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Exam - Reactions 1. At a certain temperature, the data below were collected for the reaction 2ICl + H2 I2 + 2HCl. Determine the rate law for the reaction.
2. At a certain temperature, the data below were collected for the reaction 2ICl + H2 I2 + 2HCl. Determine the rate constant for the reaction.
3. Use the table of data shown below to calculate the average rate of the reaction A
B between 10 s and 20 s.
4. Which of the following would be true of an elementary reaction? A. elementary reactions are always first order B. elementary reactions are always slow and rate determining C. the rate expression for an elementary reaction is k times the concentrations raised to the power of their coefficients D. elementary reactions only occur in the first stage of a reaction 5. For the reaction X2 + Y + Z XY + XZ, it is found that the rate equation is rate = k [X2][Y]. Why does the concentration of Z have no effect on the rate? A. The concentration of Z is very small and the others are very large. B. Z must react in a step after the rate determining step. C. Z is an intermediate. D. The fraction of molecules of Z that have very high energies is zero. E. The activation energy for Z to react is very high. 6. The rate law for the reaction H2O2 + 2H+ + 2Imechanism has been suggested. I2 + 2H2O is rate = k[H2O2][I-]. The following
Identify all intermediates included in this mechanism. A. H+ and I B. H+ and HOI C. HOI and OH D. H+ only E. H2O and OH 7. When the concentrations of reactant molecules are increased, the rate of reaction increases. The best explanation for this phenomenon is that as the reactant concentration increases, A. the average kinetic energy of molecules increases. B. the frequency of molecular collisions increases. C. the rate constant increases. D. the activation energy increases. E. the order of reaction increases. 8. A reaction mechanism usually is A. the same as the balanced chemical equation.
B. restricted to only one possible explanation. C. obvious if the reaction order is known. D. difficult, if not impossible, to prove. 9. According to the collision theory, all collisions do not lead to reaction. Which choice gives both reasons why not all collisions between reactant molecules lead to reaction? 1. The total energy of two colliding molecules is less than some minimum amount of energy. 2. Molecules cannot react with each other unless a catalyst is present. 3. Molecules that are improperly oriented during collision will not react. 4. Solids cannot react with gases. A. 1 and 2 B. 1 and 3 C. 1 and 4 D. 2 and 3 E. 3 and 4 10. For the chemical reaction system described by the diagram below, which statement is true?
A. The forward reaction is endothermic. B. The activation energy for the forward reaction is greater than the activation energy for the reverse reaction. C. At equilibrium, the activation energy for the forward reaction is equal to the activation energy for the reverse reaction. D. The activation energy for the reverse reaction is greater than the activation energy for the forward reaction. E. The reverse reaction is exothermic. 11. 19. Example: The reaction, 3NO2 -> 2NO + 2O2 , is an elementary reaction. What is its rate expression? A. rate = k[NO2]2 B. rate= k 2[NO] C. rate = k[NO2]/2 D. rate= k [NO]3 12. Which one of the following changes would alter the rate constant (k) for the reaction 2A + B A. increasing the concentration of A B. increasing the concentration of B C. increasing the temperature D. measuring k again after the reaction has run for a while 13. 14. The equilibrium constant for the gas phase reaction 2NH3 (g) <-> N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) is Keq = 230 at 300 °C. At equilibrium,which is true? A) reactants predominate B) products predominate C) only products are present products?
D) roughly equal amounts of products and reactants are present 15. The rate law of the overall reaction, A + B -> C , is rate = k[ A ]^2 Which of the following will NOT increase the rate of a chemical reaction? A. increasing the temperature of the reaction B. increasing the concentration of reaction A C. adding a catalyst for the reaction D. increasing the concentration of reactant B 16. Nitrogen dioxide decomposes to nitric oxide and oxygen via the reaction: 2NO2 2NO + O2 In a particular experiment at 300°C, [NO2] drops from 0.0100 to 0.00650 M in 75 s. The rate of Disappearance of NO2 for this period is __________ M/s. A. 3.5 x10-5 B. 6.5x10-5 C. 3.5 x10-4 D. 4.7 x10-5 17. Azomethane, C2H6N2, decomposes to produce ethane, C2H6, and nitrogen, N2. C2H6N2(g) C2H6(g) + N2(g) The results of a series of experiments carried out at the same temperature are shown below: Trial Initial [C2H6N2(g)] (M) Intial Rate (M/min) 1 3.20 x 10-2 2 6.39 x 10-2 What is the rate law? A. [C2H6N2(g)]3 B. [C2H6N2(g)]2 C. [C2H6N2(g)] D. none 0.50 x 10-4 2.01 x 10-4
18. For the above problem,17, calculate the specific rate constant, k, for the reaction. A. k = 2.1 x 10-4 B. k= 0.015 C. k = 0.05 D. k = 2.72 19. The reaction, 2NO2 -> 2NO + O2 , is an elementary reaction. What is its rate expression? A. rate = k[NO2]2 B. rate= k 2[NO] C. rate = k[NO2]/2 D. rate= k [NO] 19. 20. When a doubling of a reactant concentration doubles the rate, the reaction is said to be: A. zero order in that reactant. B. first order in that reactant. C. second order in that reactant. D. fourth order in that reactant. 21. The following chemical reaction gave the following rate data: A + B ---> C [A] [B] rate 0.20 0.20 1 x 10-6 0.20 0.20 4 x 10-6 0.40 0.20 8 x 10-6 The rate law for this reaction is: A. rate = k [A]2[B] B. rate = k [A] C. rate = k [A] [B]2 d. rate = k [A][B] 23. What is the overall order of a reaction if it has following rate law? rate = k [NO] [N2]2 [O2] a. first b. second c. third d. fourth
24. The reaction, CO + Cl2 ---> COCl + Cl, is zero order in CO and second order overall. What is the order in Cl2. A. 1, B. 2 C. 1.5 D. 0.5 25. Which of the five factors listed does not affect the rate of a homogeneous reaction? a. the presence of catalysts b. the concentrations of reactants c. the temperature of the reaction system d. the surface area of the reactants 26. The rate law for a given reaction is rate = k[reactant], with k = 2.64 × 10-4 min-1. If the initial concentration is 0.0250 M, what is the initial rate? a. 94.7 M min-1 b. 6.60 ×10-6 M min-1 c. 2.53 ×10-2 M min-1 d. 2.47 ×10-2 M min-1 e.
27. A reaction mechanism is a a. list of all the possible steps by which a reaction might occur on the nano scale. b. Series of elementary steps which add up to the overall chemical reaction under consideration. c. description of the relationship between the rate of a reaction and the concentrations of all species. d. description of the relationship between the rate of a reaction and the temperature at which it occurs. For the following questions, consider the following reaction mechanism: Step 1 2X + Y W + 2Z fast Step 2 W + Z W + U + V slow Step 3 V + Z 2 W + Y fast 28. The intermediates in this reaction are a. X and Y b. W and Y c. Z and V d. Y only 29. The catalysts in this reaction are a. X and Y b. W and Y c. Z and V d. Y only 30. The overall reaction described by this mechanism is a. 2X + Y W + 2Z b. W + Z W + U + V c. V + Z 2W + Y d. X + Z + Y U + W e. 2X 3W + U 31. A reaction intermediate is a. always a reactant in the rate-limiting step. b. a species that is produced in an early step and consumed in a later step. c. a species that is consumed in an early step and regenerated in a later step. d. always a product in the last step of a mechanism. e. a species that is in a different phase than t 32. Which of the following factors increases the rate of a chemical reaction by increasing the number of collisions between reactant
molecules? a. increasing the temperature b. increasing the concentration of reactants c. increasing the concentration of products d. adding a catalyst e. decreasing the surface area of a phase interface
33. Which of the following factors increases the rate of a chemical reaction by decreasing the activation energy barrier? a. increasing the temperature b. increasing the concentration of reactants c. increasing the concentration of products d. adding a catalyst e. increasing the surface 34. All but which statement comparing a catalyzed and uncatalyzed reaction are incorrect? a. The initial and final energy states are the same. b. The reaction mechanisms are the same. c. The activation energy is higher in the uncatalyzed reaction. d. The balanced equation for the overall reaction is the same. 35. An enzyme is a(an) a. molecule that is acted on by a catalyst in a living system. b. organic or inorganic molecule or ion necessary for proper functioning of biological catalysts. c. catalyst for chemical reactions in a living system. d. biological molecule used for storage of energy. e. protein molecule whose primary function is transport of insoluble molecules in the bloodstream. 36. The following reaction was studied by the method of initial rates: CO + Cl2 ---> COCl + Cl. [CO]0 (mol/L) [Cl2]0 (mol/L) Rate (mol/L s) -------------------------------------------------------------1.00 x 102 1.00 x 102 6.60 x 103 2.00 x 102 1.00 x 102 1.32 x 104 3.00 x 102 1.00 x 102 1.98 x 104 1.00 x 102 2.00 x 102 2.64 x 104 2.00 x 102 3.00 x 102 1.19 x 105 The rate law is: a) Rate = k[Cl2]2 b) Rate = k[Cl2][CO] c) Rate = k[Cl2]2[CO] d) Rate = k[Cl2]2[CO]2 37. The rate law for a given reaction is Rate = k[A]3[B]. If the concentration of A is doubled and the concentration of B is tripled, the reaction rate would increase by a factor of ___. Rate = k[2A]3[3B] = 24 k[A]3[B] A. 6 B. 18 C. 24 D. 27 E. 36 38. The rate law for a given reaction is Rate = k[A]3[B]. If the concentration of A is doubled and the concentration of B is tripled, the reaction rate would increase by a factor of ___. A. 6 B. 18 C. 24 D. 27 E. 36 40. The The rate determining step for this reaction is: A. C B. A C. D D. B
41. The following rate data were obtained at 25 °C for the indicated reaction. What is the rate-law expression for the reaction A + B 6 C ? Exp. [A] mol/L [B] mol/L rate of formation of C (M/min) 1 0.10 0.10 4.0 x 10-4 2 0.20 0.20 3.2 x 10-3 3 0.10 0.20 1.6 x 10-3 4 0.20 0.10 8.0 x 10-4 A. rate = k[A] [B] B. rate = k[A] [B]2 C. rate = k[A]2[B] D. rate = k[A]2 [B]2 E. rate = k[A] 42. Chemical kinetics is concerned with which of the following A. the dependence of reaction rates on temperature, concentration, and catalysts B. the effect of concentration on reaction rates C. the properties of the products formed in a reaction D. the rates of chemical reactions