TERM PAPER

WIRE ROPE DRIVE MECHANISM FOR RECIPROCATING LINEAR MOTION

SUBMITTED TO:MR. HARMESH LAL SIR CHANDRAHAS DEPPT. OF DOM

SUBMITTED BY:KUMAR B.TECH(ME)-MBA SECTION :-K4901

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RK4901B40

ROLL NO:-

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I take this opportunity to present my votes of thanks to all those guidepost who really acted as lightening pillars to enlighten our way throughout this TERM PAPER that has led to successful and satisfactory completion of this study. We are really grateful to our HOD for providing us with an opportunity to undertake this TERM PAPER in this university and providing us with all the facilities. We are highly thankful to MR. HARMESH LAL SIR for his active support, valuable time and advice, whole-hearted guidance, sincere cooperation and pains-taking involvement during the study and in completing the TERM PAPER of preparing the said project within the time stipulated. Lastly, We are thankful to all those, particularly the various friends , who have been instrumental in creating proper, healthy and conductive environment and including new and fresh innovative ideas for us during the project, their help, it would have been extremely difficult for us to prepare the TERM PAPER in a time bound framework.

NAME:- KUMAR CHANDRAHAS REG. NO.:- 10901483 ROLL NO:- K4901B40

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION 2. WHAT IS DRIVE MECHANISM 3. ADVANTAGE 4. DISADVANTAGE
5.

WIRE ROPE DRIVE MECHANISM FOR RECIPROCATING LINEAR MOTION DRIVE MECHANISM FOR LIFTING DEVICE APPLICATION OF WIRE ROPE DRIVE MECHANISM
 CRANES  ELEVATOR  WIRE ROPE EXCAVATOR

6. 7.

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REFERENCES

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INTRODUCTION

Wire rope is a type of rope which consists of several strands of metal wire laid (or ‘twisted’) into a helix. Initially wrought iron wires were used, but today steel is the main material used for wire ropes. Historically wire rope evolved from steel chains which had a record of mechanical failure. While flaws in chain links or solid steel bars can lead to catastrophic failure, flaws in the wires making up a steel cable are less critical as the other wires easily take up the load. Friction between the individual wires and strands, as a consequence of their twist, further compensates for any flaws. This method of minimizing the effect of flaws may also be seen in Damascus steel, employing multiple folding or laminations.

WHAT IS DRIVE MECHANISM?

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A Direct drive mechanism is one that takes the power coming from a motor without any reductions.

ADVANTAGE:1. High torque at low rpm. 2. Increased efficiency: The power is not wasted in friction (from the belt,chain,etc,and

especially gearboxes.)
3. Longer lifetime

DISADVANTAGE:1. It needs a special motor to achieve maximum torque at high rotational speeds 2. It needs a more precise control mechanism.

WIRE ROPE DRIVE MECHANISM FOR RECIPROCATING LINEAR MOTION
A drive mechanism for providing reciprocating, liner motion for a movable work piece relative to a stationary work piece is provided. The drive system includes a motor rotating a drum in forward and reverse directions about a first axis. The motor and drum are fixedly mounted with respect to the stationary work piece, such as to a housing or other structure. The system further includes an elongate, substantially non-flexible cable having a first and second ends fixed with respect to the stationary work piece. The cable further includes an intermediate portion extending between the first and second ends, with the intermediate portion being wound around the drum. First and second bearings are provided which are mounted to the movable work piece. The first bearing is positioned relative to the cable such that the intermediate portion of the cable is wound over the first bearing, and with the first bearing being positioned between the first end
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of the cable and the drum. The second bearing is positioned relative to the cable such that the intermediate portion of the cable is wound over the second bearing with the second bearing being positioned between the drum and the second end of the cable. Rotation of the drum in either clockwise or counterclockwise directions causes the cable to move the first and second bearings back and forth relative to the drum, thereby causing linear, reciprocating movement of the moveable work piece relative to the stationary work piece.

Wire Rope Drive Mechanism for Reciprocating Linear Motion BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION A. Field of the Invention This invention relates generally to the field of mechanical systems for providing reciprocating, linear motion for a movable structure or work piece relative to a fixed structure or work piece. More particularly, the invention relates to a drive mechanism providing reciprocating, linear motion from rotational motion of a motor, using a novel cable or wire rope drive mechanism. The invention is susceptible to many possible uses and installations, examples being drive systems for use in automated instruments for processing biological samples, and stacking systems for stacking cards or card-like bodies in a tray, which happen to be of particular applications presently employed by the present inventors. However, other possible uses of the invention in different types of machines and systems will be apparent to persons skilled in the art from the following detailed description, and thus the invention relates, primarily, to reciprocating drive mechanisms for a moveable work piece. While the drive mechanism of the type described in the above-cited are work satisfactorily for many applications, the present invention is considered to be an improvement over these and other types of systems. The present drive mechanism and method is believed to provide improved reliability in extended use, and decrease the amount of maintenance for the user. Further, the design is quiet in operation. The design is easy to assemble and less costly to manufacture than systems based on the design of the above-cited Karl et al. patent.

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DRIVE MECHANISM FOR LIFTING DEVICE

An improved pre-assembled drive mechanism is disclosed for a lifting device of the type having a container movable upwardly and downwardly on spaced apart guide rails. A generally cylindrical motorized tooth drive having a plurality of drive teeth on an outer cylindrical will is provided. The drive teeth are adapted to be received by spaces between the teeth of the drive belt. A belt guid roller is mounted in close proximity upstream to the drive pulley. The belt guide roller is provided to maintain proper alignment of the drive pulley and to retrain the lateral movement of the toothed belt portion. A direction reversing idler pulley is adapted to receive and guide the toothed belt in a manner such that the toothed belt portion stays in driving engagement with the drive pulley for a substantial distance around the drive pulleys rotational path if travel.

APPLICATION OF WIRE ROPE DRIVE MECHANISM CRANES

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A crane is a lifting machine generally equipped with a winder (also called a wire rope drum), wire rope s or chains and sheaves that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. It use more or simple machine to create mechanical advantage and thus move loads beyond the normal capability of a human. Cranes are commonly employed in transport industry for the loading and unloading of freight, in the construction industry for the materials and in the manufacturing industry for the assembling of heavy equipment.

ELEVATOR

An elevator (or lift in British English) is a vertical transport equipment that efficiently moves people or goods between floors (levels,decks) of a building, vessel or other structure. Elevators are generally powered by electric motors that either drive traction cables and counterweight system like a hoist, or pump hydraulic fluid to raise a cylindrical like a jack.

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WIRE ROPE EXCAVATOR

Excavator are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, bucket and cab on a rotating platform (known as the”house”). The house sits atop an undercarriage with tracks or wheels. All movement and functions of the excavator are accomplished through the use of hydraulic fluid, be it with rams or motors. Their design is a natural progression from the steam shovel.

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REFERENCES
1. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3754641.html 2. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/4376586.html 3. http://en.wikipedia/cranes.html 4. http://en.wikipedia/elevator.html

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