POS Study Sheet

(art) articles (n/np) (det) determiner

KEY Key Words/Definitions Commentary/Notes

Examples Abbreviations

*To check for a n, try to put a, an, or the in front of the word.

nouns/noun phrases

= things, places, ideas, objects
np lv pa (The homemade egg noodles) were great.

det n (The celery) is green.


preposition + object (p + ob/np)


= typically tiny words that show location, proximity, direction, time, or condition.
p / np \ (in the pot) p / np \ (across the kitchen)

= vague nouns (can be part of np)
pro n tv io do Her brother gave me (a ride). pro tv do They made noodles.

p / np \ (on the stove)


= describe nouns


= modify verbs;

Never and not are adv.

*To check for an adv, see if it answers where?, when?, or how? / np \ lv adj adj n All I bought was a blue water bottle. / np \ iv adv adv The snake slithered quickly and quietly.


= show action or state of “be”ing

(* “be” verbs are am, is, are, was, were, be, being, and been.)
*To check for a “be” verb, ask yourself does it “link” the subject and the predicate? NO The verb is simply a “be” verb and may have an adv or adv ph following it. adv ph (where?) Lauren was at the mall. n bv

*To check for an action verb, see if you can answer the following questions: n tv do Hannah peeled carrots. n tv do Hannah knows Ashlyn.

verb + what? verb + who?



The verb is a linking verb (lv) and what follows it is either a predicate nominative (pn) or a predicate adjective (pa).

A predicate nominative (pn) renames the subject.
n lv / pn \ Hannah is my daughter.


*The “who” and “what” answers are called direct objects (do). In turn, verbs that have direct objects are called transitive verbs (tv).

*If you cannot answer verb + what? or verb + who?, the verb is intransitive (iv). In this case, the verb will not have a direct object (do). (where?) n iv adv Lauren went shopping. n iv Harry jumped. (where/adv) n iv / pp \ Harry jumped in the river.

(* words like appear, feel, seems, becomes, remains, etc., are also linking verbs)
n lv pa Lauren feels tired.

A predicate adjective (pa) further describes the subject.
n lv pa Lauren is funny.


4 types of conjunctions (boxed below) = words that connect, transition, and show relationships between words, phrases, clauses, and sentences. 4. conjunctive adverbs = transition between complete ideas, can end in “ly” (Watch for punctuation.)
We made chicken noodle soup; however, we did not eat it.

3. subordinate =show relationships and make one idea more or less important than the other
/ sc \ [After we had lunch], we studied.

1. coordinating = join words, phrases, or sentences

2. correlative = work in pairs (Memorize the 5.)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. both/and either/or neither/nor whether/or not only/but also

(FANBOYS= for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

after, although, as if, so that, until, whenever, which, even though, while, whichever, etc.

accordingly, also, besides, consequently, finally, further, hence, likewise, moreover, etc.

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