6ZnrRP519i

KHHra 6 (96)

COCPHR, i-OHHH 1988 rOA.

iI II 1111111111111111111111111111 1111

.. ..

.. II

!i ~ __ ii

II II

.. D

II •

IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIRO

1111001111111111111111111111111111

TO n

II _ II

II ~_ II

II ..

II· II

II II

II II

1IIIIIelllllllllllllllllllllliliRII

PeAaKTO(:n:>: KI-1PI-1Jlb XPI-1CTOBb

PeAaK~VlfI VI aAMVlHVlCTpa~VlfI: Y fl. "nVlpOTb" NQ 5, Tefle41. 2-19-32

rOp;HWeH'b a60HaMeHT'b 3a L1,apcTBoTO - 120 JIB., 3a EBpona - 200 JIB., 3a RMepHKa - 2 p;oJlapa. OTp;t.JleH'b 6pOH 12 JIB.

CnHcaHHeTO e O,D,06peHO OTb MHHHCTepCTBOTO aa Hapon. Flpoca-aureaae Cb OKP110KHO .NI! 40,350 OTb 28. XI. 1933 r.

ILLUSTRATION "ILlNDEN" Redaction et administration: rue "Pirot" 5. - Sofia, Bulgarie.

Cro'arrs BOHBO.o.a

OTb pfsxa crpauraa nYCHa

Co CHJleHb raacs My H3BHKa: _ Cro'aae, nOCTOM, rrosexan TI03anpH H ce rrpeztazm.

Ha MJIa.ll:H, Mope, rO.ll:HHH Cro'arrs MH nynnca aapaxa 113JI1;se s'ropa 3eJIeHa

Co 6YMHa _ B-BpHa .lI:PY)l{HHa

Tara 3a MaMKa cHpoTa

o ztaxna uto 51 OCTaBHJIb, 11 JIHqHa MJIa.ll:a HeB-BCTa Co MaIIIKO .lI:eTe na pana.

Ce TaKa Cro'atrs HaBtaHb OTb THa MHCJIH H3MaqeHb T'uprna co MaKa aa cpsne 11 BHKHa rrscaa aarrsa

113JIt3e, Mope, aaozta 11 mora 60p6a 3aBO.ll:H Co THa nycTH THpaHH

U-BJIb napczrs mo ro sarpea,

He MO)l{e Cro'am, .lI:a raena ,lJ,a rHHaTb MJIa.ll:H IOHanH

Ha raa nycra ryraaa TYrHHa _ nbpHa npOKJIeTa.

A .lI:PY3H s'ropa 3eJIeHa TI-BCHH zta rrsar-s Cpt.ll:b aea TI-BCHH sa CHJIHH BOMBO.ll:H, I)tCHH aa 60p6H KbpBaBH.

Yine MH rJIaCOTb e-reure HH3b raa p-sxa umpoxa 3acBHpe KYPIllYMb nponaurs Onaa rrscaa npOKJIeTa.

_ EM rH.lI:H, ropo, MaMKO JIe, ,lJ,ocTa MH crpea npas-sme, Co nazrems ztyura rrsaaeme, 11 JIYTH paaa nepfsme.

Cro'aaa rrpaso rrorozra

CMbpTHa My paHa OTBOPH 113.l1:bxHa Cro'arrs saraaa. Cpbzrs MJIa.ll:OC 6YMHa IOHaIliKa.

,lJ,ocTa Me aozta rroeuie

OTb TBOMTt 6HCTPH H3BOpH 11 niCHH, ropo, CJIywallle

OTb ztyura nYCTa aM.lI:YIlIKa.

Co Taa n-BCHa MJIa.ll:b Cro'arrs 1130.ll:H rrYCTH .lI:PYMOBH, Zlocraca H ce .lI:06JIH)l{H

,lJ,0 Taa ptnca rOJItMa.

Ronso He,D,t.nKoBCKH - Orb BeJleC'b-MJla,Il'b B'b3TOpO>KeH'b rrsaerrs aa Hapop;HH Hp;eaJlH, KOHTO, nOKpaH 6op6aTa C'b TpYP;HOCTHTt. na >KHBOTa, BCe HaMHpa BpeMe p;a B'b3nt.e CBOHTt. 4YBCTBa H npenenocrs K'bM'b ponem, KpaH H xonHe>K'b aa naponaa caofiona.

HeJIH MY, MOpe, ztorerna, ,lJ,oTema )l{HBOTb aM.lI:YIlIKH; Teunca ro Tara nanerna

Ha rpazra MaIIIKH IOHaIliKH.

~HBOTbTb H .o.~nOTO Ha

Rapana H MeTO.o.HSI

OTb CJIaB51HcKHTt aapozm HaIlIH51Tb napom, Pa3KpHTH51Ta npn paaxorrxar-s Bb TIJIHCKa, Ma-

npbBb csanane CB051 .lI:bp)l{aBa H np051BH 6pb3b KYJI- .lI:apa If TIpeCJIaBb yzraaaxa He caao HaIlIH, HO H qY)l{.lI:H TypeHb aanpezrsx-s, TOBa ce .lI:bJI)l{H aa pem. npa- HCTOPHlJ:H. Tt CBH.lI:eTeJICTBYBaTb aa rrrspzte BHCOKaTa qHHH. Ilpezta BCHqKO, 6bJIrapHT-B ce 3aCeJIHXa Bb xynrypa aa EbJIrapH51, K051TO e 6HJIa HaM-KYJITYPHaTa 06JIaC'rH Cb HiKOJIKO KYJITYPHH HaCJIOeHH51 _ rpa- crpana Bb 113TOqHa Esporra rroztap-s BH3aHTH51 H e KHMCKO, eJIHHCKO H PHMCKO _ HMa CJIe.ll:H H OTb arpaaa pOJI51Ta aa rrpocs-srareaxa aa .lI:pyrHTt CJIaKPHTCKo~MHKeHcKaTa HJIH ereMcKaTa KyJITypa, K051TO B51HCKH HapO.ll:H.

e rrpom.ar-saa rrpezta eJIHHCKaTa. OTb .npyr-a crpaaa, HaM-KPynHoTo KyJITypHO .lI:tJIO OTb Ta3H enoxa OTCaM.lI:YHaBcKa EbJIrapH51 nonaztna nO.ll:b CHJIHOTO BJIH51- na nama HCTOPM51 e cssoaeanemo tea cnaeescxama asHHe na BH3aHTHMcKaTa xyarypa, K051TO npeztcrasa 6yfCa oms ceemumts tipamst Kuptou. U MemoouU. TOBa CM-BCh OTb crapara eJIHHCKa xyarypa H eJIeMeHTH .lI:-BJIO HMa 06mOqOB-BIliKH xapaxreps, H HHe HMaMe OTb 6JIH3KO-H3TOqHHT-B KYJITYPH. 11 .lI:pyro: rrpao-snra- npaso zta ce rOp.ll:teMb, aauroro nbpBHT-B CJIaB51HCKH PHTt, KOHTO OCHOBaxa aanrara .lI:bp)l{aBa na EaJIKaH- KHH)l{OBHH npOH3Be.ll:eHH51 cz, H3JIt3JIH sa ToraBallIHH51 CKH51 rroayocrpom., cnopezrs HaM-HOBHT-B H3CJIe.ll:BaHH51, nann, e3HKb _ aapenaero aa CJIaB51HO-6bJIrapHT-B cz, CT051JIH na .lI:OCTa BHCOKO KYJITYPHO paaaanre, KaTO OKOJIO COJIYH'b, TtXHH51 pozterrs rpazrs, HaCeJIeHb Bb cz, Bb3npHeJIH no-paso eJIeMeHTH OTb H3TOqHH KYJI- IX BtK'b rroaese C'b CJIaB51HH. Bania HM'b JIbB'b e 6HJIb TYPH, a cerae, CJIe.ll:b KaTO ce HaCTaHHJIH Me)l{.lI:Y BOJIra, aa BH3aHTHMcKa cJIY)l{6a '_ opyneaps, T. e. nOM om-

ASOBCKO-Mope H KaBKa3KHT-B nJIaHHHH, Cn\. H3nHTBaJIH HHKb, na BOeHaqaJIHHKa B'b COJIYHb.

KYJITYPHOTO BJIH5IHHe aa BH3aHTH51, C'b K051TO HMaJIH MeTO.ll:HM, nO-rOJItMH5ITb opar-s, H3nbpBO 6HJIb

unrpoxa Bpb3KH. 3Hae ce, nanp., qe Kyopar-s, 6amaTa ynpasarezs 10 rO.ll:HHH na CJIaB51HCKa 06JIaCTh, non-

na Acrrapyxa, ce nOKp'bCTHJI'b Bb Llaparpazn, H 3a- BJIaCTHa na BH3. IHTHMCKH51 HMnepaTOp'b, cerne 3aMH-

L...- ~~~___ - .. ~. _A.~ =""".E:n a U=T.1T,M.Y ~.liaJTh B'b MaJIa- 3 51 OCT nHJI'b B'b

Y1ntOCTPfUJ,Y151 Y1nY1H)J.EHb

Kaara 6 (96)

r-

KOHCTaHTHHb nOCTA\.rrHJIb Bb BHCIlIaTa IlIKOJIa npa HMrrepaTOpCKH5I ,n;~Opb Bb Llaparpam, H ,n;06HJIb q:lHJIOCOCPCKH, 60rOCJIOBCKH H npyra HaYlJHH rr03HaHH5I. OTJIHlJaBaJIb ce Cb HeQ(}HKHOBeHH YMcTBeHH ,n;ap6H H .6HJIb aapesen-s ·"CPHJIOCOCPb". OCBeHb' MaHlJHHH5I My CJIaB5IHCKH, 'T. e. crapoo-sxrapcxa eSHKb, TOH SHa5IJI~ rpbIJ;KH, JIaTHHCKH, eBpeHCKH H ztpyra HSTOlJHH eSHIJ;H. BHJIb' KpaCHOpelJHBb H YlJaCTBYBaJIb Bb paSHH rrpeaaa rro peJIHrHOSHH s srrpoca, a KaTO y-rerrs, 6HJIb asnpamam, Cb !3a)!{HH MHCHH npa apaoar-s Bb Barnar-s, npa xaaapar-s Bb IO)!{Ha PYCH5I, Bb BeHeIJ;H5I H ,n;p. HaH-rrOCJIe TOH OTHIlIbJIb npn 6paTa CH MeTo,n;H5I Bb MOHaCTHpa npa rrJIaHHHaTa OJIHMnb, Bb MaJIa-AsH5I. 11 TaMb zmaaara 6paT5I CbCTaBHJIH CJIaB5IHCKaTa (crapo- 6bJIrapCKaTa) aaoyxa. 4epHOpHSeIJ;b Xpao-sp s, 6JIHSbKb CbBpeMeHHHKb aa KOHCTaHTHHa H MeTo,n;H5I Bb Bb CB05ITa 6eJIe)!{HTa CraTH5I "0 nHCMeHbXb" (sa 6yKBHTl,) ci.oomaaa, lJe asoyrcara e 6HJIa CbCTaBeHa Bb 855 zoouna, a Bb Kpa5I aa 862 r. Tl" rrpanpyzcena OTb CBOH YlJeHHIJ;H, SaMHHaJIH Cb rOTOBH sese IJ;bPKOBHH KHHrH, npeaeztena OTb rpbIJ;KH aa crapo-o'snrapcxa eSHKb, sa BeJIHKO - MOpaBH5I, asrrpareaa OTb BHsaHTHHCKH5I nsmeparop-s MHXaHJIb III, rro MOJI6aTa na KH5ISb POCTHCJIaBb, KOHTO ro MOJIHJIb ,n;a My rrpoaona nponoabnnana na CJIaB5IHCKH eSHKb. TYKb CB. 6paT5I paSBHJIH rOJIl,Ma ,n;eHHOCTb, KaTO BO,n;HJIH 6op6a Cb Hl,MCKOTO JIaTHHCKO ,n;YXOBeHCTBO. Ilonap-s 4-ro,n;HIlIHa ,n;eHHOCTb Bb BeJIHKO-MopaBH5I Tl, SaMHHaJIH sa PHMb, nocpeumarn panyurao OTb HOBH5I rrarra A,n;PH5IHb II. KOHTO 6JIarOCJIOBHJIb Tl,XHOTO ,n;l,JIO. OTb npecaneaa paoora, KOHCTaHTHHb nazmam. 60JIeHb H rrpae.rs MOHaIlIeCTBOTO, KaTO ce sapexrors Kupu.as, H rrOlJHHaJIb aa 14 rpespyapaa 869 r. - na 42 romnnaa m.spacrs. Tl,JIOTO My 6HJIO norpeoeao Bb rrspxaara "CB. KJIH-. MeHTb" Bb PHMb. MeTo,n;HH 6HJIb saaaasem, apxaenacxorrs na flaHOHH5I H BeJIHKJ-MopaBH5I, HO 6HJIb rrpecaezmaa-s OTb JIaTHHcKHTl, BJIa,n;HIJ;H, OCA\.,n;eHb H XBbpJIeHb Bb aaraops. Ocsooonem, OTb nanara, TOH rrpo,n;b,]J)!{HJIb CB05ITa anOCTOJICKa ,n;eHHOCTb Bb BeJIHKOMOpaBH5I H na 6 arrpam, 885 r, rrOlJHHaJIb H 6HJIb rrorpeoam, Bb Bexer-pazrs (BeJIHKO-MopaBH5I).

Bsrrpoc-sr-s sa napoonocmnust nponaxozrs ua KHpana H MeTo,n;H5I, KOHTO aanpanaxa HaIlIH5I crap's eSHKb npt.s's KHH)l{QBeHb eSHKb, K.IlaCUlf.eCKU KHUJlC08eft'b e3UK'b aa CJIaB5IHHTl" nanocxezrsxr. ce paaraena 06CTOHHO Bbpxy rjJU.Ilo.llOZUlf.eCKa OCH08a, T. e., no,n;JIO)!{H ce na nonpo- 6eHb aHaJIHSb eSHKbTb, na KOHTO Tl, CA\. npeaeacnana OT'D rpbIJ;KH. Ilpotpecopt, Iloropbaos-s, OT'b yHHBepCHTeTa Bb BpaTHCJIaBa, HSJIl,se HeOT,n;aBHa Cb zme CTaTHH: .Haponnocrsra na CJIaB5IHCKHTl, arrOCTOJIH (1927 r.)" H - "KHpHJIO-MeTo,n;HeBH5ITb npesozrs aa eBaHreJIHeTO" (1932 r.), Cb penana ,n;OBO,n;H OTb cpHJIOJIOrHlJeCKH xapaxrepr. nporp. Iloropeaos-s ,n;oKaSBa, lJe KHPHJIb H MeTo,n;HH CA\. 6HJIH CJIaB5IHM, T. e. 6bJIrapH OTb COJIYHb. Tl, He rrOSHaBaJIH rpbIJ;KM5I eSHKb Cb TaKOBa CbBbpIlIeHCTBO, Cb KaKBOTO CA\. no-

3HaBaJIH napesaero aa CJIaB5IHO-6bJIrapMTl, Bb CoJIYHCKO, H aerosar-s ,n;OBO,n;H rrpOBaJIMXa ,n;OBO,n;HTl, aa OHl,SH YlJeHH, KOHTO rronzrspacar-s rpbIJ;KH5I aaponnoCTeH';b xapaxrepr, aa KHpHJIa l:l MeTO,n;H5I.

CBeTMTl, 6paT5I HMaxa ,n;OCTOHHH YlJeHHIJ;H. Tfs npozrs.osaxa Tl,XHOTO ,n;l,JIO Bb BbJIrapH5I, ,n;eTO aaMl,pHxa ropeurs npMeMb OTb KH5ISb Bopnca. KOHTO

. HMb csazrane YCJIOBH5I 3a KHH)!{OBRO-rrpocBl,THa ,n;eHHOCTb. 11 CJIaB5IHO-6bJIrapCKaTa KHH)!{HHHa rroxaa ,n;a ce paSBHBa 6bPSO. B's BpeMeTO aa Bopaca H CHMeOHa BbSHHKHaxa nse KHH)!{OBHH IlIKOJIH: Oxpuoctcama na Knauenma U Ilpecnaectcama na HaYMa. Ilpear, IJ;apYBaHeTo aa CHMeoHa crapoo'sm-apcxara KHH)!{HHHa rrpe)!{HBl, CB05I "3JIaTeHb Bl,Kb". Torasa OCBeHb 1311- cOKoo6paSOBaHH5I IJ;apb CHMeOH'b, CA\. pa60THJIM Ha KHH)!{OBHOTO nOJIe penana nHCaTeJIH: KJIHMeHT'b - sa Hero. ce MHCJIH, lJe e C'bCTaBHJI'b sropara crapoo'sarapcxa aaoyxa - tcupu.nuuama, K05ITO Cb speae sa~l,CTH rJIarOJIHIJ;aTa y aacs, PYCHTl, H C'bp6HTl, - Hoam, Exsapxs, ErrHCKOn'b KOHCTaHTHHb, Ilpeaaarep s I'paropaa, 4epHOpHSeIJ;'b Xpao spt, M rrp. - 3anaseHH CA\. rpyztoae H OTb zpyrn HeHSBeCTHH nama rrHCaTeJIH OTb TaSH erroxa. MaJIKO nO-KbCHO ce nonaasaaar-s Ilpeasarept, KOSMa, aaropur-s na npOlJyTH5I rpym, Beceoa npomues 60ZO.M.U.Ilumfb.

Haiuara ToraBailiHa KHH)!{HHHa e rrrspne oorara OTK'bM'b cszrspacaaae. Ilorpfsurao ce MHCJIH, lJe T5I HMa HSKJIlOlJHTeJIHO IJ;bPKOBHO-peJIHrHOSeHb xapakreps:

T5I H306HJICTBYBa H Cb C8fbmCKU eJIeMeHTH. Hl,KOH OTb KHH)!{OBHHIJ;HTl, rrp05IB5IBaT'b 3HalIHTeJIeH'b rracaTeJICKH ztapt. H unrpoxa epy,n;HIJ;H5I ...

Taxasa KHM)!{HHHa CMe HMaJIH HHe - 6'bJIrapHTl, - Bb Ta3I'! cp-smroa-sxoana enoxa - BTopaTa rrOJIOBHHa aa IX B. M rrspnara nO,/IOBMHa na X B. I1MaJIH JIH CA\. mozaea KHH)!{HHHa na C80fl eSHKb ,n;HeIlIHHT'£ nO'KYJITypHH OT'b aac s rOJIl,MH esporreacxa Hap0.ZI;H: repMaHIJ;HTl" rppaanysar-s HTa.illi5IHIJ;HTl, H aHrJIHlJaHHTl,? - CbBCeM'b He! Hapo,n;HOCTHaTa KHM)!{HMHa y Tl,Xb ce rr05IBH e,n;BaMb 8'0 smopama no noeuna na CPfbOHUmfb 8fbTC08e! ..

Hamara KHH)!{HMHa C'b.ZI;eHCTBYBa,n;a ce pasaae KHH)!{HHHaTa M aa .ZI;pyrHTl, CJIaB5IHCKH HapO.ZI;H. Hsrrspso KHH)!{OBHH5IT'b e3MKb y Tl,X'b e 6HJIb cmapotis.aeapcxusms, KOHTO e 6HJI'b HSrrOJISYBaHb H OTb cenepanr-s nanra C'bCe.ZI;H - PYM'bHIJ;HTl" KOHTO CA\. ce pa3BHBaJIM asoonro nom, BJIM5IHMeTO na natuara cp szraoBl,KoBHa KyJITypa. Harna KHH)!{OBHM npOHSBe.ZI;eHH5I CA\. rrpOHHKBaJIH M B'b sana,n;Ha EBpona, .ZI;eTO ce npeBe)!{.ZI;aJIM na lJY)K.ZI;M eSMIJ;M.

Y1 TaSM xyarypna POJI5I, K05ITO e arpana aauiara poztaaa, ce ,n;bJI)!{M aa ,n;l,JIOTO aa KHpMJIa H MeTOllM5I, KOMTO HaIlIH5ITb BeJIMKb noer-s H peBOJ1lOJIMOHepb XPMCTO BOTeB'b aapasa "HailiM COJIYHCKH 6paT5I M reHMM, KOMTO CA\. SarrHCaJIH 3HaMeHHTOTO C'b6HTHe Bb namara 6YPHa MCTOPH5I".

Haxona <l>HnHnOB'b.

KOCTeHapH~CKH peB. pa~OHb M:BCTononomeHHe H pes. opraanaapaae

KOCTeHapHl1cKM5IT'b paaoirs eo aaa-iorosanamras xpaa aa KOCTYPCKO. no TyKp ce CJIYIlIa 6bJIrapCKaTa pess. Ha ior-s M sarrazrs OTb Tl,SH ceaa no-rea r-p snKH5IT'b eJIeMeHTb.

K6CTeHapH5ITa e pasnOJIO)!{eHa Ha .ZI;Be 6bPlla - paSKJIOHeHH5I Ha rrJIaHHHHTl, I'opynra M Onpe H ce cs-

• II!:!. ""'--'_""a A."",,~_,," .... 6_o

rOCHO, CTapHlJaHH, Ilcope, JIy,n;OBO, )f{y)!{eJIIJ;H, .llOJIeHH, MOHrHJIa, Mapsauta, OCHHlIeHH, Jlyspane, Esepeirs, JIM- 6HIlIOBO, BOHHe, TMKOBHm;a, HecTHMe, Hlxpanapt, Bl,JIa Ll-spxaa, Ilecsx-s, MapKoBeHH M Cenaca - M OT'b CMeceHHT'£ (Cb TYPIJ;H) ceaa: )f{eJIHH'b,UaKOHe, Bp-sureue, )f{eJIero)!{e H Faamna: lJHCTO TypCKH - 3a6'bp.ZI;eHH H

UTJ_UUO_r__g, .J

KHHra 6 (96)

HmOCTPF\UH5i HnHH,D,EHb

erp.3

HaH-rOJl'BMOTO ceJIO 6pOH 80 K;KW;H, a HaHMaJIKOTO 10.

Hasnaaaero CH KOCTeHapH51 HOCH OT'b KeCTeHeBHTt ropa, C'b KOHTO e.ll.HHHHT'b X'bJIM'b OT'b paSKJIOHeHHeTO Ha O.ll.pe nJIaHHHa e 06pac'bJI'b.

Ilpezra 1890 r. HMaMe rrspsa 6'bJIrapCKH yqH-. -JIHIIl;a caxo B"b CeJIaTa raJIHIIJ;a, )f(eJIHH'b, )KeJIermKe H rpanena Xpynania: B'b npyrar-l, cezra -rpeas CeJICKHTt qOp6a.ll.lKHH KOCTYPCKHHT'b rp'bD;KH BJIa.ll.HKa 6tllle CH C'bS.ll.aJI'b rro-rox-ssro BJIHHHHe, H sa .ll.a ce He cssnaaar-s MelK.ll.yoc06HD;H B'b CeJIaTa, HaCeJIeHHeTO oxaxsame rro-6JIarOrrpHHTHH spexena,

Fpanem.r-s Xpynaina, 'CTOHW;'b na HSTOK'b OT'b KOCTeHapHHTa, xaxap's H HaXHHCKH near-sps, no r-spro.BHH H nasap'b 6Hellle BCHqKH OKOJIHHCKH D;eHTpOBe H BCtKH BTOPHHK'b crasaure rraaaps, rrOCeIIJ;aBaH'b ztcpa o.T'b KaHJIHpCKO H EHrJIHlllKO.

Bnaronapenae na 6JIarO.ll.tTeJIH I'eoprn H BaCHJI'b Ea6yJIeBH H pO.ll.OJIIo.6HBHT13 m.paemm: HHKo.JIa 4KOeB'b, 5JHH .lIpalllKOB'b, 5JHKO Kpt.crea's, 5JHH n. Ilacxanes's, .lIHHO Kapazosaara, KHPHSO H To.MO CHKaBldD;a, 6paTH .lIHMOBH H zrp. Xpynaura ycrrs o.IIJ;e npes's 1883 r . .ll.a CH OTBOPH 6'bJIrapCKO yqHJIHIIJ;e Ha qeJIO C'b yqHTeJIH AnOCTOJI'b KaJIo.HHOB'b OT'b C. 3aro.pHqeHH.

B'bnptKH BCHqKH HHTpHrH H nO.ll.KynH Ha rp'bD;KHH BJIa.ll.HKa yqHJIHIIJ;eTO ce sanaaa no xpaa H nanoCJIe.ll.'bK'b ce pasnrapa B'b KJIaCHO.

Ilpes's 1899-900 ys, rozr, rJIaBeH'b yxareas B'b XpyITHIIJ;a e aeycrpauraxaar-s Kyso CTe<jJaHOB'b OT'b c. 3arOpHqaHH. rOJI1>M'b ztearens B'b peBOJIIOD;HOHHOTO .ll.tJIO, To.H ycrrs zta ITOCBtTH aa .ll.tJIOTO 6paTH Tonop's H XPHCTO 4yKOBH H I'eopr-a ryqeB'b OT'b c. OCHHqeHH, K0HcTaHTHH'b B'bJIqOB'b OT'b c. MapqHIIJ;a, 6paTH KapaHHKOBH OT'b c. MOHmJIa H HYMO .lIaqo.B'b OT'b c. CTapa-rana.

C;KIIJ;aTa 1899 ronaaa ITOHHKBa cnopt, MelK.ll.Y 6JIarO.ll.eTeJIH I'eopra Ea6YJIeB'b H CeJIHM'b 6eH sa HtKaKBO BSHMaHe. Ea6YJIeB'b OC;KlK.ll.a CeJIHM'b 6eH H BSHMa HSIT'bJIHHTeJIeH'b JIHCTb OT'b C;K.ll.a. OSJI06eH'b o.T'b TOBa, nOCJIe.ll.HHHT'b ryps aacazra aa nz, TH o.T'b Ko.CTYP'b sa Xpyrrama B'b MtcTHocTbTa, "rJIa.ll.HO rroae", y6HBa Ea6YJIeBa H My OTHeMa HSrr'bJIHHTeJIHHH JIHCT'b.

HtKOJIKO xecena CJIe.ll.'b TOBa OKOJIHHCKHHT'b BOHBO.ll.a OeTpOB'b nOCTaBH sacana aa MtCTOTO, K;K.ll.eTO 613 y6HT'b I'eoprn Ea6YJIeB'b, H y6HBa Hypezonn, erpeazra, rOJItM'b HSe.ll.HHK'b, T'bCT'b na CeJIHM'b 6eH. 3a HeIIJ;aCTHe aa B'bpXa ,;<l>ypKa" HMaJIO narpaymor-s crpaacapa, KOHTO npeczenaar-s qeTHHD;HTt H npa o.TCT;KrrJIeHHeTO BOHBo.ll.aTa XB'bpJIH ryaara, B'b KOHTO HMaJIO rrHCMO OT'b OKOJI. KOMHTeT'b.

OOHelKe B'b rrHCMOTO ce e nmueno sa HtKOH Kyso, BJIaCTbTa rrpennpaexa xaaxa na KYSOBD;H H SaJIaBH yqHTeJIH Kyso CTe<jJaHOB'b, Kyso .lIHMHTpo.B'b o.T'b c. MaHHK'b H zrp,

Kyso .lIHMHTPOB'b MaHHcKH OT'b crpax s .ll.a He nsnane TaHHaTa paanopsa C'b noaore «opeaa CH B'b sarnopa, HO B'b 60JIHHD;aTa cnacaxa lKHBo.Ta My. CJIe.ll.'b aMHHCTHHTa TOH rrOCT;KrrH B'b KOCTeHa'pHHCKaTa sera,

Cnezrs HSqeSBaHeTo. aa Kyso CTe<jJaHOB'b OT'b XpYITHIIJ;a .ll.'bJIro speae HtMa KOH .ll.a ce nar-spoa C'b opr-aaasapaaero na KOCTeHapHHTa, ra e.ll.BaM'b npeai, 1902 r. ce HaMtpH .ll.OCTOeH'b H peunrreaem, aasrscrHHK'b, I'eopra XPHCTOB'b, OT'b c. Hlxpanap-s, saasplllHJI'b rHMHaSHH, npenaa's BceD;tJIO ira .ll.tJIo.TO.

Ilpes-s 1902 ron. M. IOHHH B. 4aKaJIapOB'b C1;> APy'rH OC'bMb .ll.YlllH qeTHHD;H OTIfBa B'b c. Hecrpasrs

..._ ~...t.,;;;..;,;;..

HtKOJIKO nyum TOH rH OTBJIeqe B'b ropara H npt.caa CJIYX'b, qe xapaxaa apaayrn C;K rH OTBJIeKJIlf.

OT'b c. Hecrpaat, 4aKaJIapOB'b BJIHSa B'b xopeCrrOH.ll.eHD;HH C'b Feopra XPHCTOB'b OT'b XpynHIIJ;a H ce npexa'spaa B'b KOCTeHapHHTa aa nJIaHHHaTa Ozpe.

Ilopana CJIyqHJIOTO ce B'b Hecrpasrs OT'b BCtK;K.ll.e ce paazraazca BOHCKa H eznro OT.ll.tJIeHHe naqeJIO C'b MeXMe.ll.'b HeCTHMCKH, rOJItM'b CrreD;HaJIHCT'bOTKpHBaTeJIb na CT;KrrKH KaTO xonoa no aaex's, 06- XOlK.ll.aT'b Onpe H HaCMaJIKO IIJ;tJI'b .ll.a orxpne xerara.

Cnezrs YTHxBaHe na norepar-s I'eopra XPHCTOB'b OTHBa B'b c. OCHHqeHH, nO.ll.rOTBH rro-mara H nOBHKBa xerara, ra OCHHqeHH - rrspso ce nOKp'bCTH B'b peBOJIIOD;HOHHOTO .ll.tJIo.

OT'b TyK'b xerara H.ll.Ba B'b c. )f(YlKeJID;H nocpeuiHaT a o.T'b CTepHO Hlansoa's, KHPHS'b AnOCTOJICKH H ztp. .lImrlKeHlfeTo .ll.0 CeJIaTa H rpaaa na I'eoprn He OCTaHa Hesa6eJIHSaHO OT'b qOp6a.ll.lKHHTt OT'b .ll.PYrHT1> cena,

Eztaa He.ll.tJIH rrpes's lVI. IOJIHH 1902 rozr. CJIe.ll.'b xepxoaem, ornycxr, qop6a:n;)I{H KOCTa 5JHYJIOB'b, MHoro. BJIHHTeJIeH'b npezrs TypD;HTt H rp'bD;KHH BJIa.ll.HKa, MH xasa: ",UacKaJIe, (as-s .ll.0 rorana 6tx'b rp'bD;KH .aaCKaJI'b) o.T'b aamero ceJIO - CTapHqaHH - HMa caxo e.ll.HH'b qOBtK'b - HYMO ,Uaqo.B'b - KOHTo. ce r::HOurasa C'b X pymnnxaa 6'bJIrapCKH nacxam, I'eopra H IIJ;e HH ztoxapa HtKo.H 6eJIH, ra H.ll.H B'b C. )f(YlKeJID;H H qpes'b TBOHTt PO.ll.HHHH naymr KaKBO CTaBa".

Ha n;KTb sa c. )f(YlKeJID;H as's cp-snnraxt, I'eopra.

Crrpbx-s ro H ro sanarax-s: .Hanocaem.xr, TH MHoro. ce pasnnaaca HS'b naurar-s ceza. TOBa He OCTaHa HeSa6eJIHSaHO OT'b qo.p6a.ll.lKHHTt na ztaace H OT'b ljtKOH 3a6'bp.ll.eHCKH TYPD;H, Ta IIJ;e nocrpazraurs. OOqHaJI'b CH paoora C'b HYMO .lIaqOB'b OT'b name ceJIO, HO TOH HMa MHoro nparose, 51 MH OTKpH TH MeH'b TaH paoora, Ta .ll.a 51 CKPOHM'b n0-MaHCTo.pCKH" (.ll.0 roraaa casro ce nOSHaBaXMe C'b I'eopr-a, HO He 6txMe ce crrpHHTeJIHJIH).

- B'b )f(YlKeJID;H poztaaaa TH e CTepHO Hlansos-s. 00 MOH nperropxxa aexa Te saaene rrpa rOCTHTt, KOHTO HMaT'b, H Tt IIJ;e TH 06HCHHT'b BCHqKO.

CTepHO Hlaasom, Me saaeze npa qeTaTa. 4aKaJIapOB'b Me nOCpeIIJ;Ha paztyumo. Ceztaaxxe H rrosaaxae

~~.ll.~ ,

O'bPBHHT'b My B'bnpOC'b 613 - KaK'b raenaxe HHe rp'bD;KHTt .ll.aCKaJIH na peBOJIIOD;HOHHOTO .ll.tJIO Ii KaKBO MHCJIHM'b sa 6;K.ll.eIIJ;eTO na MaKe.ll.OHHH.

OTrOBOpHX'b, qe C'b rpr.nxa .ll.aCKaJIH aaxora He CMe rOBOpHJIH aa TaH TeMa-Tt oT6trBaT'b.ll.a oecezBaT'b C'b nacs, KOHTO CMe OT'b 6'bJIrapCKH rrpoaaxozrs, a qaCTHO Moe TO MHeHHe e, qe Tpt6Ba .ll.a pariormrs npoTHB'b .rypcxara rnpasns.na MaXHeM'b TOH qYlK.ll.'b apesrs, HO npa HaJIHqHOCTbTa na TaH cMtcHD;a. KOHTO npeztCTaBJIHBa MaKe.ll.OHHH, IIJ;e MOlKeM'b .ll.a ycrrsexn, caao npa JIOsYHra ABTOHOMHa MaKe.ll.OHHH.

"T'bKMO TOSH rrpaunnrrs e JIerHaJI'b H B'b aauraa YCTaB'b. ClIe.ll.OBaTeJIHO HHH C'b Te6'b HtMaMe HHKaKBIi npOTHBHH B'bSrJIe.ll.H H as's TH npeztaar-aers .ll.a rrpaeMelll'b YCTaHOBeHaTa KJIeTBa" OTrOBopH MH 4aKaJIaPOB'b, H as's ce SaKJItX'b.

CJIe.ll.'b TpH qaCOBa oecena penraxae se-repsra .ll.a nocp-suma qeTaTa B'bH'b OT'b CeJIOTO H.ll.a 51 B'bBe.ll.a B'b MOHTa K;KIIJ;a.

Ha .ll.PYrHH ztens, noaezrsaaax», Kocra 5JHYJIOB'b asnpaura I'eoprn rJIaBqOB'b, MOH CBaT'b, .ll.a BH.ll.H .ll.aJIH C'bM'b ce B'b paam, OT'b c. )f( YlKeJID;H.

OTrOBOpHX'b MY, qe C'bM'b HepaSnOJIOlKeH'b H ro nOMOJIHX'b npaseueps zra .ll.OH.ll.e aezmo C'b KMeTa

CTp.4

YlniOCTPRUYl51 YlnYlH,UEHb

KHHra 6 (96)

51HeB'h Aa paspeurar's eAHH'b cnopem, rrsnpoct, C'h .c'sceaa MH.

T-B AOHAOXa H aas rH B'hBeAOX'h B'h CTaSlTa npa 4aKaJIapOB'h C'h AeBeTbT-B AYUIH. Hsrrspao T-B OCTanaxa CJIHCaHH, HO CJIeA'h naysa 4aKaJiapOB'h rH ycnoxoa, EAHO'IaCOBa 6eCeAa 6-B AOCTaT'h'IHa Aa rH y6eAH H zra HM'h rrpeAJIO}KH zra OTHAe y T-BX'h aa xsaprapa - no TpHMa AYII1M, H T-B ce C'hrJIaCHXa.

BTOPHHK'h sesepsra rrOKaHHXMe H KOCTa 51HYJIOB'h, 'Iop6aA}KHSlTa, HO rro nonospeaae - orxasa Aa AOHAe; roraaa 4aKaJIapOB'h aarroahaaa na 'IeTHHKa AT. K'hpII1aKOB'h Aa rypa ¢eC'h na rzaaara H Aa ro AOBeAe.

Iloasara na K'bpII1aKOB'h B'b ABOpa My He yrrJIaII1H 'IOp6aA}KHSlTa, "rroneace ro rrOMHCJIM aa H-BKOH TypqHH'h, KaKBHTO qeCTO OTHBaxa B'h aeronara xzsura, HO CJIeA'h CeJISlMa, xonro CH paaM-BHHXa, TOH ce yrrJIaII1H MHoro.

nOMOJIH. Aa ro He BHKaT'h, 'Ie me 6.tKAe HaJIO}KeH'h rrpezrs TYPIJ;HT-B H MOJIM zta My nocosar-s JIeraJIHO T-BXHO AOB-BpeHO JIHl.(e, C'h KoeTO Aa oecensa, HO K'bpII1aKOB'h OTXB'hPJIH TOBa rrpeAJIO}KeHHe H r-o OTBeAe npa 4aKaJIapOB'h, KOHTO ro nocpsmaa JII06eaHO, roaopa My aa A'hJIro M II1HpOKO H sevepr.ra ce rrpeM-BCTH B'h aerosara K.tKIl(a, B'B KOSITO CBHKa IJ;-BJIOTO M.tK}KKO HaCeJIeHHe M ro saxae. C.tKIl(HSI KOCTa 51HYJIOB'h 6-B y6HT'h aa 22. VII. 1903 r, Caao T-BaH TpH rOJI-BMH ceaa nocera 4aKaJIapOB'h H ce m.paa 06paTHo B'h Kepernara, HO HHe, rro-AeSlTeJIHHT-B, naexxe MHMIJ;MaTHBaTa M qpea'b POAHMHCKHT-B CH Bp'h3KH ycrrsxae zta opraaaaapaae BCHqKHT-B KocTeHapHHcKH ceaa.

. Bt, HaqaJIOTO aa 1903 r. BOHBOAHT-B KJISlII1eB'h H MHTpeTo BJIaXa nocernxa KocTeHapMMcKMTi> cezra M

CBHKaxa rry6JIHqHH C'h6paHHSI HaBC-BK.tKAe - KaKTO M no-rope xasax-s, T-B 6-Bxa nese OT'h nacs rrOCBeTeHH - HaJIO}KHXa na rrO-aaMO}KHHT-B e.aaoxparem, AaH'hK'b M c'b6paxa eztaa 'IYBcTBHTeJIHa cyaa. 3a KOCTeHapHHCKH BOHBOAa onpezrsanxa Illepao 3aII10B'h, OT'h C. )KeJIHH'h.

C'brJIaCHO eAHO peII1eHHe na OKOJI. KOMHTeT'h KOCTeHapMSlTa He BaeMa Y'IaCTHe B'h B'haCTaHHeTO, aarn;OTO caMOTO M-BCTOrrOJIO}KeHHe He rrOaBOJISlBaII1e TOBa, sa TYH CeJIaTa ce sanasaxa H ztanoxa rOJI-BMa nonxpena aa rrOCTpaAaJIHT-B OT'h B'bSCTaHHeTO C'h ApeXH, xpaaa H ¢ypa}K'h.

HaH-rrOXBaJIHOTO sa l{ocTeHapMSlTa e 06CTOSlTeJICTBOTO, 'Ie npes's BCHqKOTO peBOJIlOIJ;HOHHO speae, B'hrrp-BKH JIOII10TO M-BCTOrrOJIO}KeHMe, rrpsxo rrpe.aareaCTBO aa 'leTa He e HSB'bpII1eHO, KaKTO H rOJI-BMOTO ynopcrao, KoeTO KOCTeHapHMIJ;H oxasaxa nporam, rp'hIJ;KOTO nanrecrnae, - AO xpas aa 60p6aTa TO He MO}Ka .aa rrpOHMKHe B'h THSI ceaa B'hrrp-BKH BCH'IKH yCH.1HSI.

KOCTeHapHSlTa noaece MHoro HarraAeHHSI OT'h rp'hI{KIfrl aHAapTH, a aaa-aene OT'h TypIJ;H, rrnauraaa OT'h KOCTypcKaTa rp'hIJ;Ka MHTpOrrOJIHSI. 4MCJIOTO na Hs6HTHT-B Ce.'UIHH Ha,n;MHHaBa 750 AYIllH, HO repoacxa rronece BCHlJKH Y.lI.aPH If He ce nOJJ;a.J;e aa qY}KAOTO B.'1HSlHMe.

B-BqHa naxari, aa BCH'IKH rraAHaJIH.

HaCTOSlIl(aTa MH CTaTHSI IJ;eJIH zta ce saae OT'b rrOApaCTBaIl(HT-B rrOKOJI-BHHSI AO K.tKAe ce rrpOCTMpaII1e 6'hJIrapCKaTa pexs.

KHPBKb LUKYPTOBb

n. ,lI.HMHTPOBb

Pa3BOSI aa peBOnlOlI,HOHHOTO ,lJ,BH>HeHHe Bb O,lJ,PHHCKHSI BHnSleTb

OT'b RH. 5 (95)

BJIaCTb. TOBa ce A'hJI}KeII1e na npeaarencrao. Taxa ce rrOSlBH rrspsara arpepa B'h OAPHHCKO - AX'bPKbOHCKOKeMaJIOBCKa arpepa, rrpesr, KOSITO rypcxara BJIaCTb rrOAJIO}KH HaCeJIeHMeTO aa HeqYBaHM }KeCTOKOcTH H rrpeCJIeABaHHSI. A¢epHT-B SaqeCTHXa, KaKTO B'h MaxeAOHMSI T'bH H B'h OAPHHCKO.

.:+

(Flporrarnaenae

B'b0pAi:JICa8afie tea nacenenuemo, B'h HaqaJIOTO, xoraro ce rypaxa OCHOBHT-B aa PeBOJIIOIJ;HOHHaTa opraHHsaIJ;MSI, He 6-BII1e He06xOAMMO B'bpp.tK}KaBaHeTO aa Hace.1eHHeTO M He ce rrpennpaeaaure HHIl(O B'h ras rrOCOKa. Ilpena BCHqKO Tp-B6BaII1e peBOJIIOIJ;HOHHaTa MAeSl zta otixsaae M rrYCHe A'bJI60KH xopena scpem, MacaTa aa HaCeJIeHMeTO 'Ipes'h rrOCTerreHOTO oopaaysaae

aa KOMHTeTH. Ilpes's opraHHaaIJ;HOHHHSI erarrs He 3acJIY}Kasa zta ce ;'aAa;'h, xaxap-s M HaKpaTKO,

MO}KeII1e Aa MMa MaTepHaJIHM Cp-BACTSa sa raxasa rrO-C.tKrn;eCTBeHH CBeAeHHSI 110 nspeumt» tupepu 8'b Go-

IJ;eJIb. B'baCTaHHe He MO}KeII1e Aa CTaHe T'hH 6'hp}Ke, PUIlCICO, a HMeHHO: 1) AX'hpKOHCKaTa, 2) Ke paMHAqMOJIY

a msopxaceao HaCeJIeHHe He MO}Ke na ce A'hP}KH B'h H 3) HYPM-6eH - rrspsara B'h MycTa¢arraII1aHCKO,

6esAeHcTsHe MHoro apexe. PHCKOSeT-B aa AOCTaBKa sropara B'h Jlosearpaacxo M rperara S'h OAPHHCKO.

M sarrasnanero aa Op.tK}KHeTO 6-Bxa TB'hPAe rOJI-BMH. H-BMa Aa onacaasrs S'h rroAP06HOCTJi raa arpepa, He

Ilpa see Tosa nropara rOAHHa OT'h rrpeoaaaaaaero MM saIl(OTO He e Ba}KHO T-BXHOTO rrOAP06HO orracanae, HO

B'h OAPHH'h KOMHTeT'hT'h S'h TOSI rpam, no-ma Aa aaMHCJISI Sarn;OTO He MH e S'haMO}KHO .il:a CTOPSI TOBa H saIl(OTO

sa rrOCTerreHHOTO B'hOp.tK}KeHMe aa HaCeJIeHHeTO, rrapa- sa adiepara KapaMHAqHOJIY MMa aese TaK'hBO orracanae JleJIHO C'h pa3II1HpeHHeTO M aaKpeIIBaHeTO na opraaasa- 0T'b Ilaanaaees-s rro cnoxeaa aa HHKOJIa AT . .uOJIarrIJ;MSlTa. T-BaH c'h06pa}!{eHHSI xapaxa KOMHTeT3! Aa sanoune 'IMeB'h, eAHH'h OT'h rrOCTpaAaJIHT-B rro TaSI arpepa, B'h rrsopxzcaaaaero OT'h Jloaenrpancxo H MaJIKO- T'i.p- »TpaKHHCKH C60PHHK'h«, rOA. I, KH. 1, 1928 rOA., OT'h HOBCKO H CTpaHA}Ka. THSI paaona 6-Bxa norpaaaxna C'h 99 AO 124 CTp. A rro AX'hPKbOHCKaTa H TaSI na HYPH E'hJIrapMSI, ra HMaII1e HarJIeAH sa no-rrspao H no-ties- 6eH B-BpBaM'h me AaAaT'h nonpooaa onacanas M TOqHH orracno AOCTaBSlHe na Op.tK}KHeTO H ce HMUII1e rrpezrs BHA'h, AaHH H-BKOH OT'h OCTaHaJIHT-B }KHBM AeHIJ;H OT'h My'Ie no THSI M-BCTa nre Tp-B6Ba Aa ce pa3BHSIT'b rrpe- craqianaura, rronezce THSI arpepa cranaxa B'h rpaHHIJ;HT-B AHMHO B'haCTaHH'IeCKH AeHcTBHSI. I1MaII1e ce rrpezrs aa MycTa¢arraII1aHCKHSI paaorrs, OCBeH'b TOBa CBeAeHHSI

BHA~ H B'hOp.tK}KaBaHeTo aa MycTa¢arraII1aHCKO H H rroAP06HOCTH rro TaSI arpepa MOraT'h Aa ce HaM-BpSlT'h

40KeTo, HO rrocreneno H npenrrasaaso, T'hH KaTO H B'h 6'hJIrapCKHT-B BeCTHHIJ;H rro TOBa speae. Tyxr, me

TMSI paaona 6-Bxa rrorpaaasna. BHeceHH 6-Bxa B'h ce orpaaasa caxo Aa 06S1CHSI, KaK'h ce rrpenaseaxaxa

CeJIaTa AX'hPKbOH H KeMaJI'h OT'h K. AHTOHOB'h ro- THSI arpepa H KaKBH 6-Bxa rrOCJIeACTBHSlTa OTb T-BX'h.

L- ~~ . .h. 6n1::\T~ rrum.ll H.O MllR MILoro B Q""e""M...",e~M~T.._,o,,-,B,,-,a,,-- __ -.!A...!.::t:;.:::ect:.::a..:.T.::a..:::.B'h..:.:......!.;A~x!;.;'h~K:!;b~O~H:!.u ..,:c:;:_:e:..._.:;_Al_!'h::::JI!_!}K,!!· ~eII1~e;...::H:!a....!!rr~p.=.eA~a-

KHHra 6 (96)

vInIOCTPRUvt51 vtnvtH.D.EH_b CT_!.p_. _5_

..

ax-spxsoaena <POTH I'eopraea-s, KOHTO nOCT05IHHO rrpa- KaHKa, a COKOJIOB'h npezrs - sparara aa npaBHTeJICT-

zrpyacaaame AHToHoBa. Ha zrsa nx-. TH AHTOHOB'h rrpena BeHH5I .n;OM'h - BHJI5IeTCKOTO yrrpasaeaae. Ilocaezt-

arpepara .n;OXO)I{.n;a B'h O.n;PHH'h no opraaaaauaoana CTBH5ITa OT'h TaSH arpepa, MaKap'h H .n;a ce paspaaa

paoo-ra, npanpyacem, C'h cnOMeHaTH5I <POTH. Cpe~HT13 T5I B'h Mx-.'1HTeJIHH H Tpam'lHH HsnHTaHH5I, He craaaxa B'h rHMHaSH5ITa, pasoapa ce aacaxe C'h AHTO- 6'Bxa OT'h eCTeCTBO .n;a naaecar-s CTpaIIIHH ynapa H HOB'h, a ztpyraps-r-t, My rraxame B'h .n;OJIHH5I CaJIOH'h.. nenorrpaaaaa 6e.n;CTBH5I na HaCeJIeHHeTO H opraaaaaKaKTO xasaxt, no-rope, arpepara ce .n;'hJI)I{ellie na pas- I.{H5ITa, KaKTO TOBa 613IIIe, KaKTO me BH.n;HM'h no-.n;OJIY,

KpHTHeTO na nyuncn no npe.n;aTeJICTBOTO na <POTH. C'h atpepara KepaMH.n;'1HOJIY. TYPI.{HT13, BH.n;H ce, 613xa

Tasa arpepa 613 npenaaaaxaaa OT":' npe.n;aTeJICTBO na ztoope OCBe.n;OMeHH, rre xerara He e M13cTHa, a e aa.

Bx-.TpeIIIHH xopa,. a He aa B'hHIIIHH npH'IHHH, KaKTO BJl13SJIa OT'h B'hH'h B'h rypcxa TepHTOpH5I H He nOCJIe.n;-

613IIIe C'h .n;pyrHT13 .n;Be atpepx, AX'hPKbOHCKaTa arpepa saxa OHH5I Y)I{aCH, v.aKTO TOBa CTaHa B'h Jloseurpan-

He sse IIIMpOKH paax-spa: rrocrpazraxa cano CeJIaTa CKO npa aanaraaero na KepaMM.n;'1MOJIY. Ilpa TOBa

AX'hPKOH M KeMaJI'h. Macro )!{MTeJIH OT'h TH5I ceaa 6'hJIrapCKOTO HaCeJIeHMe B'h MYCTacpanaIIIaHCKO H B'h

Hs613raxa B'h O'hJIrapH5I, oC'raHaJIHT'B CeJI5IHH 613xa O.n;PMH'h npem, crpaumara rparenas - Ms6HBaHeTO

nO)(JIO)I{eHH aa. CTpaIIIHH MSCTeaaHIf5I H Mx-.KH. no- na serara H 06eCBaHeTO na TpHMaTa MJIa.n;e)I{H· no K'hCHO .n;OCTa OT'h sa6erHaJIHT13 B'h O'hJIrapH5I ce YJIHI.{HT13 na O.n;PMH'h - 613 .n;'hJI60KO noxpyceao H B'htlHaxa no CeJIaTa. npM'IMHMT13 sa orpaaauaaaae'ro 06JIa.n;aHo OT'h CM'hPTHH npe.n;'1yBcTBM5I npezrr, HeHS-

na adiepara 613xa, 'Ie rrpezrarem.r-t, <POTH He noaaasaure BeCTHOCTbTa sa nOJIO)I{eHHeTO na yTpeIIIHH5I zteas.

nOCBeTeHHT13 '1JIeHOBe aa .n;13JIOTO B'h caMMT13.n;Be A¢epama Kepa.M.uiJt.(.uo.llY ce .n;'hJI)I{M cx-.:w:o na ceaa AX'hPKbOH H KeMaJI'h, a oure nO-MaJIKO B'h no- B'hHIIIHH MHI.{HaTMBH, a He aa Bz.rpeuraara opraua.n;aJIe'lHMT13 cena, OpraHHSaI.{M5ITa ase 6'hPSM M13PKH sa saI.{H5I. 4eTaTa, K05ITO HSB'hPIIIH aaaarauero aa Kepauaxasaaae npeztarena, HO TOH CKOpO MS'IeSHa. Caxo MM.n;'1MOJIY nozrs BOHBO.n;CTBOTO na I'eoprn T5IHeB'h, Be.n;Ha)I{'h 613 sa613JI5ISaH'h B'h O.n;PMH'h, CJIe.n;'h KoeTO HMaJIa .n;pyra aanaxa - orpacaaaero na H13KOH 60- Be'le ce naryonxa CJIe.n;liT13 My. Ilpr.csa ce CJIyX'h, 'Ie rar-s TyP'lHH'h K'hM'b PO.n;OCTO - HO He ycrrsaa .n;a aace norypua.rs H 6HJI'h aanparem, B'h AHa.n;OJIa. He065Ic- rrpana TOBa. He )I{eJIaeHKH .n;a ce B'hpHe 6es'b B(::13KaHHMa aar-aztxa OCTaHa rpaxra, 'Ie npeaareasr-s He no- K'bB'h aKTHB'b, aoasonara HaMHCJIlOBa na aaztarne

CO'lH H MeHe na BJIaCTbTa, T'bH KaTO, KaKTO oroenaaaxr, 60raTH5I rp'bK'b OT'b '1HcpJIHKa My H 6'hpso nOHCKBa

no-rope, rrrspne noope aaceasaaaure C'h xoro ce C'b.n;eHcTBHe OT'h M13CTHHT13 px-.KoBo.n;HTeJIH, KoeTO My

cpema AHTOHOB'h B'h fMMHaSM5ITa. ce .aasa, 6es'b SHaHHeTO aa OKpx-.)I{HH5I KOMHTeT'b. Ha-

A¢epama Hypu 6eii 613IIIe .n;13JIO na B'hHIIIHa HCTMHa sazmr'aaero CTaHa crrOJIy'lJlHBO H MO)I{a .n;a ce

sera H ce paSBH B'h MYCTacpanaIIIaHCKH5I paaoirs, rroaysa ezaa SHa'IHTeJlHa cyxa sa orxyrn, - IIIeCTCTO-

rroaezce serara MHHa npesr, T05I paaom, H cJle.n;'h TMH'h TypCKH J1HPH-HO nOCJIe.n;CTBH5ITa OT'h Ta.SI aKI.{H5I

aanaranero na HYPH 6eH, rrax-s ce OTerJIH B'h Cx,.:w:H.SI sa 6'bJlrapCKOTO HaCeJIeHHe H opraHHSaI.{H5ITa 613xa

paaorrs. 4HCPJIHK'hT'h aa .L1.epTJIH Mycradia 6eH, ImTaCTpocpaJIHH. )KepTBHT13, KOMTO npH'IMHH rasa arpepa

oanra aa HYPH, ce naxapaure 6JIHSKO.n;0 O.n;PHH'h, B'h xopa, MaTepHaJlHH )I{epTBH, KaKTO H C'bTpeCeHHeTO

.n;aJIe'l'h 2-3 KMJIOMeTpa, B'b 6J1HSOCTb C'b KasapMHT13, H paHHT13, KOHTO nanece na opraHHSaI.{H5ITa, 613xa

B'b cesepna nOCOKa. <popMMpaHeTo aa -re rara H nna- cTpaIIIHH H Mx-.'1HonOnpaBHMH. o'bJIrapCKOTo HaCeJIeHHe

H'bT'b na .n;eHcTBHe 613 MSn'bJIHeH'h B'h nJIOB.n;HB'b, HO 613 no.n;JIO)I{eHO MaCOBO na HeqYBaHH )I{eCTOKOCTH H

no '1He BHYIIIeHHe H HHHI.{HaTHBa He MH e HSBeCTHO. onYCTOIIIeHM5I. MHor06pOHHH rpyrra OT'b yqMTeJIH H

E.n;HO caao SHa5I, 'Ie Anexcaazrspt, .L1.HMHTPOB'h KHn- nO-C'h6y.n;eHH 6'hJIrapH ce .n;OBe)I{.n;axa B'h O.n;PHH'h B'h POB'b, ponosrs OT'b Mycraqianaura, e.n;HOBpeMeHHO C'b OKa5IHO, ueonncyexo TparH'IHO nOJIO)I{eHHe. KapTHHa '1eTaTa no KaHaJI'h SaMHHaJI'b TaHHO sa rp. O.n;PHH'b, nOK'hpTHTeJIHa. Ilom, canaa oxpana OT'h BOHCKa, apesa .n;a CJIe.n;H xozra aa aKI.{H5ITa na xerara, TOBa CTYBaHHT13 613xa BJIa'leHH no YJIHI.{HT13 na Ozrpam, TOH MH 06a.n;H rrpn emra CJIY'laHHa cpema B'b COCPH5I. B'b I-IaH-nJla'leBHO nOJIO)I{eHHe. T'bJInH OT'h TypI.{H H

Bz.rpeuraara opr-anaaanas ce 065IBH peIIIHTeJlHO rrpo- r-spna npecpentaxa rH C'h saxana M pyrarna. Ilep-

THB'b Ta5I 5IBHO Cx-..n;60HOCHa sa opraHMSaI.{H5ITa aKI.{H5I. CPH.n;HHT13 nonarpasxa na r'hpI.{HT13, SJl06aTa HM'b H

Ho xerara He ce scayma aa rrpe.aynpeacneanara H saKaHHT13 Kx-.caxa cspnuara na BC13KH 6'hJlrapHH'b,

aanaranero aa 6e5I CTaHa ycn13IIIHo, 6J1aro.n;apeHHe rpos hxa .n;yIIIMT13. nOHaC5IXMe T13SH Te)I{KH HsnHTaHH5I

aa 06CT05ITeJICTBOTO, -re B'h '1eTaTa saaaaiue e.n;HH'b C'h naaeacna, -re me HaCTx-.nH .n;eHbT'h sa OTnJIaTa C'h

nOCBeTeH'b aa .n;13JIOTO 6'bJIrapMH'b OT'h O.n;PHH'b, aa TH5I 6'hJIrap05I.n;H. Macro OT'h apeCTYBaHHT13 613xa HMe HHKOJIa OT'h MaXaJIa Cap'sxr, Mer.n;aH'b, .n;'hJIrH nO.2pO)I{eHH na HeqYTM HSTeSaHH5I H CM'bPTHH Mx-.'1e':' rozraaa I pa60THJI'h B'h '1HcpJIHKa na ,UepTH Mycrarpa HH5I, oc06eHO Y'lHTeJIHT13. Ha ,UHMHT'hP'h I'pyem, cx-. 6eH KaTO paraii, nOSHaBa~1> noope YCTPOHCTBOTO H Typ5IJIH ropeura 5IHI.{a nom. MHIIIHHI.{HT13, ztpyrn cx-. pasnOJIO)I{eHHeTO na xxmara. 3a.n;HraHeTO aa 6e5I Ma- 6HJIH 06eCBaHH C1> rJIaBHT13 Ha.n;OJIY H 6HTH no Kp'bBb. reap's H .n;a CTaHa crrOJIY'lJIHBO, xpaar-s CB'bPIIIH xa- BseTH 613xa BCH'IKM B'bSMO)I{HH M13PKH sa 06JIeK'IeHHe TOCTpocpaJIHO sa '1eTaTa - T5I 613 YHH:W:O)!{eHa, no- nOJIO)I{eHHeTO aa apecTYBaHHT13. o'hJIrapCKH5IT'h T'hpaezce 613xa BseTH 6'bPSH M13PKH OT'b soeaaara rOBCKH arenr-s fTeT1>p'b Mareen's rroaaraure BCH'IKH BJIaCTb, KaTO ce nOCTaBH B'b .n;BH)I{eHHe MHoro- YCHJIH5I npem, eBponeHcKHT13 npencraaareaa .n;a npa- 6poHHa KaBaJIepH5I, apTHJIepH5I H rrexora, K05ITO CB13T- nne-re BHHMaHHeTO HM'b B'hpxy )I{eCTOKocTHT13, KOHTO KaBH'IHO aaase Haxo.n;HHT13 nYHKToBe sa O'bJIrapH5I ce B'bpIIIeXa OT'h rypcxara BJIaCTb m.pxy apecrysaH •• nerara 613 oTKpHTa H YHH:W:O)I{eHa CJIe.n;'b .n;'bJIro H HHT13 H ces pas60pHHT13 npeCJIe.n;BaHH5I na BHHOBHH H

repoacxo cpazceaae. na.n;HaJIHT13 B'b nJIeH'b '1JIeHOBe HeBHHHH6'bJIrapH. TH5I YCHJIH5I na npe.n;CTaBHTeJI5I na

aa xerara 613xa 06eceHH B'b O.n;PHH'b. 06eceHH 6'Bxa O'hJIrapH5I see ztonpaaacaxa sa 06JIeK'IeHHe ysa-

Mepnacaaoe-s, COKOJIOB'h H e.n;HH'b apaeaerrs: Mep.n;- CTbTa pa apecTYBaHHT13. 3a 06JIeK'IeHHe cx-..n;6aTa aa 2KaHOB'b na npecesxara na rJIaBHaTa YJIHI.{a C'b YJIH- nocrpanaxar-s ce rroaaraxa BCH'IKH rpM)I{H H OT'b crpauara, K05ITO BO.n;H sa KMpHIIIxaHaTa, npezrs .n;lOK5IHa aa na O.n;PHHCKH5I KOMHTeT'b, CTapaeHKH ce rJIaBHO .n;a

'-------HR...ccaoa_ MH 6'b HH'b feoRm .L1.5IKOB'h, apMe.Hell'hT'b CJIe.n;H sa B'h'pIIIeHHT13 )I{eCTOKOCTH H T13XHH5I pasM13p'h

'--~~--~~.n ,;u.... _o"",oJ>.d:,..= S B'hD1.W T H-

CTp.6

vfnIDCTPF\LI,H5i HnHH,UEHb

KHHra 6 (96)

-----------------

TesaHIIH M MaCOBMT-B npeCJIe,l(BaHMH M ,l(a I'M zronece ,l(0 SHaHMeTO Ha 6JIarOCKJIOHHO paSnOJIOllieHMT-B egporreilcxa npe,l(CTaBHTeJIM qpeSb HaWMH arenr-s. He noMaJIKO rpaaca rronaraure KOMMTeTbTb sa apecTYBaHMT-B, KaTO I'M rmmcperrsaure MaTepMaJIHO, ,l(OKOJIKOTO 6-Bwe BbSM02KHO. AcpepaTa aam.pura Cb aarrpauraaero aa SaTOqeHHe Bb MaJIa-AsMH Cb CTOTM:U;M yqMTeJIM M no" IIbpBM r-paacztaaa M Cb HeHs6poMMM MaTepMaJIHM M MopaJIHM 2KepTBM. Arpepar's, CbnpOBO,l(eHM Cb Te2KKM CTpa,l(aHHH M HeMSqMCJIHMM zcepraa, He c'sxpyuraxa rpaHMTHMH uaponem, ',l(YXb. He ce MMHaxa ne n-urecn, M-BCe:U;M M opranaeauaara aasnpaaa CBoeTO C.lKUJ;eCTBYBaHe Cb SaM-BCTBaHe na SaTOqeHMT-B Cb HOBM CMJIM. BpeMeTO "1-BKYBa M HaH-Te2KKMT-B pann. Opr-annaa-

:U;MHTa IIpo.n:bJI2KaBaWe nop8U~ Ko~zpeco na

zra BbpBM Cb 6bPSlf umnama OopUHCKa pe-

CT.lKIIKM narrpezrs, xa. 80.llIOu,UOHHa otinacms.

TO ce urapsme M xpe. - .uOKaTO 6-BXb Bb

IIH-BWeBC-BKMMMHYTHO. O.n:PMHb He 6-Brne CBM-

7:. ,x· 0)(. KBaHn KOHrpeCb, IIO-

Ilozpanunnu, n y HK- He2Ke Bb rrspaar-s 1'0-

moee omtcsu» EoJ12a- .J;lfHH, xoraro ce IIO-

pust 80 nO.M.Ol4b tea CTaBHxa OCH.OBMT-B na

Bmmpeuuuuna opza- opraHHSaD;HHTa, He ce

HU3VU,Ufl. B.IK rpemaara nanaraure CBMKBaHeTO

peBOJIlO:U;MOHHa opra- na TaKMBa. Ensa npeas

HMsa:U;MH MMarne Bb IIPOJI-BThTa aa 1902

paana IIYHKToBe IIO rozt. 6-B CBMKaHb ra-

rpaaanara Bb EbJIra- KbBb M TO Bb r-p.

pMH CBOM ,l(OB-BpeHM a- nJIOB,l(MBb, Bb xxurara

reHTM, nape-rena nYH- aa MMXaMJIb fMp.n:2KM-

KTOBM HaqaJlHM:U;M,KOM- KOBb. Bb TOH KOH-

T.O 6-Bxa BMHarM Bb rpecs ssexa ysa-

Heil:Ha nonxpena, CJIy- CTMe rOJI-BMb 6poil: JIe-

2Keil:KM sa apssxa raJIHM M HeJIeraJIHM

Me2K,l(Y B.lKTpeWHaTa .n;eil::U;M MSb O,l(PMHCKO,

opr-aaaaanas M rrpezr- Me2K,l(Y KOMTO nOMHH

CTaBMTeJICTBOTO aa MMeHaTa cauo aa CJIe.n;-

cxntara Bb COCPMH, HMT-B: I'eoprn Baca-

KaKTO M BbPXOBHMH JIeBb, Jlaaapt, Ma,l(2Ka-

KOMMTeT'h, xoraro CTa- POBb M X PMCTO Kapa-

saure HY2K,l(HO. B» MaH,l(2KYKoBb. B3MMa-

c. Xetiuoseeo aasaz- me YlIaCTMe m.xonrpe-

HMKb aa nYHKTa 6-Brne ca M I'one .u -BJIqeBb.

I'oserrs, 2KMTeJIh na Iloxaaerrs 6-BXb M aSb

C.lKW;OTO ceao. LJ:pe3b KaTO zrsaroronaurem,

Hero ce nperrpautaxa pa60THMKb Bb TOH

BeCTHH:U;MT-B sa On- xpaa, Jlpena OTKpMBa-

pHHb, KaKTO npyra Ma- npaBH5I e SOUKO Lf8B,IJ,8POBb OT'h C. .ll.oMY3b-.ll.epe, Ilenearasxo, He TO na xoarpeca Fone

TepMHJIM, KOMTO rrpe- y6HTb Bb C. OKY<Fb 1908 r. LI. -BJIqeBbMe rrOKaHM na

ztaaaure aa I'anaaoa's M Feoprn I'euraxoa-s, Cb 6paAaTa, OTb Ilauanopauie, y6HTb Bb C. oecena nacaxe. Eece-

.Ilonos-s.aa KOMTO 1'0- n;V;A)!{a-KbOH, Ilenearavxo, 3aeAHO Cb BaCKOBb 11 MaA)I{apOBb ua ,l(aTa tie soneaa OTb

BOPMXb no-r-ope. T03M 11. XI. 907 r. crpaaa na LI. -BJIqeBb

rrYHKTOBb HaqaJIHHKb KOHCT8HTHHb HeH'IOBb (.ll.-pa) OTb OAPHHb, cera }j{HByll.\b Bb nnoBAHBb Cb BCMqKaTa 6JIarOCTh

narrsxaaname CBOHTa M 06eKTMBHOCTh, aa

cJIY2K6a M :u;eHHM yCJIyrM rrpan'sure aa B.lKTpeWHaTa. KaKBaTO 610. cnocoriem, TOil:. Kacaeure ce ,l(0 YCTaBHO opraHMSa:U;MH. B» J/03eHZpaOCKO rrYHKTOBaTa aasaz- npaao sa B3MMaHe ysacrne Bb xoarpeca, noaexce

nasecxa cJIy2K6a ce M3rrbJIHHBame OTb aoasonara 6-BXb nanycaam, Onpnm, nose-re OTb enna rozraaa.

na TaMOWHaTa qeTa Jlasapt, Manacapoas. Toil: oT6M- CJIe,l(b TaH oecena asr, CK.lKCBaXb BC-BKaKBa sp'ssxa

aauie BClfqKI1 Orrl1TM aa BbHrnHOTO BMeWaTeJICTBO Bb Cb O.n;PMHCKO M He B3eXb ysacrae Bb aaceztaaaara

pa60TMT-B aa Bz.rpenmara opraHM3a:U;I1H. Bo Ma.lllCo- aa xoarpeca, CJIe.n;b TOBa KaKBO 6-Bwe rrOJI02KeHMeTO MM

ToPH08CKO H-BMaXMe rryaxroa's HaqaJIHMKb, nonezce Bb pezoaer-b aa opr-aaaaannsra, aKO MI1 ce orzra.te CJIy-

Bb HaqaJIOTO H-BMarne ayzczta OTb TaKbBb, nopazra qail: OT.n:-B,JIHO II\e M3JI02Ka, a cera CqMTaMb sa He06xoJJ:I1MO

OT,l(aJIeqHOCTpTa OTb O,l(PMHb M nopana roaa, qe TOSM zra aanpaas H-BKOM 0606w;eHMH caao Cb H-BKOJIKO .n:YMH

pail:o Hb 6-Bwe Bb SaBHCI1Moc:.T~h~rr~0::B~e.::!q:::e...:::.cb~~E~Y:J.R~r..!:a~s:..:b~I1~....:3~a~0!1.H~0:t.!.B~a~K~0>!.:e~T,u0L.!6L-B!2-,H~sQ!BQ_b,QJ,Lrn!,!,lJ;e;!]Hbl.l-nB_n_~Cli.I.Jt:U1JLn.JLl.-Jlil.L"'_'_=---

Bapna, B» Axseenetiuuctco rrYHKToBb HaqaJIHMKb 6-Bwe BbJIqO Caparpos's nozrs rrbJIHOTO BJIMHHMe na Il, Feaa,l(MeBb. Kptu; MycmarjJanautaHcKama zpanuua Bb 6bJIrapCKa reparopaa ce rrozraasaaaiue AJI. LI.MMMTPOBb (Kanpom.). EM,l(eil:KM PO,l(OMb OTb Mycrarparraura TOH acxanre na arpae Ba2KHa POJIH Bb TOH paaom, .n;OpM ,l(a CTaHe rrsnem. rocnonaps Bb Hero. Kanpom, 6-BIIIe Caparpoaacr-s. Otia-re BCMqKMT-B My YCMJIMH Bb rrOCTI1- ranero aa CBOHTa nens ocraaaxa aarrpaanaa. I1iITeJIl1reH:U;I1HTa B'h Myc rarparraura, KOHTO He 6-Brne MaJIO- 6pOHHa, emnronyumo .n;eHCTBYBarne nporaat, .n:OMorBaHM5ITa aa Karrpoa's, Ta Mycratparrauraaua I1S,l(bp2KaXa BbHWHHT-B uarrsna M aanaaaxa ,l(OKpaH He3aBMCMMOCThTa CM.

or,

Kaara 6 (96)

VfnlOCTPF\UVf$l v1nVfH.IJ.EH;.;;.b C_T~p_. _7_l

HOIlleHHe aa peBOJIIOD;HOHHOTO .zrBJIO OTb Ha'IaJIOTO My ,Z(O JI-BTOTO aa 1901 ron, xoraro HarrycHaxb O.n;PHHb.

Ha'IaJIoTo na peBOJIIOD;HOHHaTa opraaaaanaa 6-B TypeHo rrpes-s 1897 [r-on. OTb 1897 .n;o 1901 ron, PA\.KOBO.n;CTBOTO aa O.n;PHHCKH5I peBOJIIOD;HOHeHb oxpxr-s 6-B rrOB-BpeHO OTb UeHTpaJIHH5I KOMHTeTb na MO!1T-B CKPOMHH CHJIH. Cb HeHMOB-BpHa 6bpsHHa opraaasaD;H5ITa sse IIIHpOKH paSM-BpH. TOBa ce .n;bJI)KH aa c ssoxyrraara .n;eHHocTb aa PA\.KOBO.n;HHT-B .n;eHD;H, KOHTO Cb. eHTycH5ISbMb, npenaaocrs H caxorroaceprBysaTeJIHOCTb cnyacexa aa .n;-BJIOTO H aa BHCOKH5I ,Z(YXb aa aaCeJIeHHeTO, KoeTO 6-B rOTOBO aa BCH'IKO sa HSBOIOBa!Je na cB060.n;aTa CH. 3a .n;a ce BH.n;H, KaKBO 61> aanpaaeao Bb nepaona- OTb -1896 no -1901 roz., ,Z(OCTaTb'IHO e .n;a ce HarrOMHH, 'Ie caao ronana H rroJIOBHHa CJIe,Z(b Ta51 ztara ce 065IBH npe06pa)KeHCKOTo BbSCTaHHe Bb Crpaazosa, no CB05I passrspi., rroztsaaa H . )KepTBH, MO)Ke,Z(a ce xazce, TO ,Z(bP)KH pexopm, Cb I1JIHH.n;eHCKOTO Bb MaKe,Z(oHH5I. He na MeHe ce nana, HHTO e rro CHJIHT-B MH.n;a aarrpaas rrsnaa H ncecrpaaaa rrpeneaxa sa rro,Z(rOTOBKaTa aa Ta5I BeJIHKa errorres sa 60p6a Cb B-BKOBHH5I THpaHHHb. ASb npaaa cxpoxaa KOHCTaTaD;I:I5I na OHa51 oeasaseraa cJIY)K6a aa CB05I aapozrs OTb OHH5I MaJIKH H rOJI-BMH paTHHD;H, KOHTO ztanoxa MHJIO H zrparo sa rrOCTHraHeTO na e,Z(HHb BbSBHIlleHb H.n;eaJI'h - cB060'z(aTa aa CB05ITa Pozmaa.

* *

CJIe,Z(b rOpeHSJIO)KeHOTO BbPXY peBOJIIOD;HOHHOTO

,Z(BH)KeHHe Bb O'z(PHHCKO, C'IHTaMb, 'Ie He me 6.i1\.,Z(e HeYM-BCTHO H 6eSb 3Ha'IeHHe, aKO ce crrpa HaKpaTKO H Bb 06.ru;H xepra BbPXY H-BKOH rrO-Ba)KHH uo uenmu oms KYllmyplto-npOC8fbmltama oeiinocms 8'b ep. OiJpUIt'b U sa omnotuenustma Ita ItfbKOU ifjaKmopu K'b.M'b peso.uouuonnomo oeuocenue 8'b mOR «paa, Bb rp. O'z(PHHb rrpOCB-BTHOTO .n;-BJIO 6-BIlle rrOCTaBeHO aa aapasa OCHOBH H Cb 6bPSb TeMITb ce IIIHp-BIlle H ce aanarame na noztooaaamara CH BHCOTa. Karo KYJITYPHo-rrpOCB-BTeHb uear-spr, na TOSH rpazn, ce nanauie .n;a 'Hrpae rrspnocrerrenaa pOJI5I Bb nsrpazcnaae na npocs araoro .n;-BJIO Bb D;-BJIH5I BHJI5IeTb. 11 aa rOJI-BMa paztocrs aa BC-BKH, KOHTO MHJI-Be 3a Hapo.n;HaTa rrpOCB-BTa, Tp-B6Ba ,Z(a ce KOHcTaTHpa, 'Ie O'z(PHHb HSrrbJIH5IBaIlle ,Z(OCTOHHO Ta5I rOJI-BMa H Bb3BHIlleHa sazra-ra. TOBa, KoeTO otIlle COJIYHb sa MaKe,Z(OHH5I, KaTO ,Z(BHraTeJIb aa npoCB-BTaTa H Ha,ooru;H5I nporpec's na ObJIrapCKOTO HaCeJIeHHe, CA\.ru;OTO O-BIlle O'z(PHHb sa IO)KHa TpaKH5!. Bb O.n;PHHb cxmecrnyaaxa ,Z(Be rHMHaSI1H - MA\.)KKa "Ll -pr, n. Bepotrs" H ,Z(eBH'IeCKa, oopaSD;OBO ypeztena. Br, BC-BKa MaXJIa czsntecmynaxa rrbpBOHa'IaJIHH Y'IHJIHru;a, sa ,Z(oopaTa ype.aoa aa KOHTO ce rroaaraxa BCH'IKH YCHJIH5!. T-BSH rrbpBOHa'IaJIHH y'IHJIHru;a o-Bxa Bb MaXaJIHT-B KaHKb, Knpaurxaaa, I1JI,Z(bPbMb H CapbKb-Mer,Z(aHb. fHMHa3HHT-B Cb rraHCHOHH npa T-BXb o-Bxa Bb near-spa na rpazra. Bt, T-BXb noayxanaxa 00- paaosaaae H BbsrrHTHHHe MJIa,Z(e)KH, )Ka,Z(HH sa HaYKa, OTb BCH'IKH xpaanra aa BHJI5!eTa. Br, TH5! OypHH ornarna aa rrpOCB-BTa, KOB-BXa ce 6A\..n;HHHHT-B sa lll,aCTJIHBb H csooonem, )KHBOTb na repsaaoro H pooyaame ObJIr-apcxo HaCeJIeHHe. OTb TH5! caeutenn xpaxose na HaYKa, )KpeD;HT-B Bb KOHTO Cb eHTY~H5ISbMb H peJIHraoaem.. eKCTaSb pa60T-BXa npenanno H HeYMopHO,

HSJIHSaXa Cb necerxa MJIa,Z(H CHJIH OTb zraara nona, rOTOBH ,Z(a paSHaC5ITb )KHBOTBOPHHT-B JIA\.'IH na rrpoc B-BTa H Bb HaH-saTbHTeHHT-B KA\.T'IeTa aa CBOSIT PO'z(HHa.

. BbJIrapcKHT-B Y'IeOHH 3aBe,Z(eHH5! Bb O.n;PHH1> HMrrOHHpaxa npezrs BCH'IKH ztpyrn HHOPO,Z(HH TaKHBa, ztazce H npezrs KaTOJIH'IeCKHT-B. T-B ce rrOJISYBaxa C'b rOJJ-BMb npecraars rrpezrs eaponeanar-s H rrpe,Z('b BCH'IKH HapO,Z(HOCTH na rpazra, LlHCD;HrrJIHHaTa H pe,Z(aI Bb ObJIrapCKHT-B rHMHa3HH 0Y,Z(-Bxa rOJI-BMb anrepec Bb BCHqKH KyJrTypHH Cp-B,Z(H. YHH<popMaTa H CTPOHHHT pe,Z(HD;H Ha yqeHHD;HT-B H yqeHHqKHT-B rrpaB-BXa CHJIH anesarxeaae na rpa)K,Z(aHCTBOTO HSOOru;O. Ocooeao xoraro yqeHHD;HT-B ce BO,Z(-BXa B'b qepKBa rro pe.n;'B Bb pa3HHT-B KBapTaJIH aa rpaaa, HJIH xoraro HSJIH3aXa aa paaxoznca, Bo,Z(eHH OTb Ha'z(3HpaTeJIHT-B Bb naaca OHHT-B, HSBHKBaxa y BC-BKH 3pHTeJIb <pypOPb H y,Z(HBJIeHHe H rop,Z(OCTb H H3,Z(Hraxa If OKpHJI5!Xa HapO,Z(HH .n;YXb.

fO,Z(HIIIHHT-B aKTOBe na ObJIrapCKHT-B rHMHaSHl:l rrpe.n:CTaBJI5IBaXa rOJI-BMH KyJITYPHH rrpaS,Z(HHD;H. T-B C6 rrocemasaxa OTb BHCOKH caHOBHHD;H aa TypCKaT BJIaCTb, OTb .eBporreHCKHT-B KOHCY JIH H OTb eJIHTa H HHTeJII1reHD;H5!Ta H rrbpBeHD;HT-B aa BCHqKH Hapo.n;HOCTH I13rrbJIHeHHeTO na rrporpaaar-s npa TH5! aKTOBe C€ CJIe,Z(-BIlle OTb rrpHCA\.TCTBYBalll,HT-B Cb )KHBO BHHMaHH, H rOJI-BMb aarepecr, H CBbpIIIBaxa Cb aerrpacropen rrOXBaJIH H sa.n;OBOJICTBO OTb BHIIIHT-B TypCKH caHOB HHD;H H eBporreHCKHT-B.

fOJI-BMb xynrypem, npaaaaax-s aa ObJIrapHT Bb O'z(PHH'b 6-BIlle H qeCTBYBaHeTO aa CBeTH KHPHJI H MeTO,Z(HH. T03H npaaaaaxr, aa 6bJIrapCKHT-B rrp CB-BTHTeJIH BHHarH qeCTBYBaHb BceHapo.n;HO,CbBHCOK rro,Z(eMb aa ,Z(yxa H rrOBHIlleHO qYBCTBO aa s-spa B1 CBOHT-B CHJIH sa Bb3XO,Z(5!ru;b ncecrpaaem, Harrpe,Z('bK'E O-BIlle BTOPb BeJIHK'z(eHb, Saru;OTO 6es'b aSOYKaT K05!TO asooperaxa sa CB05! napozrt, H sa D;-BJIOTa CJIa B5IHCTBO, KaKTO H Oe3'b arrOCTOJICTBOTO HM'b Me)K,Z( ObJIrapHT-B ,Z(a HaCJIe,Z(5!Tb XpHCTOBaTa B-Bpa, ezma JIi ru;-BXMe ,Z(a CA\.ru;eCTBYBaMe KaTO aapozrs H CJIaB5!HCTBOT KaTO OT,Z(-BJIHa paca. 4eCTBYBaHe1'O crasanre Tbp)KeC'l! BeHO H 6JI-BCKaBO. C'b aer-spneaae ce ouaxsaure T01 rrpaszmatcs OT'b D;-BJIOTO 6bJIrapCKO HaCeJIeHHe, OCO oeHO OT'b ysaurara ce MJIa,Z(e)Kb, K05!TO O'bpSaIIIe ,Z( OKHqH yqe6HHT-B SaBe,Z(eHH5! Cb D;B-BT5! H SeJIeHHHa l na ce rrpHrOTBH rrO-,Z(OCTOHHO sa npaaztaaxa. C'b r JI-BMa Tbp)KeCTBeHOCTb ce HSBbpIIIBaIlle OO)KeCTBeHa JIHTyprH5I OT'b yrrpaansaanma ObJIrapCKaTa MHTp rrOJIH5! apxaaanapar-i, CO<PPOHHH Cb D;-BJIOTO ObJIra CKO ,Z(yxOBeHCTBO OTb rpazta, npn JIHqHOTO rrPHCA\.1 CTBHe na ObJIrapCKH5! TbprOBCKH arerrr-s n. Mareea

H nepconana aa areHCTBOTO, na yqeHHD;H H Y'IHTeJIH xnoroopoeat, napom., CJ!e,Z(b JIHTyprH5!Ta CJIe,Z(BaIll HSrrbJIHeHHe npor-paxara aa rrpas,Z(eHCTBOTO Bb Y'Iet! HHT-B saaeztenaa Cb pexa sa SHaqeHHeTO aa npaj HHKa. CJIe.n;b TOBa HapO,Z(Ha Tparresa H BeCeJIH5! B H-BK05! KpaCHBa M-BCTHOCTb. OOHKHOBeHO ce HSOHpa M-BCTHOCTbTa Capas, xpan Mapana H 6JIHSO ,Z(O K 3apMHT-B, pasKOIIIHa rrOJI5!Ha Cb rrpH5!THH SeJIeHHHH xyoana C-BHKH.

Kpaa

lleT"bp'b 1\u,eB'b

Cb Flepe TOWeBb OTb SHTOnH ,D,O CO<i'HH

OTb RH. 5-95)

I1nIOCTPRLU-171 HnI1H,LJ,EHb KHl1ra 6 (96)

--------------------------~~

nosrara, HY.!e He MO)KaXMe ,n:a My noaor-nesrs, rocrro,n:HHe", xasaxa xopara, He ce e BbPBt.JIO HHTO xpamca IIOBeqe BbHb OTb CeJIOTO.

HatIaJIHI1KbTb OTb c. Kpt.cretrs, xojiro IIOJIYtIHJIb aaa-scrnero, tIe serara I.IJ:e H,n:Ba, aazrspxcam, xypaepa na IIpeCIIH Bb CeJIOTO, rrpe,n:BH)K,n:aliKH JIOmara 6YPH IIO BHCOtIHHHTr£, HO HSIIpaTHJIb xopa ,n:a tIaKaTb -rerara H ce MOJIHJIb Bory zta He CMe 6HJIH IIOTerJIHJIH rrpezor 6YPHTa. MHHa HOI.IJ:bTa, HO 6YPHTa OI.IJ:e BbpJIYBawe. HaBaJIt.JBf5! CHt.rb cera ce noc-sure Cb Y)KaCHO CBHCTeHHe HSb Bbs,n:yxa H aznrraure rrpecrra KaTO IIJIaHHHH H aaaa-raame ,n:bJI60tIHHH OTb IIO Ht.KOJIKO MeTpa. Te)KKO, xoiiro 6H ce SapHJIb Bb Tt.Xb~ He MO)Kellle H c s .npyr-apcxa IIOMOI.IJ:b ,n:a HSJIt.SHe. I1sIIJIaweHb O1'b HeHsBt.cTHocTbTa, HatIaJIHHKbTb OTb Kp screrrs YBe,n:oMHJIb 1'051 OTb c. Opboaerrs. FlocnenHHHTb cb6paJIb KOJIKOTO M&")Ke HMaJIO Bb CeJIOTO H Cb rOJIt.Mb Tpy,n:b OnIlllJIH Bb c. Kp'screrrs. TYKb, CJIe,n:b KaTO cb6MpaTb BCHtIKH HaJIHtIHH M&")Ke, IIOeJIH II&"TH sa Bt.JIOTO. Ho ,n:bJI60KHTt. rrpecnn, HaTpYIIaHH HSb II&.. 1'51, 6HJIH nenpoxonaaa. PaSIIpaBaJIH CH II&.. Tb Cb JIOIIaTH, HO H TOBa He HMb IIOMOrHaJIO, HHTO KHJIOMeTbpb ,n:a narrpenaar-s, BbpHaJIH ce IIO ,n:OMOBeTt. CH Cb IIO)KeJIaHHH H 6JIarOCJIOBHH, zraao Bor-i, e aanaSHJIb tIeTaTa HMb, KaTO 51 apaayxa, zta He TpbrBa IIO TOBa 6YPHO BpeMe .

Ha TpeTHH .n:eHb tIaKb ce saat.pna xypaepr.r-s, xoiiro MHHaJIb no C'rpbMHHH ceaeperrs CKJIOHb na m.pxa KOSHKb, Hs6HpaliKH OTB&...n:HHTt. p&.. TOBe.

YCIIOKOHxMe ce, KaTO ro BH.n:r£XMe. Ha CBOll: pe;J;b Toil HH paanpasa sa 6eSITOKOlicTBOTO aa xopara HH Bb C. C. KpbCTeIJ;b H Op-sosetrs. Beztaar-a IIHcaXMe III1CMa tIpeSb TpOHJJ.H H C. Ilaernapt, H YCIIOKOHxMe rHo

Cnezrr, KaTO IIpeCTaHa 6YPHTa, O1'b C. TOIIJIHu;a pburaxae .n:a H.n:eMb Bb C. PaKJIe, .D:'£TO rpbonaure .n:a CTOHMb Ht.KOJIKO .n:HH, .n:o KaTO ce paaraaar-i, II&.. THI.IJ:aTa. Cb OTII&..TYBaHeTO HI:! OTb TOIIJIHu;a, orne IIOaene pasripaxae, tIe HeMHCJIHMO 6t.llle .n:a npennpaeMeMb KaKbBTO H .n:a e IIOXO.n:b, HO 6t.we IIbKb H onacao .n:a ce CTOH see na e.ano Mt.CTO. I1STOI.l\aBaXMe CeJIaTa, KaTO ce xpaa-sxxe no Ht.KO.1JKO .n:HH, a 1't. 6t.xa 6t..n:HH H cJIa60 npOHSBo.n:HTeJIHH.

OTb PaKJIe pfsuraxae .n:a H.n:eMb KbMb CMOJIaHH H J1.pt.Hb, ooase naxt, aaaazrsxa CHt.rOBe, Ta 6t.xMe npOCTO apecTYBaHH H 06petIeHH Ha 6es.n:elicTBHe.

Ilepe npennara na saMHHeMb sa.n:b rpanaua apes's TOBa CKytIHO npexe, sa orrpecaasaue CHJIHTt. Cb HOBOnpHBJIetIeHH lJeTHHU;H H Cpt..n:C1'Ba.

Ilepe My.n:HO none paaroaopa. OpeAH za narrpaan npe.n:JIO)KeHHeTO, TOM sanouaa-na MH rosopa. 4eTHHU;HTt. c&.. MaJIKO He noope c&.. Bbop&")KeHH. - Bepnaaara He e neue rryunca sa e.n:HHb tIeTHHKb. OaTpOHH Ht.MaTb, HJJ:H H .n:a HMa1'b, rroaene O1'b CTO He MO)Ke .n:a ce HOCH1'b, a CTO sa e.n:HHb qeTHHKb Bb cepHOSHO cpaacenne C&.. He,n:OCTaTblJHH. CBbPWHWb JIH naTpOHH1't., H .n:a HMaWb YCJIOBHH ,n:a ce oopnun, ,n:oKpali H ce HSKy6Hewb OTb oocanara, no KOHTO nnaara TypU;HT-B IIpH6t.rBaTb, TH ce uanara .n:a ce caaoyrianaurs, HJIH .n:a I.IJ:ypMYBaUIb rrpena MpbKBaHe, no KaTO HMaW1> rr Ht.KOJIKO naTpOHH. A no BH.n:t.JIO HanYCHeWb JIH nOSH U;HHTa CH, asnaraurs ce na HBHa CMbp1'b. He06xo.n:HM , cz, MaHJIHXepOBH IIyIllKH H Hs06HJIHe O1'b na1'pOHH OTb Tt.Xb tIeTHHIJ;HTt. MoraTb .aa HOCHTb IIO 150 BH-

- ~~TLJ-7. l\ .... _O.:u:l'_~~.~._,-'1"-1.l_0Hec..

rn POA bn H<eHHe

HHKOJIe IIOTerJIHJIb CaMb- CaMHtIbKb paso rrpezta SOpH sa OPHJIt.IIb, Y)Kb Ha pa60Ta-OTHBa KaTO saaaHTtIHH, HO r-o sazrspacana aa eznra sacazta H, xor-aro CTaHaJIO BH.n:eJIO, e.n:HHb O1'b nOJIHu;aHT'B ro rrOSHaJIb. HHKOJle cnaca H aacr, H Ilepe Tourem., Tbp)KeCTBeHO U;t.JIHHTb acxepts H rrOJIHU;HH, KOH1'O 6r£xa rrsaara HOI.l\b MpbSHaJIH, ·saBe)K.n:aTb KOMHTaTa 6eSb op&")KHe Bb Ilpaaerrs, Be.n:HO Cb Ilepe, CJIe.n:b KaTO HaYtIHXMe sa CJIYtIHJIOTO ce npeaeaczrae Bb C. Ce.rue, peumxxe zta MHHeMb npest- C. KOKpe H OTH.n:eMb Bb Ilpexypam., SaI.l\OTO OTb KbMb TaSH crpaaa se-re MaKapb H aanpsCTeHH OTb CHt.rOBe, acxept.r-s saCTpaWH1'eJIHO ce 6t.we paa,n:BH}!{HJIb.

C1'paWHO Ht.I.l\O e .n:a ce MHHaBaTb BHCOtIHHH OTb 1500 xerpa IIOl\PHTH Cb cabrone, lJeC1'O rroaese OTb 1 MeTbpb .n:e6eJIHHa. U t.JIa HOI.IJ:b 6twe .n:ocTaTbtIHa zta MHHeMb rr&"TH O1'b MOHaCTHpa.n:o CeJIOTO KOKpe. He OC1'aHa aaparrs MyCKyJIb aa ce aaaamara HI:! OTb nanaae H CTaBaHe.

• BCH4KH BHKaXMe rJIaBHTt. H icpaxara CH.n:a rraSHMb, Ta .n:pyroTo JIeCHO IIJ;e OTMHHe.

CJItsHaXMe Bb C. KOKpe CMaaaHH sa CbHb H KaTO npeoara. Cnaxxe U;t.JIHH .n:eHb. HHKaKBa CeJICKa paoora He pasrxezaxae H CeJIHHHTt. ce CbrJIaCHXa, tIe He CMe roaaa sa HHKaKBa panora, 1'a HH ocaorioznrxa OTb TOBa noae rJIaB060JIHe, KaTO OTJIO)KHXa zrsaara

zto BTOpO MHHaBaHe. He MO)KeXMe Bb TOBa ceJIO IIOse-re .n:a no-rasaae. 3aMHHaxMe npes s Jlznazra sa C. Et.JIOBo.n:Hu;a. CTPbMHHHHTt. HSKatIHXMe Cb rOJIt.Mb rpym-, npooaaaaxa CH caaa rr&"Tb HSb ,n:bJI60KH CHtrose. HHKaKBa rrsprana Ht.Mawe. MHHaXMe IIO.n:b Bbpxa Cryneaaua, Ha.n:b C. OeI.IJ:aHH. TYKa CHt.rOBeTt. 6t.xa se-re nenpoxonuxa, ana sa I.IJ:aCTHe nonae.aeaa orr-ope .n:OCTaTb4HO, sa .n:a HH xperrar-s. 11, xoraro Ht.KOli HMawe I.l\aCTHeTO na ce cpaae Bb Ht.Koe MeKO MrBeTO, HJIH ce JIbSHt.we H Cb rrsaara CH Te)KeCTb ce croaap-sme BbPXY crrhra, U;t.JIb rror-ssaure, sa zta CTaBa caxo Cb nOMOI.l\bTa ria .n:pyrapHTt. CH. Ensa npa HSrpt.B"h CJIbHu;e CJIt.SOXMe Bb 6t.JIOBO,n:HtIKHTt. JIHBa.n:H H ce HaCTaHHXMe Bb OB4apCKHTt. KOJIH6H. J1.Ba .n:HH IT04HBaXMe 1'yKa. I'opara 6tllle Ha6JIHSO, .n:bpBa Bb Hs06HJIHe, OrI;IHI.IJ:a Bb OB4apCKHTt. KOJIH6H HMawe y.n:06HH, MaJIKO napasnra rrOBe4KO rrbJISHXa rro nacs, HO HaJIH 6t.llle TOrrJIO, aacrraxae ce H BbSCTaHOBHXMe CHJIHTt. CH, sa .n:a rroexexn, rpynaas II&..Tb KbMb namara rOJIrOTa, HJIH no paoora HSb CeJIaTa. HaJIH 6t.xMe H HHCTPYKTOPH aa CeJICKHTt. xera, H P&"KOBO.n:HTeJIH na KOMHTeTH, H sacnra c&...n:e6Ha HHcTaHU;HH

na naponuar-s C&...n:HJIHIJJ.a H rrp. 06HsaHOCTH! CKHTaxMe HSb CeJIaTa, oria-re, He HeMHJIH aenpara, a MHJIH H Cb aer-spneane . OtIaKBaHH OTb BCH4KH. MHHaXMe na 6bPSO CeJIaTa Bt.JIOBo,n:Hu;a, CMOJIHHH, J1.pt.Hb, LlapeBHKb, Tp05lU;H H CT.I:!f'HaXMe Bb C. TOrrJIHu;a. Tyxa HOB a 6yp5l, HOBb cn-sr-s HH aanp-scrn.

00 )KeJIaHHe 6t.xMe Cbo6I.IJ:HJIH, lJe I.IJ:e nocerasrs C. Kpt.creirs .I:! rrOCJIe C. Opeoaerrs. Ho.zo KaTO BPt.MeTO rrpes's .n:eH5I 6t.llle CJIbHtIeBO, aazmeueps aanoxaa HOB ar a 6yp51 H KOJIKOTO HOI.IJ:bTa aanpennaure, TOJIKOBa 6yp5lTa ce YCHJIBallle. J1.a M.l:!HeMb Bb Ta51 6yp51 npeas KOS5IKb H npoxona "Bt.JIOTO", HeMHCJIHMO 6t.we -. OCTaHaxMe Bb c. TOnJIHu;a. KYPHepb1'b He ce m.pna, 3aCTaBHXMe Ha4aJIHHKa OTb TOIIJIHu;a zta asnparn H

-----~- un.mmn e 6HJIb saBaQeHb Ha

a

KHHra 6 (96)

vInIOCTPf\UI151 I1nI1H.D,EHb Crp. 9

------------~~--------------~----

ce ztonecar-t, H rroaeve rryurxn aa m.opxacaaaae .\i CTaPHT'i, 'IeTHHqH. nbKb HaH-ceTHe TH He CM XO.n;HJIb .n;a BM.n;HllIb KOH KaKb raeaa na patiorara. K.iYi..n;e KaKBO MHCJI5ITb rro 6.iYi..n;am:an .n;eHHOCTb H rro 6.iYi..n;am:HT-B HaCOKH H rrp . .lJ.eBeTa ronaaa OTb KaTO CH see ryxa, He TH JIH e OMpb3HaJIO. Xaaae zta H.n;eMb: H, .n;o . KaTO ce B.n;MfHaTbT'£3H CH-BrOBe, rraxt, MO)I(ellIb.n;a ce Bbp-· aeurs, He BH.n;HllIb JIH KaKb npaaar-s c scenar-s THXO.n;51Tb H ce npt.utar-s BC-BKa rozrana, .n;a)I(e H-BKOH H . rro .n;Ba rr.iYi. TH.

.He Me cb6JIa3H5IBa ztpyr o, HO KOJIKOTO sa opx)1<.HeTO, KoeTO TOJIKOBa xaorc MH e He06xo.n;HMO H HOBH xopa sa norrsnsaae 'IenfT-B, 6HXb npxezrs c'sne ra TH sa YM-BCTeHb. Ilaaum Me caao 06CT05lTeJICTBOtO, 'Ie me OCTaB5I OKOJIH5ITa 6e3b naxor-o, a OTHOllIeHH5ITa MH c-s rpaaotaaar-f rH saaeurs, ra crpaxr, 'Me e Bb Moe OTC.iYi.TCTBHe .n;a He ce narrpaaa rrpo6HBb

H Bb CeJICKHT-B KOMHTeTH, a TOBa 'IaKaTb aenpaareJIHT-B, sa .n;a ce asarpae IO.n;HHCKO xopo H Ha.n;b opraHH3aqH5ITa " .

Ilepe ce HaMpbm:H. fOTOBb 6-Bllle zra ce paac spna. 06a'Ie CJIe.n;b cpemara My Cb. I'paropt, JI5IMeBb H HeBb3MO)I(HOCTbTa .n;a OTBbpHaTb OTb Me He nnxoro O~b 'IeTHHqHT-B H MH 1'0 rrpOTHBorrOCTaB5ITb, MaKapb caMb Ilepe .n;a 6-Bllle rrpasum, onar-s .n;a aanpasa TOBa npes's ,Ha'IaJIOTO na 1904 ron. H CJIe.n;b xoarpepeHqM5ITa, xor-aro OTKPHTO aas ce HaH-p-B3KO nporaBorrOCTaBMXb aa HeBb3MO)I(HH5I aer-os-s rrpaBHJIHHKb. Oc06eHo 6-B pa30'IapOBaHHeTo na Ilepe H OTb I'paropa H OTb TpeHKOBb, CJIe.n;b KaTO ce y6e.n;H, 'Ie Fparopte OKOH'IaTeJIHO asryoem, H e e.n;HHb rro.n;bJIb 'IY)I(.n;H arear-s, KOHTO He Ma:IKO rpH)I(H nte cssnaae na OpraH!13aqH5ITa. Koraro 6-B y6MTb HMKOJIa KapaanzcyJIOBb H Bb Ilpaa-sm, ce 6-Bllle rrp-scnam, CJIYXb, 'Ie npeaarencrao e HMaJIO, Ilepe rrOMCKa na ce HHCPOpMHpa Ii ysaae .n;aJIH cpazcenaero ce .n;bJI)I(ellie na rrpe.n;aTeJICTBO.

HHe KaTerOpH'IeCKM onpoaepraxae BCH'IKH CJIyXOBe If cb06W;HXMe, KaKTO na Ilepe, TbH H na rrpaJIerr'IaHH, se HHKaKBO npe.aarencrao He e HMaJIO H He'IeCTHO e .n;a ce BHH5ITb KOHTO H .n;a C.iYi. sa rrO.n;06HO rro.aao 3JIo.n;-B5IHHe.

Ilepe, OTb T03H MOMeHTb, KOH anae rro KaKBH rrpH'IHHH, rro-nta .n;a rrpOM-BH5IBa MHeHMeTO CH aa XOpara, C'b- KOHTO ce 6-Bllle 06MKOJIMJ1b Bb Ilpanerrs H 1'0 6-Bxa HaCTpOHJIH rrpOTHBb HaCb.

Beuepsra, xor aro rrpHKJIlO'IBaXMe T-B3H pasroBOpH Cb Ilepe, OTb C. <PapHlllb rrpanpyzcem, OTb e.n;HHb KypHepb HeO'IaKBaHO rrpHCTHrHa HaM-MaJIKH5ITb MH 6paTb fora, sa KorOTO saaex-s, 'Ie e y'IHTeJIb Bb THKBelliKOTO ceao CTporOBO.

BHCOKb, Bb3M.iYi.)I(&.ll_b, 6pa.n;51CaJIb, 6e3b MYCTaqH. ome 19-ro.n;HllIHOTO MH oparue MH ce BH.n;51 rrO-rOJI-BMb OTb KOJIKOTO CH 1'0 rrpe.n;CTaBJI5IBaXb, KoraTO CJIe.n;b Bb3CTaHHeTO 1'0 aanparax's rrpa MaHKa HH. 11 cera CTOH Bb rraxe'n.ra MH cpHrypaTa MY, xoraro BJI-B3Ha OTb sparara H e.n;HaKBO BCH'IKH HM usaeaana. .lJ.0 KaTO CTaHa H nper-spaa 6paTa CH H HaY'Ia samo H xoe 1'0 e naxapano .n;a rrper-spae rrocpfszrs Ta51 3HMa HeJIeraJIHH5I rr.iYi. Tb, rroaexe OTb crpax-s zra He 6H e zcepraa na H-BKaKBa arpepa HJIH cpaacenae Cb 'IeTa, Ilepe ce rrpOBHKHa: »OXOO! eTO 1'0 H 3aM-BCTHlfKa, cera 'neue e.n;HH'IKaTa rrpe-nca e npexaxaara".

CJIe.n;b 06H'IaHHHT-B rr03.n;paBJIeHH5I H pa3q-BJIYBaHH5I Cb HOBO.n;OllIJIH5I, BC-BKH aae no-yztcoao M-BCTO zta CJIYllIa 0.n;HCe5lTa My. T5I 6-Bllle MHoro HHTepeCHa.

Ilepe, CJIe.n;b KaTO H3CJIYllIa fora, xasa My: (Cneaaa)

L- --' ....... b..,_K'-'.±!jMt.>-<_O na !me OM e HMe Cb 6paTa TH R::.;e:;;.;;llI=H.;.;x_M;o:e __ ~ ...

.n;a 3aMHHeMb sazrs rpaamra, TH me 1'0 3aM-BCTHlllb .n;o sp'sutaaero My". fora rrpOM-BHH JIHqe.

.lJ.06pe, xasa TOH, HO a3b rarca aeonarem, H MJIa.n;b, KaKb me ce crrpasa rrpezm BCH'IKO Cb CTapHT-B 'IeTHHqH, me xor-ar-s JIH T-B .n;a ce noxapar-s Cb rroJIO)I(eHHeTO, 'Ie e.ano zrere me HMb aarroa-szraa?

- Jlecaa paoora. BCH'IKH 'IeTHHqH me CJIYllIaTb opara na BoHBo.n;aTa, sauroro, axo H rro MJIa.n;b, TOH e rrO-HHTeJIereHTeHb OTb T-Bx'h.

Ilepe nosaaaanre CKPOMHOTO ztere, KoeTO rrpeas BbCTaHHeTO 6-Bllle 'IeTHHKb OTb aarnara sera.

Ha zrpyr'as .n;eHb nacaxxe rrHCMO .ao CTapH5I MH opar-s, .lJ.OH'IO, .n;a B3eMe KOJIKOTO napa 6-BXMe OCTaBHJIH aa csxpaaeane y Hero H na BC-BKa ueaa zta .n;oH.n;e Bb C. PaKJIe. 11 Ilepe H as's nacaxxe H noxaHMXMe TpeHKOBb na cpenta, .n;a 3aMHHeMb na no-raaxa.

.lJ.OH'IO, .n;oH.n;e, .aoaece MH CYMaTa,. K05lTO He 6-Bllle noaexe OTb 10-12 JIHPH TYPCKH. .Iloacxaxr, MaJIKO napn OTb CeJlCKHT-B KaCH Bb Tonaana, Jp05lqH, H .n;p. H cb6paxb e.aaa cyxa OT1> 25.11.:::' . Cb TaSH cyaa aat, rrOMHCJIHXb, 'Ie me xyns q-BJI.a .. CPH5I, sa TOBa rrOCJIe l' nazryaaxr, B1> npozrsaaceaae . 'Ii~) ezma 1'0- .n;HHa H rrOJIOBHHa, .n;OKaTO HSJI-BKYBaMb paIjwf-B CH H cnony-ra .n;a ce BbpHa Bb OKOJIH5ITa CM.

DpOHSBe)I(.n;aHeTO Bb BoHBo.n;a if npourasaaero HH Cb xy6aBH5I JIeBeHTb 6-Bllle TpOraTeJIHO. Bb HOBOTO CH· pyxo, Cb sa6Y'IeHH5I Bb narpoazrama peBOJIsep's, KOHTO as's HSBa.n;HXb OTb M051 KaJIbcpb. H My 1'0 rrozrapax-s, Cb 'IaCOBHHKa, KOMTO rtaKb aSb· ·MY noaapnxr., Cb .n;bJIraTa MaHJIHXepOBa nyunca H Cb M.iYi.)I(eCTBeHaTa CH caara TOH cr'spxeure Ha.n;b BCH'IKH H npaexaaxa rr03.n;paBJIeHH5ITa, Cb crpax-s npaexame TOBa rrpOHSBo.n;CTBO.

Ilpe.aaaanxa My: BCH'IKH 'IeTHHQH, KOHTO 6-Bxa C'b6paHH Bb namara xsaprapa sa cxnrara Q-BJIb H c60rYBaHe, HHe ce 06bpHaxMe KbMb T-BXb ·Cb Hl!SH.n;aTeJIHO CJIOBO .n;a ce CJIYllIaTb KaTO 6paT5I, .n;a HSrrbJIH5IBaTb 3arrOB-B.n;HT-B aa soaaonara CH H rrp, ,~ Hero zanoxae T051 CbBeTb: TpH .n;HH xraxapr, .n;a 6.iYi..n;ellIb noiiaozta, HO zta nsrrsaaann, .n;bJIra eH Crrp-BMO opraHHsaQH5ITa. CMeJIOCTb H caaoooaanaaae, crpora cnpaBe.n;JIHBa ztacnarraana Bb -rerara H KOMHTeTHT-B. Korrro ce orrara .n;a ce OTKJIOHH OTb .n;HCQHrrJIHHapHH5I rrpaBHJIHHKb, sezmara 1'0 aarrpanrar-s HJIH Bb zrpyra OKOJIH5I, HJIM sa.n;b rpanana .

.uoH.n;e TpeHKOBb. nOTerJIHXMe OTb C. PaKJIe npes s C. Ilorra.ras. nOCJIe.n;HOTO ceJIO cnana Bb seaemxara OKO.1H5I. Tyxa .n;eHYBaXMe, sa .n;a cb6epeMb CHJIH H rrpexaaesrs aarpyrraaar-s Cb rrpecna panose Me)I(.n;y

C. Ilorrazraa H C. KpaHHHQH. .

TbKMO 6-BXMe CTHrHaJIH na CP-B):(b rr.iYi.T5I sa c.

KpaMHHqH, lfSMHHaJIH Tpy.n;HHT-B npecrnr, 110p):(aHb TpenKOBb, KOHTO He 6-Bllle CBHKHaJIb na nx ryaaae rropana sace):(HaJIH5I )I(HBOTb, W;O npexapsaure Bb rpana, npa TOBa 6-Bllle H xxcoraezrs, Ta 'IeCTO rp-sonaure .n;a 1'0 HSrrpaB5IMe H3b rrpecmrr-s, nero nazraure, asnazma Bb OT'Ia5lHHe, yrrnannr ce, 'Ie He me MO)I(e .n;a OTH.n;e no rp. BeJIeCb, KaMO JIH 'IaKb .n;o rpaaauara. 11 HS5IBH )I(eJIaHHe ):(a ce sp-sma. TOM 6-Bllle 6esb opzoxae, Cb ezmo peBOJIBep'Ie, Cb KoeTO MO)I(ellie caao .n;a ce Hapaaa, axo rc'raneure HY)I(.n;a, HO He H .n;a CH npr.cae sepena, sa .n;a He nazare Bb rrJIeHb na HerrpH5ITeJI5I. 06a'Ie yxopara My 6-B O'IeBH.n;Ha. TOH 6-Bllle CMasam; Ho, xax s. me ce Bpbw;a OTb cp'szrs nx ra. YBeuraxxe 1'0, aari-cerne nanperua ClfJIH H .n;oH.n;OXMe no ceJIO KpaHHMQH.

YfnlOCTPf\Lt!-15I YfnYfH,D,EHb

I{HHra 6 (96)

npesj, apexe aa

TaRa HapeqeHOTO Ao6pOBonHO H3cnenBaHe OTb pOAeHb RpaH

6'bnr. 6'hmaHll,H OThc. 6YTHH'b. ,Il,paMcK-o, HaCTaHeHI1 Ha 12. V. 1925

rOA. Bb nonycrpyreirs. caHBaHTb, KpaH cen~ Ilpanxeao, CaanenrpaneKO - Ha OTKPHTO - BcneAcTBHe Ha KoeTOOTb npoCTYA8 ManKHTi;. A-BL\a BCH4KH C);'; ce pas- 6onilnH. Bb aecrosure-ra CHHMKa HaH-ManKOTO A-B-TeHL\e'ne>H11 601lHO, nbWxa Ii HilMa KOH na My A8Ae MeAHL\HHCKa no-MO~b. Jl saeps HMa Bb Csanearpam, na 30- 35- KnM. nanese.

6a6a I<epa Ilaaeau roaa, 125 ronauma OT'b c. MOHaCTHP'b. (rtOMlOp,ll,mHHcKo). YMp'hna aa xpamrr, nyHKT'b.

'-- L1.,""".__y.,_.._.... J:..onr_ueB::h Orb YJlILeHll.me.. _aJl5 LQJlHHH' ~~&l~J..lii'-EL!~'b~Jl~H.!!Hl...!e:;,!,II,~H!1H~q_l!K1!0~T~o~H:!.l1m~e!::n~a!!!H!!.H!:!.!:.e-=:..2l!!a.!B!.!H:!!,II,~H!:!.;_ __ _J

KHl1ra 6 (96) vlnIOCTPF\LI.H5i HnHH,lJ.EHb

----------~~----------------------------~

_s:r:p. 11

T. I1B. 6ilneB"b

ra6pOBCKHBTb 60H (CnoMeHb)

17 cemeMBpl1H 1903 rOD,I1Ha. Hnl1H)J,eHcKoTo Bb3- 'CTaHl1e OTTaTbKb Bapnapa e Bb CBOSI paarap s. HauiaSlTb MenHI1WKI1 OTPSl)J,b OTb C60PHI1Tt 4eTI1 aa BOHBO)J,I1Tt: xanare-rs lOp. CT05lHOBb, nopy-raxs n. ,lJ.bPBI1HrOBb, ,lJ.OH40 3naTKoBb 11 71He CaH)J,aHCKI1 cnerrs HtKonKo CpameHI1S1 Cb TypCKI1 nbnYI1w,a, cnerrs )J,bnbrb oHow,eHb nOXO)J,b, pauo CYTpl1HbTa cnpt sa )J,HeBHa noql1BKa 113b BI1C0411HI1T1', aa nl1pl1Hb, norrs "CI1HI10- BPbXb", Ha)J,b .. CI1HaHI1~a". H3MopeHI1 OT., )J,bnrHSi no

xorrs.cnerrsreanxa saxycxaOTb xnt6b 11 capeae, CKOPO Bb CTaHa BCI1YKO YTI1XHa, BCtKI1 ce npenane aa no- 411BKa 11 CbHb. CaMO crpamaTa, xauaana no BCI1YKI1 syxepa, 6)J,11 11 na311. CROpo otiase 6txMe cb6Y)J,eHI1 11 CTpeCHaTI1 OTb anapMaTa Ha HaWI1S1 npyraps HBaHb Focnonepes s, B3'BO)J,eHb HayanHI1Kb Bb .4~Tara aa lOp. CTOSIHOBb, ROH· TO, ronornae-s 11 Cb nyuixa Bb pJKRa, Tl1yaWe no HaHa)J,onHl1l1..\eTO 113b ronaTa RaMeHnl1Ba CTpbMHI1Ha,

t nOpY'lIiKb-BOHBO,ll,a BI1KaHRH : "CROPO, Cyra-

CO$. CTOSlHOB"b peBbl... Y)J,pSlHTe MOMyeTal...

'Po.o;eHb Bb c. Il sp», 6liTOnCKO 60M611 XBbpnSlHTe I... Hanpezrsl.. Henpezrst..

Cb6Y)J,eHI1 11 113nnaWeHI1 OT" TOSl-BI1Kb, BCI1YKI1 QeTRl1l..\11 11 BOHBO)J,H rpa6HaXMe nYWRHT1'" 3antrHaXMe 11 ce naraxxe e)J,I1Hb-)J,pyrl1: KaKBO I1Ma, ne e He'"pl1S1TenbTb "?

H xoraro Focnonapea s, cnbHaTb, OTb enaa npaxa, nanaa 11 ce CBeCTI1, TOH ce 06a)J,H 11 xasa:

- f\ 6e, HI1ll1,O HtMa; a3b CbHYBaxb 60SlTb Cb TYPI..\I1T1', npa C. ra6pOBO, ropHo-,lJ.mYMaI1HCRO, OHSI ·60H npea's Ta3H nporrsrs, Bb KOHTO 6txa y6HTI1 BOHBO)J,HTt: COq,pOHI1 CTOSIHOBb, 60Pl1Cb Cyrapes'e, )1,I1MHTbPb Ml1neBb 11 28 -rer HI1 1..\ 11.

YcnOKOeHI1 OTb TI1S1 06S1CHeHI1S1, xanaana OTb YMopa, CKOPO BCI14KI1 OTHOBO ce OT)J,a)J,OXMe aa no'lil1BRa H CbHb.

061',)J,b. Fpyna BOHB9)J,11, nO)J,BOHBO)J,11 11 ,B3BO)J,HI1 Ha4anHHI..\I1 061',)J,BaMe 11 npl1K83BaMe sa rpeaor-ara l1pH4HHeHa ras CYTpl1Hb OTb HB. Focnonapes-s. Ilon'flOpy411!Kb 60Pl1Cb CTpe30Bb, Y4aCTHI1Rb Bb TOSI 60H, noxonem, na pasaasce H1',W,O sa Hero, Cb rOTOB'HOCTb 113nbnHI1 Mon6aTa HI1.

- Ha 14 anpl1nb, Ta311 rO)J,I1Ha, - 3an04Ha TOH,'C60jJHI1Tt 4eTI1 aa xanaram, F\neKccH)J,bPb Ilporore-POBb OTb rp. OXPI1)J,b 11 aa nopy-mxt, COq,pOHI1 CTOSlHOBb OTb c. LI.tpb-Kl1yeBCKO, aa 6pOH 86 nyura OT·60Pb IOH a 1..\ 11 , )J,Bl1meHKI1 ce 113b )J,e6pHTt aa rOpHO,lJ.mYMaHcl<o na nJKTb sa IOrO-3ana)J,Ha MaRe)J,oHI1S1, paao CYTpHHbTa 6txMe xauuann KaTO o pna no WI1- POKI1S1 rpb6b Ha xpefiera .. Cenaute", Cb HaMtpeHl1e 'RaTO OTn0411HeMb TaMb npes's )J,eHSI, na nporrsnsorm,

noxona npea s aouisre. - r-Hb Kanarams, HByanHI1KbTb no xapayna,

,lJ.BeT1', TI1S1 4eTI1 6txa OpraHI1311paHI1 no soeu- B3BO)J,HI1S1Tb Focnonapem, MI1 aanos-sna na BI1 nonoxra,

'HOMY: POTI1, nonYPOTI1, B3BO)J,OBe 11 OTD,tneHI151. Bb 'Ie TyKb - aa 6m13Y - Bb, )J,onYI1HKaTa, npa yeWMaTa,

QeTaTa Ha n POTO rep 0 Bb non y POTHI1 RO M a HlJ,11 pl1 6t.-.:.x.:.a_.:)J,::.:e:.:T..:0:._~n:.:.H.:.:X.:.:M~e:....;B:.:0:.:)J,:::;a;;;':....;T.;;0;,;,K:.lY:__';:W,~0;:;_,,;;C;,;,JK:.;....;n:..:..t::.:..:I1..::C.:..TH:..:..:...;rHi.!.a::;n;.:.H:.:-~n~0~B,;,;;e ... 4""e __ __.

TonCKO 11 ,lJ.I1MHTbPb Ml1neBb OTb rp. OXPI1)J,:b. Bb

• CTOSlHOBaia nbKb sera nonypOTHI1 6txa nO)J,nopYYI1- I..\I1Tt: 60PHCb Cyrapem, OTb rp. Ilparrsrrs 11 a3bOTb rp. Pecems.

YYl1nl1w,eTO, 11 TO HMawe CBOH npencraaarens Bb nauero aa rl1MHa3l1anHI151 Y411Tenb - peeornouaonep-s 11 BOHBO)J,a HI1KOna Fepacaxoat, OTb rp. OxPI1)J,b, roraaa cexperaps Bb xerara aa Ilpororepos's.

CbCTaBa aa YeTI1Tt 6t OTb 113nl1TaHI1 nonodmuepa 11 pe)J,HI1I..\H.

3a BCtKI1 OTb HaCb - oq,Hl..\epI1Tt, 61', orpe)J,eHb paHoHb na )J,eHCTBl1e: F\n. Flpororepom., ,lJ.. MI1- neat, 11 H. repaCI1MOBb - Bb OXPI1)J,CRO, C. CTOSlHOBb - Kl1yeBCKO, HnHSI 6anTOBb - Baroncxo, 60PHCb Cyrapem, - Flparrsncxo 11 a3b - Peceacxo, BCtKI1 Cb CBOI1Tt nO)J,oq,l1~epH 11 pe)J,HI1I..\I1.

Haurara sanava 6t: BCtRI1 Bb CB051 paHoHb 06- pa31..\0aO )J,a OpraHI1311pa MtCTHHT1', 60HHI1 Cl1nl1 11 )J,a nO)J,rOTBH aacenenaero aa 6nl13KOTO Bb3CTaHl1e., BCtRI1 MeYTaeWe na ce OTnHYI1 11 mepTByBa aa cB060)J,aTa Ha pO)J,I1HaTa.

Cnern, )J,bflbrb 113HypHTeneHb aoutea's nOXO)J,b, aa 14 anparrs npa - 30PH, cnp'sxxe, RaKTO xaaax's, sa )J,HeBHa n04HBKa Bb "Cenl1w,e. F\3b 11 COq,pOHI1 CTOSIHOBb nOYHBaMe Bb e)J,HCl xourapa e)J,HHb )J,O )J,pyrb. YOBtRb Cb noernvaa nyura, nernarrs )J,O MeHb Cb nyuixa )J,O paaaua - Bb3rnaBRa, BbnptRI1 ynopara, CTOSIHOBb Bb3TpomeHo MI1 nexnaxapa HerOBI1 nlO611MH CTI1XOBe OTb nywRHHb 11 Jlepnoaroe-s. F\3b ro cnyurax-s Cb nareraana aa CbHb OYH.

TbRMO 6tXb cxnonarrs OYI1, rpocsaro ce arypna Bb xourepara YaCOBOSlTb, ROHTO Cb aanasesrs OTb BbnHeHHe rnact, panopryaa na Flpo rorepoaa:

t no.o;n.-Boifllo)J;a AMM. MHneBb, ponem, Bb rp. Oxpan-s

CTp. 12

nmccr> f\UVl7I VlnVlH,llEHb

KHHra 6 (96)

Benaare L1,t.nHSlTb CTaHb rpenna, BCH'H<11 6t.xMe rOTOBH na ce HaXBbpnHMb BbPXY epara H na ro cpa 311Mb.

3aexMe n03HLI,HH H rrspaa OTKpHXMe yparaue+rs or sxs. TYPLl,HTt. ce OKonHTHxa H saexa n0311L1,HH Bb nonaaara npH 4eWMaTa 11 oxono aes. T OBa 6t. rrsp-

BOTO Hallie 60MHO KPb~aBaHe. •

Oxono 06t.P,b BparbTb 1134e3Ha Bb p,OnI1HaTa, cnerrs KoeTO HHe CB060p,HO npatipaxxe xy6aBI1Tt. nbCKaBH "MaY3epOBH" nyurxa 11 naTpOHHTt. aa 15 y6HTH TypCKH BOMHHLI,H. BOMBop,aTa CTOSlHOBb pasnaBaMRH "MaY3epI1Tt. .. na CBOHT-E KH4eB4aHH xaasaure 11Mb: "Ha, res npaura KYPWyMHT-E aarrpaao aa Cyrrraaa".

Cera, CToeHeTO HH Bb "CenH~e" 6-E pHCKOBaHO 11 ce OTnpaBHXMe KbMb C. neWRO, nero npHCTHrHaXMe aa MpbKBaHe.

nOYHa na aana, ,llb}!{P,b ce cane KaTO H3b senpo.

B's TaKOBa nowo spexe rp-sraaae OTb neWRO Cb Hap,e}!{p,a: npn YCHneHb xorrs npes s HO~bTa - na CTHrHeMb Bb 30pl1 RbMb C. TPOCROBO H ram, na 3aeMeMb HenpHCTfKnHHT-E 4yKapH 11 cxana Ha "KoMaTHHHLI,a", eCTeCTBeHa n03HLI,HSI - «penocrs, nero MI1- HaJ1aTa ronaaa BOMBOP,HT-E - MH4MaHb TOAOPb CaeBb 11 ,llOH,gO 3naTROBb aanecoxa 6n-ECKaBa nofiena ~bPXY MHor06pOMHI1 TypCKI1 rrsn-rauia.

Ho, L\b}!{P,bTb He rrpecrasa. KanHO. nOXOP,bTb CTaaa rpynems. HO~b. MpaKb - aenporrtenem., YMopa crpauraa. nbRb 11 Haxona rapaCI1MOBb 11 26 4eTHI1Ka Cb Hero, Bb TbMHI1HaTa H3ry6BaTb naurara p,l1pSl 11 ce OTRi'i'\CBaTb. Ut.JIH naa xaca cfKP,60HoceHb 3aCTOM 'Bb 6e3pe3ynTaTHO napeae. Flopann BCH4KO TOBa, aa 15, npa 113rp-EBb CnbHLI,e, Hl1e enaa ce nofipaxxe no BHC04I1HHT-E rrpa cenoro Fafipoao. Ha fOrb ce BI1}!{p,a OTBeCHO H3npaBeHaTa ropna .. KOMaTHHHLI,a", 3aMe4TaHa Bb He6eTO; a TyKb - ua ra6pOBCRHT-E BHC04I1HI1, pasnera no Bnaxaaa-nnaaaua '11 npOCHaTH WHPORO 11 6e3nOMO~HO norrs xpaxara aa MaCI1Ba "neWRO", npes s BbCTaHl1eTO Bb 1895 ronnaa, 6-Exa y611TI1 nopY4I1L1,HT-E Hasee's H MYTa¢oBb.

Bb TaROBa aeronao 11 3noK06Ho M-ECTO, ouie HeOTp,bXHanH OTb TpyP,HHSI noxon's, TYPUHT-E HH 06- rpap,Hxa H oTRpHxa OfbHb cpe~y Hacb.3anerHanH Bb Ha6bp30 cTbKMeHHT-E ORonH, Hl1e nocpeumaxae He-npHSITenSi Cb tJeCTa crpentia, Cb 60HHI1 n-ECHI1 H MO~HO "Ypa". 60SlTb ce ycnnaa ace noaese H noseue. Typ-

~HT-E 4YBCTBYBaTb CBoeTO Hap,MO~He, 6-ECHO aanarar-i, BbPXY aac s, crpensr s H peear s - na ce npenanesrs. Haurast-s yparaHeHb orbHb H weMeTHHSlTb TP-ECbKb Ha Bb3nnaMeHeHHT-E 60M6H cnapar-s TypCKOTO aecrxnneHl1e Cb Te}!{KH saryoa aa T-EXb.

Oxono 06-Ep,b OTb ,lli'i'\604I1L1,a 11 Flanexrs npnCTHraTb HOBH BOMCKI1. 6pOSlTb HMb nocrara cera no 4 60MHH P,PY}!{HHH. OKypa}!{eHb; RbMb 1 -raca BparbTb npennpaena HOBa araua Cb crpaurerrs pes's 11 p,06nl1- }!{aBa ija 50-60 Kpa4KH no HaWHT-E n03HUHH. Ilpa TaSi 6-ECHa araxa, OTb HaWI1T-E n031111HI1 eXTl1 60MHO H HeCTHXBa~o "Ypa", anxpena crpenfia H crpeureirs eROTb OTb Bb3nnaMeHeHHT-E 60M6H. Hsnnaureaa OTb Te}!{KHT-E 3ary611 11 OTb HaWHSI HenoKone6HMb P,YXb H rep0l14HO n bp}!{eHe, TYPUI1T-E OTCTfKnHxa 11 ce yxpnxa. 06a4e CKOPO cnerrs TOBa OTb Flexxeao npacrarart, HOBI1 BOMCKI1, ROHTO 3aeMaTb enaa r-ranxa BHC0411Ha cpeuty n03HLI,HSlTa na Flpororepom, 11 aenuara My OTKpHBaTb orbHb, KOMTO nOCTeneHHO ce YCHnBa H 06- rpb~a L1,-EnaTa 60HHa nHHI1S1.

KbMb 2 saca Flpororepoe s e paaeirs Bb P,-ECHHSI

'--- __ ~ _ _ll.i[)aJL:b Mb - Bb IT BHSI. 60SlTb e Bb CBOSI

-j- Flonn.vaoasona Bop. Cyr apea-s , pone-rs Bb rp. Flparrsrn, H 3-Ta y6liTI1 aa 15 anpl1J1I1H 1903 r. Bb cpaseeaaero

npa c. Fatipo ao.

KYPWYMHT-E xBbp4aTb no BCH4KH nOCORI1 H 3nOK06HO nH~51Tb. LJYBaTb ce HecTHxBaw,11' BHROBe, pee's, OXKaHI1S1, 3aRaHH, nCyBHH, 60l1HI1 n-ECHH, crpaurem, nYKOT OTb HaWI1T-E 60M611. Haurero MO~HO 11 6YHHO "Ypa" HeCTI1XBa; TO nnauia 11 BKOBaBa TYPLI,HT-E, TO y6HBa T-EXHHSI xypa»n..

CMbpTbTa BHxpeHHO 6yWYBa ..•

VI Bb pasrapa Ha WeMeTHI1S1 6011, HaH-MJlap,I1S1Tl::i nonnopysaxt, ,llHM. Ml1neBb, ropno asnpasem, B CBOSiTa n03HLI,I1Sl, CTp-EnSi 11 Bb3TOp}!{eHO n-Ee:

.. T~3b Roiho nanne Bb 60M sa cB060p,a, TOH He yMHpa .... "

VI xoraro ueroaara BP,fKXHOBeHa rrsceas, nonera Cb eHTYCHa3bMb OTb BCH4KH HaWH 60HlIH eXT-EWe no l.I,-EnaT<I 60MHa nHHI1S1, xoraro MI1JleBb, onoem, OT BHCORO ponomotiae, Bb CBOSI eKCTa3b, 6-E rOTOBb P,'1 ce XBbPJlH Bb weMeTHHS! 60H H Cb e-p,HHb caxo CBOH ynap s na cpasa Bpara, roraaa ep,I1Hb spaseecx xypuryers ro paH5IBa CMbPTHO H TOM KJlfOMBa ropna rnasa.

60PHCb Cyrapes s, KOMTO' e TaMb na 6JlH3Y B CBOSiTa n03HLI,HSI, MaRapb 11 paaems, 6bP30 ce srypae npa tV\HJleBa, 6paTcRH ro nperp'suia, Ml1nBa H lI-EnYBal cnem, RoeTO rnacs r-i, My exsa KaTO 60MHa Tpb6a TOM nfOTO ce aa KaHBa aa spara H 30Be CSOHT-E npy rapl1 ~ 11 lI-E11HS! CB-ETb na OTMbCT5IT'b aa y6HTHSI Mna.u., repou.

VI Hl1e, HaCTpbXHa11H, BH}!{p,aMe RaKb enHHb nexo pa· HeHb fOHaKb- nonnopy-uno, Cyrapea's, MbI<H~ Ha rbp61l npyr s fOHaKb - Te}!{KO paHeHI1S!. Ml1neBb. KfKp,e ro HOC-E we TOM BCP-EP,b S!.POCTHI1S!. 60i1? SpaTSI 1111 6-Exa T-E? O~E enaa xpasaa H TaS!. 113BaS!.Ha rpyna-na nereana 6H CE 3aKpl111a Bb MbPTBOTO none aa n03111111S!Ta. Ho, "yBH Flpena ep,HHb Ml1rb, npenu CeTHI151 CKOKb, snopanj CTBOTO na Bpa}!{eCKH xypury-rs 3aCTHra c spuara H THS!. naa 6paTSI H T1> nanar s, nperp-suiar-s ce 11 Hany· UJ,aTb enaospexeaao }!{I1BOTa, B11f06eHH Bb csrsprara ..

Ilpyrapn, cnere Bb MYlPb!

TYl<b, 60PHCb CTpe30Bb crrp s CBOSI pasxeat, 3~ a H~nb11HH CBOSiTa c11)o:}!{6a - CM-EHaTa Ha 4aCOBHT

KHHra' 6 (96)

HnIOCTPf\UH5I· HnHH,lJ,EHb

pasxaaa, Focnonapes-s ce xonefiaeure H orxasaaure, HO no aaure HaCT05lSaHe, TOH ce csrnacn H npO,D,bmt<H -pasxasa.

- Oxono 2 xaca cnerrs 06-E,D,b, - 3an04Ha Fo-

cnO,D,apesb, - KaKTO Ka3a HaWH5ITb ,D,pyrapb - no,D,'BOHSO,D,aTa CTpe30Bb, ra6pOSCKH5ITb 60H 6-E Sb CSp51 ·pa3rapb. T051 HMeHHO MOMeHTb a3b cbHysaxb Ta51 aapaa s: roraaa H a3b 6-EXb paaems Bb n-ESH5I KpaKb. Oxono 5 -raca, Bb pasrapa aa HeCTHXSaLQH5I 60H, Te>KKO 6-E paaems Sb rbp,D,HT-E SOHBO,D,aTa f\n. Flpororepoe-s. Bb ,D,-ECHO OTb Hero Sb oxona - Cna,D,KO 6-E sacnarrs Ha B-EKH e,D,HHb Mna,D,b 'IeTHHKb - aerom- Op,D,HHapeirs, a Sb n-ESO - Te>KKO 6-E panea s CTapH5ITb 'IeTHHKb - 605l,D,>KHeSb OTb rp. ra6poso. HHKOMY HHKa-KSa npesp'saxa. Kp'sasra rese CS060,D,HO OTb paHHT-E. CHnHT-E na paHeHHT-E repoa orcnatiaar-s nOCTeneHHO. Bb raaosa nOnO>KeHHe Flpororepom, npauia 'H3seCTHe aa BOHBO,D,aTa CO¢pOHH CT05lHOSb sa csoero -Te>KKO nOnO>KeHHe H ro MonH na noeae TDH KOMaH,D,ysaaero Ha ,D,seT-E 'IeTH, KaTO aanpasa SCH4KO 3aSH"C5ILQe aa npofiasa aa Spa>KeCKH5I KOP,D,OHb npes's HOLUbTa.

Ilonnopyvax's 6anTOBb, KOHTO 61; Bb oxorra aa '6nH3KO ,D,O CT05lHOSa, nonysa napexcnaae OTb nocnenHH5I na OTH,D,e npa Ilpororepoaa H nane HY>KHaTa 1'10- MOLQb aa paHeHHT-E.

6an:rOSb, Sbnp-EKH rorrsnara onaCHOCTb, senaara H3nbnHH aanosensre H ce 030sa npa Ilpororepoaa. TYKb, SHH<,D,aHKH Te>KKOTO nOnO>KeHHe aa paHeHH5I rePOH, 6anTOSb S3HMa repOH4HO paHeHH5I: nYWKaTa npea s pane H, nonnoreoraar-s OTb e,QHHb 'IeTHHKb, 'nbn3HWKOMb H3MbKsa Flpororepoaa Sb enua ManKa AOn'lHHKa, sar-saara OTb ,QseT-E xparra aa n03Hll,H5ITa 'Ii 3aLQHTeHa OTb BpaH<eCKO OKO. OTb TaMb, na rbp6b, nOHaC5I paHeHH5I repoii H3b enaa nonaaa, CTHraTb rrpa -enna xormfia, AeTO HaMHpaTb >KeHa H KOHb, Ka'lsaTb Ilpororeposa Ha KOH5I H Cb >KeHan!l-KypHepb, aa 16-H

tMHHaSaTb rpamruara npa C. Ap-EHOSO. .

Cne,Qb OTern5lHeTO Ha npOToreposa'H noeMaHeTO KOMaH,QysaHeTo Ha 6051 OTb Co¢p. CT05lHOSb, 605lTb npom.nacasa ace raxa YCHneHb H crpauresrs. Hauiara -crpenoa ncxaa na pezrse. BHCO'lHHHT-E aa c. Fafipoao 6-Exa H3M-EHHnH Ha naurero LQaCTHe. BHXpeHH5ITb ny'KOTb aa MaY3epHT-E sanyuiaaa cera H-EKOnKOTo arOHH.3HpaLQH HaWH nyunor, Ha MpbKsaHe 06a4e, HaWHT-E n03Hll,HH O>KHS-EXa. E,QHO OTC-E'IeHO, MOLQHO H 51AOBHTO:

"Ha HOJIC'b, tonauul" ce pasaece, npOHH3a npocropa H HH OKpHnl1. Toaa 61; soaa aa CO¢pOHH CT05lHOSb. Hae SCH'IKH OCTaHanH 3,QpaSH 11 peaeaa, aa -reno Cb

xpa6pH5I BOHso,Qa, peureaa na np06HeMb xopnoaa HnH na YMpeMb, ce nOHeCOXMe KaTO xana Bb araxa H na HO>Kb, sHKaHKH 6-ECHO H CTPbSHO: "Ypaaa •• .1 Ypaaa..l Ypaaa •. .I"

Bpar sr-s, ynnauresrs, aaurenerem, OTb HaLUaTa crpexarenaa 6-ECHa araxa, ce pasxonefia. H HHe' npo- 6HxMe Spa>KeCKH5I KOPAOHb H H3'1e3HaXMe Bb TbMHHaara, KaTO Aa,D,OXMe H-EKOnKO CKo¥.nH >KepTBH, Me>K,Qy KOHTO H aaxanaaxa na OTp5l,Qa, He3a6paSHMH5ITb xpa- 6peu,b CO¢pOHI1 CTOSIHOSb. Flpn ras araxa H a3b 6-EXb panetrs sToPH n.¥.Tb, cera - Bb xopexa.

B-EKOBeT-E, sparoaer-s Hapo,QHH, THpaHHT-E, He Tp-E6sa na 3a6paS5ITb, 'Ie peWeHHT-E na MpaTb co¥. 1'10- crpaunra OTb csrsprsra.

Cnezrs pa3Ka3HT-E aa 60PHCb CTpe30Sb H T051 aa Hs. Focnonapes's sa ra6pOSCKHSf 60H, Fler-sp s AbpSHHrOSb HH nane cnenaara xapaxrepacraxa sa y6I1THT-E O¢Hu,epl1:

CO¢pOHU CmOflHOB'b, - TOBa 6-E . rOn-EMb H,QeanHCTb, acetrano . npenatrs aa MaKeAOHCKOTO OCB060AHTenHO A-EnO H rorrsers 60peu,b sa CBOQO',QaTa Ha MaKeAOHH5I. TOH saraaa enl1"IHO H repOH4HO Sb ra6pos-

tKH5I 60H. .

Bopucs Cyzapees, - Tosa e eAHO SbnnOLQeHHe na xpa6pOCTb. Bb TparH4HHT-E MHHyTH, xoraro nyurara Ha HaH-MHnH5I xepoii -- Ml1neSb - SHTaewe Ha,Qb 60eear a nHHH5I, e,QI1Hb Ko¥.Cb 'IOB-EKb, enaa AHHaMHKa - 60PHCb Cyrapes-s, Cb CbPAe'lHH u,enYSKH, KOHTO KOcrysaxa HerOSH5I >KHSOTb, Sb pasrapa aa CTpawHHSf 60H H3HaCSfwe CMbPTHO paHeHH5I CSOH npyraps, sarrs oraeaara nHHI151.

E.llHHb nexo paaea-s, HOCH Te>KKO paHeHH5I, sa na 6o¥.Ae cnerrs TOBa H TOH CMbPTHO paaejrs.

KaK'bBb BenHRb nOABHrb! KaKBo Tbp>KeCTBO aa SOeHHHT-E MopanHH CHnHI

Iiauumsp» MUJleB'b, - MnaAb repoti. TOKY LQO cs-spurarrs Cb HaH-rOn-EMO OTnH'IHe BoeHHOTO y'lHnHLQe, Cb rrsceas H Cb 4Y,QeHb' eHTyci1a3bMb YMPf. aa na nOTSbp,Q11 H 3ane4aTa Cb'CS05lTa KPbSb BenHKI1T-E Ka'IeCTSa Ha HaH-Mna,D,OTO 6bnrapCKO SOHHCTSO ..

Aa, npyrapa, Bb weMeTHH5I 60H npn ra6pOBCKHTB SHC04HHH I1Ma H-ELQO aenaxo, KoeTO He Tp-E6sa na ce 3a6paB5I OTb' HI1KOro. BbHb OTb repoasxa na BCHliKH y-recrayeaura Sb T051 60H, onoaa, KoeTO HaH-MHoro nneaase Bb06pa>KeHHeTO aa BC-EKH 40B-EKb, TOBa e rpaHHTHOTO npyrapcrso aa BCH'IKH TH5I 60Hll,H, a HaHBelle - Ha BOeHa'lanHHll,HT-E.

nOKnOHb npem- nanaarnn-s npyrapa, repOI1'-IHH npensecraaua na ceraWHOTO Bb3CTaHHe.

U 'bPKOBHO-YLfe6HOTO

zrsno B'b KaiinSlpCKa OKonHSI

u

paaoms.

EM60pCKH

KbMb rp'suxara naTpHapWH5I. Enana e npezrs sparara aa IOH<Ha MaKe,D,OHH5I H rorrsrea 'IaCTb OTb XPHCTHSIH. aaceneaae TbpC-EWe npexpaaara CI1 Bb f\THHa HnH Sb Llaparparrs ?

B's nO-rOn-EMHT-E CenHLQa na pafiona OTb aesanOMHeHH epeneaa e HMano rp'suxa Y'lHnHLQa.

Taxa Sb HaH-rOn-EMOTO XpHCT. ceno Esuiope; - npea s 60-Tt. rOAHHH Ha MHHanH5I S-EKb co¥.LQeCTBYaana rp'uuxa urxona Cb Y'll1Tenb M-ECTHH5I CSeLQeHHKb AHM. x. Bacanem.. Flpest, 1865 rOAHHa HeMY cny'IaHHO e nonanaana I<HHra Cb CnaB5IHCKa a36YKa,c'HrYPHo, 6YKsapb - H OCmaliaJl'b osyoens.

*) B. KbHyeBb - "MaKeO;OHH5!" (ETHorpa¢H5! - CTaTH-

'--- ~, __ u_\ _ <:Q, ~ _..:.. ....:::B:.::e:.:;:,Q:.:.H:.::a:.:.r.;;:a:... . ..::c:.::e~3.:a.:.:n.:o.:3.:.:H.:a:.:;n:.:b:....:c:.;b:::_...:T..:::a:.:51~a::3::.6:::.y!.::.Ka~..:H.:._..::n::p:.::0:J

Kaiinspcxara OKOnH5I ce HaMl1pa Sb HaH-IOH<HaTa 'IaCTb sa 3anaAHa MaKeAoHH5I. Flpes's TypCI<O spene T5I 6poewe: Typll,H 27,155 >K., 6bnrapH 7,916 >K., rbpUH 1,800 >K., anaca 11 np. 1,730 - SCJ1llKO 3,8691, *) >K.

6bnrapl1 norrs seAOMCTSOTO sa Cs. EK3apxH5I 5640, oxono 2000 Kpo¥.rno Co¥. narpaapuracrrr=).

Flare ce - KaKb raxa, npn TOBa nOAaSn5lSaLQe HHO'PO,QHO HaceneHHe,6bnrapHHbTb OTb T051 OTAane'leHb 'KpaH e Morbnb na ce OTbPCH OTb ¢aHapHOTCKOTO aro H na narue r.naaa, TonK03b noeexe 'Ie Cbce,QHHT-E OKOnl-IH HMaTb MH03HHCTSOTO OTb >KI1TenHT-E CH npas-spsaao

KHHra 6 (96)

He noponnno Y Hero MHCbnb na yt.H1 neuara H na cna-

BSlHCKH. .

Ilpes» 1868/69 rOA. OTb Lleparpazrs ce Bbpaarrs Bb- 'EM60pe ,IJ,HM. MaKeAoHcKH, Ko~ho noaec sm, Cb ce6e CH nocra 6bnrapCKH 6YKBapH H pa3HH KHHrH; TOH rH npennoxorrrs aa mbAHH.SI sa POAHO cnOBO y'IH'" Tenb-cBe~eHHKb.

I C}K~aTa rOAHHa Bb y'IHnH~eTo ce BbBemAa 6bn·

rapcsa e311Kb H TO nonynaeeao : .0.0 06-EAb - 6bnrapcxa, cneAb 06eAb - rpbUKH.

T OBa nonoaceaae rpasno .0.0 1883/84 ys. rOAHHa. LJHcnoTo na Y'IeHHUI1T-E OTb 50-cO ce H3AI1rHanO .0.0 120-130, 3a~OTO no-mana na noceuiaaar-s y'I~nl1· ~eTO 11 neua OTb oKOnHHT-E cena.

flpes-s noxeaarara rOAHHa npecrap-snasr-s cseuieHHKb npecraaam, na Y'II1TencTBYBa. Cerroro ce orxasano OTb naTpl1apWI1S1Ta, H exsapxaara ncena P}KKOBOACTBOTO aa Y'IHnHwHoTo A-EnO, KaTO Ha3Ha'I11na HOBb YYI1Tenb.

YYl1nl1~eTo e rp sraeno Bb CBOSI n}KTb, HO H BparOBeT-E He crrsna, 3a rpt.uxoro y'II1nl1~e, KoeTO sese ce OTAt.nl1nO, 611nb Ha3HayeHb 20.IUbM'b oaaca.u:

Cb BI1COKa 3ar"na:ra; aa yyeHHUHT-E ce naaano naposrs Y'Ie6HHll.H 11 Y'Ie6HH nOTp-E611; aa 6eAHHT-E ce ornyexams nOMO~11 sa ApewKI1. OTb npyra crpeaa, npaBl1nl1 ce TemKI1 CnbHKI1 na 6bnrap. ysarens : yeCTO 611nb BI1KaHb OTb npaBI1TenCTBOTO yaKb Bb KaMnSlpl1 11 611nb AbpmaHb TaMb no 5-10 AHt1 non's pa3HI1 npeAn0311; Cnp-EHO 61·mo 06Y'IeHI1eTo no OTeyeCTBO 3HaHI1e 11 rl1MHaCTI1Ka 11 T. H.

TI1Sl npe'IKI1 nporrsnacaaana ouie no-aacaneao, xoraro no-mana na AeMCTBYBa MaKeAOCKaTa pesorr, OpraHl13aUI1S1, ocotieao npea's 1903 rOA.· TYKb uie npenanesrs caxo eAI1Hb enasom, OTb ynoparara 60p6a na 6bnrapl1Ha Bb ras aaura nOKpaMHI1Ha.

rpbUKI1SlTb JlepHHCKH BnaAHKa peKbnb ne 113non-::' 3YBa se CBOI1T-E nbKneHI1 uena norpoxa OTb VlnI1HAeHCKoTo Bb3CTaHl1e.

OQl1Koni1n"b nepI1HCKO, TpbrHanb sa KaMnSlpCKO.

KbM'C 16 cerrreerspaji 1903 nocernm, eK3apxHHcKOTO ceno PaKI1Ta, K9~TO_C;!>.!1qMg~bTa aa TYPCKJjT,-E Boe,HHI1. BnaCTH aannaumrrs Cb pasopeaae, aKO ce He orxexce OTb eK3apXI1SlTa. H-EKOH OTb CenSlHI1T-E ce asnnaurana, HO cenoro He ce orxesano.

Ha APYrHSl AeHb BnaAHKaTa 3aMHHanb sa EMfiope. TYKb 6Hnb OTKpl1Tb H-EKOH Bb3CTaHI1Kb, errs- 3bnb OTb roparara, sa na ce npafiepe aa Ml1peHb ml1- BOTb. Oficanem, OTb crpascapn, BOHCKa 11 6aw11603Y- 1.\11, Bb3CTaHHKbTb 6Hnb noxanerrs na ce npenane. T OH nOB-EpBanb 11 OTBOpl1n·b sparara, HO sennara Cb sanm, 611nb sacrpensers.

TOSl nCI1XOnOrH'IeCKI1 MOMeHTb nOBKHSlTb nacrnp s HCKanb na H3non3YBa 11 Cb irsna Apy~HHa BbOP}KmeHI1 SlcaK'II1H, YI16YKYI1H 11 np. aaxnyaa Bb 'IHCTOTO exaapx. EM60pe.

florrs npennor:s. 'Ie Bt. cenoro ce Kpl1S1Tb KOMHTH, AeCeTI1Ha K}K~H 6Hnl1 onoaeapean, oxono 20-25 AYWI1 H3Te3aBaHI1 H np, "CBeTHSlTb crapeut," YCMI1XHaTb .0.0 yWI1, 0'IaKBa aer-spnenaao na AOMAe ManKO H ron-EMO 11 My irsrryne nOKopHO "CB. nacrupcxa rrscaaue".

Ho HI1KOM EM60pyaHeUb He naeecrarrs crapeua, HI1KOH My He nam, npaesrs. H'suro noaexe: rrspaeuUI1T-E cneno 3aSlBI1nH Ha i<OMeHAClHTa aa xsaprapyiouiara norepa, 'Ie .no-cxopo uozams oa uuuams nods nanctco enooucmeo, omxonxomo oa ce noespuams otue eeonaocs nod» 2p'bl{Kama nampuaptuusi",

M-ECTOTO He HH noaeonssa na npenane-n, H3Ae-

._----..,.""-~-Q"~,, u'" ....... n~nna .IleKc.a allaIlUJiaHUC7h

ryp, npaBI1TenCTBo na rtpecnensa KOMI1TI1. Ha 4 OKT._ c. rOA. Cb 70 AYWI1 BOHHI1UI1 11 maHAapMH TOM npacraraarrs Bb EM60pe 11 ce YCTaH9BI1nb Bb K}K~aTa aa 6bnrap. rrspaeaetrs Base K LJHPKOBb, a Apyml1HaTa CI1 HaCTaHHnb no npyra K}K~11 aa npexpaaa.

WOMb ce aacraaarrs, nOBHKBa npencenarens ae 6bnrap. irspx. 06~HHa HepOMOHaXb Hpunap xs, sarroBt.ABa My na ce cb6ne'Ie, H ro nosana aa 3eMSI:ra; nosexe OTb 100 TOSlrH My ynaparrs, 113cKy6anb My 6panara 11 nonyerspraat, ro aapnrarrs. C}KIJJ.aTa yxacrs, cnoner sna H YYI1TenSl ,IJ,. 71HaKeBb 11 np.

Henouiane-rs 611nb H CTapl1S1 80 rOAI1WeHb CBe~eHI1Kb - Y'I11Tenb ,IJ,I1MI1TPH: TOH 6Hnb apeCTYBaHb .. Bbp3aHb Ii 113Te3aBaHb Bb npornsrnaeaae Ha 40 saca.

Ha 8 OKT. c. r. Kapanaaaaact, nOC-ETl1nb cenoPaKHTa 11 aanoaarrs CBe~eHI1lJ,HT-E, YYHTenl1T-E, rrspBeHUHT-E H KaTO HMb aserrs 22 rnrpa, oCB060AHnb TI1._ Ha Y'IHTenSl VlB. Bacanea s e 611na oocaneaa K}K~aTa 0T1~ aHAapTH H caxo aeroaara CM-EnOCTb cna-cana ml1BOTa My.

VI BbnpeKH BCHYKH Tep3aHHSI, 6e33aliJ,HTHHSlTb_ 6bnrapHHb ynoparo YCTOSlBanb CBOSITa HapOAHOCTb. Ilperrs aeroaara BonSI na 3ana311 caM0611THOCTbTa CI1, BCHYKI1 AeMOHCKH H3CTbnneHI1SI ce paarrp'scaana KaTO· AI1Mb.

Cna60TO lJ,bP!{OBHo-y'IHnl1~HO A-EnO Bb KaMnSIp-CKO He aarrrsxaano, a nOCTeneHO ce pa3BI1BanO It' 3aTBbpAl1no.

Taxa npea s 1869/70 r. aese Bb EM60pe cxuieCTBYBa oqmUl1anHoTo 6bnrapcKo YYHnH~e; Bb ,IJ,e- 6peUb ce OTKpl1Ba npes-s 1884; 1885 - Bb Ilaneop-s, 1886 - PaKHTa H T. H.

Flpes's 1886/87 Bb rpaneua ce oTKpHBa 11 • KnaCb; OCHOBHOTO yYHnHll~e CTaBa rrsnao, Bb xnaca HMano· 28 Y'IeHHUH. Flpes's 1887/88 ce OTKpl1Ba II xnac-s: cnenaara rOAI1Ha - III xnacs. EAI1Hb ynaAbKb ce- 3a6en-E3Ba npes's nepnona OTb 1892 - 1995 y'I. rOA., nopaAH YCHneHI1T-E aTaKH Ha enl1Hl13Ma.

CneAHaTa Ta6nl1ua nOKa3Ba pa3BoSl Ha yye6HoTOAtno, Bb KaMnSIpcKa OKOnl1SI y-r-nauia

4

10

7

11

1886/87 1891/92 1896/97 1899/900

YYI1Tenl1

4 10 15 18

yY-UI1 1i4 422 446 625

EM60pe Flaneop-s PaKI1Ta KOHYM ,IJ,e6peUb Bapanua

npe3b 19111912 rOAHHa.

ys-uia ys-na Y'IeHI1lJ,11

1 4 (2 m.) 95 (43 m.)

1 1 57 (25)

1 2 (1) 66 (10)

1 1 16 (10)

1 2 (1) 73 (34)

1 2 (1) 47 (18)

HMe na y'Il1nl1~aTa CB. CB. K. M_ CB. VlB. PHn. CB. CB. K M. CB. 60pHCb. O. nal1CI1M .

6 12 (5) 354 (140)

Bb rp. EM60pe C}K~ecTByBawe.11 rperoxnacuo.

CMeceHO Y'Il1nl1lue:

I xrr,

31 (8) 3 (1) 27 (7) 1

3anHcanl1 HanycHanl1 MI1HaBaTb OCTaBaTb

II xn. 19 (6) 2 (1)

17 (5) - o

III xn. BCI1'IKO

13 (3) 63 (18)

3 8 (2)

9 (3) == 53 (15) 1 2 (0)

HaWHSITb ycrrsx e ce nonsepraaa HaM-Ae6eno, aKO ce CbnOCTaBI1 TOH Cb OHSl aa npOTI1BHHKa. Taxa npes s, 1902/3 Y4. ronnaa. 3a 5640

Kaura 6 (96)

4) Heroaas 6paTb, se-re nOKOYlHHKb, rrsnroronnurem, rl1MHa3Y1aneHb napexrop-s, YisaHb Bnaroem;

5) Crapasr-s Y411Tenb YisaHb Bacanest, OTb c. .ue6pe~b •

6) BI1COKOn04HTaHYl5I rHMH. ysarens, ofiuiecraeHHKb 11 nacarens Bneroii ,lJ,YlMHTPOSb, CI1Hb Ha cseui. ,lJ,I1MYlTPHH.

3a He113nYlWeHb. mynb Tpi;6sa na nonsepraesri., Lje aspara Bb CS051 nneerrs, Bi;p~lTa B.b co6CTSeHI1Ti; Cl1nl1 H Bb w,aCTnI1SI151 pe3ynTaTb, 113TpbrHaTb Sb ynopara 60p6a, e nOC"lbTb aa Bci;KYI ycrrsx's .•.

Hn. HBaHOB'b

YimOCTPf\lJ,Yi5i YinYiH,lJ,E_H_b ...;....... -.:C_!Tp'-._1..:_5_

n0J10meHHeTO

5040 narpaapuracra - 1 Y4l1nl1w,e (Hi;Ma xnacao), 2

Y4Y1Tenl1 11 250 YQeHI1lJ,I1*). . • .

. 'YI1CnaTa CaMI1 3a ce6e CYI rOBOpSITb! .•.

Kaiinspcxo e nano na 6bnr. aaporrs -cnennar-s . BI1,1J,HI1 ,lJ,eHlJ,YI Sb nonero na HapOll,HOTO cb6Y}l{,IJ,aHe: 1) Caeuiemnrs ,lJ,HMHTPI1 x. Bacanea's, rrspaas <f1Y10Hepb aa fit.nrapcxoro Sb3pa}l{,IJ,aHe Bb K,aHnSlpcKo: 2) BI1,[1HI1S1 npOCSi;TI1Tenb ,lJ,I1M. MaKe,[lOHCKYI OTb .EM60pe.

3) Flporpecop's HYlK. Bnaroem, OTb c. PaKI1Ta.

*) D. Brancoff - Maced'oine crp, 178.

H3MaHanHSlTb xeceirs MaH HaCManKO W;BWe na orfienexca Bb HCTOpmlTa aa Espona HaH-cTpawHoTo H' Mpa'iHO cboHTHe -npes-s cneABo.eHHOTO epexe - enna HOBa MaCOBa xacanaaua aa xopa no BCH'IKH noneTa Ha oCTap~na H H3HeMOrBalll,a nOAb TeJReCTHT~ aa CBOHT~ npenpasczarrsua 14 rp sxose Espona.

. Cnem, ycrrsunroro npHCHieAHH5IBaHe na f\BCTP'H5I KbMb

fepMaHHSI, ras aexe Benaxa repMaHHSI, ofixaauana KaTO Bb xneura nO'ITH nonoaauara OTb T~CHaTa '1eXOCnOBaWKa TepHTOPHSI, O~ ce nparoraana na nHKBHAHpa, cxuio raxa OTb xopetrs, KaKTO TOBa CTOPH Cb f\BCTPH5I, H Cb Bbnpoca sa npaotiuraaaHeTO na 6nH30 TPHT~ MHnHOHa H~MlI,H, )f{liBYllI,H Bb 4exocnoBaKHSI, KbMb MaHKaTa APP)f{aBa. THSI H~MlI,H, H3BeCTtlH OTb Cb-ofiuienaara Bb nexara norrs HMeTO "CYAeTCKH H~MlI,H", czsuio

-ce 6~xa nOArOTBHnH, opraHH3all,HOHHO H nOnHTH'IeCKH, aa no-

-cpeutaae aa BC~KI1 opaTCKH }!{eCTb OTb crpaua aa repMaHH5I sa

'-CBbp3BaHe aa nOilHTI1'1eCKaTa CHiA6a na BCH4KI1 H~MlI,l1 norrs 3HaMeTO Cb npe'lyneHI151 KPbCTb,

repMaHCKH MOTopH3HpaHH H npyra BOHCKH 6~xa ae-re aa-e.na H3)WAHHT-S nYHKTOBe ncxpaji yeXOCnOBaWKaTa rpanaua, roTOSH BC~KH MOMeHTb Aa nonyyaTb H H3nbnH5ITb 3anos~AbTa Ha .r. Xarnep s sa OCHilll,eCTBSlSaHe H aa TOll erarrs OTb repMaHCKHSI nnams aa Bb3AHraHe na aenaxara repnaacxa HMnepHSI AO nbpBOCTeneHHa H aKO MO)f{e HaH-MOrblll,a Sb Eaporra cnna.

Ho, peAOMb Cb TOBa. 4exocnOBaKH51 J1 ocofieno 'feXHT , KaTO HapOAb, ce peunrxa na He OTCTHinSlTb nperrs HHKOII }!{epTBa, ,KaKBaTO OTeyeCTBOTO HMb 6H noacxano OTb T'I>Xb, H ObP30 B3e.xa M~PKH na nocpeumar's. Cb 00p6a AO xpaa, aKO OH oHno He-OOXOAHMO, AOpH eAHO BoeHHO repxaucxo HaweTCTBHe Sb cTpaaara HMb.

Ta3H peurarermocrs, Ta3H KaTerOpHYHOCTb Bb ornopa, KOHTO Flpara peura na nane na repnaackara aKlJ,H5I aa OCSOOO}!{.naaane H aa npH6HpaHe aa cYAeTcKHr~ H~MlI,H nozrs <j>nara na fepMaHH5I 6~, fieacnopao, OTb He ManKO saaxeaae sa xona, KOHTO aaexa nO-KbCHO paQonH~ Bo Cp~AHa Espona. Ho roea . rrspscaue aa YexocnOBaKHSI: M0611nH311paHeTO na ABa nafiopa OTb 3anaca Ha '1eXOCnOsaWKaTa apMI151 11 B311MaHeTO Ha peAl1l1,a

noyra BOeHHI1 M~PKI1 Sb Ta51 crpaaa, MO}!{e 011, H~Mawe Aa Haxapar s repMaHI151 na npOM~HH HaM~peHHIITa CI1 Cnp5lMO 'Iexo'cnOSaKI1S1, aKO KbMb cnOKOHHH5I, HO COnl1AeHb 11 peunrrenetrs

'1eWKI1 crnop s cpeuiy repMaHcKHT'B AOMOraaHI151 He ce O~ npa- 6aBI1na 11 3aAPY}!{HaTa ¢peHCKa 11 aHrnl1i1cKa peWI1MOCTb na He .. ,IJ,OnYCHaTb, llI,OTO YexocnOSaKI1S1 Aa.113nl1Ta Y'IaCTbTa na 611swa se-re f\SCTPI1S1.

Ype3b 11351Bnelil111 aa BI1COKOOTrOBOpHI1 nOnI1TI1'1eCKI1 naua Sb <l>paHlI,l1S1 11 Bb f\HrnH5I, KaKTO 11 spes-s 3aAPY}!{HI1 0¢111J,11- ·anHI1 aHrnl1HCKI1 H ¢peHCKI1 nOCTHinKI1 Sb Bepnas s, repMaHI1S1 noxyacreyea noripe, 'Ie T051 n}KTb enna HeHHa aKlI,l151 Cnp5lMO 4e.xocnOSaKI1S1 OTb pcna na OHaSi no OTHOWeHl1e aa f\SCTPI151 uie cpeunre H~llI,O rrtsrnto Cb pl1CKOSe aa repMaHI1S1 11 H~llI,O MHoro no-oceaarenno OTb eAHI1 ¢opManHH npOTeCTl1paHI151 11 rona Bb3- rMy uie ues.

H repMaHI151, aa uiacrae, He npHo~rHa AO SOeHHI1 AeHCTBI151. H TO, He satnoro BHA~, -re e nO-A06pe na AeHI=Tsysa no MHpeHb HaYI1Hb (T5I SI1Harl1 6H npennoxarana na .AeHCTBysa no Ml1peHb HaYHHb aa OCHilll,eCTS5IBaHe aa 3aAaYHT~ CH); He sa'llI,OTO paaopa, -re no Bbnpoca aa CYAeTCKI1T~ H~MlI,l1, Sb cny'laH 'Ha opYTanHO AeHCTBl1e Bb 4exOCnOSaKI151, uie I1Ma na cpeunre 'niMb, nbKb 11 no APYrH CSOI1 rpaanua Henpl1S1TenCKI1 SOHCKI1- llI,l1l{ose 11 OpHiAI151.

repMaHI1S1 He 6~ rOTOBa, SI1)f{Aa ce, na npnexe raxasa -enna esearyannocrs. TSI He 6~ oine rOTOBa sa enna noaa ofiuia esponei1cKa SOHHa, SbnpeKI1 'Ie e MHoro A06pe BoOpHi)f{eHa Cb HanaAaTeneHb AYXb 11 Cb OpHi}!{I151 11 nCI1XOnOfl14eCKH nOAro"TBeHa 3a SOAeHe Ha SOHHa Sb I1MeTO Ha SI1CWI1T~ I1HTepeCI1 Ha reRMaHcKI1S1 HaROAb, KaKTO rl1 e 113TbKHanb 11 OpM JJl1panb

MaHI151 uie na e CM~THana He6naronpl151TeHb sa cefie CI1 MOMeHTa sa SbOp}K}!{eHI1 AeHCTBI151 Bb 'Iexocnoaaaas 11 aaroaa, KonKOTO roaa 11 na He e OHno npH5ITHO Ha' Bepnam., repnaaCKI1T~ crpynana noxpaa yeXOCTlOBaWKaTa rpanaua BOHCKI1 o~xa OTApbnHaTI1 HasihTpe Bb repMaHCKaTaTepI1TOpH5I.

TI151 SOHCKH carypno CHi OHnl1 npenaasaasena na 113S01OBaTb npHA06.HSKH, nOAo6HI1 na aSCTpI1HCKHT~, He ype3b I1CTHHCKI1 BOeHHI1 AeHCTBH5I, a spes b aannaxara. KO~TO npencrassxa H MO}!{eXa Aa npeACTaB5ITb Bb Espona OTb eAHI1 I1CTI1HCRH BOeHHI1 AeHCTSI1S1 I'b cnY4aH aa eAHO rorrsxo yexOCnOsaWIW yrropcrso no CYAeTCKO-H~MCKI151 BbnpOCb.

OTb TaS! aannaxa, oQaYe yeXI1T~ He ce ynnauraxa, T~.

MO}!{e 6H nonnoaoruara HaH-MHoro OTb CbI03HHlI,HT~ CH, ¢paHlI,y3I1T~, MO}!{eXa Cb canoofinanaaae na c'sapar's Aoope HCTHHCKOTO npp.AHa3HayeHl1e Ha cTpynaHI1T~ Ha yeWKaTa rpaHl1l1,a repMaHCKI1 BOHCKH, ynOSHXa ce na I1rpaTa 11 ce noxaaaxa J10-CM~nH 11 peWHTenHI1 Bb OTCT()S!saHeTO na CSOHT~ Hall,I10HanHH 11 Abp}!{aSHH npasa, OTKonKOTO MH0311Ha Bb Espona CHi MI1CnHnl1.

TYKb, Bb TOSI MOMeHTb, Bb TOS! nyHKTb, repMaHI1S! aa rrspBI1 nHiTb OTKaKb O'B aanosuana, cnezrs noenanero Ha snacrsra OTb r. Xurnep-s, na nexena erma cnem, npvra Hall,I10Hq.[l.HkI nooeAI1 na Me}!{AYHapOAHOTO none Ype3b 0'EP311, HeYKnOHHl1, AO- 6 _e iJO.uI'OTBS!HH If 'nOYTI1 cB~TKaBI1'1HO H3nbnHS!BaHI1 ynapa, - cera Ts! aa rrspaa nHiTb jre ycrrn na npnnoxor 113n11TaHI1S! CH no-

.XSaTb Aa cneKynl1pa Cb cTpaxa OTb Me)f{AypapoAHI1 BOeHHI1 ycnO}!{HeHI1S1.

Crpax sr-s OTb H30yxsaHe na noaa sceotiuta SOHHa, KOHTO AeHCTBHTenHo, ofinanasaure H rocnoncreyaaure Sb nOnHTH'IeC~ KHT~ 11 AHnnOMaTl1yeCKI1 xanuenapwa y HapoAHT~ - OI1BWH no- 6eAHTenH H aacrosum npl1Bbp}!{eHHlI,l1 na I1AeS!Ta sa MHponlOOI1BO H nOCTeneHHO paapeureaae ua BbnpoCHT~, no KOHTO ce cnopa, T051 nHiTb O~ no-cnafrs OTb crpaxa OTb HOBO repMaHCKO pa3WI1peHHe Bb Cp~AHa Espona, oc06eHO npx HaCHnCTBeHO repMaHCKO pa3WHpeHHe .

ToS!, nocnenausr-s crpax s cnnorn npOTHBorepMaHCKHT~ CHnH Sb <l>paHlI,H5I H f\Hrnl1S1 H T~ Ao611xa no T051 cnyyaH <j>H- 3HOHOMH5I aa erma OCb, He onoaecrena KaTO OCb, HO He noManKO e¢HKaCHa, xoraro AOHAe HY}!{Aa na ce AeHcTBysa, OTb OHI151 OCH, sa KOIHO TbH MHoro H Cb raxaaa TbplKeCTBeHOCTb ce npasaaea rrpa cpeunn-s na BHAHH riaua OTb nser s aaroparapna espOneHCKI1 AbplKaSH.

3a rrspaa nz,n, MeTOAHYHO 11 peWI1TenHO nOAroTB5IHa repMaHCKa aKlI,H5I Bb Me}!{AYHapOAHaTa ofinacra 6HAe crrsaara, ynapa 0 KaMbKb. 3a rrspea nHiTb enna' peutarenaa CbnpOTHBa OTb crpana na OHH5I. cp.el.l..lY KOHTO ce rorrrsnre repMaHCKH5ITb "MHpeHb" YAapb O'B YS'BHyaHa Cb ycn'BXb.

Tosa e ¢aKTb OTb 113SbHpeAHO rozrsac MelKAYHapOAHO nOnHTH'leCRO 3Ha4eHI1e aa nO-HaHiTbWHOTO npanaraue na repMaHCKaTa rrporpana na MelKAYHapOAHO none.

. Karo crasa AYMa sa OCbTa na AeMOKpaTHYHHT~ AbplKaBH.

Sb CbnOCTaBKa Hnl1 AOpl1 KaTO npOTI1BOAeHCTSHe na OCbTa PHMb -6epnHHb (na aSTopHTapHHT~ AbplKaBH) YM~CTHO e na ce cnoMeHe OHosa~ KoeTO M~pOAaBHHs!TJo. Cb CS~TOBHO 3HaYeHHe, seerHHKb HHIO-HopKb TaHMCb· OTb 30 anparrs 1938 r. naca no cnyyaH CKnlOYSaHeTO na soeuno HOSG CbrnaweHHe MelK,L1y f\HrnHS! 11 <l>paHlI,l1S! nenocp'sncraeao cnerrs norrrsuiaaerc na f\SCTPHS! OTb Fepxaaas,

BeCTHI1KbTb naure :

.B3eTOTO Sb nOHAOHb peuieuae e OTb KanHTanHO' 3HaYeHHe. To e noae-re OTb soenem, CblO3b. Toe oYKsanHo soeHHO eAI1HeHl1e. f\HrnHHcKoTO npaSI1TeJlCTSO noe HHHll,l1aTI1SaTa

Aa PHiKOBOAH espOneHCKHT'B_ paooTH". .' .

f\ BeCTHHKbTb .HIO-Ho·PKb XepanAb TpHOIOHb" OTb CHillI,aTa AaTa nHca:

"BpeMe e Aa ce n!:>HnOMHI1. 'Ie CHilll,eCTB sa CHiIgO 11 eAHa

CTp. 16

HnlOCTPP.UH7I HnHH,lJ,EHb

KHHra 6 (96)

H,n,eSlT8·.3a OTel.leCTBO - enaa eBOnlOlI.HSI Bb aaurara rnrreparypa

I

.HaH-cHnHHSlT'b ynap's, Ko.HTo. ncnysa repMaHCKHSlT'b crpeMem'b aa HaAMo.llI,He - naca napHmKHSlT'b B. "Pem06nHK'b" or's 30. IV. 1938 r., - e C'b3AaBaHeTo. B'b f\MepHKa aa enaa B TO. P a H HAY C T p a a n Han H H H SI, xosro HenpHSITenCKHTi; aeponnaua He Mo.raT'b na nocraraart,".

ETo. ep;HH'b OT'b HaHCTHHa ro.ni;MHTi; no.'lTH HeH3'lepnaeMH Bo.eHHH H3To.'lHHl.\H na A'bplHaBHrn o.T'b AeMo.KpaTH'lHaTa ocs,

repMaHHSI, HaHCTHHa ce crrsna no. B'bnpo.Ca aa cynercxjcra Hi;Ml.\H, no Tp-t6Ba na ce nonseprae, 'le TSI He e xanarynapana no. To.SI B'bnpo.C'b. To.H e cexo aa ManKo. rro-ornoseea's, noaaro r, Xarnep s C'b. CBo.HTi; C'bBeTHHl.\H H C'bTpYAHHl.\H, HaMHcnH Ho.B'b Ha'lHH'b H H36epe npyr's Mo.MeHT'b aa nocraraae aa Ci'iI.llI,aTa uene : npHC'bep;HHSlBaHe aa CYAeTCKHTi; Hi;Ml.\H H 3eMHTi; HM'b K'bM'b repMaHHSI.

THSI AHH q,peHCKHSlT'b MHHHCT'bp'b-npeACeAarenb H MHHHCT'bP'b na Bo.HHaTa r. ,l],anaAHe e sasnarrs, xe K'bM'b cpsnara na MHHanHSI MeCel.\p MaH »EBPo.na 6i; CaMo. Ha Hi;Ko.nKo. caHTHMeTpa o.T'b Bo.HHaTa".

Bci;KOH npoca-arerrs 6'bnr8pHH'b 3H8e naec:s, xe npes's OCBo.6o.AHTenHHTi; 6o.P6H nHTep8TypBTa B'b BCH'lKHTi; CH BHnoae - H8Y'lH8, nep;8ro.rH'lHa, Y'le6iUlHapCHa, xYP;o.meCTBeHB - 6i; B'b OTHpHTa H B'bo.p;yweBeHa cnym6a H8 zrsnoro aa OcBo.6o.mAeHHeTO. HHKo.H rracarens, HHHo.H Y'leH'b, HHHo.H Y'lHTenb, He 38MHcnSlwe B'b o.HYH apexe KaHBB Aa e TBo.P6a, 6e3'b na H3Mi;pH nonaara or-s heSi aa BenHHo.TO H8Po.AHo. p;i;no..

YI 'TaSi Mi;pHa 6i; ep;HH'lHa Mi;pKa sa Ao.CTo.HHCTBo.: HHHo.H npocs-srem, 'lOBi;K'b, HHHo.e TBo.P'leCHo. Ai;no. He ce ueHi;we B'bH'b or-s o.THo.WeHHSlTa My H'bM'b 6o.P6aT8 se naponae p;o.6pO-'leCTHHa. Cnysaaure ce P;o.PH no. Ao.Cro.HHH or-s rnenauie aa HaYH8 H H3HYCTBo. Ai;na na MHH8BaT'b sa no-xerioueaaa cnpora p;pyrH, Ko.HTo. 6i;x8 no-aanxo TanaHTnHBH H noaese "Hapo.AHH".

Tas Mi;pHa sa .Ao.CTo.HH8 oouiecraeua cnym6a· npoA'bnmH nonap s OCBo.6o.mAeHHeTo.' nHC8TenH 101 Y'leHH orpeaeA8xa BpeMe 101 TpYA'b 3a 3aA8'lHTi; H8 38HpenB8HeTo. H8 o.CBo.- 6o.AeHaTa 'l8CTb or-s o.Te4eCTBo.To., K81o. ycnopenuo C'b roae uanaaaxa c·'bpAe'lH8 man6a 101 6yeH'b nporecr's aa HeCCBC6o.AeHaTa. YI xorarc HOBaTa H. Mn8A8 6'bnr8p ~Ha A'bpmaBa noyapenue,

man6aTa H nporec'r s'r-s sa HeOCB06o,lJ,eH~T-B asexe na o.TeHBBT'b nC-SiCHC 101 no.-HaCTo.H'lHBC B'b mHB,oTa H B'b nHCBH8Ta pe4b

f\ KCrBTo. B'b 6'bnrBpCH8T8 ofiuiecraeaocre rpaacara 38 Heo.CBo.6o.AeHHTi; aae Ao.CTCMHo. 38 3HC!4eHHeTo. CH Mi;CTo., xor-are 6'bnr8pCH8Ta aanpenaaxasa MnaAemb ce aannpeaapaaure A8 Y'l8CTBYBa C'b Hp'bBbT8 CH B'b Ti;xHCTC p;i;no., B'b O'bnr6- pHSI He ocraaa HHTo. eAHH'b uio-rone 6enSl38H'b nacarene , Ko.HTo. na He orr naca B'b rrsceus, B'b pB3Ha3'b HJlH B'b ApaMB THSI 6nHHH8nH .B'b mHBo.T8 Hapo.,[IHH HaCTpceHHSI.

Ho .p;o.H,[Io.xa snononysaar-s BCHHH H CTpawH8Ta B'bnk8 H8 paapyureuue H BCeCTpHl.\8HHe ncnap-s Ti;x'b. Orpasexa ce

f\HrnHikHHSlT'b p;'bplHaBHHK'b cxuio 3aSlBHn'b sa 24 MaH:

B'b Y.HHrq,o.PT'b, Ecexc-s, 'Ie aa cera Bo.HHaTa e H36i;rHaTa 6naronapeaae ua TB'bPAo.To. p;'bplHaHe aa <l>paHl.\HSI, no.P;A'bpmaHo. noH3BeCTHa creneas or-s f\HrnHSI H no Hi;Ki'iI.p;e or's C'bBeTCKa PyCHSI H or-s Flonura no. CTHo.WeHHe aa repMaHcKHSI HaTHCK'b B'bpXy Y.eXo.CnCBaKHSI 101 - rrraaao aa TB'bP,[lCTo. peuieuae ua 'leXHrn na, ce 6HSlT'b sa o.Te4eCTBCTo. CH. Ho, axo sa cera repMaHHSI ouie He e rCTCBa ne ce 6He rrsnro spene no. CYXC-Ha3an'b r. Y.'bP'1Hn'b-KaHBo. uie CTaHe npes s 1939 ron., xoraro TSI uie Mo.me na Bo.AH zrsnroepeneaxe Bo.HHa?

r-H'b Y.'bp4Hn'b npennara, nposee, f\HrnHSI 101 <l>paHl.\HSI na cenorpaxcar s na rpynapar's ,[IYHaBCKHTi; 101 6anKaHcKHri; A'bpmaBH B'b. eAHH'b no-snpem, C'b103'b, xaro THSI ABe p;'bpmaBH 6i'i1.AaT'b BHHarH aa crpanara aa ManKHTi; A'bplHaBH o.T'b 5anKaHCHa 101 ,l],YHaBCKa Espona. B'b cnY'laH 'le Hi;Ko.SI or's IHSI P;'bplHaBH 6i'i1.p;e uanannara;

ETo. enao HHTepecHc YKa3aHHe sa npH6nHmaBaHeTo. He caMo. Ha Bi;Po.SlTHo.CTHTi; sa enaa noaa esponeslcxa Bo.HHa, no 101 Heo.r'bHSI P;o. '1epraT8 Ha 6anK8HCHHTi; Hapo.AH.

BCH'IKH notiponererra HB axepeuraoro MHHano., orpasaure ce, nonaare, orpaxeure ce npeanere, orpaxeure ce CTPB,[IBHHeTo. H 6naro.Po.,[IHo.To. YCHnHe aa 5'bnrapHSI. orpaxaure ce BCH'lHo. H C8MaTa 5'bnrapHSI H TO. or-s Co.6CIBTHHTi; H CHHo.Be. HacTa-' aano 6i; pesnx rcreo B'b mHBo.I8 H nareparypera: nH'iHH ria+ carerra H3ry6Hxa s ape B'b 6i'i1.AHHHHTi; aa 3eMSITa CH 101 cxnoHHX8 C'b HeCB-tCTHH nHC8HHSI H'bM'b XHMepH 101 H'bM'b o.6ll1,eCTseao peanoaceaae. YI ,[I'bnro. apexe cnerrs roae SlI.:Ha Ho.IK8 Ha cMi;na o.6H'lb H'bM'b Po.,[IHHaTa He M0mewe ,[18 ce 'lye HHTO-' B'b mHBo.Ta, HHTo. B'b nHC8HaTa pe-n, Hl o.6e3Bi;peHHTi;.

CTHrHa ce ,[10. T8M'b, xe

nacarena C'b H3T'bKHaTO p0,lJ,Om06He

H Ao.PH T8KHBa, Ho.HTo. peBHHBo. ,[I'bpmexa cnoaoro CH H8,[1'b. Hpi;C'bK8 H8 ynauare, 38no.'lH8X8 Ho.H no-scao, Ho.H no.-npH-' HPHTo.,[I8 nI06e3HH'IaT'b C'b H,[IeHTi; 101 BKYCo.BeTi; H8 6e3o.Te'leCTBeHHl.\HTi;. Ho ... cnaae Bory, H res H8n8CTb MHH>8. 5'bnr8-' pHSI o.CT8Ha 'lHT8B8, aeeocanoirsr-s H ce pasaenpa, B'bpHa ce 101 Bi;p8T8 H8 Bi;pHHTi; H CHHo.Be B'b yTpewHHSI H neas. Cera HHKo.H He ce cpaayaa na n_'HH83Ba aa ore-recrao, Mo.me 6101 38ll1,o.-' TO. 101 B'b pC,[IHHaTa aa 6e3CTe'leCTBeHHl.\HTi; - 6o.nWeBHWH8 PYCHSI, pcnomoriaero ce o.6S1BH sa BHCo.Ka rpeaenaacxe ,[Ic6po.Ae-

• Tenb. Toaa uie aaece CTPYSl CT'b senpane 101 B'b nHTepaTypHHSI HH mHBCT'b. Ko.ne6BHHeTc aa aeyc ro.H'lHBHr'i; ute H3'1e3He. 3o.B'bT'b ,,5'bnrapHSI H8,[1'b BCH'lHo." uie ce o.6'bpHe o.T'b ApymecTBeH8 HnH n8pTHHHa nn8H8Aa B'b HCTHHCH8 Hp8BcTBeH8 noaens 38 BCH'lKH 6'bnrapH. OTT8M'b se-re C8Mo. eAH8 Kp8'lKB HM8 no '1YBCTBCTo. H MHC'bnbTa H8 HaWHTi; 6BllI,H or-s BemlKCTC HapCAHo. C'b6P8- HHe B'b T'bPHCBC: 'le 3eMSITa Ha 6'bnrapHTi; He CB'bPWB8 na rpBHHl.\HTt, B'b KCHTC BKnlO'IHXa 5'bnrapHSI meCTCKHTi; MHpHH nor-oaopa.

5 •• 3o.P8", 6p. 5628.

6~nrRPCKH ,D.bP>KRBHH MEHEPRnHH 5RHI1

6'bJIrapHSI e 60raTO aanapeaa C'b n-BKOBHTH MHHepanHH H3BOPH H TepManHH BO,lJ,H, 06W,HSI 6pOH aa KOHTO ,lJ,OCTHra 182. OT'b T-BX'b oxono 50 C;K 6naroycTpoeHH H ce eacnnoarnpar-e OT'b ,lJ,'bpmaBaTa H 06W,HHHT'h.

AflHHI1 3fl nO-rnn1>MI1T1> AbP}f{flBHH MI1HEPflnHI1 6flHI1.

BasSI .OD'IIA Kyne.i'1.'::b" - CocI»uSl

Paanonosceua e Ha 590 M. H'lP;'b MCPCHo.To. pasuauie H ce HaMHpa na eAHH'b KHno.MeT'bp'b or e TpaMBaHHaTa cnapxa aa nHHHSlTa CCq,HSI-KHSImeBc. 5aHSITa e Mo.n;epHa crpana C'b BCH'lHH yp;c6cTBa 38 6anHeOni;'leHHe, crrsaue, H8- norrs-reaae H enexrpa-recua H Bi'iI.rneKHCenH BaHH. OKo.nC HeSi HMa rpanuaa H napx's. Texneparypara ua sonara e 31'5°,. Ae6HT'b 214 n. B'b MHHYTa, pap;HcaKTHBHo.CTbTa e 20'5 eMaH8.

BC,[IaTa aa MHHepanHaTa 6aHSI "OB'la Kynerrs" HMa noopo ni;'le6HC p;eHcTBHe npa : HepBHH 3a6o.nSlBaHHSI, YM-· CTBeHa 101 q,H3H'IeCHa npeyxope, BereTaTHBHH HepBHH cMYllI,eHHSI, 3a6cJl51BaHe ua mne3HTi; C'b Bi'iI.TpeWHa CeKpel.\HSI, CTo.MaWHC-'lpeBHH xarapa 101 XPo.HH'IeCKH aanea's, xarapa aa nHHC'lCnCnCBaTa CHCTeMa, peBMaTH'lHH 3a6o.nSlBaHI1S1, no.M6aro.,_ HWHSlC'b, H-SKCH C'bPAe'lHo.-Ci'iI.,[ICBH 3a6o.nSlBaHH5I, 6cneCTH no. c6Mi;Ha na aeutecraara H XpCHH'leCKH HHTCKCI1Hal.\HH. BasSI "KHSllKeDO" - CocI»uSl

Haxapa ce B'b npenrpanae aa CCq,HSI-KHSIlHeBc-H e 650 M. Ha,[l'b MCPCKCTo. paaaauie. CB'bp3aHa e C'b TpaM •.

BaHHa nHHHSI c s Co.q,l1S1 11 e aa ni'il.TSI CCq,HSI-KIOCT~H,[Il1n'b. Tenneparypare na MI1HepanHHSI H3BCP'b e 31'8°, Ae6HT'b 243 n. B'b MHHyTa H paAHo.aKTHBHo.CTb 3'5 eM aaa,

Bonara HMa nofipo ni;4e6HC AeHCTB!1e npa : HepBHH 3a6cnSlBaHHSI, YMCTBeHa H q,H311'leCKa npeynopa, XPCHH-r: '1eCKH xarapn na CTCMaxa H 'lepBaTa, HtKCI1 3a6onSlBaHHSI B'b '1epHI1S1 ,[Ipo6'b, 6'b6pel.\HTi;, nHKo.'lHHSI Mexyp'b H no. Ko.maTa •.

BasSI "rOPHA BAlISI- - COcI»USl

HaMl1pa ce B'b npe,[lrpaAl1e Ha CCq,HSI-ro.PHa-5aHSI 11 e 660. M. Ha,[l'b Mo.PCKCTC paBHHllI,e B'b CHno.HCBeTi; H8

'-----~-----~~---.:..~--~__.__:---:-----: • _~~.O~~ "n.~c: nrua,_ DaMR"''' "'RTCM06I1nl> 11 np. npe3'b Ce3o.Ha HMa p'eAo.BH8.

BO-AaTa HMa A06po nt.'Ie6HO AeHCTBHe n?H Cn.eAHHTt. 3a60nllBaHHSI: nt.CbRb H RaMbKb Bb H<nb'lHHlI t1t.XYPb 11 6b6peLl,HTt., RaRTO H Bb3naneHHlITa, Abn}l{a~H ce aa Ci'iI.W,HTt. npH'IHHH, Bb3naneHHe aa meHCRHTt. AeTepOAHH opraua, peBMaTH'IHH 3a60nSlBaHHSI, Ht.KOH HepBHH H CTOMaWHO-'IpeBHH 3a60nllBaHHlI. nHeHeTO Ha ropH06aHCKaTa MHHepanHa BOAa e nOne3HO H MHOrO paanpocrpaueuo. Bb cneuaanua cr-sxna BOAaTa' ce pa3npOCTpaHSIBa Bb Ll,t.nOTO Ll,apCTBO. Fopna-Beas e npoxyra He caao y HaCb, a aexe H Bb 'Iym6HHa, OTb Ki'iI.AeTO nt.THO apexe HABaTb aa nt.KYBaHe. Ilocerarenar-s aa 6aHHTt. ce nonsyear-s OTb 6e3n1!.aTHa MeAHLI,HHCKa noxours.

BaaS[ "BAHKg" - Cowaiicko

6aHRH ce HaMHpa aa 18 KnM. OTb .COq,HSI H e pasnonoareuc 606 M. Ha,ll;b MOPCROTO paaaauie Bb nonar a HII JlIO.nHHb. Ilpaponara e apacase, RnHMaTbTb e MeRb nonynnaaaacaa •• Cb06w,eHHSlTa Cb COq,HlI Ci'iI. noepe ypeneaa, Ilpea-s cesoaa se 6aHRlI uapaynapar-s MHoro BnaROBe, aBTo,Mo6HnH, aYT06Y:::H. 611tiRli e e,ll;HHb OTb HIIH-,II;06pe ypeneaar s KypOpTH Bb 6bnr'apaa H 6aHCRHTt. crpaaa ex HaH-MOAepHH. KypOPTbTp ce rroceuiaaa npes-s rrsrcrc H OTb 'Iym,ll;eHLI,H. KnHMIITbTb e MeRb. Tesmeparypare aa sonara e 37'2°, a ,ll;e6HTbTb e 1170 n. Bb MHHYTa.

BOAaTa HMa nt.'Ie6HO AeHcTBHe npa cnenuar s 3a60nllBaHHlI: HepBHH H peBMaTH'lHH 3a60nllBaHHlI, Ht.KOH 60- ,neCTH sa c-spauero H RbPBOHOCHHTt. C;r;,II;aBe, j.aTapH aa ropaar-s AHxaTenHH n;r;THw,a, cToMaWHO-'IpeBHH 3a'60nllBaHHlI, mnb'lHH H 6l16pe'lHH 60necTH, 3a60nllBaHHSI Ha meHcRHTt. At.TepO,ll;HH opraaa, 60necTH no 06Mt.Ha aa Bew,eCTBaTB. noceTHTenHTt. .aa 6aHHTt. ce 06cnymBaTb Cb 6e3nnsTHa Me,ll;HLI,HHCKS nOMO~b.

BaaS[ "CO.i1.Y'AEPD:eIlT':b· - Hxraxaacko

Pa3nOnO.>KeHa e HS 535 M. Ha,ll;b MOPCROTO pSBHH~e H ce HaMHpa aa 2 RnM. OTb rapa KOCTeHeLl,b. Flpes's cesoaa HMa aBTOM06HnHH cb06w,eHHlI OTb rapa KOCTeHeLl,b. I1Ma MeRb H npHlITeHb KnHMaTb Cb xy6aBH OKonHOCTH. MHHepanHSTS aona Cony Ilepeear s e HaH-pSAHOSKTHBHaTa 6aHlI Bb 6bnrapHSI. Pa,ll;HOaRTHBHOCTbTa H e 560 exaaa, Texnepa'ypaTa HS BOAaTB .Bb MHHepanHHlI H3BOPb e 65'4°, B ,ll;e6HTa H e 1030 n, Bb MHHyTa. I1Ma nocrpoem, cneuaanerrs MOAe",eHb aaxanarop's - exenarop-e, a cxuio H nt.Cb'lHO-RanHH 6anH.

BO,ll;BTa ORB3Ba noepo nt.'le6HO ,ll;eHCTBHe npa : peBMaTH'lHH 3a60nllBaHHlI, Bb3nBneHHe aa }I{eHCKHT'B ,ll;t.TepO,ll;HH -opraaa, 3a60nllBIIHHlI HII mnb'lHHSI Mt.XYPb H 6b6peLl,HTt., RO}l{HH 3a60n5lBaHHlI, Bb3nllneHHlI aa ropaar-s aaxarenaa nxTH~a, CTOMSWHO-'lpeBHH 3a60nllBaHHlI, Ht.ROH HepBHH 3s60nllBaHHiI, Ht.KOH C;r;,II;OBH 3a60nSlBaHHlI, Bb3nsneHHe aa xepen-tlHTt. RyXHHH (CHHY3HTt.) H 60neCTI1 no 06Mt.Ha HS Bew,eCTBaTB. MHHepanHBTa BO,ll;S Bb Cony Ilepeenr-s e noneaae npH

-DHeHe H ce H3HaClI no irsnara CTpaHB. Ilocerarenar-s xa 6aHHTt. ce 06cnY}l{BBTb Cb 6e3nnaTHa MeAHLI,HHCRa nOMO~b.

BaaS[ "XIICAPg" - KapaoBcko

Xacaps e paanonoacetrs ae 360 M. Ha,ll;b MOPCROTO paaaaure H ce HaMHpB ua 42 KnM. OTb nnOB,II;HBb H HB 16 RnM. OTb KapnOBO. 311 6aHHTt.ce OTHBII Cb BCt.KIIRBH npeB03HH Cpt.,II;CTBII OTb nnOB,II;I1Bb, Cb BnllRb, aBTOM06Hnb H np, KnHMaTbTb e MeRb H nOCTOllHeHb. 6aHHTt. c;r; H3BeCTHI1 ow,e OTb HaH-CTapH BpeMeHII. Karo ,ll;06bPb nt.'le6eHb Ll,eHTbpb, 'Tt. c;r; 611nl1 n03HIITI1 ua TPBRHHIIHTt., pHMnllHHTt. H ,ll;p., OTb -'IHHTO apexeaa HMII OCTaHanH MHoro CTapHHH H KpenOCT-

:fillTa CTeHII. Texneparypara Ha BOAaTa e OTb 35°-49'5°, a ,ll;e6l1Ta e 06w,0 HaAb 2000 n. Bb MHHYTa. '

BO,ll;HTt. HMaTb A06po nt.'le6HO ,ll;eHCTBl1e npa : .Bb3naneHHe H nt.cbRb Bb mnb'lHHlI Mt.XYPb 11 6b6peLl,HTt., 'Ht.ROH HepBHH 3a60nllBaHHSI, cToMaWHO-'IpeSHH CTpa,ll;aHHSI, peBMaTH'lHH 3a60nslsaHHlI, Sb3nBneHHSI aa >ReHCRHTt. nereponaa -opraaa, 60necTH no 06Mt.Ha aa se~eCTSSTa, XpOHH'IeCRI1 HHTORCHKaLl,HI1, Ht.KOH c;r;AOBH 3a60nSissHHlI, xarapa Hjl ropHHTt. AHxaTenHH nxrauta H Ht.KOH KO}l{HH 60nec'tH. MHHepanHaTa BOA a OTb H3S0pa rJ.PH. MOMHHa 6aHSI ce H3HaCli Bb BCH'lKH \Kpalf~a aa 6bnr8pl1S1 sa B;r;Tp!:WHO I1pHeMaHe. floceTHTenHT~Ha 6BHHTt. XHC8PSl ce nonsyaar-s Cb 6e3nnaTHa Me';

l1CHHCK8 nOMO~b. '

Basa .CTO.i1.-~T-()DO" - KapA.OBCKO

MHHepanHHTt. 6aHH npa C. CTont.TOBO, nape-reua ouie Kepacapnaacxa, ce HaMHpaTb IO}I{HO OTb C. CTont.'OBO H ua 15 RnM. OTb Kapnoso. KpaH 6BHHTt. MHHaBB uiocero Kepnoeo+Flupnorrs H Tt. c;r; paanonomena Bb nomrrs ,H8 CpeAHB ropa H Bb CTpeMCRaTa ncnaae. Mi>CTffocTbTa oxono CTont.TOSO e 3a06HKoneHa Cb nnaHHHCRH Bbpxose H OK on.flOCTbTa e nORpHTa Cb ropa, Tli e aanaaeaa OTb CHnHH Bb3AYWHH Te'leHHSI, nopana KoeTO KnHMaTa e MeRb H YMt.peHb.

Te vneparypara aa SO,ll;STa Sb H3BOPB e 32'2° Cb ,ll;e6HTb 215 narpa Bb MHHYTa. MHt1.epOnHBTa BO,ll;B no CBOSI XHMH'leHb aHanH3b ce OTHBCSI KbMb rpynara aa F\nRaAHHTt. BOAH.

CTont.ToBcRHTt. MHHepanHH 6aHH c;r; H3BeCTHH no CBOHTt. nt.'Ie6HH ,ll;eHCTBHSI OTb HesanOMHeHH apexeua H Bb .t.Xb ycnt.WHO ce nt.RYBaTb 60nHH OTb peBMaTH3bMb, HepBHH pa3CTpOHCTB8, Cbp,ll;e'lHH 3a60nSlS8HHSI, 60neCTH aa BbT>peWHH.Tt. opraua HAP.

MHHepanHHlITb H3BOPb e RaOTHpaHb npea-s 1927 ron., a npes s 1937 11 1938 r, - 6aHcKaT8 crpane e HaHOSO 'PeMoHTHpaHa, RaTO npa HOSI 'e nocrpoeaa H OT,II;t.nHa c;r;6ne RanH8. Bb 8,11;MHHHCTP8THBHO' OTHoweHHe 6aHSITa Bb CrorraTOBO ce p;r;KOBO,ll;H OTb ynpesneauero aa XI1CapCRHTi; Abp}l{aBHI1 MHHepanHH 6aHI1.

'DaaS[ "D':bpm:ell':b· - BepKoBcKO

BbpWeLl,b ce HaMHpa Bb nO,ll;HOmHeTO aa Crapa Ilrtaaaaa H e paanonoscerrs 300 M. HaAb MOPCROTO paaaauie 'H e Ha 32 RnM. OTb Bpaua If 17 KnM. OTb 6epKOSHLI,a. I1Ma BenHRoneneHb snpe socnoeem; nnaHHHCRH .KnHMaTb H xy6a~!l

• mpapona. ,l],seTi; 6aHCKH erpana c;r; MO,ll;epHH H ORono Ti;xb HMa roni;Mb napa's H rpanaua OTb 700 neuapa. TonnHlITb .H3BOpb HMa 36'6° Cb penaoaaraeaocrs 1-4'4 exaue, a xna,ll;HHlITb HMa renneparypa 33'1° H 15'6° eMaHa pS,II;110aRTHBHoCTb.

_)J;e5HTa Ha BCt.RH OTb Ti;'3H H3BOPH e 110 182 n, Bb MHHYTa. .

MHHepanHHTi; 6aHH B'spureire HMaTb noepo nt.'le6HO ,ll;eHCTSHe npa : HepBHH 3a60nliSaHI1S1, peBMaTH'lHH 3a60- ~~BaHI1S1, 60necTH no 06M-BHa HS aeuiecraara, 3a60nSlBaHHSI aa }I{ne3HTt. Cb B;r;rpewHa CeRpeLl,HSI, XpOHH'leCKH oTpaBSlHH!I, < <bp,ll;e'lHO C;r;,II;OBH 3a60nSlBaHHSI, 3s60nSlBaHH!I aa }I{eHCKHTi; Ai;TepO,ll;HH opraaa, 3a60n!lBaHHSlT8 Ha nHKO'lHHTi; I1}1<.THw,a H 'Ht.ROH CTOM8WHO-'lpeBHH 3a60nsrB8HI1S1, Ilocerarenar-s aa 5aHHTi; ce 06cnymsaTb Cb 6e3nnaTHa Me,ll;HLI,I1HCRa nOMO~b. 'BaRS[ "DE.i1.bODA BAUgH. - apa c • .i1..&,a,2Keae

Bensosa 6aHli ce HaMI1p8 Bb C· Jl;r;,II;meHe, Ileuiepcxo 110 4emlHCRoTO ROpHT.O Sb PO,ll;OnHTt. H e pasnonoaeena <Ha BHCO'lHHaTa 765 M. H8,11;b MOPCROTO paauaure, TeMI1epaTYP8Ta HS BO,ll;8Ta e 42°.

Bonara aa "Benbosa 6aHSI" ,ll;eHcTBysa YCl1oRoHTenHo SbPXy aepauara CI1CTeMS H BbPXY nposaar-s ua xpo'HI1'leCRHSI CTaBeHb pesM8TH3bMb, nOM6aro, HWl1l1Cb, crapa HaBi;xBaHHSI H C'ly"saHl1l1 aa KPSHHI1L1,I1T-B, cMyw,eHHSI Bb q,YHK'U,HSlTa Ha meHcRHTi; nereponua opraua. 4pe3b naeae BO,ll;STa oxaaaa notipo AeHcTBH~ rrpa XpOHI1'1eCKH RBT8pH aa CTOMsxa 11 'lepB8TS, ropaar s ,ll;I1XSTenHH I1;r;THw,a, R8RTO 11 npa 3a6onSls8HHSI ua 'lepHHlI AP05b, 6b6peLl,HTt H np, D-AP)!qEUCKII BAHII - Aceao:srpa,a,cKo

Hepexeacaar-s 6aHI1 c;r; pasnonoasena sa ORono 28 RnM. f\ceHoBrpa,ll;b Ha 620 M.· Ha,ll;b

anesem,

8Ta HB

6e3lJ,B'BTHa, 6e3"b OC06eHa MHpH3Ma C"b npaaretrs nyras-s BHYC'b. Flopana nnaHHHCKHS! B"b3AYX"b KpaCHBaTa npHpOAa Ii A06pOTO J1'B'Ie6HO Aei:fcTBHe ua BOAaTa Hape,'1eHCKHT'B 6aHH KaTO KypOpT"b HMaT"b rOJ1'BMO' 6Ji'\Aaw.e,

• • A06po J1'B'Ie6HO Aei1c::TBHe OHa3Ba BOAaTa npu CJ1eAHHT'B 3a60nS!BaHHS!: HepBHH 60neCTH, xarapa aa CTOMaXa 11 sepsara, OC06eHO npH HHCeJ1HHH, H'BKOH CMYW.eHHS! aa >KeHCKHT'B A'BTepOAHH opraua, XpOHH'IeCKH ¢OPMH aa CTaBHHS! peBMaTH3"bM"b, xarapa B'b nHKO'IOnpOBOAHHT'B nx raura, H'BKOH 3a60m1BaHHS! Ha '1epHHS! Ap06"b H 6"b6pelJ,HT'B, KaKTO H npa H'BKOW KO>KHH 60J1eCTH.

HapeqeHCKOTO COneHO H3BOpQe. Taxa ce aapasa 113Bopa HaMHpaw."b c':e aa 1 KnM. IO>KHO OT"b 6aHHT'B B"b, M'BCTHOCTbTa Tepeaa .rrpa Ae6HT"b 8 J1. B"b MHHYTa, renheparypa 23° H paAHoaKTHBHoCTb 1130 eMaHa. TOM e Hai1-60raTHw MHHepaJ1eH"b 113BOP"b y HaCD CD paAHeBH eMaHalJ,HH, BOAaTa My ce ynoTp'B6S!Ba caMO 3a nHeHe H ce pa3HacS! no lJ,'BnaT8 crpaaa. nOceTHTenHT'B aa 6aHHT'B, ce nOJ1Y3BaT'b Cb 6e3nnaTHa MeAHlJ,HHCKa noxours.

CAUAPEBA BAlli! - AYIIHamko

Canapeaar-s MHHepanHI1 6aHH CJi'\ pa3nOnO>KeHH B'b 3eMJ1Hw.eTO ua c. Fopua 6aHS!, Ilynaauixo: T'B ce HaMH~ par-s aa 14 KJ1M. OTb Ilynaaua na BHCO'lHHa 725 M. HaAb MOPCKOTO paeuauie. Texneperypara aa MHHepaJ1HaTa BOAa Sb aasopa e 78'2° npa Ae6HTb 77'5 J1. Bb....MHHYTa, paAHoKTHBHocTbTa H e cnaria. BOAaTa Bb 6acei1HHT'B H BaHHT'B npeneapHTenHo ce OXJ1aAHS!sa Bb .cnelJ,HanHH pe3epsoapH.

n'B'Ie6HO 0 Aef1cTBHe na BOAaTa HMa C?;W.HT'B n'B'Ie6HH noxasauax KaTO TaS! aa KlOcTeHAHnCKHT'B H KapJ1os.· CKHT'B 6aHH H 6aHS!Ta Sb c. KaMeHI1lJ,a, YenHHcKo.

XACKOBCKHT~'BAUH I1pa c. Bp~croBo

XacROSCKHT'B MHHepanHH 66HH OTCTOS!Tb aa 20 KJ1M. 36naAHO OTb rp. XaCKOBO Sb 3eMJ1Hw.eTO Ha C. Ep'B-CTOBO-CYC8Mb H CJi'\ H3BeCTHH ouie nom, HMeTO "CycaMb-Ep'BCTOBO". Tenneparypara na BOAaTa e 58° npa aaaopa, Ae- 6HTa 1500 J1. Sb MHHYTa. BOAaTa e 6HcTpa H Cb MHpH3Ma na c-spa, Ilpa Ta3H 6aHS! ce J1'BKYBaTb peSMaTH'IHH, HepBHH,_ rHHeKOnOrl1'1eCKI1, KOlHHH, cToMaWHO-'1peSHH HAp. 3a60J1S!B8HHS!.

Lf~HOBH~LfECKO

Klln('IIH~HI ~}IHMI[nIMlrAlfnHI H-~~

tTOR HD D'bPBO Mitro B'b 3DcrpaxoBDTeJlHDTU HHJlycrpes B'b B'bJlrapHR TO_ ~ OCHOBAHO nPESb 1905 rOAHHA

H' AHeC'b HDOPORBb IIlIll'b ~OO,OOD 1JneHD KOOnepOrOpH.

8·aCTpaxosaHb KanHTanb: no I-HHBOTb-···-· .. ··-· .. ·-··· .... ·······-···-·-······-· 1,700,000,000 llB.

no I-HHl1V1LU.E--.-.·.· ....... ·-···.· .. · 90,280,000 "

no nOI-HAPb HMA HAA b 25,000"

06eKTH sa CTOHHOCTb 6,000,000,000 ..

l.IHHOBHH4ECKOTO npyaeecrao cxmouaa 3aCTpaXOBRH se AEU.F\ npa HaH-nH6epanHH ycnoaas H KynaHTHo asrrs.naenae aa 3a,D,'bnmeHHSlTa. POAHTeJlH, nonacnere sa aaurero nerel I'apaarapaare 6~w,eTo MY!

-'-IHHOBHH'-teCKOTO npyacecrso CKnlOYBa 3aCTpaXOBKH H sa

neHCHTI,

Cb KOSI TO BCtKH MO>Ke na ocnrypn H3BeCTHa cyMa aa CTapHHH. '-IHHOBHH'-teCKOTO npyscecrao aaxansaa npeMHHTt ua CBOHT-B -rneuose, 3aw,OTO nocnenuar-s yyaCTBYBaTb peanno Bb neyan6HTt My

- AO cera C~ Yl3nnaTeHH, KaTO AHBHAeHTb

60.732.663 neBa.

'-IHHoBHH"ieCKOTC npyacecrao npne ynpaerreaaero Ha sacrpa%OBI{HT:6 Ha 6bnrapCI{HTt r pa>I<AaHH npa f\BCTPHHCI{H5I <PeHHKCb. ne4an6HTt aa '-IHHoBHH"ieCKOTO npyscecrao C~ npenaesaal.feHH aa o6UJ,eCTseHO norresna uena,

LiI1HOBHH'-teCKOTO npyscecrao nonara rpHmH sa nonofipenae 3ApaBeTO na CBOHTt YJIeHOBe H TtXHHTt neua. Cb3Aa,lJ,eHYl C~ ntl.fe6- HH K 1:>0 THH CTaH~HYl aa HymAaeUJ,Hit ce -meaose Bb CB. KOHCTaHTHHb

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful