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Objective Questions.

Each question is followed by four choices of answers. Choose the best answer for each
question.

1. Which of the following is the same group?

P Q R S

A. P and R
B. Q and R
C. Q and S
D. P and S

2. Diagram 1 shows an experiment to investigate a factor which influences the growth of


bacteria .

Kept in refrigerator
Kept at room temperature
Diagram 1

What factor is investigated?


A. Light
B. Nutrient
C. pH value
D. Temperature

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3. Diagram 2 shows a type of microorganism used in food processing industries.

Diagram 2

State the process that uses this microorganism.


A. Making cheese
B. Making bread
C. Making vinegar
D. Making yoghurt

4. How do bacteria and protozoa in the digestive system of a cow help in the breaking
down of cellulose?
A. They produce cellulose
B. They provide acidic medium
C. They provide alkaline medium
D. They eat the cellulose physically

5. Which of the following microorganisms plays important role in industry of producing


cheese?
A. Algae
B. Bacteria
C. Fungi
D. Virus

6. Which of the following acts as vectors for cholera diseases?


A. Rats
B. Houseflies
C. Mosquitoes

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D. Cockroaches
7. Which of the following statement is true about hepatitis B?
A. Infect to all part of the body
B. Can be traced through breathe test
C. Can be transmitted through the use of contaminated syringe
D. A disease caused by bacteria

8. AIDS cannot be transmitted through


A. Sexual contact
B. Mosquito bites
C. Using shared injection needles
D. The transfusion of blood contaminated with the HIV

9, The following shows some ways how diseases are spread.


• Through air
• Through water
• Through vectors
• X
Which of the following can be represented by X?
A. Through heat
B. Through objects
C. Through wind
D. Through contaminated foods

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10. Diagram 3 shows a life cycle of a vector.

Diagram 3

Which stage can be controlled by spraying insecticide?


A. W
B. X
C. Y
D. Z

11. Diagram 4 shows the level of antibodies in the blood of an individual .

Level of antibodies
in the blood

Immunity level

Time

First dose Second dose

Diagram 4

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Which type of immunity is shown in the graph above.
A. Natural active immunity
B. Artificial active immunity
C. Natural passive immunity
D. Artificial passive immunity

12. Artificial passive immunity can be obtained by the injection of…


A. Vaccines
B. Antibiotics
C. Antibodies
D. Antiserum

13. Diagram 5 shows the effect of antibiotics on bacteria.

Diagram 5

What disease can be treated by this antibiotic?


A. Cholera
B. Syphilis
C. Gonorrhoea
D. Tuberculosis

14. Which of the follow of meing is the result of taking an overdose of medicine?
A. Liver damages
B. Lowers the level of immunity
C. Loss of appetite
D. Retarded growth

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15. The method of treating a disease using radioactive rays is know as
A. Physiotherapy
B. Psychotherapy
C. Radiotherapy
D. Surgery

16. One calorie is the total amount of energy needed to


A. Raise the temperature of one gram of water by Kelvin
B. Raise the temperature of one gram of water by 1oC
C. Raise the temperature of one gram of food by 1oC
D. Oxidize one gram of food completely

17. The following shows four types of food.


P – Bread
Q – Butter
R – Cabbage
S – Egg
Which arrangement shows the calorific values (of 100g each) of the four types of food in
increasing order?
A. P, Q, R, S
B. R, S, P, Q
C. S, P, Q, R
D. R, P, S, Q

18. Table 1 shows the calorific values for three classes of food.

Classes of food Calorific value for 1gram / kJ

Carbohydrates 16.7

Proteins 16.7
Fats 37.6

Table 1

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Azizi takes 2 pieces of cakes contain 3 g of protein, 1.5 g of fats and 2.5 g of
carbohydrates. Calculate the total calorific value consumed by Azizi.
A. 148.25 kJ
B. 296.50 kJ
C. 304.70 kJ
D. 359.25 Kj

19. An individual that performs heavy work needs more energy than an office worker because
A. More energy is lost from the body
B. A lot of the body cells are damaged
C. The rate of metabolism is higher
D. The amount of fat tissues decrease

20. A health problem related to the excessive taking of food is


A. Obesity
B. Marasmus
C. Kwashiorkor
D. Anorexia nervosa

21. Which of the following cannot be the effect of obesity?


A. High blood pressure
B. Diabetes mellitus
C. Heart disease
D. Hepatitis B

22. What are macronutrients?


A. Nutrients which are needed in large quantities
B. Nutrients which are needed in small quantities
C. Nutrients which are needed by plants to form starch
D. Nutrients which are needed by plants to form plant proteins

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23. Which of the following pairs is correct as examples of a micronutrient and a
macronutrient?

Micronutrient Macronutrient
Oxygen Iron
A.
Potassium Manganese
B.
Hydrogen Boron
C.
Zinc Carbon
D.

24. Table 2 shows information about macronutrient X

Function: Effects of deficiency

To synthesise proteins and Leaves turn yellow with dead brown


control carbohydrate spots
metabolisme Dead tissue on the edge and tip of
leaves

Table 2
What is macronutrient X ?.
A. Phosphorus
B. Potassium
C. Nitrogen
D. Calcium

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25. The information below are the effects of a nutrient deficiency on plant growth.
• Leaves turn yellow with dark brown spots and dead tissues on the edge of the
leaves
• Weak stem

Which of the following is the deficient nutrient?


A. Nitrogen
B. Phosphorus
C. Potassium
D. Manganese

26. Which of the following processes removes nitrates from the soil?
A. Leaching
B. Lightning
C. Nitrification
D. Volcanic eruption

27. Diagram 6 shows part of nitrogen cycle.

Nitrogen in the air

Nitrates

Ammonium
compound

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Nitrites
P

Diagram 6

What is Process P and Process Q?

Process P Process Q
A Nitrogen fixation Nitrification
B Denitrification Decomposition
C Denitrification Nitrogen fixation
D Nitrification Denitrification

28. What is the role of nitrifying bacteria in the nitrogen cycle?


A. To convert nitrogen in the air to nitrates
B. To convert nitrates to nitrogen
C. To convert ammonium compounds to nitrates
D. To convert nitrogen in the air to nictric acid

29. Which of the following is the importance of the nitrogen cycle?


A. Maintaining the fertility of the soil
B. Maintaining the quantity of oxygen in the atmosphere
C. Supplying nitrogen to plants in the form of ammonium compounds
D. Reducing air pollution

30. A person who has a healthy eating habits will…


A. Not suffer from obesity
B. Not suffer from anorexia
C. Have an ideal body weight
D. Not suffer from malnutrition

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Structured Questions
Answer all question.

1. Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set up to study the effects of temperature on bacterial
growth.

Table 1 shows the results of the experiment recorded after two days.
Test tube Observation
X Cloudy
Y Slightly cloudy
Z No change
Table 1
a) State the variables involved in the experiment.
i. Manipulated variable:
___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
ii. Responding variable:
___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
iii. Fixed variable:
___________________________________________________________________

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(1 mark)

b) State the inference for the results of each of the test tubes.
i. Test tube X:
___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
ii. Test tube Y:
___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
iii. Test tube Z:
___________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

c) State the optimum temperature for the growth and reproduction of bacteria.
_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

d) Based on the experiment, state two ways to prevent the growth of bacteria.
i.____________________________________________________________________
ii.____________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)
e) What conclusion can be drawn from the experiment?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

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2. Diagram 2 shows the nitrogen cycle.

Nitrogen in the
air

K Plant Animals
protein protein

Urea

Nitrites L

Diagram 2

a) Name the following processes.


i. P: _____________________________________
ii. Q: _____________________________________
iii. R: _____________________________________
iv. S: _____________________________________
(4 marks)
b) Name compound K and L.
i. K: _____________________________________
ii. L: _____________________________________
(2 marks)
c) Explain how K is increased in the soil by the action of the microorganisms.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)
d) Briefly explain how nitrogen-fixation takes place.
_________________________________________________________________________

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_________________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

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