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The 8th International Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics Busan, Korea, September 22-25, 2003

Sub-Visual Cavitation and Acoustic Modeling for Ducted Marine Propulsor Jin Kim1, Eric Paterson2 and Frederick Stern3 Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research The University of Iowa Iowa City, IA, USA Background Performance of ducted marine propulsor is influenced by a number of parameters including tip-gap size, tip geometry, blade loading, and inflow structure. Especially, tipleakage vortex through tip-gap builds up relatively low pressure in vortex core. Since small bubbles, or nuclei, respond to the local pressure field as they convect through the propulsor, prediction of cavitation inception requires fidelity resolution of pressure and associated flow features such as tip-leakage vortices, axial flow within the vortex core, blade and duct boundary layers, and turbulence near and within the core. This provides the motivation for the work here, where Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) will provide high fidelity flow information on tip-leakage vortex and sub-visual cavitation and acoustic model will be applied with RANS solution. Objective The objective of this work is to develop validated capability for fidelity RANS simulation of ducted marine propulsor, and a model that can simulate the dynamics of sub-visual traveling-bubble cavitation and its acoustic noise wherein nuclei are subject to pressure fluctuations provided by a combination of RANS solution and ad-hoc model for turbulent fluctuations. Approach The first part of this study is to obtain verified and validated RANS solution for David Taylor model propeller 5206 (Judge et al., 2001), which is a three-bladed rotor in a cylindrical duct. The incompressible RANS code, CFDSHIP-IOWA (Paterson et al., 2003) is extended for RANS simulation of marine propulsor by adding the relative rotating coordinate system and Chimera overset grid method. The mesh interpolation code, PEGASUS (Suhs et al., 2002) is used for the exchange of the flow information between the overset grids. The second part of this study is to simulate the dynamics of sub-visual traveling-bubble cavitation and the associated hydro-acoustic noise due to bubble collapse. The modified Rayleigh-Plesset equation is solved along the bubble
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Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Iowa, (Ph) 319335-5220, (Fax) 319-335-5238, (Email) jin-kim@uiowa.edu 2 Senior Research Associate, Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, (Ph) 814865-7315, (Fax) 814-865-8896, (Email) eric-paterson@psu.edu 3 Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Iowa, (Ph) 319-335-5215, (Fax) 319-335-5238, (Email) frederick-stern@uiowa.edu

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Tip-leakage vortex and trailing edge vortex merge with low pressure along the tip-leakage vortex. September 22-25. E.” CAV2001: 4th International Symposium on Cavitation. E. J. C.. In this procedure. Ceccio. The acoustic noise induced by collapsing bubble is computed from the far field form of acoustic pressure for a spherical bubble. The cavitation bubble grows and collapses very rapidly and hydro-acoustic noise is emitted due to bubble collapse. (2002). Wilson. Mississippi State University. and Dietz. Q.. “PEGASUS 5: An Automated PreProcessor for Overset-Grid CFD. (2001). “On Simulating Tip-Leakage Vortex Flow to Study the Nature of Cavitation Inception. G.. R.. V... 793-802. S. G. Final Paper In the completed paper. “Tip-Leakage Vortex Inception on a Ducted Rotor. and Fry. Jessup.. F. “Comprehensive Approach to Verification and Validation of CFD Simulations – Part 1: Methodology and Procedure. S. The analysis of flow field in tip-leakage vortex will be shown including comparison with experiment and other computational result (Brewer.” AIAA Paper 2002-3186. and Paterson. 4. (2002).. R. verification and validation (V&V) of RANS solution will be shown by V&V procedure. Figure 4 shows the typical behavior of traveling sub-visual cavitation close to cavitation inception. Minimum pressure is obtained at suction side of blade tip. “General-Purpose Parallel Unsteady RANS Ship Hydrodynamics Code: CFDSHIP-IOWA. xxx. 2 . 123. D.. 2002). Coleman.. E.The 8th International Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics Busan. S. F. (2003). L. Chesnakas.” IIHR Report No. W. (2001). E. H.. G. Thrust and torque are used for the integral variables and rotational velocity vectors on horizontal and vertical cut line at the center of tip-leakage vortex is used for the point variable. Fluids Eng. Preliminary Results The use of Chimera overset grid gives not only the convenience to construct the grid system for complex geometry but also provides the high quality resolution for the tip-gap and tip-leakage vortex flow. Vol.. cavitation number and turbulence fluctuation in pressure field. Wilson.” ASME J. Oweis. Judge. California.D. References Brewer. D. The detail analysis for sub-visual cavitation will be also shown with effect of initial bubble radius. pp. N. Dissertation. C. V. Suhs. E. Rogers. USA. No. Paterson. Figure 1 shows the overall flow structure near tip region and blade surface pressure. The detail tip-leakage vortex near the trailing edge of blade tip is compared with experiment in Figure 2 and 3. Pasadena. J. and Stern. H. which is provided by Stern et al.. (2001). 2003 trajectory with and without turbulence fluctuation model in RANS pressure field. Stern.” Ph. W. F. Korea.

September 22-25. 2003 Figure 1. Flow structure and surface pressure and pressure along tip-leakage vortex (a) Experiment (b) Computation Figure 2. Velocity vectors and tangential velocity contours (a) Experiment (b) Computation Figure 3. Korea. Vorticity contours 3 .The 8th International Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics Busan.

The 8th International Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics Busan. September 22-25. 2003 Figure 4. Korea. The response of bubble radius and acoustic noise near cavitation inception 4 .