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4M Explain clearly the definition of Marine Cadastral. Briefly discuss the issues and challenges of Marine Cadastre in Malaysia. 5M What is Marine Cadastre Marine Cadastre is a system; to enable the boundaries of maritime rights interests to be recorded spatially managed physically defined
in relationship to the boundaries of the of other neighbouring or underlying rights Marine Cadastre is a marine information system, encompassing both the nature and spatial extent of the interests and property rights, with respect to ownership, various rights and responsibilities in the marine jurisdiction. Issue and Challenges of Marine Cadastre in Malaysia 1. 2. 3. Perundangan Institusi Teknikal
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Identify the relevant maritime conventions and legislation. Identify Federal, States, Local Agencies with administrative and jurisdictional responsibilities. Identify private bodies and industry groups with maritime interest. Identify and evaluate potential areas for pilot project Consult with selected agencies and industry bodies of possible problems and issues of implementation. Assess theories and principles of land cadastres which may apply to the marine environment. Assess the current status and adequacy of mapping and charting of marine. Evaluate the potential of Malaysian Geospatial Data Infrastructure (MyGDI) in supporting management of the marine environment Defining unambiguous terminology to promote a greater understanding, easier communication and effective enactment of the legislation. Overcoming issue of overlapping jurisdiction, administration, rights and interests Overcoming laws and regulations that promote conflicts in marine environment
Obtaining adequate financial support for academic research Obtaining funding for the implementation of marine cadastre.
Discuss the possible role of Land Surveyors in Marine Cadastre. 12M
Role of Land Surveyor in Marine Cadastre 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. To define the boundaries of maritime is up to 4 dimensions (3D and time) To enable better understanding and management of competing rights and interests in the marine environment To use spatial technologies such as aerial photography, remote sensing, hydrographic surveying and GPS to assess and administers rights, restrictions and responsibilities To describe the boundaries of particular location To provide a better solutions to defining and managing boundaries and related spatial data in the marine environment To define the extent of boundaries in terrestrial, coastal and marine areas. To provide a useful solution for defining boundaries in the marine environments using the accuracy and ranges of GPS To have ability and skills to help spatially define and administer the marine environment To provide accurate description of the boundaries in the marine and coastal environment To support sustainable development objectives applied to marine environment The marine cadastre development is considered still new and much research is needed before embarking on its implementation. Discuss about its uniqueness. 5M Uniqueness of Marine Cadastre
Marine Cadastre poses a number of uniqueness that does not apply in the land. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The concept of tenure does not exist at sea It is not possible to use classical means of boundary demarcation offshore The marine environment is 3D in the spatial data. 2D is not sufficient Rights can vary with time adding a fourth dimension. The baseline to which many maritime boundaries are related is ambulatory.
LEGAL REGIMES OF THE OCEANS AND AIRSPACE