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National Priorities on Energy Efficiency & Conservation in Myanmar
Primary Energy Resources in Myanmar Policy and Institutional Framework Best practices
Cooperation with ACE/PROMEEC
Awards Received by Myanmar on ASEAN Energy Awards Cooperation with DEDE Thailand under ACMECS AEMAS Project Implementation in Myanmar Constraints & Barriers Conclusion
PRIMARY ENERGY RESOURCES in MYANMAR
000 MW 711 Million Metric Tons 48.59 MMBBL Natural Gas (Offshore & Onshore) 122.8 TWH per year 4 7 Solar Power .12 Million Cubic Ton 6 Wind 365.Primary Energy Resources in Myanmar 1 2 3 4 5 Crude Oil (Offshore & Onshore) (Proven + Probable) 648.5391 TSCF (Proven + Probable) Hydro Coal Biomass 108.1 TWH per year Coastal strip of 2832 Km with South-westerly wind -9 months North-easterly wind -3 months 51973.79 % of total land area covered with forest. potential available annual sustainable yield of woodfuel-19.
Primary Energy Resources in Myanmar Total Primary Energy Supply by Type (2007-2008) Source: Energy Planning Department (EPD). Ministry of Energy 5 .
Crude oil accounted for 1.541 ktoe of electricity. 6 . . .789 ktoe. .721 ktoe.biomass (includes fuel wood) 9. .hydropower generated 1.889 thousand tons of oil equivalent (ktoe).natural gas 1.Primary Energy Resources in Myanmar Energy Consumption Total energy consumption in Myanmar in FY 2008 was 14.280 ktoe and coal — accounted for 558 ktoe.
POLICY & INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK 7 .
Policy and Institutional Framework National Priorities total energy saving covers sustainable socio-economic development and effective use of energy. . which is in line with energy efficiency and conservation.
To generate the electric power in efficient and to minimize the distribution losses.Policy and Institutional Framework To control Fuel Wood Consumption. To reduce growth in Energy consumption and aim to diversify energy availability by applied the Energy Efficient Technologies. . To strengthen the International cooperation in energy efficiency and conservation.
To enhance Fuel substitution with Biofuel (E 85. .Policy and Institutional Framework To achieve the energy consumption saving amount 5% in 2020 and 8% in 2030 against the existing BAU case respectively. To achieve a collective target of 15~20% for renewable energy in the total power installed capacity by 2020. To Improve energy efficiency 10% against BAU and reduce related emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 in Industrial sector. Biodiesel) at least 8% by 2020 based on 2005 level in Transport sector.
Energy Policy To maintain the status of energy independence To promote wider use of new and renewable sources of energy To promote energy efficiency and conservation To promote use of alternative fuels in household 11 .
(2) 4. Thermal power (Power transmission and distribution) Ministry of Electrical Power No. Biomass and Fuelwood 7. Renewable Ministry of Mines Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Forestry Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Ministry of Science and Technology * Ministry of Energy is a Focal Point of the Myanmar Energy Sector Cooperations Related Organizations (Non Government) (1) Myanmar Engineering Society 12 (2) Renewable Energy Association Myanmar .Institutional Arrangements in the Energy Sector 1. Cole 5. Electric Power (Hydropower) 3. Petroleum Ministry of Energy 2. Nuclear 6. (1) Ministry of Electrical Power No.
Present Institutional Arrangements National Coordinating Committee (Chaired by Ministry of Energy and representatives from the sub-sector Ministries) National Committee for ASEAN Energy Award ASEAN Energy Manager Accreditation Scheme (AEMAS) (Myanmar Engineering Society as a country partner) 13 .
Best Practices 14 .
642 ha of various forest plantations have been established between 1981 and 2009 by Forest Department.Forest Management • The forest cover of the country in 2006 is found to be 33. • Among them.011 thousand hectares representing 48. . 22 % is for fuelwood.79% of the country’s area. • A total of 838.
JICA are also participating in the greening activities . KOICA. • 4 main tasks of tree planting.Greening activities since 1954 • Agricultural & Rural Development Corporation (1954) tree planting started • 1974 Rehabilitation in dry zone area was revitalized 10 Years plan • 1994 (13 dry districts) began • 1997 Dry Zone Greening Department was Formed. conserving natural forests. wood fuel substitution & water harvesting are done 1994.
Dry Zone Greening Activities .
404 ha. wide use of briquette (86.Achievements (1997 to 2010) A total of 127. It includes fuel wood plantation of 61.142 ha Watershed plantation of 40.835 ha Wood fuel substitution through efficient stove distribution (450.420 ha has been afforested.) and of agricultural residues (246.514 ha Natural forest conservation in 677.) are in practice. Re-Greening hills of 94.5 million no.916 units).58 ha and Others 16. .765 no.
472 NGVs (Converted from both petrol / diesel cars) Way Forward : CNG Refueling Stations will be installed along the existing domestic pipeline corridor.41 in Yangon City .27.2 in Mandalay City .46 CNG Refueling Stations in Myanmar.CNG / NGV Status IN MYANMAR As at April 2011 : . .1 in Chauk Field .2 in Yenangyaung Field .
.7 and 2.7% Diesel Coal Hydro Gas As shown in this slide.Electricity Generation in Myanmar 2. the bulk of electricity being generated in Myanmar is through HYDRO power at 64. followed by natural gas at 20.2% respectively.3%.3% 4.7% 64.7%.2% 20. Electricity generation by using coal and diesel is too minimal 4.
Total Capacity = 16 Kw (Solar Lighting Post (1) Unit=32 watt) (b) Nay Pyi Taw . • .EE&C Lighting System at Public and Private Sector LED(Light Emitting Diode) 13 Million have produced and distributed during the period from February. .To reduce CO2 Emission 26 ton/yr.Mandalay High-way Road. .It is benefit to reduce the cost than normal lighting post. Total Capacity = 32 Kw Advantages . (a)Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw High-way Road. 2009 to June. 2010. The Model Project for Solar Lighting Post at Yangon-Nay Pyi TawMandalay High-way Road.Indirectly reduce to produce GHG .
12 Kw • . . Residential Lighting by Solar System is already introduced in various region and its’ install Capacity is reached to 12.EE&C Lighting System at Public and Private Sector Ministry of Industry (2) implemented the Thin Film Solar Module plant project for promoting the use of Energy Efficient Product in Myanmar. The plant initial production capacity is 25 MW per annum of Solar Module .
COOPERATION with ACE/PROMEEC 23 .
Cooperation with ACE/PROMEEC Multi Training Program for Energy Conservation (MTPEC) Energy Efficiency regulations Energy Efficiency best practices Energy Services Companies Labeling programme Site visits in Japan ASEAN energy awards BOJ for EEB and EM for buildings and industries Energy audits on industries 24 .
Energy Audited on Industry Sector Energy Audited on Mann Petroleum Refinery (Site Visit & Audit) (November 2001. Yangon.(1) (Site Visit & Audit). Myanmar) Energy Audited on Mayangone Textile Factory No. Myanmar) 25 . (November 2006. Myanmar) Energy Audited on Thanlyin Oil Refinery (Site Visit & Audit). Yangon. Myanmar) Energy Audited on Myanmar Automobile & Diesel Engine Industries (Site Visit & Audit). (October 2009. Myanmar) Energy Audited on Mann Petroleum Refinery (Follow up) (December 2004. (November 2008. Myanmar) Energy Audited on Kyankhin Cement Plant (Site Visit & Audit) (November 2006.
AWARDS RECEIVED by MYANMAR on ASEAN ENERGY AWARDS 26 .
Special Submission Winner 2005 Popa Mountain Resort. Winner 27 . Yangon. (RE) 2nd Runner-up 2007 Mingalar Garden Resort-Pyay. Tropical Building.Awards Received by Myanmar on ASEAN Energy Awards National Committee Coordinated and Organized (23) participants in AEA from (2002) to (2009) 2002 Kanbawza Bank. Winner 2006 Rural Electrification with Rice Husk Gasifier. Tropical Building.
Chaung Tha. (RE) 1st Runner-up 2008 Bay of Bengal Resort-Ngwe Saung. Tropical Building. Tropical Building.Awards Received by Myanmar on ASEAN Energy Awards 2008 Tidal Power Project-Kanbalar. 1st Runner-up 2009 Shwe Inn Tha Floating Resort. Winner 2009 Belle Resort. Tropical Building. 2nd Runner-up Rural Electrification with Mini Hydro Power Project (Ma Mya Dam) RE Project. Winner 28 .
COOPERATION with DEDE THAILAND under ACMECS 29 .
Cooperation with DEDE Thailand under ACMECS Establishment of annual energy statistics report Energy promotion of rural village Energy audit training 30 .
AEMAS PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION IN MYANMAR 31 .
Aim to train and certifying 50 energy managers over 4 year project period (2010-2013) 32 .AEMAS Project Implementation in Myanmar Project partner is Myanmar Engineering Society.
CONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS 33 .
Constraints and Barriers Inadequate electricity supply Subsidized low tariffs Lack of financial Institutions to assist investment in EE technologies No central authority yet for EE policy and budgetary requirements Lack of awareness on EE & C by general public and decision makers 34 .
CONCLUSION 35 .
Conclusion Needs for improvement Institutional strengthening and capacity building Develop EE policy & guidelines Raising awareness and dissemination of EE & C information by trainings. Seminars and workshops Promoting good energy management industrial and commercial sectors Facilitation of EE financing practices for .
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION 37 .