Upgrading to 4.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Release 4.6C SR2

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

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©Copyright 2001 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this brochure may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM®, DB2®, OS/2®, DB2/6000®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA®, RS/6000®, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, and OS/400® are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation. ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation, California, USA. INFORMIX®-OnLine for SAP and Informix® Dynamic Server Informix Software Incorporated. are registered trademarks of

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April 2001

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

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April 2001

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

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Contents Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX ................................. 8
New Features ......................................................................................... 9 Naming Conventions........................................................................... 12 Checklist for the Upgrade................................................................... 13 Planning the Upgrade ......................................................................... 18
Planning the Upgrade Strategy...............................................................................................20 When to Restart Production Operation...................................................................................25 Runtime for the Import of the Substitution Set........................................................................26 Database-Specific Aspects .....................................................................................................27 Incremental Table Conversion................................................................................................30 Drawing Up an Upgrade Schedule .........................................................................................32 Examples of Upgrade Scheduling........................................................................................34 Upgrading in an SAP System Group ......................................................................................36 Planning the Modification Adjustment.....................................................................................37 Time Frame for Upgrading the Frontend Software.................................................................39 Notes for the Upgrade.............................................................................................................40 Checking Structural Requirements .........................................................................................44 Checking Hardware Requirements.........................................................................................45 Checking Software Requirements ..........................................................................................47 Checking the SAP Source Release .....................................................................................47 Meeting the Requirements for the Upgrade Assistant .........................................................48 Meeting the Operating System-Specific Requirements .......................................................49 Accessing Documentation Before and During the Upgrade ...................................................50 Meeting the Requirements for the SAP Internet Solution.......................................................51 Importing Additional Languages .............................................................................................52 Upgrading the Operating System and Database System: Overview......................................53

Upgrade Preparations ......................................................................... 57
Determining the Host for the Upgrade Preparation ................................................................59 Creating the Upgrade Directory ..............................................................................................60 Checking Database-Specific Prerequisites for PREPARE .....................................................62 Substituting the SAP Kernel (Source Release 3.x) ................................................................63 Checking SAP Programs (Source Release 4.x) .....................................................................64 Starting PREPARE from the CD.............................................................................................66 Starting the Upgrade Assistant Server ...................................................................................67 Starting the Upgrade Assistant GUI........................................................................................68 Starting the Upgrade Assistant ...............................................................................................69 Restarting PREPARE from the Upgrade Assistant GUI .........................................................72 Resetting PREPARE...............................................................................................................73 Importing Software After Starting PREPARE .........................................................................74 Making Entries for the Parameter Input Module .....................................................................75 Making Entries for the Initialization Module ............................................................................80

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..............................................................................................................................................................................................126 Phase REPACHK2 ...121 Phase SPACECHK_ALL..........1x) ........................133 Phase ACT_<rel> ....................................................105 The Upgrade.....................................128 Phase TRBATCHK_XT..............................................................0x/3..........................................................................................................................................................120 Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK3.........................................124 Phase EU_IMPORT0..................................................................................94 Making Preparations at the Database Level..........................................................................................................................................................102 Converting the Translation Proposal Pool (Source Releases 3................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................108 Restarting the Upgrade...........................................................................................................126 Phase EU_IMPORT5...............................................................107 Stopping the Upgrade ................................................119 Phase VIEWCHK1 ..............................................114 Phase PATCH_CHK .................87 Making Preparations at the Operating System Level ........................................................................................................0x/3...................................................................................................................................................................0x/3..1x Only) ........................................134 Continuing the Upgrade After Phase PRODCHK_<rel>.........................................6C Support Release 2: UNIX Making Entries for the Read CD Module ...................................................102 Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) (HR Customers) .116 Phase KEY_CHK ..............................112 Phase RFCCHK.131 Phase VIEWCHK2 ...............................................................................................82 Evaluating the Results of PREPARE..................................................103 Printing the Default Values for Document Type and Posting Key (FI Customers) ................113 Phase BATCHCHK ......................................................................................................123 Phase LOCKEU_PRE..................................... 106 Starting the Upgrade.....................................................109 Phase INITPUT....................................................................99 Checking Requirements for the Modification Adjustment .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................115 Phases INTCHK and INTCHK_SW ...............111 Phase DBCHK ...............................119 Phase REPACHK1 ...120 Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK2...................101 Processing Batch Input Sessions (Source Releases 3...............................................104 Processing Direct Input Error Data (Source Releases 3.............................................................................................................................................................................130 Phase ADJUSTCHK ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................95 Making Preparations at the SAP System Level ......98 Checking the User for the Upgrade .............................................................125 Phase EU_IMPORT4..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................116 Phase INITSUBST ..............100 Setting the Operation Mode for the Upgrade .....................................................127 Phase CNV_CHK_XT .................................................................................................................................................................................................117 Phase CONFCHK_X.........................................................................................................132 Phase ENVCHK....................................................................129 Phase RUN_RDDIT006 ...................................................................................................................1x)........................135 April 2001 5 ...........................................122 Phase FREECHK_X ........................................131 Phase MODPROF_TRANS ...........................................SAP AG Upgrading to 4...........................................................................................

..................................................Upgrading to 4.............................................................................................149 Renaming the Local System Log (For Source Releases 3...................................................................................................................................................191 Correcting Problems when Processing ABAP Steps......................................141 DB2 Universal Database ............176 Correcting Errors in the XPRAS Phase ............................................................................................159 DB2 for OS/390: Actions ...........................................................................185 Preparing the Restart of the Upgrade After a System Failure ...154 Rescheduling Jobs with Transaction DB13 (Source Releases 3............................................................................................................1x).......................................................................167 Installing More Dialog Instances ....................................1x)........183 Correcting Errors in the Job Phases.............................................145 Informix: Preparations ......................................................................................................................................................164 Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Application .......166 Processing Table Clusters After the Upgrade (Source Release 3...........................................175 Correcting Errors in the ADOIM Phase... 137 Actions Before Starting Production Operation ..............................................................184 Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases...............................................................................1x Only).........0x/3.................................................................142 DB2 for OS/390: Preparations .........................................................................163 Converting Batch Input Logs ..........................0x/3............................................................................................................156 Reimporting Additional Programs ................................................0x/3........................................................................................................156 Migrating Matchcodes to Search Help Objects (Source Releases 3..........................179 Correcting Lost Field Problems in the PCON Phase..................................................................................... 170 Upgrade Logs ............................................................187 Scroll Mode: Restart ...........................186 Resetting the Upgrade ........153 Transport Management System: Distributing the Configuration ..............................................................6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase CHK_POSTUP ...............................................................................................................................................................157 Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport .......................................173 Correcting Errors in the ACT Phase ......................................................................................................................................146 Oracle: Preparations ...........................150 Checking the Profile Parameters with Transaction RZ10 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................sh ........................................................................................192 6 April 2001 ..151 Actions During Production Operation ......0x/3...................136 Post-Upgrade Activities .................138 Executing the Script saproot...............177 Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases .............139 SAP DB: Backing Up the Database ......................................................................164 Performing Post-Upgrade Activities in the Authorizations Area...............................................................153 Rescheduling Background Jobs.........................160 Generating ABAP Loads ..............................147 Distributing SAP Programs ................158 SAP DB: Updating Optimizer Statistics............182 Correcting Conversion Problems in the PCON Phase ..........................169 Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime .........................................................155 Adjusting Repository Objects ..................................................................... 152 Importing Support Packages After the Upgrade .....................................1x) ...........................................................................171 Analyzing the ELG Log Files ...............................................................................160 Oracle: Actions .......159 Informix: Performing an Update Statistics...................................163 Actions for the SAP Online Documentation ...........................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 PREPARE Phase List ......6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Problems when Starting the SAP System.................................................................................................225 Upgrade Assistant...........................................................205 Deleting Archived Upgrade Logs ...................................241 Upgrade Monitor ..........................................SAP AG Upgrading to 4...........................................244 April 2001 7 ............................................................................................. 198 Alert Function....................202 Changing the Database Recovery Mode................................................ 211 PREPARE .............................................208 Reducing Upgrade Runtime in Modified Systems ..........................................199 Determining Versions.....................................................................................243 Understanding the Upgrade Monitor Display .......................................................................................206 Using a Different Upgrade Directory.......................200 Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode .............................................................224 R3up Phase List ........................................................194 Correcting Administrator Profile Problems on Application Servers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Providing SAP Local Support with Information .........................201 Isolating the Central Instance ..................................................................................................196 Upgrade Administration ................................................................239 Using the Upgrade Assistant......................................................................................................193 Correcting Problems when Copying SAP Programs .....................................210 Upgrade Tools ......................................................................................................207 Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests..................214 R3up.........................................................................242 Starting the Upgrade Monitor ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

and the tools that you use to upgrade the system: • • • Troubleshooting [Page 170] Upgrade Administration [Page 198] Upgrade Tools [Page 211] As well as detailed descriptions of all the procedures. the Notes that are specific to this upgrade [Page 40]. the administration tasks you need to perform before and after the upgrade. you require some other information. performing and following up the upgrade. Read these sections for an overview of the actions required before. such as the Release Notes for the applications that you implement. this documentation also includes a checklist for the upgrade [Page 13] with all the necessary actions for planning. preparing.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Purpose This documentation describes the upgrade and provides you with additional information on upgrade topics. 8 April 2001 . and any other documentation referred to in this documentation. In addition to this documentation. and SAP Basis knowledge. the SAP Implementation Guide (IMG). Constraints This documentation only applies if you are upgrading your SAP System on UNIX.Upgrading to 4. The information in this documentation is intended for SAP system administrators with operating system. database. The following four sections explain the procedure for the upgrade. during and after the upgrade: • • • • Planning the Upgrade [Page 18] Upgrade Preparations [Page 57] The Upgrade [Page 106] Post-Upgrade Activities [Page 137] The next three sections of this documentation give you additional information on troubleshooting.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

April 2001 9 .0B: queue calculation when you include Support Packages The sequence in which you import Support Packages is now determined by the queue calculation function in the Support Package Manager (SPAM). Instead you can search for them and include them directly from the BIND_PATCH phase. you need a Package Key.6C Support Release 1: • • 4. New Features in 4. you now enter all Support Package types on one wizard screen. SAP_APPL and SAP_HR. The dependencies among the Dictionary objects do not allow multiple activation programs to be started as background jobs in parallel. The number of parallel processes is controlled by the work process resources and the estimated capacity needed to activate the objects in one level. you must include Support Package 1 in the upgrade for each of the components SAP_BC. New procedure for including Support Packages in the upgrade You no longer have to use the report RSSPDASS to confirm the Support Packages. before downtime begins. SAP_ABA.6C • Including Support Package 1 To be able to use GA Release 4.6C Support Release 2: • Including Support Packages In the phase BIND_PATCH. This means that you must only include Basis Support Packages that have been released and listed in the above SAP Note. This is done during the BIND_PATCH phase of PREPARE. This ensures that Add-On Patches (AOPs) and Conflict Resolution Transports (CRTs) are imported consistently. As of target release 4. SAP_APPL and SAP_HR. • Mass activation of Dictionary objects The mass activation of Dictionary objects is performed in parallel. too. You can now also reduce the number of Support Packages that you want to include without having to reset PREPARE. New Features in Release 4. with each of the levels being made parallel with asynchronous RFC.6B.6C Support Release 2: UNIX New Features New Features in 4. unlike other tools (such as the conversion program). These levels are then activated in sequence.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. • Using a Package Key to include Basis Support Packages To include the Basis Support Packages in the upgrade. the Support Packages are imported directly into the Shadow Repository in the SHADOW_IMPORT phase. This procedure reduces the downtime during the upgrade.6C Support Release 1 already includes Support Packages 1 through 6 of the components SAP_BASIS. • As of source release 4. The exact procedure is described in the section Making Entries for the CD Read Module. which is in SAP Note 119738. The objects are sorted by their dependencies and split into different levels.6C productively without restrictions. but can be made unstable by any changes to the ABAP Dictionary that are delivered with the Basis Support Packages. SAP_ABA.

see Planning the Upgrade → Incremental Table Conversion. For the A_switch and A_on strategies. The upgrade tools provide this resource automatically if at least three background processes are permitted for the upgrade. This makes the separate language import phases obsolete. R3up checks the progress of transaction ICNV. Instead. This Java GUI is not yet available in Release 4. R3up informs you if not enough data has been converted incrementally. see SAP Note 26417.6B when upgrading the SAP System. PREPARE determines the tables that would benefit from being converted incrementally and prompts you to start the transaction ICNV. New Features in Release 4.6B • Shadow import To minimize the longer downtimes caused by including transport requests. • No UNIX frontend available for 4. Industry Solutions. a cross-platform Java implementation is being developed that will also cover UNIX platforms. and helps you recognize processes that are hanging. 32-Bit Windows is the only supported frontend platform. This shadow import is performed in the SHADOW_IMPORT upgrade phase. This technology will also be used in other cases to minimize upgrade downtime as much as possible.5B. In the CD Read module. which is loaded into the SAP System during the EU_IMPORT phase. This makes sure that the conversion during downtime is as short as possible. Instead it occurs in the shadow repository (new Repository of the target release). For more information on transaction ICNV.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The minimum number of dialog processes needed to start the mass activation in parallel is six. For information on the language transport. The import (Dictionary and main import) is not made into the original Repository (source release). the transport requests for Support Packages. Languages are now imported with the transport programs R3trans and tp as part of the table import phases.6A. New Features in Release 4. For more information. • Integration of the incremental table conversion function (transaction ICNV) Transaction ICNV is now integrated in the upgrade. New technology implemented in R3trans allows you to use the shadow import and include the transport requests during production operation. see The Upgrade → Monitoring the Upgrade → Upgrade Monitor. see the SAP Library under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport System → Language Transport. shadow imports are used as of Release 4.6A The development of the UNIX frontend was frozen in Release 4. and the modification adjustment are now imported into the SAP System during production operation.6A • New Upgrade Monitor The Upgrade Monitor lets you follow the progress of the upgrade. • Language transport The technical basis of the language transport has been changed completely. 10 April 2001 . For more information.Upgrading to 4.

It offers you many more options for selecting the amount of objects that need to be generated and for controlling the background job that generates the objects. April 2001 11 . see the online documentation in the transaction by choosing Info.6C Support Release 2: UNIX • As of Source Release 4. you had to manually schedule the jobs again. After the upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.5B or higher. the JOB_BTCTRNS2 phase deschedules them.5B: Automatic scheduling and descheduling of background jobs Previously. you had to manually deschedule background jobs during the upgrade (when you isolated the central instance). The Job Monitor (transaction SM37) gives the automatically descheduled jobs a special status. The JOB_BTCTRNS1 phase schedules the background jobs. • Transaction SGEN for generating ABAP loads Transaction SGEN replaces the report RDDGENLD. The upgrade program now performs this task for you if your source release is 4. For a detailed description of transaction SGEN.

for example prd. R/3 System and SAP System In this documentation. DB6.Upgrading to 4. DB2 Universal Database (or the abbreviation DB2 UDB) is used to describe the database DB2 Universal Database for UNIX & Windows. 12 April 2001 .6C SR2. If <SAPSID> is used. The abbreviation 4.6C is the same as 4. In older versions of this documentation. for example PRD. Support Packages and Patches As of Release 4. If <sapsid> is used. SAP-System-ID The SAP System ID is abbreviated as SAPSID or sapsid in this documentation. SAP uses the term Support Packages instead of SAP patches. the SAP ID DB2 is used as well. DB2 for OS/390 is used to describe the database DB2 Universal Database for OS/390. Windows. DB2 Universal Database for UNIX & Windows and DB2 common server In this documentation and in the upgrade dialogs. you must write in uppercase letters. There are other types of Support Packages.6. Existing customers on SAP DB/ADABAS receive SAP DB as a part of their maintenance contract. Hot Packages are now called R/3 Support Packages. the SAP ID DB6 is used as well. and in certain cases.6C and 4.6C is also used as a synonym for the abbreviation 4. the term SAP System is the same as R/3 System.6C Support Release 2. SAP plans to support all SAP Releases on SAP DB that were supported on ADABAS.6C Support Release 2 In this documentation.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Naming Conventions Release 4. DB2. SAP DB and ADABAS SAP now offers the database SAP DB. your SAP system ID must be in lowercase letters. the term Release 4. in certain cases. SAP is also used as a synonym for R/3 in terms such as SAP start profile or SAP System language. This documentation only uses the name SAP DB. SAP DB is an enhanced and extended database offered by SAP since 1997 that is based on ADABAS database technology. and. such as Basis Support Packages or AddOn Support Packages. and Legal Change Patches are called R/3 HR Support Packages. DB2 for OS/390 and DB2 Universal Database In this documentation and in the upgrade dialogs. DB2 Universal Database for UNIX & Windows was known as DB2 common server (DB2/CS) or DB2 Universal Database for UNIX.

Planning the Upgrade Meeting the Requirements Activity You can upgrade the frontend software as soon as you receive the upgrade package Request current upgrade notes Define the upgrade strategy in connection with the operating system upgrade and the database upgrade Draw up the upgrade schedule If necessary. make preparations for importing additional languages If necessary. Upgrade Assistant. plan the modification adjustment Before you start the upgrade decide which database-specific actions you need to take and include them in your upgrade schedule Checking Structural Requirements Checking Hardware Requirements Check software requirements (SAP source release. performing. If necessary.6C.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checklist for the Upgrade Definition This checklist includes all activities necessary for planning. preparing. Prepare the empty upgrade directory with <sapsid>adm as the owner. since it does not include all the information relevant to the upgrade. Make sure that DIR_PUT in the instance profile of the central instance has the value <upgrade_directory> Include 20% extra space on the database if you intend to carry out a lot of development April 2001 13 . meet the requirements for the SAP Internet Transaction Server and the SAP@Web Studio according to the installation guide SAP@Web Installation Guide. upgrade the operating system and database system Preparations for PREPARE Preparing for PREPARE Activity Choose the correct host for PREPARE and the Upgrade Assistant. operating system) Meet the requirements for installing the online documentation according to the guide Installing the SAP Library.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. It is not intended to replace the documentation Upgrade to 4. and following up the upgrade. If necessary.

1x. start transaction ICNV Checks Not Supported by PREPARE Preparing the Upgrade Activity Analyze the results of PREPARE Make a backup copy of the old SAP Kernel If changes are made to the standard SAP System.0x/3.Upgrading to 4. provide an extra 300 MB of memory for each language in the database. check the version of each SAP program Start PREPARE from the CD SAP Kernel User Actions During PREPARE Activity Make entries for the Parameter Input module. such as entering CD mount directories Making Entries for the Initialization Module Make entries for the Read CD module. material master (industry): process the direct input error data If necessary.0x/3. If you want to import languages other than English and German. convert proposal pool For HR customers only: save table T512W (Wage Types in HR) For FI customers only: print out the default values for document type and posting key For source releases 3.0x. 3. upgrade frontend software 14 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG work. such as including Support Packages.1x in translation systems. Make database-specific preparations for PREPARE For source releases 3.0x/3. Make database-specific preparations Check the users and authorizations needed for the upgrade Make sure that the requirements for modification adjustment have been met Set the operation mode for the upgrade For source releases 3.1x. process batch input sessions For source releases 3. Also do this if you want to include Support Packages and add-ons. check version of SAP Kernel For source release 4. back up the SAP start and stop scripts.x.1x. Make operating system-specific preparations: Make sure that you can recover the database to the state it had before the upgrade.

stop application server. check converted percentage rate Phase REPACHK2: For A_switch and A_on. isolate central instance. and back up upgrade directory For A_switch. enter keyword for industry solution Phase INITSUBST: Determine when to restart production operation For A_switch and A_on. last chance to lock the ABAP Workbench Phase ADJUSTCHK: If there are modifications. lock the ABAP Workbench if necessary Phase EU_IMPORT0: For A_off. isolate central instance. stop application server. repeat changes to the environment Phase KX_SWITCH: as of this phase you can only log on with the new frontend software Phase ACT_<Rel>: For modifications.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. change database recovery mode. start secondary application server For A_switch and A_off. change the database recovery mode if necessary Phase ENVCHK: if necessary. adjust any modified SAP objects with the SAP standard Phase PRODCHK_<Rel>: Choose a new time for restarting production operation or: For A_on. confirm the transfer request if necessary Phase VIEWCHK2: delete customer tables if necessary Phase MODPROF_TRANS: For A_switch and A_on. if necessary For ICNV. and change database recovery mode. specify the runtime of the import of the substitution set Phase LOCKEU_PRE: For A_switch and A_on. determine P errors. start secondary application server April 2001 15 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX The Upgrade Activities Activity Check the general upgrade note and the database-specific upgrade notes for new entries or changes Select the correct host for the upgrade Start R3up Phase INITPUT: enter system-specific parameters Phase KEY_CHK: enter keyword from the current Upgrade Note If necessary. change database recovery mode. back up database. determine P errors.

rename local system logs Check profile parameters using transaction RZ10 and if necessary.1x.0x/3.1x.0x/3. reschedule jobs with transaction DB13 If necessary. perform upgrade and delta Customizing For HR customers: reload table T512W (Wage Types in HR) 16 April 2001 .0x/3.sh Perform database-specific actions If there is no central software storage point.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Post-Upgrade Activities Activities Before Starting Production Operation Activity Execute the script saproot. post-upgrade activities: If necessary. if necessary Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport Perform database-specific actions Generate ABAP loads with transaction SGEN Converting Batch Input Logs Install the online documentation according to the installation guide Installing the SAP Library If necessary. adjust Repository objects with transaction SPAU If necessary.1x: if remote application servers exist. re-install additional programs such as RFC-SDK or CPIC-SDK from the CD Presentation For source releases 3. distribute SAP programs For source releases 3. import them before you import the Support Packages as described in the guide Language Transport Perform post-upgrade activities for the Transport Management System (TMS) Reschedule background jobs whose released status was reset when isolating the central instance For source releases 3. migrate matchcodes in search help objects. reset to default value Actions After Starting Production Operation Activity Import any Support Packages that you need If you want to install additional languages. install the SAP Internet Transaction Server and SAP@Web Studio according to the upgrade guide SAP@Web Installation Perform post-upgrade activities in the authorization area Perform application-specific.Upgrading to 4.

install more dialog instances Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime Activity Analyze the runtime of the upgrade using report RSUPGSUM / Send list to SAP with SAPNet .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Actions Before the Next Upgrade Activity For source releases 3.0x/3.1x only: perform post-processing for table clusters EDIDOC and CDCLS If necessary.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.R/3 Frontend connection April 2001 17 .

and the upgrade runs as efficiently as possible. You plan the upgrade of the frontend software [Page 39]. you must first plan it carefully. 3. You can repeat the program as often as you need before starting the actual upgrade. For information on services. Do not forget the sequence of the upgrades in an SAP system group [Page 36]. 5. the parameters and the entire system status are checked again in a second session. and also means you must pay attention to certain database-specific aspects [Page 27]. You request the necessary Notes [Page 40]. When you plan the upgrade. This is the prerequisite for a successful SAP System upgrade. All the times specified in this guide are based on hardware with average performance. You must decide on an upgrade strategy [Page 20]. 6. After the upgrade. You draw up your upgrade schedule [Page 32]. You make sure that the structural requirements [Page 44].Upgrading to 4. you must do the following: 1. and gives you detailed recommendations on the configuration. you plan a modification adjustment [Page 37]. 4. You can also convert some of the tables before you start the upgrade using incremental table conversion [Page 30]. the hardware requirements [Page 45] and the software requirements [Page 47] are met. 2. The successful execution of PREPARE is a prerequisite for starting the upgrade. 7. see SAPNet under Services → Consulting Services → SAP GoingLive Functional Upgrade Check.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Planning the Upgrade Purpose Before you begin the actual upgrade. Process Flow Do not perform any additional actions during the upgrade that could place it at risk. Your local support is your contact for ordering service. 18 April 2001 . This section helps you plan your upgrade so that downtime is reduced to a minimum. TeamSAP offers the free upgrade service SAP GoingLive Functional Upgrade Check. A team of experts checks the parameter settings of your system in one session before the upgrade. You make sure that you can access the online documentation [Page 50]. Start planning your upgrade at least two to three weeks before you want to start. run the PREPARE [Page 212] program as soon as possible. To make sure that the requirements are met. It is aimed in particular at SAP system administrators who are upgrading a system with the Repository Switch procedure for the first time. The strategy you choose influences the time needed for the upgrade. If necessary.

9. This procedure eliminates the need for time-consuming adjustments to the production system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX 8. you upgrade the operating system and database system [Page 53]. which you can use to monitor your progress in the upgrade project. you have to start by upgrading a development or quality assurance system that has the same SAP release (including Support Packages). and contains the same modifications. If necessary. you plan the installation of the SAP Internet Solution [Page 51].SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If necessary. April 2001 19 . If you are upgrading a modified system where changes have been made to the standard system. The checklist for the upgrade [Page 13] is a concise overview of all required actions for planning. performing and following up the upgrade. preparing. The adjustments you perform manually for the new standard in this system can be automatically exported to the global transport directory and are integrated in the production system upgrade from there. We recommend testing the upgrade in a development system.

You can recover the database to its current state during the first half of the upgrade. Database mechanisms save database actions that occur in the first half of the upgrade. This part of the procedure can run during production operation. SAP Upgrade Strategies There are three upgrade strategies available: A_switch • • • Imports the substitution set during production operation. The most suitable upgrade strategy depends on two factors: • • • The maximum downtime permitted in the system The size of the database The upgrade strategy defines: whether the substitution set is imported into the shadow tables during production operation or during downtime. 20 April 2001 . • The time intervals in which the actions are saved on the database by database mechanisms This mode is database-specific and is defined as follows: SAP DB DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix Oracle Logging is activated LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT set to ON No mode for deactivating logging Database backup mode activated Database is operated in ARCHIVELOG mode This determines whether the database system can recover lost data. you can recover the database to its state after the import of the substitution set. The upgrade strategy also determines the times at which you must make a complete backup of the system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Planning the Upgrade Strategy Purpose Choose the upgrade strategy best suited for your SAP System. − The Repository Switch can be divided into two parts: • Importing the substitution set into the shadow tables The database tables referred to as the substitution set comprise almost the complete SAP Repository. • Substituting the old Repository with the new Repository This part of the Repository Switch substitutes the Repository by deleting the old Repository and renaming the shadow tables. "Shadow tables" are tables which the running SAP System does not recognize at this point. In the second half of the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. You can no longer operate the system productively.

the downtime begins in phase EU_IMPORT0. The upgrade is divided into phases. The mode in which the database operates changes. You can recover the database to its current state during the entire upgrade. Then downtime begins for both. It does not take differences in the duration of the upgrade into consideration. depending on the strategy chosen. since these mark the beginning of downtime. A_on Shortest downtime No offline backup necessary after upgrade The runtime of the upgrade and the amount of uptime or downtime involved are heavily dependent on the upgrade strategy you choose. The graphic below shows the upgrade procedure for the different strategies. April 2001 21 . Comparing the Strategies A brief overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the individual strategies: Strategy A_switch Advantages Short downtime Medium storage requirements for ensuring database recovery Disadvantages Offline backup necessary after upgrade Monitoring necessary to determine if disks for ensuring recovery are full Greatest additional space requirements to ensure database recovery Monitoring necessary to determine if disks for ensuring recovery are full A_off No additional space requirements for ensuring possible recovery Offline backup necessary after upgrade Longest downtime No monitoring necessary to determine if disks for ensuring recovery are full. A_on and A_switch are identical until phase MODPROF_TRANS. A_off • • • Production operation ends before the substitution set is imported. Database mechanisms save database actions that occur in the during the entire upgrade. You can only recover the database to its state before the import of the substitution set.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX A_on • • • Imports the substitution set during production operation. Database mechanisms do not save database actions during the upgrade. For A_switch the mode in which the database operates is changed. but not for A_on. With strategy A_off. The important phases are EU_IMPORT2 and MODPROF_TRANS. The procedure is the same for all the strategies up to phase EU_IMPORT0.

and the time it takes to create the database archives.6. 22 April 2001 .0 12. the better the performance during production operation. If you choose the strategies A_switch or A_on. These sizes are based on sample data. Comparison of the Archives in GB A_switch SAP DB DB2 UDB Informix Oracle 7.5 7. This data has not been sorted by operating system. Each additional language that you import increases the minimum duration of the import by about an hour. The downtime depends on the upgrade strategy you choose.4.0 The following graphics show an analysis of the upgrade runtimes and downtimes registered by SAP customers for Releases 4.5 A_on 9. The following table shows the sizes of the archives created for the different upgrade strategies and databases.5 7.Upgrading to 4.0 0.5 15. database type.0 .0 13.0 22.0 0. The longer the runtime you choose. source release or database size.0 0.5 A_off 0.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrade Process Flow A_switch Start PREPARE Start R3up A_on PREPARE A_off R3up check phases Choose upgrade strategy Phase EU_IMPORT0 Import substitution set Phase MODPROF_TRANS Import substitution set Repository Switch Legend: Actions by R3up or PREPARE User actions Prompt for upgrade strategy Default: A_switch Repository Switch Repository Switch End of R3up Offline backup Online backup Offline backup Downtime Production The total runtime of R3up depends on how long it takes to import the substitution set. you choose the runtime of the import [Page 26] yourself.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX Runtime Distribution 250 Number of upgrades 200 150 100 50 0 0-4 4-8 8-12 1216 1620 2024 2428 2832 3236 3640 4044 4448 Runtime (hours) Downtime Distribution 300 Number of upgrades 250 200 150 100 50 0 0-4 4-8 8-12 1216 1620 2024 2428 2832 3236 3640 4044 4448 Downtime (hours) April 2001 23 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Your source release can influence the runtime and downtime of the upgrade by up to approximately 25%. Both strategies allow you to work productively during the first half of the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. The following table shows you how much time you can gain for production operation by using strategy A_switch or A_on. 24 April 2001 . Guideline for the Duration of Production Operation During the Upgrade A_switch A_on From: Start of R3up To: Start of downtime Duration can be configured From: End of downtime To: End of R3up 1) 34 hours 1) 34 hours 1) 0 hours 1 hour 1) Minimal reduction in performance will occur during production operation. The size of your database only has a secondary role in determining the runtime of the upgrade. even though R3up is still running. The following factors can also influence runtime and downtime of the upgrade: • • • • • • • Hardware Installed languages Number of clients A significant amount of customer developments Modifications to the standard SAP tables Add-on software Integrated Support Packages The hardware that you use has the greatest influence on total runtime and downtime. Strategy A_on also allows you to work productively at the end of the upgrade.

You are also requested to carry out certain actions (for strategies A_off and A_switch. April 2001 25 . This reduces the downtime towards the end of the upgrade and during post-upgrade activities. When selecting this time.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The upgrade always executes up to the PRODCHK_46C phase. it is necessary to make an offline backup). you do not need to wait until R3up completes its run before resuming production operation. even if the time you entered is earlier. If R3up has reached the post-upgrade phases when this time is reached.6C Support Release 2: UNIX When to Restart Production Operation Process Flow All three strategies allow you to enter the latest date and time by which you want to resume production operation of your SAP System. pay attention to the following: Production operation is only possible from upgrade phase PRODCHK_46C onwards. for example. In this case R3up informs you that the SAP System can resume production operation although R3up is still active.

the import will be slowed down accordingly.Upgrading to 4. specify total runtimes of about 24 hours. an import takes about six hours without delays.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Runtime for the Import of the Substitution Set Process Flow With strategies A_switch and A_on you are asked to specify the total runtime for the import of the substitution set. DB2 for OS/390 and Informix) that need to be saved per hour. This enables you to sustain the performance of the system and also to reduce the number of archives (Oracle) or log files (SAP DB. Depending on the hardware. DB2 Universal Database. 26 April 2001 . Depending on the start time of the upgrade. If you enter a longer runtime.

We recommend that you update the statistics values with the tool xpu shortly before the upgrade. in the EU_IMPORT2 phase with A_off). create an online backup before the system starts operating productively again. If the statistics for less than 15 tables are out-of-date. This means that you must back up the database for all strategies. in the EU_IMPORT2 phase with A_off). R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. you are requested to stop all work in the system. shut down the database and reboot it. however. To activate these parameters. they are updated automatically. R3up switches the parameters LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT to OFF after confirmation. an incremental backup is sufficient (save updated pages). For all strategies. you need to create an online backup before you stop operating the system productively. you can choose to update them or to terminate the upgrade. April 2001 27 . The log configuration can be changed with the database command alter log in the database tool xcontrol. R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. you are requested to stop all work in the system. To ensure this. If the statistics for more than 15 tables are out-of-date. When the central instance is isolated (in the MODPROF_TRANS phase with A_on and A_switch.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. R3up switches the log mode to DEMO for the strategies A_off and A_switch. DB2 Universal Database • Isolating the central instance When the central instance is isolated (in the MODPROF_TRANS phase with A_on and A_switch. After the log backup has been confirmed and checked. At this point the tables relevant to the upgrade are checked to see if they contain sufficient statistical information. After the mode has been switched. at the latest. their mirrors should be on other disks. • Database backup before the upgrade You must be able to recover the database to its state before the upgrade was started. You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point. If large amounts of data are involved. The concatenated archive logs can be located on one disk without a loss of performance.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Database-Specific Aspects SAP DB The performance for the development environment (DE) import (mass insert) depends largely on the log devspace. the contents of the log are permanently lost. With the strategies A_off and A_switch. when the system stops operating productively. Make sure that the log devspaces are on different hard disks. The statistics values for newly imported tables are updated automatically after the DE import. You can decide if you want a very fast import which switches logging off completely for the import.

You can find a description under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. For strategy A_on we recommend that you create a full online backup at the end of downtime. After the upgrade.Upgrading to 4. You can also make an online backup after an upgrade with the strategies A_switch and A_on. Logging is always switched on regardless of the upgrade strategy. Oracle At the start of the downtime (in the MODPROF_TRANS phase with A_switch and A_on. The database forces you to create a complete backup (otherwise a CONNECT to the database is not possible). including those written during the previous import. R3up switches the parameters LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT to ON for strategies A_off and A_switch after confirmation. Informix When the central instance is isolated. The upgrade strategy influences the downtime. You must make the online backup before the central instance is stopped. You can choose an online or an offline backup. but not the database logging. R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. You must make the offline backup before you confirm that you want to deactivate archiving. After the database backup. continue in R3up. in the EU_IMPORT0 phase with A_off) you are asked to stop all work with the system. you are asked to stop all work with the system. You are prompted to deactivate the database backup mode. 28 April 2001 . For this reason. you do not have to import all logical log files written until this time. R3up waits for your confirmation before it stops the central instance. You can find the necessary commands under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. Now make a complete backup of your database so that if you need to recover it you do not have to import all the archives created so far. you must now create a complete backup for the strategies A_off and A_switch. You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG • Database backup at the end of the upgrade At the end of the upgrade. This makes sure that in the event of a database crash. This makes sure that you do not need to perform a recovery that uses the logical log files created during the upgrade. This has the following effects: • • • • There is no difference between the strategies A_switch and A_on. You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point. • A_switch You are then asked to switch off database archiving. DB2 for OS/390 Database actions are backed up during the entire upgrade by database mechanisms. you must make an online backup. You can recover the database to its current state during the entire upgrade. You can choose between an online and an offline backup.

create a complete online backup (possibly as a postupgrade activity) to avoid a recovery based on upgrade database archives. so that you do not have to import all the archives created up to this point if there is a database failure. • A_off You must be able to recover the database to the state it has at this point.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. End of the database-specific explanations April 2001 29 . make a new complete backup now. You are then asked to switch off database archiving. Note that a large number of database archives have to be saved at regular intervals during downtime. At the end of downtime. If some time has elapsed since the last complete backup of your database.6C Support Release 2: UNIX • A_on With strategy A_on you do not switch off database archiving. You can find a description under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. You can choose an online or an offline backup.

30 April 2001 . If you do not want to use this function. the structure of the tables in your database changes. More information is available online in transaction ICNV by pressing F1 or selecting the i button. PREPARE asks you to start the incremental conversion. which modified tables you want to return to the SAP standard and convert incrementally. you may need to completely restructure the relevant tables by converting each data record.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Incremental Table Conversion Represents With each new release. Examples of these are tables that contain large amounts of data and would significantly extend downtime if they were converted. you can convert many of these data records before the upgrade. These table conversions used to only occur during the downtime of the upgrade (phase PCON_<rel>). You can use the following functions: • • Display the tables determined by PREPARE (tables for conversion with ICNV) Choose − − which non-modified tables you want to convert incrementally. The necessary data is converted during production operation. • • • Start the conversion. In some cases. you must first run PREPARE.Upgrading to 4. By using incremental conversion. the tables are converted in the phase PCON<rel>. If these checks return positive values. PREPARE checks whether the system: • • runs on a database platform that supports incremental conversion contains tables for which an incremental conversion is useful. Estimate the runtime of the conversion. Functions Incremental table conversion is performed using transaction ICNV. End of SAP DB Prerequisites To be able to use this function. This gives you several advantages: • • • Reduced downtime during the upgrade You can return to the SAP standard more easily for modified tables You can use incremental conversion for large tables as well SAP DB SAP DB does not support incremental table conversions. Monitor the conversion. Incremental conversion is optional.

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

What to look for: •

Whereas the PREPARE actions have an analyze function, the ICNV does not. Transaction ICNV already makes modifications to the database tables that you want to convert during the Initialization step. These modifications are not canceled by resetting PREPARE. In particular, you cannot directly upgrade the release of these modifications. For this reason, only start the incremental table conversion if you then want to perform the upgrade. If you use incremental table conversion, do not start an SAP archiving program for these tables in parallel, since this can lead to performance bottlenecks. Therefore, archive as much as possible before starting the conversion. After the incremental conversion starts, you cannot change any more Dictionary definitions for the relevant tables until the upgrade is complete. This affects changing, deleting or adding field definitions. Transaction SE11 is locked for these tables. Pay special attention to the resource usage of your database management system to detect bottlenecks early on. Incremental conversion requires double the space in the relevant database container (tablespace, dbspace, and so on) for each affected table during the conversion. The continuous data transfer results in more transactions. Therefore, also monitor the space for the rollback information. Do not begin the upgrade before at least 95% of the total data has been converted. R3up checks this at the beginning of downtime. If this percentage has not been reached, R3up displays a corresponding message. This gives you the advantage of reducing critical downtime. You can monitor the progress of the conversion using transaction ICNV. You can start the upgrade even if the 95% minimum is not reached. However, the remaining data is transferred entirely during the downtime.

Incremental conversion requires a sufficient number of background work processes. Ideally, there should be one process for each table to be converted. If you cannot have one process for each table due to a large number of tables, you can still convert the tables since transaction ICNV distributes the tables itself to the available background processes. However, the incremental conversion takes longer to complete, and the time for beginning the upgrade is pushed back.

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Drawing Up an Upgrade Schedule
Purpose
Create an exact schedule for your SAP System upgrade.

Prerequisites
You have decided on one of the three upgrade strategies A_on, A_switch or A_off.

Process Flow
1. You decide when you want to begin the preparations for the upgrade.
At the latest, start preparing for your upgrade a week before starting the upgrade.

2. You decide when you want to begin the upgrade. If you have decided to use the A_off upgrade strategy, start the upgrade on the last day of production operation with the old release. If you have decided to use strategy A_switch or A_on, start the upgrade on the second to last day of production operation with the old release. In all cases, you can start the import of the substitution set with the phases EU_IMPORT0 to EU_IMPORT5 towards the end of the day.

You are prompted to change the CD at the beginning of the phases EU_IMPORT4 and EU_IMPORT5. Phase EU_IMPORT4 has a runtime of about 30 minutes, phase EU_IMPORT5 has a runtime of about 3-4 hours. If you miss this prompt, your time schedule could be seriously disrupted. 3. Take the necessary measures to extend the time in which the upgrade can run unmonitored. a. Specify all CD mount directories at the start of the upgrade
R3up lets you specify up to 16 CD mount directories when you start upgrading. This significantly increases the amount of time R3up can run without user input.

The prompt for the mount directories occurs during the INITPUT phase, which runs during PREPARE and during the upgrade itself. You are only prompted for the mount directories, which means that it does not matter where the CDs are mounted. As long as the program finds a CD with the correct label, it does not prompt the user to change the CD. If you do not have enough CD disk drives, you can copy the contents of each CD to separate directories on your hard disk (providing you have sufficient disk space). A maximum of 650 MB per CD is required. You then enter these directory names when prompted for the mount points. b. For a list of the CDs that PREPARE needs, see Making Entries for the Parameter Input Module. For a corresponding list for R3up, see The Upgrade. c. Early locking of the ABAP Workbench If you have decided to use upgrade strategy A_switch or A_on:

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The phase LOCKEU_PRE is directly before the phase EU_IMPORT0. In LOCKEU_PRE you are asked when the ABAP Workbench can be locked. If you are sure that you do not need the ABAP Workbench from phase EU_IMPORT0 onwards, confirm the lock in LOCKEU_PRE. If you do not confirm the lock in LOCKEU_PRE, you are asked to confirm the lock in REPACHK2. Since phase REPACHK2 is after the last CD change (phase EU_IMPORT5), you may not want to do this. d. Avoiding long upgrade downtimes. The Upgrade Assistant can inform you if R3up waits for a long period of time for an entry. This can be either a standard user entry or an action taken to correct an error. To receive this alert information, you have to activate the alert function and supply the relevant parameters. You can specify an external program to be started if R3up has been waiting too long for an entry. This then triggers a communications service that informs the system administrator. You must provide this external program yourself. You can find more information on the alert function in the online help in the Upgrade Assistant in the section Set Alert Window. To access the online help, go to the main menu and choose Help → Introduction. Whether you use the Upgrade Assistant or not, the R3up control program stops the upgrade if errors occur so that you can take action. R3up indicates that you should take action as follows:
− −

A message appears on the screen. The file upalert.log is created in sub-directory tmp of the upgrade directory.

If you do not notice these errors, significant delays can occur in your time schedule. To avoid losing time unnecessarily, you can arrange to be notified automatically, for example, by telephone, that the upgrade has stopped. You can use the alert file to do this. You must provide the appropriate software for using the alert file. 4. You decide when you want to back up the database after the upgrade. If you decide to use upgrade strategy A_off, start the complete backup after the end of the upgrade on the evening of the second day. If you decide to use upgrade strategy A_switch, start on the morning of the third day. For all the upgrade strategies, you can resume production operation at the beginning of or during the third day. 5. Extend the time for the import of the substitution sets during production operation. You need approximately 6.5 hours to import the substitution sets. To avoid lowering system performance, extend this time. Set the time required for the import so that it ends at least 5 hours before the planned shutdown of production operation. At the latest, system downtime begins in the MODPROF_TRANS phase. The earliest you can resume production operation is approximately 10 hours later. During this time the SAP System is started up several times. 6. You decide when production operation resumes. If possible, do not resume production operation until all the necessary post-upgrade activities have been performed. The same applies to the complete backup of the database, which is a requirement for resuming production operation for upgrade strategies A_off and A_switch.

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This has the advantage that all database changes resulting from post-upgrade activities are included in the complete backup. The earliest possible point for continuing with production operation is PRODCHK_<release>.

Examples of Upgrade Scheduling
The tables below show examples of an upgrade schedule for each of the three strategies. The modification adjustment was run during the night in order to show the shortest possible runtime. You can also run it during the day. The schedule would then take correspondingly longer. The language import was not taken into consideration in these examples. For SAP System languages other than 'EN' (English) and 'DE' (German), add approximately 1 hour. In the A_off strategy the import period is during the downtime, whereas in the A_on and A_switch strategies half of the import is while the system is operating productively, and half during downtime.
Example Schedule for Strategy A_switch Day Time Actions

Thursday Thursday

9:00 10:00

Start R3up Start import of the substitution set (slow) with R3up in phase EU_IMPORT0 Insert the last CD (title: Upgrade CD5) at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT5 Stop production operation at the beginning of phase MODPROF_TRANS by isolating the central instance, as described under Isolating the Central Instance. Adjust modifications, if required. Back up database offline System in production operation

Thursday

19:00

Friday

20:00

Friday Saturday Saturday

23:00 9:00 After offline backup has been completed

Example Schedule for Strategy A_on Day Time Actions

Thursday Thursday

9:00 10:00

Start R3up Start import of the substitution set (slow) with R3up in phase EU_IMPORT0

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Start the import of the substitution set with R3up Friday 17:00 Insert the last CD (title: Upgrade CD5) at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT5 Adjust modifications.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Thursday 19:00 Insert the last CD (title: Upgrade CD5) at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT5 Stop production operation at the beginning of phase MODPROF_TRANS by isolating the central instance. Start post-upgrade activities Back up the database online Friday 20:00 Friday Saturday Saturday 22:30 10:00 After starting to operate the system productively Example Schedule for Strategy A_off Day Time Actions Friday Friday 15:00 16:00 Start R3up Stop production operation at the beginning of phase EU_IMPORT0 by isolating the central instance. if required. as described under Isolating the Central Instance. Adjust modifications. Start post-upgrade activities Back up database offline Friday Saturday Saturday 21:00 9:00 April 2001 35 . as described under Isolating the Central Instance.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. if required.

make sure that your development system remains in existence. Only this SAP System offers you optimal support when you adjust modifications.Upgrading to 4. This system can be a copy of the production system. Quality assurance system 3. The version management functions of the SAP System only record all the changes you make in the system in which you made them (the development system).6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrading in an SAP System Group Purpose If you have more than one SAP System. upgrade your systems as follows: 1. set up a quality assurance system between the development system and production system. for example a production system and a development system. If you have modified SAP objects. you must consider the entire system group when you upgrade. Development system 2. Production system If your system group consists of three SAP Systems and includes a quality assurance system that has been set up between the development and production system. you must proceed with the upgrades in the above sequence. Process Flow If you have a development system and a production system. upgrade the systems as follows: 1. Production system If you have made modifications to SAP objects that you want to retain. 36 April 2001 . You should upgrade your systems in the same sequence in which you transport your modifications. Changes made in the development system after the upgrade can be transported automatically to your other SAP Systems. Do not copy your production system to your development system to test the upgrade. To test the upgrade with realistic production data. Development system 2. Use this procedure to avoid making time-consuming adjustments in the production system.

The following explanation assumes that the levels of modification are identical. you can skip this section.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The modification adjustment lets you make your modifications to the appropriate new objects in the upgrade. During the Repository Switch. You can identify modifications as repairs to the SAP standard or as imports of SAP objects. you might need an SSCR key.Basis Components → ABAP/4 Development Workbench → Enhancements to the SAP Standard → The SAP Software Change Registration Procedure (SSCR). then contact an experienced Basis consultant for help. Prerequisites To adjust modifications. All other requests are dealt with as preliminary corrections. including Support Packages. see the SAP online documentation. Objects belonging to the central Basis component are always returned to the SAP standard by the Repository Switch. the error message TG140 appears in phase RUN_RDDIT006. April 2001 37 . a distinction is made between the following two classes of modification: • • Modification to an object from the central SAP Basis component Modification to an application object In the first case.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Planning the Modification Adjustment Purpose If you are sure that your SAP System corresponds exactly to the SAP standard. Process Flow Adjusting Modifications in the First System (Development System) You must test the modification adjustment in a development system that has the same SAP Release and that has been modified to the same extent as the production system. To safeguard existing modifications of this kind. which you should obtain before upgrading. the modifications have to be preliminary corrections.Basis Components →ABAP Workbench → BC . Requests in the customer namespace (number range 900000 to 999999) “modify” the SAP objects included in them. you lose any modifications you made to objects that conflict with SAP modifications. Release 3. Any preliminary corrections that you have imported as transport requests from one of the sapserv(x) SAP Support Servers may be lost when you upgrade. otherwise the SAP System would not be able to operate.x Choose Help → SAP Library → BC . For more information. When you upgrade the system. If the development system contains more modifications. Release 4.x Choose Help → R/3 library → BC .Changing the SAP Standard → The SAP Software Change Registration Procedure (SSCR).

If you have not installed a central transport directory. to get background information on the changes made. In the ADJUSTPRP phase you are presented with the requests from the development system and can decide whether you want to accept them. 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 1. we recommend that instead of adjusting modifications manually.6C documentation CD offline. R3up exports this transport request into the transport directory /usr/sap/trans (UNIX) or \\$(SAPGLOBALHOST)\SAPMNT\TRANS (Windows NT). These steps are described in Note 51046. you automatically transfer both the transport requests exported in the section Adjusting Modifications in the First System (Development System). domains.<SID> in the sub-directory log of your upgrade directory. The procedure is described on the cover of the CD. 38 April 2001 . 3. You can read documents on the 4. data elements. and so on) are adjusted towards the end of the upgrade. If this is the case. This phase is executed in the PREPARE module Modification support and runs in the upgrade between the import of the substitution set and the end of the production period. The list of objects that have to be adjusted in your SAP System is determined in the ADJUSTPRP phase. A check is performed to see if all the modifications identified in the system are handled by transport requests. Adjusting Modifications in Subsequent Systems For the quality assurance and production system. Towards the end of the upgrade. Repository objects (reports. the upgrade will import changes which previously did not exist in the system. If the number of objects in the adjustment transport requests exceeds the number of modifications in the next system. You cannot release this transport request. You can find a detailed description of modification adjustment in the current online documentation under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → Changing the SAP Standard (BC) → The Modification Assistant. no adjustment needs to take place. The adjusted objects are collected in a repair that is released to a transport request.Upgrading to 4. the old. screens. the transport requests are integrated into the upgrade. all adjustments are released to a transport request that is noted and then exported and registered by R3up. you must perform additional steps for automatic acceptance. and so on) are adjusted during downtime before the activation of the ABAP Dictionary. The ABAP Dictionary objects (tables. instead it must be flagged for export in Transaction SPDD. You must consult the authors of the modifications named in the log UMODPROT. modified version is still available in the versions database. However. and then registers it for transport in the file umodauto.lst. At this stage the import of SAP objects has already been completed. before you upgrade the system. If you confirm here. As with Dictionary objects.

log on only with new frontend software Production op. You can import the frontend software as soon as you receive the software package. see the SAP Frontend Installation Guide. For more information. The latest possible time for upgrading is before you log on to the new version of the SAP System for the first time. This graphic shows the time period during which you can upgrade the frontend software: Time Frame for Upgrading the Frontend Software Earliest possible time Production operation Downtime As of this point.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Time Frame for Upgrading the Frontend Software The new SAP release cannot run until the new version of the frontend software (SAP GUI) has been installed. The new SAP kernel is imported by R3up in the KX_SWITCH phase.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. After this has taken place. logging on with an old version of SAP GUI may cause errors. April 2001 39 . Preparations Processing Post-upgrade Receive the software package R3up starts Downtime begins Phase R3up KX_SWITCH ends The frontend software is upgraded directly from CD or from a file server.

These SAP Notes are named at the appropriate places in this documentation. The following is a list of these SAP Notes. This SAP Note contains current non-database-specific information on preparing for the upgrade. organized by database: 40 April 2001 . if necessary.Upgrading to 4. When you actually upgrade the system you need the information from some additional SAP Notes. you require some additional information. you are asked to enter a keyword. which you can get from the current general Upgrade Note 390062. use the fax request form included in the software package. You must read the general Upgrade Note before you prepare the upgrade. If you do not have a SAPNet link.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Notes for the Upgrade Definition To prepare and perform the upgrade of your system. SAP Notes for Preparing the Upgrade You must request the general Upgrade Note and the SAP Note for your database from SAPNet – R/3 Frontend before you start your upgrade. The following is a list of the SAP Notes you need to prepare for the upgrade: SAP Note Number Database SAP Note Type 390062 197901 202790 386570 326658 201874 All databases SAP DB DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix Oracle Specific to this upgrade SAP DB-specific / specific to this upgrade DB2 Universal Database-specific / specific to this upgrade DB2-for-OS/390-specific / specific to this upgrade Informix-specific / specific to this upgrade Oracle-specific / specific to this upgrade Keyword for the Upgrade When you start the upgrade. You cannot start the upgrade until you have entered the keyword. There are separate SAP Notes for the database-specific sections. This information is kept in a number of SAPNet – R/3 Frontend Notes. not included in the documentation. this documentation also refers you to other SAP Notes. Other SAP Notes As well as the SAP Notes you need for preparing the upgrade. which give you additional information.

R/3-Frontend Central Basis objects are modified Correction locks do not belong to system Copying the modification adjustment without a central transport directory Error message TG063 in the upgrade phase JOB_RADDRCHK Conversion of address tables.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.5 Resource requirements for Release 4. runtime Conversion of address tables. runtime No conversion of table BSEG User buffer too small Installing a dialog instance/gateway with R3SETUP Performance Performance Performance Performance Performance Specific to this upgrade Frontend/SAP GUI SAP Kernel IS-specific HR-specific Upgrade to Release 4.x R/3 HR Support Packages SAP Support Packages Remote support for upgrade General upgrade Transport Organizer Change and Transport System ABAP Dictionary Address management Address management ABAP Dictionary / Phase PCON_<rel> User administration R/3 installation April 2001 41 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP Notes for All Databases SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 323263 178616 151508 113795 89305 203428 26417 102445 86985 156387 76431 73510 83458 125971 33888 62519 51046 96905 97032 82167 24864 10187 137478 Resource requirements for Release 4.6C Resource requirements for Release 4.6A Resource requirements for Release 4.6B Resource requirements for Release 4.0B Preliminary information on freespace in the database System requirements for frontend workplaces / SAP GUI Installation of a 3.0A/4.x Problems when upgrading patched source releases Downloading Support Packages from the SAP Service Marketplace Service Connection Upgrade Assistant in SAPNet .1I Kernel Release SAP Releases for SAP add-ons (IS) Collection of notes on upgrade problems for the SAP component HR (human resources) Measures for optimizing upgrade runtime 4.

6C language import Space requirements for the 4.1 SAP DB load with parallel R3LOADS Change a database parameter in SAP DB Release 7.2.6x DB2 UDB DB2 Universal Databasespecific 42 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 197746 86627 98752 195443 195446 195442 322982 73999 177680 Maintenance Strategy Internet Transaction Server Transaction types: Customizing for release upgrades Migrating the proposal pool Current SAP Note on the 4.6C language import Language import and Support Packages Install language during upgrade Upgrade phase PCON: TG450 to TG453 Correcting conversion problems during the PCON 46B / PCON 46C phase SAP@Web Customizing Translation tools Language transport Language transport Language transport Language transport General upgrade General upgrade SAP Notes for SAP DB SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156551 382741 34690 46430 201388 201390 327578 Released operating systems for 4.6x SAP DB SAP DB database upgrade to 7.2 New software structure as of SAP DB Version 7.2 Back up the database SAP DB 7.4/5 SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP DB-specific SAP Notes for DB2 Universal Database SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156553 Released operating systems for 4.5 B00 Add Devspace under SAP DB (ADABAS for R/3) 6.2.Upgrading to 4.

Problems with Rollback segments Installation of the Oracle Client Software Oracle-specific Oracle-specific Oracle-specific Oracle-specific April 2001 43 . 4.6A.6C upgrade DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific ABAP Dictionary / phase CNV_SUBMIT DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific DB2 for OS/390-specific SAP Notes for Informix SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 50157 156549 22941 115619 Using recommended versions of Informix Released operating systems for 4.0F.1H.1I. 4.6x Informix Reorganization of tables and dbspaces Informix Client versions Informix-specific Informix-specific Informix-specific Informix-specific SAP Notes for Oracle SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156548 11777 16951 303238 Released operating systems for 4.6B) DB2/390: Free space for 4. 3.0B) DB2/390: DDIC corrections (4.6x DB2/390 DB2/390: APAR list Conversion of partitioned tables SQL error -540 Maintaining catalog statistics DB2/390: Upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP Notes for DB2 for OS/390 SAP Note Number Topic SAP Note Type 156554 81737 78354 83473 113008 136806 103135 162250 162818 184399 197772 Released operating systems for 4. 3. ICLI servers DB2/390: Manual saposcol installation DB2/390: DDIC corrections (3.5A.5B) DB2/390: DDIC corrections (4. 4.6x Oracle Changing the storage parameters NEXT and MAX EXTENTS Oracle .

Call Transaction RZ10. The update program writes these versions. the message server must still be running after the secondary instances are stopped. 4. versions of the modified objects are created by Version Management during the upgrade. you can check the structural requirements using the following procedure. and temporarily schedules ABAP report programs for background processing. Choose the server (host) where the central instance is running. Therefore. It must run on the same host as the central instance. This parameter displays the number of update processes for the central instance. A standard installation meets the specified structural requirements. 3. This parameter contains the host name where the message server is running. If you have made changes to the SAP standard. The number must be greater than 0. the update program must be running on the central instance. Procedure 1. During the upgrade. Check the profile parameter rdisp/mshost. You can only guarantee this if the message server is located on the same host as the central instance. This makes sure that the message server is active during downtime. • Update processes must run on the central instance when you make modifications to the standard. because only the central instance runs during downtime. Choose Goto → Profile values → Of a server.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking Structural Requirements Use You must meet the following structural requirements before you upgrade your system: • The message server must run on the host with the central instance. 44 April 2001 . If you are not sure whether you have a standard installation. The profile parameters for this server are displayed with their values. 2. while the secondary instances are stopped. the upgrade control program R3up uses Remote Function Call (RFC) to call function modules. check the profile parameter rdisp/wp_no_vb. For this reason. If you have made modifications to the SAP standard.Upgrading to 4.

and swap space. disk space.5x compared to Release 4. You need this free space to create the upgrade directory.650 MB of temporary disk space in the file system for the upgrade.OS Dependencies. and Swap Space Before the upgrade. Space Requirements in the File System Make sure that you have about 1. of which approximately 5 GB is filled permanently. SAP Note 89305 This Note explains the resource requirements for Release 4. You can free space after the upgrade by deleting the substitution tablespaces of the source release.6C SR2 compared to Release 4. Space Requirements in the Database SAP DB You require a maximum of 8 GB of space in the database for the upgrade. Approximately 6. such as CPU. You can use the following to help you: • Quick Sizing in the SAP Service Marketplace This is an interactive tool for an approximate sizing of the required hardware. • SAP Note 323263 This Note explains the resource requirements for Release 4.0B compared to Release 3.sap.4 GB of this amount is filled permanently. DB2 Universal Database The database is extended by a maximum of 9 GB.x. DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 45 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.0B.com/quicksizing.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking Hardware Requirements CPU. The difference between the maximum disk space requirements and the permanent disk space requirements is available as free space in the database as soon as the upgrade is complete. UNIX Kernel Parameters You may need different values for the UNIX kernel parameters for a new SAP Release. For more information. main memory. check whether you have enough hardware resources. see the documentation SAP Software on UNIX .0A/4. Main Memory. • • SAP Note 113795 This Note explains the resource requirements for Release 4.5B. You can find it at: http://service.

0x/3.5B 13 GB 11 GB 10 GB 9 GB 7 GB 6. You can recover the difference between the minimum disk space requirements and the permanent disk space requirements by deleting the old substitution tablespaces. Informix The database is extended by at least 13 GB. You can free space after the upgrade by deleting tablespaces that contain only substitution tables of your source release. You can recover the difference between the maximum disk space requirements and the permanent disk space requirements by deleting the old substitution dbspaces.0B 4.5 GB The space requirements could be higher. depending on how much data you have. you can find the maximum free space requirements for the database in SAP Note 203428. 46 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG SAP Note 197772 describes the free space requirements in the database. Oracle Make sure that the following amount of free space exists in the database. End of the database-specific explanations The PREPARE program gives you information on how much free space is needed in the database. The space requirements could be higher. Approximately 7 GB of this amount is filled permanently. depending on how much data you have.1x 4. PREPARE takes the status of your database into account and calculates the exact space requirements. depending on the source release: Space Requirements in the Database Source Release Minimum Free Space for the Upgrade Space Filled Permanently 3. If you cannot start PREPARE early enough.Upgrading to 4.

6B End of the database-specific explanations Procedure To find out the release of your SAP System.0F 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking Software Requirements Use You must meet certain software requirements before you upgrade the SAP System.5x The release appears in the SAP Release field.0D 3.6x The release is displayed in the field Component version. Procedure 1. Checking the SAP Source Release Prerequisites Depending on the database system. 3.6A 4. April 2001 47 . Meet the requirements for the Upgrade Assistant [Page 48].1I 4.0B 4.1I 4.6B DB2 Universal Database and DB2 for OS/390 3.1H 3. Release 3.5B 4.5B 4.0B 4. Oracle and SAP DB 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. choose System → Status.1H 3. Release 4. Check the SAP source release [Page 47].x – 4.6A 4. your SAP System must have one of the following releases: Informix. 2.0F 3. Meet the operating system-specific requirements [Page 49].

you must be able to set up a TCP/IP connection between the GUI host and the server host. This means that it requires a Microsoft Virtual Machine for execution (Version 1. This means that the browsers can only be used to execute the GUI and not the server.1x or preferably higher).4 or higher) Microsoft SDK for Java (Microsoft Virtual Machine) You can use this variant for Windows and Windows NT.: http://java. Restart your computer.exe (DEC-ALPHA msjavaxp.exe) by double-clicking it and make the installation.cgi Procedure You can provide the Java Virtual Machine in several ways: • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) There is porting for all relevant platforms. If you have any doubts.04 (Java AWT 1. Open the file msjavx86. At present.sun.7231x Netscape Communicator as of Version 4. find out about the status of the Java porting for your operating system from your Competence Center or with the following Internet URL of Sun Microsystems Inc. End of Windows NT 48 April 2001 .com/cgi-bin/java-ports. SAP supports the following browsers: − − • Microsoft Internet Explorer as of Version 4.Upgrading to 4. You can also use a Java Development Kit (JDK) that contains the JRE. • Internet Browser with integrated Java Virtual Machine Strict security rules apply to the execution of Java programs in Internet browsers. SAP delivers a Microsoft Virtual Machine on the CD SAP KERNEL NT.0. Service Pack 3.1. Open the Windows NT Explorer and switch to the directory <CD_DRIVE>\NT\I386 (DEC-ALPHA: <CD_DRIVE>\NT\ALPHA). Installation: Insert the CD SAP KERNEL NT into the CD drive.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Meeting the Requirements for the Upgrade Assistant Network If you do not operate the GUI and server on the same host. Java Virtual Machine The Upgrade Assistant (server and GUI) is implemented in Java. The prerequisite for the installation is Windows NT 4. Windows NT For Windows NT hosts.

The compressed file is called CDS_PL_PLRTS_NYMS_1_0C32.Z.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. contact your IBM or Bull Competence Center. ReliantUNIX You must install the runtime system ReliantUNIX C++ Runtime System Version 2. Check this using the following UNIX command: pkginfo -l CDS++RTS If necessary. End of the operating system-specific explanations April 2001 49 .0 A00 or higher. which you received with your computer.tar. Check this using the following UNIX command: lslpp -l | grep perfagent If you have any questions. you can install this software from the CD-ROM CD-DEV-MI.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Meeting the Operating System-Specific Requirements Procedure AIX You must install the AIX packet perfagent so that the SAP Performance Monitor can function. or which you can order from your technical consultant.

6C documentation from the CD Online Documentation . you can make sure that you can read the CD Online Documentation .Upgrading to 4.SAP Library offline before the upgrade. However. This upgrade documentation includes the paths to specific information in the appropriate sections. 50 April 2001 .htm.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Accessing Documentation Before and During the Upgrade Use Before and during the upgrade you require 4. you can use the same paths to find the documents online in the SAP System.x Release. You first have to choose Help → SAP Library.SAP Library CD in the file Onldoc_e. After the installation. If you are upgrading from a 4. The documentation is not available online in your system until you have completed the upgrade and the installation procedure for the online documentation (SAP Library). Procedure The instructions for installing the documentation are on the Online Documentation .pdf or Onldoc_e. to modify adjustments). you can find most of the documentation online in the system before and during your upgrade to the new release.SAP Library (for example.

6C. 3. If you install the ITS at a later time. We recommend waiting until after the upgrade before you install the ITS and SAP@Web Studio.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Meeting the Requirements for the SAP Internet Solution Use To use the SAP Internet Solution. 2. you must install the SAP Internet Transaction Server (ITS). Read SAP Note 197746 to see if newer versions of the ITS and SAP@Web Studio are available. Procedure 1. If you want to modify Internet application components delivered in the standard system. Execute the report IAC_PUBLISH_SP directly after installing the ITS. you can also install the development environment of the ITS.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If you are already using the ITS and the SAP@Web Studio. The IAC Object Receiver (IACOR) must be installed for the report to execute successfully. the SAP@Web Studio. Execute the report IAC_PUBLISH_SP if you install the ITS later. you overwrite the application component objects (IAC objects) that are in the Support Packages included in the upgrade. Prerequisites These prerequisites and the upgrade of customer-specific Internet application components are described in the guide SAP@Web Installation. April 2001 51 . Install the ITS and SAP@Web Studio as described in the SAP@Web Installation Guide. you must reinstall this software in connection with an upgrade to Release 4. The report IAC_PUBLISH_SP publishes the current version in the corresponding directories of the ITS.

For more information. you do have the option of classifying new languages in the SAP System before the upgrade with transaction SMLT. import them during the upgrade. see SAP Note 195442. or did not import any additional Support Packages after the upgrade. see SAP Note 322982.Upgrading to 4. You cannot install any new languages during the upgrade. or Support Packages you need to import after the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Importing Additional Languages After the upgrade you have the option of importing new languages into the SAP System. and importing them during the upgrade. Importing new languages during an upgrade is a highly efficient process. SAP recommends that you only use this option if the system contains the Support Packages for the language CD you are using. However. In this way you can avoid any sequencing problems arising from Support Packages included in the upgrade. and is preferable to importing a language into a live system after an upgrade. For more information about this procedure. If you intend to use additional languages in your system in the future. The upgrade procedure itself only offers to update existing languages. This is the case if you did not include any additional Support Packages in the upgrade. 52 April 2001 .

For information on which versions have been released. The migration guide is a PDF document on the software CD that contains Version 6 of the database. then the timing and the sequence of the individual upgrades is of great importance. as described in SAP Note 382741. Migrate the database to Version 6 if you have not already done so.6x Oracle For more information.sap.6C on SAP DB.6x DB2/390 156549 Released Operating Systems R/3 4.5. If necessary. Process Flow SAP DB You require at least Version 7. see SAP Note 327578. We have described the process flows specifically for each database in this section. you change the structure of the SAP DB software. Proceed as follows: 1. or migrate a database. see the following SAP Notes: 156551 Released Operating Systems R/3 4.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. For more information. When you import the 7. April 2001 53 . 4. The procedure differs according to the database you use. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.6x DB2 UDB 156554 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. All strategies are supported (A_switch. see the SAP Service Marketplace under: http://service. A_on and A_off). DB2 Universal Database Proceed as follows: 1. update the SAP DB release. upgrade the operating system.6x Informix 156548 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. exit it. 3. 5. 2. If you have not already done so.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrading the Operating System and Database System: Overview Purpose When you upgrade the SAP System. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy. you may have to update your operating system and database to a new version.000 for Release 4.2.2.6x SAP DB 156553 Released Operating Systems R/3 4. 2. Repeat the PREPARE module General checks to run through the CONFCHK phase once more and if the module ran successfully.com/dbosplatforms If you need to upgrade an operating system or database. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.4x (or higher) database software.

3. 6.0F. Any missing PTFs can lengthen the runtime of the upgrade significantly. DB2 for OS/390 Make sure that you meet the following requirements before you start PREPARE for the first time: 1. Required PTFs and APARs: SAP Note 81737 (APAR list) contains information on the PTFs that you need to import before the upgrade. see SAP Notes 81737 and 136806 and the IBM documentation SAP R/3 on DB2 for OS/390: Planning Guide. the transports. This tool is described in SAP Note 183311.5A.0B 4.1I. The ICLI software is delivered using PTF. 4.6C ICLI server is started for the upgrade tools alongside the ICLI server of the source release. 3. 54 April 2001 .LINKLIB <HLQ> is identical for all three data sets and its default value is SYS1. a 4. The import of the current downward-compatible SAP Kernel is described in SAP Note 102445. the release and the minimum required patch level of the Kernel are described in one of the following SAP Notes: Source Release SAP Note Number 3. 4.1H. You must install this before you start PREPARE for the first time. The ICLI software must be in the following three data sets after you have installed the PTFs: <HLQ>.1. All strategies are supported (A_switch. Operating system of the database server: OS/390 Version 2.5B 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 3. Database version: DB2 Version 6. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy.6B 7. For more information. ICLI: The first time you start PREPARE. stored procedures are used for DB2 for OS/390.SAMPLIB <HLQ>. The prerequisites and preparations are described in the SAP R/3 on DB2 for OS/390 Planning Guide. A_on and A_off). 4.6B. 3.3. Depending on your source release.SFOMDATA <HLQ>. A PTF Check Tool is available for all source releases.8 or higher. 4. 2. Operating system of the application server: AIX Version 4. Current downward-compatible SAP Kernel and required transports for source release Make sure that all required transports and the minimum required patch level of the current downward-compatible SAP Kernel for the source release have been imported into your system.2 or higher. Stored Procedures: 162250 162818 184399 As of Release 4. 5.Upgrading to 4.6A.0.

If you change to HP-UX 11 between executing PREPARE and starting the upgrade. exit it. import the current downwardcompatible SAP Kernel (DCK). You require at least patch level 3 of the 3. 6.1x: If you have not done so. The import is described in SAP Note 102445. see SAP Note 326658. This is currently the 3.1x: If you have not done so.1I Kernel. 2. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Do not import the Informix version that was mentioned in the notes for the 3. Source Release 3. HP-UX Depending on whether you have Version HP-UX 10 or HP-UX 11.31 as described in the next step. upgrade Informix as described in the guide Installing Version 7.1I upgrade package that has already been sent to you.1I Kernel.6 is required for Release 4. instead use the Version 7. then you need to disassemble the SAP Kernel from the CD again. All strategies are supported (A_switch. April 2001 55 . 3. Repeat the PREPARE module General checks to run through the CONFCHK phase once more and if the module ran successfully. Proceed as follows: 1.0. since older versions contain errors that cause problems in PREPARE. For more precise information on the combination you use.1I Kernel. Oracle Version 8. If necessary. Source Release 3. upgrade the operating system. This is currently the 3. A_on and A_off). since older versions contain errors that cause problems in PREPARE.1I DCK. Import the current Kernel patches. Also use the CD SAP KERNEL from the 3. 5. The import is described in SAP Note 102445. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy. upgrade the operating system.0x/3. If you have not done so. 3. see SAP Note 156548. Also use the CD SAP KERNEL from the 3. 4. import the current downwardcompatible SAP Kernel (DCK).1I upgrade package that has already been sent to you.31 of the Informix Dynamic Servers: UNIX. If necessary. Proceed as follows: 1.6C on Oracle for the majority of operating systems at the time of going to print. 2. PREPARE disassembles the correct SAP Kernel and copies it to the directory /put/exe.0x/3. before you start the upgrade. Start PREPARE and analyze the results.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Informix For information on which version of the Informix Dynamic Server you need for this release.

0. A_on and A_off). End of HP-UX 4. migrate Oracle as described in the guide Migrating/Upgrading to Oracle Version 8. 6. Repeat the PREPARE module General checks to run through the CONFCHK phase once more and if the module ran successfully.6: UNIX. Upgrade the system with your choice of upgrade strategy.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The exact procedure is described in the section Starting the Upgrade [Page 107]. 5.Upgrading to 4. If you have not already done so. All strategies are supported (A_switch. End of the database-specific explanations 56 April 2001 . exit it.

see Using the Upgrade Assistant [Page 241]. April 2001 57 . First you start the Upgrade Assistant server [Page 67]. For information on using the Upgrade Assistant. a. c. followed by the Upgrade Assistant GUI [Page 68]. b. e. You perform the user actions needed before starting PREPARE. Perform the user actions needed during PREPARE. for example. f. you can execute it directly. In the Parameter Input module [Page 75]. The information required in the Initialization module [Page 80] is specific to DB2 for OS/390. Prerequisites You have completed the planning of the upgrade. c. see PREPARE Phase List [Page 214]. If you have Source Release 4. Careful preparation of the upgrade is the best guarantee that it will run without errors. The PREPARE program supports you here by making most of the necessary checks automatically. You create an upgrade directory [Page 60]. 3. You first start PREPARE [Page 66] from the CD. you must check the version of the SAP Kernel and substitute it [Page 63] if necessary. import it now [Page 74]. For a complete list of all PREPARE modules and phases.x.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrade Preparations Purpose You can prepare for the upgrade while the system is operating productively. If you need extra software after starting PREPARE. b.x. PREPARE requires you to make certain entries for its individual modules so that it can run. You use the Upgrade Assistant to start the PREPARE program. You make sure that there are 500 MB of freespace in the database for PREPARE. if you want to use it for another system. If you have Source Release 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You check the database-specific requirements [Page 62]. If you want to restart PREPARE [Page 72]. d. and finally the Upgrade Assistant [Page 69] itself. Start PREPARE as soon as possible before the upgrade so that you can initiate or perform the necessary preparations in time. a. Process Flow 1. you need to provide information about the name of the SAP System or the central SAP server. if the results from its first run make you want to repeat some checks. 2. you must check the SAP programs [Page 64]. a. You can reset PREPARE [Page 73] at any time. for example. You determine a host for the upgrade preparations [Page 59]. b.

the language CD is mounted and the Support Packages are included in the Read CD module [Page 82]. for example. Result Once you have made all the preparations. You make preparations at the database level [Page 95]. you back up the database. You perform the user actions needed before starting the upgrade. If possible. for example. Among other things. You make preparations at the system level [Page 98]. After PREPARE has run. You make preparations at the operating system level [Page 94]. you back up the SAP Kernel. default values appear that you can confirm or change.LOG.Upgrading to 4. a. 58 April 2001 . d. for example. c. you read the results [Page 87] in the log file CHECKS. you check the user for the upgrade. you can begin the upgrade. 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG c. or you check the requirements for the modification adjustment. b.

April 2001 59 . Procedure Decide which hosts you need for the upgrade preparation and the actual upgrade of the SAP System: • Host with the central instance You must execute the upgrade process and PREPARE on the host where the central instance is running. • Other hosts The graphical user interfaces (GUIs) provided by the Upgrade Assistant can run on any hosts that meet the necessary requirements. • Database host You must perform the actions that affect the database on the database host. Depending on your configuration.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Determining the Host for the Upgrade Preparation Use You need to prepare for the upgrade on the host with the central instance. see Preparations at the Database Level. For a description of these actions. The Upgrade Assistant server also runs on this host. you may later also need or want to use your database host or another host.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

however. Procedure If the upgrade directory does not yet exist. you also need to make these directories larger. and it is divided into the subdirectories data. This space is required for the upgrade and the logs.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Creating the Upgrade Directory Use The system is upgraded using the upgrade directory. The standard path for the upgrade directory is /usr/sap/put. The following table shows the sizes of these directories. We recommend that you create the directory with more space than specified in the table above. Disk Space Requirements in the Subdirectories of the Upgrade Directory data 700 MB exe 250 MB log 300 MB Remaining 400 MB Total 1. Ensure that the SAP profile parameter DIR_PUT in the instance profile of the central instance has the value <upgrade directory>. This may vary by up to 25%. If you want to include Support Packages and add-ons in the upgrade. You need free disk space for the upgrade directory on the host with the central instance. These directories can also be softlinks.650 MB In the Repository Switch. The upgrade directory is required by the PREPARE program before the actual upgrade. since it copies data and programs into the directory Prerequisites The upgrade directory must be installed on the host with the central instance. chmod 755 . exe. there are dynamic percentages in the subdirectories data and log in the upgrade directory. you can also give it a different name. log and other subdirectories in the upgrade directory. For more information see Using a Different Upgrade Directory [Page 207]. 60 April 2001 . which can be a softlink to another physical directory. chgrp sapsys . depending on your database and source release.Upgrading to 4. if systems include extensive own developments or large amounts of individual documentation. You also require an additional 300 MB in the upgrade directory for each language other than English or German. user root must create it: mkdir <upgrade directory> cd <upgrade directory> chown <sapsid>adm .

the new upgrade the directory must exist. cd <upgrade directory> ls -ld * (for checking purposes) rm -rf * April 2001 61 . but be empty. this deletes the links. Copy any manually created directories before deletion if you want them to be kept. log on as user <sapsid>adm. If softlinks to subdirectories were created.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The owner of the upgrade directory and of all the subdirectories must be the SAP system administrator <sapsid>adm. but not the contents of the directories referred to. Switch to the upgrade directory and delete all the subdirectories. Before you start. check whether it still contains data from the previous upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If it already exists. To delete these directories as well. you must delete the directories one by one and redefine the links. To make any deletions.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking Database-Specific Prerequisites for PREPARE When you run PREPARE for Release 4. Install the software as described in Note 303238. Oracle If you already use database Version 8. PREPARE and R3up need the Oracle Client Software under a fixed path.6C.Upgrading to 4.5. Informix Make sure that you have at least 200 MB of freespace available in the temporary dbspaces (TMPDBSx). End of the database-specific explanations 62 April 2001 . you require at least the database versions released for the year 2000.0.

Also read the section Upgrading the Operating System and Database System [Page 53].6C Support Release 2: UNIX Substituting the SAP Kernel (Source Release 3. In the KRN_CHK_INI phase of the Initialization module. For more information. if necessary.1I Kernel with patch level 3 before you start PREPARE. Mount the Kernel CD. see the PREPARE log CHECKS.LOG. since older versions contain errors that cause problems in PREPARE. For more information. 4. 3. Procedure Proceed as follows to substitute the SAP Kernel: 1. PREPARE checks the Kernel version and prompts you to switch the SAP Kernel.x) Use Make sure that you are using at least the 3. April 2001 63 . All files and subdirectories in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are overwritten when the kernel is switched. Before substituting the SAP Kernel. back up the existing kernel directory. The following PREPARE modules require a 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Stop the services SAP<SAPSID>_<INSTANCES> and SAPOSCOL.1I Kernel Version. 2. Prerequisites You can combine a database upgrade with the import of the new Kernel. Unpack the new Kernel. see SAP Note 102445. Stop all SAP programs.

Required Versions of the SAP Programs for 4.5B Call tp with the following command: tp -V The last line displays the highest patch level. • Finding out the version of the SAP Kernel Call the program disp+work with the following command: disp+work -V 64 April 2001 . corresponding dbadaslib At least patch level 606 At least patch level 607 Procedure This enables you to find out the versions of the SAP Kernel programs: • Finding out the version of R3trans Call R3trans without options.0B Database SAP Kernel tp R3trans DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix ORACLE SAP DB DB2 Universal Database No special requirements No special requirements At least version from February 4th.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking SAP Programs (Source Release 4. 1999 40B_COM Kernel At least patch level 425 40B_COM Kernel No special requirements 40B_COM Kernel No special requirements Required Versions of the SAP Programs for 4. • Finding out the version of tp in Release 4.Upgrading to 4.x) Use Make sure that the following programs meet the specified prerequisites in the SAP Kernel directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/sys/exe/run of your source release. The program displays the date and the version number.5B DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix ORACLE SAP DB No special requirements At least patch level 126 No special requirements At least patch level 573.

Directory /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/<OS>/45B April 2001 65 .5B All databases For tp: 4. Directory /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/<OS>/40B For the SAP Kernel: sapserv<X> Locations of the Correct Versions of SAP Kernel Programs for 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The last line displays the highest patch level.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Kernel CD. You can always find the correct versions of these SAP Kernel programs on the SAP Support Servers sapserv<X>. You can also use the following options to obtain these versions more quickly: Locations of the Correct Versions of SAP Kernel Programs for 4.0B Database Location DB2 Universal Database DB2 for OS/390 Informix ORACLE SAP DB DB2 Universal Database For R3trans: 4.6C Kernel CD.

3. If you want or have to run PREPARE in scroll mode. Procedure 1. Log on to the host on which the central instance is running as user <sapsid>adm. followed by the Upgrade Assistant GUI [Page 68]. Log on to the Upgrade Assistant GUI as the administrator and restart PREPARE [Page 72]. enter SCROLL when you are prompted for the display mode. 4.Upgrading to 4. We recommend that you use the Upgrade Assistant. see the section Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode [Page 201]. Confirm the prompt of the display mode with the default EXIT. The necessary commands can be found in the specific chapters for the operating system in the manual SAP Software on UNIX . Mount the CD SAP Kernel. You have made the met the database-specific requirements for PREPARE [Page 62]. This ends the program PREPARE. For information on how to activate scroll mode when you restart PREPARE. Make sure that the database and the SAP System have been started up.OS Dependencies. 66 April 2001 . Enter the following commands: cd <upgrade directory> /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/PREPARE This creates a directory <upgrade directory>/ua into which the Upgrade Assistant is unpacked. Now start the Upgrade Assistant Server [Page 67].6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Starting PREPARE from the CD Prerequisites • • You have met the requirements for PREPARE. 5. 2.

Open a new window at the operating system level as user <sapsid>adm: 2.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Starting the Upgrade Assistant Server Prerequisites You must start the program PREPARE once from the CD. Procedure 1. This creates the subdirectory ua in the upgrade directory and disassembles the Upgrade Assistant in this directory. Enter the following command: jre -cp <upgrade_directory>/ua/ua.jar UaServer April 2001 67 .

Use the following URL to display the contents of the upgrade directory: http://<host_name>:4239 Starting the GUI on Windows Hosts 1.jar from the upgrade directory on this host to a directory <UaGuiDir> or mount it with NFS. We recommend that you call the GUI from an Internet browser.jar UaGui 68 April 2001 . Start the GUI in a command prompt as follows: When using the Java Runtime Environment (JRE): jre -cp <UaGuiDir>\uagui.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Starting the Upgrade Assistant GUI Prerequisites The Upgrade Assistant server must be active [Page 67]. copy the file uagui.jar UaGui Starting the GUI on UNIX Hosts Starting the GUI on the Host with the Central Instance 1.Upgrading to 4. You need to enter the full Internet name. The procedure depends on the host on which you are starting the GUI of the Upgrade Assistant. hw1156. Start the GUI as follows: jre -cp <UaGuiDir>/uagui.sap-ag. you must copy the file uagui. Start the GUI as follows: jre -cp <upgrade_directory>/ua/uagui.jar from the directory <UpgDir>/ua on this host to any directory <UaGuiDir>.jar UaGui Starting the GUI on Other UNIX Hosts 1.wdf. for example. So that the GUI can also be executed on other hosts. Starting the GUI from the Internet Browser To start the GUI from a browser.de.html Replace <host name> with the name of the host on which the Upgrade Assistant is running. So that the GUI can also be used on other hosts. 2.jar UaGui When using the Microsoft Virtual Machine: jview /cp <UaGuiDir>\uagui. 2. Open a new window as user <sapsid>adm: 2. enter the following URL: http://<host_name>:4239/ua/UaGui.

You see the following screen: April 2001 69 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. In the field Host name.sap-ag.wdf.de 155.33 2.202. Procedure If you did not start the GUI from an Internet browser. the following connect screen appears: 1.56. 3. If you want to start the GUI and the server on the same host. you can leave the field Host name empty.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Starting the Upgrade Assistant Prerequisites The Upgrade Assistant and the Upgrade Assistant GUI are already started. Do not change the default value 4241 in the field Port number. enter the name of the host where the central instance is running. Example of the format for the host name: hw1156 hw1156.

you must enter a password that specifies if the GUI has the role of the administrator or the observer.Upgrading to 4. In the field Password. 5. In the fields User name / Phone number. the following window appears with the main menu: 70 April 2001 . enter your personal information. The initial passwords for the two roles are as follows: Role Initial Password admin observer Administrator Observer After logging on.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 4.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX April 2001 71 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

Some modules are mandatory. 72 April 2001 . 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Restarting PREPARE from the Upgrade Assistant GUI 1. Log on to the GUI. 3. Make sure that the Upgrade Assistant server is active. Start a GUI as described under Starting the Upgrade Assistant GUI. You can select which modules you want PREPARE to run through on one of the following screens. PREPARE must run through all mandatory modules before you start the actual upgrade. A successfully executed module has the status succeeded. 4. some are optional.Upgrading to 4. Select Administrator → Start PREPARE.

then you have to reset PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Resetting PREPARE Use If you have already executed PREPARE more than once. the command reset prepare does not reset these initializations. Delete the contents of the upgrade directory so that it has the same status it had the first time PREPARE was started [Page 66]. you must perform the remaining phases up to at least NPREPCRE0 before you reset PREPARE. errors occur when you restart PREPARE. you can only reset PREPARE under certain conditions: • If PREPARE in the Import module is between the phases TOOLIMPD1 and NPREPCRE0.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Enter the following commands as user <sapsid>adm: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin R3up reset prepare 2. If you have already triggered initialization in transaction ICNV. • Procedure 1. April 2001 73 . but do not want to upgrade the system. In the following cases. If you reset PREPARE between the phases mentioned above.

languages. Reset PREPARE as described in the section Resetting PREPARE. Import the required software. or add-ons (and add-on updates). such as Support Packages. Procedure 1. 74 April 2001 . you may need to import software. Start PREPARE again from the CD and repeat the required and optional modules.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Importing Software After Starting PREPARE Use After you start PREPARE.Upgrading to 4. 2. 3.

These jobs can also run at night. 3. 2. 6. Stop before execution of the JCL job Several JCL jobs are executed during PREPARE and the upgrade.6C ICLI server. for example 00 Host name of the central SAP server Path to the SAP start and stop procedure (default is the home directory of user <sapsid>adm) Path to the active SAP Kernel Instance name of the database DB2 for OS/390 You are now prompted to make the following entries: 1. You always have this option if the JCL job produces errors. so that you can make corrections to the job. JCL Submission Service test Make the following entries as part of the JCL Submission Service test: − − MESSAGECLASS TCP/IP name of the database host April 2001 75 . Procedure The following parameters of your system are prompted (INITPUT phase): • • • • • • Name of the SAP System (<SAPSID>) Number of the instance. see below. DB2 subsystem name Enter the name of the DB2 subsystem. Data set for LOAD library Enter the name of the data set that contains the LOAD library.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 4. Confirm or change the default entry. The default name is ICLIRUN. The name of the phase is given in parentheses to help you. For a list of the necessary entries for this PREPARE module. Data set for DSNTIAD library Enter the name of the data set that contains the DSNTIAD library. in particular RUNSTATS during the table import. Here you have to decide whether you want the upgrade to stop before the JCL job is executed.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Making Entries for the Parameter Input Module Use PREPARE needs certain information from you so that it can run the Parameter Input module. Default entries appear where possible. 5. User who starts the ICLI server Enter the name of the user who starts the 4.

6C ICLI PTF was installed. 8. You can also install this software as described in SAP Note 103135. End of DB2 for OS/390 • • Host name of the database server Mount directories for CDs If you have only one CD drive. You need at least 15 MB for this. You are then prompted to start a 4. The OS/390 user (step 6) needs write and read authorization for this directory. 10.Upgrading to 4. High level qualifier for 4. you are asked to adjust the corresponding jobs. Stop and start the ICLI server for each job In the TABUIMP_BAS phase. If you confirm this option.6C ICLI PTF As part of the installation of the 4.6C ICLI servers. you do not have to enter any other mount directories. 76 April 2001 . you need to make the following entries: • • Program ID Specifies the TCP/IP connection used by rfcoscol saposcol-/rfcoscol directory Directory in which saposcol and rfcoscol are installed. You are asked if you want to use this option. see SAP Note 136806. you must stop the ICLI server of the source release and start the ICLI server of the target release. SAP software components You are asked whether you want to import some SAP software components (rfcoscol.6C ICLI server under this port number. If you confirm this prompt. For more information. If you are working in scroll mode use ENTER to skip the prompts for extra mount directories.6C ICLI server you must enter the High Level Qualifier under which the 4. saposcol and librfc) to OS/390 while PREPARE is running. You can stop it again after the upgrade. Whenever necessary. • Temporary upgrade directory on OpenEdition You must create this directory now. The OS/390 user (step 6) needs write and read authorization for this directory. in addition to the instance of the source release’s ICLI server. R3up prompts you to specify a mount directory or to change the CD. This instance is needed during the upgrade only. You can delete this directory after you complete the upgrade. You can also use a job to start and stop the ICLI server (without any user action). 9.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG − − OS/390 user Password of the OS/390 user 7. Port number You are prompted to enter a port number for an instance of the 4.

However.6C Support Release 2: UNIX If you have more than one CD drive or you are able to copy the contents of the CD to disk. You can change your entries each time you run PREPARE or R3up. • Language key Enter E or D to define whether the help texts displayed by R3up in error situations appear in English or German. see Drawing Up an Upgrade Schedule [Page 32]. but by other programs within the upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. to import a new version of the database system. PREPARE and R3up require the following CDs as well as the SAP Kernel CD: Additional CDs CD Title Upgrade CD1 Upgrade CD2 Upgrade CD3 Upgrade CD4 Upgrade CD5 Language Disc Optional CDs CD Title Language Disc for your chosen language Add-On CDs Contents Transport requests imported during the upgrade (PREPARE) Transport requests imported during the upgrade (PREPARE) ABAP loads and transport requests imported in the upgrade (PREPARE/R3up) Transport requests imported during the upgrade (R3up) Transport requests imported during the upgrade (R3up) Standard languages English and German (PREPARE/R3up) Contents Languages other than English and German For the exact contents. DB2 Universal Database • Update database statistics To avoid lock situations and any resulting problems during the upgrade. We recommend the 3 processes for machines with 512 MB main memory. You can skip this step. For more information on using multiple CD drives. Up to 4 parallel import processes are possible for multiprocessor hosts with sufficient main memory. enter all the mount directories used. you now have the chance to update the database statistics for tables and indexes. see the file README on the CD. for example. Add-Ons The other CDs in the upgrade package are not required by PREPARE or R3up. we only advise you to do this if: − − you update the statistics regularly you already generated statistics the last time you ran PREPARE April 2001 77 . • Number of parallel import processes The number of parallel processes used by R3trans to import data into the database.

If in doubt. in larger systems. It meets the following naming conventions: START_<instance name><instance number>_<host name> START_DVEBMGS00_hsi027 Always check that the default value is correct. If in doubt. You can check this with transaction SM51. • Path of the DEFAULT. Long runtime.PFL can be found in directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile. you have another opportunity to update the statistics.PFL profile The DEFAULT. • Path and name of the profile of the central instance The profile for the central instance is also in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile and usually uses the following naming convention: <SAPSID>_DVEBMGS<instance number>_<host name> You must check here whether your default value is correct. see the script startsap for the correct name of the start profile. and that the background server can process background jobs of class C. If it is not correct.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG At the beginning of R3up (actual upgrade). choose MEDIUM. If you do not know the state of the database statistics. client 000 This password is needed for the RFC connection to the system. 78 April 2001 . see the start profile for the correct name. the background service may be elsewhere to improve load distribution. In this case. However. Password of user DDIC in the system. R3up asks you to verify the password by entering it a second time.Upgrading to 4. enter the host name and the name of the relevant application server. End of DB2 Universal Database • Name of the SAP start profile The SAP start profile is used in the SAP start procedure and is in the general profile directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile. • Host name of the background server Normally a background service is available on the central instance. You have the following options: MEDIUM HIGH = tables with cardinality = -1 or with cardinality = 0 (and any corresponding indexes) = all tables (and any corresponding indexes). Check whether the password is correct by logging onto the system. change it. Also make sure that the upgrade directory is mounted on the host with the background service.

This action cannot be performed automatically. in which users can make unchecked changes. The SAP Kernel of Release 4. For this reason. Path to the EPS inbox The default value is proposed. you must manually rename the local system log of this remote server (see Renaming the Local System Log [Page 150]). 60 seconds is entered for the bufreftime parameter in the instance profiles of the servers. If you run the system with multiple application servers.x cannot read the system log of older releases since the format changed as of Release 4. Check this value and correct it if necessary. the local system log of the central instance and the central system log are renamed in a kernel substitution (KX_SWITCH phase).6C Support Release 2: UNIX The server you select must be available for background operations round the clock. Check the active operation modes with transaction SM63 to find out if it satisfies this requirement. time intervals might occur.x. R3up must wait for this length of time at certain points during the upgrade so that all the instances are synchronized. it is important that the largest value of all the profiles is defined here. • The greatest synchronization time of the buffers of all the application servers Usually. The system logs are recreated the next time the system is started with the new release. If you installed several instances.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. • Directory for the local system log This is the local system log for the central instance. April 2001 79 . If the time entered is too short. • • Directory for the central system log See Directory for the local system log above.

the stogroups needed for the database layout of the target release are created with the volumes defined in the file volumes. To do this.Upgrading to 4. the file volumes. or extend existing stogroups.smp in the sub-directory bin of the upgrade directory.pfl file contains the VSAM catalog ID and the disk ID. The following lines contain information on the disks whose IDs are specified behind volume.0B. The database layout was changed in Release 4. The volumes. you may need to create new stogroups in the database. the disk ID. The first line without comments contains the characters VCAT and the disk catalog ID. R3up creates the following sample file volumes.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Entries for the Initialization Module Procedure DB2 for OS/390 Depending on the source release. see Note 197772. If the database uses disks managed by the Storage Management System (SMS). #-----------------------# FILE: VOLUMES.5B and later. You also have the option of inserting the volumes from volumes. • For source releases up to and including 4. The volumes. VOLIDs).smp.pfl in the sub-directory bin of the upgrade directory contains the following disk entries: # volume VOLUME-ID '*' The following is an example of a sample file for the SMS: 80 April 2001 .pfl to the sub-directory bin of the upgrade directory. you need information about the local hardware configuration (SMS/NON SMS.SMP #-----------------------# VCAT-ID VCAT DSNOOE # VOLUME-ID volume DB2069 volume DB206A volume DB206B #------------------------ You must copy this volumes. For source releases 4. • For information on the amount of disk space needed in the database.pfl file does not exist when PREPARE starts.pfl into the existing stogroups of the source release database layout. you have the option of inserting the volumes defined in the file volumes.pfl into the existing stogroups of the source release database layout. and then adapt it to the local hardware configuration.pfl . In the first SPACECHK phase.5A. you are prompted to create this file using the sample file volumes. The Database Administration Guide describes the new database layout for the target release.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX #----------------------------# FILE: VOLUMES.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.PFL #----------------------------# VCAT-ID VCAT DSNOOE # VOLUME-ID volume '*' #----------------------------- End of DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 81 .

0E and R3up is unable to determine a standard setting for the territory of your system. see Importing Additional Languages [Page 52]. Legal Change Patches) are confirmed. • Delete the add-on You can only choose this alternative if your add-on supplier has confirmed that this does not cause any problems. 82 April 2001 . If you have installed languages other than the standard languages. Phase PATCH_CHK3 The system tests to see if all the Support Packages (previously known as Hot Packages. you cannot work in this language after the upgrade. you can exclude certain languages from the upgrade. A password is required for this alternative. For more information. • Keep the present version of the add-on Only choose this alternative if the vendor of your add-on has confirmed that you can do this without losing data. confirm the prompt with nothing else. The following alternatives are offered for each add-on: • Upgrade the component with the CD for the add-ons When you choose this alternative. In principle. The standard languages are always imported. and any add-ons that may have been added manually. you are asked to insert the corresponding CD. it is possible to install additional languages during the upgrade. If you have not installed any add-ons.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Entries for the Read CD Module Procedure Phase LANG_SELECT You are prompted to mount the language CD. The data is copied to the upgrade directory. You need to do this even if only the standard languages English and German are installed in your system. you are prompted to make the relevant changes.Upgrading to 4. Phase LANG_CHK If you have a source release lower than 3. Phase IS_READ All add-ons appear that are found in the IS_CHK phase. If you exclude a language. Phase IS_CHK You are asked if any add-ons are installed that are not automatically recognized.

ACT_46C. As of Release 4. However. If the source release contains Support Packages that are more recent than those in the delivered target release. then you need to do this in the next phase BIND_PATCH. the overall runtime of the upgrade is reduced.LOG file in the log subdirectory of the upgrade directory. One disadvantage of including Support Packages in the upgrade is that the runtime of the upgrade phases SHADOW_IMPORT_REP. If you upgrade your system without doing this. SAP Note 73510 specifies which R/3 HR Support Package in the target release is equivalent to your current state. We recommend that you include all existing R/3 HR Support Packages in phase BIND_PATCH (see the next section) of the upgrade. If you use an add-on component.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Unconfirmed Support Packages are displayed on the screen and in the PATCHOUT.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6. and all released Basis Support Packages. TABIM_46C and XPRAS_46C increases. see SAP Note 119738. You can include the Support Packages for multiple software components in this phase. To include Basis Support Packages. Reimporting the R/3 HR Support Packages in the target release does not solve this problem. Confirm these Support Packages with transaction SPAM. April 2001 83 . you need a Package Key as of 4. we recommend that you always include all available Support Packages for the target release. This means that your system is completely up-to-date after the upgrade. the R/3 HR Support Packages already imported into your SAP System are canceled and data is lost. For information on this and on other subjects.6C Support Release 1. If R3up displays a warning that your Support Package level is too up-to-date and you want to include Support Packages in the upgrade. the Hot Packages and Legal Change Patches are divided into several subpackages: • Hot Packages: − − − Basis Support Packages (software component SAP_BASIS) Cross-Application Support Packages (software component SAP_ABA) R/3 Support Packages (software component SAP_APPL) • Legal Change Packages: − − − − Basis Support Packages (software component SAP_BASIS) Cross-Application Support Packages (software component SAP_ABA) R/3 Support Packages (software component SAP_APPL) R/3 HR Support Packages (software component SAP_HR) In this case. you can find information about including the corresponding Add-On Packages or Conflict Resolution Transports in the SAP Note for the Add-On Supplement CD. All software components appear whose Support Package level is more up-to-date than the status of the software components on the upgrade CD. a warning appears that informs you which Support Packages these are. If you use SAP HR. you must include the HR Support Packages.

SAR UNIX Windows NT If you want to download the archives from a Support Package Collection CD. Log on as user <sid>adm. the following Support Packages are already included in the upgrade: Component Support Package SAP_BASIS SAP_ABA SAP_APPL SAP_HR 1 . following its instructions 2. Use the following command to unpack the archive that contains the Support Packages: Operating system Command SAPCAR -xvf /<CD_DIR>/<PATH>/<ARCHIVE>. proceed as follows: 1. 3. you can find details about the archives and their paths in the readme file on the CD.19 If you want to include additional Support Packages.R/3 Frontend using transaction SPAM.15 1 .SAR SAPCAR -xvf <CD_DRIVE>:\<PATH>\<ARCHIVE>.15 1 . 5. skip points 2 through 4 and proceed from point 5. following the instructions in SAP Note 83458 from a Support Package Collection CD. When you upgrade to 4.15 1 . from the SAP Service Marketplace. Switch to the following subdirectory in your system: Operating system Subdirectory /usr/sap/trans <DRIVE>:\usr\sap\trans UNIX Windows NT 4.Upgrading to 4. Check whether the unpacked Support Packages are in the EPS Inbox of your transport directory: Operating system EPS Inbox of the transport directory /usr/sap/trans/EPS/in <DRIVE>:\usr\sap\trans\EPS\in UNIX Windows NT 84 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase BIND_PATCH You can include the Support Packages for the target release in this phase.6C Support Release 2. You can download the Support Packages in one of the following ways: − − − from SAPNet . Download the Support Packages of the target release. If you choose this method.

The modification adjustment function ignores this request. It may take a few minutes to unpack the Support Package data. answer Yes to the prompt about including Support Packages in the BIND_PATCH phase. In certain situations. If you want to include (more) Support Packages for your various software components. You can skip this step with Skip if you have not downloaded any new Support Packages since the last time you searched. Enter the Support Package level you want for your various software components. select the appropriate field if you are using the Upgrade Assistant. make sure that these packages are also in the EPS Inbox. As well as the software components. Phase ICNVREQ_PRP If PREPARE determined candidates for incremental table conversion (ICNV). 7. Whether you have the option of including Conflict Resolution Transports (CRTs) or Collective Conflict Resolution Transports (CCRTs) in the upgrade depends on what is written in the SAP Note for the particular add-on component. When you confirm the confirmation prompt you integrate all Support Packages up to the specified level into the upgrade for the selected components. 6. or enter NONE if you are using scroll mode. Phase ADJUSTPRP If you want to execute PREPARE in a target system and you made preparations for an automatic modification adjustment in the first system. Answer the prompt about searching for new Support Packages with Search. If you want to cancel the selection for a software component completely. You need a Package Key to include a Basis Support Package in the upgrade. All you need to do is overwrite the default Support Package level. you also have the option of including a single change request. you can use a single change request to avoid losing data. Only use this function if the owner of the request can guarantee that it is compatible with the upgrade. For an online description of how to use this transaction.6C Support Release 2: UNIX For Source Release 4. You no longer need to reset PREPARE to reduce the number of Support Packages that you want to include. The Package Keys are in SAP Note 119738. you are prompted to choose a request. 8. call Transaction ICNV and choose Information. You cannot include SPAM Updates in the upgrade. you are prompted to start transaction ICNV. April 2001 85 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Using the single change request function is risky. Any Support Packages that you cannot include in the upgrade must be imported into the system after the upgrade. 9.0B: If you want to include Conflict Resolution Transports as well as Add-On Support Packages for Add-On components.

Call the steps Initialization and Data Transfer in the ICNV only when all PREPARE actions. If you reset PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG If you do not want to use this option. For more information on incremental conversion. see Planning the Upgrade → Incremental Table Conversion. this does not cancel any modifications made by initializing the ICNV. 86 April 2001 . the tables are converted during downtime. in particular the inclusion of Support Packages. have been completed.Upgrading to 4.

April 2001 87 .PFL and make sure that the parameter rdisp/bufrefmode is not set in the local instance profile.exeauto in each local DEFAULT. PREPARE writes its results to the file CHECKS. Add the space that you will need for additional data before you actually upgrade the system. For more information. Each run of PREPARE generates a header entry containing the text Starting new execution of PREPARE modules <modulename> at <time_stamp>.LOG. Procedure Most of the entries are self-explanatory. • Insufficient freespace in the database as follows: The new release needs more space in the database.exeauto sendoff. Call transaction ICNV and finish incremental conversion.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Evaluating the Results of PREPARE Use As mentioned in the section PREPARE [Page 212]. This file is located in the sub-directory log of the upgrade directory. enter the value sendon. see the online help for ICNV. The data for the new release cannot be imported into the existing space in your database.exeauto Use if Multiple SAP instances are installed for this system (<SAPSID>) one SAP instance is installed for this system (<SAPSID>) Also make sure that the parameter rdisp/bufrefmode is not set in the instance profile. You can find information and procedures for the other entries in the following: • Incremental conversion is not completed. The extensions required are specified in a table in CHECKS.LOG can be error messages. The procedure is described in the following database-specific sections. The parameter rdisp/bufrefmode must have on of the following values in the profile /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile DEFAULT. • The buffers of your R/3 instance are not automatically validated. The entries in the file CHECKS. information or prompts for user action.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Use Transaction ICNV to lock this conversion.PFL: Value sendon. The incremental conversion is not yet finished from a previous upgrade.LOG. If you have distributed application servers that do not use NFS to share access to the profile of the central instance. This is followed by the PREPARE results.

you should have roughly the same size freespace 88 April 2001 . For an exact description. You can find more information in the SAP online documentation on database administration for DB2 Universal Database. The space check is made at the dbspace level. you can use the DB2 administration tools or a DB2 Command Line Processor Template generated by PREPARE (see file CHECKS. These are always the following tablespaces for the Repository Switch: PSAPES<Rel>D PSAPES<Rel>I PSAPEL<Rel>D PSAPEL<Rel>I <Rel> stands for the current target release. PSAPES<Rel>D and PSAPEL<Rel>D must not be on the same disk. The required freespace is based on the database version you are currently using.2 increases the page size of a database page from 4 KB to 8 KB.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG SAP DB To extend your database. To create or extend tablespaces. Create the new dbspaces as required by PREPARE. You can find information on extending and creating dbspaces in the SAP online documentation on database administration for Informix. When you create the dbspaces. Corresponding index and data tablespaces should not be on the same disk. see Note 34690. Create the new tablespaces as required by PREPARE. DB2 Universal Database Extend the listed tablespaces by at least the specified values. make sure that they are not located on the same disk: This improves performance. Informix Extend the listed dbspaces by at least the specified values. These are always the following dbspaces for the Repository Switch: psapes<rel> psapel<rel> <rel> stands for the current target release (lower case). create a new devspace with the database tools. For performance reasons. you must take the following restrictions into consideration when creating the new tablespaces (in the order they are listed): − − − Different containers of a tablespace should be located on different (physical) disks. Database Release 7.Upgrading to 4.LOG). If you moved tables with delivery classes other than “L” to your own dbspaces.

Note that the parameter fsize is increased by the same amount for the user <sapsid>adm.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. use the program <upgrade_directory>/exe/sapdba as user ora<sapsid>. Reboot your AIX System to activate the new values. Choose a low degree of fragmentation when you create tablespaces. and must not be in the same sapdata directory PSAPES<Rel>D and PSAPEL<Rel>D must not be on the same disk. Avoid fragmenting the database too strongly. End of AIX sapdba suggests other values for the extension than those specified in the list. These are always the following tablespaces for the Repository Switch: PSAPES<Rel>D PSAPES<Rel>I PSAPEL<Rel>D PSAPEL<Rel>I <Rel> stands for the current target release. - We recommend the following combination: Disk 1: PSAPES<Rel>D and PSAPEL<Rel>I Disk 2: PSAPEL<Rel>D and PSAPES<Rel>I To extend and create tablespaces. Where necessary.6C Support Release 2: UNIX available in these dbspaces as in the original dbspaces of the tables. however. Otherwise <sapsid>adm is unable to start up the database after large tablespaces have been created. A typical example is moving the ATAB from the dbspace psappool. AIX If the AIX user parameter fsize (=maximum filesize) is set to the default value of 1 GB for the user ora<sapsid>. error messages are issued if tablespaces greater than 1 GB are created. You can now create tablespaces with sapdba. April 2001 89 . you must meet the minimum requirements of the list. Create the new tablespaces as required by PREPARE. Be generous when you extend existing tablespaces. You can overwrite these values. You can find further information in the SAP online documentation on the program sapdba. For performance reasons. Oracle Extend the listed tablespaces by at least the specified values. you must take the following restrictions into consideration when creating the new tablespaces: - index tablespaces and data tablespaces that belong together must not be on the same disk. increase the value of fsize.

where n is the number of fragments. since the objects contained in them are locked. add (n . APO Support Packages and so on. End of the database-specific explanations • In Release <rel> you applied the following unconfirmed patches to your system. Change the write authorization with: chmod ug+w <executable> If the program does not belong to the group sapsys. see Releasing Open Repairs and Requests [Page 208]. such as R/3 Support Packages. Before you begin upgrading. you must release and confirm all the open repairs and requests listed by PREPARE. BW Support Packages.2) * 100 MB to the total size of the tablespace. If open repairs that do not belong to this system are displayed. R/3 HR Support Packages. For information on this. otherwise the import of the substitution set will terminate. you must either change the group or add the user <sapsid>adm to the group temporarily. There are unconfirmed Support Packages in your system. The programs that are affected are listed in the lines ERROR> No write permission for file <executable>. These open repairs cannot be released in the normal manner. For more information. If you have to create a tablespace in more than two fragments. for security reasons. then this system was created by a database copy.Upgrading to 4. Also check the extent structure of the tables. We do not recommend that you give write authorization to others. Note 62519 gives you possible solutions to this problem. • Change the permission of these executables: You must be able to overwrite the programs of the old SAP Kernel to be able to copy the new SAP kernel to the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run during the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG For the tablespace PSAPES<Rel>D. • Release these open transport requests and repairs: Modifications can be lost if open repairs are ignored There are locked SAP objects in open repairs and/or requests in your system. • no write permission on <file name>: The specified file in the directory of user <sapsid>adm cannot be overwritten because the authorizations were not correctly set or the owner of the file is not <sapsid>adm. Correct this by changing the authorizations or the owner. Use the Transaction SPAM to confirm these Support Packages before the upgrade. Their numbers are listed. 90 April 2001 . create at least one data file with 2 GB. see the Online Documentation under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport System → Language Transport.

Basis →=System Administration → Transport Control → Transport Control Program tp in Release 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX You must log on to the system under the name of the relevant owner to release and confirm the open repairs. Use Transaction SM31 to delete any entries in TRBAT that cannot be processed and that are no longer needed...x: Help → R/3-Library → BC .. You can monitor the tp monitor file with the following command: tail -f /usr/sap/trans/log/SLOG<YY><WW>.x: Help → SAP Library → BC . . • Restart logs of DB conversions found..<SAPSID> where <YY> is the year (2 digits) and <WW> is the calendar week (2 digits)..LOG contains these names. Outstanding DB conversions found. Entries found in this table by R3up may be the remains of a terminated or running import or export. TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job is running.. Corrupted TRBAT entry found.. TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job has finished. • Unresolved request found in TRBAT. Determine and clean up entries for terminated imports or exports during the upgrade preparations. . The transport control program tp uses the table TRBAT to communicate with the SAP System.. This is an inconsistency and would result in an error during the import of the substitution set.. First try to process the TRBAT entries from /usr/sap/trans/bin with the following command: tp getprots <SAPSID> Running imports or exports are not affected.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.. The list in CHECKS. Do not delete entries for running imports or exports during production operation... April 2001 91 . . Clean these up as described under Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases [Page 179]..Transport Tools → Transport Control Program tp • The following indexes <number> were read: Indexes whose names are identical up to the 14th character were found in a table belonging to the substitution set. The 14th character is an 'X' in one of the two names and is empty in the other...Basis Components → Change and Transport System → BC . tp informs you in this file about any problems during processing... Your system contains outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions. You can find more information about the transport control program tp in the SAP Library: Choose in Release 3..

Use the SAP DB tool xcontrol to give MAXLOCKS the correct value.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The index with the 'X' at the 14th position can only have occurred in a Repository Switch or have been created outside the SAP System. since otherwise table or index modifications could terminate. DB2 Universal Database • DATABASE ERROR: There is an inconsistent index in your database: Index SQL<nnnnnnnnnnnnnnn> on table <TABNAME> The information about the primary index names was lost and was replaced with a name generated by the database system because the IBM export/import tool was used. Enter the following command: db2 "alter table sapr3. Reconstruct the primary index (index ID 0) on the database. The changed parameter only becomes active after you have stopped and started the database. Start Transaction SM13. you must first make a backup. Therefore . If you are still in the preparation phase (PREPARE) and therefore in production operation. user and time. Log on to the system as user DDIC and start Transaction SE14. These must be cleaned up before you start the upgrade. The views will be created in this upgrade.<TABNAME> drop primary key" 3. 3. You must delete these tables. proceed as follows: 1. If you need the table data later. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. Delete the default values for the client.Upgrading to 4.. • The following database tables have names that are identical to names of Basis views. To do this. Terminated or outstanding updates have to be followed up or deleted in all clients. 92 April 2001 . To determine the terminated or outstanding updates. 2. Repeat this check when the system stops operating productively (see Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202]). Consult a Basis consultant. • Update records still exist . 2. SAP DB • Insufficient DB parameter MAXLOCKS. Delivered views may have names identical to the names of customer tables in the SAP namespace. Choose all the update requests. proceed as follows: 1.. you only have to delete the terminated updates.please process Make sure that you have cleaned up all outstanding updates by the phase JOB_RSVBCHCK3 (during downtime) at the latest.

End of the database-specific explanations April 2001 93 . The parameters do not become effective until the database is restarted. Proceed as follows: 1. Certain database parameters are set too low for the upgrade. shut down the database with stopsap db and start it up again with startsap db.6C Support Release 2: UNIX • DATABASE ERROR: The value <old value> of <param> database configuration parameter is too low. ---> Set the parameter to <new value>. 2. Increase <param> with the following command: update db cfg for <sapsid> using <param> <new value> 3.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Log on as db2<sapsid> and start up CLP with db2. To do so. Set the parameter(s) to the required value.

the scripts for starting and stopping the SAP System are substituted so that they correspond to the new release. the SAP Kernel programs are replaced under /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run. also insert one of the following parameters: /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX-Y=SINIX (or (or /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX-M=SINIX) /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX-N=SINIX) For more information. These profiles are in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile and usually stick to the following naming convention: <SAPSID>_<instance name><instance number>_<host name> Insert the following parameters: 1. so that you can repeat the modifications after the upgrade. see the SAP Notes 39473 and 39475. /install/os_version/ReliantUNIX=SINIX 3. If you have modified the standard scripts. Make sure that you can recover the old Kernel if this becomes necessary.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Preparations at the Operating System Level Backing Up the SAP Kernel During the upgrade. Backing Up the Scripts for Starting and Stopping the SAP System During the upgrade. Depending on the operating system setting displayed with the command uname. Make a backup copy of these programs to guarantee this. you must back up the scripts before you upgrade. End of ReliantUNIX 94 April 2001 . Making Operating System-Specific Preparations ReliantUNIX You must change the instance profiles of all the SAP instances. /install/os_version/Relia=SINIX 2.Upgrading to 4.

Change MAXUSERTASKS for the upgrade so that it is at least 3 larger than the number of started disp+work processes. Check the value of the parameter shared_pool_size in the file $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<SID>. End of Oracle Making Database-Specific Preparations SAP DB For the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Making Preparations at the Database Level Backing Up the Database Make sure that you can reset the database to the state it had before the upgrade by using an existing database backup. Determine the number of started disp+work processes with Transaction SM50. If the value is lower than 50 MB. The changed parameter only becomes active when the database is stopped and started. 2.ora. You must back up the log when you isolate the central instance. Oracle You can find detailed information about making backups as well as about the programs brbackup and brarchive in the SAP online documentation on database administration for Oracle. Proceed as described in the section Oracle: Actions → Updating Statistics. change the database parameter MAXUSERTASKS. increase it to at least 50 MB and restart the database. SAP DB We recommend that you make a complete backup of the database before upgrading. Oracle 1.columns to user sapr3 grant update on table sysstat. Enter the following commands: grant update on table sysstat.tables to user sapr3 grant update on table sysstat. For a description of the upgrade strategies that you can choose from.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. April 2001 95 . Out-ofdate statistics can increase the runtime of the upgrade significantly. Log on as user <sapsid>adm at the operating system level. The procedure is described in Note 113008.0B: Make sure that the statistics are up-to-date for all tables.indexes to user sapr3 DB2 for OS/390 We recommend that you update the statistics before the upgrade. DB2 Universal Database User sapr3 needs additional authorizations for updating the statistic values. As of Source Release 4. see the section Planning the Upgrade Strategy [Page 20].

enter the following SQLPLUS command: select * from dba_sys_privs where grantee = 'SAPR3'. The script psaptemp. Make sure that the storage parameters MAXEXTENTS and NEXT have the correct values for certain tables and indexes. For Upgrade Strategy A_on Only: If you want to leave brarchive running during the upgrade to avoid Archiver Stuck situations (brarchive -f .privilege='UNLIMITED TABLESPACE'.1x Only: Make sure that the parameter OPTIMIZER_MODE has the following setting in the Oracle profile $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<SAPSID>. 4. Start brarchive as user ora<sapsid> from the temporary directory: /tmp/brarchive -f . proceed as follows: a. Log off the database with the command quit.. Check whether table DBA_SYS_PRIVS contains one of the following entries: grantee='SAPR3'. If this entry does not exist. 10. If you are not sure.. Note 201874 contains the tables and the required minimum values. execute the script psaptemp.adm='NO' To do this. The index names are not constant. Note 11777 describes how to change the parameters NEXT and MAXEXTENTS. 7.sql is located in the bin subdirectory of the upgrade directory.0x/3. This procedure avoids upgrade errors caused by overwriting the executables during the upgrade. Source Releases 3..adm='YES' grantee='SAPR3'. 6. You can display the current settings with sapdba. Make a temporary copy of brarchive: cp /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/brarchive /tmp b. Otherwise. we recommend that you switch the DBA tools (such as sapdba) for the upgrade.ora: OPTIMIZER_MODE=RULE 8. 96 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4. After the upgrade. delete the copy of brarchive. Check the value of the storage parameter MAXEXTENTS for the tablespace PSAPTEMP. they may overflow during the upgrade. Make sure that these quotas are unlimited. 5.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 3. Check the resource quotas of the database user SAPR3: Oracle error 1536 can occur during the upgrade if the resource quotas of the database user SAPR3 are limited. 9. This script sets the value of MAXEXTENTS for the tablespace PSAPTEMP to UNLIMITED. However. enter the SQLPLUS command: grant unlimited tablespace to sapr3. If your database version is already higher than the minimum version for the new release.sql as the database administrator.. Log on to the database as the Oracle user system with sqlplus (default password is manager).privilege='UNLIMITED TABLESPACE'. you can also determine these names with sapdba.). c.

This overwrites the DBA tools optimized for the minimum required database version with the tools best suited to your database version. After you execute PREPARE.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. unpack this archive again into the subdirectory exe of the upgrade directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The RDBMS CD for the database contains the up-to-date tools that you unpacked on the current Kernel when you migrated the database. End of the database-specific explanations April 2001 97 .

1x) [Page 102] Converting the Translation Proposal Pool (Source Releases 3.0x/3.0x/3.1x) [Page 102] Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) (HR Customers) [Page 103] Printing the Default Values for Document Type and Posting Key (FI Customers) [Page 104] Processing Direct Input Error Data (Source Releases 3. you also need to make preparations at the SAP System level: • • • • • • • • Checking the User for the Upgrade [Page 99] Checking Requirements for the Modification Adjustment [Page 100] Setting the Operation Mode for the Upgrade [Page 101] Processing Batch Input Sessions (Source Release 3.1x) [Page 105] 98 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Making Preparations at the SAP System Level As well as the preparations at the operating system level and the database level.Upgrading to 4.0x/3.

If your system contains the SAP_NEW profile. make sure that the following users are assigned this profile in addition to their existing profiles: • • • DDIC SAP* The user who performs the modification adjustment with transaction SPDD If the SAP_NEW profile is not available in your system. The initial password for DDIC is 19920706 in a newly installed system.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. This means that you cannot create new users. You must perform the modification adjustment during the upgrade in the ACT_<rel> phase. This must be a user other than DDIC. or call transaction SU01. To perform the modification adjustment. because the system is undefined. You cannot use transaction SU01 at this point. User DDIC needs to have the authorization SAP_ALL to be able to perform all the actions required during the upgrade. we recommend temporarily assigning the SAP_ALL profile to the user who performs the modification adjustment with transaction SPDD. DDIC cannot perform the modification adjustment. go to user maintenance. April 2001 99 . you must log on in the correct client as the user who performs the modification adjustment using transaction SPDD. Choose Tools → Administration → Maintain users → Users. Procedure To make sure that the authorization has been assigned.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking the User for the Upgrade Prerequisites You must be able to log on to the system in client 000 as user DDIC. Remove this assignment after the upgrade.

100 April 2001 .Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → BC . we cannot guarantee complete support during adjustment. make sure that changes to the Repository are allowed in the client in which you want to perform the modification adjustment. In particular. make sure that you meet the requirements for the modification adjustment. To check this. In addition.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Checking Requirements for the Modification Adjustment If you modified SAP objects in your SAP System. use Transaction SCC4. you might also risk losing the data for ABAP Dictionary objects. see the documentation CD for the target release under SAP Library → BC . If you do not make sure that you have met the requirements for the modification adjustment.Changing the SAP Standard → The Modification Assistant. For more information on the requirements for the modification adjustment.

Position the cursor on the new operation mode and choose Operation mode → Maintain instances → Operation mode view. g. In the case of operation mode DUMMY. 3. e. but not set to status active (in theory. Enter a short description and then save the operation mode. Enter a name for the operation mode. for example. Also check the operation mode DUMMY. If operation modes contain names of servers other than those belonging to the system. 2. a check is made to see whether the SAP instance that you want to run them on is defined in an operation mode. April 2001 101 . background processing. d. All instances and their current configuration appear. The jobs may be released. Call Transaction RZ04. Prerequisites No operation modes must contain servers that do not belong to the current system. update. problems may arise in the background interface in some phases.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Setting the Operation Mode for the Upgrade Use Various background jobs are started during the upgrade. Choose Save. Upgrade. Choose Settings → Based on current status → New instances →=Generate. Change this entry to <host_name>_<SAPSID>_<instance_number>. Before starting the upgrade. in particular. b. f. Choose Operation mode → Create.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Select Normal operation (24 hours). If the SAP instance on which you want to upgrade the system is not entered in an operation mode. enqueue. spool. c. Delete the invalid operation modes. create the operation mode for the upgrade as follows: a. the server name may be entered as <host_name>_<SAPSID>. use Transaction RZ04 to check the definition of your operation modes. The operation mode specifies which services are offered by the work processes (dialog. When you schedule time-dependent jobs. Enter the operation mode you have defined as an active operation mode for 24 hours using Transaction SM63. and so on). Procedure 1. this affects all jobs scheduled to start on a specific server triggered by an event). Make sure that the instance required for the upgrade has been started up.

0x/3.1x) Use Due to a change in the data structure.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Processing Batch Input Sessions (Source Releases 3.1x. 102 April 2001 . Source release 3. Prerequisites Your source release is 3.0x or 3. the existing proposal pool will be lost. Converting the Translation Proposal Pool (Source Releases 3.Upgrading to 4.1H: Use report RSTRMINI for the conversion.1x. Procedure Make sure that you have finished processing all your batch input sessions before the upgrade. Prerequisites Your source release is 3.1H: Proceed as described in Note 98752. you must convert the existing proposal pool before upgrading to Release 4.1x Only) Use If you have a production system for translation in your SAP System.x. old sessions cannot be processed after the upgrade.0x/3.0x or 3. If you fail to do so. see the documentation on the report in the system. Procedure • • Source release lower than 3. For more information.

that is wage types beginning with a letter. and you have modified these. evaluation class. that is wage types beginning with '/' (adjustment of processing class. You are using SAP model wage types. To do this. Make sure you back up the data in the correct client. However. To find out if this applies. The documentation on the report includes instructions on how to proceed. and so on). Prerequisites You use the SAP application component HR (Human Resources). Procedure 1. check table TRESC by entering T512W as the table name and TABU as the object.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. in the following cases. You can restore your backup copy after the upgrade. Table T512W is client-specific. This method is particularly suitable if you have exact documentation about the wage types you have modified. use report RPU12W0S. Before the upgrade. RPU12W0S restores the entire backup or a generically selected area of the table. 2. To do this. you can use the following reports: − − RPU12W0C restores selected parts of table T512W. you must back up table T512W: • • • You have modified 'technical' wage types. You have defined wage types that are not within the customer name range. back up table T512W or selected areas of this table.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) (HR Customers) Use We generally recommend backing up wage types table T512W before upgrading. April 2001 103 .

Procedure 1. Back up the data before the upgrade by printing out the contents of the table. 2. use Transaction SE16. To do this. This affects data in the table TSTCP. In the field TCODE. Enter TSTCP as the table name and then choose Enter. use report RFTSTCP0.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Printing the Default Values for Document Type and Posting Key (FI Customers) Use The default values for document type and posting key. 104 April 2001 . enter F-01 to F-99.Upgrading to 4. Prerequisites You use the SAP application component FI (Financial Accounting). To do this. Reenter the data manually after the upgrade. are lost during the upgrade. stored for posting transactions with transaction codes between F-01 and F-99 (such as F-52 Post Incoming Payments).

April 2001 105 .x. check if there are any direct input jobs that have terminated abnormally or that have been completed with logical errors. As a result. You can display the messages of previous direct input runs after the upgrade to 4. Prerequisites Your source release is 3. If jobs of this type exist.x using program RMDATINF_3X.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.0x/3. recover the errors and run the jobs again.x release.1x. you can no longer use standard functions (direct input administration. program RMDATINF) to process any error data remaining from a direct input run performed with a 3. Procedure 1.1x) Use In Release 4. These changes are primarily intended to ensure upward compatibility in the future.0 there are changes to the way error data that occurs during the transfer of data by direct input (material master (industry)) is stored. Before upgrading to Release 4.0x or 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Processing Direct Input Error Data (Source Releases 3. 2.

For a complete list of all phases. An upgrade with R3up requires the following CDs: • • • Upgrade CD3 (new Repository) Upgrade CD4 (new Repository) Upgrade CD5 (new Repository) To avoid having to change CDs. R3up is located on the application server of the central instance. If an error occurs. You can use the alert function [Page 199] to gather information if the upgrade has stopped.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG The Upgrade Purpose The upgrade procedure updates your SAP System from a source release to a target release. as well as any particularly critical areas. This documentation assumes that you only have one CD drive. This section describes all the required user entries and actions. right up until the system starts operating productively again. Prerequisites • • • You must meet the hardware and software requirements. User actions are generally required if problems arise (subdirectories are missing. We recommend that you perform the upgrade with the Upgrade Assistant. you can continue the upgrade. Process Flow You use the program R3up to upgrade the system. for example). remove the cause of the error and repeat the phase [Page 109] in which it occurred. R3up logs all actions in the log files [Page 171]. You can use the Upgrade Monitor. you are prompted to insert a CD when necessary. 106 April 2001 . Once you have repeated the phase successfully. During the upgrade. The Upgrade Monitor [Page 242] lets you monitor the upgrade. Some phases of the upgrade require you to make few user entries. you must perform the actions that affect the database on the database host. see R3up Phase List [Page 225]. you can ignore the information on changing CDs. The program R3up controls the complete upgrade from checking that the requirements for the upgrade are met. as well as all structural requirements. The program PREPARE has run successfully. The upgrade procedure is divided up into a number of different phases with the successful completion of a phase being in each case a precondition for the success of all subsequent phases. If your central instance and database are running on different hosts. and helps you recognize any processes that have exceeded their runtime. You have made all manual preparations. the abbreviation <rel> is used as a synonym for 46C. you can enter multiple CD mount points in the phase INITPUT. In the following. which you can use as the basis of any troubleshooting. the log files and an alert function to monitor the upgrade. or none at all. If you have multiple CD drives.

No files must have been deleted in the upgrade directory. It displays the R3up version. 3. April 2001 107 . Mount the CD SAP Kernel. The deletion of these files could lead to unpredictable inconsistencies. R3up displays the initial screen of the upgrade procedure. the SAPSID and the database you use. Start an Upgrade Assistant GUI [Page 68] and log on as administrator. before you start the upgrade. Oracle on HP-UX Depending on whether you have Version HP-UX 10 or HP-UX 11. 2. the target release.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You have made the preparations that are not supported by PREPARE. then you need to disassemble the SAP Kernel from the CD again. Enter the following command as user <sapsid>adm to switch the directory: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin 3. If you have changed to HP-UX 11 between executing PREPARE and starting the upgrade. You have completed the mandatory PREPARE modules. Procedure: 1. If the entries are correct. In the main menu. confirm this screen with CONTINUE. The server of the Upgrade Assistant is active on the host on which the central instance is running. PREPARE disassembles the correct SAP Kernel and copies it to the directory put/exe. • • • • • You are logged on to the central instance as user <sapsid>adm. This screen will appear in each future restart. If you want or need to use scroll mode.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Starting the Upgrade Prerequisites • This description assumes that you are using the Upgrade Assistant. choose Administrator → Start R3up. Disassemble the SAP Kernel for HP-UX 11 with: R3up readCD cdpath=<CD mount directory> End of Oracle on HP-UX Procedure 1. start R3up as described in the section Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode [Page 201]. 2.

you need to do this if a Note tells you to correct a program before you execute it. For example.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Stopping the Upgrade Use You can stop R3up at the beginning of a specific phase or at the end of a current phase. Stopping the Upgrade at the End of the Current Phase • • In the main menu of the Upgrade Assistant choose Administrator → Stop R3up after current phase. You can also enter the following command in a second window at the operating system level: R3up stop Stopping the Upgrade at the Start of a Phase Enter the following command in a second window at the operating system level: R3up stop <phase name> R3up stop XPRAS_<rel> 108 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4.

A password is generally necessary if you want to ignore an error. The repeat mode does not necessarily mean that phases are repeated from the beginning. For help on analyzing errors. always use START mode repeat. R3up stops and suggests repeating the phase by letting you choose repeat. The START mode repeat leads to the upgrade being continued exactly where it was terminated. This mode returns the upgrade to the phase INITPUT. Only in very rare cases does it make sense to bypass a phase with ignore by entering a password. If you are unsure how to proceed. at worst resulting in a database • April 2001 109 . it has to be restarted manually once if reset is selected. or jump to a phase other than the one currently being executed. If you have exited R3up by choosing exit. Before using a password. • init If you choose START mode init. SAP must approve their use in each case. other START modes are offered. You can use the following START modes: • repeat When restarting R3up. you only need to restart the upgrade if errors occurred or an upgrade phase has terminated. This is only possible up to phase SUBSTNT_INS. the cause of the error must be clear and the error must be corrected. provided no other procedure is specified in this guide. If a phase terminates.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Prerequisites • If you restart the upgrade due to an error or a termination during the upgrade. contact SAP Local Support. If the system is already in downtime. After this you can restart the upgrade only by resetting the database. Otherwise it is impossible to ensure that all upgrade phases will be completed correctly. Support cannot be guaranteed if you do not consult SAP. • reset START mode reset enables you to start the upgrade from the beginning again. R3up runs through the phase and checks where it needs to restart. A large number of cases are known where ignoring an error resulted in serious inconsistencies.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Restarting the Upgrade Use Normally. you should have carried out a thorough problem analysis and discussed the problems with SAP. Alternatively you can also correct entries with R3up set stdpar or R3up set DDICpwd (see description of phase INITPUT). the phase in which the upgrade was interrupted is repeated from the beginning. Other START modes can cause errors. see Problems and Solutions During the Upgrade.

Choose the START mode repeat. If an error occurred. When you choose repeat. choose the option repeat. If it cannot be reproduced. R3up repeats the terminate phase and continues the upgrade. The system checks if an error can be reproduced. 2. Procedure if You Have Left R3up by Choosing exit 1. After a phase terminates. Procedure if You Have Exited R3up After a Termination 1.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG recovery. such as in the phases ACT_<rel> and XPRAS_<rel>. 110 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4. Start the upgrade as described in the section Starting the Upgrade. You can ignore errors with repair severe errors in some exceptional cases. 2. Use the Help key in R3up. the upgrade continues after the phase is completed. R3up continues the phase at the point at which it terminated. choose exit to leave R3up and correct the error. and the help offered in Problems and Solutions During the Upgrade to determine the cause of the error and to correct it. Otherwise the error must be repeated.

• • If you confirm this. You can modify the entries you made in PREPARE in the INITPUT phase. If you skip this phase and realize in the following phases that you made an incorrect entry. confirm with ENTER. paths and passwords. you are prompted for all the parameters.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. names. April 2001 111 . If the default values are correct. correct it as described under Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185]. for example.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase INITPUT Use In the Parameter Input PREPARE module you are prompted to enter values for certain systemspecific parameters needed by the upgrade. Activities At the start of this phase R3up asks you whether you want to change any parameters.

Release 3. Any problems in this phase are normally due to the database connection being broken.5B: 1. If this is the case. Choose Configuring the Workbench Organizer with Transaction SE06. see the TMS online documentation. 2. choose New installation as the system status and select the correct System configuration. R3up calls the transport control program tp. To see the documentation. SE06 is described online. call Transaction SE06 in the SAP System as user DDIC. Release 4. Confirm any other dialog boxes with Yes or Continue until the system settings have been completed. Go to the initial screen of Transaction SE06.Upgrading to 4. Then exit the transaction. choose Information in Transaction STMS or go to the menu and choose Help → SAP Library → BC Basis Components → Change and Transport System → BC .6x: Use Transaction STMS (Transport Management System) to initialize the Change and Transport System. To access this documentation. select Help → Application help in Transaction SE06. This takes you to the documentation Setting up the Workbench Organizer and the Transport System.x – 4.Transport Management System. check the file SLOG46C in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. For more information. Choose Install.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase DBCHK Use This phase determines the version of the database and the release of the SAP System. Activities If the error message No information received from the database appears. 112 April 2001 . which logs on to the database and reads the necessary information from there. A frequent source of problems with tp is an incorrectly configured Change and Transport System.

start R3up again using the following command: R3up set stdpar April 2001 113 . it may be due to the following reasons: • • Your SAP System has not been started. Your SAP System cannot be reached on the gateway you have specified. Activities To correct your entries.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase RFCCHK Use In this phase. the RFC connection to your SAP System is tested. if you receive an error message.

114 April 2001 . This job writes a test log in the tmp subdirectory of the upgrade directory. Depending on the problem. use transaction SM21 to check the system log of the SAP System. however R3up cannot find the log. ii. − − If the job terminates. The file system of the upgrade directory must be mounted on the background server. the background job RDDIT008 is started on the specified background server. To do this. Procedure 1. 2. proceed as described in Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185]. If the job is successfully. you either have to change the network configuration or change the entries made in the INITPUT phase. Choose repeat to repeat the phase. ii. this is generally due to a problem with the name of the background server. To change the entries. If errors occur. To display the list. make sure of the following i. perform a test call of the function module TH_SERVER_LIST in transaction SE37.Upgrading to 4. call transaction SM37 to check whether the background job has run. The value of the SAP profile parameter DIR_PUT must match the current upgrade directory. Check whether the host specified in INITPUT is also in the list with a running background service. double-click the table parameter LIST after executing the function module. − If no background job can be started.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase BATCHCHK Use This phase tests whether the background server can access the upgrade directory To do this. i.

Whether the source release contains Support Packages that are more recent than those in the delivered target release • The phase PATCH_CHK3 in PREPARE has already made these checks. and you have not included any Support Packages in the BIND_PATCH phase of PREPARE. repeat PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase PATCH_CHK Use This phase tests: • Whether all Support Packages (such as Basis Support Packages) have been confirmed for the source release Unconfirmed Support Packages are displayed on the screen and in the PATCHOUT. Activities 1. you can ignore the warning.LOG file in the log subdirectory of the upgrade directory. For more information about this. If a warning appears that the Support Package version of your source release is too high. April 2001 115 . If you still have to confirm Support Packages for the source release. 2. In this case. you will lose data if you continue with the upgrade. see the description of the phase PATCH_CHK3 under Making Entries for the Read CD Module. − − and you have already included Support Packages in the BIND_PATCH phase of PREPARE. you must reset the upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. call transaction SPAM and confirm the Support Packages that are proposed there. and include the necessary Support Packages.

see Notes for the Upgrade [Page 40]. Activities If you have not already done so. 3.LOG. 2. display the log file DDXTTCHK. The Notes are continually being updated. request the most recent Notes now.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phases INTCHK and INTCHK_SW Use This phase checks if the inactive nametab is empty An error is returned if it is not empty. Call R3up again using repeat. 116 April 2001 . you will also be prompted for other keywords. If you use SAP add-on components in your system (such as IS components). To determine the objects that are affected.Upgrading to 4. The inactive nametab is then empty. For a list of the Notes you require for the upgrade. Activities 1. SAP Systems which have other software components (add-ons) installed must wait until the upgrade has been released by the relevant add-on software vendor. Phase KEY_CHK Use This phase prompts you for the keyword specified in the current Upgrade Note. Activate these objects with Transaction SE11.

A_on. For the most up-to-date recommendations. • If you decide to use A_on or A_switch. At the earliest. Informix The number of parallel R3load processes you choose depends on your upgrade strategy and hardware. see SAP Note 46430. End of DB2 for OS/390 • If you decide to use A_off. you can resume production from the PRODCHK_<rel> phase once the SAP System has been stopped (see also Planning the Upgrade). or A_off. DB2 for OS/390 We recommend ten parallel R3load processes. We recommend between two and five parallel processes. DB2 Universal Database We recommend three parallel R3load processes. SAP DB The number of parallel R3load processes you choose depends on a number of factors. you are also asked to specify the time at which you want to restart production operation of your system. April 2001 117 . Your upgrade strategy does not influence logging. you are asked for the number of parallel processes for importing the substitution set. If you answer the prompt define upgrade stop with yes.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. see Planning the Upgrade Strategy. the system now prompts you to enter your runtime for the total import of the substitution set. DB2 for OS/390 Note that DB2 logging is always activated.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase INITSUBST Use You must specify the following in this phase: • • • • The upgrade strategy The number of parallel processes available to import the substitution set The number of parallel background processes The number of parallel tp processes during the PCON_<rel> phase (DB2 for OS390) Activities • Upgrade strategy Choose one of the strategies described under Planning the Upgrade Strategy: A_switch. Enter a realistic value here. For information on how to choose the runtime. Oracle This prompt does not appear in Oracle and MS SQL Server.

The central instance profile is modified temporarily. These deadlocks appear in the ICLI error log and in the MVS system log. however the upgrade process deals with them by repeating a follow-up process. For hosts with up to 128 MB choose two background processes. Only use this option for indexes on large tables. • The number of parallel tp processes during the PCON_<Rel> phase You are asked if you want to use multiple parallel tp processes in the PCON_<rel> phase.Upgrading to 4. The upgrade tool sets up the indexes again in the STOPR3_IREL phase. you are prompted to enter the table size from which you want to use this option. We recommend ten tp processes. 118 April 2001 . otherwise you will not improve the runtime. the SAP System is started with a modified number of background processes so that operations can be processed in parallel. for hosts with up to 256 MB choose three background processes. We recommend six parallel tp processes. and for hosts with more than 256 MB. If you want to create indexes with the DEFER YES option. This function reduces the runtime in the PCON_<rel> phase. correct it as described under Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185]. • Creating indexes with the DEFER YES option In the PCON_REL phase you can create indexes with the DEFER YES option. choose four background processes. Note that deadlocks may occur if you use multiple tp processes.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG End of the database-specific explanations • The number of parallel background processes During downtime. End of DB2 for OS/390 If you realize in the following phases that you made an incorrect entry. DB2 for OS/390 • Number of parallel tp processes in the NEWTAB_CRE phase You have the option of specifying the number of tp processes in the NEWTAB_CRE phase.

Activities If the system determines that the operating system must be upgraded to a new version. Do not make any changes in the upgrade directory. you can interrupt R3up at this point. Phase VIEWCHK1 Use This phase displays conflicts between customer tables in the SAP namespace and views that are newly delivered.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. First save any data that you need in these tables. however. Activities You can ignore the messages at this point. April 2001 119 . rename or delete the tables in the VIEWCHK2 phase at the latest. It also writes this information to the VIEWCHK1.LOG file. You must. This phase checks that the operating system and database versions installed on your computer satisfy the requirements for the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase CONFCHK_X Use This target release is released for certain combinations of operating system and database versions only.

For more information. see Evaluating the Results of PREPARE. However.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase REPACHK1 Use This phase displays all repairs and requests containing objects locked by SAP. and writes them to the file REPACHK1. Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK2 Use The upgrade stops in this phase with an error message if there are any outstanding or incomplete updates. Activities If errors occur in this phase and you have not yet resumed production operation.Upgrading to 4. The PREPARE message is: Update records still exist . you can bypass these errors with ignore without entering a password. we recommend checking for outstanding updates and cleaning them up.Please process 120 April 2001 . These objects must be released and the repairs confirmed at the latest by phase REPACHK2.LOG. Activities You can ignore the messages at this point.

Make sure that the release for all background jobs was canceled.) 2. except for RDDIMPDP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase JOB_RSVBCHCK3 Use If there are any outstanding or incomplete updates. Proceed as follows: 1.Please process 3. Activities In this phase you must clear or complete any outstanding updates. Clear the outstanding updates as described in Analyzing Results from PREPARE. April 2001 121 . The PREPARE message is: Update records still exist .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Repeat this phase. (See Isolating the Central Instance. the upgrade stops in this phase.

End of the database-specific explanations 122 April 2001 . You can change the connect information with the SAP DB tool xuser.Upgrading to 4. The changed parameters only become active when the database has been stopped and started.0D. Activities The section Evaluating the Results of PREPARE contains a description of the procedure. DB2 for OS/390 The required actions for the SPACECHK phases are described in the section Making Entries for the Initialization Module. The connect information ISOLEVEL and TIMEOUT is checked for the value 0. You can change these database parameters with the SAP DB tool xcontrol.LOG. the SAP System cannot be started without the minimum setting of MAXLOCKS. this is shown on screen and in the file DBFPLUSD. This phase compares the freespace currently available in the database with the minimum requirements for the total amount of data to be imported.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase SPACECHK_ALL Use This release requires more space in the database than the previous releases. since PREPARE already made these checks earlier. If more space is required in the database.LOG is as follows: Insufficient freespace in the database as follows SAP DB • • • The database parameter MAXLOCKS is checked for the minimum SAP operational requirements. The corresponding PREPARE message in CHECKS. ISOLEVEL and TIMEOUT. As of Release 3.

For more information. April 2001 123 . This phase also compares the free disk space in the Kernel directory with the space requirements of the new SAP Kernel. the SAP Kernel is switched in the Kernel directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase FREECHK_X Use This phase checks to see if there is enough free space in the upgrade directory for the logs written during the upgrade. make sure that you are able to restore the old Kernel. You must have enough free space in the log directory so that the upgrade can run without errors. During downtime. Activities At this point.LOG. All files and subdirectories in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are overwritten during the upgrade when the kernel is switched. if this becomes necessary.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. see the PREPARE log CHECKS.

• • You may not perform any more transports into or out of the SAP System. you must confirm that the ABAP Workbench can be locked. 124 April 2001 . you can continue to use your SAP System productively. Activities If you have chosen strategy A_switch or A_on. and so on) from being changed during the upgrade. This lock is needed to prevent development objects (for example. This increases the time in which R3up does not need user input after the last change of CD (EU_IMPORT5 phase). R3up asks you in this phase if you want the ABAP Workbench to be locked on all SAP instances now or in the phase REPACHK2. R3up waits after input until the time entered in the INITPUT phase as the maximum synchronization time for all the instances has expired (see Phase INITPUT). since such modifications would be lost. If you want to do this. table definitions. ABAP reports.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase LOCKEU_PRE Use If you have chosen the upgrade strategy A_switch or A_on. If you confirm the lock now: • R3up does not stop in phase REPACHK2 to allow you to confirm the lock on the Workbench.Upgrading to 4.

call transaction ICNV. the rest of the data is converted in the conventional manner during downtime. April 2001 125 . See also Changing the Database Recovery Mode. For a description of this.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase EU_IMPORT0 Use At the start of this phase. If you ignore the information from R3up. R3up informs you if you have not. see Isolating the Central Instance.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you are prompted at the beginning of this phase to do the following: • • • Isolate the central instance. the upgrade control program R3up stops and waits for user input. Then confirm that you want to continue with the upgrade. For details on the status of the incremental conversion. If you called transaction ICNV when you prepared the upgrade. Disable the ability of the database to continually recover data. Verify that you can recover the database to its current state at this point. Activities If you have chosen upgrade strategy A_off. R3up checks whether you have already converted the recommended percentage of the selected data (see Incremental Table Conversion [Page 30]).

For strategies A_on and A_switch. the expected runtime is made up of the total time you specified for the import. SAP DB and DB2 Universal Database The statistics for newly imported tables are updated automatically. Phase EU_IMPORT5 Use At the beginning of the this phase. The majority of the substitution set is imported directly from CD-ROM into the database during this phase.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase EU_IMPORT4 Use The runtime for this phase is approximately 30 minutes to an hour for upgrade strategy A_off. EU_IMPORT3 and EU_IMPORT4.Upgrading to 4. End of the database-specific explanations The runtime of this phase is approximately 3 to 4 hours for upgrade strategy A_off. you are prompted to change the CD. If you miss this prompt. the expected runtime is computed from the total time you specified for the import less the time computed in EU_IMPORT2. less the time taken up by EU_IMPORT2. your time schedule could be seriously disrupted. 126 April 2001 . For strategies A_on and A_switch.

After you have made your entry. Activities • Before you continue with the upgrade. no further transports can enter or leave the SAP System. you have to release these transport requests.LOG. otherwise the objects in them are locked. • Upgrade strategies A_switch or A_on: If you did not confirm locking of the ABAP Workbench in the phase LOCKEU_PRE. For information on modifications are copied to the new SAP standard during the upgrade. all the repairs and corrections that are not released are displayed on the screen and written in file REPACHK2.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. In this phase. They are also written in the file REPACHK2. April 2001 127 . see Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests [Page 208]. R3up waits until the time entered in phase INITPUT as the maximum synchronization time for all instances has expired (see phase INITPUT). If you ignore open repairs. see the documentation CD for the target release. you must repeat phase REPACHK2. you must do so now. under: SAP Library →=Basis Components → =ABAP Workbench → Changing the SAP Standard →The Modification Assistant. you could lose modifications. you have to release and confirm all the open repairs.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase REPACHK2 Use In this phase. To be able to continue. Once you have released and confirmed all the open repairs. all the repairs which are still in open transport requests are displayed. Any modifications made to SAP objects in your repairs might be overwritten during the upgrade. otherwise the objects contained in the repairs are locked. After confirming locking of the ABAP Workbench.LOG. For a description of this procedure.

128 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase CNV_CHK_XT Use This phase checks if the following still exist: • • Conversion requests that have not yet been processed Restart logs Activities If you encounter errors. proceed as described under Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases [Page 179].

. The PREPARE messages are: Unresolved request found in TRBAT. . Activities For information on cleaning up the table TRBAT... .. TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job is running. see Analyzing Results from PREPARE.. If this table contains entries...6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase TRBATCHK_XT Use The tp program uses table TRBAT to communicate with the SAP System. Corrupted TRBAT entry found.. PREPARE already made this check. April 2001 129 . .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. TRBAT entry indicates that a batch job has finished. . they could be the remains of an import or export that either terminated abnormally or is still running.

If you have any questions. 2. This mainly includes generated objects. Use transaction SE11 to check which table types are affected. and your own developments. Prerequisites The RUN_RDDIT006 phase ends with an error message stating that the central Basis tables have been modified. If the modifications are retained. modified objects that are not delivered. Procedure 1. data might be lost if the table structures were modified. and continue with the upgrade. no data is lost. skip the error message with ignore. Back up any contents of the table. These modifications cannot be retained during the upgrade. − − If the tables are structures.Upgrading to 4. If the tables are database tables. the SAP System might be unable to run with the target release. you can adjust and retain the modifications later in transaction SPDD.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase RUN_RDDIT006 Use This phase determines the set of objects that needs to be copied to the new Repository tables. You cannot adjust modifications at this stage of the upgrade. at least temporarily. You can only skip the error message by choosing ignore. 130 April 2001 . see SAP Note 33888. If necessary. For more information. This resets the modifications to the standard SAP version. since the structure of these tables must be adjusted to the target release before the SAP System can be started with the target release for the first time. contact SAP Local Support.

It also makes an entry in the file VIEWCHK2.LOG. April 2001 131 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase ADJUSTCHK Use If you chose to copy a request in the ADJUSTPRP phase. you have to save it first. However. the modifications it contains are now compared with the modifications in the system. If this request contains all the modifications found in the system. you can use R3up for this. R3up does not stop before the activation of the ABAP Dictionary objects. The result of this comparison appears. Activities You have to delete these customer tables now. Phase VIEWCHK2 Use This phase displays conflicts between customer tables in the SAP name range and views delivered for the first time. at the latest.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Activities You are prompted to confirm the copying of the request. Pooled or cluster tables must be deleted manually in the SAP System. If you still need the data in these tables. If the tables are transparent. you can still specify that you want R3up to stop in this phase.

LOG file. For details on the status of the incremental conversion. so that you can reset the upgrade to this state at a later point. the rest of the data is converted in the conventional manner during downtime. Isolate the central instance as described under Isolating the Central Instance. start by reimporting the current version of the profile into your system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase MODPROF_TRANS Use The R3up program stops the SAP System in this phase and modifies the instance profile for the duration of the upgrade. Activities If you chose upgrade strategy A_on or A_switch: • Make sure of the following − − − All production work in the SAP System is stopped and no users are logged on to the SAP System. perform the following actions: Strategy A_switch: Make sure that you can recover the database to its current state. call transaction ICNV. 132 April 2001 . End of DB2 for OS/390 So that you can recover your SAP System after errors. • DB2 for OS/390 If you use DB2 for OS/390. you are not prompted to do this. All secondary application servers are shut down.Upgrading to 4. Result Once you have completed and confirmed all the activities. which can cause the upgrade to stop running. All upgrade strategies: Back up the upgrade directory now. If you want to use transaction RZ10 to adjust the instance profile during the upgrade. All changes to the profile are written to the ALPXPOOL. If you do not do this. • If you called transaction ICNV when you prepared the upgrade. If you ignore the information from R3up. the changes made by the upgrade are reset. R3up checks whether you have already converted the recommended percentage of the selected data (see Incremental Table Conversion [Page 30]). R3up prompts you to perform several activities. depending on your database and the upgrade strategy you have chosen. R3up automatically shuts down the central instance and modifies the instance profile in directory /usr/sap/<SID>/SYS/profile (UNIX) or \usr\sap\<SAPSID>\SYS\profile (Windows NT) for the duration of the upgrade. R3up informs you if you have not. If you chose the upgrade strategy A_switch. also make sure that you have switched off the capability of the database to continually restore data.

Do not copy back the environment files that were saved to <upgrade directory>/exe/INSTALL. This can lead to incorrect settings being made.sapenv_<host name>.sapenv_<host name>. The following files are changed: .sh startsap_<host name>_<instance number> stopsap_<host name>_<instance number> Activities If you made changes to the environment of the user <sapsid>adm they are no longer active after the upgrade.csh . copy the files listed above.dbenv_<host name>.sh . 2.dbenv_<host name>. April 2001 133 . If other application servers exist. and the change you have made to the environment of user <sapsid>adm to these servers. The environment files previously used are copied to <upgrade directory>/exe/INSTALL before being overwritten.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. If you replace the profiles of this user you also prevent an obsolete user environment from causing problems during the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Phase ENVCHK Use This phase tests the environment of the user <sapsid>adm. 1.csh . Make the changes again if this is the case.

If errors are reported when you activate your own developments after executing this phase. This user is valid for a week. this means that the activation has been terminated and you must not continue with the next phase. Use Transaction SPDD to determine the ABAP Dictionary objects that need to be adjusted. However.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase ACT_<rel> Use Depending on the results of the phase ADJUSTCHK. you can correct these here. since R3up stops when errors occur. confirm that you want to temporarily revoke the lock on logging on to the SAP System to allow a normal user logon for the purposes of modification adjustment. 1. data will be lost. You do not need a password to do this. because the system is undefined. This leads to the loss of data in customer fields. You must make adjustments at this point if you have made structural changes to tables. If you are prompted for a password anyway. You still need the authorization for creating users. 2. Otherwise. you have to activate these objects after the upgrade. you may be asked at the beginning of this phase to adjust your modifications to SAP objects so that they correspond to the new SAP standard version of the objects. 134 April 2001 . use the report program UPGADDUSR. Activities Do not attempt to import adjustment transport requests into the system manually in this phase. You first have to remove the cause of the termination. Any requests for automatic adjustment from previous upgrades can be included in this upgrade in the PREPARE phase ADJUSTPRP only. see the documentation CD under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → BC . UPGADDUSER creates the adjustment user upg_tmp_user with the password init in the client where you run the report. otherwise data may be lost. In R3up. you also have the option of choosing ignore to temporarily ignore these errors.Upgrading to 4.Changing the SAP Standard → The Modification Assistant → Upgrade Procedure/R/3 Support Packages → Adjusting ABAP Dictionary Objects. You cannot create any new users in Transaction SU01 at this point. If you want to create a user for the adjustment at this point. If you chose ignore here. For more information on this transaction.

STARTR3_P<rel> and CHK_POSTUP. R3up does not expect any further user entries unless an error occurs. You then have to start the secondary application servers. the way the upgrade proceeds depends on the strategy you have chosen. It prompts you to start the secondary application servers. R3up displays the P errors (see Phase CHK_POSTUP [Page 136]). and this time would be exceeded if you executed the next phase. If you did not specify a time. Now you can either enter a new time at which you want R3up to stop again. You can then use your SAP System for production again or begin the post-upgrade activities. R3up does the following: • • • • • It displays the P errors. Now you can either enter a new time at which you want R3up to stop again. April 2001 135 . It starts up the SAP System for the last time.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Continuing the Upgrade After Phase PRODCHK_<rel> Use Up to the PRODCHK_<rel> phase. or you can switch over to production immediately. STARTR3_P<rel> and CHK_POSTUP. see Phase CHK_POSTUP [Page 136]. or you can start a database backup immediately so that you can switch to production operation again afterwards. It prompts you to switch the database back to recovery mode. After the PRODCHK_<rel> phase. If you decided to start production operation again now. You are prompted to switch the database back to recovery mode and to create a complete backup of your database. the procedure described above occurs in the phases MODPROFP_<rel>. Strategies A_switch and A_off R3up stops the upgrade if you entered the latest time at which you want to start production. You can then use your system for production again or begin the post-upgrade activities. Procedure Strategy A_on R3up stops the upgrade if you entered the latest time at which you want to start production. and this time would be exceeded if you executed the next phase. If you did not specify a time.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. stops the system for the last time and recreates the status of the system profiles before the upgrade. the procedure described above occurs in the phases MODPROFP_<rel>. It recreates the status of the system profiles before the upgrade. In the second case. For more information on P errors.

Use the ABAP Dictionary tools (Transaction SE14) to create these indexes in the database.ELG logs. Activities To remove errors. 136 April 2001 . R3up displays a complete list of these P-messages in this phase. You must usually remove the cause of these problems before you start using SAP applications again.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Phase CHK_POSTUP Use You can remove some of the problems that occur during an upgrade after you complete the upgrade. Some of the secondary indexes may not have been created because they were not unique. This type of problem is indicated by a P in the second column of the . Any messages that you do not handle immediately need to be handled at the next possible opportunity.Upgrading to 4. proceed as described in the long text of the message.

You can use the System Administration Assistant to help you with the postupgrade activities.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Post-Upgrade Activities Purpose This section tells you how to complete and check the upgrade. Some actions can wait until you have started operating the system productively [Page 152]. In the following screen. Depending on the actions. such as executing the script saproot. The System Administration Assistant is a program in the SAP System that.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. such as subsequent processing of table clusters (for Source Releases 3. You start the System Administration Assistant by executing Transaction SSAA. Prerequisites You have reached at least the PRODCHK_<Rel> phase of the upgrade. among other things.sh. The prerequisite for this is that you have the current online documentation installed. it only displays documentation. Then in the initial screen of the System Administration Assistant choose System Administration Assistant → Display. April 2001 137 . Process Flow You must perform some of the actions before you start operating the system productively again [Page 138].1x). You can get more information online in the system. lists the post-upgrade activities for each platform. For certain actions.0x and 3. or until the next upgrade. you can start transactions directly from the System Administration Assistant. click the help button (? icon) for help on the System Administration Assistant. We recommend completing the actions in the order given.

0x/3. At the same time you can perform the post-upgrade activities specified by R3up.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Actions Before Starting Production Operation R3up stops at the latest in the phase MODPROFP_<rel> so that you can begin early with the post-upgrade activities.sh [Page 139] SAP DB: Backing Up the Database [Page 141] DB2 Universal Database [Page 142] DB2 for OS/390: Preparations [Page 145] Informix: Preparations [Page 146] Oracle: Preparations [Page 147] Distributing SAP Programs [Page 149] Renaming the Local System Log (For Source Releases 3. Then perform the following actions: • • • • • • • • • Executing the Script saproot.Upgrading to 4. R3up then executes the last phases and completes the upgrade. 138 April 2001 .1x Only) [Page 150] Checking the Profile Parameters with Transaction RZ10 [Page 151] You can start operating the system again productively after these actions.

sh Use After the upgrade. SAP DB 1.sh <SAPSID> exit 2. The old groups sysadm and sysctrl must be replaced by the new groups db<sapsid>adm and db<sapsid>ctl. and change the assignments of the following users as follows: New User Group Concept Old User db2<sapsid> <sapsid>adm db2as New Primary Group sysadm sapsys db2asgrp Secondary Group Primary Group db<sapsid>ad m Secondary Group sysadm db<sapsid>ctl db<sapsid>admgroups for all sapsids on the database host sysctrl sysadm sapsys db2asgrp Change the group access authorizations as follows: 1. Procedure DB2 for OS/390. Log on to the database server and all application servers as user root.sh.root cd <upgrade_directory>/exe . Start up the system with stopsap and startsap. Oracle. DB2 Universal Database For source releases lower than 4.6A that makes it easier to separate user authorizations when you operate multiple SAP Systems on a single host./saproot.6A only: A new user group concept has been introduced in Release 4.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. create the two new groups db<sapsid>adm and db<sapsid>ctl before you execute the script saproot. 2. you need to make a number of adjustments. To do this. Execute the following command: April 2001 139 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Executing the Script saproot. Informix. You need the authorizations of the user root to do this. Execute the following commands: su .

sh <SAPSID> exit 4. Execute the following command: su root (not su . Proceed as follows: 1.sh performs additional database-specific actions (for example.Upgrading to 4. since it needs the new groups.sh on the database server afterwards./saproot. Execute the following commands: cd <upgrade_directory>/exe . 2. Execute the script saproot. Start up the system with stopsap and startsap. End of the database-specific explanations 140 April 2001 . For all source releases: The script saproot. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. it adapts the database manager configuration to the new groups).root) 3. The script requires the environment variables of user <sapsid>adm.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG find /db2/<SAPSID> \! -type l -group sysadm -print | xargs chgrp db<sapsid>adm 3.

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

SAP DB: Backing Up the Database
SAP DB

Prerequisites
You have not started to operate the system productively.

Procedure
1. Stop the SAP System as user <sapsid>adm with:
stopsap r3

Note that you have to stop and restart the database. 2. Give the database parameter the value it had before the upgrade. 3. This step depends on the chosen upgrade strategy: a. Strategies A_off and A_switch: Since the log mode is reset to the original value after the upgrade, you must back up the database completely (in operating mode COLD) before you can start the system again productively. b. Strategy A_on: We recommend making a complete backup so that you do not have to upgrade all the logs again in case of a recovery. Instead of a complete backup, you can perform an incremental online backup (save updated pages). This type of backup has the advantage that a recovery is significantly faster. 4. Start the SAP System as user <sapsid>adm with:
startsap r3 End of SAP DB

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DB2 Universal Database
DB2 Universal Database

Prerequisites
You have not started to operate the system productively.

Installing and Updating the DB2 Administration Tools
You can install the administration tools in the following steps:

Installation of the administration frontend Install the new administration frontend as described in the BC R/3 Database Guide: DB2 Universal Database. You can install the frontend either during or after the upgrade. These functions are available only after you execute the script saproot.sh.

Creation/update of the administration database To store administration data (for example for log file handling), data is stored on the database server under the SAP database instance in the SAP database and in an additional administration database. The administration database has the name ADM<SAPSID> and is needed to store data while the SAP database is not available (for example during a backup). Log on as user <sapsid>adm and change to the user root with su root (not su root). Execute the following command (depending on your source release): Source Releases 3.0x/3.1x:
sddb6ins -s <SAPSID> -u 31I 46C -

Source Release >= 4.0B:
sddb6ins -s <SAPSID> -u <Start-Release> 46C

This creates the database ADM<SAPSID> with standard contents, if it does not yet exist. Otherwise, the database objects are adjusted to the new release in this database.
sddb6ins exchanges the program userexit that is responsible for saving log files in the log archive directory. The program userexit logs its actions in the database ADM<SAPSID>.

As of Release 4.0A, administration tools such as brarchive, brrestore and userexit do not log their actions at the file system level anymore. Instead, they log the actions in the database ADM<SAPSID>. This means that after the program userexit is substituted, you must use the old program brarchive to manually back up all the log files that have been created up to this point (for source releases smaller than 4.0A). You can find the old program brarchive on the CD SAP KERNEL under the following name:
<CD mount directory>/UNIX/AIX_32/BRARCH31

Activating Log Archiving

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If you did not reactivate log archiving for the database with R3up, you must convert the database parameters LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT. To do this, enter the following commands in the DB2 command line:
db2 update db cfg using LOGRETAIN ON db2 update db cfg using USEREXIT ON

You must then perform a complete database backup before DB2 permits new database connections.

Backing Up the Database
Now back up the database completely.

Deleting Substitution Tablespaces
After the upgrade, a number of tablespaces are no longer used and you can delete them. These are always the following tablespaces for a Repository switch: PSAPES<source release>D PSAPES<source release>I PSAPEL<source release>D PSAPEL<source release>I where <source release> is the source release for the current upgrade. To delete a tablespace, enter the following command in the operating system:
db2 drop tablespace <Tablespace_name>

DB2 checks if there are still database objects in the specified tablespace before executing this command. If there are, the command is not executed.

Perform an Update Statistics
Proceed as follows: 1. Log on to the SAP System. You require the authorizations for database administration and background jobs. 2. Start Transaction DB13 (planning calendar) or choose
Tools → CCMS → DB Administration → DBA scheduling

3. Open the dialog box with the actions which you can schedule by double-clicking on the current day. 4. Select the action Upd. Statistics + Reorgcheck all tables 5. Choose Start immediately. Confirm the following dialog boxes to start the job in the background.
Runstat_all has been scheduled for the current day and started immediately.

The time required to update statistics depends on the size of the database. You need about an hour for a database of 2 GB.

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6. Check the status of the job with the Job logs option for the current day.

Scheduling Update Statistics Jobs
To schedule update statistics jobs: 1. Log on to the SAP System. You require the authorizations for database administration and background jobs. 2. Start Transaction DB13 or choose:
Tools → CCMS → DB Administration → DBA scheduling

3. In the menu, choose Planning → Planning pattern. Several defined database actions are shown here. 4. Choose the following action:
Check Step, Upd.Statistics + Reorg. check on DBSTATC (daily)

Enter a start time (if possible, when the system is available but the system load is low) and confirm the subsequent steps. 5. Choose the following action:
Upd. Statistics & Reorgcheck all tables (Sun.weekly)

Enter a start time and confirm the subsequent steps.
End of DB2 Universal Database

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SYSINDEXPART WHERE (CARD > 0 AND (NEAROFFPOS + FAROFFPOS) * 100 / CARD > 10) The following query specifies indexes that might need to be reorganized. TSNAME. SELECT DBNAME. Only reorganize now if you have enough time. (NEAROFFPOS + FAROFFPOS) * 100 / CARD FROM SYSIBM.6C Support Release 2: UNIX DB2 for OS/390: Preparations DB2 for OS/390 Prerequisites You have not started to operate the system productively. IXCREATOR FROM SYSIBM. Reorganizing the Database Reorganizing the database at this point in time is optional. which uses the port indicated by the service entry sapdb2<SAPSID>. (NEARINDREF + FARINDREF) * 100 / CARD. IXCREATOR. Backing Up the Database Perform a complete backup of the database. Otherwise reorganize the database according to the usual cycle. End of DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 145 . CARD. We strongly recommend that you perform RUNSTATS on all tablespaces. For information on how to update the statistics. SELECT IXNAME. SAP recommends that you reorganize any tablespaces and indexes that you find with the following SQL statements. The following two queries specify which tablespaces might need to be reorganized. CARD.SYSTABLEPART WHERE ((CARD > 0 AND (NEARINDREF + FARINDREF) * 100 / CARD > 10) OR PERCDROP > 10) SELECT IXNAME. see SAP Note 113008.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. PERCDROP FROM SYSIBM. Switching the ICLI Server At the start of production operation (at the latest in the MODPROFP_<Rel> phase) you are prompted to stop the ICLI server of the source release. Performing an Update Statistics (RUNSTATS) The system does not update statistics automatically. and replace it with a target release ICLI server. The second query checks for rows that are out of sequence. It searches for leaf pages that are not close together. The first query checks for overflow conditions or space being filled by dropped tables.SYSINDEXPART WHERE LEAFDIST > 200. These pages cannot benefit from sequential prefetch.

Execute this command for both of the dbspaces that you want to delete.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Informix: Preparations Informix Prerequisites You have not started to operate the system productively. count(*) = 0 should be the result.partnum) = '<dbspace-name>' and partnum != 0. Otherwise restoring the database may be very time-consuming. make another complete offline or online backup of the database immediately. To do this. Proceed as follows: 1. This means that you can delete them. To delete the dbspaces use the database tool onspaces as follows: onspaces -d <dbspace-name> Before you can use the space freed by deleting the dbspaces. Backup: Database Was Operated with Backup Mode Activated Since the amount of logical log files increased during the upgrade. End of Informix 146 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4. depending on whether you have operated the database during the upgrade with the backup mode activated or deactivated. and then create a complete backup of the database. 2. you must make a level 0 database backup. First check that the dbspaces really are empty. Backing Up the Database There are two different procedures when you back up the database. Deleting dbspaces The dbspaces psapes<sourcerel> and psapel<sourcerel> (<sourcerel> stands for the source release for this upgrade) are empty after the upgrade. Backup: Database Was Operated with Backup Mode Deactivated Reactivate the backup mode. start dbaccess as user informix and enter the following SQL command: select count(*) from systables where dbinfo('DBSPACE'. You must make this backup offline. 3.

If you make backups to a remote tape device (backup_dev_type = pipe pipe_auto pipe_box).5A) New parameters are used for in Release 4. Checking the Environment Variables for the Program sapdba Using the following information on the documentation CD.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.x.5 for creating backups with brbackup.0.5A) with the following parameters: remote_host = <remote_host_name> remote_user = <remote_user_name> April 2001 147 . check whether all the environment variables have been set correctly for sapdba at the UNIX level: SAP Library → Basis Components → Database Interface/Database Platforms → Database Administration (Oracle) with SAPDBA →=Using SAPDBA → Configuring SAPDBA → Environment Variables (UNIX).sql again.SQL as SYSTEM.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Oracle: Preparations Oracle Prerequisites You have not started to operate the system productively.sql sapdba_role. only the user ora<sapsid> can have DBA authorization in Release 4. Adding New Parameters to the Profile init<DBSID>. Log on as user ora<sapsid> at the UNIX level. This means that you must execute the SQL script sapdba_role. If you want to use the new functions of these programs. if it appears: Error accessing PRODUCT_USER_PROFILE Warning: Product user profile information not loaded! You may need to run PUBLD. Creating and Updating the SAPDBA Role To ensure the security of your system. replace the parameter read_fifo_cmd (no longer supported as of Release 4.x: UNIX). you must use an editor to enter these parameters in the profile $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<DBSID>. brarchive and brrestore.sap (For Source Releases Lower than 4. Proceed as follows: 1. The upgrade imports additional objects which have to be adjusted.sql sqlplus internal @sapdba_role <SAPSID> UNIX You can ignore the following error message. Start the SQL script with: cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs cp /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/sapdba_role.sap. You have already performed most of the required manual changes when you migrated Oracle to Version 8.0 (see the guide Migration/Upgrade to Oracle Version 8. 2.

Proceed as follows: 1. When you have made the backup. BRARCHIVE and BRRESTORE. Otherwise restoring the database may be very time-consuming. Backup: Database Was Operated in ARCHIVELOG Mode Since a large number of archives were produced during the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG For detailed information. You can find more information about offline backups and brbackup in the SAP online documentation on database administration for Oracle. 3. you can start up your SAP System again as <sapsid>adm with startsap r3 and continue working.5 → BRBACKUP.ora: control_file_record_keep_time = 30 Backing Up the Database The procedure for backing up the database depends on the mode with which you operated the database during the upgrade. This must be done as an offline backup. Adding a New Parameter to the Profile init<DBSID>. Activate ARCHIVELOG mode again with sapdba.5A) So that you can use the Oracle Recovery Manager (RMAN) with brbackup. Backup: Database Was Operated in NOARCHIVELOG Mode Activate ARCHIVELOG mode again and create a complete backup of the database. see the documentation CD for the target release under SAP Library →=Basis Components → Database Interface/Database Platforms → Database Administration (Oracle) with SAPDBA →==New Features in SAP R/3 Release 4. Stop your SAP System as user <sapsid>adm with: stopsap r3 2. Start the offline backup of the database with the program brbackup. 4. This stops and starts up the database again. End of Oracle 148 April 2001 . add the following new parameter to the profile init<DBSID>.Upgrading to 4. You can find instructions on doing this under Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205]. make a complete offline or online backup of the database as quickly as possible.ora (For Source Releases Lower than 4.

AIX_64. DEC_64. HP11_64. This avoids inconsistent programs and having to distribute them manually. Procedure 1. For more information on using sapcpe see Help → SAP Library → BC . April 2001 149 .Basis Components →=Client Server Technology → System Services → Setting Up Local Executables on UNIX R/3 Instances. 3. If you use distributed servers. Shut down the application server. 2. we recommend that you use NFS to share programs in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run. RLX_32. SUNOS_32 or LINUX_32. you can also save the programs locally on the servers and update them automatically with the program sapcpe. you have to distribute the programs in directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run to all servers. Mount the CD.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. HP11_32. RLX_64. HP10_32. You can copy the programs directly from the CD SAP Kernel to the target directory of the application server with R3up.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Distributing SAP Programs Use If your SAP System has multiple application servers and you do not use NFS to share the kernel directory of the central instance. To keep the network load low. Start R3up directly from CD with: /<CD mount directory>/UNIX/<OS>/R3UP readkernel Replace <CD mount directory> with the mount directory of the CD and <OS> with one of the following: AIX_32.

R3up has already renamed the central and local system logs.0x or 3. On the host with the central instance. for example.0. If you use the SAP System with multiple application servers then you have to rename the local system log on these remote servers. Prerequisites You had Release 3. as SLOG<instance_number>. The SAP Kernel cannot correctly interpret entries in the old format. Procedure Rename the file SLOG<instance_number> in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/<instance_name>/log.old.x for the first time. If a log does not exist. 150 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4.1x before the upgrade.0x/3. a new one is created when you start the system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Renaming the Local System Log (For Source Releases 3. This is not done automatically on the remote application servers.1x Only) Use The format of the system log was changed for Release 4. This means that you must have an empty system log when you start the system with Release 4. You can achieve this easily by renaming the old system log.

choose Help → Application Help from within Transaction RZ10. choose SAP Library → Basis Components → Computing Center Management System → Computing Center Management System → Profiles. Choose Utilities →Check all profiles → Of active servers. choose Goto → Profile values → Of a server. Ensure that all active servers (SAP instances) are started. 4. You can display the parameters with their current settings and the default value using Transaction RZ10. 5. if you want to read the documentation offline from the documentation CD for the target release. Alternatively. double-click the name of the server you want to display.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. b. Ensure that you have authorization S_RZL_ADM in the SAP System. you receive a warning. 6. Choose Utilities → Import profiles → Of active servers. return the parameter values to the default values. For more information about changing the profile parameters. check the settings in your system profiles with Transaction RZ10. Call Transaction RZ10. April 2001 151 . If parameters are set incorrectly. Check the parameters whose values differ from the default. 2. On the initial screen of RZ10.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Checking the Profile Parameters with Transaction RZ10 Use After the upgrade. Procedure 1. a. To display the values. Whenever possible. 3. Transaction RZ10 checks the profiles of all servers.

1x) [Page 167] Installing More Dialog Instances [Page 168] Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime [Page 169] 152 April 2001 .1x) [Page 157] Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport [Page 158] SAP DB: Updating Optimizer Statistics [Page 159] DB2 for OS/390: Actions [Page 159] Informix: Performing an Update Statistics [Page 160] Oracle: Actions [Page 160] Generating ABAP Loads [Page 163] Converting Batch Input Logs [Page 163] Actions for the SAP Online Documentation [Page 164] Performing Post-Upgrade Activities in the Authorization Area [Page 164] Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Application [Page 166] Processing Table Clusters After the Upgrade (Source Releases 3.Upgrading to 4.1x) [Page 155] Adjusting Repository Objects [Page 156] Reimporting Additional Programs [Page 156] Migrating Matchcodes to Search Help Objects (Source Releases 3.0x/3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Actions During Production Operation You can perform the following actions while the system is operating productively: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Importing SAP Support Packages After the Upgrade [Page 153] Transport Management System: Distributing the Configuration [Page 153] Rescheduling Background Jobs [Page 154] Rescheduling Jobs with Transaction DB13 (Source Releases 3.0x/3.0x/3.

you have to distribute the information about the new release to all systems in the transport domain. 2. we recommend that you import new Support Packages into your system as soon as they become available. If you want to install additional languages in your SAP System. If have not included all the necessary Support Packages during the upgrade. Always start with the newest SPAM update. Add-On Support Packages and CRTs. Procedure Import the newest Support Packages. Log on to the system that is configured as the domain controller. Select the system that has been upgraded and choose SAP System → Update configuration. Call Transaction STMS and choose Overview → Systems. 3. April 2001 153 . 4. This is also applies after the upgrade. For information on importing a language. This is how you avoid potential problems in your system before they occur. This applies to Support Packages that cannot be included. Procedure 1. such as the SPAM updates.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The Support Packages always contain the current language version for text-relevant objects. perform the language import before you import the Support Packages. Transport Management System: Distributing the Configuration Use After an upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Importing Support Packages After the Upgrade Use To avoid problems with your SAP software. see Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport → Language Transport. you can also import them after the upgrade. Choose Extras → Distribute TMS configuration.

Log on as user DDIC in client 000. If this is the case. since the report variants will no longer be correct. Log on as user DDIC in client 000. 4. 2. you have to reschedule the job. Procedure For Source Releases up to and including 4. To release the jobs.0B only: 1. 154 April 2001 . Call Transaction SM37. 2. Errors may occur if a background report was changed by the upgrade. Execute the report BTCTRNS2. Find all the relevant jobs. choose Job → Schedule → Release.5: 1.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Rescheduling Background Jobs Use Use this procedure to release all background jobs that were locked when you isolated the central instance. 3. As of Source Release 4. Result The jobs are released.

0x/3. Procedure 1. You have already checked that all old DB13 jobs were deleted properly. 4. Enter Transaction DB13 and reschedule your jobs.0x or 3. active 3. Select the following jobs: Job name User name Start date from Start date to Only jobs with status DBA* * No entry No entry scheduled. Enter Transaction SM37 in the SAP System. Delete all the jobs displayed.1x) Use You deleted all scheduled jobs at the start of downtime.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Rescheduling Jobs with Transaction DB13 (Source Releases 3. You can now schedule them again with Transaction DB13 (see also Isolating the Central R/3 Instance).SAP AG Upgrading to 4. April 2001 155 .1x. 2. Prerequisites • • Your source release is 3. released. ready.

DEC_64. you must adjust these with Transaction SPAU. HP10_32. After you have completed the upgrade you have a maximum of 14 days to execute Transaction SPAU without a key check (SAP Software Change Registration) for the objects that you changed.Upgrading to 4. AIX_64. SUNOS_32 or LINUX_32. the contents of directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are completely deleted before the new SAP kernel is imported. 2. screens or interfaces (GUIs). see the documentation CD for the target release under Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → BC . HP11_64. Log on as user <sapsid>adm. Procedure For more information on modification adjustment.Changing the SAP Standard → The Modification Assistant → Upgrade Procedure/R/3 Support Packages → Adjusting R/3 Repository Objects. RLX_32. Reimporting Additional Programs Use During the upgrade. RLX_64. HP11_32. 156 April 2001 . If you installed additional programs such as the RFC library or the CPIC library. you have to install them again from the CD Presentation. Enter the following commands: cd /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run /<CD dir>/SDK/UNIX/<OS>/SAPCAR -xvf \ /<CD dir>/SDK/UNIX/<OS>/<additional package>. Procedure 1. in this directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Adjusting Repository Objects Use If you have made modifications to programs.SAR Replace <CD directory> with the mount directory of the CD and <OS> with one of the following: AIX_32.

MC.0 → 40A → Basis Components → ABAP Workbench → ABAP Dictionary → Activation Program. You can find this Release Note offline on the documentation CD. April 2001 157 . in the SAP System choose Help → Release Notes → Complete list from Rel. During the upgrade.0x/3. These exceptions are listed in the Release Note DDIC40_MC_MIGR Migration of Matchcodes to Search Helps. 4. Only in exceptional cases do you need to perform postupgrade activities manually. If you have already installed the current online documentation. DB Utility.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Migrating Matchcodes to Search Help Objects (Source Releases 3. Procedure Use Release Note Migration of Matchcodes to Search Helps to check if manual post-upgrade activities are necessary. the matchcodes are migrated largely automatically to search helps.0 the ABAP Dictionary objects help views and matchcodes are replaced by the new ABAP Dictionary object search help. SPDD → Migration of Matchcodes in Search Helps.1x) Use As of Release 4. Conversion Program. Prerequisites Your source release is 3.0x or 3.1x.

and not yet imported into the actual database tables of the system.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Language Transport Use To reduce downtime during the upgrade. This report may take a long time to execute. There are no input parameters. You are using a glossary or terminology in your system. If you want to use a glossary or terminology in your system. some data from the language CDs was only imported into container tables. This data includes glossary and terminology data.Upgrading to 4. Prerequisites You have imported a language during the upgrade. The contents of the container tables are then deleted. use the following procedure to copy the data from the container tables to the database tables. The report unpacks the contents of the container tables and copies the data to the corresponding database tables. so execute it in the background. depending on the number of languages you have imported. 158 April 2001 . Procedure Use the report RSTLAN_AFTER_UPGRADE to copy the data.

you must update the optimizer statistics. The menu for scheduling database actions appears. to avoid a drop in your system performance. 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP DB: Updating Optimizer Statistics SAP DB Use To improve the response of the database after the upgrade. 4. Procedure 1. End of DB2 for OS/390 April 2001 159 . Select a day in the Planning Calendar by double-clicking. Plan this action as soon as possible. If there are. Select Create new optimizer/space statistics. In the role SAP_BC_DB_ADMIN_SAPDB. call Transaction DB13.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 2. Do this with the report program RSDB2CLN. delete them. Log on to the SAP System. databases and stogroups. End of SAP DB DB2 for OS/390: Actions DB2 for OS/390 Removing Any Superfluous Database Objects Check if there are any empty database objects such as tablespaces.

Use the sapdba program to delete the tablespaces. You can delete these tablespaces. some tablespaces are empty and are no longer used. Procedure Enter the following commands as user informix: su .Upgrading to 4. you must execute an Update Statistics as user informix. the tablespace is empty 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Informix: Performing an Update Statistics Informix Use To improve the response of the database after the upgrade. The program sapdba checks whether: 1. the space is actually released You may be asked whether you want to wait until Oracle releases the files. This applies to the following tablespaces in a Repository Switch upgrade: PSAPES<source release>D PSAPES<source release>I PSAPEL<source release>D PSAPEL<source release>I where <source release> is the source release for the current upgrade.informix /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/ sapdba -updstat End of Informix Oracle: Actions Oracle Deleting Tablespaces After the upgrade. 160 April 2001 .

The runtime depends strongly on the size of your database and can take several hours. If the user system does not have the default password manager you need to append the following command options to the end of the sapdba calls: -u system/<password> Call the sapdba program with the following command: sapdba -analyze DBSTATCO You can do this during production operation. sapdba executes the Drop command on the database and deletes the data files at the operating system level. Check the success of the action with one of the following options: April 2001 161 . Enter the name of the tablespaces you want to delete.1x) You must switch the database optimizer to cost-based mode after the upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Delete the tablespaces as follows: 1. The cost-based optimizer requires table statistics to be created. You can make this switch during production operation. Start sapdba at the operating system level as user ora<sapsid>. SAP no longer supports the parameter setting optimizer_mode = rule after the upgrade to 4. Proceed as follows: 1. Choose Drop tablespace. 3. When you run the database in rule-based mode you significantly reduce the performance of the system.Basis Components → Database Interface/Database Platforms → Database Administration (Oracle) with SAPDBA → Using SAPDBA Read about the following topics there: − − • Support for the Cost-Based Optimizer SAPDBA Command Options SAP Library → Basis Components → Computing Center Management System → Database Administration in CCMS → SAP/Oracle DBA in CCMS → CCMS Support for the Cost-Based Optimizer: Oracle Switching the Optimizer Mode (For Source Releases 3. see the following documentation on the documentation CD for the target release under: • SAP Library → BC .x. If the tablespace is empty. System performance is reduced considerably during this time.0x/3. 4. Actions for Cost-Based Optimizer Mode The following text only describes the actions for the database optimizer that you need to perform directly after the upgrade.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 2. For background information on this subject. Choose Tablespace administration.

Make sure that the following parameters are set in the file $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/init<SAPSID>. send a problem message and the log file to SAP. System performance is reduced considerably during this time. Friday/Saturday night): sapdba -checkopt PSAP% (for example. Scheduling Periodic Statistics Updates (For All Source Releases) Make sure that the statistics are updated at regular intervals. $ORACLE_HOME/sapcheck/*.x) If you had Release 4.ora: optimizer_mode = choose db_file_multiblock_read_count = 8 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG − − In the SAP System. If the user system does not have the default password manager you need to append the following command options to the end of the sapdba calls: -u system/<password> Call the sapdba program with the following command: sapdba -analyze DBSTATCO You can do this during production operation. see the online documentation under Help → Application help. The Optimizer must be set to cost-based mode. Updating the Statistics (For Source Release 4.opt If there are errors. Saturday/Sunday night): sapdba -analyze DBSTATCO You can schedule these actions with transaction DB13.aly or *. you can analyze the cause by double-clicking the log line and pushbutton SAPDBA Detail Log in the menu above. Restart the database to activate the parameters. After the upgrade you only need to update the statistics. 2. End of Oracle 162 April 2001 . For more information on DB13. your database is already running in cost-based optimizer mode.x before the upgrade. make sure that the return code is either 0 or 1 by choosing: Tools → CCMS → DB Administration → Operations Monitor Check the logs in the file system if necessary. Schedule the following two phases periodically once the database has been in operation for one day following the upgrade: Phase I Phase II (for example. If you cannot solve the problem yourself.Upgrading to 4. Correctly created optimizer statistics are essential for the performance of your system.

Selection of software components to restrict the amount of objects being generated (SAP_ABA. or in the Job Monitor by choosing Job Monitor. When you call a program. however. see SAP Note 186066. Converting Batch Input Logs Use Release 4. a load is automatically generated. SAP_BASIS and so on) Generating in the background Job Monitor for checking the progress of the generation in the background Procedure If possible. Transaction SGEN offers the following functions: • • • • Selection of predefined generation tasks. The old log files are deleted after a successful conversion. Procedure For an exact procedure and other information. or you have not yet converted your logs in Releases 4.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. you can use transaction SGEN to generate the missing loads. generate the loads directly after the upgrade. All old batch input logs must be converted with the program RSBDCLCH in all clients. This may. April 2001 163 . Choose Regenerate after an SAP System upgrade. reduce production system performance. see the online documentation in transaction SGEN by choosing Information on the SAP Load Generator. However. see Note 175596 in SAPNet – R/3 Frontend. Prerequisites Your source release is lower than 4. there are not yet any generated ABAP loads for all the transactions from the different SAP application areas. To avoid this. otherwise the system will no longer be able to read them. For a detailed description of the features.6A or 4. if it does not already exist.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Generating ABAP Loads Use The most important ABAP loads for the Basis system are upgraded with the new release.6C only supports the new batch input log procedure.6A. For more information on the free space requirements in the load tables.6B.

You can use it to: • • Deactivate checks within a transaction Define proposals for the profile generator for activated checks Both the check flags and the proposed values are based on SAP default values. Only for help type PlainHtmlHttp: Set up the Web server 3. For source releases before 3. Installation of the online documentation 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Actions for the SAP Online Documentation Process Flow Certain actions are necessary before you can display the online documentation (SAP Library) in your SAP System: 1. Maintain the settings variants for the Online Help in the IMG 4.1G. Performing Post-Upgrade Activities in the Authorizations Area Procedure Adjusting the Assignments Between Check Flags and Transactions Transaction SU24 was introduced in Release 3. Installation of a Web browser/viewer For instructions. 164 April 2001 . see the guide Installing the SAP Library. see the online documentation for Transaction SU25. This transaction • • displays the differences between your own check flags or authorization proposals and the new SAP default values for all the changes by SAP defines all the roles which will have to be generated later on using the profile generator in order to generate authorizations for all the current checks For more detailed information.1G: To copy the SAP default values.Upgrading to 4. use Transaction SU25 (step 1). You can change these values with Transaction SU24. use Transaction SU25 (steps 2 and 3). For source releases as of 3.1G: To copy the latest SAP default values while retaining your own modifications.

If this is not the case. To do this. into which customer profile the authorizations should be copied. Release 3. To do this. you can temporarily enter the profile SAP_NEW for all users with Transaction SU01. The profile SAP_NEW does not contain the authorizations for functions delivered in the upgrade.1C. Composite profile SAP_NEW contains all the individual SAP_NEW_<Rel> profiles since Release 2. go to Transaction SU01 and enter the user SAPCPIC.0E contains a new authorization check against authorization object S_TCODE when starting all transactions. Upwards Compatibility for Authorization Checks There are functions that are protected in more detail by new authorization objects in the new release. For Source Release 3. Choose User names → Change. The authorizations for these new objects are in the single profiles SAP_NEW_<rel> . which they were able to carry out previously without an authorization check. which is used for internal purposes and which in the past did not need any authorizations. This defines which users can continue to carry out the corresponding actions.0D Only: New Authorization Check when Starting all Transactions For security reasons.6C Support Release 2: UNIX For Source Release 3. The composite profile SAP_NEW contains all single profiles SAP_NEW_<Rel> (as of Release 4.CPIC and save. so that you can find out later which authorization appeared in which release. choose Environment → Mass changes. Keep the single profiles SAP_NEW_<rel>.CPIC . Empty and activate the profile SAP_NEW after finishing the analysis and maintenance. Before this.CPIC New authorization checks were introduced in the interface from the SAP System to the operating system. In a later phase you can begin to assign special profiles with exactly the transactions to be executed by the users. Ensure that all the users have authorization profile SAP_NEW so that they can still start transactions.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. To do this. remove the single profile SAP_NEW_<rel> from the composite profile SAP_NEW. Every user should have the profile SAP_NEW in his or her master record. delete all the individual profiles from SAP_NEW that refer to releases that are lower than the source release for the upgrade.0D Only: User SAPCPIC Must Be Assigned the Profile S_A. than was previously the case. Enter the authorization profile S_A.6A. the naming convention S_NEW_<rel><number> is valid). After the upgrade the user administrator should go through the profile SAP_NEW and decide for each authorization object. Assign user SAPCPIC (in the clients in which it exists) profile S_A. April 2001 165 . This guarantees that users can continue to carry out those functions after an upgrade. where <rel> is the release for which the new authorization check was delivered. This also has an effect on user SAPCPIC.1E). This is how the composite profile is also given the overall authorization for the check S_TCODE (exists since Release 3. This has made it necessary to assign new authorizations (see Release Note BC_30E_AUTHORITY). It contains the authorizations only for new checks in functions that were already delivered.

To do this call Transaction SPRO_ADMIN or choose Tools → AcceleratedSAP →Customizing →Project Administration. Also check to see if you have to adapt your Customizing. You can create a release-specific view of a Customizing project by choosing the activities for delta or upgrade Customizing. For SAP Retail Customers Only: Replacing Short Texts You are advised to replace short texts for some languages. see Note 10187. reload it now. For more information. You can make the necessary Customizing settings in the release-specific Customizing project by calling Transaction SPRO. 166 April 2001 . The precise procedure is described in the section Backing Up Wage Types in HR (T512W) [Page 103]. HR Customers Only: Restoring Table T512W (Wage Types in HR) If you saved table T512W before the upgrade. Procedure These actions are described in the Release Notes for the particular application.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Handling Problems with User Buffers If the user master records were already very large before the upgrade. see the Online Documentation under Help → SAP Library → Logistics → SAP Retail → Basic Principles → Retail Terminology. the predefined buffer size might not be large enough for the newly delivered profiles.Upgrading to 4. Performing Post-Upgrade Activities for the Application Use Some applications require specific post-upgrade activities without which the application cannot execute. If you encounter authorization problems after the upgrade where authorizations are missing for users although these are contained in the master record.

You will not be able to start the upgrade. As soon as the tables have the status Done. To start the data transfer. Directly after the upgrade. choose the function button F1.0x/3. 3. 5. PREPARE warns you about any outstanding conversions. Procedure 1. If they do not. the table clusters EDIDOC and CDCLS are converted from Release 3. the estimated time for the remaining data transfer appears automatically. Call transaction ICNV.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. You now have the option of selecting tables and starting the process in the background.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Processing Table Clusters After the Upgrade (Source Release 3. but it must be done before you begin the next upgrade. You can then select the tables you want to delete and remove them from the list. the tables EDIDOC and CDCLS must have the status Conversion.x to Release 4. The time when you process the table clusters is not critical. you can use transaction ICNV to convert the table clusters during production operation of the system. To do this. 2. create a problem message under the component BC-UPG-TLS. choose Control → Delete entry. After a while. switch to the new tables. Any data that has not yet been transferred is included in the process.0x or 3. Prerequisites Your source release is 3.x. For more information on the individual fields. If you have not.1x) Use After the upgrade. 4. Monitor the progress of the action. Since there is often a large amount of data to handle. This considerably reduces the downtime during the upgrade. Read the online documentation. April 2001 167 . When at least 95% of the data has been converted. To do this. you can delete them from the list.1x. End the conversion. choose Control → Switch (STRG+F2). choose Control → Data transfer → Start. You must complete step 5 before you start the next upgrade.

5B.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Installing More Dialog Instances Use You can use the SAP tool R3SETUP to install more dialog instances in an SAP System.4. 168 April 2001 . Procedure Proceed as described in Note 137478 Installing a Dialog Instance/Gateway .

database size. Choose Program → Execute and print. Prerequisites You are logged on to the SAP System.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Evaluating the Upgrade Runtime Use You can use the report RSUPGSUM to display the upgrade runtime. 3. you can fax the RSUPGSUM list to us at: SAP AG Software Logistics department Fax number + 49 6227/7 46495 April 2001 169 . The procedure is very simple: 1. The times are displayed in the file R3up. Send the results of the report to SAP for further analysis. 2. for example.R/3 Frontend.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.R/3 Frontend. Check if the SAPNet . 4. If you do not yet have a link to the SAPNet . Enter the relevant information. If you have a connection to the SAPNet . Choose Transfer data. If you keep the default settings. Choose Customizing and select that at least the option Run time results of completed upgrades and return to the previous screen. Call Transaction SCUI. Execute the program RSUPGSUM using Transaction SE38. only those phases which have a significant effect on the runtime are displayed. The data was formatted previously using RSUPGSUM.RTS in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory which R3up automatically creates after the upgrade. 3. Enter the time required for modification adjustments. Procedure 1. you can send this data electronically. 2.R/3 Frontend connection exists. 4. To display the data to be transferred. Result The report writes data into a log file and generates a list approximately two pages long. choose Display data.

Upgrading to 4. 170 April 2001 . also read the SAPNet . Request the Notes [Page 40] that are relevant to this upgrade.R/3 Frontend Notes.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Troubleshooting • Logs − − Upgrade Logs [Page 171] Analyzing the ELG Log Files [Page 173] • Correcting Errors After Phases − − − − − − − − Correcting Errors in the ACT Phase [Page 175] Correcting Errors in the ADOIM Phase [Page 176] Correcting Errors in the XPRAS Phase [Page 177] Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases [Page 179] Correcting Lost Fields Problems in the PCON Phase [Page 182] Correcting Conversion Errors in the PCON Phase [Page 183] Correcting Errors in the Job Phases [Page 184] Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases [Page 185] • General Problems − − − − − − − − Preparing the Restart of the Upgrade After a System Failure [Page 186] Resetting the Upgrade [Page 187] Scroll Mode: Restart [Page 191] Correcting Problems when Processing ABAP Steps [Page 192] Correcting Problems when Starting the SAP System [Page 193] Correcting Problems when Copying SAP Programs [Page 194] Correcting Administrator Profile Problems on Application Servers [Page 195] Providing SAP Local Support with Information [Page 196] As well as the problems listed here.

log in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. Additional detailed logs are usually written for these tp steps. If you encounter any errors you can analyze them to help you find a solution. To do this.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. where you can also monitor them with tail -f. open another terminal window and execute the following command: tail -f <upgrade directory>/log/SLOG46C Each tp-driven phase is divided up into a number of different steps whose start and end times are noted in the SLOG log.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrade Logs Use R3up logs all actions in log files. The section in the SLOG relating to phase ACT_46C looks like this: START START STOP START STOP START STOP START START STOP STOP START STOP START STOP START STOP START STOP STOP put tpsetstopm tpsetstopm tplock_eu tplock_eu tpsapstart tpsapstart DD ACTIVAT tp_getprot tp_getprot DD ACTIVAT locksysX locksysX tpsapstart tpsapstart locksys locksys tpdequeue tpdequeue put Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A Q1A ( ( 3 3 A A { { 3 3 | | 0000 19940905200903 19940905200903 19940905200903 19940905200903 19940905200904 19940905200904 19940905200935 19940905200936 19940905200936 19940905202559 19940905202559 19940905202559 19940905202559 19940905202600 19940905202631 19940905202631 19940905202631 19940905202631 19940905202632 19940905202632 q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm q1aadm hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 hs0102 Additional detailed logs are also written for most steps. A simple method of monitoring the progress of all tp-driven phases is to observe the SLOG log using tail. These are in the tmp subdirectory of the upgrade directory. The tp steps are also listed in the file SLOG46C in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. After the various steps of the April 2001 171 . Functions R3up records all actions in the log file R3up. The start and end of a phase are indicated by the lines START put and STOP put. You can use these log files to monitor your upgrade.

172 April 2001 . you branch to the log display for the step in question.<SAPSID> SAPH??????.<SAPSID> DS<DATE>. and specifies which programs carried out the steps: Step Log name SAPK??????. tp moves the individual logs to the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. a description of the error is displayed. enter the name of the transport request (for example. You can do this by executing program RDDPROTT with Transaction SE38.<SAPSID> SAPR??????. you can also display them in the SAP System. any errors which occurred and the return codes.<SAPSID> PD<DATE>. it displays all the logs for a specific transport request.<SAPSID> P<DATE>. The logs are broken down into several levels.<SAPSID> PA<DATE>. You should check at least level 2 to display any error messages this level may contain.<SAPSID> N<DATE>. RDDPROTT works based on transport requests. The summary contains the names of the individual logs. their log names. R3up creates a summary of all individual logs in this phase. The table below contains the most important steps. which means. DDIC46C. In the field Transport request. After completing each tp-driven phase.<SAPSID> N<DATE>.<SAPSID> SAPA??????.ELG (for example. At level 1 only the return code for the step is displayed. When you double click an error line.<SAPSID> SAPV??????. A brief overview of all the logs existing for this transport request is displayed. If no errors occurred.<SAPSID> SAPD??????. The names of the summaries usually comprise the phase name (without the underscore) and the extension .<SAPSID> C<DATE>.<SAPSID> PL<DATE>. If you double click one of the lines.<SAPSID> SAPI??????.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG phase have been completed.Upgrading to 4.ELG). SAPK46CD01) and then choose Execute.<SAPSID> Program executing the step R3trans R3trans SHADOW_IMPORT DD IMPORT (H) DD ACTIVATION (A) DISTRIBUTION OF DD OBJECTS (S) TBATG CONVERSION OF DD OBJECTS (N) tpmvntabs ABAP program (RDDMASGL) ABAP program (RDDDIS0L) ABAP program (RDDGEN0L) tp MAIN IMPORT (I) tpmvkernel (C) TBATG CONVERSION OF MC OBJECTS (N) IMPORT OF SELFDEFINED OBJECTS (D) VERSION UPDATE (V) EXECUTION OF REPORTS AFTER PUT (R) R3trans tp ABAP program (RDDGEN0L) ABAP program (RDDDIC1L) ABAP program (RDDVERSL) ABAP program (RDDEXECL) Once the logs are located in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. you only need to check these summaries.

Determine when the program terminated from the last two lines of the SLOG log. 2. In this case. Analyze the errors. analyze the last log that was written.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Analyzing the ELG Log Files Use The <PHASE>. For a chronological list of the files in both log directories. Procedure 1.. 4. The job overview normally displays one canceled job and one background job that completed normally. Errors have occurred if the return code is equal to 8 and preceded by error messages or if the return code is higher than 8.ELG log to find out why the phase terminated: No errors have occurred if a return code less than 8 appears in the log at the end of a step.. then tp or a program called by tp has terminated. Double-click the error line to display the long text for the error. When errors are detected during a phase.exe/tp unlock_eu <SAPSID> Log on to the SAP system and correct the error. you can call up detailed log files that contain more information. If a background step in the SAP System terminates. First check the <PHASE>. The name of this log is listed in the header of each phase step. enter the following commands: ls -ltr <upgrade directory>/log ls -ltr <upgrade directory>/tmp 3. If a return code is greater than or equal to 12. Double-click the canceled job to display the log. From these files. R3up displays an appropriate message and prompts you to repeat that phase. proceed as follows: Enter the following commands to unlock the SAP system: cd /usr/sap/put/bin .exe/tp unlocksys <SAPSID> . Enter the following commands to lock the SAP System again: cd /usr/sap/put/bin . and no error messages appear for that step. Make sure that the date in the SM37 input screen is correct and that an asterisk (*) appears in the Start after event field.. the SAP System may block the logon. for example). using the detailed log file if necessary.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Log on as user DDIC and call transaction SM37.exe/tp locksys <SAPSID> April 2001 173 . If tp or R3trans have terminated. Enter the job name as the name of the report that usually processes the terminated step (RDDMASGL for DD ACTIVATION. If you use a user ID other than DDIC to log on to the SAP system and correct the error.ELG log files are summary log files that contain a list of all the errors that occurred during a specific phase of the upgrade. you must analyze the job log in the SAP System to determine the cause of the error.

you must always remove the cause of the error. Once you have found and corrected the error. The repeated phase is usually completed quickly. R3up does not require a password. When you choose ignore. A return code of 8 indicates that some errors have occurred.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG . 174 April 2001 ./exe/tp lock_eu <SAPSID> 5. repeat the phase by selecting repeat in R3up.. you can choose ignore in R3up to continue with the upgrade and avoid repeating the failed phase. In this case. In this case. you must get approval to ignore the error from SAP Local Support. R3up prompts you to enter a password if the errors are serious. If you are not sure how to proceed. otherwise the phase is complete. Remove all errors to avoid the risk of follow-on errors. contact SAP Local Support.Upgrading to 4. Generally. SAP Local Support also gives you the password that you need to correct the error. A return code of 8 indicates that some individual objects have not been processed or not been processed completely. since the transport control program tp automatically starts from the point at which it terminated. Result In some exceptional cases.

Log on as user <sapsid>adm. The user DDIC cannot make any changes to the SAP System. 8.. 7. Return the system change option to its previous value. as described under Prerequisites.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Proceed as follows: 1. error messages with return code 8 might occur during the ACT_<Rel> phase. If you choose ignore severe errors.for setting the system → Set System Change Option → All objects (w.x: Administration → Set System Change Option → Global setting. Log off the SAP System. you might need to unlock the SAP System.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Errors in the ACT Phase Use If your SAP System has been modified. → Modifiable 4. 2.exe/tp locksys <SAPSID> Result When you have manually corrected all the error situations displayed for the objects. If you had to unlock the SAP System. 6. Log on as a user other than DDIC. 3..exe/tp unlocksys <SAPSID> Procedure 1. 2. April 2001 175 . Make the required corrections. Enter the following command: cd <upgrade directory>/bin . lock it again with the following command. This procedure tells you how to remove these errors. you can proceed with the upgrade where it terminated in the ACT_<rel> phases by selecting repeat in R3up.. Log on to the SAP System as user DDIC. Choose Release 3.. cd <upgrade_directory>/bin. all error messages with return code 8 are ignored.. 5. Call Transaction SE03. Workbench Organizer) Release 4. Prerequisites Before you can correct ABAP Dictionary objects that cannot be activated.x: Expert tools → ..

R3up repeats the phase and ignores all error messages with return value 8 (eight). You require a password for ignore all errors. R3up gives you two options for continuing the upgrade: • • repair severe errors ignore all errors Procedure Choose repair severe errors. Result • If you choose repair severe errors.Upgrading to 4. • 176 April 2001 . R3up goes to the next phase without dealing with the rest of the objects. The objects with errors are not imported into the SAP System. you must have approval from SAP Local Support. error messages with return code 8 may occur during the ADOIM_<rel> phase. If you choose ignore all errors. Before you can choose ignore.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Errors in the ADOIM Phase Use If your SAP System has been modified. If you choose ignore. The errors must be removed after the upgrade.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Errors in the XPRAS Phase Use If errors occur during the execution of XPRA reports in the XPRAS_<rel> phase. repeat the upgrade phase with R3up. choose Goto → Transport logs. To access this information. You now have SAPK<ID> as the name of the transport request. Procedure Finding Help Texts for Error Messages 1. 3. 6. or if the report still results in errors after repeating the XPRAS_<rel> phase. Call transaction SE09. 5.ELG look for the file name <file name> displayed in the heading. These texts usually contain all the information you need to correct the error. 2. 4. R3up stops and informs you that all errors which occurred have been recorded in the XPRAS_<rel>. Correcting Errors 1. position the cursor on the error message and choose Long text. The help text helps you correct the error. a separate line indicates the names of the reports that generated the preceding error messages. To display a help text. In addition to the actual error lines. see the documentation on the report.ELG file is important for finding help. The file name always has the following format: SAPR<ID>. The error messages will generally be visible as of the second level.<SAPSID> where <ID> can be any string of six characters. To navigate to the log display for this step.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Choose Request/task → Display individually and enter the name of the transport request. To display the individual transport logs. In the log XPRAS<Rel>. You can expand the log to view it in more detail. The name of the relevant transport request can be derived from the two names. 2. then errors have occurred while the reports were being executed. You can display a detailed help text for each of these error messages in the SAP System. Follow the instructions in the help text precisely. If you need more information.ELG log. Replace the ‘R’ with a ‘K’ and delete the period and all characters that follow it. 3. When you have corrected all the errors. log April 2001 177 . The file name <file_name> given in the heading of the XPRAS_<rel>. Log on to the SAP System. double-click the line Exec after put. This file contains error messages with the following header: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ XPRA ERRORS and RETURN CODE in <file name> ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If this header is followed by lines other than the return code.

Before you can choose ignore. Call transaction SE38 and display the documentation for the report that is named in the error log. without executing the following XPRAs. However. If you choose ignore. The errors must be removed after the upgrade. For technical instructions on skipping an XPRA. you must have approval from SAP Local Support. If you cannot execute an XPRA later and still want to skip it. 4. R3up repeats the phase and ignores all error messages with return code 8. correct the error and run the report manually using transaction SE38. To do this. you can correct some errors that occur during the execution of XPRA reports after you have completed the upgrade. Correcting Errors After the Upgrade We recommend correcting errors as soon as they are detected. and the corresponding specialists are not available right now. you must suppress the execution of the corresponding report before you repeat the upgrade phase. The objects with errors are not imported into the SAP System. After the upgrade. when special measures in the SAP application areas are necessary to correct the errors. if an SAP Note tells you that this is allowed). contact SAP. 178 April 2001 . R3up then continues with the next phase.Upgrading to 4. see SAP Note 122597. R3up gives you two options for continuing the upgrade: • • repair severe errors ignore all errors Choose repair severe errors.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG on to the SAP System. for example. Only skip an XPRA report program if you are sure you can execute it later (for example. This option makes sense. You require a password for ignore all errors. This documentation is always available in English and German.

Sometimes there are test tables which are no longer needed. If both messages appear. This shows that the conversion process was stopped by an external event. Determine the cause of the error. proceed as follows: 1. Also check if the table contains the data you expect. In some cases. Look for error messages that explain the cause of the termination. however. b. Start up the database utility (Transaction SE14) and choose DB requests → Terminated. This prevents the conversion being continued automatically. You could encounter the following problems here: a. If you find out that the table is still needed. If the table is no longer needed. for example. Any data which is still in the temporary table is lost during the next conversion. Procedure for Restart Logs of DB Conversions Found To clean up terminated conversions indicated by the message Restart logs of DB conversions found. but ends abruptly. CNV_CHK_XT and CNV_CHK_SW. 3. Find out if the table is still needed. it could still be in the temporary table. If the data does not exist.5A) is harmless in this case. You can now use Transaction April 2001 179 . choose Object log. A list of the terminated conversions appears. Ask the last person who changed a table or to the table owner to find out its status. the table was already corrected without the reset log being deleted. process the message Restart logs of DB conversions found first. You can determine the status of the table with the function Check → Database object and Check → Runtime object.5A). Continue with step 4 (Continuing the conversion to the end). choose the function Cancel adjustment in the detailed display (Unlock table as of Release 4. The function Cancel adjustment (Unlock table as of Release 4.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 2. Check the meaning and status of the table. Contact your Basis consultant or SAP Local Support for assistance with saving this data. You cannot find a log because it was deleted at some time in the past. You can do this with Transaction SE16. CNV_CHK_IMP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Cleaning Up Terminated Conversions in the DB Conversion Phases Use These errors are indicated by the following PREPARE and R3up error messages: • • Restart logs of DB conversions found Outstanding DB conversions found These errors can occur in the phases CNV_CHK_GEN. You can see the detailed display for a particular table by double-clicking. The log does not contain an error message. The table itself does not return to a consistent status.

and to look for the cause of the error. if the log clearly gives a reason for the error. You now have two possibilities: a. In the detailed display. However. The conversion finished successfully. this procedure can also include requests for indexes. b. after several attempts. Determine the objects that are affected. contact a Basis consultant or SAP Local Support. c. In contrast to the procedure for the message Restart logs of DB conversions found. You can see this because the error message disappears. A log now exists. If. Start up the database utility (Transaction SE14) and choose DB requests → Mass processing. The conversion terminates again. execute the function Continue adjustment. Process the outstanding requests. 3. Choose DB requests → Created with import. choose the processing type Background. 2.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG SM21 to read the system log to find out the approximate time of termination. the Check function does not display any further problems. 4. Do not remove requests from the last upgrade. and there is a success message in the object log. Choose the function All requests. proceed as follows: Process this message after you have processed the message Restart logs of DB conversions found. select the request and choose the function Delete selected. This worklist was generated by developments or modifications in your SAP System. They might not even have been started. but has not yet been processed. Ask the last person who changed the object if the request should still be processed. Repeat the analysis from step 3 (Determining the cause of the error). b. b. Continue the conversion to the end. If the user does not want this. 1. Since you do not know how long this will take. This displays the worklist that was not processed correctly during the last upgrade. proceed as follows. you still cannot complete the conversion. a. Procedure for Outstanding DB conversions found To clean up terminated conversions indicated by the message Outstanding DB conversions found. The requests which are found do not always have to be terminated. you must correct it.Upgrading to 4. a. The objects are thus removed from the work list of the conversion program. You now see the worklist of the conversion program. views and matchcode objects. Check the meaning and status of the requests. 180 April 2001 .

choose the processing type Background. April 2001 181 . Since you do not know how long this will take.6C Support Release 2: UNIX You can select the requests from the list of mass processing requests and schedule a job for execution with the function Schedule selections. or continue it.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Go to the detailed display of the object by double-clicking it in the list of requests created by the import. a. Schedule the request. b.

182 April 2001 . Normally. customer extensions to the standard are lost and indexes or views can become inconsistent. If table BSEG is specified.. a.Upgrading to 4. b. 2. conversions could take a very long time. Also read Note 73999.<SID>. since conversion is only possible on database systems that allow a table to contain more than 254 fields. The transaction does not recognize any modifications that were already made without the correction system. although it did not appear in SPDD In this case.. Recommendation: Insert the lost fields in the identical positions before continuing. Read the information in Note 73999.. Then activate the corresponding table. Analyze the log FDSAVPRT. continue the upgrade with do not repeat check. do not choose suppress. a further check is made in phase PCON_<rel>. Procedure 1. If you want to keep the fields named in the log.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Lost Field Problems in the PCON Phase Use Transaction SPDD cannot find all the modifications to the standard and make the relevant decisions. tables that cannot be converted and RETURN CODE in FDSAVPRT. table BSEG is so large that you should avoid converting it. In addition. The log therefore might contain the following message: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Lost fields. For this reason. If you do not want to keep the fields name in the log. you must insert them in the ABAP Dictionary. Also read Note 24864. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2WETG450 Table <name> is losing customer fields.

you could. Often it concerns insufficient disk space. Technical problems on the database Read the documentation in the database system about how to correct the error. • Logical errors in the object definition These could also appear in the form of SQL errors. For more information on alternative procedures.ELG. 3. To do this. The index or view definition. Also check whether the objects which are not contained in the standard and which are now incorrect can be deleted completely. however. 2. you decided to return to the standard definition of the table (using Transaction SPDD) and this additional field was removed. there will be errors when the objects are created. In phase ACT_<rel>. you can use Transaction SE11. The errors can roughly be divided into two classes: • Technical problems on the database You can recognize these in the SysLog (Transaction SM21) since they are marked with SQLERROR followed by an abbreviation with an error number.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Conversion Problems in the PCON Phase Use This procedure enables you to correct problems that occur in phase PCON_<rel>. In the above example. This field was also used in an index or view. This type of error frequently occurs if you decide to revert to the SAP standard during Transaction SPDD (ACT_<rel> phase). Repeat phase PCON_<rel>. b. If necessary. A field was added to an SAP table.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. and the ACT_<REL> phase was completed with ignore. April 2001 183 . for example. remove the deleted field from the index or view definition or re-insert the deleted field into the table. tablespaces or dbspaces. extend. are already detected by the system before a command can be given to the database. Logical errors in the object definition Correct the objects. If the index definition is not corrected. for example. Procedure 1. Some of them. however. a. however. is incorrect since the relevant table field is missing. see Note 177680. Remove the cause of the error. Analyze the log PCON_<rel>.

These error messages can sometimes be ignored. this is generally due to a syntax error in the calling program.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Errors in the Job Phases Use A job phase starts a background job in the SAP System and waits for it to end. Proceed as follows: 1. If no background job was started. If you are unsure how to proceed.Upgrading to 4. Enter Transaction SM37 and narrow down the start time and start date as far as possible. proceed as described in Providing SAP Local Support with Information. contact SAP Local Support. Procedure To analyze problems with a job phase. If the background job was started. Log on to the SAP System as user DDIC. 2. 184 April 2001 . The naming convention for the job phases is JOB_<Name>. call SAP Local Support. Check if the error can be reproduced by selecting repeat in R3up. • The job was terminated normally. In this case. If the error occurs again. In this case R3up does not require a password if you choose ignore. there are two possible cases: • The job was abnormally terminated. If there is no Note explaining this error. where <Name> is the name of the job or report. start by checking if a background job was started at all. but with error messages. contact SAP Local Support.

If you need to correct entries made in INITSUBST . choose Administrator → Start R3up with option.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Entries from the INITPUT and INITSUBST Phases Use If in later phases you find that entries you made in the INITPUT and INITSUBST phases were incorrect. If you need to correct entries made in INITPUT. the password of user DDIC is changed during the upgrade. To do this. Procedure If you are using the Upgrade Assistant: 1. If you need to correct entries made in INITSUBST . To start the current phase. If you need to correct entries made in INITPUT. use the start mode init. enter the following command: set rswpar 4. Choose exit to exit R3up and then restart the upgrade as described under Restarting the Upgrade [Page 109]. April 2001 185 . enter the following command: R3up set DDICpwd 2. enter the following command: set DDICpwd 3. you have the option of only changing the password of the DDIC user. This is the reason why background jobs could not be started in the JOB_<name> phases. In the main menu of the Upgrade Assistant. If you are using scroll mode: 1. So that you do not have to reconfirm all the entries you made in the INITPUT phase. enter the following command: R3up set stdpar To change the password of the user DDIC. enter the following command: set stdpar To change the password of the user DDIC. Restart R3up. 2. you can correct them. use the start mode init. Frequently.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. enter the following command: R3up set rswpar 3.

Move all the logs contained in the subdirectory tmp of the upgrade directory into the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. Before restarting the upgrade after a system failure./log/<log name> rm <log name> 7. 2. Log on to the SAP System as user DDIC and delete all the entries from table TRBAT using Transaction SM31. 4. To change the status of all the current or active background jobs to 'terminated'. and then delete these jobs using Transaction SM37. tp. 5. 186 April 2001 . for example) R3up. Restart the upgrade as described under Restarting the Upgrade [Page 109]. the logs from the subdirectory tmp of the upgrade directory are added to the logs in the subdirectory log and no logs are overwritten. and R3trans are no longer able to perform certain debugging operations. run the report RSBTCRPR. This ensures that if there are identical names.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Preparing the Restart of the Upgrade After a System Failure Use If the system fails (due to power failure. 6. Use the following commands to copy a log to a new location..Upgrading to 4. cd <upgrade directory>/tmp cat <log name> >> . 3. delete all the released background jobs related to the processing of a phase with the exception of RDDIMPDP. Cancel any background jobs that have already been restarted using Transaction SM50. Using Transaction SM37. Start the SAP System. you must ensure that a number of requirements for successful restarting of the upgrade are met: Procedure 1.

including the operating system. Restart the upgrade with PREPARE. Some of the actions are listed in italics. You need to distinguish between two cases: • • Database failure without loss of the upgrade directory Loss of the upgrade directory The actions you need to take are listed in the following section depending on the selected upgrade strategy and the progress of the upgrade.log.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Resetting the Upgrade Use You need to take different measures to reset the upgrade (because of hardware problems. For information on the progress of the upgrade. To perform these actions. These actions are listed in the tables below: The actions are explained in more detail later. see the end of this section under Detailed Description of the Individual Actions. Also perform one or more of the following actions. contact SAP Local Support. see the log file R3up. For additional information on resetting an upgrade. If you have any questions. you need to perform various actions. Reset the database to the state it had before the SAP upgrade. 2. In addition to resetting the database. The safest method is to reload a complete backup of the whole system. For downgrading options. for example). April 2001 187 . Procedure After Database Failure Depending on the upgrade strategy you have chosen and the stage of the upgrade reached. see the vendor’s specifications. Upgrade Strategy A_off 1.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. It could be necessary to downgrade these software components after upgrading the operating system and/or database system in order to restart the production system. you might also have to reset the SAP Kernel and the SAP profiles. depending on what stage the upgrade has reached. see SAP Note 158358. depending on the progress of the upgrade: If the phase MODPROF_TRANS ENVCHK KX_SWITCH has already been completed Reset the SAP profiles Reset the user profiles Reset the SAP Kernel 3. Delete the upgrade directory. 4.

Recover the last state of the database (if the database is affected). Reset the database. or whether it is in downtime. If the substitution tables have already been created on the database. There is then enough space. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has not yet been completed. Since the database and the upgrade directory match only at the beginning of the upgrade. Delete the upgrade directory and restart the upgrade with PREPARE. R3up deletes these substitution tables at the start of the EU_IMPORT phases before re-importing the data. the upgrade directory or both are destroyed. Upgrade Strategy A_off If the upgrade directory has been destroyed. restart where it terminated. Upgrade Strategy A_on 1. restart in MODPROF_TRANS. 188 April 2001 .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrade Strategy A_switch 1. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has already been completed. Procedure After Loss of the Upgrade Directory If the upgrade directory is affected by the hardware problem. perform a point-in-timerecovery to the last state of the database. 2. Before you delete the upgrade directory. • • If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has not yet been completed. Downtime begins at the MODPROF_TRANS phase. it is irrelevant whether the database. In this case. Restart the upgrade. skip the phase by entering a password (which you can get from SAP Local Support). back up all data from this directory that can be recovered. you must also recover it. 2. proceed as follows: 1. the SPACECHK phases tell you that there is not enough free space. Restart the upgrade at the point at which it was interrupted.Upgrading to 4. Also perform one or more of the following actions. Upgrade Strategies A_switch and A_on This procedure depends on whether the system is operating productively. • • If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has not yet been completed. so that it corresponds to the state of the database. proceed exactly as described in the Database Failure section above. Recover the database up to the point at which the upgrade was interrupted. reset the database to the state it had when the central instance was isolated. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has already been completed. 2. depending on the progress of the upgrade: If the phase MODPROF_TRANS ENVCHK KX_SWITCH has already been completed Reset the upgrade directory Reset the user profiles Reset the SAP Kernel 3.

The instance profile is saved in PROFX. Reset the user profiles The new user profiles are normally also valid for the old SAP System version. The following files are affected here: . stop and log on to the system as user <sapsid>adm. Restart the upgrade in the MODPROF_TRANS phase.kshrc April 2001 189 . Try to start. For strategy A_on. we recommend that you delete the tables manually. This is the only way to restore consistency with the upgrade directory. the default profile in DEFPROF. proceed as follows: 1. Reset the database to the state it had when the central instance was isolated. Only recover the old user profile if problems occur when you do this. If you cannot recover the upgrade directory.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Oracle For Oracle. Recover the upgrade directory as described in Reset the upgrade directory. a point-in-time recovery is necessary. Delete all the tables in the tablespaces PSAPES<target release>D. you must retrieve these two files from the sapnames subdirectory of the upgrade directory. If the MODPROF_TRANS phase has already been completed. contact SAP for help with choosing the jump option. Also perform one or more of the following actions. If this phase has been completed. (which means that you have already isolated the central instance. Do this even if the database has not been corrupted.cshrc . the fragmentation of the free space segments leads to an increase in required space of up to 10% of the entire of the tablespace. 2. Detailed Description of the Individual Actions Reset the SAP profiles After phase MODPROF_TRANS (or EU_IMPORT0 for upgrade strategy A_off). depending on the progress of the upgrade: If the phase ENVCHK KX_SWITCH has already been completed Reset the user profiles Reset the SAP Kernel 4. before you restart the upgrade. PSAPEL<target release>D and PSAPEL<target release>I and then join the free space segments together with the following SQL command (available as of Oracle version 7. see Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202]). PSAPES<target release>I.login .3): alter tablespace <name> coalesce. If you let R3up delete the tables. 3. the instance profile and the default profile of the SAP System are changed by R3up.BCK.BCK.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

SAR and SAPEXEDB. 190 April 2001 . You can recover the Kernel directory from a backup created before the upgrade or from the Kernel CD of the source release. The old files are in <upgrade directory>/exe/INSTALL.dbenv_<host name>.SAR from the CD. Reset the SAP Kernel The new Kernel is active after the KX_SWITCH phase.csh .sh All the files are in the home directory of user <sapsid>adm.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG . You must have backed up the upgrade directory when you isolated the central instance if you want to do this (see Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202]). Reset the upgrade directory You must recover the whole upgrade directory with all its subdirectories. Delete the upgrade directory We recommend that you archive all the subdirectories before you delete the contents of the upgrade directory. You must reimport the old Kernel when you make the recovery. Then delete the contents of the upgrade directory.Upgrading to 4. These profiles have the latest state after the ENVCHK phase. You must unpack the packages SAPEXE.dbenv_<host name>.profile startsap_<host name>_<instance number> stopsap_<host name>_<instance number> . You can exclude the data directory if you have space problems.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. note the process number. 2. Check whether a tp process still exists. use the command kill to stop R3up. April 2001 191 . 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Scroll Mode: Restart Prerequisites You are upgrading the system in scroll mode from a PC or X Terminal and the terminal connection has broken. When you restart R3up. and at the operating system level. If so. Procedure 1. R3up does not need to wait if the processes found are of a different type. If so. Restart the upgrade as described under Restarting the Upgrade [Page 109]. You must prevent R3up from starting two processes of the same type. Check whether R3up is running in the background on the host. R3up logs any processes it has started. it keeps running independently of the upgrade. If it is. both in the SAP System. If the transport control program was active when R3up terminated. R3up must wait until these processes have ended. a check is made to see if any of the processes you noted are still running.

To trigger an ABAP step. tp writes control information into this table. Procedure If you encounter problems when editing the ABAP steps. 192 April 2001 . Enter Transaction SM37 and check if background job RDDIMPDP has been scheduled. 3. so that event-driven jobs are also displayed. The table must have one HEADER entry and should contain one entry for each transport request. Check that the SAP System was started correctly. In phase JOB_RDDNEWPP the background job RDDIMPDP is scheduled to run when certain events occur to process the entries in table TRBAT. Result For more information on the transport control program and on communication between tp and the SAP System. To access this documentation: In Release 3. 2. proceed as follows: 1.x: Choose Help → SAP Library → Basis Components → Change and Transport System → BC Transport Tools → Transport Control Program tp. During distribution of the Dictionary objects (S) and table conversion (N). see the documentation Transport Control Program tp.Upgrading to 4. Enter an asterisk (*) in the field or after event. 4. In Release 4. These are: • • • • • • • Dictionary activation (A) Distributing Dictionary objects (S) Table conversion (N) Matchcode activation (M) Importing application objects (D) Updating version management (U) Executing XPRAs (R) The interface between the transport control program tp and the SAP System is formed by table TRBAT.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Problems when Processing ABAP Steps Use Some of the ABAP steps are performed in the SAP System. Check if the control information in table TRBAT has been entered correctly. table TRBAT may contain only one HEADER entry. Check when RDDIMPDP last ran and if it ran without errors.x: Choose Help → R/3 Library → BC Basis → System Administration → Transport Control → Transport Control Program tp. Log on as user DDIC in client 000. as these steps are not carried out by transport request. Use Transactions SM37 and SM50 to check if RDDIMPDP has already started the actual background job for editing the ABAP step.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. for example). R3up. Procedure 1. 2. shut down any SAP processes that may be running with the command: stopsap r3 3. try to run the SAP System with fewer dialog processes April 2001 193 . Check whether all processes of the SAP System were actually stopped. Starting at the end of the log. this is probably caused by changes to the SAP profile made in the phases MODPROF_TRANS. transport control program tp restarts the SAP System automatically several times. but you are unable to log on as user DDIC. according to SLOG. 4. check whether the SAP System is supposed to be started up or shut down at this point. In both cases. If this is the case. search upwards for the latest entry marked tpsapstop or tpsapstart. If. the SAP System should have been started up.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Problems when Starting the SAP System Use In the course of the various phases. and some shells. increased demands on computer resources may have caused the problems. Using the SLOG log (SLOG46C). You can do this with the command: ps –fu <sapsid>adm The output should consist only of database processes. tp waits without success for this step to end. If the SAP System is not successfully started up and the next step requires processing to take place within the SAP System (table conversion. MODPROF_BAS and MODPROFP_<rel> or by SAP programs being exchanged in the KX_SWITCH phase. tp. Try to start up the SAP System with the command: startsap r3 If you cannot start up the system manually.

Repeat the phase or copy the program manually from subdirectory exe of the upgrade directory to directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run.<SAPSID>.Upgrading to 4. 194 April 2001 . it cannot overwrite the old files. Analyze the log of the copy process.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Correcting Problems when Copying SAP Programs Use In the phase KX_SWITCH. Do not start the SAP System during this period. 2. Procedure 1. It is located in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory and is called C<DATE>. otherwise. the SAP programs in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run are replaced.

2. Procedure 1. the UNIX user profiles. Confirm the update for the relevant profiles.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Correcting Administrator Profile Problems on Application Servers Use During the upgrade. The templates for the new profiles are in the subdirectory exe/INSTALL of the upgrade directory. if necessary you can use R3up to update these profiles as well. However. and also the scripts for starting and stopping the system. Log on to the application server. The profiles on the secondary application servers only need to be adjusted if the <sapsid>adm users do not have the same home directory. are automatically adjusted on the host with the central instance. R3up replaces the placeholders in the templates and writes the result to the home directory of <sapsid>adm.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Enter the following commands as user <sapsid>adm: cd /<new directory name> ./R3up update_user R3up displays every <sapsid>adm profile and asks you whether you want to replace it. April 2001 195 . 4. Mount the upgrade directory from the host with the central instance: mount <host_name>:<upgrade_directory> /<new directory name> 3.

Which operating system version are you using? 4. create an error message in the SAPNet – R/3 Frontend and assign it to the component BC-UPG. • For transport phases we also require SLOG46D. Procedure If you encounter problems that are specific to the upgrade.R/3 Frontend customer message: 1.Upgrading to 4. In which R3up phase does the error occur? This information is listed at the end of the of the R3up.R/3 Frontend. if one exists (use transaction ST22 to find this out). For more information about using the SAP support server to transfer files. Answer the following questions and put these answers in your SAPNet . Which release are you upgrading from? Which release are you upgrading to? 3. 6. contact your SAP Local Support.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Providing SAP Local Support with Information Use If none of the measures described in Problems and Solutions During the Upgrade solves your problem. The following table gives you information on the different components to which you can assign your message in SAPNet . follow the procedure given here.ELG or the last file written with the . 196 April 2001 .ELG suffix and the detailed log file that contains the error message For the phases JOB_<name> or RUN_<name>. What was the original release of your SAP System? 5. For which SAP component do you want to perform the upgrade? 2.log <name of the phase with errors>. If you are certain that the problem is not an upgrade-specific one but a product-specific one.log file located in the upgrade directory. we also require − − − Last job log of user DDIC written in client 000 (use transaction SM37 to find it) Last lines written in the system log of the SAP System (use transaction SM21 to find them) Last short dump written to the system log at the time in question. To enable us to help you as quickly and effectively as possible. Did you have problems with the SAP System before upgrading? Also provide us with the following logs (if they exist in the upgrade directory) using ftp on the SAP support server that is closest to you (sapserv<x>) or by fax: • • • R3up. assign your error message to the appropriate product-specific component. see SAP Note 40024.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4.Mobile Client .R/3 SAP DrFuzzy Search Engine SAP Frontend SAP Internet Transaction Server SAP Knowledge Management SAP R/3 Enterprise SAP Strategic Enterprise Management SAP Web Application Server SAP Workplace Server SMART Installation BC-SRV-TRX BC-UPG BC-UPG BC-UPG-ADDON APO-BAS BC-MID-BUS BW-SYS BBP-SAD CRM-MW BC-MID-INT-SRV CRM-MT-IU-SPE CRM-WBT-IU BC-UPG BC-SRV-TRX BC-INS BC-FES-ITS KM-KW BC-UPG BC-UPG-ADDON BC-UPG BC-UPG BC-UPG April 2001 197 .CRM Server .Communication and Development Station .Internet Pricing and Configurator (IPC) .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP Product Component in SAPNet – R/3 Frontend Index Management Server OLTP R/3 System R/3 Standalone Gateway SAP Add-On SAP Advanced Planner & Optimizer SAP Business Connector SAP Business Information Warehouse SAP Business-to-Business Procurement SAP Customer Relationship Management .

Database Version and the SAP Release [Page 200] Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode [Page 201] Isolating the Central Instance [Page 202] Changing the Database Recovery Mode [Page 205] Deleting Archived Upgrade Logs [Page 206] Using a Different Upgrade Directory [Page 207] Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests [Page 208] Reducing Upgrade Runtime in Modified Systems [Page 210] 198 April 2001 . • • • • • • • • • Using the Alert Function [Page 199] Determining the Operating System Version.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Upgrade Administration This section contains additional information on the various administrative tasks which are necessary before and during the SAP upgrade.

SAP AG Upgrading to 4. An alert file upalert. then go to the section ‘Set Alert’ window. Go to the main menu and choose Help → Introduction. Activities To activate the alert functions of the Upgrade Assistant. You can use this to notify the system administrator. instead of analyzing the alert file. due to an error). You can then be informed if the control program R3up waits longer than a predefined period of time for input. go to the main menu of the Upgrade Assistant and choose Administrator → Set Alert. you must also provide the external software for starting a communication service. and minimize downtime. you can use an alert function. This alert file is deleted when the upgrade is continued. As with the alert file. for example by telephone. • Alert Function of the Upgrade Assistant When you use the Upgrade Assistant for your upgrade.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Alert Function Use Use the alert function to inform yourself if the upgrade waits for a long time. to indicate that action is necessary. April 2001 199 . of if the upgrade terminates (for example. Functions • Alert file An appropriate message appears on the screen if the upgrade stops.log is also created in the sub-directory tmp of the upgrade directory. You see the following screen: You can get more information online in the Upgrade Assistant.

Upgrading to 4. enter the following command as user informix: onstat Oracle Execute the following SQL command: SELECT BANNER FROM V$VERSION. The first line of the output contains the Oracle server release. End of the database-specific explanations Determining the SAP Release You can determine the SAP Release by selecting System → Status in the SAP main menu.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Determining Versions Determining the Operating System Version At the UNIX level enter the following command: uname -a Determining the Database Version SAP DB Execute the following operating system command: x_cons <SAPSID> show version Informix With the database running. 200 April 2001 .

To run R3up./R3up [gt=SCROLL] When you are prompted for the display mode. You need to do this if there is some reason why you cannot use the Upgrade Assistant. 2. April 2001 201 . start the program as follows: 1. Log on to the host on which the central instance is running as user <sapsid>adm. enter SCROLL for the line-oriented mode.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Enter the following commands: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin ./PREPARE When you are prompted for the display mode. The commands for starting PREPARE for the first time [Page 66] are the same for display mode Server (Upgrade Assistant) and display mode Scroll. enter SCROLL for the line-oriented mode. When you restart PREPARE you need to proceed as follows: 1. or do not want to. since PREPARE is started from the CD. Executing R3up in Scroll Mode If you want to execute R3up in scroll mode. 2. enter the following command: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin .6C Support Release 2: UNIX Executing PREPARE and R3up in Scroll Mode Use You can execute PREPARE and R3up in scroll mode. Log on to the host on which the central instance is running as user <sapsid>adm. Executing PREPARE in Scroll Mode To execute PREPARE in scroll mode. respond to the prompt for the display after you start PREPARE with SCROLL.

The SAProuter in the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run must not be active while the new SAP Kernel is being imported. This means that you can use the central instance exclusively for the upgrade. such as starting and stopping the SAP System. AIX Check the restrictions for cpu. Stop the SAProuter now and restart it after the upgrade.busy after you have started up the new SAProuter./saposcol –d Collector> leave rm saposcol 2. Procedure 1. b. You can use Transaction SM02 to inform the users logged on to the system. To get more information about the SAProuter : − − Enter saprouter at the operating system level. backing up the database or similar actions. 3. A list of all the parameters is displayed./saposcol –d . R3up asks you to isolate the central instance when downtime begins. You have two options: a. 4. If you need the SAProuter during the upgrade. These must have the following values: cpu=-1 fsize=4194302 core=100000 202 April 2001 . See the documentation CD for the target release (SAP Library → Basis Components → Kernel Components → BC SAProuter).busy Delete saprouter. you can rename it as follows: cd /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run mv saprouter saprouter.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Isolating the Central Instance Use You need to isolate the central instance so that only the upgrade program can work with the system during downtime. Enter the command lsuser as user root. fsize and core for user <sapsid>adm. During downtime. Stop and delete saposcol as user root: cd /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run . all users must be logged off the system. This could affect R3up's control of the system.Upgrading to 4. Make sure that no CRON job is scheduled that affects the system.

8. Clean up all outstanding updates as described in Evaluating Results from PREPARE [Page 87] when the message Update records still exist . d. For all other source releases.0B.6C Support Release 2: UNIX If this is not the case.Please process appears. you have to cancel the release of all background jobs except RDDIMPDP before the upgrade. If this is the case in normal operation. check that the from date is in the past. Proceed as follows: a. Transaction DB13 uses different internal job formats. Execute b) and c) until all jobs that were not yet executed have been deleted. To do this: a. Determine the jobs involved. b. In the field Start date. Log on as user DDIC in the relevant client. Then start up the SAP System with stopsap and startsap.5B.1x Only: Delete scheduled actions in Transaction DB13. f. Start Transaction DB13. use Transaction SM63 to either choose a single operation mode for all time spans or delete all the assignments. you must delete all future schedules. d. b. Fill in the necessary information on the screen Select background jobs as described in the example below. Choose Execute. Position the cursor on the job that you want to delete and choose Delete.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. c.0x/3. End of AIX 5. The To date must be far enough in the future that you can display the background jobs which could become active during the upgrade. Double-click on the corresponding day in the header line in order to see the job overview for this day. change them with the command chuser (Entry: chuser cpu=-1 <sapsid>adm) and correspondingly for fsize and core. these jobs are automatically descheduled by R3up . The upgrade is not affected if RDDIMPDP is also scheduled in other clients. e. Make sure that no change of operation mode is defined on the central instance during the upgrade. April 2001 203 . If this is not the case. 7. Call Transaction SM37. Cancel the release by choosing: Job → Schedule Job → Cancel. 6. You must do this in every client. No background job other than RDDIMPDP may be active during the upgrade. schedule it by executing the report RDDNEWPP (Transaction SE38). As of Release 4. Since the old job formats can no longer be read by Transaction DB13 after the upgrade. For Source Releases 3. Special feature in client 000 The background job RDDIMPDP must be scheduled in client 000. These changes only take effect for user <sapsid>adm when you have logged on again as <sapsid>adm. As of Source Release 4. c.

DB2 for OS/390 For Source Releases up to and including 4. the upgrade directory must have the same status as at the beginning of the phase MODPROF_TRANS. If a hardware problem occurs during downtime. To reset the partitioning. VBDHR and VBMOD If you want to partition the tables VBDATA. 13. Contact the database administrator. This only applies to these three basis tables. 11. if there are any (secondary SAP instances). Make sure that you can recover the database to its current state. Back up your upgrade directory now if you chose strategy A_switch or A_on. you may have to reset the upgrade to its status when the system was isolated. Make sure that no transport requests are imported into the system during downtime. by manually importing requests for the automatic adjustment. you may lose all your modifications to the SAP standard. delete the corresponding tablespace and recreate the table with Transaction SE14. You can lock the database against remote access. So that R3up has the correct control information. 12.B only: Partitioning of tables VBDATA. Otherwise you may lose data. Application tables remain partitioned. End of DB2 for OS/390 204 April 2001 . 10. For example.0. These tables are now empty. VBDHR and VBMOD as described in Note 122599. then you must reset the partitioning of these tables now and recreate them in segmented tablespaces.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG 9.Upgrading to 4. Shut down all application servers.

SAP AG

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Changing the Database Recovery Mode
Use
If you use the upgrade strategies A_switch and A_off, you need to change the recovery mode of the database at the beginning and end of downtime.

Procedure
SAP DB

The recovery mode is changed automatically by R3up.
DB2 Universal Database

When you set LOGRETAIN and USEREXIT to OFF, make sure that you can restore the current state of the database. If the last full backup was a long time ago and the number of archives collected up to that point is large, SAP recommends performing a full backup before setting the parameters to OFF.
Informix

Ensure that the current state of the database can be restored when backup mode is deactivated. If the last complete backup was some time ago and a large amount of logical log files has been created since, make a complete backup of the current database state before deactivating the backup mode. Deactivate the backup mode as follows: 1. Stop the database as user informix with:
onmode -yuk

2. Edit the file $INFORMIXDIR/etc/$ONCONFIG as user informix and change the parameter LTAPEDEV to /dev/null. 3. Start the database as user informix with:
oninit Oracle

When you deactivate database archiving, you must make sure that the current state of the database can be recovered. If the last complete backup was some time ago and a large set of archives has since been collected, we recommend a complete backup of the current status of the database before deactivating archiving. Deactivate the archiving as follows: 1. Log on as user ora<sapsid>. 2. Start the program sapdba and use the option Archive Mode → Toggle Database log mode. In the same way as when you deactivate the archiving, you can reactivate it as user ora<sapsid> with the program sapdba.
End of the database-specific explanations

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SAP AG

Deleting Archived Upgrade Logs
Use
You can make more space by deleting archived logs from earlier upgrades that you no longer need.

Procedure
To do this, delete the subdirectories <target_release> along with their contents:
/usr/sap/trans/upgrade/<SAPSID>/<target_release>

If you no longer need the logs of the upgrades to 3.0D and 3.0F, then you can delete the subdirectories 30D and 30F: /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30D /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30F /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30I ..... /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/T11/30D /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/T11/30F /usr/sap/trans/upgrade/P11/30I .....

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Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Using a Different Upgrade Directory
Use
You can use an upgrade directory other than /usr/sap/put/. This is useful if you have several SAP Systems on a single host and you want to upgrade them all to a new release. The name of the directory must include put, for example /usr/sap/put_C11/ or /free/PRD_put/.

Prerequisites
In the instance profile of the SAP System, you have to set the parameter DIR_PUT to the upgrade directory that you want to use: DIR_PUT = <upgrade_directory>
R3up checks at startup if the entry in the instance profile matches the specified upgrade directory.

Procedure
Call PREPARE or R3up with the following parameter:
PREPARE upgdir=<upgrade_directory> R3up upgdir=<upgrade_directory>

You must specify the parameter upgdir each time you call PREPARE or R3up, otherwise the default value /usr/sap/put is used.

If you want to use another upgrade directory, make sure that no /usr/sap/put/ directory exists on this host.

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SAP AG

Releasing and Confirming Open Repairs and Requests
Use
Before starting to upgrade, release and confirm all open repairs and requests that conflict with the SAP delivery. PREPARE determines a list of these repairs and requests. If you ignore open repairs, you could lose modifications. To release and confirm open repairs, you must log on to the system as the owner of the repairs. You can find the user names of the owners in CHECKS.LOG.

Procedure in Release 3.x:
1. Log on to the SAP System as the owner of an open repair. 2. Enter Transaction SE01. 3. Choose Find.

You can also release the repairs from the Workbench Organizer (Transaction SE09). 4. Make sure that the field User name contains the correct name. 5. Enter REPA in the field Type. Leave all the other default values unchanged. 6. Choose Execute. A list of all the open repairs for this owner appears. 7. Select the repair that you want to release. 8. Choose Repair → Release repair. 9. If the repair is assigned to a higher-level transport request, this transport request must also be released.

If you are unable to log on with a specific user ID, you can change the owner of the repair in Transaction SE01. 1. In the list of open repairs, position the cursor on the repair. 2. Choose Edit → Change owner. To be able to change an owner in Transaction SE01, you need project authorization for the Workbench Organizer (S_CTS_PROJEC).

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Choose Request/task → Find requests… 4. 7. Choose Release. Log on as the owner of the open repair. select everything except Released. you can change the owner of a repair as follows using Transaction SE09: In the list of open repairs. choose Request/task → Confirm repair. 2. Release the request to which the repair is assigned. 10. Choose Change owner.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Procedure in Release 4. The repair must be confirmed. April 2001 209 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. 3.x: 1. To be able to change an owner in Transaction SE09. Choose as the Request type only the task Repair. 8. position the cursor on the repair. you need project authorization for the Workbench Organizer (S_CTS_PROJEC). Enter Transaction SE09. A list of all open repairs for the selected user appears. 9. Choose Execute. For Request status. 6. If you are unable to log on with a specific user ID. Position the cursor on the request that you want to release. 5. If it is not confirmed.

This module writes the object list SAPKCCR<target release>. exit it by choosing exit. there are no conflicts with changes made by SAP. 5. Use Transaction SE95 (Modification Browser) to display all objects that have been modified in your system.<SAPSID>. then you can speed up the upgrade. The change now takes affect. you need to specify that R3up excludes any objects that no longer count as modified from being copied to the Repository. the Repository Switch automatically copies objects from the SAP namespace to the new Repository. • • You modified the object. 6. The corresponding log is called CUSTEXP. Enter the following commands at the operating system level as user <sapsid>adm: R3up set sapmodi 4. Choose Yes to confirm that you want to restrict the objects copied to those displayed in Transaction SE95. Restart PREPARE. but now are no longer classed as modified. 3. If many objects were at one time modified in your system. Prerequisites You must have at least Source Release 4.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Reducing Upgrade Runtime in Modified Systems Use Under certain conditions. If PREPARE is still active. Procedure 1. however. and check whether the list is complete. Do not use this runtime optimization option if you are not sure whether the list is complete. Only those objects are copied that appear here.5A. You cannot have finished the PREPARE preparation phase. This alternative is based on the modification status of the objects. You created the object as a new object. 210 April 2001 . administered by the Modification Assistant as of Release 4. To do this.5A. 2. The Repository Switch detects these objects using the requests with which they were created or changed. Use the PREPARE module Modification support to check that the amount of objects copied has been restricted.

6C Support Release 2: UNIX Upgrade Tools The following tools support you in upgrading the SAP System: • • • • PREPARE R3up Upgrade Assistant Upgrade Monitor April 2001 211 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.

Upgrading to 4. Afterwards. Import a number of tools into your database. There are PREPARE modules which you must only execute once and those which you can execute as often as you require. you must also check the operating system. • • • • You can execute this program while the system is running. Integration When the upgrade is started. database and SAP System manually as well. R3up assumes that the mandatory modules have run through successfully. 212 April 2001 . the analysis tools must be imported before they can be executed. They can have predecessors which must first be executed. PREPARE performs the majority of the required checks automatically. Prerequisites You must meet a number of requirements before you run the PREPARE program. R3up then repeats a number of the checks (not all of them).6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PREPARE Use Use the PREPARE program to prepare your SAP System for the upgrade. since production operation could have created a new situation. These phases are combined into PREPARE modules. The PREPARE modules have the following features: • • • • They can be mandatory or optional. A complete list of the modules and the phases which execute in these modules can be found in the phase list for PREPARE. These are described in the section User Actions Before Starting PREPARE. PREPARE modules can be executed individually. It checks the requirements for the upgrade and provides further information when executing the optional module. For example. It copies data and programs to the upgrade directory. Functions All the actions performed by PREPARE execute in phases. The following graphic gives an overview of all the PREPARE modules and their predecessors.

such as SAP Support Packages.LOG already exists. or add-ons (and add-on updates). you can choose certain PREPARE modules more than once. you may need to import software. For more information. If the file CHECKS. Its contents are saved in file CHECKS. see the online help for PREPARE. Activities • • Start PREPARE as soon as possible before the upgrade so that you can initiate or perform the necessary preparations in time.SAV. it is overwritten each time a module is executed again. languages. You can find it easily by choosing Help when selecting the modules. see Importing Software after Starting PREPARE.6C Support Release 2: UNIX Parameter entry Initialization Import CD Read General checks Activation checks Required checks for conversions Optional checks for conversions Modification support Preliminary execution For more information about the contents and features of the PREPARE modules.LOG. This file is in the subdirectory log of the upgrade directory. To be sure that all the requirements are met. April 2001 213 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Results of PREPARE PREPARE writes the results for the modules that you selected for execution to the file CHECKS. Look at this file and carry out the necessary measures based on the information it contains. After you start PREPARE.

if necessary VALCHK.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PREPARE Phase List PREPARE Module Parameter Input Phase BEGIN_PRE INITPUT_PRE Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Checks upgrade directory Initialize R3up DB2 Universal Database DB2 Universal Database DB6RUNST.LOG EXECCT.LOG Upgrade to a valid source release.LOG Enter parameters DB2 Universal Database Update database statistics DB2 for OS/390 Choose MEDIUM or HIGH DB2 for OS/390 Tests JCL submission Test JCL submission Start second ICLI server DBCHK_PRE INIT_CBU_REQ_READ NOTE CHECKGROUP_END Determines DB and SAP version --End of module PREPARE Module Initialization Phase DBCHK_INI RFCCHK_INI VERSCHK_INI Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Determines DB and SAP version Tests the RFC connection Checks SAP version RFCCHK_INI.LOG Unlock clients for SAP upgrade.LOG VALCHK_INI Tests target system: is it a preliminary version? (Cannot upgrade the system) Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade CLNT_CHK_INI CLNTOUT. if necessary 214 April 2001 .

6B: Mount Upgrade CD3 READDATA2 CPYFIL0_CBU EXEC_CPYFIL1_CBU INFO_STORE_READ CONFCHK_IMP If necessary.6C Support Release 2: UNIX PATCH_CHK1 Determines nonconfirmed Support Packages and displays results Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Check free space in DB Checks the version of the SAP Kernel PATCHOUT.5B.0D or 3. if necessary DBPREP_CHK CHECKGROUP_END --End of module PREPARE Module Import Phase REQIMPORT READDATA0 Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Displays prompt Reads data files for Source Releases 3. if necessary Import current downwardcompatible Kernel.1H.0F and data files required for all source releases from Upgrade CD1 Source Releases 3.LOG EXECPT.6A or 4. 3.6A or 4.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages INTCHK_INI SPACECHK_INI KRN_CHK_INI DBFPREP.LST Extend free disk space.5B.1I or 4.1H. 4.0B: Mount Upgrade CD2 For Source Releases 4.LOG KRN_CHK.6B: reads data files from Upgrade CD3 ------Tests operating system and database Confirm execution of Import module Mount Upgrade CD1 READDATA1 Source Releases 3. 4. upgrade OS or DB April 2001 215 .1I or 4. 3.0B: reads data files from Upgrade CD2 Source Releases 4.

LOG CLCNVTAB.LOG SCRIPTCHK. if necessary SCRIPT_CHK_TOOL3 SCRIPT_CHK_TOOL4 TRBATCHK_IMP Perform any actions specified by R3up Unlock clients for SAP upgrade.LOG CNVTST.LOG ICNVEX.LOG SCRIPTCHK.LOG ICNVLIST.LOG ALTER_TO TOOLIMPD1 ALTER_TO.LOG EXECPT.LOG CLCNVTST.LOG ICNVCOUNT.0x and 3.LOG TOOLIMPD.LOG CLNTOUT. if necessary CLNT_CHK_IMP INTCHK_IMP SPACECHK_IMP PATCH_CHK2 Extend free disk space.Upgrading to 4.LOG ICNVCHK_IMP Complete incremental conversion with transaction ICNV.LOG CLCNVTST.ELG 216 April 2001 .LOG CLCNVTAB. if necessary ICNVCHK.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG version CNV_CHK_IMP to required version Make conversions (after discussion with Basis consultant).LOG PATCHOUT.1x: Prepares ABAP Dictionary for DBFPREP.LOG Determines outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions Checks whether incremental conversion from previous upgrade has finished Source Release 3.x: Avoids critical conversions in tool import Source Release 4.LOG CNVTST. if necessary Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages NTHISTCRE NTABHIST.x: Avoids critical conversions in tool import Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Check free space in DB Determines nonconfirmed Support Packages and displays results Creates tables for nametab administration so that new tools have access Deletes tables that describe the delivery Source releases 3.LOG EXECCT.

5B.LOG UVERSCHK_IMP.ELG PSINCGEN.ELG NPREPCRE1 DDYIMP.ELG TOOLIMPD3 TOOLIMPD.LOG PSCVINIT.LOG PDDITCUG.ELG UVERS_INIT UVERS_CHK_IMP BATCHCHK_IMP UVERSINI.ELG MVNTAB_TOOL TOOLIMPI TOOLIMPM NPREPCRE0 MVNTTOOL.ELG RDPUTTB.LOG MVNTTOOL.ELG TOOLIMPM. LOG BATCHCHK_IMP.LOG PSINCGEN. prepares ABAP Dictionary for upgrade tools Activates nametabs for upgrade tools Imports tools for SAP upgrade Imports tools for SAP upgrade Imports tables that describe the delivery from Upgrade CD1 Imports tables that describe the delivery from Upgrade CD1 Writes entry in table UVERS Checks consistency of table UVERS Tests whether background server can access the upgrade directory Initializes table CVERS Reads table PUTTB and store in file system Generates tool reports Generate CUAs Adapts ABAP include RSTABINC to the system --- TOOLIMPD.ELG TOOLIMPI.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG PDDITCUG. prepares ABAP Dictionary for upgrade tools For source release 4. LOG JOB_RSCVINIT READPUTTB PSCVINIT.ELG PREPIMP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX upgrade tools TOOLIMPD2 For source release 4.0B.LOG JOB_RDDGENRS RUN_RDDITCUG RUN_RSINCGEN_IMP RDDGENRS.ELG PRE_IMPORT0 April 2001 217 .

Upgrading to 4. if necessary IS_READ Copies data for addons to the upgrade directory Determines unconfirmed Support Packages and checks if the source release contains Support Packages that are more recent than the version of the target release. or confirm with nothing else Mount add-on CDs. if necessary. if necessary Source release 3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PRE_IMPORT1 CHECKGROUP_END --End of module PREPARE Module Read CD Phase ADDSPAREQ_0 JOB_CBUIFCHK EXECIS IS_CHK Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Prepare space check on DB --Determines add-ons Displays installed add-ons EXECIS. PATCHOUT.LOG EXECPT. BIND_PATCH Includes Support Packages for the target release Determines installed languages Checks whether the new release supports the installed languages Source release 3.LOG ISOUT.LOG PATCH_CHK3 Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages If necessary.0D: determines language area PATCHINT.0D: enter language area.LOG Delay upgrade until next release. check using Note 73510 if upgrade can be performed or which Support Packages are equivalent in the target release.LOG Add add-ons manually.LOG Include Support Packages in the upgrade. if necessary EXECLANG LANG_CHK EXECLG. if necessary 218 April 2001 .LOG LANGOUT.

ELG ICNVXRQ. imports command file marked in another system Imports command files for add-ons Evaluates command files imported in ISC_IMP Merges add-ons with the delivery directory Places add-on upgrade requests in the R3up buffer Selects Support Package integration file and includes the contained requests Writes ICNV add-on candidates to the R3up buffer Imports the ICNV add-on candidates Checks the LANGSEL.LOG ADDSPAREQ_N ADDSPAREQ_T ADJUSTPRP ADJUSTPRP.ELG PEVALLAN.6C Support Release 2: UNIX LANG_SELECT Copies data for language import to the upgrade directory Imports piece lists for included Support Packages Merges included Support Packages with the delivery directory Determines freespace needed for the language data on the database Prepare space check on DB Prepare space check on DB Prepares adjustment calculation: if necessary.ELG If necessary.ELG Mount language CDs.LOG ICNV_CND_IMP ICNVXRQ ICNVCNDI.ELG JOB_RDDIT021 TR_TRK2HEAP_ADDON PDDIT021.<SID> PCMDIMP.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. select command file ISC_IMP IS_MERGE ISC_IMP.LOG LANGSEL.LOG PCMDIMP. Confirm language selection. TR_CMDIMPORT_ PATCH TR_TODIR_MERGE_ PATCH GETSPAREQ_N DBFINTEQ. if necessary.ELG TPSHBUF.LOG April 2001 219 .LOG INTEG_PATCH INTGPTCH.LOG TR_HYP2HEAP_ICNV TRICVNBUF.LOG PDDIT021.

if necessary Perform any actions specified by R3up CNV_CHK_GEN TRBATCHK_GEN 220 April 2001 . check write authorizations for SAP Kernel. DBFPLUSD.LOG SPACECHK_GEN FREECHK REPACHK Determines SAP objects locked in repairs or requests Determines outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Release repairs and requests. if necessary UVERS_UP_T CHECKGROUP_END PREPARE Module General Checks Phase CONFCHK Actions Taken by PREPARE Log User Actions Tests operating system and database version Check free space in DB Checks disk space for logs and Kernel Checks whether the SAP Kernel can be overwritten. if necessary If necessary.LOG If necessary.ELG DDICNV. update OS or DB to required version Extend free disk space.LOG ICNVINIT. REPACHK.LOG Checks the volumes of the candidates. if necessary Make conversions (after discussion with Basis consultant).LOG Call transaction ICNV.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG prerequisites for ICNV and filters candidates for ICNV ICNVINIT ICNVXRQ.Upgrading to 4. if necessary Increase disk space.LOG ICNVREQP.ELG ICNVCAND. initializes ICNV tables with the successful candidates Prompts you to call transaction ICNV after candidates have been written to the ICNV tables Changes status in table UVERS End of module ICNVREQ_PRP ICNVREQP.LOG ICNVINIT.LOG DDICNV.ELG DDICNV.

ELG NTCHK. if necessary UVERSCHK_GEN. if necessary ENVCHK_PRE If necessary assign write authorization to the user profile Upgrade the frontend software.LOG FRONTREQ_PRE UVERS_CHK_GEN BATCHCHK_GEN PROFCHK PROFCHK.6C Support Release 2: UNIX CLNT_CHK_GEN Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade --Checks the consistency of the nametab entries Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Checks the consistency of the indexes in the substitution tables Checks collisions between customer tables in the SAP namespace and delivered views Checks whether profile of user <sapsid>adm can be modified Displays information about the upgrade of the frontend software Checks consistency of table UVERS Tests whether background server can access the upgrade directory Checks if the profile names specified in INITPUT correspond to the names used by the system Preliminary checks for XPRA RLXPRA40 Checks whether outstanding updates exist End of module CLNTOUT.LOG Perform any actions specified by R3up INTCHK_GEN SINXCHK Delete indexes. if necessary VIEWCHK VIEWCHK.LOG EXECCT.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG Delete tables. if necessary JOB_RXPRECHK_PRE PXPRECHK.ELG PSVBCHCK. LOG BATCHCHK_GEN. if necessary JOB_RS_NAMT_CL NTACT_CHK NTCHK.LOG PSVBCHCK.ELG JOB_RSVBCHCK1 Delete any terminated updates CHECKGROUP_END April 2001 221 .LOG Correct entries with R3up set stdpar.LOG PXPRECHK.LOG Unlock clients for SAP upgrade.

ELG User Actions Prepares for renaming the data elements Checks whether activation errors could occur during the upgrade End of module Correct name conflicts as described in Note 96905 Remove references to SAP data elements and domains ACTREF_CHK RSTODIRX.ELG User Actions Finds tables that can be reduced in size before the upgrade to speed up the conversion Prepares for the address data conversion If necessary reduce size of tables as described in Note 76431 If necessary.LOG RSUPGTAL.ELG User Actions Determines tables that are converted during the upgrade (known to SAP) and writes them to a file for information purposes Totals results of all space checks ADDSPAREQ_AD 222 April 2001 .LOG PSCNVADR.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG PREPARE Module Activation Checks Phase JOB_RADDRCHK Actions Taken by PREPARE Log PADDRCHK.ELG CHECKGROUP_END PREPARE Module Necessary Checks for Conversions Phase CNV_AVOID Actions Taken by PREPARE Log RSUPGTAA. start report for preparing the address data conversion as described in Note 82167 JOB_RSCNVADR PSCNVADR.LOG RSTODIRX.LOG RSUPGTAA.LOG PADDRCHK.LST RSUPGTAL.ELG CHECKGROUP_END End of module PREPARE Module Optional Checks for Conversions Phase CNV_LIST Actions Taken by PREPARE Log TABCONV.Upgrading to 4.

Space for new secondary indexes DYNSPC.6C Support Release 2: UNIX DYNSPCADD Checks space requirements in the database dynamically: 1.LOG SPACECHK_OPT CHECKGROUP_END Check free space in DB End of module DBFPLUSD.LOG ADJUSTCK.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. Space needed temporarily for conversion 2.LOG DIFFCALC.INF CHECKGROUP_END PREPARE Module Pre-Processing Phase RUN_RSWBO230_ PRE CHECKGROUP_END Actions Taken by PREPARE Log PSWBO230.ELG User Actions Determines collision with central Basis objects Contact SAP to get modifications to central Basis objects.LOG Extend free disk space.ELG User Actions Deletes SAP requests from previous upgrades End of module April 2001 223 . if necessary Use transaction SPDD or SPAU to display modifications ADJUSTCHK_PRE Determines objects to be adjusted (preparation for SPDD and SPAU) End of module ADJUSTCK.LOG PSWBO230.ELG ADJUSTMT. if necessary PREPARE Module Modification Support Phase RUN_RDDIT006_PRE Actions Taken by PREPARE Log DIFFCALC.

For example. The upgrade strategies are differentiated by the type of backup. and when production operation stops.Upgrading to 4. you only need to restart the upgrade if errors occurred or an upgrade phase has terminated. When downtime begins and how long it lasts depends on the strategy you choose. to importing the necessary programs. Activities • • You start R3up. R3up starts various tools. These logs are stored in the log subdirectory of the upgrade directory. you need to do this if a Note tells you to correct a program before you execute it. During the checks. 224 April 2001 . At the beginning of its run. R3up makes the necessary checks and then starts at the point in the phase where the program terminated.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG R3up Use R3up controls the entire upgrade process for an SAP System. R3up stops and gives you several modes for restarting the upgrade. For a complete list of all phases. refer to the following Phase Lists for R3up. Prerequisites The mandatory PREPARE modules have run successfully. you can still use the SAP System productively. In the individual phases. You can stop R3up at the beginning of a specific phase or at the beginning of the next phase. This occurs sequentially in phases where one phase must end successfully before the next one can begin.log. to restarting production operation. You can find a list of all R3up phases under Phase List for R3up. In this case. If you choose the default value repeat. • You can continue the upgrade by restarting R3up. checks the results and creates a series of logs. the disk space requirements. Normally. The Upgrade Monitor lets you follow the upgrade as it occurs. There you can also find the main log file R3up. and helps you recognize frozen processes. from checking the requirements. R3up repeats all essential checks made by PREPARE.

6C. the runtime depends to a great extent on your own data.6C.SAP AG Upgrading to 4. otherwise R3up requests that you make the entries described. If a phase is marked with comment .6C Support Release 2: UNIX R3up Phase List Explanations of the columns: • Duration (percentage) This phase takes up this percentage of the total runtime of R3up. R3up Upgrade Phases Phase Duration (percent age) Actions Taken by R3up Log User Actions BEGIN INITPUT <1% --DB2 UDB Checks upgrade directory Initialize R3up DB2 Universal Database DB2 Universal Database DB6RUNST. The percentage duration of these phases can be very different in your upgrade.LOG Enter parameters DB2 Universal Database 1% Update database statistics DB2 for OS/390 Choose MEDIUM or HIGH Checks parameters. • User Actions If nothing is entered here.x to 4. April 2001 225 . If you have a problem. The following assumptions are made: − − Only one CD drive is used.x to 4. Some phases are considerably shorter when you upgrade from 4. also read the section Logs under Troubleshooting. You have not specified a latest time at which you want to go live (query define upgrade stop in the INITSUBST phase). This is based on the upgrade from 3. not all the logs can be specified in this column. The runtime depends on the following criteria: − − − − • 1) Amount of customer data Number of SAP applications used Amount and type of modifications and customer developments Number of clients 2) Log If a phase name has comment . R3up does not require an operator at this point.

Upgrading to 4. upgrade OS or DB to required version VIEWCHK1. if necessary CLNT_CHK <1% CLNTOUT. if necessary UVERSCHK. if necessary Enter parameters If necessary.LOG INTCHK <1% KEY_CHK --- Enter keyword for the upgrade Enter password for industry solution.used only for information Determines SAP objects locked in repairs or requests Informs users that they must import a new VIEWCHK1 <1% Delete tables.LOG UVERS_CHK BATCHCHK <1% <1% Checks consistency of table UVERS Tests whether background server can access the upgrade directory Determines nonconfirmed Support Packages and displays results Checks whether clients are locked for SAP upgrade Check whether the inactive nametab is empty Queries keyword from Note If necessary.LOG BATCHCHK.LOG FRONTREQ --- Confirm 226 April 2001 .LOG EXECCT.LOG INITSUBST CONFCHK_X --<1% Initializes for Repository Switch Tests operating system and database version Determines collisions between delivered views and customer tables in the SAP namespace .6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG ICLI server and JCL submission service DBCHK VERSCHK <1% <1% Determines DB and SAP version Checks SAP version Upgrade to a valid source release. asks for keyword for industry solution PATCH_CHK <1% PATCHOUT.LOG EXECPT. if necessary REPACHK1 <1% REPACHK1.LOG Use transaction SPAM to confirm any unconfirmed Support Packages Unlock clients for SAP upgrade.

if necessary SAP DB Checks database parameter MAXLOCKS Raise the MAXLOCKS parameter to the minimum value.LOG EU_IMP0.LOG PXPRECHK. if necessary BTCTRNS1.LOG SPACECHK_ALL <1% Extend the database. if necessary JOB_RDDPURI2 <1% PDDPURI2.ELG PSWBO230.LOG PDDPURI2. stops system. but ICNV has not yet been started Deletes incorrect templates for Create Table statements Checks freespace in the database SAP DB PSVBCHCK2.LOG Delete any terminated updates RUN_RSWBO230 <1% JOB_RXPRECHK ICNVREQ <1% <1% Call transaction ICNV.LOG BTCTRNS1.ELG LOCKEUPR.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG DBFPLUSD. isolate the central instance and stop all application servers Mount CD Upgrade CD3 April 2001 227 .ELG PXPRECHK.6C Support Release 2: UNIX version of the SAPGUI JOB_RSVBCHCK2 <1% Checks whether outstanding updates exist Deletes SAP requests from previous upgrades As in PREPARE Prompts you to start ICNV if there are candidates for the ICNV.5B: Deschedules background jobs For strategies A_switch and A_on: Prompts time when ABAP Workbench should be locked LOCKEU_PRE <1% For strategies A_switch and A_on: Respond to prompt for lock time EU_IMPORT0 <1% If necessary. if necessary Confirm Enlarge the file system.LOG ICNVREQ.ELG ICNVCAND. Imports information on code page conversion from Upgrade CD3 into shadow area EU_IMP0.LOG PSWBO230.LOG FREECHK_X <1% Checks freespace in file system JOB_BTCTRNS0 <1% As of Source Release 4.LOG PSVBCHCK2.ELG For strategy A_off.ELG ICNVREQ.

LOG TR_APPENDBUF_ <1% TRAPPB.LOG Confirm locks for ABAP Workbench if not yet done in LOCKEU_PRE Make conversions (after discussion with Basis consultant).ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD3 Mount CD Upgrade CD3 DB2 for OS/390 Edit RUNSTATS jobs.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD3 EU_IMPORT4 9% EU_IMP4.LOG TRB2H.BUF into the R3up buffer Copies upgrade EU_IMP3.LOG EU_IMP1.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG EU_IMPORT1 EU_IMPORT2 <1% <1% Creates substitution tables for ABAP loads Creates ABAP tables EU_IMP1.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD5 EUVIEWIMP STARTR3_IMP <1% <1% ALTER34V.ELG EU_IMP2.Upgrading to 4.LOG REPACHK2 <1% REPACHK2.BUF into the R3up buffer Puts upgrade requests of the buffer TABULONG.LOG TRB2H.LOG EU_IMP3.LOG EU_IMP2.LOG EU_IMP4.LOG TR_BUF2HEAP_ TABULONG <1% TPSHBUF. if necessary EU_IMPORT3 2% Imports substitution set from Upgrade CD3 into the shadow tables Imports substitution set from Upgrade CD4 into the shadow tables Imports substitution set from Upgrade CD5 into the shadow tables Imports views of shadow tables Starts system if it was stopped during EU_IMPORT0 Determines SAP objects locked in repairs or requests Determines outstanding conversions and restart logs of terminated conversions Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Puts upgrade requests of the buffer INSTIMP. if necessary CNV_CHK_XT <1% TRBATCHK_XT TR_BUF2HEAP_ INSTIMP <1% <1% Perform any actions specified by R3up TPSHBUF.LOG EU_IMP5.ELG Mount CD Upgrade CD4 EU_IMPORT5 14% EU_IMP5.LOG 228 April 2001 .

LOG NEWTABCK.ELG STBNTINS.LOG PDDNT4MD.LOG SHDTTABS.INF SHDTSEL.LOG TR_CMDIMPORT_ UPG NEWTAB_CHK NEWTAB_CRE LIST_LOAD 2% <1% NEWTABCR.LOG PDDNT4MD.SID PREPCON.ELG ADJUSTMT.LOG PSINCGEN.LOG LISTLOAD.LOG SYSPREP.LOG SHDTABU. if necessary SHADOW_CAND_SEL <1% SHADOW_PUTTB_ FILL SHADOW_NTACT_CP <1% <1% PREPPCON_INIT RUN_RDDNT4MD <1% <1% April 2001 229 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG TRCMDUPG.LOG JOB_RDDTAXIT SUBSTNT_INS <1% <1% SYSPREP.LOG RUN_RSINCGEN <1% PSINCGEN.ELG RUN_RDDIT0061) 1% ADJUSTCHK1) <1% ADJUSTCK.6C Support Release 2: UNIX UPG requests from the R3up buffer to the hyperbuffer <1% <1% Command file import of upgrade requests Determines which tables are new in this release Creates tables that are new in this release Creates list of programs to generate after upgrade Selects generated objects Creates nametab entries for the new substitution tables Generates include program for access to the substitution tables Determines deviations of the current system from the future SAP standard (objects and modifications that have to be copied) Determines DDIC objects to be adjusted Determines candidates for shadow import Generates entries in PUTTB for shadow import Generates nametabs of the shadow tables in the shadow nametab Prepares parallel DDL processing in PCON Adjusts structural changes to the source release TRCMDUPG.ELG DIFFCALC.LOG SHDTTABS.ELG Confirm R3up message.ELG SHDTABU.ELG NTSHDCP.LOG PN*.LOG XTTSIZE0.LOG DIFFCALC.LOG ADJUSTCK.ELG NTSHDCP.

Upgrading to 4.ELG DIFFEXPA.LOG DIFFEXPO.LOG PDDNT4DL.ELG JOB_RDDSAVTE RUN_RDDCP4TB <1% <1% PDDSAVTE.LOG DIFFEXPG.ELG SHADOW_IMPORT_ REP <5% SHDREPIMP.ELG DIFFEXPO.LOG PDDSAVTE.ELG DIFFEXPT.LOG DIFFEXPT.ELG PSPUSCA4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG RUN_RDDNT4DL <1% Prepares nametabs in the shadow tables for the new tables Export documentation created/modified by the customer Copies objects for add-ons to the shadow tables Copies generated objects to the shadow tables Transfers unsent modified objects to the shadow tables Copies customer developments to the shadow tables Exports inactive DDIC versions Exports customer extensions to documentation on SAP objects Exports the documentation on customer objects Exports modifications to documents Exports local private objects and tests objects in SAP namespace Imports upgrade data and language data into the shadow tables and the new tables Imports Support Package data and add-on data into the shadow tables Copies technical settings in DDIC Copies TADIR entries PDDNT4DL.LOG DIFFEXCO.LOG 230 April 2001 .LOG DIFFEXPD.LOG DIFFEXPR.ELG PDDCP4TB.ELG DIFFEXPR.LOG DIFFEXMO.LOG DIFFEXPG.LOG PSPUSCA4.ELG JOB_RSPUSCAD1) <1% DIFFEXPADD <1% DIFFEXPGEN1) 2% DIFFEXPMOD1) <1% DIFFEXPCUST1) <1% DIFFEXPDDIV DIFFEXPDOCU1) <1% <1% DIFFEXPCDOC1) <1% DIFFEXCO.ELG DIFFEXPA.LOG DIFFEXPC.ELG DIFFEXPC.ELG DIFFEXPD.ELG DIFFEXPMDOC1) DIFFEXPTSAP1) <1% <1% SHADOW_IMPORT_ ALL <5% SHDALLIMP.ELG DIFFEXMO.

ELG STBNTDEL.LOG NTMOVPRE.ELG <1% TRBATCHK_SW INTCHK_SW <1% <1% April 2001 231 .LOG BTCTRNS1. if necessary MODPROF_TRANS <1% ALPXPOOL.ELG <1% Deletes entries of objects to be deleted in the TADIR shadow table Copies namespace reservations to the shadow tables Copies nametabs to the shadow tables Determines conflicts between delivered views and customer tables in the SAP name range Stops system and changes profiles PDDDL4TB.LOG STARTR3_TRANS JOB_BTCTRNS1 <1% <1% JOB_RDDPURIF SUBSTNT_DEL <1% <1% SHADOW_NTACT_ DEL CNV_CHK_SW <1% NTSHDDEL.ELG VIEWCHK2. isolate the central instance and stop all application servers CONFCHK_BAS <1% Tests operating system and database version Starts system As of Source Release 4.LOG For strategies A_switch and A_on.6C Support Release 2: UNIX that have not been delivered to the shadow tables RUN_RDDDL4TB PDDCP4TB.LOG NTSHDDEL.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG NTMOVPRE.LOG PDDPURIF.LOG ALPXDEF.LOG RSTRESNC.ELG PDDPURIF.5B: Deschedules background jobs Deletes inconsistent values from tables Deletes nametab entries created in SUBSTNT_INS Deletes nametabs of the shadow tables in the shadow nametab Determines conversions that stopped Checks whether table TRBAT is empty Check whether the inactive nametab is BTCTRNS1.LOG NTACT_PREMV VIEWCHK2 <1% <1% Delete tables.ELG RUN_RSTRESNC <1% RSTRESNC.LOG PDDDL4TB.

ELG Clear all outstanding updates JOB_RDDINDPR JOB_RDDINDDL <1% <1% JOB_CLTAF1 PORT_IMP2) <1% <1% RDCLTAF1.LOG NTDELFIN.ELG INXDEL.ELG NTDELFIN.LOG DISTBPRE.ELG JOB_RDDGENBB <1% DUMP_CNV 1% 232 April 2001 .LOG PDDYT2NT.ELG DISTBAS.ELG STOPR3_DIST STARTR3_DIST RUN_PRELDIST <1% <1% <1% DISTBPRE.LOG NTMOVFIN.ELG DUMP_CNV.LOG DISTBAS.LOG DUMP_CNV.ELG PORT_IMP.Upgrading to 4.LOG PSVBCHCK3.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG empty RUN_RDDYT2NT PRUN_RADISWTC CNV_CHK_ICC <1% <1% <1% Prepares conversion of Basis tables Completes incremental conversion Determines halted conversions of the incremental conversion Copies nametabs to the shadow tables Adjusts nametabs of structures Imports DDIC source for tables relevant to Basis Changes status in table UVERS Checks whether outstanding updates exist Determines all secondary indexes Deletes inconsistent secondary index definitions for tables relevant to Basis Deletes table TATAF Imports requests for porting-dependent modifications Stops system Starts system Prepares distribution run for the tables relevant for Basis Distributor run for tables relevant for Basis Writes table contents for external conversion PDDYT2NT.LOG RDCLTAF1.ELG BASDDIMP.ELG NTACT_MV NTACT_DEL BASDDIMPORT2) <1% 1% <1% NTMOVFIN.LOG PADISWTC.LOG INXPREP.LOG INXDEL.ELG INXPREP.ELG UVERS_UP_B JOB_RSVBCHCK3 <1% <1% PSVBCHCK3.ELG PADISWTC.

LOG EUSWITCH.LOG LOADCRE.LOG VIEWPRP <1% VIEWPRP.ELG XTERN_CNV.LOG VIEWIMP_BAS MODPROF_BAS2) ENVCHK <1% <1% <1% VIEWIMP.6C Support Release 2: UNIX to file system DEL_CNV <1% Deletes table contents written to the file system from the system Converts tables relevant to Basis Stops system Converts tables externally and writes contents into system Special handling of table TATAF Switches to new Repository Creates new ABAP load tables Adjusts substituted nametab entries for DB objects to the target system Deletes inactive nametabs of nondatabase objects Changes status in table UVERS Creates table VBDATA on the database Deletes views of the shadow tables Deactivates Session Manager for the upgrade Cleans up conflicts between delivered views and tables delivered previously Creates Basis views Stops system and changes profiles Tests/switches environment of the DEL_CNV.LOG DEL_CNV.LOG April 2001 233 .ELG XTERN_CNV.LOG CNV_SUB.LOG XTERN_CNV.LOG NTRWR40.LOG EXECSMF.ELG NTRWR40.ELG CNV_SUBMIT2) STOPR3_BAS XTERN_CNV 1% <1% 2% CNV_SUB.LOG ALTERD4V.ELG UVERS_UP_S ALTER_VBDAT ALTER_D4V EXEC_SMOFF <1% <1% <1% <1% ALTERVB.LOG VIEWIMP.LOG ALPXDP.LOG NTNOBD.SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG LOADCRE.ELG ALPX.LST ALTERTF.ELG ALTER_TAF EU_SWITCH LOADCRE NTACT_RWR <1% <1% <1% <1% NTACT_NOBD <1% NTNOBD.

ELG DDIC_46C2) <1% 234 April 2001 .ELG JOB_RDDNEWPP JOB_RSUMOD03 <1% <1% JOB_RPU510Q2 JOB_RDDMCMRG ADDTOBUF_MCM APPENDBUF_ UPGRADE APPENDBUF46C PORT_IM22) <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% PORT_IM2.LOG RSWBOUP1.ELG JOB_DL4TA_46C <1% PDDDL4TA.ELG ADDMCM.ELG PDDMCMRG.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG user <sapsid>adm KX_SWITCH TABUIMP_BAS2) <1% <1% Switches SAP Kernel Imports (a few) table entries needed to start the system with the new SAP Kernel Creates table DDLOG Imports standard transport layers Source Release 3.ELG RDDNEWPP.ELG RSUMOD03. imports the result of transaction SPDD from a development system KX_SW.LOG RDDNEWPP.LOG TABUIMP.LOG ADDMCM.LOG RDCLTAF2.Upgrading to 4.LOG STARTR3_NBAS JOB_CLTAF2 JOB_RSWBOUP1 <1% <1% <1% RDCLTAF2.LOG TABUWBO.ELG DDIC46C.0D: Sets table for the language area Starts system Deletes table TATAF Initializes and adjusts tables for Workbench Organizer Reschedules RDDIMPDP Initializes new administration of customer modifications Clears defective records in table T510Q Adjusts matchcodes automatically Marks matchcodes for activation Appends shadow import in upgrade No actions Imports requests for porting-dependent modifications Deletes TADIR entries of temporarily generated objects If necessary.ELG RPU510Q2.ELG LANGAREA.LOG PDDDL4TA.ELG RSWBOUP1.LOG PDDMCMRG.LOG RSUMOD03.LOG RPU510Q2.ELG ALTER_DLG TABUIMP_WBO2) AREA_SET <1% <1% <1% ALTERDLG.

LOG INDEXCHK.LOG PREPCON.LOG PCON_46C1)2) 7% PCON46C.ELG PDDMVSUB.LOG STOPR3_I46C TMPLDINV <1% <1% PMVNTAB_46C 3% PMVNT46C.ELG PSDB2XTT.LOG ALTER_VID JOB_RSDB2XTT <1% <1% Generates control entries for parallel conversion JOB_RSDB4XTT PREPPCON_INX <1% <1% No actions Prepares parallel DDL processing in PCON. if necessary RUN_INDC_46C JOB_MVSUB_46C <1% <1% INDEXCHK.LOG RUN_DREXE_46C <1% JOB_RUTTYREP <1% JOB_UMOD20_46C ACT_46C1)2) <1% 2% Use SPDD to adjust ABAP Dictionary objects. selects tables that get an index Converts application tables and activates their nametab entries Stops system Validates ABAP loads created since the STARTR3_NBAS phase was generated Converts application views and activates remaining nametab TMPLDINV.LOG ACT46C.ELG PDDMVSUB.LOG ALTERVID.LOG SQLLDINV.LOG April 2001 235 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.ELG PADDREXE.LOG PSDB2XTT.ELG PCON46C.ELG PSUMOD20.ELG PMVNT46C.LOG XTTSIZEI.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SVERSCHK_46C <1% Checks table SVERS to see whether the new SAP version was created successfully Renames data elements with naming conflict in customer namespace Checks and repairs entries in the table DDTYPES Adjusts structure of tables to DB Activates DDIC customer objects Checks secondary indexes Removes table TMF18 from the set of substituted tables Deletes inconsistent views DB2 for OS/390 PSUMOD20.LOG PADDREXE.

ELG ADOIM46C.Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG entries STARTR3_I46C JOB_DCXTF_46C JOB_LDINV_46C STOPR3_L46C LD_SWITCH_46C VIEWIMP_46C STARTR3_NL46C JOB_DBDIF_46C TABIM_46C2) ALTER_TABIMUPD STARTR3_TB46C JOB_RSWBOUP2 <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 12% <1% <1% <1% Starts system Deletes and recreates table DDXTF Deletes temporary loads again Stops system Switches to new ABAP loads Creates Basis views (DROP/CREATE) Starts system Clears table DBDIFF on the database Imports entries to the control tables Updates statistics for some tables Starts system Initializes and adjusts tables for Workbench Organizer Imports ADOs Converts matchcodes Activates lock objects Automatically repeats phase once if an error occurs PSWBOUP2.ELG REIMPDOC.ELG ADOIM_46C1)2) 9% XPRAS_46C1)2) 11% Executes XPRAs Automatically repeats phase once if an error occurs XPRAS46C.LOG REIMPDOC.ELG TABIMERR.ELG REIMPCDOC_LOG REIMPCDOC1) <1% 236 April 2001 .LOG PSWBOUP2.LOG VIEWIM46C.ELG UEXP_46C REIMPDDN_46C REIMPDOC1) <1% <1% <1% If necessary.LOG PADDBDIF.LOG REIMPDDN.LOG LDSWITCH.ELG REIMPDDN.ELG TABIM46C.LOG PSDCDDXT.LOG PDDLDINV.LOG VIEWIM46C. exports adjusted DDIC objects Re-imports inactive DDIC versions Reimports customer extensions to SAP object documentation Re-imports UEXP46C.ELG PSDCDDXT.ELG PDDLDINV.ELG PADDBDIF.

ELG REIMPMDOC.LOG ALPXP. LOG PSDLDSEQ.ELG PSDBPROD.ELG TR_PATCH_STATUS _UPGRADE <1% Updates status information for Support Packages that have been included Checks and repairs entries in the table DDTYPES Executes DB-specific operations for restarting the system Checks requirements for production operation Updates table AVERS Activates CMOD enhancements Cleans up database Cleans up screen sequence control Cleans up nametab Reactivates Session Manager Stops system and resets profiles SAP DB DBCLEAN46C. ELG PSDBPROD.ELG EXECSMN.ELG <1% Reimports modifications to documents If necessary.LOG PSDLDSEQ.ELG PDDNTPUR. starts system Sets the status of the installed languages STARTR3_46C JOB_RSTLANUPG <1% <1% JOB_RSTLANUPG .ELG PUTTYREP1. LOG PUTTYREP1.LOG PDDNTPUR.LOG JOB_RUTTYREP1 <1% JOB_DBPROD_46C1) <1% PRODCHK_46C <1% JOB_RDDIT022 JOB_RSMODACU DBCLEAN_46C1) JOB_RSDLDSEQ JOB_RDDNTPUR EXEC_SMON MODPROFP_46C <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% Confirm SAP DB Strategies A_on or A_switch: Prompts you to back up the Back up the database and confirm April 2001 237 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4.LOG RDDIT022.6C Support Release 2: UNIX documentation on customer objects REIMPMDOC1) REIMPCDOC.LOG RDDIT022.LOG REIMPMDOC.LOG JOB_RSTLANUPG .

ELG EWIMPORT_46C <1% END ENDCHK UVERS_UP_END JOB_RDDDBSTA JOB_UPGEND_46C JOB_DRDOC_46C <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 2% REQGENLD CHK_POSTUP ----- Confirm Correct P errors before restarting production operation Confirm SPAUINFO --- Displays information for adjusting objects with transaction SPAU If necessary.ELG PADDRDOC.LOG UEXPSPAU.ELG PSUPGEND.LOG PSUPGEND. exports objects adjusted with transaction SPAU --Copies upgrade logs to /usr/sap/ trans/upgrade SAVELOGS.5B: Prompts you to schedule background jobs Imports authorizations into client 066 (EarlyWatch) --Tests target version Changes status in table UVERS Updates DB table statistics Sets installation status to OK Adjusts documentation for renamed data elements (executes report RADDRDOC) Prompts start of transaction SGEN Displays P errors PDDDBSTA.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG database STARTR3_P46C REQJOBRES <1% <1% Starts system As of Source Release 4.LOG PDDDBSTA.ELG UEXPSPAU <1% JOB_UPGDELPROG SAVELOGS <1% <1% Choose between: normal (only important) all none EXITINFO EXIT --<1% Displays Notes on post-upgrade activities Ends R3up Confirm 238 April 2001 .Upgrading to 4.LOG PADDRDOC.ELG EWTCH066.

SAP AG

Upgrading to 4.6C Support Release 2: UNIX

Upgrade Assistant
Use
The Upgrade Assistant is the frontend for the upgrade process. It provides one or more graphic user interfaces (GUIs) for controlling and monitoring the upgrade. The Upgrade Assistant simplifies the upgrade procedure.

Integration
The Upgrade Assistant is a distributed program consisting of a server component and several GUI components. Only one person can control the upgrade from the GUI components.
• Server component

The server ensures communications between the upgrade control program R3up and the GUIs of the Upgrade Assistant. It must be started on the host on which you want the upgrade process to run.
• GUI components

The GUI components can be executed on any other hosts. You can log on to the server as the observer or the administrator. The observer role only authorizes you to monitor an upgrade. An administrator is authorized to take actions affecting the progress of the upgrade, for example an administrator can start or stop the upgrade and can enter any necessary commands. Only one GUI can assume the role of administrator. However, the GUI with this role can change in the course of the upgrade. The graphic below illustrates the architecture of the Upgrade Assistant and the interaction between the Upgrade Assistant and the R3up upgrade control program.
Upgrade Assistant

GUI GUI (Observer) (Observer)

Central Instance

GUI GUI (Administrator) (Administrator)

Server Server

R3up R3up

GUI GUI (Observer) (Observer)

Functions

You can control and monitor the progress of the upgrade from a number of different places.

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Frontend and upgrade process are divided into separate components so that the entire upgrade does not terminate if a connection fails. This provides optimal support for a remote upgrade.

• •

You have an alert mechanism that lets you start an external program. Provided you have access to the Internet, you can access the SAP Notes database in the SAP Service Marketplace from a GUI.

The Upgrade Assistant is implemented in Java. A scroll mode is provided for the upgrade for platforms not supporting Java. We recommend using the Upgrade Assistant, since scroll mode does not provide the above features.

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Using the Upgrade Assistant
Use
The Upgrade Assistant offers you a number of functions. You can change the passwords for the roles, change roles, use and monitor PREPARE, or look for Notes.

Changing the Passwords
The passwords for the two roles can only be changed from the administrator GUI. In the main menu choose Administrator →Change passwords.

Changing the Role
By choosing File → Change role you can change role dynamically. The following dialog box appears:

If, for example, you are in the role of the observer and enter the password for the administrator you change to the administrator role. If an administrator already exists at this time then the administrator role is taken away from them. If you only want to change the User name or the Phone number, then enter the password of the role you are in. In this case only the entered data is updated.

Searching for Notes from the GUI
If you have an Internet connection, you can access SAP Notes in SAPNet using the GUI. In the main menu, choose Services → SAP Notes Search.

More Information on the Upgrade Assistant
To display a description of the Upgrade Assistant with all its functions, choose Help → Introduction in the main menu.

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Upgrade Monitor
Use
The Upgrade Monitor lets you monitor the upgrade, and helps you recognize any processes that have stopped.

Functions
The monitor estimates the time when the upgrade ends, as well as other important stages (milestones). These estimates are based on SAP reference times and the runtimes of upgrade phases that have already completed. The output of the monitor is updated every 60 seconds. The more advanced the progress of the upgrade is, the more precise the estimates are. If possible, the runtime estimate also includes any runtime that is lengthened for systematic reasons, however this is subject to restrictions. Systematic fluctuations can also occur if the upgrade phases run more quickly than expected. This means that the end of the upgrade cannot be estimated precisely. The data appears on the screen, but the way it is displayed depends on if you are upgrading the system with the Upgrade Assistant or in scroll mode.

Graphical Display in the Upgrade Assistant

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one of the upgrade processes is stopped. Note that the process bar is updated only every 60 seconds. Starting the Upgrade Monitor Procedure Procedure in the Upgrade Assistant: Go to the main menu and start the Monitor by choosing Services → Upgrade Monitor. the bar appears in green.6C Support Release 2: UNIX The total runtime of the upgrade and the runtime of the next milestone appear as bar graphs. Procedure in Scroll Mode: 1. Open another window at the operating system level. the Upgrade Assistant or the R3up program. This may be the Upgrade Monitor./R3up gt=SCROLL Monitor April 2001 243 .SAP AG Upgrading to 4. The upgrade processes that are running appear under Current activities. If the graphic is not moving. As long as the runtime has not been exceeded. and therefore cannot display them. An animated graphic displays the activity of the upgrade processes. The upgrade processes that are running appear under Current activities. the bars appear first in yellow and then in red. Numerical Display in Scroll Mode No graphics are displayed in scroll mode. The monitor does not recognize any subprocesses of these processes. so the progress of the upgrade and the estimated runtime until the next milestone are shown in numerals. 2. Enter the following commands in the new window: cd <upgrade_directory>/bin . If the runtime has been exceeded.

Procedure for Status Red 1.6C Support Release 2: UNIX SAP AG Understanding the Upgrade Monitor Display Use The following Upgrade Monitor display indicates that you may have to intervene. • • One of the bars showing the progress of the upgrade is red. If this is the case. do not terminate the upgrade. instead. The graphic that displays the activity of the upgrade processes is not moving.Upgrading to 4. 2. then either runtime has been exceeded significantly. try and find out why the runtime is so long. contact SAP Local Support. or the upgrade is in an endless loop. restart R3up. 244 April 2001 . The restarted R3up must wait for these processes before the upgrade can continue with any other actions. 3. If you can still detect activity. Procedure for Upgrade Processes that Are Frozen 1. 2. First. If step one is not successful. restart the Upgrade Assistant server. This means that the upgrade processes are hanging. If the previous steps are not successful. any processes that are still running are displayed. When R3up is restarted. restart the Upgrade Assistant GUI only. Check the database and CPU activity. If you are unsure how to proceed.

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