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Cell Biology : Structure and function of cell wall (extracellular matrix or ECM), cell membrane and cell organelles. Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pore complex (NPC), chromosome and nucleosome. Mitosis, meiosis, molecular control involving checkpoints in cell division cycle. Differentiation, cellular senescence. 2. Genetics, Molecular Bi
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ology and Biotechnology : Laws of inheritance. Concept of gene and allelomorph. Linkage, crossing over and gene mapping. Structural and numerical changes in chromosomes and gene mutations. Sex determination and differentiation. Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins. Genetic code. Regulation of gene expression. Genetic engineering and crop improvement. Protoplast, cell, tissue and organ cultures. Somatic hybridization. Biofertilizers and biopesticides. Biotechnology in agrihorticulture, medicine and industry. 3. Tissue Systems : Origin, development, structure and function of primary and secondary tissues. 4. Plant Diversity and Systematics : Structure and function of plant forms from evolutionary aspects (viruses to Angiosperms including fossils). Principles of nomenclature, classification and identification of plants. Modern approaches in plant taxonomy. Recent classification of living organism into three groups (bacteria, archaea and eukarya). 5. Plant Physiology: Water relations. Mineral nutrition. Photosynthesis. Respiration. Nitrogen metabolism. Enzymes and coenzymes. Dynamics of growth, growth movements, growth substances, photomorphogenesis. Secondary metabolites. Isotopes in biological studies. Physiology of flowering. 6. Methods of Reproduction and Seed Biology : Vegetative, asexual and sexual methods of reproduction. Pollination and fertilization. Sexual incompatibility. Development, structure, dormancy and germination of seed. 7. Plant Pathology : Diseases of rice, wheat, sugarcane, potato, mustard, groundnut and cotton crops. Factors affecting infection (host factors, pathogen factors, biotic factors like rhizosphere and phyllosphere organisms). Chemical, biological and genetic methods of disease control (including transgenic plants). 8. Plant and Environment : Biotic and abiotic components. Ecological adaptation. Types of vegetational zones and forests of India. Deforestation, afforestation, social forestry and plant introduction. Soil erosion, wasteland, reclamation. Environmental pollution and its control (including phytoremediation). Bioindicators. Global warming. 9. Biodiversity, Plant Genetic Resources: Methods of conservation of plant genetic

drugs. Ranunculaceae. paper. Comparative account of various systems of Angiosperm Classiification. 10. Orchidaceae. Endosperm–its . embryology. Phytoimmunology. Bennettitales and Cordaitales. rubber. and plasmids-structure and reproduction. Role of cell/tissue culture in propagation and enrichment of genetic diversity. Asteraceae (Composite). Study of angiospermic families–Magnoliaceae. soil and water. Cucurbitaceae. Molecular basis of infection and disease resistance/defence. anatomy. Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD). Distribution of Cryptogams in India and their economic potential. Theories of organic evolution. Phanerogams: Gymnosperms: Concept of Progymonosperms. Solana-ceae. Rosaceae. threatened and endemic taxa. Leguminosae. spices. fodder. Fungi. their structures and reproduction. Anomalous secondary growth.resources and its importance. Stomata and their types. Fungal toxins. Cryptogams: Algae. Musaceae. Malvaceae. Liliaceae. beverages. 2. bacteria. essential oils and resins. Important plant diseases caused by viruses. Brassicaceae (Cruci-ferae). fertilization. Origin of Life and Evolution: Basic concepts of origin of earth and origin of life. Conferrals and Gnetales. Classification and distribution of Gymnosperms. Mains PAPER-I 1. palynology and phylogeny. pesticides and ornamentation. Pteridophytes-structure and reproduction from evolutionary viewpoint. Anatomy of C 3 and C 4 plants. gums. Physiology of parasitism and control measures. insecticides. Euphorbiaceae. Mode of infection and dissemination. dyes. Rubiaceae. Bryophytes. fungi and nematodes. Plants as sources of food. 3. Angiosperms: Systematics. forage. Applications of microbiology in agriculture. General account of Cycadofilicales. Verbenaceae. Development of male and female gametophytes. bacteria. Salient features of Cycadales. medicine and pollution control in air. oils. Asclepiadaceae. Microbiology and Plant Pathology: Viruses. Endangered. fibres. Dipterocar-paceae. General account of infection. Arecaceae (Palmae). mycoplasma. industry. molecular basis of evolution. pollination. Biomass as a source of energy. wood and timber. Poaceae (Gramineae). Apiaceae (Umbelliferae).

binomial and Poisson . mass selection. 2. Chromatin and nucleosome. Polymbryony. Plant Breeding. Quantitative genetics and multiple factors. narcotics. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells -structural and ultrastructural details. Probability and distributions (normal. nucleolus. Micropropagation and genetic engineering–methods of transfer of genes and transgenic crops. Latex. Organic evolution-evidences. apoxmix. Importance of Ethnobotany in Indian context. cellulose Starch and their products. symmetry and differentiation. Somatic hybrids and Cybrids.). sex determination and molecular basis of sex differentiation. ER. peroxisomes. Cell. hydrogenosome). Plants as sources for food. gums. Molecular Biology and Evolution: Development of genetics. Mitosis and meisdosis. lysosomes. selection and hybridization (pedigree. Multigene families. Tests of significance (Z-test. Vavilovs centres of origin. bulk method). Study of polytene. etc. Biotechnology and Biostatistics: Methods of plant breeding -introduction. drugs. endosomes. Numerical and structural variations in chromosomes and their significance. Cytoplasmic inheritance and cytoplasmic genes (including genetics of male sterility). Patterns of embryo development. molecular basis of cell cycle. polarity. Standard deviation and coefficient of variation (CV). Linkage and crossing over–methods of gene mapping including molecular maps (idea of mapping function). Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and protines. Sex chromosomes and sexlinked inheritance. ribosomes. Morphogenesis: Totipotency. Prions and prion hypothesis. Perfumery. Role of RNA in origin and evolution. mitochondria. Structure and function of extracellular matrix or ECM (cell wall) and membranes-cell adhesion. Cell Biology: Techniques of Cell Biology. membrane transport and vesicular transport. resins and dyes. Energy plantation. 3. fodder. Structure and function of cell organelles (chloroplasts. fibres. Nucleus. insecticides. behaviour and significance.development and function. lampbrush and B-chromosomes–structure. Signal transduction (G-1 proteins. timber. Use of apomixis in plant breeding. t-test and chi-square tests). Botanical Gardens and Herbaria. Plant Utility and Exploitation: Origin of cultivated plants. backcross. nuclear pore complex. beverages. Applications of palynology. Mutation (biochemical and molecular basis). tissue. Genetic code and regulation of gene expression. 5. and gene versus allele concepts (Pseudoalleles). PAPER-II 1. mechanism and theories. Male sterility and heterosis breeding. Genetics. 4. Cell signalling and cell receptors. spices. organ and protoplast culture. development and use of molecular markers in plant breeding.

Correlation and regression.its molecular basis and manipulation. Global warming. Fruit ripening -. Biodiversity. growth movements. including fermentation–electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation. Stress physiology (heat. Plant succession. 4. Enzymes. Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism. Concepts of biosphere. endemism and Red Data Books.afforestation. C. growth indices. Pollution and its control (including phytoremediaion). Photosynthesis–photochemical reactions. Respiraion (anaerobic and aerobic. energy transfer and energy conservation. Ecology and Plant Geography: Ecological factors. role and applications in agri-horticulture. Endangered plants. coenzymes. Chemiosmotic theory and ATP synthesis. photophosphorylation and carbon pathways including C pathway (photorespiration). Photoperiodism and flowering. Fruit and seed physiology. mineral deficiencies. Physiology and Biochemistry: Water relations. Ecosystems and their conservation. deforestation and social forestry. 5. Sovereign Rights and Intellectual Property Rights. Biogeochemical cells. salinity. Pigments as photoreceptors (plastidial pigments and phytochrome). Mineral nutrition and ion transport. metal). vernalization. storage and germination of seed. Concepts and dynamics of community. Growth substances-their chemical nature.distributions). water. Dormancy. Importance of secondary metabolites. senescence. Forest types of India -. C and CAM pathways. . Convention of Biological Diversity.