svu ~tSlWV&tat, apxLO"s va SC1tpo~UACt 6 LO~tSttKo; cromaAtJ.l1tSpW,AWJ.lO;. 'H a1tQ(:nO,Tpta Kt,tKa Xpoucroroe - M1tptSVLS~O dxs ap1tUsz(TOVS Kap1tOVS tfj; oooraAtO"ttKfj; olK086J.lllO"l1; nOD &txs Ku'Caxtij<1st J.L8.cra m'; nsptctrorspo U1tO rptnvru xpovta 6 Lo~tSnKo; Aua; Kat fiE,thpsW!> f3a- 9J.ltuiu tl1V mo JlEYUA11 crocrw,AtcrnlCTj xwpa m'; jlta. IJ.L1tcptahcrttKll IlsyUA.l1 8Uv(J,JlT1. 'Ano not.u nUt.lu ot tJ.l1tCptat.tcrtSS StXav ovstpcutsi va ooi)v tTj Lof3tS'ttK11 "EVID<1l1 va i;1;r,A.l.m::tat dPl1VtKU. uno to crOcrtaAtcrJl() o-rov KU1tltaAtcrJ.16, aAA.U cruJ.l<proV(L J.lt'; '[0 v6J.l0 ti'\s uVlcr6~mtPTl; UVU1ttU1;11; tOD LJ.i1tCPlctA.tcrj.LOU Kat til~

41

nUl.ltaXI1~ 'YL(~ 1"llV 'lta'YK6(i~Ll,a '~YSf.!Ov[a; ~A8av 7tp6awno f,!i; 1!P6-

{rl'ltU ~tG Ilvtl.v 'tpO~tiZPO Ked 7tSWI .. w:ruP11 aV'CinCtAo. !

"()otttu; . "- ~ ~8POl)~IS, 'f} LO~tSt:ll(11 pSPli:;toYta'ClK11 anoa'Cu'Cpta 1 M (1. UXfll ~.tS1'a/tp{;~II;;t ~nu aUYKsv'CponOl11IlBv11 aE 'l'l1AO (3ae~o

ocno."-t 'H1<:f) ohcovouto 0(; ~l1a KpunKof.!ovom.oAtaKl1 xcmrcJ..L('1't'tl 11 otl<ovo~da, nOD slvci aUYj\:sv'CponotmU';Vll CiE 'CEWlO, ,'laOJ.l.o nou SS7tSPVo..Sl Kat 'Ct<;'HVrof,!EVS<; iloA.t'tslse.;. L'Cl1 , otaplClna 'Cfle;; o€1cus'Ciae.; nOD ol 'Hvouevs; llOAl'tsis<; dxuv IlnAEX,'Cst O''Cooe;; ~7tt0€nKou<; 'tou<;n6)cs~LOI)<;a'C0 Bt€'CVa~l, 'Cijv Kq~t7t6'tsa 1~at 'C6 Auoe.;, fJ LO~lSnKT]"Evrool1 EVlaxUO€ EVSPYllHKa "CT] ouV(lJ.l.il 'tlle.;, ustoxrs 'to xacrJ.la a'tl'IY oixovouncn avan'Cl)~11aVa~LBaa a' al'.lt11v Kui 't1<; 'HVro!lEVSC;; lloAt'tslse.; Kat 81SUpUYE OE "CBpacrno ~a0!l0 'tT] (rrpan(OnK~ 'r1le.; iOXl). ~EXSt qmxast 'rie.;'Hvro~tSVSC;; ilOA-HS1se.; <HOVe.; (hOlllKoiJ<;f;Son/vtCi~LOile.; Kat 'rie.;" £XEt ~"'ltepuaSt croi»; OUfJ~unKOUe.;. KaOro<; ~tsyaAffiYEt fJ mpo:Tl(o"CUCT] Kat OlKOVOltLKl'l 'IOU OUVCqlll, 0 LOPtS'tl1COC; croataAt~LTCSptaAtaJ.loe.; KavE1 OAO Kat nsptccorspo mo 1CCnCt<popce.; r.:pocrmlflstse.; va 8n:eX'ra0d Kat va ot8WOUm;t a' DACe.; 'tiC; ncpwXEC; 'COD K6crp,ou. TIUtSSt nav"COu ~£ya~.o p6;.o ~€ 1:ic; xcpOat8e.;, VaV'ItKEe.; Kat U8pOn:OptKEe.; LOti ouva~Ste.; Kai ~ll'J\,tJ(C'rat J.lS Tic; 'HvCDllBVEC; fIOAt'CctEe;; 0' evav ayplO uyo)va "fta 't11V KUPWPXia aE naYKoa~ta KAiJlaKa Kat areoKa)dJ1'C'Ist Em! 'Cie.; l";;rn9suKsc; roo <ptAoooSiEe.; reoD OEY ~Xouv npollyouJlEVO G't11V naYKooJlla ioroptu.

'0 A{;VIY nsys on oi l~t1tSPtaAt<HEe.; otmpouv '"C()Y K6a!-w «avuAoyu Jtf; 'Co KtcpUl-mO, ciV{iAOYU J!i; 'tllV iO'xu 31». ME 't11V oiKOV01HKT] Kai 0'tpcntCD'rlK1l 'COue.; 00vujlil, reoD OA£<; 01 aA/.sc; XropSC; ~IE K(W{;Yct rpono OSY J,t1tOPOUV vd qmiO"ovy, of (1)0 unsp,OuyaJ,tEte.; ErrtOtO)KOUV 'tTtV naYKOa!lta Ttyqwvia. To 1976 'Co aKaeUpIOJO £OVIKO sicr6oll!-ta 'rrov 'HV(Ogf.VCDY ilOAti8troV Tj'tav 1tuvro ,ana 1.690 ow. oo).J.apta EVro "Cfje.; L0j118UKi'j<; ~Ey(Ool1e.; 'Iimv '930 L1w. AoUapla 32. Ked 'CU ouo !last anoTEAouoav nEpin:ot) 'to 40 % 'tOD naYK6af,UOD uKaOaptcr'rol) WVtKOD daooftJl(uqC;. 'H usia 'Iile.; BlOJ.lllXaVtKfj~ n:apay(Oyfje.; TWV 'H vousvcrv IIOA.l',(SIWY Kat 'tile.; :EoBtCnKfje.; "Ev(OO"l1e.; SE1tCPVUCt 'tTj auvoAuol napaYCDY11 Troy 'tptrov J.lzyaA.u'tsprov Eup(OnalKiQv Kan:na.A.tan, "((rov X(OproY,'tfje; AU'tlKfje; r8PfJavta,e.;, 'Cfj<; raAAlae; Kat 'tile; Bps-

42

"!avia~. L'tl1 mpanro'rlKT] taXU, Ka!ltU aUll 1!-L1t8ptahanKl1 xffipa ozv slvct tall !lE Ka!-tla an:o 'rie.; ouo U1tsp0l)vaJ.tct<;. Kat oi ouo SXovv X1Ata08C; a'tpa'CllYIKa. n:UP11VIKa OnAct, apKC'CEe;; €Ka'Cov'rIl- 8E~ crpcnornxoo; oopucp6pol)C;, J.t8ptK8<; oSK6;8ce.; XtAtU08<; J.la~ X'I1tu:ci ucponAa .. va, apKw~:e.; BKatonuoE<; ano 't(i !-t8yaM'Ccpa vat)Tucri Cl'}CU<pll KO .. 1. 't8paO'Cta an00f.!lam ano m:>.a Ol)~tBanKa on'JvJl.. L'Cie.; (npattro'tlKse.; oan6 .. vsc, 1) LOBtE'rlK11 "Evcxm Kat ol 'Hvm~U!:V8e.; IIOAV'CetS<; !l(1-~i, ssnspvouv KU'Ca noM 'Co ouvoxo ,fit; AunKfj~ EUpcimlle.;, 'Ifje.; 'Ia1t(oviac;; Kai '"COD Kavaofi. 'H 11:0- /v£IUKT] JlllXav11 'rrov ouo U11:EP0l)VUW:cov aE dPllV1K11 nEpiooo 7tCdPVSl €va ~tsY800e.; XropiC;; npOllyou~18vO a'CT]v av8pwntvll Icroptn.

'H LO~tSnKTt PEP1~lOvlonKl) a1WlTtu'tpta. KAlKa ~X8t npocnc!.h'1oln aK)'llPa..· va.. analvAo,yct (J.1!0 'tllV Ka'Illyopia Asyovm<; on 7CUp' 6),0 noil it LO~tSnK1) "E\'(o0"11 sfvct ~na !-tEyuAll ODVV,!ll1, OEV ~IVIiU ~na 1~t1tEpl(J).taTlKl1 uresp06vaJ,t11. Mnopst vi: nap8t lcuvd<; creU ao~apa .. 'rf.'IOta /,,6yw; L1Ev EXEt {;<pap~t6Cl'Gt 11 LO~lcnKl1 "EVffiGY] 'ti]y tow t~L11:EpWAtanK11 01KOVOj .. LtlC11 AEllAada, 'COY rtoIvun;:o 1\:\'eyxo KO,I, '(11 crTpa'Ito)'ItKij l:n:f.X't(W11 01troc; lmi oi 'HVCD;J.1SVfe.; I10f<HElSe.;;

Oi 'Hvcousve; I10Al'"CctSe.; £ql.l'::TO,1vA8UOYtfJ .. t aAA8<; XWPEe.;, K6~ fna ~tcra a .. no Ti]V sSa .. yroyT] Ks<p6).mou ~lE -rij ~top<p1) s1tcv00oE(ov "<J'to£Sron;puco. LU~l(p(Ovu. ~E £n:iallWe.; a'Ca'rWTlKSC; TroV 'HYWJ.lBvow I10)"lTEtrov, 'to 1976 'Ca Ktp8Y] 't'OD~ ano 'tic; agsacc; iOlronKte.; roix; sn:8vOUa8te.; cro {;~CO'tSPIKO, aU~tre8plj,a!l~av6!-lcvrov Kat siaoo1Htu'ICOV ano npov6j.lta, s<pmvav 'rO U\jIoe.; 'trov 22,4 ()w.

" 'f. ~ , j: - '16 01 33

OOA,AapLf.OY, us nocooro xepoou; n:OD -,,8nEpVOl)aC 'to /0.

Avri] EIven fJ t'WAW 0,11:6081S11 yui 'CO m'Dc; ,0 ~OVOn:(OAlUKO KC<pU).aw Tmy Hfl.A'poueuet 'Co al~ta 'Crov Aaroy '"COD xocuoo. Ilup' OAO nOD i! LOBt8TlKl1 "Evcccn uaTcp81 an:o 'rie.; 'Hvrousve; iloAL't81ee.; <:;",0 'l:EAlK:O ncco 'tmv KCPOroy nOD apna .. souv ano anEe.; xrops~, osv elvct Ka86Aou AtyCO'rCpo ayptacrTte.; JlE8o()ce.; ACllAaaia~. Elvm xopi« Fcaa uno TijV «OiKOVO~ltKTt Bo~ecta» Kat 'rT] «crpo'tlQ)'ttKT] B0110SlW> npoc; 'ric; xmps; 'tof) Tplroo Koouou, nOD i] I;ol'hsTlK:ll "Evoxrn ayopa~Et <pt11VU, novAaCt n:avuKptBa Kat ,arrocrrrU8t 'r,8paana KSPOll anlY zopetn. na napa8styJ.lu, fJLOj3U:'HKij "Evocn 1!OUAU81 S~l1topsuJ,ta'ta 0'Cl1V 'Ivdiu Ko..T(o ana 'to

43

~v fAa 'tf\~ «~01,eSta~» ae 'tLIlB~ \jIllAi:;n:Sps~ KUtCt 20 ~ 30 % '1\ aK6~taK.ui 200 % a1tD ttlV ols0v11 ayopli. 'Am) tijv aAA11 1.H:pd.l.t ayopal;eL SIl1t0PCUIlCtta a1tD tit:; 'Iv8[e~ at nll€~ 1tOAA€~ <popte:; Jlt- 1\.p6't8pS~ KU'ta 20 IltXPl 30 % 34~ LUJl<P(()vU Jll; ti~ «LmnGnKI::~ 'to(\ LopumKou 'E~(i)'tSptKOU 'Eurtoptoo», ij 'tLJl11 nOD nl"ilPO)d~ il Lopw'tl1C11 "Bvoxm yta t11V siauy(()yTj <pl)(J'tKOU acpiol) uno, 'Aata'tlK€C; xmps~, fj'tuv 1tcpinou11 !ltCJ1) an' UUt1)v nOD xpi:mdp. "lUX va 'to E~UySt atTjv Liuall. 'H tow TC11Y11 anOKU/Jmn::l on o] n!l€~ tau uv0paKlTll, 'tou XLtOcriOllPOU KCti aAA(()V EjlTrOPWl-t!lL't(()V TWD i';sayst ij Lo~tSnKl1 "EV(()cr11 (),Tjv AlyuntO, 1l,av 80 ~l€ 150 %~ !-LCyUAU,SPS~ uno ,ie; 'tl!-u::e;, nou XPS(()VZ ,11 LiU1:1K11 . rSPIlUvi'1.. "Ita nap6llotse; i';sCty(()yb; 35. LillJlOGlSU,11KS oro 001:t KO "b1((,~t on ()tl) OtUPKSW. ,au 'Apa0oi:crpa,11AtvOU nOASJlOl) TOV 'OX,6Jl!3p11 w\) 1973, «'H P(O()cria OXt uovo unai1:11crs 'l)V nA11P(()I·111 crt Ils- 'Pll,a ,mv OnA(()V nOD nouAl1crs, ana Cd}S11crs 'ti~ nJlt~ 1COU~ orcv 6 n6ASJlOe; Bpioxorcv o-ro un6Y816 TOU» 3G. 'Aq)Qu oi KUP1(b~ ,cpZC; ns,pzA,awcsaY(()YlKZe; 'Apa~lKEe; xcT)pc~ nl,i1P(()crav at),,!:o ,0 noco aE oo;Uapta ,mv HITA, 11 Lo131snKTj "Evoxm ,0 XPll]GLuonotrjos "Ita va owcrct sva ou.VCLO ()€ SUP(()OOAAUPW ~lt T6KO

. ,. 10 0/ 37

na.V(() a.no . /0 .

Of 'HVCD!-lSVSe; ITo/cHslse; EsaaKouv rov ~A,syxo nuv(O en1W oixovoutc Kat Tl)V 1tOAtnK1) S(()11 nOAAmv xcopmv !-ls()a an,a 'fit; nOAuc0vtKS~ WU~ £-ratpstc~ KUt ano aUa Ent8.snKa opyava. 'f{ LoPtc,jx11 "EVCDO"I1 CJ11Ilspa, rcpoco0st ,STOtS~ opaO"'fllpt6'lli£<; lKV~ pta, Ilscra 0",11V «crOO"WAtO"TtKYJ KOtV611lW». LTO OVO~ta wu «01- eElvoue; K(J,'fa!-lcplcrJlOU spy(wla~», 10U «O"XSOWo"~LtvoU oovrovrO"!-lou», 'fi'\e; «noAWLSpOUe; EV()(()!-lU'f(J)011e;», rile; «owp0pconKfj~ i';vcrCOJlU'f(()crll~» KA1t., EMYXSt TO. OiKOVO~LtKa VEupa crt TI:OJ.l\gc; x&pse; xni u()xoAchm nupcWbOtKa JlZ 1:11 ACllActO"la KG,i. T6v £A.sYXo nuv(J) cr' aU'fa o ' on acpopCi. 1i.e; npwn;~ i'SAc~, 'fis "tJlte; 'filS ayo-

pae; (),6 OtsElV€e; s~Ln6ptO, 'fa nAUVCI. napay(()yf\e;, 'fa t)1tOXPEmnKa oavsw Kat Q.K6!-la Kai 111V 'iow. 'tijv spya1:UcYJ 8Uva~Ll1 '{tIlL TTl ollJlLOupyia Enc\:00crs(()v Kai npocn'W,8ci JlE ~luv{a va 13UAE1L 'tie;: oixovoutsc Kat ,11V «nsptoptousvrp KUPWPXt(J, LOUe;, o/.old'cllPO)'ttKa 0"11) LO~tC'tLKYJ cr<paipa sntppof\s, Yla va i';YKuOtOPUO"s:t Til"

44

4'!tOKCI.AOUI-lEvrf «81E8v11 crocrWAtGTlKYJ iOLOX'llcriCl.» 1f\e; «xowof Il'ttl,~38» .

Of 'Hvrousve; IlOA1TslEe; eXol)V i';1tloo0et aT11V 1tcDAllall onA,O)v

I': 7to.)'K6cr!-lW KAi~ta.Ka, ),1&. va unocrnuO"otJv 'tspuaTla KSPOll uno 11",?v1le; xmpce; Kat va KuplapXTtaOuv a' UtJTt~. 'Avu!-lwa o'ro 1966

'I~i TO 1976 eKavav ssa.y(()yze; onlc(()v u~ia,c; 34,9 816'. OOA)"UPl())V. l:'tl1V {8w m:piooo j(Cd. "Ita TOV '(010 oxoxo, ij LO~tCnKYJ "EvOlaTj ItOQA.llcrE anAa nou e<pTUVaV 'fYJv (i~ia 20,2 ota. oOAAapi(Ov 39. l:O)Hp(()Va I-lE cr'totXEia noD sK86011Kav a1tO TTjV 'Y 1tllPwiu 'EASY'X,()\) ,6>v "OnA(()V Kat TOU e A<p01tAlO"Il0\) 'tmv 'R vrousvrov IIoAltctmv, 1\611 'to 1974 ol n(()ATtacle; onAcov ano TTtV Lo~tSnKij' "Evoicn l\(p't'avo.v 'to. 5,5 ola. oOAMpta, noco nOD llTCl.V TO 37,5 % 'tfjt:; lltl,,(K6cr!-LtO,<; i';~ay(()yfjt:; onAOlV UUTO 10 XP6vo KCl.i rtou ~Kavc 1'11 _O~tenK1) "Evocn 'to 8c(mpo !-lEyaAUTcpo ~I-lnopo anACOV Jlc'ta t L; 'H vOll-ltvst:; ITo/lonciEt:;. Kat aK6JlCl. nCl.panepa, ij Lo~tCnKij -Hv(X)O'T) nacrxiSEl va SAenCt roi»; ncM.TEe; 11le; I-lt lJi;aa, oncoe;

, (1-ruWhllI-lO. 'tfje; npO~tTteElCte; Tmv anapCl.i't1l1(()v i';~ap'tTjllu't(()V 'I~t toO ssonAla~to\) KCl.i ij nicaTj nuv(() cr' au'toue; "Ita vi: nATj-

Ilbo:ouv.

rt& va SCKa0C1.picrouv TO op6!-lO "Ita 'fllV llYc!loviu, o{'Hv(o~Le-

VI.~ l1o,,",t'tetEc; exouv &.va'tpbvct evav ap18!-l0 uno V6Ilt!-lce; Kul3spV~l'TIH~ cr'tTj AanvlKll 'A!-lCP1K11, TTjV 'Aotc KCl.i TTjV 'A<PP1Kij. 'II 'o~Le'tlKTj "Evecn eXSl KUVCl Kat crUVEXtSCt va KUVCt 'to'(01O

• ~va.v apt0!i0 x(()pmv Tfj~ 'A<PP1Kfjc; Kat 'tf\~ 'AVCI.'tOA.tKfje; Eu ..

t ,t,7t:l1C;·

ot • rV(J)l-leVE~ IIoAnElE~ ~xouv ncpinou 400.000 uno 'fi~ ~VC ..

~1'1f SUVUl-lett:; roue cr'tu8I-lCtJI-l£VEC; crt s,eva i':oaCPll· 'H LO~lSI II; 11 ~ Ev(()cr'l eXSt nEpinou 700.000 crTpaTCu!-lCl.Ta cre aAAS~ xmpEC; ul HXIH 't1lV TcrcxocrAo~UKiu, nOD dvCtl eva KupiCl.PXo KpUTOe;, (, (I) lt1CO napa,clv6!-lsvTj (a'tTjv 1tpaY!-lCl.1tK6Tll'tCl. "Ita a6pw'fo I ()Vtl) a'UpcmC01tKll Ka'fOxij·

ot 'IfvQ)~Leve~ llOAtTCtCe; ex,ol)v !-LS'fa-rpe'l'ct 'to, i':8<i<P1l nOAAmv (1)l'lI'Iv (TU O''tpan(()TtK€e; l36.crEl~ 'tmv RITA Ilscra uno o-rputuc\IILCProVa.. 'R Lol3tCnKTj "Evoxrn eXSL a'tpUTt(()nKee; ~ucrCtt:; 11 " tI.<1 <latHS cr,1)v ' AVU1:OAlKYJ Eup~nTj, 'tTj Au'iKTj Lillll0Kpu'tia Y'Y0M(t~, '(1)v KO\)~a Kat ,TtV ·A<pptKT), ,Tjv Mscoveto Kat

45

TOV 'IV01KO 'QKGCI.VO. YExct i':nicrl1t; npocrna01']m:tll€ Opacro.:; viL OHllO)vicrCt T1lv KaToX1'] &no T1'] IlCptU T11<; Tmv p6 PCtO)V i';ou(pil'JV' Kat Tmv xO)plKmv MUTON Tfjr, 'Iancovlw;;. vEXEt &KOIlCl npocxu- 01']cr<'1 va upnu~EL Ta v1lcrta 2:nl'Ccr~t1t8pYKEV a.noT1'] NopBilyia. «<On Eivcn ou;;:o ~LOU ~WD &.VYj1(Et Ku.i on slvm. otK6 coo Elv([;, otanpaYJ.HH£ucrtIlO». Aim) slvci 111<1 Eipo)VtK11 napcn11P110"11 no.& ~UKAO::POPct 11:/,,([TS1a moot; Ot1TA.O)WHlKOOt; KUKAODt; Tfj.:; Aucr'1C;,

.1'] 2:0ptSTLK1'] "Evoxrn OIlO)C; clvci rfjc; yvwll11C; on O€V XpwI~ovTCH nuv1"O, i':voXA11nKEr, owrepaYllaTcucrCt<; yta va ureocpacricrouv «dv TO otKO 0-01), 1l0D avijKCt».

Ol 'HvCOIl{;VEC; IIoAtTEt(;C; GcrTE1AaV 1l1creo<p6pouc; va dGpaAOUV crT1']V KouBa Kat ureOXTIwav lhcn SVU reOAt> Ka1(O OVO~!(l. M€ TOV 'L8w rpono, 1'] 2:o~tEnKi] "Evoxrn 8crTC1AC ~Llcreo(p6pouC; yta va repaYilaWreotl1crouv EvonA11 i';re{;j.tpctG11 crn)v 'AY1C6Au KaL va. da~UAouv cr'to Zaip, Kat cruvExi~El va EreEXTsi VEt TOV £mOcTtK6 T11C; Ktm:Ao,

ME Aiya A.OYta, Kat ft 2:0PlEnK11 "Evocn Kat of 'HVCO~itVEC; fIoA.tTctcC; slvnt 'ill1tCptaA.tcrnKi:t; . ureEpouvUIlEtC;, of .. W:YC1,AUtEPOt otEOvdC; i':KIlE'taAAWtEC; Kat KO:taretEcrttc;, ol IlEyaAtltspt;C; 8UVUIlEtt; 'tOD reOAtIlOl) Kat ti)t; bti8w11e; Kat of xotvoi EX9poi OAO)V 'tmv Aamv 'toD K6crIlOU. '0 Asvrv ElvEYS : «uEvm<; rcpoASta,)to<; nov avtxs'tUl 'tov napallHcpO KU'tfLVfJt"{KfLIJIlO aA,I"mV t9vffiv arco 'to 01KO rou i:9vo<; ~EV J1nOpEl va dvm, IJOO'WJ"lO''ti1C; 1tj}OA.I:-

'" 'taplO~» 40. 'H cuunspupopd 'tilc; LoPtE1:ud'jC; ~EvO)()11C; m:ic; oiE9w:ic;uno9scrcte; elver ft reElln'toucria 'tOD ijlncptaAtcrllOU Kat 1:00 ""lYcIlOVtcrllou; XWptC; obrs eva '(XVOC; crocrwJ,.tcrnKol) npoAc'Cu-

,PWKOU nvcullawc;. Kci OXt uovov a~t6. 'Ano th; 800 iunsptuAtcr'CtKtC; um;pouVUIlEte;, ft 2:0PU:ttK1'] "Bvoxrn slvut ft nto 811Ptro- 811C;, ft mo pnjloldvoUVll, Tj mo i5nouA11 Kat ft mo £nudvouvl1 nmT] tvoe; naYK6criltOU n6AEllou.

Turri to AtllE aU1:o; To AtllE ~Tjrecoc; ytati fl LOPlctlKT] "Evoicn KatSXct Ktvt~tKa touCPll Ka1:U Ili'jKOC; tmv !3opctoaVa1:0AUCmV Kat f3opctoOU'CtKCUV ouvoprov Tfic; Ktvcc Kata 1!a,paf3acr11 trov oPO)v 'Ci)c; cru!l<pwvfac; Kat ytml UnclJ:Bl 't1']v um:pUAStU 1:11C;; "OXt. Kat of 'Hvousve; ilOAltetEC; i'micrYJS hODv !:tcrpa).c! Kat Kat{:'XOUV ti]v Tatf3uv Ilac;, Kat elvci nap61low IHU anctAiJ rta tllV

46

ucr~aActU ~w'C;. XOJpic;a.Jl(ptBoAia, 6 ACtOS Ku9s ciouci)c; resptoxi)c; jiftOPEt vaa.reoq>acrim;t reota u1tsp06vctJ.!11 l1notu tlln8ptaAtcrtt101 'xwpa anOtEAd 'tT)V 1tt0 UJ.lEcrT} &nE1/_1'] cru~q>wva il~ 'Cie; 8m~c; '"COD EiurKEe; cruvOflKEe;. 'Eom OW))C; npOKEt"Wl yta eva '1EVtKO ~1']1:T}!la nOD u::popu t1'] otE9v1'] Kanlcr'Cacr11 cra.v cr6voAo Kal OX1 GaV eva dOtKo SlF1111n nOD u(popfi Illa d8tK1'] ncptOxTj. A.EV ocpd)"Stal crt ibtota crUl1-n1:ffi~IU1:tJ!.:SC;, npoaKatp:::c; 11 sntllSpOUe; ai'dEC; "Co on 11 Lo~umK1'] "Evocn EX:::t yiVEt 11 mo i':rnKivouvT} uno 'tie; (1)0 \)1tSP0t)VC\jlstC; crs naYK6(JIHa KAlf![I,Ka'. AU1:o Ka80pt~E1:a.t cmo eva crUVOAO icrwP1KOOV cruv911Kmv KU1:W ario dC; anoIce; ft2:optEttKTl "Evoxrn EXSt uva.TC"CDxOct KO.1 ~XEt yiv:::t ~Ita illncpw)"WttKij untp86vall11·

npGlw, a 2:opwnKoc; cromaAt~tnEPtaA.tcr~LO<;; dvalc IltU ij.trc<::-

ptaAtcrnKl1 j.tEyUA11 8DVa~t11 nOD avo.m6x011Ke apyotcpa areo 'ti<; <HVO)IlBVEC; IloAnetee; Kat ytaUto slvct nio i':ri:t8sttKOC; Kat pnpoldvouvoe;. '0 Asvtv, repiv ano reoAD KatpO !:AcYE on of veoespue-

. VE~ lJ.lnEptuAtcrnKEe; xmpec; reuvta i19sAav va uotpccouv '"(()V KOaJ,.lO ~avu Kat on l;<p6crov «11",OaV G"tO tpanZ~t "tOlV K&q>aA.RP.oKpanKIDV (f)U,,{'I1"tIDV o'tav OAe~ oi OZO'SlC; l1'tav lttuO'pSV&<;», «dvm,

. UKOj.Ul 1tSpt(J'Go-rspo apnOi't'lKSC;, aKoJ!u n&pu)"(Jo't&PO AT'llJtPlKt~» 41, «XwpiC; iitU jiia\l1 avu()tavojllt 'trov anollnrov, OlvtSC; iJ1n&j:nahO'ttKZt; xrope~ Of v Jl1tOPOUV va anoX'tT!IJol>V 'to. npovofltu no\) «nol,fLJl~aVOllV ot TClO n!1Ati:t; (Kat At"{rotEpO. iO'J(u(l&C;) iJl1t&pta!.tO''T!l~i:C; L\uvt'iflS1t;» 42. no. va m;t\'>xet t1']v nO·YK6qlt::t KUptaPXia, Q~Opte1:tKOC; crOcrtaAlll1tEptctAtcrj.LOC; npbwt va npooncGi]O"ct va upmlsct tiC; rcept6XE<; noo elvut KUtW ano tOV EASYXO tOOv HilA, al(jnPm<; orewc; 11 Fspuovtc 1(6,tW &no rov Kal~ep rOUAttA.j.tO II Kat tOV XitAcp KO.t of J.1S~a1CoASJ.nKf;e; 'Hvwi!{;vee; IIoAHetse; E1tpSreE va npocrrcaOTjcrouvva apnu~ol)v tiC; n8pw!~s; nOD Yjtav Kcm.o ano rov EAEYXO 'ti)e; Bpsruvtc; Kat a"-AffiV nUAtfic; crstpuc; tllrecpwAlcrtmv. Autoe; sIva! svac; Icropuco; vouoc ave~ap't11tOC; ano 'tilv eSA11(J11 'tOD &'vOpwnot). nuUtO a ITpoc8poc; Mao rovios as evav Myo 'tOY llJ),spuPTJ 'to~ 1976 : «Ot 'HvceI1tVSt; lloff..m:izt; Gi:lol>V va rcpoO'tUt1:'I'(1)V 'til O"l>Jlq>ipov'tt'i 'tou.; 0'1:0'1.1 KOO'I%O Kitd 11 i:o'u:tu>:i) uEvrocr'l1 etAsa V0! i:m:x'ta{h:!:. AID'to p,i; KGVZVa TPOrcO S>i;v JJUwpsi va ltA/.6L1;~m).

47

'AvU~L<pipoA.a 0 i~msPtaA.tO'J.l.Os 'trov HIlA O'uvsxit,;m va sTetbtOOKSt 'tl)v nUYK6O'J.l.tu KUptapxia, aUa EXSt npoXffipijO'St rooo 'noM nOD 1tpbtst 'toopu va 1tUA.E'I'St Yla va np0O''tun:uO'st 'to. xcroXT11J.l.EVU 'rOD O'UlJ.<pSp0V1:U 1m! ytatno 1tptnSt va 1tSPUO'St cr:tllV <liJ.l.llVU O't11 O'uVOA.tK11 roo O''tPUtT]Y1Kij. 'Ano t1)v UA.A.T] !leptu, ,,6.'tffi uno 'tT]V lmKhu 'tils «sipnvrp;», 6 Mnptt,;vts<p EXSt 011A.w()"St '~SoHJ.V1:pOnU on «~li: 'to OUVU~lffiJ.l.a 'Wi) OtKOVOJ.l.tKOD KUt UJ.l.uV"ttKOD OI)Va~L1Koi) 'r11C;, fJ :EOPlStlKT) "Evoxm KUTU<pSPS va KU'tUXTiJ'(JSt ~Lla i:vspYS'tlKil Kat 67tl'[I)XT] &1nge'ttKT] nOhnKT) O''to olsSv11 m:ipo» 43 xui on «O'T". 01UIl6pq:ffiO'T] 'LilC; i:Sffi'tSptKilc; Jlac; no At-

''tlKfjC; npe1tst va (l1rOA.oyf.t,;OI)~le JlE 'tOY Eva 11 TOY aA.A.O rpono 'tT]V KU'tUO'taO'T] npUYJ.lU'tffiV O'XSOOV O'E KUeS O'l1!1etO tOD nA.UV11-

. ''tT]» 44. Atl1:o O'T]~Laivst (J'tT]V npuYlluuK01:11'tU, on fJ :EoptSUKTJ "Evoxm hSt uno<paO'iO'st va. UKOA.Ol)eT]O'St ilia. snt9S'tlKil crpurnI'IKT] Y1a va KU'tuna't~O'st 'tTJV aKspm6'tT]'ta UnffiV XffiProV, va. 'UOI)VU'tlO'St KUt va. nupaYKffiVlO'el 'tilv l:mppoil 'troy RITA O'E OA.U 'Ta. O'T]lleiu 'tot) K6O'1l01), O''tT)V npoO'nu9wi 't11~ va. l:YKu910PUO'St 'tT) OlKij 't1le; naYK6(J~na fJysllovia.

Ll~u'tspo" . l:mnoTJo :EoPWTtKOe; crocrtUA.l!l1tSptaA.1O'Il0r; ex~t

~;'.

,uK6lJ.a O'XSTtKa. XUIlTJAonspo OtKOVO!1IKO Ol)vu~ttK6,npe1tst va

,cr'tl1Pit,;S't:(lt KUPIU O''tTJ O''tpaUffiTtKij 'tOUtcrXD Kai O'E<nOA.SIl~KEe; ,a1tStA.Se; Yia va i:~sX'taes'L ~ Av Kat O's OiKOVOlllKO sninsoo, '11 1:optSnK11 "Bvoxrn EXel ~S1tSpUO'Sl nOA.D 'tie; lllnsptaA1O'TtKEs 'xmpss OSU'tePlle; Ku'tT]'Yopiae;, PpicrKS'tU,t crs otlO'w:vil 9sO'nfw,svovn orov to'XI)PO aV'tUYffiVlcrr~ 'tlls Kat 11 OtKOVOlltKT] 'tlls ouvUllll OSV <p'tUVSt va KUA.6'1'St 'tis UVUYKSe; HIe; yta 'tilv naYK6O'IlUl 11ye~tOViu. rtamo Ku'tuyivs'tat ntlps'tCDOtKU IlE 'tTJV uilSllcrTJ 'trov ESOnA.IO'J,lrov Kui 'tis nOA.SJ,ltKEe; zrpoerotucotsc, crE J,lta. npoO'1tu€hnu va unoX'tijO'st 'til mpU'tlffi'ttKT] ()nsPOXTJ 'flO. va unopscet va. ,apnusst 'tie; nA.ol)WnapaYffiytKEe; 1tllytc;, rov 1tA.oi)'to· KUt 'tilv i:pyU'tlKTJ MVUllll UA.A.ffiV Xffip<DV, 'Yta vauv'ttO''tU8J,licrst 'tijv oiKovO~UKit 'tTJe; xcrorrspornru. AD'toe; slvm 0 YVffiO''t0S op61l0s :1tOD I3UOtcruv 11 Toupucn Poxrcln Kut it <pumG'tlKTJ Tepucvtc, 1) 'haA.ia KUt fJ 'Icnrovin oro 1tape).,96v. LijllSpu, it LOPtS'ttKij "Evoxm EXel Ot1tA.aO'tSe; EV01tAes OUVUJlS1e; a1tO UD'tEr; 'trov 'Hvoi-

IltVffiv IloA.ttstrov Kat 01UEl{;'tSt 1tUVffi a1tO, 400 Ils'ta<popEis crrpu-

'nntKrov 1tUPllVtKWV 01tAffiV nsptorrorspoo; a1tO 'tt~ 'Hvousve; nOJ~t'tsise; 45. YEXSt 1tOAA.U 1tspIQ'cr6'tspu apJlu'tu ~aXTJ~, 'tEeffiP~KtO'J.I{;VU, SAO.(Ppa 01tA.a Kat UAAa elOll O'I)JlpattKOu 01tAlO'~OU. I(attXet 'toopa gva «i:1tl9s'ttKO VUI)'ttKO» KUt 11 crUVOA.IKij XffipmK6't1l'tu trov 1tOA.S~tKrov 'tllr; 1tA.OLffiV elvci (JXsoov rcr~ .Jli; atrnlv 'trov HIlA. LUJl<pffiVa. J.I€ OU'ttKES l:X'tlllijO'Ste;; ol :tO~lSuKi:e; cr'tpU'tlffi'ttKES oa.1tuver; €xOI)V uN;lleer 'ta. 'tsA.sll'taia Xp6- vm ~E gVUV KU'tU npocr{;'Y'YtO'TJ l:'tijGtQ pu9Jlo 4 ~E 5 % Kat anoppo<po\)v 1t£pi1tou 'to 12 JlE 15 % 'tOU UKUea.ptmOD seVtKoi) 't1le; dGooij!1uWs (ot cr'tpunffi'ttKEe; ourcuvse; 'trov 'Hve» ~ttV{))V IlOAl'tStroV <p'tUVOI)V 'to 6 % 'tOi) aKu9uPlO''tOtl s9vtKOU roue dGooi]J.lu'tO~). Oi LOl3tSttKEs O''tpattffi'ttKEC; OU1tUVSs 'YMl to oixovoutxo EWe; 1976 EXOUV unoAoytGtsi O''ta 127 OtO'. 001..AUpW.1tOU elvor 1t£Pl1tOI) 24 % IlsyuA.61spse; a1tO 'tts npoypaJl~a't~<OilltvsC; oa.rcuvse; trov 102,7 DtG. OOnUplffiV 'trov 'Hvoiuevov IloAHSt&V 46. aOl,a aD'ta. odxvouv Ott fJ LOptSTtKTJ "Evoicn uva1to<ptUXta 90. uto8£tijO'st I!ta S1tt8£'tlKij O''tpa'tTJY1KTJ Kui €lu K<l'tu<pu- 1st KUpta cr'tij ~iu KUt 'tts OUVUlltKEe; a1tSlA.{;e;, O''tOV uv'taYffivlcrJlO 't11s IlE 'tiC; 'HVffiJl{;VSS IlOAt'tsisC; yu'1. 'tijv 1taYK6O'l!ta it'YsJloviu.

Tpiro, 11 LOptSttKij ypa<p£lOKpa'tt.Kij 1!0V01tffiA.taKTJ KU1tt'tUAtonKyt KAlKa. EXSt IlS'tU'tpt'l'St Ilta 'l'1lA.a O'I)YKSV1:pOnOtllJl{;Vll KpanKTJ cromaA.tO''ttKTJ oixovout« O'E I!lU KpanKQJlOvorcffiAtaKij KUnl1:aA.IG'ttKij oixovoutu nOD 0IlOlU 'tlle; bEV U1tUPXSt U€ lca~ta.

. UA.All IJl1tSptuA.tO''ttKil Xffipu, KUt EXS! ~s'tU'tpt'l'Sl gVU KPUWC; KU'tffi U1tO 'tijv Dtx'tawpia WD npoA£'taplu'tou O'E EVU Kpa:~Oe; 1(0(1;(0 uno <pa.Gw'ttKTJ otX'tawplu. Ttnoro slvrn SDKOA.6'tspo yta. 'tov LO~lS'tlKO O'omUA.tllnEptaAtO'llo va. j3UA.St OA.6KAllPll 'tijv oixovoutu crE Ilta G'tpanffi'ttKij j3UGll xui va o-rpuruotuconoupret 6AOKA.llPO 'tOV Kpa'ttKO IlllxavtGl!6. 'H KAlKa 'toD M1tptt,;vts<p EXet 01u8{;O'Sl 'to 20 % WU ~ElVt1(Ou stGooijl!a'toe; yta o-cpuriomKE~ OU1tUVSe; Kat 0llAOOVSt aVOIX'ta on slvct «E'tOt!1ll crf: Kci8s ()"ttYI!TJ va JlS'tUtpt'l'St 'tilv OtKOVOI,!la 0" Eva O''tpanffi'ttKo np6- I'pCtlWU» 47. 'R KAiKa GUVEXit,;St va. i:vwXUSt to xpuruco JlllxaVt(JJlO KUt 1taGxit,;st va 1tPOGO{;GEl 'to :Eo13tSnKO A.UO O''tonO/''SIl,tKO 't1le; aPl!a. 'H Kd rKE Mns, fJ 0PYUVffiO'll troy LOPLS'ttKroV ~I)G'ttKrov VnllPScrtWV, EX£L rivst Eva G1tu0! nOD Kp{;W;tat 1tuvcoa1to ~u KS-

49'

<pUI.W 'to\) I.UO\) 'tfj~ ~of3te'ttK'fj~ "EvO)O'l1~ Kat nOAI.01V {i}.A.mv i9lProv. Oi ~Of3te'ttKe~ upx,e~ Ka'tuf3Ul.oOV Ku8e npoO'nu8w/ va

, Ol)A~tllPtuO'ouv 'to ).LouM 'to\) A.aOU ).Le 'to ).LtA.t't!lP10').LO !CaLVa O:nA.roO'ouv 'tOY ).LeyUA.OpOOO'O'tKO O'm{3WtO'llo IlsO'a uno 'tu J.l,sO"a' tV~).LepO)O"l1~. 'tT) A.OyO'tex,via Kat 'tT)V 'tex,v1l. "Cl1V tKnaioeDO"l1 Kat uA.A.a KaVUl.la. 'E~OIlVO\)V O'uO''tl']).La'ttKu 'tou~ o-rprrnorrucoi»; Kat nOA-tnKOD~ apXllyoD~ Kat 'tOD~ 'tt)XOOtroK'te~ 'tfje; TO'apiKfje; PO)O'O"iae; nOD EocoO"av «a~toA.oye~ unllpecriee;» npoco9ooV'tw; bnOpO).Lf:e; O''to t~O)'tePtKO Kat UVOtX'ta Kal.OUV yta 'tT)V O"uveXtO"ll 1:fj~ (mL8e'ttKfje; napuoOO'l1~ 'troY naA.trov Touprov, E'tO't nOD (If: l.I.la anYlltaia eioonoillall va KUVOOV sKa't0llUpw l.uou{3opu a'ta KaVOVta, yta 'tOD~ KutvOUpYLOUe; 61tt8e'ttKOUe; rou; nOA.sl:t0ue;. '"

Tsrcpro, 6 1:of3tenKoe; aoO'taA.LllnepWA-lallOe; EXet 6).Lq>UVt-

'a'tei onv uno'tSI.Ea).LU 'tou tKq>UI.10'f,!OU 'tfj~ npro'tllC; aoO'taA.ta'ttKfje; X(OpUe; O''tOV KOO'f,!O. rtUO'to ).LnopEi va 6Kf,!E'taA.A.eUE'tUt 'to KOpOC; 'to\) Aevrv Kat va avsf,!H;;st 'to M{3apo 'tots «cootcxtouoo» itel va t~ana'ta Kat va ~eysM "COD~ I.aou~ naV'tots. '0 i).LnspWl.tO'IlO~;'trov HIlA uno nol.u KUlPO UKol.ou8si nOA-t'ttKT) 6nt8snaf,!ots Kat llY8- ).LOVtaf,!olJ Kat nuV'ta EXSt covcvrncst 'tTIV uV'tia'tUO'l1 KatEx,8t Onoa'tsi 'tTIv' €tnOKUI.O\jfll Kat 'tTIV Ka'tUyysUa uno 'tTI ).LSpta 'troY Ku'tamssOllsVO)V I.arov Kat t8vrov a' 6I.6KA-llPO 'tOY KOO'f,!O Kat ($1.0U~ 'tou~ 1.0ytKOUe; uv8pronoue; aUIl1t!;ptA.a).L{3avof,!svcoV Ka t (lacov slvut a'tte; 'Hvco).Levse; I10A.t'tf:iEe;. 'R npooow'ttKT) naYKocrlltU KmVTI yvrof,!l1 YVCOpU;;Sl 1tta 'tTIV ul.118tvij roo q>UO'll Kat Sa aUVEXtest va f,!UXe'tUl 6VUV'ttU .OU. '0 1:0f3tE'ttKOe; aOGlaA.tllnePtahO'~oc; dVUl ).Lta 86VUJlll nou 6Jlq>aviO''tllKE 'tEA-w'taia Kat q>OpU8t 'tTI f,!UO'Ka 'tou «aoO'tal.1:O'Jlots». 'H nUA.ll yta .itv cmOKpOUO"l1, unoKUA-U'Jfll Kat ''tTIV Ku'taYYEi.iu ~ou dvai Ka'ta auvem;ta noM mo 86O'KOA.11 1:m08Wll. XPStus0V'tUt aKA,rlPf:e; npoanu9stse; yta v« ~0118ilO'ooJls 'tOUe;A-aOUe; 'tou KOO'IlOU va uvuyvropiaouv 't11V npuYlla'ttKij rou q>uall. nap' 01.0 nou OA.O Kai n8ptO'O'o'tEpm UVOPCOTCOL EXOOV Ka'ta<pepst va OOUV 'tT)v 6retOE'ttKTI Kat llys~LOVta'ttKit reoA.t'ttKTI 'tfje; 1:0{3t8'ttKfje; uEvCOO'l1e; f,!f: 'ta npaYll(J.'ttK<l 'tile; xpffilla'ta Kat 11ll7coyta a'tTIv 'tullreeA.a 'tOD «aoO'taA.tO'llots» 'tile; ~sq>A.oooii;;St ,.tepa Jlf: 'tTI f,!epa, oev npensl va TCtO"'t8UOUf.U; on II 1:0{3tE'ttKTI "Evcxrn '£XSt xuast 6V'tSA.roe; 'titv IKavo'tT]'tu 'tT]e; va t~areu.a. npQ(J)8ffivta~

"50

'tt)V lmtOntKo'tll'ta, 'tTIV avallSt~l1, 'tT)v l>1l:o).LOVSDall K(lt 1'ijv imex'taO'1l <PapaE! reav1'a.6v ).Lav86a 'tfje; «6K1tI.T]pO)O'lle; 'troY otl':OytcrnKrov onoxpsrom;cov», (<t'fje; ureoO"tijpt~lle; 'tIDV 68vrKoans/c!':U-

. G?PCO'ttlCroV KtvllWITcov», ({tfje; reuA.11e; Evavna rrrov 1taA.tO Kat VSO

If,!1tcptaAtcrjlO », «'tfje; OtampUA-tcrlle; .rov aUjl<j>spov1'o)V 'tfje; dyi]V11e; 1«1t tfje; oT]~oKpa'tiae;» Kat 't"{1. 0llota. Xpcuit;;s'tat UpKS'tOe; KatpOe; yta va avayvCDptcrl>t KaVcte; 1'TIV oucria '1l~ Kat" Kiva £Xet 't1'] 01K11 't11e; Ef.L1tstpfa a' on a<popu auto. IIpsrest va nupubEX'tOU).LZ on au!it 11 ureOKpta[a, xapaX1'llPtanKT) 'tfjs; LO~LS'ttKfje; "EVCDO'll~ ).LEyalocOVzt 'tOY i8tui'tspo xtvdovo 1tOU ureo'tEI.SL aiml onv ~!ta l.jlTCSpW)"tO'tlKJ) urespOUVUlll1-

Auta 'ta UVtlKcLllSVLKCt icrrOptKa XapUKnlPtanKa 'tfie; LO{3Lf.'tlKfje; "Evocnc, 1TIV KO:VOUV xO)pte; Ujl<pl13oA.iu' nLo bttK1VOl)Vll U1tO 'tie; 'HvCOllSVSe; nol.t'td!:~ onv llta 1t'l1YT) 'tots naYKOa).LLOU nOA-Sllou.

'0 l.llreEptaA.ta).Loe; 'troY HITA oev ~XEt ul.M~et 0" on u<popu 'titv ETCt8EnKTI Kat llYE~toVtcr'ttKl1 'too nOAt'ttKij, OU'ts EX!:t EA-a1'wO'St 'titv EK).Lc'tUA.A.suall Kat n'lv Ku'tareisO'll 'troY I.a&v O"'tO Ecro)'SpIKO Kat 0'1'0 t~CO'tSptKO. Fururo, oi 860 llysllOVtanKf:e; OUVU).L!:te;, 1] LOi3W't't1Cit "EVC00"11 Kat of 'Hvousve; IIol.t'tsize; slvrn Kat ot ~~,KOtvOt EXSpoi ,roY A.amv 'tOU KOO').LOU. Asv unUPXEl Kallla uj.t<ptf30Ua yt' alno. "Av O~lroe;, reap' (lI.U ocra StreallE napanuvro, t~aKO- 1.0l)th'lcrOtlllS v« f3ai;;oUJle UOta<poponolll'ta .ie; OUO lJnspouvO:).LSt<; a'to ioto 'tcrOI){3UA-t Kat Mv 3dxvOD).LS ~e1(<iOapa (l'tt " 1:0f3tS'ttKit vEvC00"11 sfvct 6 reLO ETCtK1VOUVoe; ureOKtVll1'J)e; 't'OU nUYKOa).LtOU no- 1.8~LOU, 'to JlOVO nOD ea KaVallS ea i'j'tav va E~aO'esvicroUJlE 1'TIV 6TCavacr'tanKTI bcayp6revtO'l1 'trov I.arov Kat va 80A.rovoDIlS rov KUPto (}'t6xo a'titv nO:A.11 Ev<ivna crov iJYSf,!ovIO').L6. Ftnuro, OSV npS11:et ).Lf: xcvsvc .poreo va 1H:ti~o\)).LS 'to reUtx,viot 'tfie; u1t(hll~ Kai '"Cfje; covoucoctce; Tfje; Lo~u;nKfje; uEv(J)0"11C; xai va oivoWte 'to npaowo <proe; a11.e; 1tOASJltKf:e; repos1'otllucrise; Kat 'tie; i:reteS'ttKSr; 't11e; 8VSpyStE~.

51

Of XroPE~ Kat of Auoi'to\) Tplrou KotTflOl) slvm it KU;.o PlO, 8i>vU,1111 (j'tt)v nclAll EVclvna O'tOV ifl1tEplaAltTflO, 'tTtV 0:1t01KlOKpatia Kat 'tov TtYEflOVIO'J.lO.

0{ xwpce; Kat of tvUOt 'WO Tpi rou K6Clj.tOU elvct it KUpW 80- VU!lT] ClTT]V T1:<11-11 Clt nUYKoCl!-UU KAij.tUKU EVaVTtCl ClTOV f]YcJ!OVLClJ!O T&V 000 UTCcpOUVU~lcCDV, TOV iJ!1tcPLClA1Cl~lO xo.i 11)V Cl1totKtOKpaTta. 1:t Eva ~t11vt)!lu TOU ClTte; 25 'OXTCO~Pll 1966 6 IIp6copoe; Mao SAcY" : «'H i1rcaV(lO'tfXttK'l'j 96d,Aa crt1]V 'Aotu, 1:1)v 'A<PP1- KY) Kat t1] Aattvun) 'AJ.tEpun'l Gd OCOO'&l criyollpa Eva U1to<puO'tO'ttKO Kat crVVtPl1ttlKO xt6TCTIIUl crtO 0'6VOAO tOU nUAloil 1\:0- GltoUl>. AtlT11 ELVClL 11 E1CtClTT]~lOV1K1'} 1tp6BAs\jf11 KClt 11 \jfl1AT] a~LO/;,,6yw'll an:o rov Tlposdpo Mao yui 'to p6AO t&V AClWV Tile; 'Aoinc, 'tf\e; 'A<pPLKi1e; Kat 'tile; AClTtV1Kfje; 'A~t8plKfje; otrv T11V KUPlCl 80- vaJ!l1 Cln)v uVTllj.tncplUAlClTlKll EnavClO'wnK11 nCtAl1 Clt naYK6- G!llCl KAi~tCllca.

II CtVCD crt n:OH~e; ~UClCl(; Cl't11 piscTCll alml it (inO~f11; Msrc to 'tSAOS TOUL'.cUtSpou ITaYK6Cl!l101.l IIoUJ!ou, ot EnaVaClTaTlKOi AClOt Tfje; 'Actcc, 'tile; 'A<pPlKfje;, tfje; AanvlKfje; 'AJ!cplKfje; Kat a/e/,o)V n:cptOX&v n:ou ClTCt911Kav Clnlv npwTll ypaJ!j.t1') 'tOu UVTtl(.tn:cPWA1CHLlcoD Kat uvnan01KtOKpaTtKO\} ay6vlL, EXOUV Olc~(iycl rov Eva ~tc't('L rov (i/eAO roi»; EvonAOUe; En:lLvlLClTanKoue; uy&vce; . Kai EX0l)V nST\)Xcl !lui ClcLpa ano 0aWtaClTee; vtxe; nou £Xouv UA-

ACt~cl T1'}V O~fll 'toG K6ClJ!OU. AUTO £Xc1 E~l1tVcUClt:t Kat EVLClXtlClct GlWaVTtKa TO naYK6Cl~tlO npOAc'tClPlCt'tO Kat roi»; Aaoue; oACDv 'tWV xcop&v ClWUe; aVTll!lncptaAWnKOUe; i';nava0'taTtKOUe; rou; ay&vsc. 'H VtK11<P6pu KWSSlK11 i';1taVCtClT(W11 TO 1949, 11 viK11 ClTOV KOpcCLTlKO 1t6A.c~to Tfje; uVTiClTaCllle; crT]lV dClBoA11 T&V RITA Kat Yla T1]V U1tcPUG1tWll tfje; 1taTpioae; 'to 1953, it 1:UVOU):ClKc\jf11 't·&v 'Aopoumnrucdiv XCDp&V 0T0 MnaVTOUVYIC TO 1955, it V[K11 tOD Aiyun:n(l1co\} AUO\} o rov n:6/ccJ!o 110, t11 L'.Lwpuya 'tOO 1:0UGs to

53

1')51, of VhI:B~ era j.tt« <Yetp« &:ItO M)VtKa OTjJ.l0KpCttlKa lClViU,lCtta

't~ AU't'WtKT} • AIJ.SptK1'j uno tOY KOUPUV8SlKO l>nuVCtcrtUtlKO iJ'C'l~r.~t 'Co 1959 j.t8xpt tOY uywva tfj<; X1A,fj<; Yla t1) OTjI.l.0Kputiu f1'tt~ ikpxe~ to\) 1970, i'I VLKTj crov 'AA,YSP1VO SOvlKOanSA,SuOspW'CLK'O 1t6Ae~tO to 1962, ot crUYKA,OVlcrtlKOi itPW1KOi uyrovs<; nou 018- ~a'Ya.v ct Aaol noA,A,Ow 'AmattKrov Ko.i'A<pP1KavlKrov Xwprov yta va K(l1:aXtijcrouv Kat va OtuO"<pUA,{crouv t1)v av£~aptT]O"ia roo; til 8BKW3tla tol) '60, it anoKatUmacrT] til<; Klvce; crti} v6~tt}i'll Ozcr11 't'T)(; crta 'Hvroll{;va "EOy'll 'ro 1971, oi viKe<; nou KatUX'rT]crav oi Aaol 'Col) Bisrvcu, tfj<; Kal.l.7tot~a<; xui tOU A6:0<; crt00<; n:OA,{;ilOu<; tOI)~ ~va.VttU crt1)v bttoPOIlTt 'rrov HI1A KUt Y1C/, til orornpic 'rfj<; Ttoitpioa:; ro 1975; oi VIKT]<pOPOl nOA,Sllot Yla t1)y UYS~upTT]criu O"t'll rOUlvta-MmO"cruou Kat tl'j MoSalli3iKTj KO.1 'fJ 7tp6ooo:; 1:rov noA.tl.l.wv YlU tllV avs~ap1:Tj(}ia crs {iAA£:; xrops<; 1:0 1970, 1:&. 1C5XD-r:a Xtu7t1'WU1:U nou Kutu<pspav 11 AiYD1t1:o<;, 1:0 ~ouoav KUt (j~A.£:; xrop£<; £vuvnu 0'1"1<; ~O~lStt1(S<; IlTjxavoppa<pis:; Yla 1:0V S/I"eyxo Kat 1:i)v unOV6I.l.WC1Tj, it l:7muxiu 'COU IdWU tOU Zatp C11:i)V anoKpoucr'T] til<; eicrPOA,fj<; uno Procoo; }tlcrOO<pOPOD<; to 1977, 1i E1tl~lOV111:rov 'Apa.~tKrov Xwprov Ko.i 'COU I1o.lvalO'nvtSlKol) A,aou mt'Jv oH;~Uyro'Yi) tOU avncrTacrluKou nOAe~LOu- Kai O.AA,WV ~LOprproV nuA.'T]<; svuvna cr1:1'jv £icr~0/"11 1:1:; 1:SA,£t)'CUts<; ouo 8 SKCJ£Ti e<; , 'fJ uu~avo~lsvTj uvricl"'CCLcr'T] troy ' ArpplKavlKmv ACLroV orov pa1:0"lC1110 tmY A,WKo)V, it !.:V'"Ca0"11 1:mv i;9vIKmv o'T]}lOKpanKmv KtV1ll.l.U1:0)V tmv Aamv tfj<; Nortocvuroxtxflc , Aok«; no.p'oAO. 1:a SJ.ln001U KUt it uVl:~ap1:'T]cria noD KatuX't'T]crav nsptcrcrotSPs<; uno oyi36V'tCL xmps<; crt1'jv 'Aoiu, tl1V 'ArpptKll, tl1 AanvIKi) 'A}lSptKl'j Kat crE (lA,A,U W~P'll tOU KOcr~LOu 'ti:; 'r£AE1J1:u'i:e<; tPet:; aSKuSti.S<; - o)"s<; a.u'rEc; oi IlsyaA,stwost<; viKs:; unotsAouV ~llU icrxupi) Ktv'T]1:itpW, 00VCl.}l11 nou npooo9d t1'jv &navucr1:UnK1) UAAUY1'j oro ~L81:(J.nOA.qllKo KOcr~W. To &.nOtKtoKpat1KO crucr'rlWU EXet KG.1:appsucrsl uno ta X'tu1tll!-lutu. '0 i!-lnSptUAtO'!-lOC; 'rmv HI1A, it unsp06va~l'llnou &!-lrpaVLI.'J'tllK8 npwt'T], he! 08X't&1: {mOptKEC; 111:1:S<; Kat 6 IO~tStlKO:; crocrw,Atcrl.l.nsptU/1.tcrll0<;, it {iAAl1 {)1tspouva~t'll nou s}lrpCLvicr1:11KS upy<nspa cr1:0 npooxnvio, ExSt ~l1td 110Tj crta xvupta 'rmv 'Hvo~l{;VroV I1oAHStmv.

'0 Tplroc KOO"}lo:; EXSt ytV81 it Kopta 06vu}lTj cr8 naYK6cr~lla

54

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'~no, tllV npw,tTj, cr:1YIl1'j nou tU E9vTj Ka1:amscrtl1KUV, np6~uA,~: avnO":u~Tj rr al)'tTj:' 'rl1V KatanlscrTj. ~t1'j OUiPKSW Ol.l.ro<; 'rmv utrovoiv, gs tA,UXlcr1:s<; £SUlPScrSl<;, 1\ anlO"tacrTj autl'j l11:aV 0"1t0- pa<iu<:11 KUt U1t0IlOVOOIl8V11. Mtn tpOIlUXnKTJ aA,A,uy1'j s!1rpavtcr~llKS Il~'ta 't1)v 'OXtOO~PWVTJ 'Enuva.cr1:acrl1. ~E apKSti':<; Xillps<; OtK000!1110TjKaV Kouuouvto-nxd K6lllla1:a Kat OtSSa.XtTjKUV crE ~/,~n~ KA,if.laK~ avn1llnSpWA,tcrnKOt Enuvacr1:UnKOt aymvs:; KU1:OO U~O :TJV Ku_000TjyT]cr'T] 'COl) npOAS'tUPlU1:0u Kai IlE KUptO crn'lPtYIlU 1:Tj; rpyawayponK1) crullllaxia. Ka1:Ct.X'ri)9T]KaV ~tsyUA,S<; ViKS<; Ka~ ut)~O'roPSUtTjKS nOA,Unlll1 SIl1tSlpia. ~I)VOA,lKU OIlOOC;, SEV 01t11PX8 uK61la zva EVIUtO KivT]}la crE naYKocrf.lW. KAtJ.lUKa. '0 Asut8pOC; I1UYKocrlllOC; I10A,SIl0<; snmixuvs crT]l.l.aVtlKU 1:0V snavu_ma'ruco pu91l0 tfjc; Icroptcc. Kat criJllspu uKolla, 0 Tpho<;KocrlloC; ~sP1Aa!1~avsl,nuvoo uno 'ro 700/0 1:0\) nA,Tj0uO"llOU 1:11<; Y11<; nou (m~n;:A811:at uno, KU'ram£S0f.lsva ESVTj, Katanls~ollsVS<; xmps:; Kat crOO'laA,tcrnK8<; xmps<;, UA,A,a En£A,mc; <itacpop£tlKUan' -lhl :1'jv E1tOx1'j 'r0\) At~tV, aU1:EC; ol xmp£:; EX0I)V yivel 1l1a nUYKollla aV1:HIl1tSplaA,lcrtlKT] cr1:pana nou ~picrKStat crE 1l1a 1topeia otpoapmv 1tuYK6cr~ltoov EnavacrtanKrov uyrovwv. IE EKtucrTj Kat EVtucr11 crEE1tttSUYllata Kat EIl1t£tpiu, 0 O"TjllsPtVO<; aywva:; EXSt KU'rU 1t0A,~ ~s~SpucrSl tO~:; aymvs:; oro napsA,90v. vEva<; llSYUA,o<; apt91l0C; an? ~roPEC;, tOI) Tpi1:oU KOo"~LOI) EXSl 'rmpd to OlKO 'rOD cr'rpa'to K~t .i::XSt unaAA,aysi crE Otucpopou<; ~a91l0uc; ano 1(1)v smpp01; tl:<; unOtKt,oKputiu<;. 'H Kiva nou stvci to Eva 1tEf.lntO 1:fj<; uv9pmn01:TJtac;, EXSl Ilstutpa1t8i uno }lta lllcrounolKWKTJ KUt IltcroCj>s~uoapXIK1) xwpa ~E EVu IlsyUA,O crOo"l(lA,lcrttKO KPU'tO:;. Ma~t ~lf: (lAA.s<; crocrluAtcrnKs<; X&P£<; noD nupall8vOuV crta9£pE<; O"'ri}v nUATj

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L'ta nproTa f.1E'tanoAE~nKa Xp6Vta, ol nsplCiCi6TepEe; xropEe; 'roD Tpirou K6Ci~LOU oev Stxav UK6f.1a KaraX'tliCiEt 111v UVEsaptqu[u TOUe; Kat f.1SptKee; iltav O"e f.110"0uvEsap'tl1'tll KUTc1CiTaCilJ' TT]v snoXT] eKEivll i] naA11 tom; eLXE m't m6xo 'tij,v KcmiXTtCil1 't'ije; sOVtKfje; unEAWOSpmO"11c; Kai uVEsaptllCiiae; Kat ElXe CiaV KUpW f.10P<P11 naAlle; 'tOY BvonAo snaVUO"Ta'tt1<:O uy6:Jva. "Hrov 'tOTE naYK6Cif.1W napaOEXT6, on UnOtEAouO"av T11V Kupla ouvaj.t11 at11V nUAll Evuvna crcv igneplaAlCig6. LTJf.1Epa, oi Aaoi oi: 0PlCi!l£VU O"l1f.1ela 'tOu Tpiroo Kocuou ESU1<:OAouOouv va otSSuyouv tOV Evon/co uyrova Yla TijV unsA-WOSp())all Kai 'tT]v uVEsap'tllaiu, SSaKOA.OUOOUv va f.1CtX0vtCtl O"S 1taYKOCif.1W K/cif.1aKU 0"t11v npCl)Tll ypaf.1J!T] tOU ayrova Evuvna CitOV 1f.11tEPWA10"f.10 Kat 't1]V U1tOtKIOxpcriu. Elvm TO K01VO h:po KaOfjKov yu't 'to 1taYKOCi~tto 1tP0A.BTUptU'tO KOj roi»; E1t<WamUTIKOUe; AaoUe; 'tou KOCif.10U va OWO"OUV anO<paCitCinKij unOCitTJptSl1 crov uyrova. roue,

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61

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'H Kiva £X£t OWKl1PU~Et on UVT]KCt o-rov Tpiro K60'!l0.

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",64

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'lCUTffi uno TOD<; EK~laO'I+OuG, TT)V. aTtlOpOllT) Kai TT)V ~Kll&T<lA.Acl)~n Tll<;, oi Ao.Ot 'WU KOO'lloU 9u rcp{;ttS1 va Til<; I3~A~uv TT] O'<ppg.- 1'ioa TOU 0'0crtaAllln&PtaA10'~!oU, va "C.T)V unolSaM\jIo1,l:V, V~ Trw '1!:OASllT]O'oDvKai va sPyuO''WUV 1+0.1;;1 llE ,TOV .K1V~St15=.b 'baQ y.,p'1. ~.~. TY)V uvaTps\jfOuV». 0EAOUll£ va Pffi'"C1']ooUll& :U1t(lR~§.t 0'~1te.P'9- lwll1a aAAll 06vulll1 nov va TOAIlU61 va KUVS1 llta rsroic cMda 1(( i ~ IA.u:r>l"·ll &ijA(OOll;

'00',;60'0, ~~ !:0~~6't'lKi) psj3lt;;tOvlcr'tt1C11 &1tocrta'tpla KA.iKa gXSt 'Co Opaa ; va J3pit;;Sl 'ti)v Kiva crav ~la xropa «xoo avat;;'I'j't£l 'C11V 'hsjJ.ovta» crov Tptro Koouo. Mla 'te'tota ssolav'tp01tllcrvKO<jlo,vtia Kat ,gva 'tS"COtO 'Ve~a E{val YEA.oia. L'ti<;" crxecrEl~'tfj<; K{va~ ~te aA.A.B<; X&ps<; 'tOt) Tpfrou Koouou "C6cra XP6vla, Kat mtiv an:oO''toA.i) a1t' a0't'11v J30iJ.9,Eta<; cr'to J.ls'tpo "C&V ouva't"O'til'tO)v 'tl1<;, ~1tapXet 'Co 1tapa~lKpo 1tOU va oEiXVEt o'tt &1tllt;;1']'tu "CT]V fJYE~tovia;

EXB'L 1to'te cr'tetA.Et iJ. Kfvu scr'tO) Kat evav cr'Cpanw't1'] va dcr~uA.St Kat va lcataA.aj3Et KaJ.lta xropa; ~EXEl 1to'te a1tClt'tiJ.crEl 'tijv 11l~p,af.tlKpl1 o::rpanO)'ttKT] J3acr1'] a1tO Ka~tla x.ropa; YEXEt 11;0,6 'a,1tocrnacrEt' ecr'CO) Kat ~ta OEKapa a1tO Ka).Ua xropa 11 eXEl a1tal 'CijO'Et 1ton': A.U,'tpa; "Orcv OtVEt j3oij9sta, sXEt no'te J3aMn onolOVOJl.- 1110tB opo O'e Ka1tota xropu; eo ITp6EOpOt; Mao 1tana U1toO''tl1pti,;E

Ott «Oi AllOt OAroV 'taw xroprov aAA1']AOfinoO''tt)pit;;ov'tut G'to 011(<<10 I ayrov~1;OU~» 55. L'tOV K60'~0, 'to va OiVEtc; 11 va 1taipVE1t; J30119.Eta 'I ,Mv stvm ~OV61tA.BUpO 1tpay~a. L'Ci<; O'xecrEt<; 't1']t; J.lf; 'tit; (fA.A.u<;

.X&pE<; 'COU Tptroe Koouoo, fJ Kiva eXUt zporstvsr Kat eXSt 1ttcrra 't1']p1)O'El 'tit; 1taO'iyvO)O''tu<; 1tSV'tB apxe<; 'tll<; ELP1']VlK711<; cruvunuPSl1t;

Kat'ti<; _ oxnb apxe<; 'tll<; olKOVOJ.ltKll<; J3oij9.stac; ae {fA.A.Et; X&puC;.

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T~ftou ~60'J.lou, oev S1;u1t1']ps'td 1tapa 't~y a1tOKaA.I)'l'1'] yta UA.A.l1

).ua oopu 'Cfj<; aV'ttopaa'ttKfjt; 't11t; cpua11<;. ITpay~an, cr'tU flana

i'&v TtYU~OV1O"t&V ll1tapxOUv uovov OUO Ka'tT)yopisC; av9pro1tO)v

cr'tT] yfj, aOroi 1tOD ssacrKouv 1)YE~ovia Kat au'toi 1tOO Tij oex.ov-

,:-at. IT6cro aSlO9.pijV1']'ta Kai J.luo)1t1Ka dVal (timl 'Cd aVaSlU U1tOKEi~Bva 1tOD sXouv 1tpooroO'Ut TT]V u1t6fls0'11 'to\) Aev1V! ~tv fl1tO pouvva J3aA.ouv o-ro KBcpap.l roue <lIcolla K1 arm) 'to a1tA.O YByov6<; ': fJ ~uyaA.1'] aA.A.TJA.Byy6T) aVUl!EO'a o-rov KW{;t;;11cO A.UO l(ai 'tODC;, A.aoD<; 't&v (fA.A.O)v xro.p&v 'tou Tpirou Koouou slvci a,'CO'aA.O)~S':'11 l-te 'to at~a Kat rov iopro'ta 1tOD EX.UO'UV nUA;c;60v'Las; Kai OOUA.EUOV't'U<; ~at;;i, Kai aO'Co Kavsva<; a.1toO'Ta'tll<;oEv f!nopsi 'va 'to Ka'taa'tpS'l'E1.

66

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"Oruv i:~{cass 'tytv oU;(1vij 1tOA.1'tLKyt KU'Cacrtaa1'] to' 'CSA.t:U'Cuta .x.p6vw, 6 ITp6BOpOS; Muo 1tUV't'OTE OSo)POUO'E 'tis; x&pSC; 'tou Asu'LCpoU Koouou cc» ~ui ODVU~T) ~f; 'Cytv ()]toLa KaVst<; 1tOU ImopBi va EVOJ9d orov aywva evavnu a'tic; OllO 1)YE~LOVLcritKSe; ouva~slC;. YEA.sYE «npt1ttt va GUO'1tElproO'OUJt& 'thou;c; X,roPEC; 01tro<; it Bpsccvtc, 11 raAAiu Kat it AUtlK1t Tspuevto» 56.

Hme; y{vsTat 01 x&pcc; 'Col) Acu'tcpou Kocuou va a.1to'tUA.OUv ~Hi 06VUf.l1l IlS 'Cyty orcotu l!1tOPSl va sv0)9;;t KavEie; o-rov ayrova Evavnu orov iJ.YEIlOV10'tJ,6; Au'to crUl!J3:xiVEt, yt~'ti SXel al)f.lJ)st ,ua O'1wuvnKiI UA.A.aYl1 orov p6;"'0 roue O''Ci<; owHvE'tc; 1tOA.tnKl;S; Kat 01.KOVOlltKi';c; axecrB1t; O''tij DtapKcta 't&v 'tuA.sl)'CaiO)v tp1avta Xp6vO)v.

Msou a.rco stxoct tJ,l; rptuvro; xp6vta ayrova Evav'tta <HOV EA.BYXO 1:&v HITA KUt a.(~ol) ElqLS'tUA.A.Eu'tT)KaV 'tis; 1taYK60'~lUS; aoj3::tpi';<; an:o'tuxfBt; 1tOD ercue.:xv of 'Hvrcusvs; HOA1'teic<;, crTT]V Snt9STlKTJ roue 1to/,t'ttKll, oi AU'CtKOUUPo)1tutKi';S; X&pc<; EX01)V 1tB'tUXSt va aA.A.a~OUV 'Cytv Ka'taO''taO'1'] reou e1ttKpa'touO'E 'ta1tp&'tCt ~BTCtTCol,S1-tl1Ca Xp6vla o'tCtV i'j'tuv avaYKacrf.l{;VeC; va U1tOKU\jlOUV a'Cl1v Kl)pWPxia 't&V HITA. 'H 'Icotorvtc j3picrKE'W.t cre ~ta 1taP9- ~L01(l 0.sall. 'H lopua1'] 'tfjs; Kotvfp; 'Ayopiie; a'Cij AI)'ttKij EuPro1tll, i) avu1;ap'CT]TT) nOA.1'ttKyt 1t0\) aKoA.06911O'E 11 raAA.ia Ka'to) a11:0 TOV Nrs rKroA., fJ 1tU9Tj't1KT] Kat KptnKT] O''Cacr1'] 1tOU I)t09tTllao» vi ~tJnKOEupo)TCatld:e; X&ps<; a1t{;vav'tt o-rov STC19f:'ttKO 1t6A.u~o 'Crov HITA UTO Btstvcu, 'tytv Ka~1t6'C1;;u Kat TO Aaos;, it Ka'Cappsuon 'tOD VOtJ,10'1l0.'CtlCOl) aua'tiJl.LaToC; Ilf; j3aaT) 'to OOA.A.a,pto aT,oll KU11:HUj',tcr'CtKO K6al!0 Kai oi Evrutv61lEVot SIl11:0P1KOt Kat VOJ.lt,00}!U'rtlCOt n6),qwl uva[tsO'a O''tT]V ~\)'ttKij Eup6l1t'l'j Kai 'CytV 'Iu-

67

nrovLa ano t11 Jlta Kat ti~ 'HvroJlEve~ nOAlteie~ ano tT)V UAA.ll - oAa auta td .yeyovota crllJlaoeuouv tllV anocruvHiall tou npollyouJlevou LJlnepwAtattKou atpa1'oneoo1) ~IS sn:tKeqJaA T)~ ti~ 'H VroJlEW:S ITOAl tdes. cPucrtKa, of ~lOvonroAlaKoi KanltaA.tats<; "rov AUttKQeupronatKrov xroprov, tfj~ 'Ianrovia~ K.A.1t. EXOUV XLAteI;Kai gui aXEael<; Jls ti.:; 'HvrogEve~ IToAlteie~ Ked gnpocrta ~crtT)V UnetAT) tou Lof3tettKou crO(Jta.AtJlrreplaAlagou of xrope<; <lUte.:; sfvat UKOJla llnoxperogeve.:; va crtllP{!,;oVtat crtT)V «npooru-rwnKT) ognpEAAa» troy HITA. "Ouoic, oao of 'HvroJlEve<; Iloxi-

-reie~auvexi/,;ouv 1:.T)V nOAtnKT)tou EAerxou, OSV Ha crtaguti]aouv

'tOY aywva roue svqvtla a' autov rov EAeyxo Kai yui lall ouvsp"faai!!.

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leat EV'tst vet 't11 SleicroUatl ttl<; an'iv teAWtat:a. Auto e;ttt ~tatfk@crst !leyuATj ayavaxttcr,1'] Kat avtia-racrll ano til !lepta oX@v 1.ro\l ntitcroVE~tKlDV natpt{t)tl:KOW Ouvu~lerov. 'H AuO't'paMa; it Nta Zlllo<1.VOto. Kat () K<iva8&.~ llxouv snt(J11~ Gv'tslw:t tl1V Etta- 1Pun:v1aYt -rou~ &vavna d1'ilv LoplenKi] 8n6xtaall kat oteiO-8ucrfl.

TO,. 'teA.eo'CcHa XP6vw; EXOUV 81t'[all<; aOtljlet VES<; aA.l.o/'{sr; ati.:; aXBae1':; aVa~U3d'a O-1'i.:; ~unKoeuprortatKEC; Xropt::.:;, t'ijv 'let,. 1t0vid K.A1t. ano tT) Jlla Kat. 'tOY Tplro Koa~1O ano ti)v aAili.ll. IIapo,"o nov 1'). Bpsruvto , 1l rania, 11 AUtlKT) repJlClviet,'i] 'la .• tcroviu K.An. 1tpoana90uv va SlCI,'!1Wllaouv rov EA.s'YX;6 rou; Ked va auvsxiaouv 'tilv EKJlStUAAWdt'J nOAAroY xroproY tou Tptrou Kocrlloo gE 1tOAttlKU, OtKOVOlltKU Kilt aAA.a ~&dl1 Klh0 ano VEt~ auvOiiKs~ Kat JlE veee;; /lOp<j>t.:;, o-uvoA1Ka O~LO)':; Mv a1tOtsA.6UV nui -ri)v KUpta 06Vci:JlTJ 1tOV KUPWPXet Kat KWtUmB/,;St autsg 'ti~ xrope,:;. kE ()pIO-IlEveg nepl1t-rwo-et.:;, ta 01KU tOU¢ O'UJlqJEPOVtu tov.:; avaYKU/,;ouV aKo~la Ka1 va KUVOUVOp1d'Jlsveg 1tapaXroPltd'e1g atig xrops£ -rou Tptrou Koouoc 11 onou 9.iYP:v''!:at Op1O-JlBVa KOLVd atillcpspovta va oivouv KU1tOW f}6ftOeta crov aywva tou Tpiroo KOO-JloU ~vavna atoV1lyellov1ago 11 va napaJll:~vouv oUSs-repec;. na 1tapaSe1YJl<l, Jle-ra 'tOY ayrova y'ta 't~ ne-rp&AaW, 'to 1973, ot xrope.:; -ri)~ L~m1Kowpron<ltKi)<; K01Vi'j.:; , Ayopa~ KUAeadv as OtUAOYO avti va E/vOOUV os avtm<l.pa9sall Jli.; 'ti.:; net'psA.atonapuyroytKS':; xrope.:; Kat EKavav Opld'IlEVec; AoytKE<; npot'utrsH; yta ~vav Old.KaVoVtcr/lO 'tou MeaaVatOAtKoU. cPsto.:;, Mav 'to Zntp arrOKPOUd'e 'tl1V EvonAl1 dapoAT) nov Ka-raatpw9111Ce altO til\! kof3tetlKll "Evoicn, i] ra.Uia 'tou 8S(Oae KO.1t01:a fJ01'lOeta oi.; BqJOOW;.

Of 'AvatoAtKoeupronalKE':; xrope.:; no-r£; OSV a'ta~la't11aav tov~ u.yrove.:; roue ~vuvna a'to Lof3tenKo 8/veyxo. Merd tflv LojJtenKi} Ka'toXil, atT)v TcrExoaAopaKia, i] Aai:Kyt avtiataaTJ cr\wexl1;et va avan-ruae-ruL To 1976 () IIoA.o:ivn:o~ Aao.:; {maVetA.TJIl&Va E~aMAUOG 1tAatta K1vlwa-ra Y1a va oUlgaptuPTJ9e'i sVl1v'tia as Ilia olu'ta~11 yta tf]v ITOAroVO - LoJltenKi] oovepvcotunou ab)llt.spt. AiYtcpt1']Ke oro vso auv'taYlla Kat sytvav spyattJis,:; anepyist; Kat otaSttA.Wasl':; a'tiS onote<; CProvUX't11KUV auv9Ytlla'ta orrro.:; «9&A.ol5~tS i;A;eugepia», «8~ro of proaot». Oi KUf3i>PVi]ow; !lep1Krov "Avuro-

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dV'ta'YCOVtcr~l6 tlK Yla T11v 1taYK6crpta TJY£I..!ovia, 11 'A vaWAtKiJ EDpffi1tll yivstat J.lla npoXCOPllJlEVll Oscr1') crT1C; L0j31STLKE:C; 1tOI.£)liKe<; 1tpo£rot~LO:crifC; f:vuvna crT1]V ~DnKiJ Eupw1t1') KO.1 TiC; 'Hvco~sv£C; llOAITsl£<;. '0 Loj3umj(O<; EAEYXoe; Ka1 Tj bCE)lj3am1 crT!<; Ava'tOAlKOEUpconai:K£<; X&pE<; ~Ltcra ano TO LDJlcpCOVO Tfj<; Bop-

aof}ia<;, SXODV yivE1 OAO Kat 1tl0 acpOPll'tOt. MsyaAcbvEl Etat i) dV11O"\)xia aVa~tEcra crTOt;<; AaOt;e; 'tfj<; , Ava-rOAIKfjc; EUP<01C1]C; Ka1. 6 ayrovae; 1'1 a va unEpaanicroDV TiJV avs~ap'tllcrfa, 'tijv ucr(P-UAlOia, Kat ''('(1 taa olKwro)la'tu TOO<;.

ITpEnsl f}sj3cna vd napaosXTouJ.LS on JlSPIK£<; X&pEC; 'tOU ~£UTSpOt) K6cr~toD o£v 9a l;YKaTaAd\jJo\)v EUKoAa 'tiJv j3a9s1u pll;coJlEV1J f:KgE'tCtAAED01J Kat TOV EASYXO navco crt nOAjv£<; X&ps<; 'tOl) Tpfrou Koouou, Ttc va gTCOPScrSl (; TpiTo~-K6crgo<; va cuvc~JSt crxta£le; icro'ttgla<; Kat agOlfJaiou crDj.lcpSPOVTOC; ~ti; TOV Ll.SD'tEPo, K6crJlO, xpwil;E'tat ~taKp6xpovc<; Kat crKA1JpOC; aycbvw;. ',Qut6cro onco<; od~agG tjOll, (; .1EDTEPO<; K6cr~LOC; dwn i';K't£9Tl~:8VO~ ,a:iJv aVU~tSl~lJ, TOV EASYXO Kat TODS l;J(fJtacr~lOD<; uno 'tt<; 0\)0 1JYQWVIOTlK£S O\)VU~l£l<; Kat cr'tis nOAs~llKS<; rou; unElASS, iOlC(ltSpa ano TiJV , .. U::PlaTfj<; L0j31£TlKfj<; ~Evcocrll<;. Auto eXEt yiv£t Jltd I;cqn;piJ npaygaTtK6'tTjTa Kai 9a yiVS"C'o.l dK6~(a 1tsptcrcr6tspo. 'ESllyrovTue; TiJV nOAl'ttKiJ 'tOD KIVe~tKoD KouuouVlatlKoi) K6Jl~laToc; ansvavn crTovi~t1CSplaAlcr~lo aTiJ OlUPKEIU

70

'Co\) nOAsgou 'tfj<; aV'tiaTacr1')~&VuVtla cr'tiJv 'Iancovta, (; llQ6~opoC; tJao eAsye: «To KOPPOOVlO''tlKO KOppUclV't1'ti9Etal 0'& KUO& iJl1tEJllaAlO'po, KUVOOpt Of!O)~ pill' OJ,O:KpI(1) clvo:pEO'a O'tO rux~O}\,i;~lKO IpnEJllaAlO'po imi> txsi i:n1tsOEi EVUVtlU O't1)v Kivu Kat

, ~dG.; If!1tSplaA.10'tlK&':; ()UVUJl€t~ noil O&V' EXOUV iltltEOEi 'tropa, (lVO:JlZO'(1, O''to" rSPJ.laVIKO Kat to" TrUAIKO iJ1ntpIUA10'J10 noil dVUl <IllPJ1aX01 tij~ 'J((7rrovia~ noil E7{OUV clVO:YVrop{O'&l tOY 'McvreooKO\)O' KUt O'tO BPEtUVlKO KUt 'tOY ipnsplaA10'po 't&V lllIA noil o:vu'tiOSVT<U O''t1)v 'IU1tO)viu, clVUPEO'U O't1)v Bpeeuvte KUt tt; ''aVrofaEV&C_; lIohtSis.:; 'to(5 7{t&c_; nov clKoAouOo(5O'UV J11(1 1tohnKft MQVUXOll O't1)v "AnO) 'AvcXtOAftKui U1tOvoJ1Suav 'tftV clVtiO'taO'1) 'tfi~ Khluc_; O'titv 'IunO)viu KUt O'tft O'1)J1EPIVft BpstuvluKui 'tie; ;Hvrollivsc_; IIoA1tsi&e; 1tOU ElOUV EyKutuAshl'El uiytitv 'titv nOAl't'lK1ft Kat sivci U1tEP Tij~ clVtlO't'aO'1)e; tije; Kivae;» 62. '

, rUI tOY '((ilO A6yo, Tj' OHIKP1011 aVa~Ecra croi»; KutltO\)<; eXGpous ''too~ O"1l!-tspa - tis ODO TJYSllOVtcr'ttK&<; O\)vuj.lStC; - Kat crTic; X&pss 'toD ~EUt£pOD KUO'~LOll, dVal Eva crll11aVTtKO ~f]T1JJla nOD npErrat va 1t(lPOllV u1t6'l1T1 TOOe; ot X&pSC; Kat oi Aaoi 'tOU Tpirou KOO-I10B _ crTiJV 1tO pstc 1:oi) aycbva 'tOD<;. k'tOV KOlVO aycbva svuv'nil 0"1:11 LO~tSTIKiJ NEv(OcrT1 Kat 'tlC; 'HVroJlEVE' llOAtTsls<;, elvrn Kat t1napait1')TO Kat ODVa1:0 va i:VWOOi)JlE KUTCO arro oocrJlEVec; crUVSfjKS<; Jle 'to~e()'tSpO Koouo.

'Arro TiJ crTiYJ.liJ nOD i) LOP1EtlKiJ ~EvCOO'l1 9scopd 'tiJv Eupro1trj cuv "(0 OTpo..T1JY1KO tnh;;:f.VTpO, of x&pr<; roco cr'tiJv ' Ava'Tol.tKiJ 000 K0.1 onlY ~D't1KiJ Eupwrc1J ea elvat of rrp&Ts<; nOD ea ()SXToi)v TiJV &rrteEcri) T't)<;. 'AvTtJlSrco1ti~ouv Eva' crcfJap~ np6f31.11j.la yta 'tl1V UTC£pa01tlO'1') 'tfj<; teVtKfj<; TOD<; aVf:i;ap't11cria<;.

Elvut, f3acrtKu, coxrro af]~lspa va npoco90t!JlE TO cruv911JlU 'tfj~ om:pucr1tlcrll<; Tfj<; EeV1Ki'j<; dVf;~ap't11cria<; cr& TerOtEs aVa1t'tDYJle\lE~ xwprc;orcco<; aO'tE<; TOt! ~SUTSPO\) K6cr~LO\) Kat ElOtKrotEpa 'til!; Euprorr1')C;;

I:t Otaq>OPETlKE<; nsp{oore; cr'tiJ cruyxpov11 EupconaiKiJ ioropia, of KA.acrcrlKoi Map!;lO''tE<; - ASVtvtaTE<; cr\)'YYpaq>Eie; e~i)Yllao..V Kat O:rroost!;o.v OTt KaTCO ano ()ocrj.levE<; auvOf\Ks~, of nOAEllot Yia 'Tflv oltSpao1ttoT1 't'f\<; eOVIKfj<; dVEl;ap'tllcriac; 0X1 uovo t7i:tTptnovrct al.I.O: slvm Cmapa1'tl11:ot Kat f:navacrTaTtKOi,' clK0J.tU Ku1

7J

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72

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• 't'L &.(jlopfl 'tLt;; 4\1atth)'Yj:ttve~ 'x&pe~ t~t; E:6pc&1t1lC; ,kat <rm\¥ .. h:6IL!l1<:(1/1ia.i"f~~oV'tav of ~1t1t0p'tOUVlot~~''Yta tTtv XP1l0\1-101tot'~Q'J 1'00 tTl)v(hhlla1'Q~ 't~~ «<>TCspdcr1ttot}g:. tfli;; ItdtpLSat;» 'Yta va otl4._ leaMWbuv '1l1~V 11lpo&OEt(ct; &.nd tl1 ~epta toog tob itjilo),etcl:pl(h;o~

3ta9vurJ.l.ol}. .

To 1891, <hay' ~ repllCtv(a uvtlJ.l.etroitt'e tftv UJ.l;e011 ait:iH~'i\ Mct~80119 droo ~Tt P(O<rufa, 6 ·E=yxei~ fypa.pe .. : <~.t) PwO'mKO; TO'«P10'POC;' slvul , t~9pOc; &troVt&~ i9v~vt~C; A60't)g Klii ak6pa Kai ti\ftl «O''ttKi'\~ tcl~f1C;, uut&v t&v tOvct)V)~ 63. «"Av 0 Kivguv~ 't'Q6' tCo~IlJu)\) y(vil pl>yu~6t&pog, .... 1tOpotJ1t va 1toUJ1& O't1)v Kt>PfpvllG"q tC<O'i d"uO't& lt01 .... 01, pt titv p1Jt1) O't)Juproviu 1tOD 9a J:1~ ~In'tptn&l va t~ KclVOVJ1& a1'>t6, va titv 6itoatt)pi~ovp& tVclV'tlu O'f<6V ~tvo EX9pOI pt t~V 1tpoU1t69£O''I) oit 1'\ KVfi&pvt)O't) Qd; lP'l)o1!1i!O~ 11)Ot116&1' OAU ta J1tau, ciKoJiil Kal t1tUVUo'tatlKa .... &O'u, YU1 vu'gtt~clyil ci31clAAUXta tOY 1t6A&~o ••• 0~ /ttUV EVU ~l1t'l)J1.o. wvuda~ tl1tap~l1C;, Kal. Yla pac; &IYal l:1tiO'11C; Eva ~l1't'l)pa va otat1)Pl1O'ollp& tit 9tO''I)' ~ahic; I:vc5&X6J1&V&C; tfnculpiEe; 1tOD 9a liov .... & KEpOiaEl» 64.

To 1916, 6 AeV1V sv& &vtt'tiOov'tav O'tOD~ 61t1top'touvt()'t't£ 'tfjg AelYt'ep11C; Ate9VouC; 1tOD U1tocrtT]Pt~uv tTt ~ta 11 'tTtv d)J~ti 1tA.&Up& (>'tOV lll1teptuAtU't\K() 1tOA.e~0, U1toyptillllt~e 'tT)v a1t6~Uii'l'} . op90t'l1ta 'tfl~ 1tapu1tavro 9&crll~ 'tou ';EYKej_e; 65 Kut il1tocr~~pl~e Ott i'j'tON aK6~u ouvutoi crtTtv E6pro1till 19v1KOi 1tOA.eIlOt ~v6,vtla

dtOV i~1tePtaA.tcrIl6 :, .

«' AKo .... a KaiO''t1)v E'Vpro1t'l), osv J11topoiiv, va 9Eropoiivta1 M6- V«'t01 t9V1KOi. 1t6A&POl O'n)v ip1tEp1UAUrnKTt t1t0Xll... 1'\ tnoxt) O .... roC; UUtll... ~tv UnOKkd&l Ka90Aov tODe; tDV1KODg ltOktPOl)C; A..~. cl~OptpovC; tb>v J11KProV (ile; 61to9&O'ovp& 'troY 1tPOO'Upt'l)"tVIDV ij tOlV, 1:9V1KII KIl'tU1tlE~OP&Vrov) KPUtroV I:VclVtlU ati; iJ11t&PUlhatlKSC; ~VvaJ1~\e;, Oftroq OSV cl1tOKAdEl Kat 'ta t9V1KU KtVTtpata at P&1clA'I) KAipaKu O't1)v'AVatOA1K1) EUpro1tlP>. «01 tOvu,oi 1t6~&POl i:v.clvnu O'tie; 1 .... 1tEplUA1GtlKSe;. AVVclp&Ie;, oslo dva\povo ovvatoi' «lAM Ko.1. 1t19avoi, cl).M &IvaI clvuitocp&vX'toi KUt 1tPOOOEVtlKOf, t1tUVUO''tlltlKOi. .•• », 66 -o AtVt\: 1tahl u1toypaIlIH~e: «To lapUXt~p1a'tlKO 1v6>p10' .... a tOO tP1tEP1UA.10'J100 dvat ciKplprtb;; ~,;t ai>'to~ 1taJ.&6El va npodaptllO'&\ ox' povo UypOtlKtC; 1tEP10;{t;;. «I.Aa 1lK6 .... u KUt 'I''I)Aa EKJho .... 11XUVIO'ptv&C; 1tE,l10Xtg» 67 • .iE~,e1e

\ \

1

htiti~e;: ~(Av ttE"1I:illPO 1toi'&J1ot) 1tpoi\i:ualYlcl uit&'P6:O'1n&tp~~

, ~ttft~Kp~itti~llyui"uyt?v~tvavtJu" ('ttb,.~\}1o;" .. 1tOu"Ki.tta1tit~&t',iWa " awv6C;, tyro sty dJlal ia(}6).oll tv~vtla 0' EVtiV' 'tEttno n:6i&J10' kat &tv cpOpapal tic;At~El~ ·Utr&j)ualtlG11 tfic; 1ra'tpioac;" otav clvacptpdv'toi 0" lv(t tttOl0V iioovc; 1tOAEJ1o it i;~&YEPGl1» 68.

AO't'~e; oi avuq>opse; 'tlllv tiihvacrta.t&v oacrKCtA.COV flae; osiXvouv, on ~~ Socrfl&VO fin Ilt& xropa, ava1tttly~u';vl1 11 6nST]1tote lillo, ytve'!at 66~a dO~OA 11~ 111tPocrcqjtwnl~ uno flta l!l1tEi:ha.-· '"tcrnKt'j Mva jl11 , () t6vlko~ 1£6A.e~LO<; nOD 8te~ayet tvavtta o" aut"v 'tl1v eictf30A.l1 Kat iiiv 1tpOuap'tl1cr'l1 elvct Eva~ olKalO<;; 1tO).,E~to~ Ka.t npS1tet va 'tUXet 'tfjs u1to(jnlPt~lls xui 'tTls f3oft6Sw<;, (;,1£& to ltaYK6cr~no 1tpoA.e'tapta'to.

:E'tT) oeKaetla toG 30 Otu.v o] 8UVa~lEt~ tou cp-uctl<J!lofl XtU- 1toflcruv ~laVtacr~~va OEsta xt aptcrtf.pa Kai i] U1telAll E1nGenK&V l£O).,SlLCOV €1tatpVe OA.O Ka.i !l:;;yaA.(j'tepf.~ OLautUcrete;, npiv a1tO· 'to 1tpuy~ta.nKO ~&cr1tucrllu roue, 11 KO!l~OUVld'ttKTt Ate6vTt~ xcA.Ot>cre illv tpya'ttKTt '!U;11 ()~"cov troy xcopffiv va otKooo~l~crtt Eva 1tAu'tu tvtato ~StC01tO Evavna cro cpautcr~lo Kui tOY lt6l,e~tO. "Oruv 6 S1tt6enKO~ 1t6A.e~o~ 't€J"tKa secrl£acre, fj epyanKll caS11 (jAm\' trov Xropt&v ltfjpelltpc~ orov uv'ttcpomctttKo 1tOAe!lO yui 'tl\V Ultepacr1tt<J11 'tfj~ e()viKfj~ aVe~apt11uia~ xo i ~bli6110e fjpCOllCfX 'Yta 't~": ViKllm'ov nOAqLO.

Of Eop~~ai:K€s x(i)P€s cri}~epa aVtt~e'tco1ti~onv 'tl1v cro~apli a1tEtA.l) etcrf3oA.fl~ 'Kai 1tpoO'ap'tl1cr'l1~ U1tO tOU~ ~O~te'ttKOU~ 0'0-' crwj"tll1teptaAto'tk '0 I1poeopoe; Mao e11te S1taVel/v'l1!leVa cr't"Ou~ 1tOXHtKoU~ i1ye'!E~ 'trov AUttKOWpro1tutK&V xrop&v on: «'H l;OptEtlKft "EV(!)O''I)SXEl iiyplEe; CPlAoOO~i&~. 0&AEl va PaAEl G'to xtPl bAOKA11Pt) 'tt)v Eupro1t11, 'tt)v 'AGio. Kat titv 'Aq>plKl1» 69, "Av ot AunKosupro1tai:KE~ xrope~ 81tecp'tUV K(l'tro a1tO tl) crtbep&Vla fllto'ta 'trov vsmv Toupmv, ed KataVtoucrav va yfvotlv b1tO'tEAei£ Kai. of Aaoi 'tone; va 1tedouv u'tl1v Ka'tacr'taU11 'troy' 1tot.,tt&v oel)'t€p11e; Kutl1'Yopia~ Kai 6a Ka.tUn:t,e~OvtOlJUUV otRAa.

, U1tOtoiJ~ ~SVOlJ~ KU'tUXtl]'tE<; xrri 'tous vromou; cruvellKoA.6- youe;. '0 YEYK€A.£ 1topatT]P'l1cre Ka1tOte, on flv T] Tonpucn Procrill' VtKOUcr€ 'nlv I'epuovtc ofton 'to K(vll~lU 'tfje; spyuttKfje; t6"~11~ ll'tuv 'ton; 1tto 1tpoxropn~evo, «ToO'0O'1aA10'tlKO KiV11-

IU); O'tTtV Eupro1tl1 9a tjtav ~O<PA.l1Jltvo "'Ila dKO(l"l XPOVla» ~o. 'H . crof3ap1'j 1tpostoo1toiTJcr'tj 'roD "EYKf:Ae; npsm31 va 't"paf3i}~,et -c1'jy ,.U;yUAl1 fJ.ac; npocrox1'j ol1J.lf:pa. Of napa'tTJPl1ow; 'rOD "EyKf:"-e; ~at -ro\) AevLV apKf:'tSe; of:Kas'Ci£<; zpiv, 0XEtlKa J.lS TOUe; eeVt1WU~ n6AqLOoe;, J.lc1e; uvaYKu~oo~ o'J.lf:1AtX'ta va TCUpCU~lSn(;(p6~lOta J.w:Oi]J.laia. crl1~lf:pa! IToAAEe; EupronalKEe; xropEe; slvoi yto'aAAl1 J.lla <popa O,Y'tlI-lSTronEe; J.lS 'to si]1:11l-la 'Cfje; OWG<puAlOlle;'tfjc; tOV1- 1(fje; roue o'Yf:~aP'rTJcr{ae; Kat 11 epyo.nKl1 't(i~TJ o'c1'jy Eupwnl( .£1y(;(1. yta aA,A~ J.llD: <popa, aY-n~sTro1tl1~lS 'Co ~ij'Cl1)'W. 'Cfie; 8~ti'tnPllcrTje; 'Crov 9screrov Ka1 'troy EvoGx6~lf:VO)Y GUKutpt&Y TCOuExet 11011 KUTuX'tijcreL L1:1'j O1wepwi] EuproTC11, oi EOVtKoi n:O'\.f:I-lOl ZVuynu cr'ti]v Etcrf30A, i] TCAuni'ie; KAlf.laKO:~, cr'Ci]y unoOOUA,rocr11 Kat 'ti] cr<rayT] ano ~lta. U1t8pMvO:J.l11, dyOl 0Xl J.lOVO OUV(l,'roi i'iAM K~i 1I:t90.vo[, slvrn avano<p6tJXT01, rrpocosorncoi Ko.i £TC~vo:maTLKOi. Tiouro, TCapuAA.TJAa J.Lf: 'nlY ouonElprool1 TroVTCA,Unrov Jw.l;:rov crn]v naA11 svuv'tla o'Cijv Ku'runie011 Kat T1'jV sqlf:1:U~Awcr11 ano 'Co vromo 1-IOVonroA,lUKO Kf:<paAU10 xni 'Y1a oTjf.l0KpanKa otKaHhf.laTa Kai f.Ha KUAU'C€Pt') /;;roi], 'to 1I:pOJcctu.puI'tO crtie; xropee; 'CO 13 Af:un;pou K6crJ.LOU n:pSn:f:1. va Kpa'Cijcrf:l 'l'11Aa 'Co AUpapo 'tile; WvtKi'je; uVf:~apnlcriae;, va-cr'tuOd crnlv n:Pro'Cl1 YPU].ll-ltl Tfje; aVT1macrl1e; svuyna cr'tie; o'nf:tA£e; "'Ita Sn:ie£o11 a1l;0 'tie; OUO um;poUVUJ.lf:le; KUt tOlUltf:pa an:o 'tOY Lof3tE'tlKO crocrWA,lf.l1t£ptaAlcr~16, Kat KU'tro o'n:o crtJYKEKP1J.l)ltVEe; ouv9fjKfe; va svroHst J.t€ (lA,OUe; au'toue; nou apYO\)y'tal va un:o'CaXToDv crn']v Xf:1payroYll011 Kat ii]v Un:COOUA,rool1 un:o 'Cie; lmepoUVU)lele; Ko.i SVepY11'ttKa va - ()lESUyEt 11 va nUlpvet ~l{;pCe; crov &:ywya. Au'Co 9a oUJ.l~al"6t £1tLcrl1e; crTl1Y sn:avaO't"a'tlKtl Ka'tuo'tacrt') cr' UU'tEe; Tie; xrop£e;.

'0 Mup~tcr)loc;- - Af:VlVtcr)lOe; Exn n:avTuTovicrf:1. -ri]v 'tf:p6.crtta (jll~lacria 'tfje; cru01l:dprocrlle; 'rroY SYOla~l£orov OUVUf.lHOV OTi]V n:UA,11 ivuv'!lu crov ex9.po. Oi n:pocrn:UH61£e; TOU Tpirou Koouou . va n6'tuxn {;v6't11'ta oui<poprov ~O.e~lrov ~l€ Tie; xropf:e; 'rOD Asu'tf:poU Koouou, aa un:o'tsAecrouv aJ.t£Cl'o XTU1t1wa o'Ci]v sn:19E'ClKij, S1t6- X'tanKi] Kat <plA,on:6A,Ql1'} n:OAtnKl1 'troY otJo i]YEJLovlcrnKrov ouvuj.lSroV Kat i.otahf:pu 'to\) LO PU;'tIKOi3 crOcrtUA1J.ln:SptaAlcrJ.lOU. LUKo~avT<hy'Cae; crKOn:tJ.lU 'Cie; UVilllyeJ.lcvtOTlKEC; OUVUJ.lSte; TOO AellTl;pOU Koouou crav «n:oA£·J.lOKun:1'}A,£e;» Ka1 «S9YIK10TtKsc;-»nou dva!

74

£vuvn~ 01'0 «oteOvlcr)lo», 6 kOf3tS'ttKOe; crocrto.A,lJ.l1l:6ptaAtcrf.l0e; Jl1tf"tKZt OK01ttJ.la 'to. /;; 1'}Tij~taTa 'Ked crurKaA,Un:'CSI 'ti]v n:payJ.ta'f.'tKl1 ton <rucrtoyvro~tio. crav 'tOY 1[10 €nlKiyouvo (l1I:oKtvl1TT) TOU 1r()"rK6cr~nou no),qtou. Aev ~dval au'to aPKSTa ouvepo;

Btj3<ua, o'tuv ava<rspo~lacrTs o-ro ASUTEPO Koouo crav f.lta {)UVull1TJ ~IS TT]V 6n:oiuJ.lnopt:'i Kavd~ ya {;vro9d cr'COV arrovo. EVUV-nuorov i]yqLOvlcr~tO, ulyoupa Mv SYVOOUf.lS va '~sYPU'l'OUf,tS 'tl~ aVn9Su£1e; uvullscra. cr'tie; xropEe; 'tOD Af:U't6POU Kat 'tou Tpirou K6cr~LOu xai 'd~ wI;n:se; (WnOecrs1e; cro scrro'tsptK6 'Crov npo'rrtoil~lsvroy, oi5--cc SVYOOUIlE crTO BAUXtcrTO on npsm;t va -eYKUW/\.wpElfj li 1I:«lc11 '!'rov Ka'Wmst;6~li;vrov £9yroy Kai AUroV

\ f;VCLvnu crT11v Ka'tun:tccr1'} 'KU.1 'Ci]v i:K~tE'CUAAf:tJ01'}. '9 K6crf.loe; J,.t1tOpf.i: va n:poxwpi]u£t uovo crTllV rropeio. 'tOD o.yroya Kat J.l6- V6 ~lsau a.no TOY &.yrova. ~LTCopd va snnwxHd i] {;V6T11'tU. "Av sltdilwKOUf,tE1:i]V eV61:11'ta. ~LS(jU crov uyrova, Oa Bmsftcrel, K0.1 uV ~Tj'1;af.lf: '!'11v £v6'tTj'ta. ~Ltcra an:o 'ti]v 6n:OX,roP1'}1'lK6Tl1TU, aU'!11 ea <rOapd. Au'tT] ft £vonl'ra unopst va. s1tl'twxQd Kat va ()lwpuv6d ~~f.la n:po~ Pfj~w, uovo O'ttlY nopeic 'roi3 ayrova €Vuvnu O'tijv WVtKtl npooooiu, rov £<rl1cruxacr~lo 1(0.1 'Ci]v VEOa1l:011(1O'Kpa:r£u KOt crnlv n:opda 'ef\s ~no1(potJol1~ TroV smHscrErov 'Crov ,uvnOpaOtlK&v OtlVU)lf:o)v 6Va.v1:ta crTi~ n:pooOEUnK€~ ouvu)let~.

'Ano 'Cll O'nnti) nou of xropf:e; 1:013 Af:UTepOU Koouou uvn~1£,,(ffiiT{SOtJV 't11V au~av6~tEvll7tOAf:~ttKit O,n:f:1A, i] T(OY u1l:epouvuuerov, dV(1l UVUYK11 va ODY(()lcOcrouv 'ellV sv6'C1'}Ta uvuJ.!ecru 1:0Ue; Ka1 T~V ty6'tlFu TOUe; ~lf; 'tOY Tpiro Koouo Kat )lE oAOU<; TOU~ .(iuva'tOD~ cn)IJ.j..taxotJ~, roOTS va n:poxropijcrOUY cr'Ci)v nai .. Tj EVUY'tta O'TOV KOtvO £X9po. '0 SVWIOs aywvas eivm yux aUTOUe; 6 )lOVOe; O'{I}O'TOe; Sp6IJ.oe; 'Yta 'Ci]v unEpucrn:tcr11 n1e; £9VtKfje; roo; a.Ye1;,ap- 1:11cr{a~ KO.1 e1t113 [rocrlle; , no.po? .. o nOD au'to~ 6 Op6~LO~ Mv slvrn, (j1:'I.x!)~ltvo~ IJ.E peou (lAM. ~lS aYKuHta.

75

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'R T£Qpnl11rruAll Tillv Aaillv 'tOU KOcrl!OUZVUVlLa crov f]Y~I!OVL(j~OKJd 'tijV rrOAt'ClKij WU 11:0A?I!OU ,illv ovo i)m~pOl)v6.~le~v, etVgit~UO a11:61j1eL~ 'tou £VO£ Kal ,t(hou u'¥O)va. 'OlhE~lOVLcrJ.lO~ Eh~~l .&11:0 'til J.I~U 'to usco :ytu 1:ijv111:POE't0l1!.acria li11:' a(nE<; ~VOC;

r.1t9AEjUOU Kai 0,11:0 'nlv cO.AT] 6 qK011:0~ WU 11:0/"'EI-10U. '0 1Civol)vo~ 'toC 1tOAqlOU, CfUVO;1tO'tEAecrl!a 'tOU ~opLe'Oal!epL1\=4ytKOI)&.V'tUyO)VLCfj!OU YUl 'tijv f]yel!ovt,a; dvat l!~aa.uSa.v6I!eYn41tl'nAi} YUl 'tOD~ AaoUe; OAOl) WU K6cr~1Ol). Tt cr'tucrll 1tpE1tet va Kpat'tlcooue a11:EVUVn cr' uu'to 'to 1tp6pAlll!a;

'0 Aao~ 'tile; Ktvuc Kat of ;.aot crov (m6AOt1t0 K6ql!0 qmgepa 9¢AOUV 'tijv dpi]vll Kat elvot 8vuvna. cr' Evav VEO 11:a.YK6Cfl!tO 11:6AEjUo.'EmnI11'l E1f-tacr'te aV'ttI!E'tC01tot f-tE 'to ytyuV'ttO Ka.9ilKOV vutrq'taxvvoul!e 11)V crocrtuAtcrnK1) OL1):oo6f-tllO'l1 Kat 'tOV 8KO-UYXPOVlcrl!O 'til~ yecopyiu£, 'tile; PL0f-tT]'Xuviae;, 'til<; 89vtKi'j~ 4!.mvae;, 'til£ 811:tcr'tiJf-tlle; KUt 'til<; 'texvoAoyiac; l!ae;,6 Klve1,;tKo<; Aq6~ xpw~1,;e'tat Z7tt'!UX'!t1(a f-tta f-teyuAll 11:ep1000 eipiJVlle;. :mv KtEj1fi<; of m;ptcrcr6'tepee; x(ope<; crov xoouo slvct 8vuvna Cf,OV 1tQAeJlo. 'EK'tO<; 0;11:0 !,U::ptKOU<; CjltA011:oAel!ou<; !!aVta.Kou<; 11:0D npoG11:u90uv f-tu't(ua va KUptapxiJcrouv orov xoouo, Kuvet<; (lSV 9EAn Evav vso 1toAe~LO 1tOD 9a <pEpet xwpi£ a!!<ptpoAiu rspUGue<; Ka'tacr'tpOcpEe; Cf't1)v av9pco1to'tll'ta.. ~01tco<; oiJAwve «1tocpacrtcrnKu 6 IIpodipoC; Mdo, f] cr'!ucrll !!aC; u1t{;vuvn crriOV 1t6AI>Jl~ slvci : «llpro'to, dp,UO''tEtvuvnu 'top Kat OEUtepO, otv 'tOy <poPOOJlU«J'tE}) 71. Ae!!E on OEV <popffil!ucr'te 'tov 11:6/",E!!0, OXt ct.rr&t'o" UUC; apSqEt 11 ibtElo1)Mv I!1tOpqUUE va oouf-te ,'tilv &PTIf-t~T] ~QU 94 1tPOK:a.AECfet, aAAU Ylu'ti6 cp6poe; OEV AUVEl ~a.VEVa. 1tPO-

77

PATH-HI. Kt UKOJlU m:ptO'cron:po, ntcrtSUOUJlS crTuOspa on 6 uvOpconoe; O'iyoupa. Oa ssaAr::tIjlSt TOV nOAqw Kat 0;0 TO avrWcto.

IIota elvui AOtnoV Ta KuOilKovni Jla,<;;

IIpohu un' OAa npsnst va npOStbOnm1lvOuj,ts 'COV, j.ao yu't. tOY xtvoovo tOU nO/'SJlOU. OL 8no un8pbUVUJlW; KC\VOUV 1;c!j>peVE<_; npocrnaSSts<; yta va aUYKsvrpwaouv OA8<; roue tiS ouva~LStc;: yta nOASj.,lo. Tturi.; '0 ASVlV Ebcoas t11V amiVtT]o"ll noM Kalpa, npiv : 0 nOASj.,lOe; npospxs'[a.t uno t1')v 'ibta T11V q>ual1 '[oD Ij!1rEptaAtal.lOU. «'H 1tIlI'KOGj.ua KUj}tUpxia &tvat to 1tejll&XOIiEVO TilS iJt1tEptaI.1GtlKTlS no:t.ltud'lc;: nov G\)vtxHnl tilS Elva. 0 i!11tEPWltO't1KoS nOl.t!.ws» 72. LUVOJllAwvra<; j.,le rov 11'Ytn1 j.,ltUC; xwpac; TOU Tptroo Koououvo 1974 6 Ilpoeopoc Mao }JnoYP(<i!!.u~s : «'0 i'lnEptaAW~U)C; unuPXEl GtOV KOO'~O. Kata tft YVIDttl1 ~u<;, fJ ProO'iu dvat J1UX O'oO'laAtllnEptUA-WtlKtl xropa. Auto to K01.VroVlIi:O (rl)(JtflI1U q>tPVEt I-ul~i ron 'tOY n:oA&I.1O. OUtS i;(J'Eis or.; 1:& El1ti<; al.l.a OUtE () Tpitoe,; KO(JIlOS anouv 'tOY 1'I:t')l.qto. OUtS ot Aaoi O'tiS nA-OuO'lee,; XroPES GtA-OUV eva... 1tUYKOO'lllO r.OJ,qlO. Auto 'to n:po:wa O'\)J1~aiVEt aVE~aptl1ta ano t1), OiJ,11o"'1 tof> avSprono\)) 73. 'Evw oev etJlaats JlOtpoAatps<;, 1CtmeUOUJ.tf': ()n fj Icroptc SSeA,[acrstat aUIlq>cova IlS OptaJlEVOU£ vouooc. 'Eq>6aov 6 cruyxpovoe; n6AEj.,l0<; slvm npotov toll 11l1tSptaA,tcrIlOU 1,l1tOpOUlle va SSUAelIjlOUJ.tS tOY naYK6crJltO n6A,SIlO uovo IlE 'tl)V 8nuvacrtacrll nOD Sa uvutPSIjISt 'to tllnepWAtcrnKo - auanULCt •. '0 naYK6cr'_uo<; n6ASJlO£ viyoupa Jlnopst va ESaf._WpOst, (iv secrnacrst Jlla KOtV(oVtK-~ snavucr'taO"ll O"{;O to'C01:1:ptKO troy OUO unspouvUIlSCOV Kai 'Ci<; Jle~a-rptljlet crs aocrtaAtvnKe<; Xffips<;. Mid '[stOta snavaO'taall ea EASSt O.pyai) ypilyapa.. 'Beooov osv Exst uK6j.,la crUJl~si, oev unapxst Kavsva<; A.6yo<; va xalapeDcrOUJlS -r1']v 8naypt'mvlai] ~lae; un:evavn v' evav nUYK6a~tto 1tOAej.,lO.

'Eeocov 6 aVtaycovtcrll0<; uvuJlsaa a-ri<; ouo 11YQlovtcr1:lKe<; OUVU!!et<; svtetverut Kai 6nslol1 iotaitepa {) cromaAtj,LTCeptaAtallo<; ppiaKStat crtytv sni6sall, fj cruYKPoDO'llUVullscra ~ta<; oev sfvut ouvatov va puOl1tcrtsl: j.,ls dpllV\KU ~u~aa.

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78

&tOOUe; ytaevav aUYKsKptllevo oxono. '0 llp6eopoC; Mao SAS. 1e : «MnopEi va EJ.GO\lV 0'& 1(an:olU O'\)Jlq>ro~ia, una 1)EV eu to O&ClPOU(fU GUV 1(an JlOVlJtO. Eivat KO:tl 'to J1EtapanKO Kat nupa1tAaVll'ClKO f:1tlO'flS. OUO'WO'tlKU () av-rIlYOlVtO'Jl0C; dvm, TO Kupum 74. Au-ro<; {) cwraycovtvJlo<; 6811Ysl avan6q>eux'Ca cr' evav nOABJlo. 0{ napayovn:c; 'COD n6AeJlOU O"l'wspa au~aVoVtal IlS 8wpavi) rpoxo. or OUO fjyellOVtanKe<; 8uVUIlSt<; sn:ttaxuvouv Tie; nOAquKe<; nposwtJlaaisc; rou; EVW j.,lu<; naii;;ouv '[0 ~pffilltKO Iloti~o Tfj<; «uq>sa11<;» Kat 'tOU «(Xq>01tAtvIlOD». natt lipaye osv to mUJla-ruvs unA1i Kat 8EV KC1.-racrtpsq>ouv OAOKAl1pCOtlKa tu -rspuana onAoa-rucrta roix; 'AvtiOs-ra, ~08suouv -rspacrna nOva XP1wa-rCOY crt napanspu EpeUVS<; yta vsu nl.lpl1VtKa onAa wal nupauAouc; Kut yui t1')v KataaKeui) 'tOU<; Kat a't1')v a,vantU~T]

"OA.O Kat 1ttO an:OtSAWj!uttKrov Kat eava-rl1q>OPCOV X11j.,ltKWV, ~tOA.OytKWV Kat aUCOV01!ACOV. Of EvonAee; OUVUj.,lSt~ tO~<; sfvct roco uvarrtuYI1Svs<; nOD 1-t1t0PODV ucr-rpaniaia va evspY01tot 11- Oouv Kat Kavouv (JUVSXeta cr'tpanCOttKa YUI-lvucrta btaq>6pcov d8ffiv. 'H KU\1S j.,lla roue EXe! aUYKev-rpwcrst sKatOV'tUOe<; xtA.tUbSe;

crtpa:rs6~ata crti)v Kevtpucn EupWn11. Ol crtOAOt tOU<; tnt't11PODV 6 eva<; rov (fAAO Ka9cbe; 'tptyupii;;ouv crtOD1 roKeCLv06<;. Krrrcoxonot atSAVOVtat Jle VSe<; anocr'toA.s<;, onopp6xta SSKLyllVS Jle vio. Ka0ilxovru Ked vsoi atpancotlKoi80pucp6pOl nepI(pepOVtat o-ro 8taat'l1Jla. ~0A,(l auta XPllcrtJleUOUV a-ri)v aUYKsvtpCOa11 crpuruoT1KroVn:A11PO<POptWV Kut mijv nposroiucot« yta -r1')\) OA.OK;;.11- PCOtlK1') ssaq:lavtO"ll 'tou nOAefltKOU oUVaJltKOU tou an{naAou. uOAa aut a unoos{xvouv apKsHl Ott oi OUO 01!SpOUVU~tSl<;1tPOST01IHli;;ovta.t f;v~p'fTInKa yta Evav EK-rBtap,Svo n6A.sJlo. ::Ette; (J11~SPtVE<; ivWP1KE<; cruv9fiKe<;:8ev unapxst Kaflta ouvaT6't11-ra 'Ita j.,lta BipilVll otapKdae; Kat evaC; vsoc naYK6cr~uo<; 1!61\.qLOC; £ivat avan6<pwx-r0<;.

Ae6n;po rrpS1mt va KUtC1.PUAOUj.,lS Kuge npocr1taSEtU va 8TCt-r()l.X6VOI)fl8 n)v nUATj evavnu crov fjyq.lovtcrJlO, 1tpsnst 0I1Aao1') vu naA8'lfOU~lS yta t1')v (l1tOtpon:i) 1:0U Seanual1ato<; -rou nOAs'JlOU Kat O"tijv 1!opeia va OuvaJ.l./oaOUJlE 'ti<; CtJlUVnKe<; oDvat6- 'Hl'teC; t(OV ,,-awv Of....(f)V tWV xcopwv.

Ka1 oi ouo TJyel!OVtanKE<; 8uv6.J.l.stC; npostOtf.lai;;ovtat £VEP-

79

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'0 IIpOEopoe; Mco nSYE: «Ot <H:vrop,Ev&<; nOAlt~iE<; dv{U Eva<; j(UpUVO<; tiyp1]<;. Mt)v tOY U1toAoyi~EtE. M' £Va j(tu1tl1J1a £O'KUO'E. 'H pSP_l~lOVIO't~Ki] ~opIEnKi] "EvroO'1] Elval Kl ailtfi Eva<; xapnvo.;; tiYP1].;;».75 'H ijl1tEptaAta'ttKl'J1t9A.~'tl.KT( 'trov HIlA . yui 'tT(v ng,YK6a1-Ua KUptapxiu hE! q1tO cK\ltpO auvqvtllaEt tT(V "eUpaA.u[a aV"Ilatacrl] trov A.a!1>v {jAWV trov xwpwv. 0{ ',fh~cpJ.l.tvEe; IIoA.nf'r&~ aijlJ&pq, #.aKoA909pl)v va KqVOQV .01\ ~9PVqEtU~' 'TO X~Pt 'tot)e; ytli va 1tpo.P'ta't?\jfOUV "Ia KUWX1T)J.l.,~yq qpJ.l.cpsPOVtU -rou; as KUOE "Hnstpo, YExPl.lV 'tOq(L 1t9.At.,ft vq, ~pocr.'I;at£\jfouv KUt't'U 1tOAEJ.l,tKU WUe;lJtJ(Q1tU eiVf;Lt \9p'ot)';;t~taM.~v(l mats

(~1tpoCf1ta90\)v va 1tlUaOUVOEKa ",6J.J..o~ p,i: 08Ka OUxtUAa» 1~, 01tO}e; &i1tE 6 Ilposopo; Mao. LaV U1t01.SAEajlU, EXOUV I3psOsl as jlta ajlOv'ttKT( 9saT) U1tO atpat'll'YtKT( U1tO\jfT). '0 l:o~tE'nKO<; O'oataJ..tJ.l,1tsp~aJ.taJ.l,Oe; ~piO'KE'tat . O'lljlEpa a'tT(v S1ti9EO'T}, clA'Aa (atitv sm9EuK6tl1tU tOU PpiO'KEtat it 1ttta» 77. "Oruv 'ta S7tt9EttICU 'tou 1tAOKUjlta ap1tUSOUV yta 1tOAO KatpOI jlta 1tSptOXll, 6 l:oBtE'ttKOe; aoatUAtjl1tEptaAiO'jloe; U1tOKUAU1ttEtCll Kat 1tpoKaAEi uva1tocpEtlj(ta tOY ayrova Evuvnu tOO. LtT(V 1tUAll ron yta 'tOY et.,EYXo 'trov 1tA.Etlprov tij<; Eupw1tT}e;, EXSt acpu;:,pwaet ta 'tsAsotaia Xpovta 'toue; 1ttO 1tOAA.OUe; a1to 'toue; 1t6pOlle; rou mT( MEO'OYELO, tT( Mscn ' Avato~i], tT(V 1tEPLOXll 'tij<; . 'Epu9pfie; E>uA.aaaw;, tie; uva'tOAtKee; Kai ollnKEe; UICtE:c; 'Efi<; 'AcpptKije;ICai 'tie; 1tapa9aMO"atEe; reEptoXSe; tOU '!VOtKOU' ''oICEIlVOU Kat 1tapOACl (lU'ta 8EV EX&t ,YvwpiaEt tEAtKa 1tapQ Ilta (JEtpa a1tO anjlw'ttKEe; TinE';;. 'H U1tP01(UAll1ttll 1tOAttlKT) 'iO'XUO';; Kai i) Ol1tA.IDjla'tia 'trov KUVOVtrov 1tOU aKoAou9si, EXO~V ouvuvmost 'tT(V ausaVOjlEVT} Kat 1tAatE~a avtigeall cr' OAOUC; 'toue; Aaou.;; 'tOU KOajlOO. Moxovon it L0I31E'ttKT( "Evcxrn, V;o'1tAi~etat IJ.' OAEe; tie; OUVUjlEt';; Ka1. ouvajlwvst ti.;; 1tOAsj.l.tKSe; 'tT}<; 1tpoEtotjluaiE';;, «t') ()(lVUp,t) t1]<; Oi;v qltUVEt yta ti<; «yinE<; qn~ AoOol;iE<; tl1<;)) Kat slvut «uviKaV1] va ta PYUAEt 1tEpa p,i: 'tTtV Ef>,. pO>1t1], tit MSO'l1 'AVa'IOAt), tit v6nu 'AO'if;L, titv' Kivq l(al ti\v 1tEP1OXit- to\) Eipl1VIKOU)) 78.

_ . Of ooaKoA.iEe; )(ut oiTittse; 1tOU Erea9av oi QUO i)YEjlOvtcrnKE:e; OOVUJ.l,Ete;, odxvoyv ~eKu8upa on O'tT( 9aojlu<nu' otE9v.T( KU:- 1'uataO'll 1tOU S7ttKpatEt aijjlePU, oev dvat uovo KOtVT( E1tt90jlia 1'rov Aa&v tOU xocuoo va a1tOtp£\jfOllV to ssa1taajla tOU 1tOASJ.l,Otl J.l.E: 'tT(V EVtaO'll 'tije; reaAll<; Evavna crov i)yqlOVtaJ.l,O Kai tT(V E~OI)~ ()Ettp(OaT} trov 1tOAEjltKroV aXE8iwv tije; LOl3tEttKij.;; uEvwaT)e; Kat 'trov 'Hveusvorv IloAitstrov,uAAa on slvm EniaT).e; 8llVatO xni m9avo va yiVEt Katt :r£TOlD, '0 1tuYKOajlWe; nOASjlOe;, liv Kai dvanocpEUxtOe;, jlnopEt va Erel~paouv9Ei. na va 1tPOCPOA.axtOU- }.LEU1tO J.l,ta alcpvLotaa'ttK11 E1tiOeall a1to roo; U1tOKtVlltE:e; 't01} rcOASjlOU, 1tpEreSt va l3uaiO'oWE 'tT(V ¢l!llvttKij J.l,ue; OOllAEta atT(V m8uvotl]tUO'tl 80.. ·n;OA.ef!Tp:J01JjlB a' svav SKtStUjlSvO re6A.Ejlo, 1t()', 1['l1'0) " ,,;, >: ·:;1[<.0"-: '.I o!1yop61'spu un' on tOV 1teptjlSVOUjlE.

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'R icr'topia EXet oei~st S1tO.VetAlll-lE.Va ,on TI ayrov1cr'tlK11 EVotTJ'ta noD crcpuPTJAa'tel'ta1 a1to 'tooc_; Aaoo<; OA.rov 'tmv xroprov slvrn TI xuptu 06val-lll Yl(l va. covrptvoous 'tou~ UltOKtVTJ'tf;<; 'toi) rcOASl-l0u. 0{ AaOt 1tpe1tst va. spyacr'touv crKA.llPa. Kai va. ibntaXDvouv 'tte;; npos'tolJlacriE<; roue VA.tKa. Kai opyavoHlKa. 'svuvnu cr-:ou<; nOASIlOI)~ ElofbMj<;, va. rcapaKoAou90uv npocrEX't"tKa. 'ti~ B1tt9:S'tU(f;<; Kat sm;X'tanKf;~ svepYElf.c; 'tmv ouo TIYSJlOV10"'t"t1CroV 9UVUjlEroV Kai va 'tt<; crUV't"pi'lfOUV" Ct1tocpacrtcrnKa.. '0 A(lOC; nptnst va. <pPOV'tiO'Sl, wcr'ts al)'t"s<; of ouo 01tEPOUVUJlS1e;; va Jlilv 1tapaJ}lIicrouv 'til KUptaPX1Ka. olKatrolla'ta 'tfj<; xropac; 'tOU 11 UA~llC; xropae;;, va l-lTJv Katarea'ti]crouv ta soacpl1 11 ta XroPlKa Voata tfje;; xropac; roo 11 uAAlle;; xropae;; 11 va. 1tapafluicrouv tie;; crpurnyl~eC; reSplOXeC; 11 'tie;; crtpa't1lYlKec; ypaJlJlec; trctKoLVrovia~, va Jll) XPllcrtJloreoli]crouv pia 11 a1tslA.11 j3iae; fr UAA.OUC; eAtYJlou~ y1~ va «vallSlX90uv cr'tie; ecrrotEplKS<; oreogecrEle; tfje; xdJpae;; rou 11aA.~TJ·e;; xropa~.'AKO!-lanapareepa, Kat of ouo ouvallEle; rcpsref:t va. napaKOA.Ou9.oUVtal uno KOV'ta. IlTJreroc; Katacpuyouv crs 6rcoVOjlSU't'tKSe; jlTJXavoppa<pfEe; Kai XP'llcrlJ,toreolitcrouv tT) «l3oijBwx» aa.v sva rcp6(JXTJ!-la Yla. va. 1tEtDXOUV ta. cr'[pa'tlro'tl1cu, 1tOAltTK:a Kat Oi1COVO!-llKU 'toue;; crxsota. O] Aaoi reperesl s1ticrl1C; va. <ppoV't'tcrODY Wens of ouo ureepouvallSle; va. !-IT)V sYKa9.lopucrouv, va 01S\)povoov, va. uotpucouv 11 va. ureocrreacrouv cr<pai'p€e;; smppofj<; crs )Canolo !-tspoe; tou KOcr!!OU. ~Av yivouv oAa alnu, S,a elVat ouva't'~V va 6ntllpaouvou!!s 'tT)v sl;ureoAucrTJ EVOe; rcaYK6crJlwu 1tOA.eIlOD !ireo toue; OUO TjYS!!OvLcr'tSe; Kat of Aaot tOU K6crj.toV o.d dvat KaA.u't€pa npO€'totf.:tacrjleVOl Kat Sa j3piaKOVtUt en'; nlO SUVOtKT) BecrTJ {iv ~€crnucr€t 6 rc6ASj.tOe;. Tt" alno 'to cxono, OA€C; of xmpse;; Kat of A.<1;01 'tOU Tpirou Kat 't'ouLlSUtSPOD Koouourcoc a1tet~ A.ouv'tat ana tOue; OUO ijyeI-lOVtcrtsc;, npercSt 1tpro'l:a un' oAa va KaA.A.tSpyijcrouv sva a<poj3o revsul-la Kat va. 6uval-Lroaouv 'tTJV 1tS~ n?ieTJcrTJ on ocro Kai, av <pOUcrKroVOUV Kat SE<PUcruvs of unspouvaIlEtC;, J.L1tOpOUV va VIKTJOOUV. Asv npsre€t va unO'lcuvouv cr'to~

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i';Kj3WcrJ.LOUC; Kai no'ts v« J,tilv ent't"ps'l'oUV cr'[oue; ~autoue; roue va. (;~arcatl1Gouv. IIpere€l va. sretl-letvouv crtT)V urespacrmcrTJ '[i'j~ av~l;ap'rTJcria~, ,rov couoepovrccv Kat ti'je; acrcpaAeuie;; tOUC; crtTJpt'Yj.tevot KUpta crTi~ OUVaJ.LSIC; '[OUC;, va Ot1tA.acrtucrouv tiC; npoarr~.., BEtBe;; 1:0Ue; 1'la tl1v ureocr'tf]pt~ll avu~t!;;cru rou; O"'ril pacrTJ Tfj~ io:oTtjlia~ Kai va EVIDfbi)v !!f: OASe; 'rie;;oUVUIl€tC; noil !!rropouv va 8vroSouv Yla va 5t€~uyouv I-lexpt 'to 'ttA.O~ 'tOY ayrova Bvavna crov ih€~LOVLcr)l6.>

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T11V K(J.'rarrOA.e!!tcr11 'tfje; nOf,.t'tlKfje;; 'tou Katsuva-crllou, yIa't! to uovo nOD KaVet aOt]l 1'j nOAt't'tKl] stvat va CPSPVEt 'tov re6A.qw lttO KOV'tU. 'Y rrupxouv cr11Jt€pa I'iVOpO)n:ot cr'til M)(JTJ nOD ut06ETOUVC>TT)V rrpu~11 J.LHl, rcOA.lttlCT) KaTsuvacrJ,lou urr6vavn crtT) LOf:hSTtKl] "Evoxrq. L'rl1V npocrnoJJnu tou~ va. eKreov)lcrouv ~ltll «ioavIKij» <p6PIlOUf,.a crul-lPtf3acrl-l0U Kat orcoXO)pijcrsrov ure6vavn a'l:ij Lof3tSnKil sn:eX'tacrYj Kat 'tie; urretMe;, usptxoi uv9.prorrot EXODV crepf3lpst repOTUOEtC; onroe;; 'tQ «Lloy!!a ZOvvsv<P€A.Vt»"Il& TT]V &v6TJTl1 EA.rcioa on Ha. xursovacouv tTtV OpS~T]" 'rou BrctHEi:lI:Hll fr on G,a K£poioouv 'tOUAuXlcr'tOV ma uvunuuA.a ,yta. 'toy sumo roix. "AA.AOl npocrnaaouv va OtKOOOl-lijoouv 'rT)V unoKaAOD!-lSVTJ «VlotKT) ~acrTJ» yta. 'rTJV SiPTJVtK1) cruvspyacria Kal 'tT)V ureo'tpom'l tounoA.€!lou !!eacdhco ~lsyaA.a oavetct, tT)V Bn&X'tuol1 'tou {;!-l1tOPWU, TT)V KOtVl] SKIlSTUA.ASUcrl1 'tmv nAouTonapayroYlKmv mnmv Kat 'rT)V uv'Co.A.A.ayT) T€XvoA.oyiue;. "AlcAot uK6)la 6A.niSOUV on J!reopoGv v.a mp6'1'ouv 'til LOf3tS't'tKT) uEvO)O"l1 crtT)v 'Ava'toA.ll mcr'ts va o.nalcf,.a.youv uno 'to LOj3lS'tlKO xivduvo crf: {3apoc; 'tfje;; acrcpuASWe; UA.Arov xrop&v. Ma. osv &{vat oAa au'ru 'ta. yla'tpoooqno an:Au ~ttQ. vio. £KOOO"TJ C()rov lixouv oOKtl-1u(r'rsi nUAtro't€PU Kat EXOUV 6AOKA.11Pro't'tKU XP£roK01t110€t crtT)V Icrtoptc 'tou n6- A8110U; 'H LUI-l<!>rovia toU Movaxou yta 'til ellcrfa '[fje; TcrsxocrA.O~ j3mda~ reoo I-1UYCIPSUTTJ1(S ureo rov Tmll-11tspA.aw, 'tovNtaA.Auvns Kcd Clio:., oTa).lutl1crs 11 ICueuo'[sPllas Ka66A.OD 't'Y}v nop€i.a toU thef\.11a1'OD XhASP; IIpUYIlO.'l:t 6 XhA.sp lCa'tsu0.6v6111C8npoe; tT)V 'AVtI.'LOAl] 1\'«i Ka'tUA.uf3E 'tT)V IIoAffiv[a, OSV cruvextas O!-Lroc; xni YVPlcrS np6e; tT)V Mcry! Yla va 1CuTaAu{3c:t tilv raAA.la; Of 'HvO)).18\10; TIoAt'l:d£C;, TJ Bpercvtc Kd 11 raAA.ia EKavav jlla. to-

83

Vro't'tKiJ EvecrllO''CiJ repJ.lavia Kat 'CiJv 'Iancovia oivov'Ca~ 'tOlJt; J30119.eta Kat 6aveta KUt 1tOUAWV'tac; roue nOA.elltKo UA.tKO. 'A).M nOlO ij'tuv 'Co ano't&AEO'J.lU; or crrJ!.tep1V€t; svspyetEC; KUt O'lJVOlaO'Ks\jfetc; elvatcriyoupa noM mo nlJpe'twDIKet; an' ai'ni:t; npiv 'to ~eu'tepo ITaYKocrlll0 ITOA.ellO, onrot; ot O'lJvo~LlA.iet; IAAT CtvullEcra cr'tiJ Io13tenKiJ "EvroO'Tj Kat rit; 'HvrogsVEt; ITof.Heiet;, ot O'lJvoll1A.iet; yta 'CiJv agol13aia }!elrocrtj 'troy DUVUJ.tEroV (j'CiJv Kev'tptKiJ EupwnTj Kat fJ IlJVDIUO'Ke\jfTJ Yla 'tiJv Eupronui:KiJ 'Acr<puA.eta' KuiIuvepyucrict. "Ogrot; 0 KivDUVOC; 'tou n6A.el!ou crriJv Eu-. pwnTJ oi:v EXet a:l)~TJ9ei aV'tt va nepwptcr't"ei; ITupoA.e~ 'ttt; EVTOvet; npoO'nugetet; 'nou yiVOV't!H Yla va crlJvexicrouv va Ael'toupyouv a.o'ti:t; of 'crlJVOlacrKS\jfet<; Kat va KUVOlJV crujl<proviec;, oi:v txouv a.u~TJgei <lp19J.lTJt1Kil <lv't! va Atyocr't"S\jfouv 'taOnAa oXrov 'troY dorov nou ma9geuouv Kat cr'tie; DUa nA.elJPi:e; TOU Eupamai:KoO J.thronou; "Ooo nspiccotepo nognwolKa elvm 'ta A6yta yui 'tl)V u<pecrTJ Kat 1ttO SVtoVEt; ot npocrn:ugetee; yux 'tOY Ka'tEuvacrgo, roco yeyaA.~'tepoe; yivetat 6 Kivouvo~ tou nOAeJ.tQD. "OAa aUta 3ev slvor UOIKatoAOYTJtee; aVTjcruxiee;. Elvor J.tta <lAi]geta nou 'tnt13el3atw911Ke snavetA.TJjlsva ano 'tiJv' icrtopia. Tdipu .elvm fJ KcttUA.ATJA.TJ (J'ttYjliJ yta va ~lJnvTJcrouv aU'toi of Kareuvacr'ts~.

"Av 'teA.IKa 0 nOA.S~tOe; npuYllan ~ecrnucret, ro an:O'tsAecrjlu fla etVIll criyoupa 'to avtige'to an' ctlna nou EOXOV'rUt oi D1tOKtVll'tse;'tou. K6.ge fJysllOVtcrnKiJ ouvaJ.tYJ crlljlEPct crKoneUet va at<pvt·ot6.cret 'tiJv aXXTj Kctt va Ku'tacrtpS\jfst jl'i:va X'tu1t1wa 'to nOAeJ.ltKO 'tTJe; ouValltK6. Autoe; 6 crr6xo~ siVa! ojlCOe; noJ.u OVcrKOAO va s1ttnmxgei, YIU'tt Ka.i of ou6 rou; K6.VOUV tvrovse; npoerotuocriee; 'lla jlta 'tStoUl £nigecrll. Ka9ro~ 9a napctreiVStal 6 nOAq.we;, crull13cti voov <lvano<peUKta ,cri; nOAA a J.ts'PTJ 'tou xoouoo nOAXi;e; <lA.A.ctyi:e; nspa ano roi»; DnoAoytcrJ.tOUe; Kai rov sAenO 'troY 0\)0 fJyellovlcrnKrov ouv6.jlecov.Ito J.ts'tct~U, elvm criyo\)po on of Actoi OACOV ~rov xcoprov 9aBnW<PSAYJ90uv ano tie; nOAA£e; eUKatpisc; ,nou ea 'napovcrtaa'tOuv, yta va opyavwcrouv nOASJ.lO\)e; Bv6.Vtta crtiJv etcr130ATJ. Kui aUtOI ot 0PllllnKot nOASIlOt Bvuvna cr'tiJv eicr130AiJ oi:v J.tnopouv va crUVtpt13ouv. TeAtKa J.tscru ano napaTs'CaJ.lSVee; Kal ouvcoviousve; npoonu9stee;,ot Aaol crfyoupa aa llnopecrouv va ouvrptvoov 'toU~'tr1t'{)KtvlFi:e; 'tou 1tOAegou. "01tw<;

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'KAllPO'U to'U iJ11ttPIUAtO'tlKOi) CJ\lO'tTUlfLtOt;» 79. Me ouo AOyta, 0- notOcrol]1tors Kt (iv 'toAjlTJcret va npOKctJ..{:crel evav nctYKocrJ.tlO n6/cejlo, Sa cruVctV't11crsl 'tiJv 1tlO U1toq>a.crtcrnK~ UVti9scrYJ Kctt to X'tunYJ~la U1tO tOUe; ActOU~ OAOlJ, 'COu. xoouoo Kctt 'tou A.a.OD. 'tfie; OtK1']e; TOll xwpa~ Kai Sa rov m:pLIl{:vet i} 0A.OKA11PWrtKl1 Katacrrpocpil·

To 1968 6 Ilpoeopo; Mao STJA.cocre on oi ~oi3tenKoi pei3l~lOvtcrree; Kat ot tJ.lnspl(J;J..tcr'ri:~ trov HITA «EXOUV Ota1tpa~Et tOCJO 1tOAAa UJtOKpO'UO'tlKa 1((1i a1l0lClO'tlKU 1tpaYJ1atu 1toil oi &1tClvaCJtCln Koi AClOt CJ' OA.OK/vllPO' tOY KOO'JtO' oev 9u ta a<PtlO'ouv atlJ1roPlltCl. Ot AClOt OA<OV to)V xwprov ~ECJl1KrovOv'tClt. "Extt apxiCJEt J1ta KCllvo6pyw, lCJtOptKyt 1ttpioooe; ayrov<ov &vavtla CJtOV iJ11tEPIClAlCJJ10 trov RITA KClt to l:OJJtt:ttKO psf3t~tOVtCJJ.1o» so. ITJ!lspa. ot OUVajl8te; orov KOcrJ.lO nOD n:oAejlOUV rov i}yejlOvLcrJ.l0 'troY ouo om:pouva!l!:wv J.t!:yaAowouv cri: MvaJ.lll Kat OLK080jlOUV to 1tlO 1tAal'U 1taYKocrJ.lLO tVW.LO J.tCTcono. ~tiJv npwtll ypaJ.tjliJ ao'tou 'tOU svmtoo J.lctcono~ orsxovru; oi crocrLaAtcrttKi:C; xrop!:e; J.ta.~i' J.te to 1taYKocr!ltO npoAerapl6.tO. Sem(ena~ouv Kat avncrtCkOVtUI anO(PUO"lcrttKa crt11V SntSSnKiJ Ka.i<plAon6A!:J.tTJ ,nOA.tttKiJ 'troY OUO l)y!:jlOVlcr'troV Kat Dnocrtl1pt~ODV tie; xorvsc npocrn6.9!:Lee; OACOV troy xcoprov KaL 'trov Aa.&V rtou <:tvat EKtdhwtvot crt11V anetA11 KUL E1tt0enK6tll'ta. t&V 01tepOUVU~Lecov .Oi xropse; Kat of ActOL tOU Tpirou Koouoo u,nuv'tuvs J.ts acrlJl-li3i13u()'tou~ uyrovee; Evavna crtie; onepoOVujlSlC;, yta va 8W,crCPUAtcrOUV 'tiJv ave~apl'llcria, t1]v aKepat6tll'ta. Kat tilv acr<puA.eta tOlJ~. 'H 1tOAlttK11 cruVStollcrll troy Aamv tOU Ilpd» tOU Kat toU ~eurepou Koouoo J.l!:ya.AwVet Kat aVuntucrouv €vav uywva. J.l€ Otu<popse; ~LOp<pi:C; SVUVttct orou; 000 i}yejlovtcrtee;. Of xropse; 'tOU ~eutepou Koouoo uvan'tucrouv tOY aywva. roue svavna o-co ~oi3lenKo Kctt 'Auepucdvuco SAerxo Kat &iS1KWTspa sVuvtta crtte; nOA£~LtKi:e; anstA.i:e; tile; Io13tSnKile; "Evorcnc Kai EXOUV oei~et !lta 01..0 Kat {crxupwtepYJ 'tacrll va {:vcoOouv avu-

85

~u;cru "COVC; Kat /-lS "COV Tpiro KOU/-lo. "OAa at)"C(l urro(5£lXvouv on ~ KUpta "CucrTj U"CTtv uvurr"CUSTj 'tfjc; rrupouauc; (5wSVOUC; Ku;u()'t~allc; sfvut il EvO"CTjTa YHX 'tTtV uvurr"CVSTj 'tOU uy(OVU "Crov (5l)VU/-lEroV cr' 61.,0 rov xocuo, EvuvHa a'tic; OllO TJYE/-lOvla'tlKEC; ODVU/-lEIC;, Ko,ewc; rrEpVUEt () Kmpoc; 1i KUpto, atl'tll 'tucrTj unooEixvEl o/vo Kal nEplUa6'tEpo "CllV ope6L11"Ca 'tfjc; 8E(Opiac; 'LOU llpoEopoll Mao 'lUX "CTt ota<poporrOiTja11 'trov 'tp1&v xoourov xui 'tij ouvawf] 'tT]C; aav KaSOolj'YTjHKij uv'tiATj'l'l1 "Cou rraYKOa/-llOD npoAE"Captuwll Kat "Crov Aarov "Coo xocuou 'Yta 'tijv olKoMFl1O"Tj 'tou rrAu,un;poll ouvcnoo rraYKOa/-llOU sVluiou ~t!':'t(Orrou EVUV'tla aTOV 11'YE).tOVtcr~lO.

Iluvr« slvci U'ta6Epij srravU(nanKij rrOAtTtKij '"COo rrUiYKoa/-llOU rrpoA£TapHl"COU, va olKOOOjl£l 'to rrAuTu'tEPo (5uvaro £VW,tO ~tf;T(Orro u"COVC; srravaa'tanlcovc; uyroVEC; as rraYKo(j~no, K/,i~taKa 'Yta 'tl1V KawnoA.{;/-l1U11 'tOU KUPWD EXepOU. '0 Asvlv ~laC; oicaS€ .. «MnoflouJIE' va "tKijc;ouIlE Evav 1tl0 iO"xupo uVtl1ta}.o J!ovo' liv iV"CEivoUIU; 0"1."0 £nUl{po 'tie; ouv6,1t1e; IlO:S Kat XPTjO"l/-101tOUi)vtas Q1t(i}(fOij1tO'tE J1f: 't11V PEYUAUTtPTt E1tlllSAlOta, (Ppovrfou, npoaoxi! Kui E1tl()t~U}tTtta 1(6.0t, ~o"'tro Kat 'to napalllKpo, pfjYf1()! uvalltO"Il! G1:06e; ~XOpo6S, I(UO& UVtuyroV1GIlO Gl)JHjlEpon(Ov UVUfltO'a O"t11V c1;G'tU(lJ 'tu~Tt troy 01a<poprov xwprov, UVUIlEGU G'tts oU'i<popts Oilcl- o&s 11 Ka't1}yopieS 'tfjs UG'tlKiis teXS1}S O"tO EGo)'tE,HKOKU{}S xropae; Kai E1tiO"1}S EKpE'taAAEUOJ.ltvol KUOt, ~O"'to) Kat 't'l)v 1tapalllKp'l) ouvo:t6't1}'ta va unoX'tijO"oUPE tvav llai;lKO O"uJlJlax(] lie; ElVUl Kal zpoGffip1 voS, 'taAav-nmOJltvoS, uO''taOilS, uJ3tpalOS Kat KUtro uno opOUS. "01tOlOe; Of:V 'to Ka'tUAafk au'to, OSV KatuA(lJ3t OU1."t txvo~ «TeO 'to Map~lo"f.lO Kat U1tO 'tOY tnlO"'tTtf.lOV1KO, GU'YXPOVO GOO"laJ.tG!lO 'YEV1- K6» 81. 'H S1rava()'tanKTt Bp1rElpia "COu npo/vErap1u'"COD lmi 'teOV 1C(I,'ta1ttts6j.t€v())v savwv 6X£1 U1tOoEi~tl flSXPt 1."(opa on oaOl s<papJ.!m- . SOUl' alm)v "Cl1V 1tOAl'ttKij fl1tOPOUV va aUYKEvTpwaouv lvav 1tavicrxupo srravacr'WTlKO rrrprrto uno 'to, S1CU't0flupw "Crov £Ka'rO~tUpiffiV

HOV I-laS(OV yui va aUYKEV'tproeoov crtTtV B1tiElt0"11 tva.vna crov K6- pta BXepO Kat va HpwJ.!BdiO"ouv O"nlv snavuO"'ta0"11. "A v 1ta~W f;VCLVnIJ. a' aim;v "CllV rroAt'ttKi], "Co flOVO 1tOV ea KaTacpSpOUJ..lS eo. sivm va Qorl'}'i]aoujlt oro nAwpo "Cou txepof5 au"Cte,; 'tie,; OUVU/-lSlc,; nOD ea ll1topouO"aj.u; va auO"nEtpwuoll).tE, vo.ouvaflwaoullE ,ie; ZX8Pl-

86

\K(;£ 'YpaJ.!J.u';e,;, va U1tO/-lOVO)eOUJ..lE. Kat va Ka"CaotKaaOUJlE Ka:rrt ~uvtnE1a 'tTtV trravaO"Taaf) O"S uno"Cuxia.

I 'H OtKo06/-lTjO"Tj tVOe,; naYKOUfltOD svtcdou f.l£"Cronou Evavna <{'tie;3uo llyqtOVtKSe,; (iuVaJlEte,;, eXtt UU1Cocpav"CTjeEi uypta U1tO ~iJv :E0~1EnKTt Pt~t1)OVt(mKTt urroO"'tU1."pW KAlKa mxv «a;(11- !.ta'tl0"1l0e,; O"TpunronK01tOAtnKWv /-lnAOK ~at aUJ.!).taX1rov /-l& 'COue,; 1).t1rSPWA10"'tSc; Kat OAOUe,; 'tOue; UAAOUe,; UVtlOaaO"'ttKOUC; 82». Mtn ~tt01a coxoqxrvdu OSV KUVEt'tilllo'ta, UAAO napa va uno(isixw:t nlv ope6nFu au"Cfje,; "Cfje; 1tOAt"CtKfjC; /-l' Eva EflJlEaO rpono. 'H KAiKa aUT11 cpoBu"Ca1 eavacrt).ta ott ol Aaoi '.ou xoouou tia XPlla1flOrrOti]a'otlV "Co EnavaumnKo fla'Y1Ko 01tAO 'tOU SVta{ou jlE'tronov Y1a va "CTt XTU1ti]aoDv. "Erot J..lu"Cata Ka"Cuq>'EuyOUV ai'; \jfSD'tot1tIJ.VUamnKTJ (ppaasoAoyia Y1a va nupaO"upovv roix; Sna,vacrTanKOUe,; Aaove,; O""Cijv E<pUPJlOyi} "Cfjc; 1tOAltlKfjC; 'troY «K&KAl::tajltvrov Supwv». AlJ'tij i] 1tOA1tlKTt "Coo va upv1wllaa"C!: KneE dOOD;; atlJ..lflaxia otv sivct Kue6AOtl Katvo6pYlU oro KtvEstKO KO~tJ.lOUVlanKo K6JlJ..la Kat crov KWE1;1KOAU6. Tic; napuJ.lovte,; rof 1tOAEjlOU Tfje,;uv,iarualle; tvuvna O""CTtV 'Iunorvlu, rijv KP1'tiKapt u.oo"'tT]pa () Ilposdpo; Mao. 'Y1toypallJ.l1St: «'H 'tax't1KlJ 'troY 'KtKXWTf.ltvroV 9uprov, dval uniOt'ta it 'tapIKlJ 'tile; au'tOO1tOpovO)O"TtS. 'R nOA1't1KlJ 'trol' 'KtKAtlGf.l{;VroV Ouprov, OEV Kavt1 'tinO'ta aAAO napa va oot}YEi 'ta \jIupla G'taPaOtla VEpa Kal 'toile; G1tOUpyi'tEe; O"'toile;.OaJlvOUe; Kal Oa O"'tEtAtl 'ta f.Ka'tOJlUpla 't&V EK.a'toJu)pirov troy f.lai;rov, autlJV 'tlJ 'Y1yavna G'tpa'tla Ka'ttu9dav GtO 1tAt\lpO tou SXOpoi) Kal au KtpoiO"El O"iyoupa 'tlJV i:vOou<nro0Tt E1tl- 001GJ!.a<riatOu}) 83. 'H KP1'tt1Ci} "Cou Ilpoeopou Mao an) v nO/"'1- 't1Ki! 1."WV «KEKA.EtcrJ..lSVrov eupwv» unoa'tl1pix911KE SEPJ..la U1tO 6A.6KA.TjPO 'tOY KtVEstKO A.u6. T6"CE S~lcpuviO"'tl1KUV ot TpoTaKtO"Tsc; Kat bn"CEeTjKa.V cr' UO"CTtV 't~v 1tOA1'ttKTJ, iaxup{aTTjKUV O"UKO<pa.VTtKU on 1] nOAtnKi} 'tOG K1VEstKOU KO).tIlOUVta'ttKOU KOJ..l~a"Coe; "fta TO uv'ttyto:1tffiVEstKO EVtato SeVtKO J..lE"Cro1tO dVUl «EVa. f.vwdo IlETo)1tO J..lS '"COUC; 'Ypacp£tOKpa'tEC;~ TOUC; nOA.tnKaVtTjoEC;, 'toue;. 1toAeJlapXOVe;, (h::6ga Kui'tOtx; oiJ).tWUC; 'tOo AUOU», on «tYKa.TUA.B1'l'E Ti}V 'ta~tKTJ eEaTj» K.A.1t. eo ).tEyaA.oe,; jlae,; _cr'toxucr:t~e,; AoO Xcotiv nE"CUXE otava o-ro ()'tOXO, o'tav TOUe; unOKTJPl)~E A,{;yovtac; 'tOue,; «11 'ec())pia aae,;, Bivut P{;~atU noM 1ttO E1ttPA.ll't\Klt

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l1t~ ao'niv 'tou K. Mao TO'e'tODvy1C Kat 'ClOv dA.A.rov, K\ aKOjliZ I 1tSptO'O'&rePO it OtKit O'ae; 1te'tUSt 'IIT1M O''tOV OUP(lVO &vlO it Ot{ Kit 'tOUe; (3piO'Ke-rat KU-rro O'tt) 'tit. 'AA.A.a 00'0 Kt (iv sf Vat e(lO~LaO't~ .'ts'COta sm(3A.l'l'rtKotll'ta, elvut oom;oxlOe; on uKpt(3&e; 9clKaA.0l)s~ X'touv ot ftCl1troVEt;Ot E1ttOpOJ,leie;. r'taoto cpo(3liJ,lat 3n 9u KatpaKOA.itcret cl1tO 'tOY oupavo Kat 9u Xrogei. crtit mo (3proJ,lept) yrol/~a 'tile; r11<; .. · eEA.ro vu crlie; fmeveoJ,licrro Ott 't't)v sm(3A.ll't'tKiJ o'ae; geropia osv 9u -rt)v KaA.ocrropicret t.i Ktvsl;tKOe; A.Cto.:; Kal. on it O'olJlJteptcpopucrae; 1t1'lyaivet evuvna O''ta crll!leptVa ft9tKli. 1tpo'tU1tC£ 'to\) Kt~El;tKOO A.ao(\)) 84. "Oruv 0"11J,lspa i;avaiha(3ul;oulls 'tLUtec; t~e; 0l1KtUCee; clvacpopee; 1'013 Aevtv, -rou Ilposdpou Mdo Kai 'tot} Ao\) Xconv, oev atcr9avoJ,lacr1'e ott slvat crav KOcptepa cr1ta9ta 1tOU ota1tepVOUV <he; 'tt)v KapOta 1'oue; ko(3HmKoue; pe(3ll;wvlmec; U1tOcr-rUtee;;

Oi OUVUJ,letC; 1tOU 1tapa'tucrovtat svuvna crde; {HtSP()OVU~Ete; olvoov J,lerUA.1'l cr1'l!lacria cr1't) geropia 'tou ITpoeOpOO Mrio YUI tOue; tpete; Kocr!lOUe;. Furtt; ITpffita U1t' oA.a, Yla1'i aim,! it 9eropia ()lVet 1'epucrna 1te1toi91'lO"l'r 0"1'0 1taYKocr!l101tp0A.s'tapLuto Kat O"1'OUe; A.aOl)e; 'tlUV crocrtaAtO"'ttKffiv Xropffiv Kai 1'oue; SrmpE1tel v&. OouvKa~apa 'tic; pacrtKee; O'xscrete; aVU!lecra cr' sj.tliC;, roi»; cplA.ODe; Kat 'toue; Ex9poue; !lae; cr1'O crTjf..Leptvo KOcrJlO Kat va crX1'l!.l.attO'ouvcracpt) sixovo, ytat'ltV 'teAtKTt ViKTj orov aycOva.· svuvna O''tov iJ,l1teptaAtcrJ,lO Kat 'tOY iJyej.tOvtcrJ,lO Kat Yla rev 9piaJl~o 'tOU KOllJ10UVtCr!lou. Lleu'tspo, ft eeropfa autt) OtVel 'tapucrna 'It!:- 7toi91'lcr1'l crde; lllil;se; xui 1'ie; xffipse; wu Tpi'too Koouou Kat roi«; , E1mpS1tel va uvayvOlpicroov 'tt)v Ylyuvna Mva!.l.TJ 'tOU':;. Toi»; S1tl1'PE1tSl va 30uv Ott crov aymva roue 3&v a1tOA.U!.I.PUVOOV Ilolld ~lt criyoop1'l poiJgeta 'tffiv crOcrlaA.tcrttKffiv X(Opffiv Kat 'tou 1tayKOcrj.tLOU1tp0A.Staptu-roo Ka1. 'tt)v clA.A.TjA.eyyU1'l 'tffiv A.affiv 'tou IIpw- 1'00. KUt 'to(\ LleUtSpOO Koouoo, clA.M Kat on J11tOPOUV cr'evuv optO'J1EVO pa9J10 va. 1te1'UXOOV 'tt) cruvspyacria J1& 1'ie; Xffipee; tOU AeUtePOO Koouou Kat va SKJ1e1'aA.A.eOtouV -rie; uvn9scral<; UVUJ,l.t:cra mi..:; 300 \)1tepOOVullete;. Tpiro, iJ ge(Opia au'tt) oxt uovo 1tpOmpsj)Et ~erUA.ee; SA.7tiOee; O'wue; A.UOUe; 'tou Ilpdrrou Kai tou LlsutepO\) Koouo», clA.M oeiXVet Kai 'to 01'0110 1tpOe; 'tu j.t1tpOc; O'e OAee; 'tie; 1tOAt-ttKee; SUVullete; -rou Aeu'tepoU Koouou nOD 7taAEUOUv YUI

88.

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. 'tl1 ow.q>uA;a~11'''Cij~iKpattKfje; KoptapXta\; Kat rnv s lK1'l Ent-

\ ~i(j)O'll K&.troclM'tt)v.a1titAl'1'tfj~eiO'~OA11\; a1tO 'tie; MOtl1t&'PQUVUf..LetC;. Me Suo AOyta, 'iJ gerop(a 'au'tt) dVal 1tavtO'xuPTl yta'tt . tIvut O'U!lCProV1'l j.te -rt)v avtlKellleVtKl'j 7tpanw:nK6nl'ta 'tfje;Ote-

eVOU\; 7tOA.t'ttKfje; Kai cpOl'til;;el 1'0 A.a~t1tpo f,l&A.A.OV 'tfj~

uvepron6'tll'tae;.

'0 Ilposcpo; Mao 1tuv'ta O't1'lPl~E f..LeyuA11 SAntoa O'TOUe; A.aou<;:

OAOlV 'trov X(Opffiv. YEAeye on «ot Jla~z<; 'tofi l:o~ltnKOU A.aofi, 'ta JlUt} Kat ta O'1'e/"EXt} to\) KOJlJla'tOe; dvat KaAU», on eSA.OUV «tt\v &1tUv«O''tuO'1'l Kat on it' &;oUO'ia troy Pt~l~tOVIO'troV OE Oa KpatilO'et 7to).,.6» 85. ke !lta unTl m:pl1t't(OO'll sI1te: «l:tt}pi~(O us-

'yUA.s<; &A.1tiO&<; O'tOV 'AllePIKUVLKO A.aO») 86. L" on a<popli O'tOV nan(oVS~tKO Aao 6 Ilposdpoq Mdo elrcs : «uOO'o KL (tV dvat ~aO'avIO'tlKO<; /) QPoJlo<; toG ayrova, of rrpOO7ttlKi:<; YUl to Tumro'VE~lKO Aai> elval AUJl1tPE<;» 87. LE J,lta O'uvo~LtAia !.I.e 1tPOO'(01ttKO-' 'tlFet;i U1tO 'tt)V 'A<pptKl1 Kai1'11V Aa:nVIKt) 'Af..LeptKt) tOVIO'e: <to- 1.0\ Jla<; O'teKollaO't& O'tO tOtO IlEt(01tO Kat ExoOllt aVUYKt} va i;v(OOOUJ.1& Kat va U1toO'tt}pii;OOIl& /) Eva<; 'toy aAAov». «Oi A(J.(~i 1'0\5 KO-' O'JlOO Ka9roe; Kat 0 Aaoe; 'trov 'Hvonrsvrov ITOAtt&l&V dval cpi~ot, Jla9> 88. Elvct cpaVePO on j.tf; 'toue; AaoUe; 'tOU xoouo» 6 IIposopoS' Mno €VVooucre npro'ta Kat Kupta 'to 7tayKOO'~LLO 7tpOA.e'taplU1'O.

Ileptccorspo a1tO svcv atmva 7tpiv, 6 Map~ Kat 6 "EYKEA.e; ol j.teyUA.Ot oUO'KaA.Ot 'tfje; naYKoO'j.ttae;7tp0A.e'taptaKfje; 61taVUO''tfL- 0"11S, f)1tOypUf..Lj.tl~av o-co Movupsoro 'tou KO!.l.JlOUVtO'1'tKOU K6!.1.J.la'to\;: «"E'tO'l, 1tp&ta a1t' OAa it ll1toup~ooa~ia 'It!lpuytt 1'oue; \0100<; 'toi>e; v&Kpo9u<pte<; tt}<;» 89. na va OA.OKAT]pffiO'Sl't1'] j.teyuA1110''tO-· PlKtl rou U7tOO''tO/cl'j Kat va 9U~fet 1:0 Kanl'tUAtO'ttKO O'UO''tlWa noo 1tPOKUA6t 'toue; n:OA.qtoUe;, 'to n:aYKOO'f,LLO npOA.e'taplU1:0 1tpETCe t va KUVet. on 1tepVust uno 'to XSpt 'tOU yui va oLKOOO~U10'et, va Oovaf,LcOO'et Kat vu. OteUpUVet eva 7taYKoO'~no Evtalo f..LS'tOl1tO €vav-' "Cta O'TOU<; LO(3U:'t'lKOU':; TtysllovlO'1'ee; Kat 'tOU':; ftye~t6VeS 'trov HITA Kai va 1tai~et <>M7tAeUpa 1:0 p6/co 'tOU O'aV 'tl1V KaPOla auto;} 'rOU svto.loo ~LSTOl1tOU. '0 Mup~ Kai <> "EYKeAe; £Aeyay: «Of KOflP.OllVlO"tSC; ay(Ovi~OVtal Yia va 7t&1'uXOtlV toi>c; UlleO'OOC; 0'K01t0i><; Ka1 'ta if.l&GIl O'UIl<tlSPOV't!l t11<; &pYUtlK11e; t«I;t}e;, 011(0<; f.lSGU O't4> O'l}-

IUlnVI lV1!JlU aVil\1CpO(j(01I;&()OUV Kat <ppOVti~ouv O'I)VuJ.ta K(ll

6 IL{i)..;"'OV ~ots KWftl,i(X~O~» 90.

• II vl 11 (l'U 1Vo.'Y1<6O'~Lt(1, KAi~lqKU o rov a'Ywvu Evuv~la O"tOV , I '):'1:~LOVttl'~L6 lWi: 11. V1KT) O"tOV aywva 'COU nUYK60"J.HOU npOAEtU- . flL4~o\ "(LeX to 0"00"lt'lA.10"1l0 Kat 'tOV KOJ.lJ.lOUV10"J.tO Etvill. 'Caut6~ 0''I1I~1 C; 0"' <'5n a<jwpu 'Ca HSJ.l.f:.A.1UKa O"UIl<PtpOVta. '0 KunttUAtO"J.tOc; 8XSt <p-caO"St O"'to O"'tuoto 'tou 1llnsptaAl.O").lOU nOD Elval StOlIlOHuV(1't'OC; Kat O"cmit,;Sl Kat ot ouo l}'JtEpOUVUJ.lSle; nOD 'Ca xi;pta 'rol)~ O',:6.t,;ouv aI~tu, !:XOI)V maa~Eo1(i/cU'CU nW,O"tsi mo OlX'CU nOD ot t81e~ ~Pl~UV nuwo'ano rov xoouo. LlEv EtVa.t J.la.Kpua 'Q J.l.&PU nOD "Co nUYK60"1l10 npOA.s'ruP1U,'rO, () vSKpoM<ptT]e; Tile; aO"t1Kfje; 'rm;T1,~, !-lut,;i Ill; tOY O"tBv6 'COU O"Ulll-lUXO 'rODe; Kuwnu:1,;OJ.l.eVOue; l"a~6~ Kat to.. eeVl1 eo. anonva.souv 'Cie; uAuO"lose; roue Kat 9u KspoiO"ol)v 6MK~l1PO 'tOY xocuo.

IIPOAB'tU,PlOt Kat KunmlE1,;OJ.lSVU teV11 toil KOcrJ.lOU !:VWGBttB.

"OABe; ~{ xrop£e; EKt£811J.l.&VSe; cr'tl)V i':nieBG11, 't11V En;EJ.l.~acrTj, 'COV CA.sYXo, tl1V ureOV61lwcrl1 l<:o.i tOY EK~tacrllo ano· tiC; 060 11yqwvlcrnKEC; O\)VUJ,t€le; !:vco8£ltB. 'H ViK11 aV11K€t o roi«; A.aODe; OAWV 'Crov xwpwv nOD reaA£uouv l;vuvnu O"'tie; OUO 11Y£J.WVtO"'CtKZ<; ()UVUJ.l.E1C;, 'tl1 L9~tEnKl1 "Evcxm Kat 'tie; 'HVWJ.lEV€C; IIOA1'CeiEe;.

90

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AnO THN Eni9EOPHIH TOY nEl<lNOY

To «'JpA.UV01KO i;irctl!la» (cr€t •• 23)

To «'IPAO,VOIKO Zijtlljla>;. cro onolo avwptp£'tut () Ma.ps to 1870CiTO ypa~lj.w; roucrov L. MUYlEP Kat tOV A. <I>orK't, a<po~poi)O"z 'tic; O"XtO"ElC; avu~lwu crov 'IpAavolKo f;GvlKoam:AE\)96- pco'CU(O armVCl Kat 't11V 'EnAt1,;tKl1 npof,c'mpHtKll Enavucr'tacrl1.

'H'IpAavoiu fl'tuv 11 npm'tl1 a1totlda 'tile; Bperovtac. To 1789 il «"EvrooTI 'Evwlltvwv' 'IpAo,voCDv» oPYUV(J)(je ~lla E:c;tycpcrl'J nOD 'O~l(l)C; mSV'Cpi<p'tTl1(&. To 1801 11 'IpAo.vofa npocrapt11EhlKe cr-C11 Bpwmvta Yla va ii5pn9EL mil cruv£XE\U 'to «'H.vW~ltvO BacrtAino "'Cfj.; Msy6.ATje; Bperuvtce; Kat 'Lile; 'IpAuvi5io,;».

"Oruv 6 Ma.ps cypU\jle to 1870 'to ypU~t~a nOD UVU(ptpUlle '1tUparra,yw, 6 'IPAUV01KOe; I_aoe; ZOlVi: UKptJ3roe; EK€iv11 'tllV 8rtox1'J €vcw Z0VtKoan:EA&u9spro'tlKO aywvu Evuvnu crov 'EYYAt1,;lKo «1t:OUnOKpanKo suyo. 'H a1tuv8pwnTj Ku'taniwTj Kui SKJ.l.etUA.A&UCi1J 'trov 'EyyM1;;(ov an:OlKlOKpUtWV 6i5iWllcruv cr'tl1V KU'tacr'tpo><pi] tva }..t€rUAO apt0J,lo 'Ipl.av8rov aypotrov nou f;YKa-cuAWjffiV 'ri]v 1tU'tpiou tooc;Kui avaYKuO"tT]KUV va, J.li:'W.VUcrtsuO"ouv 0"'C1e; HnA Kat 'Cl1 MEYU,ATj BPS'tUVLU. Au-co COU)Ci€ 'tl) oUVCl.t6't'11-Ca. Ci't1'lV 'Eyy1tstKTj a:yopa, Spyacrio,c; va anOXtijmn np6CiOStTj sp~ 'YunK11 06VUJ,l11, npuYllu nov 6OijY11crs crtl) ~teiwcrTj 'tmv Jncr8rov '!&v 'EyyA.s1,;wv Epya:rrov. M£ omtuyu)YtK~ npon:uyuvoa, o{'EyyM?;lKe/; KUp(UPXe'; TUC;&le; ZCin€pVUV 'tl) olX6vota Iltcra O"tl)v tpya'HK11 'CUSll 'tfjc; M&yUt.lle; Bp&'tuviae; nOD otucrreucr't'Tjl(S (j£ ODO' avn).lux6j.Lsva crtpu't6nsoa, crt11v 'Eyy)"t1;;tK11 Kat 'tl)V ip-

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To 1tUPU1tuvo> a1t60'1taO'~ua1to. 'to.y pU~!Iu't()uMap~'';1p~t;'tj-

. 1(8 J.ls'ta U1t08'l:1I:oO'i Kui 1tUpa1t(lvo> xp6vta, omv 0't0 «MuVtcp-ecr'to tOU KO~J.lOUVtO't'tKOU Kouucro;» sixs otutunro{)si to ayo>vtotUCO O'uv911J.lu «IIpoAttaplOl OAO>V troy Xo>prov &v0)9&1t&» • .'H {;nuvaO"ta't'tKit £V6t11tU tOU 1tpoMtapultOU &Ivat ,;1tpamOtll npOU11l0- G80'1l ytatl1v a1ttASUeepo>oij 'tOU. IIuvo> 0' aoto 'to l;;ijt11Jla OJ.lffi<;. U1tUPXOUV aKOJ.la n!OAAU 1tpOpATJJ.lata, 1t0\) ltPS1tSt va A.uGouv 00.0

- 'to ouvatov YP11yopo'tspa.To 1870 6 Mup~ otCL'tU1t(f)O't: t11V ci7to'ljlll ncOs it EVOt11'tU tou npoAs'tapul'tOl) a1to J.l6Vll 't11~ Otv &'PKs1: leal. 1tcO~ 'Ita va Kamxti]ost t11V' a.1tEA&Ugep(f)d~1 tOU to 1tPOAS'tUptato 1tpbtst va EVo>est ~lt tOUs lw'tfAntst;0llsvOUs l.aove; Kat ta. 89v11· ~tl1 oSKus'tia 'tOU 1870, it 'AYYAia SIXE y{vet 11 J.l11'tp6noAl1 'too KSq>UAUtoU Ka t it MVaJ.ll1 nov sAsY'X,s 'tilv 1taYKoo~tta ayopa. TUI)'t6xpova a1totsAOUOS ~ta altO 'tte; mo onouoaise; x,roPSC; '{ta 'nlv 1tpoAsmptaK11 &7taVdO't!lol1.rta 'to A6yo au'to, 6 Map{, a.1tsueuvfhlKS o'tl] ~tSeVl] "Evoon 'Epyat&v KaM1v'tCl; t11V vd &1tt'tUXUVS1. °n)v KOtvO>VtKlJ &1tavuO"tao11 O'tl]V 'AYYAta '()so>plDvta~ au'to uuv 10V 1ttO oroouoo:io o'toxo 1111;. '0. ~LOvaotKo; OpollO~ yui 't11vi;Jvl'tuXtvO'l1 'tf\; snuVuotc:t011;," tjwv va yivst it 'IpAuvSia aVeC,ajYt11- t11. '0. Ma.p~ Ka.Asos 'tl]v¥Ev(f)Cl'11 va 'tI1X'tsi avmX't'a 0''t6#~liP9 ~f\; 'IpAavoiae; Kat va oC,UVst ~eou O'1;ilv aYYAt1Cl] &fYYcttl1(11\'a~11 't11 O'UVS£ol1ol1 o'tt «it ~9V1Kyt alttuu9iipO>O"TJ til<;. 'IpAaviHa.<; Stv i'itav Kaw:vo<; Eloou<; ~i]'tTJJ1U aCPllPTJJ1iivTJ.<; olKawauvtl<; 11 dv9pm- 1tlO"'tlKroV O"uvalO"0l1J1ch'o>V, ana it npO>'tapJt;lKTt npoun:oOEO"tj' '\Ila 'titv iota 'tTJ.~ t1'jv K01V<OVIKi) am:AEu9iip(!)(J11>} «)'to LOto).

'H dvs~apt11O"iu til~ IIoAo>via~ (ocA. 23)

~'ta 'teA11 'tou 180u uLwva 11 IIo/..rov[a bW.J.Ulf,i0'tl1KS 'tpsJ:; q>op~; ano 'titv Ilpcocotc, 'tl1V A&oWin Kat 'tllV -rcraptK11 P(0()UILIlt. '0. 'tpito; otU~SA.to~oe; O''ta 1795 601h'110'S O'tl]V OA.OKkllPO>'t"t1C11 U1tOOOUA.O>0l1 'til; IIoA.o>via;. 'A7to 'to'ts apxtos va ava.11:TUOOSl:l1t a'btuK011:U 6 t0VtKOe; aywvne; yta 'tl1V o.vsc,ap'tllO"iu 'tOU II0/,(0vlKOO A!lOU. ~t6:q>ops; 1tUPUVOIlSC; aV'tto'taO'tuK~s 0PyuvcOcrct; ouvsxtonv tOY aywva O''tl] xwpu.'En{oTj; oi IIoA.O)vot t1;OptO''Wl nutptro'tee; s1tat1;av BVUO'1"J~!lV'ttKO p6AO 0'1:0V ayowa yta ,Tjv amJ:Asu0epO>O"l1 'tile; 1t<l'tpioa; rouq,

92

'H 1taYKoo'~w YVO>O"tl] e1;eyspoTj" 'tTl; Bapoopiac; 'to Noefl~pll "'tollJ 1830 KU't6:cpSps Bva [30. pv X'tU1tTj~lU c-roix; pWOOO; Ku'taX'1:11- '1:S;;. Tau't6xpova 1;a1tAO)vov'tUV 6 a.ywva~ YLa 'tl]v uvsc,uP't11oia -rfis IIo/,o>vi~ O'~ 1tf:ptOx~e; 'til; IIoAo>v[ae; reou Bpioxovruv Ko.'tO>

-Uno 'titv Ka'toxi) 'til; Ilpcocctce; Kat 'tile; AOO''tpiac;.

'0 Mup~ Kat 6 "EYKSAe; Ka~am6:O"!l1Kav oWc,oOtKa ~i; 'to 110- ACilVllCO . t;i1'tTjfla. To c't1t601taO~la 'tOU "EYKSA<; 0' aU'toto ap0po £lVUl ureo ~ta repooq>wvL0'11 rou o~ ~ta ots0vll oUYKEv'tPo>ol1 nov owPyuvw911KS YUl 'titv 17Tj f:1tBtSlO 'tfj; e1;syspo11; 'tf\; Bapoo[3iw; anI 1830._'0. "EYKE/,,; 'tOVtOS ncb; it IIoA(f)via Kat:it Tspucvtc £tXUV KOlva. O'Uj..!q>tpov'tu KUt ncOe; of ollflOKP(ltS; 'troY 860 xo>p&v ibtpsm; va Ka'ta[3a.AAouv a1tO KOLVOI) npOO1t6:0sLS; 'Ita va avu'tpt"\jJOl)V 'til r~p~avLKT] q>souoapXtKT} &'ptO'1:'()1\,:pat(a.

I'nl. 1848 Kat 1849, ~ls'ta to ~B01taO~la "fje; do'tlKOo11flOKpanId'jc;~navQ.O'r(1.Cl"Tle; 0~11V Eopro11:11, it "craptKT] Procctc - aKpoyo>vw,i0s Ai0oe; sKsiVl1 'titv ~nOXT] 'tf\e; avtiopaoTjC; o"'1:T]V Eupc011:11 - 1tpoo1t6:0Tjos va Ka:tareVtc,sL ~u~ '1:11 f3tu 'artV tnCl.v6:o'taO'l1 o~ Otu<j}oPSC; xropse;. 'ct M6:PS Kat 6 "EYKBt..e; av{lAuO'(}.v 'tis OUYKsKpt~eve; ouv0ilKS; 'troy, e0vuc&v 011~01(PCl.'tt'K&v KtV11flUtO>V 0" au'tf:<;; 'tiC; x&ps;, 'toue; ltOAt'ttKOOC; OUOX8"tLOflOUS; 'tcov ouvallso>v Kaecbc; Kat 'tl] OX&Ol1 ava.fleoa o't"v aVSSap't11O'ia. tf\<;; IIoAO)vtac; Kcd tT]V £.\)proim'iKit snav6:O"tuo11. KaAeoav 'tl]V spyaJ'ttKT] t6:S11 va re6:ps1- ~tEPO<;; o'titv s11lavuO''tU0'11 Kat va Evo>est ~f: 'to v; %POOOSU'ttKOUe; STj~oKp6:'tee;, KUt 'ta OU'ttKosupo>natKa spyu'ttKa K6flflu'ta va t.vo>BODv ~f; 'titv Iloxoivt« orov I1noq>aow'ttKo ayrova ev6:v'ttu crov scowo roo; SXepo - 'tl]V 'tcrUP1Kl] ProcrtK11 uU'toKpa'topia..' Axptf}roe; 0%0>; otalttO"t(f)vs 6 Asviv: « ..• tclO"OV'tUV 0 Map~ Yla 'titv a.vs~ l;aptJtO"ia tile; IIoArovia~ a1tO tit O"K01tla 'troY O"UJUj)EPOV'tO>V 'til~ ~i>pO>1taiK'ij<; OflJlOKpatia<; O"'tOV aywva 'tTJ.<; i:vclV'tla O"tit ouvaJ1TJ. Kat 't1)v smppoit - Gu Il1tOPOOO"E va 1td Kavsi<; : l;vuvnu O"'titv 1tav~ 'tOOUVClJ.1lU Kat tilv KupiapxTJ. avnopaO"'tlKyt tmppo1) - 'toil. 'to"UP10"J10V».

Ta YEYOVOtU O"'tTt otropuya tOU I;ol)i:~ (0sA. 32) -

'H' AtYU1t'ttKit ~tcOpl)ya. 'tOU ~ouet;, O'UVOESL 't'it M£06Y6to flE 'T11v 'Epu0pa 06:A(l0'0a. Kntuoxeuccrrpce 't'o 1859 - 69 alto Atyu-

93

n::noo~ 8ooAon6.pot1coo~. 'R ~tmp6iu.tflS 8twpuya.~ tOD 'EOlJiE~ nail ~pw'K6tav K6.to) ano tOY 8AEYXo tmv 'EnAS~mv Kat Tmv raAAmy anotKtOKpq;tmy, 8Af,YXs T1)Atwpuyr1. f\utYJ. it EHnpEiaxp11- cr{jlSU& cr"Ci~ 80ttK6~ t!l'r'6ptaAtcrnK6~ 8UV6.~LGtS Kat i8Wtt6paO'tl1 MEy6.All Bpsruvto ')'ta TfI, Ent8ETtK6. Too~crxt8ta 8VaVt.w. crillv AtyollitO Kat aAA~ xmps~ em) MeO'l1 'Ava"CoAYJ. Tov 'IOU/,,11 tOt) 1956 11 AiyonnaKi] KU~&PVll0'11 1:8VtKOnol11crs tYJ Atcopuya 'WD 'EooS/;; - 'YE')'OVO~ noil E8rocrs Eva ouvato XTlJ1t1Wa crTTjV IjUC;SpW~hcrttKi] 87ttOETtKi] noAt"CtKYJ.'Qcrt6cro f) 1\16y6.A11 Bpsrovic Kul:

Tj rania 86 crOjl~t~ucrT11Kav ~LS TTjV tino, TOU~. IIpocrnMncrnv j.Le KUO& ~tEcrO va dcrKijO'OUV ni1';O'11 crn'jv A'tyu1tto Y1li ya «otdlvo- 1COtijP-Ot)v» t1'j AtcOpoya. 'ACPOD Kt au'ts~ TOU~ ot EVSPYSU:; dnoTuxav, Tj Msy6.All Bparrrvlu Kat 11 rani a s~an6AI)O'av O'f; cruvspyaO'la jl£ to 'IO'pm)A TOV 'OXTcO~Pll tOD 1956evav En:tOETtKO n.oA8!.lo SV6.VTta cm)v Atyonto:

O] RITA EKIlEtaAA6ut11i<:a.V TYJ 800'1(oA11 8&0'11 Tfj~ MsyaA'Il~ Bpetavia~ Ked tll~ raAAio.c; O'tT} 8UlPKStCl tmv YS,),OVOtO)v Ti,\; 8iffi~ puya<; toQ 'Eooe~ 'Yta va E11:'SXtS{voov til 8tK11 "C~u~ srnppoi] O't11 Mscn ' Avatoic11. M6tO, to i;ecmaO'jlCl TaD n6A6jlOD «6nOG'tl'HH~av>5 'n)v un6<pa0'11 'ro\) OHE yta UVf%KO)XTj Kat T6.)(jt'l']KaV un6p 'rfjs &'11:'00"[;01., fj~ 8ts8vU'lv ~0110'l']nKmV crTpa.TSUjl6.tCOV milv m::ptoXll tfje; 8tropuyac; yta va napa'YKO)vicrOI)V t11 MsyuAll Bpltta.via KO,I, 'til raAAia Kat va n6.pouv 'til 8ecrll roue 0''[11V Aiyu1'C'CO.

'H EV01tAll Eroi8SO'11 tfj; MsyaA.l1~ Bpsrcvtcc, 'tfl~ raAAias Kat "CO\) 'Ici'pai]A. covavrnce ti]v U1toqlacrtO''ttKi] (ivtlO'taO'l1 TOO AtYDnnaKO\) AaoD. Me 'tilv '611:'OO''t'~Pl~ll OAo)V 'tmv A:a&v Kat i8tct.i"Cepa. "amv upa~1Kmv Aamv, 6 AtYU1ttlaKo; /-ao; S()to)~s 'tSA.1Ka cr'rt<; 22 LlI::Ke~~pll 1956 Kai Ta 'm/"BUTala O''tpanCOTtKa anoO'n6.crjl<~'rCC 'rmv 'EnA.e1;;mv Kat rUAAO)v siO'~oAEo)V uno 'rT] xmpa roo.

To A6YJ1u Z6vvsvqJsA.Vt (O'sA. 83)

To AE1(~~~Pl1 'COD 1975,6 'tems unoupy6:; ~~o)t&P1Killv trov HIlA Ktomyxap, croYKuAsO's cro Aovotvo !-ua O'UO'KS\jfll 'rillv u!L&pu<::avmv 1tpWpw't'<'Ov m:ijv Eupmml. 2:' aU'til 'til O'uO'l(s\jJ'l'], 6 Xtf+OU't Z6vvsvcpsAv't' mJf.lBouAo~ WD U1toopys{ou E~ron:plK(lIv 1:f!; Kuptp-

94

VllO'n<; <i>6pv't', EKavs Jlta SlO'YJncr11 'Yu1 'r11V 1tOAtTt1(11 'tmv HIlA unSvavtt O't~V 'AvaTOAtKi] Eup())1t1l- 2:' aU'tllv 'r11V St(J'llYllO'l1, t11v ovojla./;;61l~1l «A6nux Z6vv&v<psAv'tl>, d1t6 Ta E~fj~: «01: 2:oPt&rtxoi 8tv Ka'ru<p6pav va K6.VOUV 1t&t811vLa opyav6. '(01)~ tOD~ , Ava'rOAtKOs.upo)1taiou~. 'Icr'COP1KO, au'ro SXt1~lf)OllKS O'av na.'t'ayw8ll; uno'toxia, yta'ti Tj 'AVaTOA.1K1'j Eopwnll PpiO'KS't'at O'TO <pOO'lKO 1t&8io Tmv coucepovrrcv roix;». Kat 1tp60'e£0'&: «at HIlA DeV jl1topo5v va Ejln08iO'oov 'r1'j 'E0~t6'ttK1'j "Evoxrn va bpi'[ O'av unspMvaJlll)}, (<11 nOAlttKi] (Tmv HIlA) npenst v« a1to~Aen6t crt jlia opyavl1Ci] aVantO~ll Tmv crxecrsrov uv6.jlBO'(l O'WD~ 'Averoxucosupmn:aioo~ K(tL 1:1) 2:0~t6'rtK1) "Evoxrq, yta va jllYV i';Kpayouv K6.1tOtCl ~L&pa at)'te~ of O'XEO'W; Kat 68llyitO'OtlV cr' evav rptro na;yKOO'Jlto 1t6AE~LO». 2:U~l<Po)Va. ~le TOV ajleptKUVLKO Tuno, ol 81lAcOO'St<; afJ'r6; 'COD Z6vvsv<pEAv'tavnKa8ps<pTi~oov mcrTa 'ti~. Un6\jf6t~ 1tspi S~0)'ttP1Ki1<; 1toAt"CtKf\~ 'rOD 'teO)~ unouPyolJ E~o)'r&ptK<'OV 'tmv HTIA KiO'O'lv,),K6p.

Flporob KUAa:" KaA.a 1tPOAUP&t va 80ed crTi] ol1jlOmo'tll'tCL '[0 <i>Ae~6:pll1:OU 1976 aUTi] Tj <'>J_ttUa, 8eXtllK6 8ptjlu'ta'tYl sni8&O'l1 O''ti~ HITA Kat 'rilv EUPOnt11. Asy6'tav on <'> Zovvevcevv« npoozuGODO'S .~Le TTjV «opyavtKil» TOO <p6p)..tou/ca; va UVUYK6.O'St 'rt~ 'Ava~ 'roAtKosopO)nat:Ktc; xmps~ va napatT1l80l)v ano ti]v Uvsi;a.p't'llO'ia Kat T1'jy Eompudl TOOS uK&pcn6'tll'ra, 8uvci;~LwvOVTac; 8'tO't T11 'E.o!3t&TtKilKUptapx{a O'Ti]V e AVU'tOAtK1'j Eop6:m11 jlZ uV'r6.UUYjlU 'rij «O'TaeSp6'rYlta»:0''tilv Eopffi1t11. Aoti'> anOt&AOD0'8 EKcppaO'11 T'~~ S11:'tel)~liac; '(4)V unsp8uva,jlsO)v va 6pto9s1:YJO'ouv 1.i~ o:cpa;tp6~ Entppof\~ 'COUr; O''tijv Eopffin'l1 KUe&~ Kat jlta O'uv{;Xtcrll Tfj~ nOAtTtKi1~ TOD ](a't&\)vc!O'~loD nOD Ul(oAouEhjO'av oi HnA f.!6'ta T1'j 'EOV016.crK&\jfTI tOU 'm,O'iVKt to' 1975.

To (JUJl~rovo toG MovuX0l) (O'EA. 83)

To O'tJIl(Provo Ul)'t'() unoypatp1:111CS 'to 2:snTEI-lf3pll . toQ 1938 0'1:0 M6vaxo av6.~t&O'a. 0"(0 BPSTa.v6 npro9unoopyo TmljlrtspAc(tv, 'r0 r6.9,~.o nproGunoupyo 'N'raAA.avnt Kat 'rOD~ <paO'iO''rss Tjye'rs~ Xitj,sp Kat Mouccoxtvt.

Tic; 1Capu~tovi;~ 'rol) ASUTSPOD IIaYKoO'/.Hot) TI6Asf.!OD, oi Y&8.j.tavoi <paO'rcrtS~ an:stAol)O'uv jllna 'Ci]vnpocrap'I'llcr11 Tfl~ AuO'tpiac;,

95

-va EV<1(O~a'tro<1ouv 'tT)V T<1SXO<1AOpuKia. Me 'to np6<1;(1wa 1CW~ €va 't~il~IU 'trov rep~avrov 1;;oO<1s <1'tT)V T<1eX0<1A.OpuKtKT) LOU'()11'tia, 0 Xi'tA.Sp <1u,),Kev'tp(o<1e ~leyUAO upt8).l0 a'tpa't&Ulla't(oV a'ta cuvopu Kat anStAOUaE va €nt'ts8sl Evuvna a'[tlv Tasx,oaAo-

. paKia .. 'H MSyUA.l1 Bpsrcvta, i1 iaAAiaKat aAA.a lJ!nePlaA.ta'ttKa 'KpU'tT] v6~t1;;av on 80. unopsoouv va <1(oOouv as j3upoe; 'tile; Ta&xoaAopaKiae;. llpoa1CuOT]<1uV va. unoKlvi1aouv roi»; yep).lavoi)e; "<paaia't&e; <1S btiesaT] €vuvna a'tT)v rore <1ocrw.A.tanKT] L0131S'tl;KI'] "Evexm. Kartn un' au-cse; 'tie; auvOfjK&c; unoypa<p'tT]KS 'to aU~Lqxovo 'tou Movuxou.

To au~<p(Ovo &lXe 8 apOpa. llp613Aens 13acrtKa on i1 T<1s)(oCi"Ao13aKia ~taa as KaOOpta).l&vo XPOVIKO otua'tT]).Ia; snpsn& va 1'Capa&OaSI <1'tT) I'spunvtu, 'tT] LouoT]'tia KUt OAa 'to. vo'ttatouCfJll 'tT]e; nou ouvopsocv ~s'tT]V Auorpt«, ).Ia1;;t ).Is 'tie; 13w).IT]xaVIKSc; SYKa:'CUa'taasle; Kat 'ta aUYKOlVWVW.Ka ~ltaa .. 'H a.Kspat6'tT]'ta K(1t 1'1 acr<puAsla. -crov unoA.ol1t(ov soa<prov 'tT]e; Oa ota<1<puAi1;;ov'tav uno "'tT] Meya~T] Bpetnvtc, 'tT] iaA.Alu, 'tT) Fepunvio, Kat 'tT]V 'haA.ia.

'AV'tL va ).lstroan 'tOY KlVOUVO -COD noA.t~ou, i1nOA,t'ttKT) xursuvaa).lou, nOD UKOA.Qu8T]<1uv,:fJ M&yuA.T] Bps-cavfa Kat i1 rUA.A.ta' anA.a ()uvu~(Oaav uK6).la nsp~~a6-c&po tT)v.sn'IOe'LtK11 unspo'l'ia '1:rov ysp).luvrov <paala-c(nv. Msr« 'tllV Ka-cuAT]'I''!l ~ 'tfje; LouoT]'tiae; 'to Not~13pT] 'tOD 1938, ot YSPllavoi <pctaia't&e; 1tpOaap-CT]auv 'to Map'tT] 'tOU 1939 OMKAT]PT] 'tT)v TasxOaAo13a.Kia .. TOLe1t'ttj!~p1-} 'tfjc; t()w.e; xpOVIUe; s1tm!,OTtK(l.V SV<1:v'tw a'tT)v Tloxcovic, (6).l).lax,0 ''tfje; M&YUAT]e; Bperuvlu; Kat 'tfje; iaUtue;. "Erot ~eanaae 0 Ae6- -rspo; llaYK6a~we; D6Aej!0e;.

Oi EnavaG''tO:Guc; (it1'lv Toupxtu, 'titv Ilspeio Kal 'titv Kiva. (<1EA. 25)

at snavacr"Ca<1Ste; a'tT)v Toupxiu, 'tl]V Ilspotc Kat 'tl]V Kiva '(Hte; onoi&e; uva<peps'tat 0 AtVIV a'ta 1913, f]mv <1T]j!aV'tlKU E8VlKU "()'l~OKpo.'tlKa sno.Vo.a'ta'tlKa KtVi1~t(t'ta a-Cl] v' Aotc, n:ou npa:Ylla- 1:0n01TtOT]KaV Ka'tCO ano 'tT)V sniopaaT] -cfjc; pro<1crtK11e; aa'ttK0011-

.j!oKpanKfje; Enavaa'tCt<1T]e; 'tOD 1905. /

'H TOUPK1KT] u.anKT) snavu<1-caaT] 'LOU 1908-1909: -co 1905-

-96

1907 -co SOvIKo(J.n&AWOepronKo KivT]~u:t 'trov ~LTJ 'tOUPKtK(oV sOvo~iJ'tulV svuvna a'ti}v Eni9s<1T] 'trov i).l1tSplCtA.t<1nKrov OUVUJ!&(OV Kat 'tYJ <1'tUYVT) OtX''CU'tOptKl] Kuptupx;ia, 'toO qOUA.'tavou • A).l1tV'toDA. Xa~h II, yvroptas IlU't ~SYUAT] avan'tu~11 ." AA.A.a Kat ).leao. a.cov 'rOUPK~KO <1'tPct'to ~tanaao.v E~S1ep<1ste;. i'tTJ MIl1(soovia of aypo'[ee; uvamu ~av £vav 1tAa't&tue; KA.t).laKUe; av'tap'ton:6A.e).l0. 'Iotai'[spa of s~syep<1Ste; 'trov Otu<popwv sOvo-rTt't(ov, eooaav Eva papu X'n)1t1Wa a'tllv uvnOpaaUKT) KUptapxia 'tile; 'OOwJ!aVtK'i\e; ai'i'to-

,Kpu'top{a:;. To 1908 'to K6~Wl 'trov N&O'tOUPK(oV nou EK1tPOa(oTCOU<1S 'ta ()u~<pepov't(J. 'tile; a()'ttKfje; 'ta~T]~, KtpOta& -rT)V u'!tC)(mlPt~T] EVOe; 't1.dJlla'tOe; 'tOD a'tpa'toi5 'tOUqOtlA'tUVOU, Kat SK).lS'tUAAS6'tT]1CS al>'tTJV 'tijv &UV01KT) &UKatpio. 0PYCtvrovOVtae; Ilta EVOnA'll (;~tyepaT]. '0 'A~nv'tOUA Xuuit aVCt"{1CU<1'tT]1C& va l3u~q nUAl. as i<1Xu'to a6v'tCtYIl~ Kat va npoKT]p6~St 130tlA.f:U'tlKSe; SKAOyi::;. u~ crspc o~(Oe; ano 'tT)V KCt'tUAT]'I'T] 'til:; E~otl<1iae;, 'to Kouuo 't&v NEOtc6pKCOV Ka'tCtn:utT]a& 'tie; unoaxsaet:; nou clX& BOlast o-ro Aao Kat s<papIlWa& ~ta aetpa &v'tlOpa<1'tlKU ).ls'tpa Ils a't6Xo tijv s~Ctaetvtcrl1 'trov snavaa'ta'ttKrov OUVU!l&IDV. 'To 1909 1tpay).la.'tonot11OT]K& xwpiS E1tt'tux,ia un6nstpa aV't8navua'tanKou 1tpa~tKOnl]!!a'tos uno onaooue; 'tOU aouA'tavou. '0 ' A).l1tv'tODA. Xaj.li't uvuYKua'tT]KS va nupat'tT]8et. L'tO Opovo ave1311K& 0 McoullEO 6 E' Kat 'to K6~L~lCt -crov ~&O'tOUPKWV <1XT]).lU'tl<1& yea Kul3epVT]<1T].

'H Ilspotxf ua'ttKT) ~1tavua'ta<1T] 'tou 1905-1911: ()'to. 'tEA.T] 'tol) 190tl Kat a'ttC; apxse; 'tOO 200u airova, 1) Ilspotc Bptoxovrcv SK'tBOT]).leVT] a-cie; bttOta&t:; 'tcov 'EyyA11;;wv, Pdxrorov Ka1 UA.A.COV i~- 1tEplCtAtcr'troV Kat &lXS 1tea&l a'tl]V Ka'taa'taall j.ltaOanOtKtUe;. Kuroi ano -cijv sntopaaT] 'tfje; proamKlle; SnaVa<1'taalle; 'tOU 1905 ~eonncs eva vi» snavaa'tanKo xtvnuc, npro'ta a'tT)136psta Ilspotc. UEvCt snavaa'tanKo KtVT]W:L svavnu crov i~nsptaA.taIlO Kai ).If; a1:'tT]lla 'tij OT]~LOKpa'tta Kai 'tijv SA.stlOspia aYKuAtaae oA.6KAT]Pll 'rl] xropa. Mur a&tpa uno s~syep<1Ste; ~eana<1av ()S "1tepwx,s:; 'trov ~OA.&CO,V Kat 'tfje; un~{Opou. Ku'tw ano 'tijv nl&aT] 'tfj<; AalKfjc; nUA.T]e;, T] K~PtaPXT] :a~T] avaYKaa't,T]K& va xnvet 1CapaXWpl]crSte; Kat syKaOlOpU<1e 'tTl auv't(J.YIlCt'ttKT] ).lovapXta.

Ms 'tl]V Kws1;;tKl1 E1Ca.Va<1'taaT] 'tOU 1911 fl. Kws1;;tKT] 'Excvca't(l.nKT) "Ev(o<1T] KU'tW .a1Co 'tT)V Ka90oTtYT]aT] 'to\) Ap. LOUV ltatee» u,v¢,'tps\jfs 'tT) OUvuCi't.!>{a 'trov TaivYJ(.

97

To 4v'ttq)(xO'1O"'tU(O atpa't01tEoo. (crsA..29)

'H 1taYK6crJ.lta otK:OVOJ.ltK~ Kptcrll 't11C; oSKas'tt<:tC; 'tou'30 OSI)vs tOV uV'tayrovtcrJ.lO avuJ.lscra crtiC; . IJ.lnsptaA.tcrTtKs<; OUVU~ll:W;. "Ercn 01']J.ltoupyf]911Kav OUO J.lsyuA.a cr'tpat6n:eoa: it 'AyyA.la, of HIlA Kai 1) raA.A.{a ano 'til J.ltU, ~ Tspucvfn, ft '1ta.A.ia Kai 1) 'XCIvia ano 'ti}v liA,A,l1. 'H Fspucviu, 1) 'haA.ia: Kai ft'Iam:ovia sytva.v <padtcrnKs; K(d TOpocryru911crav J.ls 'tOY n6A.s1-l0 va Savuj..totpa.crouv 'tOY K6cr1-l0. Tuz 'to crK01tO au'to EVtstVaVe n:ups'CCoOtKa roi»; ESOnA.tcrJ.loD; Kai tiC; nOASl-ltKsC; rou; npoe'tOtgacriBC;, bms811l'(o,v crs &.8uVatB~ Kai I-ltKps; X&ps; xt sywav E'tcrt ft n1lYi} ZVOC; i!!1t&pta:AtcrnKou n6!~e~LOD. 'H 'AYYA{a, 11 raAAia Kat oi HITA aKOA.~\:>Ol1crav an;svavn crti}v Ercsx~anKi} nOA.t'ttKY) 'tfj; rspJ.,Laviae;, 'tfj<; '!taA.{a:; Kat 'tfjc; 'Ianrov{ac; J.,Lta nOAl tUOl K!Xirsovacr~LOu YlAl va unspacrnicrol)v ta crUI-l<ptPOVta nOD stxav Ka'taXtijcrsl. To 1938 - 39 fj Tspuuvlc npocrup't1']cre 'ti}vAucrtpia Kat 'tijv TcrsxoaAo- paKia:. To LS~'tSJ.lPP1'] 'to\) 1939ysPI-lavtKa cr'tpateUllata. £%1te911- xcv CJ't11V Iloxrovtc. 'H ' AyyA.ia Kai 1) ra:A.A.{a aVaYKucrt11KUV va K11PUSOUV 'tOY n6Ae~LO ev6.vna: <?"ti} rspJ.,Lavia. "Erct secrnaGs. 6 L1&UtSPO; rIaYKocrl-tlOC; Il6Ae!l0<;. L'd<; 22 'Ioovn 1941 ft Xi~A.eptKi} r&pW1.vio: e1tt'ts811Ke ai<pvtotacrnKa cr'ti} LOptenKT] "Bveor], "Yo-cepe ano auto 01']l-lwoPyij911Ke na:YK6cr~tta sva; avn<paoto-ruco cr'tpat6neoo TOOO nsptAu~a.tve t1'] LOPU>nKy) "Evoxm, 'tiC; HITA, 'ti}v 'AyyA.{a, 'til raAA.ia, 'tT}V Kiva Kat noUse; fJX)",et; x.&pec;. O{ x.&pe;au'ts<; uvncr'tu811Kav ano KOtvOU (:no <pacrtcrjlO Kcd 'tsAtd vtxnouv tODC; yspJ.laVOUc;, 'tou; i'ta/voi>c; 1\ai yw,n())VS/;01)<; <pucricr'ts;.

«A1EOv1)~ Kui<1.Ju:P10"!lO" tpyaO"iu,,}) (crSA.. 44)

'0 «(ow8vTJ; Katal-leptcrl-l0; epya:criae;» ((nots/vel: Eva !levo ~lS 'to onoto 1) LOPtS'ttKTJ ~EvroOlJ tKJ.le'taA.ASustat Kat KatctAllO"tsUst I-lE 'tOY mo ~up~apo -rporoo tic; «&.8sA.<pec; X&ps<; t1']C;» noD &,V11KOI)V <Jti} Asy6J.,Lsvl1 «crOcrWAtO"ttKy) KotV6tl1'ta».LuJ.,L<prova J.,Lt 't1)v areocrtUtpla KA.iKa: 'tau KpS!!A.tVOD, amorooo npsnst 11 osv npS1tSt va napaY01)v -rUI-lSA11 tfjc; «xowornrcc», unayopsus't<tl &.100 'tic; «BUvotxotepe; qmcrtKEC; KalolKbvol.mcsc; (J'ov9fjKee;» 't&V xcopmv au'CU>v. L1:1)V npaYl-la'ttK6nrca, o!ulOoq>acr&t<; natpvov-rat &'1t'0 1:'0

98

\ L

KIX1.'ttKOI-lOvorcroAtaKO Ks<puAato 'tfj; LOPlsttKfj; "Evrocrll; Kat Ku80pisoVta.l crU~l<proVa: 1-1& 'CiC; UVU/'{KS; 'tOO. Me 'tTJ ~oTJ9&ta 'Coo «ols9vOD; KataiJ.Sptcr!!OlJ tpyacriae;» ,iJ LoptenKi) "Evrocn e~avW'{Kuset 6ptO'J.,Ltva Kpat11 'tfj; KOMEKON v« npo!!118euo1)V a' autT]v uypOttKa npro'Coyavfj npoi:ovta. Kai opox,ta Kat ~usetti; fJXAce; va napuyoov t~apt{wa'tU 1-l11Xav&v "(tft 1:'TJV OtKov0l-liu 1:11e;. LU1.tqJ(ova ~s roi»; OpOI)e; au'Cou 'tOu «ots8vo\); K(J;'taI-lSptO'jloi) spya:cricte;», rcpotovtu reou Y1ft Eva KputOe;-l.leA.Oe; clvmunapaltl1- Ta Kat 100D oi npoDno8tcre1e; yta 't11V rcapa.yroyTJ tOD; unapx.Quv, 1:01:& uovo ~LTCOpOlJV v« napa'tax'touv o'tuv npOBA.f,11'0Vtat I-lecra a' au'Cov 'tOY «Ka1:aJ.,Leptcr!!o epycwiae;». 'El-lnop&ul-la'tC! t~aA.A.o\) rcoo crul.lqJrova ~lS tOY «Ka'Ca).tspw~tO Epyucr{a;» BpicrKOV'tat orov K(J;tU/vOYo, rcpen&t va 11Japat(J,XtOUV, UK61-la Kai otav ft STJ'tll<J11 roo; areo sva KpUWe; - l-leA.o; osv sIva.t I-lsyuAl1· Movuxu ft LOj31S'ttKTJ "Evroon (lev oscr!.le6stat uno auto&; roi«; opOu;.

..

«!:X::OUlGj.lEVO:; O"t)v'tovurj1o:;» (asA.. 44)

'0 «O'xsouiaJ.ltvo<; oovrovrouoc» crl1J.la{vst moe; to ax.toto oiKOVOf:t1Kfj; UVU,TC'tOSl1; cr' Eva KpatOe; 'tf\; KOMEKON, npBnst

I

rcp&ta va ouvrovicrst I-lS 'to LoBts'ttKO crxtotO rcpiv <p'tuO'St o-ro

cr't!J.Oto tf\<; tSAtKf\; en&~epyacria:e; roo. L'ti}V npaYJ.,LanK6't11ta., all'tO crspst areo 'to, KpUtll 'tfje; KOMEKON to otKairo!.la va KUtUp'tisouv Eva otK6 'tOD; 'crxtow. ' Aroo 'to 1956 1) LOPtS'ttKTJ "Evocn EX!:t 11811 «covrovlcsi» 1:scrcrspa nsv'tuxpo_va: reAuva I-lS 'tiC; x.&ps; 'Cfjc; KOMEKON. AuT,oV 'Cov xmpo KaVOVls&tat <'> «O'ov'tOVWI-l0;» £v6; J.laKporep68scr!!ou nAuvoD nOD nSplA.a!3ct;{vsl 'to otucr't1']l-la uno 1:0 1976 {be; to 1980. Mscc are' au'tov rov «ouvroviouo» 'to KpSIlAtVO eA8yxst 'C1']v e8VtKT] OtKovol-lia't&v.KpCI't&V 'tfjc; KOMEKON a' on uqJopa 'tie; Ket'Csu06vO'etC; Kat roi»; puel-l00; avu1l1:l>~f(,~ 'CODe;, 'CTJV uvu,Aoyta, 'ti}v KamVOllY) 't&vensvoucrsrov Kat 'tTJV -rpoqJo06n<J11 J.ls ltp&'CSe; i)AS; Kat KaucrtJ.,La, KateUeUvov'tac; ~t<Jt 'tic; P1Kovo~lis; roue OAOKAl]PCOnKa crt11 cro~lsnKTJ cr<paipa snop·pof\C;.

lloAl.lJ!SPl1C; i:vo-mlla1:IDo"ij (crsA 44).

Ai'YCil dvat i!UJ; vta l.lOP<,Dl'j Ilt 'tllV orcoia; 0 ~o~tS1:tKO; cootc-

99

"llt'1l)Up'taf,.tO'~LO~ 1\la~a.A'I1O'tsuet'K:ui KCitaODV(UJ''teUSt 'Ci~ «aOSA<p£t; X I pll~ 'C 1)>>. E~ctl'te{a~ 't&V 8V'tU'ttK&V E~01t'A.la~t&V Kat 'C&V no"'1I~11~1<:I7lV 1tpos'Cotl.uxal&V Kuecb~ KUt 'tfj~ Jlov67tA.eup1']t; OiKOVO~LtKfj~ hva'll:'C\)~l1~, a'ta 'teA.sO'tulu Xp6vta. At'y6a'te'l'uv of· OiKOVO~ttK£e; K(l't OAt1C£t; E<psopels1 tfjt; ~0!31S'ttKfjt; "EV(j)O'1']t; Kat 7tupou{iui(T't11Ke llA.A.e1'l'TJ tpyunKou ouvaglKou. 'H ~o!3tSnKi] "Evoiorj &K~LStOAAeus'tat t1'} ~it't'llo"ll aE 7tp&tSt; 13AsC; KUt KaUaLJla nou umipxet O''tit; 'AVU'COAtKOSl)p(j)1tatKec; x&pee;, "{U1. va roi»; !3aAet 'C1'} 011ASta O''CO AalJlo KUl va tit; "{MpSt aVeA.&11'CU. "E-r(H ,,{la. n:apuOSlYJlU, of x&pec; at)'t£¢ 1tPE1tEl O'S av'CUA.Aanta 'C&V 7tPOJl11e&1&V .1tPO:>t(j)v UA&V KUtKUUO'l~t(j)V, va xcpnoxeuccoov &pyoO''taO'1UKSC; ~lOVUO&t; Kat tYKUtaO'tUO'W; OPUXSl(j)V yta 'ttl ~0!31&ttK1'} "Evoxrn. ~UJl<p(j)vu Jls 'to «O'XBOLO covroviouot miv(o O'S Jl&'tpa tfjc; 7tOAU~tep'oUc; tVO'(j)Jlu't'(j)0''ll9> 1t0\) 'I''ll<PlO''C'llKe O''t1'}v 2911 O'uveopiclO'l1 tile; KOMEKON to !975, np&1tft g&O'a O'S n&Vts xpovta va KUtUO'KSUccrotv «ano KOtVOU» O&KU Epya «EVO'(j)Jlu't(j)a1']t;)), U1tO 'to. o1toIa 'ta oX'tcb !3piO'KOV'tUl a'tTJ ~0!31enKTJ"Ev(j)0'11. Movuxa rt' Ullta ta 6X'tcb Epya, of 'Avu'toAt1cosup(j)nutKEe; X&pst; 1tpEnet va otae&couv crt1'} ~O!3tS'ttKTJ "Ev(j)O'11 4 otaeKa't0Jlupla pouf3Ata, SVI1.V rspuO''tto apleJlO Jl11Xav11 Jlu't(j)v, OOJlIK&V UAIKWV, Ka'CavaA~mK&v

uyae&v Kai Jlta mpuna spyanKou ouVa~ttKou. .

«Atap9prottKTt tv<iroJUltroo"l1}) (aeA.. 44)

Msrd 't1)v sicr!30Ait roix (1)v TatX0O'AO!3aKla, 'Co 1968, of LO!3tS:tlKOi O'oO'taAIJl1tSptaAtO'tEC; UKoAoU911aav gta n:OA.t ttKT] 'rf\e; «OiKOVOJlIKf\c; sva(j)Jlu't(j)O'l1~» 1tOU 01tro~ OitAWVS it MoO'xa ea UKOAOVeOUO's JlU1 OtaOlKacrlq. 1tSpuO'JlCxtOe; a7to "C1) xaJl11AcOte- . P11 0''C1) 'l''llAO:>tSP'll !3aeJllOa. ~t1) xa~111A.6teP11 !3aeJltoa, it «svoro'rwO''ll» 11.0't1) a<popii JlovuXa JlSJlov(j)Jl&VOUt; tOJlSlC; t&V Kpat&v - ).tSA&V tfje; «aoO'laAla'ttKfje; KOIVO't1']toe;» Jls t1)v o1toia «aAAu/;;ouv gs yOp"{o pUeJlo» of OOJlEe; tfje; reapay(j)yfjc; 'tOUC;. M&O'a 0''tT] ()tKaetia 'rou 1990 9a. S1tttSUXesr it uVcOtepTJ !3aeJltoa oTJAao1) it !3ae!-lioa tf\t; «(5\apep(j)'CtKfje; EVO'(j)!-Iut(j)crTJe;». ~' aO'tT]v 't1)v nspto<>0 9a UA07tOt'lleOUV maOtaKa of «SVlUL01l)OlTJJl&VSe; OiKOVO!-llKSe; oOJlee;» t&V Kpat&v - !-ISA&V 'tfje; «OlKOVOJllKf\C; sVO'(j)Jlu't(j)crTJe;» 1Ca9roc; Kal. to «svicto OIKOVO!-llKO O'UO"CT1I1a» roue, 'to 61tolo pa-

toll

oisstat "UVO) 0" Evav «KOtVo crxsOl(laJlO 1tapay(j)yf\e;». Aoto allguivst 1tcbe; tU Kput11 aota. ea O''CSPlleOt')V OAOKAllP(j)ttKa. U1tO to KUpW.p)(,tKO 'COU; otKai(j)ga. 'Yla Jlla aOt6voJll1 PLOJlllXa.vtKl) K(rl YS(j)PYlK1) 1tapa,,{wYl1 Kat 11(1. t1)v t€)VtK1l roo; obcovoutc cruVO:

AtKa. I1p&1tet va U1tO'COl)(,tO()V crt~ 08A11 0'11 'tfjs 0'0P1S'ttKf\e; d- 1t01KtOKpanKf\e; aOtOKpawp{ae;, yu:m"Co Kat it «Otap9pronKT] lvcr(j)~tu'C(j)crrp> dvq.t taUto0'11J1TJ JlE t~V unotKL01tOtTJcrll.-"--

~a;~~~mii~t\Kit it>lOK't1}Q'ia» (aeA. 44) L~Aio~ri~&.PXE';~f\~ o8Kas'Cia.s 'tOU 1970, oi ao!3tsTIKoi aocrtll/ v - tJl7tSpW.AtO''CS~ rcpo1tayavoisouv t1) oTJJlLOup"{ia Jlliie; «K01Vfj~ t8lOXtllO'(as» 11 ~tt(l.s «OlSeVoUt; aOO'laAIO''t'tKfje; tOlO'Xt11O'ia~» ~.tcra crt(/. n:)..af.O'1a tfje; «O'ocrto.AtO''ttKi'je; KOIVOtTJtae;». 'H 0'0!31SttKT) 1(1)-: piapX1l KAlKa icrxuptl;;omv Ott «1;xouv oTJJlLOupYTJ9st dvnescrstC; &,vu!lEcra O'tT]V iOLOXt'llO'ia f;VOe; Kpa"COUe; Kai tOV OAO Kui 1tept<;:' corspo EVtOVO OtSeVllXapaKtitpa 't&v 7tapaY(j)Y1K&VOI)Vap,eww. nil va Au90uv ot uV'tte&crett; a01:&e;, q>BPVOUV to s1ttxsip'llJla on elvct avaYKaia itsYKaOiopU0"11 JlliiC; «ole9vous 10LOXt11cr[ae;» 0''Cl1V «xotvornrn». 'H 8A&yxog&V1'] areo 'tit ~o!3tenK1) uEVWO'11 KOMEKON 1;)(,el '11811 7tPOxwPl1cr&t O'tT]V 'i8pucrll optcrW'iV(j)v «ots9v&v KOtVO't'tK&V OLKOVOJltK&V halpStrov» 01tWt; it 81&0- vi]e; KOIVO't'tK1) {;tCl.tpda UtOJlIKOU eS01tAIO'JlOU Kai it haLpsia uq>aVtOUpytK&V ~t11XClVllJl(i't'(j)v. Msou as !-Ita. tftOta «f;'talpsla» 11 ~0~umKl1 uEV(j)0'11 a\)"{Ksv'tpffivst ma. Xepta, tllt; oAe; tic; a11~ JlClV't'tKi>C; un09&O'ete; Kai tiqtovo1tWAst. ~tOxo.; slvct ~l~ aOtov tOV tpono vi: SAEYXSI roi»; O'11JlUV't'tKo:>tSPOU; !3LOp1lxaVlKOUe; KAu80ut; nov KPCJ.'t'roV - ~td&v.

Til VllO'tU :Ertl'tO'f11t&PYKSV (O'eA. 46)

To 2:7tltO'pntpYKsv sLval ~tta. oJluoa vl10't&v Ot1) p6peta rea"{(j)Jl&V'll 9uAacrO'u JlE apKttKT) ota!-lopq>(j)O''ll eouq>OUt; Kat eKta011 62.000 't&'tpaY(()VtKa XIAtogStpa;. EIVaL 1tAOUO'LO at q>uatKtc; 1tA.OUtonapa.Y())"{lKSe; 7t11yee; Kai Ota9t'Csl eKtOt; an'o reStp&Aato 1m! a7tOe&~tata q>UO'tKOU USPW\), O'toee; JlE n:epto:cr6tepoue; U7tO 5 olO'sKatO~U)PW; rovvoo; Kap!3ouvo 'l'TJA.fje; 1tOlot1']tac;.

101

To k1thcr~l1t£pyKEv &lvat eva crl]~laVnKo mpo.111ytK:0 cr1W&tO crtnV K&VtptKi} 1top&ia 1(A&lJO"tle; tOOv Lo~t&ttKroV t:m:oppux{rov Kat 1tOA9J-ttKOOV 1tAOtroV a1(O 10 MouWciVO'K TCPOC; to B6pEto

'!\tAaVtlK6.

MEta. to kUj.l<proVO tOU Ilcptotou 1tOD t)1toYPU<P'tl1KE 10 1920

U1tO 40 xOOpEe; - avuj.l£()a a' atJ't:~e; Kat oi HfIA, it MEyuAl] BPE~ rnvic, it f'aAAia Kat it LoBl&1tKT] "Evroon - it NopB11Yia exct 'tllv «1tAijPl] Kat a1t6AI)"(l] KuplapXla» nuvro cr' atl1T}V t1lv o)1ci8a vl]crtOOv. To 1925 it NopB11Yia avaKijpuS£ Enlcrl]J-ta TO Lnt1cr~l1ttp'YK&V cr€ OWtKl]'ttKll1t&ptoXi) tf\e; EevlKf\e; tl]e; ETClKpU1EWe;. 'Qcreoco ta. 'tEAEum'ia Xp6Vta it LoBtE'ttK1l "Evoxrn, CHJIl<prova Jolt ~ie; cr'tPCl'tlro'ttKEe; Kat OlKOVOIUKte; 'tl]e; aVUYKSe;, npocrnu81lQ"S ~l€ 1(u8s ~ltcro va anocr1tucrst to k7tttcr~l1ttpYKSV ytlx tOY tam6 'tl]S· Ti' o.utO to A6yo nporervs va, 0101KSi aun'lv' T1lY oWHia VllmWY &,no KOWOU FE 1i}V NopBl]yla. AU1T] it aOtKalOA6Yl]'tll CL1(o.i'tYlcrl] anoppl<p'tllKS oucuc« uno 1i} Nop~l1yia. ME 'Co np6crx)lJ.lo. moe; 'Ca KpU'tl1 nOD un6ypa\jlo,v 'Co kUJ!<ProVO 'Cou fIaptcrtou ano),_a~LBuvouv <YI)~L<prova ~l' auto, OiICOV0J-ttKa. OlK{I.lcO~La'ta mivro cr'tl1V @J-tuoa vl]O'tOOv, EO"1E1AS nOAuupt81l0 npocrro1ttKO cro avoJ.la. 'tf\e; «E1;,6puSl]e; av8po.Ku» Kai Ka'tuO"Ks6acrE cr'tpatlrotlKEe; Kai ot01- Kl]'tlK€e; EYKutacr'Cucrsle;. M_' auti}v 1T]V npuSl], napa[3iacrE {;navElA'llJ.ltva 'to. OlKatcO~l{I.'Ca Kat 1T]V KpanKT] Kup1apxia "f\e; NOp[311- yiae; KCd: U<pijVGt uK6J.la n:pucr'tta {;AtK6n'tspa va 1rS'tOUV 1tO.Vffi uno to Lni'tcrJ.l1tSpYKSV. ME «ts'CEAG<Ylltvu ysyov6'tu» 1tpocrnu8si vi). &.1tocrnucrst Yla. AOyuP1acrll6 'tl]e; uu'ti}v ti}v oj.luoa vl]O'tOOv. Ot itysj.lOVtcrnKEe; £vtp'Ysw; tf\e; LO~lStlKf\e; ~Evrocrlle; Ka'tano"_sj.louv'Cat a1tO<pamcrnKa a1tO 'ti}v KuBtpVl]crll Kat 'Co /,,0.0 ,f\e;

NopB11Yiae;.

'H 'A<ppOm)'lUtlKTt O"vV()laO"Ks'I''Il 'tOil Mn:avtOuvYK (creA. 53)

'H "Aqrpo-Acurnxf LUVOUJ.crKe\jll] 1tpaYj.la't01rOlijS1']Ke tOV 'A1tpiAll 'Cou 1955 o-ro Mnav10DvYK 'tf\e; 'Ivoovllcriae;. L' aut11v 1tf\pav j.ltpoc; 29 ucrto:nKEe; Kat a<ppUeaV1KEe; xoopee;. 'H Btpuovtc, iJ KeuAUvl1, it 'Ivoovnrriu Kat 'to IIaKtcrTaV slXa.v 'tT]V nperro{3ouAia ,,{la. 'tiJv npa"{J!a'tOTCoil1Q"11 't1l<;- L' au'tiJv 1tf\pe Enicrlle; vtpoe; j.lHl KtvtstKl1 avnnpocrro1teia j.l€ trnJ(e<paAT]e; 'tOY IIpro0u-

102

1t!:,mpyo Toot 'Ev - Mt A')'~iJ Tl'tav it 1tprotl] avs~Uptl'lt:n ot&9viJe; cr~va~qm(&'1'~ a~anKffiV Kqi u<pptKaVuc~v xroprov nou i1~eAqV ~Il,. ~llpql)V 'tte; ':t,UXs<; 'to~e; a'ta. ()tl(U rou; xepta. LtiJ dUV!)lqcrKEW'l) E~;>T(I"crtl]KaV cr& 'itAana KA-iJ.1ql(a sl1ti)j.latll 'tf\c; f:OVtKf\<; 1(UptapxIae;, tf\e; 1tUAllC; Evuvna. <!'tiJv a'lJOtIClOKPUtia, tf\c; naYK6crJ!taS e~pijv1']C;, tf\e; theOvouC; cruvspyacriae; KUO&C; leat 1f\e; OtKOVOJ!tKi'je; Kat Jt0AtnanKfje; ouvspycctuc 'troY Kpa'tQ)V no\.> cruVJ.1e'tEixav 0-' (l.tJ'tlF. Xapll u1ie; 1tpocrnat)stec; 'tf\e; Kivos; Kat tOOy nsptoco'teprov Kpa'tOOv noo cruJ.1J!etEix~v, J.1a'talcOOllKav o] IJ!1tSptaAtcrr1ICEg

'o-uvo)lrocriee; noo &.1tocrIConoI)O'(w va. craJ.1,1totUpOuv ~iJ cruVOtUal(l::~lll. L'tO «TeA1KO 'AvaKOtVffiOEV»' 'tf\e; 'Acppo-AcrtanKf\s aIJYOlucrKE'I'1']C; aVct<pspetat m:oe; it a1j:OtKtoKpatia dvatsva KaK6, nOD 1tPS1tEt oco 10 ouvu't'ov "{PllyopcOtspa va. t~aAst<p'tei ano 'tOY xoouo. To aVaKO~Vro~ev KaAoOcrs avuJ.1ecra cr' aUf}, va i:CP~p-' uocrouv oi LitKa 'ApxEe; 'tf\c; dp11vlKf\e; auvu1tapSlle; (J.Lta 01s6- POYal1 'twv nsv.s apXffiv ti'je; dpllV1Ki'je; cruv61tapSllC;), cr'riJ ~ucrn 'tne;&ip11VtKfje; cruv6napSlle; Kat 'tf\c; cplAiqe; Kai ti\<; cruvsp"{acriae; Ctvuw:cra cr.ie; x&pee; noD aUllvetsixav. 'R crUV01UcrKS\jlll eK,<ppacre 't>'lv i':1t18uJ.1ia tmv 'AcpptKavlKOOv Kai 'AcrtanICOOv AaOOv va. OcOcrouv EVClw{;vm 10Y ayrova {;vuvna crov tJ!nEptaAtcrJ!o Kal 'tiJv unolxroxpuriu, yta 'tl1V Ka'tuXtllcr11 KUt ote6puvcrl1 1f\e; 'ESVl1(f\<; ave~apt11criac; Kal 'Y1a to Oi,lVUJ.1(j)lla 'tf\s <plAiae; aVUJ.1ecra moue; Auoue; oA;my 'tmy Xl.\lpwv. 'H cruvollicrKI:;'Vll autiJ eytvs YVrocr1iJ crav«To rcV:Efj~la i 'tou Mncvrouvy«», 'H cr~votucrKi:'I!n ~tav j.lla icrxupiJ KLVmijlna QUvaVl] Yla 1iJV aVU1t'tUS~ tOOv eOVtKoa1tSAEuStPffi~tK(oV 1(WflJ.1U'troV cr'tiJv 'Aotc Kat 'tiJv 'ACPP1Kij.

DW)1tOAl:tlKTt (aeA. 27)

'H ysro1tOAt1tKiJ &tVat Vl(l q.vtlopao'ttKiJ Seropia. SSffiPEi to KPU'J;OC; ouv eva «~toA()yUCOOp."{q,VtcrJ.1o» 1tOO it ausnoll Kat it av~.n:~US11 rou U1t0ICslVta1 qE «SJ.1<jlUtse; Y0J.10'rS¥lEe;». AutEe; ot vOllmslcsw; (t1tatJouv ft1tq 'to KPlltOe;va q.nocr1j:u 'Yta tOY tq,u'r6 'ton toa<Pll aAArov Xropffiv, a1tpcOXYOVtu<; ~'t(;n 'ta crpyopU tOU npqe; t¢! ·~S(l) xni Kllt.q,x.t:cOV'tae; YEO «srotlNO XWPQ». Y:E'rcrt' it 'Ysro1tO).l~ W~~) q.1totsAsi tiJ «gero,P1']'tlKip> 1.CUAU\Vl] 't91v iJ.l1t.SP1UAlcrtWV Yta.

Tq,,!! t1t~OsnKll Kal S1tsx.tg;ttKTt 'tOUS 1tOAttlKi).. .' .

~H yem1tOA~'ttKi) &Jlcpavicr'11KE cr.a .EAll ''tOu 1tP011YOUJl&VOU Kat mi~ UPXB~ .O\) 20o\) alrova crti)v Eupro1t11 Kai owoo9ilKt: crti) oe}Cas.ia tou '30 lotai.epa cr.ij I'epucvtc. Msrd 'C1;V iivoo6 iou~ crtijv et;;oucria, ol Nat;i Ota.Kf]pu~av uVOtX.a a.u'.~v t~V avtt~pacrttK1) 9Empia cre «KocrJl0gempia .o\) 'E9vtKocrocrtaAtcrmcou K6J.tJ.1ato~}>. :E'i)v 'Ia1tmvia, ot J.tiAt'taptcr.e~ i')1tocrtf]pt~av airti) .1) 9smpia crav emXStP11J.ta.oAoyia yta .iJv eYKcd)iopucr'1 .fj<; «MsyaAoacrta'~K11<; crcpaipa.<; tfj<; KOtvf\<; SU11J.tspia<;». :E"~t&pa'

"",",. .

f] Yem1toAtnKi) XP11crtJ.1SUSt cra.v 9smpia .fj<; :Eo~umKi'j<; QEVUllO"ll<;

Kat .ow HIlA crov uV'taymvtcrJ.t6 rou; yta. .l'jv 1taYKoO"J.ttCL 11"1<:uovtn,

Kctro a1tO to 1tpocrX11J.ta 1tills; it uva1tw~'1 tCOV napaywYl1CCOV ouvuJ.tsmv «l;s1tspvust '!:a. cruvopa '!:ou KPU'!:OU<;», 11 Lo~tl:;nK11 "Bvoxrn e7ts~spyucr'!:l1KS Eva crXEow «OiKOVOJ.ttKfj<; evO"wllutwO"nl<;» no\) «Ka'!:apysi '!:a ouvopn tcoV KP(ltCOV». LltaK'lpuO"St '!:i)v &YKa9iopucr11 J.tta<; «StaKpa'ttKfj<; OLKOVOJ.ttKf\S xowornru;», nOD Sty sIvat '!:l1Co'!:a aAAo a1to tijv 1tpocmu9sta va 1tpoO"statptcrtst &M<p'1 aAAmv xwprov. Auto a1tOlcaAU1ttSt '!:OD<; Lo~tsnKou<; O"ocrLaA.l~L-. 1tsptaALcr'!:B<; onv mcrtou<; 01Ca.Sou<; '!:f\<; YSW1tOALtL Kf\<;.

OM Ad)tSP11 Ats9viJ~ (asA. 72)

'H LlsutsP11 LlLs9vij~ iSpU911KS (Ht<; 14 'IoDA'1 18890'to Llts- 9VB<; O'UVEOPtO tcoV O'oO'taAiO'trov O''!:o Tlupict, Tijv &1t0X11 eKe[ V11 dxav 'I1S11' 1tSpUO'eL E~t xp6vta U1tO to Ouva.to'-roo KapA Mup~. Ku~mu1Co tl'jv Ka90of]Y110'11 '!:OU <l>pf]Vtptx YEYKSAC;, it LlsUtEP11 Llts9vij~ aKoAoiJ911O'S(i'!:i)v apxtKfJ '!:11<; cpaO'l1 Aiyo 1to/di ~ta Map~tO''T:tK1) 1'paf,.l~tit, SuvaJ.1(()O'e '!:11V EYOtl1ta O'ti~ ypaJ.t~L6c; 1:1;<; epyattKfj<; ta~l1<;, Kata1toA.SJ.L11O'e tOY uvapXtO'J.Lo, otaooO's 0'1> 1tAa'!:eta KAiJ.1aKa '!:o Map~LO'J.t6, 1tpow9ffivta~ etO't tijv uva1ttlJl;11 '!:rovepyattKcoV opyavroasnJv Kat Ktvl1J.ta'!:mv O'ttC; Sui<pops<; xrops<;. Meta '!:O 9ava'!:o tOU YEYKeA<; (na. 1895; ol pe~t~WVlO"S<; 1'16 &KnpoO'm1tou<; tOY Mm;pvO''!:aiv Kat '!:OV Kaou,O'KlJ, O'cpstspiO"l1lKav t1)Y Ka90OTl'Y11O'n t1'\<; LleUtep11<; Llte9vou<;. 'A1t() KSt Kai 1tGpa 6Aocpavepa EKcpuA.iO"l1Ke. Ma!;i J.t& '!:ou<; 'AptcrtspousoAmv -trov xmprov, '!:O M1COAO'S~iKUCO KOJ.tJ.ta J.t& &1tlKscpaAije; rov Afvtv KPUtllcrE 'l'1lA.a 'toE1tava,O''tanlCo M~apo'!:oij MapStO'J.tou Kat

'to;l> (f.PPfvstaptuKou SH:;t)VtO'Jlo{) Kat liomO'e Evav UW;tpf]VWto> M~v\lJv.av'tta;O'toU<;, ~~Ptl;toYtO'tk .. '!:11<;, . LlSUteP11s·,·Ale9VO\)<;. To 19141;EcmaO's 6'Ilp&)'to~ IlaYKoO'J.tlO~ Il6A.eJ.to~. Ol 1)Y8'!:e<; '!:f\c; Oel;la~ n'!:Epuya<; '!:rov LOQ'tUA.01llloKpattKcoV KOIlJ.LCl'T:mV '!:fj<;. Ll!:DtsP11<; Llt!:9vou<;, np6()oO'av avotxta. '!:11V 1CpOA.!:'!:aptaKij &1CaVUcrccn. 'Y 1toO''!:fJpt~av tijv uO'nKij '!:a~11 '!:rov xmpcov rooc 0''!:0V' iJ.L1C!:ptUA.tO'nKo 1tOAeJ.tO Kai &KcpuUO'n1Kav O'S O'oO'taAO'm~tVtO''!:s<; .. TSALKU UO''tepa un' au'to, StaA.6911Ke 11 LlEu'!:eP11 Llt!:9vit<;.

'I

'H K0J.LJ10UVttitlKtl At!:9vtl~ (O'!:A.. 25)

'H K0J.tlloUVtO'nKi) Llts9v11C; 11 f] Tplrn Llte9vl1<;, Yjta.v J.LU!'. 81sBvi)e; EVWO'l1 '!:rov K0J.tJ.t0UVtCJ'ttKrov KoJ.tlla'!:wv Kat KOIlIlOUVtO'tl-

. KroV opya.vffiO'swv an' OA.OV 'tOY KOcrJ.tO. Msrn '!:O ssO'naO'J.tCL '!:Ot} Ilpdrroo IlaYKoO'J.1lOU IIoAsJ.t0u, ol pS~lstOVtO't&<; nou eIxav' O'CPE'tSPtO''tet '!:TIV Ka90STjyl10''l t~s LlsuTeP'l<; Llte9vo13C;, U1tOKa-· AU\Vav uK6J.La 1tSptO'O'O'!:ePO '!:11V 1tpaYJ.LanK1l '!:OU<; <PDO'll. 'EvuV'tux, roo; eOWO'e 6 Asvtv uno K()tVOU J.tB '!:ouC;'AptO'Tepou<; OAmv '!:COV' xwprov, svav a1toq>aO'tO'nKo uyffiva. LtiC; 2 'too Mcprn 1919' O'uvfjA9s Katm uno '!:1)v Ka905111'110'l1 tou AtVLV '!:O Ilpero LUVSSpio tfj<; KO~lJ.toUVtO'nKfj<;Lhs9vou<; O'n1 MoO'xa. :E' au'!:ijv 'tit cruvsSpiaO'll iopu91lKe E1tiO'lllla 11 KOIlI!OUVlo''ttK11 Llts9v1K L,a. 24Xpovw. ~O)~S tll<;, unepuO'mO's ,0 Map~tO'llo - ASVlVtCJJ.t6, tm:ocr't11PtSe 'ta. 1tpwto1topa O'tolxet:a 'ti1<; tpyanK11C; '!:aS11<; O'E~ otacpop&c; xcops<; O''tllV iopuO'l1 &1tavaO'mtlKwv Mapl;tO"'tlKcovAeVLVtO'nKcoV KOJ.tJ.tatWv. 'Y 1tocrtfJpt~s '!:ij L0131StLKij "Evroorj '!:O np&to O'omaA.tO'nKo Kpa,oc; '!:OU KOO'J.L0U, fm:oO"'!:i]ptl;e t<t um:;Aeu8SpCO'T:tKU KtvfJ~ta'!:a '!:wv Ka,an:te~o~tsvWv E()VCOV, '!:rov xmpcov tf\~ 'Ava'tOA.f\<;· Kai uYWViO''!:llKE Evav'tta crov 1CaYKoO'gLO' cpamO'J.L6. Mnporrrd oro ysyov6<;, on 0',1; olcipKeta 'tOu Llsut&pou, IlaYKoO'f,.lwU IloAEIlOU 11 naYKocrgta Ka'!:aO'mO'll Kat it KU'!:U-

I maO'11 O''!:tC; otacpops<; xcope<; yivov'T:(lV OAO Kat mo 1tSpi1tA.OK11 Kat ot UPXtKS<; ~topcpg<; opyavwO"IlS O&V UVta.1tOKp( vovruv nul.

t

(mi<; anat '!:110'St<; '!:fj<; YEas Ka'tciO''!:a0'11<;, f] KOIlIlOUVtO''T:tKij Llte9Vl1C;

" J.tt 6~tocp(Ovl1 eYKptO"Il tWV Ko).t~toUVtO'ttK':j)V Kouuurrov 1tOU avfjKav 0" aun'lv, K11Puse sniO'lwa tl1 OtUAUO''l '!:11<; O''!:ie; 1() 'IovV1'] 1943.

lOS

To Au;f)vt~NoJ110'J.lat1KQ:E60'tt]J.la J1i: to 'AJ1tP1KUV1KO oo},J .. aplo m):v 'to (JaO'LKo vOlllO'Jla. (creA. 40)

L:ta lletanOAc!llKa XPovla, ii'mv lcoplapxo crtis KanttaAtcr'tud;~ xillpe~ to oteeVf.~ voutcucnxo crucrtllga Jl[; '"Co agcptK<lvow 80AAaPto crav 'to ~acrtKo vourouo. To ~acrtKO ncptcxogsvo 'too 11'WV: 1) Of xillp8e; uno8sxoV'Wl 't'llV Enicrllgll nJl11 xpocrou nOD Ka60picr'tllKc 'to 1934 ano 'ti~ HilA (Jlla oU'('Y1a xpocrou lcrOU'tUl Il[; 35 OOAAapta) Kat oi HilA a1tO 'tij gepui rou; E1tl'tpi:noov crti~ xevrptxsc 'tpU1t£~EC; va UVtClAAucrouV :xpucro crugoorvc fl' au'tijv 'tijv n~Li]. 2) Td olu<popa voutouuru 1tpocrapgw~ov'tatCYto UgEpIKUVIKO 80AAapto. 3) 'An' 't11 cr'tt1'llllnOD Ka60- piCYT11K£ 1) 'tpsxoucya nJl1'jcruvaAAu1'ga'tO~ autillv 'tillv VOJ.ttcrIlUTo)V, IlnOPOUcrE va uAAaXtEt ~Lovuxa jl£TU ano M£ta 'to\) ~lEevojjc; NOlnCYIla1:LKou Tuustoo. "ErCYl 81ClllOP<pffi011K8 11 CY'ta0Epij rpsX0tlCYa. n~111 cyuVuAAu1'llato~. AtlTO 'to crucynwu f:~iCYCDV£ 'Co U!lEPlKUVtKO 80AAUPlO ull£cra !lE 'to xpucro, GEO)POUVTClV 811A-u811 '[0 80Hupta crnlV npUntaTlKOTlltCL otrv xpucro~ Kat :XPllcri~lSucr£ ccv CYTa6Epo ~u.crl1CO vouicuc 'Y1a UAAU voutoucru, naOTO, Q,utO ovouucrnxe 81£6v[;~ vouiouuruco crucr't1wa IlE 'to a~PtKO:V1KO boHuplO (Jav ~aCilKo vojnoun,

To cruUTlwa {bpuGllKe 'to 1944 crtij crOVOIUCYK£'JIll 'tOU Mnpsr'tOY rOUVT~. EUVOllG£ tijv em8£nKij Kat en8XTCl'ttKl1 nOAtttKij tOu UIl£PIKUVIKOtl JtOVonO)AWKO\) K£<pUAUlOO. Tie;(ipxi:~ tfj~ O£KaETia~ 'tou 1970, ()-rav oro crucrx£nCY~lo 'rillv OUVO:!lEo)V 'tou Kam'tuA1CiTlKOU KOCi~LOU cnueuovovruv paptlcri]Jluvn:~ aA'Auyi:~ Kat O~UVOVTUV OAO<PUV€PU 11 KpiCYll 'tOU 80AAUPlOtl, 'ta vouloucru 1:rov KU1tl'tUAtCYtlKrov XO)prov anocrrcucr'tllKUV to Eva ~l£'Ca 'to UAAO a1tO 'Co U~l£PIKUVIKO OOAAaplO. ~l1JltoUpyi]ellK€ 11 «anO KOWOU 6WKU!lavcrll» 11 «&v£~UP't1Fll OlUKU!lUvcrll» Iltn~ xwpu~. Ilspu an' uu'tO, ot HilA oEv l1'tuv 1tAEOV cri: Ssml v« own1Pijcrouv crw.S€pl) 'Cl)v Tl!ll) 'tOU XPtlcro\) Kat crtU!lU'tllcruv 'tl1V !lE'Ca'tpE'JIL~ FOTll'tu rou CYE XPuCYo. "Erot KUtUPPWCY£ 'Co ol€6vi:e; vojnounruco aucr'C1WU~l[; TO U!l£PIKUvtKO OOAAa.pta crav 'Co ~acrtKO VO~tt(jI.UJ;.

'EJ11tOP1KO~ IlOAtJ1o; (crEA. 67)

'0 {;llnopIKo~ nOA€!lO~ cmo'C£ASt ~llO. Y€VIK11npaXttKll 'trov K(1.-

106

'1H-raAtcynKrov X(Oprov cr'tOVEV'rOVO uV'ta1'O)vtcr~o roo; 1'ia tijv 'l!0t'{KOcr~lU. ayopa cr1:0 sSCO'tSptKO S!l1tOplO.

Of 1tapu80CYl(:tK£~ !lOp<j)[;~ 'to\) t~1tOPtKO\) nOA€f.lOU dva.t 'to VTO,!!mvylC, 11 m)}Allcrl1 011A.u81l S~1tOP€UIlUtO)V cr'Co t~0)'t€PlK6 os n~ti;~ lCcnco 'tot? xocroc; Kat Tj s1Cl~OA:il npocr,ct.t£\.mKWV i)G\lJ~lroV )'t&. 't11v xpoorcotc 'tii~ Scro)TSpt1(fj~ u)'opnq.

L'Ca. 'C£A£Utct.tu xPOVta avan'tuX6llKUV xt aAl,v€~ ~op<pi;~ £~nopt~ 'KOD it6A.8POll. no. 'C11V rcpoO"'tucriu 'trov {;cro)'t€ptKillvayop&v, {;mpA.tl911KUV 'YLO. 1tapU()EI1'j.!Ct 1t8PlOPlcrlloi cr'tt~ dCiayO)'Yc~ f;fl1tOp8D~ J-16mov areo 'to f;1;,o)'CSP!KO. Aoroi 1t£ptAOIlPUVOllV 'tOY nsptoPW~!O Tfjq 1tocy6'"Cll'tC1.~ Kat 'Cfj~ 1t01J(tAia~ 'rrov dcrUyO~L8VCI)V a1'o.-

TOV ]((J.eOpICY~LO npOU1t09{;Ci£CI)V Y1(1. Tl)V rcw;A.Yjcril rou; cr[; SamtepIKCS u'1'op&.e; KG.effiS Kat 1:SXVLKOUC; U'YEwvo~nKOU9~CI.VOVlallo0~ Ka.t rcpo()taypa(jl[;~ GtlcrK€uacria~. L:' on u<popn ,;i~ esuyO))'t~, xa,/\,apD}VOtlV optcr~Ltva Ilthpu EAEyX,OO, 01 OpOl 'Yla t~U.yO)ytKa Ou,vSta PSlvTlCOVOV'"Ca.t xui n:aipVOVWl £UVOlICa OtKOVOlltKU, JlE'Cpa om.}; f30118inw.ta {;'f;a:ycoy&v, f;mooTi]crel~ Kat 1tPOVO!llUKOi OPOl t~ayco1'fj~. °Olco. uu'tU. anOCJK01!O\)V CY'tijv {;VlcrxuCJll 'Cfj~ UV'Cct'YffiVtcrnKOnlta~ 'rillv &.ya6&v J.Ha~ xwpa~ cr1;i~ u1'opi;~ 'Co\) £Sco'[spu;:ou. Ilspo un' etll'r6, 1'j t'f;aycoYTJ KS<pUAUlOU XP11crt!l8USL onv ).tscro Y1l1 'tI1V repow8llcrll Tft~ sr;uyO)yfj~ {;!lnop£O~l(i'Ccov e • M[; n) l;Sldvll~LU 'Cfje; oiKovo~tlKii~1Cp{CYll~ to 1974 - 75, 6~uVSllKE·0 A~nopl1cos nOA£1l0~ (i,vUllscya UTie; lCa1Ct'taAlCYnKt~ Xillpe~ f;~utTda~ w\) nsptoptouoti 'Crov £SO)'tSPiK(OV uyoprov.

Naf!.lcrpU'tlKOC; nolqtOS (<J€t,,_ 67)

No~!t(;!lanKO~ nOA.eIlOC; slvct 0 1tl.lp£t(O()UCOe; uv'ta,yO)vlcr~loC; TroV KU1tl'W/vLcr!tKroV xmprov 'Ytu to xpll~lancynKo £A£YXO Kat 'tilv TWYK6crl-tla &.yopu. To nEpl€XO~tSVO Kui 1) lloP<Pll Il1tOpo\)v vO: ~W(p{;pouv ano 1t€piooo cri; nEptooo. 'Anp 'rllV ErroXTJ Tfj~ O€Kwr;Tia~ TOU 1960, 0 voutoucruco; 1t6AqLO~ h:<ppu~e'Cul Kupta

'nlv uv'CWccrll o,no 'tTJ ~ta {;v6.vnu cr'tTJv KopiapXll 6tcrll 'Co\) OOltAU.plOU 'Crov HilA Kui 'Cl1V rrpocrnUO€lU Otu'tiJpllcrll~ au'tfjC; 'tfj~ GSffr]S uno t1)v UAA-ll. "Hrcv evu~ crK:AllpOe; aywvu~ uvuj.lscra cr'CU K!~6ml nOD sKnpocrO)nouy ot HnA uno 'CTJ Ilta Ku.i 1) rUnla an'" tTJV UAAll. ~YUT£pa &no 'tl1V KUtO.PP8tlcr11 tOU OH;SVO\}~

107

V(»).ltaJ,lanKOU aU(1'tit).latO~ e).l&' 1Cupiapxov6~t(a~w 'tc> bOAA,ap1O troy HIlA, autoe; 6 n6ASJ,lOC; ~pfjKS T11 aUYKSVtp01tOt1UU~Vl1 EK<ppaai] tOU crto ysyovoe; Ott of KamtaAtattKGg, xropse; aU).lJ!itsav 'tit (ruvaAAuY).luttK11 iaott~tia trov btKrov rou; vouiounrmv tj"itis~uv tie; avt"aYWVtcrttKf;g xmpsg va &vatt~t11aouv tU btKa rooc. Auto to EKavav yta vu ensxtst VSt KUeS ).ltU 'tie; blKEg t11e; {;sayOJYEg Kai yta va KataXti]ast ).ltU suv01KfJ 88ml a1:11v naYKOa!lta uyopa. ~tSVa OS).ltvo~ ).If; tOY e).lJ!optKO n6AS).l0 Kai 1'OV noj,qlo 'trov ensv06aswv, 6 vO).lta).lanKogn6AE).log bWPKEi rocro KutpO 00'0 to eS())1'SpIKO e).lnOplO xni or eSO)1'SptKEg E1tsv00asv; /5u;sayovtat af; O'UvefjKsg EVroVOU uvwyeovta).lou.

«MaV"CO"oUKoiJO» (asA. 71)

«Movrcouxobo» 1'),av ,0 Ko,esa'tChe;-uVOpELKSAO, 'EYKUt3£'tO tOO rW1t())VE~tKOU i).l7cspwA.ta).lou, 5a,Epa uno t11V Ka,6).1~~111 un' aOtov to 1931 1'&v tptmv ercapX1mv AtaOV[VYK, Ktpiv iKat XUtAouvYKulvYK O'nl ~opEtoavat0AtKl1 Kiva.

~,iC; 18 ~sn1't).l~pll toU 1931, eSo.n6AuaE ).ltae; nAa1'StaC; KAt~1U1W.g EniOsall a1'ij ~opstoaVa1'OAtKfJ Kiva. 'R E6vonpOOO1'lK11 KAlKa tou TauvYK Kat-aSK UKOAOUeOuaE Ilta nOAi'tiK11 ~n) al/Ttataalle;· "Erot ot eJ!apxiEe; Atnovtvjx, Kiptv Kat Xai:AOUVYKlaVYIC 1i:tpaaav Ka't()) ano tfJv KawxfJ ,fje; 'Iunffiviae;. rtu va aw.9:e:po-· 1tOti]aouv tliv KUptapxia roue nuvco a-rliv popstoavatOAlK11 Kiva, of rwn())vs~Oti).lnEptaAtmEg aVaKijPUSaV 0"t0 Touvvx'to'ODV O'tie; 3 <I>AE~upn 1932 ).lta unOKaAOU).lSV1l «ucvrcouxotio» Kat t01tOet'tllaav 1:()V IIOll Ti, tOV 'tEAEU'tOJ:O aUtOKpatOpa TfjC; ouvaatstac; Totvvx, O'UV «OUVUO"tlV> . Tov M&.P't11 'tau 1934 TJ «MaVtO'ouKOUa)} ).ls'tOvOf.tUO'tnKE al': «coroxpcropto tfje; Muv't~oupiae;)}.

"Ycrepu U1tO 'tliv Katalcll'jfll tile;~OpEtoaVatoA1Kfjc; Kivuc, ot rtan())vt~Ot l).l1tEpwAw·n':e; KUteo uno tll ml).lcda tfje; «Mc!V"CO'OUKOUO» KataO'cpu~av UV6AS11'tu tOUe; KlV~~OUS 1ta:rpt&tEi;Kui. KatetA.i]a'tS'lfaV tOY acpGovocpuan:o TCAOUtO tile; Ktvac. Knrco U1tO 'n)v KuGoOl1YnO'T) tou KO~).loDvlO"tlKOU Kouuuroc Kai w& "Evtnlou 'Avn1'wn())V~~tKOU ~tpatou; 6 nAnElU<Y).lOC; ti'je; BopeioUVUtoAtKi'ic; Kivac; SSO'llK8}G11lCe a' !iva. YS).llltO Tjpmtaf.t0 uvtap'to'>

W8

1'Coj,SjlO. To 1945 ~1&tfJV ViKll O"1;OV uvttO""taataJco 1tOA.e~LO evuvtta an'll" 'Ianffivta, TJ UTCOKa.AOU~16Vll «Movrcooxobo» piXtllKS 0''t0 (Jl(OiJ1nbO'tEvEK& tile; Io-ropinc.

'H 1toj,ltlK11 toil «Movuxou ti\~ "A1tw 'AvatoA,i\~» (aeA.. 71)

TTjv lOW anyf.tyt 1tOU Tj XttAEptlCTJ Fepuovtn e1Cl'taXUVe vatspa ano tfJv unoypacpli tou au~<provou 'tou ~ovaxou to I£ntSf.l~pl1 wu 1938 'tytv snigeaij tll~ O'tfJv Eopffinll, 0 FumcoV~~t1cog l.).l1tEpwAta).lOi; 1tpantat01tOtouaE atfJv "A1tw ' Avcro), 11 {iyptse; sme{;aEte; cvuvna O''tytv KEV'tPtKl1 Kat voriu Kiva. Ol , A~tSptKUvOt Kat oi 'EyyA.s(;ot l).l1tEPWA.HHEQ U1tO <po~o ~ti]1tffiC; ~na O'uv£pyaO'iu &va~Eau crtfJv 'Iunrovic Kat 'tfJ Xt'tAEptKll repJw,via ea ).lnOpaDO'E va ~aAEt al': xtvouvo 'tel O'u~t<ptpov'ta tne; atytv "AnO) 'AvatoA.11, nOAAa7tAaO'iaaav 'ttc; npoa1tU8StEg rou; YUl '(liv npuY).lUto1tOil10'11 ~ltae; «8tE8voue; auvouiaKs'l'l1C; tou EipnVLKOU». M' aOtov tOY tP01tO i19sA.av va. esavaYKaaouv tfJv Kiva va auV8nKOAoyf]aSt ~tl': tilV 'Ianffiviu Kat va KaVOUV Eva crU).ll3tj3a.aIlO jll': tijv iIa1twvia al': ~apo~ tfje; Ktvac, '0 Ilposopoc Mco SI1tE : «OR a1tOKaAo6~:::vTl O"uvolaO'Kt'l'1J toil dP1JV1KOil Oa tlvat «KPtP&~ Eva euVatOA,lKO Movaxo' Oa slvrn 1') 1tpottOlp.aO"ia "(ul ttl p.ttatpont) ti\~ Kiva~ O"i; ).lla TO"ExoO"A,apaKia». (,Evavtta a't1.C; J.trlXfkvoppa<p1.6C; yta t'l'] O'uvGllKoMYllan; L\taAsX't<1 "Epya Mdo TaE'touvYK t6).lOi; II). 'R 'AyyA.Oaf,lSptKaVIKll f,luvouppa O'ti}v "Am» 'AVatOAyt fj'tuv napo[.tota ~LS tfJ ouvouocto 'tfl~ 'AnA.{ae;, ralclcicu;, Fspunvlnq Kat 'haA.iae; cro Movcxo, Kat. YU1UtO OVOtlaa'tl1KE to «Movere tfje; "Anro 'AVatOAfje;».

. rO\JA,l{;A,Il0C;' II (aEA.. 47)

'0 Ku'iZ;ep rOUA.1SA[.t0C; 0 tEA.SU'tC:ttOe; aOtOKpa'topae; 'tfl~ yEp}lCl.vtKfle; UOtoKputOpiae; Kai cyyovoe; tou rOUAJSAjlOU tOU I avS~nKE 'O'tO Opovo ,0 1888. "OtCtV fjtav aOtOKpa'topae;, Tj Tepjlctvia uvamux8nKE Kat EYIVE).lIU iaxupij Ijl1tsptuA.tattKfJ xffipa ).lS 131O).lnXaVtKfJ nupaywyytnou cpxotav OEu'tEPll ).l&ta ti~ 'Hvoi~{;vse; IIOAltElEe;. 'Evspjrovrc; yta tU aU).l<ptpovta 'tfje; uO'nKfj~ taslle; Kat 't&V ytouVKEPC; (jlEyaA.OXtllJ1,an&v), f] autoKpatopia {lo'tfJ npoffiellO'e EVEPYllttKa tfJv E1ttXtaan tmv €~01tAtal1mv Kai.

109

,,(t<; n.oAeJ,LtKt<; npoe"CoIJ.luaie<; Kat EnmiXDV8 't1']V da~olvi] Kui'rlJV snfix"(aall (J"Co s~o)"CeptK6.

Ttd va av"CuyrovtG'tEl gi; tl<; illnSptaAtaTtK8<; ouvallSt<; "(fj<; TI:lt· Ala<; aEtpa<; yta "CT)V naYKoaJ..!ta KlJptaPXia, ot Fspucvo! tJ.ln!:pwAla'Ci:<; J.Li: bttKE<pUA. Tj<; rov rOOA1elc~to II npOKUA.Sa(lV TOV IIp6'rro IItUyxoouto II6'v!:1l0 (1914 - 1918). To NotlJl3PTJ wi) 1918 ~e(J1raaE l.ml snavucrTaay] aLl) Fspucvtu \Kat 0 rODAtEA.FO; II dvuYK(ia"OiKc va anOXO)PTJcr!:t Kat va KaTo,<p6YEt <Hl1V 'O/cAavoiu 01WD £sllcm ES6ptaTOl;. ITteaVE TO 1941.

'H ciVlGOfle'tP'I1 avU1t'tv;11 WU i,lTCSplOlA1Gp.OD (aG!~. 19)

'0 vouoc 'tfj<; aVta6!lETpT]<; UVU1ttDSl1<; "COD ill7l:EPtaAta~wo dvatcva Cl1WUVTtKO ouo-ruruco Tfie; SEmpie£!; TOf) AEVlV Yia TOV lJ.lnEpwAlaJ.l.6. '0 Asviv rovics : «'H UVlO"OP&tPll OiKOVOj.tlllo\ K(d 1tOl..ttlKlt &va1tt!.)~l1 dwn Evac; a1t6Al)TO~ VO~tO'.i ,"oil Kllnttah·GJlou». «(Ttc "(0 aDvf:hUla 'I&v 'Hvoueveov ITO)~t1'El&V Eupro- 11:119». '0 vouoc uu'to<; SUVUE1ttI3El3m(n9TjKE cm:oJ.!a 7I:EP1<JUOTEPO '(1) nsptooo nOD 6 Ka1ttTaAt<JFo<; l.t1ri'jK8 em'> aTuow TOU i./l1"f~:pWAtaJ.l.0I).

:En'> KU1ttTaA1(J"(tKO aD(J"(TJ~ta, 'ri CtTO~Lt!CT] !CU1"fimAw'ttK11 io1Ox'ty]alct 'T&V J..!E(JWV napaymyfjr, Kat 6 aypw<; aVtaY())VLa~to<; 'Yla KSPOll, p(XVEl "(ijv napaymyij O"tl1V xorvoivtc ai: FHl Ka'tO:Q"'Taall avapxiac;, iJ aVlO"6J.l.s"(PTJava7l:tlJ~Y] avu~eaa aT!; lCamTa AW1:tKi:r, S1ttX8tPlJa8te; !Cai ava~saCf. a"(ie; Ka1ntaAtCHtK8; XWPEC; Biven ytaUTO Eva qlDato}.;oytKO omvouevo. Tnv 1!:8pi080 'tou npoj..tovo1tWAWKOD Kam'tuAlaj.!ol), iJ avta6J.l.s"(p11 autij av6;1t'tlJ~TJ fiTav reoM uPyTJ. LTl)V 1'tEptOOO OI!We; 'to!) i~trceplaAlcrl-tofj, 6~tJVeTJK(lV of ~aatKf:<; uvn9tm:t<; 'rou Ka1tt'tuAt<JFoti, £vTu811Kc 0 UVTUywvlaj.to<; Ka"(w ureo TI'jV KUptaPXia 'Tol) l.lOvorewAwu Kat 11 o.vapxia aTijv napaywyi] £YW8 u:K6J.l.Tj J.l.syaA,(HEPll. AIm'> KaVEl 'tijv avta6l!c"(PlJ UVanTlJ~'I1 ava.I!Eaa a'r1.<; KamT(£A1CrnK£e; xro PEC; , aK6j.tu mo £VTOVYj. napuAA11Aa, ot I!EyUAEe;1tOaOnrW; K8cp6J~tnou nOD t~a.yov'TCn 1'tPOKU/cOllV Ota<popi:C; O'tO 'PlJe~O uVarnDS1]C; uvaJl80'a a'tic; ijlnEpwp.WtllCSC; x&pEe;, of crUxvBC; Kal paBStE<; OLKOVO~itKf;e; Kpim:tc; Ku-ra<ptpvoDV X'rl)TC{UU1.'ca O'S Ko.9::: AOYfiC; ~tsyt;8oC; (Hi; OtU<pOpEe; xropEe;,11 sK'rsta~ltvl1 XPTJcrl~ono(11C'11 'tf\e; a()"o~pO-

110

vlle; ErctatTjlloVtKfj<; 'TEXVW; Kai "(SXv0/,oy(a<; bmax0vEL "Co pUe~lO 'tf\<; ava.1tTD~ll<; as 6pt<Jj.Lsvee; xropEe;, ol re6/~sl1ot avuFE(Ja ade; tI-L1I:CpWAta'CtKi:<; ?Gwpee; yta 'to Savullo(paa~ta 'TOU K6a!-Lou(lUc(/;;ODV sni(J11<; 'TO Iloipaa~l!!. 'tfie; Ot'lvaJ.!TJc;.avu[.tEau ,,(ODC; '- oAa ((\'m7. uvare6<pwx'Tu O~DVOUV T11v uVta6~LS'TpTj OiKOVO~ltKTt Kat 1I:0At'nK11 uvun'tu~11 aUT&v 'TWV xwp&v (Jt 'Ts'toto l3u8~L6, 1I:0D 6PW).ttVE<; VEOq>EPJ.lEVE~ um) 'Tie; iJ.!1"fEptaAWu1Ci:e; xwps<; J.l.1I:OPOUV YPllYoPU va <pTuaoDv 1wi va ~ErrEpu(JoDV 'ti<; 1I:aA1f:<; 1~11l:8ptaAwnKi:<; 3DVUj.tEtI;. 'R aAAu,yi] (J1;0 <Jt)aXEtl(Jj..lo T&V OUVU!lEWV UVUj.lE<JC( a'tl<; btUCPOPE<; x&pEe; O~0VSl 'ti]v 7I:UA.11 yta 'to ~avuFoipaalla 'tOU K6- ouou Kat KaVE! 'COV n6/cEllo aVUFE(Ja TOUe; uvurr6cpsux"Co.

M2"Ca. 'TO 'tSAOs 'TOU LlED'tEPOt) IIaYK6a!-Lwu II6A.8[.tou, 6 l~t1tEpw.AtaF0<; Troy HITA £XEt 1tEaEL U7I:O 'to l3u8po 'tOU Kat gcptK8e; LlUtlKOEUPW1tU'CKf:<; X&pE<; 11:00 1w'tucpEpav va a'ta8ol)v ata 1I:68ta "(Que; savu, houv aVare'TDx8E1 J.Li; YPTJYopo pu8F6. 'R :E013tEtlK11 "Evoxm tKcpuAtaty]KE ai: ilia (JOataA1J.!nEpWAWtlKl1 X{opu Kat het ).t1tAEx't21 crov aV'raYffivW~tO ).ti; TOV il!neptaAlaJ.l.O 'r&Y HIlA Yla 'tT]V nCf.),KoaFtU iJyEFovia. at uUaYf:<; au'ti:<; dvctl FLU 'TU1tlKTt i:KcppaaY] _ "(ile; UV1a611E'tPll<; oixovouucfj; Kat rrOA1Tt!Cfj<; uvumuSY]; 'T&V t~1tEPtaA.t<Jtt!c&V ODVUJ.tEWV. Elvot otyoupo, Ott fJ nupuntpa UVCmTlJ~Y] UU'Tfj<; "(fj<; UVWOJ.tEPEW<; ea svretvst o(Jo no-d; aA.A.O"fE Ti<; avtl8scrct<; uvuF8aa <J'tt<; LllrrEptaAwTLKi;<; X&iPE<; Kat dotKW'TEPU Ba O~0VEt rov aV'tUYffiVW).tO Yla 'TT]V naYK6(JllW K1)ptaPXia uvcq.lcaa atte; OUO tl1tEpODVUFEt;, 'tT] :Eol3tEnKTt "Evq{Til Kat 'lie; 'HVW).tEVEe; ITOAHctEs, !Cat 8a 60mTJaEt 'TEA1Ka oro ~s(J1tucr~ta tvo; vsou 1I:uYK6aFlOD nOAEFou. .

Of p.OVUPX1KE<;j avnXf}\IIw; 'tOU ElliPTI 'tOU 'ACPYUVIG'tUV. (aEA. 28) '0 'l\nuJ.v't :Eux avtl3y]Ks 0''tl1V l;~ol)aia 'to 1747 Kat 'to 'A(f)'{aVW'TaV 1rapuFELvE Yla rroM xmpo ilia (JUVTaYllanKij Ilovapxia (nou apy6'TEpa ~Lf:'tOVO!!a(J"(TJKE cri; OnJ.!oKpa"(ia).

\ . .

'Ano TO 1838 J.tEXpt 'to 1919, 6 BPE"((f.Vt!CO<; ip,ITsPWAtO'IlOe;

i';~an6A,uac 'tpd<; 1I:0Ae~WUe; Eicrl3oA,"~<; svuvna oro ' A<pyuvt(J"(uv. "Orov ~s<Jrrucrc 6 rptroc 1t6A8~LO<; TO 1919,6 'E).tipy]<; 'AJ.luvouA/~ax J.ti; 'tijv uno(J'tTJ Pt~Y] "(WV cpUA&V, ~Ecri]l((j)aE 'tTj v aV"ftaw:al1 f;vuvnu O""fOD<;ctO'l3oAEls. TUDt6Xpovu,' of S~EYtpaEtC; T&V qmlcwv (J'tiS

III

".. '.'ltapaJ.1s96plSt;; nePlOxe~ andA nouv 'tOY BPS'taVlKO tjJ.nsplaAlcrtllCO , .·suyO 0"'tT] j36peLa 'Ivotu, Tov Auyoum:o 'tou 1919, f} Bpstuvln ,avaYKucr'tllKe va l>noypUljlel ~tE 'to ' Aq>yavlm:uvcrullq>O)v{a aVa.,1<:OlX,i'iS Kat va avaYVO)picrSl 'tT]V aVe~(Jp'tT]cria Kal 'tl]V EAw0epia. -roo.

'0 L'tuAlv avuq>epe 'to 'Aq>ya.V1O"'taV crav napUOelYl1a yta va "1:0Vicrel eva cr11l1e10 oro EPYO rou O{ Bucrw; 1:OU Aevivtcuou "'CO 1924. "BAeye : «'0 i:nuvu<r'tUtlKO~ xupu:ft1'IPU~ i:vo~ tOvuwf) :,lnvrnUltOS Kthro ano <rUVO'ijKeS iJ.1ltZP1UA1<rtlK'ijS Katultiz<rl1~, M:v -.1tpoi.llt09ttZl KUOOAOU titv Unap~l1ltpOZJ.tUplaKrov <rt01XeiroV J.1t<ra ,<rtO Kivl1J1a, titv Unap~l1 £VO~ i:nUVU<rtUtUcol) it 0l1J.l0KpatUWU npoypaJ1J.1atO~ <rtO K1Vl1J1a, titV i51t(ZP~l1 J11a~ 01')J10KpatlK'ij~ ~a~ ·<r11~ <r' a\)to.» 'Y noypa~lJ.1t/,;s on: «'0 ay6.)Va~ ltO\) ole~ayzl () ·'EJ1ipl1~ tol) , Aq>YUV1<rtO:V Y10: titv aVt~Uptl1<ria tou ' Aq>yavl<rtclV, .,elvat aVtlKZ1J1eVIKO: Eva~ 'tnava<rtatlKO~ ayrova~ nap' OAtS ti.; 110-

vapX1Kts aVt1Arl'"el~ tOU 'EJ1ipt} Kat troy <ruvepyatrov tOU, yunt ;.t~aGeevi1,;el, ano<ruv9i:tZl Kai OltOV0J.1ZUU tOY t~lnepwAl<rJ.16».

"Of 0Xt<o apxt<; Y10: titv OlKOV0J.11Kit poft0e1u tft~ Kiva~ <rE aAAe~ xrope~ (cre"'. 66).

'Ano 'to. 'tEleT] 'tOo 1963 IlEXPt 'tiS apXES 'too 1964, {) IIpw0u- 1toupyoS TO'oo 'Bv-Aut nept60cucrs cre 14 'Acrw.'tiKES,; 'Aq>ptKUVt,.KES Kat EupO)nalKES xropes Kai npaYlla'tono{ ncs q>tt-tKES E1ttO'1(S-

. \j1etS. L'tT] OtapKSla Tfjt;; nepwoEiat;;, {) IIpO)Oonoupyas Tcon"aKot-ou9d:Jv'tuS 'tT] cr'ta0epT] ihoacrKuAia 'too Ilposopoo Mao, OWT\)1tO)O'e 'tit;; 6x't& uPXZS nOD olEnouv 'tl]V oixovouucn j3oij9sta .noD oivet ij Kiva crz UA/"SS XroPSt;;;. nOD slvm ol napaKa'tco :

1. 'R KtvE/,;tKll KUj3EPVT]cr'll j3acri/,;e'tat nuv'ta cr'ti]v aPXl] ''tfjt;; lcro'ttllias Kat 'too a~LOlj3aiou crUJ.1q>EPOV'tOt;; o·w.v oivetj3oTj~Bew crz uAAet;; xropes. IIO'tE Mv geO)pei Illa reroto poij0elu O'av . llov6nACUP'll i:Ae'llIlOO"l)Vll, ana ouv Kan uJ.1otj3at:o.

2. "Oruv napExet j3oij0eta crE uUes xropes, it KLVE/,;tKll Ku"j3Epvllcr'll crsj3e'rat aucr't'llpa 'tT]V uKepatOT'll'ta TroV X(()prov nbu :,.rmi.pvouv 'tT] j3oi]0ela Ko.t nCHz osv Hhel oPOUt;; yt' ailTi] 'rij {3oil,,'Beta oirrs unalTet {)notooi]no'te npovouio.

3. "H KivanaptXEl OlKOVOJ.1tKT] ~0i}0s1a jiE '(11 jiopq>ij u'tO-

.1.1)

ico:>v if %uJl'llMtoK(()v .oaysirov Kat O~iVeL napa:tau'll ;O''tO XPOVO n1iil';)rolfftc;; tout; oiav auto dvo.t avaYK:aio,; 6'tO'i rome va: eNi1;~ €jjpuve( ()cJoouvai'ov 7tSPl,crO'o'tspo 'ta' ~ap"I'lcrtit;;. xrops~ 1tOU X(t~(J,tVbl)\I 'tl] j301iHetu;,

4~ 80tav nap6XSt j30ijHeiUcrE U1I.AEt;; xrops'q;, \) crKona/;' tTJ~ KtVt~tKl1(j KU~tPV11crlK()SV etVat va t~aprtijdEl aito 'tllV Kivu Tic; troPEt;; nOD Aa{3a[vouv {3011gewi, UAAaVa 'tit; {30l'J9i]crst vff. Jf1tOOV' {3tlfla IlE j3i}iut oro Op61l0' 'tfit; O''tii'f>:t~l1t; crti~ ouvagEtt; 'tQut;;Kai 'tilt; uVE~ap'tl1'Ci1t; OiXo'V0J.1tKfjC; dvan'CD~l1t;;

5; 'H Ktvt/,;lKrJ Ku{3tpVt]O'l1 ~uvetan nepvaet UltO 'to XSPl, 'tlls:yui Va j30TJHattTic; xropec; nOD Au{3o.ivOI)V"j3oljHeu:t dEE'pyd nbu u1ttutdllv'tlg Aty6'teps~ t1tEVOUO'i:IS tvro umoqlspoov 'tuYPll;~ yopmr;spaano'tEAEcrlla'ta,' B'tO't rocr'te of KuJ3Ep:vi)O'St~ nOD Aaj3aivouvtl] {3oiJHeta va I11tO'PQOV va: au~avouv to l::tcrool1J.UI '-too~Kal va . ffi)dcrffipsuouv· Ke<paA.Uw.

6.'HK1:VE~tK" Ku~tpv'lld:rJoivet J.1rt xavi) !Xa't<L 'tilt;; nto Ko.li. fj'~ n016'til'ta~ Kat 1tpot6v'ta olKfjt;;nt~ Ka'tacrl(e\)f'j~, crs· nJl&~ 'tftg 3isHVoot; ayopi:i.t;;. "Av ta }if)xavi)Jla'ta'Kai 'tanjJor6v'ta nOUO\Vel if KtvS~tK~ KU~SPVT]crrJOEV aV'tUnOKp(VOVmLO''tOD~ opoo(jKai 'tl]V n016tllru nOD cru!Xq>(()Vf]Hf]KUV,it· KWS~lKIl Ku~sPvl'(O'T1a:va:.. Ad{3aivEt va 'ta aVnKa'tao' .. t'f]del.

7. °O't'avnaptxet Illa d01KT] 'tSX;V1Kn f3'01l9Eta, it KtvE~tKll' Kuj3tpVrjcrll q>pOV'ti/,;Et rod'tl:: 'to itpod(jj'ittKO'tfjt; xropa~n9uM .. , paivel 'tT) poi)8ela va unoX'tCiel 6A61tASUPll Ku'tapncrrj cr' o.u't'T]V 'tl]V "exvt K11.

8. Of et81Koi nOD cr'tsAvel it Kiva yui va j30'll0i)croUVt1)v Kata:crKCUT] critt;;Xropst;; nOD Aapctivouv 'tl]{30i)gelct, Ha EX0t)V 'tOU~lOtOUS apout;; ~(()fjt;; Whou~ d01KOUt;;'tfj xmpa.~nou Aa{3aivst 'tT]'~0i)0eta.0{ KtvE/,;bi dOtKOi OZV EXOt)\i to olKaiO)J1,a yia Hha[· 'ttp6~U1tat'ti)crstt;; ft va a7tOAa.J.1~aVOUVKaJ1,ta 10lcti'L'EP'll avecrit .

To KIVl1J.lcl. Ol(lJ.1uptUpi(l~ 'tOU,noArovlKou ).;(lOU, (o'&A. '69), '

L·ti~ 10 <Pie{3apw 1976, 'to LEli!! (it IloA:covtKT) BO~A1'))uio,0t.:. 1:flcre -tigtpon01tOli]crEtS cr'l;OcrX601O 'toll' IIoA:covrKou o'OV'tuYJla.-(. io~; ri:ou dxavnepucrei J1,Ecra uno eV.<l olacr'{lMx1tsv't'e xp6Vrov' crb~1t·blcrErov. L'to crXEowcrUJ.1neptATJq>t'llKE eva' ap9po 1ta· "CT]V

113

IOA<nvocro~te'ttKn (J\.l~~ClXt(L. !:'to o.PXU':O m)v"C(L'Y~a ~ou 1952 3sv \)rtfj"x8 '11htOIl1(1. tetOlo. 'Y 1tOK(l1t'tovra~ (Jtll Io{3ls'ttK~1t(S011, ot nOA(OV1K8<; &pxt~ 1tpo'tstvUV va (5um)1tw9si (J'to VEO oovrc'Y~a. 'to (J,p9po «Tl TIoAO)via o.VijKSt (JrT] (JO(JW.Al(J'tlKT] xorvornru '~di ea. etv(n 'Yla 1tuv'Ca'!tt(JrT] (JrT] (JW~ClXia. rl}~ )It 'tT] IO{3U;J;lKT] ·'Ev~O'n~). Ao'to SS(JijKo)(JS u~{;(JO)~ svroVl} (LV't'i9s(Jl} U1tO 'tllV ROA.o)VtKYt 1(OlVT] 'Yvro~l}. Of UPXE~ {3o~{3ap(5icr'tll1(aV ~E 'Ypu~~a.'ta $\a.~ap'C\)pia<;. MUI au<J't'l}pij (5ta~ap'tUpla 1tOD ~1to')'pa<p'tllKs U1tO 59 (havoou~sVO\)~, npoeioonotncs 'ti~ llOAo)VtK{;~ UPXE~ va lJ.rr1v ssxucrouv 't1)v «'tpCl')'lK1) i:~1tstpda.» 'tOU OW~SAt(J~OU ri'j<; IT,OAO)vla<; 'tpsi~ <pOpE~ (J't1)v Ic-roptn. "EK<PPU(J(lV 'tijvli1to\jll} 3,'tt it ~OV01tASUpl} (JUIl1tSP1Al}\jIll oro (JuvmYllu 'rou lipOpou rla 'tTJV 1tQA.tnKU (Ju~~(lXi(l IlE ,~.u.a YSUOVlKij x(opa onv v6llo, Oa o1tof3Jf3a1;;s ruv J1oAO)vla. (JEEV(l KPU'tO~ ~E 1tSpLOpt(J~lI1Vl} xuptupxla. Msptxoi aAAOt 1tPOstoo1toill(Jav, 3n 11 (JrijptSll ri'j~ 8SO)'p::ptKi'j<; 1tOAtrU(i'jg ri'jg TI6AO)vi(l~ (JE sva llOAO)Vo(Jo!3tSnKO p'u~<pO)vo ea Eo~vsr:iJ ouvClt6rllra (Jrij Io{3Js,nK'ij ~EVO)(JTJ va 1tpdXO)pij(JSt(Jl'; i:1t6~f3u(jl}€vuv.'iia (Jr1)v UOAolVia, UKPtf3&~ 01t0)<; eKavs (Jrnv: S1tI11l!3aO"l} (J,ijv T(JSXO(JAQf3g,K,~q,ro 1968.~H uvu- 1ttUsrl 'tou Ktvijj.La'to~ (5tallap'tupiag 'tOu llOAO)VlKOU Aaou uvuYxcos 'tt~ UpXE~ va KUVOUV ll1tOXO)pij(Jet~. TeAIKU,! O"UIl1tepIAij<ptl}kav _ <1tO VEO <1uV'ray~a uovo AESel~, 01t0)~ 1"() OUVU~o)~la 'ti'j<; «<ptAia~ Kat tfj~ <1uvsp'Ya<1ia~ ~E 'tijv EIIA».

'E9vtKOi 1tOAEflOt dv{u aKoflfl c)uvatoi (Jti)v Eupro1tfl.

, Msrd to SEO"na<1lla 'tOU Ilproroo lla')'KoO"~LOU ll6AEllOU, ot -it,),stE<; ti'j~ OESl1i<; 1tt{;pU')'a~ TroV IOo"laAOll~01(pailKrov KOIlJ1UTo)V O"'ti<; S~1t6Ae~e<; (5\)VU~el~, i:K<p\)Ai(JTl}KUV(JE <10crtUAO"O){3Wl<1tS~. ME 'tijv «lJ7tEpU<11tl<1l} tfj~ 1tuTpi(5ap> <1aV 1tp6(JXl}~u, U1tO<1'tijpl1;;av _ <pUVanKa 'tig OtK{;~ 'to\)~ KUf3ePVij(JEt~ orov i~1teptaAt<J't'U;':O 1t6AeIlO. Au'to O"UVUVTl}(JE 'tT]V uUO"'tl}pij KpmKij Kut 'tTJ 0"'ta9Ep1')uvriOeO"ti 'tOU.ASVIV. To 1916, &K069l}KE 1tUpuvoJ!u O"'ttl rSip!1uvia ~uI~npo<1oupa I--lE 'tT)V ()1to'Ypa<p~ 'tou rwuv\Ou<;.';H

'",,'!toO"oupa . 61tlaV& 'ta 1;;Tl'tij~a1:ai, l'oi) 1t6AE~OU KUt ava'tps1t~:o J.1u90, on 6 1tOAe~O<; fi'taV&()vlKOa1t&AeUgePO)'ttKO~ Kat a1tOOSlXVe on tjtav a(5t1~o<; Kai All<J't'PtKO<; iJ.11tEplaAt<J't'~KO<; 1tol&J!o<; ci1to

114

'tIl J.1£pUI. 'ti'j~ rep~aviu<; 01t0)~ Kat alto t~ !l<;pu.i rrov rtA,,':mv ?uvu~O)v. K_: au:o ~"Cav (J~O"to. TuutoxPOV(l 3wo;, it~1tpocroupa u1t~~rl}pl1;;e on oev 11'tav 1tta Sovarot &()VlKOi 1tO/"''>J!OL O"t1'1v €1tOxi) :ou ~J-.l1tePlaAl~!lou. x. auto llrav A.a9i;!l&Vo. 'Evro €1tl{3sf3uiO)ve on ~ .~1tpoO"~up~ tO~, rLOUVlOU~ «Elvat Eva 9uvl'uG'tO Ma~t(ft~Ko ?EP'YO», ? AeVLV sxcvs KPtttK:~ crti) Aa9sw~v'1 9s(J11 'to-UOtt «osv nruv 1tlu(5uVatot t9VlKOi 1tOA.EJ.10m. '0 ASVlV EKUVe J.1ta A.e~'to~Epl1 UVUAUO"11 Kat UVU<pepe 1tU!l1tOAAU iO"WptKa yeyoVotU ::ta V~ &1tO~el~et?tl of &f)VLKOi 1tOA.!;~Ol eLvutuvuir6<psuXtot OX~Jlo,VO, O"nc;u1tOtKieC; KU~ ti~ I--llO"OU1tOtKiec;, UAAa «jjKOl'UKai (Tt1IVEl)pcj1t~ €9vumi 1tOA.&I'Ol G'ti)v ErroXt) tou il'n;eptaAt(TflOii (itv I'1tO~oiiv . va 9EO>Pfl90uv aOt)vat()p>. (<<rLa tl) ~1tpO(JOUpu TOll

rWUVLOUQ» " _

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2. l. J,'I .• :i~(t(..tV, (~LB!l(J&t~.:r90 /~WLVI0"~9(\», "Epyu 'fOil. fi

3. tvia,o' TqE1;O(Nr~,(<4iJt.o-icrll~~}.l~aRtl(_mt(JllC; q't04(Kqlo ay~~~ },VlV

• :'1~.yp~~'.~~tvavncr:ri~ PU:rdIO"CtKtg)·i)la1(picr.&t~ ano :rTlI1l:puz:rQu Ij.tREpla~ioJw(\ 'r{bv HilA».

4.· M!lo.:f(;s'to6vy~, ~<Tptxov'ta .n:poj3"'Ttj.ta'tu TuX"Ct1(f\~ o'tOCtvrtyw1t(j)ve-: 1;IKO tvtaio j.uho)1to», ~laf..EX'ta. EPYU TOil. n.

5. B. I. Almv, «To "Bvvnro rIavpm(JO"IKo Iuvtopto'rrov kOj3tb"'C»,· Annvru T6j.t. 33

6. 1. B.k'tw"tV, «re ouo OTPU'tOnEOU», "Epyu TO~I. 4.

7.B.I.';'AtV1V, «Ei(JitY11011 'tf\c; 'Em'tpo1tf\~ yU1. 'to 'E6vIKO KUt 'A1totKIUKO.

ZTtTTt~a» 1tOU EYWE oro ~EU'tEPO kUVtOpw 'ti)<; KOj.ljlOUVtcrnKl'l<; AtE-

. evol)~, • A1tav'ta T6j.t. 31. .

8. J. B. l:'tUA.IV, «Ol Bum;l<; 'toO Aevlvt<J1100», "Epyu Tou. 6

9. K. Map!; KUt Ci>. "EYK€I.c;, «nit 'rTtV IloMovlw>, un:UVtU 'toO KapA. Mapl; Kai 'toO Ci>Pl;V'tPlX "EYK£A.<; Tou, 4

10. «'0 Map!; O",QV k. Muyu,p xni crov A. t'llOYK't, 9 'Anpil.Tt 1870», 'AAA.l]A.oypa<pia 'rol) Mapl; KUt 'to\\ "EYKEt.<;

11. B. I. AtVlV, Tr:'t u1to'tel.t(J}.lutu 'tfj~ cru~li'tl1(Jn~ Yl(l 'tftv Ainootage(;11'>, • A1tav'tu ToJ.i. 22.

1'2. t'll."ErKef,.~, «'H t<;mtepncit 1tOA.t'ttKfJ 'toil P6>crcrucou Toupiouoti», "AmrvtU 'toil Kapt. Mapl; Kui 'toil <PPJiV'tPIX "EYKeA.<;; T6I1. 22.

13. B. 1. MVLV, «Tu iOtOPIKa mmpm!-u;vu 'ti1~ otOa(JKaAiac; 'toO Kupt. Mapl;», • AltaV't<i T6J1. 18

14. B. I. Ab'VtV, «M;u1. 7£/..01O"(pu<p1a toO Mup~tollOO Kat 6 ij.t1CEp~(lhlO"'tn.:6~ OiKOVO~ll(J~~», • A1tav'tct TOil. 23

15. B. I. MvlV, «Eicri}'Yll(JTJ yta'tft Atdlvf\ Ka'tucrta(Jll KUt'tO, Kuptft KaeJiKOV'tU "ti)<; KO~t.~tollVt(JttKf\~ Ate9vou<;;», nou EytVe (J'to ~r.i)'tEpO crwESplO 'tf\<; KO~ltlOUVlcr'tlKfj<; ~tE9vouc;, • A1tavtu TOil. 31.

16. :EtO '{Iho

17. Ito row

18. B. I. MVlV, (<KahOn;pa t.l'Ycim;pu O)J..a KUA.UtEpa», "Altavta TOil· .33. 19'. :tbJ3te:tlKtl e<pl]J.(epioa «Ate9v1'jc; ZmJi», No 6, 1974.

20~ r. B.I:'taA.1V, «or Bo,crw;; 'toil Aevrvtouoti», ~Epya TO~t. 6

,21. I; B. 'E'tut.w, «IlOAtnKl} Eicrr1YTJO'l] O"'tftV Kev'tptKTt 'IWtttp01t11" 1tO,i) &yt-

116

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2:~.I.:ij.~ltt(;,l;M,~(flllij(Q!1,i·n·n~~'1t'tJl 'P~f'tE~,B&'tflc; ME'Y~411~ '"Qx~~Pf'tlf'. vrt~ "io(;iail(J'titd)~ '"Enavaa~~(Jn~» p;pqM~'t1)~.7N"g~»"~pn J 2<q. -

24.ft. ;0. l:'tgf.w.~~Qh"HY91l\K!1tUvQJ:l~;1J1!l't~~BQ:~OCf~qh,gtl9P-~flV~?-;l.:A». 2,5. ,¥¢o 'fg~JP6':Yl!i1$:{n~ Iii :Nt!lAnJI,.ol£P,Il't,q?i'*~Il?>eX:"t~.~RYIl'.l'9~·1I: 16. Mllio TC'E-rOiJvylC, (<2uvo~li.ia liS -r'TtV 'A!!EpltCav[ou ~l]i-tOOtoYP4.lj)o ~A.vva

."AQ_vl'P:::t,IPqY'Y19~,Alq~c,x\.~~mu TQ,Jl.IY. . '

2i:1&,j'io'"(ge't9,I>:~m,«~\~iE<;;g,~,Jl~~ l;p!l(h4~Elj1nrpql-!j.lat6CJ}v "''*v Kq~IJla· .' . t~K!-I}Y-'Eril~Pon{bV 't{bv 'E1tuPXlCi)v,O;(i>v Ail~?>v 1(u.i 'to}V AutQvp}.lmv rIt-

. -. p!\l~Ill'\'~)-, 4\q~~~la &Ara :129-1,1· y, . ..... . ,'.'..'

28, JL.~;'_f¥¥LY; ~~T:q. ':~~-~~~%t:;'tt,1\6 .l!/J,oI,.C:t"qpIU'tOKCti toMtcaim~t('f~O'tO-

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. ~Io))~11 1~)7-{' .. .'~. .. , .... .' . ..... ,

30. ·Ep~mVa.rtlCt It<;;'t.ptXQlJo:e>i)jt9~e,cretC; to\) 'Y1touPYl:iotJ 'EWtOPlOU TaN

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.31.~" ;J:'AtVIV, Ji'IU;iEP,IJl/'lqj.\Ot; '1;0 4vmtatq (;1"6.~lO 1"OU Kfl1tt'taAlC!}!oii»,

- • A~avta 't61!. 22 '.r·· ..... .

32. t\)&lh"ft\; ,o.i1\;PVP).l~)(ij d¥~(jloP,r:'t. 'toO llpoei5pou, FevuPllC; 1917 _ '.

33. ':,§M\>Y!lYUl'tic; IP&XQ!J:~f.C; ,tJ!tp_O/iO'l'iC; 'tQC 'Yn:ouPYI_;[o\j 'pp1tQpiol) "tfbv aUA, AuyoOO'to<; JQ.71.,· .

-$:4. r~~rr .P n~~p.v1.~OJ.t(l§I,(!nKl], na~ljlPu,AI:Ktl+~Pll<; 1973 l(~t 'R 'Iv~ pi.f,i.~f}~I~pa~oB.~!89!?f)\1J"~ ~A:v ~Altp(ll1 'toP 1974/m9 tl'lV·~V(OO'IJ 'IY0{bV

'Epya1:{by <m'lBpE'tav(a. . . .

35, .1,~~ 1.\<; <~,_g.t.l$!It~l.QilAAf31e:9Kpj) 'p~mtEplKOC ~~!-mQPlOU') 197.6.-1977,

3§:'W§'.!c;,,·fjGi§ :M~i~rJ J!!14 . '. . .'

37. 'H eqljw~'p{oa -r(i)\;-tmA :¥p.I1.ey~na)1~ger 'tii<;; 14'An:p9"n .1974 '.

38 .. Aoro'., "toil O. M1tOYKOj.lot.m(jl,ll:poj3t.fu.1Ct:rU 'tii<; Elpl'rv·n~Kut .1:o(il;<?:Q"ta:

JlotO'Jloil .(Il(l'l'lCQq:j.tt~,Map~Ip.'tt!Pl 'Il~tOf~PH(1:tl), Np 6~ 1974 . '

39. llSNEWS AND WORLD.;RJ3l'ORT, 1 A004(no~ 1977 .

40. B. I. Aitt~,«i~O"l~lcrJlO; Ka.i 'JlPf~~109>,li1t(tv:tu:rOjl. 21

41. A~Ynr (~Q],,~I4·o~ X~i ',E,'It(l.V~<UUO:q» Ji.1tc(lV't1l ,QJl. 24 , , 42: AavtV , «'IJl1tf.lnaJ.tO-llo<;; KCti~t*_g1t(tP"l1~·9_\)~O(naAWj.tO,I»> Unp,v-rU;t.9j.t. 23

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#4. A.I. M[tp'~(ytllfl!,F#p"i}Ylll'l:n~p,Il~h:Ol'JToq~l:Il'I'IO ~tlvSPPto ToGI:JC,EII 45.· 'Jti::t!i1n)v '<a::tpu'ttmtikf} ~IO"o,pp.o.tt'iu 1977, ;1978)~ ,1tp\'.J~§ipE,ah M. tt'J

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SO. Mao TO'1ltoUv)il(, (<'HK1Y&4t~rt 'EitayaO"tOO1} 'Kat.to KOjJ.~IOt)VbO"t,tll:6:

KI>~:J.ta K{va<;;~,AlaA:ex,ia. &pyu toj.t. n.. '.' . .r:

5.1.. 'Ano. j.tl~ 6~1},ta tori'llP?ESpoU Muotov <114j3apll t~1) 1974".;:,

52. Mao TO'l;'t06vYK; «Itl'} MvrlJ.tlltO()· Ap' t.OIlV naJ'.otv»A\Mt;:~'t~.,~P'Y1lf:

'toj.t.V·· _. .. .:". .'. .._ .' ..... '

53. ·O~nA.ia toO IIpoeopO'u Mlio o,'tl\ AtIlUPUf,1SVll tuvcopta(J11 'to~,~,o.A.tn-

· iwl) rpaqmiou ti1t;;K'.&VtpiK!1e;·'Eitttpoltfjc;. tDD KOJ.l110V'llQ"'t1KO()}{.6J1;-:-

· J.latOe; K{vae; t&V 'A1tptA.ll tDuI956~' .' ,., .,' , .', . ':;.,. ,

54. IIeptt.a~CJ.(V&tal otitv Eim'lY11O"1l'tou tuvtPD<POuTO:DO EV.t.Ul<ryf' All- 1(ato 'E9vucci tuvtopto tol) Koj.tJlouviottlcoO K6j.tj.t(Itoe; K,iv,UI;

55. 'Alto J.lla 61l1hia tD() IIPDEOPDU, MaD Oe~J.llaOE~irocrrJ'fllt~OtVc:?rt~o;, 1tpQO'(1mllc6tlltEe; Kat aVtt1i:p6crro1tout;; alto. 'od>O&Ka XIDpSt;; ... Ken }t6PW%'f~

'tTlt;; 'Aq>PtKflc;,7 MUll 1960 ' .. ' '

56. 'A1tOJ.ltU <JUvDJ.llhia tol) IlPDliopou Mao tOY'OXui>j3Pl1 :o() 1970., .

57. «MIlPtKU 1tPoj3A.11j.tata tTle; 0IaJ.l6pq)0l0"1lt;; tIDVttJl(iiV, O'nr ~OO'l~A.tOtl~1l;

. 'AyO'pw>, toO BoUA.')'UP1KOU tstpaj.tllvla{ou Mezhdunarodni Otnoshenia

(Au;E)vctG tXEO'etG), No 4, 1974 . •• , '. ~.",

58. «or ou;Ovste; croOlat.lcTtrlCet;;crxEcrett;; 1tUP(lYIDYf]C; !CUll1 U!'Xll YTjt;; 8t~voJ.lflC; oUl1ipo:>va 11& tllV iip,),aC1ia» To Bout. yapl'KO ,Il'ZPlOotK013koll{J.l1!lhcs-

ka mis! (t!CEI{fEtt;; ')'tU titv Oixovoulc), NO' 8, 1975 .' .... ';'.' . .'

59'. ({OL,XroPE9 tfj9KolTlek~n O"tO op6j.tO 'rfjc; oi!,oYOAl1Cf.j5}~v(J ~cr,11~:>,T~

· O(jiyp1~d1tCptOoiico Kozgazdasagiszemle(Oh::DV.oUl'Kti 0;"" £ro.Pll<11lJ

No 9 1974 '. . .,

60. «8eOlPlltlKt1, 1tpoj3A.iU.tUtU el1j3aOuvO'll~ ott)O'0cn?~lm~~'ito~K.OVOPtK;l evaroj.tatOlO"11 trov XIDPIDV -rile; Kornekon» Wirt~hafts Wissenschaft (O,~

,KOVO'J.l.tKI') 'E1ttO''tl11111) A,A, n;PJl~V~ NO' 4 19n?~: .

61. BXtitel'<rTlI1. '59 ~ .. ", .'" .'.. .....'. .

62. Mao Tcret06vYK «I'tUtJ\v nOf,l:tlKt»} AlOAC;(tI't.Sp,/a. rOI1,IL/.. .

63. <II. 'EY'KeA.9 «'0 (JO<Jtat.t<;ntO<; Gin rSPJ.l.uvia», ~ AnaV~nttDu KuptJV!.llP!;

!Cai 'roo <IIPtlVtptX 'B~~ tOll. 22 .. " ' .... ,.. . .,'. " "

64. «'0 ME'}'Kc;'e; O''rOV AM1\~I11t&A»13'9xrrl>J3pll 1891 "Azevro 'ecru Kup{~

Map<; Kcd toli <IIPtlvtplX"E;(icsf.,~ ,to.1;)8 '<" '." .' '> '" '

65. Mpt't tp(uypajJ:l.unu10I)AtvLV <1rfiv'lv6oO'ci 'ApJ.lav .fji; 18,2), ;;:I)',i 25

-, AC!CEJ.lj3P11 1916 dnavta to~.35 .::. '" ".'" '.

66 •. BiAENrN «'H p,1tpoaoupa tDU.nD6vlOUt;;»"Amxv'tu, tOll. 22 •

67. B. I. MVLV,.({'IJ.l1teptaA;l<J~o'; 'to uvd>tu'to O"taoto 't'o\) Kaltl'tU;'oI't>i-Iol)'i·),

iimtvra t6j.1..22" ,0 ,-" '. ..' ".

68. B.1. AtVlV, «'Avotx,t11 ElnO"tOA.iJ.O"'tov M1toptC; i:Duj3apiv}) lilta~a'tol1.;n

69. 'A1to &va i.6yo tDI) Ilpoeopou Mao 'tOY i:&1m~J.1j3pll 't'ou 1973, Q -?P{\s-:-.

SPO'~ Mao b'Kave 1ta.p6110tS~ ItOpatllPij<111,I'; crs A..6')'O\)~ t()U 'to ND&J!{3Pil 't(}l) ) 973 Ka.t toV 'A1tpiAll toil 1975. "

70. {(·O "EYKeA.e; orov A. M1t€~t1tcJ. •• 29 L61tTeJ.1j3Pll-l'OXtcl>JlPll1891)}, "Axnvora toil KapA. Map~ Kat Toli <l>PtlvtP1X "E,),KEJ.e;. tOJ.1. 38

71. MaO' TO'Et06VyK, «Ftu 'titv opOi} E1tiAU<111 TU1V UVtl9EO'eIDv O"toil~ KOX1tO'Ue;

toO "'!tou», AtaA.ExtU ep')'a 'toj.t. v ,

n.B. 1. A6vLV, «Mui KapIlCuToupa tou Mapl;wJ.1DU mi 6 ij.t1tCPW"'lO"tlKi>c:

01lCO'VOJ.llO"J,t6i;», u1tavTa. tOJ.1. 23 . "

73. 'Am;} oJ.uJda 'toli llp6eopou Mao 'to <l>AEf3apll toC 1974

74. i:to loto

75. 'Nto OlllA.ia toil 1tp6COPDU Mao 'to revapTl toli 1964.

76., 'Ano ,"UU oj.tl/vla eoo llp6eopou MaD 'to 'oX'rd>j3PTl TOI) 1975

77. 'Alto 111(1. oj.ll),;ia toil fIp6topOI) Mao to tE1tt£J!j3Pll 'toil 1975

78. 'A1t9 j.tlU ol11Ma TOO np6eopou MaD TO MalJ.. toO 1974

. 79. Mao TO'etouv'}'K, «Itu t1}V op91'r t1tiAuO'Tl tIDV avnOeO'€O}v O"'toue; K6A11:ou,;

Toci }.aoo»; AIMexru Ilpya ·toi.t. V' '.

'80. 'A1ta to t1l4ypaCPl1l1a 'tOil IIpoeoPDU MaD 1tPOC; Toile; 'AA.j3avoue; int-

Tee; 17 i:e1t't'EJlj3Pl1 1968 .

~l. ~. I. Aevrv, «'ApIOtEP10'J.~Oe;, 1taI011(1'1 apPOJotEla toO KOJ!j.tOI)V10'~10\l1}.

d1tavta 't6j.t. 31 . . . . '" .

'82. To 4Dj3tettKO 1teplOOtKO «K.O'J.1l1ouvIO'til\;» No 12, 1975

~B. Mao Toe'r06v'}'K, «Ita 'tilY TaxtlTc1'r EYUYna OtO ItU1tIDVt,IICO ill1t£PUI. t.tcrI16», A lMeXTcl epya t6-J!. 1

~4. «'AltaV't1loll 0"'t0 ypaJ!).Ia U1tO toile; Tpo1'oKtcr'tei», AtaheXta ~pya Aoi)

Xoc)'pv, t6)). 6 ,'. . .. .' . '._

85. ~1aD T~Eiouv'YK" A6yo~ 0"tT) Ale~puJ!£vll tUYOOb tfje; .l::uvolaO'lCelj/l]~ Epyaotae; tfje; KeV'tpIKfj<; 'Emtpoltfje; 'tou KOj.tj.tPUVLO'tlKOCi KOJ.lJ.1a'tDC;

'Kiva<;;, 30 reVapTl 1962. . ,

'86. 'AltO 'rtly O/Jl;A.iU 'to'\) IIp6EOpOU Mao tOY AEIC£I1j3PTl toli 1970

87. 'A1fO <JUY0I11Ala to\) Ilp6Eopou tyIao j.tE cpiADUe; (\1t0 tiJv '!a1tIDy!a AaiK1'r

'Hl1epllo(a tfj.; 8 'OXtd>J:lPl1 1961 -, ,

88. ' A1tO ).lui OUVDJ!IA.la tOlinpotoPDu'Mao ).It dVl'l1tPDO'ID1tI;ree; 1;UVOIICCt'rIDV

. Op,),uvmoele; ')'UVUtICIDV alto oEKa TeO"creptc; AatlYDu/JeP\KuvIKEC; Kai 'A~

. Ij)plKavucEc; XIDPE~ Kai 1teploxe.;, . AafKit ~HJlEPllO'la, 4 MaT] 1960

S9. K. Mup~ Kat <1>. ·EY'.'~A,;, 'To MavlcptO'to toO KDJ.lJ.lOUV10t!KOO K6J.l).IQTo~»,Ata}.eXtt't &P1a 'toO KapA. Milpl; Kai 'toO (JJpi)Vtptx vE,),KeAc;, T6J.l. 4

90. UTO, rOLO, ..

119

--

nEPIEXOM'ENA'

tsivk: 9

1. TIpoAO'(:O~ 'tii~ lkooaij; .. , , .. ~ ~

2. °H 9sropia, tOOUposopoo Mao ytu','toi>; t"zig iC60/~ pOll; &ivat ptU<Jl11-UIVt\Kil 7tpod€popa,(J'to MftP~t<1J.li} ,_,

AtV1Vl<JJ10 : .

...;:;<0 '8tUXroP10'J.10~0'&'tptig t{OcrP;00g eLva1.· J;l1CtE'1tto"rrtllo" V1KTt MUp~t()t1KTt &XttJ.1110'11 1'1a 'til' O'l1JlSpivfj' Kd'ta~

O''t'ad'l1 O''tOV KOcrJ.10 '.' . 19

_ Ol 000 ";'YEJlOVtGfct1(E~ OOVUJ.1Etg; fI' l3013tE'tlKll''' BEv(J)crTj

K(n or<Hvropfvtc; IIoAt'tsieg . gNat Oi'lCotvOt' siepor' OI.(J)V 'troVl.urov 'too, K6crJ.1on Kul"; :to~tetiKrrOEyroql1 '.., tlvat ..;' 7tt0 S1tudvooVl1 1tl1"11'1 EVOg 1tu'YK60'J.1lo0 ·1t6I.E~

!l0n ..........•...................... , ... ;.... 39

_ Of'X~PE~KUi oIAaoi 't'otlTpftOl) K6i:rJ.1ooEtva111 KUpta OUVUJ.1l1. O''tllV1tUl.ll &vavttu O''tOY tJ,11tEP1UI.10'J.10;

'tTtvo.n:olK10KPU'tlUKUl 'tov f)'YS!lovlcrJ,10 ; 53

-'0 LlSUtEpOg Koouoc sivut J.11ao6va~rrJ,1& 'tf(vorcotii ., l,l1topEi va,tV(J)9Ei KuvsigO"tov ,o.ytnvu, &VUV'tH~ crov

'i\:YSJ.10VLO')lO , ;; 67

,. ~ NaoticoooJ,111croOJl&'to iio 1tAatu1tuyk6cri-lto ZVUlto J,1&t(J)1tO Kuiva rouxtooous 'tOY ";'YsJ,1oVtcrflo Koi 't1'lv

1t9A1ttKTt to\) 1t6AEJ,100 trov \)1tSPOI)VUJ,1s(J)v . . . . . . . . . 77

3. ·E1tE~1l1itm;t'.) 'Yu1 'to lip9po O,1totftV 'E1t19El1>Pll<J"l 'CoB

TIsKlvov , " . . 91

4. ':El1J1&tro(J&\~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ',' .. . . . .' . . . . 116

S. TISPlE1,0J1&Va '. . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 120,

«Kata tt) ,,!VW!ll1 uou, 01 'HvO)!ltv!:~ IIoAt-, t!:iz~ Kal i) I:OP1!:t1Kt) QEvO)O"l1 UnOtZAOuV tOV IIp&to KOO"!lo. 'H "Iumovtn, i) EupW1tll Kal {, KavaM~, of tv()uIJ.l!:O"Ii~ ()UVa!ll;l~, UVftKOt)V O"tO A!:iit!:po Koeuo, 'EJ.l&i~ dJ.laO"t!: (, Tptroq KoO"J.lo~». «'0 TpitO~ KoO"J.lo~ EXEt Evav tEpa- 0"t10 1tA 119uO"J.lo. Mi: t~aip!:O"l1 tt)v 'Ia1tO)via, i) 'AO"ia UVftK!:l O"tOV Tpteo Koeun, 'OAOKAllPll i) 'A<flP1Kt) UVtlK!:l O"tOV Tptro KOO"!lo, 01t0)~ tniO"l1~ Kal i) AatlV1Kt) , AJ.l!:P1Kft».

(' A1tO 1:11 crovoJ.ltAla tOD Ilpoeopoo Mao jlf: rov TtY{;tl1 EVO~ Kp6:tOt.:~ tOD Tpirou Koouou to <pA!:13apl1 tOD 1974).

L1 ex. 60

,

, ,.