Upgrading to 4.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Release 4.6C SR2

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

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April 2001

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

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April 2001

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

SAP AG

Contents Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX ................................. 8
New Features ......................................................................................... 9 Naming Conventions........................................................................... 12 Checklist for the Upgrade................................................................... 13 Planning the Upgrade ......................................................................... 18
Planning the Upgrade Strategy...............................................................................................20 When to Restart Production Operation...................................................................................25 Runtime for the Import of the Substitution Set........................................................................26 Database-Specific Aspects .....................................................................................................27 Incremental Table Conversion................................................................................................30 Drawing Up an Upgrade Schedule .........................................................................................32 Examples of Upgrade Scheduling........................................................................................34 Upgrading in an SAP System Group ......................................................................................36 Planning the Modification Adjustment.....................................................................................37 Time Frame for Upgrading the Frontend Software.................................................................39 Notes for the Upgrade.............................................................................................................40 Checking Structural Requirements .........................................................................................44 Checking Hardware Requirements.........................................................................................45 Checking Software Requirements ..........................................................................................47 Checking the SAP Source Release .....................................................................................47 Meeting the Requirements for the Upgrade Assistant .........................................................48 Meeting the Operating System-Specific Requirements .......................................................49 Accessing Documentation Before and During the Upgrade ...................................................50 Meeting the Requirements for the SAP Internet Solution.......................................................51 Importing Additional Languages .............................................................................................52 Upgrading the Operating System and Database System: Overview......................................53

Upgrade Preparations ......................................................................... 57
Determining the Host for the Upgrade Preparation ................................................................59 Creating the Upgrade Directory ..............................................................................................60 Checking Database-Specific Prerequisites for PREPARE .....................................................62 Substituting the SAP Kernel (Source Release 3.x) ................................................................63 Checking SAP Programs (Source Release 4.x) .....................................................................64 Starting PREPARE from the CD.............................................................................................66 Starting the Upgrade Assistant Server ...................................................................................67 Starting the Upgrade Assistant GUI........................................................................................68 Starting the Upgrade Assistant ...............................................................................................69 Restarting PREPARE from the Upgrade Assistant GUI .........................................................72 Resetting PREPARE...............................................................................................................73 Importing Software After Starting PREPARE .........................................................................74 Making Entries for the Parameter Input Module .....................................................................75 Making Entries for the Initialization Module ............................................................................80

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...............................102 Converting the Translation Proposal Pool (Source Releases 3................................................................................................................99 Checking Requirements for the Modification Adjustment .............................................100 Setting the Operation Mode for the Upgrade ..............1x)...120 Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK2....................................................................................................................117 Phase CONFCHK_X...................................................................................................................108 Restarting the Upgrade............................................................................................................................126 Phase REPACHK2 ......................................119 Phase REPACHK1 ...................126 Phase EU_IMPORT5...............113 Phase BATCHCHK ...........133 Phase ACT_<rel> .................125 Phase EU_IMPORT4......................119 Phase VIEWCHK1 .............105 The Upgrade..................................................................................135 April 2001 5 ....................................128 Phase TRBATCHK_XT...................................................................................................6C Support Release 2: UNIX Making Entries for the Read CD Module ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................107 Stopping the Upgrade ...........................................................................................134 Continuing the Upgrade After Phase PRODCHK_<rel>.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................111 Phase DBCHK .........................................................................................................82 Evaluating the Results of PREPARE..........................................131 Phase VIEWCHK2 ............................................................................................................................................................0x/3..................................................................................................1x) ............................................................................................................................87 Making Preparations at the Operating System Level .......................................................104 Processing Direct Input Error Data (Source Releases 3..........................115 Phases INTCHK and INTCHK_SW ....................................................................................116 Phase INITSUBST ................................129 Phase RUN_RDDIT006 ...................................................................................................120 Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK3...........................................................................................131 Phase MODPROF_TRANS ........................................................................................................................................123 Phase LOCKEU_PRE...121 Phase SPACECHK_ALL..........................................................................................................................112 Phase RFCCHK...............................................................................................................124 Phase EU_IMPORT0............................101 Processing Batch Input Sessions (Source Releases 3.....................................130 Phase ADJUSTCHK ....................................................103 Printing the Default Values for Document Type and Posting Key (FI Customers) .........................................................................................122 Phase FREECHK_X ..................................................................................................................................SAP AG Upgrading to 4.......................................95 Making Preparations at the SAP System Level .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................0x/3...................................................................114 Phase PATCH_CHK .....................................132 Phase ENVCHK................................................................98 Checking the User for the Upgrade .............................................................1x Only) ......................................................116 Phase KEY_CHK .......................................................................................................................................................................109 Phase INITPUT.....................................................................................................................................................................................127 Phase CNV_CHK_XT ............................................................................................102 Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) (HR Customers) ........0x/3......... 106 Starting the Upgrade............94 Making Preparations at the Database Level..........................

.........................................145 Informix: Preparations .............................................................................................164 Performing Post-Upgrade Activities in the Authorizations Area...................................163 Converting Batch Input Logs ...........................................................................................171 Analyzing the ELG Log Files ..............153 Transport Management System: Distributing the Configuration .............................................................187 Scroll Mode: Restart ..............176 Correcting Errors in the XPRAS Phase .........................................................................................................0x/3..............1x)...............154 Rescheduling Jobs with Transaction DB13 (Source Releases 3........................................................................................................185 Preparing the Restart of the Upgrade After a System Failure ...........................................................................................................................................................................Upgrading to 4..........................................6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase CHK_POSTUP ..........................157 Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport .........................................................................................................138 Executing the Script saproot....................................................................................................169 Troubleshooting ........................................151 Actions During Production Operation ..........192 6 April 2001 ....160 Generating ABAP Loads ........................................................156 Migrating Matchcodes to Search Help Objects (Source Releases 3.......................................................................................sh .................................142 DB2 for OS/390: Preparations .................................... 137 Actions Before Starting Production Operation ................................159 DB2 for OS/390: Actions ........................150 Checking the Profile Parameters with Transaction RZ10 ..................... 170 Upgrade Logs .............153 Rescheduling Background Jobs.....................139 SAP DB: Backing Up the Database ...............................................................167 Installing More Dialog Instances ..................146 Oracle: Preparations ............................................................................................................................................173 Correcting Errors in the ACT Phase ..............................................................................................................................................................1x) .......................................................186 Resetting the Upgrade ........................................ 152 Importing Support Packages After the Upgrade ........................................................177 Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases .....164 Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Application ...................................................155 Adjusting Repository Objects ...........................................................................................................1x)...............................................................................................................147 Distributing SAP Programs .......................................................................179 Correcting Lost Field Problems in the PCON Phase.............................................................................156 Reimporting Additional Programs .........................................................................................................................................................175 Correcting Errors in the ADOIM Phase.................................................................191 Correcting Problems when Processing ABAP Steps..........................................................................................166 Processing Table Clusters After the Upgrade (Source Release 3.................................................................................................................0x/3................................................159 Informix: Performing an Update Statistics.....................................184 Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases......182 Correcting Conversion Problems in the PCON Phase ..................................160 Oracle: Actions ....................................................1x Only)...............................0x/3.............................................................................141 DB2 Universal Database ....................................149 Renaming the Local System Log (For Source Releases 3.................................136 Post-Upgrade Activities ..............................168 Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime .................................................................................................................163 Actions for the SAP Online Documentation ..............................................................................................0x/3.........................................................................................158 SAP DB: Updating Optimizer Statistics..............................................................................................................183 Correcting Errors in the Job Phases.............................

..........206 Using a Different Upgrade Directory......224 R3up Phase List ..................................210 Upgrade Tools .......................................................................................................196 Upgrade Administration ..................................................................................................................................................................................................199 Determining Versions..6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Problems when Starting the SAP System...................................................................................244 April 2001 7 .................................................................................................................................194 Correcting Administrator Profile Problems on Application Servers ................................................................................................................................................208 Reducing Upgrade Runtime in Modified Systems .........SAP AG Upgrading to 4................................................242 Starting the Upgrade Monitor ...........195 Providing SAP Local Support with Information ..................................................................................................202 Changing the Database Recovery Mode.............................207 Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests.................................................................................................243 Understanding the Upgrade Monitor Display ..................193 Correcting Problems when Copying SAP Programs .............................................................241 Upgrade Monitor ..................................................................................................................225 Upgrade Assistant..................................................................... 211 PREPARE ................................................................................................................................205 Deleting Archived Upgrade Logs ..............201 Isolating the Central Instance ...............................................................214 R3up............................................212 PREPARE Phase List ....................239 Using the Upgrade Assistant..................................................................................................................200 Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode ............... 198 Alert Function..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

the SAP Implementation Guide (IMG). during and after the upgrade: • • • • Planning the Upgrade [Page 18] Upgrade Preparations [Page 57] The Upgrade [Page 106] Post-Upgrade Activities [Page 137] The next three sections of this documentation give you additional information on troubleshooting. The information in this documentation is intended for SAP system administrators with operating system. database. this documentation also includes a checklist for the upgrade [Page 13] with all the necessary actions for planning. and any other documentation referred to in this documentation.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Purpose This documentation describes the upgrade and provides you with additional information on upgrade topics. you require some other information.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Read these sections for an overview of the actions required before. preparing. and the tools that you use to upgrade the system: • • • Troubleshooting [Page 170] Upgrade Administration [Page 198] Upgrade Tools [Page 211] As well as detailed descriptions of all the procedures. the Notes that are specific to this upgrade [Page 40]. The following four sections explain the procedure for the upgrade. and SAP Basis knowledge. such as the Release Notes for the applications that you implement.Upgrading to 4. In addition to this documentation. Constraints This documentation only applies if you are upgrading your SAP System on UNIX. performing and following up the upgrade. the administration tasks you need to perform before and after the upgrade. 8 April 2001 .

This is done during the BIND_PATCH phase of PREPARE. Instead you can search for them and include them directly from the BIND_PATCH phase. but can be made unstable by any changes to the ABAP Dictionary that are delivered with the Basis Support Packages. • As of source release 4. unlike other tools (such as the conversion program). too. This means that you must only include Basis Support Packages that have been released and listed in the above SAP Note. you need a Package Key. SAP_ABA. The exact procedure is described in the section Making Entries for the CD Read Module. The dependencies among the Dictionary objects do not allow multiple activation programs to be started as background jobs in parallel. This ensures that Add-On Patches (AOPs) and Conflict Resolution Transports (CRTs) are imported consistently. The number of parallel processes is controlled by the work process resources and the estimated capacity needed to activate the objects in one level. you now enter all Support Package types on one wizard screen. SAP_APPL and SAP_HR.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: • Including Support Packages In the phase BIND_PATCH. the Support Packages are imported directly into the Shadow Repository in the SHADOW_IMPORT phase. New Features in 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX New Features New Features in 4. These levels are then activated in sequence.0B: queue calculation when you include Support Packages The sequence in which you import Support Packages is now determined by the queue calculation function in the Support Package Manager (SPAM). which is in SAP Note 119738. You can now also reduce the number of Support Packages that you want to include without having to reset PREPARE.6C Support Release 1 already includes Support Packages 1 through 6 of the components SAP_BASIS. you must include Support Package 1 in the upgrade for each of the components SAP_BC. • Using a Package Key to include Basis Support Packages To include the Basis Support Packages in the upgrade. The objects are sorted by their dependencies and split into different levels. SAP_ABA. before downtime begins.6C Support Release 1: • • 4. New procedure for including Support Packages in the upgrade You no longer have to use the report RSSPDASS to confirm the Support Packages. As of target release 4. SAP_APPL and SAP_HR. New Features in Release 4. This procedure reduces the downtime during the upgrade. April 2001 9 .6C productively without restrictions. with each of the levels being made parallel with asynchronous RFC.6C • Including Support Package 1 To be able to use GA Release 4.6B. • Mass activation of Dictionary objects The mass activation of Dictionary objects is performed in parallel.

R3up informs you if not enough data has been converted incrementally. New Features in Release 4. PREPARE determines the tables that would benefit from being converted incrementally and prompts you to start the transaction ICNV. 32-Bit Windows is the only supported frontend platform.6A • New Upgrade Monitor The Upgrade Monitor lets you follow the progress of the upgrade. a cross-platform Java implementation is being developed that will also cover UNIX platforms. the transport requests for Support Packages. see SAP Note 26417.6B when upgrading the SAP System. This makes sure that the conversion during downtime is as short as possible.6B • Shadow import To minimize the longer downtimes caused by including transport requests. • No UNIX frontend available for 4. This shadow import is performed in the SHADOW_IMPORT upgrade phase. This Java GUI is not yet available in Release 4. In the CD Read module.6A The development of the UNIX frontend was frozen in Release 4. For more information.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The minimum number of dialog processes needed to start the mass activation in parallel is six. • Language transport The technical basis of the language transport has been changed completely. see Planning the Upgrade → Incremental Table Conversion. Instead. and helps you recognize processes that are hanging. For the A_switch and A_on strategies. For information on the language transport.5B. New Features in Release 4. For more information. • Integration of the incremental table conversion function (transaction ICNV) Transaction ICNV is now integrated in the upgrade. For more information on transaction ICNV. New technology implemented in R3trans allows you to use the shadow import and include the transport requests during production operation. Instead it occurs in the shadow repository (new Repository of the target release).6A. see the SAP Library under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport System → Language Transport. and the modification adjustment are now imported into the SAP System during production operation. which is loaded into the SAP System during the EU_IMPORT phase. R3up checks the progress of transaction ICNV. Languages are now imported with the transport programs R3trans and tp as part of the table import phases. This makes the separate language import phases obsolete.Upgrading to 4. The upgrade tools provide this resource automatically if at least three background processes are permitted for the upgrade. This technology will also be used in other cases to minimize upgrade downtime as much as possible. 10 April 2001 . shadow imports are used as of Release 4. The import (Dictionary and main import) is not made into the original Repository (source release). Industry Solutions. see The Upgrade → Monitoring the Upgrade → Upgrade Monitor.

see the online documentation in the transaction by choosing Info. The Job Monitor (transaction SM37) gives the automatically descheduled jobs a special status. For a detailed description of transaction SGEN. It offers you many more options for selecting the amount of objects that need to be generated and for controlling the background job that generates the objects.5B or higher. April 2001 11 . you had to manually deschedule background jobs during the upgrade (when you isolated the central instance).SAP AG Upgrading to 4.5B: Automatic scheduling and descheduling of background jobs Previously. • Transaction SGEN for generating ABAP loads Transaction SGEN replaces the report RDDGENLD. The JOB_BTCTRNS1 phase schedules the background jobs. the JOB_BTCTRNS2 phase deschedules them.6C Support Release 2: UNIX • As of Source Release 4. The upgrade program now performs this task for you if your source release is 4. After the upgrade. you had to manually schedule the jobs again.

DB6.6C and 4.6C is also used as a synonym for the abbreviation 4. you must write in uppercase letters. There are other types of Support Packages. SAP uses the term Support Packages instead of SAP patches.6. If <sapsid> is used. the term SAP System is the same as R/3 System. the SAP ID DB2 is used as well. and. If <SAPSID> is used. SAP DB is an enhanced and extended database offered by SAP since 1997 that is based on ADABAS database technology. Support Packages and Patches As of Release 4.6C Support Release 2. the SAP ID DB6 is used as well. and Legal Change Patches are called R/3 HR Support Packages. DB2 for OS/390 is used to describe the database DB2 Universal Database for OS/390. 12 April 2001 . SAP plans to support all SAP Releases on SAP DB that were supported on ADABAS. such as Basis Support Packages or AddOn Support Packages.6C Support Release 2 In this documentation. The abbreviation 4.Upgrading to 4. your SAP system ID must be in lowercase letters. In older versions of this documentation. SAP is also used as a synonym for R/3 in terms such as SAP start profile or SAP System language. DB2 Universal Database (or the abbreviation DB2 UDB) is used to describe the database DB2 Universal Database for UNIX & Windows. for example prd.6C SR2. Windows. DB2 for OS/390 and DB2 Universal Database In this documentation and in the upgrade dialogs.6C is the same as 4. R/3 System and SAP System In this documentation.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Naming Conventions Release 4. DB2. Existing customers on SAP DB/ADABAS receive SAP DB as a part of their maintenance contract. Hot Packages are now called R/3 Support Packages. DB2 Universal Database for UNIX & Windows and DB2 common server In this documentation and in the upgrade dialogs. SAP DB and ADABAS SAP now offers the database SAP DB. and in certain cases. in certain cases. This documentation only uses the name SAP DB. SAP-System-ID The SAP System ID is abbreviated as SAPSID or sapsid in this documentation. the term Release 4. DB2 Universal Database for UNIX & Windows was known as DB2 common server (DB2/CS) or DB2 Universal Database for UNIX. for example PRD.

Make sure that DIR_PUT in the instance profile of the central instance has the value <upgrade_directory> Include 20% extra space on the database if you intend to carry out a lot of development April 2001 13 . since it does not include all the information relevant to the upgrade. Planning the Upgrade Meeting the Requirements Activity You can upgrade the frontend software as soon as you receive the upgrade package Request current upgrade notes Define the upgrade strategy in connection with the operating system upgrade and the database upgrade Draw up the upgrade schedule If necessary. It is not intended to replace the documentation Upgrade to 4. Prepare the empty upgrade directory with <sapsid>adm as the owner. If necessary. meet the requirements for the SAP Internet Transaction Server and the SAP@Web Studio according to the installation guide SAP@Web Installation Guide. preparing. make preparations for importing additional languages If necessary.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. operating system) Meet the requirements for installing the online documentation according to the guide Installing the SAP Library. Upgrade Assistant.6C. plan the modification adjustment Before you start the upgrade decide which database-specific actions you need to take and include them in your upgrade schedule Checking Structural Requirements Checking Hardware Requirements Check software requirements (SAP source release.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checklist for the Upgrade Definition This checklist includes all activities necessary for planning. and following up the upgrade. performing. If necessary. upgrade the operating system and database system Preparations for PREPARE Preparing for PREPARE Activity Choose the correct host for PREPARE and the Upgrade Assistant.

provide an extra 300 MB of memory for each language in the database. Also do this if you want to include Support Packages and add-ons.1x. upgrade frontend software 14 April 2001 . 3.0x.0x/3.x. process batch input sessions For source releases 3. Make database-specific preparations Check the users and authorizations needed for the upgrade Make sure that the requirements for modification adjustment have been met Set the operation mode for the upgrade For source releases 3.0x/3. such as including Support Packages. If you want to import languages other than English and German. convert proposal pool For HR customers only: save table T512W (Wage Types in HR) For FI customers only: print out the default values for document type and posting key For source releases 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG work.1x. start transaction ICNV Checks Not Supported by PREPARE Preparing the Upgrade Activity Analyze the results of PREPARE Make a backup copy of the old SAP Kernel If changes are made to the standard SAP System.0x/3. Make database-specific preparations for PREPARE For source releases 3. material master (industry): process the direct input error data If necessary.1x in translation systems. check the version of each SAP program Start PREPARE from the CD SAP Kernel User Actions During PREPARE Activity Make entries for the Parameter Input module.Upgrading to 4. check version of SAP Kernel For source release 4. such as entering CD mount directories Making Entries for the Initialization Module Make entries for the Read CD module. back up the SAP start and stop scripts. Make operating system-specific preparations: Make sure that you can recover the database to the state it had before the upgrade.1x.

last chance to lock the ABAP Workbench Phase ADJUSTCHK: If there are modifications. start secondary application server For A_switch and A_off. and change database recovery mode. back up database. determine P errors. start secondary application server April 2001 15 . confirm the transfer request if necessary Phase VIEWCHK2: delete customer tables if necessary Phase MODPROF_TRANS: For A_switch and A_on. specify the runtime of the import of the substitution set Phase LOCKEU_PRE: For A_switch and A_on. and back up upgrade directory For A_switch. determine P errors. change the database recovery mode if necessary Phase ENVCHK: if necessary. isolate central instance. repeat changes to the environment Phase KX_SWITCH: as of this phase you can only log on with the new frontend software Phase ACT_<Rel>: For modifications.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The Upgrade Activities Activity Check the general upgrade note and the database-specific upgrade notes for new entries or changes Select the correct host for the upgrade Start R3up Phase INITPUT: enter system-specific parameters Phase KEY_CHK: enter keyword from the current Upgrade Note If necessary. if necessary For ICNV. isolate central instance. lock the ABAP Workbench if necessary Phase EU_IMPORT0: For A_off. change database recovery mode. change database recovery mode. enter keyword for industry solution Phase INITSUBST: Determine when to restart production operation For A_switch and A_on. adjust any modified SAP objects with the SAP standard Phase PRODCHK_<Rel>: Choose a new time for restarting production operation or: For A_on. stop application server. check converted percentage rate Phase REPACHK2: For A_switch and A_on.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. stop application server.

1x. import them before you import the Support Packages as described in the guide Language Transport Perform post-upgrade activities for the Transport Management System (TMS) Reschedule background jobs whose released status was reset when isolating the central instance For source releases 3. post-upgrade activities: If necessary.Upgrading to 4. rename local system logs Check profile parameters using transaction RZ10 and if necessary.1x: if remote application servers exist. perform upgrade and delta Customizing For HR customers: reload table T512W (Wage Types in HR) 16 April 2001 .0x/3. reset to default value Actions After Starting Production Operation Activity Import any Support Packages that you need If you want to install additional languages. reschedule jobs with transaction DB13 If necessary. migrate matchcodes in search help objects. adjust Repository objects with transaction SPAU If necessary. install the SAP Internet Transaction Server and SAP@Web Studio according to the upgrade guide SAP@Web Installation Perform post-upgrade activities in the authorization area Perform application-specific. distribute SAP programs For source releases 3. re-install additional programs such as RFC-SDK or CPIC-SDK from the CD Presentation For source releases 3. if necessary Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport Perform database-specific actions Generate ABAP loads with transaction SGEN Converting Batch Input Logs Install the online documentation according to the installation guide Installing the SAP Library If necessary.0x/3.sh Perform database-specific actions If there is no central software storage point.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Post-Upgrade Activities Activities Before Starting Production Operation Activity Execute the script saproot.1x.0x/3.

0x/3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Actions Before the Next Upgrade Activity For source releases 3. install more dialog instances Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime Activity Analyze the runtime of the upgrade using report RSUPGSUM / Send list to SAP with SAPNet .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.1x only: perform post-processing for table clusters EDIDOC and CDCLS If necessary.R/3 Frontend connection April 2001 17 .

This is the prerequisite for a successful SAP System upgrade. If necessary. All the times specified in this guide are based on hardware with average performance. the hardware requirements [Page 45] and the software requirements [Page 47] are met. When you plan the upgrade. It is aimed in particular at SAP system administrators who are upgrading a system with the Repository Switch procedure for the first time. The strategy you choose influences the time needed for the upgrade. You must decide on an upgrade strategy [Page 20]. 5. see SAPNet under Services → Consulting Services → SAP GoingLive Functional Upgrade Check. the parameters and the entire system status are checked again in a second session. 7. You draw up your upgrade schedule [Page 32]. you plan a modification adjustment [Page 37]. The successful execution of PREPARE is a prerequisite for starting the upgrade. 2. This section helps you plan your upgrade so that downtime is reduced to a minimum.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Planning the Upgrade Purpose Before you begin the actual upgrade. You make sure that the structural requirements [Page 44]. Your local support is your contact for ordering service. A team of experts checks the parameter settings of your system in one session before the upgrade. and also means you must pay attention to certain database-specific aspects [Page 27]. Do not forget the sequence of the upgrades in an SAP system group [Page 36]. 18 April 2001 . To make sure that the requirements are met. After the upgrade. For information on services. you must do the following: 1. and the upgrade runs as efficiently as possible. and gives you detailed recommendations on the configuration. Start planning your upgrade at least two to three weeks before you want to start. 6. TeamSAP offers the free upgrade service SAP GoingLive Functional Upgrade Check. you must first plan it carefully. 4. You request the necessary Notes [Page 40]. You make sure that you can access the online documentation [Page 50].Upgrading to 4. run the PREPARE [Page 212] program as soon as possible. You plan the upgrade of the frontend software [Page 39]. Process Flow Do not perform any additional actions during the upgrade that could place it at risk. 3. You can also convert some of the tables before you start the upgrade using incremental table conversion [Page 30]. You can repeat the program as often as you need before starting the actual upgrade.

which you can use to monitor your progress in the upgrade project. If necessary. and contains the same modifications. We recommend testing the upgrade in a development system. The adjustments you perform manually for the new standard in this system can be automatically exported to the global transport directory and are integrated in the production system upgrade from there. preparing. you upgrade the operating system and database system [Page 53]. If you are upgrading a modified system where changes have been made to the standard system. This procedure eliminates the need for time-consuming adjustments to the production system. 9. you plan the installation of the SAP Internet Solution [Page 51].6C Support Release 2: UNIX 8. If necessary. performing and following up the upgrade. you have to start by upgrading a development or quality assurance system that has the same SAP release (including Support Packages). The checklist for the upgrade [Page 13] is a concise overview of all required actions for planning.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. April 2001 19 .

− The Repository Switch can be divided into two parts: • Importing the substitution set into the shadow tables The database tables referred to as the substitution set comprise almost the complete SAP Repository. This part of the procedure can run during production operation. • The time intervals in which the actions are saved on the database by database mechanisms This mode is database-specific and is defined as follows: SAP DB DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix Oracle Logging is activated LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT set to ON No mode for deactivating logging Database backup mode activated Database is operated in ARCHIVELOG mode This determines whether the database system can recover lost data. The upgrade strategy also determines the times at which you must make a complete backup of the system. In the second half of the upgrade. SAP Upgrade Strategies There are three upgrade strategies available: A_switch • • • Imports the substitution set during production operation. you can recover the database to its state after the import of the substitution set. "Shadow tables" are tables which the running SAP System does not recognize at this point. 20 April 2001 . You can no longer operate the system productively.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Planning the Upgrade Strategy Purpose Choose the upgrade strategy best suited for your SAP System. You can recover the database to its current state during the first half of the upgrade. • Substituting the old Repository with the new Repository This part of the Repository Switch substitutes the Repository by deleting the old Repository and renaming the shadow tables. The most suitable upgrade strategy depends on two factors: • • • The maximum downtime permitted in the system The size of the database The upgrade strategy defines: whether the substitution set is imported into the shadow tables during production operation or during downtime. Database mechanisms save database actions that occur in the first half of the upgrade.Upgrading to 4.

The mode in which the database operates changes. A_on and A_switch are identical until phase MODPROF_TRANS. It does not take differences in the duration of the upgrade into consideration. You can only recover the database to its state before the import of the substitution set. A_off • • • Production operation ends before the substitution set is imported. but not for A_on. depending on the strategy chosen. Database mechanisms save database actions that occur in the during the entire upgrade. A_on Shortest downtime No offline backup necessary after upgrade The runtime of the upgrade and the amount of uptime or downtime involved are heavily dependent on the upgrade strategy you choose.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. April 2001 21 . The important phases are EU_IMPORT2 and MODPROF_TRANS. The graphic below shows the upgrade procedure for the different strategies. The upgrade is divided into phases. You can recover the database to its current state during the entire upgrade. Then downtime begins for both. since these mark the beginning of downtime.6C Support Release 2: UNIX A_on • • • Imports the substitution set during production operation. the downtime begins in phase EU_IMPORT0. The procedure is the same for all the strategies up to phase EU_IMPORT0. For A_switch the mode in which the database operates is changed. Database mechanisms do not save database actions during the upgrade. Comparing the Strategies A brief overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the individual strategies: Strategy A_switch Advantages Short downtime Medium storage requirements for ensuring database recovery Disadvantages Offline backup necessary after upgrade Monitoring necessary to determine if disks for ensuring recovery are full Greatest additional space requirements to ensure database recovery Monitoring necessary to determine if disks for ensuring recovery are full A_off No additional space requirements for ensuring possible recovery Offline backup necessary after upgrade Longest downtime No monitoring necessary to determine if disks for ensuring recovery are full. With strategy A_off.

Comparison of the Archives in GB A_switch SAP DB DB2 UDB Informix Oracle 7. source release or database size.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrade Process Flow A_switch Start PREPARE Start R3up A_on PREPARE A_off R3up check phases Choose upgrade strategy Phase EU_IMPORT0 Import substitution set Phase MODPROF_TRANS Import substitution set Repository Switch Legend: Actions by R3up or PREPARE User actions Prompt for upgrade strategy Default: A_switch Repository Switch Repository Switch End of R3up Offline backup Online backup Offline backup Downtime Production The total runtime of R3up depends on how long it takes to import the substitution set. These sizes are based on sample data. The downtime depends on the upgrade strategy you choose. This data has not been sorted by operating system.0 The following graphics show an analysis of the upgrade runtimes and downtimes registered by SAP customers for Releases 4. and the time it takes to create the database archives. Each additional language that you import increases the minimum duration of the import by about an hour. The following table shows the sizes of the archives created for the different upgrade strategies and databases.5 7. database type.0 0. you choose the runtime of the import [Page 26] yourself.5 A_on 9.5 7.0 .4. the better the performance during production operation.0 13.0 0.0 12. If you choose the strategies A_switch or A_on.0 22.Upgrading to 4.5 15.0 0.5 A_off 0. The longer the runtime you choose. 22 April 2001 .6.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX Runtime Distribution 250 Number of upgrades 200 150 100 50 0 0-4 4-8 8-12 1216 1620 2024 2428 2832 3236 3640 4044 4448 Runtime (hours) Downtime Distribution 300 Number of upgrades 250 200 150 100 50 0 0-4 4-8 8-12 1216 1620 2024 2428 2832 3236 3640 4044 4448 Downtime (hours) April 2001 23 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

24 April 2001 . Both strategies allow you to work productively during the first half of the upgrade. The following table shows you how much time you can gain for production operation by using strategy A_switch or A_on.Upgrading to 4. The size of your database only has a secondary role in determining the runtime of the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Your source release can influence the runtime and downtime of the upgrade by up to approximately 25%. Strategy A_on also allows you to work productively at the end of the upgrade. The following factors can also influence runtime and downtime of the upgrade: • • • • • • • Hardware Installed languages Number of clients A significant amount of customer developments Modifications to the standard SAP tables Add-on software Integrated Support Packages The hardware that you use has the greatest influence on total runtime and downtime. Guideline for the Duration of Production Operation During the Upgrade A_switch A_on From: Start of R3up To: Start of downtime Duration can be configured From: End of downtime To: End of R3up 1) 34 hours 1) 34 hours 1) 0 hours 1 hour 1) Minimal reduction in performance will occur during production operation. even though R3up is still running.

This reduces the downtime towards the end of the upgrade and during post-upgrade activities. When selecting this time. April 2001 25 . The upgrade always executes up to the PRODCHK_46C phase.6C Support Release 2: UNIX When to Restart Production Operation Process Flow All three strategies allow you to enter the latest date and time by which you want to resume production operation of your SAP System. pay attention to the following: Production operation is only possible from upgrade phase PRODCHK_46C onwards. If R3up has reached the post-upgrade phases when this time is reached. for example. even if the time you entered is earlier.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You are also requested to carry out certain actions (for strategies A_off and A_switch. you do not need to wait until R3up completes its run before resuming production operation. In this case R3up informs you that the SAP System can resume production operation although R3up is still active. it is necessary to make an offline backup).

Depending on the start time of the upgrade. DB2 Universal Database. an import takes about six hours without delays. If you enter a longer runtime. 26 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Runtime for the Import of the Substitution Set Process Flow With strategies A_switch and A_on you are asked to specify the total runtime for the import of the substitution set. the import will be slowed down accordingly. specify total runtimes of about 24 hours. This enables you to sustain the performance of the system and also to reduce the number of archives (Oracle) or log files (SAP DB. DB2 for OS/390 and Informix) that need to be saved per hour. Depending on the hardware.Upgrading to 4.

you need to create an online backup before you stop operating the system productively. you are requested to stop all work in the system. If the statistics for less than 15 tables are out-of-date. in the EU_IMPORT2 phase with A_off).6C Support Release 2: UNIX Database-Specific Aspects SAP DB The performance for the development environment (DE) import (mass insert) depends largely on the log devspace. when the system stops operating productively. their mirrors should be on other disks. R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point. they are updated automatically. If large amounts of data are involved. At this point the tables relevant to the upgrade are checked to see if they contain sufficient statistical information. The concatenated archive logs can be located on one disk without a loss of performance. R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. The statistics values for newly imported tables are updated automatically after the DE import. We recommend that you update the statistics values with the tool xpu shortly before the upgrade. in the EU_IMPORT2 phase with A_off). R3up switches the log mode to DEMO for the strategies A_off and A_switch. shut down the database and reboot it. This means that you must back up the database for all strategies. • Database backup before the upgrade You must be able to recover the database to its state before the upgrade was started. however. To activate these parameters. You can decide if you want a very fast import which switches logging off completely for the import. The log configuration can be changed with the database command alter log in the database tool xcontrol. the contents of the log are permanently lost. After the mode has been switched. at the latest. With the strategies A_off and A_switch. Make sure that the log devspaces are on different hard disks. create an online backup before the system starts operating productively again. you can choose to update them or to terminate the upgrade. April 2001 27 . you are requested to stop all work in the system. R3up switches the parameters LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT to OFF after confirmation. If the statistics for more than 15 tables are out-of-date. To ensure this. When the central instance is isolated (in the MODPROF_TRANS phase with A_on and A_switch. After the log backup has been confirmed and checked.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. For all strategies. DB2 Universal Database • Isolating the central instance When the central instance is isolated (in the MODPROF_TRANS phase with A_on and A_switch. an incremental backup is sufficient (save updated pages).

R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. Now make a complete backup of your database so that if you need to recover it you do not have to import all the archives created so far. This makes sure that in the event of a database crash. you must now create a complete backup for the strategies A_off and A_switch. in the EU_IMPORT0 phase with A_off) you are asked to stop all work with the system. You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point. You must make the offline backup before you confirm that you want to deactivate archiving.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG • Database backup at the end of the upgrade At the end of the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. R3up switches the parameters LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT to ON for strategies A_off and A_switch after confirmation. you must make an online backup. You can also make an online backup after an upgrade with the strategies A_switch and A_on. You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point. The upgrade strategy influences the downtime. After the upgrade. The database forces you to create a complete backup (otherwise a CONNECT to the database is not possible). Informix When the central instance is isolated. You can find a description under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. You can choose an online or an offline backup. After the database backup. You can find the necessary commands under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. You can recover the database to its current state during the entire upgrade. This has the following effects: • • • • There is no difference between the strategies A_switch and A_on. 28 April 2001 . R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. you are asked to stop all work with the system. You are prompted to deactivate the database backup mode. but not the database logging. Logging is always switched on regardless of the upgrade strategy. • A_switch You are then asked to switch off database archiving. For strategy A_on we recommend that you create a full online backup at the end of downtime. you do not have to import all logical log files written until this time. You must make the online backup before the central instance is stopped. including those written during the previous import. DB2 for OS/390 Database actions are backed up during the entire upgrade by database mechanisms. This makes sure that you do not need to perform a recovery that uses the logical log files created during the upgrade. For this reason. Oracle At the start of the downtime (in the MODPROF_TRANS phase with A_switch and A_on. You can choose between an online and an offline backup. continue in R3up.

At the end of downtime. End of the database-specific explanations April 2001 29 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX • A_on With strategy A_on you do not switch off database archiving. Note that a large number of database archives have to be saved at regular intervals during downtime. so that you do not have to import all the archives created up to this point if there is a database failure. create a complete online backup (possibly as a postupgrade activity) to avoid a recovery based on upgrade database archives. You can find a description under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. If some time has elapsed since the last complete backup of your database. make a new complete backup now. You are then asked to switch off database archiving. You can choose an online or an offline backup.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. • A_off You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point.

You can use the following functions: • • Display the tables determined by PREPARE (tables for conversion with ICNV) Choose − − which non-modified tables you want to convert incrementally. the structure of the tables in your database changes. you can convert many of these data records before the upgrade. These table conversions used to only occur during the downtime of the upgrade (phase PCON_<rel>). 30 April 2001 . This gives you several advantages: • • • Reduced downtime during the upgrade You can return to the SAP standard more easily for modified tables You can use incremental conversion for large tables as well SAP DB SAP DB does not support incremental table conversions. Examples of these are tables that contain large amounts of data and would significantly extend downtime if they were converted. Functions Incremental table conversion is performed using transaction ICNV. you must first run PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Incremental Table Conversion Represents With each new release. • • • Start the conversion. By using incremental conversion. End of SAP DB Prerequisites To be able to use this function. Incremental conversion is optional. you may need to completely restructure the relevant tables by converting each data record. PREPARE asks you to start the incremental conversion. which modified tables you want to return to the SAP standard and convert incrementally. More information is available online in transaction ICNV by pressing F1 or selecting the i button. Estimate the runtime of the conversion. Monitor the conversion. In some cases. If you do not want to use this function. The necessary data is converted during production operation.Upgrading to 4. the tables are converted in the phase PCON<rel>. PREPARE checks whether the system: • • runs on a database platform that supports incremental conversion contains tables for which an incremental conversion is useful. If these checks return positive values.

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

What to look for: •

Whereas the PREPARE actions have an analyze function, the ICNV does not. Transaction ICNV already makes modifications to the database tables that you want to convert during the Initialization step. These modifications are not canceled by resetting PREPARE. In particular, you cannot directly upgrade the release of these modifications. For this reason, only start the incremental table conversion if you then want to perform the upgrade. If you use incremental table conversion, do not start an SAP archiving program for these tables in parallel, since this can lead to performance bottlenecks. Therefore, archive as much as possible before starting the conversion. After the incremental conversion starts, you cannot change any more Dictionary definitions for the relevant tables until the upgrade is complete. This affects changing, deleting or adding field definitions. Transaction SE11 is locked for these tables. Pay special attention to the resource usage of your database management system to detect bottlenecks early on. Incremental conversion requires double the space in the relevant database container (tablespace, dbspace, and so on) for each affected table during the conversion. The continuous data transfer results in more transactions. Therefore, also monitor the space for the rollback information. Do not begin the upgrade before at least 95% of the total data has been converted. R3up checks this at the beginning of downtime. If this percentage has not been reached, R3up displays a corresponding message. This gives you the advantage of reducing critical downtime. You can monitor the progress of the conversion using transaction ICNV. You can start the upgrade even if the 95% minimum is not reached. However, the remaining data is transferred entirely during the downtime.

Incremental conversion requires a sufficient number of background work processes. Ideally, there should be one process for each table to be converted. If you cannot have one process for each table due to a large number of tables, you can still convert the tables since transaction ICNV distributes the tables itself to the available background processes. However, the incremental conversion takes longer to complete, and the time for beginning the upgrade is pushed back.

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Drawing Up an Upgrade Schedule
Purpose
Create an exact schedule for your SAP System upgrade.

Prerequisites
You have decided on one of the three upgrade strategies A_on, A_switch or A_off.

Process Flow
1. You decide when you want to begin the preparations for the upgrade.
At the latest, start preparing for your upgrade a week before starting the upgrade.

2. You decide when you want to begin the upgrade. If you have decided to use the A_off upgrade strategy, start the upgrade on the last day of production operation with the old release. If you have decided to use strategy A_switch or A_on, start the upgrade on the second to last day of production operation with the old release. In all cases, you can start the import of the substitution set with the phases EU_IMPORT0 to EU_IMPORT5 towards the end of the day.

You are prompted to change the CD at the beginning of the phases EU_IMPORT4 and EU_IMPORT5. Phase EU_IMPORT4 has a runtime of about 30 minutes, phase EU_IMPORT5 has a runtime of about 3-4 hours. If you miss this prompt, your time schedule could be seriously disrupted. 3. Take the necessary measures to extend the time in which the upgrade can run unmonitored. a. Specify all CD mount directories at the start of the upgrade
R3up lets you specify up to 16 CD mount directories when you start upgrading. This significantly increases the amount of time R3up can run without user input.

The prompt for the mount directories occurs during the INITPUT phase, which runs during PREPARE and during the upgrade itself. You are only prompted for the mount directories, which means that it does not matter where the CDs are mounted. As long as the program finds a CD with the correct label, it does not prompt the user to change the CD. If you do not have enough CD disk drives, you can copy the contents of each CD to separate directories on your hard disk (providing you have sufficient disk space). A maximum of 650 MB per CD is required. You then enter these directory names when prompted for the mount points. b. For a list of the CDs that PREPARE needs, see Making Entries for the Parameter Input Module. For a corresponding list for R3up, see The Upgrade. c. Early locking of the ABAP Workbench If you have decided to use upgrade strategy A_switch or A_on:

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The phase LOCKEU_PRE is directly before the phase EU_IMPORT0. In LOCKEU_PRE you are asked when the ABAP Workbench can be locked. If you are sure that you do not need the ABAP Workbench from phase EU_IMPORT0 onwards, confirm the lock in LOCKEU_PRE. If you do not confirm the lock in LOCKEU_PRE, you are asked to confirm the lock in REPACHK2. Since phase REPACHK2 is after the last CD change (phase EU_IMPORT5), you may not want to do this. d. Avoiding long upgrade downtimes. The Upgrade Assistant can inform you if R3up waits for a long period of time for an entry. This can be either a standard user entry or an action taken to correct an error. To receive this alert information, you have to activate the alert function and supply the relevant parameters. You can specify an external program to be started if R3up has been waiting too long for an entry. This then triggers a communications service that informs the system administrator. You must provide this external program yourself. You can find more information on the alert function in the online help in the Upgrade Assistant in the section Set Alert Window. To access the online help, go to the main menu and choose Help → Introduction. Whether you use the Upgrade Assistant or not, the R3up control program stops the upgrade if errors occur so that you can take action. R3up indicates that you should take action as follows:
− −

A message appears on the screen. The file upalert.log is created in sub-directory tmp of the upgrade directory.

If you do not notice these errors, significant delays can occur in your time schedule. To avoid losing time unnecessarily, you can arrange to be notified automatically, for example, by telephone, that the upgrade has stopped. You can use the alert file to do this. You must provide the appropriate software for using the alert file. 4. You decide when you want to back up the database after the upgrade. If you decide to use upgrade strategy A_off, start the complete backup after the end of the upgrade on the evening of the second day. If you decide to use upgrade strategy A_switch, start on the morning of the third day. For all the upgrade strategies, you can resume production operation at the beginning of or during the third day. 5. Extend the time for the import of the substitution sets during production operation. You need approximately 6.5 hours to import the substitution sets. To avoid lowering system performance, extend this time. Set the time required for the import so that it ends at least 5 hours before the planned shutdown of production operation. At the latest, system downtime begins in the MODPROF_TRANS phase. The earliest you can resume production operation is approximately 10 hours later. During this time the SAP System is started up several times. 6. You decide when production operation resumes. If possible, do not resume production operation until all the necessary post-upgrade activities have been performed. The same applies to the complete backup of the database, which is a requirement for resuming production operation for upgrade strategies A_off and A_switch.

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This has the advantage that all database changes resulting from post-upgrade activities are included in the complete backup. The earliest possible point for continuing with production operation is PRODCHK_<release>.

Examples of Upgrade Scheduling
The tables below show examples of an upgrade schedule for each of the three strategies. The modification adjustment was run during the night in order to show the shortest possible runtime. You can also run it during the day. The schedule would then take correspondingly longer. The language import was not taken into consideration in these examples. For SAP System languages other than 'EN' (English) and 'DE' (German), add approximately 1 hour. In the A_off strategy the import period is during the downtime, whereas in the A_on and A_switch strategies half of the import is while the system is operating productively, and half during downtime.
Example Schedule for Strategy A_switch Day Time Actions

Thursday Thursday

9:00 10:00

Start R3up Start import of the substitution set (slow) with R3up in phase EU_IMPORT0 Insert the last CD (title: Upgrade CD5) at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT5 Stop production operation at the beginning of phase MODPROF_TRANS by isolating the central instance, as described under Isolating the Central Instance. Adjust modifications, if required. Back up database offline System in production operation

Thursday

19:00

Friday

20:00

Friday Saturday Saturday

23:00 9:00 After offline backup has been completed

Example Schedule for Strategy A_on Day Time Actions

Thursday Thursday

9:00 10:00

Start R3up Start import of the substitution set (slow) with R3up in phase EU_IMPORT0

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Start post-upgrade activities Back up the database online Friday 20:00 Friday Saturday Saturday 22:30 10:00 After starting to operate the system productively Example Schedule for Strategy A_off Day Time Actions Friday Friday 15:00 16:00 Start R3up Stop production operation at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT0 by isolating the central instance. if required.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Start the import of the substitution set with R3up Friday 17:00 Insert the last CD (title: Upgrade CD5) at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT5 Adjust modifications. if required. Adjust modifications.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Thursday 19:00 Insert the last CD (title: Upgrade CD5) at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT5 Stop production operation at the beginning of phase MODPROF_TRANS by isolating the central instance. Start post-upgrade activities Back up database offline Friday Saturday Saturday 21:00 9:00 April 2001 35 . as described under Isolating the Central Instance. as described under Isolating the Central Instance.

Development system 2. 36 April 2001 . This system can be a copy of the production system. If you have modified SAP objects. for example a production system and a development system. You should upgrade your systems in the same sequence in which you transport your modifications. set up a quality assurance system between the development system and production system. you must proceed with the upgrades in the above sequence. Production system If you have made modifications to SAP objects that you want to retain. To test the upgrade with realistic production data.Upgrading to 4. Development system 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrading in an SAP System Group Purpose If you have more than one SAP System. upgrade your systems as follows: 1. The version management functions of the SAP System only record all the changes you make in the system in which you made them (the development system). upgrade the systems as follows: 1. Changes made in the development system after the upgrade can be transported automatically to your other SAP Systems. Process Flow If you have a development system and a production system. make sure that your development system remains in existence. Do not copy your production system to your development system to test the upgrade. Production system If your system group consists of three SAP Systems and includes a quality assurance system that has been set up between the development and production system. Quality assurance system 3. Use this procedure to avoid making time-consuming adjustments in the production system. Only this SAP System offers you optimal support when you adjust modifications. you must consider the entire system group when you upgrade.

If the development system contains more modifications. see the SAP online documentation. Requests in the customer namespace (number range 900000 to 999999) “modify” the SAP objects included in them. The modification adjustment lets you make your modifications to the appropriate new objects in the upgrade. When you upgrade the system. All other requests are dealt with as preliminary corrections. Objects belonging to the central Basis component are always returned to the SAP standard by the Repository Switch. which you should obtain before upgrading. you can skip this section.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Planning the Modification Adjustment Purpose If you are sure that your SAP System corresponds exactly to the SAP standard. the error message TG140 appears in phase RUN_RDDIT006. you lose any modifications you made to objects that conflict with SAP modifications. a distinction is made between the following two classes of modification: • • Modification to an object from the central SAP Basis component Modification to an application object In the first case. During the Repository Switch. For more information. Process Flow Adjusting Modifications in the First System (Development System) You must test the modification adjustment in a development system that has the same SAP Release and that has been modified to the same extent as the production system.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.Changing the SAP Standard → The SAP Software Change Registration Procedure (SSCR). The following explanation assumes that the levels of modification are identical.x Choose Help → SAP Library → BC . the modifications have to be preliminary corrections. Any preliminary corrections that you have imported as transport requests from one of the sapserv(x) SAP Support Servers may be lost when you upgrade. To safeguard existing modifications of this kind. You can identify modifications as repairs to the SAP standard or as imports of SAP objects.Basis Components → ABAP/4 Development Workbench → Enhancements to the SAP Standard → The SAP Software Change Registration Procedure (SSCR). Release 3. Prerequisites To adjust modifications. Release 4. otherwise the SAP System would not be able to operate. including Support Packages. then contact an experienced Basis consultant for help. April 2001 37 . you might need an SSCR key.x Choose Help → R/3 library → BC .Basis Components →ABAP Workbench → BC .

Upgrading to 4. and so on) are adjusted during downtime before the activation of the ABAP Dictionary.<SID> in the sub-directory log of your upgrade directory. At this stage the import of SAP objects has already been completed. Repository objects (reports. you must perform additional steps for automatic acceptance. 38 April 2001 . These steps are described in Note 51046. the old. The procedure is described on the cover of the CD. You cannot release this transport request. However.6C documentation CD offline. This phase is executed in the PREPARE module Modification support and runs in the upgrade between the import of the substitution set and the end of the production period. modified version is still available in the versions database. The adjusted objects are collected in a repair that is released to a transport request. R3up exports this transport request into the transport directory /usr/sap/trans (UNIX) or \\$(SAPGLOBALHOST)\SAPMNT\TRANS (Windows NT). 2. If you have not installed a central transport directory. Towards the end of the upgrade. You can read documents on the 4. The ABAP Dictionary objects (tables. to get background information on the changes made. 3. the upgrade will import changes which previously did not exist in the system. you automatically transfer both the transport requests exported in the section Adjusting Modifications in the First System (Development System). As with Dictionary objects.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 1. data elements. If this is the case. If the number of objects in the adjustment transport requests exceeds the number of modifications in the next system. If you confirm here. You can find a detailed description of modification adjustment in the current online documentation under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → Changing the SAP Standard (BC) → The Modification Assistant. screens. domains. The list of objects that have to be adjusted in your SAP System is determined in the ADJUSTPRP phase. all adjustments are released to a transport request that is noted and then exported and registered by R3up. A check is performed to see if all the modifications identified in the system are handled by transport requests. and then registers it for transport in the file umodauto. Adjusting Modifications in Subsequent Systems For the quality assurance and production system. instead it must be flagged for export in Transaction SPDD. no adjustment needs to take place. before you upgrade the system. You must consult the authors of the modifications named in the log UMODPROT. we recommend that instead of adjusting modifications manually. the transport requests are integrated into the upgrade.lst. In the ADJUSTPRP phase you are presented with the requests from the development system and can decide whether you want to accept them. and so on) are adjusted towards the end of the upgrade.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX Time Frame for Upgrading the Frontend Software The new SAP release cannot run until the new version of the frontend software (SAP GUI) has been installed. You can import the frontend software as soon as you receive the software package. This graphic shows the time period during which you can upgrade the frontend software: Time Frame for Upgrading the Frontend Software Earliest possible time Production operation Downtime As of this point. After this has taken place. see the SAP Frontend Installation Guide. logging on with an old version of SAP GUI may cause errors.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. log on only with new frontend software Production op. The latest possible time for upgrading is before you log on to the new version of the SAP System for the first time. The new SAP kernel is imported by R3up in the KX_SWITCH phase. Preparations Processing Post-upgrade Receive the software package R3up starts Downtime begins Phase R3up KX_SWITCH ends The frontend software is upgraded directly from CD or from a file server. April 2001 39 . For more information.

you require some additional information. These SAP Notes are named at the appropriate places in this documentation. When you actually upgrade the system you need the information from some additional SAP Notes. You cannot start the upgrade until you have entered the keyword. use the fax request form included in the software package. The following is a list of these SAP Notes. You must read the general Upgrade Note before you prepare the upgrade. This information is kept in a number of SAPNet – R/3 Frontend Notes. There are separate SAP Notes for the database-specific sections. If you do not have a SAPNet link. SAP Notes for Preparing the Upgrade You must request the general Upgrade Note and the SAP Note for your database from SAPNet – R/3 Frontend before you start your upgrade. which give you additional information. not included in the documentation. This SAP Note contains current non-database-specific information on preparing for the upgrade. Other SAP Notes As well as the SAP Notes you need for preparing the upgrade. this documentation also refers you to other SAP Notes.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Notes for the Upgrade Definition To prepare and perform the upgrade of your system. you are asked to enter a keyword. The following is a list of the SAP Notes you need to prepare for the upgrade: SAP Note Number Database SAP Note Type 390062 197901 202790 386570 326658 201874 All databases SAP DB DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix Oracle Specific to this upgrade SAP DB-specific / specific to this upgrade DB2 Universal Database-specific / specific to this upgrade DB2-for-OS/390-specific / specific to this upgrade Informix-specific / specific to this upgrade Oracle-specific / specific to this upgrade Keyword for the Upgrade When you start the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. which you can get from the current general Upgrade Note 390062. if necessary. organized by database: 40 April 2001 .

1I Kernel Release SAP Releases for SAP add-ons (IS) Collection of notes on upgrade problems for the SAP component HR (human resources) Measures for optimizing upgrade runtime 4.6C Resource requirements for Release 4.x Problems when upgrading patched source releases Downloading Support Packages from the SAP Service Marketplace Service Connection Upgrade Assistant in SAPNet .R/3-Frontend Central Basis objects are modified Correction locks do not belong to system Copying the modification adjustment without a central transport directory Error message TG063 in the upgrade phase JOB_RADDRCHK Conversion of address tables.0A/4.6B Resource requirements for Release 4.5 Resource requirements for Release 4. runtime Conversion of address tables.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP Notes for All Databases SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 323263 178616 151508 113795 89305 203428 26417 102445 86985 156387 76431 73510 83458 125971 33888 62519 51046 96905 97032 82167 24864 10187 137478 Resource requirements for Release 4. runtime No conversion of table BSEG User buffer too small Installing a dialog instance/gateway with R3SETUP Performance Performance Performance Performance Performance Specific to this upgrade Frontend/SAP GUI SAP Kernel IS-specific HR-specific Upgrade to Release 4.0B Preliminary information on freespace in the database System requirements for frontend workplaces / SAP GUI Installation of a 3.x R/3 HR Support Packages SAP Support Packages Remote support for upgrade General upgrade Transport Organizer Change and Transport System ABAP Dictionary Address management Address management ABAP Dictionary / Phase PCON_<rel> User administration R/3 installation April 2001 41 .6A Resource requirements for Release 4.

6x DB2 UDB DB2 Universal Databasespecific 42 April 2001 .2.6x SAP DB SAP DB database upgrade to 7.6C language import Language import and Support Packages Install language during upgrade Upgrade phase PCON: TG450 to TG453 Correcting conversion problems during the PCON 46B / PCON 46C phase SAP@Web Customizing Translation tools Language transport Language transport Language transport Language transport General upgrade General upgrade SAP Notes for SAP DB SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156551 382741 34690 46430 201388 201390 327578 Released operating systems for 4.2 Back up the database SAP DB 7.5 B00 Add Devspace under SAP DB (ADABAS for R/3) 6.2 New software structure as of SAP DB Version 7.4/5 SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP Notes for DB2 Universal Database SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156553 Released operating systems for 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 197746 86627 98752 195443 195446 195442 322982 73999 177680 Maintenance Strategy Internet Transaction Server Transaction types: Customizing for release upgrades Migrating the proposal pool Current SAP Note on the 4.6C language import Space requirements for the 4.1 SAP DB load with parallel R3LOADS Change a database parameter in SAP DB Release 7.Upgrading to 4.2.

6A.1I. ICLI servers DB2/390: Manual saposcol installation DB2/390: DDIC corrections (3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP Notes for DB2 for OS/390 SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156554 81737 78354 83473 113008 136806 103135 162250 162818 184399 197772 Released operating systems for 4.6x Informix Reorganization of tables and dbspaces Informix Client versions Informix-specific Informix-specific Informix-specific Informix-specific SAP Notes for Oracle SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156548 11777 16951 303238 Released operating systems for 4.5A.6x DB2/390 DB2/390: APAR list Conversion of partitioned tables SQL error -540 Maintaining catalog statistics DB2/390: Upgrade. 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6B) DB2/390: Free space for 4. 4. 4. 3.Problems with Rollback segments Installation of the Oracle Client Software Oracle-specific Oracle-specific Oracle-specific Oracle-specific April 2001 43 . 4.1H.0B) DB2/390: DDIC corrections (4.5B) DB2/390: DDIC corrections (4.0F.6C upgrade DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific ABAP Dictionary / phase CNV_SUBMIT DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific SAP Notes for Informix SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 50157 156549 22941 115619 Using recommended versions of Informix Released operating systems for 4.6x Oracle Changing the storage parameters NEXT and MAX EXTENTS Oracle .

check the profile parameter rdisp/wp_no_vb. This makes sure that the message server is active during downtime. and temporarily schedules ABAP report programs for background processing. The number must be greater than 0. This parameter contains the host name where the message server is running. A standard installation meets the specified structural requirements. If you have made modifications to the SAP standard. This parameter displays the number of update processes for the central instance. • Update processes must run on the central instance when you make modifications to the standard. Choose the server (host) where the central instance is running.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking Structural Requirements Use You must meet the following structural requirements before you upgrade your system: • The message server must run on the host with the central instance.Upgrading to 4. The profile parameters for this server are displayed with their values. the message server must still be running after the secondary instances are stopped. It must run on the same host as the central instance. If you are not sure whether you have a standard installation. 44 April 2001 . Check the profile parameter rdisp/mshost. the upgrade control program R3up uses Remote Function Call (RFC) to call function modules. Call Transaction RZ10. Choose Goto → Profile values → Of a server. 2. while the secondary instances are stopped. because only the central instance runs during downtime. 4. Procedure 1. 3. Therefore. For this reason. If you have made changes to the SAP standard. you can check the structural requirements using the following procedure. versions of the modified objects are created by Version Management during the upgrade. The update program writes these versions. You can only guarantee this if the message server is located on the same host as the central instance. During the upgrade. the update program must be running on the central instance.

0A/4.x. You can free space after the upgrade by deleting the substitution tablespaces of the source release.com/quicksizing. You need this free space to create the upgrade directory. disk space. For more information. You can find it at: http://service. of which approximately 5 GB is filled permanently.0B. • SAP Note 323263 This Note explains the resource requirements for Release 4.5x compared to Release 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking Hardware Requirements CPU. You can use the following to help you: • Quick Sizing in the SAP Service Marketplace This is an interactive tool for an approximate sizing of the required hardware.OS Dependencies.0B compared to Release 3.4 GB of this amount is filled permanently. DB2 Universal Database The database is extended by a maximum of 9 GB.sap. and Swap Space Before the upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Approximately 6. see the documentation SAP Software on UNIX .5B. such as CPU.6C SR2 compared to Release 4. Space Requirements in the File System Make sure that you have about 1.650 MB of temporary disk space in the file system for the upgrade. UNIX Kernel Parameters You may need different values for the UNIX kernel parameters for a new SAP Release. check whether you have enough hardware resources. Space Requirements in the Database SAP DB You require a maximum of 8 GB of space in the database for the upgrade. SAP Note 89305 This Note explains the resource requirements for Release 4. main memory. and swap space. The difference between the maximum disk space requirements and the permanent disk space requirements is available as free space in the database as soon as the upgrade is complete. DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 45 . • • SAP Note 113795 This Note explains the resource requirements for Release 4. Main Memory.

PREPARE takes the status of your database into account and calculates the exact space requirements.0x/3. depending on how much data you have. depending on the source release: Space Requirements in the Database Source Release Minimum Free Space for the Upgrade Space Filled Permanently 3. depending on how much data you have. If you cannot start PREPARE early enough. you can find the maximum free space requirements for the database in SAP Note 203428. End of the database-specific explanations The PREPARE program gives you information on how much free space is needed in the database. 46 April 2001 . Oracle Make sure that the following amount of free space exists in the database.0B 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG SAP Note 197772 describes the free space requirements in the database.Upgrading to 4. The space requirements could be higher.5 GB The space requirements could be higher. You can recover the difference between the minimum disk space requirements and the permanent disk space requirements by deleting the old substitution tablespaces.5B 13 GB 11 GB 10 GB 9 GB 7 GB 6. You can free space after the upgrade by deleting tablespaces that contain only substitution tables of your source release. You can recover the difference between the maximum disk space requirements and the permanent disk space requirements by deleting the old substitution dbspaces. Approximately 7 GB of this amount is filled permanently.1x 4. Informix The database is extended by at least 13 GB.

3. 2.0D 3. Release 3.6x The release is displayed in the field Component version.6A 4.6A 4. April 2001 47 . your SAP System must have one of the following releases: Informix.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking Software Requirements Use You must meet certain software requirements before you upgrade the SAP System. Release 4.5B 4.5B 4.1H 3.6B DB2 Universal Database and DB2 for OS/390 3.1H 3.6B End of the database-specific explanations Procedure To find out the release of your SAP System.0F 3.1I 4. Procedure 1. Check the SAP source release [Page 47].SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Checking the SAP Source Release Prerequisites Depending on the database system.0B 4.x – 4. Meet the requirements for the Upgrade Assistant [Page 48].1I 4. Oracle and SAP DB 3.0B 4.5x The release appears in the SAP Release field. choose System → Status.0F 3. Meet the operating system-specific requirements [Page 49].

• Internet Browser with integrated Java Virtual Machine Strict security rules apply to the execution of Java programs in Internet browsers. At present.com/cgi-bin/java-ports.sun. SAP delivers a Microsoft Virtual Machine on the CD SAP KERNEL NT. Open the Windows NT Explorer and switch to the directory <CD_DRIVE>\NT\I386 (DEC-ALPHA: <CD_DRIVE>\NT\ALPHA).exe) by double-clicking it and make the installation.04 (Java AWT 1. This means that the browsers can only be used to execute the GUI and not the server.4 or higher) Microsoft SDK for Java (Microsoft Virtual Machine) You can use this variant for Windows and Windows NT. You can also use a Java Development Kit (JDK) that contains the JRE. Windows NT For Windows NT hosts. Restart your computer.exe (DEC-ALPHA msjavaxp. Service Pack 3.1x or preferably higher). Open the file msjavx86.Upgrading to 4.0. you must be able to set up a TCP/IP connection between the GUI host and the server host. End of Windows NT 48 April 2001 . Java Virtual Machine The Upgrade Assistant (server and GUI) is implemented in Java. The prerequisite for the installation is Windows NT 4. SAP supports the following browsers: − − • Microsoft Internet Explorer as of Version 4.: http://java.cgi Procedure You can provide the Java Virtual Machine in several ways: • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) There is porting for all relevant platforms.1. Installation: Insert the CD SAP KERNEL NT into the CD drive. This means that it requires a Microsoft Virtual Machine for execution (Version 1.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Meeting the Requirements for the Upgrade Assistant Network If you do not operate the GUI and server on the same host. find out about the status of the Java porting for your operating system from your Competence Center or with the following Internet URL of Sun Microsystems Inc.7231x Netscape Communicator as of Version 4. If you have any doubts.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you can install this software from the CD-ROM CD-DEV-MI. which you received with your computer. contact your IBM or Bull Competence Center.tar. or which you can order from your technical consultant. ReliantUNIX You must install the runtime system ReliantUNIX C++ Runtime System Version 2. Check this using the following UNIX command: pkginfo -l CDS++RTS If necessary.0 A00 or higher. End of the operating system-specific explanations April 2001 49 .Z. The compressed file is called CDS_PL_PLRTS_NYMS_1_0C32. Check this using the following UNIX command: lslpp -l | grep perfagent If you have any questions.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Meeting the Operating System-Specific Requirements Procedure AIX You must install the AIX packet perfagent so that the SAP Performance Monitor can function.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Accessing Documentation Before and During the Upgrade Use Before and during the upgrade you require 4. You first have to choose Help → SAP Library. you can find most of the documentation online in the system before and during your upgrade to the new release. you can make sure that you can read the CD Online Documentation . The documentation is not available online in your system until you have completed the upgrade and the installation procedure for the online documentation (SAP Library). Procedure The instructions for installing the documentation are on the Online Documentation . to modify adjustments).SAP Library CD in the file Onldoc_e.pdf or Onldoc_e.6C documentation from the CD Online Documentation .htm. you can use the same paths to find the documents online in the SAP System. This upgrade documentation includes the paths to specific information in the appropriate sections.x Release. However. After the installation. 50 April 2001 . If you are upgrading from a 4.SAP Library (for example.SAP Library offline before the upgrade.Upgrading to 4.

Install the ITS and SAP@Web Studio as described in the SAP@Web Installation Guide. April 2001 51 . If you install the ITS at a later time. 3. The IAC Object Receiver (IACOR) must be installed for the report to execute successfully. 2. If you are already using the ITS and the SAP@Web Studio. Prerequisites These prerequisites and the upgrade of customer-specific Internet application components are described in the guide SAP@Web Installation. We recommend waiting until after the upgrade before you install the ITS and SAP@Web Studio. If you want to modify Internet application components delivered in the standard system. Execute the report IAC_PUBLISH_SP if you install the ITS later. Read SAP Note 197746 to see if newer versions of the ITS and SAP@Web Studio are available.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Meeting the Requirements for the SAP Internet Solution Use To use the SAP Internet Solution. you must reinstall this software in connection with an upgrade to Release 4. you can also install the development environment of the ITS. Procedure 1. The report IAC_PUBLISH_SP publishes the current version in the corresponding directories of the ITS. Execute the report IAC_PUBLISH_SP directly after installing the ITS. the SAP@Web Studio.6C. you must install the SAP Internet Transaction Server (ITS).SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you overwrite the application component objects (IAC objects) that are in the Support Packages included in the upgrade.

For more information about this procedure. In this way you can avoid any sequencing problems arising from Support Packages included in the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Importing Additional Languages After the upgrade you have the option of importing new languages into the SAP System. and is preferable to importing a language into a live system after an upgrade. For more information. or did not import any additional Support Packages after the upgrade. you do have the option of classifying new languages in the SAP System before the upgrade with transaction SMLT. SAP recommends that you only use this option if the system contains the Support Packages for the language CD you are using. see SAP Note 322982. see SAP Note 195442. 52 April 2001 . However. import them during the upgrade. Importing new languages during an upgrade is a highly efficient process. This is the case if you did not include any additional Support Packages in the upgrade. and importing them during the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. The upgrade procedure itself only offers to update existing languages. or Support Packages you need to import after the upgrade. If you intend to use additional languages in your system in the future. You cannot install any new languages during the upgrade.

4x (or higher) database software. or migrate a database.6x Oracle For more information. April 2001 53 . 4.2. Migrate the database to Version 6 if you have not already done so. A_on and A_off).SAP AG Upgrading to 4. update the SAP DB release.5. see SAP Note 327578. For information on which versions have been released. then the timing and the sequence of the individual upgrades is of great importance. If necessary.6x Informix 156548 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. upgrade the operating system.6C on SAP DB. When you import the 7.2.6x DB2 UDB 156554 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. We have described the process flows specifically for each database in this section. The migration guide is a PDF document on the software CD that contains Version 6 of the database. Repeat the PREPARE module General checks to run through the CONFCHK phase once more and if the module ran successfully. DB2 Universal Database Proceed as follows: 1. For more information. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.6x DB2/390 156549 Released Operating Systems R/3 4.6x SAP DB 156553 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. you change the structure of the SAP DB software. Process Flow SAP DB You require at least Version 7. 3. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy.com/dbosplatforms If you need to upgrade an operating system or database.000 for Release 4. exit it. If you have not already done so. Proceed as follows: 1. 2. The procedure differs according to the database you use. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrading the Operating System and Database System: Overview Purpose When you upgrade the SAP System. 5. as described in SAP Note 382741. you may have to update your operating system and database to a new version. 2. see the SAP Service Marketplace under: http://service.sap. see the following SAP Notes: 156551 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. All strategies are supported (A_switch.

A PTF Check Tool is available for all source releases. ICLI: The first time you start PREPARE. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy. 3. 4. Required PTFs and APARs: SAP Note 81737 (APAR list) contains information on the PTFs that you need to import before the upgrade.SFOMDATA <HLQ>.6C ICLI server is started for the upgrade tools alongside the ICLI server of the source release. the transports. 4.0. see SAP Notes 81737 and 136806 and the IBM documentation SAP R/3 on DB2 for OS/390: Planning Guide.1I. 2. 4.8 or higher.SAMPLIB <HLQ>. You must install this before you start PREPARE for the first time. Database version: DB2 Version 6.6B.1. Current downward-compatible SAP Kernel and required transports for source release Make sure that all required transports and the minimum required patch level of the current downward-compatible SAP Kernel for the source release have been imported into your system.5A. Stored Procedures: 162250 162818 184399 As of Release 4. The ICLI software must be in the following three data sets after you have installed the PTFs: <HLQ>.1H.Upgrading to 4.6A.5B 4. 4.3. 6. The ICLI software is delivered using PTF.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 3. Any missing PTFs can lengthen the runtime of the upgrade significantly. Operating system of the database server: OS/390 Version 2. the release and the minimum required patch level of the Kernel are described in one of the following SAP Notes: Source Release SAP Note Number 3. The import of the current downward-compatible SAP Kernel is described in SAP Note 102445. A_on and A_off).LINKLIB <HLQ> is identical for all three data sets and its default value is SYS1.2 or higher. a 4. stored procedures are used for DB2 for OS/390.6B 7. Depending on your source release. DB2 for OS/390 Make sure that you meet the following requirements before you start PREPARE for the first time: 1. The prerequisites and preparations are described in the SAP R/3 on DB2 for OS/390 Planning Guide. For more information. 5. 3. 3. This tool is described in SAP Note 183311. All strategies are supported (A_switch.0B 4. Operating system of the application server: AIX Version 4.0F. 54 April 2001 .

This is currently the 3.1x: If you have not done so. see SAP Note 156548. The import is described in SAP Note 102445.6 is required for Release 4. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Informix For information on which version of the Informix Dynamic Server you need for this release.1I Kernel.31 as described in the next step. Repeat the PREPARE module General checks to run through the CONFCHK phase once more and if the module ran successfully.1I DCK.1I upgrade package that has already been sent to you. Proceed as follows: 1. All strategies are supported (A_switch.0x/3. 3. import the current downwardcompatible SAP Kernel (DCK). If necessary. If you change to HP-UX 11 between executing PREPARE and starting the upgrade. 6. PREPARE disassembles the correct SAP Kernel and copies it to the directory /put/exe. Source Release 3. 5. Start PREPARE and analyze the results. see SAP Note 326658. For more precise information on the combination you use. If you have not done so. Do not import the Informix version that was mentioned in the notes for the 3. Proceed as follows: 1. 4. upgrade the operating system.0x/3. then you need to disassemble the SAP Kernel from the CD again. instead use the Version 7. 2. since older versions contain errors that cause problems in PREPARE.1I Kernel. Oracle Version 8. Source Release 3. 2.0. Import the current Kernel patches. 3. The import is described in SAP Note 102445.1I upgrade package that has already been sent to you. upgrade the operating system.1I Kernel. If necessary. before you start the upgrade. This is currently the 3. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.6C on Oracle for the majority of operating systems at the time of going to print. Also use the CD SAP KERNEL from the 3. exit it.1x: If you have not done so. You require at least patch level 3 of the 3. upgrade Informix as described in the guide Installing Version 7. since older versions contain errors that cause problems in PREPARE. A_on and A_off).31 of the Informix Dynamic Servers: UNIX. April 2001 55 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Also use the CD SAP KERNEL from the 3. HP-UX Depending on whether you have Version HP-UX 10 or HP-UX 11. import the current downwardcompatible SAP Kernel (DCK).

Repeat the PREPARE module General checks to run through the CONFCHK phase once more and if the module ran successfully. exit it. If you have not already done so. migrate Oracle as described in the guide Migrating/Upgrading to Oracle Version 8. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy. End of HP-UX 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The exact procedure is described in the section Starting the Upgrade [Page 107].Upgrading to 4. End of the database-specific explanations 56 April 2001 .6: UNIX.0. A_on and A_off). All strategies are supported (A_switch. 5. 6.

c. see PREPARE Phase List [Page 214]. Prerequisites You have completed the planning of the upgrade. b. if the results from its first run make you want to repeat some checks. Careful preparation of the upgrade is the best guarantee that it will run without errors. b. for example. Process Flow 1. import it now [Page 74].x.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrade Preparations Purpose You can prepare for the upgrade while the system is operating productively. In the Parameter Input module [Page 75]. c. You perform the user actions needed before starting PREPARE. If you have Source Release 4. First you start the Upgrade Assistant server [Page 67]. 2. If you have Source Release 3. You make sure that there are 500 MB of freespace in the database for PREPARE. d. Perform the user actions needed during PREPARE. you need to provide information about the name of the SAP System or the central SAP server. a. If you need extra software after starting PREPARE. You first start PREPARE [Page 66] from the CD. You check the database-specific requirements [Page 62]. You use the Upgrade Assistant to start the PREPARE program. followed by the Upgrade Assistant GUI [Page 68]. you must check the version of the SAP Kernel and substitute it [Page 63] if necessary. Start PREPARE as soon as possible before the upgrade so that you can initiate or perform the necessary preparations in time. you can execute it directly. You can reset PREPARE [Page 73] at any time. The PREPARE program supports you here by making most of the necessary checks automatically. a. you must check the SAP programs [Page 64]. if you want to use it for another system. b. PREPARE requires you to make certain entries for its individual modules so that it can run.x. a. You create an upgrade directory [Page 60]. The information required in the Initialization module [Page 80] is specific to DB2 for OS/390. For information on using the Upgrade Assistant. April 2001 57 . see Using the Upgrade Assistant [Page 241]. For a complete list of all PREPARE modules and phases. for example. and finally the Upgrade Assistant [Page 69] itself. 3. If you want to restart PREPARE [Page 72]. e. f.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You determine a host for the upgrade preparations [Page 59].

default values appear that you can confirm or change. a. for example. for example.LOG. You make preparations at the system level [Page 98]. 58 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4. Among other things. the language CD is mounted and the Support Packages are included in the Read CD module [Page 82]. 4. you back up the database. After PREPARE has run. d. you back up the SAP Kernel. b. c. You make preparations at the operating system level [Page 94]. If possible. you check the user for the upgrade. Result Once you have made all the preparations. for example. you can begin the upgrade. You make preparations at the database level [Page 95]. you read the results [Page 87] in the log file CHECKS.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG c. You perform the user actions needed before starting the upgrade. or you check the requirements for the modification adjustment.

For a description of these actions.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Determining the Host for the Upgrade Preparation Use You need to prepare for the upgrade on the host with the central instance. Depending on your configuration. • Other hosts The graphical user interfaces (GUIs) provided by the Upgrade Assistant can run on any hosts that meet the necessary requirements. see Preparations at the Database Level.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The Upgrade Assistant server also runs on this host. you may later also need or want to use your database host or another host. Procedure Decide which hosts you need for the upgrade preparation and the actual upgrade of the SAP System: • Host with the central instance You must execute the upgrade process and PREPARE on the host where the central instance is running. • Database host You must perform the actions that affect the database on the database host. April 2001 59 .

You also require an additional 300 MB in the upgrade directory for each language other than English or German. and it is divided into the subdirectories data. log and other subdirectories in the upgrade directory. You need free disk space for the upgrade directory on the host with the central instance. depending on your database and source release. We recommend that you create the directory with more space than specified in the table above. since it copies data and programs into the directory Prerequisites The upgrade directory must be installed on the host with the central instance. which can be a softlink to another physical directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Creating the Upgrade Directory Use The system is upgraded using the upgrade directory. The standard path for the upgrade directory is /usr/sap/put. there are dynamic percentages in the subdirectories data and log in the upgrade directory.650 MB In the Repository Switch. user root must create it: mkdir <upgrade directory> cd <upgrade directory> chown <sapsid>adm . exe. The following table shows the sizes of these directories. you also need to make these directories larger. If you want to include Support Packages and add-ons in the upgrade. you can also give it a different name. chmod 755 .Upgrading to 4. The upgrade directory is required by the PREPARE program before the actual upgrade. Procedure If the upgrade directory does not yet exist. if systems include extensive own developments or large amounts of individual documentation. These directories can also be softlinks. however. Ensure that the SAP profile parameter DIR_PUT in the instance profile of the central instance has the value <upgrade directory>. chgrp sapsys . For more information see Using a Different Upgrade Directory [Page 207]. Disk Space Requirements in the Subdirectories of the Upgrade Directory data 700 MB exe 250 MB log 300 MB Remaining 400 MB Total 1. This may vary by up to 25%. This space is required for the upgrade and the logs. 60 April 2001 .

Switch to the upgrade directory and delete all the subdirectories. the new upgrade the directory must exist. check whether it still contains data from the previous upgrade. cd <upgrade directory> ls -ld * (for checking purposes) rm -rf * April 2001 61 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. To delete these directories as well. but be empty. this deletes the links. To make any deletions. log on as user <sapsid>adm. If it already exists. but not the contents of the directories referred to. Copy any manually created directories before deletion if you want them to be kept.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The owner of the upgrade directory and of all the subdirectories must be the SAP system administrator <sapsid>adm. you must delete the directories one by one and redefine the links. If softlinks to subdirectories were created. Before you start.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking Database-Specific Prerequisites for PREPARE When you run PREPARE for Release 4. Informix Make sure that you have at least 200 MB of freespace available in the temporary dbspaces (TMPDBSx).5.Upgrading to 4. Install the software as described in Note 303238. you require at least the database versions released for the year 2000.6C. PREPARE and R3up need the Oracle Client Software under a fixed path.0. Oracle If you already use database Version 8. End of the database-specific explanations 62 April 2001 .

Procedure Proceed as follows to substitute the SAP Kernel: 1. For more information. Mount the Kernel CD. 3. back up the existing kernel directory. since older versions contain errors that cause problems in PREPARE. see the PREPARE log CHECKS. April 2001 63 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Substituting the SAP Kernel (Source Release 3. Stop all SAP programs. All files and subdirectories in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are overwritten when the kernel is switched.1I Kernel Version. see SAP Note 102445. if necessary. Unpack the new Kernel. For more information.x) Use Make sure that you are using at least the 3. The following PREPARE modules require a 3. 2. Also read the section Upgrading the Operating System and Database System [Page 53].SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Stop the services SAP<SAPSID>_<INSTANCES> and SAPOSCOL. 4.1I Kernel with patch level 3 before you start PREPARE. PREPARE checks the Kernel version and prompts you to switch the SAP Kernel.LOG. Prerequisites You can combine a database upgrade with the import of the new Kernel. In the KRN_CHK_INI phase of the Initialization module. Before substituting the SAP Kernel.

0B Database SAP Kernel tp R3trans DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix ORACLE SAP DB DB2 Universal Database No special requirements No special requirements At least version from February 4th.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking SAP Programs (Source Release 4. • Finding out the version of the SAP Kernel Call the program disp+work with the following command: disp+work -V 64 April 2001 .5B Call tp with the following command: tp -V The last line displays the highest patch level. Required Versions of the SAP Programs for 4. corresponding dbadaslib At least patch level 606 At least patch level 607 Procedure This enables you to find out the versions of the SAP Kernel programs: • Finding out the version of R3trans Call R3trans without options.Upgrading to 4. • Finding out the version of tp in Release 4. 1999 40B_COM Kernel At least patch level 425 40B_COM Kernel No special requirements 40B_COM Kernel No special requirements Required Versions of the SAP Programs for 4.x) Use Make sure that the following programs meet the specified prerequisites in the SAP Kernel directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/sys/exe/run of your source release. The program displays the date and the version number.5B DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix ORACLE SAP DB No special requirements At least patch level 126 No special requirements At least patch level 573.

You can also use the following options to obtain these versions more quickly: Locations of the Correct Versions of SAP Kernel Programs for 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The last line displays the highest patch level.5B All databases For tp: 4. Directory /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/<OS>/40B For the SAP Kernel: sapserv<X> Locations of the Correct Versions of SAP Kernel Programs for 4.6C Kernel CD.6C Kernel CD.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Directory /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/<OS>/45B April 2001 65 .0B Database Location DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix ORACLE SAP DB DB2 Universal Database For R3trans: 4. You can always find the correct versions of these SAP Kernel programs on the SAP Support Servers sapserv<X>.

4. enter SCROLL when you are prompted for the display mode. Mount the CD SAP Kernel. Procedure 1. 66 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Starting PREPARE from the CD Prerequisites • • You have met the requirements for PREPARE. see the section Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode [Page 201]. followed by the Upgrade Assistant GUI [Page 68].Upgrading to 4. This ends the program PREPARE. Make sure that the database and the SAP System have been started up. Now start the Upgrade Assistant Server [Page 67]. Log on to the host on which the central instance is running as user <sapsid>adm. We recommend that you use the Upgrade Assistant. Enter the following commands: cd <upgrade directory> /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/PREPARE This creates a directory <upgrade directory>/ua into which the Upgrade Assistant is unpacked. 3. The necessary commands can be found in the specific chapters for the operating system in the manual SAP Software on UNIX . If you want or have to run PREPARE in scroll mode. 5. Confirm the prompt of the display mode with the default EXIT.OS Dependencies. Log on to the Upgrade Assistant GUI as the administrator and restart PREPARE [Page 72]. You have made the met the database-specific requirements for PREPARE [Page 62]. For information on how to activate scroll mode when you restart PREPARE. 2.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Open a new window at the operating system level as user <sapsid>adm: 2. Enter the following command: jre -cp <upgrade_directory>/ua/ua. This creates the subdirectory ua in the upgrade directory and disassembles the Upgrade Assistant in this directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Starting the Upgrade Assistant Server Prerequisites You must start the program PREPARE once from the CD. Procedure 1.jar UaServer April 2001 67 .

Open a new window as user <sapsid>adm: 2.jar UaGui 68 April 2001 . 2.Upgrading to 4. We recommend that you call the GUI from an Internet browser. You need to enter the full Internet name.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Starting the Upgrade Assistant GUI Prerequisites The Upgrade Assistant server must be active [Page 67]. hw1156.jar UaGui When using the Microsoft Virtual Machine: jview /cp <UaGuiDir>\uagui. copy the file uagui. for example. The procedure depends on the host on which you are starting the GUI of the Upgrade Assistant.jar from the upgrade directory on this host to a directory <UaGuiDir> or mount it with NFS. 2. Use the following URL to display the contents of the upgrade directory: http://<host_name>:4239 Starting the GUI on Windows Hosts 1. you must copy the file uagui.wdf.jar UaGui Starting the GUI on UNIX Hosts Starting the GUI on the Host with the Central Instance 1. So that the GUI can also be executed on other hosts.jar UaGui Starting the GUI on Other UNIX Hosts 1. Starting the GUI from the Internet Browser To start the GUI from a browser.sap-ag. So that the GUI can also be used on other hosts. Start the GUI as follows: jre -cp <upgrade_directory>/ua/uagui. Start the GUI in a command prompt as follows: When using the Java Runtime Environment (JRE): jre -cp <UaGuiDir>\uagui.de. enter the following URL: http://<host_name>:4239/ua/UaGui.html Replace <host name> with the name of the host on which the Upgrade Assistant is running.jar from the directory <UpgDir>/ua on this host to any directory <UaGuiDir>. Start the GUI as follows: jre -cp <UaGuiDir>/uagui.

33 2. enter the name of the host where the central instance is running. Example of the format for the host name: hw1156 hw1156. If you want to start the GUI and the server on the same host.de 155. You see the following screen: April 2001 69 . Do not change the default value 4241 in the field Port number.sap-ag. 3. Procedure If you did not start the GUI from an Internet browser.202. you can leave the field Host name empty.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. the following connect screen appears: 1. In the field Host name.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Starting the Upgrade Assistant Prerequisites The Upgrade Assistant and the Upgrade Assistant GUI are already started.56.wdf.

The initial passwords for the two roles are as follows: Role Initial Password admin observer Administrator Observer After logging on. enter your personal information. In the field Password. the following window appears with the main menu: 70 April 2001 . 5.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 4. In the fields User name / Phone number. you must enter a password that specifies if the GUI has the role of the administrator or the observer.Upgrading to 4.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX April 2001 71 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

Select Administrator → Start PREPARE. 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Restarting PREPARE from the Upgrade Assistant GUI 1. Log on to the GUI. Make sure that the Upgrade Assistant server is active. PREPARE must run through all mandatory modules before you start the actual upgrade. 72 April 2001 . 3.Upgrading to 4. 2. some are optional. Some modules are mandatory. Start a GUI as described under Starting the Upgrade Assistant GUI. A successfully executed module has the status succeeded. You can select which modules you want PREPARE to run through on one of the following screens.

If you reset PREPARE between the phases mentioned above.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. but do not want to upgrade the system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Resetting PREPARE Use If you have already executed PREPARE more than once. you must perform the remaining phases up to at least NPREPCRE0 before you reset PREPARE. In the following cases. • Procedure 1. then you have to reset PREPARE. April 2001 73 . the command reset prepare does not reset these initializations. If you have already triggered initialization in transaction ICNV. you can only reset PREPARE under certain conditions: • If PREPARE in the Import module is between the phases TOOLIMPD1 and NPREPCRE0. errors occur when you restart PREPARE. Enter the following commands as user <sapsid>adm: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin R3up reset prepare 2. Delete the contents of the upgrade directory so that it has the same status it had the first time PREPARE was started [Page 66].

you may need to import software. 2. 74 April 2001 . Reset PREPARE as described in the section Resetting PREPARE. 3. or add-ons (and add-on updates).Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Importing Software After Starting PREPARE Use After you start PREPARE. Import the required software. such as Support Packages. languages. Start PREPARE again from the CD and repeat the required and optional modules. Procedure 1.

see below. For a list of the necessary entries for this PREPARE module. You always have this option if the JCL job produces errors. Procedure The following parameters of your system are prompted (INITPUT phase): • • • • • • Name of the SAP System (<SAPSID>) Number of the instance. User who starts the ICLI server Enter the name of the user who starts the 4. Default entries appear where possible. Confirm or change the default entry. 6. 4. for example 00 Host name of the central SAP server Path to the SAP start and stop procedure (default is the home directory of user <sapsid>adm) Path to the active SAP Kernel Instance name of the database DB2 for OS/390 You are now prompted to make the following entries: 1. These jobs can also run at night.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Making Entries for the Parameter Input Module Use PREPARE needs certain information from you so that it can run the Parameter Input module.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. DB2 subsystem name Enter the name of the DB2 subsystem.6C ICLI server. 2. 3. Stop before execution of the JCL job Several JCL jobs are executed during PREPARE and the upgrade. JCL Submission Service test Make the following entries as part of the JCL Submission Service test: − − MESSAGECLASS TCP/IP name of the database host April 2001 75 . Data set for DSNTIAD library Enter the name of the data set that contains the DSNTIAD library. Here you have to decide whether you want the upgrade to stop before the JCL job is executed. The name of the phase is given in parentheses to help you. so that you can make corrections to the job. in particular RUNSTATS during the table import. 5. The default name is ICLIRUN. Data set for LOAD library Enter the name of the data set that contains the LOAD library.

You are asked if you want to use this option. You can also install this software as described in SAP Note 103135. Stop and start the ICLI server for each job In the TABUIMP_BAS phase. SAP software components You are asked whether you want to import some SAP software components (rfcoscol.6C ICLI servers. You can delete this directory after you complete the upgrade. You need at least 15 MB for this. For more information.6C ICLI PTF As part of the installation of the 4. If you confirm this option. The OS/390 user (step 6) needs write and read authorization for this directory. You can also use a job to start and stop the ICLI server (without any user action). If you confirm this prompt. If you are working in scroll mode use ENTER to skip the prompts for extra mount directories. in addition to the instance of the source release’s ICLI server. 9. You are then prompted to start a 4. 10. This instance is needed during the upgrade only. High level qualifier for 4. • Temporary upgrade directory on OpenEdition You must create this directory now. saposcol and librfc) to OS/390 while PREPARE is running. see SAP Note 136806. you do not have to enter any other mount directories. You can stop it again after the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG − − OS/390 user Password of the OS/390 user 7. Port number You are prompted to enter a port number for an instance of the 4. you need to make the following entries: • • Program ID Specifies the TCP/IP connection used by rfcoscol saposcol-/rfcoscol directory Directory in which saposcol and rfcoscol are installed. you must stop the ICLI server of the source release and start the ICLI server of the target release.6C ICLI PTF was installed. End of DB2 for OS/390 • • Host name of the database server Mount directories for CDs If you have only one CD drive.Upgrading to 4. The OS/390 user (step 6) needs write and read authorization for this directory. 76 April 2001 . you are asked to adjust the corresponding jobs.6C ICLI server you must enter the High Level Qualifier under which the 4. Whenever necessary. 8.6C ICLI server under this port number. R3up prompts you to specify a mount directory or to change the CD.

for example. Add-Ons The other CDs in the upgrade package are not required by PREPARE or R3up. to import a new version of the database system. you now have the chance to update the database statistics for tables and indexes. but by other programs within the upgrade. However. • Language key Enter E or D to define whether the help texts displayed by R3up in error situations appear in English or German. You can skip this step.6C Support Release 2: UNIX If you have more than one CD drive or you are able to copy the contents of the CD to disk. PREPARE and R3up require the following CDs as well as the SAP Kernel CD: Additional CDs CD Title Upgrade CD1 Upgrade CD2 Upgrade CD3 Upgrade CD4 Upgrade CD5 Language Disc Optional CDs CD Title Language Disc for your chosen language Add-On CDs Contents Transport requests imported during the upgrade (PREPARE) Transport requests imported during the upgrade (PREPARE) ABAP loads and transport requests imported in the upgrade (PREPARE/R3up) Transport requests imported during the upgrade (R3up) Transport requests imported during the upgrade (R3up) Standard languages English and German (PREPARE/R3up) Contents Languages other than English and German For the exact contents. enter all the mount directories used. DB2 Universal Database • Update database statistics To avoid lock situations and any resulting problems during the upgrade. • Number of parallel import processes The number of parallel processes used by R3trans to import data into the database. For more information on using multiple CD drives.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. see Drawing Up an Upgrade Schedule [Page 32]. see the file README on the CD. we only advise you to do this if: − − you update the statistics regularly you already generated statistics the last time you ran PREPARE April 2001 77 . We recommend the 3 processes for machines with 512 MB main memory. Up to 4 parallel import processes are possible for multiprocessor hosts with sufficient main memory. You can change your entries each time you run PREPARE or R3up.

change it. Password of user DDIC in the system. client 000 This password is needed for the RFC connection to the system. • Host name of the background server Normally a background service is available on the central instance. R3up asks you to verify the password by entering it a second time. If you do not know the state of the database statistics.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG At the beginning of R3up (actual upgrade). the background service may be elsewhere to improve load distribution. and that the background server can process background jobs of class C. If in doubt.PFL profile The DEFAULT. End of DB2 Universal Database • Name of the SAP start profile The SAP start profile is used in the SAP start procedure and is in the general profile directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile. you have another opportunity to update the statistics. 78 April 2001 . in larger systems. choose MEDIUM. Check whether the password is correct by logging onto the system. Long runtime. In this case. If in doubt. enter the host name and the name of the relevant application server. • Path of the DEFAULT. • Path and name of the profile of the central instance The profile for the central instance is also in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile and usually uses the following naming convention: <SAPSID>_DVEBMGS<instance number>_<host name> You must check here whether your default value is correct. You have the following options: MEDIUM HIGH = tables with cardinality = -1 or with cardinality = 0 (and any corresponding indexes) = all tables (and any corresponding indexes).PFL can be found in directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile. Also make sure that the upgrade directory is mounted on the host with the background service. see the script startsap for the correct name of the start profile. If it is not correct. It meets the following naming conventions: START_<instance name><instance number>_<host name> START_DVEBMGS00_hsi027 Always check that the default value is correct. However. You can check this with transaction SM51. see the start profile for the correct name.Upgrading to 4.

If you run the system with multiple application servers. time intervals might occur. 60 seconds is entered for the bufreftime parameter in the instance profiles of the servers. • The greatest synchronization time of the buffers of all the application servers Usually. If you installed several instances. If the time entered is too short.x cannot read the system log of older releases since the format changed as of Release 4. • Directory for the local system log This is the local system log for the central instance. you must manually rename the local system log of this remote server (see Renaming the Local System Log [Page 150]). the local system log of the central instance and the central system log are renamed in a kernel substitution (KX_SWITCH phase). This action cannot be performed automatically. R3up must wait for this length of time at certain points during the upgrade so that all the instances are synchronized. • • Directory for the central system log See Directory for the local system log above.x. The SAP Kernel of Release 4. April 2001 79 . For this reason. The system logs are recreated the next time the system is started with the new release. Check the active operation modes with transaction SM63 to find out if it satisfies this requirement. Path to the EPS inbox The default value is proposed.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The server you select must be available for background operations round the clock. in which users can make unchecked changes. it is important that the largest value of all the profiles is defined here.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Check this value and correct it if necessary.

You also have the option of inserting the volumes from volumes. The following lines contain information on the disks whose IDs are specified behind volume. you may need to create new stogroups in the database. The volumes.smp in the sub-directory bin of the upgrade directory.pfl into the existing stogroups of the source release database layout. The volumes. you need information about the local hardware configuration (SMS/NON SMS. VOLIDs).smp. #-----------------------# FILE: VOLUMES. the file volumes. you are prompted to create this file using the sample file volumes.pfl file contains the VSAM catalog ID and the disk ID.Upgrading to 4. and then adapt it to the local hardware configuration.5A. or extend existing stogroups. the stogroups needed for the database layout of the target release are created with the volumes defined in the file volumes.pfl into the existing stogroups of the source release database layout. If the database uses disks managed by the Storage Management System (SMS). see Note 197772. • For information on the amount of disk space needed in the database. In the first SPACECHK phase. the disk ID.pfl . R3up creates the following sample file volumes.5B and later.pfl in the sub-directory bin of the upgrade directory contains the following disk entries: # volume VOLUME-ID '*' The following is an example of a sample file for the SMS: 80 April 2001 .SMP #-----------------------# VCAT-ID VCAT DSNOOE # VOLUME-ID volume DB2069 volume DB206A volume DB206B #------------------------ You must copy this volumes.pfl to the sub-directory bin of the upgrade directory.0B. For source releases 4. • For source releases up to and including 4. you have the option of inserting the volumes defined in the file volumes. The Database Administration Guide describes the new database layout for the target release. To do this.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Entries for the Initialization Module Procedure DB2 for OS/390 Depending on the source release.pfl file does not exist when PREPARE starts. The first line without comments contains the characters VCAT and the disk catalog ID. The database layout was changed in Release 4.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX #----------------------------# FILE: VOLUMES.PFL #----------------------------# VCAT-ID VCAT DSNOOE # VOLUME-ID volume '*' #----------------------------- End of DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 81 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

Phase PATCH_CHK3 The system tests to see if all the Support Packages (previously known as Hot Packages. • Delete the add-on You can only choose this alternative if your add-on supplier has confirmed that this does not cause any problems. You need to do this even if only the standard languages English and German are installed in your system. The data is copied to the upgrade directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Entries for the Read CD Module Procedure Phase LANG_SELECT You are prompted to mount the language CD.0E and R3up is unable to determine a standard setting for the territory of your system. For more information. • Keep the present version of the add-on Only choose this alternative if the vendor of your add-on has confirmed that you can do this without losing data. If you exclude a language. If you have not installed any add-ons. A password is required for this alternative. you can exclude certain languages from the upgrade. Phase LANG_CHK If you have a source release lower than 3. see Importing Additional Languages [Page 52]. Legal Change Patches) are confirmed. you are prompted to make the relevant changes. Phase IS_READ All add-ons appear that are found in the IS_CHK phase. In principle. If you have installed languages other than the standard languages. 82 April 2001 . it is possible to install additional languages during the upgrade. The standard languages are always imported. you cannot work in this language after the upgrade. Phase IS_CHK You are asked if any add-ons are installed that are not automatically recognized. confirm the prompt with nothing else. The following alternatives are offered for each add-on: • Upgrade the component with the CD for the add-ons When you choose this alternative. and any add-ons that may have been added manually.Upgrading to 4. you are asked to insert the corresponding CD.

If you upgrade your system without doing this. However. then you need to do this in the next phase BIND_PATCH. a warning appears that informs you which Support Packages these are. the R/3 HR Support Packages already imported into your SAP System are canceled and data is lost.6C Support Release 1. you must include the HR Support Packages. If you use an add-on component.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Unconfirmed Support Packages are displayed on the screen and in the PATCHOUT. you need a Package Key as of 4. If R3up displays a warning that your Support Package level is too up-to-date and you want to include Support Packages in the upgrade. ACT_46C. Confirm these Support Packages with transaction SPAM. You can include the Support Packages for multiple software components in this phase. This means that your system is completely up-to-date after the upgrade. we recommend that you always include all available Support Packages for the target release. the Hot Packages and Legal Change Patches are divided into several subpackages: • Hot Packages: − − − Basis Support Packages (software component SAP_BASIS) Cross-Application Support Packages (software component SAP_ABA) R/3 Support Packages (software component SAP_APPL) • Legal Change Packages: − − − − Basis Support Packages (software component SAP_BASIS) Cross-Application Support Packages (software component SAP_ABA) R/3 Support Packages (software component SAP_APPL) R/3 HR Support Packages (software component SAP_HR) In this case. you can find information about including the corresponding Add-On Packages or Conflict Resolution Transports in the SAP Note for the Add-On Supplement CD. For information on this and on other subjects.LOG file in the log subdirectory of the upgrade directory. All software components appear whose Support Package level is more up-to-date than the status of the software components on the upgrade CD. To include Basis Support Packages.6. One disadvantage of including Support Packages in the upgrade is that the runtime of the upgrade phases SHADOW_IMPORT_REP. TABIM_46C and XPRAS_46C increases. SAP Note 73510 specifies which R/3 HR Support Package in the target release is equivalent to your current state. If you use SAP HR. If the source release contains Support Packages that are more recent than those in the delivered target release. the overall runtime of the upgrade is reduced. Reimporting the R/3 HR Support Packages in the target release does not solve this problem. As of Release 4. see SAP Note 119738. April 2001 83 . We recommend that you include all existing R/3 HR Support Packages in phase BIND_PATCH (see the next section) of the upgrade. and all released Basis Support Packages.

15 1 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase BIND_PATCH You can include the Support Packages for the target release in this phase. If you choose this method.Upgrading to 4. When you upgrade to 4. Log on as user <sid>adm. following its instructions 2.SAR SAPCAR -xvf <CD_DRIVE>:\<PATH>\<ARCHIVE>.6C Support Release 2. 5. You can download the Support Packages in one of the following ways: − − − from SAPNet . following the instructions in SAP Note 83458 from a Support Package Collection CD. the following Support Packages are already included in the upgrade: Component Support Package SAP_BASIS SAP_ABA SAP_APPL SAP_HR 1 .19 If you want to include additional Support Packages. you can find details about the archives and their paths in the readme file on the CD. skip points 2 through 4 and proceed from point 5.R/3 Frontend using transaction SPAM. Use the following command to unpack the archive that contains the Support Packages: Operating system Command SAPCAR -xvf /<CD_DIR>/<PATH>/<ARCHIVE>.15 1 . Check whether the unpacked Support Packages are in the EPS Inbox of your transport directory: Operating system EPS Inbox of the transport directory /usr/sap/trans/EPS/in <DRIVE>:\usr\sap\trans\EPS\in UNIX Windows NT 84 April 2001 .SAR UNIX Windows NT If you want to download the archives from a Support Package Collection CD. from the SAP Service Marketplace. 3.15 1 . proceed as follows: 1. Download the Support Packages of the target release. Switch to the following subdirectory in your system: Operating system Subdirectory /usr/sap/trans <DRIVE>:\usr\sap\trans UNIX Windows NT 4.

Phase ICNVREQ_PRP If PREPARE determined candidates for incremental table conversion (ICNV). All you need to do is overwrite the default Support Package level.6C Support Release 2: UNIX For Source Release 4. select the appropriate field if you are using the Upgrade Assistant. As well as the software components. If you want to include (more) Support Packages for your various software components. The modification adjustment function ignores this request. Any Support Packages that you cannot include in the upgrade must be imported into the system after the upgrade. or enter NONE if you are using scroll mode. For an online description of how to use this transaction. you can use a single change request to avoid losing data. Only use this function if the owner of the request can guarantee that it is compatible with the upgrade. If you want to cancel the selection for a software component completely. make sure that these packages are also in the EPS Inbox. 7. You need a Package Key to include a Basis Support Package in the upgrade. You no longer need to reset PREPARE to reduce the number of Support Packages that you want to include. April 2001 85 . Answer the prompt about searching for new Support Packages with Search. Enter the Support Package level you want for your various software components. Whether you have the option of including Conflict Resolution Transports (CRTs) or Collective Conflict Resolution Transports (CCRTs) in the upgrade depends on what is written in the SAP Note for the particular add-on component. Phase ADJUSTPRP If you want to execute PREPARE in a target system and you made preparations for an automatic modification adjustment in the first system. The Package Keys are in SAP Note 119738.0B: If you want to include Conflict Resolution Transports as well as Add-On Support Packages for Add-On components. 8. 6. You can skip this step with Skip if you have not downloaded any new Support Packages since the last time you searched. you are prompted to choose a request. Using the single change request function is risky. You cannot include SPAM Updates in the upgrade. answer Yes to the prompt about including Support Packages in the BIND_PATCH phase. 9. you are prompted to start transaction ICNV.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. When you confirm the confirmation prompt you integrate all Support Packages up to the specified level into the upgrade for the selected components. In certain situations. call Transaction ICNV and choose Information. you also have the option of including a single change request. It may take a few minutes to unpack the Support Package data.

see Planning the Upgrade → Incremental Table Conversion. the tables are converted during downtime.Upgrading to 4. 86 April 2001 . For more information on incremental conversion. in particular the inclusion of Support Packages.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG If you do not want to use this option. have been completed. Call the steps Initialization and Data Transfer in the ICNV only when all PREPARE actions. If you reset PREPARE. this does not cancel any modifications made by initializing the ICNV.

Each run of PREPARE generates a header entry containing the text Starting new execution of PREPARE modules <modulename> at <time_stamp>. If you have distributed application servers that do not use NFS to share access to the profile of the central instance. The entries in the file CHECKS.PFL: Value sendon. The data for the new release cannot be imported into the existing space in your database.exeauto Use if Multiple SAP instances are installed for this system (<SAPSID>) one SAP instance is installed for this system (<SAPSID>) Also make sure that the parameter rdisp/bufrefmode is not set in the instance profile. This is followed by the PREPARE results.LOG. April 2001 87 . This file is located in the sub-directory log of the upgrade directory.PFL and make sure that the parameter rdisp/bufrefmode is not set in the local instance profile.LOG can be error messages.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Evaluating the Results of PREPARE Use As mentioned in the section PREPARE [Page 212]. The parameter rdisp/bufrefmode must have on of the following values in the profile /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile DEFAULT.exeauto sendoff. For more information. enter the value sendon. • Insufficient freespace in the database as follows: The new release needs more space in the database. The procedure is described in the following database-specific sections. Call transaction ICNV and finish incremental conversion. Procedure Most of the entries are self-explanatory. The extensions required are specified in a table in CHECKS. • The buffers of your R/3 instance are not automatically validated.LOG. The incremental conversion is not yet finished from a previous upgrade. You can find information and procedures for the other entries in the following: • Incremental conversion is not completed. PREPARE writes its results to the file CHECKS. Use Transaction ICNV to lock this conversion.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Add the space that you will need for additional data before you actually upgrade the system. information or prompts for user action.exeauto in each local DEFAULT. see the online help for ICNV.

These are always the following tablespaces for the Repository Switch: PSAPES<Rel>D PSAPES<Rel>I PSAPEL<Rel>D PSAPEL<Rel>I <Rel> stands for the current target release. For an exact description.2 increases the page size of a database page from 4 KB to 8 KB. If you moved tables with delivery classes other than “L” to your own dbspaces. You can find more information in the SAP online documentation on database administration for DB2 Universal Database. When you create the dbspaces. PSAPES<Rel>D and PSAPEL<Rel>D must not be on the same disk. you must take the following restrictions into consideration when creating the new tablespaces (in the order they are listed): − − − Different containers of a tablespace should be located on different (physical) disks. For performance reasons. The space check is made at the dbspace level. The required freespace is based on the database version you are currently using. Create the new dbspaces as required by PREPARE. Create the new tablespaces as required by PREPARE. see Note 34690. These are always the following dbspaces for the Repository Switch: psapes<rel> psapel<rel> <rel> stands for the current target release (lower case). you can use the DB2 administration tools or a DB2 Command Line Processor Template generated by PREPARE (see file CHECKS. create a new devspace with the database tools.LOG). DB2 Universal Database Extend the listed tablespaces by at least the specified values.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG SAP DB To extend your database. Informix Extend the listed dbspaces by at least the specified values. You can find information on extending and creating dbspaces in the SAP online documentation on database administration for Informix. To create or extend tablespaces. make sure that they are not located on the same disk: This improves performance. Database Release 7. you should have roughly the same size freespace 88 April 2001 . Corresponding index and data tablespaces should not be on the same disk.Upgrading to 4.

For performance reasons. - We recommend the following combination: Disk 1: PSAPES<Rel>D and PSAPEL<Rel>I Disk 2: PSAPEL<Rel>D and PSAPES<Rel>I To extend and create tablespaces. Reboot your AIX System to activate the new values.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. A typical example is moving the ATAB from the dbspace psappool. Where necessary. You can now create tablespaces with sapdba. you must take the following restrictions into consideration when creating the new tablespaces: - index tablespaces and data tablespaces that belong together must not be on the same disk. and must not be in the same sapdata directory PSAPES<Rel>D and PSAPEL<Rel>D must not be on the same disk. however. Note that the parameter fsize is increased by the same amount for the user <sapsid>adm. You can overwrite these values. increase the value of fsize. Choose a low degree of fragmentation when you create tablespaces. Be generous when you extend existing tablespaces. Otherwise <sapsid>adm is unable to start up the database after large tablespaces have been created. you must meet the minimum requirements of the list. End of AIX sapdba suggests other values for the extension than those specified in the list. error messages are issued if tablespaces greater than 1 GB are created. Create the new tablespaces as required by PREPARE. use the program <upgrade_directory>/exe/sapdba as user ora<sapsid>. You can find further information in the SAP online documentation on the program sapdba. April 2001 89 . These are always the following tablespaces for the Repository Switch: PSAPES<Rel>D PSAPES<Rel>I PSAPEL<Rel>D PSAPEL<Rel>I <Rel> stands for the current target release.6C Support Release 2: UNIX available in these dbspaces as in the original dbspaces of the tables. Oracle Extend the listed tablespaces by at least the specified values. Avoid fragmenting the database too strongly. AIX If the AIX user parameter fsize (=maximum filesize) is set to the default value of 1 GB for the user ora<sapsid>.

• no write permission on <file name>: The specified file in the directory of user <sapsid>adm cannot be overwritten because the authorizations were not correctly set or the owner of the file is not <sapsid>adm. The programs that are affected are listed in the lines ERROR> No write permission for file <executable>. Also check the extent structure of the tables. End of the database-specific explanations • In Release <rel> you applied the following unconfirmed patches to your system. since the objects contained in them are locked. Their numbers are listed. Before you begin upgrading. for security reasons. APO Support Packages and so on. Note 62519 gives you possible solutions to this problem. such as R/3 Support Packages. R/3 HR Support Packages. We do not recommend that you give write authorization to others. Correct this by changing the authorizations or the owner. If you have to create a tablespace in more than two fragments. For more information. then this system was created by a database copy. you must either change the group or add the user <sapsid>adm to the group temporarily. • Change the permission of these executables: You must be able to overwrite the programs of the old SAP Kernel to be able to copy the new SAP kernel to the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run during the upgrade. where n is the number of fragments.2) * 100 MB to the total size of the tablespace. There are unconfirmed Support Packages in your system. otherwise the import of the substitution set will terminate. These open repairs cannot be released in the normal manner.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG For the tablespace PSAPES<Rel>D. Use the Transaction SPAM to confirm these Support Packages before the upgrade. • Release these open transport requests and repairs: Modifications can be lost if open repairs are ignored There are locked SAP objects in open repairs and/or requests in your system. add (n . you must release and confirm all the open repairs and requests listed by PREPARE. If open repairs that do not belong to this system are displayed. create at least one data file with 2 GB. see Releasing Open Repairs and Requests [Page 208]. BW Support Packages. see the Online Documentation under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport System → Language Transport. For information on this. 90 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4. Change the write authorization with: chmod ug+w <executable> If the program does not belong to the group sapsys.

. Outstanding DB conversions found. tp informs you in this file about any problems during processing. Do not delete entries for running imports or exports during production operation. • Unresolved request found in TRBAT..6C Support Release 2: UNIX You must log on to the system under the name of the relevant owner to release and confirm the open repairs. TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job is running. Determine and clean up entries for terminated imports or exports during the upgrade preparations.<SAPSID> where <YY> is the year (2 digits) and <WW> is the calendar week (2 digits). The list in CHECKS... Corrupted TRBAT entry found..Basis →=System Administration → Transport Control → Transport Control Program tp in Release 4..Transport Tools → Transport Control Program tp • The following indexes <number> were read: Indexes whose names are identical up to the 14th character were found in a table belonging to the substitution set... ...LOG contains these names...SAP AG Upgrading to 4. April 2001 91 . This is an inconsistency and would result in an error during the import of the substitution set. The transport control program tp uses the table TRBAT to communicate with the SAP System... You can find more information about the transport control program tp in the SAP Library: Choose in Release 3.x: Help → R/3-Library → BC . You can monitor the tp monitor file with the following command: tail -f /usr/sap/trans/log/SLOG<YY><WW>. TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job has finished. • Restart logs of DB conversions found.Basis Components → Change and Transport System → BC . Entries found in this table by R3up may be the remains of a terminated or running import or export. Your system contains outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions. Use Transaction SM31 to delete any entries in TRBAT that cannot be processed and that are no longer needed. The 14th character is an 'X' in one of the two names and is empty in the other. First try to process the TRBAT entries from /usr/sap/trans/bin with the following command: tp getprots <SAPSID> Running imports or exports are not affected..x: Help → SAP Library → BC ... . Clean these up as described under Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases [Page 179]...

2. Repeat this check when the system stops operating productively (see Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202]). Delete the default values for the client. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. 2. SAP DB • Insufficient DB parameter MAXLOCKS. proceed as follows: 1.. If you are still in the preparation phase (PREPARE) and therefore in production operation. To determine the terminated or outstanding updates. Start Transaction SM13. user and time. Enter the following command: db2 "alter table sapr3. proceed as follows: 1. you must first make a backup.<TABNAME> drop primary key" 3. 3. you only have to delete the terminated updates. Use the SAP DB tool xcontrol to give MAXLOCKS the correct value. • Update records still exist . The changed parameter only becomes active after you have stopped and started the database.Upgrading to 4. • The following database tables have names that are identical to names of Basis views. Reconstruct the primary index (index ID 0) on the database. The views will be created in this upgrade. DB2 Universal Database • DATABASE ERROR: There is an inconsistent index in your database: Index SQL<nnnnnnnnnnnnnnn> on table <TABNAME> The information about the primary index names was lost and was replaced with a name generated by the database system because the IBM export/import tool was used. Consult a Basis consultant. since otherwise table or index modifications could terminate. Choose all the update requests. Delivered views may have names identical to the names of customer tables in the SAP namespace.please process Make sure that you have cleaned up all outstanding updates by the phase JOB_RSVBCHCK3 (during downtime) at the latest.. Log on to the system as user DDIC and start Transaction SE14. Terminated or outstanding updates have to be followed up or deleted in all clients. Therefore . These must be cleaned up before you start the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The index with the 'X' at the 14th position can only have occurred in a Repository Switch or have been created outside the SAP System. 92 April 2001 . You must delete these tables. If you need the table data later. To do this.

Certain database parameters are set too low for the upgrade. ---> Set the parameter to <new value>. To do so. Increase <param> with the following command: update db cfg for <sapsid> using <param> <new value> 3. Set the parameter(s) to the required value.6C Support Release 2: UNIX • DATABASE ERROR: The value <old value> of <param> database configuration parameter is too low.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Proceed as follows: 1. Log on as db2<sapsid> and start up CLP with db2. shut down the database with stopsap db and start it up again with startsap db. 2. End of the database-specific explanations April 2001 93 . The parameters do not become effective until the database is restarted.

Make a backup copy of these programs to guarantee this. Make sure that you can recover the old Kernel if this becomes necessary. so that you can repeat the modifications after the upgrade. Depending on the operating system setting displayed with the command uname. These profiles are in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile and usually stick to the following naming convention: <SAPSID>_<instance name><instance number>_<host name> Insert the following parameters: 1. If you have modified the standard scripts. /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX=SINIX 3. also insert one of the following parameters: /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX-Y=SINIX (or (or /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX-M=SINIX) /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX-N=SINIX) For more information. the SAP Kernel programs are replaced under /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run.Upgrading to 4. you must back up the scripts before you upgrade. Making Operating System-Specific Preparations ReliantUNIX You must change the instance profiles of all the SAP instances. see the SAP Notes 39473 and 39475. Backing Up the Scripts for Starting and Stopping the SAP System During the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Preparations at the Operating System Level Backing Up the SAP Kernel During the upgrade. the scripts for starting and stopping the SAP System are substituted so that they correspond to the new release. End of ReliantUNIX 94 April 2001 . /install/os_version/Relia=SINIX 2.

0B: Make sure that the statistics are up-to-date for all tables.columns to user sapr3 grant update on table sysstat. SAP DB We recommend that you make a complete backup of the database before upgrading. If the value is lower than 50 MB. Oracle You can find detailed information about making backups as well as about the programs brbackup and brarchive in the SAP online documentation on database administration for Oracle. The procedure is described in Note 113008.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Making Preparations at the Database Level Backing Up the Database Make sure that you can reset the database to the state it had before the upgrade by using an existing database backup.ora. Change MAXUSERTASKS for the upgrade so that it is at least 3 larger than the number of started disp+work processes. End of Oracle Making Database-Specific Preparations SAP DB For the upgrade. Check the value of the parameter shared_pool_size in the file $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<SID>.indexes to user sapr3 DB2 for OS/390 We recommend that you update the statistics before the upgrade. Oracle 1. Enter the following commands: grant update on table sysstat. The changed parameter only becomes active when the database is stopped and started. April 2001 95 . increase it to at least 50 MB and restart the database.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Determine the number of started disp+work processes with Transaction SM50. Proceed as described in the section Oracle: Actions → Updating Statistics. You must back up the log when you isolate the central instance. As of Source Release 4. DB2 Universal Database User sapr3 needs additional authorizations for updating the statistic values. Log on as user <sapsid>adm at the operating system level. 2. change the database parameter MAXUSERTASKS. Out-ofdate statistics can increase the runtime of the upgrade significantly. For a description of the upgrade strategies that you can choose from. see the section Planning the Upgrade Strategy [Page 20].tables to user sapr3 grant update on table sysstat.

0x/3. delete the copy of brarchive.ora: OPTIMIZER_MODE=RULE 8. 96 April 2001 . If this entry does not exist. Check the value of the storage parameter MAXEXTENTS for the tablespace PSAPTEMP.adm='NO' To do this. enter the following SQLPLUS command: select * from dba_sys_privs where grantee = 'SAPR3'. 4.. Otherwise.sql is located in the bin subdirectory of the upgrade directory. proceed as follows: a.).. we recommend that you switch the DBA tools (such as sapdba) for the upgrade. enter the SQLPLUS command: grant unlimited tablespace to sapr3.privilege='UNLIMITED TABLESPACE'. Check the resource quotas of the database user SAPR3: Oracle error 1536 can occur during the upgrade if the resource quotas of the database user SAPR3 are limited. Make sure that these quotas are unlimited. The index names are not constant.1x Only: Make sure that the parameter OPTIMIZER_MODE has the following setting in the Oracle profile $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<SAPSID>. Log on to the database as the Oracle user system with sqlplus (default password is manager). 9. 10. For Upgrade Strategy A_on Only: If you want to leave brarchive running during the upgrade to avoid Archiver Stuck situations (brarchive -f . This procedure avoids upgrade errors caused by overwriting the executables during the upgrade. Log off the database with the command quit. Make sure that the storage parameters MAXEXTENTS and NEXT have the correct values for certain tables and indexes. However. This script sets the value of MAXEXTENTS for the tablespace PSAPTEMP to UNLIMITED. Start brarchive as user ora<sapsid> from the temporary directory: /tmp/brarchive -f . After the upgrade. Note 201874 contains the tables and the required minimum values. You can display the current settings with sapdba. 7. 6. Note 11777 describes how to change the parameters NEXT and MAXEXTENTS. they may overflow during the upgrade. 5. If you are not sure.sql as the database administrator. Check whether table DBA_SYS_PRIVS contains one of the following entries: grantee='SAPR3'.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 3.. Source Releases 3. c..Upgrading to 4.adm='YES' grantee='SAPR3'. The script psaptemp. execute the script psaptemp. Make a temporary copy of brarchive: cp /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/brarchive /tmp b. you can also determine these names with sapdba. If your database version is already higher than the minimum version for the new release.privilege='UNLIMITED TABLESPACE'.

This overwrites the DBA tools optimized for the minimum required database version with the tools best suited to your database version.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The RDBMS CD for the database contains the up-to-date tools that you unpacked on the current Kernel when you migrated the database. After you execute PREPARE. unpack this archive again into the subdirectory exe of the upgrade directory. End of the database-specific explanations April 2001 97 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

0x/3.0x/3.Upgrading to 4. you also need to make preparations at the SAP System level: • • • • • • • • Checking the User for the Upgrade [Page 99] Checking Requirements for the Modification Adjustment [Page 100] Setting the Operation Mode for the Upgrade [Page 101] Processing Batch Input Sessions (Source Release 3.0x/3.1x) [Page 102] Converting the Translation Proposal Pool (Source Releases 3.1x) [Page 105] 98 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Preparations at the SAP System Level As well as the preparations at the operating system level and the database level.1x) [Page 102] Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) (HR Customers) [Page 103] Printing the Default Values for Document Type and Posting Key (FI Customers) [Page 104] Processing Direct Input Error Data (Source Releases 3.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking the User for the Upgrade Prerequisites You must be able to log on to the system in client 000 as user DDIC. Remove this assignment after the upgrade. This means that you cannot create new users. or call transaction SU01. April 2001 99 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You must perform the modification adjustment during the upgrade in the ACT_<rel> phase. The initial password for DDIC is 19920706 in a newly installed system. go to user maintenance. you must log on in the correct client as the user who performs the modification adjustment using transaction SPDD. You cannot use transaction SU01 at this point. DDIC cannot perform the modification adjustment. Procedure To make sure that the authorization has been assigned. Choose Tools → Administration → Maintain users → Users. This must be a user other than DDIC. If your system contains the SAP_NEW profile. we recommend temporarily assigning the SAP_ALL profile to the user who performs the modification adjustment with transaction SPDD. make sure that the following users are assigned this profile in addition to their existing profiles: • • • DDIC SAP* The user who performs the modification adjustment with transaction SPDD If the SAP_NEW profile is not available in your system. To perform the modification adjustment. User DDIC needs to have the authorization SAP_ALL to be able to perform all the actions required during the upgrade. because the system is undefined.

In particular. For more information on the requirements for the modification adjustment. To check this. we cannot guarantee complete support during adjustment. see the documentation CD for the target release under SAP Library → BC .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking Requirements for the Modification Adjustment If you modified SAP objects in your SAP System. In addition. 100 April 2001 . If you do not make sure that you have met the requirements for the modification adjustment.Changing the SAP Standard → The Modification Assistant.Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → BC . make sure that you meet the requirements for the modification adjustment.Upgrading to 4. you might also risk losing the data for ABAP Dictionary objects. make sure that changes to the Repository are allowed in the client in which you want to perform the modification adjustment. use Transaction SCC4.

The jobs may be released. If the SAP instance on which you want to upgrade the system is not entered in an operation mode. All instances and their current configuration appear. The operation mode specifies which services are offered by the work processes (dialog. Also check the operation mode DUMMY. the server name may be entered as <host_name>_<SAPSID>.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Setting the Operation Mode for the Upgrade Use Various background jobs are started during the upgrade. In the case of operation mode DUMMY. but not set to status active (in theory. Position the cursor on the new operation mode and choose Operation mode → Maintain instances → Operation mode view. 3. c. e. d. April 2001 101 . Enter a short description and then save the operation mode. use Transaction RZ04 to check the definition of your operation modes. Choose Save. Choose Settings → Based on current status → New instances →=Generate. Prerequisites No operation modes must contain servers that do not belong to the current system. If operation modes contain names of servers other than those belonging to the system. Change this entry to <host_name>_<SAPSID>_<instance_number>. update. in particular. Procedure 1. create the operation mode for the upgrade as follows: a. Enter the operation mode you have defined as an active operation mode for 24 hours using Transaction SM63. Select Normal operation (24 hours). Before starting the upgrade. f. background processing. Choose Operation mode → Create. Make sure that the instance required for the upgrade has been started up. enqueue. g.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Enter a name for the operation mode. Delete the invalid operation modes. this affects all jobs scheduled to start on a specific server triggered by an event). problems may arise in the background interface in some phases. 2. When you schedule time-dependent jobs. b. and so on). Upgrade. Call Transaction RZ04. spool. a check is made to see whether the SAP instance that you want to run them on is defined in an operation mode. for example.

If you fail to do so. the existing proposal pool will be lost.1x.1H: Use report RSTRMINI for the conversion.1x Only) Use If you have a production system for translation in your SAP System. you must convert the existing proposal pool before upgrading to Release 4.0x or 3. Source release 3.0x/3. Prerequisites Your source release is 3. Prerequisites Your source release is 3. Procedure Make sure that you have finished processing all your batch input sessions before the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Processing Batch Input Sessions (Source Releases 3. Procedure • • Source release lower than 3. see the documentation on the report in the system. old sessions cannot be processed after the upgrade.1H: Proceed as described in Note 98752.0x/3. For more information.0x or 3. 102 April 2001 .1x) Use Due to a change in the data structure.1x.Upgrading to 4.x. Converting the Translation Proposal Pool (Source Releases 3.

use report RPU12W0S. in the following cases. However. and you have modified these. To find out if this applies. You are using SAP model wage types. you must back up table T512W: • • • You have modified 'technical' wage types. You can restore your backup copy after the upgrade. To do this. April 2001 103 . evaluation class.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. and so on). Table T512W is client-specific. Before the upgrade. You have defined wage types that are not within the customer name range. that is wage types beginning with a letter. RPU12W0S restores the entire backup or a generically selected area of the table. you can use the following reports: − − RPU12W0C restores selected parts of table T512W. 2. Procedure 1. back up table T512W or selected areas of this table. The documentation on the report includes instructions on how to proceed.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) (HR Customers) Use We generally recommend backing up wage types table T512W before upgrading. To do this. Make sure you back up the data in the correct client. This method is particularly suitable if you have exact documentation about the wage types you have modified. that is wage types beginning with '/' (adjustment of processing class. check table TRESC by entering T512W as the table name and TABU as the object. Prerequisites You use the SAP application component HR (Human Resources).

Enter TSTCP as the table name and then choose Enter. enter F-01 to F-99. 104 April 2001 . Prerequisites You use the SAP application component FI (Financial Accounting). stored for posting transactions with transaction codes between F-01 and F-99 (such as F-52 Post Incoming Payments). Back up the data before the upgrade by printing out the contents of the table. This affects data in the table TSTCP. To do this. use Transaction SE16.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Printing the Default Values for Document Type and Posting Key (FI Customers) Use The default values for document type and posting key. Procedure 1. In the field TCODE.Upgrading to 4. To do this. use report RFTSTCP0. Reenter the data manually after the upgrade. are lost during the upgrade. 2.

program RMDATINF) to process any error data remaining from a direct input run performed with a 3. April 2001 105 .0 there are changes to the way error data that occurs during the transfer of data by direct input (material master (industry)) is stored.x release.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You can display the messages of previous direct input runs after the upgrade to 4. 2. Before upgrading to Release 4.0x/3.x using program RMDATINF_3X. you can no longer use standard functions (direct input administration.x. recover the errors and run the jobs again. Procedure 1.1x) Use In Release 4.1x. Prerequisites Your source release is 3. As a result. If jobs of this type exist.0x or 3. These changes are primarily intended to ensure upward compatibility in the future.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Processing Direct Input Error Data (Source Releases 3. check if there are any direct input jobs that have terminated abnormally or that have been completed with logical errors.

the abbreviation <rel> is used as a synonym for 46C. R3up is located on the application server of the central instance. This documentation assumes that you only have one CD drive. you are prompted to insert a CD when necessary. In the following. During the upgrade. you can continue the upgrade. see R3up Phase List [Page 225]. R3up logs all actions in the log files [Page 171]. for example).6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The Upgrade Purpose The upgrade procedure updates your SAP System from a source release to a target release. which you can use as the basis of any troubleshooting. or none at all. you must perform the actions that affect the database on the database host. User actions are generally required if problems arise (subdirectories are missing. 106 April 2001 . Some phases of the upgrade require you to make few user entries. For a complete list of all phases. The program PREPARE has run successfully. as well as all structural requirements. The upgrade procedure is divided up into a number of different phases with the successful completion of a phase being in each case a precondition for the success of all subsequent phases. You can use the alert function [Page 199] to gather information if the upgrade has stopped. If an error occurs. Process Flow You use the program R3up to upgrade the system. as well as any particularly critical areas. Once you have repeated the phase successfully. Prerequisites • • • You must meet the hardware and software requirements. you can ignore the information on changing CDs. You can use the Upgrade Monitor.Upgrading to 4. If your central instance and database are running on different hosts. We recommend that you perform the upgrade with the Upgrade Assistant. right up until the system starts operating productively again. and helps you recognize any processes that have exceeded their runtime. An upgrade with R3up requires the following CDs: • • • Upgrade CD3 (new Repository) Upgrade CD4 (new Repository) Upgrade CD5 (new Repository) To avoid having to change CDs. The program R3up controls the complete upgrade from checking that the requirements for the upgrade are met. You have made all manual preparations. The Upgrade Monitor [Page 242] lets you monitor the upgrade. If you have multiple CD drives. the log files and an alert function to monitor the upgrade. you can enter multiple CD mount points in the phase INITPUT. This section describes all the required user entries and actions. remove the cause of the error and repeat the phase [Page 109] in which it occurred.

April 2001 107 . In the main menu. Oracle on HP-UX Depending on whether you have Version HP-UX 10 or HP-UX 11. Enter the following command as user <sapsid>adm to switch the directory: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin 3. start R3up as described in the section Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode [Page 201]. You have made the preparations that are not supported by PREPARE. 3. then you need to disassemble the SAP Kernel from the CD again. the target release. If the entries are correct. Procedure: 1. You have completed the mandatory PREPARE modules. Start an Upgrade Assistant GUI [Page 68] and log on as administrator. the SAPSID and the database you use. The deletion of these files could lead to unpredictable inconsistencies. R3up displays the initial screen of the upgrade procedure. The server of the Upgrade Assistant is active on the host on which the central instance is running. Disassemble the SAP Kernel for HP-UX 11 with: R3up readCD cdpath=<CD mount directory> End of Oracle on HP-UX Procedure 1. 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Starting the Upgrade Prerequisites • This description assumes that you are using the Upgrade Assistant. If you want or need to use scroll mode. choose Administrator → Start R3up. If you have changed to HP-UX 11 between executing PREPARE and starting the upgrade. 2. • • • • • You are logged on to the central instance as user <sapsid>adm. No files must have been deleted in the upgrade directory.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. It displays the R3up version. before you start the upgrade. This screen will appear in each future restart. confirm this screen with CONTINUE. Mount the CD SAP Kernel. PREPARE disassembles the correct SAP Kernel and copies it to the directory put/exe.

Upgrading to 4. For example. Stopping the Upgrade at the End of the Current Phase • • In the main menu of the Upgrade Assistant choose Administrator → Stop R3up after current phase.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Stopping the Upgrade Use You can stop R3up at the beginning of a specific phase or at the end of a current phase. you need to do this if a Note tells you to correct a program before you execute it. You can also enter the following command in a second window at the operating system level: R3up stop Stopping the Upgrade at the Start of a Phase Enter the following command in a second window at the operating system level: R3up stop <phase name> R3up stop XPRAS_<rel> 108 April 2001 .

A large number of cases are known where ignoring an error resulted in serious inconsistencies. you should have carried out a thorough problem analysis and discussed the problems with SAP. Otherwise it is impossible to ensure that all upgrade phases will be completed correctly. Before using a password. If you are unsure how to proceed. A password is generally necessary if you want to ignore an error. R3up runs through the phase and checks where it needs to restart. Prerequisites • If you restart the upgrade due to an error or a termination during the upgrade. The repeat mode does not necessarily mean that phases are repeated from the beginning. or jump to a phase other than the one currently being executed. • reset START mode reset enables you to start the upgrade from the beginning again. Alternatively you can also correct entries with R3up set stdpar or R3up set DDICpwd (see description of phase INITPUT). it has to be restarted manually once if reset is selected. • init If you choose START mode init. provided no other procedure is specified in this guide. other START modes are offered. If you have exited R3up by choosing exit. Support cannot be guaranteed if you do not consult SAP. always use START mode repeat. contact SAP Local Support. see Problems and Solutions During the Upgrade. SAP must approve their use in each case. the cause of the error must be clear and the error must be corrected. Only in very rare cases does it make sense to bypass a phase with ignore by entering a password. This mode returns the upgrade to the phase INITPUT. you only need to restart the upgrade if errors occurred or an upgrade phase has terminated. For help on analyzing errors.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. R3up stops and suggests repeating the phase by letting you choose repeat. This is only possible up to phase SUBSTNT_INS. The START mode repeat leads to the upgrade being continued exactly where it was terminated. at worst resulting in a database • April 2001 109 . Other START modes can cause errors.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Restarting the Upgrade Use Normally. You can use the following START modes: • repeat When restarting R3up. If the system is already in downtime. If a phase terminates. After this you can restart the upgrade only by resetting the database. the phase in which the upgrade was interrupted is repeated from the beginning.

Choose the START mode repeat. When you choose repeat. If an error occurred. 110 April 2001 . If it cannot be reproduced. Procedure if You Have Exited R3up After a Termination 1. 2. choose exit to leave R3up and correct the error. You can ignore errors with repair severe errors in some exceptional cases.Upgrading to 4. After a phase terminates.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG recovery. Otherwise the error must be repeated. and the help offered in Problems and Solutions During the Upgrade to determine the cause of the error and to correct it. Use the Help key in R3up. R3up repeats the terminate phase and continues the upgrade. The system checks if an error can be reproduced. choose the option repeat. Start the upgrade as described in the section Starting the Upgrade. R3up continues the phase at the point at which it terminated. the upgrade continues after the phase is completed. Procedure if You Have Left R3up by Choosing exit 1. such as in the phases ACT_<rel> and XPRAS_<rel>. 2.

You can modify the entries you made in PREPARE in the INITPUT phase. paths and passwords. for example. you are prompted for all the parameters. If you skip this phase and realize in the following phases that you made an incorrect entry.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase INITPUT Use In the Parameter Input PREPARE module you are prompted to enter values for certain systemspecific parameters needed by the upgrade. Activities At the start of this phase R3up asks you whether you want to change any parameters. April 2001 111 . correct it as described under Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185]. • • If you confirm this. names. If the default values are correct. confirm with ENTER.

5B: 1. Choose Install. Then exit the transaction. Confirm any other dialog boxes with Yes or Continue until the system settings have been completed. 2. Any problems in this phase are normally due to the database connection being broken. check the file SLOG46C in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase DBCHK Use This phase determines the version of the database and the release of the SAP System. If this is the case. choose New installation as the system status and select the correct System configuration. Choose Configuring the Workbench Organizer with Transaction SE06. A frequent source of problems with tp is an incorrectly configured Change and Transport System. 112 April 2001 . which logs on to the database and reads the necessary information from there. To access this documentation. Activities If the error message No information received from the database appears. call Transaction SE06 in the SAP System as user DDIC. For more information.x – 4. To see the documentation.6x: Use Transaction STMS (Transport Management System) to initialize the Change and Transport System. choose Information in Transaction STMS or go to the menu and choose Help → SAP Library → BC Basis Components → Change and Transport System → BC . This takes you to the documentation Setting up the Workbench Organizer and the Transport System.Upgrading to 4. Go to the initial screen of Transaction SE06.Transport Management System. see the TMS online documentation. SE06 is described online. R3up calls the transport control program tp. Release 3. Release 4. select Help → Application help in Transaction SE06.

Activities To correct your entries.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase RFCCHK Use In this phase. Your SAP System cannot be reached on the gateway you have specified.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. it may be due to the following reasons: • • Your SAP System has not been started. the RFC connection to your SAP System is tested. if you receive an error message. start R3up again using the following command: R3up set stdpar April 2001 113 .

To do this. Check whether the host specified in INITPUT is also in the list with a running background service. 2. make sure of the following i. use transaction SM21 to check the system log of the SAP System. The value of the SAP profile parameter DIR_PUT must match the current upgrade directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase BATCHCHK Use This phase tests whether the background server can access the upgrade directory To do this. perform a test call of the function module TH_SERVER_LIST in transaction SE37. Depending on the problem. The file system of the upgrade directory must be mounted on the background server. This job writes a test log in the tmp subdirectory of the upgrade directory. ii. you either have to change the network configuration or change the entries made in the INITPUT phase. however R3up cannot find the log. To display the list. call transaction SM37 to check whether the background job has run. 114 April 2001 . Choose repeat to repeat the phase. the background job RDDIT008 is started on the specified background server. − − If the job terminates. double-click the table parameter LIST after executing the function module. proceed as described in Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185]. If the job is successfully. − If no background job can be started. Procedure 1. this is generally due to a problem with the name of the background server. To change the entries.Upgrading to 4. i. If errors occur. ii.

and you have not included any Support Packages in the BIND_PATCH phase of PREPARE. If a warning appears that the Support Package version of your source release is too high. In this case. you will lose data if you continue with the upgrade. Activities 1. see the description of the phase PATCH_CHK3 under Making Entries for the Read CD Module. Whether the source release contains Support Packages that are more recent than those in the delivered target release • The phase PATCH_CHK3 in PREPARE has already made these checks. and include the necessary Support Packages. you must reset the upgrade.LOG file in the log subdirectory of the upgrade directory. 2. April 2001 115 . repeat PREPARE. call transaction SPAM and confirm the Support Packages that are proposed there. If you still have to confirm Support Packages for the source release. − − and you have already included Support Packages in the BIND_PATCH phase of PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase PATCH_CHK Use This phase tests: • Whether all Support Packages (such as Basis Support Packages) have been confirmed for the source release Unconfirmed Support Packages are displayed on the screen and in the PATCHOUT.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you can ignore the warning. For more information about this.

The Notes are continually being updated. 3.LOG.Upgrading to 4. For a list of the Notes you require for the upgrade. The inactive nametab is then empty. To determine the objects that are affected. Phase KEY_CHK Use This phase prompts you for the keyword specified in the current Upgrade Note. Activate these objects with Transaction SE11. you will also be prompted for other keywords. Activities 1. display the log file DDXTTCHK. see Notes for the Upgrade [Page 40]. 116 April 2001 . 2. Call R3up again using repeat. Activities If you have not already done so. If you use SAP add-on components in your system (such as IS components). request the most recent Notes now. SAP Systems which have other software components (add-ons) installed must wait until the upgrade has been released by the relevant add-on software vendor.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phases INTCHK and INTCHK_SW Use This phase checks if the inactive nametab is empty An error is returned if it is not empty.

Informix The number of parallel R3load processes you choose depends on your upgrade strategy and hardware. you are asked for the number of parallel processes for importing the substitution set. For information on how to choose the runtime. We recommend between two and five parallel processes. If you answer the prompt define upgrade stop with yes. For the most up-to-date recommendations. DB2 for OS/390 Note that DB2 logging is always activated. or A_off. DB2 Universal Database We recommend three parallel R3load processes. you can resume production from the PRODCHK_<rel> phase once the SAP System has been stopped (see also Planning the Upgrade). A_on. Enter a realistic value here. Your upgrade strategy does not influence logging. see Planning the Upgrade Strategy. see SAP Note 46430. • If you decide to use A_on or A_switch. End of DB2 for OS/390 • If you decide to use A_off. DB2 for OS/390 We recommend ten parallel R3load processes. April 2001 117 . the system now prompts you to enter your runtime for the total import of the substitution set.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. At the earliest. SAP DB The number of parallel R3load processes you choose depends on a number of factors. Oracle This prompt does not appear in Oracle and MS SQL Server.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase INITSUBST Use You must specify the following in this phase: • • • • The upgrade strategy The number of parallel processes available to import the substitution set The number of parallel background processes The number of parallel tp processes during the PCON_<rel> phase (DB2 for OS390) Activities • Upgrade strategy Choose one of the strategies described under Planning the Upgrade Strategy: A_switch. you are also asked to specify the time at which you want to restart production operation of your system.

The central instance profile is modified temporarily. We recommend ten tp processes. correct it as described under Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185].Upgrading to 4. These deadlocks appear in the ICLI error log and in the MVS system log. 118 April 2001 . you are prompted to enter the table size from which you want to use this option. the SAP System is started with a modified number of background processes so that operations can be processed in parallel. End of DB2 for OS/390 If you realize in the following phases that you made an incorrect entry. for hosts with up to 256 MB choose three background processes. Only use this option for indexes on large tables. and for hosts with more than 256 MB. choose four background processes. DB2 for OS/390 • Number of parallel tp processes in the NEWTAB_CRE phase You have the option of specifying the number of tp processes in the NEWTAB_CRE phase. • The number of parallel tp processes during the PCON_<Rel> phase You are asked if you want to use multiple parallel tp processes in the PCON_<rel> phase. Note that deadlocks may occur if you use multiple tp processes.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG End of the database-specific explanations • The number of parallel background processes During downtime. If you want to create indexes with the DEFER YES option. We recommend six parallel tp processes. • Creating indexes with the DEFER YES option In the PCON_REL phase you can create indexes with the DEFER YES option. This function reduces the runtime in the PCON_<rel> phase. The upgrade tool sets up the indexes again in the STOPR3_IREL phase. otherwise you will not improve the runtime. however the upgrade process deals with them by repeating a follow-up process. For hosts with up to 128 MB choose two background processes.

Activities If the system determines that the operating system must be upgraded to a new version. Phase VIEWCHK1 Use This phase displays conflicts between customer tables in the SAP namespace and views that are newly delivered.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase CONFCHK_X Use This target release is released for certain combinations of operating system and database versions only. You must. First save any data that you need in these tables. This phase checks that the operating system and database versions installed on your computer satisfy the requirements for the upgrade. rename or delete the tables in the VIEWCHK2 phase at the latest. It also writes this information to the VIEWCHK1. however.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. April 2001 119 . Activities You can ignore the messages at this point. you can interrupt R3up at this point. Do not make any changes in the upgrade directory.LOG file.

see Evaluating the Results of PREPARE. Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK2 Use The upgrade stops in this phase with an error message if there are any outstanding or incomplete updates. Activities You can ignore the messages at this point.LOG. For more information. Activities If errors occur in this phase and you have not yet resumed production operation.Upgrading to 4. you can bypass these errors with ignore without entering a password. The PREPARE message is: Update records still exist . These objects must be released and the repairs confirmed at the latest by phase REPACHK2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase REPACHK1 Use This phase displays all repairs and requests containing objects locked by SAP. and writes them to the file REPACHK1. we recommend checking for outstanding updates and cleaning them up. However.Please process 120 April 2001 .

The PREPARE message is: Update records still exist .Please process 3. Repeat this phase. April 2001 121 . Clear the outstanding updates as described in Analyzing Results from PREPARE. Activities In this phase you must clear or complete any outstanding updates.) 2. except for RDDIMPDP. Proceed as follows: 1. (See Isolating the Central Instance.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Make sure that the release for all background jobs was canceled.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK3 Use If there are any outstanding or incomplete updates. the upgrade stops in this phase.

End of the database-specific explanations 122 April 2001 .0D. DB2 for OS/390 The required actions for the SPACECHK phases are described in the section Making Entries for the Initialization Module. This phase compares the freespace currently available in the database with the minimum requirements for the total amount of data to be imported.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase SPACECHK_ALL Use This release requires more space in the database than the previous releases. You can change the connect information with the SAP DB tool xuser. the SAP System cannot be started without the minimum setting of MAXLOCKS.LOG is as follows: Insufficient freespace in the database as follows SAP DB • • • The database parameter MAXLOCKS is checked for the minimum SAP operational requirements. The corresponding PREPARE message in CHECKS. If more space is required in the database. The connect information ISOLEVEL and TIMEOUT is checked for the value 0. The changed parameters only become active when the database has been stopped and started.Upgrading to 4. this is shown on screen and in the file DBFPLUSD. since PREPARE already made these checks earlier. Activities The section Evaluating the Results of PREPARE contains a description of the procedure. ISOLEVEL and TIMEOUT. You can change these database parameters with the SAP DB tool xcontrol.LOG. As of Release 3.

if this becomes necessary. see the PREPARE log CHECKS. All files and subdirectories in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are overwritten during the upgrade when the kernel is switched. You must have enough free space in the log directory so that the upgrade can run without errors.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase FREECHK_X Use This phase checks to see if there is enough free space in the upgrade directory for the logs written during the upgrade.LOG.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. make sure that you are able to restore the old Kernel. April 2001 123 . the SAP Kernel is switched in the Kernel directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run. During downtime. Activities At this point. For more information. This phase also compares the free disk space in the Kernel directory with the space requirements of the new SAP Kernel.

Activities If you have chosen strategy A_switch or A_on.Upgrading to 4. This lock is needed to prevent development objects (for example. you must confirm that the ABAP Workbench can be locked. you can continue to use your SAP System productively. If you want to do this. If you confirm the lock now: • R3up does not stop in phase REPACHK2 to allow you to confirm the lock on the Workbench.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase LOCKEU_PRE Use If you have chosen the upgrade strategy A_switch or A_on. • • You may not perform any more transports into or out of the SAP System. and so on) from being changed during the upgrade. This increases the time in which R3up does not need user input after the last change of CD (EU_IMPORT5 phase). 124 April 2001 . ABAP reports. R3up asks you in this phase if you want the ABAP Workbench to be locked on all SAP instances now or in the phase REPACHK2. since such modifications would be lost. R3up waits after input until the time entered in the INITPUT phase as the maximum synchronization time for all the instances has expired (see Phase INITPUT). table definitions.

the rest of the data is converted in the conventional manner during downtime. For details on the status of the incremental conversion. April 2001 125 . Then confirm that you want to continue with the upgrade. you are prompted at the beginning of this phase to do the following: • • • Isolate the central instance. R3up informs you if you have not. For a description of this. If you ignore the information from R3up. the upgrade control program R3up stops and waits for user input. R3up checks whether you have already converted the recommended percentage of the selected data (see Incremental Table Conversion [Page 30]). See also Changing the Database Recovery Mode. see Isolating the Central Instance.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase EU_IMPORT0 Use At the start of this phase. Verify that you can recover the database to its current state at this point.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Disable the ability of the database to continually recover data. call transaction ICNV. Activities If you have chosen upgrade strategy A_off. If you called transaction ICNV when you prepared the upgrade.

the expected runtime is made up of the total time you specified for the import. less the time taken up by EU_IMPORT2. SAP DB and DB2 Universal Database The statistics for newly imported tables are updated automatically.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase EU_IMPORT4 Use The runtime for this phase is approximately 30 minutes to an hour for upgrade strategy A_off. If you miss this prompt.Upgrading to 4. For strategies A_on and A_switch. The majority of the substitution set is imported directly from CD-ROM into the database during this phase. you are prompted to change the CD. the expected runtime is computed from the total time you specified for the import less the time computed in EU_IMPORT2. your time schedule could be seriously disrupted. EU_IMPORT3 and EU_IMPORT4. For strategies A_on and A_switch. 126 April 2001 . Phase EU_IMPORT5 Use At the beginning of the this phase. End of the database-specific explanations The runtime of this phase is approximately 3 to 4 hours for upgrade strategy A_off.

• Upgrade strategies A_switch or A_on: If you did not confirm locking of the ABAP Workbench in the phase LOCKEU_PRE. no further transports can enter or leave the SAP System. otherwise the objects in them are locked. you must do so now. April 2001 127 . After you have made your entry. Any modifications made to SAP objects in your repairs might be overwritten during the upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If you ignore open repairs. you could lose modifications. Once you have released and confirmed all the open repairs. After confirming locking of the ABAP Workbench. see the documentation CD for the target release. In this phase. you have to release these transport requests. you must repeat phase REPACHK2. For a description of this procedure. To be able to continue. otherwise the objects contained in the repairs are locked. you have to release and confirm all the open repairs. see Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests [Page 208]. all the repairs and corrections that are not released are displayed on the screen and written in file REPACHK2.LOG.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase REPACHK2 Use In this phase. all the repairs which are still in open transport requests are displayed. For information on modifications are copied to the new SAP standard during the upgrade. They are also written in the file REPACHK2.LOG. Activities • Before you continue with the upgrade. under: SAP Library →=Basis Components → =ABAP Workbench → Changing the SAP Standard →The Modification Assistant. R3up waits until the time entered in phase INITPUT as the maximum synchronization time for all instances has expired (see phase INITPUT).

128 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase CNV_CHK_XT Use This phase checks if the following still exist: • • Conversion requests that have not yet been processed Restart logs Activities If you encounter errors.Upgrading to 4. proceed as described under Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases [Page 179].

they could be the remains of an import or export that either terminated abnormally or is still running....6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase TRBATCHK_XT Use The tp program uses table TRBAT to communicate with the SAP System.. The PREPARE messages are: Unresolved request found in TRBAT. Corrupted TRBAT entry found. April 2001 129 . If this table contains entries.. . . TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job is running. ... PREPARE already made this check..SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Activities For information on cleaning up the table TRBAT. . TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job has finished. see Analyzing Results from PREPARE.

since the structure of these tables must be adjusted to the target release before the SAP System can be started with the target release for the first time. at least temporarily. modified objects that are not delivered. You cannot adjust modifications at this stage of the upgrade. you can adjust and retain the modifications later in transaction SPDD. 130 April 2001 . If you have any questions. 2. skip the error message with ignore. data might be lost if the table structures were modified. If the tables are database tables.Upgrading to 4. Back up any contents of the table. contact SAP Local Support. Procedure 1. This mainly includes generated objects. If necessary. These modifications cannot be retained during the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase RUN_RDDIT006 Use This phase determines the set of objects that needs to be copied to the new Repository tables. see SAP Note 33888. and your own developments. If the modifications are retained. no data is lost. This resets the modifications to the standard SAP version. Prerequisites The RUN_RDDIT006 phase ends with an error message stating that the central Basis tables have been modified. Use transaction SE11 to check which table types are affected. and continue with the upgrade. For more information. the SAP System might be unable to run with the target release. You can only skip the error message by choosing ignore. − − If the tables are structures.

you can still specify that you want R3up to stop in this phase. If the tables are transparent. Activities You are prompted to confirm the copying of the request.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase ADJUSTCHK Use If you chose to copy a request in the ADJUSTPRP phase. The result of this comparison appears. Pooled or cluster tables must be deleted manually in the SAP System. It also makes an entry in the file VIEWCHK2. If you still need the data in these tables.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. at the latest. R3up does not stop before the activation of the ABAP Dictionary objects. April 2001 131 . However. If this request contains all the modifications found in the system. Activities You have to delete these customer tables now.LOG. the modifications it contains are now compared with the modifications in the system. Phase VIEWCHK2 Use This phase displays conflicts between customer tables in the SAP name range and views delivered for the first time. you can use R3up for this. you have to save it first.

132 April 2001 . Isolate the central instance as described under Isolating the Central Instance. If you want to use transaction RZ10 to adjust the instance profile during the upgrade. also make sure that you have switched off the capability of the database to continually restore data. perform the following actions: Strategy A_switch: Make sure that you can recover the database to its current state. • DB2 for OS/390 If you use DB2 for OS/390. For details on the status of the incremental conversion. call transaction ICNV. Result Once you have completed and confirmed all the activities. End of DB2 for OS/390 So that you can recover your SAP System after errors.Upgrading to 4. Activities If you chose upgrade strategy A_on or A_switch: • Make sure of the following − − − All production work in the SAP System is stopped and no users are logged on to the SAP System. the changes made by the upgrade are reset. R3up automatically shuts down the central instance and modifies the instance profile in directory /usr/sap/<SID>/SYS/profile (UNIX) or \usr\sap\<SAPSID>\SYS\profile (Windows NT) for the duration of the upgrade. • If you called transaction ICNV when you prepared the upgrade. the rest of the data is converted in the conventional manner during downtime. start by reimporting the current version of the profile into your system. so that you can reset the upgrade to this state at a later point. depending on your database and the upgrade strategy you have chosen.LOG file. If you ignore the information from R3up. If you chose the upgrade strategy A_switch.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase MODPROF_TRANS Use The R3up program stops the SAP System in this phase and modifies the instance profile for the duration of the upgrade. R3up checks whether you have already converted the recommended percentage of the selected data (see Incremental Table Conversion [Page 30]). you are not prompted to do this. R3up informs you if you have not. R3up prompts you to perform several activities. If you do not do this. All secondary application servers are shut down. All changes to the profile are written to the ALPXPOOL. All upgrade strategies: Back up the upgrade directory now. which can cause the upgrade to stop running.

Make the changes again if this is the case. Do not copy back the environment files that were saved to <upgrade directory>/exe/INSTALL. and the change you have made to the environment of user <sapsid>adm to these servers.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase ENVCHK Use This phase tests the environment of the user <sapsid>adm. The environment files previously used are copied to <upgrade directory>/exe/INSTALL before being overwritten.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.csh .dbenv_<host name>. This can lead to incorrect settings being made. 2.sapenv_<host name>.sh startsap_<host name>_<instance number> stopsap_<host name>_<instance number> Activities If you made changes to the environment of the user <sapsid>adm they are no longer active after the upgrade.dbenv_<host name>. April 2001 133 . 1. The following files are changed: .sapenv_<host name>. If you replace the profiles of this user you also prevent an obsolete user environment from causing problems during the upgrade. If other application servers exist.csh .sh . copy the files listed above.

However. You first have to remove the cause of the termination. 134 April 2001 . you have to activate these objects after the upgrade. data will be lost. Use Transaction SPDD to determine the ABAP Dictionary objects that need to be adjusted. use the report program UPGADDUSR. You must make adjustments at this point if you have made structural changes to tables.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase ACT_<rel> Use Depending on the results of the phase ADJUSTCHK. Any requests for automatic adjustment from previous upgrades can be included in this upgrade in the PREPARE phase ADJUSTPRP only. In R3up. UPGADDUSER creates the adjustment user upg_tmp_user with the password init in the client where you run the report. If you chose ignore here. If you are prompted for a password anyway. 2. you may be asked at the beginning of this phase to adjust your modifications to SAP objects so that they correspond to the new SAP standard version of the objects. confirm that you want to temporarily revoke the lock on logging on to the SAP System to allow a normal user logon for the purposes of modification adjustment. For more information on this transaction. You still need the authorization for creating users. If you want to create a user for the adjustment at this point. You cannot create any new users in Transaction SU01 at this point.Changing the SAP Standard → The Modification Assistant → Upgrade Procedure/R/3 Support Packages → Adjusting ABAP Dictionary Objects. If errors are reported when you activate your own developments after executing this phase. this means that the activation has been terminated and you must not continue with the next phase.Upgrading to 4. This user is valid for a week. you also have the option of choosing ignore to temporarily ignore these errors. otherwise data may be lost. since R3up stops when errors occur. 1. Activities Do not attempt to import adjustment transport requests into the system manually in this phase. This leads to the loss of data in customer fields. you can correct these here. You do not need a password to do this. Otherwise. see the documentation CD under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → BC . because the system is undefined.

Now you can either enter a new time at which you want R3up to stop again. Procedure Strategy A_on R3up stops the upgrade if you entered the latest time at which you want to start production. You then have to start the secondary application servers. It prompts you to switch the database back to recovery mode. the procedure described above occurs in the phases MODPROFP_<rel>. or you can start a database backup immediately so that you can switch to production operation again afterwards. If you did not specify a time. You can then use your system for production again or begin the post-upgrade activities. You can then use your SAP System for production again or begin the post-upgrade activities. In the second case. R3up does the following: • • • • • It displays the P errors. or you can switch over to production immediately. R3up displays the P errors (see Phase CHK_POSTUP [Page 136]). STARTR3_P<rel> and CHK_POSTUP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Continuing the Upgrade After Phase PRODCHK_<rel> Use Up to the PRODCHK_<rel> phase. It prompts you to start the secondary application servers. If you did not specify a time. If you decided to start production operation again now. R3up does not expect any further user entries unless an error occurs. STARTR3_P<rel> and CHK_POSTUP. and this time would be exceeded if you executed the next phase. April 2001 135 . For more information on P errors. Now you can either enter a new time at which you want R3up to stop again. the procedure described above occurs in the phases MODPROFP_<rel>. see Phase CHK_POSTUP [Page 136]. After the PRODCHK_<rel> phase.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. and this time would be exceeded if you executed the next phase. the way the upgrade proceeds depends on the strategy you have chosen. You are prompted to switch the database back to recovery mode and to create a complete backup of your database. It starts up the SAP System for the last time. stops the system for the last time and recreates the status of the system profiles before the upgrade. Strategies A_switch and A_off R3up stops the upgrade if you entered the latest time at which you want to start production. It recreates the status of the system profiles before the upgrade.

You must usually remove the cause of these problems before you start using SAP applications again. Use the ABAP Dictionary tools (Transaction SE14) to create these indexes in the database.ELG logs.Upgrading to 4. Any messages that you do not handle immediately need to be handled at the next possible opportunity. Activities To remove errors. proceed as described in the long text of the message. 136 April 2001 . R3up displays a complete list of these P-messages in this phase.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase CHK_POSTUP Use You can remove some of the problems that occur during an upgrade after you complete the upgrade. This type of problem is indicated by a P in the second column of the . Some of the secondary indexes may not have been created because they were not unique.

Depending on the actions.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Post-Upgrade Activities Purpose This section tells you how to complete and check the upgrade. among other things. Then in the initial screen of the System Administration Assistant choose System Administration Assistant → Display. or until the next upgrade. click the help button (? icon) for help on the System Administration Assistant. Prerequisites You have reached at least the PRODCHK_<Rel> phase of the upgrade. Process Flow You must perform some of the actions before you start operating the system productively again [Page 138]. such as subsequent processing of table clusters (for Source Releases 3. such as executing the script saproot. The prerequisite for this is that you have the current online documentation installed.0x and 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. In the following screen. you can start transactions directly from the System Administration Assistant. You can get more information online in the system.sh. April 2001 137 . You can use the System Administration Assistant to help you with the postupgrade activities. it only displays documentation. For certain actions. The System Administration Assistant is a program in the SAP System that. You start the System Administration Assistant by executing Transaction SSAA.1x). lists the post-upgrade activities for each platform. We recommend completing the actions in the order given. Some actions can wait until you have started operating the system productively [Page 152].

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Actions Before Starting Production Operation R3up stops at the latest in the phase MODPROFP_<rel> so that you can begin early with the post-upgrade activities. At the same time you can perform the post-upgrade activities specified by R3up. R3up then executes the last phases and completes the upgrade. 138 April 2001 . Then perform the following actions: • • • • • • • • • Executing the Script saproot.sh [Page 139] SAP DB: Backing Up the Database [Page 141] DB2 Universal Database [Page 142] DB2 for OS/390: Preparations [Page 145] Informix: Preparations [Page 146] Oracle: Preparations [Page 147] Distributing SAP Programs [Page 149] Renaming the Local System Log (For Source Releases 3.1x Only) [Page 150] Checking the Profile Parameters with Transaction RZ10 [Page 151] You can start operating the system again productively after these actions.0x/3.

/saproot.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Executing the Script saproot. You need the authorizations of the user root to do this. Log on to the database server and all application servers as user root. To do this. Informix. create the two new groups db<sapsid>adm and db<sapsid>ctl before you execute the script saproot. and change the assignments of the following users as follows: New User Group Concept Old User db2<sapsid> <sapsid>adm db2as New Primary Group sysadm sapsys db2asgrp Secondary Group Primary Group db<sapsid>ad m Secondary Group sysadm db<sapsid>ctl db<sapsid>admgroups for all sapsids on the database host sysctrl sysadm sapsys db2asgrp Change the group access authorizations as follows: 1. Execute the following commands: su .sh Use After the upgrade. Procedure DB2 for OS/390. 2.6A that makes it easier to separate user authorizations when you operate multiple SAP Systems on a single host.root cd <upgrade_directory>/exe .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Execute the following command: April 2001 139 .6A only: A new user group concept has been introduced in Release 4. DB2 Universal Database For source releases lower than 4.sh.sh <SAPSID> exit 2. you need to make a number of adjustments. The old groups sysadm and sysctrl must be replaced by the new groups db<sapsid>adm and db<sapsid>ctl. Start up the system with stopsap and startsap. Oracle. SAP DB 1.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG find /db2/<SAPSID> \! -type l -group sysadm -print | xargs chgrp db<sapsid>adm 3. Execute the following commands: cd <upgrade_directory>/exe . Start up the system with stopsap and startsap. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. End of the database-specific explanations 140 April 2001 . since it needs the new groups.root) 3. For all source releases: The script saproot. Proceed as follows: 1. it adapts the database manager configuration to the new groups).Upgrading to 4. 2.sh performs additional database-specific actions (for example.sh on the database server afterwards./saproot. Execute the script saproot. The script requires the environment variables of user <sapsid>adm.sh <SAPSID> exit 4. Execute the following command: su root (not su .

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SAP DB: Backing Up the Database
SAP DB

Prerequisites
You have not started to operate the system productively.

Procedure
1. Stop the SAP System as user <sapsid>adm with:
stopsap r3

Note that you have to stop and restart the database. 2. Give the database parameter the value it had before the upgrade. 3. This step depends on the chosen upgrade strategy: a. Strategies A_off and A_switch: Since the log mode is reset to the original value after the upgrade, you must back up the database completely (in operating mode COLD) before you can start the system again productively. b. Strategy A_on: We recommend making a complete backup so that you do not have to upgrade all the logs again in case of a recovery. Instead of a complete backup, you can perform an incremental online backup (save updated pages). This type of backup has the advantage that a recovery is significantly faster. 4. Start the SAP System as user <sapsid>adm with:
startsap r3 End of SAP DB

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DB2 Universal Database
DB2 Universal Database

Prerequisites
You have not started to operate the system productively.

Installing and Updating the DB2 Administration Tools
You can install the administration tools in the following steps:

Installation of the administration frontend Install the new administration frontend as described in the BC R/3 Database Guide: DB2 Universal Database. You can install the frontend either during or after the upgrade. These functions are available only after you execute the script saproot.sh.

Creation/update of the administration database To store administration data (for example for log file handling), data is stored on the database server under the SAP database instance in the SAP database and in an additional administration database. The administration database has the name ADM<SAPSID> and is needed to store data while the SAP database is not available (for example during a backup). Log on as user <sapsid>adm and change to the user root with su root (not su root). Execute the following command (depending on your source release): Source Releases 3.0x/3.1x:
sddb6ins -s <SAPSID> -u 31I 46C -

Source Release >= 4.0B:
sddb6ins -s <SAPSID> -u <Start-Release> 46C

This creates the database ADM<SAPSID> with standard contents, if it does not yet exist. Otherwise, the database objects are adjusted to the new release in this database.
sddb6ins exchanges the program userexit that is responsible for saving log files in the log archive directory. The program userexit logs its actions in the database ADM<SAPSID>.

As of Release 4.0A, administration tools such as brarchive, brrestore and userexit do not log their actions at the file system level anymore. Instead, they log the actions in the database ADM<SAPSID>. This means that after the program userexit is substituted, you must use the old program brarchive to manually back up all the log files that have been created up to this point (for source releases smaller than 4.0A). You can find the old program brarchive on the CD SAP KERNEL under the following name:
<CD mount directory>/UNIX/AIX_32/BRARCH31

Activating Log Archiving

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If you did not reactivate log archiving for the database with R3up, you must convert the database parameters LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT. To do this, enter the following commands in the DB2 command line:
db2 update db cfg using LOGRETAIN ON db2 update db cfg using USEREXIT ON

You must then perform a complete database backup before DB2 permits new database connections.

Backing Up the Database
Now back up the database completely.

Deleting Substitution Tablespaces
After the upgrade, a number of tablespaces are no longer used and you can delete them. These are always the following tablespaces for a Repository switch: PSAPES<source release>D PSAPES<source release>I PSAPEL<source release>D PSAPEL<source release>I where <source release> is the source release for the current upgrade. To delete a tablespace, enter the following command in the operating system:
db2 drop tablespace <Tablespace_name>

DB2 checks if there are still database objects in the specified tablespace before executing this command. If there are, the command is not executed.

Perform an Update Statistics
Proceed as follows: 1. Log on to the SAP System. You require the authorizations for database administration and background jobs. 2. Start Transaction DB13 (planning calendar) or choose
Tools → CCMS → DB Administration → DBA scheduling

3. Open the dialog box with the actions which you can schedule by double-clicking on the current day. 4. Select the action Upd. Statistics + Reorgcheck all tables 5. Choose Start immediately. Confirm the following dialog boxes to start the job in the background.
Runstat_all has been scheduled for the current day and started immediately.

The time required to update statistics depends on the size of the database. You need about an hour for a database of 2 GB.

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6. Check the status of the job with the Job logs option for the current day.

Scheduling Update Statistics Jobs
To schedule update statistics jobs: 1. Log on to the SAP System. You require the authorizations for database administration and background jobs. 2. Start Transaction DB13 or choose:
Tools → CCMS → DB Administration → DBA scheduling

3. In the menu, choose Planning → Planning pattern. Several defined database actions are shown here. 4. Choose the following action:
Check Step, Upd.Statistics + Reorg. check on DBSTATC (daily)

Enter a start time (if possible, when the system is available but the system load is low) and confirm the subsequent steps. 5. Choose the following action:
Upd. Statistics & Reorgcheck all tables (Sun.weekly)

Enter a start time and confirm the subsequent steps.
End of DB2 Universal Database

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SYSINDEXPART WHERE (CARD > 0 AND (NEAROFFPOS + FAROFFPOS) * 100 / CARD > 10) The following query specifies indexes that might need to be reorganized. Otherwise reorganize the database according to the usual cycle. These pages cannot benefit from sequential prefetch. For information on how to update the statistics. (NEARINDREF + FARINDREF) * 100 / CARD.6C Support Release 2: UNIX DB2 for OS/390: Preparations DB2 for OS/390 Prerequisites You have not started to operate the system productively. CARD. which uses the port indicated by the service entry sapdb2<SAPSID>. IXCREATOR. SELECT IXNAME. Only reorganize now if you have enough time. It searches for leaf pages that are not close together. Switching the ICLI Server At the start of production operation (at the latest in the MODPROFP_<Rel> phase) you are prompted to stop the ICLI server of the source release. see SAP Note 113008.SYSINDEXPART WHERE LEAFDIST > 200. The second query checks for rows that are out of sequence. (NEAROFFPOS + FAROFFPOS) * 100 / CARD FROM SYSIBM. CARD. SAP recommends that you reorganize any tablespaces and indexes that you find with the following SQL statements. We strongly recommend that you perform RUNSTATS on all tablespaces. PERCDROP FROM SYSIBM. The first query checks for overflow conditions or space being filled by dropped tables. End of DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 145 . Performing an Update Statistics (RUNSTATS) The system does not update statistics automatically.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The following two queries specify which tablespaces might need to be reorganized. Backing Up the Database Perform a complete backup of the database. SELECT DBNAME. and replace it with a target release ICLI server.SYSTABLEPART WHERE ((CARD > 0 AND (NEARINDREF + FARINDREF) * 100 / CARD > 10) OR PERCDROP > 10) SELECT IXNAME. Reorganizing the Database Reorganizing the database at this point in time is optional. TSNAME. IXCREATOR FROM SYSIBM.

start dbaccess as user informix and enter the following SQL command: select count(*) from systables where dbinfo('DBSPACE'. Backup: Database Was Operated with Backup Mode Activated Since the amount of logical log files increased during the upgrade. Backup: Database Was Operated with Backup Mode Deactivated Reactivate the backup mode. Proceed as follows: 1. and then create a complete backup of the database. 2. You must make this backup offline. count(*) = 0 should be the result.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Informix: Preparations Informix Prerequisites You have not started to operate the system productively. Otherwise restoring the database may be very time-consuming. 3. To delete the dbspaces use the database tool onspaces as follows: onspaces -d <dbspace-name> Before you can use the space freed by deleting the dbspaces. To do this. This means that you can delete them. Execute this command for both of the dbspaces that you want to delete.partnum) = '<dbspace-name>' and partnum != 0. Backing Up the Database There are two different procedures when you back up the database. Deleting dbspaces The dbspaces psapes<sourcerel> and psapel<sourcerel> (<sourcerel> stands for the source release for this upgrade) are empty after the upgrade. depending on whether you have operated the database during the upgrade with the backup mode activated or deactivated. make another complete offline or online backup of the database immediately. First check that the dbspaces really are empty.Upgrading to 4. you must make a level 0 database backup. End of Informix 146 April 2001 .

SQL as SYSTEM. only the user ora<sapsid> can have DBA authorization in Release 4. You have already performed most of the required manual changes when you migrated Oracle to Version 8. check whether all the environment variables have been set correctly for sapdba at the UNIX level: SAP Library → Basis Components → Database Interface/Database Platforms → Database Administration (Oracle) with SAPDBA →=Using SAPDBA → Configuring SAPDBA → Environment Variables (UNIX).6C Support Release 2: UNIX Oracle: Preparations Oracle Prerequisites You have not started to operate the system productively. Creating and Updating the SAPDBA Role To ensure the security of your system. The upgrade imports additional objects which have to be adjusted.5A) with the following parameters: remote_host = <remote_host_name> remote_user = <remote_user_name> April 2001 147 .sap.sql sqlplus internal @sapdba_role <SAPSID> UNIX You can ignore the following error message. replace the parameter read_fifo_cmd (no longer supported as of Release 4. 2.sap (For Source Releases Lower than 4.x. Adding New Parameters to the Profile init<DBSID>.5 for creating backups with brbackup. If you want to use the new functions of these programs. Start the SQL script with: cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs cp /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/sapdba_role.sql again. Checking the Environment Variables for the Program sapdba Using the following information on the documentation CD. If you make backups to a remote tape device (backup_dev_type = pipe pipe_auto pipe_box). Log on as user ora<sapsid> at the UNIX level.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. brarchive and brrestore.0. if it appears: Error accessing PRODUCT_USER_PROFILE Warning: Product user profile information not loaded! You may need to run PUBLD.0 (see the guide Migration/Upgrade to Oracle Version 8.sql sapdba_role. This means that you must execute the SQL script sapdba_role. you must use an editor to enter these parameters in the profile $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<DBSID>.5A) New parameters are used for in Release 4.x: UNIX). Proceed as follows: 1.

4. see the documentation CD for the target release under SAP Library →=Basis Components → Database Interface/Database Platforms → Database Administration (Oracle) with SAPDBA →==New Features in SAP R/3 Release 4. This stops and starts up the database again. Start the offline backup of the database with the program brbackup. End of Oracle 148 April 2001 . make a complete offline or online backup of the database as quickly as possible. You can find instructions on doing this under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. BRARCHIVE and BRRESTORE. Otherwise restoring the database may be very time-consuming. Backup: Database Was Operated in ARCHIVELOG Mode Since a large number of archives were produced during the upgrade. Adding a New Parameter to the Profile init<DBSID>. you can start up your SAP System again as <sapsid>adm with startsap r3 and continue working. You can find more information about offline backups and brbackup in the SAP online documentation on database administration for Oracle. This must be done as an offline backup.ora (For Source Releases Lower than 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG For detailed information. Proceed as follows: 1. add the following new parameter to the profile init<DBSID>.ora: control_file_record_keep_time = 30 Backing Up the Database The procedure for backing up the database depends on the mode with which you operated the database during the upgrade. Activate ARCHIVELOG mode again with sapdba.Upgrading to 4. Backup: Database Was Operated in NOARCHIVELOG Mode Activate ARCHIVELOG mode again and create a complete backup of the database. When you have made the backup.5 → BRBACKUP. Stop your SAP System as user <sapsid>adm with: stopsap r3 2. 3.5A) So that you can use the Oracle Recovery Manager (RMAN) with brbackup.

Procedure 1. Shut down the application server.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. HP10_32. HP11_64. you can also save the programs locally on the servers and update them automatically with the program sapcpe.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Distributing SAP Programs Use If your SAP System has multiple application servers and you do not use NFS to share the kernel directory of the central instance. For more information on using sapcpe see Help → SAP Library → BC . AIX_64. If you use distributed servers. This avoids inconsistent programs and having to distribute them manually. Mount the CD. To keep the network load low.Basis Components →=Client Server Technology → System Services → Setting Up Local Executables on UNIX R/3 Instances. we recommend that you use NFS to share programs in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run. RLX_32. Start R3up directly from CD with: /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/<OS>/R3UP readkernel Replace <CD mount directory> with the mount directory of the CD and <OS> with one of the following: AIX_32. RLX_64. DEC_64. April 2001 149 . 2. You can copy the programs directly from the CD SAP Kernel to the target directory of the application server with R3up. you have to distribute the programs in directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run to all servers. SUNOS_32 or LINUX_32. 3. HP11_32.

old. This is not done automatically on the remote application servers.1x before the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Renaming the Local System Log (For Source Releases 3. Prerequisites You had Release 3.Upgrading to 4.1x Only) Use The format of the system log was changed for Release 4. 150 April 2001 . If a log does not exist.x for the first time.0x or 3. You can achieve this easily by renaming the old system log.0. The SAP Kernel cannot correctly interpret entries in the old format. a new one is created when you start the system. On the host with the central instance. R3up has already renamed the central and local system logs. Procedure Rename the file SLOG<instance_number> in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/<instance_name>/log.0x/3. This means that you must have an empty system log when you start the system with Release 4. as SLOG<instance_number>. If you use the SAP System with multiple application servers then you have to rename the local system log on these remote servers. for example.

If parameters are set incorrectly. b. Whenever possible.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 3. Alternatively. April 2001 151 . Procedure 1. 2. Choose Utilities → Import profiles → Of active servers. 6. a. To display the values. double-click the name of the server you want to display. check the settings in your system profiles with Transaction RZ10. For more information about changing the profile parameters. Call Transaction RZ10. choose Help → Application Help from within Transaction RZ10. 4. Ensure that you have authorization S_RZL_ADM in the SAP System. Ensure that all active servers (SAP instances) are started. Choose Utilities →Check all profiles → Of active servers.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking the Profile Parameters with Transaction RZ10 Use After the upgrade. you receive a warning. Transaction RZ10 checks the profiles of all servers. You can display the parameters with their current settings and the default value using Transaction RZ10. On the initial screen of RZ10. return the parameter values to the default values. choose SAP Library → Basis Components → Computing Center Management System → Computing Center Management System → Profiles. Check the parameters whose values differ from the default. choose Goto → Profile values → Of a server. if you want to read the documentation offline from the documentation CD for the target release. 5.

1x) [Page 167] Installing More Dialog Instances [Page 168] Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime [Page 169] 152 April 2001 .1x) [Page 155] Adjusting Repository Objects [Page 156] Reimporting Additional Programs [Page 156] Migrating Matchcodes to Search Help Objects (Source Releases 3.0x/3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Actions During Production Operation You can perform the following actions while the system is operating productively: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Importing SAP Support Packages After the Upgrade [Page 153] Transport Management System: Distributing the Configuration [Page 153] Rescheduling Background Jobs [Page 154] Rescheduling Jobs with Transaction DB13 (Source Releases 3.Upgrading to 4.0x/3.1x) [Page 157] Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport [Page 158] SAP DB: Updating Optimizer Statistics [Page 159] DB2 for OS/390: Actions [Page 159] Informix: Performing an Update Statistics [Page 160] Oracle: Actions [Page 160] Generating ABAP Loads [Page 163] Converting Batch Input Logs [Page 163] Actions for the SAP Online Documentation [Page 164] Performing Post-Upgrade Activities in the Authorization Area [Page 164] Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Application [Page 166] Processing Table Clusters After the Upgrade (Source Releases 3.0x/3.

This applies to Support Packages that cannot be included. 2. Always start with the newest SPAM update. such as the SPAM updates. April 2001 153 . If you want to install additional languages in your SAP System. Call Transaction STMS and choose Overview → Systems. see Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport → Language Transport. 3. 4. we recommend that you import new Support Packages into your system as soon as they become available.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If have not included all the necessary Support Packages during the upgrade. This is how you avoid potential problems in your system before they occur. Transport Management System: Distributing the Configuration Use After an upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Importing Support Packages After the Upgrade Use To avoid problems with your SAP software. Procedure Import the newest Support Packages. This is also applies after the upgrade. Log on to the system that is configured as the domain controller. Choose Extras → Distribute TMS configuration. Select the system that has been upgraded and choose SAP System → Update configuration. For information on importing a language. you have to distribute the information about the new release to all systems in the transport domain. perform the language import before you import the Support Packages. The Support Packages always contain the current language version for text-relevant objects. you can also import them after the upgrade. Add-On Support Packages and CRTs. Procedure 1.

If this is the case. Procedure For Source Releases up to and including 4. 154 April 2001 . 2. 4. Call Transaction SM37. Log on as user DDIC in client 000.Upgrading to 4. since the report variants will no longer be correct.0B only: 1. Log on as user DDIC in client 000. Execute the report BTCTRNS2. choose Job → Schedule → Release. As of Source Release 4.5: 1. Result The jobs are released. To release the jobs. Errors may occur if a background report was changed by the upgrade. 2. Find all the relevant jobs. 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Rescheduling Background Jobs Use Use this procedure to release all background jobs that were locked when you isolated the central instance. you have to reschedule the job.

Enter Transaction DB13 and reschedule your jobs. Enter Transaction SM37 in the SAP System.0x/3. 4. April 2001 155 . You can now schedule them again with Transaction DB13 (see also Isolating the Central R/3 Instance). Select the following jobs: Job name User name Start date from Start date to Only jobs with status DBA* * No entry No entry scheduled. ready.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.1x) Use You deleted all scheduled jobs at the start of downtime. released. 2. Procedure 1.1x. You have already checked that all old DB13 jobs were deleted properly. active 3. Prerequisites • • Your source release is 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Rescheduling Jobs with Transaction DB13 (Source Releases 3. Delete all the jobs displayed.0x or 3.

Procedure For more information on modification adjustment. If you installed additional programs such as the RFC library or the CPIC library. the contents of directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are completely deleted before the new SAP kernel is imported. you must adjust these with Transaction SPAU. you have to install them again from the CD Presentation. see the documentation CD for the target release under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → BC . RLX_64. DEC_64. RLX_32. AIX_64.SAR Replace <CD directory> with the mount directory of the CD and <OS> with one of the following: AIX_32. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. HP10_32. HP11_64.Changing the SAP Standard → The Modification Assistant → Upgrade Procedure/R/3 Support Packages → Adjusting R/3 Repository Objects. in this directory. Procedure 1. screens or interfaces (GUIs).Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Adjusting Repository Objects Use If you have made modifications to programs. HP11_32. Enter the following commands: cd /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run /<CD dir>/SDK/UNIX/<OS>/SAPCAR -xvf \ /<CD dir>/SDK/UNIX/<OS>/<additional package>. 156 April 2001 . Reimporting Additional Programs Use During the upgrade. After you have completed the upgrade you have a maximum of 14 days to execute Transaction SPAU without a key check (SAP Software Change Registration) for the objects that you changed. SUNOS_32 or LINUX_32. 2.

Prerequisites Your source release is 3. DB Utility.1x. MC. 4. April 2001 157 . Procedure Use Release Note Migration of Matchcodes to Search Helps to check if manual post-upgrade activities are necessary.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.0x/3.0 the ABAP Dictionary objects help views and matchcodes are replaced by the new ABAP Dictionary object search help. If you have already installed the current online documentation.1x) Use As of Release 4. the matchcodes are migrated largely automatically to search helps. These exceptions are listed in the Release Note DDIC40_MC_MIGR Migration of Matchcodes to Search Helps. Conversion Program. Only in exceptional cases do you need to perform postupgrade activities manually.0 → 40A → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → ABAP Dictionary → Activation Program.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Migrating Matchcodes to Search Help Objects (Source Releases 3. in the SAP System choose Help → Release Notes → Complete list from Rel. During the upgrade. You can find this Release Note offline on the documentation CD.0x or 3. SPDD → Migration of Matchcodes in Search Helps.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport Use To reduce downtime during the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. some data from the language CDs was only imported into container tables. 158 April 2001 . Procedure Use the report RSTLAN_AFTER_UPGRADE to copy the data. You are using a glossary or terminology in your system. The report unpacks the contents of the container tables and copies the data to the corresponding database tables. The contents of the container tables are then deleted. This report may take a long time to execute. Prerequisites You have imported a language during the upgrade. and not yet imported into the actual database tables of the system. so execute it in the background. If you want to use a glossary or terminology in your system. depending on the number of languages you have imported. There are no input parameters. This data includes glossary and terminology data. use the following procedure to copy the data from the container tables to the database tables.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you must update the optimizer statistics.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP DB: Updating Optimizer Statistics SAP DB Use To improve the response of the database after the upgrade. 2. Select Create new optimizer/space statistics. Log on to the SAP System. End of DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 159 . End of SAP DB DB2 for OS/390: Actions DB2 for OS/390 Removing Any Superfluous Database Objects Check if there are any empty database objects such as tablespaces. Procedure 1. to avoid a drop in your system performance. Plan this action as soon as possible. delete them. databases and stogroups. call Transaction DB13. Do this with the report program RSDB2CLN. 4. In the role SAP_BC_DB_ADMIN_SAPDB. If there are. Select a day in the Planning Calendar by double-clicking. 3. The menu for scheduling database actions appears.

Use the sapdba program to delete the tablespaces. the tablespace is empty 2. some tablespaces are empty and are no longer used. the space is actually released You may be asked whether you want to wait until Oracle releases the files.Upgrading to 4. This applies to the following tablespaces in a Repository Switch upgrade: PSAPES<source release>D PSAPES<source release>I PSAPEL<source release>D PSAPEL<source release>I where <source release> is the source release for the current upgrade. You can delete these tablespaces.informix /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/ sapdba -updstat End of Informix Oracle: Actions Oracle Deleting Tablespaces After the upgrade. you must execute an Update Statistics as user informix.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Informix: Performing an Update Statistics Informix Use To improve the response of the database after the upgrade. Procedure Enter the following commands as user informix: su . The program sapdba checks whether: 1. 160 April 2001 .

The cost-based optimizer requires table statistics to be created. 2.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Check the success of the action with one of the following options: April 2001 161 . 4. 3. Enter the name of the tablespaces you want to delete.0x/3. You can make this switch during production operation. Choose Drop tablespace. Start sapdba at the operating system level as user ora<sapsid>. see the following documentation on the documentation CD for the target release under: • SAP Library → BC . Proceed as follows: 1. sapdba executes the Drop command on the database and deletes the data files at the operating system level.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Delete the tablespaces as follows: 1. Actions for Cost-Based Optimizer Mode The following text only describes the actions for the database optimizer that you need to perform directly after the upgrade. For background information on this subject. System performance is reduced considerably during this time. If the tablespace is empty. Choose Tablespace administration.1x) You must switch the database optimizer to cost-based mode after the upgrade.x.Basis Components → Database Interface/Database Platforms → Database Administration (Oracle) with SAPDBA → Using SAPDBA Read about the following topics there: − − • Support for the Cost-Based Optimizer SAPDBA Command Options SAP Library → Basis Components → Computing Center Management System → Database Administration in CCMS → SAP/Oracle DBA in CCMS → CCMS Support for the Cost-Based Optimizer: Oracle Switching the Optimizer Mode (For Source Releases 3. The runtime depends strongly on the size of your database and can take several hours. When you run the database in rule-based mode you significantly reduce the performance of the system. If the user system does not have the default password manager you need to append the following command options to the end of the sapdba calls: -u system/<password> Call the sapdba program with the following command: sapdba -analyze DBSTATCO You can do this during production operation. SAP no longer supports the parameter setting optimizer_mode = rule after the upgrade to 4.

Updating the Statistics (For Source Release 4.x before the upgrade. After the upgrade you only need to update the statistics. Restart the database to activate the parameters. System performance is reduced considerably during this time. If you cannot solve the problem yourself.Upgrading to 4.ora: optimizer_mode = choose db_file_multiblock_read_count = 8 3. send a problem message and the log file to SAP. your database is already running in cost-based optimizer mode.aly or *. $ORACLE_HOME/sapcheck/*.opt If there are errors. Make sure that the following parameters are set in the file $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<SAPSID>. 2. Correctly created optimizer statistics are essential for the performance of your system. If the user system does not have the default password manager you need to append the following command options to the end of the sapdba calls: -u system/<password> Call the sapdba program with the following command: sapdba -analyze DBSTATCO You can do this during production operation.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG − − In the SAP System. you can analyze the cause by double-clicking the log line and pushbutton SAPDBA Detail Log in the menu above. The Optimizer must be set to cost-based mode. End of Oracle 162 April 2001 . Friday/Saturday night): sapdba -checkopt PSAP% (for example. see the online documentation under Help → Application help. For more information on DB13. make sure that the return code is either 0 or 1 by choosing: Tools → CCMS → DB Administration → Operations Monitor Check the logs in the file system if necessary. Schedule the following two phases periodically once the database has been in operation for one day following the upgrade: Phase I Phase II (for example.x) If you had Release 4. Saturday/Sunday night): sapdba -analyze DBSTATCO You can schedule these actions with transaction DB13. Scheduling Periodic Statistics Updates (For All Source Releases) Make sure that the statistics are updated at regular intervals.

Procedure For an exact procedure and other information. To avoid this. see Note 175596 in SAPNet – R/3 Frontend. For more information on the free space requirements in the load tables.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. reduce production system performance. see the online documentation in transaction SGEN by choosing Information on the SAP Load Generator.6B. Prerequisites Your source release is lower than 4. The old log files are deleted after a successful conversion. you can use transaction SGEN to generate the missing loads. However.6A or 4. see SAP Note 186066. a load is automatically generated. Selection of software components to restrict the amount of objects being generated (SAP_ABA. SAP_BASIS and so on) Generating in the background Job Monitor for checking the progress of the generation in the background Procedure If possible. if it does not already exist. April 2001 163 . Choose Regenerate after an SAP System upgrade. All old batch input logs must be converted with the program RSBDCLCH in all clients.6C only supports the new batch input log procedure. Transaction SGEN offers the following functions: • • • • Selection of predefined generation tasks.6A. For a detailed description of the features. When you call a program. however. otherwise the system will no longer be able to read them.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Generating ABAP Loads Use The most important ABAP loads for the Basis system are upgraded with the new release. or in the Job Monitor by choosing Job Monitor. Converting Batch Input Logs Use Release 4. This may. generate the loads directly after the upgrade. there are not yet any generated ABAP loads for all the transactions from the different SAP application areas. or you have not yet converted your logs in Releases 4.

164 April 2001 .1G: To copy the latest SAP default values while retaining your own modifications.1G: To copy the SAP default values.Upgrading to 4. For source releases as of 3. see the guide Installing the SAP Library. Maintain the settings variants for the Online Help in the IMG 4. You can change these values with Transaction SU24. Performing Post-Upgrade Activities in the Authorizations Area Procedure Adjusting the Assignments Between Check Flags and Transactions Transaction SU24 was introduced in Release 3. You can use it to: • • Deactivate checks within a transaction Define proposals for the profile generator for activated checks Both the check flags and the proposed values are based on SAP default values. see the online documentation for Transaction SU25. Only for help type PlainHtmlHttp: Set up the Web server 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Actions for the SAP Online Documentation Process Flow Certain actions are necessary before you can display the online documentation (SAP Library) in your SAP System: 1.1G. Installation of a Web browser/viewer For instructions. use Transaction SU25 (steps 2 and 3). use Transaction SU25 (step 1). For source releases before 3. This transaction • • displays the differences between your own check flags or authorization proposals and the new SAP default values for all the changes by SAP defines all the roles which will have to be generated later on using the profile generator in order to generate authorizations for all the current checks For more detailed information. Installation of the online documentation 2.

Assign user SAPCPIC (in the clients in which it exists) profile S_A.6C Support Release 2: UNIX For Source Release 3. To do this. where <rel> is the release for which the new authorization check was delivered. into which customer profile the authorizations should be copied. so that you can find out later which authorization appeared in which release. Composite profile SAP_NEW contains all the individual SAP_NEW_<Rel> profiles since Release 2. The profile SAP_NEW does not contain the authorizations for functions delivered in the upgrade.CPIC . you can temporarily enter the profile SAP_NEW for all users with Transaction SU01.1C.CPIC and save. than was previously the case. go to Transaction SU01 and enter the user SAPCPIC. Upwards Compatibility for Authorization Checks There are functions that are protected in more detail by new authorization objects in the new release. The composite profile SAP_NEW contains all single profiles SAP_NEW_<Rel> (as of Release 4. If this is not the case. April 2001 165 . delete all the individual profiles from SAP_NEW that refer to releases that are lower than the source release for the upgrade. Before this. which is used for internal purposes and which in the past did not need any authorizations.0E contains a new authorization check against authorization object S_TCODE when starting all transactions. This defines which users can continue to carry out the corresponding actions. Choose User names → Change. To do this. remove the single profile SAP_NEW_<rel> from the composite profile SAP_NEW. It contains the authorizations only for new checks in functions that were already delivered. This also has an effect on user SAPCPIC. Keep the single profiles SAP_NEW_<rel>. Empty and activate the profile SAP_NEW after finishing the analysis and maintenance. This is how the composite profile is also given the overall authorization for the check S_TCODE (exists since Release 3. To do this.0D Only: New Authorization Check when Starting all Transactions For security reasons.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. For Source Release 3. In a later phase you can begin to assign special profiles with exactly the transactions to be executed by the users.0D Only: User SAPCPIC Must Be Assigned the Profile S_A. This has made it necessary to assign new authorizations (see Release Note BC_30E_AUTHORITY). Ensure that all the users have authorization profile SAP_NEW so that they can still start transactions. The authorizations for these new objects are in the single profiles SAP_NEW_<rel> . Release 3.CPIC New authorization checks were introduced in the interface from the SAP System to the operating system. which they were able to carry out previously without an authorization check. Every user should have the profile SAP_NEW in his or her master record. This guarantees that users can continue to carry out those functions after an upgrade. Enter the authorization profile S_A. After the upgrade the user administrator should go through the profile SAP_NEW and decide for each authorization object.6A. the naming convention S_NEW_<rel><number> is valid). choose Environment → Mass changes.1E).

Upgrading to 4. the predefined buffer size might not be large enough for the newly delivered profiles. To do this call Transaction SPRO_ADMIN or choose Tools → AcceleratedSAP →Customizing →Project Administration. HR Customers Only: Restoring Table T512W (Wage Types in HR) If you saved table T512W before the upgrade. Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Application Use Some applications require specific post-upgrade activities without which the application cannot execute. reload it now. You can create a release-specific view of a Customizing project by choosing the activities for delta or upgrade Customizing. The precise procedure is described in the section Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) [Page 103]. For SAP Retail Customers Only: Replacing Short Texts You are advised to replace short texts for some languages.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Handling Problems with User Buffers If the user master records were already very large before the upgrade. 166 April 2001 . For more information. You can make the necessary Customizing settings in the release-specific Customizing project by calling Transaction SPRO. Procedure These actions are described in the Release Notes for the particular application. see Note 10187. If you encounter authorization problems after the upgrade where authorizations are missing for users although these are contained in the master record. see the Online Documentation under Help → SAP Library → Logistics → SAP Retail → Basic Principles → Retail Terminology. Also check to see if you have to adapt your Customizing.

4. PREPARE warns you about any outstanding conversions. For more information on the individual fields. April 2001 167 . When at least 95% of the data has been converted. the estimated time for the remaining data transfer appears automatically. To start the data transfer. choose Control → Delete entry.1x) Use After the upgrade. Any data that has not yet been transferred is included in the process.x to Release 4. The time when you process the table clusters is not critical.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. After a while.0x/3. but it must be done before you begin the next upgrade. choose the function button F1. To do this. 3. Procedure 1. Call transaction ICNV.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Processing Table Clusters After the Upgrade (Source Release 3. As soon as the tables have the status Done. You can then select the tables you want to delete and remove them from the list. To do this. If you have not. the tables EDIDOC and CDCLS must have the status Conversion. 5. create a problem message under the component BC-UPG-TLS. choose Control → Data transfer → Start. you can delete them from the list. switch to the new tables.x. Since there is often a large amount of data to handle. Monitor the progress of the action.0x or 3. You must complete step 5 before you start the next upgrade. 2. you can use transaction ICNV to convert the table clusters during production operation of the system. Prerequisites Your source release is 3. End the conversion. If they do not.1x. Read the online documentation. Directly after the upgrade. the table clusters EDIDOC and CDCLS are converted from Release 3. You now have the option of selecting tables and starting the process in the background. choose Control → Switch (STRG+F2). You will not be able to start the upgrade. This considerably reduces the downtime during the upgrade.

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Installing More Dialog Instances Use You can use the SAP tool R3SETUP to install more dialog instances in an SAP System. Procedure Proceed as described in Note 137478 Installing a Dialog Instance/Gateway .5B. 168 April 2001 .4.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The procedure is very simple: 1.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime Use You can use the report RSUPGSUM to display the upgrade runtime. If you do not yet have a link to the SAPNet . Choose Transfer data. 2. The times are displayed in the file R3up. you can send this data electronically. The data was formatted previously using RSUPGSUM. for example. Procedure 1. Result The report writes data into a log file and generates a list approximately two pages long. 3. Enter the time required for modification adjustments. Call Transaction SCUI. choose Display data. Send the results of the report to SAP for further analysis. only those phases which have a significant effect on the runtime are displayed. Enter the relevant information.R/3 Frontend.RTS in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory which R3up automatically creates after the upgrade. Check if the SAPNet .R/3 Frontend. 3. Choose Program → Execute and print. 2. If you have a connection to the SAPNet . you can fax the RSUPGSUM list to us at: SAP AG Software Logistics department Fax number + 49 6227/7 46495 April 2001 169 . If you keep the default settings. database size. To display the data to be transferred.R/3 Frontend connection exists. Prerequisites You are logged on to the SAP System. Choose Customizing and select that at least the option Run time results of completed upgrades and return to the previous screen. 4. 4. Execute the program RSUPGSUM using Transaction SE38.

Upgrading to 4.R/3 Frontend Notes. Request the Notes [Page 40] that are relevant to this upgrade. 170 April 2001 . also read the SAPNet .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Troubleshooting • Logs − − Upgrade Logs [Page 171] Analyzing the ELG Log Files [Page 173] • Correcting Errors After Phases − − − − − − − − Correcting Errors in the ACT Phase [Page 175] Correcting Errors in the ADOIM Phase [Page 176] Correcting Errors in the XPRAS Phase [Page 177] Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases [Page 179] Correcting Lost Fields Problems in the PCON Phase [Page 182] Correcting Conversion Errors in the PCON Phase [Page 183] Correcting Errors in the Job Phases [Page 184] Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185] • General Problems − − − − − − − − Preparing the Restart of the Upgrade After a System Failure [Page 186] Resetting the Upgrade [Page 187] Scroll Mode: Restart [Page 191] Correcting Problems when Processing ABAP Steps [Page 192] Correcting Problems when Starting the SAP System [Page 193] Correcting Problems when Copying SAP Programs [Page 194] Correcting Administrator Profile Problems on Application Servers [Page 195] Providing SAP Local Support with Information [Page 196] As well as the problems listed here.

To do this. You can use these log files to monitor your upgrade. The section in the SLOG relating to phase ACT_46C looks like this: START START STOP START STOP START STOP START START STOP STOP START STOP START STOP START STOP START STOP STOP put tpsetstopm tpsetstopm tplock_eu tplock_eu tpsapstart tpsapstart DD ACTIVAT tp_getprot tp_getprot DD ACTIVAT locksysX locksysX tpsapstart tpsapstart locksys locksys tpdequeue tpdequeue put Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A ( ( 3 3 A A { { 3 3 | | 0000 19940905200903 19940905200903 19940905200903 19940905200903 19940905200904 19940905200904 19940905200935 19940905200936 19940905200936 19940905202559 19940905202559 19940905202559 19940905202559 19940905202600 19940905202631 19940905202631 19940905202631 19940905202631 19940905202632 19940905202632 q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 Additional detailed logs are also written for most steps. Functions R3up records all actions in the log file R3up.log in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. A simple method of monitoring the progress of all tp-driven phases is to observe the SLOG log using tail. The tp steps are also listed in the file SLOG46C in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. open another terminal window and execute the following command: tail -f <upgrade directory>/log/SLOG46C Each tp-driven phase is divided up into a number of different steps whose start and end times are noted in the SLOG log. The start and end of a phase are indicated by the lines START put and STOP put. After the various steps of the April 2001 171 . These are in the tmp subdirectory of the upgrade directory. If you encounter any errors you can analyze them to help you find a solution.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrade Logs Use R3up logs all actions in log files. where you can also monitor them with tail -f. Additional detailed logs are usually written for these tp steps.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

The table below contains the most important steps. tp moves the individual logs to the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. After completing each tp-driven phase. You should check at least level 2 to display any error messages this level may contain. you branch to the log display for the step in question. any errors which occurred and the return codes.<SAPSID> P<DATE>. The names of the summaries usually comprise the phase name (without the underscore) and the extension .<SAPSID> C<DATE>.ELG). enter the name of the transport request (for example.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG phase have been completed.<SAPSID> SAPI??????. which means. SAPK46CD01) and then choose Execute. The summary contains the names of the individual logs. their log names. a description of the error is displayed.Upgrading to 4.<SAPSID> N<DATE>. When you double click an error line. 172 April 2001 .<SAPSID> SAPD??????.<SAPSID> SAPR??????.<SAPSID> SAPA??????. The logs are broken down into several levels.<SAPSID> PD<DATE>.<SAPSID> DS<DATE>.<SAPSID> N<DATE>. you can also display them in the SAP System.<SAPSID> PA<DATE>. you only need to check these summaries.ELG (for example. If you double click one of the lines.<SAPSID> PL<DATE>.<SAPSID> SAPH??????.<SAPSID> SAPV??????. In the field Transport request. At level 1 only the return code for the step is displayed. RDDPROTT works based on transport requests. and specifies which programs carried out the steps: Step Log name SAPK??????. You can do this by executing program RDDPROTT with Transaction SE38. If no errors occurred. DDIC46C.<SAPSID> Program executing the step R3trans R3trans SHADOW_IMPORT DD IMPORT (H) DD ACTIVATION (A) DISTRIBUTION OF DD OBJECTS (S) TBATG CONVERSION OF DD OBJECTS (N) tpmvntabs ABAP program (RDDMASGL) ABAP program (RDDDIS0L) ABAP program (RDDGEN0L) tp MAIN IMPORT (I) tpmvkernel (C) TBATG CONVERSION OF MC OBJECTS (N) IMPORT OF SELFDEFINED OBJECTS (D) VERSION UPDATE (V) EXECUTION OF REPORTS AFTER PUT (R) R3trans tp ABAP program (RDDGEN0L) ABAP program (RDDDIC1L) ABAP program (RDDVERSL) ABAP program (RDDEXECL) Once the logs are located in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. it displays all the logs for a specific transport request. A brief overview of all the logs existing for this transport request is displayed. R3up creates a summary of all individual logs in this phase.

then tp or a program called by tp has terminated. Errors have occurred if the return code is equal to 8 and preceded by error messages or if the return code is higher than 8.. In this case. First check the <PHASE>. 4.ELG log to find out why the phase terminated: No errors have occurred if a return code less than 8 appears in the log at the end of a step. Double-click the canceled job to display the log. Double-click the error line to display the long text for the error. Enter the following commands to lock the SAP System again: cd /usr/sap/put/bin .. For a chronological list of the files in both log directories. If a return code is greater than or equal to 12. Make sure that the date in the SM37 input screen is correct and that an asterisk (*) appears in the Start after event field. The name of this log is listed in the header of each phase step.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Analyzing the ELG Log Files Use The <PHASE>. When errors are detected during a phase. 2. Analyze the errors. proceed as follows: Enter the following commands to unlock the SAP system: cd /usr/sap/put/bin .exe/tp locksys <SAPSID> April 2001 173 . and no error messages appear for that step. From these files. you can call up detailed log files that contain more information.. If tp or R3trans have terminated. Procedure 1. Enter the job name as the name of the report that usually processes the terminated step (RDDMASGL for DD ACTIVATION.exe/tp unlocksys <SAPSID> . analyze the last log that was written. enter the following commands: ls -ltr <upgrade directory>/log ls -ltr <upgrade directory>/tmp 3. R3up displays an appropriate message and prompts you to repeat that phase. using the detailed log file if necessary. If you use a user ID other than DDIC to log on to the SAP system and correct the error. for example). the SAP System may block the logon.ELG log files are summary log files that contain a list of all the errors that occurred during a specific phase of the upgrade. Determine when the program terminated from the last two lines of the SLOG log. The job overview normally displays one canceled job and one background job that completed normally. Log on as user DDIC and call transaction SM37. you must analyze the job log in the SAP System to determine the cause of the error.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If a background step in the SAP System terminates.exe/tp unlock_eu <SAPSID> Log on to the SAP system and correct the error.

In this case. Remove all errors to avoid the risk of follow-on errors. Result In some exceptional cases. A return code of 8 indicates that some errors have occurred.. 174 April 2001 . R3up prompts you to enter a password if the errors are serious. If you are not sure how to proceed. Generally./exe/tp lock_eu <SAPSID> 5.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG . The repeated phase is usually completed quickly. since the transport control program tp automatically starts from the point at which it terminated. SAP Local Support also gives you the password that you need to correct the error. you can choose ignore in R3up to continue with the upgrade and avoid repeating the failed phase. you must always remove the cause of the error. In this case. When you choose ignore. contact SAP Local Support. R3up does not require a password. repeat the phase by selecting repeat in R3up. Once you have found and corrected the error. you must get approval to ignore the error from SAP Local Support. A return code of 8 indicates that some individual objects have not been processed or not been processed completely. otherwise the phase is complete.Upgrading to 4.

you can proceed with the upgrade where it terminated in the ACT_<rel> phases by selecting repeat in R3up. If you choose ignore severe errors.exe/tp unlocksys <SAPSID> Procedure 1. 7. 5. as described under Prerequisites. error messages with return code 8 might occur during the ACT_<Rel> phase. Return the system change option to its previous value.x: Expert tools → ..6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Errors in the ACT Phase Use If your SAP System has been modified.. Proceed as follows: 1. Log off the SAP System. 2.x: Administration → Set System Change Option → Global setting. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. Prerequisites Before you can correct ABAP Dictionary objects that cannot be activated. lock it again with the following command. Make the required corrections. Log on to the SAP System as user DDIC. 6.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Enter the following command: cd <upgrade directory>/bin . April 2001 175 . you might need to unlock the SAP System. cd <upgrade_directory>/bin. all error messages with return code 8 are ignored. Choose Release 3. The user DDIC cannot make any changes to the SAP System.. → Modifiable 4.. 2. 8.. This procedure tells you how to remove these errors. 3. Workbench Organizer) Release 4. Log on as a user other than DDIC. If you had to unlock the SAP System.exe/tp locksys <SAPSID> Result When you have manually corrected all the error situations displayed for the objects.. Call Transaction SE03.for setting the system → Set System Change Option → All objects (w.

If you choose ignore all errors. R3up repeats the phase and ignores all error messages with return value 8 (eight). error messages with return code 8 may occur during the ADOIM_<rel> phase. R3up gives you two options for continuing the upgrade: • • repair severe errors ignore all errors Procedure Choose repair severe errors. You require a password for ignore all errors.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Errors in the ADOIM Phase Use If your SAP System has been modified. The errors must be removed after the upgrade. R3up goes to the next phase without dealing with the rest of the objects. The objects with errors are not imported into the SAP System. • 176 April 2001 . If you choose ignore. Result • If you choose repair severe errors. you must have approval from SAP Local Support. Before you can choose ignore.Upgrading to 4.

Procedure Finding Help Texts for Error Messages 1. If you need more information.ELG file is important for finding help. To display a help text. Correcting Errors 1. These texts usually contain all the information you need to correct the error. Choose Request/task → Display individually and enter the name of the transport request. The error messages will generally be visible as of the second level. To access this information. You can expand the log to view it in more detail. Follow the instructions in the help text precisely. In the log XPRAS<Rel>. or if the report still results in errors after repeating the XPRAS_<rel> phase.ELG look for the file name <file name> displayed in the heading. 3. The file name <file_name> given in the heading of the XPRAS_<rel>. The name of the relevant transport request can be derived from the two names. You now have SAPK<ID> as the name of the transport request. To display the individual transport logs. log April 2001 177 . To navigate to the log display for this step. 4. When you have corrected all the errors. 2. position the cursor on the error message and choose Long text.<SAPSID> where <ID> can be any string of six characters. 2. double-click the line Exec after put. Log on to the SAP System.ELG log. This file contains error messages with the following header: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ XPRA ERRORS and RETURN CODE in <file name> ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If this header is followed by lines other than the return code. You can display a detailed help text for each of these error messages in the SAP System.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Errors in the XPRAS Phase Use If errors occur during the execution of XPRA reports in the XPRAS_<rel> phase. The file name always has the following format: SAPR<ID>. In addition to the actual error lines. a separate line indicates the names of the reports that generated the preceding error messages. 6. repeat the upgrade phase with R3up. Call transaction SE09. see the documentation on the report.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. R3up stops and informs you that all errors which occurred have been recorded in the XPRAS_<rel>. then errors have occurred while the reports were being executed. The help text helps you correct the error. choose Goto → Transport logs. Replace the ‘R’ with a ‘K’ and delete the period and all characters that follow it. 3. 5.

contact SAP. when special measures in the SAP application areas are necessary to correct the errors. you must suppress the execution of the corresponding report before you repeat the upgrade phase. If you cannot execute an XPRA later and still want to skip it. R3up gives you two options for continuing the upgrade: • • repair severe errors ignore all errors Choose repair severe errors. To do this. without executing the following XPRAs. 4. This option makes sense. For technical instructions on skipping an XPRA. The errors must be removed after the upgrade. After the upgrade. and the corresponding specialists are not available right now. The objects with errors are not imported into the SAP System. R3up then continues with the next phase. If you choose ignore. R3up repeats the phase and ignores all error messages with return code 8. Correcting Errors After the Upgrade We recommend correcting errors as soon as they are detected.Upgrading to 4. You require a password for ignore all errors. However. 178 April 2001 . Before you can choose ignore. correct the error and run the report manually using transaction SE38.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG on to the SAP System. This documentation is always available in English and German. Call transaction SE38 and display the documentation for the report that is named in the error log. you can correct some errors that occur during the execution of XPRA reports after you have completed the upgrade. if an SAP Note tells you that this is allowed). see SAP Note 122597. Only skip an XPRA report program if you are sure you can execute it later (for example. for example. you must have approval from SAP Local Support.

however. This shows that the conversion process was stopped by an external event. choose the function Cancel adjustment in the detailed display (Unlock table as of Release 4. but ends abruptly. If the data does not exist. Contact your Basis consultant or SAP Local Support for assistance with saving this data. Check the meaning and status of the table. the table was already corrected without the reset log being deleted. You can determine the status of the table with the function Check → Database object and Check → Runtime object. Procedure for Restart Logs of DB Conversions Found To clean up terminated conversions indicated by the message Restart logs of DB conversions found. proceed as follows: 1. b. Also check if the table contains the data you expect. If both messages appear. You cannot find a log because it was deleted at some time in the past. The log does not contain an error message. You can now use Transaction April 2001 179 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases Use These errors are indicated by the following PREPARE and R3up error messages: • • Restart logs of DB conversions found Outstanding DB conversions found These errors can occur in the phases CNV_CHK_GEN.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Find out if the table is still needed.5A) is harmless in this case. for example. choose Object log. The function Cancel adjustment (Unlock table as of Release 4. In some cases. You can see the detailed display for a particular table by double-clicking. This prevents the conversion being continued automatically. You could encounter the following problems here: a. Start up the database utility (Transaction SE14) and choose DB requests → Terminated. If you find out that the table is still needed. Determine the cause of the error. process the message Restart logs of DB conversions found first. Ask the last person who changed a table or to the table owner to find out its status. If the table is no longer needed. The table itself does not return to a consistent status. You can do this with Transaction SE16. Look for error messages that explain the cause of the termination. 3. Sometimes there are test tables which are no longer needed. 2. A list of the terminated conversions appears. CNV_CHK_IMP.5A). Continue with step 4 (Continuing the conversion to the end). CNV_CHK_XT and CNV_CHK_SW. it could still be in the temporary table. Any data which is still in the temporary table is lost during the next conversion.

Process the outstanding requests. A log now exists. Repeat the analysis from step 3 (Determining the cause of the error). Ask the last person who changed the object if the request should still be processed. a. but has not yet been processed. execute the function Continue adjustment. b. The conversion finished successfully. You can see this because the error message disappears. Determine the objects that are affected. choose the processing type Background. Since you do not know how long this will take. proceed as follows: Process this message after you have processed the message Restart logs of DB conversions found.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG SM21 to read the system log to find out the approximate time of termination. Procedure for Outstanding DB conversions found To clean up terminated conversions indicated by the message Outstanding DB conversions found. 2. b. if the log clearly gives a reason for the error. Start up the database utility (Transaction SE14) and choose DB requests → Mass processing. views and matchcode objects. In contrast to the procedure for the message Restart logs of DB conversions found. after several attempts. This worklist was generated by developments or modifications in your SAP System. Do not remove requests from the last upgrade. and there is a success message in the object log. Choose the function All requests. This displays the worklist that was not processed correctly during the last upgrade. c. the Check function does not display any further problems. you still cannot complete the conversion. You now have two possibilities: a. They might not even have been started. a. You now see the worklist of the conversion program. Check the meaning and status of the requests. this procedure can also include requests for indexes. In the detailed display. 1. The objects are thus removed from the work list of the conversion program. b.Upgrading to 4. The conversion terminates again. select the request and choose the function Delete selected. Continue the conversion to the end. If. 4. 180 April 2001 . The requests which are found do not always have to be terminated. However. contact a Basis consultant or SAP Local Support. Choose DB requests → Created with import. you must correct it. 3. proceed as follows. If the user does not want this. and to look for the cause of the error.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX You can select the requests from the list of mass processing requests and schedule a job for execution with the function Schedule selections. Since you do not know how long this will take. or continue it. a. Schedule the request. Go to the detailed display of the object by double-clicking it in the list of requests created by the import. b. choose the processing type Background. April 2001 181 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

Procedure 1. Also read Note 73999. If you do not want to keep the fields name in the log. b. Normally. If you want to keep the fields named in the log. continue the upgrade with do not repeat check. Read the information in Note 73999.. conversions could take a very long time. Also read Note 24864.<SID>. In addition. a further check is made in phase PCON_<rel>.. The transaction does not recognize any modifications that were already made without the correction system. Then activate the corresponding table. 2. table BSEG is so large that you should avoid converting it.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Lost Field Problems in the PCON Phase Use Transaction SPDD cannot find all the modifications to the standard and make the relevant decisions. you must insert them in the ABAP Dictionary. For this reason. a. The log therefore might contain the following message: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Lost fields.Upgrading to 4. If table BSEG is specified. tables that cannot be converted and RETURN CODE in FDSAVPRT. Recommendation: Insert the lost fields in the identical positions before continuing. do not choose suppress. customer extensions to the standard are lost and indexes or views can become inconsistent. although it did not appear in SPDD In this case. since conversion is only possible on database systems that allow a table to contain more than 254 fields. Analyze the log FDSAVPRT. 182 April 2001 . ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2WETG450 Table <name> is losing customer fields..

Procedure 1. In phase ACT_<rel>. If necessary. This type of error frequently occurs if you decide to revert to the SAP standard during Transaction SPDD (ACT_<rel> phase). and the ACT_<REL> phase was completed with ignore. b. To do this. Technical problems on the database Read the documentation in the database system about how to correct the error. For more information on alternative procedures. This field was also used in an index or view. you could. Repeat phase PCON_<rel>. Also check whether the objects which are not contained in the standard and which are now incorrect can be deleted completely. Remove the cause of the error. Often it concerns insufficient disk space. however.ELG. tablespaces or dbspaces. 2. however. there will be errors when the objects are created. Some of them. however. 3. April 2001 183 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Conversion Problems in the PCON Phase Use This procedure enables you to correct problems that occur in phase PCON_<rel>. you decided to return to the standard definition of the table (using Transaction SPDD) and this additional field was removed. Logical errors in the object definition Correct the objects. you can use Transaction SE11. see Note 177680. extend. A field was added to an SAP table. a.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. In the above example. for example. • Logical errors in the object definition These could also appear in the form of SQL errors. If the index definition is not corrected. are already detected by the system before a command can be given to the database. remove the deleted field from the index or view definition or re-insert the deleted field into the table. for example. The errors can roughly be divided into two classes: • Technical problems on the database You can recognize these in the SysLog (Transaction SM21) since they are marked with SQLERROR followed by an abbreviation with an error number. Analyze the log PCON_<rel>. is incorrect since the relevant table field is missing. The index or view definition.

• The job was terminated normally. where <Name> is the name of the job or report. If the background job was started. 2.Upgrading to 4. In this case. The naming convention for the job phases is JOB_<Name>. Proceed as follows: 1. this is generally due to a syntax error in the calling program. In this case R3up does not require a password if you choose ignore. If no background job was started. contact SAP Local Support. proceed as described in Providing SAP Local Support with Information. but with error messages. Enter Transaction SM37 and narrow down the start time and start date as far as possible.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Errors in the Job Phases Use A job phase starts a background job in the SAP System and waits for it to end. If there is no Note explaining this error. 184 April 2001 . If the error occurs again. If you are unsure how to proceed. Check if the error can be reproduced by selecting repeat in R3up. start by checking if a background job was started at all. Log on to the SAP System as user DDIC. there are two possible cases: • The job was abnormally terminated. Procedure To analyze problems with a job phase. contact SAP Local Support. call SAP Local Support. These error messages can sometimes be ignored.

enter the following command: set stdpar To change the password of the user DDIC. If you need to correct entries made in INITSUBST . Restart R3up. enter the following command: R3up set rswpar 3. choose Administrator → Start R3up with option. the password of user DDIC is changed during the upgrade. If you are using scroll mode: 1. use the start mode init. To start the current phase. In the main menu of the Upgrade Assistant. April 2001 185 . Frequently. If you need to correct entries made in INITSUBST . To do this. use the start mode init. enter the following command: set rswpar 4. enter the following command: R3up set stdpar To change the password of the user DDIC. enter the following command: R3up set DDICpwd 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases Use If in later phases you find that entries you made in the INITPUT and INITSUBST phases were incorrect. you can correct them. Choose exit to exit R3up and then restart the upgrade as described under Restarting the Upgrade [Page 109]. enter the following command: set DDICpwd 3. Procedure If you are using the Upgrade Assistant: 1. So that you do not have to reconfirm all the entries you made in the INITPUT phase.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you have the option of only changing the password of the DDIC user. This is the reason why background jobs could not be started in the JOB_<name> phases. 2. If you need to correct entries made in INITPUT. If you need to correct entries made in INITPUT.

6. the logs from the subdirectory tmp of the upgrade directory are added to the logs in the subdirectory log and no logs are overwritten. 3. cd <upgrade directory>/tmp cat <log name> >> . 4. Restart the upgrade as described under Restarting the Upgrade [Page 109]. run the report RSBTCRPR.Upgrading to 4. Log on to the SAP System as user DDIC and delete all the entries from table TRBAT using Transaction SM31. and then delete these jobs using Transaction SM37. 2. tp.. 5.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Preparing the Restart of the Upgrade After a System Failure Use If the system fails (due to power failure. Cancel any background jobs that have already been restarted using Transaction SM50./log/<log name> rm <log name> 7. This ensures that if there are identical names. and R3trans are no longer able to perform certain debugging operations. Using Transaction SM37. To change the status of all the current or active background jobs to 'terminated'. Start the SAP System. delete all the released background jobs related to the processing of a phase with the exception of RDDIMPDP. Use the following commands to copy a log to a new location. you must ensure that a number of requirements for successful restarting of the upgrade are met: Procedure 1. for example) R3up. Before restarting the upgrade after a system failure. Move all the logs contained in the subdirectory tmp of the upgrade directory into the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. 186 April 2001 .

you might also have to reset the SAP Kernel and the SAP profiles. If you have any questions. Reset the database to the state it had before the SAP upgrade. you need to perform various actions.log. You need to distinguish between two cases: • • Database failure without loss of the upgrade directory Loss of the upgrade directory The actions you need to take are listed in the following section depending on the selected upgrade strategy and the progress of the upgrade. 2. depending on the progress of the upgrade: If the phase MODPROF_TRANS ENVCHK KX_SWITCH has already been completed Reset the SAP profiles Reset the user profiles Reset the SAP Kernel 3. see the vendor’s specifications. Procedure After Database Failure Depending on the upgrade strategy you have chosen and the stage of the upgrade reached. Restart the upgrade with PREPARE. see the log file R3up. For information on the progress of the upgrade. including the operating system. Delete the upgrade directory. Also perform one or more of the following actions.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. contact SAP Local Support. In addition to resetting the database. see SAP Note 158358. To perform these actions. 4. The safest method is to reload a complete backup of the whole system. Upgrade Strategy A_off 1. It could be necessary to downgrade these software components after upgrading the operating system and/or database system in order to restart the production system. For additional information on resetting an upgrade. These actions are listed in the tables below: The actions are explained in more detail later.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Resetting the Upgrade Use You need to take different measures to reset the upgrade (because of hardware problems. Some of the actions are listed in italics. depending on what stage the upgrade has reached. for example). For downgrading options. see the end of this section under Detailed Description of the Individual Actions. April 2001 187 .

Upgrading to 4. 188 April 2001 . Downtime begins at the MODPROF_TRANS phase. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has not yet been completed. Delete the upgrade directory and restart the upgrade with PREPARE. reset the database to the state it had when the central instance was isolated. depending on the progress of the upgrade: If the phase MODPROF_TRANS ENVCHK KX_SWITCH has already been completed Reset the upgrade directory Reset the user profiles Reset the SAP Kernel 3. In this case. Restart the upgrade. Procedure After Loss of the Upgrade Directory If the upgrade directory is affected by the hardware problem. you must also recover it. 2. • • If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has not yet been completed. so that it corresponds to the state of the database. If the substitution tables have already been created on the database.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrade Strategy A_switch 1. Before you delete the upgrade directory. proceed exactly as described in the Database Failure section above. • • If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has not yet been completed. Restart the upgrade at the point at which it was interrupted. the SPACECHK phases tell you that there is not enough free space. Upgrade Strategies A_switch and A_on This procedure depends on whether the system is operating productively. R3up deletes these substitution tables at the start of the EU_IMPORT phases before re-importing the data. Recover the last state of the database (if the database is affected). If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has already been completed. proceed as follows: 1. restart where it terminated. 2. Also perform one or more of the following actions. There is then enough space. back up all data from this directory that can be recovered. 2. Recover the database up to the point at which the upgrade was interrupted. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has already been completed. Upgrade Strategy A_off If the upgrade directory has been destroyed. skip the phase by entering a password (which you can get from SAP Local Support). Since the database and the upgrade directory match only at the beginning of the upgrade. restart in MODPROF_TRANS. perform a point-in-timerecovery to the last state of the database. or whether it is in downtime. the upgrade directory or both are destroyed. Upgrade Strategy A_on 1. Reset the database. it is irrelevant whether the database.

If this phase has been completed.BCK. proceed as follows: 1. Detailed Description of the Individual Actions Reset the SAP profiles After phase MODPROF_TRANS (or EU_IMPORT0 for upgrade strategy A_off). Recover the upgrade directory as described in Reset the upgrade directory. Only recover the old user profile if problems occur when you do this. If you let R3up delete the tables.3): alter tablespace <name> coalesce. you must retrieve these two files from the sapnames subdirectory of the upgrade directory. The following files are affected here: . PSAPES<target release>I. 2. 3. Try to start.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Do this even if the database has not been corrupted. Reset the database to the state it had when the central instance was isolated. before you restart the upgrade. This is the only way to restore consistency with the upgrade directory. see Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202]).kshrc April 2001 189 . Also perform one or more of the following actions. we recommend that you delete the tables manually. The instance profile is saved in PROFX. (which means that you have already isolated the central instance. depending on the progress of the upgrade: If the phase ENVCHK KX_SWITCH has already been completed Reset the user profiles Reset the SAP Kernel 4.login . the fragmentation of the free space segments leads to an increase in required space of up to 10% of the entire of the tablespace. For strategy A_on. If you cannot recover the upgrade directory. stop and log on to the system as user <sapsid>adm. contact SAP for help with choosing the jump option. the default profile in DEFPROF.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Oracle For Oracle.BCK. the instance profile and the default profile of the SAP System are changed by R3up.cshrc . Reset the user profiles The new user profiles are normally also valid for the old SAP System version. Restart the upgrade in the MODPROF_TRANS phase. Delete all the tables in the tablespaces PSAPES<target release>D. a point-in-time recovery is necessary. PSAPEL<target release>D and PSAPEL<target release>I and then join the free space segments together with the following SQL command (available as of Oracle version 7. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has already been completed.

These profiles have the latest state after the ENVCHK phase. The old files are in <upgrade directory>/exe/INSTALL.dbenv_<host name>. You must reimport the old Kernel when you make the recovery.sh All the files are in the home directory of user <sapsid>adm.profile startsap_<host name>_<instance number> stopsap_<host name>_<instance number> .Upgrading to 4. Delete the upgrade directory We recommend that you archive all the subdirectories before you delete the contents of the upgrade directory.dbenv_<host name>.SAR from the CD. 190 April 2001 . You must unpack the packages SAPEXE. Reset the upgrade directory You must recover the whole upgrade directory with all its subdirectories.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG .SAR and SAPEXEDB.csh . You must have backed up the upgrade directory when you isolated the central instance if you want to do this (see Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202]). You can exclude the data directory if you have space problems. Reset the SAP Kernel The new Kernel is active after the KX_SWITCH phase. Then delete the contents of the upgrade directory. You can recover the Kernel directory from a backup created before the upgrade or from the Kernel CD of the source release.

2. R3up must wait until these processes have ended. If so.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. When you restart R3up. R3up logs any processes it has started. Restart the upgrade as described under Restarting the Upgrade [Page 109]. a check is made to see if any of the processes you noted are still running. If the transport control program was active when R3up terminated. April 2001 191 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Scroll Mode: Restart Prerequisites You are upgrading the system in scroll mode from a PC or X Terminal and the terminal connection has broken. both in the SAP System. use the command kill to stop R3up. Check whether R3up is running in the background on the host. If so. it keeps running independently of the upgrade. note the process number. Check whether a tp process still exists. R3up does not need to wait if the processes found are of a different type. 3. If it is. and at the operating system level. Procedure 1. You must prevent R3up from starting two processes of the same type.

x: Choose Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport System → BC Transport Tools → Transport Control Program tp. To access this documentation: In Release 3. Check when RDDIMPDP last ran and if it ran without errors. tp writes control information into this table. as these steps are not carried out by transport request. Check that the SAP System was started correctly. 4. Result For more information on the transport control program and on communication between tp and the SAP System. Use Transactions SM37 and SM50 to check if RDDIMPDP has already started the actual background job for editing the ABAP step. 2. Procedure If you encounter problems when editing the ABAP steps. so that event-driven jobs are also displayed. 192 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Problems when Processing ABAP Steps Use Some of the ABAP steps are performed in the SAP System. Check if the control information in table TRBAT has been entered correctly. proceed as follows: 1. During distribution of the Dictionary objects (S) and table conversion (N). In Release 4. 3.Upgrading to 4. table TRBAT may contain only one HEADER entry. To trigger an ABAP step. Enter an asterisk (*) in the field or after event. Log on as user DDIC in client 000. These are: • • • • • • • Dictionary activation (A) Distributing Dictionary objects (S) Table conversion (N) Matchcode activation (M) Importing application objects (D) Updating version management (U) Executing XPRAs (R) The interface between the transport control program tp and the SAP System is formed by table TRBAT. see the documentation Transport Control Program tp. In phase JOB_RDDNEWPP the background job RDDIMPDP is scheduled to run when certain events occur to process the entries in table TRBAT.x: Choose Help → R/3 Library → BC Basis → System Administration → Transport Control → Transport Control Program tp. Enter Transaction SM37 and check if background job RDDIMPDP has been scheduled. The table must have one HEADER entry and should contain one entry for each transport request.

R3up.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Problems when Starting the SAP System Use In the course of the various phases. In both cases. Using the SLOG log (SLOG46C). 4. shut down any SAP processes that may be running with the command: stopsap r3 3. If this is the case. tp waits without success for this step to end. the SAP System should have been started up. tp. search upwards for the latest entry marked tpsapstop or tpsapstart. increased demands on computer resources may have caused the problems. Starting at the end of the log. You can do this with the command: ps –fu <sapsid>adm The output should consist only of database processes. MODPROF_BAS and MODPROFP_<rel> or by SAP programs being exchanged in the KX_SWITCH phase. this is probably caused by changes to the SAP profile made in the phases MODPROF_TRANS. Procedure 1. If the SAP System is not successfully started up and the next step requires processing to take place within the SAP System (table conversion. for example). check whether the SAP System is supposed to be started up or shut down at this point.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Check whether all processes of the SAP System were actually stopped. but you are unable to log on as user DDIC. transport control program tp restarts the SAP System automatically several times. Try to start up the SAP System with the command: startsap r3 If you cannot start up the system manually. 2. and some shells. according to SLOG. try to run the SAP System with fewer dialog processes April 2001 193 . If.

it cannot overwrite the old files. 194 April 2001 .<SAPSID>. Do not start the SAP System during this period.Upgrading to 4. Analyze the log of the copy process.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Problems when Copying SAP Programs Use In the phase KX_SWITCH. Repeat the phase or copy the program manually from subdirectory exe of the upgrade directory to directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run. Procedure 1. the SAP programs in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are replaced. 2. It is located in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory and is called C<DATE>. otherwise.

The profiles on the secondary application servers only need to be adjusted if the <sapsid>adm users do not have the same home directory. Log on to the application server.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Administrator Profile Problems on Application Servers Use During the upgrade. and also the scripts for starting and stopping the system. Confirm the update for the relevant profiles. Procedure 1. the UNIX user profiles. Mount the upgrade directory from the host with the central instance: mount <host_name>:<upgrade_directory> /<new directory name> 3. R3up replaces the placeholders in the templates and writes the result to the home directory of <sapsid>adm. April 2001 195 . However./R3up update_user R3up displays every <sapsid>adm profile and asks you whether you want to replace it. The templates for the new profiles are in the subdirectory exe/INSTALL of the upgrade directory. 2. Enter the following commands as user <sapsid>adm: cd /<new directory name> . 4. if necessary you can use R3up to update these profiles as well. are automatically adjusted on the host with the central instance.

196 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Providing SAP Local Support with Information Use If none of the measures described in Problems and Solutions During the Upgrade solves your problem. In which R3up phase does the error occur? This information is listed at the end of the of the R3up. Answer the following questions and put these answers in your SAPNet . If you are certain that the problem is not an upgrade-specific one but a product-specific one. follow the procedure given here. For which SAP component do you want to perform the upgrade? 2. The following table gives you information on the different components to which you can assign your message in SAPNet . Did you have problems with the SAP System before upgrading? Also provide us with the following logs (if they exist in the upgrade directory) using ftp on the SAP support server that is closest to you (sapserv<x>) or by fax: • • • R3up. 6. To enable us to help you as quickly and effectively as possible.log <name of the phase with errors>. Which operating system version are you using? 4. create an error message in the SAPNet – R/3 Frontend and assign it to the component BC-UPG. • For transport phases we also require SLOG46D.ELG or the last file written with the .ELG suffix and the detailed log file that contains the error message For the phases JOB_<name> or RUN_<name>.log file located in the upgrade directory.R/3 Frontend customer message: 1. assign your error message to the appropriate product-specific component. For more information about using the SAP support server to transfer files. we also require − − − Last job log of user DDIC written in client 000 (use transaction SM37 to find it) Last lines written in the system log of the SAP System (use transaction SM21 to find them) Last short dump written to the system log at the time in question. What was the original release of your SAP System? 5. Which release are you upgrading from? Which release are you upgrading to? 3. see SAP Note 40024. contact your SAP Local Support. Procedure If you encounter problems that are specific to the upgrade.Upgrading to 4.R/3 Frontend. if one exists (use transaction ST22 to find this out).

Communication and Development Station .CRM Server .R/3 SAP DrFuzzy Search Engine SAP Frontend SAP Internet Transaction Server SAP Knowledge Management SAP R/3 Enterprise SAP Strategic Enterprise Management SAP Web Application Server SAP Workplace Server SMART Installation BC-SRV-TRX BC-UPG BC-UPG BC-UPG-ADDON APO-BAS BC-MID-BUS BW-SYS BBP-SAD CRM-MW BC-MID-INT-SRV CRM-MT-IU-SPE CRM-WBT-IU BC-UPG BC-SRV-TRX BC-INS BC-FES-ITS KM-KW BC-UPG BC-UPG-ADDON BC-UPG BC-UPG BC-UPG April 2001 197 .Mobile Client .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.Internet Pricing and Configurator (IPC) .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP Product Component in SAPNet – R/3 Frontend Index Management Server OLTP R/3 System R/3 Standalone Gateway SAP Add-On SAP Advanced Planner & Optimizer SAP Business Connector SAP Business Information Warehouse SAP Business-to-Business Procurement SAP Customer Relationship Management .

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrade Administration This section contains additional information on the various administrative tasks which are necessary before and during the SAP upgrade. • • • • • • • • • Using the Alert Function [Page 199] Determining the Operating System Version. Database Version and the SAP Release [Page 200] Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode [Page 201] Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202] Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205] Deleting Archived Upgrade Logs [Page 206] Using a Different Upgrade Directory [Page 207] Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests [Page 208] Reducing Upgrade Runtime in Modified Systems [Page 210] 198 April 2001 .

for example by telephone. Functions • Alert file An appropriate message appears on the screen if the upgrade stops. to indicate that action is necessary. you can use an alert function. April 2001 199 . of if the upgrade terminates (for example. You can then be informed if the control program R3up waits longer than a predefined period of time for input. As with the alert file.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Go to the main menu and choose Help → Introduction.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Alert Function Use Use the alert function to inform yourself if the upgrade waits for a long time. you must also provide the external software for starting a communication service. Activities To activate the alert functions of the Upgrade Assistant. This alert file is deleted when the upgrade is continued. and minimize downtime. go to the main menu of the Upgrade Assistant and choose Administrator → Set Alert. due to an error). You see the following screen: You can get more information online in the Upgrade Assistant. then go to the section ‘Set Alert’ window. instead of analyzing the alert file. • Alert Function of the Upgrade Assistant When you use the Upgrade Assistant for your upgrade. You can use this to notify the system administrator.log is also created in the sub-directory tmp of the upgrade directory. An alert file upalert.

The first line of the output contains the Oracle server release. enter the following command as user informix: onstat Oracle Execute the following SQL command: SELECT BANNER FROM V$VERSION. 200 April 2001 . End of the database-specific explanations Determining the SAP Release You can determine the SAP Release by selecting System → Status in the SAP main menu.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Determining Versions Determining the Operating System Version At the UNIX level enter the following command: uname -a Determining the Database Version SAP DB Execute the following operating system command: x_cons <SAPSID> show version Informix With the database running.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. since PREPARE is started from the CD. April 2001 201 ./PREPARE When you are prompted for the display mode./R3up [gt=SCROLL] When you are prompted for the display mode. Log on to the host on which the central instance is running as user <sapsid>adm. You need to do this if there is some reason why you cannot use the Upgrade Assistant. Executing R3up in Scroll Mode If you want to execute R3up in scroll mode. The commands for starting PREPARE for the first time [Page 66] are the same for display mode Server (Upgrade Assistant) and display mode Scroll. enter the following command: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin . To run R3up. enter SCROLL for the line-oriented mode. enter SCROLL for the line-oriented mode. Enter the following commands: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin . 2. Log on to the host on which the central instance is running as user <sapsid>adm. respond to the prompt for the display after you start PREPARE with SCROLL.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode Use You can execute PREPARE and R3up in scroll mode. or do not want to. 2. Executing PREPARE in Scroll Mode To execute PREPARE in scroll mode. start the program as follows: 1. When you restart PREPARE you need to proceed as follows: 1.

If you need the SAProuter during the upgrade. all users must be logged off the system. Stop and delete saposcol as user root: cd /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run . 3.busy Delete saprouter. During downtime. Stop the SAProuter now and restart it after the upgrade. You have two options: a. The SAProuter in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run must not be active while the new SAP Kernel is being imported. Enter the command lsuser as user root. This could affect R3up's control of the system. 4. b. such as starting and stopping the SAP System.Upgrading to 4. This means that you can use the central instance exclusively for the upgrade. To get more information about the SAProuter : − − Enter saprouter at the operating system level. AIX Check the restrictions for cpu.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Isolating the Central Instance Use You need to isolate the central instance so that only the upgrade program can work with the system during downtime. R3up asks you to isolate the central instance when downtime begins. Make sure that no CRON job is scheduled that affects the system. See the documentation CD for the target release (SAP Library → Basis Components → Kernel Components → BC SAProuter).busy after you have started up the new SAProuter. These must have the following values: cpu=-1 fsize=4194302 core=100000 202 April 2001 ./saposcol –d Collector> leave rm saposcol 2./saposcol –d . A list of all the parameters is displayed. you can rename it as follows: cd /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run mv saprouter saprouter. You can use Transaction SM02 to inform the users logged on to the system. Procedure 1. fsize and core for user <sapsid>adm. backing up the database or similar actions.

Determine the jobs involved. As of Source Release 4. For Source Releases 3. b. schedule it by executing the report RDDNEWPP (Transaction SE38). 8. Position the cursor on the job that you want to delete and choose Delete. As of Release 4. Special feature in client 000 The background job RDDIMPDP must be scheduled in client 000. Log on as user DDIC in the relevant client. If this is not the case. Cancel the release by choosing: Job → Schedule Job → Cancel. Call Transaction SM37. Choose Execute. Start Transaction DB13.0B. No background job other than RDDIMPDP may be active during the upgrade. If this is the case in normal operation. Transaction DB13 uses different internal job formats. 7. Fill in the necessary information on the screen Select background jobs as described in the example below. you must delete all future schedules. The upgrade is not affected if RDDIMPDP is also scheduled in other clients. Execute b) and c) until all jobs that were not yet executed have been deleted. Proceed as follows: a. Double-click on the corresponding day in the header line in order to see the job overview for this day.Please process appears. To do this: a. Clean up all outstanding updates as described in Evaluating Results from PREPARE [Page 87] when the message Update records still exist . d. These changes only take effect for user <sapsid>adm when you have logged on again as <sapsid>adm. You must do this in every client. these jobs are automatically descheduled by R3up .6C Support Release 2: UNIX If this is not the case. Then start up the SAP System with stopsap and startsap.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 6. d. use Transaction SM63 to either choose a single operation mode for all time spans or delete all the assignments.0x/3. e. b.1x Only: Delete scheduled actions in Transaction DB13. you have to cancel the release of all background jobs except RDDIMPDP before the upgrade. Since the old job formats can no longer be read by Transaction DB13 after the upgrade. For all other source releases. April 2001 203 . End of AIX 5. c. In the field Start date. check that the from date is in the past. Make sure that no change of operation mode is defined on the central instance during the upgrade. c. The To date must be far enough in the future that you can display the background jobs which could become active during the upgrade.5B. change them with the command chuser (Entry: chuser cpu=-1 <sapsid>adm) and correspondingly for fsize and core. f.

delete the corresponding tablespace and recreate the table with Transaction SE14. End of DB2 for OS/390 204 April 2001 . if there are any (secondary SAP instances). you may lose all your modifications to the SAP standard. Otherwise you may lose data. For example. 10. Application tables remain partitioned. 12. You can lock the database against remote access. VBDHR and VBMOD If you want to partition the tables VBDATA. Contact the database administrator. To reset the partitioning. Shut down all application servers. Back up your upgrade directory now if you chose strategy A_switch or A_on. So that R3up has the correct control information. then you must reset the partitioning of these tables now and recreate them in segmented tablespaces. VBDHR and VBMOD as described in Note 122599. This only applies to these three basis tables. the upgrade directory must have the same status as at the beginning of the phase MODPROF_TRANS. 11.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 9. If a hardware problem occurs during downtime.Upgrading to 4. Make sure that you can recover the database to its current state. 13. by manually importing requests for the automatic adjustment. DB2 for OS/390 For Source Releases up to and including 4.B only: Partitioning of tables VBDATA.0. Make sure that no transport requests are imported into the system during downtime. These tables are now empty. you may have to reset the upgrade to its status when the system was isolated.

SAP AG

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Changing the Database Recovery Mode
Use
If you use the upgrade strategies A_switch and A_off, you need to change the recovery mode of the database at the beginning and end of downtime.

Procedure
SAP DB

The recovery mode is changed automatically by R3up.
DB2 Universal Database

When you set LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT to OFF, make sure that you can restore the current state of the database. If the last full backup was a long time ago and the number of archives collected up to that point is large, SAP recommends performing a full backup before setting the parameters to OFF.
Informix

Ensure that the current state of the database can be restored when backup mode is deactivated. If the last complete backup was some time ago and a large amount of logical log files has been created since, make a complete backup of the current database state before deactivating the backup mode. Deactivate the backup mode as follows: 1. Stop the database as user informix with:
onmode -yuk

2. Edit the file $INFORMIXDIR/etc/$ONCONFIG as user informix and change the parameter LTAPEDEV to /dev/null. 3. Start the database as user informix with:
oninit Oracle

When you deactivate database archiving, you must make sure that the current state of the database can be recovered. If the last complete backup was some time ago and a large set of archives has since been collected, we recommend a complete backup of the current status of the database before deactivating archiving. Deactivate the archiving as follows: 1. Log on as user ora<sapsid>. 2. Start the program sapdba and use the option Archive Mode → Toggle Database log mode. In the same way as when you deactivate the archiving, you can reactivate it as user ora<sapsid> with the program sapdba.
End of the database-specific explanations

April 2001

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SAP AG

Deleting Archived Upgrade Logs
Use
You can make more space by deleting archived logs from earlier upgrades that you no longer need.

Procedure
To do this, delete the subdirectories <target_release> along with their contents:
/usr/sap/trans/upgrade/<SAPSID>/<target_release>

If you no longer need the logs of the upgrades to 3.0D and 3.0F, then you can delete the subdirectories 30D and 30F: /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30D /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30F /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30I ..... /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/T11/30D /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/T11/30F /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30I .....

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Using a Different Upgrade Directory
Use
You can use an upgrade directory other than /usr/sap/put/. This is useful if you have several SAP Systems on a single host and you want to upgrade them all to a new release. The name of the directory must include put, for example /usr/sap/put_C11/ or /free/PRD_put/.

Prerequisites
In the instance profile of the SAP System, you have to set the parameter DIR_PUT to the upgrade directory that you want to use: DIR_PUT = <upgrade_directory>
R3up checks at startup if the entry in the instance profile matches the specified upgrade directory.

Procedure
Call PREPARE or R3up with the following parameter:
PREPARE upgdir=<upgrade_directory> R3up upgdir=<upgrade_directory>

You must specify the parameter upgdir each time you call PREPARE or R3up, otherwise the default value /usr/sap/put is used.

If you want to use another upgrade directory, make sure that no /usr/sap/put/ directory exists on this host.

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SAP AG

Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests
Use
Before starting to upgrade, release and confirm all open repairs and requests that conflict with the SAP delivery. PREPARE determines a list of these repairs and requests. If you ignore open repairs, you could lose modifications. To release and confirm open repairs, you must log on to the system as the owner of the repairs. You can find the user names of the owners in CHECKS.LOG.

Procedure in Release 3.x:
1. Log on to the SAP System as the owner of an open repair. 2. Enter Transaction SE01. 3. Choose Find.

You can also release the repairs from the Workbench Organizer (Transaction SE09). 4. Make sure that the field User name contains the correct name. 5. Enter REPA in the field Type. Leave all the other default values unchanged. 6. Choose Execute. A list of all the open repairs for this owner appears. 7. Select the repair that you want to release. 8. Choose Repair → Release repair. 9. If the repair is assigned to a higher-level transport request, this transport request must also be released.

If you are unable to log on with a specific user ID, you can change the owner of the repair in Transaction SE01. 1. In the list of open repairs, position the cursor on the repair. 2. Choose Edit → Change owner. To be able to change an owner in Transaction SE01, you need project authorization for the Workbench Organizer (S_CTS_PROJEC).

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choose Request/task → Confirm repair. Position the cursor on the request that you want to release. Release the request to which the repair is assigned. select everything except Released. Choose Request/task → Find requests… 4. If you are unable to log on with a specific user ID. Log on as the owner of the open repair. 3. Choose Change owner. If it is not confirmed. Choose as the Request type only the task Repair. 10. For Request status. To be able to change an owner in Transaction SE09. 8. Choose Release.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Procedure in Release 4. 2. Enter Transaction SE09. 7.x: 1.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 9. A list of all open repairs for the selected user appears. April 2001 209 . you need project authorization for the Workbench Organizer (S_CTS_PROJEC). Choose Execute. you can change the owner of a repair as follows using Transaction SE09: In the list of open repairs. The repair must be confirmed. position the cursor on the repair. 5. 6.

Choose Yes to confirm that you want to restrict the objects copied to those displayed in Transaction SE95. The change now takes affect. The corresponding log is called CUSTEXP.5A.Upgrading to 4. there are no conflicts with changes made by SAP. If many objects were at one time modified in your system. 6. • • You modified the object. You created the object as a new object. The Repository Switch detects these objects using the requests with which they were created or changed. Use Transaction SE95 (Modification Browser) to display all objects that have been modified in your system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Reducing Upgrade Runtime in Modified Systems Use Under certain conditions. however. but now are no longer classed as modified.<SAPSID>.5A. Enter the following commands at the operating system level as user <sapsid>adm: R3up set sapmodi 4. and check whether the list is complete. Restart PREPARE. administered by the Modification Assistant as of Release 4. Only those objects are copied that appear here. the Repository Switch automatically copies objects from the SAP namespace to the new Repository. You cannot have finished the PREPARE preparation phase. 210 April 2001 . 3. Use the PREPARE module Modification support to check that the amount of objects copied has been restricted. 2. Do not use this runtime optimization option if you are not sure whether the list is complete. Procedure 1. exit it by choosing exit. This module writes the object list SAPKCCR<target release>. If PREPARE is still active. you need to specify that R3up excludes any objects that no longer count as modified from being copied to the Repository. Prerequisites You must have at least Source Release 4. then you can speed up the upgrade. 5. This alternative is based on the modification status of the objects. To do this.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrade Tools The following tools support you in upgrading the SAP System: • • • • PREPARE R3up Upgrade Assistant Upgrade Monitor April 2001 211 .

For example. The PREPARE modules have the following features: • • • • They can be mandatory or optional. The following graphic gives an overview of all the PREPARE modules and their predecessors. Functions All the actions performed by PREPARE execute in phases. Integration When the upgrade is started. you must also check the operating system. Prerequisites You must meet a number of requirements before you run the PREPARE program.Upgrading to 4. These phases are combined into PREPARE modules. It checks the requirements for the upgrade and provides further information when executing the optional module. R3up assumes that the mandatory modules have run through successfully. the analysis tools must be imported before they can be executed. 212 April 2001 . R3up then repeats a number of the checks (not all of them). It copies data and programs to the upgrade directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PREPARE Use Use the PREPARE program to prepare your SAP System for the upgrade. They can have predecessors which must first be executed. PREPARE modules can be executed individually. PREPARE performs the majority of the required checks automatically. There are PREPARE modules which you must only execute once and those which you can execute as often as you require. database and SAP System manually as well. These are described in the section User Actions Before Starting PREPARE. A complete list of the modules and the phases which execute in these modules can be found in the phase list for PREPARE. Afterwards. since production operation could have created a new situation. Import a number of tools into your database. • • • • You can execute this program while the system is running.

it is overwritten each time a module is executed again. see Importing Software after Starting PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Parameter entry Initialization Import CD Read General checks Activation checks Required checks for conversions Optional checks for conversions Modification support Preliminary execution For more information about the contents and features of the PREPARE modules. For more information. Results of PREPARE PREPARE writes the results for the modules that you selected for execution to the file CHECKS. After you start PREPARE. such as SAP Support Packages. April 2001 213 . you can choose certain PREPARE modules more than once. This file is in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. see the online help for PREPARE. Look at this file and carry out the necessary measures based on the information it contains. You can find it easily by choosing Help when selecting the modules. or add-ons (and add-on updates). If the file CHECKS. you may need to import software.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. To be sure that all the requirements are met. languages. Its contents are saved in file CHECKS. Activities • • Start PREPARE as soon as possible before the upgrade so that you can initiate or perform the necessary preparations in time.LOG.LOG already exists.SAV.

LOG VALCHK_INI Tests target system: is it a preliminary version? (Cannot upgrade the system) Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade CLNT_CHK_INI CLNTOUT.LOG EXECCT.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PREPARE Phase List PREPARE Module Parameter Input Phase BEGIN_PRE INITPUT_PRE Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Checks upgrade directory Initialize R3up DB2 Universal Database DB2 Universal Database DB6RUNST. if necessary 214 April 2001 .LOG Enter parameters DB2 Universal Database Update database statistics DB2 for OS/390 Choose MEDIUM or HIGH DB2 for OS/390 Tests JCL submission Test JCL submission Start second ICLI server DBCHK_PRE INIT_CBU_REQ_READ NOTE CHECKGROUP_END Determines DB and SAP version --End of module PREPARE Module Initialization Phase DBCHK_INI RFCCHK_INI VERSCHK_INI Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Determines DB and SAP version Tests the RFC connection Checks SAP version RFCCHK_INI.LOG Upgrade to a valid source release.LOG Unlock clients for SAP upgrade. if necessary VALCHK.

LST Extend free disk space. 4.0B: reads data files from Upgrade CD2 Source Releases 4.5B.6B: Mount Upgrade CD3 READDATA2 CPYFIL0_CBU EXEC_CPYFIL1_CBU INFO_STORE_READ CONFCHK_IMP If necessary.1I or 4. upgrade OS or DB April 2001 215 . 3.1H.1H. 4. if necessary Import current downwardcompatible Kernel.LOG Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages INTCHK_INI SPACECHK_INI KRN_CHK_INI DBFPREP.LOG KRN_CHK.LOG EXECPT.6A or 4.6B: reads data files from Upgrade CD3 ------Tests operating system and database Confirm execution of Import module Mount Upgrade CD1 READDATA1 Source Releases 3.0F and data files required for all source releases from Upgrade CD1 Source Releases 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.1I or 4. 3.0D or 3.5B.6C Support Release 2: UNIX PATCH_CHK1 Determines nonconfirmed Support Packages and displays results Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Check free space in DB Checks the version of the SAP Kernel PATCHOUT. if necessary DBPREP_CHK CHECKGROUP_END --End of module PREPARE Module Import Phase REQIMPORT READDATA0 Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Displays prompt Reads data files for Source Releases 3.0B: Mount Upgrade CD2 For Source Releases 4.6A or 4.

Upgrading to 4.LOG CLCNVTST. if necessary ICNVCHK.LOG SCRIPTCHK.x: Avoids critical conversions in tool import Source Release 4.LOG SCRIPTCHK.LOG ICNVCOUNT.1x: Prepares ABAP Dictionary for DBFPREP.0x and 3.LOG CNVTST.x: Avoids critical conversions in tool import Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Check free space in DB Determines nonconfirmed Support Packages and displays results Creates tables for nametab administration so that new tools have access Deletes tables that describe the delivery Source releases 3.LOG CLCNVTST.LOG CNVTST.LOG ICNVLIST.LOG PATCHOUT.LOG ICNVCHK_IMP Complete incremental conversion with transaction ICNV.LOG EXECCT.LOG CLNTOUT.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG version CNV_CHK_IMP to required version Make conversions (after discussion with Basis consultant).LOG EXECPT. if necessary SCRIPT_CHK_TOOL3 SCRIPT_CHK_TOOL4 TRBATCHK_IMP Perform any actions specified by R3up Unlock clients for SAP upgrade.LOG ICNVEX.LOG CLCNVTAB.LOG CLCNVTAB. if necessary CLNT_CHK_IMP INTCHK_IMP SPACECHK_IMP PATCH_CHK2 Extend free disk space.LOG TOOLIMPD.LOG Determines outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions Checks whether incremental conversion from previous upgrade has finished Source Release 3.LOG ALTER_TO TOOLIMPD1 ALTER_TO. if necessary Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages NTHISTCRE NTABHIST.ELG 216 April 2001 .

LOG PDDITCUG.ELG NPREPCRE1 DDYIMP.ELG PREPIMP.ELG TOOLIMPM.ELG UVERS_INIT UVERS_CHK_IMP BATCHCHK_IMP UVERSINI.LOG UVERSCHK_IMP.ELG PRE_IMPORT0 April 2001 217 .LOG PSCVINIT.ELG MVNTAB_TOOL TOOLIMPI TOOLIMPM NPREPCRE0 MVNTTOOL. prepares ABAP Dictionary for upgrade tools For source release 4.ELG PSINCGEN.LOG PSINCGEN. LOG JOB_RSCVINIT READPUTTB PSCVINIT.LOG MVNTTOOL. LOG BATCHCHK_IMP.LOG PDDITCUG.ELG RDPUTTB.LOG JOB_RDDGENRS RUN_RDDITCUG RUN_RSINCGEN_IMP RDDGENRS.6C Support Release 2: UNIX upgrade tools TOOLIMPD2 For source release 4.ELG TOOLIMPI.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.5B.0B. prepares ABAP Dictionary for upgrade tools Activates nametabs for upgrade tools Imports tools for SAP upgrade Imports tools for SAP upgrade Imports tables that describe the delivery from Upgrade CD1 Imports tables that describe the delivery from Upgrade CD1 Writes entry in table UVERS Checks consistency of table UVERS Tests whether background server can access the upgrade directory Initializes table CVERS Reads table PUTTB and store in file system Generates tool reports Generate CUAs Adapts ABAP include RSTABINC to the system --- TOOLIMPD.ELG TOOLIMPD3 TOOLIMPD.

or confirm with nothing else Mount add-on CDs. if necessary 218 April 2001 . if necessary. if necessary EXECLANG LANG_CHK EXECLG.LOG LANGOUT.LOG PATCH_CHK3 Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages If necessary.0D: enter language area.LOG Add add-ons manually.0D: determines language area PATCHINT.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PRE_IMPORT1 CHECKGROUP_END --End of module PREPARE Module Read CD Phase ADDSPAREQ_0 JOB_CBUIFCHK EXECIS IS_CHK Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Prepare space check on DB --Determines add-ons Displays installed add-ons EXECIS.LOG Include Support Packages in the upgrade.LOG Delay upgrade until next release.LOG ISOUT. if necessary Source release 3. check using Note 73510 if upgrade can be performed or which Support Packages are equivalent in the target release.LOG EXECPT.Upgrading to 4. BIND_PATCH Includes Support Packages for the target release Determines installed languages Checks whether the new release supports the installed languages Source release 3. if necessary IS_READ Copies data for addons to the upgrade directory Determines unconfirmed Support Packages and checks if the source release contains Support Packages that are more recent than the version of the target release. PATCHOUT.

LOG PDDIT021.ELG PEVALLAN.LOG ADDSPAREQ_N ADDSPAREQ_T ADJUSTPRP ADJUSTPRP.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG If necessary.6C Support Release 2: UNIX LANG_SELECT Copies data for language import to the upgrade directory Imports piece lists for included Support Packages Merges included Support Packages with the delivery directory Determines freespace needed for the language data on the database Prepare space check on DB Prepare space check on DB Prepares adjustment calculation: if necessary. TR_CMDIMPORT_ PATCH TR_TODIR_MERGE_ PATCH GETSPAREQ_N DBFINTEQ.ELG Mount language CDs.LOG INTEG_PATCH INTGPTCH. imports command file marked in another system Imports command files for add-ons Evaluates command files imported in ISC_IMP Merges add-ons with the delivery directory Places add-on upgrade requests in the R3up buffer Selects Support Package integration file and includes the contained requests Writes ICNV add-on candidates to the R3up buffer Imports the ICNV add-on candidates Checks the LANGSEL.ELG TPSHBUF. select command file ISC_IMP IS_MERGE ISC_IMP. if necessary.ELG JOB_RDDIT021 TR_TRK2HEAP_ADDON PDDIT021.LOG April 2001 219 . Confirm language selection.<SID> PCMDIMP.LOG PCMDIMP.LOG TR_HYP2HEAP_ICNV TRICVNBUF.LOG LANGSEL.ELG ICNVXRQ.LOG ICNV_CND_IMP ICNVXRQ ICNVCNDI.

if necessary UVERS_UP_T CHECKGROUP_END PREPARE Module General Checks Phase CONFCHK Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Tests operating system and database version Check free space in DB Checks disk space for logs and Kernel Checks whether the SAP Kernel can be overwritten.LOG DDICNV.LOG Checks the volumes of the candidates.LOG Call transaction ICNV.LOG ICNVINIT.LOG SPACECHK_GEN FREECHK REPACHK Determines SAP objects locked in repairs or requests Determines outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Release repairs and requests. if necessary Make conversions (after discussion with Basis consultant). check write authorizations for SAP Kernel. if necessary Increase disk space. initializes ICNV tables with the successful candidates Prompts you to call transaction ICNV after candidates have been written to the ICNV tables Changes status in table UVERS End of module ICNVREQ_PRP ICNVREQP. if necessary Perform any actions specified by R3up CNV_CHK_GEN TRBATCHK_GEN 220 April 2001 .LOG ICNVREQP.Upgrading to 4.ELG ICNVCAND. REPACHK.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG prerequisites for ICNV and filters candidates for ICNV ICNVINIT ICNVXRQ. DBFPLUSD. if necessary If necessary. update OS or DB to required version Extend free disk space.ELG DDICNV.ELG DDICNV.LOG ICNVINIT.LOG If necessary.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX CLNT_CHK_GEN Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade --Checks the consistency of the nametab entries Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Checks the consistency of the indexes in the substitution tables Checks collisions between customer tables in the SAP namespace and delivered views Checks whether profile of user <sapsid>adm can be modified Displays information about the upgrade of the frontend software Checks consistency of table UVERS Tests whether background server can access the upgrade directory Checks if the profile names specified in INITPUT correspond to the names used by the system Preliminary checks for XPRA RLXPRA40 Checks whether outstanding updates exist End of module CLNTOUT. if necessary UVERSCHK_GEN.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG Correct entries with R3up set stdpar.ELG NTCHK.LOG Perform any actions specified by R3up INTCHK_GEN SINXCHK Delete indexes.LOG Unlock clients for SAP upgrade. if necessary JOB_RS_NAMT_CL NTACT_CHK NTCHK. if necessary VIEWCHK VIEWCHK. if necessary JOB_RXPRECHK_PRE PXPRECHK. if necessary ENVCHK_PRE If necessary assign write authorization to the user profile Upgrade the frontend software.LOG PSVBCHCK.LOG PXPRECHK. LOG BATCHCHK_GEN.LOG FRONTREQ_PRE UVERS_CHK_GEN BATCHCHK_GEN PROFCHK PROFCHK.ELG PSVBCHCK.LOG EXECCT.ELG JOB_RSVBCHCK1 Delete any terminated updates CHECKGROUP_END April 2001 221 .LOG Delete tables.

LOG RSUPGTAL.LOG RSUPGTAA.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PREPARE Module Activation Checks Phase JOB_RADDRCHK Actions Taken by PREPARE Log PADDRCHK.ELG User Actions Determines tables that are converted during the upgrade (known to SAP) and writes them to a file for information purposes Totals results of all space checks ADDSPAREQ_AD 222 April 2001 .ELG CHECKGROUP_END PREPARE Module Necessary Checks for Conversions Phase CNV_AVOID Actions Taken by PREPARE Log RSUPGTAA.ELG User Actions Finds tables that can be reduced in size before the upgrade to speed up the conversion Prepares for the address data conversion If necessary reduce size of tables as described in Note 76431 If necessary.LOG PADDRCHK. start report for preparing the address data conversion as described in Note 82167 JOB_RSCNVADR PSCNVADR.LST RSUPGTAL.ELG CHECKGROUP_END End of module PREPARE Module Optional Checks for Conversions Phase CNV_LIST Actions Taken by PREPARE Log TABCONV.LOG PSCNVADR.ELG User Actions Prepares for renaming the data elements Checks whether activation errors could occur during the upgrade End of module Correct name conflicts as described in Note 96905 Remove references to SAP data elements and domains ACTREF_CHK RSTODIRX.LOG RSTODIRX.

if necessary Use transaction SPDD or SPAU to display modifications ADJUSTCHK_PRE Determines objects to be adjusted (preparation for SPDD and SPAU) End of module ADJUSTCK.ELG User Actions Deletes SAP requests from previous upgrades End of module April 2001 223 . Space for new secondary indexes DYNSPC.LOG DIFFCALC. Space needed temporarily for conversion 2.LOG SPACECHK_OPT CHECKGROUP_END Check free space in DB End of module DBFPLUSD.ELG User Actions Determines collision with central Basis objects Contact SAP to get modifications to central Basis objects.ELG ADJUSTMT.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.INF CHECKGROUP_END PREPARE Module Pre-Processing Phase RUN_RSWBO230_ PRE CHECKGROUP_END Actions Taken by PREPARE Log PSWBO230. if necessary PREPARE Module Modification Support Phase RUN_RDDIT006_PRE Actions Taken by PREPARE Log DIFFCALC.LOG Extend free disk space.6C Support Release 2: UNIX DYNSPCADD Checks space requirements in the database dynamically: 1.LOG PSWBO230.LOG ADJUSTCK.

the disk space requirements. from checking the requirements. You can find a list of all R3up phases under Phase List for R3up. R3up makes the necessary checks and then starts at the point in the phase where the program terminated. This occurs sequentially in phases where one phase must end successfully before the next one can begin. you only need to restart the upgrade if errors occurred or an upgrade phase has terminated. In this case. Activities • • You start R3up. • You can continue the upgrade by restarting R3up. During the checks. R3up repeats all essential checks made by PREPARE. When downtime begins and how long it lasts depends on the strategy you choose. to restarting production operation. you can still use the SAP System productively. If you choose the default value repeat. 224 April 2001 . At the beginning of its run. The upgrade strategies are differentiated by the type of backup. Prerequisites The mandatory PREPARE modules have run successfully.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG R3up Use R3up controls the entire upgrade process for an SAP System. In the individual phases. and helps you recognize frozen processes.log. refer to the following Phase Lists for R3up. For a complete list of all phases. to importing the necessary programs. You can stop R3up at the beginning of a specific phase or at the beginning of the next phase. and when production operation stops. R3up stops and gives you several modes for restarting the upgrade. These logs are stored in the log subdirectory of the upgrade directory. Normally. R3up starts various tools. checks the results and creates a series of logs. For example.Upgrading to 4. you need to do this if a Note tells you to correct a program before you execute it. There you can also find the main log file R3up. The Upgrade Monitor lets you follow the upgrade as it occurs.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4.x to 4. the runtime depends to a great extent on your own data. not all the logs can be specified in this column.6C Support Release 2: UNIX R3up Phase List Explanations of the columns: • Duration (percentage) This phase takes up this percentage of the total runtime of R3up. The percentage duration of these phases can be very different in your upgrade.6C. The runtime depends on the following criteria: − − − − • 1) Amount of customer data Number of SAP applications used Amount and type of modifications and customer developments Number of clients 2) Log If a phase name has comment . also read the section Logs under Troubleshooting. R3up Upgrade Phases Phase Duration (percent age) Actions Taken by R3up Log User Actions BEGIN INITPUT <1% --DB2 UDB Checks upgrade directory Initialize R3up DB2 Universal Database DB2 Universal Database DB6RUNST.x to 4.6C.LOG Enter parameters DB2 Universal Database 1% Update database statistics DB2 for OS/390 Choose MEDIUM or HIGH Checks parameters. • User Actions If nothing is entered here. You have not specified a latest time at which you want to go live (query define upgrade stop in the INITSUBST phase). The following assumptions are made: − − Only one CD drive is used. If a phase is marked with comment . April 2001 225 . If you have a problem. R3up does not require an operator at this point. otherwise R3up requests that you make the entries described. This is based on the upgrade from 3. Some phases are considerably shorter when you upgrade from 4.

LOG INTCHK <1% KEY_CHK --- Enter keyword for the upgrade Enter password for industry solution.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG ICLI server and JCL submission service DBCHK VERSCHK <1% <1% Determines DB and SAP version Checks SAP version Upgrade to a valid source release.LOG FRONTREQ --- Confirm 226 April 2001 . if necessary REPACHK1 <1% REPACHK1.used only for information Determines SAP objects locked in repairs or requests Informs users that they must import a new VIEWCHK1 <1% Delete tables.LOG BATCHCHK.Upgrading to 4.LOG INITSUBST CONFCHK_X --<1% Initializes for Repository Switch Tests operating system and database version Determines collisions between delivered views and customer tables in the SAP namespace . if necessary UVERSCHK.LOG UVERS_CHK BATCHCHK <1% <1% Checks consistency of table UVERS Tests whether background server can access the upgrade directory Determines nonconfirmed Support Packages and displays results Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Queries keyword from Note If necessary. upgrade OS or DB to required version VIEWCHK1.LOG EXECPT. if necessary Enter parameters If necessary. if necessary CLNT_CHK <1% CLNTOUT. asks for keyword for industry solution PATCH_CHK <1% PATCHOUT.LOG EXECCT.LOG Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages Unlock clients for SAP upgrade.

LOG EU_IMP0. but ICNV has not yet been started Deletes incorrect templates for Create Table statements Checks freespace in the database SAP DB PSVBCHCK2.LOG SPACECHK_ALL <1% Extend the database. if necessary JOB_RDDPURI2 <1% PDDPURI2.ELG PSWBO230. isolate the central instance and stop all application servers Mount CD Upgrade CD3 April 2001 227 . stops system.ELG ICNVCAND.LOG PSVBCHCK2.5B: Deschedules background jobs For strategies A_switch and A_on: Prompts time when ABAP Workbench should be locked LOCKEU_PRE <1% For strategies A_switch and A_on: Respond to prompt for lock time EU_IMPORT0 <1% If necessary.ELG For strategy A_off.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG Delete any terminated updates RUN_RSWBO230 <1% JOB_RXPRECHK ICNVREQ <1% <1% Call transaction ICNV.ELG DBFPLUSD. if necessary BTCTRNS1. if necessary SAP DB Checks database parameter MAXLOCKS Raise the MAXLOCKS parameter to the minimum value.LOG FREECHK_X <1% Checks freespace in file system JOB_BTCTRNS0 <1% As of Source Release 4.LOG PSWBO230.LOG PDDPURI2.ELG LOCKEUPR.ELG PXPRECHK. if necessary Confirm Enlarge the file system.LOG ICNVREQ. Imports information on code page conversion from Upgrade CD3 into shadow area EU_IMP0.LOG PXPRECHK.LOG BTCTRNS1.6C Support Release 2: UNIX version of the SAPGUI JOB_RSVBCHCK2 <1% Checks whether outstanding updates exist Deletes SAP requests from previous upgrades As in PREPARE Prompts you to start ICNV if there are candidates for the ICNV.ELG ICNVREQ.

LOG TR_BUF2HEAP_ TABULONG <1% TPSHBUF.LOG EU_IMP1.BUF into the R3up buffer Puts upgrade requests of the buffer TABULONG.LOG Confirm locks for ABAP Workbench if not yet done in LOCKEU_PRE Make conversions (after discussion with Basis consultant).LOG EU_IMP5.LOG TR_APPENDBUF_ <1% TRAPPB. if necessary CNV_CHK_XT <1% TRBATCHK_XT TR_BUF2HEAP_ INSTIMP <1% <1% Perform any actions specified by R3up TPSHBUF.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD5 EUVIEWIMP STARTR3_IMP <1% <1% ALTER34V.LOG TRB2H.Upgrading to 4.ELG EU_IMP2.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD4 EU_IMPORT5 14% EU_IMP5. if necessary EU_IMPORT3 2% Imports substitution set from Upgrade CD3 into the shadow tables Imports substitution set from Upgrade CD4 into the shadow tables Imports substitution set from Upgrade CD5 into the shadow tables Imports views of shadow tables Starts system if it was stopped during EU_IMPORT0 Determines SAP objects locked in repairs or requests Determines outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Puts upgrade requests of the buffer INSTIMP.LOG EU_IMP4.LOG TRB2H.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD3 Mount CD Upgrade CD3 DB2 for OS/390 Edit RUNSTATS jobs.LOG EU_IMP2.LOG 228 April 2001 .LOG EU_IMP3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG EU_IMPORT1 EU_IMPORT2 <1% <1% Creates substitution tables for ABAP loads Creates ABAP tables EU_IMP1.BUF into the R3up buffer Copies upgrade EU_IMP3.LOG REPACHK2 <1% REPACHK2.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD3 EU_IMPORT4 9% EU_IMP4.

LOG SHDTTABS.LOG TR_CMDIMPORT_ UPG NEWTAB_CHK NEWTAB_CRE LIST_LOAD 2% <1% NEWTABCR.LOG PSINCGEN.LOG NEWTABCK.LOG RUN_RSINCGEN <1% PSINCGEN.ELG ADJUSTMT.ELG NTSHDCP.ELG STBNTINS.LOG ADJUSTCK. if necessary SHADOW_CAND_SEL <1% SHADOW_PUTTB_ FILL SHADOW_NTACT_CP <1% <1% PREPPCON_INIT RUN_RDDNT4MD <1% <1% April 2001 229 .LOG LISTLOAD.LOG SYSPREP.LOG PDDNT4MD.ELG SHDTABU.ELG TRCMDUPG.ELG DIFFCALC.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG RUN_RDDIT0061) 1% ADJUSTCHK1) <1% ADJUSTCK.SID PREPCON.LOG SHDTABU.6C Support Release 2: UNIX UPG requests from the R3up buffer to the hyperbuffer <1% <1% Command file import of upgrade requests Determines which tables are new in this release Creates tables that are new in this release Creates list of programs to generate after upgrade Selects generated objects Creates nametab entries for the new substitution tables Generates include program for access to the substitution tables Determines deviations of the current system from the future SAP standard (objects and modifications that have to be copied) Determines DDIC objects to be adjusted Determines candidates for shadow import Generates entries in PUTTB for shadow import Generates nametabs of the shadow tables in the shadow nametab Prepares parallel DDL processing in PCON Adjusts structural changes to the source release TRCMDUPG.ELG Confirm R3up message.LOG JOB_RDDTAXIT SUBSTNT_INS <1% <1% SYSPREP.LOG XTTSIZE0.ELG NTSHDCP.LOG DIFFCALC.INF SHDTSEL.LOG PDDNT4MD.LOG PN*.LOG SHDTTABS.

LOG PDDSAVTE.ELG JOB_RDDSAVTE RUN_RDDCP4TB <1% <1% PDDSAVTE.LOG DIFFEXCO.ELG DIFFEXPT.ELG DIFFEXPD.ELG DIFFEXPO.LOG PDDNT4DL.LOG DIFFEXPG.LOG DIFFEXPO.LOG 230 April 2001 .ELG PDDCP4TB.ELG DIFFEXPR.LOG DIFFEXPD.ELG SHADOW_IMPORT_ REP <5% SHDREPIMP.Upgrading to 4.LOG DIFFEXPC.LOG DIFFEXPR.LOG DIFFEXMO.ELG PSPUSCA4.ELG DIFFEXMO.LOG DIFFEXPG.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG RUN_RDDNT4DL <1% Prepares nametabs in the shadow tables for the new tables Export documentation created/modified by the customer Copies objects for add-ons to the shadow tables Copies generated objects to the shadow tables Transfers unsent modified objects to the shadow tables Copies customer developments to the shadow tables Exports inactive DDIC versions Exports customer extensions to documentation on SAP objects Exports the documentation on customer objects Exports modifications to documents Exports local private objects and tests objects in SAP namespace Imports upgrade data and language data into the shadow tables and the new tables Imports Support Package data and add-on data into the shadow tables Copies technical settings in DDIC Copies TADIR entries PDDNT4DL.ELG JOB_RSPUSCAD1) <1% DIFFEXPADD <1% DIFFEXPGEN1) 2% DIFFEXPMOD1) <1% DIFFEXPCUST1) <1% DIFFEXPDDIV DIFFEXPDOCU1) <1% <1% DIFFEXPCDOC1) <1% DIFFEXCO.ELG DIFFEXPA.LOG PSPUSCA4.ELG DIFFEXPA.ELG DIFFEXPC.LOG DIFFEXPT.ELG DIFFEXPMDOC1) DIFFEXPTSAP1) <1% <1% SHADOW_IMPORT_ ALL <5% SHDALLIMP.

ELG PDDPURIF.LOG NTACT_PREMV VIEWCHK2 <1% <1% Delete tables. isolate the central instance and stop all application servers CONFCHK_BAS <1% Tests operating system and database version Starts system As of Source Release 4.LOG PDDDL4TB.LOG For strategies A_switch and A_on.ELG STBNTDEL.LOG NTSHDDEL.LOG BTCTRNS1.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG <1% TRBATCHK_SW INTCHK_SW <1% <1% April 2001 231 . if necessary MODPROF_TRANS <1% ALPXPOOL.5B: Deschedules background jobs Deletes inconsistent values from tables Deletes nametab entries created in SUBSTNT_INS Deletes nametabs of the shadow tables in the shadow nametab Determines conversions that stopped Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Check whether the inactive nametab is BTCTRNS1.LOG PDDPURIF.LOG RSTRESNC.ELG RUN_RSTRESNC <1% RSTRESNC.6C Support Release 2: UNIX that have not been delivered to the shadow tables RUN_RDDDL4TB PDDCP4TB.ELG VIEWCHK2.ELG <1% Deletes entries of objects to be deleted in the TADIR shadow table Copies namespace reservations to the shadow tables Copies nametabs to the shadow tables Determines conflicts between delivered views and customer tables in the SAP name range Stops system and changes profiles PDDDL4TB.LOG NTMOVPRE.LOG STARTR3_TRANS JOB_BTCTRNS1 <1% <1% JOB_RDDPURIF SUBSTNT_DEL <1% <1% SHADOW_NTACT_ DEL CNV_CHK_SW <1% NTSHDDEL.LOG ALPXDEF.ELG NTMOVPRE.

LOG DISTBAS.ELG BASDDIMP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG empty RUN_RDDYT2NT PRUN_RADISWTC CNV_CHK_ICC <1% <1% <1% Prepares conversion of Basis tables Completes incremental conversion Determines halted conversions of the incremental conversion Copies nametabs to the shadow tables Adjusts nametabs of structures Imports DDIC source for tables relevant to Basis Changes status in table UVERS Checks whether outstanding updates exist Determines all secondary indexes Deletes inconsistent secondary index definitions for tables relevant to Basis Deletes table TATAF Imports requests for porting-dependent modifications Stops system Starts system Prepares distribution run for the tables relevant for Basis Distributor run for tables relevant for Basis Writes table contents for external conversion PDDYT2NT.LOG DUMP_CNV.LOG NTDELFIN.LOG RDCLTAF1.ELG PADISWTC.ELG DUMP_CNV.LOG PSVBCHCK3.ELG UVERS_UP_B JOB_RSVBCHCK3 <1% <1% PSVBCHCK3.ELG DISTBAS.Upgrading to 4.LOG INXDEL.ELG INXPREP.ELG NTACT_MV NTACT_DEL BASDDIMPORT2) <1% 1% <1% NTMOVFIN.ELG PORT_IMP.LOG PDDYT2NT.ELG JOB_RDDGENBB <1% DUMP_CNV 1% 232 April 2001 .ELG Clear all outstanding updates JOB_RDDINDPR JOB_RDDINDDL <1% <1% JOB_CLTAF1 PORT_IMP2) <1% <1% RDCLTAF1.LOG NTMOVFIN.ELG NTDELFIN.LOG DISTBPRE.LOG PADISWTC.LOG INXPREP.ELG STOPR3_DIST STARTR3_DIST RUN_PRELDIST <1% <1% <1% DISTBPRE.ELG INXDEL.

LOG CNV_SUB.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG LOADCRE.ELG UVERS_UP_S ALTER_VBDAT ALTER_D4V EXEC_SMOFF <1% <1% <1% <1% ALTERVB.LST ALTERTF.ELG CNV_SUBMIT2) STOPR3_BAS XTERN_CNV 1% <1% 2% CNV_SUB.LOG EUSWITCH.LOG NTRWR40.LOG NTNOBD.ELG XTERN_CNV.LOG ALTERD4V.LOG VIEWIMP.LOG DEL_CNV.6C Support Release 2: UNIX to file system DEL_CNV <1% Deletes table contents written to the file system from the system Converts tables relevant to Basis Stops system Converts tables externally and writes contents into system Special handling of table TATAF Switches to new Repository Creates new ABAP load tables Adjusts substituted nametab entries for DB objects to the target system Deletes inactive nametabs of nondatabase objects Changes status in table UVERS Creates table VBDATA on the database Deletes views of the shadow tables Deactivates Session Manager for the upgrade Cleans up conflicts between delivered views and tables delivered previously Creates Basis views Stops system and changes profiles Tests/switches environment of the DEL_CNV.LOG ALPXDP.LOG EXECSMF.ELG NTRWR40.LOG LOADCRE.LOG VIEWIMP_BAS MODPROF_BAS2) ENVCHK <1% <1% <1% VIEWIMP.LOG VIEWPRP <1% VIEWPRP.ELG ALTER_TAF EU_SWITCH LOADCRE NTACT_RWR <1% <1% <1% <1% NTACT_NOBD <1% NTNOBD.LOG XTERN_CNV.ELG XTERN_CNV.LOG April 2001 233 .ELG ALPX.

ELG RPU510Q2.ELG RSWBOUP1.ELG ALTER_DLG TABUIMP_WBO2) AREA_SET <1% <1% <1% ALTERDLG.ELG RSUMOD03.LOG STARTR3_NBAS JOB_CLTAF2 JOB_RSWBOUP1 <1% <1% <1% RDCLTAF2.ELG LANGAREA.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG user <sapsid>adm KX_SWITCH TABUIMP_BAS2) <1% <1% Switches SAP Kernel Imports (a few) table entries needed to start the system with the new SAP Kernel Creates table DDLOG Imports standard transport layers Source Release 3.LOG RDDNEWPP.ELG ADDMCM.LOG RPU510Q2. imports the result of transaction SPDD from a development system KX_SW.LOG ADDMCM.0D: Sets table for the language area Starts system Deletes table TATAF Initializes and adjusts tables for Workbench Organizer Reschedules RDDIMPDP Initializes new administration of customer modifications Clears defective records in table T510Q Adjusts matchcodes automatically Marks matchcodes for activation Appends shadow import in upgrade No actions Imports requests for porting-dependent modifications Deletes TADIR entries of temporarily generated objects If necessary.LOG PDDMCMRG.LOG RDCLTAF2.ELG JOB_DL4TA_46C <1% PDDDL4TA.ELG JOB_RDDNEWPP JOB_RSUMOD03 <1% <1% JOB_RPU510Q2 JOB_RDDMCMRG ADDTOBUF_MCM APPENDBUF_ UPGRADE APPENDBUF46C PORT_IM22) <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% PORT_IM2.LOG TABUWBO.LOG TABUIMP.ELG DDIC46C.Upgrading to 4.ELG RDDNEWPP.LOG PDDDL4TA.ELG DDIC_46C2) <1% 234 April 2001 .ELG PDDMCMRG.LOG RSWBOUP1.LOG RSUMOD03.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SVERSCHK_46C <1% Checks table SVERS to see whether the new SAP version was created successfully Renames data elements with naming conflict in customer namespace Checks and repairs entries in the table DDTYPES Adjusts structure of tables to DB Activates DDIC customer objects Checks secondary indexes Removes table TMF18 from the set of substituted tables Deletes inconsistent views DB2 for OS/390 PSUMOD20.LOG PREPCON. selects tables that get an index Converts application tables and activates their nametab entries Stops system Validates ABAP loads created since the STARTR3_NBAS phase was generated Converts application views and activates remaining nametab TMPLDINV.ELG PSUMOD20.LOG April 2001 235 .ELG PDDMVSUB.LOG XTTSIZEI.LOG INDEXCHK.LOG RUN_DREXE_46C <1% JOB_RUTTYREP <1% JOB_UMOD20_46C ACT_46C1)2) <1% 2% Use SPDD to adjust ABAP Dictionary objects.LOG PADDREXE.LOG ALTER_VID JOB_RSDB2XTT <1% <1% Generates control entries for parallel conversion JOB_RSDB4XTT PREPPCON_INX <1% <1% No actions Prepares parallel DDL processing in PCON.ELG PSDB2XTT.ELG PDDMVSUB.ELG PCON46C.LOG ACT46C.LOG STOPR3_I46C TMPLDINV <1% <1% PMVNTAB_46C 3% PMVNT46C.LOG SQLLDINV. if necessary RUN_INDC_46C JOB_MVSUB_46C <1% <1% INDEXCHK.ELG PMVNT46C.LOG PSDB2XTT.ELG PADDREXE.LOG PCON_46C1)2) 7% PCON46C.LOG ALTERVID.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

LOG LDSWITCH.ELG PADDBDIF.ELG UEXP_46C REIMPDDN_46C REIMPDOC1) <1% <1% <1% If necessary.ELG TABIMERR.LOG REIMPDOC.LOG PSWBOUP2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG entries STARTR3_I46C JOB_DCXTF_46C JOB_LDINV_46C STOPR3_L46C LD_SWITCH_46C VIEWIMP_46C STARTR3_NL46C JOB_DBDIF_46C TABIM_46C2) ALTER_TABIMUPD STARTR3_TB46C JOB_RSWBOUP2 <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 12% <1% <1% <1% Starts system Deletes and recreates table DDXTF Deletes temporary loads again Stops system Switches to new ABAP loads Creates Basis views (DROP/CREATE) Starts system Clears table DBDIFF on the database Imports entries to the control tables Updates statistics for some tables Starts system Initializes and adjusts tables for Workbench Organizer Imports ADOs Converts matchcodes Activates lock objects Automatically repeats phase once if an error occurs PSWBOUP2.LOG PDDLDINV.ELG PDDLDINV.Upgrading to 4.ELG TABIM46C.LOG PSDCDDXT. exports adjusted DDIC objects Re-imports inactive DDIC versions Reimports customer extensions to SAP object documentation Re-imports UEXP46C.ELG REIMPCDOC_LOG REIMPCDOC1) <1% 236 April 2001 .ELG REIMPDDN.ELG REIMPDOC.LOG VIEWIM46C.LOG VIEWIM46C.ELG ADOIM46C.LOG PADDBDIF.LOG REIMPDDN.ELG PSDCDDXT.ELG ADOIM_46C1)2) 9% XPRAS_46C1)2) 11% Executes XPRAs Automatically repeats phase once if an error occurs XPRAS46C.

ELG PDDNTPUR.LOG RDDIT022. LOG PUTTYREP1.LOG PSDLDSEQ. starts system Sets the status of the installed languages STARTR3_46C JOB_RSTLANUPG <1% <1% JOB_RSTLANUPG .LOG ALPXP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX documentation on customer objects REIMPMDOC1) REIMPCDOC.LOG JOB_RUTTYREP1 <1% JOB_DBPROD_46C1) <1% PRODCHK_46C <1% JOB_RDDIT022 JOB_RSMODACU DBCLEAN_46C1) JOB_RSDLDSEQ JOB_RDDNTPUR EXEC_SMON MODPROFP_46C <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% Confirm SAP DB Strategies A_on or A_switch: Prompts you to back up the Back up the database and confirm April 2001 237 .ELG EXECSMN.LOG RDDIT022.LOG REIMPMDOC. LOG PSDLDSEQ.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. ELG PSDBPROD.ELG TR_PATCH_STATUS _UPGRADE <1% Updates status information for Support Packages that have been included Checks and repairs entries in the table DDTYPES Executes DB-specific operations for restarting the system Checks requirements for production operation Updates table AVERS Activates CMOD enhancements Cleans up database Cleans up screen sequence control Cleans up nametab Reactivates Session Manager Stops system and resets profiles SAP DB DBCLEAN46C.ELG <1% Reimports modifications to documents If necessary.LOG PDDNTPUR.ELG PSDBPROD.LOG JOB_RSTLANUPG .ELG PUTTYREP1.ELG REIMPMDOC.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG database STARTR3_P46C REQJOBRES <1% <1% Starts system As of Source Release 4.LOG PSUPGEND.ELG EWIMPORT_46C <1% END ENDCHK UVERS_UP_END JOB_RDDDBSTA JOB_UPGEND_46C JOB_DRDOC_46C <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 2% REQGENLD CHK_POSTUP ----- Confirm Correct P errors before restarting production operation Confirm SPAUINFO --- Displays information for adjusting objects with transaction SPAU If necessary.Upgrading to 4.LOG PDDDBSTA.ELG PADDRDOC.LOG PADDRDOC.ELG PSUPGEND.LOG UEXPSPAU.ELG UEXPSPAU <1% JOB_UPGDELPROG SAVELOGS <1% <1% Choose between: normal (only important) all none EXITINFO EXIT --<1% Displays Notes on post-upgrade activities Ends R3up Confirm 238 April 2001 .5B: Prompts you to schedule background jobs Imports authorizations into client 066 (EarlyWatch) --Tests target version Changes status in table UVERS Updates DB table statistics Sets installation status to OK Adjusts documentation for renamed data elements (executes report RADDRDOC) Prompts start of transaction SGEN Displays P errors PDDDBSTA. exports objects adjusted with transaction SPAU --Copies upgrade logs to /usr/sap/ trans/upgrade SAVELOGS.ELG EWTCH066.

SAP AG

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Upgrade Assistant
Use
The Upgrade Assistant is the frontend for the upgrade process. It provides one or more graphic user interfaces (GUIs) for controlling and monitoring the upgrade. The Upgrade Assistant simplifies the upgrade procedure.

Integration
The Upgrade Assistant is a distributed program consisting of a server component and several GUI components. Only one person can control the upgrade from the GUI components.
• Server component

The server ensures communications between the upgrade control program R3up and the GUIs of the Upgrade Assistant. It must be started on the host on which you want the upgrade process to run.
• GUI components

The GUI components can be executed on any other hosts. You can log on to the server as the observer or the administrator. The observer role only authorizes you to monitor an upgrade. An administrator is authorized to take actions affecting the progress of the upgrade, for example an administrator can start or stop the upgrade and can enter any necessary commands. Only one GUI can assume the role of administrator. However, the GUI with this role can change in the course of the upgrade. The graphic below illustrates the architecture of the Upgrade Assistant and the interaction between the Upgrade Assistant and the R3up upgrade control program.
Upgrade Assistant

GUI GUI (Observer) (Observer)

Central Instance

GUI GUI (Administrator) (Administrator)

Server Server

R3up R3up

GUI GUI (Observer) (Observer)

Functions

You can control and monitor the progress of the upgrade from a number of different places.

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Frontend and upgrade process are divided into separate components so that the entire upgrade does not terminate if a connection fails. This provides optimal support for a remote upgrade.

• •

You have an alert mechanism that lets you start an external program. Provided you have access to the Internet, you can access the SAP Notes database in the SAP Service Marketplace from a GUI.

The Upgrade Assistant is implemented in Java. A scroll mode is provided for the upgrade for platforms not supporting Java. We recommend using the Upgrade Assistant, since scroll mode does not provide the above features.

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Using the Upgrade Assistant
Use
The Upgrade Assistant offers you a number of functions. You can change the passwords for the roles, change roles, use and monitor PREPARE, or look for Notes.

Changing the Passwords
The passwords for the two roles can only be changed from the administrator GUI. In the main menu choose Administrator →Change passwords.

Changing the Role
By choosing File → Change role you can change role dynamically. The following dialog box appears:

If, for example, you are in the role of the observer and enter the password for the administrator you change to the administrator role. If an administrator already exists at this time then the administrator role is taken away from them. If you only want to change the User name or the Phone number, then enter the password of the role you are in. In this case only the entered data is updated.

Searching for Notes from the GUI
If you have an Internet connection, you can access SAP Notes in SAPNet using the GUI. In the main menu, choose Services → SAP Notes Search.

More Information on the Upgrade Assistant
To display a description of the Upgrade Assistant with all its functions, choose Help → Introduction in the main menu.

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Upgrade Monitor
Use
The Upgrade Monitor lets you monitor the upgrade, and helps you recognize any processes that have stopped.

Functions
The monitor estimates the time when the upgrade ends, as well as other important stages (milestones). These estimates are based on SAP reference times and the runtimes of upgrade phases that have already completed. The output of the monitor is updated every 60 seconds. The more advanced the progress of the upgrade is, the more precise the estimates are. If possible, the runtime estimate also includes any runtime that is lengthened for systematic reasons, however this is subject to restrictions. Systematic fluctuations can also occur if the upgrade phases run more quickly than expected. This means that the end of the upgrade cannot be estimated precisely. The data appears on the screen, but the way it is displayed depends on if you are upgrading the system with the Upgrade Assistant or in scroll mode.

Graphical Display in the Upgrade Assistant

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the bars appear first in yellow and then in red. The upgrade processes that are running appear under Current activities. The upgrade processes that are running appear under Current activities. An animated graphic displays the activity of the upgrade processes. one of the upgrade processes is stopped. As long as the runtime has not been exceeded. Numerical Display in Scroll Mode No graphics are displayed in scroll mode. This may be the Upgrade Monitor.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The total runtime of the upgrade and the runtime of the next milestone appear as bar graphs. Procedure in Scroll Mode: 1. Open another window at the operating system level. the bar appears in green./R3up gt=SCROLL Monitor April 2001 243 . If the runtime has been exceeded. Enter the following commands in the new window: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin . 2.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Note that the process bar is updated only every 60 seconds. and therefore cannot display them. The monitor does not recognize any subprocesses of these processes. the Upgrade Assistant or the R3up program. If the graphic is not moving. so the progress of the upgrade and the estimated runtime until the next milestone are shown in numerals. Starting the Upgrade Monitor Procedure Procedure in the Upgrade Assistant: Go to the main menu and start the Monitor by choosing Services → Upgrade Monitor.

any processes that are still running are displayed.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Understanding the Upgrade Monitor Display Use The following Upgrade Monitor display indicates that you may have to intervene. Check the database and CPU activity. Procedure for Upgrade Processes that Are Frozen 1. If you can still detect activity. 3. try and find out why the runtime is so long. restart the Upgrade Assistant server. or the upgrade is in an endless loop. If this is the case. First. If the previous steps are not successful. then either runtime has been exceeded significantly. restart the Upgrade Assistant GUI only. • • One of the bars showing the progress of the upgrade is red. 2. If step one is not successful. 2. Procedure for Status Red 1. This means that the upgrade processes are hanging. The graphic that displays the activity of the upgrade processes is not moving. instead. 244 April 2001 . If you are unsure how to proceed.Upgrading to 4. The restarted R3up must wait for these processes before the upgrade can continue with any other actions. When R3up is restarted. do not terminate the upgrade. restart R3up. contact SAP Local Support.

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