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SALAMU’ALAIKUM WR.

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Sit back, Relax, and Enjoy.

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May 24, 2011 :

IN AND HOT DIGESTION SITU LEACHING IMAM FAZRI PATAR M (3334081621)

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Outline
Preface

In Situ Leaching

Hot Digestion Leaching References

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Preface
Hydrometallurgy :
1. Leaching 2. Solid – Liquid Separation 3. Recovery

Leaching :
a process to extract certain mineral as much as possible from an ore and to dissolve gangue as low as possible and it use certain solvent called “leaching agent”.

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IN SITU LEACHING

In Situ Leaching (ISL), it is leaching in place.
Leaching in where mineral located It take a long time

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Step of Process

Soil

Production Well Injection Well

Orebody

Injection Well

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This is the method to take the pregnant solution without pump tool.

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The flow of groundwater is determined by differences in water pressure. Thus, if the injection of solutions were to lead to excessive pressures in the mining zone, this increases the chances of those solutions escaping since the pressure gradients would be away from the injection/extraction well system. To overcome this, ISL mines always extract more water than they inject. This tries to ensure that there is an overall decrease of pressure in the local area of injection and extraction and water will always flow towards the extraction well. The amount of this excess extraction generally ranges between 0.5 to 5% of the water injected. This extra water is known as the bleed solution

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This is the method to take pregnant solution with submersible pump
Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level

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In recovery well a submersible pump (2-10 Hp) is placed just above the ore zone to pump out leached out solution to the surface.

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What do the next after the pregnant solution pump out to the surface? The solution is brought to the surface processing plant. Here, it is treated with chemicals that cause the uranium from the solution to precipitate from the solution. The remaining solution is returned underground from where it originally came.

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This is the complete picture of ISL Click to edit Master text styles
Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level

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Factor of Process
1. Soluble and dissoluble mineral 2. Access of the leaching agent to ore surface

3. Occurrence of the ore

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The occurence of orebody
Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level

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The deposits that typically meet these criteria are usually found in sandstones or in the sands of palaeochannels (old river beds). The uranium is dissolved from an area of primary mineralisation (ie - the original source rocks that contain uranium) and transported through flowing groundwater. In order to dissolve the uranium, the water must be oxidising. When the water reaches a part of the aquifer that is reducing, the uranium precipitates out of solution to form insoluble minerals such as coffinite (USiO4) or uraninite (UO2). The deposition of uranium occurs on the surface of sand grains as the oxidising groundwater flows through the reducing part of the aquifer, progressively enriching the deposit. Such deposits are known as “roll front” or “geochemical cell” type ores, and are typically long and narrow and tens of metres thick

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Advantage

Can extract the low grade ore

Reduce the environmental damage

Reduce the risk for the personel

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The technique of in-situ leaching is a relatively unknown method in India, though it is largely practiced and successfully implemented in almost all mineral-rich countries of the world. Extraction in this method is accomplished through the dissolution of natural inplace metal in underground and recovery of the leached solution from underground for further processing. This is achieved by introducing a suitable solvent liquid into the ore body through the wells, allowing the liquid to pass through the ore body for desired period so as to dissolve the metal and finally recovering the pregnant liquor through other wells.

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Application
Uranium leaching with Sulfuric Acid as leaching agent
UO3 + H2SO4 UO2SO4 + H2O

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LOGO

Hot Digestion Leaching

It is a leaching process in hot open vessel and it use acid or basic leaching agent.

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LOGO

Characteristics
2. High concentration
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High Temperature

leaching agent

5. Batch system

Characteristics of process

3. Use stirring process

4. Faster time of leaching

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LOGO

Batch system is not continous system. It means one process to the other process in difference place. After one process is finish, it must move to the other to go to the next process.

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LOGO

Step of Process

Ore Leachin g agent

Heater
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LOGO

In this methode, it use tank for leaching not vessel. vessel. Because this process without added pressure. If we use adding pressure we must use

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LOGO

Factors of Process

Temperature

Concentration of leaching agent

Factors
Leaching time

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LOGO

Application

Vanadium leaching and it use H2 SO4 as leaching agent.
2 V2O3 + 4 H2SO4 + O2 4 VOSO4 + 4 H2O

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References
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Beri, K.K and Sarangi, A.K. Uranium Mining By In Situ Leaching. 2000 : 1-8. [May 20, 2011] Habashi, Fathi. 1980. Extractive Metallurgy. London : Gordon and Breach Xian-yang, Chen, etc. Leaching Vanadium By High Concentration Sulfuric Acid From Stone Coal. 2009 : 1-4. Mud, Gavin. The Case Against Uranium Solution Mining. 2008 International Atomic Agent Agency. Manual of Acid In Situ Leach Uranium Mining Technology. 2001 World Nuclear Association. In Situ Leach (ISL) Mining of Uranium. 2010. http://www.world-nuclear.org/. [May 25, 2011]

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Thank You !

L/O/G/O
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