A PROJECT REPORT ON

Prepared By
University Registration Number:
In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree Of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
IN

COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH

PURUSHOTTAM INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
(A Unit of Purushottam Education & Welfare Trust)

PERSONAL INTERVIEW

Purushottam Vihar, 10th Km, Highway 10, Mandiakudar, Rourkela, Pin: 770 034 (Orissa)

CONTENTS OF THE PROJECT
SL.NO. NO.
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.

CHAPTER

PAGE
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT DECLARATION BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE AIM & OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT INTRODUCTION MAIN BODY Personal interview Types of interview Behavioral interview Stress interview Phone interview Probable questions at personal interview 14 10 tips for better interview Tips for winning resume Tips for dress up Salary negotiation tips Writing cover letter CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATIONS 23 24 15 17 20 22

VIII.
IX. X. XI.

XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII.
XVIII. XIX.

25

Page | 2

PIET. Tuna Biswal. A. K. lecturer and H. i would like to add a few heartfelt words for the people who at various stages of the project report preparation helped me by their valuable guidance. I sincerely thank to Mr. I am very much thankful to all the staff members of the MBA department for their help and cooperation. At first.D MBA for his constant encouragement and support in completion of this project work. I am thankful to Director.O. professor and H. I would desire to thank my friends heartily. Asst.O. REFERRENCES 26 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Before going into the deep of the things. Rourkela for providing ideal environment. () Page | 3 . without their help and blessings I can’t take a single step in right direction.D English under whose guidance this project work is brought to this final form. who have helped me in many ways in this project. Last but not the least I would like to pay my gratitude to my parents. I am very much thankful to Mr. Sahoo. Sr.PERSONAL INTERVIEW XX.

Page | 4 . No. Sr.2011) DECLARATION I XYZ a student of MBA 1st trimester (2009-2010) Purushottam Institute of Engineering & Technology. Rourkela (Orissa) bearing University Registration Number : 090621.D English. PIET.: MBA (2009 .O. lecturer and H. Rourkela. This work has not been submitted to any University / Institute for any professional degree or professional diploma or any type of presentation. hereby declare that this dissertation entitled “ENHANCEMENT OF PERFORMANCE IN PERSONAL INTERVIEW” has been carried out by me out of my own effort under the supervision of Mr.PERSONAL INTERVIEW Regd. Tuna Biswal.

1st Trimester. No. of 1st Page | 5 .PERSONAL INTERVIEW () Regd.2011) BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE Certified that this project on “ENHANCEMENT OF PERFORMANCE IN PERSONAL INTERVIEW’’ is the bonafide work of Aa a student of MBA. bearing University Registration Number : 090621 who carried out the project work in the record time for the partial fulfillment of Communicative English Lab.: 09062 MBA (2009 .

Orissa. Rourkela. Signature of Head of Department Concerned Teacher Name: Designation: Department: Name: Signature of the Designation: Department: AIM & OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT AIM : The interviewer hopes that YOU are the right person for the job.PERSONAL INTERVIEW Trimester’s MBA Curriculum of Biju Patnaik University of Technology. They are under pressure to fill the position so that they can get back to their own work. Therefore you are in a greater position of strength than you think. An interviewer has 3 aims: 1) To learn if you are the right person for the job 2) To assess your potential for promotion Page | 6 . Concentrate on what you have to offer in the way of qualifications and experience instead of feeling intimidated.

Page | 7 .PERSONAL INTERVIEW 3) To decide whether you will fit into the company environment OBJECTIVE : During your interview. Keep in mind that both you and the employer are selling and evaluating each other. the employer you will be a contributing member of their team. you have two main goals or objective :  Convince  Convince the employer you can make a positive contribution to their organization.

Page | 8 . Keep eye contact during the conversation to show interest and confidence. A collared shirt and dress slacks are always appropriate for both men and women. Wear clean. Professional attire tells employers that you take the job seriously. pressed attire that fits properly. Smiles and eye contact are very important to first impressions. Types of Interview  Behavioral interview  Stress interview  Technical Interview  Telephone Interviews There are many ways to approach an interview. but don't overdo it -. One way to stand out is to wear a tasteful. bright-colored shirt. An enthusiastic smile signals you are happy to be there. Confidence is shown through how a person is dressed and his or her presence. organization. be calm and clearly explain the talents you can bring to a company. Find your own style that showcases your abilities and personality. without simply staring at the interviewer. During this process. the employer hopes to determine whether or not the applicant is suitable for the job. When you are under pressure.PERSONAL INTERVIEW INTRODUCTION A job interview is a process in which a potential employee is evaluated by an employer for prospective employment in their company. or firm.you don't want to come across as fake.

PIET. Sr. TUNA BISWAL.PERSONAL INTERVIEW Main body  PROJECT TITLE: “ENHANCEMENT OF PERFORMANCE IN PERSONAL INTERVIEW”  STUDENT’S NAME: RAJA RIZVI COURSE:   MBA 1ST TRIMESTER (2009-2011) Mr.D English.O. lecturer and H. Rourkela GUIDED BY: Page | 9 .

Be concise and to the point. Project an air of humility and politeness. Concentrate on what you have to offer in the way of qualifications and experience instead of feeling intimidated.PERSONAL INTERVIEW The interviewer hopes that YOU are the right person for the job. It is an indication of your selfconfidence. Do not interrupt him midway. They are under pressure to fill the position so that they can get back to their own work. Think for a second or two before you answer and don't rush into the answer. Don't sound overconfident or arrogant. Do not beat around the bush. • Be a good listener and listen carefully to the interviewer. admit it. Be loud enough so that the interviewers can hear you properly. • • • • • • • • • • Page | 10 . Be positive and enthusiastic during the interview. If you do not know the answer of a question. Therefore. Feel free to ask questions if necessary. Be natural and be yourself during the interview. The key to a successful interview is in preparation Be prepared: For the types of questions you will be asked Be prepared: To ask questions yourself Be prepared: To research the company Be prepared: To look the part Be prepared: To turn up on time • Personal Interview: Personal interview is the final step towards getting the job. it is very crucial that you prepare thoroughly for the personal interview and perform to the best of your ability. It is perfectly all right and much appreciated by interviewers. Never boast about your achievements. Maintain perfect eye contact during the interview. Don't get into an argument with the interviewer on any topic. Be honest and do not try to fool the interviewer. Don't speak very slowly . Therefore you are in a greater position of strength than you think. Ask for a clarification if the question is not clear. Speak clearly.

Alternately. name and title.  Telephone Interviews: To save on time and expenditure some organizations conduct screening interviews by telephone.  Group Interview: The group interview is used by some large companies or organizations and in this interview several candidates are interviewed at one time. While giving interview keep your resume in front of you for easy reference. This type of interview is used to observe how candidates react under pressure and how individuals interact with people with different personalities. candidates are asked to respond to questions that require examples of previous activities undertaken and behaviors performed. The interviewer may have an abrupt or brash attitude. Be prepared with your own questions that you intend to ask and end your interview with a statement expressing your interest in the position. be sure to ask for basic information if it is not offered. and ask for the projected length of the interview so that you may make appropriate arrangements. Many candidates find telephone interviews more difficult than personal interviews because one does not receive any nonverbal feedback to help gauge employer's responses. be silent. and spend time taking notes.  Panel Interviews: As a time-management method some organizations arrange panel interviews.PERSONAL INTERVIEW • Types Of Interview: Here is a brief preview of different type of interviews conducted by the organizations. Project a professional tone on the telephone and keep a paper and pen ready to note down any important information. In behavioral interviews. This interview can last from two hours to a day or longer and usually includes a group problem-solving exercise. the interviewer may stare. The interviewers may ask questions in an unstructured manner.  Stress Interview: The purpose of stress interview is to test the candidate's ability to be assertive and handle difficult situations.  Behavioral Interview: Behavioral interviewing is based on the premise that the best way to predict future behavior is to determine past behavior. Typically. who will be conducting the interview. Page | 11 . A panel involves a number of interviewers. When the interviewer calls to arrange the telephone interview. such as. try to incorporate their names in your responses. Try to establish rapport with each person through eye contact and whenever possible. members of the panel will ask questions that represents their area of concern. Intentionally creates and promotes discomfort.

You can prepare better for this type of interview if you know which skills that the employer has predetermined to be necessary for the job you seek. Behavioural interview is based on the premise that the best predictor of future behaviour is past behaviour. A candidate who prefers to work alone will find it difficult to think about and describe an effective team experience. • Describe a situation in which you were able to use persuade someone successfully to agree to your point of view.PERSONAL INTERVIEW • Behavioural Interview: Behavioral interview is a relatively new mode of job interview. • • • • • Page | 12 . Give me an example of a time when you set a goal and were able to achieve it. the interviewer asks the candidate to describe situations that he/she has actually experienced. and communications. Describe a time when you were faced with a stressful situation that demonstrated your coping skills. Give me a specific example of a time when you used good judgment and logic in solving a problem. If you have strong teamwork capabilities or tendencies they will come to the fore when you describe your best team. creativity. persistence. Here is a list of probable behavioral interview questions that you may face. if they want to know whether you are a team player or not. Tell me about a time when you had to use your communication skills to influence someone's opinion. Candidates who tell the interviewer about particular situations that relate to each question will be far more effective and successful than those who respond in general terms. For example. your response needs to be specific and detailed. As a candidate. In a behavioral interview. The behavioral interview technique is used by employers to evaluate a candidate's experiences and behaviors in order to determine their potential for success. These competencies would include teamwork. In the interview. Give me a specific example of a time when you had to conform to a policy with which you did not agree. Behavioral interview usually focuses on a number of individual 'behaviors' or 'competencies' that the company has identified as being particularly important for the job. they might ask you about your best team experience and why you consider it the best. you should be equipped to answer the questions thoroughly.

These include: Unexpected Behavior: The interviewer tries to catch you off guard with unexpected behavior. facial expressions. Tips on Handling Stress Interview Page | 13 . ability to prioritise and anticipate problems. • • • • Stress Interview: Now a days many organizations are resorting to stress interview to test a candidate's temperament. or behavior and he will make you realize that you are responsible for it. pretending not to understand your answer. You explain several times. Stress interview is based on the premise that stressful situations bring out the true worth of a person and the candidate who performs well under pressure in the interview is likely to perform similarly on the job. Uncomfortable Questions: The interviewer can ask uncomfortable questions such as "Why you get such low marks in graduation" or "Why you were fired from your previous job" to put you under pressure. In case interviews you are presented an open-ended business situation and are required to describe a path toward a solution. and communication skills. What is your typical way of dealing with conflict? Give me an example. an interviewer might ask the same question several times. like " How many Maruti cars are running on the roads of Delhi?" Case Interview: The case interview tests your knowledge of relevant business issues. each time getting more exasperated at the questioner's stupidity. quantitative and analytical skills. Give me an example of a time when you had to think on your feet and take a split second decision. For example. There are various stress interview tactics that an interviewer may adapt. Aggressive Attitude: The interviewer may convey his aggressive behavior through his body language. Puzzle Question: The interviewer may ask you a question whose answer you are not generally expected to know. The purpose of stress interview is to put the candidate on the defensive.PERSONAL INTERVIEW • Tell me about a time when you had too many things to do and you were required to prioritize your tasks. Tell me about a time you were able to successfully deal with another person even when that individual may not have personally liked you.

PERSONAL INTERVIEW • • • • • Always keep yourself cool and composed during interview when you are put in a stressful situation. This will help you in case you need to appear for a face-to-face interview at a later stage. It would be useful to take written notes of your comments and the interviewers' comments. Be open. The interviewer. The script for the phone interview is dictated entirely by your resume. It is a good idea to visit the site an hour or so before the interview and familiarize yourself with the phone instrument. Don't hesitate about asking questions to get clarification. It is an efficient and effective way of screening the potential candidates when the candidate pool is very large and widely dispersed. this is exactly what's expected of you. Since most telephonic interviews are with a single recruiter. telecom and banking use phone interview frequently. Don't mistake it for a 'get to know you better' session. This can buy you some time to think. based in another city or country. It is important to speak slowly and clearly so that the interviewer can understand what you are saying. backup phone lines as well as physical verification of documents can be easily arranged. These locations are preferred as soundproof rooms. • Phone Interview: Phone interview as a mode of recruitment is increasingly becoming popular in India. honest. by sandwiching it as an elimination round between resume selection and the regular interview. sometimes. all statements on it must be justifiable. preferably with examples. Recruiters use the phone interview to avoid unnecessary travel. It is important to take phone interviews as seriously as any other interview. One of the great advantages of the phone interview is that you can keep reading material with you during the interview. The telephone interviews are usually held at a formal setting like a hotel business centre or the placement consultant's office. you may have to sit through multiple rounds. Clarify the question and the nature of the answer desired. straightforward and refuse to be emotionally intimidated. Ignore the interviewer’s tantrums and his aggressive behavior and keep yourself focused on answering the question to the best of your ability. Sectors such as IT. unless expressly forbidden by an on-site person monitoring it. Remember it is a selection test. It is perfectly legitimate to do so. Like a regular interview. calls at a fixed time and candidates are expected to be present at the site. each with a different person. It is also vital to keep a tab on the tone and tenor of Page | 14 .

discuss a weakness that could also be a strength such as “I am a workaholic!” More Examples of Interview Questions: • Tell me a little bit about yourself. better opportunity. • Probable Question At Personal Interview: • Example question: How would you describe yourself? Your answer: Should describe attributes that will enhance your suitability for the position. Do not be detrimental to your previous employer. • Describe your current / most recent position. so it's important to smile and stay relaxed. Have some ready in advance. • What made you want to make this change? • What do you most enjoy doing in your current /most recent position? Describe your future ambitions. He could be the interviewer’s golfing partner.” Instead. Don’t mention anything that could make the interviewer question your ability to do the job. The main aim of the phone interview is to get selected yourself for the final interview. Also give examples of situations where your strengths have been demonstrated. Example question: What are your long-term goals? Your answer: Should be career orientated. How would you describe yourself? Questions for you to ask • • • • • • • Asking questions at interview has a number of positive effects: Page | 15 . for example “I am always late for everything. increased income. Most interviewers are experienced at conducting a phone interview and can easily judge the comfort level of the candidate. Example question: Why did you leave your last job? Your answer: Could be more responsibility. Example question: What are your strengths? Your answer: Should highlight accomplishments and experiences that relate to the position for which you are applying.PERSONAL INTERVIEW your voice. Make sure you have goals to discuss. Not: because it is closer to home or the gym. Example question: What are your weaknesses? Your answer: Should not be a list of deficiencies. the tone and tenor of your voice give away your mood. While the interviewer cannot see you. Example question: Why do you want this job? Your answer: Your answer should be: more responsibility or better opportunity or similar. So prepare earnestly for it and keep above phone interview tips in mind.

It demonstrates an interest in the job and the company. It can help build a rapport with the interviewer. The questions must be about the position and the company. Companies often have their own web site. It can be used to divert the interviewer away from a subject you may wish to avoid. financial data. The interviewee will appreciate your interest and often share valuable documents before the interview. If the interviewer is a representative of the personnel department the questions should relate to the company and be general. Make sure your tape recorder has batteries that work. industries and business trends is available in business magazines which often publish on the World Wide Web and allow you to order Annual Reports relating to specific companies. • Example questions relating to the position: What are the main responsibilities of the job? What are the most difficult aspects of the job? How did the vacancy arise? What is the career path relating to this position? How will my work be assessed? Example questions relating to the company: What is the company hoping to achieve in the next 12 months? What new products are the company planning to introduce in the future? Are any major changes planned for the department/company? Who are your biggest competitors? Where to find company information: Information relating to companies. You should already have researched the company and it’s products and services. • • • • Ten Tips for a Better Interview: 1) Be prepared! Always read up on the subject you are reporting about and the person you are interviewing. Newspapers . successes and problems. Your source will appreciate your effort.PERSONAL INTERVIEW It helps you find out more about the company and the position. Specific questions relating to the position should be kept for the line manager who will have a more detailed knowledge. Page | 16 . Relevant qualifications for the position. book or document. Bring an extra tape as well as pens and notebook.search on-line press reports including archived articles. ask your source to suggest documents or other sources of information about the topic you will discuss. Avoid questions about salary. Local library Some of the main influences on the interviewer are: Your experience in other employment or life situations your personal presentation. When scheduling the appointment. and you will be able to skip questions that can be answered by an assistant. How your personality comes across in the interview your background and references Your enthusiasm for both the job and the organization. Your questions should demonstrate knowledge of the company’s history. benefits and facilities until after you have been offered the job.

Sooner or later you will have to ask the tough questions that your subject may be loath to discuss. Page | 17 . adjust your timing accordingly. If this occurs." other experts may not understand the differences. If the interview goes well. If your subject uses scientific jargon or explanations only his/her peers would understand. the interviewee must understand that everything they say is "on the record. need a couple minutes to become comfortable talking to reporters. this may be exactly what your source intended. your opponent will begin to feel uncomfortable and begin to share information again. this can add color to your story. In most cases. the answers most likely will be short. Although most government officials have enough experience with the media to indicate when something is "off-the record" or "on background. be sure to get a good look around and note what you see. If you are interviewing people in their home or office." It is best to establish these ground rules when making the interview appointment. to get a bigger picture. Keep in mind.PERSONAL INTERVIEW 2) Set the rules of the interview right up front! Be sure your subject understands the story you are working on (this will help keep the interview on track). Perception is a tricky business! Try to talk to others. 5) Be polite! Don't rush your source! It is important to establish a polite rapport and a level of comfort for the interviewee. politely interrupt and ask for further explanation. they may have some old photos that show them in a more personal light. you should not rush your subject. Even though you may only have 30 minutes for an interview. Be observant! Observe details of the place and of your interviewing partner. everyone is different. Some interviewees. 6) Listen but don't be afraid to interrupt when you don't understand! Keep your audience in mind! One reason you are conducting this interview is to explain it to your readers. ask for sources who might be able to answer your question. 7) Silence is golden. Taking the time to get to know your sources will prove valuable. If you sense the interviewee is in a hurry. especially when you need to call with follow-up questions or use them as a source for future stories. on the other hand. When you start asking those provocative questions. You may start an interview with assumptions about a person and leave with a completely different impression. However. 3) 4) Be on time! The worst impression you can make on a source is being late for the interview. useless or carefully worded. it may even go beyond the scheduled time. look your source in the eye and don't say a word. If this doesn't work. Remember that an upfront clarification may be required (especially when your source's job or life could be endangered by being quoted). You may not get an answer at all. colleagues or friends of your source. For example. Give yourself plenty of time between appointments to avoid scheduling conflicts. Never be embarrassed about not knowing something. Additionally.

maintain as much eye contact as possible. Lots of open space. Always ask for other sources. matter. Go over them right away. every mailed resume should be freshly printed on high quality paper. no missing words. This will make the interview more like a conversation. a clear. • You will likely grow tired of hearing this but correct spelling. follow these resume guidelines to create an interview winning resume that is head and shoulders above the crowd. And don’t even think of sending your application to my company in your current employer’s envelope. Don't leave without getting a contact number or e-mail address and a good time to call with follow-up questions. • Tips for Winning Resume: An employer can receive hundreds of resumes in response to an advertised position. can impress or depress the employer. • Formatting and feel. only a few resumes stand out from the crowd. at first glance. ask your source if there is anything that you might have forgotten to ask. Skip that date for drinks with your office pals until after you have reviewed and organized your notes. 10) Review your notes right after the interview! Don't wait until the end of the day or later in the week to review your notes. With electronic publishing. Then. Learn to take abbreviated notes looking down only once in a while so you can focus on your interviewee. Think about what this says about the integrity of the candidate.. Your resume. Colleagues or friends of the interviewee may be more knowledgeable or willing and able to speak to you. while everything is fresh in your mind.PERSONAL INTERVIEW 8) Maintain eye contact! A reporter who spends most of the interview bent over taking notes or looking into a notebook can be as disconcerting as a tape recorder in an interviewee's face. Want your resume to shine in the eyes of the employer you want to attract? Start by including a well-written resume cover letter with the resume. and easy-to-find and skim information. While taking notes and recording the interview. or with metered postage. appropriate grammar.. on a mailed-in resume. one of these a week. filling in your shorthand and elaborating on your observations. I receive. Envelopes do matter. easy-to-read font such as 12 point Arial. but you did not even think to ask that question. 9) Before you leave. For every hundred resumes an employer receives. Thank your source for spending time talking with you before you leave. at least. Perhaps the interviewee is burning to tell you useful information. and enable everyone to be more relaxed. and no typing mistakes make your resume an employer-pleaser Page | 18 . entice the employer to read on.

• How to Write a Resume That Stands Out From The Crowd Today's job market is competitive. The objective is your opportunity to connect your skills. Write this section in such a manner that it immediately catches the attention of a hiring manager. Don’t make me pause. and attention to detail. Keep the resume short No one has the time to go through elaborate detailing about your past jobs and experiences. Avoid using fancy fonts and do not change font regularly throughout the resume. don’t make me think. resumes can extend to three pages in order to include relevant technical information. However. The following 10 tips will help you learn how to get employers to read your resume and get your phone ringing. Changing fonts regularly will distract and confuse a hiring manager. Therefore. Indeed. and cell phones. there is absolutely no reason to make contacting you difficult for the potential employer. Yet. Read the job posting carefully and you can pick out exactly what the employer believes he needs. Every mistake makes me question your carefulness. This profile should match the particular job you want to apply for. Avoid the dreaded phone tag that may make you miss out on an interview altogether. Every mistake makes me pause and think. experience. An error-free resume is rare. which contains a synopsis of your varied skills and educational qualifications. Do not use Page | 19 . even if you have to buy a mobile for your job search. making it difficult for yours to stand out from the crowd. that should not keep you from getting interviews. Include a profile Begin your resume with a profile. Give more importance on content than on looks One of the major mistakes people make while creating resumes is in the use of fancy fonts. And guess what? You’re never home. Don’t settle for a lame. in the case of technical people. 1. some hiring managers will not further consider your candidacy if they find even one mistake. Make a list of the most important jobs you have held and give a brief of your previous job-oriented experiences.PERSONAL INTERVIEW right out of the starting gate. However. Many companies receive hundreds of resumes a year. • Contact Information: In this era of instant messaging. care. traits. email. keep the resume short. “I seek a challenging opportunity to utilize my skills with a progressive employer who will provide opportunities for growth”. 2. Give the potential employer your cell phone number. State your career objective clearly so that the reader gets an overall idea of your background and areas of expertise. Write and customize an “objective” for each job and employer. and he calls you instead of someone else. over half the resumes I receive have no contact information except a home phone number. and job requirements with those the employer is seeking. 3.

make a list of your job responsibilities. because it solves the frustrating Page | 20 . Provide details of only those qualifications that match your current job search. particularly about job responsibilities and dates of employment. Producing a document that is well presented. 5. certifications. I recommend this tool. it would be called a lie. 8. initiated. Use white paper and make the thoughts flow smoothly. DON"T lie . If you want to create cover letters for any career situation. mention the title of every job you have held. It may include licenses. such as created. for example. Add related qualifications and interests Think about anything else that might qualify you for your job objective and place it at the bottom of your resume. Under each position. The main purpose of this document is to introduce yourself in such an interesting manner that the reader will not only continue reading your resume but also be willing to call you for an interview. awards and achievements. Clearly identifying your skills will distinguish you from the other job seekers and eventually help your potential employers to select you from the rest. 9. It reflects your communication skills and your personality. 6. There are many risks involved in lying. led. position. stating on your resume that you are a pianist will increase your chance to get that interview call. List your educational and professional qualifications Include any relevant education or training that might relate. Numerous surveys show that job applicants lie most frequently about education and employment. Hiding gaps in employment and jobs where they were forced to leave by the respective employers is also common. all you have to do is to stand out from the crowd. increased. and job level. improved or reduced to begin each statement of your duties and accomplishments. Remember. I recommend a unique resume/ cover letter tool on the Internet today called Amazing Cover Letter Creator. So. along with the name of the company. 4. Make your document eye appealing so that your reader can review it with ease.PERSONAL INTERVIEW underlining or italics to add emphasis. and sometimes even your hobbies and interests if they truly relate. Always attach a covering letter A cover letter is a letter of introduction that highlights your key achievements and skills and entitles you for a job opening. the city and state. This will help you to get short-listed more easily. you will be fired then and there. Be honest with your resume If you did not actually do what you said you did. Focus on your job responsibilities Starting with your present position or most recent job. Clearly identify your skills Do not be modest in mentioning your skills. If you seek a job in a music company. developed.be honest with your resume. 7. Use descriptive verbs. and the years you have worked there. Once you are caught with a lie. but many job applicants do not seem to get the message about the risks of lying. performed. detailed and targeted will attract the attention of your hiring manager.

If you're not sure. Still others chewed gum or showed up in rumpled clothes or with their pants falling down. or punctuation. However. Proofread your resume After you have finalized your employment documents. You can use it over and over again for all your cover letter needs.PERSONAL INTERVIEW problem job seekers have when trying to write an effective resume cover letter. purple sweat suits. prepare two or three separate resumes. According to Kim Zoller at Image Dynamics. It is much better to be overdressed than underdressed (or undressed). without necessarily spending a lot of money. Good luck for your career! • Tips for Dress Up: An article in U. it does. appearances did matter. regardless of the dress code at the organization. Make your resume exclusive and unique so that it stands out from the crowd. check them repeatedly for errors in spelling. Proofread your resume and cover letter carefully. One recruiter even told a candidate with his trousers down below his hips. each tailored to the job you are targeting. In the conservative business climate we worked in at the time.S. In other environments it isn't as important. Today spoke about candidates for jobs wearing jeans. Spelling and grammatical errors can automatically disqualify a resume from consideration. 10." According to the article.no matter how important your qualifications and experiences are. and spike heels or sneakers. Make your resume positive and completely error-free. Dress Your Best When Interviewing Does it really make a difference how you dress for an interview? In many cases. the outlandish dress costs some candidates the job. hiring managers might presume you will be equally careless on the job . grammar. Her Dressing for Success information gives some tips on how to look your best. check with the person who scheduled the interview and ask. If you're in doubt about how to dress for an interview. Here's a quick look at the basics: Page | 21 . If you are seeking two or three different positions. Other applicants weren't afraid to show pierced body parts and spiked hair.A. 55% of another person's perception of you is based on how you look. it is best to err on the side of conservatism. If you make mistakes on your employment documents. to "Pull your pants up. it does make sense to dress your best for the interview.

) Page | 22 . • Stick to wearing one color shirts that are plain or come with light stripes. Don't wear too much jewellery No purses. wear close-toed shoes. when you sweat. What you wear and how you dress is a reflection of your attitude and personality. • Wear an undershirt beneath your collared shirt so that. carry a briefcase instead If you wear nail polish (not necessary). etc. light-colored collared shirt. Necktie should be silk with a conservative pattern Dark shoes (black lace-ups are best) Dark socks (black is best) Don't wear athletic shoes Do carry a portfolio or briefcase with extra copies of your resume Women • • • • • • • • • • • If you want to go Western—then wear slacks/ pants or skirts that fall below the knee. Wear collared shirts or blouses. Men • Wear dark colored pants (never wear jeans) with collared shirts • Avoid wearing collared shirts that are too thin or have designs. use clear or a conservative color. eyebrow rings. small or large. trimmed fingernails • Minimal cologne or perfume • Empty pockets-—no bulges or tinkling coins • No visible body piercing (nose rings. Avoid shirts that have too much of a pattern as it can be distracting. • Avoid bright colored shirts like red and purple. If wearing Western. you can wear a salwar suit or a sari. Here are some hints on how to dress for an interview. Make sure the material is thick (not synthetic) and that the colours and pattern are not bright or distracting. ironed. it does • • • • • not seep through to your shirt.PERSONAL INTERVIEW It is very important that you dress appropriately for the interview. It's best to wear dark pants or a dark skirt and a nice. Men & Women • Well-groomed hairstyle • Clean. If wearing Indian. Try avoiding bright colors like hot pink and orange.

If it does not meet your needs. Here are some useful salary negotiation tips to help you bargain optimum salary for yourself. settle for three or four. For example you may get a company car. As you will most likely be working with the person you are negotiating your salary with. Once you employer elicits interest in employing you. it will be much easier to negotiate since you know that the company wants you on board. This will give you an objective idea about your worth and you can negotiate accordingly. You may have a rough idea about your worth based on the anecdotal information what people like you are paid.      Page | 23 . it is important to maintain cordial relations. Some companies have their hands tied when it comes to salary. Put your past experiences on the table and let the employer see exactly why you are fit for the position. Figure out beforehand how low you will go. Show your experience and expertise. Hands-on experience is a very efficient salary-negotiating tool. Look at the whole package subjectively. Sometimes no amount of negotiation will get you what you want. Don't ask about salary. Know your minimum expected salary. Compare it with the skill you have. free accommodation. Be prepared to compromise and settle for a middle path. It would be inappropriate to push off any actual salary talk until after you have secured the position. but for better salary negotiation you need to do an objective assessment of yourself. it is time to stop rather than end up with the wrong deal. Add any extra skill that you think you have and would help you in performing the job better. but may have a number of other perks / benefits that will raise your overall remuneration to a figure that meets your expectations. Let employers make a first offer.PERSONAL INTERVIEW • Salary Negotiation Tips: Salary Negotiation is a very vital part of the recruitment process. Strive towards a win-win scenario. or the opportunity for flexible working or working from home. Squeezing every last penny out of your future employer is not a good idea. If you ask for six benefits and the company comes back with two. Make a list of the skills required for the job.  It is important that you have an idea about your worth.

FEW people stop and say in writing. he or she is a human being just like you. and to have the chance to share why I believe I am well-qualified to step into the position of [fill in job opening title here]. ‘thank you.’ ‘I appreciated meeting you. How? By keeping communication open. contact. send a post-interview cover letter ASAP and watch your name soar to the top of the ‘must hire list. That alone makes not only a first impression but a lasting one. available. whenever you complete a successful job interview with a company you’d like to work for. letter. I look forward to hearing a positive response. Sincerely yours. phone call. It’s for adult job-seekers too! Think of the hiring manager as your leader. Follow up every lead. who likes to be remembered and acknowledged. especially when handwritten and mailed directly to the hiring manager’s attention.PERSONAL INTERVIEW • Writing Cover Letter : Remember the childhood game. After meeting with you. Everyone likes to receive mail with his or her name hand-written on the envelope. it’s not just for kids. please let me know.’ But what a difference these few words can make. Fred Follow-Up So.’ ‘I m grateful for the time you gave me today. but a personal note in your own hand is the most effective post-interview cover letter of all. After all. or interview with a sizzling postinterview cover letter that puts your name on the top of his or her list. Thank you again. TWO chances to make a great first impression! · Follow-up cover letters and resumes will land you more quality job interviews. e-mail. “Follow the Leader?” Well. Follow-up letters also show what kind of person you are-someone who is aware. Here’s a sample of a short post-interview cover letter that does the job: Dear Hiring Manager: I am very grateful for the time you gave me yesterday.’ ‘If I can provide further information. You can follow up with a phone call. Page | 24 . I’m even more excited about this opportunity. It was a pleasure to meet you. or a Fax. and appreciative. Follow him or her right into the position you want to fill. · Post-interview cover letters will increase your number of job offers.

Those are: How to convince the employer you can make a positive contribution to their organization. And how to convince the employer you will be a contributing member of their team.v • What to wear at interview • How to negotiate the salary • How to behave. This report will help to overcome the most important problems faced by the candidates at interview. Keep in mind that both you and the employer are selling and evaluating each other.PERSONAL INTERVIEW CONCLUSION I am concluding that this project will help all the students and persons who are going to appear a personal interview. This project will not satisfactory but somehow it improves the efficiency and clears the doubts regarding personal interviews. This report will also give information to the candidates regarding • How to write a c. etc Page | 25 .

Summary : You should show interest in all aspects of the job and the company especially if shown around the premises. Take care in how you dress for the interview. which is more acceptable to people of all ages. cultures and backgrounds. Make sure you have the correct address and know how you will get there: Parking? Public transport access? Do a dummy run if you are not sure. for example: a student placement that is more expensively dressed than the Managing Director may have a negative impact. Travel tips : Arrive 15 minutes early. After all. you are asking to be accepted into the company.PERSONAL INTERVIEW RECOMMENDATIONS • Presentation Tips : Obviously you should be clean and smart in appearance but you should also dress appropriately for the position. it could be the Managing Director’s cousin! Have a copy of your CV with you. First impressions still count! • • Page | 26 . Taking trouble over your appearance shows the employer that the job is important to you. Therefore always avoid extremes in hair. Clothes should be on the conservative side. make-up and jewellery. Do your homework on the company and the nature of its business. Be polite to everyone you speak to. clothes. Make sure you have a mobile phone and a telephone number so that you can ring ahead if circumstances beyond your control are making you late.

PERSONAL INTERVIEW REFERENCES • • M Ashraf Rizvi (2009) Effective Technical Communication An introduction to professional English & soft skills (foundation books) Business communication by Bovee et al • • Websites: www.com www.com www.google.wikipedia.universalteacher.com www.wordweb.com Page | 27 .

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