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Marching towards a hunger free society – The Biometric way

“According to UN, about 25,000 people die

every day of hunger or hunger-related causes. This is one person every three and a half seconds. Unfortunately, it is children who die most often. This is inspite of plenty of food in the world for everyone.” Governments in India at all levels implement different welfare Schemes for deprived sections of the society. These Schemes could be either Central, State specific St a k e Ho l d e r s o f P r o je c t : Department of Food & Civil Supplies, or a Joint collaboration between the Centre and the States. The Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) in India is one such welfare scheme aimed at reducing poverty through the mechanism of delivering food grains at affordable prices to the poor households. Under the TPDS, essential commodities like Rice, Wheat, Sugar, Kerosene etc. are distributed to citizens on a monthly basis through a network of Fair Price Shops(FPS) also known as Ration Shops. The identified beneficiaries are issued ration cards which they produce before the FPS to take delivery of the food grains / commodities. It is often found that the benefits of TPDS do not reach the targeted beneficiaries making it inefficient and ineffective. This is due to large Errors of Exclusion (of BPL families) and Inclusion (of APL), and by the prevalence of millions of ghost cards. As per the data placed before Indian Parliament (2009), it is estimated that there are about 23 million ghost ration cards and about 12.1 million deserving poor are left out this food safety net. In Orissa, the state government has realized the severity of this problem and has decided to reissue ration cards based on biometric system and weed out the duplicate/bogus cards.

Government of Orissa, is the department for whom the project is executed. Rayagada district in Orissa has been chosen for implementation of this project. UN World Food Programme (UNWFP), the world’s largest international food aid organization under the aegis of United Nations provides food and development assistance to developing nations like India. This project is funded by WFP. Boston Consulting Group is a global management consulting company.BCG is assisting UNWFP to strengthen the TPDS. 4G Identity Solutions, the leading biometric solution provider in India provided the end to end solution for enrolling one million citizens which included data digitization, data cleansing, biometric enrollment (Iris, finger & face), biometric de-duplication, creation of unique citizen ID database and printing of ration card. Comat Technologies is the operations vendor responsible for enrollment of the citizens and distribution of the ration cards

4Gid. This project is being carried out to strengthen the distribution system of the Department of Food & Civil Supplies. Step 5: The aggregated data from the DPL’s was de-duplicated using 4Gs multi modal biometric engine to check for fraudulent enrolments. Since the DPL’s are located in remote areas with no internet connectivity. The data from the scanning device will be transmitted to the centralized server using internet connectivity. finger & face). The data in central server can also be given access to public and other government departments with a view to enhance transparency and accountability. tom-tom and public announcement systems was given in the villages requesting them to visit the DPL’s for the . -. their biometric templates and their entitlements.Kofi Annan Project Work Flow Step 1: The old ration card registers were digitized and mapped to the database of BPL survey done in 1997 along with the household survey data of 2002. Step 3: Family wise enrollment of the target beneficiaries was undertaken by capturing the biographic and biometric data (4-4-2 slap fingerprints. finger and iris) data. Wide publicity using posters. creation of unique citizen ID database and printing of ration card. time etc will be transmitted from the PoS device to the centralized server using GPRS connectivity. quantities delivered to the card holder. the project incorporated the cutting edge biometric technologies and best management processes to ensure that distribution of ration cards to citizens is done cost effectively and efficiently. The identified duplicates were verified in the field to weed out duplicate beneficiaries. biometric de-duplication.“Poverty devastates families. The transaction data containing the card ID. 4G’s scope of work included data digitization. 4G Identity Solutions with its vast experience in designing and deploying biometric based Identity Management solutions has been awarded this project through global competitive bidding. The FPS dealer will surrender the coupons to the civil supplies department where they are scanned and destroyed. The closing balance will enable the civil supplies department to derive at the allotment for the succeeding months. creating a unique database by eliminating duplicate entries using biometrics algorithms. www. Government of Orissa by leveraging Biometric technology based solutions. It causes instability and political unrest and fuels conflict.Iris and Facial Photograph). The laminated card will be presented by the cardholder to the FPS for verification and the coupons are surrendered for taking delivery of entitled commodities. Step 8: The households in the urban areas will be given smart cards containing details of the card holder and household members. The first of its kind. The consolidated list of target beneficiaries was prepared. This project is targeted to enroll one million citizens in the entire district of Rayagada in the state of Orissa. The project includes capturing of beneficiaries biographic and multi biometric (face. The smart card is swiped in the Point of Sale (PoS) device and the transaction is authenticated by the biometric of the cardholder. biometric enrollment (Iris. enrollment was done in a decentralized manner using standalone systems. printing and distributing the ration cards to the citizens." Project The UNWFP has undertaken this project on behalf of the Government of Orissa to reissue ration cards based on biometric system to better manage and monitor the distribution of food grains in Rayagada District. data cleansing. Step 9: The data in the centralized server will enable the civil supplies department to get reports on the quantities of commodities delivered to the ration card holders and arrive at the closing balance of commodities at the FPS. Step 4: Periodical backups were taken from the DPL enrolment stations and sent to 4G’s data centre for data aggregation. Step 6: The final database of unique card holders was generated and stored in a centralized citizen database Step 7: The households in the rural areas will be given laminated ration cards along with bar coded coupons by incorporating security features to make them tamper proof and prevent replication. 2. communities and nations. Step 2: The gram panchayat wise target beneficiary database was transferred to the enrolment stations located in the Designated Photography Locations (DPL) before commencement of the enrollment process.

Support & involvement of key stakeholders is essential for successful implementation of the project.Natalie Portman Project Highlights Enrolment of close to 1 million citizens’ multimodal biometrics (Iris. 30 mobile enrolment stations in rural and remote tribal areas for Enrollment. Close to 12 million biometric images captured. Moreover. Ghost ration cards are a staggering 23 million for the entire country. Centralized data centre where data from all enrollment stations is aggregated for de-duplication of data. Comprehensive end user training for citizen enrolment Dedicated onsite technical support Implementation challenges and lessons learnt: Successful enrolment is the key to the success of any biometric project.4Gid. End user acceptance and training is critical to the successful deployment of projects of this size and nature. A study by Planning Commission of India (2005) has indicated that about 58% of the subsidized food grain allocated by the Central Government to the States / Union Territories does not reach the BPL families www. alone budgets close to Rs 5000 Billion on food subsidy to meet the difference between economic cost of food grains and the issue price fixed for . 4G’s In-house finger print segmentation and noise removal algorithm used. the estimated number of ghost ration cards is about 250.“The good news is we have the technology and the tools to alleviate poverty on a global scale. Finger and Face). The integrated beneficiary database developed as a result of this process can be used to deliver other benefits to TPDS Statistics: TPDS with a network of about 478.000 Fair Price Shops (FPS) is perhaps the largest distribution network of its type in the world. Multi-modal biometrics is preferred mode over a single biometric as each of them has their own advantages during enrollment & verification. Logistics in rural and tribal areas with inadequate infrastructure and transportation facilities pose the greatest challenge. In addition each state also budgets billions of rupees on food subsidy depending on the population in the state.1 Million deserving poor left out of the TPDS. SIRIS matching platform and ABIS Finger print matching platform used for this project.” -. TPDS extends to more than 50 million households across the country Central Govt. Integration of multi biometric devices into a 4G’s single enrolment application. enrolment of citizens is a major component of the total project cost and it is prudent to capture multi-modal biometrics of a citizen at one go instead of making them repeatedly visit the enrollment centres as and when a new biometric has to be captured.000. 12. Worlds leading L1’s Daugman 2007 Iris Algorithm. In Orissa alone. In some states exclusion errors are as high as 40% and inclusion errors range from 10% to 40%. All that is standing in our way is education and will.

4G’s platform provides an XML based interface to the custom-built application for identification and/or verification of a person’s identity. Flexibility and adherence to open standards. Scalability. Plot No. i. 4G’s web server architecture can seamlessly integrate with additional servers and can be configured to suit licensing policies from various biometric vendors. 72. 4G’s Identity Platform is a robust. Road .“There's enough on this planet for everyone's needs but not for everyone's greed. 4G’s Identity Platform is a robust. 241. Scalability. interoperable identification engine that interfaces and manages multi-biometric and biographic search technologies. Key to the successful implementation of the project is the deployment of 4G’s Multi-Modal Biometric Identity Platform (Figure 2). Jubilee Hills. Key to the successful implementation of the project is the deployment of 4G’s Multi-Modal Biometric Identity Platform (Figure 2). CBEFF (Common Biometric Exchange File Format).4Gid. Scalability: 4G’s Identity Platform can easily scale up as the size of the deployment increases in terms of the number of people enrolled. interoperable identification engine that interfaces and manages multi-biometric and biographic search technologies. Open Standards: 4G’s Identity Platform supports open standards that enable creation of biometric data which is compliant with International Biometric standards. The platform supports key features like Interoperability. scalable. The platform supports key features like Interoperability. scalable. Flexibility: 4G’s Identity Platform enables development of tailor made solutions to meet customer specific requirements. Many Applications – One ID Management Solution Application Layer Ration Card Management System National Rural Employment Guarantee Schemes (NREGS) Social Security Pensions Farmers Insurance Health Insurance Welfare Scholarships Housing Schemes Welfare Schemes MIS Portal Others 4G Identity Platform Client Interface 4G Core Identity Engine Identity DB Department Specific DBs Iris Matching System Iris Reader Camera Fingerprint Fingerprint Matching System Facial Matching System Biometric Devices Smart Card Matching systems Interoperability: 4G’s Identity Platform is capable of integrating not only multiple biometric devices but also search engine algorithms for iris. ANSI (American National Standards Institute).” --Mahatma Gandhi 4G’s multi-modal biometric identity platform 4G provided the end-to-end technology solution for completing all activities envisaged in the project. and ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization). Extensibility.e. Modules can be added in a plug-and-play manner and can be integrated to suit customer requirements. 4G’s platform provides an XML based interface to the custom-built application for identification and/or verification of a person’s identity. Prashasan Nagar. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). face and biographic data. Hyderabad – 500 034. 4G Identity Solutions Private Ltd. finger. 4G’s multi-modal biometric identity platform 4G provided the end-to-end technology solution for completing all activities envisaged in the project. Extensible: 4G’s Identity Platform is extensible as it has been developed using a modular software design approach.4Gid. Extensibility. Various enterprise architectures and legacy systems can be integrated with 4G’s web service architecture. India Tel: +91-40-23558789 Fax: +91-40-23558769 www. Flexibility and adherence to open sales@4gid. Components can be configured for centralized or de-centralized deployments.