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TO STUDY, DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ³LAN´ NETWORK

Electronics System Design-I (EC-705) Project-I Semester ² 7 B.E.(E & C)
By : Group No: 1

Ankita Sinha (07-ECG-02)

Hadi Rashid (07-ECG-22)

Internal Guide: Mrs.T.V.Doshi Lecturer, E & C Dept., SVIT-VASAD.

External Guide: Mr.Nihar Kapadia Chief Network Engineer PKEL Vadodara

Electronics & Communication Engineering Department.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology , VASAD.
YEAR 2010-11

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology , VASAD.
Electronics & Communication Engineering Department. Certificate

This is to certify that project entitled ³LAN SOLUTIONS ´ which is being submitted by (1) Hadi Rashid (07-ECG-22) (2) Ankita Sinha (07-ECG-02) of programme Electronics & Communication has/have satisfactorily completed his/her/their term work in the subject of Electronics system design-I(project-I) code EC-705,during the academic year 2010-11.

Date : 20 /11/2010
Internal Project Guide: Head Of the Department:

Mrs.T.V.Doshi Lecturer, E & C Dept., SVIT-VASAD.

Prof.M .P.Teredesai H.O.D. E & C Dept., SVIT-VASAD.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
It gives us great pleasure and filling of complacency to present our project titled ³LAN SOLUTIONS´ which we have successfully completed as a part of our curriculum of this LY BE E&C syllabus. On this juncture we would like to thank all the persons who constantly guided us during the time of the difficulties while developing this project. First and foremost we would like to give very special thanks to our project guide Mrs. TWINKLE. V. DOSHI for developing us and rendering her valuable suggestions. We would like to express our special thanks to our external guide Mr. NIHAR KAPADIA and the PKEL staff to whom we are indebted towards their invaluable contribution in making my project more presentable. Lastly we would like to thank the teachers of the E&C engineering department at the SVIT for continuous support, encouragement and valuable tips.

With thanks, Hadi Rashid (07-ecg-22) Ankita Sinha (07-ecg-02) Group no. 01 S.V.I.T Vasad.

PREFACE:
Today mostly everyone is aware of the terms like INTERNET, LAN, WAN etc. We find such network in every industry, university, college, banks, govt. offices etc. This technology has changed the face of data sharing among users connected to the network in terms of speed. Data exchange can be done in a more efficient and secured way. Data can also be stored and managed efficiently. In this report covering our project topic ³LAN SOLUTIONS´ we are discussing about the how a Local Area Network is setup on a site based on the requirements and applications and the amount of data sharing that is going to take place between the users connected to the LAN. Additional to data sharing technologies like wireless access, video conferencing and firewall security is also implemented to offer a complete LAN solution with leading practices. A very systematic life cycle approach is followed to make sure the reports covers every aspect right from preparing and planning to operate and optimization of the network. First basic introduction to our project and concept is presented. Then in design phase how different users are connected to each other through cables and other important details is covered. Followed by this is the detailed explanation about switching technology and routing protocol which are extremely important for efficient internetwork. An estimation of the materials like cables, trays, junction boxes etc. is mentioned. In the end datasheets of active and passive components used for the implementation are attached.

COMPANY PROFILE

INDEX:
I) Introduction«««««««««««««««««««««««...1 1) What is ³NETWORK´? 2) Our role in project. II) Block diagram of a generalized LAN setup ««««««««««..... 5 III) Prepare & Plan Phase «««««««««««««««««...«...6 1) Requirements 2) Site Details IV) Design Phase«.««««««««««««««««««««««8 1) User Station Diagram 2) Schematic Diagram of server room 3) Description of different parts of LAN setup: 3.1) Cabling««««.««««««««««««««««««13 3.1.1) What are network cables? 3.1.2) Installation Guidelines 3.1.3) Floor wise cable layout 3.1.4) Backbone Connectivity 3.2) Switches««««.««««««««««««««««.... 29 3.2.1) What is switch? 3.2.2) Switch IP address details 3.3) Routers««««...««««««««««««««.««.. 35 3.3.1) What is Router? 3.3.2) Routing Protocol Criteria 3.4) Rack unit details...««««««««««««««««« 38 3.5) Patch max termination details«««««««««««.«..39 3.6) Firewall......................«««««««««««««...«.......45 V) Material estimation«««.«««««««««««««««.........48 1) Cable Estimation 2) Floor wise Ipatch solution 3) Floor wise Visipatch solution 4) Cable trays, junction box & MS channel (elect. & UTP) VI) Implement, Operate, & Optimize Phase««««««««««......... 53 VII) Testing Results«««««««««««««««««««««... 55 1) Cables 2) Fiber Optic Cable 3) User Acceptance Test (UAT) VIII) Future expansion««««««««««««««««««««...85 IX) Applications«««««««««««««««««««««««87 X) Benefits of Life Cycle Approach to network design«««««««.. .89 XI) Bibliography««««««««««««««««««««.««... 91 XII) Conclusion«««««««««««««««««««««««. 92 XIII) Appendix«««««««««««««««««««.....«««. 93