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1452-53: Fall of Constantinople; Ottomans takes over and becomes Instanbul - Activities of explorers move away from East and more to Africa and Atlantic Mercantilism – effects on development I. Reconquista 1492: got Moors out A. Indies head West; find new world when claim = claim for country and God - Spain split South America w/Portuguese strike a deal; go to Pope to split land between Spanish and Portuguese B. 10 Books of Architecture – Vetruvius; a how to book - how to locate city, how to design, how to build, how to create certain structures, where to put structures, etc. - how to make new city/town - Spain copies what Vetruvius wrote = “Law of Indies” shows influence of historical models being passed on Spain towns look the same cuz follow the same model = redoing of Roman Costa II. Spain - Far North Cali Florida Carribean and half of South America - Vice Royalties = deputy Kings (fig. 3.2) - Lima Peru = new capital - Rima = small river; better approximity to ocean fortified town, clear grid system - Plaza Mayor = forum area - Good Size Church = adjacent to plaza mayor - Rio De Genero – in Argentina
economic information send out. 10/19/10 Mercantilism = trade I. Sonoma 1835 – development in Cali .stuff have to go through Panama B.Spanish model of urbanization continued into 19th Century . market place. Vance.hostile territory w/Native Americans = Farming Town – w/farming and gardening occurring in fortification . Initial Search Phase of Mercantilism .Plaza Mayor .staple production out. producers in place of production starts to grow 3. search for knowledge comes back if there is a supply to stake a claim 2. etc. set up permanent settlement . Napolean takes over Spain 1820’s – huge independence movement Colonial Period – very systematic Spanish Vetruvian Town . gives us an economic understanding of development 1.Central Plaza and Grid Pattern E. Planting of Settlers Point of Attachment – place to secure supply.2 A.still see open space and undeveloped towns C.Starts in San Diego al the way to San Francisco and Sacramento Ft. Mexico City .great into something greater. Testing of Productivity . Mercantile Model J.Fortification . town in Zorro . Augustine – in Florida. Plaza Mayor with great Cathedral. Ross – Russians took over/colonization D. Panama . St.
Complete network of trade and places in new territory 1775: Europe comes to dominate world . lots of old and first of news Dutch Colonial Territory: Aruba .Venice of the North. trade on river and along river . build dam on river = Amsterdam . had busiest harbor.close to Rhine River has a delta .3 = first cities and towns . Amsterdam B.many different spices from East Indies 1340: Amsterdam – only lil bit of land .place starts differentiating from homeland area 4.Areas in green = below sea level = “Low Lands” most of land = man-made . Primate City (Mark Jefferson) Great European Capitals: A.storm that affected Bruge = created barrier islands in Amsterdam Zaigre Zee . Initiation of Internal Trade Hinter Land = support base for city Wethersfield – settled in Boston Trade across ocean = increase so wealth on west increase i. Paris C. sent out fleets of ships II.build river = Amstel.do so by TRADE not colonies Dutch East India Company – every country had one dominant factor in Amsterdam trade hundreds of small ships used for trade. London 5.left ppl to grow supplies for their ship Africa East Indies .doesn’t fit general model of primate city. Amsterdam .
tried to emergence of nation state Middle Ages: sizeable town.Street in Amsterdam houses Warehouses – places to store goods when fleets come in 10/21/10 II. weight what you bring in = weighing house everything involving trade in Amsterdam must pass this City Hall of Amsterdam = larger than any castle. center of political enterprise for that state economic hub = find stock exchange style leader = place where media convene and help you decide “what’s in” . Paris . built in 1600s bigger than palace of Louie the 14th sunk thousands of telephone poles into ground as a foundation .Pilgrims lived in Amsterdam for 15 yrs. Primate City .became what is it today after France became France and Paris became capital A. a part of the emerging class but not very big .000 ppl Primacy – especially w/population. grow to dominate the economy.had city hall of Bruge Wage = building in middle of square. tree ring growth Population: 1514: 13. before leaving for new world moved there cuz had religious tolerance . upstage in volume of trade Donswright in Dam Square = where can bring ship in .500 ppl 1675: 200.atleast 2x as large as any other city in that state .often (not always) the political capital.4 1425: grow 1585: need more land = make it 1613-1663: late 19th Century Dam Square = center of town.
have cluster of ppl Helucite – islands in middle of river Cathedral of Notre Dame – located on “Idelicite” (?) San Julian – oldest Church in Paris.“green space” in the city Marie De Pache (?) – queen mother for a long time. immediately linked to newly constructed street on left bank .shove up downstream end of island Plas Dauphin (?) – nicely developed residential areas on tip of island @ tip = see Henry on his horse remind you of how great France is Catherine said place was dump and should go fix it up . not uniform Size of Bridges in Middle Ages = had little strip malls impedes on traffic.*** Good Housing = attract upper end ppl Il De Site = island.first real attempt in Paris to create a “park” . very congested B. predecessor to Catherine Quer La Ren = walk of the queen.built by Henry IV.NOT public.want place that is appropriate = build garden area . appendage of palace . wide.**** Catherine DeMedien .5 . small church looks more like eastern vasilicas Left Bank = “Luv” = royal palace Henry IV . built around 500-600 BC. promenades that are tree lined 17th-18th Century: place to be and be seen . State of the Island Downstream = very swampy Point Neuv (?) = new bridge .emerge as Primate City in 16th Century East = has to cross many rivers Bride Head – find crossing of streams. invite only.
irony = guillotine used to be there Arc de Trium = arc of triumph . see a long way Obelisk @ center of Pas de la Concord . road descends for 5 miles Symbols of Why Proud: Plaz de Concord = place of peace. monument in city .in center = visual object commemorating something great by France Point Neuve – down stream end of Il Sate bridge = means of transportation.6 Pallo a Magio = game like crochet Pall Mall = go atleast once a week Point: treat city scape as more than content of city = develop stronger idea of us as a nation state Housmond: took over Paris and did a remake Camp Elyses (?) = street.enclosing geometric space . extends from Luv Palace along river to another bend 1609: initial construction = last year of Henry’s life 1774: standing in what used to be Queen’s garden.widen streets to permit greater flow Jiada (?) = garden wife = becomes queen of state built (??) extended from garden Louis IV: 1660s – 1715 La Noire = Palace and Grounds 1616 – Coi Lauren 1772 – by French Revolution.behind the Obelisk = see the Atrium (?) can see it from all over city La De Franz = built late 20th Century arch 10/26/10 Review: Plaz – open square in which (??) .
Place capture by Germans and they took everything then place restored . primary period.2. Versailles A. historical develop.Henry IV = first of the emperors B.Versaille *** . Grand Manner .Period of Absolute Monarchy Tower of London 10/28/10 Review: Versailles .3) I. Louis the 13th (aka: Louis the Fair) .wanted to be able to see capital from everywhere .Primate city #3 .send message bout who they are and how they function . Development of Grand Empire .a Coda for the Grand Manner London .take walls down but leave gates.site and situation. preserve old features so they can be seen The Dorce – museum where French put greatest paintings of impressionist paintings just across river from the Luv start to see opening up of city 1765: “all roads lead to paris” 1780s: same generation pattern (??) A. growth and challenges (1.will not have capital city in primate city ex.7 .*** . put together the plan for Washington Pennsylvania white house . NYC not the political capital Pierre L’Onfont .grew up in Versailles.
000-13.King James version of the Bible = bible translated to English 1576-1616: Shakespeare. 5th Means: 3 out of 5 ppl died or left the city 15.705 from Aug.000 120. London Thames River – has broad estuary . town did develop go forwards 1.000 200.000 Queen tried to restrict its growth but couldn’t .870 Plague: 49.Oct.cities start becoming quasi independent .location had bid advantage .8 Point: create national sense of identity Grand Manner: seen a lot in capital cities. theatre growth 1665: London visited by the PLAGUE All deaths: 59.every year comes to city in London to make speech but needs to call “lord mayor” to enter city .000 400.000 years = Norman invasion in Hastings Normans win and move further North William the Conqueror – sets up the capital outside the city of London Q: Why not in city? .London becomes free city = engage in wool trade before 1500: London becomes a prominent city (Table 3.000 .at head of estruary where river is close together enough to have a bridge Ancient times = good place to get across river Lindonium = all roads lead to this London – not big center of Roman times. history to present day II. 8th.000 start to affect geography of city Closest rival 12.1) LONDON 1500 1550 1600 1650 Pop: 50.
etc. suggests Christopher Wren on this committee A. 90 burned down . no more straw roofs 3. 2. 3 stories = wider. 1666 = Great Fire of London . occurred in PUDDING LANE .French begin settling very early .000 English and France = largest cities 11/2/10 I.America *Note: Vance Model .000. size of next largest = 84.9 September 1.000 even after ¾ of ppl left city 1750: 650.fire burns for 4 days then stop and starts till Sept.British responsible in sending substantial amount of settings chopped things up into little pieces = colonies: 13 Colonies .Baker forgot to stop fire in oven. building 2 stories tall must have roads this wide.000 1801: first English Census = 960. try to get away from timber and to brick and stone. Significant Changes Under These Rules: 1. city supposed to be rebuilt by those who owned property BUT if owner has not built home in site after 3 years of fire = should become property of the town Rebuilt = did what was there before n’ don’t change greatly 1700: pop 550.organized separately and report back to England . Colonial systems in N. 9th .vast majority of city has burned spreads to outside city walls 110 Churches in London.many homes built w/timber and had straw roofs Also: 1666 – Versailles is happening King’s son sent to France to be safe 1660: English parliament asked the son to come back but had conditions John Evylen = take opportunity to rebuild city Christopher Wren = presents another plan King – suggests to put together committee of ppl to build city better and safer.
British climb cliff to attack French both generals killed and British take over . Louis – 1762 .use natural bluff as their defense.plan and development “Geography” and History I.was supply of: FUR A.10 1608: Virginia 1620: Mass 1608: French 1624: Dutch .French impact only a year long C.Foubourg/Bourg city .Bastide City B. Quebec – one of targes .site and situation .Foubourg/Bourg city .Foubourg (type of city) = fortified town Agakely and (?) River = build fort there. Boston .Lower town = where most of trade takes place Top of Bluff = official town . St. Philadelphia .settled in 1630 settle after prior search and testing . Detroit*** . name after Frenchman Fort Tucane (?) British: get American help George Washington: help take over Fort Tucane Rename: Fort Pitt after William Pitt = Pittsburgh Point: Influence urbanization more through placement of city rather than actual city 11/4/10 Today: Colonial: Boston vs.
17 Philadelphia: lots of land for development .Penn decides in 1680 that he needs a capital city. 2 if by sea land = would easily block if British came this way sea = would need to intercept at diff. so built higher up A.11 .Rope Walk (?): shows maritime influence 1743: not much left.000 (reached its max) Philadelphia ------2. the long place for rope became disadvantage cuz not enough space B.000 (still have space to expand) . Bay Colony sent out ppl to settle in this area Year 1650 1680 1685 1720 1740 1776 Location: Fig. Boston . areas.000 16.16 Boston: almost an island.Mass.500 10.500 ---12.becomes biggest city in colony.access to many diff. planned to become a large city built on spot that would allow it to do so Militia: in Boston.000 13. British to sent contingent of troops to stop the weapons in Boston i. Lexington and Conquer (?) 1 if by land. places Boston 2.lot of shoreline and good place for trade Fig. Phili .000 40. Horse Barn Hill = Boston at mouth of Charles River good place for Fort to start . 3.000 4. Phil founded in 1685 . 3.000 16.organic development . good place to trade cuz have shoreline Tombolo = glacial deposited in water = like and island Drumlin = ex. near Delaware River = all marshland.
NY becomes center of the British 19th Century: undertake series of changes to create land for Boston to grow = becomes a manmade city still have swampy area even after fill in Swamp = “fen” built Fenway Park Point: one more planned than the other.12 Bunker Hill = hill that you can fire cannons off of once in Boston. no easy way out so British colonials evacuate n’ go to New York City during revolutionary war. Boston = only temporarily good .
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