Manfaat Kalor Dalam Kehidupan

Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari banyak kamu jumpai peralatan rumah tangga yang prinsip kerjanya menggunakan konsep perpindahan kalor, misal: panci tekan (pressure cooker), setrika, alat penyulingan, dan alat pendingin. Berikut beberapa contoh penerapan perpindahan kalor secara radiasi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Pada siang hari yang panas, orang lebih suka memakai baju cerah daripada baju gelap. Hal ini bertujuan untuk mengurangi penyerapan kalor. Cat mobil atau motor dibuat mengkilap untuk mengurangi penyerapan kalor. Jaket Mengenakan jaket tebal atau meringkuk di bawah selimut tebal saat udara dingin badanmu merasa nyaman. Udara termasuk isolator yang baik. Beberapa bahan penyekat terdiri dari, banyak kantong-kantong udara kecil terbungkus. Kantong tersebut berfungsi mencegah perpindahan kalor secara konveksi. Jadi tahukah kamu mengapa dalam selimut diisi dengan bulu-bulu kecil atau serat yang menjebak udara? Hal ini dilakukan untuk mencegah kemungkinan kehilangan kalor. Termos Dinding termos dilapisi perak. Hal ini bertujuan untuk mencegah hilangnya kalor secara radiasi. Ruang hampa antara dinding kaca pada termos bertujuan untuk mencegah perpindahan kalor secara konveksi.

Termos berfungsi untuk menyimpan zat cair yang berada di dalamnya agar tetap panas dalam jangka waktu tertentu. Termos dibuat untuk mencegah perpindahan kalor secara konduksi, konveksi, maupun radiasi. Dinding termos dibuat sedemikian rupa, untuk menghambat perpindahan kalor pada termos, yaitu dengan cara: permukaan tabung kaca bagian dalam dibuat mengkilap dengan lapisan perak yang berfungsi mencegah perpindahan kalor secara radiasi dan memantulkan radiasi kembali ke dalam termos, dinding kaca sebagai konduktor yang jelek, tidak dapat memindahkan kalor secara konduksi, dan ruang hampa di antara dua dinding kaca, untuk mencegah kalor secara konduksi dan agar konveksi dengan udara luar tidak terjadi.

The form of the energy (i. This process happens when there is a temperature difference between two surfaces. pp. which exist in a substance. 433-446 (14 ref. due to which there is no scope for collision of molecules. The conduction of heat occurs in all kinds of modes. So. The economic value of various heat delivery strategies for mature steam floods was investigated. which include liquids. gases. Heat transfer can be in more than one form at a point of time. The conduction of heat is known as heat transfer. Injection rates and/or injected steam quality can be reduced to meet these reduced energy requirements. Therefore. Heat transfer can be between land and water and between water and land via gas. Thermal engineering Role in heat transfer involves the transport of different materials due to heat. Source / Source Congrès Sharing technology to add value : Bakersfield CA. At this stage. solids. The contribution of sensible heat on oil recovery and its impact on the economics of mature steam floods is also discussed. ETATSUNIS (08/03/1995) 1995 . it can be studied for various uses like boiler and solar heaters construction. Heat . The amount of heat transfer between the gases is quite low.e. this conduction takes place between liquids and solids. It can happen in the form of radiation. many steam flood operators minimize operating costs by injecting only enough energy to maintain the growth of the steam chest and sustain the gravity drainage process. the engineers attain transport of heat by alerting the temperatures of chemicals. The temperature equalization also happens when the when the environments of different places have varied temperatures. Western regional meeting No65.The role of latent heat in heat management of mature steamfloods Proper heat management practices are critical to the economic success of many heavy oil steam floods. 8-10 March 1995 Society of Petroleum Engineers. Convection can also happen with radiation. In relatively thick reservoirs such as those found in Kern River Field. The heat transfer is low due to low density. This transport does not involve any huge motion of matter. The heat transfer also happens when an object does not have the same temperature as the surroundings. strong steam override and gravity drainage of heated oil and water typify the after steam breakthrough stage of oil production.) Role in Heat transfer The heat transfer can happen due to various mechanisms.. This radiation can happen when it¶s attracted by a body. The heat transfer happens in solids because the molecules in a pattern collide and then the free electrons transfer the heat produced. California. Bakersfield CA . Heat flux is defined by the shift of thermal energy between adjacent molecules. Conduction is the most common form of heat transfer. Recommendations are given as to whether the total heat or the latent heat injected is the controlling factor in meeting the minimum energy to be delivered for economically optimal oil recovery from mature steam floods. so the heat is shifted unless the temperature is equalized. steam vapor or hot water) dictates the efficiency by which oil is heated as well as the effectiveness of various mechanisms responsible for its production.

which restricts the absorbed energy to a region around the particle. . The challenges of this undertaking are that SWNTs do not always follow Ohm's law. they may exhibit metallic or semiconductor behavior with an often unpredictable result in manufacturing. Nanoparticles for cancer treatment: role of heat transfer An overview is presented of an approach for treating cancer that uses nanoparticles to deliver heat to diseased areas after absorbing energy from a laser of the appropriate wavelength. Tight focusing is required for a continuous-wave laser to sufficiently heat individual nanoparticles because of heat loss to the surrounding fluid during the period of exposure.transfer happens even between two bodies. which necessitates calibration for each SWNT. A discussion of a way to potentially measure temperature on the scale of an individual nanoparticle is included based on using a single-walled nanotube (SWNT) of carbon as a thermistor. and no two SWNTs behave identically. Power plant engineering and climate control also makes use of heat transfer principles. that offers the potential for achieving high temperatures that can promote phase change on the surface of a nanoparticle or even melting of the particle. Some results are presented that show the electrical characteristics of SWNTs and their potential for exploitation in this application. The natural thermal confinement of pulse lasers minimizes this effect because of the finite thermal diffusion time. The implications are discussed of the relationship of parameters necessary to raise the temperature to therapeutically beneficial levels.